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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, December 27, 1855, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
.. - - ■ ■ . ■ • ■ •■■'•-- , i , - ■ - -- : : .v .1 h . ' ;.
B. f. Weaver, Proprietor.]
VOLUME 7.
THE STAR OF THE NORTH
IS PUBLISHED EVERY THURSDAY MORNING BY
R- W. tVKAVEIt,
OFFICE— Up stairs, in (he new brick build
ing, on the south side of Main Steeft,
third square below Market.
TERMS Two Dollars per annum, if
ipaid within six months from the time of sub
scribing.; two dollars and fifty cents if not
phid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months ; no
discdnfinntnce permitted until all arrearages
are paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for One Dollar
and twenty-five cents for each additional in
sertion. A liberal discount will be made to
those who advertise by the year.
JHARIOII'B DINNER.
T REV. E. 0. iZ5fU>
A British offieeV, sent to negotiate an **"
change of prisoners, Was conducted into Ma
rion's encampment. There the scene took 1
place which is here commemorated. The
young officer war so deeply a fleeted by the '
statements of Marion, that he subsequently '
resigned biscommission and retired from the 1
British service.— Grimshuw's History.
Tbey eat on the trunk of a fallen pine,
And their plate was a piece of bark,
And the sweet potatoes were superfine,
Though bearing the embers' mark; I
But Tom, with the sleeve of his cotton shirt,
The embers had brushed away,
And then to the brook, with t step alert,
He bied on that gala day.
The British officer tried to eat, 1
Bui his nerves were out of tune, <
And ill at ease on his novel seat, j
While abseot both knife and spoon.
Said he, you give me but Lenten fare,
Is the table thus always slim 1 '
Perhaps with a Briton you would not share, I
The oup wi.b a flowing brim! I
Then Marion pot his potato down, i
On the homely plate of hark— ,
He had to smile, for he could not frown, ■
While gay as the morning lark ;
: Tis a royal least I provide to-day,
Upon roots, we rebels dine,
And in Freedom's service we draw no pay, i
Is that code of ethics thine ? (
Then with flashing eye and with heaving ,
breast,
He looked '.o the aznre sky,
And, said he, with a firm undaunted crest:
Oar trust is in God on high.
The hard, hard ground is s downy bed,
And hunger its fang forgoes,
And noble and firm is the soldier's tread,
In the face of his country's foes.
The officer gazed on that princely brow,
Where valor and genius shown,
Ami upon that fallen pine, bis vow
Went up to his Maker's throne:
I will draw no sword agaitfil met: like these,
It would drop from a nerveless hand,
And the very blood in my veins would fieeze,
If 1 faced such a Spartan baud.
From Marion's camp, with a sadJened mien,
He hastened with awe away,
The son of Auak, his eyes had seen,
And a giant race were they.
No more on the tented field was he,
And rich was the truth he learned,
Tbat men who could starve for Liberty,
Can neither be oru>hed nor spurned.
LIFE IN THE CHIME*.
DV S RETURN EN SOLDIER.
Itm just home invalided. Dysentery has
done for me more than the bullet and the
sword ; and I have returned to my native
shore a broken and shattored man. I have,
however seen strange things, and have earn
ed something for myself beyond half-pay—
namely, the right to talk about what every
body is glad to listen to.
One of the most surprising pieces of ex
perience I hsve picked up whilst living
amidst scenes of conflict and violence, is the
extraordinary indifference with which men
soon come to regard personal risk when dan
ger ia continually around them. It seems to
roe, however, that there is some spice of bar
barism in this indifference. I do not think
it te so readily entertained by those who
have a high sense of the privilege and value
of lile, as it is by those who have few ob
jects in view beyond the gratifications of
sense. To the former, courage becomes a
matter of calculation. Men, when they
prize their lives highly on aocount of the
capacities they feel to be within tbem, are
capable of acts of great bravery, provided
an aim ol high ambition is betore them) but
tbey will not encounter the chance of de
struction for a straw; those, on the other
hand, who have not learned to cast up ac
counts with themselves, will as soon face the
cannon'* mouth for the most trifling object
as for the highest and grandest achievement.
Thie, no doubt, is coolness; my own obser
vation has induced me to hesitate aa to
whether I would acoord to it the more dig
nified appellation of courage. In the major
ity of ease* in which it occur* in the ranks of
the Briteh army, I'am convinced that cool
nets £ born of indifference rather than oi
bravery j ami iff support of this opinion, 1
adduce aome incident* I Jl*e witnessed my
eelf.
