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THE STAR OF THE NORTH;
R. H'. Ueswr, Proprietor.] VOLUME 9. TIIE STAR OF THE NORTH 11 PUBLISHED EVERY WEONKSDAY MORNIKU BY K. W. WKAVKR, OFFICU Up stairs, in the new brick build ing, on the south side oj Main Street, third square below Market. 13 R M S : — Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the time of sub scribing : two dollars and fitly cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages ore paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square will be inserted three times for One Dollar, nnd twenty-five cents for each additional in- , settion. A liberal discount will bo made to I those who advertise by the year. Clr I.nuucelot mid Queen Guinevere. BY ALFRED TENNYSON. Like souls that balance joy and pain, With tPars and smiles from Heaven again, The maiden spring upon the plain Came in a sunlit fail of rain. In crystal vapor everywhere Blue eyes of Heaven laughed between. And, far in the forest deeps unseen, i The topmost linden gathered green i From draughts of balmy ait. I Sometimes the linnet piped his song ; ■ Sometimes the throstle whistled strong : 1 Sometimes the spar-hawk wheeled along, ! By grassy capes, with fuller sound ; 1 In curves the yellowing river ran, " And drooping chestnut buds began To spread into a perfect fan, Above the teeming ground. Then, in the boyhood of the year, Sir I.auncelot and Queen Guinevere, Rode through the coverts of the deer, Vith blissful treble ringing clear, She a part of joyous spring : A gown of grass green silk she wore, Buckled with golden clasps before ; i A light green tuft of plumes she bore Closed in a golden ring. " Now on some twisted ivy net, Now by some tinkling rivulet, On mosses thick with violet, Her cream white mule her pastern set; [plains And now more fleet she skimmed the Than she whose elfin ptancer springs By night to her airy warblings, Whon nil the glimmering moorland rings With jingling bridle reins. As she fled fast through the sun and shade, The happy winds upon her played, Blowing the ringlet from the braid : She looked so lovely a she swayed The rain with dainty finger tips ; A man had given all oilier bliss, And all his worldly worth for this. To waste his whole ItPart in one bliss Upon her perfect lips. REPORT, i Of the Common Schools of Colombia Co., ; (or the year ending June Ist, *5O. In September nnd October last, appoint-) menis were mode in the respective districts 1 to meet and examine teachers; but the at- ) tendance was small on these occasions. The , teachers seemed shy of a public examination, nnd most of them came afterwards to my of-1 fice, for a private one. I have urged direct- ] ors to insist upon a public examination in ' every case where it is practicable. A few more certificates were issued (in ad-1 dition to the permanent ones of last year) than there were schools taught, but this hap- ; pened from the fact that some of thoso who ' received certificates went out of the county ;' a few sought other employments, and others, j with high figures on their certificates, would not ask for a school. During the past year I visited one hundred and twenty-four schools, being all in the county which were in operation, except sev en. Two of these seven were inaccessible by reason of snow, when I was in the district, and five were not in session when I was in their neighborhood. Some I visited twice.— Every available day, between the 12th of December and the 15th of March, was spent by me in this business. My visits were spent by listening to class es. suggesting Improvements to teachers, organizing new classes in mental arithme tic, orthography, concert-reading, rhetorical reading, writing from dictation, practical grammar, or the manufacturing of sentences, as well as the anatomy of language, and in addressing the scholars. The greatest cause of backwardness in our schools is tho me chanical method of instruction, by which dry, du'l tasks are substituted, to repulse and weary the scholar, when intelligible oral II- Jualrs'/ivnt, Irom the every day practical af- Ikvrs of life in the world, ought to be furnish- Rd to tempt and lead the scholar to a pleas ant and friendly familiarity with the princi ples of science. There ought to be less par rot-like recitations, and more thinking in the schools. I have found many cases where orthography was understood only a arbitra ry spelling, instead of being the anatomy of words, and where reading was only practiced a the monotonoua pronunciation ot words, instead of being, as it should, the expression Of ideas and thoughts. School Houses. —The condition and location of the buildings used for schools are not so objectionable as the method, or, rather, want of method, of teaching within tbem. Of the school bouses in this county, twenty-nine are well