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STAR OF THE NORTH.
a. w. WEAVER, EDITOR. Rloomsbnrg, Thnrsdnr> Sept- 87, 1855. Democratic Nominations. FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER, HON. ARNOLD PLUMER, OF VENANno COUNTY, J> G. MONTGOMERY, of Montour Co. FOR SHERIFF, STEPHEN 0. MILLER, FOR TREASURER, JACOB HARRIS, FOR COMMISSIONER, JONAS FAHRINGER, SON AUDITOR, JACOB DEMOTT, FOR AUDITOR, one year, HENRY C. PHILLIPS. ARK YOU ASSESSBD?—We would remind our democratio friends of the necessity of having their names on the As sessment lists at least Ten Days before the elec tion. Thelist s are now placed at the sever al election polls, where they may be exam amined. tW See that your name is there recorded in good lime, or you' vote will be lost. Young men who last year voted "on age," should see that thev have been assess ed this year. The Know-Nothing Ticket- The only men who now take any active part for Staley and Cole are notorious Know- Nothings. The leaders are neither Demo crats nor Whigs, but men who have shown no honor or consistency in their political course. Mr. Cole is a clever man—good Ma tured, anJ of an easy, even temperament— in short just such a man as the Know-Noth ings would dupe and delude. He doubtless honestly believes that the men who congre gate at midnight in wood-bouses and dark shops are his friends ; but in truth they do him more haim in the respect and esteem of his honest neighbors than the most ma lignant enemies could do. Kis best friends are those who have advised him not to al low himself to be used by men who only eeek their own eelfish ends in urging him to be a candidate—one because he bears a grudge against the Democratic party—an other because he would like to be Mr. Cole's Deputy. Mr. Fortner is a clever, impulsive fellow, who fears that the Pope will "ruin" Amer ica; and when we last heard of his political position he believed that Know-Nothingism was destined to carry every tiling before it. Ho was a Whig until Know-Noihinga swal lowed up that pari}, anil Hieu ileftwUed ilio new creed., We wonld not say an unkind word of Mr. Staley, the head ol ilia Know-Nothing tick el ; but certainly for intelligence and useful ness as a legislator he can r.ot for a moment bear comparison with Mr. Montgomery.— A man who runs astray after all the new po litical isms of the day is too volatile and fickle minded to stand against the thousand temp tations and assaults at llarrisburg. The lust legislature was made up of many such men as Mr. Stsiey, and the people have seen and felt the result. The party came iu power that feared the poor Pope much more than it did the I'rinoe of Evil, and the people have had quite enough of its legislation whiuh was in open defiance of the popular will, and characterized only by narrow-mind ed bigotry, prosciiption and fear. Let the rust Warn. Last fall the Know-Nothing party bid high for the temperance vote, and placed iteelf in such a position as to bid defiance to the will of the people expressed at the ballot box on (be issue of prohibition. By the mischievous and foolish act of the last Know Nothing legislature the cause of temperance was set back twenty years in Pennsylvania. Men can only be reasoned and educated into temperance, and not driven by the/ires of law, when they see that law to be In open defiance of the publio will. The Buckalew law was a step in the right direction, and the Sunday Liquor Law was another. These should have been continued just so far and so last as necessity required, •ud tbe tone of the popular mind was pre pared for them. Few and far between. The Know-Nothing lodges have dwindled down ao much that it was found necessary to announce Mr. Fortner openly as a candi date, for lear the members of the secret or der woulJ not all learn that he was in the field. Tbe first design of the order ws, ss we are informed, to run hiin secretly, and not openly to declare him a candidate, but the-shrewdest ones of the order saw that would not answer. Last fall it was claimed by the Jacobin Club of this town that it had 800 members—now from 12 to 20 sneak in to its meetings. We are informed by Dem ocrats of Orange and Fishingcreek that ill (bat region there are this fail not one tenth as many meetings of the secret order in sheds, srood-hoosees fee., as there were last fall. A Bugaboo I There are perhapa a dozen Catholic* in Co lumbia county, in the midst of nearly 4000 people. The Know-Nothings tell us there is danger that this dozen will con ■pire, plot, capture, ruin, rob, bang up, boil aud toast the Jour thousand I The old parties sometimes dealt in rather questionable sto ries, bnt this naw Reform party beats Beel re bub in its freaks of fettile imagination. Or Hew could a Know-Nothing officer treat adopted citizens with impartiality in tbe diaebatge of his duly 1 His aocrol oath tA prescription would fetter and bind him ; or else ho woo Id t* compiled w dl , honor bim . self and cast K off | Abase getting cheap. The editor of the Democrat seems not con lent with opposing the Democratic ticket in this county, but for the paltry sum of twenty- Jive cents paid him at Berwick by Jno. Slew art of Luzerne, he two weeks ago commen ced abusing Mr. Win. Merrificld one of the Democratic nomineeßof Luzerne. Mr. Stew