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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
8. IT. Weaver, Proprietor.] VOLUME 8. THE STAR OF THE NORTH 1, FOLIHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNINU BY K. W. WEAVER, OFFICE— Up stairs, in Ike new brick build ing, on Ike south side of Main Street, third square below Market. TERMS :—Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the time of sub scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages are paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square will be inserted three times for One Dollar and twenty-five cents for each additional in sertion. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. (loettQ. THE SHADOW IN THE VALLEY- There's a mossy shady valley Wheie the waters wind and flow, And the daisies sleep in wider, 'Neath a coverlet of snow ; And violets, blue-eye ! violet, Bloom in beauty in the spring, And the sunbeams kii-s the wavelets, l Till they seem to laugh and sing. But in autumn when the sunlight Crowns the cedar covered hill, Shadows darken ill tl.e valley, Shadows ominous and still; And the yellow leaves like banners, Of an elfin host that's fled, Tinged wiiti gold and royal purple, Fluttered sadly overhead. And those shadows, gloomy shadows, l.ike d irn phantoms on the ground, Stretch iheir dreamy length lorever, • On n daisy covered mnund ; And I loved her, yes, I loved her, But die Angels loved her 100, So she's sleeping in the valley, •'Neath (he sky so bright and blue. And no slab ot pallid marble, Rears it while and ghastly head, Telling wanderers in the valley 01 the virtues of the dead. But a lilly is tier inmbstonp, And a dew-drop, pure and bright, Is the epi'aph of an angel Wrote in the stillness of night. And. I'm mournful, very mournful,. For my soul dolli ever crave For the lading of the shadows From that little woodland crave, For the memory ol the loved one, From my soul will never part, And those shadows in the valley, Dim the sunshine ot my heart. !> I) L I T I t: A L. THE NEQROES AT WORE -Let Giddnigs, Bur- ( lingame, Clawson, and Beecher rejoice, the I real coal-black negroes are nt work for Fro- j mont and dieunion throughout the West, as I tho following will show: Colored men on the stamp. —The Columbus j (Ohio) Statesman says that two colored men i named Jenkins and Langeton, are stumping | the State for Fremont. FUGITIVE SLAVES IN OI.D TIMES. —The fol--J lowing advertisement, from Dunlap's Atner- ' ican Daily Advertiser will show how lugi- j live slaves were dealt with in Pennsylvania j in 1790: "Taken up and committed to the jail of the city and coun'y of Philadelphia, a run away negro, named Jacob, the property of Thomas Prideaux, of the Slate of Maryland. His master or others concerned, are hereby notified to prove property to the said negro | in six weeks from this date, and take him j awav, otherwise ho will be doalt with as | the law directs." COLORED REPUBLICANS —The Boston Bee, a Fremont paper, reports a meeting of the colored citizens of Boston, who passed the following: Resolved, That we, the colored citizens of Boston, will support with our voices nnd votes, John C. Fremont, of California, as President of the United Stales, and Wm L Dayton, of New Jersey, as Vice President. A Fremont meeting held a few nights ago In Marlborough, Chester County, Pa., was addressed by a NEGRO! Some of the audi, once left—it was going it rather too strong for them. Lire AND HEALTH.— So little lias been learn ed by the masses respecting the laws of life —so li tie do they think that he tlth depends strictly on conditions—so much they have trusted upon the predeterminations of fate, or the blind accidents of chance that there has become an alarming apathy upon the subject of health. In the pursuit of pleas ure it would seem that the people have been endeavoring to see how far they can ▼entnre down the whirlpool of disease with out being irretrievably caught by its eddying force, drawn down into the vortex, and dash ed at lost upon the rocks of death. Oh how sweet is Life, and Health—good Health, it is a boor, that well becomes the gift of God. And oh how needful that we keep this giff with grateful care, for though e goblet of-workmanship unimitate by art, it ie frail and easily rent: Without a cauti ons heed some corroding canker may em bitter the draught—some careless jat, a fis •ore make that happiness no more ct n fill to the brim the cup of life—or else some luckless transgression dash it to a thousand hragments. Yet all the world are striving to run the goblet over: ignorant of its structure — thoughtless of the conditions of the gift— Regardless of the lawk of heslth. Beyond compute is the misery and the wretchedness resulting from this ignorance —-this thoughtless indifference. The great est and most important of all subjects, yet ■a enterely neglected! No question be- •Men wealth or poverty, fame or obscurity compare with it. It is a question be tween Life and Death. Oh that the people 2—ld be induoed to atudy these facts .