adapted, in every respect, for the use made of them. Only thirteen are entirely unfit to be used; and all the others may be included in a middling, which, by a little labor and expense, might be right well adap ted for the training places of youth. Some of these only need to have one end of the room coated for a blackboard; others want some little fixtures 10 perfect ventilation; and yet others only need a few shade trees plant ed around the building. In no district can all the school honses be included in the first class. Scott has more good houses than any other district. Mon tour has three excellent brick houses, and BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 25, 1857. j they only need one wall blackened and a j few shade irees planted around one, to make | them perfect lor their purpose. The towns i of Catawissa, Berwick ana Mifllioville have I good school houses. The ceilings of our school houses are from j seven to twelve feet high ; and the most com j mon aids to ventilation are the cracks and ! crannies of the weather boards, and a cor responding hole in the plastering which lines i the building. In many the boards over head , have just cracks enough to let out the vitiated air. There are, in my report, twelve brick, five log and one hundred and thirteen frame school houses. About one half are warmed with coal and the other with wood, for fuel. None have furnaces for healing purposes or ven tilation. Furniture. —The only school house in the county which has the requisite furniture, is the opper grade school in Light Street. The citizens have furnished it with a planetarium, an orrery, a tellurian, and useful mathemati cal instruments and tables. This school is aDo the only one which furnishes chairs for seating the scholars. No other school has any other means than the blackboard to il lustrate lessons, and forty-seven schools have not even a black-board. There arc twenty-three school houses with desks for two, arranged in rows, having aisles through the middle of the room, and long desks and benches alternately extending from this aisle to the wall. But sixty houses are upon the plan of long boards edged along three of the walls, and seats without backs in front of these apologies for desks. The small scholars, in these cases, have lower seals, mostly with backs to them and without desks. These are arranged in an inner circle, or sometimes around the stove. Ten cases I cannot classify in either of these descrip tions. Only about a dozen houses liavo prop • er ante-rooms for the disposition of hats, bou nds and cloaks. Others have a small ante room, used for keeping the fuel dry. The School. —My aim has been lo fiave the primary branches thoroughly'taught, ratherthan hurry up a superficial smattering of every thing. It is only in the towns that the upper grade schools have been established, and in these, composition, elocution, astronomy, natural philosophy, algebra, geometry, and music have been introduced. Perhaps the best judgment can be formed of the success of the schools from (he fact lhat Inst winter, while ihey were in operation, there were only two private subscription schools in tho coun ty, and one of these was a primary school; so that the poor man's high school superse ded every select seminary of learning but one. There is more uniformity of books than last year; but 110 school was found in which there were as many grades of readers as com pose tho seties of many of our reading books lately published, which is, in most series, five. I found no case in which all the read ing scholars could not have been arranged in three classes, so that no mind, in either class, would have been beyond the reach of all others. And in country schools where many branches must be taught, to sub-divide them futther than this not only embarrasses the teacher and checks his usefulness, but en tails an expense for books upon parents, which forms a subject of complaint against the common school system—unreasonable,it is true, but yet to be avoided; lor while it is objectionable to have too many kinds of text books on the same subject, it is nearly as far wrong to form too many classes by having too many grades of books. The trouble 6eems to grow out of a little to much eager ness to make and sell books. And while every system oi education is liable to such accidental errors—and they are by no means necessarily incident to our common school system—yet, considering the sensitive state of the public mind on this subject, a great deal of forbearance and moderation is ne cessary on the part of those who teach and superintend, and a great deal of caution and circumspection in avoiding error, and even in dealing with prejudices. fn every school, so far as inquiry was made,'corporal punishment was or would have been resorted to when other means