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STAB OF TIIE NORTH.
R. \V. WEAVER } EDITOR. HloomNlmrjr. Thnndwy 1 Srp. 20. 1H55- Democratic Nominations. FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, HON. ARNOLD PLUMER, OF VENANGO COUNT?, EOn ItEPIESXNTATrVE, J. G. MONTGOMERY, of Montour Co. FOB SHERIFF, STEPHEN 11. MILLER, FOR TREASURER, JACOB HARRIS, TON COMMISSIONS.!!, JONAS FA II RINGER, ron ivniTon, JACOB OEMOTT, FOR AUDITOR, one year, HENRY C. PHILLIPS. DEMOCRATS! ARE YOU ASSESSED ?—We would remind our democratic Iriends of the necessity of having their name* on the As cessment lists of least Ten Days before the elec tion. The lists are now placed at the sever al election polls, where they may be extim amined. f3F See that your name is there recorded in good lime, or your vote will be lost. Young men who last year voted -'on age," should see that they have been assess, ed this year. HaMlsf n ( audidale. It seems that the Know-Nothings have at last found a candidate for Assembly. Sev- j oral gentlemen were urged but declined, and : Capt. John Staley of Greenwood has been I pressed into service. lie designs removing I . to the West in the Spring, and we have no doubt but the proposition to be a candidate for Assembly tcok him by surprise as much as the news of his election could do. In all fairness, the Representative this year belongs to Montour, ami it is much more desirable that a man from that county should be chosen this fall, while has yet a representative in the Benate, than at some foture time when we can net have the same security and balance of power. No matt can be so blind as to imagine himself inter ested in disturbing the harmony between Ihe two counties, for it is too plain that any such course would only destroy the man attempt ing it. The people of both counties are oppos ed to any new agitation or local difficulty, and Mr. Montgomery concurs in that feel ing. Treasurer. The Know-Nothirigs have induced Mr. El wood Hughes to decline being a candidate for Treasurer this I d!. and are throwing all tbeir force to help Mr. Cole. Mr. Hughes is a Whig, and a gentleman ol lair business capacity, but that was no reccnrtrneudalion with the Know-Nothing*. We are justified in saying that Mr. Cole is the candidate ol the Know-Nothings from the fact that before the convention was held the most zealnu9 Know-Nothing of Greenwood canvassed Bri arcreek township ill favor of Mr. Cole—the two Kuow-Nothing delegates from Green wood who were excluded -from the conven tion were for Cole—the card afterward an nouncing him as a volunteer candidate a gainsi the ticket came to us in the handwri ting of a leading Know-Nothing tn this place, and the direction lo withdraw Mr. Hughes' name comes to also from a Know-Nothing of this place who says he is authorized to say lor Mr. Hughes that he declines being a candidate, if any person wishes further proof he can have it in the fact that lite on ly persons in this locality who lavor the elec tion of Mr. Cole are those who supported the Know-Nothing candidates last fall. ' An Interesting tu-o for Lawyers. Quite a number of suits will grow out of Ihe recent disaster at Burlington upon the Camden & Amhoy Railroad. Some of these will be of public interest. Instance the fol lowing:—Mr. Charles Ingerioll of Philadel phia, one uf the killed, would have inherited a fortune of 8500,000 had ha lived until ha arrived at the age of 21 years, which would have been the last of Ihe present month. A clause in the will provided that in die event of his decease before arriving at that age, the fortune would fall to another branch of fam ily. It it said that an effort will bo made to recovet thia amount Irom the Company, as in all probability, had not this accident oc curred, he would have lived lo come in pos session oi the fortune. 'I lie Inst Game Of the desperate leaders among the Know- Nothings, it to organize juvenile lodges a itiong the boys. A couple of Know-Nothing emissaries attempted that dodge in thia town a few week* ago, and the prooeedings have fallen into our hands. They only give the names of the members, record that "the camp was opend in du form," and ihal the password is "non incomprehencible." The best advice that can be given in such a case it to learn honest labor and to spell correctly "before attempting thv expulsion of tha " ig norant funnels'- from the land. Dwindling Down. The Know-Nothings, we are informed, at tempted to get a meeting of tbeir lodge in thia place on Tuesday evening of court, but only about a dozen members attended. So no candidates were nominated, and another meeting was called nrr Tuesday evening of laat week. On that occasion about 20 met or tried to meet,and the result was that Cant. Staley ' name bus become a candidate frum that data, and Mr. Elwood Hughes' namu has been withdrawn by a gentleman who attended that meeting of the lodge. EAILT ARRIVAL— David Lowenberg has already recieved a supply of seasonable fall and winter clothing, which he ii telling oil fail and cheap Look oat lor Bogus