OCR Interpretation


The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, September 27, 1855, Image 2

Image and text provided by Penn State University Libraries; University Park, PA

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025182/1855-09-27/ed-1/seq-2/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

STAR OF THE NORTH.
a. w. WEAVER, EDITOR.
Rloomsbnrg, Thnrsdnr> Sept- 87, 1855.
Democratic Nominations.
FOR CANAL COMMISSIONER,
HON. ARNOLD PLUMER,
OF VENANno COUNTY,
J> G. MONTGOMERY, of Montour Co.
FOR SHERIFF,
STEPHEN 0. MILLER,
FOR TREASURER,
JACOB HARRIS,
FOR COMMISSIONER,
JONAS FAHRINGER,
SON AUDITOR,
JACOB DEMOTT,
FOR AUDITOR, one year,
HENRY C. PHILLIPS.
ARK YOU ASSESSBD?—We
would remind our democratio friends of the
necessity of having their names on the As
sessment lists at least Ten Days before the elec
tion. Thelist s are now placed at the sever
al election polls, where they may be exam
amined. tW See that your name is there
recorded in good lime, or you' vote will be
lost. Young men who last year voted "on
age," should see that thev have been assess
ed this year.
The Know-Nothing Ticket-
The only men who now take any active
part for Staley and Cole are notorious Know-
Nothings. The leaders are neither Demo
crats nor Whigs, but men who have shown
no honor or consistency in their political
course. Mr. Cole is a clever man—good Ma
tured, anJ of an easy, even temperament—
in short just such a man as the Know-Noth
ings would dupe and delude. He doubtless
honestly believes that the men who congre
gate at midnight in wood-bouses and dark
shops are his friends ; but in truth they do
him more haim in the respect and esteem
of his honest neighbors than the most ma
lignant enemies could do. Kis best friends
are those who have advised him not to al
low himself to be used by men who only
eeek their own eelfish ends in urging him to
be a candidate—one because he bears a
grudge against the Democratic party—an
other because he would like to be Mr. Cole's
Deputy.
Mr. Fortner is a clever, impulsive fellow,
who fears that the Pope will "ruin" Amer
ica; and when we last heard of his political
position he believed that Know-Nothingism
was destined to carry every tiling before it.
Ho was a Whig until Know-Noihinga swal
lowed up that pari}, anil Hieu ileftwUed ilio
new creed.,
We wonld not say an unkind word of Mr.
Staley, the head ol ilia Know-Nothing tick
el ; but certainly for intelligence and useful
ness as a legislator he can r.ot for a moment
bear comparison with Mr. Montgomery.—
A man who runs astray after all the new po
litical isms of the day is too volatile and fickle
minded to stand against the thousand temp
tations and assaults at llarrisburg. The lust
legislature was made up of many such men
as Mr. Stsiey, and the people have seen and
felt the result. The party came iu power
that feared the poor Pope much more than
it did the I'rinoe of Evil, and the people
have had quite enough of its legislation
whiuh was in open defiance of the popular
will, and characterized only by narrow-mind
ed bigotry, prosciiption and fear.
Let the rust Warn.
Last fall the Know-Nothing party bid high
for the temperance vote, and placed iteelf in
such a position as to bid defiance to the will
of the people expressed at the ballot box on
(be issue of prohibition.
By the mischievous and foolish act of the
last Know Nothing legislature the cause of
temperance was set back twenty years in
Pennsylvania. Men can only be reasoned
and educated into temperance, and not driven
by the/ires of law, when they see that law
to be In open defiance of the publio will.
The Buckalew law was a step in the right
direction, and the Sunday Liquor Law was
another. These should have been continued
just so far and so last as necessity required,
•ud tbe tone of the popular mind was pre
pared for them.
Few and far between.
The Know-Nothing lodges have dwindled
down ao much that it was found necessary
to announce Mr. Fortner openly as a candi
date, for lear the members of the secret or
der woulJ not all learn that he was in the
field. Tbe first design of the order ws, ss
we are informed, to run hiin secretly, and
not openly to declare him a candidate,
but the-shrewdest ones of the order saw that
would not answer. Last fall it was claimed
by the Jacobin Club of this town that it had
800 members—now from 12 to 20 sneak in
to its meetings. We are informed by Dem
ocrats of Orange and Fishingcreek that ill
(bat region there are this fail not one tenth
as many meetings of the secret order in sheds,
srood-hoosees fee., as there were last fall.
A Bugaboo I
There are perhapa a dozen Catholic* in Co
lumbia county, in the midst of nearly
4000 people. The Know-Nothings tell us
there is danger that this dozen will con
■pire, plot, capture, ruin, rob, bang up, boil
aud toast the Jour thousand I The old parties
sometimes dealt in rather questionable sto
ries, bnt this naw Reform party beats Beel
re bub in its freaks of fettile imagination.