art seems to have a political grudge at Mer rifield, and no doubt thinks abuse cheap which he can buy for 25 cents a dose. He perhaps knew the Colonel's willingness to do dirty work against Democratic nominees. When a man has a great quantity of an arti cle on hand he sells cheap, so that accounts for the low price at which the slang of the Democrat can be purchased by the desperate anil reckless. Two years ago the Democrat hypocritically pretended to support the ticket, just as it doss now, until after the election; and then open ly and shamefully confessed its deception and hostility. The same game is now being played, and everv thing is done secretly that treachery can devise in the minds ol the Kuow-Nothing leaders. If it were possible that the Democratic ticket could be defeated this fall the leol of the Know-Nothings would then openly glory in the result. CY THE Democrat confesses to printing tickets for Fuller and Mendenhall, but says nothing as to its guilt in covering these up at the top and bottom with Democratic names, so as to deceive honest voters. Besides, the names of Clark and Grotz were sprinkled in to make the Know-Nothing dose stronger.— This the ticket we published last week proves, and it is not denied. Large rolls of these tickets were bundled up at rtie Demo■ | crnt office for distribution, but bonost men refused to scatter them. To print tickets for Whig candidates is not charged by us as ob jectionable, but to print the names of Know- Nothing candidates along with those of Democrats in such a shape as to deceive by 1 giving it the appearance of a Democratic ticket is an act which only the tool of the Know-Nothing conspirators would stoop to. As to our support ol the ticket four years ago, the hundreds of Democrats who heard our addresses at Rohrsburg, Buckhorn and Cattawissa, and who read our paper during that campaign, are our witnesses for vindi cation against the falsehood of malice and meanness. That lie has grown very stale, and there were too many men at those meet ings for it to do mischief any longer. But the case of the Know-Nothiiigs is growing desperate, and they dare not be over scrupu lous in their electioneering stories. Something New. A new fountain oil is advertised in the N. Y. Herald and Tribune, which seems likely to come into general use, if it proves at ull as it is commended. Eight cents worth will burn double wicks, giving a brilliant and steady light 28 hours, or 3J hours light may be obtained for one cent. It will need no I trimming, is free from smoke, pleasant both to the taste and smell, and free from all dan ger of explosion. Dr. 'l'aggart expects a lot of the article in a short time from Malhew Vanderhoof the manufacturer. Arnold Flumer. This gentleman—the Democratio nominee for Canal Commissioner—is one of the pu rest and best men in the Commonwealth, and will be elected by an overwhelming ma jority. The respectable papers of every par ty in the State, speak of him in terms of praise—all, even his bitterest political one mies, admit that he stands before the people with a character, both moral and politcal, un stained by a single blemish. Such a man the people will always delight 10 honor. Peter Martlu—t'nnal Commissioner. This gentleman, it appears, is the Know- Nothing candidate for Canal Commissioner. He is a respectable citizen of Lancaster coun ty, and our regret is that he has permitted himself to be the candidate of such a party. There are now, we believe, no less than five candidates in the field for the poßt ol Canal Commissioner, viz:— Arnold Plumer, (Dem.) Venango. Joseph Henderson, (Whig) Washington. Peter Martin, (K. N ) Lancaster. Kimber Cleaver, (N. Amer.) Schuylkill. Passmore Williamson, (Abo.) Phil. Prison. KANSAS.—The Kansas Herald of Freedom, September Bth, contaius a full account of the Kansas Free Slate Convention which assem bled at Big Springs on the sth insl. The resolutions declare that the interests of the inhabitants require that Kansas should be a Free Slate; that free labor will best promote its happiness, the rtpid population, the pros perity and the wealth of Kansas. They ap prove the admission of free negroes and mil latioea into the territory, declare that they owe no obedience to the acts oi the present spurious Legislature, and call the citizens to meet and hold an election on the second Tuesday of October, to choose a Delegate to Congress. The Convention nominated Gov. Keeder for the Territorial Delegate, and that genlldkan has accepted the nomination. Caoes ACTIONS.—The Trenton Gazette un derstands that Dr. Heineken has commenc ed an aotion in Philadelphia to recover dam ages from the Camden aud Amboy Railroad Company for the destruction of his horses and carriage at Burlington. Dr. Heineken, on Friday, went before the grand jury at Mount Holly, and made formal complaint, for tbe purpose ol having the directors of the Company indicted for manslaughter. Tbe same day, Mr. Shreve, of Bordentovrn,made a similar complaint before tbe jury against Dr. Heineken, for the purpose of having him indicted. THE RISE IN SUGARS since January, accord ing to the New York Post, has been 50 per cent., and tbis owing not so much to the di minished supply, which only applies to New Orlegns descriptions, Cubas being plentiful, but to the great increase of demand through ont the country for consumption and stock. The unfavorable harveat ot 1854 led to a great contradiction in tbe grocery business, as well aa in the dry goods, and dealers worked down their sioek <9 tbe lowest point possible. Mr. (', K. Baekalew's Speech; CONTINUED FROM FIRST PAGE. [THE LIQUOR QUESTION.] Another subject considered at the lata Ses sion, was tint of Prohibition ; and a law was passed to abolish licensed Hotels after the first day of October, of the prerent year.