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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, August 23, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
R. Weaver Proprietor.]
VOLUME 7.
ADVERTISEMENTS.
PUBLIC NOTICE.
New Gram Duchy of Baden . lattery Loan.
Capital 11,000,000 Florins
THIS LOAN is guaranteed by lhe govern
ment, and will be drawn in different prizes,
as follows:
14 of 50.000 Fls. I 54 of 40.000 Fls.
12of 35.000Hs 230f 15.000 lis 2ot 12 000 lis
55 ' 10,000 •' 40 ' 5.000 ' 2 ' -f.900 '
58 ; 4,000 ' 36(5 ' 2,000' 19il< 1,000 '
&e. &e. Sic.
The lowost prize being 42 Fls.
12 Florins are equal to five dollars.
The next drawing lakes place at CarLruhe,
'tinder the Direction of the Baden Govern
ment, on,/Ae 31A4/ of August, 1855, w hen
every drawn number musi obtain or.e of the
above-mentioned Prizes, which will be paid
in cash, at tho oflices of the undersigned.—
Those fortunate shareholders not residing on
the spot, will have their amount of Prizes
tiaiued paid to them through an established
Bank. The Lists of the result will be sent
to each shareholder, KIIII the successful num
bers published hi the newspapers.
The price of one ticket is Two Dollars.
The following advantages are given by ta
king a number ot rickets, viz:
11 Tickets cost S2O I 50 Tickets cost 380
23 ' ' 40 .1 100 ' ' 150 |
The price of tickets can be sect in Bank
Notes or Draff*, payable in any of the com
mercial towns of Germany, Holland, France,
England. Scotland, or Ireland.
For tickets anil Prospectuses apply to the
undersigned Banking-house, which is ap
pointed" for the sale of Tickets :
MOKIZ STIEBEL SONS,
JJ takers.
Fraukfort-on-lhe-Maine, Germany. I
B.—Letters to be directed "per Steamer
Vm Liverpool," to Moriz Sliebel Sous, Bank
ers, in Frankfott-on the-A.'aine.
Remittances which arrive after the Day
of Drawing, will be returned, or invested in
the next drawing, at the option of the send
er
The Prospectus of this Distribution can be
iuspeeled at the office of this paper, where
also Tickets may be obtained.
July 5, 1853.
Trusses ! Trusses ! Trusses!
Cm H. ITEEDISS,
TRUSS AND BRACE ESTABLISHMENT,
E. W. COR. OF 12-111 ASD NACE STREETS,
PHILADELPHIA,
IMPORTER of fine French Truss--—JSpJ
es, combining extreme lightness.
ease ant* durability with correct construction.
Hernial or ruptured patients can be suited
by remitting amounts, A- below Sending
number of inches round the hips, and stal
ing side affected.
Cost of Single Truss, £2, £3, 34, 85.
Double, 35, ?6, SB, and 10.
Instructions a* to wear, and how to effect
a cure, when possible, sent with the Tru'is.
Also lor sale, in great vatiety, Dr. Ban
ning's Improved Patent Body Brace, for the
cure of Prolapsus Uieri; Spinal Props and
Supports, Patent Shoulder Braces, Chest ex
panders and Erector Braces, adapted to all
with eloqp shoulders and weak lungs; English)
Elastic Abdominal Belts, SuspeDsorie-*, Syr
inges—male and female.
Ladies' rooms, with lady attoiulants.
August 2, 1855. *
Anderson's Academy
T OF
DRAWING AND PAINTING,
At the "Exchange Building."
m
s "Any person who can learn lo write can learn
t aaflraw. 4 '
# THE Ladies and Gentlemen of this place
are invited to calkand inspect the Collection
ot Paintings, now on view, most of which are
original Sketches from Nature.
Many persons labor under tlia idea that a
talent for drawing is necessary. This is
wrong, and therefore Mr. A. invites all who
think so to call at his rooms, and he will
prove to them the fallacy of such an opinion
by teaching the pupils to execute, in a lew
lessons, what cannot be accomplished by
ny other sy*.em. Each pupil guarantied i 0
Draw and Paint Irom Nature, and if unsuc
cessful, no charge will be made.
Gentlemen engaged through the day, can
receive instruction at night.
But one clas will bo taught in this place.
Bloomsburg, July 2fi, 1855.
Arthur's Patent Self paling Cans.
For Preserving Fresh Fruit, Tomatoes
Aj-c., by Flermetical Sealing.