-Mtd. Rl/brmrr. A good daughter ie the morning sunlight avid evening star of her patent's house. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA. WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 24, 1856. ' THE MISSOURI COMPROMISE. The butory and merits of the " Missouri Compromise" having, after an undisturbed and happy existence of thirty-three years, become a subject of renewed discussion— possessing indeed with the present genera tion the interest of a new question—we could not, we are sure, offer to the majority of our readers any-document which would be pe rused with profonnder respect and attention than the subjoined original letter from the il lustrious author, as he may be justly styled, of that important Compromise. This valoed relique of the departed statesman,containing so circumstantial an account of his patriotic labors, though wiitten twenty-one years ago, now meets tne public eye for the first lime. The esteemed subscriber in Virginia towhom we re indebted for the pleasure of placing the letter in our columns explains in the an nexed note the motive which induced him lo give it to the public: Albemarle, (Fa.) Sept. 2, 1856. DEAR SIRS: In a conversation a few days since with a Representative in Congress from this State, allusion being made to a tetter of Mr. Clay to my late brother, Wm. S. Woods, giving the part which he had taken in bring ing about the Missouri Compromise, consider able anxiety was expressed that tho letter might be published; and I herewith enclose to you, his ever-constant ar.d devoted friends, the original, that you may do with it as you think proper. Yours, most truly, JOHN R. WOODS. Messrs GALAS & SEATON, Washington. ASIILAND, July, 16, 1835. DEAR SIR: I have duly received your fa vor of the Blh instant, and feel greatly obli ged by the friendly sentiments nd the con stancy villi which you have adhered towards nre. I regret extremely that I can supply you with no copy of any speech that I ever made on the Missouri question. The debate was long, arduous, and, during the last agi tation of the quesdon, I spoke almost every day for two or three weeks on the main or collateial questions. The set or prepared speech which I made of three or four hours' duration was never publieed. Of my share in the debate there is, therefore, only a mea gre account to he gleaned from the papers of the day. The question first arose in tl.e session of 1819- ! 20. When the bill for admitting Mis souri ioln the Union was on its passage, Mr. Taylor, of New York, proposed to insert in it, as a condition on which the State was to berome n member of that it should never tolerate slayery or involuntary servitude The argument by which that profo-iiion was maintained by himself and cither- was, that slavery is contrary to the di vine luw and to the acknowledged rights of man; that it ought not lo exist; that it is an admitted evil; that, if the General Govern mem cannot ex'irpate it in the old States, it can prevent re extension to the new; that, being contrncied within a limited sphere, it will t e less pernicious and conttolla ble; that Congress, having the power to ad mit new Stales, may prescribe the conditions of their admission ; nod that in all preceding instances of the admission of new Slates some conditions were annexed. To nil this we replied that I lie General Gov ernment had nothing lo do with the (subject of slavery, which belonged exclusively lo the several Slates ; that they alone were lo judge of the evil and the remedy; lhat every Stute hail such entire control over the matter that those which tolerated slavery might a bnliih it, and those which never had it or had atioli-hud it might now admit it without any inteifeteiice from the General Government; that although Congress had the powe' lo ad mit new Stn'es, when admitted, by the ez pre-s terms of the Constitution, they were on tho san.e looting in every respect whatever with the senior States, sod consequently had s tight to judge for themselves on the ques tion of elsvery ; that, if Congress could exer cise the power of annexing a condition re specting slavery, they might annex any oth er condition, and thus it might come to pars that, instead of a confederacy of Slates of equal power, we should exhibit a mongrel association; that, in the case of other new S ates, they were not conditions