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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, December 24, 1856, Image 4

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Oregon, Washington, Kansas, Minne
sota and Utah Territories,
From Ihe Oregon Weekly Times.
Oregon mil its Prospects.
IR IK but a few years since din: Oregon was
but little known in the annals of hlsiory.
Then comparatively. nothing was known,
rave it was a wild expansive waste heyond
the Rocky Mountains—inhabited only by
the races, and visited by a fstv adventurous
whiles occasionally in rhe capacity of trap
pers arid fur traders. It is but a few years
srnce Astoria, at the mouth of the majestic
Columbia, was the only town that dot'ed the
entire and broil? domain included in die
"map of Oregon"—and it was called the
What a marked difference is to-day pre
sented. Two broad Territories—Oregon and
Washington—dotted over with thriving towns
and villages,and peopled with seventy thou
sand hardy, enterprising pioneers, now oc
cupy its place. Six years ago its entire pop
ulation numbered but a trifle over thirteen
thousand—the sturdy and enterprising emi
grants who have crossed the Rocky Mono
turns since then have contributed largely in
•welling our population, i:r a gradual and
permanent manner, to its present number
The industrious husbandman is here well
repaid for his lotl— moiher earth here yields
a bounteous return to all who speed ihe
plow through he; rich, or ply (he axe to her
majestic forests.
"The products of Oregon alone, for expor
tation, amount, in the aggregate, to r'. lean
half a million dollars yearly. The iletn of
epp'es, alone, which will be exported thi
eea6on, will not fall below one hundred and
fifty thousand dollars.
Where once the liny Indian canoe was
the only conveyance upon our waters, we
now see the noble stenmships, sail-ships, and
river steamers in abundance. Trade and
commerce steadily acquire momentum, and
wlic" a short time since existed but a few
trading posts with limited supplies ol Indian
commodities, we now find almost unlimited
numbers ol stores and store-houses, stocked
with larae quantities of everything that can
conduce to lite comforts of civihzed life.
Notwithstanding a devaslalina Ir.dian war
has been raging throughout Oregon and
Washington Tcriitories during the past year,
which has proved disastrous to our general
prosperity, yet, through the abundutiee of
kind Nature, a large surplus cf crops have
been harvested this fall.
Real estate is manifestly improving in
value; and, although farm slock is raited in
great profusion, there seems to be but little
diminution in its valco. Improvements are
going on rapidly throughout the Willamette
valley; mills and manufacturing establish
ments of various kinds are 111 process of com
pletion; K-hooln, churches, and printing
presses are properly appreciated, and hber
elly sustained.
We occasionally hear the remark made—
-1 Oregon is a poor country to thrive in"—but
Ench are fow. We know ol many who have
resided hero lor a lime, and returned to tlts
States with the hope of being better satisfied,
who, in most cases have either returned or
expressed their regrets of leaving, and wish
ed themselves back in Otegon once more.—
Let croakers say what they will, in the sore
ness of petty disappointment, the country is
sure to prosper. A steady but sure prngtess
is better, in the end, than fietitous and mo
mentary flj.-hes of advancement.
We see additional reasons, from year to
year, why the people here have cau6o to be
con'.entod and happy. Tho industrious need
have no fears of coming to wunt—nnd the
capitalist will ever find abundant opportuni
ties for profitable investments. What mors
ia nr cessury ?
From the Ihcneci ant! Democrat, Olympia,
Washington Ten itory.
Wnshlitaton territory. .
Substance of the Remarks of Gov. Stevens at the
Dinner given to Col. Shuw, and the Volunteers.
After thanking the company for the honor
they had done him, in associating his name
with the moasutcs of the war, Gov. Stevens
gave a history of the causes of the war, de
monstrating that it was the result of a wide
spread combination, and had commenced
under circumstances of great atrocity. The
relations of the whiles and Indians had bean
friendly, and but few cases of injury to the
property or person of an Indian, hud occurred
eince the first settlement ol the country.
Treaties had just been entered into, and
yet in violation of the failb of them, our peo
pie,entirely unsuspicious of danger, had been
massacred in cold blood ; innocent women
and helpless children even, not having been
spared. It was determined, all parsons a
greeing, the people, authorities and regular
r;oO|w, that three marauders -iiouUt be pun
ished, and the tribes which protected them.
The tribes in the Yakima, and refugees
from the tribes on the Sound undor I.eschi,
now waged war in earnest, but thanks to the
valor and patriotism of our people, the war
was ended on the Sound, and thoso who did
not surrender unconditional prisoners were
driven across the Cascades.
Gov. Stevens regretted that he could not
approve of the operations of die regular troops
east of the Cascades, which in his judgment,
brought discredit upon tbo country, and low-
prestige of the white raoe in the
mind of Ihe Indian.