Or Hew could a Know-Nothing officer
treat adopted citizens with impartiality in
tbe diaebatge of his duly 1 His aocrol oath
tA prescription would fetter and bind him ; or
else ho woo Id t* compiled w dl , honor bim .
self and cast K off |
Abase getting cheap.
The editor of the Democrat seems not con
lent with opposing the Democratic ticket in
this county, but for the paltry sum of twenty-
Jive cents paid him at Berwick by Jno. Slew
art of Luzerne, he two weeks ago commen
ced abusing Mr. Win. Merrificld one of the
Democratic nomineeßof Luzerne. Mr. Stew
art seems to have a political grudge at Mer
rifield, and no doubt thinks abuse cheap
which he can buy for 25 cents a dose. He
perhaps knew the Colonel's willingness to
do dirty work against Democratic nominees.
When a man has a great quantity of an arti
cle on hand he sells cheap, so that accounts
for the low price at which the slang of the
Democrat can be purchased by the desperate
anil reckless.
Two years ago the Democrat hypocritically
pretended to support the ticket, just as it doss
now, until after the election; and then open
ly and shamefully confessed its deception
and hostility. The same game is now being
played, and everv thing is done secretly that
treachery can devise in the minds ol the
Kuow-Nothing leaders. If it were possible
that the Democratic ticket could be defeated
this fall the leol of the Know-Nothings would
then openly glory in the result.
CY THE Democrat confesses to printing
tickets for Fuller and Mendenhall, but says
nothing as to its guilt in covering these up at
the top and bottom with Democratic names,
so as to deceive honest voters. Besides, the
names of Clark and Grotz were sprinkled in
to make the Know-Nothing dose stronger.—
This the ticket we published last week
proves, and it is not denied. Large rolls of
these tickets were bundled up at rtie Demo■ |
crnt office for distribution, but bonost men
refused to scatter them. To print tickets for
Whig candidates is not charged by us as ob
jectionable, but to print the names of Know-
Nothing candidates along with those of
Democrats in such a shape as to deceive by 1
giving it the appearance of a Democratic
ticket is an act which only the tool of the
Know-Nothing conspirators would stoop to.
As to our support ol the ticket four years
ago, the hundreds of Democrats who heard
our addresses at Rohrsburg, Buckhorn and
Cattawissa, and who read our paper during
that campaign, are our witnesses for vindi
cation against the falsehood of malice and
meanness. That lie has grown very stale,
and there were too many men at those meet
ings for it to do mischief any longer. But
the case of the Know-Nothiiigs is growing
desperate, and they dare not be over scrupu
lous in their electioneering stories.
Something New.
A new fountain oil is advertised in the N.
Y. Herald and Tribune, which seems likely
to come into general use, if it proves at ull
as it is commended. Eight cents worth will
burn double wicks, giving a brilliant and
steady light 28 hours, or 3J hours light may
be obtained for one cent. It will need no
I trimming, is free from smoke, pleasant both
to the taste and smell, and free from all dan
ger of explosion. Dr. 'l'aggart expects a lot
of the article in a short time from Malhew
Vanderhoof the manufacturer.
Arnold Flumer.
This gentleman—the Democratio nominee
for Canal Commissioner—is one of the pu
rest and best men in the Commonwealth,
and will be elected by an overwhelming ma
jority. The respectable papers of every par
ty in the State, speak of him in terms of
praise—all, even his bitterest political one
mies, admit that he stands before the people
with a character, both moral and politcal, un
stained by a single blemish. Such a man
the people will always delight 10 honor.
Peter Martlu—t'nnal Commissioner.
This gentleman, it appears, is the Know-
Nothing candidate for Canal Commissioner.
He is a respectable citizen of Lancaster coun
ty, and our regret is that he has permitted
himself to be the candidate of such a party.
There are now, we believe, no less than five
candidates in the field for the poßt ol Canal
Commissioner, viz:—
Arnold Plumer, (Dem.) Venango.
Joseph Henderson, (Whig) Washington.
Peter Martin, (K. N ) Lancaster.
Kimber Cleaver, (N. Amer.) Schuylkill.
Passmore Williamson, (Abo.) Phil. Prison.
KANSAS.—The Kansas Herald of Freedom,
September Bth, contaius a full account of the
Kansas Free Slate Convention which assem
bled at Big Springs on the sth insl. The
resolutions declare that the interests of the
inhabitants require that Kansas should be a
Free Slate; that free labor will best promote
its happiness, the rtpid population, the pros
perity and the wealth of Kansas. They ap
prove the admission of free negroes and mil
latioea into the territory, declare that they
owe no obedience to the acts oi the present
spurious Legislature, and call the citizens to
meet and hold an election on the second
Tuesday of October, to choose a Delegate to
Congress. The Convention nominated Gov.
Keeder for the Territorial Delegate, and that
genlldkan has accepted the nomination.
