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THE STAR OP THE NORTH.
■ f. fMWi rrf^rMw.] VOLUME 8. THE STAR OF THE NORTH , nuaasD a?ear wbmmmv mornimi av N. W. WEAVER, OWftlK —Uf ft air I, in tkt new brick build• i g,a* Ike roulk tide of Main Street, third square below Market. T ■ R MB Two Dollars par anaum, if paid within six months from the lime of sub scribing : two dollars and fifty oenta if not, paid within tha yaar. No subsetiptioa re ceived for a lass period than six months ; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearage* are paid, unleaa at the option of the editor. AovxaTiaaMßßTa not exceeding ooesquare Will be inserted tbree time* for One Dollar and twenty-five cents for each additional in sertion. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. UUTHWELL I.M PRISON FROM PROF, xrroua's asw POEM. "Cold—eold! The wind bowls fierce without; It drives tbe aleet sad snow; With thundering hurl, the angry sea Smites on the crags below. Each wava that leaps againat tbe rock Makes this old prison reel— God! oast it down upon my bead, •. ' And Jet me cease to feel! •Colib—_cokl I The brand* are burning out, The dying embers wane; The drop falls plashing from tbe roof Like (low and sullen rain. Cold—nold 1 And yet the villain kernes. Who keep nae fettered here, Are feasting in the ball above, And holding Christmas cheer. When the wind pauses for its breath, I hear their idiot bray, Tbe laugh, the shout, tba ataaapiog feet, The song and roundelay. They pass the jest, tbey quaff the cup, The YMe log sparkles brave, They riot o'er my dungeoa vault Aa though it were any grave. Ay, howl agaio, thou biuer wind,.„ Roar loader yet, tbon sea! And down tbe guests of brutal mirth That mock and madden me! Ho, ho, tba Eagle of the North Has stooped upon thy main! Scream on, 0 eagle, in tby flight, Through blast and hurricane— And when tbou meetest on tby way Tba black and plunging bark, Down with thy piniou on the mast, Scream louder in the air, And stifle in tbe wallowing sea Tbe shrieks of tbeir despair! Be my avenger on ibie night, When all, save 1 are free; Why should I care for mortal man, When men care Dot for met Care nought? Tbey loathe me, one and all; Else why should 1 be here— I starving in a foreign rell, A Scottish prince and peer ?" • • * • # "Ah me ! and this ie Christmas eve; And hare alone I lie, With nothing save my owa wild thoughts For bitter company! My own wild thoughts, that will not pass, How'er I bid them go— My torture, yet the only friends That visit me below. Full many a beirth is decked to-night To bail tbe biassed morn, On wbicb, in ages loog ago, The Saviour child was born— The churches are all watched with green, Tbe altars set with flowers, And happy, lowly heart* wait on And count tbo passing hoars; Until the midnight chimes proclaim The hallowed season eome, When Heaven's broad gates are open wide, And Hell's loud roar is dumb. Then myriad voices in acclaim Tba song of homage yield, That onoetrom angel's lips was beard By shepherds in the field. Stilled for a time are angry thoughts, The hearts of men are mild ; The father with a holier thrill Bends o'er his elombering child; New is tbe kiss the husband give* Unto hit wedded wile. For eaitbly love, when blaaeed by Heaven, Eade not with earthly life; And. fonntain-like, o'er all the world, Where Christ's dear Dame is known. Leap np the sound* of prayer and praise Toward tba eternal throne. But I, a slave in bondage here, Raeked—torn by mad despair— How can I falter forth the words Of praise or yet of prayer ? Men arove me froaa tbem, as a wolf From mountain fold* is driven, And what I could not win on earth How dare I seek from Heaven ? Ay, howl again, thou winter wind- Roar loader yet, thoa sea! For nothing else can itnn the thoughts That rise to madden me!" . JUtauniae'a Opinion of Women. Woman with weaker passions than man M anperiot to him by soul. The Gauls attrib uted to hot an additional aeaae, the divine mnaa Tbey were right. Nature baa given wornsst two painful but heavenly gift* which distinguish them, and often rise* them above tinman nature —oompassion awl enthusiasm. By compassion lh*y devote themselves; by eotbusiasm tbey exalt themselves. What anon dose heroism require? They have more heart tod mora imagination than men. En thusiasm springs from imagination, and self sacrifice from the heart. Women are, there fore, mere nature ly heroic than man. AU nation* have in some of their annals nemo of those miracles of palriotismoi which woman ia tbe inatrnroent in the hand of God. When alt la desperate in a national cause, we need not yet despair while there remains a spark of rseistance la a woman's heart, whether bo la called Judith, Celia, Joan of Are, Vitleria Cokmn* Italy, or Charlotte Cot day in ear own day. God forbid that I com pare those I cite! Judith and Charlotte Cot day sacrificed themselves, bqt (heir sacrifioe did not raooil at mime. Their inspiration wan heroic, bat their heroism mistook Us aim; it took the poigaard of the sasaaain in stead of the hero. Juan of Are naed only tbe sword oi defence; she waa not mearty in spired by heroism, bat was inspired by God. Ansa Law.