THESE cans, which are scaled by the house
keepers without the aid of a tinner, and
open easily with >ut injury to the esq, are
rapidly coming into general use. Full directions
for putting up fruit accompanying the cans,
and the worF is so easily performed, that by
their use, every family may have fiesli fruit
and tomatoes on their tables alt winter, at
summer prices.
PRICES.— Pint Cans $2.00; quart $2.50;
Half-gallon $3.50;* thiee quarts $4.25; gallons
$5-00 per dozen. The different sizes nest, in
order to secure economy in transportation.—
Country Btorekeepeis wilt find this new article
one of ready sale. Manufactured and eolu by
ARTHUR, BURN HAM 81 CO.
No. 60 South Tenth St., Philadelphia.
July 26,1853. —3m.
leatWhT
Fritz, Hendry & Co.,
No. 29 NORTH 3d ST., PHILADELPHIA,
MOROCCO MANUFACTURERS,
CURRIERS & IMPORTERS OF FRENCH
CALF-SKINS, and dealers in Red and
Oak SOLE LEATHER & Ktpr.
Feb. 9, 1855. I—y*
BLANKS fllL ANKSTTDTANKS !!
DEEDS. SUMMONS,
EXECUTIONS, SUBPfENAS,
AND JUDGMENT NOTES,
pa iter and desirable forms, fo- sale at the
office of the '"Rar of the North."
Justices of the Peace
* ND CONSTABLES can find all kind of
bniks desirable for their use,in proper
form- a* the office of the STAR or THE NORTH.
Fancy Paper,
Envelopes, Pens, Ink, Writing sand. &e
an be found at the cheap Book store ol
JOSEPH SWARTZ,
" EXCHANGE NEWSPAPERS
Jy Tie hundred 'or sale at 'hie office.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY. AUGUST 23, 1855.
! THE STAR OF THE NORTH
I IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY
. XV. WRAVEK,
j OFFICE —Up stairs, in the new brick build
ing, on the south side of Main Steert,
third square below Market.
TERMS Two Dollars per annjim, if
paid within srx months from the lime of sub
scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not
paid "within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a lees period than six months ; no
discontinuance permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding onesquare
j villi be inserted three times for One Dollar
nd twenty'five-cents for each additional in
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
J)I{IUNALPImRVr
For the " Star of the North."
A DAY DREAM.
On a bright day in summer I slooJ by Uio
ocean,
Arid long did I gaze on each light dancing
wave:
My sorrowing heart swelled wild with emo
tion,
M'hen I thought of the thousands who found
there a grave.
1 thought of the friends who had long since
departed.
Of brother and sister and parent so kind:
Of the brave and the fair, and the generous
hearted
Who have found their lest rest and left me
behind.
Slowly raising my eyes, I beheld a fair maid
en ;
On her beautiful head bright sea-flowers
she wore,
With rich spaikling gems and rare shells she
was laden:
"Come with me,'' cried the sea-maid "and
leave this dull shore."
" Come with me to the beautiful caves 'nea.h
the waters
I'll show thee the treasures hiJ far in the
deep,
I Thou shalt see the glad sports of old ocean's
fair daughters
And visit the graves where thine honored
| Iriends sleep."
I Oh! no fairest maiden, replied I with emo
tion,
j I cannot so with thee unto thy dark cave,
j Too many dear triends now lie deep iu the
ocean,
Too long hast thou lured there the true and
the brave. \
Depart now fair maiden, I wish not to cherish
A thought of thy luring or glitter of wealth;
In thy gilded halls I wish not now to perish;
Give mejhe green fields and lhe blessings
of health.
She cabt her W ta eyes iSpitn ma, and then
turning
And dashing the water, away with hbr
wand, ,
She sank from my gaze and the land she was
spurning,
And waved an adieu with her beautiful
hand.
And now oft I stroll by"the side of the water
And gather the pebbles on th'm lonely shore;
But that lovely sea-nymph—old Neptune's
lair daughter— -'**
I watch for in vain—l shall see her no more.
Buck Horn, Pa. EFFIE.
HOLY MEL*'.