— This Act is commonly known as the " Jog Law," and I believe it to be übjustifiable and unwise. It commences wrong for any sen sible purpose, of restraint, by striking down Hotels while leaving other and more perni oious establishments in existence, whereas the very contrary of this should have been done, and might have been done with equal ease and with more effective results. It ap pears unequal and inequitable, in ilsdisevim ination among those engaged in selling Liq uors ; inflictiug pecuniary loss and injury up on one class of dealers, and none whatever upon others, but rather extending their prof its and privileges. It awakens the whole force of opposition in the State, to changes in 'he laws relating to Liquors, while it is at best only a partial, imperfect, and doubtful triumph to the principle of restraint. It is badly, clumsily constructed, and will natural .ly provoke litigation and dispute. And it is weak in any foundation of public opinion upon whicb to rest, being passed in appa rent contempt of the popular vote of 1854. This act, and the act of Bth May, 1854, are quite unlike in spirit and principle. Both are in restraint of the privilege of sale; both are intended to strike at abuses and lessen existing evils ■ both invoke the aid of the ju dicial power and require the assistance of publio opinion in the attainment of theii ob jects. But in other respects they are wide ly dissimilar. The act of 1854 is well de scribed in its title as '' An Act to protect cer tain domestic and private rights and prevent abuses in the sale and use of intoxicating drinks," and is both conservative and reme dial. It protects rights founded in the do mestic relations while it strikes at abuses that require eradication, and it makes a prop er distinction between different classes of persons who do not stand in the same posi tion before the law. Nothing is clearer than the right of society to provide specially for its weak, incapable, vicious and unfortunate members. Hence the education of the young, the support ofpaupers, the inceration of crim inals and the care of the insane. Proceeding therefore upon settled principles, the act of 1854 declares it a crime, punished by fine and imprisonment, to wilfully furnish intoxi cating liquors to minors, to the insane, to persons ol known intemperate habits, and to those who are intoxicated ; in short, to all who are necessarily incapable of exercising an intelligent judgment, and who require protection against the arts, avarice, or folly of others. And because the reason of the enactment goes to that extent, furnishing in any way—"by gift, sale, or otherwise," is forbidden. But tbe case is greatly different as to those who have attained to years ol discretion, and who labor under no mental incapacities ari sing from their own act or the visitation of Providenco. Such are to be " a law unto themselves" where the rights of others are not involved, and their praise is to consist iri the just exercise of iteir freedom. If this distinction be not admitted, 1 know not where the interference of government with individuals is to stop; what department of conduct is to be exempt from invasion, or what barrier of reserved right remains to the citizen. Government becomes a thing o(dis cretion, without boundaries to its action or limitation of its powers. Constitutional re straints even, stand no longer upon princi ple, but are degraded into arbitrary arrange ments which may be swept away at any mo ment without wounding any principle ol right. For, if the just powers of government relate to grown men and to those who are free from mental disabilities, in the same manner and to the same extent as to infants and the insane; if distinction in tbe laws be tween various kinds of population rest in dis cretion and expediency alone, all classes and conditions of men may be subjected, without violation of right, to the restraints of infants and imbeciles—in short*to abject despotism. Similar in spirit to the act of 1854, in the particular mentioned, are '.hose provisions in the laws of the United Slates, which, treat ing the Indians as the wards of the govern ment —as persons in a stale of pupilage, mi nority and dependence—inhibit the supply ing them with liquors by traders and govern ment agents. And to the same purpose is the judgment ol Plato, that young men should not taste wins until eighteen, and afterwards should use it with moderation until thirty.— (The I.aws, U. 11. c. 10.) Another feature of the act of '54 is,thatany one violating that or any other act in pari materia shall be civilly responsive in damages for injutiesto person or properly, resulting from such violation, and that whether the injury be intended and foreseen by him or not.