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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, January 28, 1857, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
■ .. : !_L
8. W. Heifer, Proprietor.]
VOLUME 9".
THE STAR OF Tnß NORTH
is PUBLISHER EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNING BY
ft. IV. WEA Vl-.lt,
OFFICE-U/Mfnirj, in Ihe new brick build
ing, on the south side oj Main Street, third
equate be,'ore Market.
TERMS-: I'wo Dollars per annnm, if
paid within six months from the lime of sub
ecribng ; two dollars ant! fifty cents if not
paid within the year. No subscription re
ceived for a less period than six months; no
discontinuance permitted unlii all arrearages
ere paid, unless at the option of the editor.
ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square
will be inserted three times for One Dollar,
and twenty five cents for each additional in
settion. A liberal discount will be made to
jhoae who advertise by the year.
A I.ESSON IN Git A.IIHAK.
trfKjfeeoh, g4mmtriau
The number in but nine,
Whether we speak of men or things,
Hear, set, smell, feel or dine.
And first we'll speak of that called Noun,
Because on it are founded
All the idea® we receire,
And principles are grounded.
A noun's a name of any thing,
Of person, place, or nation:
Aa matt and tree, and all we see
That stand still or have motion.
The Articles arc A and Ihe,
By which these noons we limit:
A tree, the man, a pot, the pan,
A spoon with which to skim it.
The Adjective then tells the kind
Ol every thing called Noun:
Oood boys or bad girls glad or tad,
A large or a small town.
The Nouns can also agents be,
And Verbs express their action* :
Boys run and walk, girls laugh and talk,
ketid, write, tell wholes or fractions.
To modify these Verbs again,
The Adverb fits most neatly :
As JMP* correctly always writes,
And itne she sings so sweetly.
The Pronotm shortens what we say,
And takes the place of names,
Wuti I, than, lie, she, we. you. they,
Where wsnteucea we frame.

Cemjanttum next we bring to juio
lltese senwttces together.-
Aa John and James may go to town,
ff it stte&i prove good weather.
With Noun* and Prononne we have need
To use the Preposition ;
Which el before ur placed between,
Expresses their position.
"The InliifecUon iieljfirto exprSsa
Onr joy and sotrow too.
As when we shout hurrah I or cry
Alas I what shall we do?
Ilemarkuble Position of tbe Planets.
At the present time, until lite end of Janu
ary, all the old planets, and the two of im
portance discovered within 75 and 100 years,
will be visible soon after sunset, and five of
them west of (he meridian ; a position wor-
Ihy cf particular notice, as it may not occur
•gain for yeara.
MENCUBT, in consequence of ite proximity
to the aun. is usually invisible, so that many
persons have never seen it. There will be
■ very favorable opportunity for viewing it,
in this month, especially from about the 7th
to (tie 20th, as it will not only be at its great
est Eastern elongation on the 15t.1i, but its
South declination will be much less than
lhal of the sun, so that,on the lUb, it will
not set in the W. S. W. until an hour and a
half later. It will appear aa a reddish star
oi the first magnitude. Alter the 20lh it
rapidly returns to the sun, and aoon disap
pears.
VENUS, although already very brilliant,
will continue to become more so unlii about
April Ist. Its greatest Eastern elongation
takes place on Feb. 27th, and Inferior Con
junction on May 9th. So that for four
months our evening western sky is to be or
nsmenled by this beautiful planet.
MARS will be in Conjunction early in
Jane—it is therefore, in that part of the orbit
moat remote from the earth, and shines with
g faint reddish light, Jt is now a very little
West of Vennsy in the W. S. W., hut the dis
tance is rapidly increasing.
JUPITER, "the great disturber of the sys
tem," goes down exactly in the West; al
though also approaching its conjunction,
(April 11th,) and therefore the more distant
part of its orbit, its light is not apparently
tass than when in opposition in September.
This evening, at sunset, it will be about two
degrees west of the Moon, by which it was
eclipsed in France, Great Britain, &c.
URANUS, which set* in the W. N. W., and
NCPTUNE in Ihe W. by S., although ntany
limas larger than the Earth, cannot be seen
Without the aid of a telescope. The former
will be in conjunction May 15th, the latter
March 10th. SATUBN came in opposition
tWo days since, and therefore now risea in
Ihe N. E. by E. a few minutes belore sunset.
