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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, April 01, 1857, Image 2

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STAR OF THE NORTH.
R. W. WEAVER. EDITOR.
Illoomel,lira, Wtdns-diijr, April 1, 1867
Democratic Nomination*.
rem goVcrn6h.
WILLIAM F. PACKER,
of Lycoming County.
FOR JUT)GK OF TlfC MJPMF.Mr COVET,
ELLIS I. E WIS,
of Philadelphia.
ran CAN SI, rOMMI-SIONKR,
SIM ROD STRICKLAND,
of Chester County.
PttßE-TRADIt WILMor.
It remains to be seen how the old tariff
Wliiga will telinh the nomination of David
Wilmol for Governor. It is but a lew years
niece all manner of hard things were said ol
Wilmol by the men who now lake him for
their leader. With him "free irade" has run
along with "free soilfor hu lias always
been a restless and discontented spirit, hang
ing on to some visional)' and extreme notion.
In 1846 he was the only one of the Pennsyl
vania Congressmen to vote for Ihe tariff bill,
of Itial year: and in lltia case his position
was very different from that of Mr. Dallas
who. ns Vice President, was a representative
of the whole Union and not of Pennsylvania
alone.
But after the Republicans last session re
duced even the tariff of 1846 It is riot strange
that they can swallow Wilrtiot's nominn
tiufl. Tliev have confessed that nil the clamor
about the "tariff" was a delusion to catch
the voles of simple minded people , nnd o,
•ince they have reduced the tariff ol 1846,
they may as well run Wilmol (or Governor.
But will the mer. who were duped by the
hypocritical cant about "tariff" be n second
lime fooled by tlio sumo demagogues who
'played that trick The old Whigs were
taught a lew years ago that Wilmol nnd Dal
las were some sort of kin to Beelzebub; and
hut few will like to be told by their leao'ers
now that those lesaona were n't a farce.
We think we can see in onr mind's eye I
soma of the bullies who used to guard the j
election polls front morning until night to see
that none of their hands voted against the
(Bit/r, now sneaking srottud to deal out tickets j
tor "ftcc-ttado Wtimet."
NEW HANKS.
One pica of the speculators who want new
hanks is tluil there is much capital in the ,
Btnie which desires an investment. Yet the
esse ot lite New Cms le Bank proves that llteso
institutions go to W all Sucet, Now oik. let
their capital and Cashiers. / hen it is said
thai many good and solvent men in these
communities desiro loans nnd cannot get
them. And. yet it seems that the latncaMer
Bank loaned only in Ms bankrupt ollicets :
and the New Castle Bank was compelled to
go to Indiana to find a hot rower ill the shape
of the rotten Gramercy Bank. Truly there is
no nerd ot new banks lor such purposes.
An I veu-tcropcird nnd itigliteous Jndg e.
About a year ago Judge Wilrnot was in
some case appointed a t ommissioner to take
the* depositions rt" witnesses, anil i'Mied 11
subpoena, as sv.c'i Commissioner, to Nullum
Newton, I'm] ,a practicing Dwyer at the Mon
trose bar The witness neglected to obey die
subpoena id the Ccmwissitinti', nnd litis Judge
Wiluiot construed it into a contempt of his
Court, and suspended Mr New ton Irotn prac
tice as ail attorney in lit* several courts o!
the county. - Tit* proceedings wet* removed
to the Supreme Court, and that tribunal re
versed Judge AYilmot'adecision, and restore,!
Mr Newton to his rights at.d j tivilogee as an
Attorney.
Tnx AeroanoaNSNT Htt.t —There are two
of these bdls before th* Senate, but each of
them make Columbia, Montour ami Sullivan
a double representative district with 'wo
members. The bill repotted by Mr- Brow n
proposes to make Columbia. T.yeotuiog.
Montour and Sullivan a Senatorial district,
while the bill reported by the majority ot the
Ccmnt't ee makes a Senatorial district of Nor
thumberland. Mortcur and Columbia The
Sunbory Gucr.'te likes the latter proposition,
and so will cur people generally.
ET Wagonseller. the de aohing Cashier
cf the New Castle B*' k, was las; week gr
msted on the sireeist Philadelphia and taken
to Pittsburg He h*d taken up no cnar ers
at any hotel but was sneaking around from
one house of ill fame lo another. The sum
of $i J V 0 has been recovered from his bag
gage in the bouse to wr.icb te was return
*€■
Tut Ctyais —The wa'er :s now irt the
North Broach Canal. aad the hosts are be
ginning u meve h>i!r. 2he water was
Jet ir.to the Pi' ision on Sa--
u*xtay the Slab i. to the t -de W**e:
Canal on the folicwittg Monday.