upon their sovereignly, but voluntary compacts, rela ting chiefly to the public lands and mutually beneficial; that the extension of slavery was favorable to the comfort of the slave and to the security of the white race, &c. The proposition by Mr. Taylor (which I think had been made at the previous ses sion) was defeated by s small majority, and the bill passed without the obnoxious condi tion. Missouri nssembted her convention, form ed a constitution, and transmitted it to Con gress. In that constitution she unfottonately inserted a clause against free blacks; and when, at the session of 1820—'21, it was pro posed to admit her into the Union, the same party who had supported the condition, ta king advantage of that exceptionable clause, now opposed her admission. I did not reach Washington until in Janu ary, and when I got there I found the mem bers from the slave Slates and some from others in despair. All efforts had been tried and failed to reconcile the parties. Mr. Lowndes had exhausted all his great resour ces in vain. Both parties appealed to me, and, after surveying their condition, I went to work. 1 saw that each was so committed and so wedded to its opinion that nothing could be effected without a compromise; and the point with me was to propose some com promise which should involve no sacrifice of prinoiple. I got a committee of thirteen ap pointed by the House, and fornished to the Speaker (Mr. Taylor) • list of such members as I wished, embracing enough of the re strictionisls to carry any measure, if they would agree with us. In that committee I proposed, and, with its assent, reported to the House a clause, byway of condition, to be annexed to the act admitting her, substan tially like that which was finally adopted. It was defeated in the House by Mr. Randolph and Messrs. Edwards and Burton, of North Carolina, voting against it. My next movement was to get a joint com mittee of twenty-four appointed by the two Houses. That on the part of the House was chosen by ballot, and a list which I mads out were aDpointed, with a few exceptions.— They reponed the resolution, now to be found on the statute book, which was finally pass ed 2d March, 1821, and settled the question. Never did a party put so much at hazard as the reetriclionists did on so small a ques tion as that was which arose on the second [ occasion, growing out of the constitution of i Missouri. Never have I seen the Union in | such danger. Mr. King, of New York, was | understood to concur in all the measures of the restrictionists. He was a member of the Senate, spoke largely on the subject, and was most triumphantly refuted in one of the ablest speeches of Mr. I'mkney, of Maryland, that I ever heard. Besides the topics employed in the first instance, oo this second occasion, the main effort of our opponents was procrastination; they urging that the matter should be put of! until the new Congress. We believed that their real purpose was to consolidate thei parly and lo influence the Presidential elec tion then approaching. I never was in bel ief health and spirits, and never worried my opponents more. I coaxed, soothed, scorn ed, defied them by turns, as I thought the best effect was lo be produced. Towards those, of whom there were many from the free Stales, anxious for the settlement of the controversy I employed all the persuasion and conciliation in my power. At the conclusion of the business I was exhausted ; and am perfectly satisfied that I cot.ld not have borne three weeks more of such excitement and exertion. This account of that memorable question is written for your own satisfaction, and not for publication. It is the first draught and I retain DO copy. Your letter has brought on you a great in fliction in this long epistle. You must ascribe it to the friendly feelings excited by yours. I rarely commit this sort of offence. With great respect, 1 am youre, respectfully, H. CLAY. Wti. S. WOODS, Esq. The Mission or the Newspaper. The world is too apt to slight and forget its obligation to the newspaper. 