Caoes ACTIONS.—The Trenton Gazette un
derstands that Dr. Heineken has commenc
ed an aotion in Philadelphia to recover dam
ages from the Camden aud Amboy Railroad
Company for the destruction of his horses
and carriage at Burlington. Dr. Heineken,
on Friday, went before the grand jury at
Mount Holly, and made formal complaint,
for tbe purpose ol having the directors of the
Company indicted for manslaughter. Tbe
same day, Mr. Shreve, of Bordentovrn,made
a similar complaint before tbe jury against
Dr. Heineken, for the purpose of having him
indicted.
THE RISE IN SUGARS since January, accord
ing to the New York Post, has been 50 per
cent., and tbis owing not so much to the di
minished supply, which only applies to New
Orlegns descriptions, Cubas being plentiful,
but to the great increase of demand through
ont the country for consumption and stock.
The unfavorable harveat ot 1854 led to a
great contradiction in tbe grocery business,
as well aa in the dry goods, and dealers
worked down their sioek <9 tbe lowest point
possible.
Mr. (', K. Baekalew's Speech;
CONTINUED FROM FIRST PAGE.
[THE LIQUOR QUESTION.]
Another subject considered at the lata Ses
sion, was tint of Prohibition ; and a law was
passed to abolish licensed Hotels after the
first day of October, of the prerent year.—
This Act is commonly known as the " Jog
Law," and I believe it to be übjustifiable and
unwise. It commences wrong for any sen
sible purpose, of restraint, by striking down
Hotels while leaving other and more perni
oious establishments in existence, whereas
the very contrary of this should have been
done, and might have been done with equal
ease and with more effective results. It ap
pears unequal and inequitable, in ilsdisevim
ination among those engaged in selling Liq
uors ; inflictiug pecuniary loss and injury up
on one class of dealers, and none whatever
upon others, but rather extending their prof
its and privileges. It awakens the whole
force of opposition in the State, to changes in
'he laws relating to Liquors, while it is at
best only a partial, imperfect, and doubtful
triumph to the principle of restraint. It is
badly, clumsily constructed, and will natural
.ly provoke litigation and dispute. And it is
weak in any foundation of public opinion
upon whicb to rest, being passed in appa
rent contempt of the popular vote of 1854.
This act, and the act of Bth May, 1854, are
quite unlike in spirit and principle. Both
are in restraint of the privilege of sale; both
are intended to strike at abuses and lessen
existing evils ■ both invoke the aid of the ju
dicial power and require the assistance of
publio opinion in the attainment of theii ob
jects. But in other respects they are wide
ly dissimilar. The act of 1854 is well de
scribed in its title as '' An Act to protect cer
tain domestic and private rights and prevent
abuses in the sale and use of intoxicating
drinks," and is both conservative and reme
dial. It protects rights founded in the do
mestic relations while it strikes at abuses
that require eradication, and it makes a prop
er distinction between different classes of
persons who do not stand in the same posi
tion before the law. Nothing is clearer than
the right of society to provide specially for
its weak, incapable, vicious and unfortunate
members. Hence the education of the young,
the support ofpaupers, the inceration of crim
inals and the care of the insane. Proceeding
therefore upon settled principles, the act of
1854 declares it a crime, punished by fine
and imprisonment, to wilfully furnish intoxi
cating liquors to minors, to the insane, to
persons ol known intemperate habits, and to
those who are intoxicated ; in short, to all
who are necessarily incapable of exercising
an intelligent judgment, and who require
protection against the arts, avarice, or folly
of others. And because the reason of the
enactment goes to that extent, furnishing in
any way—"by gift, sale, or otherwise," is
forbidden.
But tbe case is greatly different as to those
who have attained to years ol discretion, and
who labor under no mental incapacities ari
sing from their own act or the visitation of
Providenco. Such are to be " a law unto
themselves" where the rights of others are
not involved, and their praise is to consist iri
the just exercise of iteir freedom.
If this distinction be not admitted, 1 know
not where the interference of government
with individuals is to stop; what department
of conduct is to be exempt from invasion, or
what barrier of reserved right remains to the
citizen. Government becomes a thing o(dis
cretion, without boundaries to its action or
limitation of its powers. Constitutional re
straints even, stand no longer upon princi
ple, but are degraded into arbitrary arrange
ments which may be swept away at any mo
ment without wounding any principle ol
right. For, if the just powers of government
relate to grown men and to those who are
free from mental disabilities, in the same
manner and to the same extent as to infants
and the insane; if distinction in tbe laws be
tween various kinds of population rest in dis
cretion and expediency alone, all classes and
conditions of men may be subjected, without
violation of right, to the restraints of infants
and imbeciles—in short*to abject despotism.
Similar in spirit to the act of 1854, in the
particular mentioned, are '.hose provisions in
the laws of the United Slates, which, treat
ing the Indians as the wards of the govern
ment —as persons in a stale of pupilage, mi
nority and dependence—inhibit the supply
ing them with liquors by traders and govern
ment agents. And to the same purpose is
the judgment ol Plato, that young men should
not taste wins until eighteen, and afterwards
should use it with moderation until thirty.—
(The I.aws, U. 11. c. 10.)