M*n Acm.—Mr P Ttjr&e*erol Meti
er. has beer. aprvTned nic.l agent he'neen
Port Ctim-U aud K m-rs it pl ot Mr. H
W. Feinkw. a so cf Marry re>.c< -ed
gy Rer. J £. Sandler foascerii of thu
p are. and ct* ol ftaaviile. wH ah* spring
take charge : l-e Crotemcat Boarding
SrW, at Pi-ar- iirtiJft, Pa-
tf" Tie Hqnm or th* l aaa. peWrr
a; Scraatoa. Loaeme coariry. j.as changed
hawr. E B. Chase retir.sg. and Join B. Ad-
Mi k A. Dos aasaastrg me coaeoi of the
W r
GT TVtse peraoes Bo 4aaqga to aj>fty
lee seven: jccmf at the netu loan wilt re-J
OliQo tuir tea* rest petwior.? st-ssst be ajec
mm i ai>— "" f time hesore tterf
Of Om *•? km i aa* aha fiwevk Kef- -
• M~l eaaabumf ama ssn a**£ S
rf#l *
liuk*Be la Philadelphia-
JJul few of our people have • clear Idea of
'"'g® amount of business done at the
commercial emporium of the Keyslone Hate.
One ilny last week Ihe impnrialiom at the
port Rimmed up a* follow.-:— From Cienfue
gns—249 hhds., 40 barrels and 12 tierces
molasses. Hio do Janeiro—23oo bays
coffee. From Messina—76o caniars brim
stone, 60 barrels canary seed, 100 boxes
shelled almonds, 100 bales rags, 10 cases
licorice pn-te, 1000 boxes lemons, and 3150
of orange*. From Cardenas—3l2 birds, of
sugar, and 113 -barrels of molasses. From
Halifax—762 barrels herring, 68 half do.shad,
anp C casks cod oil. From Wilmington, N.
C.—9o bulea sheeting, 154 of collon, 2026
barrels rosin, 353 barrels 221 casks spirits
turpentine, 1222 bags pea nuts, und 60 bales
yarn. |
Fusion Convention.
The fusion ootivsniion al Harrisburg last
week nominated D.iivd Wilmnt for Governor,
William Millw-ard lor Canal Commissioner,
and Joseph J. Lewis iml Junes Vecch for
Supremo Judges. The vote fot Governor on
Ihe first ballot was us follows;
Wilmnt, 69
Todd, 21
Bull, 19
Covode, 13
Jordan, 13
Michler. 7
Sullivan, 7
McCoitibe, 6
Kunkel, I
Feint, |
Mooiheail, 7
The whole number of voles cast were 153,
making 77 necessary to a choice. There Be
ing no election, tho Convention proceeded
to n second ballot. Tito names of Messrs.
Mioliter, Jordon, Sullivan, McCombn and
Keim, were withdrawn. The result of the
second ballot was as follows;
Wilrnot, 99
Hall, S3
Todd, S3
Cnvoile, 13
Moorhead, S
Advertising Snlra,
! The last number ot the Bucks County /it
telligfnccr contains notices ol no less than 98
public sales to conic oil in lint! county. The
I nit thgrncer says 1 tint in no other county in
lite Stale tiro petsonnl property sales so well
alteudi'd, or ate snob good prices obtained us
in Bocks county. This is doubtless owing to
the .bberal system of advertising adopted in
that community. It has been found that mon
ey expended .'or advertising is cash well laid
out.
This is the necessary consequence of giv
ing publicity to what you have to dispose 01.
The more people that know yon have no ttr
tide to sell, the mote applicants to purchase
n can be expeclciJ. Suppose two men have
sales of property ort the same day. One of
tlient puts up a few written notices; the other
takes advantage ot the publicity ntlordcd by
the newspapers; at 4t glance it is apparent
which sole will stand the better chance of
being more iiutnetotisly nttende I. And just
as ttie attendance is unmet,'.ma prill the prices
attained ho Intge and profitable. Tons by
I the outlay ef from two to five dollars fur ad
' vetnsing, the seller is likely 40 make from
20 to 50 per cent, in tho amount of Ins sales.
New \otk Appointment!',
The President lias made the tollow ing ap
pointmenlr lor New York City:
Collector— Augustus Schell.
{Surveyor—Mr. Wait.
IVavv Agent—Mr. Sander*.
Fit'ted States Marshal—Cant. Ryttder*.
I'vvstttaster —.Mr. Kowler.
Naval Officer-—!. II Bitdshell.
rr The Marrisburg llnr.hi, an opposition
print has ffto loilowtng notice of the late
'fusion'" state convention :
CoNsiPKttABt.Y RH.KO —The nomination ol
Wilmol lor Governor,)eaierday,considerably
•'nled'' a good many American*. There was
some thundering done when the result was
announced. A tew swallowed the dose, ef
tor a desperate effort and many wry laces. —
but others choked on the "wool" and could
not act it down. It is very evident that a
good many o! "Sara's" adherent* *r* dissat
isfied. and cannot be rallied under the ies.l
of "Sambo." There is lively times and
l.:s of ten 10 prospective. We can look 011
and enjoy it. being at outside and disnt;er.
esicd spectator. "l.*t 'er rip"
AN FRX or oocn Frn txc. — WE are free to
coi.tesa that the perusal ot the inaugural a i;
tires* has given us sincere satisfaction, so
entirely unexceptionable docs it appear to
be in thought at if expressioc. Indeed. wf
rrav ssv ilia*. aitks in m.ti'ter. and in manner.