The beaoty of holy life constitutes the
most eloquent uud effective persuasive to re
ligion which one human being can address
to the other. We have many ways of doing
to onr fellow creatures, but none so effica
cious as leading a virtuous, upright and well
ordered lite. There is an energy of moral
suasion in a good man's life, passing the
highest efforts of the orator's genius. The
seen, but silent beauty of holiness speaks
more eloquently of God, and duty, than the
tongue of men and angels. Let parents re
member this. The best inheritance a parent
can bequeath a child is a virtuous example,
a legacy of hallowed remembtanan and as
sociations. The beauty of holiness, beam
ing through the life of a loved relative or
friend, is more effectual to strengthen such
as do stand in virtue's ways, and raise up
those that are bowed, than precept, com
mand, entreaty or warning. Christianity it
self, I believe, owes by far the greater part
of its moral power, not to the precepts or
parables of Christ, but to his charaoter. The
beauty of that holiness which is enshrined in
She four brief biographies oT the Man of Naz
areth, has done more, and will do more, to
regenerate lhe world, and bring it loan ev
erlasting righteousness, than all other agen
cies put together. It has done more to spread
his religion in the world than all that has ev
er been preached or written on the eviden
ces of Christianity.
Honest Labor.
Labor, honest labor, is mighty nnd beauti
ful. Acliv ity is the ruling element of life, and
its highest relish. Luxuries and conquests
are the result of labor, we can imagine noth
ing without it. The noblest man of earth is
he who puts hands cheerfully and proudly to
honest labor. Labor is a business and ordi
nance ol God. Suspend labor and where is
the glory and pomp of earth—the fruit fields
and pa'aces, and fashioning of matter for
which men strive and war I Let the labor
ecorner look around him, look to himself, and
learn what are the trophies of toil. From the
crown of hit head to the 010 of his fool, un
less he is a Carib, made as the beast, he is
debtor and a slave of toil. Where is the gar
menting and equipage? Let labor answer.
Labor—which makes music in the mine and
■the furrow, and at the forge. O, scorn labor,
do you—man who never yet earned a morsel
of bread. Labor pities you proud fool, and
laughs you to scorn. You shall pass to dust
forgotten; and labor will liva on forever, glo
rious in its conquests and monumenta.
Tho victor iu an argument can afford to
yield tho "last word."
* . I- 1 ' " -■-* "
Trutb and Right God aa'd#ftir Country.
Pennsylvania Politic*—Letter Irom Wra.
B- Heed, Ktq.
To the Hon. A. G. Curtin, Chairman of the
Whig State Committee, s llarriibuig.
BEAR SIR : I beg to resign my position AS
1 n member of the Suite Committee, and de
lire to state tile reasons which have led me
>to this conclusion. [ am quite aware that
| these motives may have no interests either
j to nty late colleagues or to the public, but I
; am not less satisfied that there is something
' in existing political relations calculated to af
fect personal character, and which admonish
es every honorable man to be perfectly inge
nuous and unreserved as to what he does.—
In this communication 1 mean, to be so,-
and I shall be very glad, if I atn in error on
any matter of fact that yua will correct me.
I was appointed a member of the State
I Committee by the Whig Convention of 1854,
I which nominated Mr. Pollock and Mr. Dur
sie. To us was confided the duly of promo
ting the success of that ticket in its integrity
'•—Mr. Darsie's success as much as Mr. Pel
lock's. we were bound in honor to do all
we could for both these gentlemen, and I can
confidently asume that if any human being,
in or out of the Convention or the Commit
tee, bad hinte'd the idea that one ol these can
didates was to be sacrificed, it would have
been met bj a most indignant rebuke. There
was.net even an undercurrent of intolerance
then. These wero Whig en
trusted to the honor of a Whig Committee.
OH receiving the intelligence of tny ap
pointment, I immediately wrote to the Presi
dent of the Convention, begging, for personal
and official reasons, to be excused Irom ser-
Had I dreamed of what has since oc
curred, my withdrawal would have been per
emptory, and I should have been spared of
the mortification of seeing the party, with
which I have acted for thirty years,endanger
ed, if not destroyed, by sinister and secret in
fluences which I could not control and with
which I might seem to be implicated. Yield
ing, however, to the urgency ol old and kind
friends, who seemed, to think I might render
some set vice, f consented to act. In or.e re
spect, and but one, (aside Irom the pleasant
personal association we have had,) am 1 glad
1 served. It enabled me, and in this my col
leagues of the Committee and ourcandidates
cordially co-operated, to aid in assuaging the
asperities of politcal conflict, and so to direct
the canvass of that little or no personal feel
ing mingled in it. Sure lam thai'r.o word
of personal renroach or ur.kindness to Gov.
Bigler, or any individual member of the Dem
ocratic parry, emanated Irom the .Stale Com
mittee. It was in this particular a most dec
orous contest.
Having agreed to act, I look, as you are
aware, my full share of duly, and. attended
every meeting of the Committee, one of
which was held three hundred miles from my
home.