—A law among the Arabs per mits a man to divorce any of his wives who " , does not make him good brand. If such a law were in forea in ibis eountry, how few wl>sj wonM remain in their homes. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, P WEDNESDY, NOVEMBER 19, 1856. JUDUB II LACK'S A DUN MM, Wa hava read wilh equal plsaaara and profit Hon. Jeremiah 8. Black'# addra** to the Pbranakoarman Society of Penoay Ivan ia College, doliverad at the ar.nual eommence meat, September 17, IBM. lodge Black'* •abject ie "Religion* Liberty," which be bat treated with great ability, erinoiog, through, ont, extaiMive reading and ,irofonnd thought, expressed in language which k at once elo quent and forcible. Thia lact production from Jndge Black'* pen ia worthy of bia high character a* a man and aa a acbolar. The bead and the heart go together. It abowa learning, noited wilh lore, and the pbiloso pby of hiatory ia made to anbaerre the prac tical dntiea of life. J"be part ia made naefnl, for the present, and bowarar abatract the theme, no one can read the addrete without aaeiog in fitness for the times, and apprecia ting the troth which it embodies. Judge Black very happily starts with ob taining a correct idea of Religious Liberty, and in so doing he discards the common use of tbe word "Toleration," a phrase which be consider* implies that we derive whatever religious freedom we have from the conces sions of the government; whereas, ao for from baiog • political privilege, it ia a natu ral and absolnte right, which government may protect, bat cannot either give or with hold. This just distinction ia drawn with great effect. Still farther to detr away the obscurity in which in general expreiaiona Judge Black next takes up tbe dogma that Christianity ia a part of our common law; and ha show* its ntter fallacy, ao for aa it re fers to any support or Religions Liberty ia supposed to derive from judicial authority. Passing from these generalities, he takes op hie theme, and shows tbe great principle* on which our iostilulioaa are founded, where we have a State without religion, and a church without politics. Here Judge Blaok exhibits bia force and originality as a think er, and bis ability as a writer. We cannot spare room enough to notice at length his ar gument, nor to make tbe extracts which have impressed ni by their beauty and truthfulness. Hie vindication of the charac. ter of Perm from the aspersions of Macaulay, is well timed ; but his sketch of Roger Wil liams is worthy of tbe fame of our beat wri ters. Pe.-tu, Williams, and Calvert, are sin gled out aa the three immortal names that will be venerated as long a* the earth con tains one friend of human liberty. Of Wil iiama be aavs: "The other man of that illustrious triumvi rate is also entitled to your special notice.— Roger Williams was a hero io the highest sense of that much abused word. Of all tbe : men that ever mingled in the good fight for freedom of opinion, he carried tbe most glit tering wcapor, fought the hardest battle, and : won tbe most brilliant triumph. Single band- j ed and alone, he auove againat a tumultuous throng of enemies, who pressed upon bim in I front, and flank, and rear,. And never yet was hero so magnanimous in victory; or in adversity io calmly steadfast to his cause. His character ia invested with that peculiar interest, which we all feel in a great injured man, whose merits are the glory, while (be wrongs he suffered are tbe sbame, of (be timea he lived in. His intellectual vision saw tbe truth at a glance, and bia honest heart accepting it witbont hesitation, pushed it at once to ita ultimate conseqoencet. His eloquence was remarkable for its clearness and terror; be bad a *sadiw* of pvipuw whieh opposition only made firmer, end no dangers that ever thickened around him, could lame the audicity of his courage. Thus gifted, be came to Massachusetts in the vigor of his early manhood, and immediaidly took np the defence of what be called the "snc tity ot conscience." It wonld have been a safer employment to denounce Mahometan ism in any part of Tarkey. Mary Fisher made a fair trial of both' She went to Bos ton, and she went to Constantinople. She publicly adminstered to (be Saltan and to tbe Elders of (be Puritan Church Ibe rebuke, I which, in ber opinion, was needed by each ; and her report of her comparative treatment she received, gives n decided preference to Ibe Tories. Tbe intrepid spirit of Williams, however, was not to be quelled: his denun ciation of tyranoy became more unsparing in proponioa as the threats