Soon aftertbe allied armies had taken up
their potitont on the south of Sebastopol,
green ooffe began to be served out to the
British troop*. After a few days of hesita
tion and consideration, some adventurous
fellows, in the intervals of their assaults up
on the earthworks of the fortress, and of their
labor* at the trenches, planned an attack up
on the scarcely ISM formidable green berries.
They contrived to roast them in the topa of
their canteens; and then set up extempora
neous ooftee-millt, by rolling round shot over
the dried berries laid upon pieces of stone 1 —
Ia this way lhay managed to Imr to crush
the coffee as to maka it defancalsst to hot
water; bat so soon as the rnmor of this cu
linary success was noised abroad, cannon
balls suddenly rosa in valoa; and when a
Russian shot bat been hurling through the
pit, I hsve known a dozen stalwart fellows
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., THURSDAY. DECEMBER 27, 1855.
start for it, their eyes fixed upon it durina
its descent, as if it had been a cricket-ball,,
rather than a messenger of destrnotion and
death; and lucky did he think himself who
was nearest to it when it buried itself in the
- ground, perhaps just beneath his feet. At
first, in their"ha<fte and inexperience, these
amateur cricketers occasionally inade the
important mistake of running for a shell, in
place of a round shot ; and I have beard, in
the excitement of the moment, a burst of
laughter, and shout of merriment echo thro'
the air from their comrades, when the error
has bean pointed out by half-a-dozen of the
adventurers being knocked over upon their
backs, maimed and bleeding from the burst
ing of a deadly missile.
After a few Peeks' praotice, the men be
came very etpert in distinguishing shells by
their flight through the air, and took pretty
xood care not to run after them, when they
I did Pt>* Dresen ' themselves unsought. But
they atill'mi"* little of them when they
did, just casting (tidm"" 1 '" J ° wn on the
ground until the explosion was OTsr > * nd 'h*
fragments were scattered. There *.*• °" e
huge shell, however, tbey never couin £•=-
! used to which was fired from one particular f
| mortar, tbia abell measured sixteen inches
acros, and contained eighteen pounds of .
gunpowder in its mischievous cavity. It
was emitted from a raft that lay iu the bar.
bor, and occupied some forty seconds in its
flight j first, a very perceptible whiff of white
smoke burst out in the raft, then, on came
the ponderous missile, turning over and over .
in its flight—whish—whieh—whifeh—with i
'an intermitting whistling sound; at last'
down it pitched on the ground, with the j
force of fifty tons concentrated in its impact,' |
bursting witb a tremendous explosion at (he ' ,
instant. The fragment* of this shell were 1 ,
scattered, when it burst, more than 300 yards j |
in all directions, it therefore aever could be ,
looked upon in the light of an agreeable [ |
neighbor—a quarter of a mile was by no <
means a respectable distance from it. In ' j
consequence of its whistling note, this mon- ' i
ster horrendum mirabile wai christened Whist- '
ling Dick, and watchmen were set to look ,
for the white whiff of smoke from the float- i
ing raft, whenever parties were engaged up- I i
on the works within its range. The instunt .
this was noticed the alarm was raised, and '
the men rushed to the shelter of the nearest
hole or embankment within their reach.
A hole or pit dug hastily into the ground
is the first rudiment of a protective work.— '
Several such lodgments are made during |
the hours of darkness, in advance of the
forerroat trench, and from four to six rifle- |
men are sent to occupy each. One of these
mer. are kept constantly on the look out, j
above the edge of the pit, ready to take aim :
at any chance object that is presented to his
eye, the rest of the party while away the '
hours, in the absence of any stirring excite- |
ment got up in their behalf by the enemy, the j
best way they oan. They are completely
sheltered from the effects of round shot, and j
even shells fall and burst within * yard of
their lurking place without working them
any harm. If, however, one of these explo
sive spheres lights, by any unlucky chance,
qnite within the pit, it ia certain destruction
to the whole. Yet the watching the descent
of the shells that fly in their direction, seems
to afford rather a pleasurable excitement
than otherwise. I have often heard remarks
of a speculative kind ventured with the most
perfect nonchalance, which for their point
the probable safe arrival of one of these
deadly missiles, that seemed to be coming
straight for the speculator down from the
clouds. It is no unusual thiug foi small beta
in tobacco to be laid as to how far off some
shell will fall. Wagers as to the course over
head of round shot were amongst the com
mon rest uices to which the little garrisons
of these tifle pits turned for amusement—
Tne passage of a ball to the right or the left
of the vertical often determined the pipe in
which a last charge of the precious weed
should be smoked. The scenes in these
boles are, however, sometimes of the most
painful kind. I remember once to have
made one of a party of fonr in a pit as large
as a round table,and six feet deep,and which
was entirely isolated from all friendly aid
daring the continuance of daylight. Of this
party, two were suffering from a severe dyt
entery, a third waa supporting a shattered
arm, and the fourth had hie eye knocked ont
by a splinter produced by a cannon ball.
