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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, June 14, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
K. W. Weaver Proprietor.]
VOLUME 7.
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
' . ITBLIBLLED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY
K. W. WIiAVEB,
OFFICE — Up stun t, in Ikt new brick build
ing, on the south tide 0/ Main Stteet,
thiid square below Market.
TERMS :—Two Dollars per annum, if
paid within six months from the lime of sub
scribing ; two dollars ami fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISF.MENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three limes for One Dollar
and twenty five cents for each additional in
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise bv the year.
CHOICE POETRY.
SPA It KING SUNDAY NIGHT.
Sitting in the corner
On a Sunday eve,
With a taper finger
Resting on your sleeve;
Starlight eyes are casting
On your face their light;
Bte.s me ! this is'pleasant-
Sparking Sunday night!
How your heart is thumping
'Gainst your Sunday vest—
How wickedly 'lis working
On this day ol rest ;
Hours seem bui minutes
As they lake their flight;
Bless me ! airit it pleasant—
Sparking Sunday night?
Dad and mam are sleeping
On their peaceful bed,
; Dreaming of the things
The folks in meeting said,
Love ye one another!"
Ministers recite;
Bless me ! don't we do i'!
Sparking Sunday night?
One arm with gentle pressure,
I/tngeu round her waist,
You squeeze her simple hand,
Her pouting lips you taste ;
She freely slaps your lace,
But more in love than spite;
O! thunder! ami it pleasant
Sparking Sunday night?
But hark! the clock is striking,
It's two o'clock, I smim!
As sure as I'm a sinner,
The time to go has come;
You ask with spiteful accents,
If "that old clock is right."
As wonder if it ever
Sparked on a Sunday night.'
One, two, three sweet kisses,
Four, five, six you hook—
But, thinking lhat you rob her,
Give back tnose you took;
Then, as forth you hurry,
Frotp the fair one's sight,
Don t you wish each day was
'Only Sunday flight!
SPEECH FROM THE GALLOWS. —Ias. Parks,
who was executed at Cleveland, Ohio, on
Friday, fot the murder of a man named Beat
•on, made quite a long speech form the gal
lows. Referring to his family, lie said :
"1 leave a dear wife, who has, in my long
confinement, been ar> angel in her solicitude
and care of me. 1 had never known her
virtues, had it not been for my sad misfor
tunes. I leave a dear inlant, who has beeu
Uught to clasp its arms avound my neck,
and whom 1 love dearly. I leave aged pa
renta, now rear eighty years old, Irom whose
kind hearts I had hoped to keep the sad
news ol the ignominious fate of their son.
(Here his voice faltered, and he burst into
tears.) It was fot the sake of all these that
I attempted yeste-day to shorten my life a
day.
"When lam taken hence, give my body
to my wife. I commend her and the chil
dren to you. Let her no', suffer in waht."
Here tome kind person proposed to express
the feelings of those present, by taking up
a contribution, and it was done on the spot,
and sl4 60 was contributed on the spot. On
seeing it, Purks seemed moved by the kind
ness, and thanked them with considerable
emotion. He concluded by declaring his in
nocence, and gave the signal for his execu
tion, by dropping a handkerchief."
WOMEN VS. LADIES —Mr Jno. Bronghman
in responding to a toast complimentary to
the Ladies, at the Mitchell banquet, usea
the following language:
There was only one thing about lite toast
'with which he was disposed to feel captious,
and that was the word "ladies." Why not
say "women?" Ob! what a fine delicious
word was that! One had to curl hie lips
round it, and it stock to his lips aa though it i
would never get out. (Applause.) Woman--
ft kind, he thought might be divided into three
> % classes. The nearest thing to heaven upon j
earth, waa a pure and perfect woman. (Ap
plause.) Then w# come to tire ladies. A
cMf expensive thing was a lady. (Laugh
ter.) Ob, no! we would have no ladies. A
worn art was a thing to be loved—a lady was
• 4&t> admire. Then came the third
' rfcestlkl f—•- 1 - Ob! astrong
laioito*, cold-hearted class. (Laughter.)
i;hilly ■rmU be Rive up the Molly Coddles
,„ f ,tyar ft Woman would give up their
females. (Laognter.)