— This provision,borrowed in substance, though not in lorm, from a law of Wisconsin, is so plainly just that it requires neither explana tion or defence. It is like the law which at taches gui!l to homicide committed by acci dent and without intention, in the prosecu tion of a distinct crime; and it simply aflords a remedy, to one suffering an injury, against him who has really caused it. Other provisions of the act, against adult eration of liquors, the marriage of parties when either is intoxicated, the compensa tion of prosecutors, and extending the con trol ol the Courts over disorderly bouses, are eminently just and proper, and need not be enlarged upon. It is ropresented that this aot of 1854 (the whole responsibility of which I am content to assume as its author,) has been enforoed in many parts of the Stale with the most sal utary results. And it is, everywhere, astand ing intimidation against aboaes, while rest ing upon sonnd and admitted principles of Legislation. Where the attempt is made to oso the act for improper purposes, Ido not donbt that it will generally fail; for Courts and Juries are not ioclined to support frivo lous prosecutions, or make themselves the instruments ol private passion and revenge. To tbe Sunday aot (as it is called.) of the late Session, I can see no solid objection.— It ia not well drawn or unexceptionable in *ll its features, but it stands on good ground a* to it* leaning object, if any law* whatev er for the observation of the Sabbath are jus tifiable, which is not a subject of dispute.— Those engaged in selling liquors cannot ob ject to being placed under the same rules that apply to other business pursuits. 1 voted against submitting the question of prohibition to a popular vote, believing that the Legislature should meet the subject in- of avoiding it This mode of action is exceedingly seductive, and is not to be en couraged. If a member is unwilling to face a difficult or delicate question, he ought to retire and permit his place to be filled by oue who will not weigh his personal interests | or popularity, the performance of i public duty. These remarks embrace the several acts of a general nature relating to the Liquor question, which have passed within a few years, and indicate my own course upon Ibem. I think something remains to be done; that the end is not yet, and that public atten tion is therefore properly awake and contin ued to the subject. Many regret that such subjects should arise, producing as they do strong passions and violent contests, and us ed as they are by bad men for selfish and sinister purposes. I confess to a contrary feeling. 1 think it refreshing in public life to get occasionally beyond the jingle of mon ey, into the consideration of questions that are cot judged exclusively by tables of prof it and loss, and that are instructive as involv ing inquiry into toe best jurisdiction, princi ples and powers of government. And their discussion will do good—Truth will gain by it—Opinion will be corrected, or when al ready just, confirmed—Abuses will be struck down, or mitigated, and real advances made in good government. Controversy upon Prohibition has made us familiar with existing abuses, and pro duced the act of 1851 and the Sunday law; and should induce the extirpation of that brood of vicious establishments, not in the nature ol Hotels, that have sprung up, par ticularly in cities, towns and mining districts, and along lines of public improvement; in their very nature productive of idleness, dis sipation and excess. To this purpose, strin gent, positive provisions of law, and a repeal of the Johnston act of 1849, are requisite.— The Philadelphia system of 1849, also, should be avoided, and throughout the State the principle of judicial control over all es tablishments of sale, solidly established. Absolute Prohibition iis impracticable.— There stands in it* way, Public Opinion, Con stitutional Provisions, the Experience of oth. er Countries and Times, and the Principles of Free Action, which are the foundation of Moral Responsibility. The first of these is shown by the vote of 1854; the second, by judicial decisions; the third by history, and for illustration of the last, I send the inqui rer to John Milton, justly numbered among 'he profoundest of authors and the greatest of men.— [See Note.] KNOW-NOTHINGISM. Duting the last year there grew up, or at tained a mature strength, a new political or ganization, which I found od my return after an absence of some months, installed in the Legislature and executive department of our State government. Its objects, character and action, are now known; for the charm of its novelty and secrecy ha* passed, and it has been tried by the severest test to which a party can be subjected—l mean, conducting the administration of public affairs. I understand the two main doctrines of this party to be, antagonism to foreigners and to Roman Catbolios. It is obvious at a glance, that the organization rests upon popular pas sions, inflammable and extensive ; that it ap peals powerfully to the selfish and exclusive propensities of our nature, and to deep root ed religious antipathies in other countries found adequate to deluge whole communi ties in fire and blood. Immense numbers of sincere and honest men joined in a move ment, seductive