You will excuse this recapitulation. It is
necessary to the illustration of painful,
anil in my judgment, most discreditable se
quel to what was so propitiously begun. In
the winter and spring.of 1854, two incidents
of public interest occurred, which in my opin- j
ion were attended with the worst conseqnen- >
cos—the passage of the Consolidation Bill, 1
and the first election under it. Toconsolida- j
tioo, in every form in which it was present-1
ted, I am not proud to say I always was, and j
yet am, resolutely opposed. The principle
was wrong and delusive—the detailsof the I
measure, as has been abundantly proved, j
were incongruons and imperfect—the ma- i
chin.ery rickerty—and the manner in which J
it was forced on the public, no one ventu
ring to resist the spurious sentimenf that was j
moat unfortunate. Its' sad results no or.e now ,
| questions. The most sanguine enthusiast of.
this great speculation can do no more than
hope for the very distant future. In the long j
run, (to use a favorite phrase,) it may sue-;
ceed, but it will be a very long run indeed, of |
suffering and dishonor, and asocial disorgan- j
ization and imminent bankruptcy. Every]
one of these results has in point of fact al- j
ready er.sued. A large municipality has been
created which Ihus far cannot manage itself.
Ite Legislature is a miniature Uarrisburg,
translated to Philadelphia. The treasury is 1
bankrupt. The credit of the community has ;
been narrowly saved, so far as the payment
of mere funded interest is concerned, but is
prostrate in everything else. New loans are J
familiarly talked of. New taxes are inevita-1
ble, and yet no one ventures to propose them, j
These I affirm to be the consequences—the !
bitter and the natural fruits of this consolida- j
tion scheme.
In May of last year occurred the first elec
tion under the new system.
It was at this election that, for the first lime
was develnped anew and most dangerous el
ement of political action, which has been run
ning a short race of triumph ever since, but
which now, I am happy lo believe, is near
its appropriate end. I ofcourse le fer to Know
Nothingism or secret Americanism. How,
or where, or exactly when it originated, no
one knows—at least, no one out of its Coun
cils, and, I suspect, not very many of thern.
Il is believed lo have had a very impure ori
gin out of this State, and to have been trans
planted hither by hands already stained with
a good many black political spots, bankrupts
iu fortune and character, spirits congenial to
any devices of fraud that might,* tinder a
cloak of secrecy, be perpetrated with safely.
Such f believe to have been its origin,though
I atn equally well satisfied that much person
al respectability and honest, though misdi
rected, sentiment has been infused in it since.
No matter, however, how or where it began,
the disease broke out with great virulence in
thie city in lhe spriog of 1854. Hundreds
and thousands of sturdy Wbigs, who had
' l>een fighting open Americanism all their
lives, and as many fierce Democrats, rushed
into these lodges—were initiated by some
n.otk ceremony and swore that they would
ncver.vote or assist or aid, members of one
Christian denomination—that they would pro
scribe every naturalized citizen; swjre, too,
though nominal Whigs or Democrats, that
they would break faith with aneient friends
and abide by the decisions of secret lodges—
swore further to a code of disingenuousness
which required them to'deny their member
ship. Its mystery made it attractive and
seemed to make it safe. Many a man who
was ashamed publicly to preach intolerance
and proscription, could do it safely in a se
cret council room. This system of denial
and equivocation—a cardinal pfinciple of
Know-Nothiugism—led to soma instances of
personzi degradation in thie city which I do
not like lo think of.
It was not long after this election when the
glory of triumph was brightest, that the Whig
State Committee met for the first time in this
city. I ant confident in the belief that at that
time this secret parly had no considerable
foothold in our Committee. I have no idea
of recapitulating the acts or counsels of the
Committee then or thereafter. You will do
mo the justices to say, that from first lo last,
iu every form and guise, I opposed all affin
ity to this new pariyjand I atn glad to do you
the justice, that yon were equally decided
and resolute on the same side. We worked
together most harmoniously. The'n, 100, it
was, that the question of onr duty to George
Darsis was considered and discussed, and
then we were, or seemed to be, unanimous,
that it was a matter of duty and honor to sup
port him. The fact is now confessed, I regret
to say, that some of our Committee, thus
pledged in fairness and honor, recognizing
tho superior obligation of a Know-Nothing
oath, voted for Mr. Molt, the Democratic can
didate, believing him to belong to the order.