"SAM" A NATIVE OF ROM*.— Martin Luth
er gave this account of the order which
rar y decided resemblat.ee in many re-
speo(s to the present organisation ; '
m "In Italy there wi • particular order ef
friars called fhriret Jghorastii*, i. e. "Breth
ren of Ignorance," whAlhok a solemn oath
that they would neither kuovr, learn, ner un
derstand anything at a!l, s butartswer all
things wiih Ntuio, 'I know Lk
ther't Table Talk, No. 43t.
MORE "CHURCH AND STALPASJFTLF-TL 88 '
•endeu, the newly elected •* " 10
Rhode Island Assembly, is a Un'rtlf Cler
gyman
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY, JUNE 14, 1855.
IRVING'B LIFB OP WASHINGTON.
WASHINGTON'* LOVE AFFAIRS.
lii one of these manuscript memorials of
his practical studies and exercises, we have
come npon some documents singularly in
contrast with all that be have just cited and
wiih his apparently unromantic character.—
In a word, there are evidences in his own
handwriting lhat, before he was fifteen years
of age, he had conceived a passion for some
unknown beauty, so serious as to disturb bis
otherwise well-regulated mind and to mtke
him really unhappy. Why this juvenile at
tachment was a source of unhanpiness we
have no positive means of ascertaining. Pet
haps the object of it may have considered
him a mero school-boy and Irealod him as
such ; or his own shyness may have been in
his way, and bis "rules for behavior and con
versation" may as yet have sat awkwardly
on him and rendered hint formal and ungain
ly when he most sought to please. Even in
later years he was apt to be silent and em
barrassed in female society. "He was a very
bashful young man," said an old lady whom
he used to visit when they were both in their
nonage. " I used olteu to wish that he would
talk more."
Whatever may have been the reason, this
early attachment seems to have been a source
of poignant discomfort to him. It clung to
him after he took a final leave of school in
the autumn of 1747, and went to reside with
his brother Lawrence at Mount Vernon. Here
he continued his Mathematical studies and
his practice of surveying, disturbed at times
by recurrences of his unlucky passion. Tho'
by no means of a poetical temperament, the
waste pages of his journal betray several at
tempts to pour lorth his amorous sorrows in
verse. They are more commonplace rhymes,
such ns lovers at his age ore apt to write, in
which he bewails his " poor restless heart,
wounded by Cupid's dart," and "bleeding
for one who remains pitiless of his griefs and
woes."
The tenor of some of his verses induces us
to believe that lie never told his love, but, as
we have already surmised, was prevented by
his bashfulness.
'Ah, wo is me, that 1 should love and conceal;
Long have I wished and never dare reveal.'
It is difficult to reconcile one's self to the
idea of the cool and sedate Washington, the
great champion of American liberty, a woe
worn lover in his youthful days, "sighing like
furnace" an indicting plaintive verses about
the groves of Mount Vernon. We are glad
of an opportunity, however, of penetrating
to hit native feelings, and finding that under
his studied decorum and reserve he had a
heart of flesh, throbbing with the warm im
pulses of human nature.
The merits of Washington were known
and appreciated by the Fairfax family.—
Though not quite sixteen years of age he no
longer seemed a boy, nor was he treated as
such. Tall, Rtldetic and manly for his years,
his early self-training and the code of con
duct he had devised, gave a gravity and de
cision to his conduct; his frankness and
modesty inspired cordial regard, and the mel
ancholy of which he speaks may have pro
duced a softness in his manner calculated to
win favor in ladies' eyes. According to his
own account, the female society by which
he was surrounded had a soothing effect on
his melancholy. The charms of Miss Carey,
the sister of the bride, seem even to have
caused a slight fluttering in his bosom; which
however, was constantly rebuked by the re
membrance of hia former passion—so at least
we judge Irom letters to his vonlhful confi
dents, rough drafts of which are still to be
seen in his tell-tale journal.
To one whom hs addresses as his dear
friend Robin, he writes, "My residence is
at present at his lordship's, where I might,
was my heart disengaged, pass my lime very
pleasantly, as there's a very agreeable young
ludy lives in the same house (Col. Georgd
Fairfax's wife's sister,) but as that's only ad
ding fuel to the fire, it makes me the more
uneasy, for by often and unavoidably being
in company with her, revives my former pas
sion for your Lowland Beauty ; whereas, was
I to five more telired from youg women, I
might in some measure alleviate my sorrows
by burying that chaste and troublesome pas
sion in the grave of oblivion," &c.