failed to preserve discipline ; but no cases have pre-ented where any punishment has been used with unwarrantable Severity. The general rule is to have school open from nine to twelve o'clock in the forenoon, with fifteen minutes intermission; and again, from one to four, or from half-past one to half past four o'clock in the afternoon, with a like intermission, fn some cases there is no intermission for all the school at once. Teachers. —During the past year I issued thirty-two permanent certificates and r.inely eight temporary ones. Nine applicants were refused certificates. Of the teachers, one was under seventeen years of age, thirty eight between the ages of seventeen and twenty-one, fifty-four between the ages of twenty-one and twenty-five, twenty between the ages of twenty-five and thirty, seven be tween the ages of thirty and forty, seven between the ages of forty and fifty, and three over fifty years of age. Only three have graduated at college, and none at any State Norma! School. Only eight were born ont of Pennsylvania. Since an examination has become requi site, the poorest of the old teachers have sought other employments, and some of our youngest teachers are cur best. A new class of instructors is called tor in the best districts, and twenty-nine teachers have not yet taught a year; fifty-seven have tangbt from one to three years, twenty-five have taught from three to six years, nine have taught from six to ten years, seven have taught from ten to twenty years, and three have taught over twenty years. So it will been that the ob jection sometimes urged against the new law, is not true here—that the same old teachers are employed, and that there is no improvement. A new class of teachers is coming into the profession as fast as possi ble; and these only need a little experience to prove themselves entirely superior to those formerly employed, and to give gen eral satisfaction. It is only to be regretted that to persons of liberal education the profession does not pre sent bettor encouragement. Not more than fifty of those examined design to leach per manently, and only fifty-two have read use ful educational works with a design to im prove and fit themselves for teaching. 01 tbo whole number, forty four gavo full satis faction for ability to teach and govern, sixty two may bo ranked in a medium class, and twenty-fonr must be confessed so very poor that it is desirable to supply their places with belter material, if we could only gel it. Noth ing is more needed to make the common school system work successfully and har moniously, than competent teachers; and it is to be hoped that Normal schools will spring up in every county, by a demand for good teachers. In my judgment, the same amount of money cannot in any other way secure so much practical advant ige as by the establish ment oj a teachers' school in every county of the State. It should be made the duty of every County Supenntendent to hold each year a teachers' school oi at least two weeks. The expense would be small compared with the advantages. Much good might be done in this cheap way, until we can gel a Slate Normal school. Examinations.— Before the past year there had been no pnbhc examinations or exhibi tions in the public schools of the county : but this yesr the public schools of Light Street and Berwick presented to parents such exercises at examinations and exhibitions, as equalled those of the select schools we have witnessed in the county. The effect in these has been to awaken interest and honest pride in parents, scholars and teach ers. I found but few districts where the directors had visited the schools, and still lewer where parents did so. In Scon. Bloom and Benton, the directors visited and took a friendly in terest in the schools, anil 111 Light Street the citizens repeatedly visited the tipper grade school. The districts of Bloom, Scott, Cata wtsso, Orange una uy means, and more especially by a compact population, are best able to have good schools. The other districts are thinly settled, and al most entirely by a population engaged in agriculture and lumbering. In some of these the schools are small, so that I found as few as eight scholars in a log school house which stood in the woods, out of the sight of any human habitation and surrounded by snow two feet deep, through which most of the scholars on the list had more than a mile and some over two miles to travel, between their homes and the school. On another visit I traveled one morning through and over snow banks six feet high, while the thermometer stood at twenty-one degrees below zero. In such districts I recommend more school in the summer, ever, if there must be less in the winter. Fishingcreek and Main districts de serve special commendation for maintaining very good schools, against difficulties