'Tis the newspaper that keeps men posted up on all subjects, that do no not pass under their im mediate observation. The eye of the newspaper is universal; il falls on all parts of the world, and searches out its incidents, as well as the motives and passions that control its movements. Noth ing is too great, nothing to trivial to escape its aeen, penetrating glance; it is every where —on everybody; Above, below and around it—the four quarters of the earth are its parade ground; and it passes over them every moment of each day. It is ceaseless in its industry—tireless in its watchfulness; ad, although gossippy in its character, it is vigilant at times, penetrative as light, and sleepless as the stars. Each succeeding dawn comes not with more regularity than the morning journals with the fresh despatches from all parts of the world. The thoughts, positions, incidents and movements of individuals and of nations, are presented in its columns, as in a mirror —the reflex and the thoughts and progress of man and the world, lie who reads care lully a well conducted newspaper, is never in any danger of falling behind the age. His journal keeps him posted up in everything running on with the great march of time—it gradually prepares his mind to receive all the new discoveries of the human brain in its rapid strides to clear and unclouded intelli gence ; it weans him from old fashions, old customs, and old fogy thoughts ; il separales htm from early prejudices, and gradually imbues Itim with sound practical notions, and enables him to fathom the heaviest and most obtruse subjects with tho plummet of common sense ; it keeps him alive to all the new progressive steps in Trade, Commerce, Literature and Art; it makes him familiar with the details of all the events transpiring in no matter what part of the world, or the day; it enables him to keep pace wilh'the intelligence and progress of the times—lt carries bim on, imperceptibly to himself, with each progressive step of the era in whioh he lives; and it enables him if a man of busi ness, to open new channels of correspon dence, and thus secure for himself new open ings for trade, and new sources of profit. THE PULPIT ITS own WORST ENEMT.— The people are fast finding out the important fact that the American pnlpit ie fast becoming a far more formidable enemy to Christianity, than all the infidel writers that have ever at tempted its overthrow. One political ranter in the pulpit, can do more harm than a bun dred faithful ministere can do good. The people have the remedy in their own bands. Let them withdraw their pecuniary support from all such unfaithful shepherds, stop pe cuniary supplies, and political treason in the pulpit will cease. Thai is the only argument that suoh men can feel and realize. Let it be put in force everywhere. Truth aid Right M and sir Coantry. CHILDREN. It ie a mistake to tbink that childten love their parents less Who raaiotain a proper au thority over them. On the contrary they re spect them more. It is cruel and unnatural selfishness that indulges children in a foolish and hurtful way. Parents are guides and counsellors to their children. As a guide in a foreign latnl, they undertake to pilot them safely through the schools and quicksands of inexpeiience. If the guide allows his fol lowers all the liberty they please; if because they dislike the constraint of the narrow path of safety, he allows them to slake thsir thirst in books that poison them, to loiterin woods full of wild beasts or deadly herbs,can he be called a sure guide? And is it not the same with our children ? They are as yet only in the preface, or, at it were, in the first chapter of the book of life. We have nearly banished it, or are far ad vanced. We must open the pages far the young minds. If children see that their pa rents act from principle—that they do not find fault without reason, that they do not punish because personal offence is taken, but because the thing itself is wrong—if they see that they are resolutely but affectionately refused what is not good for them, there is a willingness to oblige them in all innocent matters—they will soon appreciate suca con duct. If no attention is paid to the rational wish es—if no allowance is made for youthful spirits—if they are dealt with in a hard and unsympatbizing manner—the proud spirit will rebel, and the meek spirit be broksn.— Our stooping to amuse them, our condescend ing to make ourselves one in their plays and pleasutes at suitable times, will lead them to know that it is not because we will not, but because we cannot attend to them, that at other times we refuse to do so. • C- A pert or improper way of speaking ought not to be allowed. Clever children are very apt to be pert, and, if too much admired for it, and laughed at, becomes eccentric and disagreeable. It is often very difficult to check our own amusements. It shonld nev er be forgotten that ifi'ey are tender plants committed to our fostering care—that every thoughtless word or careless neglect may de stroy a germ of immorality—<"lhat foolish ness is bound up in the heart of a child"— and that we must ever, like the watchful hus bandman, be on our guard against it. It is, indeed, little that wecan be in onr own strength, but if we are conscienscious per formers of our part —if we earnestly com mend them