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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
B. If. Heaver, Proprietor.] VOLUME 9. THE STAR OP THE NORTH IS PUBLISHED EVEKY WEDNESDAY MORNING BV It. IV. WEAVBII, OFFlCE —Upstairs, in the new brick build ing, on the south side o] Main Street, thin tguare below Market. "F EU ni S: —Two Dollars per annum, i pa'tl w:tliin six months from the lime of sub' scribing-; two dollars am! fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period.than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearage? are paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square will be inserted three limes for One Dollar, end twenty-five cents for each additional in eeilion. A liberal discount will be made tc those who advertise by the year. (lijotcc yoctrji. ttou INS COJUb'. BY WM. COLDWELL. From the elm-tree's topmost bough, Haik I the robin's early song, Telling, one and all, that now Merry spring-lime hastes along ; Welcome tidings thou dost bring, Little harbinger of spring ! Robins come. Of the winter we are weary, Weary of its frost and snow, Longing for the sunshine cheery, And the brooklet's gurgling flow ; Gladly when we hear thee sing The reveille of the spring ! Robins come. Iling it out o'er hill and plain, Through the garden's lonely bowers, Till the green leaves dunce again, Till the air is sweet with flowers ; Wake the cowslip by the rill, Wake the yellow dafTodil, ltobins come. Then, as thou wert wont of yore, lludd rhy nest and rear tby young, Cloe beside our cottage door, In the woodbine leaves among; ' Hurt or harm thou needst not fear; Nothing rude shall venture near. Robins come. Swinging still o'er yonder lano, Robin answers merrily, Ravished by the sweet refrain, ALICE claps her hands in glee ; SShnuiiug from the open door, With her clear voice o'er and o'er, ''Robins come!" fU ioc cll an cou o. RATS AND MICE EXPELLED FROM DWELLINGS Mix almost any soit of meal, as Indian cort or wheat shorts, and arsenic, in the proporliot of about two quails of the former to ono ounci of the latter. I'lace it in protected place umjer your barns and oin-houses, where tin ctiildien, pigs and chickens will not be likelj to gel it. 1 advise thus to place it some littlodistanci from humuu dwellings, both on account o greater safety to human beings, and the pro bubtliiy that die rats and inico getting the poi sou, would die at a distance from ihern. M; own way is to remove a stone in the under pinning of my barn, and shove uuder a nar ■ow board, to which a tin pie pan is fastenei —by driving shingle nails each side of it,— utid on which I place some of the mixture 1 ulso place it in sheltered places io uiy woo, house, where there ate known places of tin entrance of these creatures. Where the ordinary provisions of the famil; are well secured during the summer, rats an mice usually take to the fields and hedge: They return during the summer, as provision become scarce in their Bummer haunts. Ttii is the very time to interrupt them in ihemun tier I have mentioned. Thus I did during th past autumn. The result is that but one ra has been beard about my premises for a lon time, and that one was but once heard, am at a long time ago. My family contains bu one servant ard no small children, and th whole arrangement of the thing is in my owi hands, otherwise it might not be safe to us so powerful a poison as arsenic. There art numerous other substances that may be use, besides arsenic. And I write now not s much to commend it as the efcpecial ir.gredi ent of poisonous mixtures, as to describ what 1 consider the safest and most effect a a mode of its application.—C. E. Goodrich Uiica, N. Y.— Country Gentleman. MARSHAL NEY'B DEATH SCENE. —The Yen gesnce of the allied powers demanded somi victims and the intrepid Ney who had wel r.igh but the crown again on Bonaparte', head at Waterloo was to be one of them.— Condemned to be sbot he was led to >hi garden of Luxemburg on the morning of ih< 7th of December and placed in front ol a fill of soldiers drawn up to kill him. One of thi officers stepped up to bandage his eyes bu he lepulsed him saying: Are you ignorant that for twenty-five yean 1 have been accustomed to face both bal and bullet? He then lifted his hat above bia head-, ant with the same calm voice that steadied hit columns so frequently in the roar and tumul of battle said: I declare before God and man that I nevei betrayad my country. May my death ren der her happy. Viae la Franct. He then turned to the soldiers and striking bis hand on his heart, gave the order "Sold iers fire i" A simultaneous discharge followed and the brave of the brave sank to rise no more - He who had fought five hundred battles foi France, uot one against tim, was shot as a traitor?. MOULDINESS.—Fruit jellies may be preser vfcif from mouldiness by covering the surface one fourth of ait inch deep with finely pul verized loaf sugar. Thus protected they will keep in good condition for ton years. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 10, 1857. FAMILIAR QUOTATIONS. From " Things not Generally Known," BV D. A. WELLS. There are many phrases and quotations which aro as " familiar in our mouths as household words." whose origin is either unknown or misconceived, and, without en croaching upon the sphere of ths works de voted to this purpose, we may mention a few of them ; . "There is death in the pot," is from the Bible, 2 Kings, iv. 40. "Lovely and pleas ant in their lives, and in death they wore not divided," is spoken of Saul and Jonathan, 2 Samuel, i. 23. "A man after his own heart," 1 Samuel, xiii. 14. "The apple ol his eye," Deut., xix. 21. "A still small voice," 1 Kings, xix. 12. ■"Escaped with the skin of my teeth," Job, xix. 20. ' That mine adver sary had written a book," Job, xxi. 35. "Spreading himself like a green bay tree," Psalm, xxxvii. 35. "Hanged our harps upon the willows," Psalm, exxxvii. 2. ' Riches make (not take, as it is often quoted,) them selves wings," Proverbs, xxiii. 5. "Heap coals of fire upon his head," Ibid, xxv. 22. "No new thing under the sun," Ecelesiastes, i. 9. "Of making many books there is no end," Ibid, xii. 12. "Peace, peace, when there is no peace," (made famous by Pat rick Henry,) Jeremiah, viii. U. "My name is legion," Maik, v. 9. "To kick against the pricks," Acts, ix. 5. "Make a virtue of necessity," Sitskspeare's Two Gentlemen of Verona. "All that glisters is not gold," usn ally quoted "All is not gold that glitters," Merchant of Vonice. "Screw your courage to the sticking place," (not point ) Macbeth. "Make assurance doubly sure," Ibid. "Hang out our bunners on the outward (not outer) walls," Ibid. "Keep the word of promise to our (not the) ear, but break it to our hope," Ibid. "It is an ill-wind that turns none to good," usually quoted, "It'san ill-wind that blows no one any good," Thomas Tasser, 1580. "Christmas comes but once a year," Ibid. "Look ere thou leap," Ibid; and "Look before you ere you leap," Iludibras, com monly quoted, "Look before you leap."— "Out of mind as soot) as out of sight," usu-' ally quoted, "Out of sight, out of mind," Lord Brooke. "What though the field be lost, all is not lost," Milton. "Awake, arise, or be for ever fulleo," Ibid. "Necessity, the tyrant's plea," Ibid. "That old tnan, elo quent," Ibid. "Peace hath Iter victories," Ibid. "Though this may be play to you, 'lis death to us," Roger L'Keirange, 1704. "All cry and no wool," (riot little wool,) Hudibras. | "Count their chickens ere(nol before) they're ! hatched," IbiJ. "Through thick and thin," Dryden. "When Greeks joined Greeks, then J was the tug of war," usually quoted "When Greek meets Greek, then comes the lug of | war," Nathaniel Lee, 1692. "Of two evils, j I have chose the least," Prior. "Richard is i himself again," Colley Bibber. "Classic ground," Addison. "As clear as a whistle," Byron, 1763. "A good halter," Johnsoniana. "A fellow feeling makes one wondrous kind," Garrick. "My name is Norval," John Home, 1808. "Ask me no questions, | and I'll tell you no fibs," Goldsmith. "Not ■ much Ihe worßO for wear," (not none the worse,) Cowper. "What will Mrs. Grundy say," Thomas Mortion. "No pent up Utica ' contracts your powers," Jona. M. Sewell.— "Hath given hostages to fortune," Bacon.— "His (God's) image cut in ebony," Thomas Fuller. "Wise and masterly inactivity," Mackintosh, in 1791, though generally attri buted to Randolph. "First in war, first in peace, and first in the hearts of his fellow . citizens," (not countrymen ,) resolutions pre sented to House of Representatives, Decem ber, 1799, prepared by Gen. Henry Lee.— "Millions for defence, but not one cent for tribute," Charles C. Pinckney. "The Al mighty Dollar," Washington Irving. "As good as a play," King Charles, when in Par liament, attending the discussion of Lord Ross's divorce bill. "Selling a bargain," is in Love's Labor Lost. "Fust and Loose," Ibid. "Pumping a man," Otway's Venice Preserved. 'Go snacks," Pope's prologue to Satires. "In the wrong box," Fox's Mar tyrs. "To larnm in the sense of to heal," King and no King, by Beaumont and Fletch er. The hackneyed newspaper Latin quota tion, "Tempora mutantur, nos et mulamus in illis," is not found in any classic or Latin author. The nearest approach to it was "Omnia mutantur," &0., and this is found in Borbonius, a German writer of the middle ages. • "Smelling of Ihe lamp" is to be found in Plutarch, and is there attributed to Pylheas. "A little bird told me," comes from Ecelesi astes, x. 20, "lor a bird of tbe sir shall carry the voice, and that which hath wings shall tell the matter." "He that fights and runs away May live to fight another day." These lines, usually ascribed to Hudibras, are really much older. Tbey are to be found in a book published in 1676. The same idea ia, however, expressed in a couplet publish ed in 1542, while one of the few fragments of Mer.ander, the Greek writer, that have been preserved, embodies tbe same idea iu a single line. Tbe couplet in Hudibras is— "For those that fly may fight again, Which he can never do that's slain.