Similar avowals he makes to another of
his young correspondents, whom he styles
" Dear Iriend John," as also to a female con
fident, styled " Dear Sally," to whom he ac
knowledges lhat the company of the "very
agreeable young lady, sister-in-law of Colo
nal George Fairfax," in a greet measure
oheers his sorrow and dejectedness. The
object of hit early passion is not positively
known. Tradition sta'es that the 'lowland
beauty' was a Mias Grimes, of Westmore
land, afterwards Mrs. Lee, and mother of
Generat.Henry Lee, who figured in revolu
tionary history as 'Light Horsa Harry,' and
was always a favorite with Washington, prob
ably from the recollections of bie early ten
derness for the mother.
Whatever may have been the soothing ef
fect of the female society by which he was
surrounded at Belvoir, the youth found e
rr.ore effectual remedy lot his love-melan
choly in the company of Lord Fairfax. His
lordship was a staunch fox-hunter, and kept
bones and bounds in tbe English style. The
neighborhood abounded with sport; but fox
hunting in Virginia required bold and skilful
horsemanship. He found Washington as
bold as himself in the saddle, and as eagre
to follow the hounds. He forthwith took bim
into peculiar favor; made him his hunting
companion; apd it was probably under the
tuition of this hard-riding old nobleman that
1 the youth imbibed thai fondness for the chase
for which he waa afterwards remarked.—
• ••••••
Tradition gives very different motives
from those of businoss for his two sojourns
in the latter city. He found there an early
friend and schoolmate, Beverly Robison, eor.
of John Robinson, Speaker of the Virginia
House of Burgesses. He was living happily
and prosperoasly with a young and wealthy
bride, having married one of the nieces and
heiresses of Mr. Adolphus Philipse, a rich
landholder, whose manor-house is still to be
seen on the banks of the Hudson.
At the house of Mr. Beverly Robinson,
where Washington was an honored guest,
he met Miss Mary Philipse, sister and co
heiress of Mrs. Robinson, ayoung lady whose
personal attractions are said to have rivaled
her reputed wealth.
We have ulready given an instance of
Washington's early sensibility to female
charms. A life, however, of constant activi
ty and care—passed for the most part in the
wilderness and on the frontier, lar from fe
male society—had left little mood or leisure
for the indulgence of the tender sentiment;
but made him more sensible, in the present
brief interval of gay and social life, to the at
tractions of an elegant woman, brught up in
the polite circle ol New York.
That he was an open admirer of Mi's Phil
ipse is a historical fact; that he sought ber
hand, hot was refused her hand is traditional
and not very probable. His military rank
his early laurels anil distinguished presence
were all calculated to find favor in female
eyes, but his sojourn in N. York was brief;
he may have been difhdeut in urging his
suit with a lady accustomed to the homage '
of society and surrounded by admirers. The
most probable version of the story is lhat he
was called away by Ills public duties before
he had made sufficient approaches in his
siege of the lady's heart to warrant a summons
to surrender.
Washington was now ordered by John St.
Clair, the quartermaster-general of the forces
under Gen. Forbes, to repair to Williams
burg, rfnd lay the state of the case before the
council. He set off promptly on horseback,
attended by Bishop the well trained military
servant who had served the late Gen. Brad
dock. It proved an eventful journey, though
not in a military point of view. In crossing
a ferry of tho Pamunkey, a branch of York
River, he fell in company with a Mr. Cham
berlayne, who lived in the neighborhood,
and who in the spirit of Virginia hospitality,
claimed bim as a guest. It was with diffi
culty Washington could be prevailed on to
hall for dinner, ro impatient was he to ar
ive at Williamsburg and accomplish his mis
sion.
Amongst the guests a: Mr. Chamberlayne's
was a young and blooming widow, Mrs. Mar
tha Curtis, daughter of Mr. J.Daindridge,both
practician names in the province. Her hus
band John Park Curtis, had been dead about
three years, leaving iter with two young chil
dren, and a large fortune. She is represent
ed as being rather below the middle size, but
extremely well shaped, with agreeable coun
tenance, dark, hazel eyes and hair, and those
frank, engaging manners, so captivating in
southern women.
We are not informed whether Washington
had met with her before; probably not du
ring her widowhood, as during that lime he
had been almost continually on the frontier.
