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THE STAR OF THE NORTH-
IfHFtfrifrWir.] VOLUME 7. THE STAR OF THE NORTH I> PUBLISHED EVERT THURSDAY MORNINU BT R. W. WI AVKR, OFFICE— Up etnirt, in Ike fists brick build ing, an the tovth tide of Main Steert, third equate below Market. H BTwo Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the time of sub scribing ; two dollars tad filly cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a leaa period than six monies ; no i discontinuance permitted until all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS nol exceeding one square will be inserted tbrae times for One Dollar and twenty-five cents for each additional in sertion. A liberal discount will be made to •hoa^vh^^dtrertise^b^llv^ear^^^^^^^ SSESMF INMMEMr. NOTHING L LOST. Nothing iv let a the drop of de# • Which tremble# on tbe leaf or flower la bnt exhaled to fall anew In summer's thunder.shower; Perchance to shine within the bow Thtt fronts tbe sun at fall of day; Perchanca to sparkle in the flow Of fountains far away. Nothing is lost; the tiniest teed, By wdd birds borne or breezes blown, Finds something suited to itt need, Wherein 'tie sown or grown. Tbe language of aonte household song, The perfume of some cherished flower, Though gone from outward sense, belong To momoi/'e after hour. So wdh oor words; nr harsh or kind, Uttered, they at* net all forgot; Tbey leave their influence on tbe mind, Pas* on, bat perish not! So with our deeds; for good or ill They have their pow'r scarce understood, Then let os use our belter will To make them rife with good ? A PRAIHIK ItIDK. at iiaagr WARD BEECHER. Leaving Chicago we came to Milwankie, Wiaconsin, one of the most beautiful places for residence, that we have anywhere met. The streets are wide, well laid out, and indi cate good taate in buildings. The pnrticn of tbe city lying upon the bluff in the vicinity of the lake is extremely beautiful, nor do we know of any situation that can surpass tbe lota which overlook the crescent harbor. The day was pure, clear, bright and bracing. The lakeewelled out in the distance like an ocean, and we thought that, if Naples had a bay that was more beautiful than this harbo: aeemed on that afternoon, it is no wonder that all the world praised i. Milwankie brick is already famous. But the specimens in New York must not be taken as a fair rep resentation of it Indeed, we are informed that the brick employed in New York were not from Milwaukie. The color is a very delicate buff, said to be owing to the absence of iron and the presence of sulpbar in the city. When face brick are selected with are, and well laid, the effect is extremely fine. Building atone not dissimilar iu col or abounds, and makes Milwaukie a moat favored otty for all architectural purposes. On Monday we crossed a portion ol the State towards Madison, tbe capiiol, of which every one spoke with enthusiasm as a place of tare natural beauty; bnt our errand took via another way, and diverging from the road to Janesville, and took a light covered bug gy for a thirty mile* ride across the prairies through Beloit to Rockford. A very nice pair of grays had been fnrnished os by a model iivery-stable keeper, and we made the dis tance in a little more than fonr hours. Near Rocktown we overtook three team* in a row, •n empty farm wagon, a buggy, and a car. riage with two lean, short, rough looking hor ses. We shot past the first two, never dream ing a challenge, but only wishing to make onr own time. Tbe lean horses, however, in the foremost carriage, receiving a hint from their driver, took up the matter, and ia a moment, we found ourselves, in a very gen teel way, raoiag. It would not do. There was something in Ibeae ugly looking horses that seemed to prevent onr passing. The driver was excited. At every suitable place he made a daab to paaa them. At every en deavor the shark-like team in the easiest way possible shot ahead. Their driver never looked around. But a fallow who sat by him glanced out aide ways, without moving bia head, to read the probable capacity of onr grey*. Our driver wa* quite incensed at tha smile that the fellow kept upon hi* round red face. As so we sped for several miles, watching chanoea, dashing forward but gain, ing nothing, then subsiding, antl falling be hind into the elond of dual thai rolled up from hoof and wheal. *" Oar driver wee not 10 be vsnquitfced. "If I 'oil choose to let 'em out, I could go by My enough, the l' ,r " P l ** o * ,D) * rt neg*. But I don'l mutt-iC leara > he ' eidee, ildon'l look well to ee dac* nt peOP" racing aod running at Ibat rate"—and, IK\I driving up within bail, be oalli out, "I aay, gentlemen, I with you would let ua go by. We have a long ride and want lo travel fester than you don." At that', the men in the oth er vehicle promptly pulled up, *aying, "Cer tainly, go a haad." No sooner were we by, tban our Iriib friend began to m'oralixe.