Upon one occasion I chanceed to be ir. it
pit advanced to within 80 or 100 yards ol
one of the Russian works. At this lime our
behavior was so carefully watched, (bat the
top of a feather could not be shown for a mo
ment above the embankment without a doz
en rifls-balls whizzing past it. There was
an officer with the party, but ha was suffer
ing so severely from dysentery, that he lay
for " long lime in a fainting state, with bis
head on the knees of one oi the men. While
in this sad predicament, the fancy seized
him that il be could have some hot coffee it
would at once revive him. He expressed
his wish ; and it waa found there was ooffee
in store, but no wood at hand for the fire.—
Observing this difficulty, one of the privates
remarked that he would soon furnish the
wood. He seized a pickaxe which had been
used in the construction of the pi:, and in an
instant jumped from the hole. Without the
slightest hurry in hi* deportment, he took his
way to • tree that was prostrate on the ground
about forty yards to the tear ol the position,
and, with hit back to the Russians, began
leisurely to pick off ehips with his sxe. The
enemy eppesred to be staggered at first by
the coolness of bis bearing, but very soon •
leaden storm waa whistled around him in all
direction*. With perfect onconoem, howev
er, he continued bit opersiiout; and, woo
deHM to say, was Untouched by the missiles.
The Russians became more angry ami eager,
and most probably fired with lees than their
usual 'care and precision. At length they
laid a large gun Upon the adventurous wood
peoker, and three times a round shot rushed
within a few inches ef him. By this time,
he conceived that be bad madeehipe enough
for hie purpoee; so he stooped down and
gathered them together in the skirt* of bis
long greatcoat, ssuntering back through the
leaden hail-storm, and dropped into the pit
witb hie treasures unscathed, to the great
suprise and infinite relief of his comrades,
not seeming to have the slightest idea that he
had done anything out of the usual way!
and, indeed, I do not think the notion had
ever been clearly presented to his mind what
the risk was that be had volunteered towieei.
AH the World know* that the naval service
is quite a* much marked by gallantry as
the army. Tbey also share With h the mat
ter-of-fact indifference to personal risk 1 am
just now particularly alluding to. On board
ship, matters of ordinary routine often go on
under fire, just as if the vessel was hundreds
of miles away from the enemy. Immediate
ly before the attack upon the forte of Sebas
topol i'Z ~le fleet bore a part, an offi
cer of the Ritlb* who w " inT,li^ d ' hd
been sent on board on* ' lh ■"■jf *■;
ers to recruit. One of the Dili i2 c, o® n,i ™
his repose, hewever, was his going vT.' l h Ik®
vessel into the engagement. She wasplacea
in circumstances of peculiar risk, for she hud
on board a large quantity of shells, which
she had recently brought for the general ser
vice of the fleet, and she was near the Aga
memnoti when the red-hotshot were striking
her sides. She bore her share in the action
and was at last oplered out of the fire by the
admiral. The invalided officer was standing
by the bridge when the captain of the ship
came down Iron, his station on the paddle
box, whence he had been directing bis man
oeuvres. The steward came up to him at the
instant, and touched his hat with the an
nouncement: "Dinner is on the table, sir."
The announcement was received with all
due honor, and afterwards the
officers were at '.able discussing the merits of
a fine boiled turkey, with the appropriate ac
companiments, all of which had been pre
pared amidst theballs at the redoubtable fort
ress of Scbastopol.
Oetslde Glitter nod Inside Gloottt-
Many homee are elegantly furnished, with
small additions to domestic comfort. In this
fast age, the Mrs. Potiphars often live in pa
latial residences, overlaid with gorgeous dec
orations for the eyes ol fashionable visitors,
while Ibe home-loving Mr. Potiphar sighs
for the quiet ease of the humble old home
stead. The Maryaville Tribune gives an
amusing sketch ol the inner life of one of
these comfottless householde:
"I do declare, Mr. Smith! this is too bad I
Here you are stretched out on the sofa, mus
sing it up, and my nice carpet is all spoiled
by the liamp of your ooarse boots. I shall
be ashamed to bring any one into the parlor
again—and 1 have taken so moch pains to
keep every thing nice! Ido think, Mr.