against himself grew loader. Such n men eonld not foil to have friends amoog tbe people ; bet those wbo wielded tbe political power end (be ecleaiastical influence of tbe colony were against bim ia a compact body, and hated him with that Dilter intensity of hatred, which religions bigotry alone ean inspire. At first they triad him in debate, bat that soon ended; for his irresistible logic want through and through tbeir flimsy sophistry, as n battering ram wonld go through n wall of pasta board. It was not alt safe to silence him, as tbey si lenced Robinson, Mary Dyer, and others, by hanging bim. for bin character was known and honored, and Hi* virtues Would plead like acgela trumpet tocgoed, againat The deep damnation of bis taking off. Bet tbey anxiously took' counsel among thamaeivea how they might destroy bim without incurring a responsibility too great. Tkay made a lew on purpose to catch him. Whosoever wonld deny their right to punish man for having a creed different from theirs should ba banished. They dis franchised a town 'foe giving him shelter; they confiscated the lands of a congregation for hearing him pceaeh; they maligned his char act# r in every possible any; drey ao poisoned the mind of hie own wife, that even she for a lime deserted him. Tbao—when be waa aU alone—when every one wbo mn mi ri<ih —ffiUTffillß mnmrr. eboold bee# aided him who cowed In aeb ■iaeien—when no friend dared to stand np beside him—when hie life's blood had been lied away—then they am their baman Mood hound* upon him, and drore him forth to perirh in the wilderness For foorteon week*, in the bitter depth of winter, bo knew not, as he himself declared, "what bread or bed did mean." But the Indiana remembered him well, ae the bold, jest man, who had more than one* interposed himself between them and (be wrongs meditated again*! them by tba while*. Hit quick intellect bad al ready cangbt tbeir language, and be spoke it with a fluency which surprised and flattered tbem. Miantonimob, the chief of the Nat ragansetts received him with open arms, loved him like a brother to the last, and gate htm a large tract of bis country, including a beautiful talaod in lb* tea. There be be came lbs founder and law-giver of a new provinoe, which waa, in reality and in iraib, an asylnm for all who were oppressed: It ie impossible to give any jost idaa of tbis singular man, (or bis opponents.) witb ont calling your attention to a subsequent fact Not long afterwards, Massachusetts was threatened by a danger wbicb appalled the bravest of ber defenders. The Indians were burning for vengeance. All die neigh boring Kibes and those who dwelt io the far interior, wtre forming a league to extermi nate the colony by an indiscriminate massa cre of all ages and sexes. On Ibe day when tbis terrible troth was realized at Boston, the name of Roger Williams trembled upon ev ery bp. His influence could dissolve the league ; except bim there was no power on earth to save them. Bat would be do it ! Strange to say, they never doubted for a mo ment that be wonlJ fly to their rescue. They bad basely injured bia ; bat they knew tbst Christianity bad lifted him.far above tbe vul gar feeling of revenge. It was perilous, too, to rush alone between the enraged savages and the victims of tbeir wild wrath ; but io that noble nature there was no taint of sel fishness—no touch of cravoo fear. The breathless messenger of tbe Massachusetts messenger reached bim at his island home l io a rtormy winter's night. He beard the imploring appeal, and without a word of re proach for all they had made hfm suffer, and without a moment of unnecessary delay, be girded up his loins and started on his dan* getoua mission. He reached tbe main land in a crazy boat, and thence be beat bis steps through the trackless forest to the camp of the Narragansetts, where Ibe hostile chiefs had hirea-Jr a men tried. TWy Usw ist.ljr infuriated by his presence. Hta throat was not safe from tbeir koives for a moment, protected ihoogb he was by the influence of Misntonimoh. Nevertheless, tbis bold apos tle of brotherhood and peace stood op with his life in bis band, surrounded by raving ■avagas, and for three successive daya plead ed the caose of their enemies and bia own, with all the pathetic eloquence of which be waa so great a master. He prevailed at last; the leagoe waa dissolved, and Massachusetts i was saved. It would be unjust to the memory of the "Pilgrim Fathers" not to mention what grat itude they bestowed on their illasirioos bene factor. Tbey showed it, not in words, but in aetions. Some how they got hold of bia fidus Achates —bis devoted and faithful IrieDd Miantonimob. Him they delivered np to a rival chief, with tbe distinct aad clear under standing that he was to be basely arjsl.hru tally murdered , and the deed was done be fore tbe eyea of tbeir Commissioners. A confederation of tbe New England colonies was formed for mutest protection against the savages; bnt tbey refused to admit Rhode Island, and tbuadid aU that in tbem lay, to expose Williams and bis people to that very fate from which be had saved them by an act of faeroio magnanimity, such as no other man in millions would have performed.