This planet is new in a favorable situation
for observation through a powerful telescope,
as it attains a great altitude, and the rings,
■(though not quite aa open aa in 1856, are
muoh more so than usual. They will hence
foith gradually contract, and in 1860 will
cease to be visible through any telescope
except that at Cambridge, and perhaps half
• dozen ethers of similar alee.
Ot A drunkard, confined in prison at Hsr
risburg, for breaking into a cellar to gat some
liquet, wa* foam! dead in his cell next morn
ing from having drank "burning fluid" in
mistake for whiskey.
■ v
JBT The prosperity of a man fiee in this
one worJ—Education. Convey humanity
to this fountain of happiness, and you be
slow everything; all means of power -and
greatnsee.
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY. PA., WEDNESDAY, JANUARY 28, '1857.
America us Due of (lie Great Powers.
The Juurnal des Debats of December 23d,
in an article on (he Presidents Message,
signed by S. De Sacy, makes use of (he fol
lowing language:
The political relations between North
America and Europe are developing them
selves. Commerce is the Bole cause; but
what is the extent of the field which it oc
cupies at this moment, and what subject
does it not affect 1 The message mentions
two subjects which ind'cate how America
penetrates, day by day, deeper into the heart
of European que-tions. The first is (he pay
ment ol the Sound dues. Undoubtedly, at
the instigation of American ship owners, the
government of the United States, taking
here, contrary to custom, the initiative, made
known to Denmark that it did not under
stand that the merchant flag of the United
States was obliged to recognize these rights.
The cabinets of Europe have been.com
pelled, to a greater or less extent, to follow
the course of America on this point. In
consequence of the policy of the cabinet o!
Washington, conferences have been held,
negotiations have followed,Jand we are com
pelled In submit ourselves to the will o(
America. The Sound Dues, a feudal insti
tution, for which no proportionate equivalent
is returned, but respectable from its antiqui
ty, will be abolished. So far as Europeans
are concerned, it will be at the price of a
considerable indemnity, but there is reason
to believe that the Americana will escape
without any indemnity.
! The other subject, which has a more gen
eral import, is the abolition of the right of
privateering in lime of war, as well as a
more exact definition of what constitutes a
blockade. The Congress of Paris, by a reso
lution, which will redound in history to the
honor of onr age, as we well remember, ral
lied unanimously upon the principles of mar
itime right for which France, tinder ihe old
regime of the first Empire, had eo urgently
insisted. There will be no more letters ol
marque, and the neutral flag will be respect
ed. The United States, taking the lead
•gain in this path of progress and security
for private property, have deinsnded that not
only shall blockades bu defined with the
utmo'l exactness, thus doing away with all
paper blockades, but that vessels of war shall
no longer exercise the right of making re
prisal upon commerce. This complete as
limitation between war on land and naval
cerned, has received the assent of Russiai
and, as we are informed by the message of
President Pierce, that of the Emperor of the
French, although the official solution of this
new proposition is yet to take place. Under
the prosenl circumstances, on the question
of the Sound Dues, the American Union, as
we see, begins to exercise a remarkable in
fluence on the definite decisions of the Eu
ropean cabinets. In fact, it enters thus at
once into concert with the powers in a man
ner most flatteriug to its self-esteem and its
reputation, for, aa its flatterers will not fail to
tell it, its actions seem to imply a right of
control over even a jurisdiction Ih cases ol
appeal.
The moment has come when we must ask
ouselves if it does not concern the whole
world that America should enter into the Eu
ropean system in an open and official man
ner. It ii a great Christian power, whose re
lations have become inseparably connected
with those of Europe, and which virtually
fulfills the condition of possessing great mil
itary resources on sea and on land. It un
doubtedly has distinct interests, but all great
powers have them; and the state which has
no special, well defined interests, with the
resources to make them respected, will be,
for that very reason, but a sattelne to the
others. But Ihe American Union has also
great and common interests- with all of us.
On the day on which she look her official
place in Ihe Coagress of European powers,
the peace of the world would bare acquired
one precious guarantee more, and could be
secured against many accidents. For the
Americans themselves this would be an in
comparable advantage. If, up to this period,
they have not entered into those political as
sociations which obtain from time lo time
in the governments of great civilized states,
it has been Irom causes which have ceased
lo exit). Formerly the United Slates were
weak, distant and without exterior influence;
at present they are strong, their exterior in
fluence is becoming more apparent, and by
Ihe improved facilities of communication,
they are now only a few days distant from
ns. For themselves, that isolation, which
might at first glance seem a charming posi
tion, is really filled with disadvantages which,
at any given moment, may turn into dan
ge'i.