We have shown that with all his gravity and
reserve, lie was quickly susceptible to female
charms; and ihey may have had a greater
effect upon him when thus casually encoun
tered in fleeting moments snatched from the
cares and perplexities and rude scenes of
frontier warfare. At any rate his heart ap
pears to have been taken by rurprise.
The dinner, which in those days was an
earlier meal than at present, seemed all too
short The afternoon passed away like a
dream. Bishop was punotual to the orders
he had received on halting; the horses paw
ed at the door, but for once Washington loi
tered on the path of duty. The horses were
countermanded, and it was not uni il the next
morning thai be was again in the saddle spur
ring for Williamsburg. Happily the White
House, which was the residence of Mrs. Cur
tis, was in New Kent county, at no great dis
tance from lhat city, ao that he had the op
portunity of visiting her in the intervals of bu
siness.
His time for courtship, however was brief.
Military duties called him almost immedi
ately to Winchester ; but feared, should he
leave the matter in suspense, some more en
terprising rival might supplant htm duiing
absence, as the case of Misß Philipse of New
York. He improved tberofore, his brief op
portunity to the utmost. The blooming wid
ow had many suiters, but Whshington was
graced with lhat renown so ennobling in the
eyes of woman.
In a word, before they had separated Ihey
had mutually their faith to each oth
er, and the marriage was to lake plnce as
soon us the campaign against fort Duquetiee
was at an end.
MOBE EXPORTED "PAUPERS."—A vessel
from Antwerp was boarded at New York, on
Saturday, on suspicion ol having pauper im
migrants on board. Instead of finding pau
pers, the officer was assured that there was
at least $60,000 cash In the hands of the
passengers, and those families who were first
reported as paupers we:e discovered to be
possessed of sums varying from S7O to S2OO
each.
W Inventors rarely fail of their reward.
Jenkins invented a new style ol lock pioker
and was rewarded by a' 'situation' at Ihe jail
for a couple of years.
Truth and Right dad and our Country.
PHYSICAL GEOGRAPHY OF'I HE
REA.
BY M. F. MAURY, LL. D-, UEUT. V. B. H.
Creation is all harmony. Neither rarth,
air, nor sea is ever out of tune; their adap
tations are perfect and exquisitely sublime.
Let us consider the evidences of design and
unity of thought in creation afforded by one
of the minutest animels of the sea—the little
coralline. This insect is the architect of is
lands. It builds up from the bottom of the
ocean the most stupendous works of solid
masonry. The greatest structures ever erec
ted by the hand of man are but the works of
pigmies in comparison. It is without the
power of locomotion, yet the obedient cur
' rents of the sea are its hod-carriers; the
winds wait upon it, the rains and the dews
cater for it on the land. They collect its
food from the mountain, the sbil, and the
rock; they deliver it to the rivers which
run into the channels of oceanic circulation,
lhat this piece of organism, almost too low
in the scale to como within the domains of
the animal kingdom, muy receive its meat
in due season.
As this little insect secretes from sea-wa
ter solid matter for the formation of the ooral
islands, the specific gravity of .the drop
which yields up its salts (or this structure is
altered, and the equilibrium of the whole
ocean is thereby disturbed. Forthwith that
exhausted drop rises to the surface and
commences to flow off, charged with Ironi
cal heat, to temper hyperboiean climates
through which it may pass in its eternal
round; and thus the w.tole ocean is set in
motion that the wants of one single insect of
the sea may be supplied.
As this emptied drop rises to the surfacp,
the winds take it up in streams of invisible
vapor, and bear it away on their wings to
the mountain. Here it is precipitated as
rain or dew, to dissolve the lime from the
rock or the magnesia from the soil, and re
turn to the sea with another hodfu! of mor
tar (or the little mason in the great deep.—
Thus the Mississippi supplies carbonate of
lime for the insects of the sea; the Amazon
with coloring matter from Potosi for their
ceils; the Nile with metals fur cement, and
all the fresh-water rivers with salts of autne
sort)
Very curious aro the offices of the insects
of the sea, and marvelous are the contrivan
ces by which the physical agents of the uni
verse are enabled to bring about those re
suits which make the face of the world ore.
ciseiy as we see it. Let us follow up ths
operations ol these inanimate agents of the
sea a little farther, and see how they are
dovetailed, fitted, and adapted to each
other.