in faith and prayer to tbe foster ing oar® of their Father in heaven —to the tender love of him, tbe angel ff whose pres ence goes before them, and who carries these lambs in his bosom— we may then go on our way rejoicing— "for he will never leave or forsake those who trust in him." Science or Sound. It is a curious fact in the history of sounds, that the loudest noises perish almost on the spot where they are produced, whereas mu sical tones will be heard at a distance. Thus if we approach within a mile or two of the town or village in which a fair is held, we we may hear very faintly the olamor of the multitude, but most distinctly the organ and other musical instruments whioh are played for their amusement. If a Cremona violin, Amali, be played by the side of a modern, the latter will sound much tbe louder of the two, but the sweet tones ,of the Amati will be heard at a distance the other cannot reach. Dr. Young, on the authority of Durham, states that at Gibraltar tbe human voice was heard at a distance ol ten miles. It is a well known fact that the human voice is beard at a greater distance than that of any other ani mal. Thus when the cottager in the woods or in the open plains, wishes 10 call her hus band, who is working at a distance, she does not shout, but pitches her voice to a musical I key, which she knows from habit, and by that means reaches his ear. The loudest roar of the largest lion could' not penetrate so far. "This properly of musio in Ihe humau voice," says an author, "is strikingly shown in the cathedral abroad. Hence the mass is entirely performed ir. musioal sounds, and becomes audible to every devotee, however placed in the remotest part of the church ; whereas if the same service had been read, the sound would not have traveled beyond the.precincts of the choir." Those orators who are heard in large assemblies most dis tinctly, are those who, in modulating tbe voice, render it musical. Loud speakers are seldom heard to advantage. Burke's voice is said to have had a sort of lofty cry, which tended as much as the formality of his dis courses in the House of Commons, to send the members to dinner. Chatham's lowest whisper was distinctly heard. Hir middle tone was sweet, riclr and beanlifully varied. Says a writer, describing (he orator, "when he raised his voice to a high pitch, Ihe house was completely filled with the volume of sound ; and the effect was awful, except when he wished lo cheer and animate; and then he had a spirit-stirring note, which was perfectly irreeistable. Tbe terrible, how ever, was his peculisr power. Then the house sank before bi f still be was digni fied, and wonderfnl as was bis eloquence, It was attended with this important effect, that it possessed every one with a conviction that there was something in him finer than his words , that the man was infinitely greater than the orator.— Portland Transcript. THKRK ARR TWO TUIMOS which ongbt lo (each aa te think but meanly of human glory: tbe very best have bad their oalomnialots, i tbe very worst their panegyrists. MURAL COURAGE. Sydney Smith, in hie work on moral phil osophy speaks in this wise of what men lose for the want of a little moral courage, or in dependence ol mind : "A great deal of talent is lost to the world for the want of a tittle courage. Every day sends to their graves a number of obscure men who have only remained in obscurity because their timidity has prevented them I from making an effort; and who, if they oould only have been induced to begin, would in all probability have gone great lengths in the career of fame. The fact is, that in order to do anything in this world worth doing, we must not stand back shiver ing, and thinking otthe cold and tbe danger, but jump and scramble through as well as we can. ft will not do to be perpetually cal culating tasks, and adjusting nice chances, it did very well before the flood, when a man could consult his friends on an intended pub lication for a hundred and fifty years, and then live to see its success for six or seven centuries afterwards; but at present, a man waits and doubts and hesitates and consults his brother, and his uncle, and his 4irst cous ins, and hia particular friends, till one fine day he finds that he is sixty years of age— that he has lost so.much lime by consulting his first cousins and particular friends, that he has no more time to foljow their advice. There is no such little time for over squeam ishness at present, the opportunity so easily slips away, that the very period of his life ul which a man chooses to venture, if ever so confined, that it is a bad rule to preach up the necessity in such irislanues of a little vio lence done to the feelings, and efforts made in defiance of strict and sober calculation." Hoops—Tbe Consequence of Wearing Them. A laJy, whose garments formed tn im mense circumference, entered a store in Boston, and*in doing so prostrated some flower potslontaining valuable plants, which were ruined.