Tim same subject of discussion arose at our
meeting in Pittsburg, with the same apparent
result, though I have no doubt the scheme of
sacrificing Mr. Daraio was in the meantime
matured. It certainly was most systemati
cally perfected, and thus one of the ablest
and most upright men in the Commonwealth
who, in spite of hiFnativity and a few years
of infaney in Scotland, had been a
Pennsylvania legislator for nearly fifteen
years, was sacrificed at the bidding of a se
cret oath-bound association, composed, to a
large extent o! individuals who openly claim- ,
ed popimui.ioii ivgb i, betray-
llow little the State Committee could do to
avert this discredit, you very well know.—
The secret iufiunucc was around them,.and
upon ilium, and within them, and those who,
like myself and others, were open and can
did in their condemnation of this secret ac
tion and organization, were riot fairly met or
answered. The secret order was satisfied
with rapid recruiting. Their oaths prevent
ed discussion or lair play, It was confident
ly alleged and assumed that Fir. Pollock
himself joiAed the order. F'rom his own lips
I have it thai, al the time o( his election, lie
was not a member of any party whose organ
ization required him to proscribe any pottiou
of his fellow-citizens, and rely ing on that as
surance, I continued my exertions, and voted
fur him. I voted for the Whig ticket at the
lall election. I voted for Mr. Tyson for Con
gress, after-he obtained the Whig nomination,
though I contess I was perplexed by many
rumors that he. too, had joined the order, and
taken the requisite oaths. I could not per
suade myself thai a man at his Tune of file,
who had pronouced so many elaborate dis
courses in favor of religious toleration, and
who venerated with a faith so sincere and
professing, the name of William Penn—the
friend and favorite of England's Roman Cath
olic King—l could not persuade myself that
he tißd abjured the principles of his educa
tion, and sworn to this new allegiance. Had
I lived in the first Congressional District, I
should have no doubt have voted for Mr.
Morris, for they would have needed much
more than rumor lo convince me that he, the
aneient antagonist of Native Americanism,
(which was at last a manly party,) had re
tracted, iftid joined the secret order. If these
were errors on my part, they* were errors on
the side of fidelity to my friends and parly.
After thu month of September, 1854, the
State Committeo never met. Gov. Pollock
and Mr. Molt were elected, and those of us
who felt we were excluded from the, new
communion, had scarcely the heart to rejoice
—the means ot triumph in onr opinion being
so unworthy—and nothing lo console ua but
the dim hope that things might turn out bet
ter than we leared.
In January, ol this year, the new adminis
tration was inaugurated and the new Legisla
ture met. Of the doiugs of that Legislature
I need not speak, and especially of that scene
of impotent intrigue, the canvass for United
States Senator. Though there was a nomi
nal Whig majority, the very name of Whig
was ignored. The caucus was one of " Se
cret Americans" from which Whig Senators
and Representatives were excluded—and
within and upon that caucus, everything be
ing veiled by what was thought to be safe
secrecy, the influence of corruption, person
al, pecuniary and political, were thought to
be brought to bear. What better illustration,
(I now appeal toyourown observation,)could
there be of the miechievious capabilities of
this secret organization that Gen. Cameron's
success in the "American cnucus?" I do
not unite in the denunciation heaped on that
gentleman. I think—aside of course, from
all questions from right and wrong—that his
conscmate skill and capacity of accommoda
ting himself to an emergency, deserved bet-
ter success fhau he attained. Ho fought his
enemies with their own weapons and beat
them. If they mined, ho counterminded.—
If they plotted and organized in secret lodges,
he constituted lodges of his own, or went in
to theirs, and beat them even at mystery. If
they renounced past political fidelity, Whig
or Demccralic, he, without any effort, renoun
ced too. If they swore eternal enmity to
Catholics and naturalized citizens, he swore
as hard as they. It was with them a!l "Death
to the Romans." Punic sympathy and Pu- j
nio faith. 1 confess I do not see how any
" Know Nothing" can find fault with Mr. j
Cameron. And this accounts, in my poor i
judgment, for the feeble result of the seoes- I
sion which took place from lhe Senatorial
caucus. The deserters carried with them, as
marks of shame in Know Nothing eyes, the
fragments of their broken oaths, oaths ol fi
delity to secrecv and obedience. They had
on Ihe'ir breasts the " Scarlet Letter," and they
could not get rid of it, or hide it. And thus
.it ended. lam sorry to refer to all these mat
! tern, filled as they are with painful memories, !
j but they are 100 illustrative of the domination j
J of this secret and dangerous party to be pass
ed in silence.
