Newspaper Page Text
HOW PKOl'l.lf AKK GFTIISH AI.ONCJ
ON Tilß OIITfKIHTH OFntfCVI lON. Oregon, Washington, Kansas, Minne sota and Utah Territories, From Ihe Oregon Weekly Times. Oregon mil its Prospects. IR IK but a few years since din: Oregon was but little known in the annals of hlsiory. Then comparatively. nothing was known, rave it was a wild expansive waste heyond the Rocky Mountains—inhabited only by the races, and visited by a fstv adventurous whiles occasionally in rhe capacity of trap pers arid fur traders. It is but a few years srnce Astoria, at the mouth of the majestic Columbia, was the only town that dot'ed the entire and broil? domain included in die "map of Oregon"—and it was called the Capital. What a marked difference is to-day pre sented. Two broad Territories—Oregon and Washington—dotted over with thriving towns and villages,and peopled with seventy thou sand hardy, enterprising pioneers, now oc cupy its place. Six years ago its entire pop ulation numbered but a trifle over thirteen thousand—the sturdy and enterprising emi grants who have crossed the Rocky Mono turns since then have contributed largely in •welling our population, i:r a gradual and permanent manner, to its present number The industrious husbandman is here well repaid for his lotl— moiher earth here yields a bounteous return to all who speed ihe plow through he; rich, or ply (he axe to her majestic forests. "The products of Oregon alone, for expor tation, amount, in the aggregate, to r'. lean half a million dollars yearly. The iletn of epp'es, alone, which will be exported thi eea6on, will not fall below one hundred and fifty thousand dollars. Where once the liny Indian canoe was the only conveyance upon our waters, we now see the noble stenmships, sail-ships, and river steamers in abundance. Trade and commerce steadily acquire momentum, and wlic" a short time since existed but a few trading posts with limited supplies ol Indian commodities, we now find almost unlimited numbers ol stores and store-houses, stocked with larae quantities of everything that can conduce to lite comforts of civihzed life. Notwithstanding a devaslalina Ir.dian war has been raging throughout Oregon and Washington Tcriitories during the past year, which has proved disastrous to our general prosperity, yet, through the abundutiee of kind Nature, a large surplus cf crops have been harvested this fall. Real estate is manifestly improving in value; and, although farm slock is raited in great profusion, there seems to be but little diminution in its valco. Improvements are going on rapidly throughout the Willamette valley; mills and manufacturing establish ments of various kinds are 111 process of com pletion; K-hooln, churches, and printing presses are properly appreciated, and hber elly sustained. We occasionally hear the remark made— -1 Oregon is a poor country to thrive in"—but Ench are fow. We know ol many who have resided hero lor a lime, and returned to tlts States with the hope of being better satisfied, who, in most cases have either returned or expressed their regrets of leaving, and wish ed themselves back in Otegon once more.— Let croakers say what they will, in the sore ness of petty disappointment, the country is sure to prosper. A steady but sure prngtess is better, in the end, than fietitous and mo mentary flj.-hes of advancement. We see additional reasons, from year to year, why the people here have cau6o to be con'.entod and happy. Tho industrious need have no fears of coming to wunt—nnd the capitalist will ever find abundant opportuni ties for profitable investments. What mors ia nr cessury ? From the Ihcneci ant! Democrat, Olympia, Washington Ten itory. Wnshlitaton territory. . GOV. STEVENS* SPEECH ABOUT THE LATE INDIAN WAH. Substance of the Remarks of Gov. Stevens at the Dinner given to Col. Shuw, and the Volunteers. After thanking the company for the honor they had done him, in associating his name with the moasutcs of the war, Gov. Stevens gave a history of the causes of the war, de monstrating that it was the result of a wide spread combination, and had commenced under circumstances of great atrocity. The relations of the whiles and Indians had bean friendly, and but few cases of injury to the property or person of an Indian, hud occurred eince the first settlement ol the country. Treaties had just been entered into, and yet in violation of the failb of them, our peo pie,entirely unsuspicious of danger, had been massacred in cold blood ; innocent women and helpless children even, not having been spared. It was determined, all parsons a greeing, the people, authorities and regular r;oO|w, that three marauders -iiouUt be pun ished, and the tribes which protected them. The tribes in the Yakima, and refugees from the tribes on the Sound undor I.eschi, now waged war in earnest, but thanks to the valor and patriotism of our people, the war was ended on the Sound, and thoso who did not surrender unconditional prisoners were driven across the Cascades. Gov. Stevens regretted that he could not approve of the operations of die regular troops east of the Cascades, which