A [.EOisi.kTivic SCENE —A scene occurred
in the Illinois House of Representatives, on
the 9ih inst., which was more remarkable
or its singularity than its decency The
House before organization, elected a Speak
er, pro lent. The Clerk of the former House
claimed the chair till a Speaker was regu
larly elected. Bridges continually interrupt
ed the Speaker* until the latter ordered the
Serjeant-at-Arms to remove the disorderly
Clerk. As soon as the Sergeant-at Arms
took hold of bim, they clinched, while many
I of the members made up to the scene of ac-
I lion to assist the Sergeant in the discharge
of his duties. After some considerable wrest
ling, knocking ever chairs, desks, inkstands,
men, and things generally, Mr. Bridges was
got out with his coat shockingly torn. Five
or ma Assistant Sergeant-at-Arms were then
appointed to keep order and the House pro
eesded to business.
Truth and Kijfht—God lui ®ur Country.
Neil of Action and HI en of '(bought.
The world is divided into two sort's of
men, those who think and those who act.
Of course, all men think, and all men act,
but some more of one than of the other, and
hence Ihe propriety of dividing them into
two classes. Napoleon, for example, was
an able thinker, but be was a man of action
to a much greater degree, and he may, there
fore, he ranked among the last as contradis
tinguished from the first. Shakspeare was a
man of action to an extent that few poets
have been, but his career as a dramatist has
overshadowed his other qualities, and he is
to be considered consequently as a man of
thought. The men of action, in a word, are
those who carry out the thongH's of them
wrtrea wr (tiers; tltc men of rhnugtn are
those who think chiefly, and leave others to
act. The first conirol their own nge, the last
generally the ages thai follow. Alexander
ihe Great exercised a more powerful and ex
ten"ive influence, in his own time, than Ar
istotle, his old master; but Aristotle's works
have been influencing men, communities
and empires ever since. A man of action,
however great, Js like a stone, dropped
through vacuum, that leaves no percep ible
trace of its passage. A man of thought is
like a stone dropped into the water, which
sets it; motion circles that widen continually
and never soem to slop.
'I he men ol action are too apt to under
value the men of thought. The ordinary
type of the former, in otir day, is the active,
sharp-sighted, energelie man of business,
who brings everything to the lest of the
question, "will it pay 1" The ordinary iypd
of the latter, is the talented cle'gytnan, pro
fessor, or author, who, generally, has no
great knack at what is called "gelling along."
A natural antipathy seems to exist between
tbe two classes. The first despises the last
for ignorance of business. The last looks
with a contenipeiuniis pity on the first, as
deficient in refinement and culture. Yet
why should this antagonism exist? Each
class is good in its own way, and each is
necessnrv to progress. If we had nobody
but bustling, eager, money-making men of
action, there would he no inttdlectual, nor
social progress, and a dead materialism
would eat out the heart of socioly. If we
had only great preachers, profound profes
sors, or popular authors, things would soon
come to a stop (or the want of a little practi
cal utility. The two go together to make
HJ-S hx* SIMA m ' jiij jfalpl
vast his genius, to a dreamer like himself,
and their housekeeping is soon "at sixes and
sevens." But marry him to a thrifty, ener
getic woman, with a strong dash of common
sense, and matters get on very differently.
It is a mistake, also, in men of action, or
men of thought, to rank their speciality the
highest. Each class has a mission to per
form; and each, therefore, is honorable in
its place and vocation. As the material in
terests of society demand that we should
have thrifty mechanics, adventurous mer
chant" and enterprising capitalists, so the
moral, social, political and religions wants
of the race require teachers, statesmen, au
thors and clergymen. It is as invidious as
it is false, therelore, for one class to say to
another, in the spirit of the Pharisee, "stand
aside, I am holier than thou." The present
wants of society call for the man of action
as fully as its futuro development call* for
the man of thought. The vast and compli
cated machine of human affairs would come
to a dead lock without either. One wheel
is as necessary as the other, and as noble, if
there is any question of nobility a' all. Let
each man lulfil his vocation, taking care to
perform his work fairly, and nnt to be, as
many are, a carricature of his class; for the
man ol action should not degenerate into a
mera miser, nor should the man of thought
pass into a crazy dreamer or ideaoligist.—
Fhila. Ledger.