When we consider the state of the sea in
one point of view, we see the winds and the
marine animals operating upon the waters,
and, in certain parts of the ocean, deriving
from the solid parts of the same those
very principles of antagonistic forces
which hold the eaith in its orbit and pre
serve the harmonies of the universe.
The sea-breeze and the sea-shell, in per
forming their appointed offices, act in such a
way as to give rise to a reciprocating motion
in the waters; thus they impart to the ocean
dynamical forces for its circulation.
The sea-breeze plays upon its surface ; it
converts only fresh water into vapor, and
leaves the solid matter behind. The surface
water thus becomes specifically heavier and
sinks. On the other hand, the marine ar
cliitfcot below, as he works upon bis coral
edifice at the bottom, abstracts from the
water there a portion of its solid contents,
it therefore becomes specifically lighter, ami
up it goes, ascending to the top with increa
sing velocity, to take the place of the de
scending column, which, by the action of
the winds, has been so loaded down with
fresh food and materials for the busy little
mason in the depths below.
Seeing, then, lhat the inhabitants of the
sea, with their powers of secretion, are com
petent to exercise at least some degree of in
fluence in disturbing equilibrium, are not
these creatures entitled to be regarded as
agents which have their offices to perform
in the system of oceanic circulation, and do
they not belong to its physical geography ?
It is immaterial how great or how small that
influence may be supposed to be, for, be it
great or small, we may rest assured it is not
a chance influence, but it is an influence
exercised, if exercised at ail, by design, and
according to the command of Him whose
"voice the winds and the sea obey." Thus
God speaks through sea-shells to the ocean.
It may therefore be supposed that the ar
rangements in the economy of nature are
' such as to require thaf the various kinds of
marine animals, whose secretions are calcu
lated to alter the specific gravity of sea-wa
ter, 1o destroy its equilibrium, to beget cur
rent* 4n the ocean, and to control its circula
tion, should be distributed according to
order.
Uuder this supposition, tbe like of which
natore warrants throughout her whole do
mailt, we may conceive how the mtrir.e an
imals of which we have been speaking may
impress other features upon the physical re
lations of the sea, by assisting also to regu
late climates and to adjust the temperature
of certain latitudes.
For instance, let us'suppose tbe waters in
a certain part of the torrid zona to be 70 deg,
but by reason of the fresh weter which has
been talceh from them in a state of vapor,
and consequently, by reason of the propor
tionate increase of setts, these waters are
heavier than waters that may be cooler but
not so suit. This being the case, the tenden
cy would be for this warm but salt and heavy
water to flow off as an under current toward
the Polar or some other regions of lighter
water.
Now, if the sea were not salt, there would
be no ooral islands to beautify its landscape
and give variety to its features; sea-shells
and marine insects could not operate upon
the specific gravity of its waters, nor give
variety to its climates; neither could evap
oration give dynamical force to Its circula
tion, and they ceasing to contract as their
teperature falls below 40 deg., would give
but little impulse to its currents, and thus
its circulation would be torpid and its bosom
lark animation.
The makers of nice astronomical instru
ments, when Ihey have but the different
pans of their machinery together and set it to
work, find, as in the chronometer, for in
stance, lhat it is subjected in its performance
to many irregularities and imperfections;
thai in one state of things there is expansion,
and in another state contraction among cogsi
springs, and wheels, with an increase or di
minution of rate. This defect the makers
have sought to overcome ; and with a beau
tiful display of ingenuity they have attached
to tiie works of the instrument a contrivance
which has had the effect of correcting these
irregularities by counteracting the tendency
of the instrument to change its performance
with the changing influences of tempera
ture.
This contrivance is called a compensation;
and a chronometer that is well regulated and
properly compensated will perform its office
with certainly, and preserve its rate under
all the vicissitudes of beat and cold to which
it may be exposed.
In the clock-work of the ocean, and the
machinery of the universe, order and regu
lariiy are maintained by a system of com
pensations. A celestial body, as it revolves
around its sun, flies off ander the influence
of centrifugal force; but immediately the
forces of compensation begin to act, the
planet is brought back to its elliptical path,
and held in the orbit for which its mass, its
motions, and its distance are adjusted. Its
compensation is perfect.
So,, too, with the salts and the shells of the
sea in the machinery of the ocean; from
them are derived principles of compensa
tion lliA most perfect; through their agency
the undue effects ol heat and cnld, of storm
and rain, in disturbing the equilibrium and
producing thereby currenld in the sea, are
compensated, regulated, and controlled.