Another feature of the act of '54 is,thatany one
violating that or any other act in pari materia
shall be civilly responsive in damages for
injutiesto person or properly, resulting from
such violation, and that whether the injury
be intended and foreseen by him or not.—
This provision,borrowed in substance, though
not in lorm, from a law of Wisconsin, is so
plainly just that it requires neither explana
tion or defence. It is like the law which at
taches gui!l to homicide committed by acci
dent and without intention, in the prosecu
tion of a distinct crime; and it simply aflords
a remedy, to one suffering an injury, against
him who has really caused it.
Other provisions of the act, against adult
eration of liquors, the marriage of parties
when either is intoxicated, the compensa
tion of prosecutors, and extending the con
trol ol the Courts over disorderly bouses, are
eminently just and proper, and need not be
enlarged upon.
It is ropresented that this aot of 1854 (the
whole responsibility of which I am content
to assume as its author,) has been enforoed
in many parts of the Stale with the most sal
utary results. And it is, everywhere, astand
ing intimidation against aboaes, while rest
ing upon sonnd and admitted principles of
Legislation. Where the attempt is made to
oso the act for improper purposes, Ido not
donbt that it will generally fail; for Courts
and Juries are not ioclined to support frivo
lous prosecutions, or make themselves the
instruments ol private passion and revenge.
To tbe Sunday aot (as it is called.) of the
late Session, I can see no solid objection.—
It ia not well drawn or unexceptionable in
*ll its features, but it stands on good ground
a* to it* leaning object, if any law* whatev
er for the observation of the Sabbath are jus
tifiable, which is not a subject of dispute.—
Those engaged in selling liquors cannot ob
ject to being placed under the same rules
that apply to other business pursuits.
1 voted against submitting the question of
prohibition to a popular vote, believing that
the Legislature should meet the subject in-
of avoiding it This mode of action is
exceedingly seductive, and is not to be en
couraged. If a member is unwilling to face
a difficult or delicate question, he ought to
retire and permit his place to be filled by
oue who will not weigh his personal interests
| or popularity, the performance of
i public duty.
These remarks embrace the several acts
of a general nature relating to the Liquor
question, which have passed within a few
years, and indicate my own course upon
Ibem. I think something remains to be done;
that the end is not yet, and that public atten
tion is therefore properly awake and contin
ued to the subject. Many regret that such
subjects should arise, producing as they do
strong passions and violent contests, and us
ed as they are by bad men for selfish and
sinister purposes. I confess to a contrary
feeling. 1 think it refreshing in public life
to get occasionally beyond the jingle of mon
ey, into the consideration of questions that
are cot judged exclusively by tables of prof
it and loss, and that are instructive as involv
ing inquiry into toe best jurisdiction, princi
ples and powers of government. And their
discussion will do good—Truth will gain by
it—Opinion will be corrected, or when al
ready just, confirmed—Abuses will be struck
down, or mitigated, and real advances made
in good government.
Controversy upon Prohibition has made
us familiar with existing abuses, and pro
duced the act of 1851 and the Sunday law;
and should induce the extirpation of that
brood of vicious establishments, not in the
nature ol Hotels, that have sprung up, par
ticularly in cities, towns and mining districts,
and along lines of public improvement; in
their very nature productive of idleness, dis
sipation and excess. To this purpose, strin
gent, positive provisions of law, and a repeal
of the Johnston act of 1849, are requisite.—
The Philadelphia system of 1849, also,
should be avoided, and throughout the State
the principle of judicial control over all es
tablishments of sale, solidly established.
Absolute Prohibition iis impracticable.—
There stands in it* way, Public Opinion, Con
stitutional Provisions, the Experience of oth.
er Countries and Times, and the Principles
of Free Action, which are the foundation of
Moral Responsibility. The first of these is
shown by the vote of 1854; the second, by
judicial decisions; the third by history, and
for illustration of the last, I send the inqui
rer to John Milton, justly numbered among
'he profoundest of authors and the greatest
of men.— [See Note.]
KNOW-NOTHINGISM.
Duting the last year there grew up, or at
tained a mature strength, a new political or
ganization, which I found od my return after
an absence of some months, installed in the
Legislature and executive department of our
State government. Its objects, character and
action, are now known; for the charm of its
novelty and secrecy ha* passed, and it has
been tried by the severest test to which a
party can be subjected—l mean, conducting
the administration of public affairs.
I understand the two main doctrines of this
party to be, antagonism to foreigners and to
Roman Catbolios. It is obvious at a glance,
that the organization rests upon popular pas
sions, inflammable and extensive ; that it ap
peals powerfully to the selfish and exclusive
propensities of our nature, and to deep root
ed religious antipathies in other countries
found adequate to deluge whole communi
ties in fire and blood. Immense numbers
of sincere and honest men joined in a move
ment, seductive because it enlisted their pas
sions, and plausible because presented upon
grounds of patriotism and the public welfare.