— "That'* the way to treat these fellowe.— They've got no manner*, or they would not bave bothered u ra. Bat tbere'e no use in getting them angry. lost epeak to them fair and if they are a bit decent they will be obli ging. They might bave hindered ue all the 1 way, if 1 had not ssked tbem eo, though, if I bad ehdeen lo let out the bone*, I could have rib by tbem t" and in that etrain he ran on for tome lime, sometimes inveighing and sometimes praising.. For myself I quite admired the shsggy horses, for their brave main (ensure of tneir own rights, ft is not tbo first time thai ! have found starling qual ities under a very rough exterior. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, f A.. THURSDAY. NOVEMBER 22, 1855. The rolling prairies of Wisconsin are ex tremely fine. The toil is said by lllinoisant to be less strong end lasting than Illinois prai ries, but I cannot say whether this is so, or only a little natural self-laudation of Bueker dom. But, certainly no prairie country can be more beaotifol than this. Rockfoid is one of those spohlaneous towns ol which the north west is so full. A few years ago it was a hamlet—now a thriving city. Like all new places, there is a great deal of roughness and many .an all and un sightly dwellings. A few years will ohange all this. Already several dwellings have been erected that would not suffer in com parison with the villais on the Hudson, and many substantial residencaa are posted bare and there upon the finest site#, giving token I learn a fact in regatd to the manufacturing of Reapers, which will give some idea of the use made of them in the wed. One manufactory here, Manny's, has made the last year 3000 reapers, amount ing to about <400,000 worth! This is but on* factory, and many others exist in the State. Every farmer of means expects to own a reaper and mower as much a* a plow or harrow. From Rockfield to Freeport, is another flour, iahiaig city and from Freeport, upon the Illi nois Central Rail Road, through tha wonder ful prairies to Bloomington and Springfield. I had crasaed the State, ia years pail, from east to west, but never bad I traversed the prairies from north to south. And no one can have ths slightest conception of land un til he rides twenty-four hour* upon the cars at express rates, and all the while through endless stretching prairies! This is indeed Grand Prairie! North of the Illinois river it is rolling prairies; but south of that river, it ia very level. On either hand you may look out from the cars and tee the far horizon without a bush, shtub or tree. Then comes a faint blue edge to the horizon, which the experienced eye know* to be timber. It grows Polder and more distinct: it emerges as vnu are whirled along, and you come up on its skirts pass on, plunge again into the plains and lose sight of forest and Lush again, and have only the wide roond sphere of brown uninhabited praines. For, early frosts bad sealed the summer's work with its sig net. The flowers were gone, the grass was russeted, the whole land lay read) for win ter. Thus hour after honr, hour after hour, morning, noon and night, we sped and never cleared the prairies! Since this road has been opened, the lands are rapidlv selling, and a few tears will make Central Illinois populous, in spite of the want of wood and stone, which, bnt for this road, wonld scarcely bave been distributed for a hundred years to come. As we saw occasional horsemen moving across the plain, or slow rolling carriages, it brought back the times, some twelve or fif teen years ago, when we made jnst such pil grimages. Then, as now, there waathe feel ing that we were upon the ocean. A scene of its ahorelessness, it* wide so'.itnde, the helplessness of a single man moving alore across a vast plain outreacbing all eyesight, resembles the feeling of one in a little boat in the midst of the Atlsnlio ocean. We welt remember the perfect intoxica tion of our enthusiasm when we first saw a prairie. It was so early in the season, that the ground was sheeted vArith flowers. We rnde for hours knee-deep id color. Each va riely seemed to keep to itself. One color would spread out over five hundred acres.— Then another would begin, and ran a belt for miles. Thus pink, scarlet, red, yellow in turn held sway, and filled ar.d dazzled the eye, until one seemed color-drunk. But now there were no flowers. Only coarse grass. But even that was grateful to the sight.