Tickets. Democrats should be on the look-out for spurious tickets, as the Know Nothings will no doubt try to repeat the trick they attempt ed lust fall by mixing up their candidates on the ticket with Ihe Democratic nominees. just as a bitter pill is coated over with sugar to make it "go down." The following is the ticket of which bundles were last fall piinted at the Democrat office and sent out for the Know Nothings lo deceive Democrats by the lop and bottom being Democratic: GOVERNOR, William Btgler. JUDGE OF THE SUPREME COURT, | Jeremiah S. Black. CANAL COMMISSIONER, Henry S. Moil. CONGRESS, Henry M. Fuller. ASSEMBLY, James G. Maxwell. PROTHONOTARY AND CLERK OF THE SEVERAL COURTS. (some) Samuel Mendenhall, (some) Jacob Eyetly. REGISTER OF WLLS AND RECORDER OF DEEDS, Jesse (4. Clark. COMMISSIONER, John K Grotz. AUDITOR, David Yeager. The Dark side uf Politics. The entered gentlemen are on hand for the Fall canvass in New York. In the general melee which is likely to iollow the disorgani zation of political parties, they are disposed to lake a hand. Under the leadership of GFBRIT SMITH, the "Liberty Party" have held a Convention at Ulica and nominated an amalgamation State ticket—taking two ne groes, and giving the rest to white folks.— ■ FRED. DOUGLASS is Ihe candidate fur Secre | tary of State. J THE PIETT or THE KNOW NOTHING*.—The I Philadelphia platform of the Know Nothings opens with an irrelevant declaration ol obe dience lo the One Supreme Being— a some what daring assumption, when we recollect that the order proscribes a believer in God | like the Catholic, and does not proscribe the I unbelieving Atheist. | The problem ol this declaration of the Know Nothings in their Philadelphia plat form may probably be solved by the XIX verse ot the II chapter of James. " Thou believest there is but one God.— Thon doest well. The devils also believe and tremble." IST Why is it that the Know Nothings, when they desire lo make a man appear in famous and mean, always attempt to make it appear that he is not hostile to their order 1 Is this not an acknowledgement of them selves that they consider their order unwor thy '.he confidence of an honorable man ? When a Know Nothing wants to say some thing very hard against his neighbor, he is sure In accuse hint of being a Know Noth ing also ! This is evidence that Sam's fol ■ lowers consider themselves very contemp | tible men—and, generally speaking, this is ! the fact. I HEAR YOUNG CARROLL —John Carroll, Esq., the great-grandson of Charles Carroll, of Car i rotten, who is now running on the Demo cratio Anti-Know Nothing ticket in Howard • county Maryland, made his first speech 011 i Saturday last at a meeting of both parties in I the State and the couniy, he declared to the j Know Nothings: j "lam a Catholic; bat if you must proscribe j do not commence upon so humble an indi j vidual as myself. Go back to the past, and ! erase from the record of Ihe Declaration of I Independence Ihe name of my ancestor, and j the companion of your forefathers, Charles I Carroll of Carollton. j DENMARK AND THE UNITED STATES —The , Paris correspondent of the Augsburg Gazet'e j says that Denmark is endeavoring lo get France to aid her in her dispute with tho I United States concerning the Sound dues. — I France wishes tho dues abolished, but is not willing to allow the United States to interfere . with the affairs of Europe. It refuses any aid, howpver, till Denmark joins the Western powers against Russia. Denmark will not be caught ir. any such a trap. nriidfurd Comity. The following ticket was nominated last week by the Democracy of Bradford, STE | PHEN PIERCE E.-q.. in the chair, j Assembly —V. E Piolette, H. S. Salisbury. | Commissioner —Harry Eiliot. I Audi/or —J. B. Reeves. Lancaster Cuunly. —The Democratic Con vention of Lancaster County mat on Wed nesday, and nominated George Sanderson, I A. I, Henderson, George G. Brush, Jesse Rein hold and John Grose, for Assembly ; C. M. Howell, for Couniy Treasurer; William Spencer, for County Commissioner; John H. Duchman and Henry Eckert, for Prison In spectors; and Cyrua Ream, for Auditor. Luxerne County —On Tuesday of last week the Democracy of Luzerne Couniy met in Convention and placed in nomination the fol lowing ticket : Harrison Wright and William Merrifield fof Assembly; Edward Do Iph for I'rothnnotary; Clerk of the Courts, D. L. Pal rick, and Treasurer, Lett Search. We ob serve 111 ist ihe Democracy throughout Ihe State are placing in nomination tbeir very be9t men, and evincing a spirit that indicates undoubted success. Persons wishing books or book bind ing will find the establishment of Messrs. Perry & Erely in Philadelphia a good one, and its location is where it will be conveni ent for our business people from lhi4 region to drop in. The binding we have had done by these gentlemen was in every way satis factory lo us. GT J. Lawrence Getz, one of the moat ac complished editors ol Pennsylvania, has been nominated lo the Legislature, by the Demo crats of Berk* county. He will adorn the position. ! EDUCATIONAL. The