and circumstances almost equal in discourage ment to any in the county. In Maine the first district teachers'association in the coun ty was formed last winter, and it awakened considerable interest. The teachers' associ ation of the county held three meetings with in the past year, and 1 have a hope that its objects and advantages are becoming under stood. Progress. —ln my visits of the first year's service I found only two districts in which any effort had been made to grade schools; last winter there were graded schools in six districts. The first year music was taught in two schools of one district; last winter I found it a pleasant exercise in five districts, and in some very artistically taught and prac ticed. The first year arithmetic was taught bj oral exercises in classes, only in two dis tricts; the past year f found it successfully taught in nine districts, and organized classes in others; The first year, nnder the new law, thirty-three certificates were granted to persons who did not understand geography, and forty-six to teachers who did not under stand grammar; the past year only thirteen are blank in geography, and the same num ber in grammar. In Beaver township the requisitions of the school law were never complied with; though under the old system, the State appro priation was drawn. Last December the di rectors were removed by the court, and oth ers appointed. These laws have gone on in good faith to open the schools, but under very great difficulties. Mt. I'leasant has not acted under the school law during the year just past, but is doing so for '.hat upon which we have entered. Roaring Creek alone is inflexible. R. W. WEAVER, Ccusily Superintendent. Bloomsburg, July 14, 1856. To CURB WARTS.—Pare the hard and dry skin from theii lops, and then touch them with the smallest drop of strong acelio acid, taking care that the acid does not run off the wart upon the neighboring skin, for if it doss, it will occasion inflammation and mnch pain. If this practice be continued once or twice a day, with regularity, paring ;tbe sur face of the wart occasionally, when it gels hard and dry, the wart will soon be effectu ally cured Troth and Right God and or Couutry. From Mttcaulay's History of England. TIIE EN l> OF TITUS OATES. The general result of the election exceeded, the most sanguine expectations of the court. James found with delight that it would be unnecessary for him to expend a farthing in buying votes. He said that, with the excep lion of about forty members, the House of Commons was such as he himself should have named; and this House of Commons it was in his power, as the law then stood, to keep to the end of his reign. Secure of parliamentary support, he might now indulge in the luxury of revenge. His nature was not placable; and while still a subject, he had suffered some injuries and indignities which might movo even a placa ble nature to fierce and lasting resentment. One set of men, in particular, had with a baseness and cruelly beyond all example and all description, attacked his honor aod his lile, the witnesses of the plot. He may well he excused for hating them, since, even at this day, the mention of their names ex cites the disgust and horror of all sects and parties. Some of these wretches wore already be yond tho reach of hitman justice. liedloe had died in his wickedness, without one sign of remorse or shame. Dogdaie had fol lowed to tho grave, driven mad, men said, by the furies of an evil conscience, and with loud shrieks imploring those who stood round his bed to take away Lord Stafford. Carstairs, 100, was gone. His end was all horror and despair; and with his last breath, lie had told his attendant to throw htm into a ditch like a dog, for that ha was not fit to sleep in a Christian burial-ground. But Oates and Dangorfiold were still within the teach of the stern prince whom they had wronged. James, a short time before his ac cession, had instituted a civil suit against Oates for defamatory words, ntid the jury iiad given damages to the enormous amount of a hundred thousand pounds. Tho de fendant had been taken in execution, and was lying in prison as a debtor, without hope of release. Two bills of indictment against him for perjury had been found by the grand jury of Middlesex a few weeks before tho death of Charles. Soon after the close of the elections the trials came on. Among the upper and middle classes Oales had scarcely a friend left. All intelli gent Whigs were now convinced that, even it his narrative had some foundation in fact, ho hail erected on thai foundation a vas' sn puTomcmtn ui Tomamv. number of low fanatics, however, still re garded him as a public benefactor. These people well knew that, if be were convicted, his sentence would be one of extreme se verity, and were therefore indefatigable in their endeavors to manage an escape.