*— From Ike New York Independent. TUB KNOW-NOTHING OATHS. Extracts from the Address on know-Noth ingism delivered at Lancaster, Pa., on the 24th of September, by Col. JOHN W. FOB NET. " There can be no offence more harrowing thaiwthat of perjury. The vow taken in the sight of God, and broken in the sight of man, cortodes in the conscience forever. Perjury it the apparition which compels the corrupt witness to speak the truth, and the whole truth. Perjury is the keen-vengeance whioh pursues the shrinking gnilty soul through all the avennes of life, and is satiated only when that soul escapes to its God. But who would have believed, before this midnight conspi racy afflicted our country, that a political par ty would assume the right to enforce its ex trajudicial oaths bj holding over its victims •o the terror Of perjury! Who ever heard before that a man's hope of redemption was lost because he would not, or could.not ful fill g vow to proscribe bia fellow beings!— because would not drive boma the steel whetted to aasassi.nste tbe reputation of bia uninitiated friend !—because be had fled from the recesses of an underground lodge, which had been dedicated to intolerance and wrong! And yet it ia notorious that (he admitted member of this order ia oath bound to obey its decrees on a penalty of "being denounced aJ a ifiitful traitor to kit God and kit country,'' and that be is nail assured by tbe high priest Of tbe conspiracy ibat for lb# violation of hit oaths, "tkt deep and blighting stem of perjury will i tet on k 4 soul." I have already specified some of the works to which be is oomihitted from the moment he enters one . of these caves of psrseoution, and whiob he must accomplish, or be "denounced as a traitor to bis God and bis oonntry." It is a new thing in 'the history of American par ties to Mo men assuming obligations to pro cri be other*, their equal*, and often their neighbor*, and consenting to the imputation of peijnry should tbey fail or or falter In tfaia piou* pastime. Men have taken oaths te destroy their country's oppressors, and Heaven haa appro ved the sot The angnst ceremonial wbioh inaugurated and completed the Declaration of Independence was made in the right of an approving God, and if ever eaeh appro val was given, it consecrated the immortal vow. But are our fellow-freeman, whom we meet in the daily walks of life, oppress ors and enemies, that we should crawl into corner* to take oaths against them, fsil iog in which the sin of perjury is to rest on our souls 1 No good angel blesses await ir reverence i go virtue is to bgeteejjy it; no But I will ask whether the profsao oath I bave quoted, and the equally profane as sumption of punishing the violation of auob an oath should not call down the thunders of indignant protest from every christian pol pit in the land? Instead of turning their thoughts upon the imaginary dangers of a distant prelate, whose power to affect our happy institutions would be as ineffectual as the attempt ol the naked King of the- Mos quito coast to captnre Gibraltar ; instead of inciting a political party in its work of de nunciation arid disfranchisraent—as has been the case with too many of the professing fol lowers of the meek and lowly Saviour—( humbly refer them to the spectacle of vast multitudes ol men wallowing in tha most reokless oaths, glorying in tha most aban doned persecutions, and arrogantly assuming the right to punish rebellion to their standard, by hurling the anathema of perjury, ae if they were delegated vicegerents of God on earth. Surely no American citizen, however deep ly prejudiced againat an opposing creed, can for a moment be misled by tha plat that this midu.ght order, with all ita professions, bs* advanced true religion. Tbe ritual and platform of the order both declare their be lief in "a Supreme Being" as an essential preliminary. But tKere ia great reason to fear that tbe managers want nobody else lo worship God save themselves, and thai their klea of a deity ia of one who expects, lo be propitiated by acts of deceit and sbame. A party which excludes a Catholic and admits a Mormon, which does not hesitate to follow the lead ol many whose deeds and words are at war with every idea of religion—auob a party cannot long delude any portion ol in telligent citizens with empty profession of P '7er ,if there be perjury anywhere, those who violate an obligation like the following, in the Pennsylvania Bill of Rights, will bare some trouble to purge themselves : " That all men have a natural and inde feasible right to worship Almighty God ac cording to the dictates of their own consci ence; that no man can, of right, be compelled to attend, ereot, or support any place of wor ship, or to maintain any ministry, against his consent; that oo human authority can, in any case whatever, control or interfere with the rights of conscience; and that no prefer ence be given to any religious establishment* or modes of worship. " That no person who acknowledges the being of a Cod and a future state of re wards and punishments shall, on account of his religious sentiments, be