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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 20, 1855, Image 2

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HloomNlmrjr. Thnndwy 1 Srp. 20. 1H55-
Democratic Nominations.
J. G. MONTGOMERY, of Montour Co.
ron ivniTon,
FOR AUDITOR, one year,
would remind our democratic Iriends of the
necessity of having their name* on the As
cessment lists of least Ten Days before the elec
tion. The lists are now placed at the sever
al election polls, where they may be extim
amined. f3F See that your name is there
recorded in good lime, or your vote will be
lost. Young men who last year voted -'on
age," should see that they have been assess,
ed this year.
HaMlsf n ( audidale.
It seems that the Know-Nothings have at
last found a candidate for Assembly. Sev- j
oral gentlemen were urged but declined, and :
Capt. John Staley of Greenwood has been I
pressed into service. lie designs removing I
. to the West in the Spring, and we have no
doubt but the proposition to be a candidate
for Assembly tcok him by surprise as much
as the news of his election could do.
In all fairness, the Representative this year
belongs to Montour, ami it is much more
desirable that a man from that county should
be chosen this fall, while has yet
a representative in the Benate, than at some
foture time when we can net have the same
security and balance of power. No matt
can be so blind as to imagine himself inter
ested in disturbing the harmony between Ihe
two counties, for it is too plain that any such
course would only destroy the man attempt
ing it. The people of both counties are oppos
ed to any new agitation or local difficulty,
and Mr. Montgomery concurs in that feel
The Know-Nothirigs have induced Mr. El
wood Hughes to decline being a candidate
for Treasurer this I d!. and are throwing all
tbeir force to help Mr. Cole. Mr. Hughes
is a Whig, and a gentleman ol lair business
capacity, but that was no reccnrtrneudalion
with the Know-Nothing*. We are justified
in saying that Mr. Cole is the candidate ol
the Know-Nothings from the fact that before
the convention was held the most zealnu9
Know-Nothing of Greenwood canvassed Bri
arcreek township ill favor of Mr. Cole—the
two Kuow-Nothing delegates from Green
wood who were excluded -from the conven
tion were for Cole—the card afterward an
nouncing him as a volunteer candidate a
gainsi the ticket came to us in the handwri
ting of a leading Know-Nothing tn this place,
and the direction lo withdraw Mr. Hughes'
name comes to also from a Know-Nothing
of this place who says he is authorized to
say lor Mr. Hughes that he declines being
a candidate, if any person wishes further
proof he can have it in the fact that lite on
ly persons in this locality who lavor the elec
tion of Mr. Cole are those who supported the
Know-Nothing candidates last fall. '
An Interesting tu-o for Lawyers.
Quite a number of suits will grow out of
Ihe recent disaster at Burlington upon the
Camden & Amhoy Railroad. Some of these
will be of public interest. Instance the fol
lowing:—Mr. Charles Ingerioll of Philadel
phia, one uf the killed, would have inherited
a fortune of 8500,000 had ha lived until ha
arrived at the age of 21 years, which would
have been the last of Ihe present month. A
clause in the will provided that in die event
of his decease before arriving at that age, the
fortune would fall to another branch of fam
ily. It it said that an effort will bo made to
recovet thia amount Irom the Company, as
in all probability, had not this accident oc
curred, he would have lived lo come in pos
session oi the fortune.
'I lie Inst Game
Of the desperate leaders among the Know-
Nothings, it to organize juvenile lodges a
itiong the boys. A couple of Know-Nothing
emissaries attempted that dodge in thia town
a few week* ago, and the prooeedings have
fallen into our hands. They only give the
names of the members, record that "the
camp was opend in du form," and ihal the
password is "non incomprehencible." The
best advice that can be given in such a case
it to learn honest labor and to spell correctly
"before attempting thv expulsion of tha " ig
norant funnels'- from the land.
Dwindling Down.
The Know-Nothings, we are informed, at
tempted to get a meeting of tbeir lodge in
thia place on Tuesday evening of court, but
only about a dozen members attended. So
no candidates were nominated, and another
meeting was called nrr Tuesday evening of
laat week. On that occasion about 20 met
or tried to meet,and the result was that Cant.
Staley ' name bus become a candidate frum
that data, and Mr. Elwood Hughes' namu
has been withdrawn by a gentleman who
attended that meeting of the lodge.
EAILT ARRIVAL— David Lowenberg has
already recieved a supply of seasonable fall
and winter clothing, which he ii telling oil
fail and cheap
Look oat lor Bogus Tickets.