During all this lime, the State Committee
Wi.s not called together, and if it had been
could have done liltlo good. The melancholy
fact had by this lime developed itself, that out
: of the thirteen, of which number the Commit
tee consisted, seven it was beleived had join
ed the secrel order, some cheerfully and
readily, ami from congeniality of feeling and
opinion ; ojhers I venture to say, reluctantly,
blushing!)*, and under what seemed an over
bearing necessity. Whether hereafter, wheil
the account for these misdoings comes to be
settled, any distinction will be made between
those who readily and those who unwillingly
bartered away ancient political opinion, it is
not for me to say.
I confess that, during this spring, I was
anxious that our Committee should meet, if
only to enable some ol us to speak out, and (
to let an organized body iu Pennsylvania I
have the honor of striking the first blow at j
the secret party. The elections in New York !
arid \ irginia, and the local spring elections i
in this ci'y* occurred first, and gave the wound j
from which the life blood of the organization '
is flowing away. Nothing could bo more |
creditable to the nation— more fatal to this i
new party, than the almost contemporaneous I
election of Senator Seward and Governor!
"Wise, the one it northern Whig, the other a
southern Demuprat ; teen of widely different
opinions, but on this great question standing
shoulder to shoulder in defence of the Con
btituliott, religious liberty, and equality ol |
political rights. It was proved lo bo beyer.d
the power of any secret conclave or its mis
sionaries of mischief, effectually to rally
through the length and breadth of the lnd
the secret rebellion to lhe Constitution.
On the 23d ol July, ten months after we
separated al Pittsburg, the Committee met in
this city, and then I determined, and vou well
know, made no secret of my resolution, to
bring this matter ol Know Nothingism before
the Committee, and ask its action in tho way
,ol distinct and emphatic repudiation. I felt
■it my duty as a maitercf self-respect. I be
lieved that my Philadelphia fellow citizens,
j whom I immediately represented, expected
of me, and I think, having tried long to de
' serve their confidence, and havjng earned it,
a!id being very proud o( il, I properly esti
mate public opinion on this point. Here, In
i Philadelphia, this secret party drew its first
j breath and gained its firet victory ; and here,
! in Philadelphia it has met its first reverse
and will breathe its last, No one can mis
take its coming docm.
j What occurred iu the Committee you
I know. To the proposition to call a Whig
1 Convention I cheerfully assented, meaning,
j so soiin as the call wus determined on, lo
I to ask the Committee, by a manly declara
| noii o! principle, to free that Convention on
its inception from the suspicion which since
this secret party has existed, has hung round
every political body that has met 1 there
fore offered and asked the Committee to
adopt the following brief but comprehensive
resolutions, every word of which had been
well considered, and for every word of which
I am willing to be responsible.
ltesalvedj By ilm Whig Executivb Com
mittee of the State of Pennsylvania, that an
address be issued by this Committee culling
the Convention to meet at Harrisbttrg on ,
and asserting the following principles of ac
tion :
1. Disapproval in the clearest and strongest
form of all secrel political associations as im
moral and unconstitutional, opposed to the
principles of our republican form of govern
ment, and utterly subversive of die confi
dence which ought to subsist among politi
cal Iriends.
2. Condemnation especially of that form
of secret political association which pro
scribes American citizens on account of their
religious opinions or their place of birth, this
Committee and the Whig party recogni
zing in Its broadest sense, the constitutional
principle that every man has a right to wor
ship God according to the dictates of his own
conscience, and that organized political pro
scription on account of religious belief would
be an interference with that right.
3. Disavowal by this Commiieecollective
ly and individually of any connexion with or
sympathy with ahy such secret political or
ganization.
4- The assertion of the feeling commori lo
every Whig of Pennsylvania, and to very
many of other organizations, that the Nebras
ka and Kansas measures ol the last Congress,
the abrogation of the Missouri compromise
line, and, as a part of the same system, the
lawless and violent conduct of individuals
since in Kansas, especially are abhorrent to
the .people of the North, and ought to be re
dressed.
5. That these measures were a wanton re
newal of sectional agitation, for which in no
serfle are the Wjiigs of the North, and espe
cially tho Whigs of Pennsylvania, responsi
ble.
6. That the restoration of the Missouri
compromise line ought to be demanded and
insisted on as a matter of right.
7. The reassertion of the Whig principles—
the value of which every hour is confirming
I —of protection in some form to American
I industry, and especially to the *taple inter
j ests of Pennsylvania yet struggling iriti exis
tence—the policy of peace and neutrality on
the part ol the general government, and res
olute abstinence from ull schemes of foreign
aggrandizement and sympathy or affinity to
foreign politics.