The bright spot in the operations of the war
east of the Cascade mountains, since the sig
nal defeat of the enemy in the Waliuwalla
valley in December last by the Oregon vol
unteers, was a brilliant victory of the Grand
Rondel' The troops moved in two columns
Irom the Seund over the Cascades and from
the Dalles along the Columbia, and meeting
almost the aame day, pushed on by night
marches, and s'truck the severest blow of the
Words cannot express the respect and ad
miration which such achievmenta excito in
tbe patriotic heart. The valor and conduct
of Col. Shaw in command, and the courage
and devotion of his olficers and rnon, will
have a lasting reoord in the history of the
Territory and of the ooasl.
Fraternal relations of tbo dearest kind have
been established between the River aud the
Sound. 1 lie Southern Battalion, under the
iulrepul Mexou, oume by forced marches to
the SoutiUdn its hour of need, and the Sound
forces niched with lliem over tho Cascades
to the Grand llonde, of which the relatione
are with the Columbia valley, there routed
the enemy and returned home with them by
way ol the Columbia river.
llut the citizens of the Territory generally,
have given an example of palrintiem which
nasi history furnishes no parallel. Every
thing that cotilil be spared was freely tender
ed, at fair prices, to carry on the war. Farm
ers, merchants, owners of vessels, all con
tributed, turning out animals, wagons, pro
visions, clothing and transportation tn equip
and keep well supplied-lor six months mote
than one half of lire able bodied men of the
Territory—and yet with their
hands and the risk of their lives, those who
remained at homo, less than one half of the
adult males, got in crops which have ripened
into a harvest, sufficient for the next year's
subsistence of the Territory.
Rot it is not so much the valor and patriot
ism of oor people which challenges admira
tion, as their noble humanity under circum
stances of extraordinary excitement and prov
No bird of ill omen hovering over the coast,
and sending its stench to the shores of the far
Atlantic, can obscure the glorious record
which the conduct ol our people has mode in
the history of the cuuhtry.
No friendly Indian has bepn molested in a
volunteer camp our scout. There has been
no killing of prisoners or plundering rf prop
erty from Ihe hoMiles. Captured animals
have been accounted for as public property.
For six months, not a friendly Indian was
killed throughout the Territory, although one
half were ready at the favnrihle moment lo
join the war party. Of the five thousand five
hundred Indians held on reservation, not one
was touched. It wr.s not the strength of a
few (jail men, but the strength and courage
of a whole population ttint secured to the
Indians this immunity from suffering and
Of the few cases of murder which occurred
subsequent lo the first six months of the war,
there was exiraordinaiy provocation in two
cases which occurred in a district forbidden
lo the friendly Indians, and which had been
laid wasle Ky die enemy. These murders
have been universally regret'ed and reproba
ted by our citizens : and it would be as unjust
lo aitach the censure of them to an entire
community, as it would be to attach the cen
sure of the recent killing Gf a northern Indian
by some soldiers at Steilacom to tho whole
Ail such officers of tho regular servico as
Ilaller, Alvord, Moloney, the lamented I
Slaughter. Russel, Nugent, and Major Rains
himself, who from a long residence in the
Territory actually know the country and the
Indians, have agreed with ihe people and the
autnoriiies a to the character of ihe e.mer
gency we have had to meet. They have
been with us in eantiment throughout.
The only terms that should be allowed hos
tile Indians is unconditional submission.—
Mercy ought then to be extended to die great
body, but murderers should be hnng. Such
are the conditions of a permanent p age.
Gov. Stevens concluded by toasting the
volunteers, which was responded to by Col.
From Ihe Sacramento Stale Journal.
linusas Territory.
The following passages froin a letter re
cently received from an Ohio farmer, reeled
at Fort Riley, Kansas, will, at this lime be
perused with interest.
I have not the convenience for a published
letter. My desk is a walnut log, in the edge
of a skirl of timber, on one of the main trib
utaries of the Kansas river; at a short distance
is my dueling, consisting of two breadths of
cotton cloth, inclined at right angles of a
hackberry ridge pole, and my couch is this
floury valley, witn an Indian campfire at
my feel, and the stars for my study—though
none of there make me feel disquiet and
lonesome, for here one is amidst some of the
finest repifsentations of nature.