Democrats should be on the look-out for
spurious tickets, as the Know Nothings will
no doubt try to repeat the trick they attempt
ed lust fall by mixing up their candidates on
the ticket with Ihe Democratic nominees.
just as a bitter pill is coated over with sugar
to make it "go down." The following is the
ticket of which bundles were last fall piinted
at the Democrat office and sent out for the
Know Nothings lo deceive Democrats by the
lop and bottom being Democratic:
William Btgler.
Jeremiah S. Black.
Henry S. Moil.
Henry M. Fuller.
James G. Maxwell.
(some) Samuel Mendenhall,
(some) Jacob Eyetly.
Jesse (4. Clark.
John K Grotz.
David Yeager.
The Dark side uf Politics.
The entered gentlemen are on hand for the
Fall canvass in New York. In the general
melee which is likely to iollow the disorgani
zation of political parties, they are disposed
to lake a hand. Under the leadership of
GFBRIT SMITH, the "Liberty Party" have
held a Convention at Ulica and nominated
an amalgamation State ticket—taking two ne
groes, and giving the rest to white folks.—
■ FRED. DOUGLASS is Ihe candidate fur Secre
| tary of State.
I Philadelphia platform of the Know Nothings
opens with an irrelevant declaration ol obe
dience lo the One Supreme Being— a some
what daring assumption, when we recollect
that the order proscribes a believer in God
| like the Catholic, and does not proscribe the
I unbelieving Atheist.
| The problem ol this declaration of the
Know Nothings in their Philadelphia plat
form may probably be solved by the XIX
verse ot the II chapter of James.
" Thou believest there is but one God.—
Thon doest well. The devils also believe and
IST Why is it that the Know Nothings,
when they desire lo make a man appear in
famous and mean, always attempt to make
it appear that he is not hostile to their order 1
Is this not an acknowledgement of them
selves that they consider their order unwor
thy '.he confidence of an honorable man ?
When a Know Nothing wants to say some
thing very hard against his neighbor, he is
sure In accuse hint of being a Know Noth
ing also ! This is evidence that Sam's fol
■ lowers consider themselves very contemp
| tible men—and, generally speaking, this is
! the fact.
I HEAR YOUNG CARROLL —John Carroll, Esq.,
the great-grandson of Charles Carroll, of Car
i rotten, who is now running on the Demo
cratio Anti-Know Nothing ticket in Howard
• county Maryland, made his first speech 011
i Saturday last at a meeting of both parties in
I the State and the couniy, he declared to the
j Know Nothings:
j "lam a Catholic; bat if you must proscribe
j do not commence upon so humble an indi
j vidual as myself. Go back to the past, and
! erase from the record of Ihe Declaration of
I Independence Ihe name of my ancestor, and
j the companion of your forefathers, Charles
I Carroll of Carollton.
, Paris correspondent of the Augsburg Gazet'e
j says that Denmark is endeavoring lo get
France to aid her in her dispute with tho
I United States concerning the Sound dues. —
I France wishes tho dues abolished, but is not
willing to allow the United States to interfere
. with the affairs of Europe. It refuses any
aid, howpver, till Denmark joins the Western
powers against Russia. Denmark will not
be caught ir. any such a trap.
nriidfurd Comity.
The following ticket was nominated last
week by the Democracy of Bradford, STE
| PHEN PIERCE E.-q.. in the chair,
j Assembly —V. E Piolette, H. S. Salisbury.
| Commissioner —Harry Eiliot.
I Audi/or —J. B. Reeves.
Lancaster Cuunly. —The Democratic Con
vention of Lancaster County mat on Wed
nesday, and nominated George Sanderson, I
A. I, Henderson, George G. Brush, Jesse
Rein hold and John Grose, for Assembly ; C.
M. Howell, for Couniy Treasurer; William
Spencer, for County Commissioner; John H.
Duchman and Henry Eckert, for Prison In
spectors; and Cyrua Ream, for Auditor.
Luxerne County —On Tuesday of last week
the Democracy of Luzerne Couniy met in
Convention and placed in nomination the fol
lowing ticket : Harrison Wright and William
Merrifield fof Assembly; Edward Do Iph for
I'rothnnotary; Clerk of the Courts, D. L. Pal
rick, and Treasurer, Lett Search. We ob
serve 111 ist ihe Democracy throughout Ihe
State are placing in nomination tbeir very
be9t men, and evincing a spirit that indicates
undoubted success.
Persons wishing books or book bind
ing will find the establishment of Messrs.
Perry & Erely in Philadelphia a good one,
and its location is where it will be conveni
ent for our business people from lhi4 region
to drop in. The binding we have had done
by these gentlemen was in every way satis
factory lo us.
GT J. Lawrence Getz, one of the moat ac
complished editors ol Pennsylvania, has been
nominated lo the Legislature, by the Demo
crats of Berk* county. He will adorn the
The Teachers' Association
d~hF Columbia County, will meet at Blooms
burg, on Saturday, the 29th daj* ol Sep-
Omber, at 1 o'clock P. M.