in his judgment, brought discredit upon tbo country, and low- prestige of the white raoe in the mind of Ihe Indian. The bright spot in the operations of the war east of the Cascade mountains, since the sig nal defeat of the enemy in the Waliuwalla valley in December last by the Oregon vol unteers, was a brilliant victory of the Grand Rondel' The troops moved in two columns Irom the Seund over the Cascades and from the Dalles along the Columbia, and meeting almost the aame day, pushed on by night marches, and s'truck the severest blow of the war. Words cannot express the respect and ad miration which such achievmenta excito in tbe patriotic heart. The valor and conduct of Col. Shaw in command, and the courage and devotion of his olficers and rnon, will have a lasting reoord in the history of the Territory and of the ooasl. Fraternal relations of tbo dearest kind have been established between the River aud the Sound. 1 lie Southern Battalion, under the iulrepul Mexou, oume by forced marches to the SoutiUdn its hour of need, and the Sound forces niched with lliem over tho Cascades to the Grand llonde, of which the relatione are with the Columbia valley, there routed the enemy and returned home with them by way ol the Columbia river. llut the citizens of the Territory generally, have given an example of palrintiem which nasi history furnishes no parallel. Every thing that cotilil be spared was freely tender ed, at fair prices, to carry on the war. Farm ers, merchants, owners of vessels, all con tributed, turning out animals, wagons, pro visions, clothing and transportation tn equip and keep well supplied-lor six months mote than one half of lire able bodied men of the Territory—and yet with their hands and the risk of their lives, those who remained at homo, less than one half of the adult males, got in crops which have ripened into a harvest, sufficient for the next year's subsistence of the Territory. Rot it is not so much the valor and patriot ism of oor people which challenges admira tion, as their noble humanity under circum stances of extraordinary excitement and prov ocation. No bird of ill omen hovering over the coast, and sending its stench to the shores of the far Atlantic, can obscure the glorious record which the conduct ol our people has mode in the history of the cuuhtry. No friendly Indian has bepn molested in a volunteer camp our scout. There has been no killing of prisoners or plundering rf prop erty from Ihe hoMiles. Captured animals have been accounted for as public property. For six months, not a friendly Indian was killed throughout the Territory, although one half were ready at the favnrihle moment lo join the war party. Of the five thousand five hundred Indians held on reservation, not one was touched. It wr.s not the strength of a few (jail men, but the strength and courage of a whole population ttint secured to the Indians this immunity from suffering and wrong. Of the few cases of murder which occurred subsequent lo the first six months of the war, there was exiraordinaiy provocation in two cases which occurred in a district forbidden lo the friendly Indians, and which had been laid wasle Ky die enemy. These murders have been universally regret'ed and reproba ted by our citizens : and it would be as unjust lo aitach the censure of them to an entire community, as it would be to attach the cen sure of the recent killing Gf a northern Indian by some soldiers at Steilacom to tho whole garrison. Ail such officers of tho regular servico as Ilaller, Alvord, Moloney, the lamented I Slaughter. Russel, Nugent, and Major Rains himself, who from a long residence in the Territory actually know the country and the Indians, have agreed with ihe people and the autnoriiies a to the character of ihe e.mer gency we have had to meet. They have been with us in eantiment throughout. The only terms that should be allowed hos tile Indians is unconditional submission.— Mercy ought then to be extended to die great body, but murderers should be hnng. Such are the conditions of a permanent p age. Gov. Stevens concluded by toasting the volunteers, which was responded to by Col. Shaw. From Ihe Sacramento Stale Journal. linusas Territory. The following passages froin a letter re cently received from an Ohio farmer, reeled at Fort Riley, Kansas, will, at this lime be perused with interest. I have not the convenience for a published letter. My desk is a walnut log, in the edge of a skirl of timber, on one of the main trib utaries of the Kansas river; at a short distance is my dueling, consisting of two breadths of cotton cloth, inclined at right angles of a hackberry ridge pole, and my couch is this floury valley, witn an Indian campfire at my feel, and the stars for my study—though none of there make me feel disquiet and lonesome, for here one is amidst some of the finest repifsentations of nature. The Hirds oj Kansas. —The birds are trifling and singing aiound me, and some of them are getting up a variety of sounds that seem little like music. The blackbird, the robin, the lark, tho nightingale, a species of oriole, are among rliese I