Teachers' Association d~hF Columbia County, will meet at Blooms burg, on Saturday, the 29th daj* ol Sep- Omber, at 1 o'clock P. M. Several essays and addresses are expected, and teachers are earnestly solicited for their experience on School topics. All friends of educaiinn are respectfully invited to attend. R. VV. WEAVER, WM. BURGESS, Sec'y. President. IV It is ex[<ected that at the meeting of the Teachers' Association in this place on the 29th insl., Colney Plotta, of Muncy, Rev. J. E Bradley and Mr. E. VV. Conklin, the Coun ty Superintendent of Montour, will be present; and addresses from some or all of these gen tlemen may bo expected. SCHOOL MEETINGS. School teachers, directors and friends nf ed ucation ate hereby notified that meetings for the examination of school teachers will be held at the following limes and place-: At Mifllinvihe, on Monday, the 21th of September, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon. At Berwick, on the same day, at 2 o'clock in the afternoon. At the public house of Mr. KLINE, in Rohrsburg, on Friday the 28th of September, at t o'clock in the afternoon. At the Academy in Bloomsbnrg, on Sat urday the 29th of September, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon. It is important thai all the directors attend at these examinations, which should in all t casea be public. All teachers in the vicinity of the above places, who desire certificates, will present themselves for examination. A good meeting of the friends of education is desired on every ocoasion, and an address to the people, teachers and directors upon (he common school system will be delivered at each place. In several instances Directors have announ ced that they will at these meetings adopt a uniform series ol texi-books. It is to be hoped that this will be done in every meet ing. > 11. VV. WEAVER, County Superintendent. Urltish Flusiuccs—Cost of the War. Few persons are aware what an enormous tax the War is upon the British Exchequer. For the information of our roaders, we select and condense the following items from an article in the London Economist : Including the cost of collecting the revenue, the entire I expenditure ol the British Government the current year, accordiug to the estimates laid before Parliament, during the session which | has just expired, amounts to no less a sum than £94,524,951. The entire provision for 1 tha services in connection with the war, in cluding a vote of credit of £3,000,000 appli cable to unforßeen exigences, amounts to £49,812,687, or about £33.500,000 in addi : tion to the ordinary peace expenditure lor those services. Of this large sum,the expen diture of the army and commissariat is £lB,- 789.523; that of the navy, including trans ports and packet service is £l9 379,013; and that of the ordinance is £8,644,142. But be sides these sums, there is the vole of credit of £3,000,000, which may be applied to any of thb three services. The expenditure under these heads in the present year will therefore exceed a considerable sum all the expendi tures of lite year, including the charges upon the national debt and the cost of collectiog all branches of revenue. This vast sum has to be provided for either by taxation or by an addition to the public debt, or both. In this instance, both plans aro resorted to. The entire sum rai. eil l-y all kinds ol taxation amounts to £71,524 951 the current year, leaving a balance of £23 000,- 000, which is to be met by an addition to the funded arid unfunded debt of tho coun try. A*, the close of the gresent year, being the second of the war, England will have increas ed her public debt in the sum of £29,000,- 000, and France will have added to hers the sum of £66,000.000, making the enormous sum of 95,000,000 addod lo the tax-burden ed masses of England and France during the Hrst two years of the war; and the end it not Ji! < War in Africa. The British Governmcnl has a war in Af rica as well as in the Crimea. A Mandingo sold a negro near the mouth of the Gambia. The negro, it is said, was a British subject, and the British authorities undertook to ar rest the Mandingo. The attempts to erresl the ntan in the village of Sabageo having been repulsed. Governor O'Connor procured the assistance of 100 French soldiers from Goree, and again marched toward Saoagee, with a force of about 620 men, three field pieces and one 14 pound howitzer. The "rebels" were driven into the town, when the stockade was carried by assault at the point of iho bayonet, and "Stbagee no longer ex ists." Loss to the "allies" 26 killed and 70 wounded. Only one Frenchman fell. Loss to the "rebels' 7 ona best towns and fifteen hundred souls. Vicissitudes. —Rev. Doctor Cone, the distin guished Baptist clergyman who recent)* died in Now York, was formerly a theatre actor, and his lust appearance on the stage was ou the terrible night of the destruction of the Richmond theatre in 1811, when the Gover nor of Virginia and a great many other prom inent citizens perished in the flames. He was afterwards editor of a daily paper at