— Though as yet in confinement only Inr debt, he was put in irons by the authorities of the King's flench prison; and even so lie was with difficulty kept in safe custody. The mastiff that guarded his door was poisoned ; and, on the very night preceding his trial, a ladder of ropes was introduced into his cell. On the day on which he was brought to the bar, Westminster Hall was crowded with spectators, umong whom were many Roman Catholics, eager to see the misery and hu miliation of their persecutor. A few years earlier, his short neck, his legs uneven as those of a badger, his forehead low as that of a baboon, his purple cheeks, and his mon strous length of chin, had been familiar to all who had frequented the courts of law.— He had been the idol ol the nation. Where ever he had appeared, men had uncovered their heads to him. The lives and estates of the magnates of the realm had been at his mercy. Times had now changed; and many who had formerly regarded him as the deliver of his country, shuddered at the sight of those hideous fpaUires on which villany seemed to be written by the hand of God. It was proved beyond all possibility of doubt, that this man had, by false testimony, deliberately murdered several guiltless per sons. He called in vain on the most emi nent members of the Parliament which hod rewarded and extolled him to give evidence in his favor. Some of those whom he hail summoned absented themselves. None of them said any thing tending to his vindica tion. One of them, the Kail of Huntingdon, bitterly reproached him with having deceiv ed the houses, and drawn on them the guilt of shedding innocent blood. The judges browbeat and reviled the prisoner with an intemperance which, even in the most attro cious cases, ill becomes the judicial charac ter. He betrayed, however, no sign of fear or of shame, and faced the storm af invec tive which burst upon him from bir, bench, and witness box with the insolence of de spair. He was convicted on bcth indict ments. His offence, though in a moral light, murder of the most aggravated kind, was, in the eye of the law, merely a misde meanor. The tribunal, however, was de sirous to make his punishment more severe than that of felons or traitors, and not merely to put him to death, but to put him to death by frightful torments. He was sentenced to be stripped of his clerical habit, to be pillo ried in Palace Yard, and to t'e led round Westminster Hall with an inscription decla ring bis infamy over his head, to be pilloried again in front of the Royal Exchange, to be whipped from Aldgate to Newgate, and, af ter an in interval of two days, to be whipped from Newgate to Tyburn. If, against all probability, he should happen to survive this horrible infliction, he was to be kept a close prisoner during life. Five times every year he was to be brought forth from his dungeon and exposed on the pillory in different prls of the capital. This rigorous sentence was rigorously exe cuted. On the day on which Oates was pil loried in l'alace Yard, ho was mercilessly peltod, and ran some risk of being pulled in pieces : but in Ihe city his partisans mustered in great force, raised a riot, and upset Ihe pillory. They were, however, unable to res cue their favorite. It was supposed that bo would try to escape the horrible doom which awaited him by swallowing poison. All that he ate nnd drank was therefore carefully in spected. On the following morning he una brought forth to undergo his first flogging. At an early hour an innumerable multitude filled all the streets from Aldgate to the Old Bailey. The hangman laid on the lash with such unusual severity ns showed that ho hud received special instructions. The blood ran down in rivulets. For a time the criminal showed a strange constancy; but at last his stubborn fortitude gave way. His bellowings were frightlul to hear. He swooned several times; but the scourge continued to descend. When he was unbound, it seemed that he had borne as much as the human frame can bear without dissolution. James was en treated to remit tho second flogging. His answer w.