— Tbey (tied te extend tbeir tyrannical jont diotion oxer the free conscience of bis prov ince, and to prevent it, he was compelled to arose the Atlantic and get a charter from the Parliament. When be returned, he landed at Bostoo; and though the hearts of the common people leaped to tbe greeting of their; great deliverer, bis old persecutors scowled on him with all tbe malignity of foreser day*. Such was Boger William*. How grandly his humane and generous spirit contrasts with his cotsmporaries of tbe opposite school, with their soar tempers and their evil pas* aion* nursed by habits ot persecetion ! His tory has paioted no picture of manly villus whioh steads out in such clear and beantifol relief from the gloomy background of a dark and bigoted age. Tbe American wbo can beat hie name without emotion of respect and gratitude, like tbe man, 'Who hath no music in himself, Is fit for treason, stratagem and spoil* : Let no such man be trusted.'" Analysis or the Election. Tbe canvass jost closed is prooonnced, on all bands, to have been one of the severest through which the Republic has ever poised. It bed no rivals in this respect,indeed, except in the Presidential campaigns of 1800, 1832 and 1840. In 1800 the fierceness of the straggle was owing vot only to tha rancor of each parly at tha polls, bnt to tha attempted intrigue afterwards, in the Hons*, to sot aside Jefferson, who had been the choice of tbe people, in favor of Bon. At that time tbe candidate* for President aad Vice President were voted for by the Electoral College ia a different way from what they am now, tba practice being to drop n voto for the person iatsoded for the Vice Presidency, so as to make his eompanion have one vote more, whieh entitled bim to the Presidency. Bat in MOO JetfOmn end Burr were retnmed by tbe Democratic Electors with en equal num ber of votes, on whieh the doty devolved en the Hoeee of ebSeeing between them. The peril which liboqy ran dering tbe content, from the vile intrifnee that were eel on foot, should make every citizen thankful that the present contest has pot gone to the House The election has then an election by the people; or this to i first eboracterielie. Its second ie even mors strikiog. By re ferring to tbe vote, it will be seen that tha States which voted for Fremont are, in gen eral terms, the New England one* and tbeir their colonies. Where tor the strictly Yankee blood formed ibe botk e( lb# population, tbe "ao mere slave State" ifoqMßr bos carried everything before it. Thns, in New England proper, even the shoncheat Democratic States, even New Hampshire and Connecti cut, where the State* tights party has been powerful so loog, went for Fremont. So in New York, the western and other conntiea, which were principally settled by New Eng laoders, have overborne tbe Hudson river counties and tbe city of New York. In onr own State. Bradford, Tioga, and other conn ties, tbe seats of ibe Connecticut reserve, and originally, therefore, colonized from Con necticut, the majorities for Fremont have been enormous. In Ohio and Illinois, tbe popnlation of tbe northern counties, the bnlk of wbicb went from New England carried these two States for Fremont, against tbe anti-Fremont leeling of the southern conntiea wbicb were origioallv settled from the mid dle Stales. Going still farther westward we find tbe tame (act everywhere noticeable. Io every Commonwealth where New Eng land modes of though! prevail, Fremont baa carried tbe day, übe bas I oat it it in those free State* where Penns) Iranians bare been Ibe eolooiats, and where conseqauotly Penn sylvania modes of thinking era in tbe aa oendanL Tbe third peculiarity of the late election is, that not only has the indirect influence of Pennsylvania had great weight in the contest, bat the direct vote of onr Commonwealth bas actually decided the straggle. Witbont the Iwaoty-seven voles of the Keyatoce State, Mr. Buchanan would have been defeated ; witb tbem, Mr. Fremont would have been elected. Pennsylvania bas tbus again vindi cated tbe facts, that tbe political opinions of her people are valuable as au indication, and that ber electoral votes generally determine tbe resolt. In truth, wita tbe exception of been chosen wbo Iras not had the vote of Pennsylvania. Nor i* that contest really an exception. For Jefferson, for whom this Stale voted to 1696, would have triumphed over Adams, if it had not been for the tbree or four members of tbo Electoral Colleges, in different States, who voted for Adsms from personal motives, or from admiration of his conduct in the war of independence; tor, in 1796, nearly all tbe Stales chose electors on (he district system, as members of Congress ere now chosen, and not by general ticket, as is the custom at present. Tnis prominent part, which Pennsylvania bas always played in the politics of the republic, ooght to be more universally known. Tbere are more bdastfol Slates, but few that really have so commanding an ioflaence.