These resolutions, after a free discussion,
were laid on the table, my own vote being
the only one recorded in their favor; and yet
I hope I may he permitrcJ to say there were
few of the Committee who did not, in their
hearts and consciences, agreo to every word
in them. It is due to my colleagues to add
that some of them put their votes on the res
olutions strictly on the ground of inexpedi
endy and a doubt as to Hie powers of the
Committee. With them, however, readily
united those others of our colleagues who
are not ashamed to avow that they are Know-
Nothings, and, as such, under a paramount
if not exclusive allegiance.
During that discussion one of these gen.,
tlemen, as you will recollect, said with em-'
phasis, and without a word leading to it, that
if these resolutions passed he should resign.
Till then no no word which, by any possibil
ity could be construed into a threat,had been
whispered—certainly not by me. But the
feeling and resolution were all ulofig cher
ished that, if, after all that had occurred, the
sacrifice of Mr. Darsie, the discredit of last
winter al Harrisburg, the insolent abandon
ment of the very name of the Whig party,
and, above all, the prevalent suspicion that
affected every one, these resolutions, or some
thing like them, wero not passed, my dulv
as a gentleman was very clear, to vacate, as
I now do, my position. It iB a resolution, I
assure you, not lightly formed or which can
be reconquered.
T"he resolutions affirmed this secret organ,
ftation, with its proscriplive and evasive
oaths, to be noL only unconstitutional, but im
moral ! I deliberately reiterate that opinion,
be its value what it may, without agitating
another grave question, whether these com
binations and these extra judicial oaths are
not strictly unlawful. It is a very safe kind
of swearing for easy consciences when no
penalties of perjury urn risked, lam by* ed
ucation and principle, opposed to all extra
judicial oaths—Having beeh taught long ago
by one of the greatest lawyers Pennsylvania
ever produced—one, too, whose memory 1
most affectionately nourish, that the admin
istering or the pronouncing of any oath, ex
cept by authority of law, is an offence
against the law. The example of this se
cret party is making them fearfully common
—this taking in vain the Almighty's name*—
"this rash swearing nolrequired by tho mag
istrate" which the wisdom of more than one
Pioiestanl church condemns. I am free to
say that oaths of exculpation are nearly as
repugnant a 9 oaths of initiation and proscrip
tion. Aside, I repeat, from all question of
law, the whole secret organization is immor
al, and degradingly so in this, that it exacts
evasion and sometimes the denial of truth.—
If it does not now, it certainly did so once,
in its prime of youth and pride of victory.—
The obligation once wis, and I fear is yet,
to evade tl.e confession of membership it
possible and if not, expressly to deny it; and
I have inyseif seen instances of this degra
ding prevarication which makefile use of the
word 'immoral' almost too gentle.
One other word, and I have done. I shall
look with deep interest to tVie constitution anil
action of the Convention is summon
ed to meet at Uarrisburg m September. I
trust its action may be unreserved in the
enunciation of principles—conciliatory to
those who agree lit principle and republican
iu evory sense—and most so icl this, that
no whisper shall be uttered, no intimation
given, that can be construed iuto an interfe
rence with religious liberty, which tho Con
stitution guards, or with social or political
rights, which the Constitution recognizes.—
1 am very respectfully, yours,
VVM* B. REED.
Ladles' Dresses.
The present fashion, indulged by the la
dies, of wearing their skirts the size of a
hogshead, is putting the bolter part of crea
tion to their wit's ends to secure the desired
condition of stick-outativeness about their
dimity. Cbrds, grass cloth, coffe bags, starch
and even hoops, it is whispered, have been
put in requisition for the accomplishment of
the desired object. The fashion seems des
tined, too, lo effect important changes in or
chitecture, doors will have lo be widened,
and church pews made more capacious lo
accomodate the obtrusive drygoods of the
feminines. We saw an exhibition last eve
ning that afforded an indication of the kind
of scenes that may be expected from the
present fashion. Two washer-women were
taking home as many dresses, and to pre
vent the garments from being rumpled and
losing their fullness of appearance, they were
carrying them aloft on sticks ! The unusu
al sight attracted much attention, and one lit
tle ehaver, who was a pretty fair specimen
[two Dollars per Annua
NUMBER 31.
s of Voting Ametica, ehobted out, " say, gocd
i women, what have you dona with them bra
■ women's heads V'
\\ o remember aom'o years since a great
• eicitemon' that was created by the report
i that a ghost was to be seen on certain nights
in the yard of St. Peter's Church, at the cor
ner of third and Pine streets. Crowds went
regularly to see the visitor from the spirit
land, and ahhongh many were disappointed,
others swore stoutly that they had seen a tall
figure, clothed in white, cross the graveyard,
and enter the rear of the church. it was fi
lially discovered that the ghostly visitor was
no other than the clergyman's laundress,
iwho was in the habit of carrying his white
rbbea from the back part of his dwelling to
the church, the vestments elevated upon a
pole to prevent their becoming rumpled.