venture to name. The hawk duck, prairie lien, grouse, sand liiil crane, wild goose, and turkey, are rather abundant. Quadrupeds —Our quadruped game consists ol rats and mice, gophers, the fox, the squir rel, the badger, prairie wolf, coyola, deer antelope, elk and bufialo. We have consid erable sport w.'nli the wolves. They are rath er familiar towards us. still they show us a | decided amount of respect. A few days | since we look a hunting stroll and routed fif teen antelope, killing one, and taking one prisoner. dish. —Fish abound very plentifully in all the rivers and tributaries of the Territory. A parly of us, a few days ago, went to the Re publican Ford, arid with our wagon-sheet (taught a cattish that weighed forty-one It's , with other sizes ranging down. The catfish is a very fiiiu eating fish. The other varieties are quite numerous. Buffalo Hunt.— There is o party of us going a buffalo hunting in a few days, starling from Fort Ililey, and following up the Saline Fori. A pany ol our neighbor claimants have j-isl returned Irom a week's hunt, with the meat of one buffalo, end two live bufialo calves. They give such great accounts of them, that those of ua who stayed at home to guard the wagons and crops, have become somewhat excited it: our rapid arrangements for another hunt. The Soil—Agricultural Resources, fyc. —The aoil of (his Territory is rich vegetable loam, strongly impregnated with limestone. Tho geological formation of the country is simple. It is very likely there is some coal in this ter ritorythere may be considerable. The t.ruber and prairie-are proportioned, in my judgment, of about one acre of timber to 300 acres okwitirie. There is water in great por tions oiße territory and a considerable de ficiency in others. The country is well adap ted lo the raising of horses, cattle, sheep and hogs; to the culture of hemp, corn, potatoes and the grape. A gentleman ol coitaiderablo agricultural experience told me he thought the principle products of the country were destined to commence with " VV," wool ami wine. They will unquestionably be leading productions, but no theory can mako this any less a great cattle country. Correspondence oj ihe Ohio Statesman. From Minnesota-"*going lobe it SUlc ( 01. Nobles' (exhibition, SIIAKOPKE, Min. Ter., Nov. 25, 1R56. Cor.. Mkdarv— Dear Sir I have been in Minnesota two weeks, and thinking you m.ght like to know what my impressions concerning the Territory are, I venture to give them. In ascending the Mississippi, I had no op portunity to see the country, as the slime* are generally bluffy and barren. Ten or fif teen miles Irom ihe river ll.e good country commences. It consists of fertile, rolling prairie, with considerable limber land, and generally an abundance of water. Most of the towns appear to be very enter ; prising and flourishing. The rapidity with which settlers are coming into the country is without parallel. It is estimated by some of the best informed, that there are nearly 200,. 000 people in the Territory at this time. I could scarcely credit this when I first landed at St. Paul. Since then I have been up Ihe Minnesota river as far as Traverse des Sioux | and St. Peters, and almost every acre of land is claimed for a distance back of from i ten lo fifteen miles on each side of the ri"er. There arc many fine farms and farm houses all the way up to the Indian Reservation nearly lo Fort Ridgly, The best locations between the Minnesota river and lowa are already selected and settled upon. North for sixty or seventy miles along the streams and around Ihe little lakes, and about jlte same distance west of the Mississippi, the best lo cations are already claimed by settlers who intend lo pre-empt. Thonsands of men will spend the winter hero, building their houses or cabins r.n their claims, so as to be ready to receive their families in the spring. Very linle choice land will be left subject to pri vate entry in another season. This is good for the country, but not for speculators.— Those who come now are ulmosl actual set tlers, and, of course, will cause a rapid de velopment of the country. Stps will be taken this winter to call e Convention lo frame a Constitu'ion prepara tory to the admission of Minnesota as a Slate, and in a year from this winter she will doubtless become one. Her soil is unsur passed, her climate for health is unequa'led, and her rapid development for two years past is without a parallel not excepting even California. St. Paul has a resident popula tion, by actual count, of lull ten thousand at this time. A number of other towns now have a population of from five hundred lo two thousand inhabitants, which two years since had not an existence. As the country is settled new towns are springing up con stantly. A settler's claim to a qttarlereclion of se lected land sells readily for Iroln $5OO to $2,000, according lo the advantage!'of prai rie, water and timber, or locality, even be fore the government is paid for it. Many roads have teen laid out anJ im proved sufficiently for travelling purposes all across the lerrib-ry. The enterprise of the kind on fool at this time, is the wagon road from Fort Ridgelv to Independence Rock, near ilio SotnTi Pass of the Rooky Mountains. A government road, under the d irec'icn of Cspl. Thorn, of tho Topographi cal Engineers, has already been laid out end will probably be completed nexi summer, from St. Anthony, on the Mississippi, lo Fort Ridgley, on the Minnesota River. From Ihe San Francisco Sun. 