— PkiVa Ledger. Tbe Cost of * Political Contest- Few neeole ever tfc-* !*• in cask of n Presidential contest. Yet it Is re ally something enormous. The vast ma chinery necessary to carry oa each a can vass—the nnmbsr of organizations which it require* the amoaot of printing, of writing, of postage, and of labor of every kind which is brought into servree, is for bejread any es timate nsnally formed. Let us elate a lew facts which may aid io forming an opinion. There are about 800 counties, and not far from 9900 towns, in the thirty-one Stale* composing the Union. Every town ba* ooe political elnb of eaeb party, and many towns have many more. There were nndonbtedly during tbe Ute canvass over 15,000 organi zed clnbs, belonging to each of the political parties within the United Sates; Ike num ber of Fremont clubs may Save been 5000 lees, sine* tbe Republican organization did not extend into tbe elave hales. Each of theee club* was in *Wfrwoperauon for at leaat three months. Eacb of tbem reqoired rooms, printing, portage, mote or less travel ling of tbeir offic/re and committees: end these, wilh other ncidental expenses, eonld not have amount*!, on tba average to less than 8100 a moup, or 8300 for tba canvass. Tbe labors perfumed by their secretaries, presidents and tomnr.ittees, would certainly amount to tbe steady esrvicee of at least three men eaeb worth not less than 8100 each for the whole/throe months. Not less than 1000 person/ have been actively engaged, for nearly ire whole of tbe canvare, in ma king speeclea and public addresses travel ling from dace to place, and always at an expanse wfich most be rest by somebody— and entidid, of eenrse, to have tbeir own services animated at a fair price; probably 8500 for eaeb, iaelnding tbeir expenees, would not be n low sarimat*. Then on election them ore opened io the United States not leaothoa 50,000 polls— at which each party stations not less than five men, besides the inspectors, policemen and other legal officers, who average per haps, fine more, making ten in all, whose ser vices sra worth at least two dollars each. Let essoin np the aggregate of nil these items: Incidental expenses of 49,000 clnbs at 8100 each, 813,000,000 Services of three men each, for three months, at BMO, 11,000,000 One thousand speakers three month*, at Bttoo, 009,000 Officers, challenger*, he., at the polls, 1,000,000 Total, 825,000,000 Here ia a total of mora than twenty-five millions of dollar* expended in the canvass— at* of it tbe voluntary offering of tbe people, to secure the choice of such n president as they desire to see elected. Tbe aggregate is mnch more likaiy to exceed this estimate than to fall below it—ea it does not include tbe money raised by exactions upon office holders, or contributed in large HUM by can didates, to be used for purposes less legiti mate, but mora aoatly than those we have enumerated. Much of it goes into the hands of arorkiog men—printers, laborers, and oth ers, wbo fairly earn it. But immense amounts go to fill tbe pockets of political gambler* and swindlers, who look opon a presidential election as the harvest of tbeir profession.— N. Y. Tunes. From Ike Humors of Falconbridge. SNAKING OUT STURGEONS- We have roared nntil onr riba fairly ached at the relation of tbe following "item'' on stargeone, by a loquacious friend oi oars : It appears oar (riend was located on the Kennebec river, a few years sgo, and bad a number of hands employed aboot a dam, and the sturgeons were very numerous and extremely docile. Tbey would frequently come poking their nosea dote up to tbe men standing in* the water, and one of the men bethought him bow delicious a morsel of pickled sturgeon was, and he forthwith made a preparation to "snake out" n clever sized fish. Gelling au iron rod at the black smith's shop, olose at band, be bends op one end like a fish book, and slipping put into tbe stream, he slily places tha hook under the sturgeon's nose and into its round hole of a mouth, ezpeciing to fasten on to the victimized, harmless fish, and "yank" him clean and clear out of the watery element. But, "lordy," wasn't he mistaken and sur prised ! Tbe moment the hook touched the inside of lite sturgeon's mouth, the creature backed water so sudden and foroibly as to near jerk the holder of the hook's bead from its socket. The poor fellow was forty rods under water, and going down stream, before be mastered presence of mind enough to in duce htm to let go the hook ! However, the lookers-on of ibis curious mancenvre took a boat *fi3 fished out their hall-drowued comrade, wbo concluded that ke bad paid pretty dearly for his whistle. The sturgeon-catching did not end here.