Several essays and addresses are expected,
and teachers are earnestly solicited for their
experience on School topics.
All friends of educaiinn are respectfully
invited to attend. R. VV. WEAVER,
WM. BURGESS, Sec'y. President.
IV It is ex[<ected that at the meeting of
the Teachers' Association in this place on the
29th insl., Colney Plotta, of Muncy, Rev. J.
E Bradley and Mr. E. VV. Conklin, the Coun
ty Superintendent of Montour, will be present;
and addresses from some or all of these gen
tlemen may bo expected.
School teachers, directors and friends nf ed
ucation ate hereby notified that meetings for
the examination of school teachers will be
held at the following limes and place-:
At Mifllinvihe, on Monday, the 21th of
September, at 9 o'clock in the forenoon.
At Berwick, on the same day, at 2 o'clock
in the afternoon.
At the public house of Mr. KLINE, in
Rohrsburg, on Friday the 28th of September,
at t o'clock in the afternoon.
At the Academy in Bloomsbnrg, on Sat
urday the 29th of September, at 9 o'clock in
the forenoon.
It is important thai all the directors attend
at these examinations, which should in all t
casea be public. All teachers in the vicinity
of the above places, who desire certificates,
will present themselves for examination. A
good meeting of the friends of education is
desired on every ocoasion, and an address to
the people, teachers and directors upon (he
common school system will be delivered at
each place.
In several instances Directors have announ
ced that they will at these meetings adopt a
uniform series ol texi-books. It is to be
hoped that this will be done in every meet
ing. > 11. VV. WEAVER,
County Superintendent.
Urltish Flusiuccs—Cost of the War.
Few persons are aware what an enormous
tax the War is upon the British Exchequer.
For the information of our roaders, we select
and condense the following items from an
article in the London Economist : Including
the cost of collecting the revenue, the entire
I expenditure ol the British Government the
current year, accordiug to the estimates laid
before Parliament, during the session which
| has just expired, amounts to no less a sum
than £94,524,951. The entire provision for
1 tha services in connection with the war, in
cluding a vote of credit of £3,000,000 appli
cable to unforßeen exigences, amounts to
£49,812,687, or about £33.500,000 in addi :
tion to the ordinary peace expenditure lor
those services. Of this large sum,the expen
diture of the army and commissariat is £lB,-
789.523; that of the navy, including trans
ports and packet service is £l9 379,013; and
that of the ordinance is £8,644,142. But be
sides these sums, there is the vole of credit
of £3,000,000, which may be applied to any
of thb three services. The expenditure under
these heads in the present year will therefore
exceed a considerable sum all the expendi
tures of lite year, including the charges upon
the national debt and the cost of collectiog
all branches of revenue.
This vast sum has to be provided for either
by taxation or by an addition to the public
debt, or both. In this instance, both plans
aro resorted to. The entire sum rai. eil l-y all
kinds ol taxation amounts to £71,524 951 the
current year, leaving a balance of £23 000,-
000, which is to be met by an addition to
the funded arid unfunded debt of tho coun
A*, the close of the gresent year, being the
second of the war, England will have increas
ed her public debt in the sum of £29,000,-
000, and France will have added to hers the
sum of £66,000.000, making the enormous
sum of 95,000,000 addod lo the tax-burden
ed masses of England and France during the
Hrst two years of the war; and the end it not
Ji! <
War in Africa.
The British Governmcnl has a war in Af
rica as well as in the Crimea. A Mandingo
sold a negro near the mouth of the Gambia.
The negro, it is said, was a British subject,
and the British authorities undertook to ar
rest the Mandingo. The attempts to erresl
the ntan in the village of Sabageo having
been repulsed. Governor O'Connor procured
the assistance of 100 French soldiers from
Goree, and again marched toward Saoagee,
with a force of about 620 men, three field
pieces and one 14 pound howitzer. The
"rebels" were driven into the town, when the
stockade was carried by assault at the point
of iho bayonet, and "Stbagee no longer ex
ists." Loss to the "allies" 26 killed and 70
wounded. Only one Frenchman fell. Loss
to the "rebels' 7 ona best towns and
fifteen hundred souls.
Vicissitudes. —Rev. Doctor Cone, the distin
guished Baptist clergyman who recent)* died
in Now York, was formerly a theatre actor,
and his lust appearance on the stage was ou
the terrible night of the destruction of the
Richmond theatre in 1811, when the Gover
nor of Virginia and a great many other prom
inent citizens perished in the flames. He was
afterwards editor of a daily paper at Balti
more, Md., then a Departmental Clerk, at
Washington, and in 1823 became a Baptist
pastor in New York.