Balti more, Md., then a Departmental Clerk, at Washington, and in 1823 became a Baptist pastor in New York. UF An indignation meeting of Ihe pas*en sengers of the Gloucester branch of the Eas tern Railroad has been held at Beverly, Mass. to remonstrate against the railroad trips con suming so much time. They want to go fast er if they dont go so sure. When an acui dent happens, they will denounce the Com pany for running too fast. tSV Mr. ANDERSON, the Artist, it now at Cattawissa, giving instruction in drawing,— We hope tbe good people of that ancient vil lage will get him to broth op their taste for the fine arte. Origin of the Term ' Know-Nothings.' Foreign writers ere very naturally puzzled by the oddity of our political parly names, and, in attempting to trace them to their oii ijin, make some very queer blunders ; thus, the name of the Locoloco party is styled by one English writer to he the name of a tribe ot Indians. The London Aihenaum, in an article upon Kuow-Nolliingism, slates that " The party derive their r.ame from an expression in vogue among the leaders of the old political sections, tliHt the people did not know what was of most advantage to them. Thus, an American says, ' f don't know, but it strikes me,' and so forth until the phrase became characteristic, &c." We must confess that the Athtintam's the ory of the origin of the name of Know-Noth ings is not very ingenious, and for the en lightenment of that learned pundit, we will stale the origin of the name of the now rap idly dissolving party, on the authenticity of a gentleman who has had abundant opportu nities for knowing the exac' facts of the case. The Know-Nothing parly, it is pretty generally known, was first formed by a per son of some notoriety who called himself " Ned Bnntline." ' NVd' was once a mid shipman in the U. S. Navy, but left the ser vice for some cause of which we aie not in formed, and commenced the business of Americanism on a large scale, by founding a secret political oAler, of so exclusive a char acter that none were to be admitted as mem bers whose grandfathers were not natives of the country. It is a difficult matter, in a country like the United Stales, where free inquiry is so common, to keep anything se cret ; and NID instructed his proselyte* and acelyies to reply to all questions in respect to the movements of the new party,' I don't know.' So they were ai first called " Don't Knows," and then " Know Nothings," by outsiders, who knew nothing more of them I bun that they invariably replied ' I don't know" to all questions. But the Know-Nothings have had their day, and very soon there will be nothing left of them bul their name. The earth hath bubbles and Know-Nothingism is one of them.— N. Y. ( ll'hig) Times Tbel'arlyof Contradictions. The citizens who are to vote at the com ing elections should demand of the Know- Nothing oracles to solve the following singu lar mass of contradictions "Know-Noihingism is national in the South and sectional in the North; secret in New- York and open in Georgia; Catholic it: Loui siana and I'lotestant in New England; black in Maine and white in Virginia: it swears the son to proscribe the foreigner, even if that foreigner should be that son's father; it op poses the caocus, and settles its candidates! in packed cabals; it elevates the negro and degrades the adopted citizen; it curses all monarch*, and adopts the creed of George the Third against emigration ; it abuses the Pope, and declares itself infallible; it assails the Spanish Inquisition, and imitates its clandestine persecutions; it professes Christi anity and proscribes its neighbor; it adores | the Bible and shoots down the unoffending i citizen ; it adores the Constitution, and sets up a lest by thai constitution prohibited; it pays a premium far treason to friendship, and affixes the brand of perjury upon all who re fuse to obey its obligations; it asks for free schools, and proscribes poor, helpless female teachers; it repudiates the Caiholio and ad mits the Infidel ;->to crown all, it persecutes the most eminent native citizen who does not approve its mummeries, and protects | the lowest of ruffixns—it discards an Edward j Everett (or a William Poole. Washington Union. Gloomy Prospect ol the Eastern War- Tho London Times, August 23, has a very gloomy record of the war. "We are in," it says, "for another winter campaign and it adds of the attack : " So, Ihe great day, that dreadful day of which it may almost be said, in comparison with all tho other conflicts of human passion and outpourings of human vengeance, Dies iroe, dies ilia, luce splendcua el favilluj is still indefinitely prorogued, Mil nobody can say in what month it will come. We only know that the longer it is postponed the more dreadful it will be, and still wholly uneertain in its results. But there is, in our opinion, one certainly about it, and that is, whether o*e take Sebastopol or not, we shall still have to winter in our present position. When Se bastopol fills into our hands it will he a mere heap of ruins with all the horrors of ihe charnel house. With the enemy still in possesion of the north side, the south side will only be the front of our own attack, as bloody and wretched as our present advanced trenches. So that whether we take Sebastopul or riot we shall still have to occupy the heights throughout the winter." Tents, wo are also told, will not do for winter, and the 60.000 huts promised are not under way, and the army cannot be well hutted before Christmas. IMMENSE RECEIPTS or FLOUR.