COLO.
For every mile that we leave the surface
of our earth, the temperature falls 5 degrees.
At 45 miles' distance from the globe Vo get
beyond the atmosphere, and enter, strictly
speaking, into the regions of space, whose
temperature *,£ 225 degrees below zero; and
here cold reigns in all its power. Some idea
of this intense power may be formed by sta
ting that the greatest cold observed from the
Arctic Circle is from 50 to 60 degrees below
zero; and here many surprising effects are
produced. In the chemical laboratory, the
greatest cold that we can produce is about 150
dpgreea below zero. At this temperature,
carbonic gas becomes a solid substance like
enow. If louchej, it produces just tbe same
effect on the skin as a red hot cinder; blis,
tering the flesh like a burn. Quicksilver or
mercury freezes at 40 degrees below Zero;
that is, 72 degrees below the temperature at
which water freezes. The solid mercury
may then be treated as other metals, ham
mered into sheets, or made into spoons; such
spoons would, however, melt in water as
warm as ioe. It is pretty certain that every
liquid and gas that we are acquainted with
would become solid if exposed to the cold of
the regions of space. The gas we light our
streets with would appear like wax; oil
would be in reality "at bard as a rock," pnre
spirit, which we have never yet solidified,
would appeal like a block o( transparent crys
tal, hydrogen gas would become quite solid,
and resemble a metal; we should be able to
turn butter in a lathe like a piece of ivory;
and the fragrant odotsof flowers would have
to be Inade hot before they would yield per
fume. These are ■ few ot the astonishing
effects of cold: "
W Who woold not be honest, if they
hnew the tweets 1
Mvltzvrlund—t'nn she Hester.
The intelligence brought by the lest steam
er is that war ia imminent between Switzer
land and Pruaaia. The occasion ia the refu
sal of the former to release tha royalist pris
oners, incarcerated for attempting to get up
a revolution in Neufehalel. It ia so much
of course for the absolutists of Europe to
hang or imprison republican disturbers of
society, that they cannot comprehend how
little Switzerland dares to mete out the
slightest punishment to conspirators ol mon
aichial tendencies. In the United State*,
however, the 1 sympathy will be all on the
side of Switzerland. The Mountain Repub
lic is right, not only on the main qnestion.
which.is.tUat concerning Neafchalel, hot op-'
ttie s-jVprurnaie trtrr, wSpdh cflPWHru the
pntiishtnent of these royalist revolutionists.
She owed it to the cause of justice, to resist,
not only the threats of Prussia, but the insid
ious efforts of-Louis Napoieen to induce her
to release the insurgents at tis solicitation.
It is right nnd necessary, that if rebela of lib
eral principles are to be punidied in Europe,
when unfortunate, rebela of despotic tenden
cies should be made to feel that they run
the same risk, when attempting to assail
froo institutions,, and- mm. are glad to see that
the only republic left abroad has the spirit
to assert her prerogative ia this respect.-
Switzerland cannot, wifb any regard to her
own dignity, pardon,, nndet duress, these
prisoners.
Nor arc Switzerland'* chance* of a suc
cessful resistance slight. She occupies a
mountain region, which rises, like an em
battled fsrt, in ih# —H er
population of two mihtons, consequently,
enjoys the same advantages in delending it
self which a valiant garrison possesses,'when
seconded by the almost impregnable works
of an Antwerp, a Liege, or a Valenciennes.
Nature has done for the Swiss what Napo
leon sought, in all his campaigns, to do so
for himself by strategy—she baa placed them
in such a position, that, in.repelling inva
sion, they are always able re manoeuvre
from the centre instead the circumfer- I
ence. In area, Switzerland ia not qui'e one
third as large as Pennsylvania, but being '
nearly as populous, is excceediug'y well fit- I
'.ed lo defend herself. In a great measure
also she is self-dependent; her people live
frugally ; and n hardier, braver race can no
wh :re be found. Two million* of such peo
ple as the Swiss, entrenched as they are,
cesslully coping with ten millions; and Prus
sia, therefore, will not find tho reduction of
them so easy a task as she supposes, espe
cially as there is little national sympathy in
Prussia for the war.