disqualified to hold any office or place of trust or profit un der this Commonwealth." I beg you to contrast this with the oath of the midnight order. We are told it is per jury in a know-nothing to violate that oath. And here is an obligation more solemn, more binding, more essential to society, which in some of its parts are set at nought by thousands of know nothings—and this, too, without complaint or condemnation from those ministers ol the Gospel who belong to the order, and who themselves practice tbe I evil they should condemn in others. I h hat been said (hat, while the adopted I cititen likes an balk to support, the know noihibg takes an oath to violate (be Ameri can Constitution. And thermite Of (bisfeck lessneaa are full of terrible significance. A direct result of the secret obligations of the order may be fonnd in the bloody 10mulls of Louisville, and in the exoeasetol this know nothings in other large cities. To AUch an extent has public indignation been ekciled against the profane and familiar resort to ex- I Ira-judicial oaths, ahd the invariable appeal to force and fraud at the ballat-boles, (hat in portions of the Union the order hSa delib erately discarded alike its Secrecy and its obligations. This has been the case in Ala bama, Georgia, Louisiana and South Caroli na. The very fact that the oath of the Order tends to bring into contempt the higher obli gations imposed by the Constitution and the laws proves that it is not binding upon those who are deluded into an assumption of it.— But it is no less clear that in many places, ibis oath, imposed with all the forms of mid night secrecy, has bad a disastrous effeot up on those who bave.accepied it. So far from contributing to the strength of the order, it has been one of the principal causes of its rapid decay. Reported to for the purpose of consnmmating the schemes of men who oould not obtain advancement from other partlea, bat who were able to pack majori ties in these secret societies, it becomes a galling yoke to tbe more reepeeiabte mem ber*, and, as may be well conceived, baa ended by driving, otrt the best and leaving (he lodges in the Oontrot of the worst. If ay, take a member of tbta order, one who >a known to have accepted Its obligations, and suddenly demand of bim whether he is ou taohedtoit, and observe with bow much oonfnshm and shame ha will attempt to de- Tnrtfc u4 *t*M r —Wtrj*. • ny, of indirsotly admit the fact. Tbat min ister* of God should, in the ostensible desire of promoting the spread of , the doctrines of Christiaoity, embarfclwitb those who are committed to . these obligations; that they should cheerfully assume companionship with men besotted in intellect and led cdp tive by vice and fraud; and that they should ait silent and see not ordy. their Catholic fal low beings, but their own neighbors, (even thoss concurring with them io religious be lief, who do not belong to the order, stricken down ormsrked out as ft were, for execution, almost passes comprehension. It cannot be doubted that the nisnnqt in which these obit gat ions have been insisted upon, and tha vi olence with which tbo demand* of the pledg ed nddcigbt majority bsve bwmconsumma rpwfwrt. i k,i iiijuge -many of 4he*e lodges into Pandemonifims upon earth ; con trolled, not by intellect and virtue, but by men who have become skilled in tbe practi ces at first so bitterly denounced by their leaders and now almost ectirely abandoned by tbe old parties. Oaths employed to sanc tion and strengthen practices like these are nbll and void in tbe sight of Heaven aa soon as they are taken; and the frequency with which they are repudiated by those who have reluctantly assumed them shows con clusively tbat the idea of thair binding effica cy is being rapidly dissipated. Shakspeare expresses tbe whole doctrine in the second part of King Henry VI: " Is is a great sin to swear unto a sin, But a grsatsr sin to keep a sinful oath Who can be bound by any solemn vow To do a murderous deed, to rob a man, To force a spotless virgin's chastity, To reave the orphan of patrimony, To wring the widow from her costumed rights And bare no other rdison for this wrong But that ba was bound by solemn vo'w !" PICTURE OF YOUNG AMERICA. A vary uncertain, mysterious, inexplicable creature is a boy—who can define him! I will try. A boy is tha spirit of mischief embodied. A perleot teetotum, spinning a round like a jenny, or tumbling beels over head. He invariably goes through 'bo pro cess of leaping every chaw in his reach; makes drumheads of the doors, turns the tin pens into cymbals; takes the beat kaivesont to dig worms for bait, And loses thera; bunts up the molasses cask, and laavss the molas ses running; is boon companion to tbe sugar barrel; searches up all :h* pie and preserve* left from supper, and eats them: goes tn the