It was suddenly discovered that a great peril,
a deadly danger—too great for description and
therefore to be explored by the imagination,
—impended over us; and that our safety
consisted in speedy organization against the
emigrant of northern Europe and the religion
of Italy. And there was presently gathered
for this new ciosade (not to recover a holy
sepulchre from paynim desecration, but to
ostracise and degrade a part of our own pop
ulation,) elements so inoongruous; such a
union of craft and simplicity ; fanatioism and
terror; ambition, malice, and misled hones
ty, that its description would require the pen
cil of Hogarth, or the genius of Burke. The
Legislatures of Massachusetts and Pennsyl
vania, and the Mayor and Councils of Phila
delphia, have given us practical results, and
"he that runs may read" the humiliating but
instructive lesson.
It is useless, at the outset, to argue the
questions that underlie such a movement,
for logic is thrown away upon the passions,
and can only be heard aflerlhey have subsi
ded. But lime brings ail things to their just
level in intellectual inquiries, and enables
reason to re-assert her empire over the hu
man mind. It was, for a time, as idle to at
tempt the defence of the innocent victims of
a London populace during the popish plot of
1678, as it was the protection of property in
the Gordon riots of 1780. But, in both those
instances, the maddened passions ol the lime
eventually yielded their supremacy to justice
and truth; and the plot bottomed on perjury,
arid the riot founded on intolerance, are
alike regarded as dark stain spots in English
history.
In history .events repeat themselves, but
even intelligent nations appear to be aa ill)
prepared for a movement, when repeated, as
they were at its first occurrence. The Ami-
Calholio movement of the last year is strictly
an imitation of English examples, exoept in
the cowardice of its secrecy and the crimin
ally of its oaths. And it specially resembles
the popish plot movement in the faot that it
has been used and patronized by an estab
lished political party for its ambitious purposes
in the attainment of power. The Whig par
ty of 1678 subsidised the perjuries of Oates
and Bedloe lo partisan objeets, and sought
thereby to orueh an administration and intim
idate a Xing. The Whiy party with us, in
1854, in a similar spirit, stuck hands with in
tolerance, and to achieve a temporary tri
umph " let loose the imprisoned winds,"
which they are utterly unable to control.—
Their victory has been at the expense of their
party existence, and it is being shewn that
those who beget monsters may be devoured
by their own offspring.
The theological dogma of the American or
Know Nothing parly, may be found ir. Ros
seau, in these words: —
| " All religion should be tolerated whose
' tenets discover nothing contradictory to the
duties of a citizen; but those who dare to say,
' out of the Church out of Salvation,' should
be driven from the State, unless the Church
is the State and the Prince the Pontiff. Such
a dogma is only suited to a religious govern
ment; in all others it must be exceeding
ly pernicious."—(Social Contract, 385 Ed.
1791.)
A more respectable authority is Milton,
whose name gives weight to an opinion, al
though it cannot sanctify an error. In his
discourse upon True Religion, Heresy and
Toleration, written with characteristic ability,
he excludes Catholicism from a comprehen
sive charity embracing all shades of protest
ant opinion. Suggesting that popery claims
a two-fold power, ecclesiastical and political,
he submits the question to the civil authori
ties, whether its adherents ought to be toler
ated in view of the public safely. But what
we would not expect from the most liberal
author of his age, is, a denial of toleration in
the exercise of their religion, either public or
private, on the ground of its idolatrous char
ter. Here spoke the fierco, uncompromising
puritanism of the time; but we have only to
proceed, to discover that he does not, as usu
al, follow out his position to its logical re
sults. He rejects corporal punishments and
fines as instruments for eradicatieg opinion,
and contents himself with recommending
the removal of the Mass and Images, and
the reading of the Scriptures among Protest
ants, with mutual forbearance and charily,
and amendment of life.
Other authors are to the same purpose, and
as late as 1780, (near the close of our revolu
tionary war,) when Edmund Burke stood be
fore the electors of Bristol to defend his
course in Parliament, he found it necessary
to bestow his attention mainly 'o his vole for
removing the disabilities of the Catholics,
subjects of the British Crown, upon whom
Parliament had previously rained down Stat
utes intended for their utter extirpation. The
spirit of England for two hundred years had
been one of bitter hostility to the Roman
Church, and occasionally, inflamed by polit
ical excitements, it had placed upon the Stat
ute books of the Kingdom laws which had
their apology only in the circumstances un
der which they were enacted. Nor was the
antipathy to Catholicism confined to die Eng
lish Church by law established. It was yet
more intense among dissenters, and extend
ed 4o those who wer9 members of no Church
i whatever, and with whom political consider
ations were paramount to ecclesiastical. Al
though Protestantism stood upon the princi
ple of toleration, inasmuch as it asserted the
right of private judgment in matters of theol
ogy, the time had not yet come for effectual
ly striking the fetters from opinion and per
mitting truth and error |o grapple without in
terference from the civil power. That was
a sublime act of wisdom and justice, reser
ved in the counsels of Providence for a new
world, then emerging into notice beyond the
Atlantic, whither the children of toil and op
pression should be gathered from the four
quarters of the earth. And here, is due time,
upon American soil, did take root ond grow
up into general acknowledgment, principles
of human brotherhood and common right,
that have form and place in all our Constitu
tions, and have crowned our systems of gov
ernment with blessings and honor. TOLERA
TION OK OPINION, AND EQUALITY OF RIGHTS ;
these are the pillars in our Temple of Liberty
that support the edifice, and the Samsons of
the Lodges will tug at and labor for their pros
tration in vain.