Smith, you are the most thoughilesr man I
ever did see—you don't appear to care bow
muoh trouble you give me I It 1 bad DO more
care than you have, we would aoou have a
nice looking house—il would not be long till
our new funiiute and house would be just as
the old," said John Smith's wife to him, as
she saw him in the parlor taking a nap on
the sofa.
Mr. Srr.ilh rose up eagerly and answered,
"I waa tired snd sleepy, Mary, and the weath
er is so hot, and this room so quiet and cool,
and the sofa looked so inviting, that I could
not resist the temptation to snooze a little.—
1 thought when we were building a new
house, and furnishing it thus, that we were
doing it beeause the old house and furniture
were not so comfortable and desirable, and
that 1 and my own dear Mary would indulge
ourselves in a little quiet leisure in these
nioe rooms ; and if we chose, in lounging on
the sofas and rocking ill these cushioned
arm-chairs, away from the noise ol the fami
ly and the smell of the cooking-stove. I did
not dream of displeasing you, Mary, and I
thought it would give you pleasure to see
me enjoying a nap on the sofi this warm af
ternoon. 1 noticed when Merchant Swell, or
Colouel Bigraan and their families wsre here,
you appeared delighted 10 have sofas and
Cushioned arm-chairs for them to sit in or
louagO upon. I thought the house and the
sofas Wr fe to use—that we were seeking our I
own pleasure when wo paid a large earn of
money (or them; but I suppose I was mists
ken, and that the hobse and furniture are for
strangers, and that we are to sit tu the old
kitehen, and if 1 want to take a nap, or rest
a little when fatigued, I am to lie down on a
•lab in the wood-house; and if you want to
rest, you can go to the children's trundle-bed,
in the little, clove bed-room, where the flies
can have a good ohanoe at you."
The irony of Mr. Smith's teply only pro
voked his wife, cud easing himself threaten
ed with a repetition of Mrs. Smith's speech,
with unpleasant additions and variation*, and
knowing that be would gel tired of gaining
victorias over her in argument, before she
would think of gefting tired of defeat, be took
himself out, and left Mrs. Smith to fix op and
dost out, and look htm out of bis own bouse,
and took a eeat in an old chair in the kitob
en, which Mrs. Smith said was good enough
to use every day, in the kitehen when no
Obe cstt see it.
Poor, mistaken Mr*. Smith, thought I.—
And yet many am like her. They want a
fine honde, and when thev get it they want
an out-bouse built Wlive inland they eon-
Truth and Bight—God asd our Country.
'fine their family to a few email rooms, poor
ly furnished, while the main room, well fur
nished, is never seen by the family, only
when visitors ooroe 1 Both bouse and furni
ture are too grand for nee. The carpet is too
fine for the husband to walk oil— the mirrors
are too fine for bim to look into—the furni
ture is all too fine for him to see or use.—
Just so tt goes ; we dress, (we Women, f
mean, and I im aorry that many men are as
foolish as we are,] to please others, or raiher
to excite <heir remarks ; We build boueee,
and furnish them for those outside of the fam
' ily, and live *t poorly when we are rich ta
we did when we were poor; as poorly in the
new houeeas in the old.
It ia a fatal day to enjoyment, when a fam
ily gets a house and furni rare too fine for use;
stid yet many have an ambition to have it so.
j Better Would it be if they were contented
! with such a house and such furniture as is
suited to every day use; the houo large
enough to accommodate one's friends, and
the furniture such as all use when at home.
i [|<M
Annt Fanny on Shanghais.
Mrs. Gage, who wrote for the Ohio Cuti
vator, gives herexperier.ee with shanghais aa
follows:
" Our Shanghais! what shall I say of them?
When Doesticks described his sorrows under
the infliction of Barnum's present, I thought
he dealt in hyperbole ; but when our friends,
•he D—s, sent four of these rapacious mon
ster* |d eummor witb us, I learned more of
the trouble? Shanghia life than I ever be*
fore had dreantej of- ,r| my philosophy.
"There were four g&tSHo birds, 'which
no money could buy,' and, as thdy drooped
in the city and pined for green fields 2nd fresh
breezes, we offered them a home for a 1
weeks. Such crowing! it wes like the rum
bling of a young Vesuvius, and the clapping
of the wings broke the night's silence like
the crashing of old oaks in a storm. The
eggs were wonders, and forthwith old speck
le and dominique were robbed of their own
pretty treasures, and the big brown stranger
put in their place. But though they did all
duly, 'watching and wailing with patient,
tender care,' 'twas a failure. No callow young
came forth to peep at break of day. Time,
eggs, and hope—all wete lost.