apples every ten minutes; bides his old cap in order to wear his best mje; cms his boots aeoHlenielly, if be wants pair; tears his clothes for fun ; jumps into the puadles lor sport, ar.d for ditto tracks yair carpels, marks your furniture, pinches the baby, wor ries the nurse, ties fire crackers to the kit ten's tail, drops his school books in the gut ter, while'he fishes with a pin, pockets his schoolmaster's "specks," and finally turns a sober household upside down if he CMS his finger. He is a provoking and unproroking torment, especially to his sisters. He don't I pretend to much until be is twelve. Then begins the rage for frock coats, blue eyes, curly hair, white dresses, imperfect rhymes and dickies. At fourteen he is "too big" to split wood or go for water; and at the time these interesting offices ought to be perform ed, contrives to be invisible—whether con cealed in the garret, with some old worm eaten novel for company, eeeonced on the wood pile learning legerdemain, or bound off oo some expedition that turns out to be more deplorable than explorable. At fifteen he has tolerable experience of the world - but from sixteen to twenty, may we clear the track when he's in eight. He knows more than Washington; expresses his opinion with the decision of Beo Franklin ; makes np hii mind that he was bom to rule the world, and lay the track of creation; thinks Providence is near sighted, understands theology and the science of the pronosn 1; informs his father that Gnu. Jackson fought ths memo rable battle of New Orleans; asks his min ister if he dont oonsider the Bible a little 100 orthodox. In other words knows more than he will know again. Just hail ona of these young specimens "boy," si sixteen, how wrathy ha gets I If he does not answer you precisely as tha little urchin did who angrily exclaimed, " Dont call me boy, I've smoked ihese two Jfears," he will give yoii i with ering look ibat is. meant to aohitilata you, turn on bis heel, and with a curl of the lip mutter disdainfully, "Who do you ball a boy!''addob! the emphasis! But jesting aside, an honest, blunt, metry mischievous boy is something to be proud of, whether aa brother or sob ; for, in all his good heart gets the batter of him and leads him to repent ance; and be sure he will rstnmamber his faults— at least five taioutm.— Mxk. Mary A. Davit. Why do Teeth HWTi All the theories that lime aid again have ! been advanced in answer to this inquiry, have long since vanished before the true doc trine of the ac ion of external corrosive agents. Thd great and all-powerful dettrOyer of the human teeth is acid, vegetable ana mineral, and it matters not whether'hh acid is formed in the mouth by the decomposition of pani cles of food left between and around the teeth, or whether it is applied direc'iy to the organs themselves; the result is the same, the en amel is dissolved, corroded, and the tooth de stroyed. Much, very much Of the decay in teeth rosy be attributed to the' corrosive ef fects of ascetic acid, which is" not only io common use as a condiment in the form of Jinegmr, but is generated by the decay and ecomposition of any Bnd every variety of vegetable matter. When we Consider now very CBW persons, comparatively, take espe cial pains to remove every particle of food from between and around their teeth imme- diately after eating, Can we wonder that dis eased teeth ant so common, and that their early loss is so frequently deplored 1 From Household Word*. JUDGE NOT. Judge not the working of hi* brain, And of Itik heart thou om'it not MO, What look* to thy dim eya stain, In God's pore light may only be A sear, brought from some well-won field, Where thon would'st only faint and yield. Tbe look, Ibe air, tbat frets thy sight, May bs a token that below The soul has closed in deadly fight With some internal fiery foe [grace, Whose glance would sooroh thy smiling And eaM thee shuddering on thy face ! Tbe fall thott detest 10 despise— May be the slackened angel's band Has snffered it that be may rise And take a firmer, surer stand .* Qr, trusting less to earthly things, May hepeefortk team to imp his wings. And Jud|te node lost, but wait, and see With hopeful pity, not disdain ; The depth of tbe abyss may be The measure of the height of pain, And love and glory that may raise Tbe soul to God in after days! fOUD AND FINANCES IN FKANCE. THE PRESENT AND THE FUTURE. The Merchants' Magazine for November devotes quite an elaborate article to the sub ject. The writer endeavors to show tbat fi nance and food have been migtty agen's, which five timet in tbe course of sixty years have revolutionized France; and hurled from their seat of power, despots, kings, and re publicans. He than proceeds to show the causes that produced tbe tevolutiona of 1789, 1802, 1830; 1848, and 1861. It ia not neoes tary for