—The Buffa lo Repid-Lcan fools up the total of 1,468.976 barrels of flour, from the opening of naviga tion to the 15ib of August, at seven ports in the State, ar.d makes some plain comments uporl the course pursued by the produce deal ers in keeping up prices to famine mark du ring the paet season. It says that now they ate obliged to ''dicker" of! their surplus in the face of the largo receipts anticipated from the new crop. THE ELECTION IN MAINE —The election in public sentiment in Maine since last year, pppeurs lobe very decided. The "Maine law" and 'Republican ticket" is beaten by a large majority. The Portland Advertiser, which strongly supported the liquor law and Muyor Dow, says the defeat is owing to pop ular prejudice against the prohibitory law, and the "defects of the law as a working en actment. GP* An exchange states that when the news of the action of the Know-Nolhing Na tional Convention at Philadelphia reached Minnesota, every lodge in the -Territory ex cept the one at Stillwater, threw up its char ter end dissolved. | The Btcsalßg ol a Bountiful Harvest. OUR COUNTRY. The abundant harvest of the present year must be regarded as the greatest of national blessings. Its importance and its effects can-, not be estimated too highly. Every where throughout the laud the voice of congratula tion is heard. In all sections the crops are abundant. The granaries are full, and the labors ol the husbandman have been crown ed wiih plenty. Wheat is pouring in from all quarters. California is sending ite thous ands of bushels, and the West is also contri buting liberal supplies. The apprehension of famine has vanished,all the marts o( trade and commerce feel the vivifying influonce. The agricultural class, it should be remembered, is by far the largest in the country. It com prises what may indeed be called, the bone and sinew of the land, and hence, the effect of an abundant crop is felt, to some extent at least, in every walk of life. The farmers will be able to make good their obligations to the store-keepers, the store-keepers will be able to liquidate the claims ot the city merchants' and all connected with these clas ses, will participate in the advantages. The efiect upon the railroad interest wilt also be decisive. Our rotcmporory ol the Cincinnati Railroad Record, alluding to this view of the subject, offers some curious speculations. He esti mates the wheat crop of the present year, at 135,000,000 bushels, and the corn crop at 650,000,000; or 250,000,000 more than in '54. He adds:— "Now, this is all surplus, and will be trans ported to market in the shape of beef, pork, lard, corn in bulk, whiskey, &c. Now one half of this will be carried on railways. So there will be 40,000,000 of wheat additional, and of this three fourths will be carried on railways. In this way, we can approximate the additional amount .of freight carried on railways this season. The tonnage will be something like this: Com surplus, 250,000,000 bus. One half Oil railways, 125.000,000 " Tonnage at GOlbs. pet bus. 7,000,000 tons. Wheat additional, 40,000,000 bus. Tonnage, 1,200,000 tons. Other addtitional surpluses, 1,000,000 bus. Whole additional tonnage, for railways, arising from production in 1855. 0,700,000 tons. " It is impossible to say how far, on an av erage, this tonnage may be carried; but, it we suppose thßt each ton averages 100 miles, and is carried at the rate of S3 per lOOrqiles; then the aggregate sum will be 629,100,000, and if the cost ol carriage be 50 per cent., then the net profits to railways on the addition to crops in 1855, will be 614,550,000. or two per cent, on the entire cost of railways in the United Stales." This calculation may seem visionary to some exiery, but it possesses interest as con nected with the general subject, and shows the importance of a plentiful crop. A Nation al Thanksgiving, or at least a general dem onstration recommended by the Governors of. the several States, would be every way be coming under these circumstances. Ilere tofore, this festival has taken place in No vember, and we may soon expect the appear ance of the accustomed Proclamation. Provi dence has been kind to us. 7he water-cour ses have been replenished, and the harvest has been rich and golden. Tho blessing | cannot be appreciated and acknuwiedged iu a spirit too grateful. Without such a harvest, our condition would have been deplorable indeetl. Famine, and Misery and Death would have stalked through the land. The poor would have suffered every possible pri vation, and even the rich would have been agonized at