'the Mormons of Utah. Perhaps there is not a more unpromising region in our Whole country for a people lo locate id than Utah. Shut out from all inter course except recti as may be had by the most trying privations—devoid of almo't ev erything l>ka natural products—rigorous in climate—sterile in soil comparatively—re moved from all markets for such products as the industry of its inhabitants can lorce from the reluctant •arth—without navigable streams, and inclosed by lofty and rugged mountains, Utah is gradually 'and steadily becoming an object of far greater importance than we are for the most part aware of. Im pelled by the most incredible fanaticism, and under the most absolute type of theocratic government—paying blind and zealous obe dience lo the behests of their leader, these people are literally performing miracles.— Their missionaries are scattered over the world, and though frequently repelled with scorn and derision, return to their labors with tho most astounding pertinacity. But a few years ago, and a handful of refugee men and women from Missouri were wend ing an untrodden path through the heart of j a vast and unknown tract, in search ot some ( place where they might shelter from the | persecutions ol the world, and now that handful of outcasts have grown to bo a pow erful people, demanding admission into the i Union on equel terms with the States, and | setting the power and authoriiy of the American Government at defiance. 11.0 rapid progress und colonization of California can be accounted for on natural principles, but the advancement of Utah is almost miraculous. Thousands are flocking to their standard, from England, Germany, Au.-lralia and the United Slates. They have their emissaries in all these and other coun tries, diligently preparing the way arid mak ing the paths straight for immigration to their great stronghold. The revenue of the Territory is freely expended to promote this object, and instead of being diminished, is largely increased by the added population— for industry is strictly enforced in Utah. Al ready they have assumed the name ol State foj their Territory, and have opened up every branch of manufacture necessary to their subsistence and independence from the con tributions of other places. They manufac ture all sorts of iron ware and cutlery, all kinds of farming implements, carpets, raise wool, and make cloth, cotton fabrics of all kinds, in the aaitie manner, paper, saddlery, furniture, build sieam engines—and many others. They pay great attention lo raising the finest breeds of stock, poultry, etc.; they also encourage the fine arte, and painting, music, etc., are handsomely patronized: and iii several poiir.g ihey ara in ihe qjvanco of California, will) all her boasted wenlih and vast natural terources. These ara facts stern accusatory facts—containing a lesson full of deep import to our people, which they would do well to apply. Their unprom ising country compels unceasing industry, and that checks the wild spirit of excitement —they have no time for it. They settled in a poor region to make it rich—to build up permanent homes, hy sobriety and perseve rance not revered by the plots of the u'a nib ul at or; tbey offer peace, security for life and property, and assist those who are willing to go to them, and ate in creasing in population, with all their natural obstacles, far faster than is California, with her many natural advantages. Immigrants to Utah go their dragging handcar's from Missouri, containing all their world's store, while we have two lines of steamships in full operation, two other routes soon to be operated, a wagon road in prospective, and are hoping for a railroad in addition. They have settled the vast region from Great Salt Lake to within two hundred miles of our California frontiers, so that travellers having passed that space, can sleep at one of their settlements every night. The want of sj-, aC e precludes our showing the causes of these results as compared with California; but Ihe subject is one of deep import and merits the serious attention of all. STAB OF THB NORTH. R. W. WEAVER, EDITOR. Illoomnltiug, Wednesday, Dec 24, 1856- COUNTY CONVENTION. '■'' HE Democratic electors of Columbia court ly aro notified to meet in their several districts on SATURDAY, the 27th tlay aH)ecember int., between the hours ol two and seven, P. M.j and choose the usual number of Delegates to meet in County Con vention, at Binnmsburg, ot; Monday follow ing December 29th, at one o'clock P. M., to setpct DelejrnieriD Ptate Con vention which will meet at Harrisburg on the 2d day of March next, to nominate candidates lor Governor, Canal Commissioner and Judge of thaEupreine Court. C. R. BUCKALEW, Chairman Standing Committee. Bloomsburg, Dec. 18, 1856. HIE DEMOCRATIC 8I ATIC CONVEN TION FOR 1857. The Democratic S ate Convention, for (ho purpose of placing in nomination candi dates for Governor, Canal Commissioner and Judge of the Supreme Court, to be voted for in October next, will be held at HARRIS BURG, on MONDAY, the second of March. 