,t reminds us i f thos* stcrfiug At'ibotes ot
g-ed judgment and common sense which
cl.xracrerixeJ the S a'e paper* of President
Monrcc: ar.J we ran only hope that at the
c'.ose cf Mr. Buchanan's ndrnn .s: ran on the
comparison t! aast.pges.reJ may not orlr o
•c well tempers J er.;iire-n ard Bttamb
t.ccs diction ot tVee two Ma'esmen, b-1
t>io to that rest a .or. rf es ->g which
tried the era oi the earl.er Presidents, ti d
which we les hope iil be she conseten. -
(.as a n- rf i s re eras s-oressc.-—Xufnm*J
Toe J* nTtgrccer is of the eery tew papers
srh.cb si. i r-prex-ots are eld Whig party —
I; is rot psc-ia* now. tot r has rot tasj the
r'perary *:>..; tv, ir.irl.eftsal eoi-rrence and
htg.h tore wh-ch fer marked it. a-.d which
gtve (twportance .3 its op.cio-a oc all ssb
jer.s.
Mr Mm:% Rofefie*: Ofi:r.—A story
is loU of Mr. y. a.*y,a)- the WameciowE
F*sf, to tie efieet jhat aa Et-Sferetr,es
(.icit.ne and Matey were* returning from a
dinner party since the 4th, Jhe ©oecersation
turned upon the subject rf rotation ic office,
and Mr. 4>. asked Mi M o tat tie thought o'
ibe poi<j Mr. Marry replied that be "had
lae credit cf originating the doctrine, 'to the j
w4&ot* beior.g the spoils.' but bearen forbid i
that be aho<d erer couuttsance the pillaging
of er earn camp !"
OT Tka> is mDTiag sreei. and families
are irrcgratatg is aS eimctSons
How the New Custle lianlc Bursled.
The Pittsburg papers noticing Ihe explosion
of the New Castle Bank, leaving SIOO,OOO of
its worthless bills in Ihe hands of individuals
who look them because "they ire as good as
gold," says:—
The Now Caslle Bank has been in opera
lion about eighteen months. When organ-
I ized a Wall Street operator, named Sherman,
i nbtnined control, and put in a German named
; Neiler, as Cashier. Within a few months it
j was uscepaincd thai Neiler had loaned its
I notes to Sherman to the amount of fifty or
I sixty thousand dollars, whereupon a provo
cation was instituted against Sherman, who
disgorgod ten thousand dollars, and subse
quently, nil they could ascertain he had re
ceived, except four or five thousand dollars.
Of the amount returned, sixteen thousand
dollars, it is alleged, was retained by a Pitts
burg broker, for his services in forcing the
Wall street man to disgorge.
Neiler was summarily dismissed, ond one
Wagonseller, of Luzerne county, (who gave
General Charter and Hon. H. M. Fuller as
hail, in $30,000,) was chosen cashier. The
directors commenced withdrawing heavy is
sues of the hank, and in two months past had
redeemed nearly two hundred thousand dol
lars, when, on Wednesday of last week, the
cashier was missing, and with hint whatever
small sum in cash that might previously havo
bean in the "vaults" or safe of the institu
tion.
I During the day the hank remained closed;
on Thursday notice wus posted up that ''the
cashier and teller had gone East on business"
—and the bank has not since been opened,
although somo of the directors redeemed con
siderable amounts ot its notes 011 Thursday
and Friday, and pledged their proper'y (or the
redemption ol more. On Wednesday \\'*g
onseller was in the city, and gave a man five
thousand dollars in notes of the hank, on his
promise to return him lour thousand in other
money on Saturday, In Philadelphia. The
five thousand have been returned to the
bank.
Tho runaway cashier appears to be a de
faulter in fifty-three thousand dollars—accor
ding to the statement ol the directors—but it
may tie mitnli more. They think the notes
out do not exceed eighty thousand—but, as
the President cannot tell how malty he lias
signed, or to what extent Wagonseller has
over-issued, we have no doubt it is much
more. The ttsse's are nominally two hun
dred thousand, hot may prove not worth one
fourth that amount. As the ascertained los
ses amount to but seventy or eighty thousand
dollars, and the stockholders are individually
liable (or every tithe out. we have little doubt
its circulation will be eventually redeemed at
par. The directors should at once offer such
it reward as will secure the arrest and pun
ishment ol th^scoundrel who has defrauded
litem.
Important Periston.
To*>opreme Court of Ohio, in the Sum
mons mur.ler case, decided lately, that ike
evidence t,( a deceased witness, taken on a
i former trial, is competent to b read, on a
second trial of the same cause.
The facts were these . It was a case of poi
' soiling, ami the main witness, a servant girl.