* The storekeeper to sue the lady for that the law may settle how large a space a lady's circumam bient! may occupy. A gentleman remarks that while riding in an omnibus, the other day, the vehicle was slopped at a crossing, when three or four fe males entered, who, on taking seats com menced such a patting of the sides of the dresses, that lor some lime (being ignorant of the real object,)jhe was under the impres sion that they were going to crow ! We saw a lady a few days ago, who re sembled an immense funnel moving .over the pavement. All who met her had to evacaate the sidewalk and take to the gut ter. On she went, sweeping children, dogs, boxes, every obstruction that came in her way. The (rench diggers leaned on their picks, and looked aghast at the terrible sweep of ber hoops. The constable was called, but he dared not approach Iter. When she turn ed a corner the windows rattled, so great was the motion of the air caused by her j hoops. As she crossed the railroad, her hoops burst, striking a train of coal cars 1 which happened to be passing, throwing them off the track, smashing them to atoms ! and seriously injuring the carmen. Such i was the great power of the hoops that tbe lady was thrown twenty or thirty yards, and landed head downwards in a coal pile, sink* ing to the middle, the lorn skirl fluttering in the air as a signal of distress. She was relieved, however, and has recovered the ! hoops. Swift's Haired of Foppery. Dean Swift was a great enemy of extrava gance in dress, and particularly to that dis tinction and ostentation in the middling classes, which led them to make an appear ance above their condition in life. Of his mode of reproving this folly in those persons for whom he had an esteem, the following 1 instance has been recorded : When George Faulkner, the printer, re turned from London, where he had been so | liciling subscriptions for his edition of tbe Dean's works, he went to pay hie respects to . him, dressed in a bagged wig and other fop- I peries. Swift received him as a stranger.— "And pray, sir," said he, "what are your commands with me?" "I thought it WHS my duly, sir," replied George, "to await 011 you immediately on my arrival from London." "Pray air, who are you V "George Faulkner, the printer, sir." ""You George Faulkner, the printer! Why 1 you are the most impudent, barefaced scouri- j drel of an imposter I have ever heard of 11 George Faulkner ia a plain, sober citizen, and will never trick himself up in lace and other fopperies. Get you gone you rascal, or I will immediately send you to the house of correction. Away went George as fast as he could, and having changed his drees he returned to the Dean, where he was received with the greatest cordiality. "My friend George," says the Dean, "I am glad to see you return safe Irom London. Wby, there has been an impudent fellow with me just now, dressed | in a lace jacket, and he would fain paaa him self for you, but I soon sent him away with a flea in bis ear." Stamped Postage Envelopes. —Stamped post- I age envelopes have been in use In the Uni ted States about three years. The demand by tbe Government now reaohes 82,000,000 ,or 33,000,000 per annum. In England, ac cording to a return recently presented to Par liament, there were issued, during tbe'ten yeare ending April, 1866, the large number of 186,124,000 stamped postage envelopes Imperial Courlablp. 1 The following amusing account of the : courtship of the late Emperor Nicholas is | from a recent Berlin paper: | About the year 1816, the Grand Duke | Nicholas came to Berlin to eee if one of the I Prussian Princesses would Suit him, and the Princesa Charlotte was given to understand by her parent that if he should tske a fancy to her they would have no objection to her returning the penchant. The time originally fixed for the expiration of the Grand Duke's stay had come, and he was seated at the supper on his last evening next to the Prin cess Charlotte, when he abruptly told her he must leave Berlin the next day. He hoped to surprise her in some demonsiration of feeling on the occasion, hot her maidenly pride withheld her from making some very say-nothing remark in acknowledgment. The Grand Duke lhereupon>oon assumed another plan of operations; knowing that however little the eyes of the company might be actually fixed on hint and his fair neigh bor, they were nevertheless, the object of general