because it enlisted their pas sions, and plausible because presented upon grounds of patriotism and the public welfare. It was suddenly discovered that a great peril, a deadly danger—too great for description and therefore to be explored by the imagination, —impended over us; and that our safety consisted in speedy organization against the emigrant of northern Europe and the religion of Italy. And there was presently gathered for this new ciosade (not to recover a holy sepulchre from paynim desecration, but to ostracise and degrade a part of our own pop ulation,) elements so inoongruous; such a union of craft and simplicity ; fanatioism and terror; ambition, malice, and misled hones ty, that its description would require the pen cil of Hogarth, or the genius of Burke. The Legislatures of Massachusetts and Pennsyl vania, and the Mayor and Councils of Phila delphia, have given us practical results, and "he that runs may read" the humiliating but instructive lesson. It is useless, at the outset, to argue the questions that underlie such a movement, for logic is thrown away upon the passions, and can only be heard aflerlhey have subsi ded. But lime brings ail things to their just level in intellectual inquiries, and enables reason to re-assert her empire over the hu man mind. It was, for a time, as idle to at tempt the defence of the innocent victims of a London populace during the popish plot of 1678, as it was the protection of property in the Gordon riots of 1780. But, in both those instances, the maddened passions ol the lime eventually yielded their supremacy to justice and truth; and the plot bottomed on perjury, arid the riot founded on intolerance, are alike regarded as dark stain spots in English history. In history .events repeat themselves, but even intelligent nations appear to be aa ill) prepared for a movement, when repeated, as they were at its first occurrence. The Ami- Calholio movement of the last year is strictly an imitation of English examples, exoept in the cowardice of its secrecy and the crimin ally of its oaths. And it specially resembles the popish plot movement in the faot that it has been used and patronized by an estab lished political party for its ambitious purposes in the attainment of power. The Whig par ty of 1678 subsidised the perjuries of Oates and Bedloe lo partisan objeets, and sought thereby to orueh an administration and intim idate a Xing. The Whiy party with us, in 1854, in a similar spirit, stuck hands with in tolerance, and to achieve a temporary tri umph " let loose the imprisoned winds," which they are utterly unable to control.— Their victory has been at the expense of their party existence, and it is being shewn that those who beget monsters may be devoured by their own offspring. The theological dogma of the American or Know Nothing parly, may be found ir. Ros seau, in these words: — | " All religion should be tolerated whose ' tenets discover nothing contradictory to the duties of a citizen; but those who dare to say, ' out of the Church out of Salvation,' should be driven from the State, unless the Church is the State and the Prince the Pontiff. Such a dogma is only suited to a religious govern ment; in all others it must be exceeding ly pernicious."—(Social Contract, 385 Ed. 1791.) A more respectable authority is Milton, whose name gives weight to an opinion, al though it cannot sanctify an error. In his discourse upon True Religion, Heresy and Toleration, written with characteristic ability, he excludes Catholicism from a comprehen sive charity embracing all shades of protest ant opinion. Suggesting that popery claims a two-fold power, ecclesiastical and political, he submits the question to the civil authori ties, whether its adherents ought to be toler ated in view of the public safely. But what we would not expect from the most liberal author of his age, is, a denial of toleration in the exercise of their religion, either public or private, on the ground of its idolatrous char ter. Here spoke the fierco, uncompromising puritanism of the time; but we have only to proceed, to discover that he does not, as usu al, follow out his position to its logical re sults. He rejects corporal punishments and fines as instruments for eradicatieg opinion, and contents himself with recommending the removal of the Mass and Images, and the reading of the Scriptures among Protest ants, with mutual forbearance and charily, and amendment of life. Other authors are to the same purpose, and as late as 1780, (near the close of our revolu tionary war,) when Edmund Burke stood be fore the electors of Bristol to defend his course in Parliament, he found it necessary to bestow his attention mainly 'o his vole for removing the disabilities of the Catholics, subjects of the British Crown, upon whom Parliament had previously rained down Stat utes intended for their utter extirpation. The spirit of England for two hundred years had been one of bitter hostility to the Roman Church, and occasionally, inflamed by polit ical excitements, it had placed upon the Stat ute books of the Kingdom laws which had their apology only in the circumstances un der which they were enacted. Nor was the antipathy to Catholicism confined to die Eng lish Church by law established. It was yet more intense