— Alter the laogh of the above mentioned ad venture bad ceased, some one offered to bet a hat that be eonld hold a sturgeon and snake bim clean out of water; and at Ibe man who had tried the experiment felt altogether du bious about it, be at once bet that tbe slur geon would be more than a match for any man in tbo crowd. Tbe wager was duly staked, e rod crook ed, the operator tucked up his sleeves and trowsers, and wades out to where a sturgeon or two were lying off in the shallow water. Of course the operation now became a mat ter of considerable interest; and ae the man was a stout, beatly fellow, able to bold a bull by tbe boras, few entertained doubts of bis bringing ont his sturgeon. Atuu a tonc.iims.the operator gels his hook nuder the sturgeon,andtesira Anno* .u it close into the jaw* of the victim; end no sooner was that pari of the feat accomplished than Air. Sturgeon "backs ont" witb tbe ve locity of chain lightning, carrying his assail ant under water and down stream! The man held on ; and there they went, foaming and pitching, until the fellow, finding his breath nearly ont of his body; his neck, arms, and legs just about dislocated, conclu ded to lose the bat and let the hook and stur geon go! Pretty well used np, the poor fellow suc ceeded in getting ont of tbe river, a convert to the first experimental idea of the strength and velocity of fisb, especially a big stur geon. Beginning lo imagine Ibat fish eonld swim, or had some moscular power, several of tbe bystaoders were rife for experimenting on the stolfeeons. Another iron rod was converted inima hook, and two bnily-bnilt Paddys volunteer ed to book the fish. Ar opportunity was not long waited for, ere a jolly good elastio nosed genus sturgeon came smelting up olose to where the Paddys had posted themselves up on some moss-covered, slippery stones, and wilh a sudden spasmodic effort, the man witb the hook planted it firmly into the suction hole of the fisb, while bis companion held en te a rope fast to tbe honk. Before Pat oould say Jack Robinson, of course he was jerked ofl his foet, and, letting go the iron, the other Psddy end the sturgeon set sail, having all tbe fan lo themselves! Tbis proved, or very neatly so, n serious denouement to the stur geon-catching by hand, for Paddy was car ried clean and clear off the soundings, end so repeatedly immersed in deep water, tbst his life was within an see of being wet oat of his body. The rope petted at bet (poor Pet never thooght of letting go his "hooid"), •ad being dipped ont of the liquid element and relied over s barrel until his inside* were emptied of the water, and beat restored by he inflaonee of whie key, he recovered, and funher ex petimenting on sturgeons, that sea son, in the Kennebec, sensed. tr "My eyes, Jock," exoteimed • tar, seeing a soldier chained to • bafi for pan tab meat, "if tbere ain't a soldier *t anchor W From Iko Penntyhanian qf Nov. 71k. "AN Hallt New BnflnMl V" Tbis Is the heading of a glorification sni de in tbo Timet of yesterday, landing tbst •sotion of tbo Union to the skins for hsr sap port of ibn Bbok Republican candidate, to which wn respond: "All Hsil! New England I" But not that New England that began its career by burning and banging Baptists and Quakers, and all who differed from it* puri tanical notions of religion. Not that New England wbich in its tyran ny drove Roger Williams into exits, in its hour of danger nought sod won bis proteo- j tiou, and in its gratitude repaid him witb the vilest baseness. Not tbat New England that burned"or hang innocent men and women for witeboraft. Not tbat New England which grew rich by importing slaves from Africa; and wbich is cow living in luxury upon tbe blood snd bones ofj.the human beings it thus traffie ed in. Not that New F.nglsnd that attempted to make tbis government of oors a "hereditary aristocracy." Not that New England that endeavorod to fasten upon tbis country tbe Alien and Sedi tion Laws,, and beeped upon tbe Author of tbe Declaration of Independence the vilest slanders. Not tbat New England that met in Con vention at Hartford, daring the war of 1812, to plot treason against the United States, and to give aid and comfort to the enemies of the nation. Not that New Euglaod which refused to man or arm a single regiment of volunteers o go to M exioo, and that offered indignities lo those wbo did volunteer, when parading through tbe streets of Boston. Not tbat New England which arms her "paupers" to go lo Kansas to incite civil and servile war, and mnrder citizens of tbe Uni ted States. Not that New England that ever since the Revolution, bas