the condition ol the indigent and unfortunate. Business of every description would have been paralyzed, and a panic would have afflicted the land. But thank Heaven! it is otherwise. The multitude of farmers scattored every where throughout the republic, and on whom the manufacturing and mercantile portions of the country so materially depend, have an abundant supply of products to dispose of. The market, too, is bare, and. thus the two causes operating together, from a source of cheerfulness, ac tivity, thankfulness and prosperity. The far mer will gay the merchant, and the merchant wilt employ the manufacturer and mechanic. Thus the various classes will assist each oth er, and the general effect will be wholesome. Tbe abundant crop is worth millions upon millions, and although the prices will be low, comparatively speaking, they are likely to prove sufficiently remunerative. Again, therefore, let us thank Heaven, and appreci ate the priceless blessing oi a bountiful har vest. With it, the millions in our midst may enjoy the necessaries and mnny of *ho com forts of existense, tvfceieas, without it, anxie ty and suffering would have been inevitable. —Bicknell. Characteristic Anecdote.—-' The following is lolil of General I'elissier :—Soma years ago, Pelissier, on a parade, one morning, got an gry with a sous ofjicer of a cavalry regiment, whose tenue seemed to him quite defective. He abused the man most violently, and cut him across the face with bis whip. The man seizod one of his pistols and endeavored to fire at his commanding officer, but the pistol missed fire, l'elissier, swearing a fearful oath, but otherwise calm, said : " Fellow, I order you a three days' arrest, lor not having your arms in better order." Empty Honors Refused.— Ex-Presideal Fill more, it is said, has declined the honor of a Doctorate of Laws from the University of Ox ford, which Lord I'altnerstoo and other great men of England, were desirous to have con ferred on him, and this on the ground that he had not received a University or even a Col lege education. T3T Contrary to general expectations, the latest foreign news is of the same indefinite and expectant character as the advicea re ceived by the previous steamer. Sebasto polj still holds out, the bombardment still continues, the Allies are still sanguiue of suc cess, and the Russians equally as sanguine as to their ability to make good their defen ces. QT The fall battaliion is advertised to be held at Light Street on the 99th met Epidemic* by Might, The Westminster Review, alluding lo the feci, that epidemic* are always more fatal after euo-dnwn, aaye that it laatnigbt that the stream of air nearest the ground must always be the most charged with the particles of animalized matter given out from the skin, and the deleterious gasset, such as carbonic acid gas, the product of respiration, and sul phuretted hydrogen, the product of the sew ere. In day, gassea and vaporous substances of all kinds rise in the air by the rarefaction of heat; at night, when the rarefaction leaves them, they fall by increase of gravity, if im perfectly mixed with the atmosphere, while the gassea evolved during the night, instead J of ascending, remain at nearly the same level. It is known that carbonic acid gas, at a low temperature, partakes so neatly of the nature of a fluid, that it may be poured out of one vessel into another; it rises at the tempera lure at which it is exhaled from (he lungs, but its tendency is towards the floor, or the bed of the sleeper, in cold and unvemilated rooms. In the epidemics of the middle ages fires were lighted in the streets for the purification of the air: and more recently trains of gun powder have been fired and cannon discharg ed for the same object; but these agents, operating against an illimitable extent of al moepheric air, have been ou too small a scale to produoe any sensible effect, ft it, how- ( ever, pronounced by the best authority quite possible to heat a room to produce a rarefac tion and consequent dilution of any malig- j riant gassea it may contaio; and it isof course the air of the room, and that alone, at night, which comes into immediate contact with the lungs of a person sleeping. DEMOCRATIC CONSTITATONAL MEETING.— The mass meeting of the Democracy of Phil adelphia, and the eastern and northern coun ties of Pennsylvania, held in Independence Square last Monday evening, to commem orate the adoption of the Constitutioti of the I United Slates, was one of the largest gather ings ever witnessed in that place. Stands ware erected at the north and sooth ends of the avenue, and the space between, and ul most ovary other par! nf ( the square, was crowded. From each of the wards large delegations marcheJ to tho meeting with bands of musto, banners and transparencies, | and as each entered the square, shouts of weloome went up from those already at the meeting. At the southern end of the Square, a com modious stand was erected, and early io the evenihg a large crowd was attracted by the music of Henry's United Silver Cornel