among dissenters, and extend ed 4o those who wer9 members of no Church i whatever, and with whom political consider ations were paramount to ecclesiastical. Al though Protestantism stood upon the princi ple of toleration, inasmuch as it asserted the right of private judgment in matters of theol ogy, the time had not yet come for effectual ly striking the fetters from opinion and per mitting truth and error |o grapple without in terference from the civil power. That was a sublime act of wisdom and justice, reser ved in the counsels of Providence for a new world, then emerging into notice beyond the Atlantic, whither the children of toil and op pression should be gathered from the four quarters of the earth. And here, is due time, upon American soil, did take root ond grow up into general acknowledgment, principles of human brotherhood and common right, that have form and place in all our Constitu tions, and have crowned our systems of gov ernment with blessings and honor. TOLERA TION OK OPINION, AND EQUALITY OF RIGHTS ; these are the pillars in our Temple of Liberty that support the edifice, and the Samsons of the Lodges will tug at and labor for their pros tration in vain. Even England has amended her former pol icy of intolerance ; and toe will certainly not go backward to the evil and exploded opin ions and prejudices of former times. Know Nothingism is, of necessity, ephemeral, for it is of darkness and falsehood, and its achiev ments will add but a brief page to the history of human folly. NOTE. From Milton. " How great a virtue is temperance ; bow much of moment through the whole life of man? Yet God commits the managing so great a trust, without particular law or pre scription, wholly to the demeanor of every grown man. And therefore when he him self tabled the Jews Irom Heaven, that omer which was every man's daily portion of manna, is computed to have been more than might have well sufficed the heartiest feeder thrice as many meals. For those actions which eMer into a man, rather than issue out of bim, and therefore defile not, God uses not to captivate under a perpetual childhood of prescription, but trusts him with the gift ot reason to be his own chooser; there were but little work left for preaching, if law and compulsion should grow so fast upon those things which heretofore were governed only by exhortation. "Impunity and remissness lor certain are the bane of a commonwealth ; but here the great art lies, to discern in what the law ia to bid restraint and punishment, and in what things persuasion only ia to work. If every action which is good or evil in man at ripe years were to be under pittance, prescription and compulsion, what were virtue bv,t a namo, what praise could be then (joe to well doing, what gramercy to be sober, just or continent? Many ther;, are t (, B | oomplain of divine Providenio for suffering Adam to transgress. Foolish tongues ? When God gave him reason, he gave him freedom to choose, for reason is but choosing; he bad been else a mere artificial Adam, such an Adam as he it in the motions. We our selves esteem not that obedience, or love, or gift, whioh is of force: God therefore left him free, set before bim a provoking objeot, ever almost in his eyes; herein ooneisted his merit, herein the right of bis reward, the praise of hit abstinence. Wherefore did he create passions within us, pleasures round about u, but that these rightly tempered are the very ingredients of virtue? They are not skilful considered of human things who imagine to remove sin by removing the matter of sin; for, besides that it is a huge heap increasing under the very act of dimin ishing, though some parts of it may for a time be withdrawn from some persons, it cannot from all, * * and when this is done, yet the sin remains entire. Though ye take from a covetous man all his treas ure, he has yet one jewel left, ye cannot be reave him of his covetousness. * Suppose we could expel sin by this means; look how much we thus expel of sin, so much we expel of virtue; for the matter of them both is the same; remove that and ye remove them both alike. This justifies the high Providence of God, who, though he commands his temperance, justice, conti nence, yet pours out before us even to a profuseness all desirable things, and gives us minds that can wander beyond all limit and satiety. Why then should we affect a rigor contrary to the manner of God and nature. It would be better done to learn that the law must needs be frivolous, which goes to restrain things, uncertainly, and yet equally working to good and to evil. And were I the chooser, a dram of well doing should be preferred before many times as much the forcible hindering of evil doing: For God sure esteems the growth and completing of one virtuous person, more than the restraint of ten vicious." "Good and evil we know in the field of this world grow up together almost insepara bly ; and the knowledge of good is so in volved and interwoven with the knowledge of evil, and in so many cunning resem blances hardly to be discerned, that those confused seeds which were imposed upon Psyche as an incessant labor to cull out, and sort asunder, were not more intermixed. It was from out the rind of one apple tasted, that the knowledge of good and evil, as two twins