| Rapping spirits are now very common, end
I wo may look soon to see moving substantial
ghosts n while frequenting our streets at all
hours, unless tlio ladies ' take in a reef aud
keep their 6kirts within reasonable dimen
j siotts.— Philadelphia Bulletin.
fltJlcsl Summary.
tF Tlio cholera has been raging with
destructive violence in the Capital fo
Russia. Dr. Orin Davis has establish
ed an "Eclectic Therapeutic Institute" at
Attica, N. -S. If. Potter, M.D., Professor
of Surgery and Obstetrics in the Syracuse
Medical College, and Eilitdr of the American
Medical and Surgical Journal, is about issu
ing a \Vork upon the "American Practice of
! Medicine." From the Catalogue and
Announcement of the Female Department
of the Penn. Medical University of Philadel
phia, wo lcam that there were 36 ladies in
attendance during the last session, sof whom
graduated. The Boston Physicians are
advocating the necessity of increasing the
price of their fees. Tho present high cost
of living is the reason.—Military Surgeons
are very scarce in France. Most of those in
Paris have been ordered to the Crimea.—
Dr. Isaac Drafor, a native of Mas&, surgeon
in the Russian service, died af Sevastopol
on the 20th of March, of typhus fever. He
was 32 years old. Prof. Agassi'/, has in
the progress of preparation, as the fruit of
, his researches in the natural history of this
country, materials sufficient for ten quarto
volumes, to bo entitled "Contributions to tlio
Natural History of the United States." The
first part is ready for press. -Dr. Charles
■H. Browne has jiist received 816.000, dam
ages from the N. Y fc New Haven R. R. Co.,
as compensation for personal injuries sus
tained by tho rail road accident at Norwalk,
|in May, 1853. The prospects of the Ec
lectic Medical College of Pennsylvania, for
tho coining season, are very flattering.
The fatal number of deaths in Chicago last
year was 3,827, of which 1,434 were from
cholera.——The population of London is two
aiul a half millions; out of this number 73,697
persons died in 1854.— Medical Reformer.
Gen. Jackson n Gentleman.
Instead of being a rude and unpolished
man, as many have erroneously supposed,
General Jacksoti was considered by all who
knew hirtt intimately, as the very perfection
of a gentleman. His musuere were courte
ous in the extreme, and to illustrate this fact
Mr. Buchanan related a striking incident.—
He said, on one occasion, he received a Jpller
from an American lady, who had a daughter
married to an individual of high rjnk umong
the English nobility. In her note to Mr. Bu
chanan, she informed him site bore h mes
sage to the President of the United Stales,
from William IV., and she desired him to
accompany her to the White House in order
that she might present it in person. Mr. B.
obeyed her request, and they went to the
President's mansion. He excused himself
for a few moments and went to the private
room of the President, where he found bith
in the most wretched disabille. He was
clad in lite old gr'.'y surlout coal, a dirty shirt,
his beard was long and to crown all, was
smoking an old blackened pipe. Mr. B. ac
quainted hi in with the fact that Mrs,
was in another part of the mansion, with a
message to him from the King of England.
He was fearful the old General might walk
down stairs to receive hts visitor In that sor
ry plight, and therefore suggested to him
whether he bad not better arrange his dress
and shave. His reply was ; " Buchanan, I
once knew man who made a forluue by
minding his own business— go down stairs
and say to Mrs, ■ I shall be happy to
watt or, her presently." He left the apart
ment, and in a very short time the old gen
tleman gracefully entered the room, dressed
in a suit ol black clotb, clean shaved, with
his And head of tit hue hair carefully brushed,
and received the lady with the greatest ease
and polish of manners. She bore to bim the
kind salutations of the King with the request
that he would, tther the expiration of his
Presidential term, visit England. On their
return from the White House, the lady ex*
preessed her high gratification, and the
pleasure she had derived from the interview,
and said she had visited every priccipai
court in Europe, and mingled with those of
the highest rank, but that Gen Jackson in all
the attributes of gentlemanly conrtssy, and
highly refined manners, excelled every other
man shn ever met.
Tv A clergyman catechising the youths
of his church put the first question from
the catechism to a girl: " What is your
consolation in life end death f" The poor
girl Bmiled but did not answer. The {meat
insisted. "Well, then," said she, "since I
must toll it is the young printer on Third
street."

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