Tho Jans, i lie laloa, MUG Hie livers nre
continually dissolving ceils in minerals of the
earth and carrying them off to the sea. This
is an accumulating process; and if it were
not compensated, the sea would finally be
come as the Dead Sea is, saturated with salt,
and therefore unsuitable for the habitation of
many fish of the sea.
The sea-shells and marine insects afford
the required compensation. They are the
conservators of the ocean. As the salts are
emptied into the sea, these creatures secrete
them again and pile them up in solid masses,
to serve as the bases of islands and conti
nents, to be in the process ol ages upheuved
into dry land, and then again disolved by the
dews and rains, and washed by the rivers
away into the sea.
Thus, from studying the works of the
physical agents of the universe, we are led
to perceive that the inhabitants of the ocean
are as much the creatures of climate as are
those of the dry land; for the same Almighty
hand which decked the lily, and cares for
the sparrow, fashioned also the pearl, and
feeds the great whale. Whether of the land
or ol the sea, they are all his creatures, sub
jects of his laws, and agents in his economy.
The sea, therefore, we infer, has its offices
and duties to perform; so, may we infer,
have its currents, and so, too. its inhabitants;
consequently he who undertakes to study
its phenomena, trust cease to regard it as a
waste of waters. He must look upon it as a
part of the exquisite machinery by which
the barmunies of nature are preserved, and
then he will begin to perceive the develop
ments of order and the evidence of design,
which make it a most beauiitul and interes
ting subject for contemplation.
I IF Profound ignorance makes a man dog
matic. He -knowg nothing, thinks he can
teach others what he just now learned him
self; whilst he who knows a great deal, can
scarce imagine any one cannot be acqnaiff
ed with what he says, and speaks for this
reason with more indifference.
EW Mr*. Partington is said to have anx
iously asked if Uncle Tom is a better man
than Enoch of Biblical memory. She grounds
her inquiry upon the fact that she has heard
that Uncle Tom has been translated sev*
en times, while Enoch was translated but
once.
17* A person meeting and old man wilb
silver hairs, and a very black, busby beard,
asked him 'how il happened that bis beard
was not so gray as the hair of his head ?'—
'Became,' said the old gentleman, 'it it twen
ty years youuger t
X3T "Bob., lower yourself into the well,
and holler for help." "What for?" "To
frighten daddy, and make some fun." Bob
did as he desired, but got more than he bar
gained for. It was administered with a hiok
ory sapling. Distance five and a half feet.
A SIGN OF PaosEEEiTr.—The canal tolls
collected al Wrightsville, Pa.," for tbe last
six weeks, amounted to $37,482 against $22,-
821 for the same time last year.
People's " Useless Fxpeusea."
It is aald, on the authority of Parliamentary
reports, that the people of England waste
two hundred and fifty millions of dollars an
nually on intoxicating drinks. The yearly
consumption of tobacco, the world over, is
computed at 4,000,000,000 pounds, which,
at ten oents the pound, is four hundred mil
lions every twelvemonth. The ladies of the
United States it is estimated, squander near
ly one hundred millions of dollars on silks,
laces, and other extravagances. In all coun
tries, and with both sexes, what is spent
uselessly, equals, if it dods not exceed, what
is paid lor the necessaries of life. Yet
though their follies, rather than their wants,
keep people poor, how few are frank enough
to confess it! One man complains of his
bad luck, and another of the frauds of those
he has trusted, as the cause of his failure to
succeed ; but not one in a thousand is will
ing to admit that, if it had not been for his
useless expenses, he would have grown rioh
in spite of ill-fortnne.
These " useless expenses" will bear look
ing into a little closer. For example, a la
boring man, who spends a shilling daily on
tobacco and drink, loses, in this way, forty
five dollars and a half annually. What oper
ative is so rich, that this sum would not be
welcome, at the close of the year, to "lav
by for a rainy day?" In ten years, there
would be, even without interest, four hun
dred and fifty-five dollars; while if com
pounded, it would he nearly double. Thou
sands waste even more than a shilling a day
on tobacco and drink, so that the saving,
which might be effected, by self-denial,
would probably be greater, in the average,
than what we have supposed. There are
few operatives or mechaoics, who, if they
could cut off their useless expenses, when
they came of age, but might, at thirty, have
enough money to buy for themselves a com
fortable house. Our merchants, and others
who have larger incomes, generally allow
their useless expenses to increace in pro
portion, so thai, what with fast horses and
choice wines, ihey need topraotise self-deni
al quite as much as the rest. In a word,
men, as a general rule, miss acquiring
wealth, by being slaves to some worthless
habit, or victims to the love of display.