cleaving together, leaped forth into the world. And perhaps this is that doom that Adam fell into of knowing good and evil; that is to say, of knowing good by evil. "As therefore the state of man now is, what wisdom can there be to choose, what continence to forbear, without the knowl edge of evil. He that can apprehend and consider vice with all her bails and seeming pleasures, and yet -abstain, and yet dis tinguish, and yet prefer that which is truly belter, he is the true warfaruig Christian. I cannot praise a fugitive and cloistered vir tue, unexercised and unbroalhed, that never sallies out and seeks her adversary, but slinks out of the race where that immortal garlar.d is to be run for, not without dust and heat. Assuredly we bring not innocence in to the world, we bring impurity much rather, that which purifies us is triul, and trial is by what is contrary. That virtue therefore which | is but a youngling in the contemplation of evil, and knows not the utmost that vice promises to her followers and rejects it, is but a blank virtue not a pure ; her whiteness is but an excremenlal whiteness ; which was the reason why our sage and serious poet, Spenser, describing true Temperance under the person of Guion, brings bim in with hia palmer through the cave of Mammon, and the bower of earthly bliss, that he might see i and know, and yet abs'ain."—(Speech for the Liberty of Unlicensed Printi ig." And elsewhere our author exclaims:— "Mark then Judges and Lawgivers, and ye whose office it is to be our teachers, for I will utter now a doctrine * * though neg lected or not understood, yet of great and powerful importance to the governing of mankind. He who wisely would restrain the reasonable soul of man within due bounds, must first himsell know perfectly, bow far the territory and dominion extend of just and honest Liberty. As little must he offer to bind that which God hath loosened, as to loosen that which he hath bound.— The ignorance and mistake of this high point hath heaped up one huge half of all the avil that hath been since Adam." ARRIVAL OF TUB BALTIC^ ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE NEW YOKE, Sept. 19—HI A. M. Tiie U. S. Mail Steamship Baltic, Captain Comstock, with Liverpool dates to the Bth inst., arrived here about half past 11 o'clock this evening. The Baltic brings one hundred and ninety three passengers, including the newly ap pointed Spanish Miniter to Washington. The war news is unimportant. Russia is again threatening the Tchernaya. General telegraphs his govern ment, that they are ready for offensive move ments again. The Russians had made a small sortie from Sebastopol, and destroyed a number of gabions. They are also actively engaged in bridging the harbor to remove their defences to the north side in the event of the south side being taken. There are more rumors of new negotia tions at Vienna. Sir Chatles Napier publishes a correspon dence with Sir Jamea Graham, showing that he (Napier) only carried out government or ders in not attacking Cronstadt. Serious difficulties are reported to%xist be tween the Neapolitan and British govern ments, for which Naplea ia immediately be called to account. Fergus O'connor, One of the leader* of the Chartists, and wb,o, some years since, was exiled for participating 100 conspicuously in lbv',r movements, is dead. The Queen, after leaving Paris, repaired to her Highland reaidenoe, at Balmoral, Scot land. Cholera ia said to rage in Italy to a fright ful extent. Tbe Bank of England has increased its rate of discount from 3} to 4 peroent. A POLITICAL REVOLUTION.—The Portland Argus mentions as a significant fact, that an far as the returns have been received, but one person who voted in fav or of the present liquor law has been returned to the Legisla ture. A GOOD SUPPLY—A farmer in Fayette county, Kentucky, has raised, this year, up wards of nine thousand barrels of potatoes. SAFETY GATE FOR RAILROAD CROSSING!.— Mr. Lawrence Myers has invented a gate for aborting off travel from a railroad crossing wbila the locomotive Is in dangerous prox imity, which seems to obviate most of the objections raised to such contrivances. The gate is attached to an endless chain which crosses • pulley at any required distance from the crossing necessary to safely. The pulley is attached to a abaft lying across and under the track. The buffer in front of the locomotive presses upon the pulley, the chain moves and the gete elides, by the side of the track, across the road froir. which tbe car riages approach the railroad. After passing the croaaing the locomotive presses another pulley attached in the same way to the gate, and the latter is moved back to lta place. It is intended to place the working apparatus deep enough in the ground to avoid any im pebiment from frost. The motion of fSe gate may be regulated by means of a cog. which is placed on tbe pulley shaft to sui| the speed of the locomotive, and not involve a croaaing carriage m the danger of being caught by the gate. A bell may be also at tached to the work to give warning before the gale begins to move at all.