1857, at 11 o'clock. A. M. J. YV. FORNEY, Chairman of Stale Central Committee. A REVIEW. With (he close of the year will draw to ward its end the eighth volume of the "STAB" —the eight years of mixed toil and enjoy rruMjr which have matked some of the best time of life. They have been fruitful in the knowledge of men and the world; and while not every movement has been one of sun shine, it has gone quite ae well with the idol of our political affections ns we had any rea son to desire or expect. It grew out of the earnest impulse of life's spring-lime for' Truth and Right,' and dealt its blows fearlessly against selfishness and guile without count ing the cost. The labor in its columns has been given with a hearty good will, and with the zeal which only sincerity can be stow. It is the most pleasant of reflections in reviewing the past that our early friends all stand bj our banner yel; end that oven the enemies of our enterprise In its origin now do slow justice to the motives that guide it and the meflrs that mark it. A country newspaper must from the very nature of things be political; and the man who in this republic prelonds to despise poli tics iasonly guilt}- of a foolish affectation— He who assumes to be a "no-party-tnan" is generally the veriest slave of parly, and the most bigoted of men. In our prly, then, we found eight years ago a portion of camp followers caring only for the "rule," and re nlly hostile to the principles of Domocracy. Heresies were openly avowed on subjects of revenue and finance in government, snd men taken for candidates who were hostile to the organization of the party. Cameron ism and volunteering were dividing the par ty, and had made it lbs easy prey of the op position. In these days Camerotiism has not an open friend in the county, and the men who rati af:er \Y higs and Volunteers come back repentant and sorrowful. When the tide of fanaticism and bigotry swept over the State in '54 there were here a few Democrats who followed the false gods, and ministered be fore the idols in seoret silence ami shame.— They drew the walor and hewed the wood for the false prophets until they found that creed powerless lo save them, and are now cast out as unprofitable servants by those whom they served only lo well. When the day of darkness came we gave warning and spared not the faithless and false. Early and lute we toiled against deception and malice—and often toiled almost single hand ed and alone. The opposition has been disheartened and mortified at the result—at first that its allies proved powerless, ant) more recently that they proved treacherous. Wo can say of a truth what few men can after eight year's service in the front rank of the fray—that we have written nothing in these columns which we woulJ wish were blotted out—nothing which we believe was unjust of unfair. And with this inspiriting reflection our work will go on. To the true spirits who have stood by us in the hour of trial the new year and volume will knit us with another lirjk of brotherhood in the great cause of the people. The cold hearted have illustrated the lesson ot human frailly, and we can afford to forgive. The viotories of the past will animate us to begin our new volume with renewed energy and spirit. Banking Tricks- Our readers may remember that, some months ago, the Commonwealth obtained judgment against Ihe Harrisburg Bank for Ihe penally incurred in not keeping its bills at par in the city. By the decision of a major ity of Ihe Churt, the case was brought within the Act limiting liabilities lor penalties to two years preceding suit, so that, although judgment was in favor of the Commonwealth the Bank escaped a large portion of its just liabilities. The amount of the judgment was paid by the Bank; and with the understand ing that Ihe other Banks of the Common wealth, standing in a like delinquent position, .would settle on the same basis, suits against | them were deferred. It is now understood, however, that those banks refuse payment, and, it is said, rely on Ihe Legislature to re lieve them from the penalty by repealing the law, and giving the repeal retrospective ac tion. The Commonwealth, under this aspect of the matter, proposes to commence suits against them immediately. This is right and proper. Anything less or any delay would render the authorities of the State obnoxious to the charge of neglect ofduly. There should be no laws on the statute book that are not or cannot be enforced. The Legislature, it is hoped, will take notice of the ground on which it is intimated that the banks rely for escaping this penally. So repealing the law, it should be amended by increasing the penally five fold, and by simplifying Ihe collection of this increased amount. The object of the present penalty