UF An indignation meeting of Ihe pas*en
sengers of the Gloucester branch of the Eas
tern Railroad has been held at Beverly, Mass.
to remonstrate against the railroad trips con
suming so much time. They want to go fast
er if they dont go so sure. When an acui
dent happens, they will denounce the Com
pany for running too fast.
tSV Mr. ANDERSON, the Artist, it now at
Cattawissa, giving instruction in drawing,—
We hope tbe good people of that ancient vil
lage will get him to broth op their taste for
the fine arte.
Origin of the Term ' Know-Nothings.'
Foreign writers ere very naturally puzzled
by the oddity of our political parly names,
and, in attempting to trace them to their oii
ijin, make some very queer blunders ; thus,
the name of the Locoloco party is styled by
one English writer to he the name of a tribe
ot Indians. The London Aihenaum, in an
article upon Kuow-Nolliingism, slates that
" The party derive their r.ame from an
expression in vogue among the leaders of the
old political sections, tliHt the people did not
know what was of most advantage to them.
Thus, an American says, ' f don't know, but
it strikes me,' and so forth until the phrase
became characteristic, &c."
We must confess that the Athtintam's the
ory of the origin of the name of Know-Noth
ings is not very ingenious, and for the en
lightenment of that learned pundit, we will
stale the origin of the name of the now rap
idly dissolving party, on the authenticity of a
gentleman who has had abundant opportu
nities for knowing the exac' facts of the
case. The Know-Nothing parly, it is pretty
generally known, was first formed by a per
son of some notoriety who called himself
" Ned Bnntline." ' NVd' was once a mid
shipman in the U. S. Navy, but left the ser
vice for some cause of which we aie not in
formed, and commenced the business of
Americanism on a large scale, by founding
a secret political oAler, of so exclusive a char
acter that none were to be admitted as mem
bers whose grandfathers were not natives of
the country. It is a difficult matter, in a
country like the United Stales, where free
inquiry is so common, to keep anything se
cret ; and NID instructed his proselyte* and
acelyies to reply to all questions in respect
to the movements of the new party,' I don't
know.' So they were ai first called " Don't
Knows," and then " Know Nothings," by
outsiders, who knew nothing more of them
I bun that they invariably replied ' I don't
know" to all questions.
But the Know-Nothings have had their
day, and very soon there will be nothing left
of them bul their name. The earth hath
bubbles and Know-Nothingism is one of
them.— N. Y. ( ll'hig) Times
Tbel'arlyof Contradictions.
The citizens who are to vote at the com
ing elections should demand of the Know-
Nothing oracles to solve the following singu
lar mass of contradictions
"Know-Noihingism is national in the South
and sectional in the North; secret in New-
York and open in Georgia; Catholic it: Loui
siana and I'lotestant in New England; black
in Maine and white in Virginia: it swears
the son to proscribe the foreigner, even if that
foreigner should be that son's father; it op
poses the caocus, and settles its candidates!
in packed cabals; it elevates the negro and
degrades the adopted citizen; it curses all
monarch*, and adopts the creed of George
the Third against emigration ; it abuses the
Pope, and declares itself infallible; it assails
the Spanish Inquisition, and imitates its
clandestine persecutions; it professes Christi
anity and proscribes its neighbor; it adores
| the Bible and shoots down the unoffending
i citizen ; it adores the Constitution, and sets
up a lest by thai constitution prohibited; it
pays a premium far treason to friendship, and
affixes the brand of perjury upon all who re
fuse to obey its obligations; it asks for free
schools, and proscribes poor, helpless female
teachers; it repudiates the Caiholio and ad
mits the Infidel ;->to crown all, it persecutes
the most eminent native citizen who does
not approve its mummeries, and protects
| the lowest of ruffixns—it discards an Edward
j Everett (or a William Poole. Washington
Gloomy Prospect ol the Eastern War-
Tho London Times, August 23, has a very
gloomy record of the war. "We are in," it
says, "for another winter campaign and it
adds of the attack :
" So, Ihe great day, that dreadful day of
which it may almost be said, in comparison
with all tho other conflicts of human passion
and outpourings of human vengeance, Dies
iroe, dies ilia, luce splendcua el favilluj is still
indefinitely prorogued, Mil nobody can say in
what month it will come. We only know
that the longer it is postponed the more
dreadful it will be, and still wholly uneertain
in its results. But there is, in our opinion,
one certainly about it, and that is, whether
o*e take Sebastopol or not, we shall still have
to winter in our present position. When Se
bastopol fills into our hands it will he a mere
heap of ruins with all the horrors of ihe charnel
house. With the enemy still in possesion
of the north side, the south side will only be
the front of our own attack, as bloody and
wretched as our present advanced trenches.