beeu opposed to every war, lo every acquisition of Territory, to all the important measures of the Government ihat have added to the greatness snd glory of our country. Not that New England whose religion is its politic* and whose politics is its religion, and whose pulpits are filled with traitors to tbeir country and (hair God. Not that New England wbich shrieks for "free speech" when an Abolitionist desires to undermine the institutions of their coun try, aud whioh denied Faneuil Hah to her able* son lo speak in tbeir defence. Not that New England which delights in imposing upon ber citizen* the double erime of perjury and treason, and while they swear to support the Constitution of tbe United States passes laws compelling them to vio late its provisions and to set at defiance tbe fundamental law of tbe land. Not that New England whioh hatches out all the vile isms of the limes and sends tbem forth through the laud, like so many serpents, to poiron its peace and prosperity. . Not that New England wbicb has made an idol of the Mariposa speculator, worship ped the woolly horse, aod given tbe reius to fanaticism. The New England of the revolution we wonld hail ! But that New England hat been overrun by the Gothe and Vandals of Black Republicanism, tbe Hales, tbe Par kers, |he Garrisons, tbe Banks', the Burlin w——. the Wilsons, the Phillips's,—the rep resentatives and successors or IDs men of the "bag and haicbet" of the revolution,— not of those who fought its battles, but of those who hung in its rear of its armies to mnrder the wounded and rob tbe dead. Tbe New Englaud we hail is thti glerious New England—Democratic New England,— which "still lives" in the hearts of that mi nority wbo have resolved to "keep step to tbe music of the Union," wbo have refused to bow tbe knee to its traitors in war or loss of the Constitution in peace, lo its Abolition ists, its Atheists, or it* Disunioniets! From Ike Public Ledger. MAN CONSIDERED PtIYMOLOGI CAUT. It i* now ascertained, from the army sta listics of Fiance and England, tbat, on an average, every able-bodied man will con sume about a ton and a kilf of various kinds of nutriment io tbe eourse of each year. Of this amazing quantity, about one half is taken ia the form of flaids, water, wine, spirits, tea and coffee, &c. Eight hundred pounds is taken in the shape of solid food, and eight hundred pounds of oxygen gas ab sorbed from the atmosphere by tbe longs. Of course the amount thrown off from the system in various ways is equal, on tbe av erage, to that consumed. It used lo be thought a great discovery that tbe whole body of man changed once in seven years, but from facts like these, it would appear to change far more rapidly. Probably all the body is per petually changing, though some parts fostar than others. Tbe food that is taken in, goes ont again in a consumed form with different degrees of rapidity, according to the nature of tbe strneture into which it enters, bat all at a much quick*r rata than has commonly been supposed. Tbe gtaea change moat rap idly, and therefore require to be supplied most constantly. In the course of a lew sec onds, or minutes at farthest, the entire stock of oxygao ie the system is eooaamed, sad the refuse returned to the atmosphere by the lungs in tha torn of that deadliest of poisons, oarbonio aeid gas, by ita anion with |he ear boa of tho food. Tha fluid* MOM omtt. mod in a hot day, muob of what we drink passes off from the [Twa Dalian ptr Ha mm* NUMBER 44. •kin, in lh farm of perapiratioo, io a vary •hoit Hint. Tbo food, converted into No* and mnaala, especially in iha former, probe, bly lakoa iongeal la change, bat a ran tba bone* aro all changing with every braelbihel ia drawn. In a vary ahoit tiara, doabtlara, •vary part of tha body ia aonanarad and rt nowad. | Tha grant agant io ail thia la nmeli—lun' That ia to aay f wa aca oaob of aa all Uradau' burning vp, poiiflad hourly by lira—a 4ra ia tha flood and in Iha bona* of erery liriag man, every part rantiiatad with oxygen gat, which i* carried in tke blood by tha langa into each nook and comer, and lbare, uniting with the carbon, it literally burn* him Dp alive. In fact all animal heat ia but the anmhaWiaa 1 of the body, tha homing op of fat and atbat carbon of the system, in eonaatjoanca of tbo preeenoe of oxygen gaa bona in tha lida of the blood. And what becomea'of the great amount of waterdaily absorbed I It aerreafor two pur poaes—firit, a* a canal to carry alike tha foal and the oxygen to the different atationa ail over the body, and it alao serve* as a reser voir to keep the fire in check, whenever there is a danger of fire getting the mastery. If those water plugs, the capillaries of tba skin, get out of order, or by any other means the fire becomes uncontrollable, the men bums up with the fever. If he stir the lira by exercise, he