of two mills per cent, tax was no doubt intended to require the banks to keep their notes at par at the points named,and not as a revenue measure. If this is so, then why not increase ihe lax to two or even five per cent., if depreciated pa per cannot be driven out at a less ratal The piesenl penalty is manifestly inadequate for Ihe object intended, as the banks can pay the lax and renlize a handsome profit afterwards. But as they do neither pay the tax, keep their bills at par, or regard the decisions of Ihe Court, the Legislature should take early occasion to signally rebuke their contuma cy. W We commend the following just tribute to Post Master General Campbell, taken from the "North American," an opposition paper, to the notice of those sniveling bickbitera who whenever a mail failed in its arrival, a newspaper miscarried, or a letter was rnis sent, never failed to cast the blame upon the Post Master General. The "North Ameri- ! can" says:— "It is due to Mr. Campbell, wlio has made his last annual report to Congress, and is about to retire from his high office, to say, what indeed we can say, in strong and cor dial terms—that he has performed the oner ous but honorable duties of that office with a single eye to the interests of the public, with a faithfulness, industry and ability un surpassed ; that he has fully met and an swered all the just claims oi the community upon him, and will leave the Department in as prosperous a condition as was possible for j the administrative skill ol a single man to render it." NEW COIN. —The new cent is a very pretty , coin, and a great improvement on the present j uiiwleldlj and filthy copper cent. It is about | the size of a quartereagle, but much thicker [ and nearly Ihe color of German silver. The obverse is a well executed figure of an eagle \ in flight with the date underneath, ar.d the j words "United Stales of America" above.— : The converse is a finely executed wreath, i representing all the principal staples of the country—cotton, corn, tobacco, wheat, grapes etc. —with the words "one cent" in the cen tre. The only objection toil is, it has no ringing sound. NEW YEAR'S ADDRESS.— Our carrier re quests us to say that he will deliver a spe cial communication to town subscribers on the morning of the first day of the New Year, treating of very important matters which it concerns them to know. He hopes they will feel duly grateful for this mark of his regard, and bo prepared to favor h'.Ki with a small or large metal wheel on the oc casion. P. S. No objection to gold dollars. 13?" The Jcdges of tha 26th Judicial Dis trict will meet at the Court House in Blooms burg, on tho 30th inst., to appoint a Reve nue Commissioner. | S r Next week we'will publish a very son- j sible extract from a late lecture of Judge Lewis which will bo interesting to lazy peo ple. We will also lurnisb another of the spicy ! epistles of Docsticks'. Tv Col. John M. Sullivan, ol Butler Co., i Is liamed by the Butler American as the next Republican candidate for Governor of Penn sylvania. The patty might go farther and fare worse. BP* John Youngman, Esq., the editor of the Sunbury Gazelle has resigned the appoint ment of Postmaster at that place, and Martin E. Bucher has been appointed in his place. The Clinton Co. Democrat has raised the name of Gen. William F. Packer to its mast head for the Demociatio nomination for Governor by the next Stale Convention. . CIUM learn from the Scranton Herald that Coal property near that bo rough, was recently sold to some New York capitalists. The tract contains 550 acres, and wa3 sold at $6OO per acre, or $330,000. l George W. Tuttle, the inventor of the famous "baby jumper," and who has reali zed $60,000 by ihe patent, died in New York on Saturday, from congestion of the lungs. He was 30 years old, and died un married. W The Erie City Bank and Bank of Newcastle are reported to have failed, and the notes are generally refused. tST Hidalgo county, Texas,cast 163 votes, all of which were for Buchanan. iy The population of Cuba is estimated at' 1,446.602 souls. "fllcedlni KaanuUf Judge Lecompte has been removed, and one in whom even iho Washington corres pondeniaol the New York Tribune and Times expresses eon fidence—James O. Harrison, of Harrison, of Kentucky, lias been appointed his successor. Mr. Harrison is a native of Kentucky, read law in Lexington, removed to Vicksburg, Miss.,* made a fortune at thai bar, and then relumed to his old home and resumed the practice of his profession there. He was at one time associated with John C. Breckin'idge, the Vice President elect, in the practice of his profession, and has a wide reputation as an honorable and competent man who would be influenced by no other desire than to administer justice fairly and impartially to all parlies. Mr. Harrison, al though a Democrat in politics, was appointed by Henry Clay one of the executors of his \ will, a matk of reppect and regnrd which tic : would not have bestowed upon him had he not been deemed fully worthy of it. The appointment was entirely unsolicited by Mr. H., but it is hoped and believed that