The Hirds oj Kansas. —The birds are trifling
and singing aiound me, and some of them
are getting up a variety of sounds that seem
little like music. The blackbird, the robin,
the lark, tho nightingale, a species of oriole,
are among rliese I venture to name. The
hawk duck, prairie lien, grouse, sand liiil
crane, wild goose, and turkey, are rather
Quadrupeds —Our quadruped game consists
ol rats and mice, gophers, the fox, the squir
rel, the badger, prairie wolf, coyola, deer
antelope, elk and bufialo. We have consid
erable sport w.'nli the wolves. They are rath
er familiar towards us. still they show us a
| decided amount of respect. A few days
| since we look a hunting stroll and routed fif
teen antelope, killing one, and taking one
dish. —Fish abound very plentifully in all
the rivers and tributaries of the Territory. A
parly of us, a few days ago, went to the Re
publican Ford, arid with our wagon-sheet
(taught a cattish that weighed forty-one It's ,
with other sizes ranging down. The catfish
is a very fiiiu eating fish. The other varieties
are quite numerous.
Buffalo Hunt.— There is o party of us going
a buffalo hunting in a few days, starling from
Fort Ililey, and following up the Saline Fori.
A pany ol our neighbor claimants have j-isl
returned Irom a week's hunt, with the meat
of one buffalo, end two live bufialo calves.
They give such great accounts of them, that
those of ua who stayed at home to guard the
wagons and crops, have become somewhat
excited it: our rapid arrangements for another
The Soil—Agricultural Resources, fyc. —The
aoil of (his Territory is rich vegetable loam,
strongly impregnated with limestone. Tho
geological formation of the country is simple.
It is very likely there is some coal in this ter
ritorythere may be considerable. The
t.ruber and prairie-are proportioned, in my
judgment, of about one acre of timber to 300
acres okwitirie. There is water in great por
tions oiße territory and a considerable de
ficiency in others. The country is well adap
ted lo the raising of horses, cattle, sheep and
hogs; to the culture of hemp, corn, potatoes
and the grape. A gentleman ol coitaiderablo
agricultural experience told me he thought
the principle products of the country were
destined to commence with " VV," wool ami
wine. They will unquestionably be leading
productions, but no theory can mako this any
less a great cattle country.
Correspondence oj ihe Ohio Statesman.
From Minnesota-"*going lobe it SUlc
( 01. Nobles' (exhibition,
SIIAKOPKE, Min. Ter., Nov. 25, 1R56.
Cor.. Mkdarv— Dear Sir I have been in
Minnesota two weeks, and thinking you
m.ght like to know what my impressions
concerning the Territory are, I venture to
give them.
In ascending the Mississippi, I had no op
portunity to see the country, as the slime*
are generally bluffy and barren. Ten or fif
teen miles Irom ihe river ll.e good country
commences. It consists of fertile, rolling
prairie, with considerable limber land, and
generally an abundance of water.
Most of the towns appear to be very enter
; prising and flourishing. The rapidity with
which settlers are coming into the country is
without parallel. It is estimated by some of
the best informed, that there are nearly 200,.
000 people in the Territory at this time. I
could scarcely credit this when I first landed
at St. Paul. Since then I have been up Ihe
Minnesota river as far as Traverse des Sioux
| and St. Peters, and almost every acre of
land is claimed for a distance back of from i
ten lo fifteen miles on each side of the ri"er.
There arc many fine farms and farm houses
all the way up to the Indian Reservation
nearly lo Fort Ridgly, The best locations
between the Minnesota river and lowa are
already selected and settled upon. North for
sixty or seventy miles along the streams and
around Ihe little lakes, and about jlte same
distance west of the Mississippi, the best lo
cations are already claimed by settlers who
intend lo pre-empt. Thonsands of men will
spend the winter hero, building their houses
or cabins r.n their claims, so as to be ready
to receive their families in the spring. Very
linle choice land will be left subject to pri
vate entry in another season. This is good
for the country, but not for speculators.—
Those who come now are ulmosl actual set
tlers, and, of course, will cause a rapid de
velopment of the country.
Stps will be taken this winter to call e
Convention lo frame a Constitu'ion prepara
tory to the admission of Minnesota as a Slate,
and in a year from this winter she will
doubtless become one. Her soil is unsur
passed, her climate for health is unequa'led,
and her rapid development for two years
past is without a parallel not excepting even
California. St. Paul has a resident popula
tion, by actual count, of lull ten thousand at
this time. A number of other towns now
have a population of from five hundred lo
two thousand inhabitants, which two years
since had not an existence. As the country
is settled new towns are springing up con
A settler's claim to a qttarlereclion of se
lected land sells readily for Iroln $5OO to
$2,000, according lo the advantage!'of prai
rie, water and timber, or locality, even be
fore the government is paid for it.
Many roads have teen laid out anJ im
proved sufficiently for travelling purposes all
across the lerrib-ry. The enterprise
of the kind on fool at this time, is the wagon
road from Fort Ridgelv to Independence
Rock, near ilio SotnTi Pass of the Rooky
Mountains. A government road, under the
d irec'icn of Cspl. Thorn, of tho Topographi
cal Engineers, has already been laid out end
will probably be completed nexi summer,
from St. Anthony, on the Mississippi, lo Fort
Ridgley, on the Minnesota River.