"Then 'Prince Albert' took sick, and three
weeks of nursing barely saved his precious
life. Next, 'Betty Root' injured lier spine
by jumping from the roojt, and fot a month
has not walked out; and has to be carried out
airing by hand. 'Madam Viclotia' says, as
plain as a hen oan, that she will not lay eggs
when they are only eighteen cents per doz
en, so crooks her long neck, lilts ber big feel
as high as possible, and sets them down on
every occasion upon my mignionette and
verbenas, and picks my rosebuds with as
little compunction of conscience as it they
were cut worms or caterpillars, while 'Peter
the Great' makes himself an object of dread
by trampingoo all the young chicks that cross
his path. Shanghais ore Shanghai* ; but give
me the bitds that get their own living, and
go to bed at night and get up in the morning
without help. To be serious, I think them a
troublesome fowl and ba rd to raise, but their
eggs are very large,and richer than than com
mon eggs, yet thin shelled and difficult to be
kept from injury."
BO If •LOVE.
One of the queerest and fonniest things to
think of in after life, is "boy-love." No soon
er does a boy acquire a tolerable stature, than
he begins to imagine bimsell a man, and to
ape mar.nish ways. He casta sidelong glan
ces at the tall girls be may meet, beoomes a
regular attendant at church, or meeting ; car
ries a cane, holds his head erect, and struts a
little in his walk. Presently, and how very
soon, he Jails in love; yes, falls is the proper
word; because it best tndioates bia happy,
dilerious self abaement. He lives now In a
lairy region, somewhat collateral lo the world,
and yet, blended somehow extticably with it.
He perfumes bis hair with fragrant oils, scat
ters essenoes over bia handkerchief, and des
perately shaves and annoints for beard. Hp
quotes poeiy, in which "love" and "dove"
and "heart" and "dart" peculiarly predomi
nate; and, as he plunges deeper in the
delicious labyrinth, fancies himself filled with
the divine afflatus, and suddenly breaks into
a scarlet rash—of rhyme. He feeds upon the
looks of his beloved; is raised to the seventh
heaven if she speaks a pleasant word; and is
betrayed into the most astonishing ecstaoies
by a smile; and is plunged into the gloomi
est regions of misanthropy by * frown.
He believes himself the most devoted lov
er in the world. There never was such an
other. There never will be. He is the one
great idolatar! He is the very type of mag
nanimity and self-abnegation. Wealth I be
despises the grovelling thought. Poverty,
with the adorable beloved, he rapturously
apostrophizes as the first of all earthly bles
sings; and "love in aoottage, with water and
a crust," is bis beau ideal paradise of dainty
delights.
He declares to himself, with the most sol
emn emphasis, that he would go throoge fire
and water, undertake a pilgrimage to China
or Kamscbatka; swimtbestorm-toesed oceans;
scale impassable mountains; and face le-
? ;ions of bayonets, but for one sweet smile
rom ber dear lips. He doats upon a flower
she has cast away. He ohsrishes ber glove
—a little wom in the fingers—next hit heart.
He sight like a locomotive letting off steam.
He scrawls her dear name over quires ol
foolscap—fitting median of his insanity. He
scornfully dsprscates the attention of other
boys, of his own age; cols Peter Tibbets,
dead, because ha said that the adorable An
felioa had carroty hair; and passes Harvey
tell contemptuously, for daring to compare
"that gawky Mary Jsne" with his incompar
able Angelina. ,
Happy! happy! foolish bojr love I with its
hopes and fearu: its joys and its sorrows; its
jealousies aod its delights; its raptures and its
tortures; its ecstatic fervors and terrible heart
burning!; its solemn lutfiCroosneas, add its
intensely prorata termination I
Corrdepondence if the Public Ledger.
LETTER FROM WASHINGVOIV.
WASHINGTON, Deo. 17,1856.
President-making having commenced in
good earnest, and public observation being
exclusively directed to the squabbles a
mong Kno w-Nolbingt and Republicans in
the House, 1 must, as an honest cbronioler,
bring to yoor notice the Democratic family
jars in the Senate. Before the last session
closed, it was ascertained (hat General Cass
declioed standing for the succession. Mr.
Buchanan's friends understand his purpose of
retirement, after the accomplishment of his
mission to England, and Judge Douglass had
announced that his name should not be pre
sented to the country. This leit the field un
occupied for Senator Hunter, although at that
time the condition of parlies presented faint
hope for success. Senator Bright, with a
keen eye for preferment, put in for the Vice-
Presidential stakes, but not with the concur
rence of Mr. Hunter, who is too shrewd a
tactician to entangle himself with any Vice
Presidential allianoe. Senator Brodhead had
likewise inclinations for the same prize on
which Mr. Bright bad fized his eyes.