Band. At 8 o'clock the meeting was organized by calling the Hon. Mr. Wm. Witle to the Chair. On assuming the duties, he made an eloquent appeal in behalf ol the Constitution, and the necessity of the Democratic party to proteot it from the encroachments made upon it by Know Nothings, Abolitionists, &c. In conclusion, lie introduced Col. H. B, Wright. Mr. Wright, after referring to the object of the meeting, said that there wero hot two parties in this country, one the Democratic parly, composed of true and loyal citizens, the other of tnon of various principles, ideas i and isms, and at the lime ol the adoption of! the Constitution, this mong*el parly had op- I posed it, though at that ti.ne they were known 1 by a different name. T(m Democratic party, j he contended, could not be defeated, as they ' were right in the sight of God and man.— Thov never appealed to the passions of men, ! but stood upon principles which were immii- : table, and certain to defeat the unholy alli ance combined against them. Tho principles of the Democratic party were for ail. No matter under what suti a man drew his breath, if he professed the principles of re publicanism, he would find a resting place beneath its protecting aim. He said the Democratic party had been temporarily defeated in Pennsylvania in 1854, by the Know Nothings, Abolitionists, Free Soiiers, &0., and lie would ask,in God's name, what had they done for the State? They passed what is called the " Jug Law," anil this was the only act of character passed by this Know Nothing Legislature during their term of office. The speaker then weilt into a history of tho Maine Law, and while dis claiming all attention of advocating intem perance, be showed, in an eloquent manner, how said law encroached upon the liberties of the people. He then referred lo Massa chusetts, and said that uoihing good ever came from it, and since it had been under Know Nothing rule, laws had been passed nullifying the Constitution, and against com mon sense. She had therefore ruled herself out of the Union. The Constitution says that there shall be no religioua test for office, but the Know Nothings say there shall be. He said woe lo the man who attempts to destroy that instrument wf>ich is the hope of the American people, and every man who loves Republican liberty. The speaker referred eloquently to Daniel Webster, il.e great Constitutional lawyer, and said that, if lie were alive, be wouV be a Democrat; to prove which he referred lo Webster's great speech in Boston, given as an apology for his vote on the Compromise measure- Jn that speech Mr. Webster said lo the vast throng before him, u you have conquereJ three thoussud miles of the " cean and you have redeemed your barren" soil,' and all that yog have to do now is to oon qosryour own prejudices." (Great applause.) He would say to any Abolitionist, Know- Nothing or Free Soiler present, " conquer your prejudices," for it is better to legislate for twenty millions of white men than three millions of black onee. THE FEVER AT NOUFOI.K AND PORTSMOUTH. —The mortality in Norfolk is still heavy, but the new casee appear to be on (he de crease. At Portsmouth, also, the disease ia abating. Among the deaths last week was that of Singleton Mercer, formerly a resident of Philadelphia. He had been very service able to the sick till he took the disease him self. Seven pbysioians have fallen victims in Portamouth during the epidemic—four residents and three volunteers. The South ern physicians escape the fever. The whole number of deaths in Norfolk aince the disease broke ont is 1,007, exclusive of colored Per sone. Including Ihe latter, and many ohil dren and persons buried in haste, lbe mor ality is folly 1,000, Philadelphia Maikels, FLOUR AND MEAL —Flour is firmly sustain ed. Salea of itandard brands for export at 87f per bbL The sales for home consump tion are at 87 75 up to 88 194 for common and eklra brands, and fancy lots at higher figures. Nothing doing in Rye Flour; last , sale is quoted at 86 25. Pennsylvania Cora Meal is held at.> 4 25 per bbl. GRAlN.—There is a fair amount of Wheat offering, and prices are again higher. Sales of 2500 bus of Pennsylvania and Southern red, at 81 75 a 81 80 ner bushel, and 1 724 • I 90 for lair and prime white. Small sales of Pennsylvania Rye at 81 00 and Delaware at 81. Corn is dull at 90 a 910 Oats are com ing forward more freely, with sales of ordi nary and good Delaware at 36 a 380. CLOVERSEED is selling in a small way at 87 a 7 25 per 54 lbs. Sales of Timothy al S4 a 4 25 per bushel, and Flaxseed at SI 85. WHISKEY is held at 41 a 42 cents io bble and 410 in hhds. Emigrant Wealth. At Castle Garden, New York, an account is kept of the money each emigrant brings —all specie course. Since August Ist, 'OS emigrants have arrived anil confessed to ate tal specie means of 872,095, being 44 56 for every man, woman and child. The Gar i mans bring most—their average on confes sion, is 60 for every soul landed. The prob ability is that the emigrants bring more 'han they confdss, and that 100 for Germans, SO for Irish, and 60 for other*. At the wreck of the New Era, 300 persons, mostly Germans, were Inst ; 30,000 dollar* were found in the trunks and on the bodies of the perished.