There is still another aspect in which to
view this mailer, and one that gives an equal
ly striking view ol the folly of "useless ex
penses." The aggregate amount annually
wasted in this country in luwuuu, urmk,
worthless Inoes, and other mere extravagan
ces, which we estimate at two hundred mil
lions of dollars, would build a railroad five
thousand miieß long, at forty thousand dol
lars a mile lor grading, laying and stoeking
it. Or, to put the case differently, we Amer
icans sqander every year more than enough
to give us a railroad to the Pacific; more
than enough to educate eight hundred tliou
sand young people, al two hundred and fifty
dollars apiece; more than enough to feed
three millions of starving people, at a dollar
and thirty-three cents weekly. Between the
beginning nnd close of each year—to give
another view—we wasie more money than
was spent in winning our national indepen
dence. Facts like these, one would think,
would induce people to curtail their " use
less expenses."— Ledger.
WH.L OF THE LATE CZAR.—A holograph
will—or, IO follow the indorsement, the last
wishes—of the late Kmperor Nicholas—writ
ten in 1844, has tjieii published at St. Pe
tersburg. The first clause is a kind of ad
dress to his family. After enumerating the
various kinds of property belonging to the
Empress, his wife, the Emperor expresses a
wiah that her Majesty shall retain for her
life the use of her apartments in the different
palacep, and ihe clause concludes as follows:
" The legacy which 1 bequeath to ray
children ia to love and honor their mother,
to do everything to promote her tranquility,
to anticipate all hor wishes, and to endeavor
to render ber old age happy by their devo
ted aiteuiions. Never must tliey undetlake
anything of importance without first asking
her advice and demanding her maternal ben
ediction."
CHARACTERISTC ANECDOTE.—During the last
session of Congress, a man, well known as
deeply iuteieeted in the Mail-Steamer bill,
then before the house, approached Mr. Ben
ton while he was walking on Pennsylvania
Avenue, and said:—"Good morning, Mr.
Ben:on." The salute was returned. "1 see
the mail-steamer bill is up to-day.,' " Yes,
sir." "Benton, couldn't you be prevailed up
on to go (or tho employment of more steam
ers by the government 1" " Yes sir, upon
one condition." The fellow smiled as if be
was going to gel * " Roland" of a suggestion
for his "Oliver" of a bribe : "Aye, on one
condition—lhat they could be used to trans
port such rascals as you are to some distant
penal colony I"
BOSTON POLICEMEN ARRESTED FOR HIOII
WAY ROBBERY.—We are informed lhat a few
daya since, in the city of Boston, several
Policemen, under the iuetrueiionrof Deputy
Chiel Ham, seized upon and confiscated the
horses and wagon belonging to John Mc-
Knighl, of this city) and used in Boston for
the delivery of beer from his agency in that
city. The wagon was being driven through
the streets of Boston at the lime tbe seizure
! was made. We hear that Mr. MoKnlght
has commenced legal proceedings against
the parties making tbe seiEure,and that each
baa been held in tbe sum of S6OOO to an
swer a charge of highway robbery Albany
Argus, June 4th. ,
[Two Dollars per Annua
NUMBER 21,
Medical Summitry.