From Ihe San Francisco Sun.
'the Mormons of Utah.
Perhaps there is not a more unpromising
region in our Whole country for a people lo
locate id than Utah. Shut out from all inter
course except recti as may be had by the
most trying privations—devoid of almo't ev
erything l>ka natural products—rigorous in
climate—sterile in soil comparatively—re
moved from all markets for such products as
the industry of its inhabitants can lorce
from the reluctant •arth—without navigable
streams, and inclosed by lofty and rugged
mountains, Utah is gradually 'and steadily
becoming an object of far greater importance
than we are for the most part aware of. Im
pelled by the most incredible fanaticism, and
under the most absolute type of theocratic
government—paying blind and zealous obe
dience lo the behests of their leader, these
people are literally performing miracles.—
Their missionaries are scattered over the
world, and though frequently repelled with
scorn and derision, return to their labors
with tho most astounding pertinacity. But
a few years ago, and a handful of refugee
men and women from Missouri were wend
ing an untrodden path through the heart of
j a vast and unknown tract, in search ot some
( place where they might shelter from the
| persecutions ol the world, and now that
handful of outcasts have grown to bo a pow
erful people, demanding admission into the
i Union on equel terms with the States, and
| setting the power and authoriiy of the
American Government at defiance.
11.0 rapid progress und colonization of
California can be accounted for on natural
principles, but the advancement of Utah is
almost miraculous. Thousands are flocking
to their standard, from England, Germany,
Au.-lralia and the United Slates. They have
their emissaries in all these and other coun
tries, diligently preparing the way arid mak
ing the paths straight for immigration to
their great stronghold. The revenue of the
Territory is freely expended to promote this
object, and instead of being diminished, is
largely increased by the added population—
for industry is strictly enforced in Utah. Al
ready they have assumed the name ol State
foj their Territory, and have opened up every
branch of manufacture necessary to their
subsistence and independence from the con
tributions of other places. They manufac
ture all sorts of iron ware and cutlery, all
kinds of farming implements, carpets, raise
wool, and make cloth, cotton fabrics of all
kinds, in the aaitie manner, paper, saddlery,
furniture, build sieam engines—and many
others. They pay great attention lo raising
the finest breeds of stock, poultry, etc.; they
also encourage the fine arte, and painting,
music, etc., are handsomely patronized: and
iii several poiir.g ihey ara in ihe qjvanco of
California, will) all her boasted wenlih and
vast natural terources. These ara facts
stern accusatory facts—containing a lesson
full of deep import to our people, which
they would do well to apply. Their unprom
ising country compels unceasing industry,
and that checks the wild spirit of excitement
—they have no time for it. They settled in
a poor region to make it rich—to build up
permanent homes, hy sobriety and perseve
rance not revered by the plots
of the u'a nib ul at or; tbey offer peace,
security for life and property, and assist those
who are willing to go to them, and ate in
creasing in population, with all their natural
obstacles, far faster than is California, with
her many natural advantages. Immigrants
to Utah go their dragging handcar's from
Missouri, containing all their world's store,
while we have two lines of steamships in
full operation, two other routes soon to be
operated, a wagon road in prospective, and
are hoping for a railroad in addition. They
have settled the vast region from Great Salt
Lake to within two hundred miles of our
California frontiers, so that travellers having
passed that space, can sleep at one of their
settlements every night.
The want of sj-, aC e precludes our showing
the causes of these results as compared with
California; but Ihe subject is one of deep
import and merits the serious attention of all.
Illoomnltiug, Wednesday, Dec 24, 1856-
'■'' HE Democratic electors of Columbia court
ly aro notified to meet in their several
districts on SATURDAY, the 27th
tlay aH)ecember int., between the hours ol
two and seven, P. M.j and choose the usual
number of Delegates to meet in County Con
vention, at Binnmsburg, ot; Monday follow
ing December 29th, at one o'clock P. M., to
setpct DelejrnieriD Ptate Con
vention which will meet at Harrisburg on the
2d day of March next, to nominate candidates
lor Governor, Canal Commissioner and Judge
of thaEupreine Court.
Chairman Standing Committee.
Bloomsburg, Dec. 18, 1856.
TION FOR 1857.
The Democratic S ate Convention, for (ho
purpose of placing in nomination candi
dates for Governor, Canal Commissioner and
Judge of the Supreme Court, to be voted
for in October next, will be held at HARRIS
BURG, on MONDAY, the second of March.
1857, at 11 o'clock. A. M.