us to recapitulate these in detail, but the question—what ia likely to be the future of France! is well calculated to arrest atten tion. It Is argued that every revolution that has overthrown the rulers of has been proceeded by a war, and (hat within a short time, Government has effected loans, which will add aizty-one millions of francs to the yearly expenses of France. Add to this fact, she one that the floating debt at the present time is 760,000 franos, that the sink ing fund is suspended, and that 110,000,000 francs will have to be added to the budget of 1858, and we have tn idea tbat the slender thread upon which hangs the tranquility of France, for she is approaching toward finan cial embarrassments that are inevitable, and which a year of famine will accelerate, and aid in producing and causing another revolu tion. In a single month war has reduced tbe bullion in her bank >8,000,000, and already commercial revulsions a:e beginning to oc cur in all parte of the empire. One year of scarcity would now be but tbe precursor to another revolution. Let ns herd remark that it is not the fickleness of the .people tbat pro duces these changes, but it results from the peculiar position of the nation, owing to the subdivision of its landed property. " We have already alluded to tbe extent of these divisions in 1815, and judging from that date there am at present in France 17,000,- 000 landed proprietors, most of whom are too poor to ever taste of meat, and who eke out but a miserable subsistence. The result of this system is that France hat no "extra ordinary resources" on which to draw incase < of war, for if she were to levy upon land a tax of >25,000,000 to support the war, it would bear directly upon 17,000,000 of her people, while in England It wonld only affect 70,000 owners of the soil. Thus England doubles her land tax of >31,000,000 in a single year, I and yet it produces ouly wordy debates, but if France was to increase bers >6,000,000, it would almost insure a revolution, for in tbe last case it would lake bread from the mouths of 10,000,000 people, while in the first it would reach the pockets of 2,000 English farmers, who own 2,000,'000 acres, and 67,- 000 more who own the same extent. The difference in '.be nation's resources explains the stability of the one and changes of the other, and while England in sixteen years has taken off taxes from her people to the amount of >90,000,000, France has ishad hers only >3,000,000. The one has exhausted her ospabiliiiaa of great taxation upon land by ita subdivisions, the other has increased hers by preventing even a political division of the soil. Suob is France's posi tion in regard to taxation and war. •' Let us look at her supply of food. So inadequate, even in years of plenty, is her mesns of supplying food for her people that 400,000 ehaanul trees are depended on as one means of furnishing subsistence to her citizens, and as our table will show, she has now no longer the means of furnishing con stantly an adequate siippljr of food for her in habitants. A frost destroys ber chestnut crop, and annihilates in a single night 8,(KM),000 bushels of food, tthile a week's storm, as in 1788 and 1847, destroys a whole harvest, and incites bat people to revolution. She ia reach ing the acme in her financial affairs, and be yond which she cannot pass, and each day widens the grasp betwaan her own demand and home supply ol food. Revolutions upon her soil need no human propagandists. They come with hsil, frost, and blight, deficits In budgets, new taxes upon land, aod new drains upon labor. Quietude to France id an im possibility—nature herself wats against it.— Har rulers also prevent it, and five govern ments bava been overturned upon ber soil, because war embartasaed the finances and nature dksttoyed her food. The same migh ty, invincible agents sfa note at work in her capital; war is oreatir.g deficit* in ber treas ury and taxes for ber people, and her future, like ber past, id to be marked with eueoee eiva revolutions, and the active unceasing agents that will surely produce tbem will be Finance and Famine.'' This is, indeed, a startling view of an im portant subject, and although it may be ex aggerated, it is entitled to dtfe considera tion THE FRENCH SOLDIER. Ths French are essentially a military peo ple, and we fear, It most be added, they pre fer military glory lit civil freedom. In Franee, whenever wai oocurs, it assumes an intellec tnal complexion, and officers apd men de vote to it all their vivacioos energy end strength-. The French, like the Roman sol diers, are ioured to fatigoa end hardened by exorcise. Drilled to walking at quick paces and carrying heavy burdens, to olimb deep acclivities, and to creep along the eides of precipioea, tbey are early taught that success in warfare is a more