So that whether we take Sebastopul or riot
we shall still have to occupy the heights
throughout the winter."
Tents, wo are also told, will not do for
winter, and the 60.000 huts promised are not
under way, and the army cannot be well
hutted before Christmas.
lo Repid-Lcan fools up the total of 1,468.976
barrels of flour, from the opening of naviga
tion to the 15ib of August, at seven ports in
the State, ar.d makes some plain comments
uporl the course pursued by the produce deal
ers in keeping up prices to famine mark du
ring the paet season. It says that now they
ate obliged to ''dicker" of! their surplus in
the face of the largo receipts anticipated from
the new crop.
THE ELECTION IN MAINE —The election in
public sentiment in Maine since last year,
pppeurs lobe very decided. The "Maine
law" and 'Republican ticket" is beaten by
a large majority. The Portland Advertiser,
which strongly supported the liquor law and
Muyor Dow, says the defeat is owing to pop
ular prejudice against the prohibitory law,
and the "defects of the law as a working en
GP* An exchange states that when the
news of the action of the Know-Nolhing Na
tional Convention at Philadelphia reached
Minnesota, every lodge in the -Territory ex
cept the one at Stillwater, threw up its char
ter end dissolved.
| The Btcsalßg ol a Bountiful Harvest.
The abundant harvest of the present year
must be regarded as the greatest of national
blessings. Its importance and its effects can-,
not be estimated too highly. Every where
throughout the laud the voice of congratula
tion is heard. In all sections the crops are
abundant. The granaries are full, and the
labors ol the husbandman have been crown
ed wiih plenty. Wheat is pouring in from
all quarters. California is sending ite thous
ands of bushels, and the West is also contri
buting liberal supplies. The apprehension of
famine has vanished,all the marts o( trade and
commerce feel the vivifying influonce. The
agricultural class, it should be remembered,
is by far the largest in the country. It com
prises what may indeed be called, the bone
and sinew of the land, and hence, the effect
of an abundant crop is felt, to some extent at
least, in every walk of life. The farmers
will be able to make good their obligations
to the store-keepers, the store-keepers will
be able to liquidate the claims ot the city
merchants' and all connected with these clas
ses, will participate in the advantages. The
efiect upon the railroad interest wilt also be
Our rotcmporory ol the Cincinnati Railroad
Record, alluding to this view of the subject,
offers some curious speculations. He esti
mates the wheat crop of the present year, at
135,000,000 bushels, and the corn crop at
650,000,000; or 250,000,000 more than in '54.
He adds:—
"Now, this is all surplus, and will be trans
ported to market in the shape of beef, pork,
lard, corn in bulk, whiskey, &c. Now one
half of this will be carried on railways. So
there will be 40,000,000 of wheat additional,
and of this three fourths will be carried on
railways. In this way, we can approximate
the additional amount .of freight carried on
railways this season. The tonnage will be
something like this:
Com surplus, 250,000,000 bus.
One half Oil railways, 125.000,000 "
Tonnage at GOlbs. pet bus. 7,000,000 tons.
Wheat additional, 40,000,000 bus.
Tonnage, 1,200,000 tons.
Other addtitional surpluses, 1,000,000 bus.
Whole additional tonnage,
for railways, arising from
production in 1855. 0,700,000 tons.
" It is impossible to say how far, on an av
erage, this tonnage may be carried; but, it
we suppose thßt each ton averages 100 miles,
and is carried at the rate of S3 per lOOrqiles;
then the aggregate sum will be 629,100,000,
and if the cost ol carriage be 50 per cent.,
then the net profits to railways on the addition
to crops in 1855, will be 614,550,000. or two
per cent, on the entire cost of railways in the
United Stales."
This calculation may seem visionary to
some exiery, but it possesses interest as con
nected with the general subject, and shows
the importance of a plentiful crop. A Nation
al Thanksgiving, or at least a general dem
onstration recommended by the Governors of.
the several States, would be every way be
coming under these circumstances. Ilere
tofore, this festival has taken place in No
vember, and we may soon expect the appear
ance of the accustomed Proclamation. Provi
dence has been kind to us. 7he water-cour
ses have been replenished, and the harvest
has been rich and golden. Tho blessing
| cannot be appreciated and acknuwiedged iu
a spirit too grateful. Without such a harvest,
our condition would have been deplorable
indeetl. Famine, and Misery and Death
would have stalked through the land. The
poor would have suffered every possible pri
vation, and even the rich would have been
agonized at the condition ol the indigent and
unfortunate. Business of every description
would have been paralyzed, and a panic
would have afflicted the land. But thank
Heaven! it is otherwise. The multitude of
farmers scattored every where throughout the
republic, and on whom the manufacturing
and mercantile portions of the country so
materially depend, have an abundant supply
of products to dispose of. The market, too,
is bare, and. thus the two causes operating
together, from a source of cheerfulness, ac
tivity, thankfulness and prosperity. The far
mer will gay the merchant, and the merchant
wilt employ the manufacturer and mechanic.