-s short and clear. "He ehall go through it if he has breath in his bodv." An attempt was mndo to obtain the Queen's in tercession, but she indignantly refused to say a word in lavor of such n wretch. After an interval of only forty-eight hours, Oates was again brought out of his dungeon, lie was unable to stand, and it was necessary to drag liirn to Tyburn on a sledge. n seemed quite insensible, and the Tories reported that he had stupefied himself with strong drink. A person who had counted the stripes on the second day says that they were seventeen hundred. The bad man escaped with life, but ro narrowly that his ignorant and bigoted admirers thought his recovery miraculattsi anil appealed to it as a proof of tiis inno cenco. Tho doors of the prison closed upon him. During many months he remained ironed in the darkest hole ol Newgate. It was said that in his cell lie gave himself up to melancholy, and sat whole days uttering deep groans, his arms folded, and his hat palled over his eyes. It was not in England alone that these events excited stiong inter est. Millions of Roman Catholics, who knew nothing of our institutions or of our factions, had heard that a persecution of singular Ljr barily had rag"rl in our island against Ihe professors ol the true faith, that many pious men had suffered martyrdom, and that Titus — - itierc was, therefore, great joy in distant countries when it was known that the divine justice had overtaken him. Engravings o! him, looking out from the pillory, and writhing at the cart's tail, were circulated all over Eu- rope ; and epigrammists, in many languages, made merry with the doctoral title which he pretended lo have received from the Univer sity of Salamanca, and remarked since his forehead could not bo made to blush, it was but reasonable that his hack should do so. Horrible a? wore the Bufferings of Gates, they did not equal hi 3 crimes. The old law of England, which had been suffered to be come obsolete, treated the lalse witness, who had caused death by means of perjury, as a murderer. This was wise and righteous; for such a witness is, in truth, the worst of murderers. To the guilt of shedding inno cent blood ho ha added the guilt of viola ting the most solemn engagement into which man can enter with his fellow-men, nod of making institutions to which it is desirable that the public should look with respect and confidence instruments of frightful wrong and objects of general distrust. The pain produced by an ordinary assassination bears no'prnportion to the pant produced by assas sination of which the courts of justice are made the agents. The mere extinction of lire is a very small part of what makes an execution horrible. The prolonged mental agony of the sufferer, the shame and misery of all connected with him, the stain abiding even to the third and fourth generation, are things far more dreadlnl than death itself. In general, it may be safely affirmed that the lather of a large family would rather bo be reaved of all his children by accident or by disease than lose one of them by the hands of the hangman. Murder by false testimony is therefore the most aggravated species of murder ; and Oates had been guilty of many such murders. Nevertheless, ttie punish ment which was inflicted upon him cannot be justified. CORNS.— The best cure for theso trouble some things that we have ever tried, is to soak the feet in hot water for a quarter of an hour, so that the corn becomes soft, then trim it off as close as possible, and not cause pain. Then lake the tincture of arbor vhsc, placed upon a little cotton, and apply to the corns, and after a few applications, the corn will not only disappear entirely, but will not be likely to return again.— Scientific American. To FATTEN FOWLS. —FowIs may be fatten ed in four or five days by the following pro cess:—Place some rice over the fire with some skimmed milk, as much only as will setve one day. Let it boil till the rice i 9 swelled out; add a teaspoonful of sugar. Feed the fowls four or five times a day, in pans, and give to them as much each time as will fill them. Great care must be taken that they receivo nothing sour, as it prevents their fattening. Give them clean water or milk from rice to drink. By this method the flesh will have a cleat whiteness. Cy None of us like the crying of mother person's baby. Our own alone is musical. It KG El PINj Arf. J To CURE TIIE QUINSY.— Make a poultice of ! common white Lima beans, and apply it to 1 the throat hot. 1 To CLEAN KID GLOVES.—Wash them in a mixture of equal quantities of Ammonia and j Alcohol. Then rub them dry. The above ' solution will also remove stains and grease ; from silk and cloth. To DESTROY MITES IN CHEESE—A piece of woolen cloth should be dipped in sweet j oil, which should bo well rubbed on tho cheese. If one application is not sufficient to destroy ihe miles, the remedy may be ) used as often as it cy appear. The cheese I shelves should be washed with soap and [ water. J INCRUSTATIONS in Culinary Vessels, can be removod readily by boiling a few potatoes in them. This has been known for half a 1 century ; but there are always young house keepers starling upon their career who may not know this important fact, where hard vra ler prevails, j To CLEAN WALL PAPER.