After the adjournment, Mr. Hunter retired
to his ftjrm, anu made three stirring speeches
during the Virginia Gubernatorial campaign.
Mr. Bright, after remaining and arranging
matters in Washington, started lor the west,
and being a great buyer of lands, he repair
ed to Lake Superior, the grand theatre of
laud speculation und the resort of maoy pol
iticians during the Summer months. Mr.
Brodhead left for Philadelphia, to start a
party under the name of Mr. Dallas (or Pres
ident, which might secure him votes In the
Pennsylvania delegation for Vice President
in the Cincinnati Convention. Events were
prosperously ripening when the dashing elec
tion of ;• Wi.se, which he carried him
selfby storm, transferred to him popular
ty and political power, whicb jMr. Hun
ter had ever failed to achieve. Hi* star,
which had seemed on the ascfridant, now
grew dim before the rising fortunes of Mr.
Wise. The Slate elections which ensued—
so unexpected in their results—changed the
whole face of affairs. The Pennsylvania
election was suggestive of Mr. Buchanan—
his name loomed up before the country and
all eyes were turned towards bim. It now
became apparent that the Know Nothing or
ganization, with its Abolition proclivities in
the north and west, must die out in the
South i and, although some Statesjhad voted
the American ticket,.yet in 1856 the whole
South would be united , that 29 votes from
the Iree States would elect a President, and
that Pennsylvania alone could furnish 27.
With these considerations operating on the
minds of politicians, Mr. Buchanan's strength
increased in every section, and he seemed
likely to receive the Cincinnati nomination
without an effort.
The other purlieu, seeing ibeir eipectations
foiled by the current of events, found it nec
essary to check the progress of Mr. Buchan
an by breaking down the Union, the national
paper, and wrest that weapon out of his
hands. Messrs. Nicholson and Forney are
its editors, the former a well known friend of
Qen. Pierce, and the latter of Mr Bnohanan.
At the Democratic caucus, convened as nsu
-81, to select a paper lor public printing, it was
found that Messrs. Hunter, Bright, Broilhead,
Mason, Bayard, Butler, and Brown of Miss.,
who, although they entered the Senate them
selves through the straight gate of caucus
nominations, refused to submit to the major
ity. Senator Bright, notwithstanding his
rancorous opposition to the President for the
last two years, made a speech in the caucus
extolling him and his pablio measures, but
declared hostilities against the " Union."—
Others of them made similar speeches. They
regard the President as out of the fiield for a
nomination, and that his friends may be pro
pitiated by their professions of regard into
their support.
They have, however, decreed that no
frtend of Mr. Buchanan shall speak through
the columus of the government paper at
Washington ; and in this they ere likely to
succeed, even if success iS acquired by the
aid of Know Nothings and Republicans, who
compose the fhinorily side of the Senate.—
This, then, is the first gun fired into the
camp of Mr. Buchanan.
The report that the government of Presi
dent Alvarez, in Mexioo has beeo overthrown
still remains unconfirmed and uncontradict
ed. Hopes are expressed that the rumor
mSy prove groundless. He is, beyond doubt,
the most honorable, and perhaps the purest
man, who has for some time held power in
Mexico; and, moreover, he is well disposed
towards Our Government, and has given
marks of his friendship. This may have in
cited the representatives of England, France,
and Brazil to encourage a revolution In that
distracted and disjointed State, which very
probably has resulted in the overthrow of bis
administration.
SPCCTSTOX.
fooroewD.—'"Pompey, wby am a beehive
like a bad later V
"Kate it's round."
"Kate its found I What nonsense ! Guess
again."
"Well 1 won't guess, kase you so ugly. 1
know weß 'nofl what it am, only I won't
guess it for spite."
"Do you gub it opt"
"Well, yes."
''Well Pompey,don't the hive hold the
bees)"
, "Yet."
"Well, dat makes the beehive a bee hold
er and a beholder am a spectator and a spec
tator am a bad tatar. See da in faience V
Girls who Want Hntbande.
BY NELLIE GRAY.
There is a great deal ef truth in what Nel
lie Gray say* to "girls who are anxious to
marry." Seme may object to the manner of
telling it, but the facts are faeta, notwithstand
ing; and to Ihoee marriageable miidens,
"who make fool* of themselves, end go into
a fit of the hip* every time tbey see a bat,"
we commend them:
Girls, you want to get married, don't you I
Ah, what a natural thing it is for young la
dies who have such a hankering after the
aieroer sex. It it a weakness (bat woman
has, and the reason abe ia called Ihe weaker
aex. Well, if you want to get married, don't
for conscience aake, act like fool* about it—
Don'l get e fit of the hips every time you see
a bat and a pair of whiskers. Don't get the
idea into your heads that you must pui your
self in the way of every young man in the
neighborhood, in order lb attract notice ; for
if you don'l run after the men, they will run
after you. Mark that!