constant attendant on boldness, intelligence, address and audacity, than on mere nnmbere and brute foree. The military art, in troth, becomes among tbe Freash a nations! sod pstriotio sentiment, and every feeling, thought and aspiration of the soldier is bound np in the service of his country. No nation is so vain of military successes as the French, and this if one of the reasons .why they more easily become solJiers than other men. Tbe Frenchman is by nature and disposition a campaigner. He is of an eager and adventurous disposition, gay, joound and somewhat reckless, and dis posed to make the best of everything in.this world below. No man more easily accom modates himeelt to circumstances, or makes himself more at home in a strange land. He. is an excellent marcher, an excellent forager, and above all, an excellent cook. He oan bake and roast and stew, and make sauces and dress egg, and creates omule-s in scores of ways. He can dam hie own stockings, patch his own coat, and mend bis own small clothes; wash his ahirt in a running brook, or cobble his shoes in the shade of a tree.— He can hut himself with the ingenuity of a beaver, pitch his tent in a salubrious spot, and sing and dance with real light-hearted nesa to drive dull ears away. He can subsist on much less than would satisfy an English man, nor is it necessary he should always have butoher'a meat at hia dinner, like our countryman "John-" With vegetables and bread, with a little cheese, a little pottage and the pot-au-feu, with an onion, a carrot and clove of garlic, and a few apples or ches nuts, or with the stoic's fare a radish and an egg. Crapaud will make a satisfying if not a very solid meal, where Bull would either starve or become useless from sulk, grumble or emptiness of stomach. Modem Dictionary. Author—A dealer in words who gets paid in bit own coin. Bargain—A very ludicrous transaction in which each party thinks he has cheated the other. Belle—A beautiful but useless insect with out wings, whose colors fade on being remo ved from the sunshine. Critic—A Isrge dog that goes unchained, and barks at everythiug he does not compre •head. Distant Relation—People who imagine tbey have a claim to rob vou if you are rich and insult you if you are poor. Doctor—A man who kills you to-day to save you from dying to-morrow. Editor—A poor fellow, who every day is emptying his brain in order that he may fill his stomach. Feat—The shadow of hope. Friend—A person who will not assist you because Its knows your love will excuse him. ugly hole in the ground, which lovers and poets wish they were in, but take Uncommon pains to keep out of. Heart—A rare articte sometimes found in human beings. It is soon however destroy ed by commerce with the worltor also be comes fatal to its possessor. Honor —Shooting a friend whom yod love tbfough the head, in order to gain the praise ttf a few others whom you despise. Housewifery—An ancient art said to have been fashionable among girla and wives; now ' entirely out of use or practiced only by tbe lower orders. Lawyer—A learned gentleman, who res cues your estate from your enemy and keeps it himself. Modesty—A beautiful flower that floarish estinly in secret places. My Dear—An expression said to be used by a man and wife at tbe commencement of a quarrel. Policeman—A men employed by the cor poration to sleep in the engine houses at three dollars per night. Political Honesty—Previous lexicographers do not notice thia word, treating it, we pre sume, altogether as fabulous—for definition, aee eel/interest. Public Abuse—The mud with which ev ery traveller it spattered on hia road to dis tinction. Rural Felicity—Potatoes, turnips and cab bage*. Sensibility—A quality by which its posses sor, in attempting to promote tbe happiness of other people, loses his own. State's Evidence—A wretch who is par doned for being baser than bis comrades. Tongue—A little horse that is oohtinuslly running away. Wealth—Tbe most respectable qas'ity of man. * <■>. New IMVMTIOW.—A Tanked down East haa invented a machine for corking up day light, which will eventually succeed gas. He oovere tbe interior of a Sour barrel with •hoe maker'* wax—holds h open to the son, then suddenly heads up the barrel. The light I slicks to the wax, and at night ein be cut I out in " lota to sail purchasers!" 1 a l ** mum 1 [Tf Mar* ft Mm* NUMBER 44. MEDICAL StJRRAftt. Five persons rocently died in NjWW (lamp shire at the respective ages of lift, 'lit, 116, 117, and 120 yeira.-~.Poof. Kscherich, of Wrorsburg, has just published tab!— estab lishing that thfe mortalhy Is greater amongst medical men than in other professions three fourths die before the age of fifty, end ten elevenths before sixty The Boss on Medical and Suigical Journal is down upon "baby-showa."