Even England has amended her former pol
icy of intolerance ; and toe will certainly not
go backward to the evil and exploded opin
ions and prejudices of former times. Know
Nothingism is, of necessity, ephemeral, for it
is of darkness and falsehood, and its achiev
ments will add but a brief page to the history
of human folly.
NOTE. From Milton.
" How great a virtue is temperance ; bow
much of moment through the whole life of
man? Yet God commits the managing so
great a trust, without particular law or pre
scription, wholly to the demeanor of every
grown man. And therefore when he him
self tabled the Jews Irom Heaven, that omer
which was every man's daily portion of
manna, is computed to have been more than
might have well sufficed the heartiest feeder
thrice as many meals. For those actions
which eMer into a man, rather than issue out
of bim, and therefore defile not, God uses
not to captivate under a perpetual childhood
of prescription, but trusts him with the gift
ot reason to be his own chooser; there were
but little work left for preaching, if law and
compulsion should grow so fast upon those
things which heretofore were governed only
by exhortation.
"Impunity and remissness lor certain are
the bane of a commonwealth ; but here the
great art lies, to discern in what the law ia to
bid restraint and punishment, and in what
things persuasion only ia to work. If every
action which is good or evil in man at ripe
years were to be under pittance, prescription
and compulsion, what were virtue bv,t a
namo, what praise could be then (joe to well
doing, what gramercy to be sober, just or
continent? Many ther;, are t (, B | oomplain of
divine Providenio for suffering Adam to
transgress. Foolish tongues ? When God
gave him reason, he gave him freedom to
choose, for reason is but choosing; he bad
been else a mere artificial Adam, such an
Adam as he it in the motions. We our
selves esteem not that obedience, or love, or
gift, whioh is of force: God therefore left
him free, set before bim a provoking objeot,
ever almost in his eyes; herein ooneisted his
merit, herein the right of bis reward, the
praise of hit abstinence. Wherefore did he
create passions within us, pleasures round
about u, but that these rightly tempered are
the very ingredients of virtue? They are
not skilful considered of human things who
imagine to remove sin by removing the
matter of sin; for, besides that it is a huge
heap increasing under the very act of dimin
ishing, though some parts of it may for a
time be withdrawn from some persons, it
cannot from all, * * and when this is
done, yet the sin remains entire. Though
ye take from a covetous man all his treas
ure, he has yet one jewel left, ye cannot be
reave him of his covetousness. *
Suppose we could expel sin by this means;
look how much we thus expel of sin, so
much we expel of virtue; for the matter of
them both is the same; remove that and ye
remove them both alike. This justifies the
high Providence of God, who, though he
commands his temperance, justice, conti
nence, yet pours out before us even to a
profuseness all desirable things, and gives us
minds that can wander beyond all limit and
satiety. Why then should we affect a rigor
contrary to the manner of God and nature.
It would be better done to learn that the
law must needs be frivolous, which goes to
restrain things, uncertainly, and yet equally
working to good and to evil. And were I
the chooser, a dram of well doing should be
preferred before many times as much the
forcible hindering of evil doing: For God
sure esteems the growth and completing of
one virtuous person, more than the restraint
of ten vicious."
"Good and evil we know in the field of
this world grow up together almost insepara
bly ; and the knowledge of good is so in
volved and interwoven with the knowledge
of evil, and in so many cunning resem
blances hardly to be discerned, that those
confused seeds which were imposed upon
Psyche as an incessant labor to cull out, and
sort asunder, were not more intermixed. It
was from out the rind of one apple tasted,
that the knowledge of good and evil, as two
twins cleaving together, leaped forth into
the world. And perhaps this is that doom
that Adam fell into of knowing good and
evil; that is to say, of knowing good by evil.