The Swiss have always been more or less
free. Though Julius Caesar conquered Hel
vetia, as Switzerland was then CHed. it was
a conquest only in name. During the mid
dle ages, the House of Hapsburg acquired an
ascendancy over the eastern poition ; but its
exactions led to an insurrection ; a confed
eracy was formed between the cantons of
Uri, Schwytz an J Unterwalden ; and at (he
battle of Morgarten, in 1315, the sovereignty
ol Austria was cast off lorever. Since that
time the Swiss have had no foreign masters.
Their armed force, in 1851, consisted of one
hundred and eight thousand; but evety
Swiss is a soldier, and in a contest for inde
pendence they -will bo-tftruhty efficient.—
Moreover, the government has the right, se
cured to it by treaty, of recalling, in the
event of war, the Swiss regiments in the pay
of the Pope and oilier powers, so that a per
sistence, on the patt of Prussia, may lead lo
a Roman, if not Italian rising, in consequence
of the absence of the Swiss guards from the
Vatican. The threatened storm may blow
over, indeed; but fsnm present appearances,
it is not likely to: and when it bursts, it may
disturb, far ar.d near, the political elements
of Europe— Phila. Letlger.
GRAMMAR,—"Jim did you ever atudy
grammar?"
"1 did."
'•What case is Squire X ."
"He's an objective case."
"How so ?"
"Becfcuse he oftJSeted TtTpSying hi* sub-'
scription, which he has been owing for five
years or more."
"What is a nona?"
"I dont't know p-bat I know what a re
noun is."
"Well, what iiU?"
"Running oft without paying the printer,
acd getting on the black list as as a delin
quent."
"Good! What is a conjunction ?"
"A method of collecting outstanding snb
scriptions, in conjunction with a constable ;
never employed by printers until the last ex
tremity.
BE" TEACHER.—How many genders ere
there ?
LITTLE BLUE EVES—Three, air.
TEACHER—What are lliey ?
BLUE Evxa—Mascuhneyjsmlnine and neu
ter.
TEACHER—Give an example.
BLUR EVES—WeII, sir, you are masculine
because you are a man, I am feminine be
cause 1 am a girl, and, sir, I reckon, Mr. Jen
kins is neuter gender, becauee he ia an old
bachelor/
TEACHER— Oh, oh, that will do.— N. York
paper. %
W They have a new way of hatching
ohiokeni in the Weal, by which a single ma
ternal fowl is made to do the dmy of a hun
dred.
They fill a barrel with eggs and place a j
hen on the butighole
The BsailierSacat ol Caatoe-
The advices from Europe are, that a British
Consul hts declared war against the Chinese
Government, end a British Admiral has com
menced hostilities by bombarding the City of
Canton for several days. Of course, in such
a thickly populated city, the loss of life matt
b8 dreadful, and must tieve some strongly
justifiable cause to warrant each summary
proceedings on the part of the agents of the
British Government. The offence appears to
have been that the Chinese took some of
their own subjects out of a veaael having a
British flag flying above it, and toTrhich they
had gone for refuge, probably guilty of some
crime, political or otherwise, for which they
! were i isble to punishment. Sovereign gpy
ernments have usually juiisdictionover their
own subjects in their own waters, and there
fore the refusal of the Mandarins to give any
explanation* would appear to be only a prop
er exercise of sovereign rights. The British
Consul did r.ot think so. He commenced
"mild reprisals," by ordering the seizure of
a Mandarin junk. This not being sufficient
to satisly the Governor that the authorities
were wrong, theeflec! of shot, shell, musket
bullets end bayonets were tried. The Chin
ese walls were less stubborn thee the Gover
nor's resolution. They yielded to the force of
ihe argument applied, and iba British troops
took possession of the Governor's palace.—
The Governor however, grew stronger in
maintaining his rights, as hit power to resist
the invaders of it grew weaker, and at last
accounts he still stubbornly refused sny 'rep
aration.'
Great Britain seems to ruu into a fight just
as naturally as a Cost* Ricen runs from it
when he hat to fare the Yankee filibusters.
It has jost got out of one terribly costly wor,
in which it found itself involved by interfer
ing with quarrels not its own, and has plung
ed since into two others apparently from as
little cause. With Persia, tn Western, China
in Eastern Asia, and chronic hostilities South (
in Hindostan, it is in a state of war with near
ly the whole Asiatic continent. This is the
great filibustering ground of the British Gov
ernment, and slice alter slice of territory is
absorbed from year to year. Whether any
immediate project of absorption will grow
out of (heir operations at Canton, will be
seen hereafter. It is suspicious of that issue
th>t the English journals are already declaring
in favoi of a removal of the English settle
meut nearer the distMts where the main *ta
'pies o( ff~e country ato produced, where the
climate is comparatively temperate, and their
position would command the mouth of the
great river.