On the first trial, the girl was examined, and
I the prisoner convicted. For some cause not
j spectlied, an appeal was taken to a higher
1 court and a new trial was granted. Suhse
'intently Summons was admitud to bail
; When his second trial took place it was dis
: covered that the main witness—the servant
i girl alluded to above —rottld not be found,
ami it was alleged that she had died of chol
era. A witness was produced who had taken
notes of her testimony, and though serious
objections were msde by the counsel for the
detence, his testimony was admitted. Again
Summons was convicted,and be was senten
ced to be hong An appeal was again taken
on the ground that the prisoner, during this
trial, had not bad ihe privilege, guaranteed
b\ the Constitution to alt persons charged with
crime of being brought I ace to lace wiih the
witnesses against him. as lh testimony 01
the servat t gitl as given on Mr* first trial was
admitted on ihe second, though this witness
had died before the last took pl*i"* This
appeal was taken to the Supreme Court hv
which tribunal it has been considered on two
occasions. On the first of these, one of the
judges declined. giving an opinion, and the .
other four were equally dtvivfe.f for and a
gainst ihe prisoner, so that no decision was
rendered. The case was again brought be
fore the Court during us session a: Columbus,
and a decision was finally rendered 00 Sat
urday iast. confirming the sentence of the
lower court, and fixing the time for the exe
cution oa the iv.h cf Aprit inst.
Interesting Irom Waskiagtoa.
ir.i.vtiec'oa. Ifcrtk 26.—The postofMin-
: < cr to Russia is said 10 hare heen tendered
to Mr- Aiken, of Souih Carolina, bos the
latter would prefer to succeed Mr. Pallas,
provided he can do so.
The chance* of Francis Gallagher, of Bal
is.ore, for tire Consulship at Glasgow, are
rery good.
There are hundreds of application* for ihe
L'verpooi Consulate, which will aoon be va
car.-, bo: no selection has yet been made.
Messrs Pease. Morptay & Co., of New
York, hare been awarded ihe contract for
building she revenue cstter destined for the
igh'-house sen ice in Caitfomia. Kepor's
are correct of a sodden coolness between
the Administration and Governor Geary, bat
I car. tears troth r.g defiaite concerning them
GP"Rer. Mr. Harhcrst of the Baptist
ehcrcb baptised eight yocng persona in the
Sr.aqseoaaM at Lewtsberg oa Sattdat morn
ing a.
CP" Theatea ia acre* of Berks coo my, is
5.800. L'laetae h the largest county in
the State, baring aa area ia acres of 696,-
GT Et-Goeernw Med ill of Okie, has been
appointed First CoapnaMar of the Treasury.
vice EMm V.'hitilesey, "those resrgaation" is
to take efleet on the first ot Mayne*.
OP" Foot persons were baptizad a* the riser
at Kenanmheriand on Sunday aad •
caired iato the Baptist Chwels'
| Declination of chief Justice l<ewl.
We give below, the letter of Chief Justice
Letris addressed to the Chairmen of the Stale
Central Committee, declining the re-nomi
nation recently given to him by the Demo
cratic State Convention. Thia determination
of Judge Lewis will be a matter of the most
sincere regret to every sound lawyer in Penn
sylvania. No man within our common wealth
has had the judicial experience of the present
j Chief Justice, and no Judge has labored more
| zealously to tree the docket nt the Supreme
, Court of the accumulated litigation of ages,
j The whole-legal fraternity have had the ut
most confidence in the soundness of his opin
ions, and have looked to him for the settled
law of the Stale. We doubt much, whether
Judge Lewis has ever been equalled in in
dustry on the Bench. With him, it seemed
to he a conscientous duty promptly to decide
all cases argued before him, even at the loss
of his own bodily comfort, by divesting him
self of the hours which should have been de
voietl to rest or recreation. No litigant ev
er had cause to complain of delay where
Judge Lewis had the trial ol bis cause, and
few ever mutmurerl at his decision*. The
clearness of his head, in nil hie conclusions,
was equalled by the integrity of his lieurt,
and it may be said of him, as of Ler.l Thur
low, that lie had a head of crystal with nerves
n! brass, which nothing could ebako from the
line of conviction RIUI duty.
WMT PKNN SQUARE, )
Pnii.ADCt.rniA, March 23lh' 1857. J
To CHARLES R. BITKAI.EW, Chairman of the
Democratic State Commiuoe ;
Dttr Sir— At ttio lata Dernocrario State
Con volition, the local claims of the different
set-liens of tlta Siaio were generously waived
for iho purpose ol securing my continuance
in llie high anil important office of Supreme
Judge. The energy will) which iltese claims
are now urged (or iho oflice recently vanaled 1
on llie Supreme Bench, shows the extent of ;
the sacrifices then made, and the nature <)( :
the dissatisfaction which may exist alter one |
section shall be gratified and the other ilisap ,
pointed by the anticipated nomination. The !
Convention, when re-assembled, might he
able to harmonize these claims, if that body i
had two nominations to make, instead of one. -
I therefore fool at liberty to decline, as I now
do, the re-nomination tendered to me by the
Democratic State Convention. In thus pro
moting harmony, 1 consult my own earnest \
desire to return from judicial life, and at the
same lime put the delegates to no inennveni- 1
ence, as tiiev will be obliged income togeth- 1
er again for the purpose of nominating a can- >
didate to fill the existing vacancy.