—Soiled wall pa j per may be made to look as well almost as new in most cases, by the following ex* ( pedient'Take about 2 qrts. of wheat bran, lie it in a bundle of coarse flannel, and rub I'l over the paper. It will cleanse the whole I paper of all description of dirt and spot", beiter than any oil er means that can bo used. Some use bread but dry bran is ] better. To REMOVE INK SPOTS FROM LINENS—Ink l spots can bo removed by saturating tliern [ with lemon joico, and rubbing on salt, and j then putting thorn where the sun will shine upon thcin hot for several hours. As fast as it dries pnt on more lemon juice and sail. When the lemon juice cannot be obtained, citric acid is a good substitute. Iron-mould may be removed in the same way. A DANOEROI'S COSMETIC.—The use of bal lailoiia, we have seen advertised to give bril- I fancy anil fnseinalion to the eye. This is a | dangerous drug to use lor this purpose. It I is true that it give to the eye uii extraordi ) nary brilliant appearance by contracting the ( iris, and enlarging the pupil; but tins tends lo weaken and destroy the delicately beauti i ful action of the organ ol sigtil. DitF.ssiNri WOUNDS.—Nine times out of ten will n wound heal quicker if done up in its own blood that) any oilier way. As tor a burn, whatever wi',l entirely exclude the air R...*—- **••• will oiled fill:, it pluck down at llie edge by any kind of 6lu;king-salve. I'm nothing on a burn lo heal it. Nature will soon do it when the air is excluded, and the pain will almost immediately cease. I'or.iMtiNO—Tho ladies are very fond of keeping the door knobs, spoons, plates, &e., in brilliant order. Now, if instead of chalk and water and snch preparations, ladies will use rotten stone anil c imphene, a far brighter, more durable, and quicker polish can bo ob tained than in any other way. Campheno is the article now used for producing the ex quisite polish of daguerreotype plates ; and nothing has heen found to equal it. Sleeping Postures. Like jr.ol other things, sleep has its nnpo ctical aspects. Indeed, few sleepers caught in the act. ire poetical objects. Most sleep ers are quite the reverse. An Imogen, such as Shakspeare has painted lier, dreaming of Posthumous and better days to como, is not an every-day vision. A Chrislahel laid down io her loveliness, is not a typo of common place humanity asleep. Of course Imogen did rot snore, nor utter inarlictdate sounds at periodical intervals. Of course Chrislahel did not lie with her month open, and an ex pression of hopeless vacuity on ' her face, oh, call it fair or pale \ " or twist her 6hape into quite nondescript postures, to be told in riiytt oor explained by reason. But this i what your ordinary sleepers do. They snore to the top of their Pent, and that in somp temperaments is altisimo. They utter broken murmur®, mart absurdly compounded of his sing, moaning and nasal constituents. They lie tripping to an extent utterly incompatible with the sublime and beautiful. They arc to be ecen, too, curled or collapsed into po sitions real'y worthy of study, as showing the eccentricities of poses phistiqnes possible to the human form, not less diversified than illogical. Leigh Hunt has remarked, that though he may look as proud and se!f-nosessed as he pleases; though ho may walk proudly, si! proudly, eat his dinner prortdly ; (hough he may shave himsell with an air ot infinite su periority, and in a word, may show himself • rand on the mo*t trifling oceasions, he is reduced to most ridiculous shifts when once floored by the leveller. Sleep. ''Sleep plays tne petrifying magician.'' He arrests the proudest lord ;f well ts the humblest clown, in tho most ridiculous postures ; so that if you could clraw a grandee from his bed no lunb twisting foo! in a pantomime would cree'.o wilder laughter. Imagine a despot lilted up to the gaze of his valets, with his eyes shut, his month open, his lelt hand un der his right ear, his other twisted and hang ing helplessly before him like an idiot's, one knee lifted up, and the other leg stretched out, or both knees huddled together, p.- both knees huddled together—what a scarecrow to lodge majestic powers in "? Few sleepers, in effect, show to advantage after they have conto to years of discretion; it is ouly in fancy and esrly childhood that will bear ex amination, as artistic studies of grace wheu the senses are steeped in forgetfultiess. OT Prosperity :s a blessing to h* good, but a curse to the evil. TTwo Dollars per Annan, NUMBER 6. I'l.AlltA ltls.il. Poets, philosophers, and even divines, s'l , seem at limes to manifest a propensity to j plagiarism. Fnr fifty years, Paley lias stood at the very head of all original writers on Natural Theology, and his work on that sub ject will last as long a time lasts, in all prob ability. Where is the man of education who lias not admired its wonderful lucidity, the simplicity and force ol its argument, the beauty of its il'asirations. From the wotrh pii'kod'np 011 the heath, with which he com mences, to the astronomical arguments with which ho concludes, all is seemingly per roct. lint alas, the whole argument, the watch, wheels, worltF and crystal, were ali stolen from a Or. Nienwentyl, a philoso pher, who lived in Holland, and ,published the entire substance of the book "a.hundred years before. That work .too had'been trans lated into Fnglish and published in London in 1718. There are passages copied almost verbatim, and thai plan of the wholo work is soemingly a great and wilful plagiarism.