The cost of advertising Quack Medicines
in the United States annually, is estima
ted at #250,00! A Mrs. Booth, of Frank
lin, Wisconsin, nged T2 years, gave birth
some time since to a fine healthy son! The
age of hetr husband is eighty.-—A Mrs. Mil
ler, near Harrisliirgj Pa., at her first confine
ment gave birth to two children; at her sec
ond to three, and some time ago, at her third,
to flue boys, making in all ten children in
four years, and all living Four millions
of men in China are said to be opium
drunkards, and four hundred thousand die
annually A woman in Canada has had
sixteen children in fifteen years, and one of
them weighed twenty-one pounds!—— Louis
Durand, who died at Panama a few years
ago, at the age of ninety, had been, it is
said, the father of over one hundred chil
dren. There was a spirited Convention
of the members of the Southern wing df Re
formed Medicine, held at Nashville, Ten
nessee, on the 4th of last Month, The
commencement exercises of the Metropoli
tan Medical College, N. Y., takes place on
the 1 2th inst.. The valedictory address will
be delivered by Prof. Sperry At the last
session of the Pennsylvania Legislature, that
part of the Charter of the Eclectic Medical
College of Pa., referring to the Degree was
altered to read " said College shall have
power to grant the Degree of Doctor in Med
icine' instead Degree of Doctor in Eclectic
Medicine.-—--At the recent meeting of the
Middle States Reformed Medical Society,
held in Wilmington, Del., the following
named gentlemen were admitted as mem
bes, viz:—A. P. Heller, M. D., of Fleming,
Fa.; F. A. Cutter, M. D., Mullica Ridge, N.
J.; Chas. H. Rose, M. D., Baltimore, Md.;
W. J. W. Pwonell, M. D., Milford, Del., apd
John H. Sinlms, M. D.", Wilmington, Del
aware— Med. Reformer.
The Laws of Health.
At a late meeting of the directors of fieri
ot's Hospital, one of the most ancient anil
eminent ol the charities of Klin burg, it was
resolved to imparl to all the pupil* connec
ted with the institution, the elements of phy
siology and the laws of health. The princi
pal speakej, himself a clergyman, bore elo
quent testimony against the old prejudice,
that instruction of this character rendered
people irreligious; and contended, amid the
nnnUnee umi a MiuwitMgfj
of the element* of phyeiology, diffused
among all clasee*, will not only* materially
diminish sickness, but prolong the average
of human life. There can be no better proof
required of ihe increasing intelligence of the
age, than the adoption of this reform in one
of the most conservative institutions of one
ol the most conservative capitals in Europe.
On this side of the Atlantic, the study of phy
siology has been introduced into numerous
schools; but hitherto, in Europe, this impor
tant .branch of knowledge has been ignoreJ
in academies for the young, while Latin,
Greek and Metaphysics hare been crammed
ad libitum down the throats of pUpili.
Such a departure from common sense in
this practical age will be almost incredible a
hundred years hence, when the study of the
laws of health will be one ot the first things
which youth will be taught. It is astonish
ing that physiology has been so long neglec
ted as a part of our education. We instruct
our children bow to deport themselves in
company, how to exercise thsught, how to
conduct business; but we keep thein iu ig
norance of that which is greater then all,
how to preserve health. Ou one we beatow
a professional education, on another a mer
cantile one, on another that of anaitisan)
but bis health, without which all else is
nothing, we leave to chance. It is so also
with our daughters. Nay ! in their case, we
not only neglect to instruct thern in physiolo
gy, but actually countenance a mode of life
which is sure to impair the constitation,
shorten their days and injure their progeucyi
It is tree, that, within a few yeats, Ilia laws
of health have been made a study in many
American sohools; but the great majority of
our children are still brought up in ignoranoe
of physiology ; and hence the justice of our
structures; at least as applied to the mats.
It has boon said, we know, that the study
is unfit for the young, and that there is lime
enough in adult years to begin it. But we
can see no indelicacy tn any useful etudy.—•
Hnmi toil qui mat ypenst. Besides, it is too
late in adult years, to acquire a knowledge
of health. Moat of the exceisea of whiob
young men are guilty, are committed in
adolescence, or when the passions are warm,
the reason weak, the oharacler undeveloped-
It is In her earlier maiden years, that late
hours, excessive dancing, and an injtiriona
mode of dreaeing sap the health of the fe
male. Young persons are kept ill ignorance
of the laws of health, and ere thus induced
to break them continually, thinking it little
or nd harm ; when, if they knew the penalty
that would have to be paid, in later life, a
portion of them, if not all, would be more
careful.
Without health then can be uo real haps
piness. The dyspep'io, the nervous, the
goaty, the rheumatic, the consumptive may
have fortune, friends, everythlsg, but they
are not happy- Yet, there are thousands of
■uob, who, it they bad been taught phyaiolo-i
gy at school, might have preserved their
health, and been happy through a long and
useful lit e.—Ledgtr.
t*
A Clergyman was bung in effigy at La
grange, Tend-, for selling a poor mau'e-aoie
at auction-

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