A California Wife.
We have been told thai when John Biglef,
ine laid Governor of the State of California,
was a member of the Slate Legislature, Mrs.
8., his wife, absolutely washed the clothes
of some of the honorable gentlemen for so
much a dozen. A) the time of his election
Bizler was very poor, and his per diem was
hardly cnongh for himself end wife to live
upon in those prodigal times. To moke
both ends meet, and save something against
a rainy day, Madame Bigler put her shoul
der to the wheels as above stated.
Now, won't this be rather startling to the
pale faced, attenuated damsels ol the East,
who faint and scream at the sight of a wash
tub or cob web ? Think of it. The wife of
tn ex-Governor with her sleeves and gown
rolled up. bending over a wash-tnb, wbVie
her husband, with his clean dicky atitndvng
upright chafing his ears, rose lo a question
of privilege, "Mr. Speaker, Mr. Sp-e--k-e-r!"
And then think of the ex-washerwoman be
ing feted, three years after, a* the wife of
the Governor of the State of California, worth
a hundred and fifty thousand dollars—enough
money lo make ihe heads of universal snob
dom duck and dive like an affrighted water
fowl in a thunder etorm.
Good for the Pennsylvania Dutch girl!
Five hundred years hence, when the histo
rian lifts the veil from the catacombs of the
past and writes Ihe history ot the uaforgotten
dead, he may perhaps append this little epi
sode to the history of ono of California's
Governors ; and ibe little ragged girls that
then go down to dip water from the Rio
Sacramento, may think better of their mo
thers who have to labor, because a long time
ago Mrs. John Bigler, the Governor's wife,
filled her wash-tnb from the asme noble
river.
These are 'he pioneer women of Califor
nia ; there era many such, at strong willed
and as true, who quail not at their own foot
steps in the woods, wboee hearts swell with
hope at
The clanking ef the hammer,
And the creakicg of the crane.
What Makes a Bushel.
The following table of the nnmber of
the number of pounds of variona articles to
a bushel may be of interest to ocr readers:
Wheal, sixty pounds.
Corn, sbcjled, fifty-nix pound*.
Corn, on tfie cob, seventy pounds.
Rye, fifty six pounds.
Oats, thirty-six pounds.
Barley, forty-six pounds.
Buckwheat, fifty-two pour.de.
Irish potatoes, sixty pounds.
Sweet potatoes, fifty pounds.
Onions, fifty-seven pounds.
Beans, sixty pounds.
Bran, twenty pounds.
Cloverseed, sixty pounds.
Timothy seed, fnny-five pounds.
Flax seed, forty-five pounds.
Hemp seed, forty-five pounds.
Blue grass seed, fourteen pounds.
Dried peaches, thirty-three pounds.
HINTS UN WINTKR UKKSS.
•V MM. ADAMS.
As a change of dress is now necessary a
few remarks respecting taste and fashions
may, to some, be acceptable. Flounces and
double skirts are very much admired; there
is, however, one disadvantage with regard
to these winter dresses, for flounces make a
very heavy skirt; the belter or more expen
sive the material ihe more heavy the skirl.—
Plain skirts, handsomely trimmed with vel
vet or plnsh, are qaite a lady's dress. Double
skirts are not too heavy, and are pretty. 1
have seen some double skirts made with li
ning joined to the lower part; but should
the upper skirt be blown up, it is not neat to
.flfe.a twosjtirts should be whole
10 ihe w.t. Dress skirts of any kind are
much mom comfortable to wear than they
have been for years past. The skirts being
loose from the jackets, so much slope is not
required, a•"lhe skirt must come onder the
front of the jacket. Your skirt being fastened
round your Waist you can better support the
weight rhan when it i hanging off the hipe;
the dragging of a heavy skirt below the waist
must be a most uncomfortable feeling.
Thete remarks are wrinen for those ladies
I who lake walking exercise ; but those who
seldom move ten yards from their own door
a dress of any fashion may be worn. Skirts
are frequently pot on to aahsped band; this
band resemble# the lower part of a jacket; it
ia cut in ahape to fit on the hips and around
the body ; it sometimes enables the jacket
to sit smoother end better. Skirte should be
nicely plaited; there may be some persons
who think the appearance ia preferable to
comfort. I cannot recommend anything but
a nicely plaited skirt into the old-fashioned
straight band.