he will I accept it. With good officers secured to Kansas, and a repeal of the bad features of Iter legisla tion, she will need sympathy from nn quar-I ter, and her condition will speedily become one rather to be admired and envied than to 1 be deplored and commiserated. '1 be l''oietgn Kevrg* ( The Philadelphia and Liverpool Line of j Steamers has achieved another triumph, and ! furnished us with three daytaler news from Europe. The news is not very important. England has acceded to the demand for a new Con fence of the European Powers to interpret the late treaty, and although she professes to have limited the powers of the Conference, i it is evident that she has been overruled j rather against her will by her desire to keep , on good terms with tier ally, France, whose power she fears and whose friendship she cannot afford to lose. Matthews, the English Consul at Philadel phia, implicated in the Enlisment business, has been rewarded with a first class Euro pean Consulship. An insurrection has broken out in Sicily, 1 but it is doubtTul whether it wi!i prove very formidable to the government, as it seems to be rather local than genera! in its character. Catnwlssu Itallrond. Earnings of the Cainwissa Railroad Com pany for the month ol November: Freight, $15,616 79 Passengors, 7,454 87 ! $23 081 66 ! Same month last year, 20,387 01 I Increase, $2,684 62 j This is the full estimated increase in the trade for this period of the year. We understand that at a meeting of the ' Managers of (his Company, held yesterday, 1 Mr. Jacob Huines, of Muncy, was elected | t Vice President. Mr. Haines, a respected , member of the Society of Friends, is an in | flueniial peritn in his district, (through which ' : the Railroad passes,) and his election is re- i j garded as ail accession of great strength to I the Company. GAMBLING IN BUSINESS NOT LEGAL. —The, Superior Court o( New Ymk lias decided that j sales oi produce or merchandise deliverable • at a future day, with no intention of the par- j ties actually to perform it, bu' merely to pay 1 difference on the one side or the other, an- i cording to the stale of the market, such con- j tract is a wager, and, therefore, void. The policy ol lite law is to discourage gambling transactions of every kind, whether in beta, wagsrs, stakes, stocks or business merely speculative. POI.VGA.MY IN UTAH.— The story going the rounds of the newspapers that Judge Drum tnond had charged a jury in Utah that po lygamy is indictable in that Territory is a hoax. Congress has passed no law to pun ish the practice of polygamy, nor is there any "Revised Statutes ol the United Sialesi as spoken of in the charge." It is a pretty good hoax, however, like Secretary Marcy's letter to Gov. Grimes. TV The Rev. Dudley a Tyng of Philadel phia, who attempted to carry his Abolition Black "Republican" Fremont notions into his church, and was very properly dismissed therefor has raised the standard of rebellion, and set up for himself. He has engaged the | Nationall Hall in Philadoiph ia, and will held ; forth as occasion may require. j Nipped in the Bud. —A Wushiugton cor j respondent ol the Herald says Secretary Mar t cy has r.ipped in Iho bud an expedition which was secretly floating out in New York against the present Venezuelan government and in favor of Paez, and that he says he will not allow any filibustering parlies to leave the United States to make war upon governments with which we are at peace. tatr The Supreme Court of this Slate re cently decided that the widow of a decedent is entitled to S3CO cut of the proceeds of the sale of his real esttite in preference to a judg ment creditor in ivhose favor the husband had waved the benefits of the Exemption Aol of 1849. W" The Sheriff of Bucks county, last week took eight prisoners to the. Pentteutiary from that county. Holloway's Pills.— ln chronic dyspepsia, where the stomach has become callous !u alt ordinary remedies, and stimulants fail ei ther to provoke appetite or facilitate diges tion, these Pills by their simultaneous action upon the fluids which dissolve, assimilate and adapt to the purposes af nutrition the food taken into the system, will quickly im part a healthy tone to the whole physical machinery. Indigestion, and all its concom itants and consequences, including general debility, liver complaint, nausea, pains be tween the shoulders, headache, low spirits, a feeling of oppression after meals, sleepless ness, languor, flatulence, bowel complaint, etc., are among the ailments invariably cured by a course of this iuestiinable remedy. ) I The Mustang Liniment ciiret Itlftt j matism. The Mustang Liniment cures SltJ Joints, The Mustang Linimsnt cures Burn. and Wountjs, The Mustang Liniment cures Sore and Ulcers, The Mustang Liniment cures ahta Breasts and sore Nipples, The Mustang Liniment cures Neural gin. The Mustang Liniment cures Corns and lUarls, , y The Mustang Liniment is worth 1,000,000 DOLLARS PER ANKGAI To the United States, as the preserver and restorer of valuable Horses and Cattle. It cures a I sprains, Galds, VVqunds, Stiff Joinls, &<\ ' Will yon answer