Chairman of Stale Central Committee.
With (he close of the year will draw to
ward its end the eighth volume of the "STAB"
—the eight years of mixed toil and enjoy
rruMjr which have matked some of the best
time of life. They have been fruitful in the
knowledge of men and the world; and while
not every movement has been one of sun
shine, it has gone quite ae well with the idol
of our political affections ns we had any rea
son to desire or expect. It grew out of the
earnest impulse of life's spring-lime for' Truth
and Right,' and dealt its blows fearlessly
against selfishness and guile without count
ing the cost. The labor in its columns has
been given with a hearty good will, and
with the zeal which only sincerity can be
stow. It is the most pleasant of reflections
in reviewing the past that our early friends
all stand bj our banner yel; end that oven
the enemies of our enterprise In its origin
now do slow justice to the motives that guide
it and the meflrs that mark it.
A country newspaper must from the very
nature of things be political; and the man
who in this republic prelonds to despise poli
tics iasonly guilt}- of a foolish affectation—
He who assumes to be a "no-party-tnan" is
generally the veriest slave of parly, and the
most bigoted of men. In our prly, then,
we found eight years ago a portion of camp
followers caring only for the "rule," and re
nlly hostile to the principles of Domocracy.
Heresies were openly avowed on subjects
of revenue and finance in government, snd
men taken for candidates who were hostile
to the organization of the party. Cameron
ism and volunteering were dividing the par
ty, and had made it lbs easy prey of the op
In these days Camerotiism has not an
open friend in the county, and the men who
rati af:er \Y higs and Volunteers come back
repentant and sorrowful. When the tide of
fanaticism and bigotry swept over the State
in '54 there were here a few Democrats who
followed the false gods, and ministered be
fore the idols in seoret silence ami shame.—
They drew the walor and hewed the wood
for the false prophets until they found that
creed powerless lo save them, and are now
cast out as unprofitable servants by those
whom they served only lo well. When the
day of darkness came we gave warning and
spared not the faithless and false. Early
and lute we toiled against deception and
malice—and often toiled almost single hand
ed and alone.
The opposition has been disheartened and
mortified at the result—at first that its allies
proved powerless, ant) more recently that
they proved treacherous.
Wo can say of a truth what few men can
after eight year's service in the front rank of
the fray—that we have written nothing in
these columns which we woulJ wish were
blotted out—nothing which we believe was
unjust of unfair. And with this inspiriting
reflection our work will go on. To the true
spirits who have stood by us in the hour of
trial the new year and volume will knit us
with another lirjk of brotherhood in the great
cause of the people. The cold hearted have
illustrated the lesson ot human frailly, and
we can afford to forgive. The viotories of
the past will animate us to begin our new
volume with renewed energy and spirit.
Banking Tricks-
Our readers may remember that, some
months ago, the Commonwealth obtained
judgment against Ihe Harrisburg Bank for Ihe
penally incurred in not keeping its bills at
par in the city. By the decision of a major
ity of Ihe Churt, the case was brought within
the Act limiting liabilities lor penalties to
two years preceding suit, so that, although
judgment was in favor of the Commonwealth
the Bank escaped a large portion of its just
liabilities. The amount of the judgment was
paid by the Bank; and with the understand
ing that Ihe other Banks of the Common
wealth, standing in a like delinquent position,
.would settle on the same basis, suits against
| them were deferred. It is now understood,
however, that those banks refuse payment,
and, it is said, rely on Ihe Legislature to re
lieve them from the penalty by repealing the
law, and giving the repeal retrospective ac
tion. The Commonwealth, under this aspect
of the matter, proposes to commence suits
against them immediately. This is right and
proper. Anything less or any delay would
render the authorities of the State obnoxious
to the charge of neglect ofduly. There should
be no laws on the statute book that are not
or cannot be enforced. The Legislature, it
is hoped, will take notice of the ground on
which it is intimated that the banks rely for
escaping this penally. So repealing
the law, it should be amended by increasing
the penally five fold, and by simplifying Ihe
collection of this increased amount. The
object of the present penalty of two mills per
cent, tax was no doubt intended to require
the banks to keep their notes at par at the
points named,and not as a revenue measure.
If this is so, then why not increase ihe lax to
two or even five per cent., if depreciated pa
per cannot be driven out at a less ratal The
piesenl penalty is manifestly inadequate for
Ihe object intended, as the banks can pay the
lax and renlize a handsome profit afterwards.