A husband hunter is the most detestable
of all young ladies. She is full of staicli and
puckers; she puts on many false aire, and
abe is so nice ! that she appears ridiculous in
the eyes of every decent person. She may
generally be found at meeting, coming in, of
course about the last one, always at social
parties, and invaiiably takes a front seat at
cobcert*.£.She tries to be the belle of the
place, and thinks she ia. Poor girl! You
are fitting yourself for an old maid, just as
sure as the Sabbath comes on Sundiy. Men
wiH flirt with you, and flatter you simply be
oehee they love to do it, but they have no
| more idea of making you a wife than they have
of committing sojeide. If I was a young
man, I would have no more to do with such a
fancy than I would with a rattle-snake.
Now, girls, let Nelly give you a piece of
advice, for she knows from experience, if you
practice it, yog will gain a reputation of be
ing worthy girls, and stand a fair chance of
getting respectable husbands. It is well
anougii that you learn to finger the piano,
work embroidery, study grammar, etc., but
don't neglect letting grandma, or yout dear
mother, teaeh you to make bread, and get a
meal of victuals good enough for a king. No
part of a house-keeper's duties should be
neglected; if you do not marry a wealthy
hnsbaud, you will need to know how to do
such work, and if you do, it will be no dis
advantage to you to know how to oversee a
servant girl, and instruct her to do these
things as you would like to have them done.
In the next place, don't pretend to be what
you are not. Affectation is the moet despi
cable of all accomplishments, and will only
cause sensible people to laugh at you. No
one but a fool will be caught by afleclalion—
it has a transparent skin which is easily to be
seen through.
Dress plain, but neatly. Remember that
nothing gives a girl so modest, becoming,and
lovely appearance as a neat and plain dress-
All the flummery and tassel work of the dress
maker and milliner are unnecessary.
If you are really handsome, they do not
add to your beauty one particle; if yon are
homely, they only make you look worse.—
Gentlemen do not court your handsome faces
and jewelry, but your own dear selves.
Finger-rings and folderols may do to look
at, but they add nothing to the value of a
wife—all young men know that. If you
know how to talk do it naturally, and do not
be so distressingly polite as to spoil all yod
say. If your bair is straight, don't put on the
ourling tongs, to make peoplo believe you
have got negro blood in your veins. If your
neck is very black, wear a lace collar, but do
not be so very foolish as to daub on paint,
thinking that people are so very blind as not
to see it; and if your cheeks are not rosy, do
not apply pink saucera, for the deception
will be detected, and become the gossip of
the neighborhood.
Finally, girla, listen to the counsel of your
mothers, and as their advice In every thing.
Think less of fashion than you do of the
kitchen; less of romanoe than you do of the
realities of life; and, instead of trying to catch
husbands, Strive to make yourselves worthy
of being caught.
AN IRISH WARDROBB"— -At an Ruction sale
In a country town, a trunk was put up when
one of a party of Irish laborers observed to
a companion:—
" Pst, I think you should buy that trunk."
"An' What should I do with it t" replied
Pat, with some degree of astonishment.
" Put your clothes in it," was the adviser's
reply.
Pat gatted upon him with a look of aston
ishment, and then, with that laconioelorjuenoe
which is peculiar to' a ton of Ihe Emerald
Ule, exclaimed :
•'An' go naked I''
Not long lines • premium was offered by
an agricultural society for (he best mode of
irrigation ; and the latter word, by mistake
of the printer, hating been changed to ''imi
tation," a fafmer soot hi* wife to gain the
prixe.
NAKCOTIC9.
In relation to the propriety of using thia
class of what have been considered to be
valuable medical agents, there exists a wide
difference of opinion among medical re
formers. This difference Of opinion, we
think, constitutes one of the most serious
difficulties in the way of an union of our
scattered forces. It is true that we might
"agree to disagree" upon this matter, Until
such a time as one or the other party should
eee their error and abandon it, and we are
perfectly willing to do so, if we cannot do
better. If our principles are cOrret the prac
tice will ultimately be brought to correspond
[Two Dollars for lino.
NUMBER 49-
I therewith; and if we can agree upon the
j former, (which I believe we generally do)
there in no necessity of disputing about the
latter, especially if it ia pretty nearly right.