— Ledger. iy IMPORTANT TO THE LADIES. Dr. GEISSNER'S Celebrated Menstrual Pills have been long and widely known as invari ably certain in removing any stoppage, irreg ularity, or suppression of the menses. In (he female hospitals in Vienna, Paris, and Berlin, they have entirely superseded the use of all other remedies; because, where s cure is attainable by medicinal agencies, they are certain of success. Their astonixh -1 nig efficacy would be almost incredible, if not vouched for by indubitable testimony, in numerous instances producing returns of the monthly period after all hope had been aban doned. In every case, from whatever cause the ob struction may arise, as also to prevent preg nancy where r.e health will not admit ol in crease of family, they are always efficient ; for which reason they must not he used du ring pregnancy, though always mild, healthy, sale and certain in their effects. Married ladies will find particular instruc tions in the directions, iu which are staled the various symptoms by which the cause of the suppression may he determined. Price, One Dollar per Box, containing ex plicit directions. Each box will be signed by Dr R.G. Ueiss ner. Principal Office, 1274 Liberty Street, Now York Cny. Responsible agents will be appointed for their tale as soon as practicable. In the mean lime, all orders are to be addressed to Dr. U. G. Geissner, 1274 Liberty Street. New York City, or to box 2156 N. Y. Post 6ffice, and u box will be sent by return mail, as they are put op in sealed envelope*, and can be sent with the strictest privacy to any part of the United States. CAUTION TO r.nDtes. As various not only ineffective hot injuri ous compounds purporting to be " Female Pills," under all kinds of frames as " Iron Pills," "Silver Pills," "Golden Pills," " Peri odical Pills," kc. are attempted to he palmed off upon the credulous or onwary, it is only necessary for ladies to be on their *uard against die attempted imposition, and in all cases where there is no authorized agent lor the sale of Dr. Geissner's Menstrual Pills," to order direct from him by mail, by return of which a box will be sent. [29 —ly Agenh —Geo. Ross, Lebanon ; E. T. Mil ler, York; 8. Allernan, Harrishnrg; D. H. Jones & Co., Harrisburg ; C. Weigley. Mill bach. IMPORTANT TO FEMALES—Dr.CIIEESEMARS' PlLL*.—The combinations of ingredients in these fills, is the result of a long slid ex. tensive practice; thry arc rnild in their oper ation, 91.d certain in restoring natuco to ite proper channel. In every instance h.ive th* Pills proved successful. The fills inveria bly open those obstructions to which females are liable, anil bring nature into its proper channel, where),y haath is restored, and tho pole and deadly countenance changed to a healthy one, No female can enjoy good health unless alio is egutai ; and whenever en obstruction lakes place, whether from ex posure, cold, or any other cause, the general health immediately begins to decline, end tbe want of such a remedy has beer, the cause of so many consumptions among young female. To ladies whose health will not permit an in crease of iheir family, those Pills will prove a valuable acquisition, as they will prevent pregnancy. Headache, pain in the side, pal pitation of the heart, loathing of food, and disturbed sleep do most alvvavs arise from the iulorruplion of nature; and whenever that ia the case, the Pills will invariably remedy all these evils. Nor aro they less efficacious in the cure of Leucoirhoea, commonly called the "Whiles," These fills should never bo te. ken during pregnanry, as they would be sura to a miscarrigae. Waranted to lie purelr Vegetable, and free from anything injurious lo life or health. Full and explicit directions a .company each box. These Pills are put up in square flat boxea. Parous residing where (hero are no ageney eslablishrJ, by enclosing One Dollar in a let ter postpaid to Dr. C. L. Cheeeeman, No. 267 Blocker street, New York City, can have them sent to their respective addresses by return of mail. On the 16th inßt., by Rev. W. Goodrich, Mr. PIIENIS SITLKR, of Light Street, and Miss SUSANNAH BISIIUNE, of Benton tup., Colum bia county. On the evening of the 22nd inat., by the same. Mr. JOHN DOTV, of Benton lowaahip, and Miss SUSAN FRAVELY, of Orangeville, Columbia oounty. On the same evening, by (he same, Mr. JACOB BRIGHT, and Mr*. CATHARINE AUL, both of Bloomsburg, Col. county. On tho 13th inst., by J. F. Fowler, Ecq., Mr. THOMAS MCGARVY, of Munoy Creek, Ly coming oountv, to Mia* MATILDA DEFOE, of Fishingcreek, Columbia ooun'y, _ a&aaa&q In Berwick, on Sunday last, Mrs. EMILY OWEN, wife of Hudson Owen, aged about 35 years. Bf 8. M. PETTENGILL & Co., Advertising Agents, No. 119 Nassau Street, New York, and 10 State Street, Boston, are authorised to receive and reneipt for advertisements and subscription to this paper. Wood's Ornamental Iron Works, Hidge Avenue, Philadelphia. THE attention of the inhabitants of Penn sylvania are invited to th e extensive Manufar. Tory end Ware rooms of the subscriber,*who is prepared te furnish at the shortest notice, Iron, Railing of every description, far Cemeteries! public end private buildings . aba Verenddfl Fountains, Chain, Settees, Lions, other ornamental iron works of decorative aetc-. Purchaser, ma) rely on ticle, carefully boxed and shipped to tination. A book of designs will be io those wishing to make selections. ROBERT Ridge Avenue, btlovi Spring Go^H BeptPtnbft 18S5