I will now give a few ideas on the jackets.
Jackets are reads larger and much handsom
er thar. they were last year. Larger and ful
ler sleeves tre worn. Three frills qnite full
cut on the straight; the first one put in the
arm-hole, the other two are deep enough to
form a handsome xieeve. Three puffs are
still worn ; the pods to begin at the arm-hole.
Another elegant sleeve is a plain piecof
material plaited abont three inches down
from the arm-hole. The jackets tre cut much
longer below the wsitt than they were last
year. The new braces on the jackets are in
the shape of a low body-trimming or Bertha,
in front; the point is on ths middle of the
chest, and half, way do writhe bsck. To many
figures this Is very becoming, and newer
than the long braces. Broad fringe, three or
four inches deep, round the shoulders of the
jackets is very handsnme; it is not necessary
to have the same width of fringe on any other
part of the jacket. Sewing silk fringe is what
ia worn.
Marriage of Guizot to the Princess Liewen
From a private source we learn that the
celebrated Guizot has finally married the
Princess Liewen, a lady not less celebrated
in diplomatic and social circlss. It is slated
that the affair is kept a secret, or rather, that
it ia a public mystery. The princes* still wears
her former name, and the happy couple do
not live under the aame roof. Should this
be really so, we are wholly at a loss to un
derstand the reason, and our consideration
for the character of Guizot must siuk consid
erably.
Guizot. is nearly seventy years old, and his
lady-l.ove ia but few years younger. The
friendship commenced in 1840, when Guizot
was the French Ambassador at London, and
while Ihe Princess, once the celebrated bean
ty of the Congees* of Vienna, and for eigb*
teen yean ihe ackuowldged leader of the
highest haut ton in England, was residing
there with her husband, then Russian Am
bassador at ths Court of St. James.
After the death of the prince she endeav
ored to be the diplomatic Egertaof the Czsr,
although she still continued to reside in Paris
or London. The medium of this correspond
| ence between her and Nicholas, was her bro
ther, Count Benkendorff, the predecessor of
| Count Orbfl in the F.mperor's confyience and
i favor. Since the death oftheCouot, in 1844,
1 her real influence at the Russian Court nas
j been on the wans; her influence, however,
! with Guizot and Louie Pbillippe rather in
! creased, they believing tbat through her they
| might get a controlling bold on the Czar.—
' Her ealon at Paris has been most brilliant and
renowned—the focus of all Europe for di
plomatic scandal and petty intrigues. The
Princess, who during the lifetime of her hus
band was known to direct the Embassy in
London, preserved her tasls for diplomatic
intrigue, which she carried on with great
delicacy, elegance, perspicacity and grace.
But she has lost her poweT; she has lost her
credit in St. Petersburg,especially since on
account of bet connection with Guizot, the
has become one of the souls of the Orleanist
faction.
It is possible that Ihe Princess, who is
mistress of a Urge income, may have wished
by a matrimonial connection with Guizot to
secure to his old age the-fuxuries of fortune.
But we can hardly understand how he came
to accept thU left-handed, humiliating alli
ance, in which his wife does not bear his
honored name.— AT. Y. Tribune.
WOMAN-HEX.—
Laughing, the charming ISABEL
Had challenged me to kiss her! Well,
By stratagem I soon obtained
What lerce would labor for in vain.
I boasted. "Don't be prood," said she.
" 'Ti# nothiog wonderful: for, see—
Your valor's not so very killing;
You kissed me—true—but I was willing!
OP Light seems the natural enemy of evil
deed*.
[Two Dollars per Annnn.
NUMBER 2.
Oor Daughter's Untried-
Where !
At Fashionable boarding schools.
Ilow !
fn manner and form to wit.: %
A young lady in good health We* sent to
a distant city, to finish her eduestien at •
hoarding school o! coftsiderrbfcr note. lo
one month she returned, snffefWig from gen
eral debility, dizziness, neuralgic pair.a, arid
headache.