But as they do neither pay the tax, keep
their bills at par, or regard the decisions of
Ihe Court, the Legislature should take early
occasion to signally rebuke their contuma
W We commend the following just tribute
to Post Master General Campbell, taken from
the "North American," an opposition paper,
to the notice of those sniveling bickbitera
who whenever a mail failed in its arrival, a
newspaper miscarried, or a letter was rnis
sent, never failed to cast the blame upon the
Post Master General. The "North Ameri- !
can" says:—
"It is due to Mr. Campbell, wlio has made
his last annual report to Congress, and is
about to retire from his high office, to say,
what indeed we can say, in strong and cor
dial terms—that he has performed the oner
ous but honorable duties of that office with
a single eye to the interests of the public,
with a faithfulness, industry and ability un
surpassed ; that he has fully met and an
swered all the just claims oi the community
upon him, and will leave the Department in
as prosperous a condition as was possible for j
the administrative skill ol a single man to
render it."
NEW COIN. —The new cent is a very pretty ,
coin, and a great improvement on the present j
uiiwleldlj and filthy copper cent. It is about |
the size of a quartereagle, but much thicker [
and nearly Ihe color of German silver. The
obverse is a well executed figure of an eagle \
in flight with the date underneath, ar.d the j
words "United Stales of America" above.— :
The converse is a finely executed wreath, i
representing all the principal staples of the
country—cotton, corn, tobacco, wheat, grapes
etc. —with the words "one cent" in the cen
tre. The only objection toil is, it has no
ringing sound.
NEW YEAR'S ADDRESS.— Our carrier re
quests us to say that he will deliver a spe
cial communication to town subscribers on
the morning of the first day of the New
Year, treating of very important matters
which it concerns them to know. He hopes
they will feel duly grateful for this mark of
his regard, and bo prepared to favor h'.Ki
with a small or large metal wheel on the oc
P. S. No objection to gold dollars.
13?" The Jcdges of tha 26th Judicial Dis
trict will meet at the Court House in Blooms
burg, on tho 30th inst., to appoint a Reve
nue Commissioner.
S r Next week we'will publish a very son- j
sible extract from a late lecture of Judge
Lewis which will bo interesting to lazy peo
ple. We will also lurnisb another of the spicy !
epistles of Docsticks'.
Tv Col. John M. Sullivan, ol Butler Co., i
Is liamed by the Butler American as the next
Republican candidate for Governor of Penn
sylvania. The patty might go farther and
fare worse.
BP* John Youngman, Esq., the editor of
the Sunbury Gazelle has resigned the appoint
ment of Postmaster at that place, and Martin
E. Bucher has been appointed in his place.
The Clinton Co. Democrat has raised
the name of Gen. William F. Packer to its
mast head for the Demociatio nomination
for Governor by the next Stale Convention.
CIUM learn from the Scranton Herald
that Coal property near that bo
rough, was recently sold to some New York
capitalists. The tract contains 550 acres,
and wa3 sold at $6OO per acre, or $330,000.
l George W. Tuttle, the inventor of the
famous "baby jumper," and who has reali
zed $60,000 by ihe patent, died in New
York on Saturday, from congestion of the
lungs. He was 30 years old, and died un
W The Erie City Bank and Bank of
Newcastle are reported to have failed, and
the notes are generally refused.
tST Hidalgo county, Texas,cast 163 votes,
all of which were for Buchanan.
iy The population of Cuba is estimated
at' 1,446.602 souls.
"fllcedlni KaanuUf
Judge Lecompte has been removed, and
one in whom even iho Washington corres
pondeniaol the New York Tribune and Times
expresses eon fidence—James O. Harrison, of
Harrison, of Kentucky, lias been appointed
his successor. Mr. Harrison is a native of
Kentucky, read law in Lexington, removed
to Vicksburg, Miss.,* made a fortune at thai
bar, and then relumed to his old home and
resumed the practice of his profession there.
He was at one time associated with John C.
Breckin'idge, the Vice President elect, in
the practice of his profession, and has a wide
reputation as an honorable and competent
man who would be influenced by no other
desire than to administer justice fairly and
impartially to all parlies. Mr. Harrison, al
though a Democrat in politics, was appointed
by Henry Clay one of the executors of his \
will, a matk of reppect and regnrd which tic :
would not have bestowed upon him had he
not been deemed fully worthy of it. The
appointment was entirely unsolicited by Mr.
H., but it is hoped and believed that he will I
accept it.
With good officers secured to Kansas, and
a repeal of the bad features of Iter legisla
tion, she will need sympathy from nn quar-I
ter, and her condition will speedily become
one rather to be admired and envied than to 1
be deplored and commiserated.
'1 be l''oietgn Kevrg*
( The Philadelphia and Liverpool Line of
j Steamers has achieved another triumph, and
! furnished us with three daytaler news from
The news is not very important. England
has acceded to the demand for a new Con
fence of the European Powers to interpret
the late treaty, and although she professes to
have limited the powers of the Conference, i
it is evident that she has been overruled j
rather against her will by her desire to keep ,
on good terms with tier ally, France, whose
power she fears and whose friendship she
cannot afford to lose.