Thus the various classes will assist each oth
er, and the general effect will be wholesome.
Tbe abundant crop is worth millions upon
millions, and although the prices will be low,
comparatively speaking, they are likely to
prove sufficiently remunerative. Again,
therefore, let us thank Heaven, and appreci
ate the priceless blessing oi a bountiful har
vest. With it, the millions in our midst may
enjoy the necessaries and mnny of *ho com
forts of existense, tvfceieas, without it, anxie
ty and suffering would have been inevitable.
Characteristic Anecdote.—-' The following is
lolil of General I'elissier :—Soma years ago,
Pelissier, on a parade, one morning, got an
gry with a sous ofjicer of a cavalry regiment,
whose tenue seemed to him quite defective.
He abused the man most violently, and cut
him across the face with bis whip. The man
seizod one of his pistols and endeavored to
fire at his commanding officer, but the pistol
missed fire, l'elissier, swearing a fearful
oath, but otherwise calm, said : " Fellow, I
order you a three days' arrest, lor not having
your arms in better order."
Empty Honors Refused.— Ex-Presideal Fill
more, it is said, has declined the honor of a
Doctorate of Laws from the University of Ox
ford, which Lord I'altnerstoo and other great
men of England, were desirous to have con
ferred on him, and this on the ground that he
had not received a University or even a Col
lege education.
T3T Contrary to general expectations, the
latest foreign news is of the same indefinite
and expectant character as the advicea re
ceived by the previous steamer. Sebasto
polj still holds out, the bombardment still
continues, the Allies are still sanguiue of suc
cess, and the Russians equally as sanguine
as to their ability to make good their defen
QT The fall battaliion is advertised to be
held at Light Street on the 99th met
Epidemic* by Might,
The Westminster Review, alluding lo the
feci, that epidemic* are always more fatal
after euo-dnwn, aaye that it laatnigbt that the
stream of air nearest the ground must always
be the most charged with the particles of
animalized matter given out from the skin,
and the deleterious gasset, such as carbonic
acid gas, the product of respiration, and sul
phuretted hydrogen, the product of the sew
ere. In day, gassea and vaporous substances
of all kinds rise in the air by the rarefaction
of heat; at night, when the rarefaction leaves
them, they fall by increase of gravity, if im
perfectly mixed with the atmosphere, while
the gassea evolved during the night, instead
J of ascending, remain at nearly the same level.
It is known that carbonic acid gas, at a low
temperature, partakes so neatly of the nature
of a fluid, that it may be poured out of one
vessel into another; it rises at the tempera
lure at which it is exhaled from (he lungs,
but its tendency is towards the floor, or the
bed of the sleeper, in cold and unvemilated
In the epidemics of the middle ages fires
were lighted in the streets for the purification
of the air: and more recently trains of gun
powder have been fired and cannon discharg
ed for the same object; but these agents,
operating against an illimitable extent of al
moepheric air, have been ou too small a scale
to produoe any sensible effect, ft it, how- (
ever, pronounced by the best authority quite
possible to heat a room to produce a rarefac
tion and consequent dilution of any malig- j
riant gassea it may contaio; and it isof course
the air of the room, and that alone, at night,
which comes into immediate contact with the
lungs of a person sleeping.
The mass meeting of the Democracy of Phil
adelphia, and the eastern and northern coun
ties of Pennsylvania, held in Independence
Square last Monday evening, to commem
orate the adoption of the Constitutioti of the I
United Slates, was one of the largest gather
ings ever witnessed in that place. Stands
ware erected at the north and sooth ends of
the avenue, and the space between, and ul
most ovary other par! nf ( the square, was
crowded. From each of the wards large
delegations marcheJ to tho meeting with
bands of musto, banners and transparencies, |
and as each entered the square, shouts of
weloome went up from those already at the
At the southern end of the Square, a com
modious stand was erected, and early io the
evenihg a large crowd was attracted by the
music of Henry's United Silver Cornel Band.
At 8 o'clock the meeting was organized by
calling the Hon. Mr. Wm. Witle to the
Chair. On assuming the duties, he made an
eloquent appeal in behalf ol the Constitution,
and the necessity of the Democratic party to
proteot it from the encroachments made upon
it by Know Nothings, Abolitionists, &c. In
conclusion, lie introduced Col. H. B, Wright.