— As if to bring the theft home to him, ho even refers in one edition to the original work of Dr. N. a his authority fnr a pellicu lar statement while making no other ack nowledgmer.t ol indebtedness. A few years ago, Dr. Keith brought out a treatise on tlie fulfilled prophecy, l'.very one admired it, until the Quarterly Review showed that it was but a recast of Newton on the I'rophecies. The poets ore equally guilty. One of the fines! things Lord liyron ever wrote,' was on the death of Ktrko White, where lie repre sent* him by o struck englo stretched upon the plain, viewingjits owr. feather on the ar row, lite plumage that had warmed its [nest, drinking the last life drop of its blood. The whole of these lines are copied, not quite verbatim, but nearly so, ino hiding'.'almost every rhyme, front an old English poet, who clearly got the i lea of his figure from [the tlreek poet two thousand years before. The ' Hymn of Life" is charged.with the same want of originality, even in that inimi table figure "And our hearts, though stout and biave, Still liku mil filed drums are beating Funeral marches to the grave." Even Jeffc-on, who wished for no othef epitaph than ' Lho Author of the Declaration of Independence," was not but rather the editor of that document, from a ure-eiialiug declaration, drawn up the year previously, ai iuecMei.£ v , £tni ' tailing the same essential lea'ures, and iu- I depd many of the same paragraphs. The latle so beautifully told by Dr. Frank | "tin, to enforce charity,—about the old man whom Abraham drove from his tent for idol ! airy, until it was shown him that since the ford had borne with him seventy years, ho might well afford to endure him for one night—is all clearly taken from Jeremy Tay l ior, who avowedly got it frotn some Rabbi nical work. But it is by no means certain that these parties were morally guilty of any plagiarism whatever. On the contrary, thpre is hardly anything about which a more false opinion reigns in the community. For any man to pretend to write nothing but what was abso lutely original in thought and expression* would be absurd. An idea is scarcely ever perfected by the nan who conceived it I'aley for example, did not compose his work on Natural Theology, until thirty years alter 1 he had tirst declared the substance of it in the form of a lecture before the F'niversity. i These lectures would of cou'se be mere com- I pita'ions. and it is easy to suppose he may I have forgotten the sources of his ideas. It is also perfectly certain that the charming style in which he clothed the thoughts, is what has carried them home to men, and given them their real value to themselves. Ryron cared little where he get his rhymes , so that they nleased his own ear, all he knew was that he drank the gin and water, and the verses jingled from his fingers' ends. He may olien have reproduced what he tiad road thus without knowing it. It Ireqnenlly happens that men reaJ facts, and thoughts, and even sentences, and write and tell them as their own, without knowing, thinking or caring where they came from, because so much more engrossed with conveying the idea. Many an author has written twice over the =ntne thoughts, in almost the same words, without the leas', knowledge that he ■ was thus, as H were plagiarising from him self. Coleridge thus abstracted from him | sell, and from the German writers, thoughts and pages, without knowing what ha was 1 doing. In fact his whole life and philosophy was a grand reconstruction of other man's thoughts. Further than this, it shonlJ be distinctly observed that the labor of polishing up an old thought, and selling it forth in a clear and lucid connection and style, is often great and gives their chief interest to ma.ty of these productions. The additional value thus con ferred is too much lost sight of by those who accuse ot plagiarism in such cases. Whets an author knowingly conceals his indebted ness to those who have gjne before, it is au not unworthy of a great rutud. But thi* is not so often the case as is supposed.—Fub. ledger nr During the year 1536. 362 persons died of scarlet fever in Bosten..—lS7 males. 173 females. The oldest person deceased ' of tivis disorder was 40. The largest nur.i bcr of deaths in any one month was j, p„ '•ember, when 115 died. 1/ The best college tor a voting "mm t ' graduate hi t* adversity.