It muat be a very telling process, which,
in a single month, transforms a frolicking,
romping, ruddy-faced girl of sixteen, to a
pale, weakly, failing invalid. It ■* not often
done so quickly ; bat in the course of a
boarding school education, it is done thou
u—)• of limaas Public tbanlu are due law
correspondent'of the Buffalo Medical Journal,
for the pain* he took to ferret on', the fact#
of the daily routine of the establishment, the
proprUtfru of which so richly merit ihe rep
robation of the whole community, both for
their recklessness ol human health, and their
ignorance of physiological law. Said an ac
complished lady to us not long since, "My
only daughter is made a wreck of—she lost
her mind at tbat wretched school!''
At this model establishment, where the
daughters of the rich and of the aspiring are
prepared for the grave every year, twelve
hours era devoted to study, out of the twenty
four, when Ave should be the utmost limit.
Two hours are allowed for exercise.
Three hours for eating.
Seven hours for sleep.
Plenty of time allowed to eat themsefree
to death, at the expense of stinting them to
the smallest amount of lime for renovating
the brain, the very fountain of life, npon
whose healthful and vigorous action depends
the ability of advantageous mental culture,
and physical energy.
But what is the kind of exercise which
prevails in city boarding-schools I The girls
are marched through the streets in double
file ; violently, of course, IO as to in
sure to Ihe benefit of the proprietors, in the
way of a walking advertisement, knowing
well enough that a file of young ladies,
from the families of the npper ten, would
monopolize attention on any thoroughfare,
even Wall street. But what does an hour's
prim walk effect, when, conecions of be
ing the cynosure of every eye, they am
put on their most unexceptionable good be
havior, when a good side-shaking, whole
aoukd laugh would übjoot tU i.
purgatorial lecture, to be repealed daily,
perhapa lor a month! Verily, Moloch has
hi* worshipers in this enlightened age, when
parents are found to sacrifice the lives of
their daughters, for Ihe reputation of having
them at THE fashionable boarding-sohool—
Hall's Journal ot Health.
A Yankee Outdone.
There is a pleasant little tale about Sir Al
len McNab. He was once traveling by
steamer, and, as luck would have it, was'
obliged to ocenpy a state room with a cer
tain full blooded Yankee. Both gentlemen
arose safly in the morning; and when Sir'
Allen was dressing, he was astonished to
behold his inquisitive companion make
thorough researches into his (Sir Allen's)
well fnrniehed dressing case. Having com
pleted his examination, he proceeded, whila
the chieftain remained in petrified astonish
ment, coolly to select the tooili-brush, ant#
therewith to bestow on his long, yellow fangs
en industrious and energetic scrubbing. Sir
Allen sard not a word, but "kept np a deal
of tbinkir.g." When Jonathan had concluded,
the old Scotchman gravely finished wash
ing himself, silently Set the basin on the
floor, Boaped one foot well, and taking the
tooth brash, applied it vigorously to his toes
and toe-nails.
"You dirty follow!" exclaimed the aaton
isoed Yankee, who had watched every mo
tion, "what tht mischief are you doin that
for 1"
"O," said Sir Allen, coolly, "Thal'e the
brush I always do that with."
A GOOD ANECDOTE. —The following con
versation was
toon of tho K.o Grind#." Scono, night.
Two volnnteers wrapped in blankets and
half covered with mud. Volunteer Ist:
"How came yon to volunteer!" Volunteer
2d: "Why, Bob, yon see, I have no wife to
care a red cent for me, and ao I volunteered
—and besides, J like wort" "Now tell me
how you came out here!" Volunteer Ist,:
"Why, the fact is, you know I— I—f bare
got a wife, end so I came out here, becanXo
I like peace I ' Hereupon both Ihe volunteers
turned over in their blankets, got a new pla*.
taring of mud, and went to sleep,
F*smosA*TE.—A little girl w school read
thne: "The widow lived on a small limbacv,
left her by a relative."
"What did you call that word I" asked
he teacher; "the word is legacy, not lim
bany."
"But, Miss Johnson," said the little girt,
"Pa aays 1 muat tsy limb, not leg."
tdr""Tinsion!" exclaimed an Irish seargent
lo bis platoon. "Front faee, and tend to the
row) call 1. As many of ye ae ia priaint will
say 'Hera I' and as many of ye ax is not pria
int will aay 'Absent!'"
EP A jolly old darkey down South bought
himself a new hat; when it commenced
raining be put it under his arm. When ask
ed why he did not put it on hie head, ho
replied:—"De hat's mine; bought him with
my own money; head 'long* la masaa ; l
him take care bia own poperty.'^

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