"As therefore the state of man now is,
what wisdom can there be to choose, what
continence to forbear, without the knowl
edge of evil. He that can apprehend and
consider vice with all her bails and seeming
pleasures, and yet -abstain, and yet dis
tinguish, and yet prefer that which is truly
belter, he is the true warfaruig Christian. I
cannot praise a fugitive and cloistered vir
tue, unexercised and unbroalhed, that never
sallies out and seeks her adversary, but
slinks out of the race where that immortal
garlar.d is to be run for, not without dust and
heat. Assuredly we bring not innocence in
to the world, we bring impurity much rather,
that which purifies us is triul, and trial is by
what is contrary. That virtue therefore which
| is but a youngling in the contemplation of
evil, and knows not the utmost that vice
promises to her followers and rejects it, is
but a blank virtue not a pure ; her whiteness
is but an excremenlal whiteness ; which was
the reason why our sage and serious poet,
Spenser, describing true Temperance under
the person of Guion, brings bim in with hia
palmer through the cave of Mammon, and
the bower of earthly bliss, that he might see
i and know, and yet abs'ain."—(Speech for
the Liberty of Unlicensed Printi ig."
And elsewhere our author exclaims:—
"Mark then Judges and Lawgivers, and ye
whose office it is to be our teachers, for I
will utter now a doctrine * * though neg
lected or not understood, yet of great and
powerful importance to the governing of
mankind. He who wisely would restrain
the reasonable soul of man within due
bounds, must first himsell know perfectly,
bow far the territory and dominion extend
of just and honest Liberty. As little must he
offer to bind that which God hath loosened,
as to loosen that which he hath bound.—
The ignorance and mistake of this high point
hath heaped up one huge half of all the avil
that hath been since Adam."
ARRIVAL OF TUB BALTIC^
ONE WEEK LATER FROM EUROPE
NEW YOKE, Sept. 19—HI A. M.
Tiie U. S. Mail Steamship Baltic, Captain
Comstock, with Liverpool dates to the Bth
inst., arrived here about half past 11 o'clock
this evening.
The Baltic brings one hundred and ninety
three passengers, including the newly ap
pointed Spanish Miniter to Washington.
The war news is unimportant. Russia is
again threatening the Tchernaya.
General telegraphs his govern
ment, that they are ready for offensive move
ments again.
The Russians had made a small sortie
from Sebastopol, and destroyed a number of
gabions. They are also actively engaged in
bridging the harbor to remove their defences
to the north side in the event of the south
side being taken.
There are more rumors of new negotia
tions at Vienna.
Sir Chatles Napier publishes a correspon
dence with Sir Jamea Graham, showing that
he (Napier) only carried out government or
ders in not attacking Cronstadt.
Serious difficulties are reported to%xist be
tween the Neapolitan and British govern
ments, for which Naplea ia immediately
be called to account.
Fergus O'connor, One of the leader* of the
Chartists, and wb,o, some years since, was
exiled for participating 100 conspicuously in
lbv',r movements, is dead.
The Queen, after leaving Paris, repaired
to her Highland reaidenoe, at Balmoral, Scot
land.
Cholera ia said to rage in Italy to a fright
ful extent.
Tbe Bank of England has increased its
rate of discount from 3} to 4 peroent.
A POLITICAL REVOLUTION.—The Portland
Argus mentions as a significant fact, that an
far as the returns have been received, but
one person who voted in fav or of the present
liquor law has been returned to the Legisla
ture.
A GOOD SUPPLY—A farmer in Fayette
county, Kentucky, has raised, this year, up
wards of nine thousand barrels of potatoes.
SAFETY GATE FOR RAILROAD CROSSING!.—
Mr. Lawrence Myers has invented a gate for
aborting off travel from a railroad crossing
wbila the locomotive Is in dangerous prox
imity, which seems to obviate most of the
objections raised to such contrivances. The
gate is attached to an endless chain which
crosses • pulley at any required distance
from the crossing necessary to safely. The
pulley is attached to a abaft lying across and
under the track. The buffer in front of the
locomotive presses upon the pulley, the chain
moves and the gete elides, by the side of the
track, across the road froir. which tbe car
riages approach the railroad. After passing
the croaaing the locomotive presses another
pulley attached in the same way to the gate,
and the latter is moved back to lta place. It
is intended to place the working apparatus
deep enough in the ground to avoid any im
pebiment from frost. The motion of fSe
gate may be regulated by means of a cog.
which is placed on tbe pulley shaft to sui|
the speed of the locomotive, and not involve
a croaaing carriage m the danger of being
caught by the gate. A bell may be also at
tached to the work to give warning before
the gale begins to move at all.— Ledger.
iy IMPORTANT TO THE LADIES.
Dr. GEISSNER'S Celebrated Menstrual Pills
have been long and widely known as invari
ably certain in removing any stoppage, irreg
ularity, or suppression of the menses.
In (he female hospitals in Vienna, Paris,
and Berlin, they have entirely superseded the
use of all other remedies; because, where s
cure is attainable by medicinal agencies,
they are certain of success. Their astonixh
-1 nig efficacy would be almost incredible, if
not vouched for by indubitable testimony, in
numerous instances producing returns of the
monthly period after all hope had been aban
doned.
In every case, from whatever cause the ob
struction may arise, as also to prevent preg
nancy where r.e health will not admit ol in
crease of family, they are always efficient ;
for which reason they must not he used du
ring pregnancy, though always mild, healthy,
sale and certain in their effects.