Mr. Wright, after referring to the object of
the meeting, said that there wero hot two
parties in this country, one the Democratic
parly, composed of true and loyal citizens,
the other of tnon of various principles, ideas i
and isms, and at the lime ol the adoption of!
the Constitution, this mong*el parly had op- I
posed it, though at that ti.ne they were known 1
by a different name. T(m Democratic party, j
he contended, could not be defeated, as they '
were right in the sight of God and man.—
Thov never appealed to the passions of men, !
but stood upon principles which were immii- :
table, and certain to defeat the unholy alli
ance combined against them. Tho principles
of the Democratic party were for ail. No
matter under what suti a man drew his
breath, if he professed the principles of re
publicanism, he would find a resting place
beneath its protecting aim.
He said the Democratic party had been
temporarily defeated in Pennsylvania in 1854,
by the Know Nothings, Abolitionists, Free
Soiiers, &0., and lie would ask,in God's name,
what had they done for the State? They
passed what is called the " Jug Law," anil
this was the only act of character passed by
this Know Nothing Legislature during their
term of office. The speaker then weilt into
a history of tho Maine Law, and while dis
claiming all attention of advocating intem
perance, be showed, in an eloquent manner,
how said law encroached upon the liberties
of the people. He then referred lo Massa
chusetts, and said that uoihing good ever
came from it, and since it had been under
Know Nothing rule, laws had been passed
nullifying the Constitution, and against com
mon sense. She had therefore ruled herself
out of the Union. The Constitution says that
there shall be no religioua test for office, but
the Know Nothings say there shall be. He
said woe lo the man who attempts to destroy
that instrument wf>ich is the hope of the
American people, and every man who loves
Republican liberty.
The speaker referred eloquently to Daniel
Webster, il.e great Constitutional lawyer, and
said that, if lie were alive, be wouV be a
Democrat; to prove which he referred lo
Webster's great speech in Boston, given as
an apology for his vote on the Compromise
measure- Jn that speech Mr. Webster said
lo the vast throng before him, u you have
conquereJ three thoussud miles of the " cean
and you have redeemed your barren" soil,'
and all that yog have to do now is to oon
qosryour own prejudices." (Great applause.)
He would say to any Abolitionist, Know-
Nothing or Free Soiler present, " conquer
your prejudices," for it is better to legislate
for twenty millions of white men than three
millions of black onee.
—The mortality in Norfolk is still heavy,
but the new casee appear to be on (he de
crease. At Portsmouth, also, the disease ia
abating. Among the deaths last week was
that of Singleton Mercer, formerly a resident
of Philadelphia. He had been very service
able to the sick till he took the disease him
self. Seven pbysioians have fallen victims
in Portamouth during the epidemic—four
residents and three volunteers. The South
ern physicians escape the fever. The whole
number of deaths in Norfolk aince the disease
broke ont is 1,007, exclusive of colored Per
sone. Including Ihe latter, and many ohil
dren and persons buried in haste, lbe mor
ality is folly 1,000,
Philadelphia Maikels,
FLOUR AND MEAL —Flour is firmly sustain
ed. Salea of itandard brands for export at
87f per bbL The sales for home consump
tion are at 87 75 up to 88 194 for common
and eklra brands, and fancy lots at higher
figures. Nothing doing in Rye Flour; last
, sale is quoted at 86 25. Pennsylvania Cora
Meal is held at.> 4 25 per bbl.
GRAlN.—There is a fair amount of Wheat
offering, and prices are again higher. Sales
of 2500 bus of Pennsylvania and Southern
red, at 81 75 a 81 80 ner bushel, and 1 724 •
I 90 for lair and prime white. Small sales of
Pennsylvania Rye at 81 00 and Delaware at
81. Corn is dull at 90 a 910 Oats are com
ing forward more freely, with sales of ordi
nary and good Delaware at 36 a 380.
CLOVERSEED is selling in a small way at
87 a 7 25 per 54 lbs. Sales of Timothy al
S4 a 4 25 per bushel, and Flaxseed at SI 85.
WHISKEY is held at 41 a 42 cents io bble
and 410 in hhds.
Emigrant Wealth.
At Castle Garden, New York, an account
is kept of the money each emigrant brings
—all specie course. Since August Ist, 'OS
emigrants have arrived anil confessed to ate
tal specie means of 872,095, being 44 56 for
every man, woman and child. The Gar
i mans bring most—their average on confes
sion, is 60 for every soul landed. The prob
ability is that the emigrants bring more 'han
they confdss, and that 100 for Germans, SO
for Irish, and 60 for other*. At the wreck of
the New Era, 300 persons, mostly Germans,
were Inst ; 30,000 dollar* were found in the
trunks and on the bodies of the perished.—
Altogether, the European emigration brings
us annually several million in specie.