I have been laboriously engaged in judicial j
duties t.eariy twenty-four years—a longer pa- |
riot! of service than that of any living Judge J
in Pennsylvania. 1 have been thus engaged
under three changes of the Constitution. I
have aided to the extent of my abilities in I
bringing up the arrearages of business, in ;
re placing upon (heir ancient foundations
some ol the landmarks of the law which had
been inadvertently removed, sod in main
taining the purity and tne independence o!
the Jo-Victory. 1 have constantly endeavored
to do justice whfiotn Oelay, tear, tavor, atTec 1
lion or ill-will, I now occupy, by tha voice
of tl e people of niv native State, the highest
judicial station in it. My long career as a
Judge has received the approbation of the
Democratic party in the re-unmination so
generously and unanimously nude by the
State Convention. All my ambition is satis
tied. 1 have but one wish left, and that is
to return to the freedom and independence ,
ol private life. Ido this with a grateful heart
lor the long continued confidence of my (el- j
low citizens, and in the lull trust tf.at they !
will appreciate and approve of my motives.
Very Respectfully, Yours,
KLLIS LEWIS.
The Konns Government.
D',isAmg<on, AJ.trdi S7.—Hon. R J. Walk
er, tn accepting the Kansas Governorship,
' dees so, it is unde.-siooJ, wiih the intention
cd resigning the po-t as soon as he succeeds
in restoring tranquility to the territory. To
do this the administration has promised to
statu! by him in every emergency, it is
well understood that had it promised as much
to e*-Governor Ucary, ihe laiter would will
i.'gly have returned: but then it is insinuated
that he should have fi-st consulted the views
of the new administration betore he left the
territory. Had he done so. tliere is every
reason to belteve he would have been sus
tained.
The most extravagant anticipations are
entertained of Mr. Walker in the discharge
o( the dunes which he has finally consented
to assume.
GOLD F*OM Csumasfa.—The falling off
in the receipt of Gold from California foot
up, including the last arrival, over eighteen
hundred thousand dollars short of amount
received by the same time last yeat. At
this rate we shad drop behind lull nine mill
ions in the course of the year, an amount
about equal to the sum which we can hope
to retain in the country, out of the whole
arrival from California, in other words, as
suming that the demand :"OT specie in Europe
icing the prrsent year is equal to the de
maad in past years, we shall not retain one
Jc lar of our import of gold from California
ty IVed Scon—who if remanded to sil
very hj :in Supreme Coon decision—is the
r ate ot one of the Massacfcnse;ts M C.V
t>r Cr.affee, tbretfc his Wile. Df. C. reore
sen s the Springfield disiiict, the Argos c!
which pace stales the fact t;ew ScoU be
came CticSera atari—by Chaffee irarry
ig the wvow of Dr. Emer-on, of Miesoan.
The decistoa of the oeoet that Dead Scoa w
no: a ctnree cf thw Coned Spates and could
rot see in rbe Called States conn, j#a reman-
Jed bin and hit faatdy to tha rJnauethood of
Mu Chiaee.
Clnac-Tte&lnii X'miuciaf saya tba
'be ts Kf tai. aofar. exceed# this
aoatcß, acyta*ag ef the kiaf trier before
witnessed r. ow ceeeuy. Su Loci* it fitted
with encjeia, sod tnttn beted ap
from the rider Svee bread fcr Itctaif™
lloa. James B. Clay.
This gentleman i* now in our city, and it
stopping at the Astor House, and we presume
that many ot the old and wairaly attached
personal blends of his lather will call on him
and pay their respects to one who acted as
his illustrious father would have done, and
dissolved party ties when no longer consistent
with the interests of theirnounlry. The Pres
ident, in tendering to Mr. Clay the appoint
ment of Minister to Berlin, indicated his es
limato of the value of Mr. Clay's services,
and paid at the same time the tribute of
friendship to the great orator and sintesman
of the West, with whom Mr. Buchanan was
so long associated on the most intimate terms
of private respect and affection, even while
differing on questions of public policy.
Ttio delicate and honorable declension of
this post by Mr. Clav does equal honor to
bin head and lienrt. It is for the purpose of
giving siill more earnest proofs of his devo
tion to the causo of Democracy, now com
pletely identified with thst of the Union n*
the only National party of the country. The
Democratic Iriends of Mr. Clay In his native
State of Kentucky propose to ser.d him to
the Senate of the United States, the scone of
the glorious labors of his lather, and those
triumphs of intellect, eloquence and patriot
ism which have reflected such lustre on hie
name and that of Kentucky. We believe
that there is not a democrat in the laud who
did not read with rapture of the generous and
patriotic labors of Mr. Clay during the last
campaign, anil who did not believe that had
the leader of the Senate in the struggle of
1850 been living his bold voice would have
been heard in trumpet lone* on the same
side.—-New York Aries.