Married ladies will find particular instruc
tions in the directions, iu which are staled
the various symptoms by which the cause of
the suppression may he determined.
Price, One Dollar per Box, containing ex
plicit directions.
Each box will be signed by Dr R.G. Ueiss
ner.
Principal Office, 1274 Liberty Street, Now
York Cny.
Responsible agents will be appointed for
their tale as soon as practicable. In the
mean lime, all orders are to be addressed to
Dr. U. G. Geissner, 1274 Liberty Street. New
York City, or to box 2156 N. Y. Post 6ffice,
and u box will be sent by return mail, as
they are put op in sealed envelope*, and can
be sent with the strictest privacy to any part
of the United States.
CAUTION TO r.nDtes.
As various not only ineffective hot injuri
ous compounds purporting to be " Female
Pills," under all kinds of frames as " Iron
Pills," "Silver Pills," "Golden Pills," " Peri
odical Pills," kc. are attempted to he palmed
off upon the credulous or onwary, it is only
necessary for ladies to be on their *uard
against die attempted imposition, and in all
cases where there is no authorized agent lor
the sale of Dr. Geissner's Menstrual Pills,"
to order direct from him by mail, by return
of which a box will be sent. [29 —ly
Agenh —Geo. Ross, Lebanon ; E. T. Mil
ler, York; 8. Allernan, Harrishnrg; D. H.
Jones & Co., Harrisburg ; C. Weigley. Mill
bach.
IMPORTANT TO FEMALES—Dr.CIIEESEMARS'
PlLL*.—The combinations of ingredients in
these fills, is the result of a long slid ex.
tensive practice; thry arc rnild in their oper
ation, 91.d certain in restoring natuco to ite
proper channel. In every instance h.ive th*
Pills proved successful. The fills inveria
bly open those obstructions to which females
are liable, anil bring nature into its proper
channel, where),y haath is restored, and tho
pole and deadly countenance changed to a
healthy one, No female can enjoy good
health unless alio is egutai ; and whenever
en obstruction lakes place, whether from ex
posure, cold, or any other cause, the general
health immediately begins to decline, end tbe
want of such a remedy has beer, the cause of
so many consumptions among young female.
To ladies whose health will not permit an in
crease of iheir family, those Pills will prove
a valuable acquisition, as they will prevent
pregnancy. Headache, pain in the side, pal
pitation of the heart, loathing of food, and
disturbed sleep do most alvvavs arise from the
iulorruplion of nature; and whenever that ia
the case, the Pills will invariably remedy all
these evils. Nor aro they less efficacious in
the cure of Leucoirhoea, commonly called the
"Whiles," These fills should never bo te.
ken during pregnanry, as they would be sura
to a miscarrigae. Waranted to lie purelr
Vegetable, and free from anything injurious lo
life or health. Full and explicit directions
a .company each box.
These Pills are put up in square flat boxea.
Parous residing where (hero are no ageney
eslablishrJ, by enclosing One Dollar in a let
ter postpaid to Dr. C. L. Cheeeeman, No. 267
Blocker street, New York City, can have them
sent to their respective addresses by return of
mail.
On the 16th inßt., by Rev. W. Goodrich,
Mr. PIIENIS SITLKR, of Light Street, and Miss
SUSANNAH BISIIUNE, of Benton tup., Colum
bia county.
On the evening of the 22nd inat., by the
same. Mr. JOHN DOTV, of Benton lowaahip,
and Miss SUSAN FRAVELY, of Orangeville,
Columbia oounty.
On the same evening, by (he same, Mr.
JACOB BRIGHT, and Mr*. CATHARINE AUL,
both of Bloomsburg, Col. county.
On tho 13th inst., by J. F. Fowler, Ecq.,
Mr. THOMAS MCGARVY, of Munoy Creek, Ly
coming oountv, to Mia* MATILDA DEFOE, of
Fishingcreek, Columbia ooun'y,
_ a&aaa&q
In Berwick, on Sunday last, Mrs. EMILY
OWEN, wife of Hudson Owen, aged about 35
years.
Bf 8. M. PETTENGILL & Co., Advertising
Agents, No. 119 Nassau Street, New York,
and 10 State Street, Boston, are authorised to
receive and reneipt for advertisements and
subscription to this paper.
Wood's Ornamental Iron Works,
Hidge Avenue, Philadelphia.
THE attention of the inhabitants of Penn
sylvania are invited to th e extensive Manufar.
Tory end Ware rooms of the subscriber,*who is
prepared te furnish at the shortest notice, Iron,
Railing of every description, far Cemeteries!
public end private buildings . aba Verenddfl
Fountains, Chain, Settees, Lions,
other ornamental iron works of decorative
aetc-. Purchaser, ma) rely on
ticle, carefully boxed and shipped to
tination. A book of designs will be
io those wishing to make selections.
ROBERT
Ridge Avenue, btlovi Spring Go^H
BeptPtnbft 18S5

xml | txt