Matthews, the English Consul at Philadel
phia, implicated in the Enlisment business,
has been rewarded with a first class Euro
pean Consulship.
An insurrection has broken out in Sicily, 1
but it is doubtTul whether it wi!i prove very
formidable to the government, as it seems to
be rather local than genera! in its character.
Catnwlssu Itallrond.
Earnings of the Cainwissa Railroad Com
pany for the month ol November:
Freight, $15,616 79
Passengors, 7,454 87 !
$23 081 66 !
Same month last year, 20,387 01 I
Increase, $2,684 62 j
This is the full estimated increase in the
trade for this period of the year.
We understand that at a meeting of the '
Managers of (his Company, held yesterday, 1
Mr. Jacob Huines, of Muncy, was elected |
t Vice President. Mr. Haines, a respected
, member of the Society of Friends, is an in
| flueniial peritn in his district, (through which '
: the Railroad passes,) and his election is re- i
j garded as ail accession of great strength to
I the Company.
Superior Court o( New Ymk lias decided that j
sales oi produce or merchandise deliverable •
at a future day, with no intention of the par- j
ties actually to perform it, bu' merely to pay 1
difference on the one side or the other, an- i
cording to the stale of the market, such con- j
tract is a wager, and, therefore, void. The
policy ol lite law is to discourage gambling
transactions of every kind, whether in beta,
wagsrs, stakes, stocks or business merely
POI.VGA.MY IN UTAH.— The story going the
rounds of the newspapers that Judge Drum
tnond had charged a jury in Utah that po
lygamy is indictable in that Territory is a
hoax. Congress has passed no law to pun
ish the practice of polygamy, nor is there
any "Revised Statutes ol the United Sialesi
as spoken of in the charge." It is a pretty
good hoax, however, like Secretary Marcy's
letter to Gov. Grimes.
TV The Rev. Dudley a Tyng of Philadel
phia, who attempted to carry his Abolition
Black "Republican" Fremont notions into
his church, and was very properly dismissed
therefor has raised the standard of rebellion,
and set up for himself. He has engaged the
| Nationall Hall in Philadoiph ia, and will held
; forth as occasion may require.
j Nipped in the Bud. —A Wushiugton cor
j respondent ol the Herald says Secretary Mar
t cy has r.ipped in Iho bud an expedition which
was secretly floating out in New York against
the present Venezuelan government and in
favor of Paez, and that he says he will not
allow any filibustering parlies to leave the
United States to make war upon governments
with which we are at peace.
tatr The Supreme Court of this Slate re
cently decided that the widow of a decedent
is entitled to S3CO cut of the proceeds of the
sale of his real esttite in preference to a judg
ment creditor in ivhose favor the husband
had waved the benefits of the Exemption
Aol of 1849.
W" The Sheriff of Bucks county, last week
took eight prisoners to the. Pentteutiary from
that county.
Holloway's Pills.— ln chronic dyspepsia,
where the stomach has become callous !u
alt ordinary remedies, and stimulants fail ei
ther to provoke appetite or facilitate diges
tion, these Pills by their simultaneous action
upon the fluids which dissolve, assimilate
and adapt to the purposes af nutrition the
food taken into the system, will quickly im
part a healthy tone to the whole physical
machinery. Indigestion, and all its concom
itants and consequences, including general
debility, liver complaint, nausea, pains be
tween the shoulders, headache, low spirits,
a feeling of oppression after meals, sleepless
ness, languor, flatulence, bowel complaint,
etc., are among the ailments invariably cured
by a course of this iuestiinable remedy. )
I The Mustang Liniment ciiret Itlftt
j matism.
The Mustang Liniment cures SltJ
The Mustang Linimsnt cures Burn.
and Wountjs,
The Mustang Liniment cures Sore
and Ulcers,
The Mustang Liniment cures ahta
Breasts and sore Nipples,
The Mustang Liniment cures Neural
The Mustang Liniment cures Corns
and lUarls, , y
The Mustang Liniment is worth
To the United States, as the preserver and
restorer of valuable Horses and Cattle. It
cures a I sprains, Galds, VVqunds, Stiff Joinls,
&<\ '
Will yon answer this question ? Did yots
pver hear of any ordinary Sure, Swelling,
Sprain or Stiffness, either oil man or beset,
which the Mustang Liniment would notcurel
Did you ever visit any rospectable Druggist
in any part of tlm world—in Europe, Asia, or
America—who did not any "it was the gradi
ent discovery of Hie age?" Sold every where.