RIGHTS or NEUTRALS IN TIME or WAR.—
Though (treat Hriuin entered willingly into
llto proposal of the Paris Conference to abol
ish privateering, it is not disposed to agree
to the proposition of Mr. Marcy, necessary
to our acceptiince of the first proposition—
that all merchant vessels shall be free from
rapture during a time of war. In a speech
on the income tax, on the 9tlt inst., Lord
John Russell alluded to this proposition ol
the American Secretary, as carrying with
it an air of philanthropy, bill in piactice was
one which would not tend to prevent war,
and wou'd cripple the energies of IJteat Bri
tain. Foreign notions now drepd the naval
superiority of England, and are therefore dis
posed to peace with her If, on the contrary,
they were sure that nil their merchant ves
sels would be allowed to pass in safety, ore
great reason for remaining at peace would
betaken away. The United States could
march an tinny into Canada, and (item Bri
tain lave no means of offensive operations
against them, l-ecause the Americans would
send out no navy. It might resort to block
i ado. but blockade, as tow limited, must be
effectual, and, with the American extent of
coast, this could not bo done with the eoiite
force of the British navy. It could not shut
up Russia during the late war with that
country. Great Britain would therefore be
rendered in a measure powerless, at.d wars
' would be more (irquetn. He hoped no min
ister would set his seal to a treaty containing
this stipulation. Without this stipulation,
the United States will never agree to the
treaty. This Government went to great
length in proposing the modification it did,
but it will never surrender tha right of priva
teering, in which onr chief naval power re
sides, without an equivalent which will guar
antee the safety of our commerce at all times.
—Lci/gw.
Tkt Afysttna of the J.w—ln .Maine, at ihe
term of (tie Supreme Court now being held
at IVrtland, a bill of indictment was found
by the Grand Jury against John S. Sprague
for the crime of polygamy. The indictment
charged that Spragne.on the Uth of Septem
ber, ISM, beinst then and there an unmarried
man, was lawfully married to Emily M. CWrk,
and that afterwards, on the 4th ol December,
1P55, his first wife being still living, he mar
ried Phoda St lvia S'ewart, thereby commit
ting'he crime of polygamy. Spragne's coun
sel stated to the Court that the County Attor
ney was willing to admit, and that the de
fence could prove that the alleged first mar
riage was not a legal one.Sprague at the time
being a married man and having a wife liv
ing :in fact, that he had three wivea; but,
as the indictment wa based upon the legality
of the second marriage which was no/ legal,
it must fail. And further, if the government
attempted to prove that the fi.sf wife wis lit.
ing when Spragne married the Ikird one, he
should object to soch evidence, as they* was
no such allegat ion in the indictment. This
last position being sustained by the court, the
County Attorney entered a nol. pixts.. ami :hns
Sprague, who was charged with having frco
wives, got clear by having Ibtt.
Tkt Cahfamta fPatON ftyads —Parties at
Washirgton are strenuously urging immedi
ate ami effective measures Inr Ihe opening
of the Ca'tfmnia wagon roads, authorized at
the late session of Congress. Promiuent
among the applicants is an ok! Catifornia
stage contractor, temiiiarty krtwn as '-Jim
Burch.' who proposes 10 take it entirely in
his own hand*, and run a semi-weekly mail
lr the $600,000 per annum authorized to be
paid by Congress. This is strenuously ob
jected to, on the ground that so important an
enterprise shoutl not be commuted to a sin
gle individual. The southern route is the
one most likely to be selected, and it is thr't
that the mail wij be transported overland
wrthtn the neat siz or eight months.
fe#" Lien>. W. N. Grier, L". S. A, formerly
of Daiitille. aows<ilto:ed ai Tyoa Pa*. Cal,
sues aa in erprinij aeconni of so earthquake
at thai place, commencing on the 9it of Jan
oary. Tree* .hree feet tfctck were mapped
ofi iike pipe-stems, aw! a fistnrt to the etr.h
opened tor too or fiiteea miiet. The shocks
continued Jay mod night for cute days, aver
aging one every hoor.
A La act. Hicl.—The basin, below the
railroad, at Sunbnry, appears to well stock
ed with fish. Some days since, 960 catfish
were taken in one baa!, with a small scute,
besides a cumber of chub and other fish.
■ a
0f Ex-Governor Mn Bigier. of Califor
nia- has been appointed Minister to CSSi
English Politic—-Fall ot Ike Falaaerstou
Administration.
On the 3d ult.. says the Mtc York Herald,
on a question relative to the movement in
Chin* consequent upon the aetxure.of the lor
clia Airow, Lord Palmeraton'* Ministry was
beateJ in tha F.oglish House of Commons by
a vole of 263 against the government to 217
in its favor.
The question at issue was not one of any
consequence. Any and every British Minis
try would necessarily have pursued the same
course in reference to the Chinese question
that Lord Palmerston ha*. Tha arguments
of ll.e leading speakers against the govern
! menl were the merest moonshine ; Lord Pal
: merstoti's reply was perfectly conclusive and
unanswerable. Yet in the teeth of this, the
government is beaten by a majority of 16.
And the vote would have been larger, no
doubt, against tha administration had the
various coalescing elements of the opposition
, been nwnte of their strength.