—-The Reformers ef fnj ton county, Illinois, have organized a Med ical Society. Amdng the active members we see the names of out friends and patrons Dra, Burson and Biker.— Profosaor W- U Cook, of Cincinnati, is preparing for the people a series of Medical Pacts* Th*tttf. "What is Medicine V'—a four paged tract ie now ready.—A case is reported in the September number of the ''Physitf-Medicel Recorder," by Dr. Watkins of Hancock jco., Ohio, of the placenta being retained four days. Ten days after delivering the wontau was about the houee.-^—Dr. Archibald Ax nott, Napoleon's last Medical attendant, died in Europe, a short time since in the 84th year of his age ——Our friends Drs. Wm. Nash ind M. M. Canrtbn have fallen victims to the Norfolk epidemic. They were members of the Middle Slates Society, anp had obtained enviable .reputations as phys icians. -'Louiflas, a physician of Bruges, reports that his own wife had submitted seven times to' the Catsarian operation.— The Surgeon of the Steamer Tiger, Doctor Domville, taken by the Russians, proceed ed, amid shot and shell, and while the ship was on fire, to amputate at the Hip jomt. Dr. Joel Shew, one Of the pioneer writers and practitioners of Hydropathy in thia country, died on the Bth of October, in the 40th year of his age. ■ The human lungs are said to contain seventeen hundred mil lion of cells. The chap who found out that secret must had a good time a counting.—— What is that which every dne wishes to have, and which every one desires to get rid of the moment he obtains it? A good ap petite.—A child twq and a half years old, whom benefloent nature, in Otte of her strange freaks, had endowed with two hands upon one arm, was lately relieved Of one of the appendages, and from the superfluous hand, enough flesh Was desected to manu facture a neat thumb for the hand that was allowed to remain, and which lacked that necessary limb. The hand thus made to order Is doing well.- A fellow in jail wish es he had the sihall-pox, so he could "break OUt."-—Meditai Refbntitr. On the Etiology or Aittnmoal teherf - Recent observations have forced me to the conclusion that dietetic habits have more to do with the production of autUmnsil fevers (intirmiltant, remittanl and continued) than either "malaria" "koino-miaemalta," "tlsciri cal conditions of ike atmosphere," or any other of the hypothetical creations df professional theorize'rs. At this season of the year (as well as for some months previous) when these forms of disease rhost prevail, the Usual diet of all classes df persons ctinsiSts chiefly of fruite and vegetables This, though the best | adapted to preserve health in the hot months of summer, is not suitable for maintaining ! the greatest degree of physical vigor in the cooler and more changablu months of au tumn; and hence when the cool nights and I hot sunn of tliis season severely try our physical resistance, we are found wanting; | the blood is too thin, it contains too lmlb of the carbonaceous element; vital heat (life) is not generated in sufficient Quantities to maintain the rbqiileitc temperature and equilibrium in the circulation; therefore we have chilis, levers, sweats, pains, and physic too, and sometitires poisons alsb, and after all scarcely ever get right again, until steady cool weather, and the absence of the copi | ous supply of vegetables and fruit, and ths use of a more generous animal diet do the work for us. If these views are correct, let the people live on fruit and vegetable diet during the hot Weather, but when September comes let abundant supplies of beef, mutton, chick en, game, ham, eggs, etc., take the place of the fruit and farinaceous and you may bid defiance to agues, and we believe, to au tumnal fevers generally. Debility resulting I from decorbonaceous diet inttifW; and the strength arid vigor resulting from a gener ous carbonaceous and easily digested and assimilated diet successfully resists the mias matic causes (if such Exists.) I have fre quently seen relapses brought abont during -convalescence from these forms of disease, in a few hours, by a free use of fruit, while under the treatment indicathd by these views, (antipfe'riodic tonics, chalybeate*, with animal diet, etc.-, and an entire proki bitidn of fruit, and only few vegetables al lowed) such an occurrence is extremely rare. Ido not wish to be understood as ad vising rich animal diet during the active stages of thh fever; but both before and af ter as a prophylactic, when the digestive and assimilating organs are capable Of prop erly changing it to the heahhy "pabulsm of life." Wardt clothing is an indibpensible adjunct to the deans already indicated. Medical Reformer. GT Philosophy does not regard pedigrsd She did not receive Pl*to as noble; bet made him so. tW All women are in some decree spies in imagination, angels in Kesri, and dtpW . matins in mind'