observation, he commenced telling her but in an apparently unembarrassed manner, and playing with a ring of his the while, that he had devoted himself, during his ehort stay there, to making himself ac quainted with her character and disposition, &0., and that ho had found in her every quality that he believed best calculated to make him happy in wedded life, &c.; but as they two were at that moment the object of scrutiny lo many present, he would not press her for any reply to his overtures, but if it was agreeable to her that he should pro long his stay at her father's court she would, peihaps, have the goodness to lake up the ring lie had in his hand. This ring be thon, apparently while playing with the two ob jects, thrust into the roll of bread lying on the table before him, and went on, seem ingly in all sangfroid, with his supper. With an equal appearance of unconcern the Prin cess presently put out her hand, and took up the roll as if mistaking it for hers, unnoticed by the company, withdrew the ring, and put it on her own hand. The rest requires no narration. George (he Third. Il is said (lie king, alter (he close of (he Revolutionary War, ordered a thanksgiving to be kept throughout the United Kingdom. A noble scotch divine in the presence of his majesty intuited: "For what are we to give thanks, that your majesty has lost thirteen of her best prov inces ?" "No," answered the king. "Is it then," the divine anded, that your majesty has lost, "1,000,000 lives of your subjects in the contest V "No, no !" said the kinjr. "Is it then, that we have expended and lost a hundred millions ol money, and for the defeat and tarnishing of your majesty's army?" "No such thing," said the king pleasantly. "What then is the subject of the thanks giving?" "O,give thanks that it is no worse!" DON'T WORRV,—This is the first thing that an editor should gel by heart. If Mr. Slocum threatens to withdraw his patronage because you criticised Prof. Drawl's lecture on the onion question, dou't worry—but tell him to go ahead and do il. If Mr. Bullion writes you an insinuating letter, saying that if you don't stop writing about the Diddleton railroad, he wilt ruin you with a law suit, don't worry—but dare him to try it on. If Mr. Smith threatens to "cave your head in," because you mention that his son Bob was sent to the Tombs for pelting a street lamp with brick-bats—don't worry, but tell him that you lore the law, that yon dine on salad made of red ta|ie and sealing wax. Again we say never worry. If you do, you are no more calculated for an editor than a Quaker is for marine hornpipes. MODESTY—It is a sure sign of good ser.se to be diffident of it. We then, and not till then, are growing wise, when we begin to discern how weak and unwise we are. An absolute perfection of understanding is im possible—he makes the nearest approach to it who has the sense to discern and the hu mility to acknowledge its imperfections.— Modesty always sits gracefully upon youth, it covers a multitude of faults, and doubtless the lustre of every virtue wh'ch it seems to hide; the imperfections of men being like those flowers which appear more beautiful when their leaves are a little contracted and folded up, than when they are full blown and display themselves without any reserve to the view. CAN A JUHOR an ARRESTED—In the Su preme Court, New York, recently, Justice Davies presiding, a decision was aiven as to the right to arrest a juror. A juror in the pannel of the Supreme Circuit Court, it ap pears, was arrested by the Sheriff in a civil case. He was taken on habeas corpus before Judge Davies, who decided that a juror can not be arrested on a civil process during the existence of the pannel on whioh he is serving. DECISION or CHARACTER. —Without it, no man or woman is ever worth a button, nor ever can be. Without it a man becomes at once a good-natured nobody, the poverty stricken possessor of bat one solitary prin ciple—that of obliging everybody under tho sun, merely for the asking. [Two Dollars per ABUMA NUMBER 36. [from the Medical Reformer.] NIGHT AIR. BT JOHN HOME, H. 0. To avoid exposure to the night air, is at all times a precaution of very great impor. tonce, to those who covet continuance of health; but porhaps never more so than at the present season of the year. The very great difference which now prevails between the temperature of the duy and that of the night, the injurious ef fects of which inequality are increased by the large amount of moisture that is precipi tated towards the earth after sunset, in the form of dew, renders the imprudent expo sure of the body at night to the external air, a very fruitful source of disease. But it is not merely