this question ? Did yots pver hear of any ordinary Sure, Swelling, Sprain or Stiffness, either oil man or beset, which the Mustang Liniment would notcurel Did you ever visit any rospectable Druggist in any part of tlm world—in Europe, Asia, or America—who did not any "it was the gradi ent discovery of Hie age?" Sold every where. Every family should have it; 3 size. BARNES k PARK, Proprietors, New York. Jimz&ifcJKai&a " In Bloomshurg, on Tuesday the 16th insl., by Rev. A. A. Marple, Mr. Josem Hiess, of Philadelphia, and Miss MART MCKELVY, youngest daughter of William McKelvy, of Bloomsburg. At Biach Grove, by Rev. Thomas Barn hart, Mr. HENRY LAMON, of Briarcreek, Co lumbia Co., to Miss MARY E. Gnuvcx, of Beach Grove, Luzerne Co. In Light Street, Columbia Co., on the 11th inst, by J. R. Kobbins, Esq.. JAMES POWELL, to Miss ANNA EVANS, all ol that place. On the 2d inst., by Rev. C. C. Culler, Rer. E. A. SIIARRETS, Pastor of tha'Ev. Loth. Church, of Bloomsburg, to CHARITY, daugh ter of Andrew Criviliug. In Bloomsburg, on tha 29th of November, by Thou. Painter, I. P., ELIAS ANDERSON, to MART ANN RANDAL, both ol this village. * TO CONTUACTOHS. Sealed proposals will be received by the Trustees of the M. E. Church at Messrs. Hartman's Store until 4 o'clock, P. M„ on THURSDAY THE 15lh DAY OF JANUARY, 1857, for erect ing a new CHURCH, in Bloomsburg, to be 44 by 68 feet with a basement. Plana end specifications can be aeen three daya previous to the day of letting in the hands of A. Wiiman. The said Truatees will also offer for sale on the above day of letting the old Church, which wilt htve to be removed by the 25ih of Aptil next. Possession of the old church will bo given by the 15th of April. JESSE SHANNON, E. 11. BIDLEMAN, Src't/. Prs't. Blooimburg. De.e, 24, 1856. ADMINISTRATOR'S NOTICE. NOTICE is hereby given that letters of ad ministration upon the estate of Martha School) - , late.of Madison township, Colum bia county, deceased, have bean granted to the undersigned residing in Jeraeytown, Col. coun'y. All perons indebted to the csij deeedent are requestod to make payment without delay, and those having accounts to present them for settlement to JOHN A. FUNSTON, Administrator. Jersey town, Dec. 22, 1856. ' Executor's Notice. t NOTICE i< hereby given that letters testa mentary upon ilia estate of Nathan Oliver, lata of Greenwood township, Columbia county, deceased, have been granted to the under signed residing in GgenwooJ township. All persons indebted to the decedent are request ed to mako payment without delay, and those having accounts ngnirnt the estate tr> present tlioin for payment to THOMAS OGDEN, Executor. Greenwood, Dec. 17, 1856. Administrator's Notice. NOTICE is hereby given that letters of Ad ministration de bonis non with the will annexad upon the estate of Andrew Hess, late of Su garloaf township, Columbia county, deceased, have been granted to the undersigned resi ding in the township of Greenwood. All persons indebted to the said decedent are re quested to make payment without delay, and 'hose having necounts against the estate to prosent them for settlement to WILLIAM G. HARRIS, Adm'mistrator de bonis non cum testaments am.exo. Greenwood, Dec. 15, 1856. PUBLIC SALE OF REAL ESTTTET THERE will bo sold upon the premises on the 16th of January next, the following real oslate of Andrew Hess, late of Sngarloaf township, Columbia county, deceased, viz: A tract of land situate in Sugarloaf township, Columbia county, ad joining lands of Jacob Hess, Andrew Hess, Joseph Hess, Nathan Hatrison and others, containing 23 ACRES AND 46 PERCHES, on which there are erected a FRAME DWELLING HOUSE, a log siable and other outbuildings. There is a well of water at the door. About one half is oleared land and improved ; and (beta is an apple orchard on the premises. The property is sold under authority of the will of Andrew Hess. Terms will be made known on the day of sale. ? WILLIAM G. HARRIS, Administrator with the Will annexed. Greenwood, Dec. 22, 1856. Administrator's Notice. IVOTICE is hereby given that letters of Administration upon the estate of Ha'r man M. Johnson lute of Scott township, Columbia county, hsve beer, grauted to the undersigned residing, in Light Street in the same township. All parsons indebted to tha said estate are requested to make payment without delay, and those having accounts against the decedent to present tbetn for set tlement to JOSEPH R. ROBBINS. Administrator. I ight Street, Dec. 17, 1856. Executors' Notice. NOTICE is hereby given that letters teste moniary upon the estate of Philip Krickbaum, late of Benton township, Columbia county, deceased, have been granted to the under* signed residing also in the sard township of Benton. All persons indebted, to the said estate arc requested to make payment with out delay, and those having accounts against the decedent to present them for settlement to ISAAC K. KRICKBAUM, SAM'L P. KRICKBAUM, tuwutars. Benton, Dec. 4, 1856. Justices of (he Peace A ND CONSTABLES can find all kindof ** b.tnks desirable for their use,in proper mift o the office of the STIR OF THE NORTH.