It is said that Lord Palmeraton will not pur
sue the usual course, and consider the ad
verso vote at a signal to relinquish office.—
Very likely; of late years, the difference* of
principal between two rival parties in F.ngtsnd
have shrunk into suoh slender dimensions
that statesmen have frequently felt justified
in retaining office with a majority of the
House against them. Lord John Ruaael did
so; to did Lord Derby; so did, foretime,
Lord Aberdeen. Lord Palmeraton propose*
to follow the not very glorious example.—
But ha will aijoy a not very uncommon good
fortune if the defeat of the 3d be not followed
by offirrs fur morn overwhelming in their
character. Die opposition have now Isarn'.
their power, they are likely to consummate
tha overthrow of the government and to force
Lord Palmerston to resign, as soon at tha
Karl of Derby ia prspsrej to undertake the
duty of forming an administration. The nrgsn
of the Palmerston government intimates that
tha Ministry will endeavor to save itself by
dissolving Parliament and appealing to tha
country ; but there seem* to be but little rea
son to expect • new verdict on tuch an ap
peal.
it appears that the British people are tired
of Lord Palmeraton, who has been with few
intervals for s large segment ol a century the
principal woiking man of their government.
Ha has dune his duty, they seem to think,
and now lie ought to retire. They have no
particular fault to find with him or his policy;
but they are tired of seeing always there |
with the same cheerful (see, and the same
John Bull look, and the seme lutmy speeches,
and the santa cutting sarcasm. He has run
i long enough; they want a new ploy bill, with
a new programme, nod new performers.—
And who are they likely to have.' Evidently !
the best chance is Lord Derby'* who deliver
ed a lour hour speech the other day on the
Chinese question in anticipation of office
Lord Derby is* conservative; but what a
conservative may bo in tho present stale of]
British politics we will not undertake to say. |
Tito only thing that can be asserted positively -
is that Lord Derby is nut a protectionist, and
not opposed to popular education, or the ex
tension of the franchise, or the self-govern
ment of the Colonies, or any other scheme of
tho patty heretofore known as liberals. If
; tie lias any particular principles, there are
, those of liis opponents. If he has a policy to
] carry out, i( is the one he now denounces
I He is at the head of a patty at present, which
] comprises the stitlest of the stiff necked lories,
and the wildest of the radicals: under his
banner march at one liand tlte men who be
j Iteve that all England's tronblea arise from
undue popular liberty, and on the other, the
Bright and Cobden action, who want to pu'
the crown in commission, and aeli the House
of Peers at suction. He will work this pecu
liar composite party in order to carry on the
government nt England ; remains to be-een
But one thing is certain—a seat on lite eppo-
I si.ion benches in these times will be the most
conelortable post.—/Vfjiurg Lion.
Chinese Sugar Cane —We understand that
tho demand for the seed of the Chinese
Sugar Cane has been extensive, and there
is little doubt that a very largo surface will
be planted this spring. It is the almost
universal intention to plant it for a forage
crop; and, if it produces—as experienced
men say it will—from six to nine tuns per
acre, the accession to our annual value of
forage will be very important. We are in
formed by a gentleman who has made him
self wise by experience, that it is advisable
to plam at two or more separate periods—
say ten days distant—in order that difficulty
in drying may be obviated. The sugar cane,
of course, takes much longer to dry than
clover or hay, and to cut a great quantity at
one time would be injudicious.
IT In the case of John Dean, the Irish
coachman, who married the daughter of his
master. John G. Boker, a rich merchant of
New York city, the commis-ion of lunacy
having decided the girt perfectly sane, the
Court before whom the case was pen
ding has dissolved the injunction granted
against Dean, and given hint possession of
his wife. The decision was received in
Court on Monday, with great cheering. In
the evening Mr. and Mrs. Dean had an in
terview. and talked over their little plans of
life. They propose, it is said, to leave the
city and settle down, he to his carpenter's
trade, she to giving music lessons, if neces
sary.
IV T.ne complimentary dinner to ex-Sec
retary Guthrie, by the citizens of Louisville,
without di-tinction of party, took place at
the Gait House last Thursday afternoon—
Judge Bollock presided, and there were about
300 si the table. Mr. Guthrie made an elo
quent speech in reply to an address Imm
Judge Bullock, and the assemblage was
quite enthusiastic. The evening was enli
vened by toasts, speeches, mr.-ic, &c.
ty The Dai las-Clarendon Treaty has been
considered and approved by the Cabinet at
Washington, as it passed the Senate. It
will be immediately sent to England, by
special messenger.
XW A despatch from Augusta, Ga, mates
that the latest information frontal! parts show
the decrease in the receipts of cotton to be
I 250.000 baies as compared with the sums
time las' Meson
OKBDS TUAT AUK DEATH LESS.
HOW TIME IIOMAH JODQMBNT.
Tim* lesis th vale* of oil human action,
and deeds that wets thought glorious at tba
period of their enaotment wear a differ
ent hue .when looked back upon, apart
from the false surroundings of immediata
victory. It ia but a few yean, comparative*
ly, since we were assured that the battle of
Waterloo had settled the condition of Europe
upon a permanent and imperishable basis;
tiie "era of revolutions," Lord Castlereagh
declared to have gone by forever: and yet the
Europe of to-day is practically Ignorant of
any results Irom the greatest of Wellington's
achievements and even the British Queea
finds it prpdent tn forget, in the Nvphew's alii*
'ance, the implacable hostility with which
her gouty godfather pursued the Unole.