from the systom be ing subjected to the influence of a cool and damp atmosphere, during exposure on an autumnal night, that bad effects are to be apprehended. There is still another causa of disease, prevalent tn particular situations; the influence of which is much more active after sunset than during the day. We al lude to bad and impure air—the malaria of Italian writers. In low, wet, or marshy districts, in the neighborhood of extensive collections df stagnant water, along the course of rivers, upon the wharves of a commercial city, or, indeed, in every situation where it consid erable amount of animal and vegetable sub stances, or filth of any kind, is allowed to accumulate and undergo decomposition, there is generated during the day a certain deleterious principle, which, combined with the atmosphere, impairs its purity and wholesomcness; or when in considerable amount, renders it totally unfit for the sup port of life. Under ordinary circumstances, this deleterious principle being diffused du ring the day over a large extent of the at mosphere, however much it may itnpair the health and vigor of the syßtem and Un dermine the constitution, is seldom suffi ciently concentrated to produce, at once, actual disease. After night, however, when, in consequence of diminished heat, the wa tery vapors contained in the atmosphere become condensed and descend, they carry with them the impurities floating in the lat ter, which in this manner are caused to ac cumulate in the immediate vicinity of the earth—communicating disease of the most malignant and fatal character to all who may chance to bo exposed to their influ ence. So much and so justly dreaded is the evening dew in Italy, and particularly in the neighborhood of Rome, where the Pon tine marshes constitute an immenso labra tory for the production of malaria, that the inhabitants shut themselves up in their houses on the decline of day—never going abroad, unlcsss compelled by absolute ne cessity, after Hunset in the evening, nor be fore sunrise in the morning. The safne precaution to avoid the damp and coolness of the night, experience has taught td every people who reside in situations where in termittent fevers prevail, or in Warm and tropical regions, where the heat Of the day is sufficient to develop the dreaded malaria, by which the bilious, yellow, and other ma lignant fevers are produced. The prejudicial effects of the night air will more certainly be experienced by the system during sleep, than during a state of wakefulness. Instances have indeed oc curred of individuals lying down to sleep I at night in the Cutnpagna, near Rome, and being found dead in the morning. Very few at least, escape an attack of disease who have the imprudence to fall asleep ex posed to tho open air in an unhealthy dis trict. Thus, history records many exam ples of the finest armies being destroyed, and tho progress of the conqueror com plotoly arrested by encamping for a single night, without sufficient shelter, in such a , situation. | Though, in our own country, it is only in the most unhealthy districts of tho south, that effects such as these are to be feared— yet the chilly and humid state of the night air, independent of various causes which, in all situations, tend to produce in it more or less of impurity, is a sufficient reason why it should be carefully avoided by all who would preserve their systems from dis ease. It is nbt merely, however, from exposure out of doors, or from sleeping on the bare ground Withbut shelter of any kind, that in jury to health is to be anticipated after night—it may, likewise, and with nearly the same certainty, be incurred by sitting opposite an open window, or in a current of air admitted from without, or still more surely by sleeping in either of these situa tions. Hence, the practice pursued by the inhabitants of Rome, of closing carefully their houses before sunset, is one which, at this season of the year, should be adopted by those who reside in situations where there is any danger of the air being im pure: even in those cities or locations which are comparatively healthy, we are pursuaded, were it generally pursued, much good would result. EXTRAORDINARY TENACITY or Lira—The Newburyport (Mass.} Herald of the 2d inst., Btates that Mr. Solomon J. Felkner, of that city, in cutting a stick of white oak timber found B k>ad in the heart of the tree. Over him had, grown sixty-seven grains or rings of the oak, indicating that that had been his homo for sixty-seven years at least,'where he he had existed without air, without wa ter, and without food. For a while he re mained. torpid, but after a few minutes' ex ' pusure to the sun he hopped merrily