Every family should have it; 3 size.
Proprietors, New York.
Jimz&ifcJKai&a "
In Bloomshurg, on Tuesday the 16th insl.,
by Rev. A. A. Marple, Mr. Josem Hiess, of
Philadelphia, and Miss MART MCKELVY,
youngest daughter of William McKelvy, of
At Biach Grove, by Rev. Thomas Barn
hart, Mr. HENRY LAMON, of Briarcreek, Co
lumbia Co., to Miss MARY E. Gnuvcx, of
Beach Grove, Luzerne Co.
In Light Street, Columbia Co., on the 11th
inst, by J. R. Kobbins, Esq.. JAMES POWELL,
to Miss ANNA EVANS, all ol that place.
On the 2d inst., by Rev. C. C. Culler, Rer.
E. A. SIIARRETS, Pastor of tha'Ev. Loth.
Church, of Bloomsburg, to CHARITY, daugh
ter of Andrew Criviliug.
In Bloomsburg, on tha 29th of November,
by Thou. Painter, I. P., ELIAS ANDERSON, to
MART ANN RANDAL, both ol this village. *
Sealed proposals will be received by
the Trustees of the M. E. Church at
Messrs. Hartman's Store until 4 o'clock,
P. M„ on THURSDAY THE 15lh
DAY OF JANUARY, 1857, for erect
ing a new CHURCH, in Bloomsburg, to
be 44 by 68 feet with a basement. Plana
end specifications can be aeen three daya
previous to the day of letting in the
hands of A. Wiiman.
The said Truatees will also offer for
sale on the above day of letting the old
Church, which wilt htve to be removed
by the 25ih of Aptil next. Possession
of the old church will bo given by the
15th of April. JESSE SHANNON,
E. 11. BIDLEMAN, Src't/. Prs't.
Blooimburg. De.e, 24, 1856.
NOTICE is hereby given that letters of ad
ministration upon the estate of Martha
School) - , late.of Madison township, Colum
bia county, deceased, have bean granted to
the undersigned residing in Jeraeytown, Col.
coun'y. All perons indebted to the csij
deeedent are requestod to make payment
without delay, and those having accounts
to present them for settlement to
Jersey town, Dec. 22, 1856. '
Executor's Notice.
t NOTICE i< hereby given that letters testa
mentary upon ilia estate of Nathan Oliver, lata
of Greenwood township, Columbia county,
deceased, have been granted to the under
signed residing in GgenwooJ township. All
persons indebted to the decedent are request
ed to mako payment without delay, and
those having accounts ngnirnt the estate tr>
present tlioin for payment to
Greenwood, Dec. 17, 1856.
Administrator's Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given that letters of Ad
ministration de bonis non with the will annexad
upon the estate of Andrew Hess, late of Su
garloaf township, Columbia county, deceased,
have been granted to the undersigned resi
ding in the township of Greenwood. All
persons indebted to the said decedent are re
quested to make payment without delay, and
'hose having necounts against the estate to
prosent them for settlement to
Adm'mistrator de bonis non cum testaments
Greenwood, Dec. 15, 1856.
THERE will bo sold upon the premises on
the 16th of January
next, the following real oslate of Andrew
Hess, late of Sngarloaf township, Columbia
county, deceased, viz: A tract of land situate
in Sugarloaf township, Columbia county, ad
joining lands of Jacob Hess, Andrew Hess,
Joseph Hess, Nathan Hatrison and others,
on which there are erected a
a log siable and other outbuildings. There
is a well of water at the door. About one
half is oleared land and improved ; and (beta
is an apple orchard on the premises.
The property is sold under authority of the
will of Andrew Hess. Terms will be made
known on the day of sale. ?
Administrator with the Will annexed.
Greenwood, Dec. 22, 1856.
Administrator's Notice.
IVOTICE is hereby given that letters of
Administration upon the estate of Ha'r
man M. Johnson lute of Scott township,
Columbia county, hsve beer, grauted to the
undersigned residing, in Light Street in the
same township. All parsons indebted to tha
said estate are requested to make payment
without delay, and those having accounts
against the decedent to present tbetn for set
tlement to
I ight Street, Dec. 17, 1856.
Executors' Notice.
NOTICE is hereby given that letters teste
moniary upon the estate of Philip Krickbaum,
late of Benton township, Columbia county,
deceased, have been granted to the under*
signed residing also in the sard township of
Benton. All persons indebted, to the said
estate arc requested to make payment with
out delay, and those having accounts against
the decedent to present them for settlement
Benton, Dec. 4, 1856.
Justices of (he Peace
A ND CONSTABLES can find all kindof
** b.tnks desirable for their use,in proper
mift o the office of the STIR OF THE NORTH.

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