— Altogether, the European emigration brings us annually several million in specie. LOVE ME, LOVE MV Doo —Nothing could exceed the attention of Louis Napoleon to his royal guest. On leaving Boulogne, tbe Queen suddenly perceived that she had left i behind a favorite linle lapdog, and expressed her very great regret thereat. No notice waa taken apparently beyond sympathy, but elec tricity and steam were made to perform their most impossible acts ; and when the Queen entered her boudoir, at St. Claude, the first thing she saw was her lapdog, that jumped forward to meet her! TRR A witness in a liquor case In Man chester, Mass., the other day, gave the fol lowing testimony: "Sal soda and ice aud water and soma stufT squirted into it from a concern. Don't know whether it is intoxi cating or not; it makes one feel good—feat lift easier." TIRED OUT.— Pierre Snule, our ex-Minis ter to Spain declines being a candidate for Congress in the first district of Louisiana.— He says in his letter declining the nomina tion ; " I have borne the full share of the sacrifices that public life too ofien entails oa its votaries, and it is but justice that I be permitted to rest for a while al least." A JEWELL or AN ACTRESS.— Toe New York Tribune fiates that the jewels worn by Ra chel, in the character of Adrienne, are val ued at 8245,000. The greater part of them were the gifts of sovereigns and of cilia* in which she has preformed. Ilclloway's Pills, possess astonishing pow ers in ilie i-ure ot General Debility. Copy of a letter from Henry' Attterna, of Houston. ! Chickasaw, Mississippi, lo Professor Hollo way. "Sir. I suffered for a number of yeara from weakness and gereral debility, and was brought close to death's door by the same , I was told by those i consulted, that thers i was no hope of my recovery, whan I resolved i lo give your Pills a trial, after using them for about five weeks, my health was considera bly improved, and at the expiration of two months every systotn of my disorder dis appeared.'l (Signed) H. ANTERNK. IMPoniANT to FEMALES—Dr.CiiEESEAiANs' I PILLS.—The combination* of ingredients in | these pill*, is ihe result of a long owd ex ! tensive prac'ice; tiny are mild in their opcr -1 nliop, ar.d certain in restoring naluee to its i proper channel. In cvary instance have the | Pills proved successful. The Pills invarra ' bly open those obstructions lo which females | sro liable, sod tiring nature into its proper j channel, whereby heath is restored, and the | pete aud deadly countenance changed to s ' healthy one, No female can enjoy good 1 health unless she is egulai ; arid whenever ian obalruction lakes place, whether from ox ! posure,cold, or any olher cause, the general . health immediately begins to drelino, and th j want of such a remedy h*< beer the cause of 'so many conu nipt lone among young frina!* | To ladies whose h euldi will not pern.it an iu j crease of their fa mily, tho-e Pills will prove | a vat uable orq uii-itinn, as they xvi'l prevent j pregnancy. Hcsdarho, pain in the aide, pal. I pitation of Ihe heart, loathing of food, and ! disturbed sleco do most alwav* arise from lha j interruption of Dstu.e; and whenever that is the case, the Pills will invariably remedy til Llhese evils. Nor are they less efficacious ia | the cure of Leucoirhoea, commonly called th* "Whites," Theia Pills should never be ta. ken during pregnancy, as would be sure I lo cause a miscarrigae. WtW'ilfd to be purelv ; Vegetable, and free from anything injurious lo life or heallh. Full and explicit direction# n:company each box. These Pills are put up in square Hat boxes. Perons residing where there are no agency established, by enclosing One Dollar in a Ist, a ter postpaid to Dr. C. L. Clieesematt No. 447 Blocker street, pi rw Yolk City, can have them sent to their respective addresses by return of mail. W S. M. PETTENOILL & Co., Advsnismg ..gents, No. 119 N'assnu Street, New York, and 10 State Street, Boston, are authorized to receive and receipt for advertisements and subscription to this paper. TOLLS AT UK AT II IIAVKFL COLLECTOR'S OFFICE, 1 Peach Haven, Sept. Ist, 1855. | R. IV. WEAVER, ESQ.; Dear Sir,—The amount of Toll collected at this Office during the month ol August, 1855, ia s3tj ; ( g 'yj Amount per last report, 98 822 68 Whole amount since Ist Deo. last 134 4)41 38 " " same period last year 180, 276 43 Increase " this yearlft, 684 96 Respectfully ynnrs, PETER ENT, Collector. bTiicmde notice. r Uniformed Companies belonging to [he Ist Brigade 9th Division of Penney!- vaiiia volunteers, are hereby notified to meet in BATTALLION at Light Street, on SATURDAY, the 291h cf September, mil., ot l o'clock, A. M., equipped with arm* and ac coutrements for drill and parade. Two Companies from. Danville are expor ted to participate on the occasion. HIRAM R. KLIN K, Brier. Imp lit Srif, 9th Dio f. T. lop. 18, '-* C