These deeds of warriors and etatesmen,
so muoh noised about in their day, are of little
significance when the true history of the world
' comes to be written. Fulton and Watt, and
Morse, and Hollow*)-—Jennings, tha invantnr
> of Vaccinnation, and Arkwright, pntanlae of
ia to the Itees of these
the future historian must turn when ha en
deavors to acoount for tha vast physical and
mental progteas which characterised tha first
hall of tha Nineteenth Century. Ha most
consult tha life of Holloway in particular; for
no whero elio oan ha find so perfect a typo
of that combination of activity and erudition ..
which forms tha distinotiva development of
our modern iutellacl. The wist and learned
of lormer sgea wore omnipotent in the acad
emy, but helpless as new-born babes in the
rough conflict with the world ; tlisy confined
the treasures of (heir genius to soma half
score or two of credulous disciples; but for
tha great masses of the people—tha prqfiinwm
vutgus, is they call them—they cherished a
profound contempt anu haired.
What a pleasing contrast to this avrlusiva
folly does the course of Professor Holloway
atford ! How much wiser, at tha event See
proved, was he to irvtt mankind with confi
dence, and rather seek to elevate them to his
own intellectual and acientific pisiform, than
to look down upon them from an envied and
unapproschnble height I Ha has now muitf
friends Of tha world—of til races, creedsWd
tongues of man ; ho is looked up to by mill
ions from all cornersol the earth ss the phys
ical redeemer who has disenthralled tltein, by
his universal remedies, Irom the bondage of
disease. The world has not s language in
which the broad principles of his Pathology
have not been enunciated, nor hat the earth
s race of human beings so utterly batbsrisn
as to be nngiateful for the benefits his phil
anthropy hat brought home to them. Indeed,
ingratitude it by no means a barbarian vice.
We find mora of it among the polished cir
cles of society than amid the natural rudanat*
of a savage camp. We could, at tbia Very
moment, lay our hands upon hundreds who
owe their vary live* to the usa of Holloway'*
Pills and Ointment ; and )et, because they
think it "mora tha thing" to have a "family
pnysician," yon could not offer litem a worse
insult than an intimation of who it is that re
ally has cured them.
lit the redemption of humanity from the
| pangs of physical anguish, by llolloway—in
: tho telegraphic annihila'ion of distance, by
Morse—in the labor-saving machinery of
i Arkwright and the independence we enjoy
> ever wind the tide, through the dauntless a*-
j ertiotte of Fulton,—the luiore historian of our
I race will find the deathless deeds which ere
j to claim the tribute of his pen, and will ex
claim, as lie records the mighty mirsolae
i which they performed—"Ah, there were gi
| ants in those days ! we ne'er shsll look upon
| their like again."—iV. I*. Excrmmrr.
Something iti Goo,l as Lidi.i IlMer. —A oof.
respondent of the Scientific American sends
t!iat paper a specimen of a substance whirh
has the propenv of India rubber, but i< pro
duced in all the States in this country tooth
of thirty debtee*, and ia in a solid form. It
may eaaily be reduced toa suitable shape for
exportation. The editor says it looks like the
real caoutchouc. The discoverer is Jos. K.
Ware, and if the article possessor the ph) steal
properties of India rubber, lie has wade a
discovery of inestimable value.
ScwcTtos Case—A year or two ago says
the Harrisbnrg Herald, a young man named
Cassel. seduced the daughter of a fatmar,
namad David Hassler. The latter subse
quently brought a suit for damages against
Cassel, and the case was tried this week,
and was ably conducted on both sidee. Th®
jury rendered a verdict in favor of the plain
tiff ol £2,500 damages, Cassel to pay the
costs, which, including his attorney fees,
will amount to at least £SOO more—making
£3,000 in all.
RAILROAD FARES— The fare from Blsck
stone to Boston over the Boston and N. York
Central, has been reduced from $1 25 lo 75
cents. This is but a fraction over two cent®
a mile—the cheapest railroad traveling in
New England.
IV Elliott E. Lane, Esq-, a brother of Mist
Lane, and nephew of President Buchanan,
died suddenly, in Lsncaster, on Thursday
morning, of inflammation of the bowel*.-
He was a young gentleman of fine charac*
ter, and is said 10 have been qnite a favorits
o! the President.
WThe citizens of Pmlatlelphia and Bucks
counties, to Ibe cumber of one hundred and
twenty| recently rent to ibe Legislature a pe
tition praving for a law to prevent negroes
fro® other States acquiring a residence in
Pennsvlvanit.
ur According to the official returna the
township of Highland, in Flk county, is the
smallest district in Pennsylvania, having tut
eight taiables. Jackson township in Potter
county has fourteen.
ty The silk worm malady continoea in
Franc. The Emperor has just offered a
premium of ten thousand franca to any one
who will discover the cauas of this malady,
and indioatesn efficacious remedy for it.
I#" Thirty thousand passengers wars car
ried last year by the steamships between
the Vailed States sed Europe—.acludmg
eartwn and wsstere 'raersafcr* :

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