It is generally conceded by those of the
profession who still resort to the qlaan of
agents nailed at the head of this article,
that they possess ho positive curative pow
ers, but that they allay irritability, and Re
lieve pain and suffering, and thus keep the
patient iu a more comfortable condition
while nature, assisted by positive remedies
is effecting the cute. Aside from this effect
these agents possess no properties but such
as are available id other and perfectly in
nocuotis remedies. On the other band it is
admitted by all medical men that this class
of remedies are capable of producing last
ing and incurable injuries to the human or.
ga-iizatinn; and such injuries we believe
inay also be produced by most of the arti
cles that belong to the Materia Medica
Any medicine capable of producing cathar
sis, ernesis, diuresis, etc., may bb adminis
tered in such quantities, and for a sufficient
length of time to inflict irreparable injury
upon the body; but this does not condemn
and W.nish it from the list of remedies; if it
did we should soon have no remedies, and
for such reasons alone we are not willing to
proscribe the narcotics.
But do the narcotics—opium for example
—"iA authorized medicinal doses," produce
lasting injurious effects t It is admitted that
it does: and so may lobelia and capsicum, if
adnvnistered when they are strongly cdntra
inilicafe'd. In acute gastritis (inflammation
of the stomach) 'authorized medicinal doses'
of capsicum would produce lasting injuri
ous effects; and the exhibition of lobelia in '
the same manner, when the system is al
ready excessively relaxed would probably
produce permanently injurious effects'; fend
so may any of the positive agents bf the
materia medica. Then we cannot condemn
opium for this reason neither. All these
remedies then—if there ia no other objectlbn
to them—require to be administered—not so
particularly "by skilful hands"—but when
indicated, aud then alone.
The above argument# being sound, let it#
enquire whether the action of opium upon
the human organization is not inherently
antagonistic to the latVs of vitality—for this
we contend is the only true and scientific
method by which medicines can be distin
guished from poisons.
It is abundantly demonstrated by the ex
perience of the whole mbdical world, tHat
the chief effects produced by this drug, is
sedation. That is, it calms or diminishes
activity. If administered, "in authorized >
medicinal doses," to a man in health, it de
presses the activity of the vital functions; if
the dose i 9 moderately increased this effect
become# still more apparent; if you Con
tinue to increase it, the vital functions are
still more depressed until stupor and coma
indicate that the sedative power of the drug
is overcoming vitality; and if convulsions
supervene tliey are but the spasmodic ef
forts of the Sinking vital powers to recover
their natural ascendency in the system.—
Push the effects of the drug a little further
and the vital forces expire, driven out by the
legitimate and natural action—not of the
body, as Dr. Trail wduld say—but of a drug
inherently antagonistic to vitality. The ac
tion of opium then, must be, in all cases,
destructive in its tendency.
Now tho iloal question in relation to this
subject comes up for solution somewhat in
this form : Are reformers who profess to
adopt a system of medical practice in har
mony wiili the laws of vitality—who profess
to assist the natural healing powers of tho
system to overcome disease—who cure dis
ease by assisting nature, and who condemn
the dominant party in physic for professing
to cure disease by destroying vitality—justi
fied in the administration of remedies, the
continual and only "effect of which are to
depress, overpower and destroy vital activ
ity.?
We cannot scientifically say that we ad
minister them for the control of morbid ac
tion only, foi every medical man, that knows
any thing, knows that there is no such a
thing as morbid action independent off that
which is normal. What some mbn have
called morbid action, is the same, produced
in the same mnnner, by the same force*
and tho same organs as that which is term
ed healthy or physiological action—they are,
not independent, they oannot be separated,
there is no evidence that they are different
in their origin or course' or termination; but
on the contrary the opposite theorem is de
monstrable. If we reduce or depress mor
bid, wo also reduce or depress heal'.'ny ac
tion—they are "one and INSEPARABLE BOW
and (heretofore, as well as) Ue*eafter."
This then being the Ingiumate and only
effect of this drug, we may ask, in conclu
sion, ffo cases occur in 'which we are justi
fied in depressing, counteracting off depo
sing the efforts and manifestations qf vital
action? We are sure that according to the
principles which govern us in the adminis
tration of remedies, we cannot admit this
drug, and others of the same nature and
. tendency, into our collection of medical
materials; but whether a caw might not oc
cur, in which the destructive tendency Of
the drug would prove less injurious than the
pain and suffOring, which ii would alleviate
may be still a debatable question; for we
are well satisfied that this is the only ground
| upon Which its use can possibly be admit'
ted among genuine reformers. For my own
pari 1 can say that so far I have net found
| such an one in my praotice that could not be
relieved by remedies that are truly innocu
ous.— Medical Rtfirmtr. Tv

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