LOVE ME, LOVE MV Doo —Nothing could
exceed the attention of Louis Napoleon to
his royal guest. On leaving Boulogne, tbe
Queen suddenly perceived that she had left
i behind a favorite linle lapdog, and expressed
her very great regret thereat. No notice waa
taken apparently beyond sympathy, but elec
tricity and steam were made to perform their
most impossible acts ; and when the Queen
entered her boudoir, at St. Claude, the first
thing she saw was her lapdog, that jumped
forward to meet her!
TRR A witness in a liquor case In Man
chester, Mass., the other day, gave the fol
lowing testimony: "Sal soda and ice aud
water and soma stufT squirted into it from a
concern. Don't know whether it is intoxi
cating or not; it makes one feel good—feat
lift easier."
TIRED OUT.— Pierre Snule, our ex-Minis
ter to Spain declines being a candidate for
Congress in the first district of Louisiana.—
He says in his letter declining the nomina
tion ; " I have borne the full share of the
sacrifices that public life too ofien entails oa
its votaries, and it is but justice that I be
permitted to rest for a while al least."
Tribune fiates that the jewels worn by Ra
chel, in the character of Adrienne, are val
ued at 8245,000. The greater part of them
were the gifts of sovereigns and of cilia* in
which she has preformed.
Ilclloway's Pills, possess astonishing pow
ers in ilie i-ure ot General Debility. Copy of
a letter from Henry' Attterna, of Houston.
! Chickasaw, Mississippi, lo Professor Hollo
way. "Sir. I suffered for a number of yeara
from weakness and gereral debility, and was
brought close to death's door by the same
, I was told by those i consulted, that thers
i was no hope of my recovery, whan I resolved
i lo give your Pills a trial, after using them for
about five weeks, my health was considera
bly improved, and at the expiration of two
months every systotn of my disorder dis
(Signed) H. ANTERNK.
I PILLS.—The combination* of ingredients in
| these pill*, is ihe result of a long owd ex
! tensive prac'ice; tiny are mild in their opcr
-1 nliop, ar.d certain in restoring naluee to its
i proper channel. In cvary instance have the
| Pills proved successful. The Pills invarra
' bly open those obstructions lo which females
| sro liable, sod tiring nature into its proper
j channel, whereby heath is restored, and the
| pete aud deadly countenance changed to s
' healthy one, No female can enjoy good
1 health unless she is egulai ; arid whenever
ian obalruction lakes place, whether from ox
! posure,cold, or any olher cause, the general
. health immediately begins to drelino, and th
j want of such a remedy h*< beer the cause of
'so many conu nipt lone among young frina!*
| To ladies whose h euldi will not pern.it an iu
j crease of their fa mily, tho-e Pills will prove
| a vat uable orq uii-itinn, as they xvi'l prevent
j pregnancy. Hcsdarho, pain in the aide, pal.
I pitation of Ihe heart, loathing of food, and
! disturbed sleco do most alwav* arise from lha
j interruption of Dstu.e; and whenever that is
the case, the Pills will invariably remedy til
Llhese evils. Nor are they less efficacious ia
| the cure of Leucoirhoea, commonly called th*
"Whites," Theia Pills should never be ta.
ken during pregnancy, as would be sure
I lo cause a miscarrigae. WtW'ilfd to be purelv
; Vegetable, and free from anything injurious lo
life or heallh. Full and explicit direction#
n:company each box.
These Pills are put up in square Hat boxes.
Perons residing where there are no agency
established, by enclosing One Dollar in a Ist, a
ter postpaid to Dr. C. L. Clieesematt No. 447
Blocker street, pi rw Yolk City, can have them
sent to their respective addresses by return of
W S. M. PETTENOILL & Co., Advsnismg
..gents, No. 119 N'assnu Street, New York,
and 10 State Street, Boston, are authorized to
receive and receipt for advertisements and
subscription to this paper.
Peach Haven, Sept. Ist, 1855. |
Dear Sir,—The amount of
Toll collected at this Office during the month
ol August, 1855, ia s3tj ; ( g 'yj
Amount per last report, 98 822 68
Whole amount since Ist Deo. last 134 4)41 38
" " same period last year 180, 276 43
Increase " this yearlft, 684 96
Respectfully ynnrs,
PETER ENT, Collector.
bTiicmde notice.
r Uniformed Companies belonging to
[he Ist Brigade 9th Division of Penney!-
vaiiia volunteers, are hereby notified to meet
in BATTALLION at Light Street, on
SATURDAY, the 291h cf September, mil., ot l
o'clock, A. M., equipped with arm* and ac
coutrements for drill and parade.
Two Companies from. Danville are expor
ted to participate on the occasion.
HIRAM R. KLIN K, Brier. Imp
lit Srif, 9th Dio f. T.
lop. 18, '-* C

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