gets'bot, especially if he blow with those hallows the longs. If he lets tba fira alone, u gets dull and choked cp with ash's. If be lives too fast by inhaling exhil arating gaa, the carbonic acid gaa accumu lates in iha system bo fast that it chokes op the vital powers, and may asphyxiate him. Bat the combustion may be extremely low withonl tba fira going dead out, aa we aaa in cases of hybernation. Thus, some of the Jo dian tribes regnbrly take a long nap through the winter months to save food, i. a. fuel; and in India, some men have thus ban par pously buried alive and exhnmed and recov ered after several months of quiescence. The heat of the. body in ail climaa ia about the same. No matter how eold or bow boi tbe air, the temperature of the body remains at the same point, abont 98 4pgrees. Bat to keep this temperature requires larger amoonte of combustible, or food, when we approach ibe North Pole, tnd of water to keep the fira in check as we approach the tropica. Tha evaporation of prespiratioa from Ibe whola surface of (he body enables man to stand Iha hottest climates in the world, while almost fabulous quantities of train oil, reindeer and blubber keep up tbe beat of the Esquimaux. Thus then ia life, physiologically, a flame, a fire like Moses' bush, buraiog, yet uncon suined, or rather momentarily consnming, and yet replacing all the waste for yean and years. So far all might seem to change, with nothing rema-.niug, and yet there ia not a moment that we live, not an action of our lives, not an event that transpires, but what ia leaving it* residuum, permanent and im perishable. Contclouj identity oootinuea un broken amid ilreae bodily Jtftges; the ma terials that feed tbe change, but each event leave* it* impression in the char acter. A man may live a hundred years, bnt there i* an immutable something about him that naver changes. Hi* bodv dies daily, piece by piece, being literally burnt np, con sumed by alow inward fires, bet there is a something in hint, tke exislonce of which ia made known to him by conscious continued identity, thtt survives aii this daily death, and is therefore immaterial, immortal and Di vine. Such is Professor Draper's viow of man. To Those Wbo Decry Tales aad Ravels. George W. Curtis recently delivered a lec ture on Literatim, ia wbteh he look oc casion to apeak in tbe followiog terms on fiction; Objection to fiction is objection to tha most instinctive play of tbe tinman mind. Fiction ia no more to bo explained or de fended than the sunnet or the rose. If any body objects to novels in tbe ahetraot, he ob jecte to man. It te no more waste of time to read a good novel than to read a good poem, or look at a fine sunset, or yield to a noble instmot. I have beard sad-eyed cler gymen publicly denounce fiction, as each, to young men. and Ihen preach croaking sermons on the parables. Bnt Sir Walter Scott himself could be lie his art. He aays: We are inclined to think Ibat tbe worst evils to be apprehended from (he pernsal of nov els is, that tbe habit is apt to eogeoder a distaste for real history or nseful literature," bus. Bnt is it to be supposed that Scott sin eerely believed that mankind were to be more impoved by reading tha real history of Messalina or Cleopatra, or of Catharine then by reading the history of Rebocoal— Did he prefer as a moralist that his daughters should read tbe memories of tbo Dooke Grammont, or Charles tee Second, or any other King, rather than the fictitious history el Sir Da Covarlyf Did be not know that the exceUence of a noval is the oxceileoce of nature, or any other great work of art, and tbat hisown Jennie Deans is ss real In herself and as influential on tbe human mind as Judith or Qneen Elizabeth t All history be comes fiotion in advance of time. How many character! bays we of Oliver Cromwell, and which are wo to accept as the true one I Probably history is lass true ta nature, on the whole, than fiction. Clio is such a high-stepping muse that she geea over just what we warn to know. Personal memories, which approach much nearer to fiction iu tbeir nature, always charm and in* struct u*. Thore is no doubt that the history of flobison Crusoe would help a boy on hi* way through lite much better than any his tory of Oliver CromwelL Goodness ia never imaginative. History and fiotion are only two way* of patting a fact. We am jaet as sorry to Me lago'succoed'as to see Lunula* fail. For as, both iago and Lseaidaa (are t0 T artist* decry their art, bnt tha an remain*. What a man does seems in sigoifiesnt to himself, beam* bis beet work he does most easily. Raphael paint* tha Transfiguration, bet anvias the shoemaker's •kill. The great artiste deery thair art, but, I say, tbeir art remains. And whether it be painting, or poetry, or eculptura, or music, or fiction, it* purpose is Mill the purpose of nil art—the moral eduoatiod of tne race. •