-" "There''a good time coming," is an ex presaion used by Sir Walter Scott in Rob Roy, and ha* doubtless for a long time been a familiar saying in Scotland. Eripuil culo fulmen, tccptrumque lyrannis, was a line upon Franklin, written by Turgot, the miniater of Louis XVI. It is, however, merely a modification of a line by Cardinal I'olignac, Eripuilquc Jovi fulmen, Phrthoque wgitlai, which in turn was taken from a line of Marcus Manilius, who says of Epicurus, Eripuitque Jovi fulmen vircsqne Tonanti. Vox populi, Vox Dei. Ths origin of this familiar phrase in not known, but it is quo ted as a proverb by William of Maltnesbury, who lived in the early part of the twelfth century. Ultima ratio regttm. This motto was en graved on the French cannon by order of Louis XIV. "Whistling girls and crowing hens Always come to some bad end." In one of the curious Chinese books 'e cently translated and published in Paris this proverb occurs ia substantially the same words. It is also un injunction of the Chi nese priesthood, and a carefully observed household custom, to kill immediately every hen that crows, as a preventive against the misfortune which the circumstance is sup posed to indicate. The same practice pre vails throughout many portions of the Uni ted States. JOIIN I'IICENIX IN THE LADIES CAR, It may not be generally known that "John Phuwix has been a passenger on the Central Railroad, but such is the faot. He tells an incident connected with his ride, in a letter to the Knickerbocker Magazine, which he puts on record to seive as a caution to future in nocent travelers. He says: "i had observed at each change of cars,, and they were frequent, when the general s-rambl6 took place, one car wag defended from the assault by a stalwart man, usually of Irish persuasion, who deaf to menaces, unsoftened by entreaty, and uncorruptad by bribes, maintained his position for the bene fit of the "leddies." "Leddies' oar, sir, av yeplase; forrid car for gimlemen without leddies." Need I say that this ear so reser ved was by far the most comfortable of the train, and that with that stern resolve which ever distinguishes me in the discharge of my duty toward myself, I determined to get into it coule qui coute. So when we changed cars at Utica, I rushed forth; and seeing a nice young person, with a pretty face, bonnet and shawl, and a large portmanteau, urging her way through the crowd, I stepped up by her 6ide, and with my native grace and gallant ry, offered my arm and my assistance.— They were gratefully accepted, and proud of my success, I ushered my fair charge tip to the platform of the ladies' car. My old en emy was holding tho door. "Is that your Udy, sir?" said be. With an inward apolo gy to Mrs. l'hamix for the great injustice done to her charms by the admission, I re plied, "Yes." Judge of my honor when this low employee of a monopolizing and unac commodating Railroad Company, addressing my companion with the tone and manner of an old acquaintance, said—"Well, Sal, I guess you've done well, but I dont believe his family will think much of the match."— However, I got into the ladies' car, and hav. ing repudiated the young person, Sally, got an exceedingly pleasant seal by tho side of a very warm and comfortable young lady of sleepy turn and quiet disposition. I would not have exchanged her for two buffalo robes, but alas ! site got off at Syracuse, and then frosty Caucasus, how cold it was!— And so grinding and jolting, jarring, sliding and ■freezing; wore away the long night. In the morning we were at Buffalo. I saw nothing of it but a railroad depot; but I re member thinking as I stamped my feet and thrashed my arms to restore the circulation, that if that sort of weather continued, "the Buffalo girls couldn't come out to night," and probably have to postpone their appear ance until the summer season." To SAVE VINES FROM BUGS.—I would give my experience in- regard to the enemies of the vine. On my vines first appear, as a general tbing, tbe small black bug or fly; the only thing I ever found to drive them off is Scotch snuff sprinkled on the vines. I have found that the most effectual preveative against the effects of striped bugs, cut worms or black flies—and in fact all the enemies of Ihe vine, (or cabbage), as follows: Make a box about seven inches deep by six inches square on lop, sod eight oo bottom. This is to be placed over (he bills as soon as tbe vines begin to break the ground. I have had my vines eaten off when the blow was just breaking into sight. These boxes are the only tbing thai I know of that will prove ef fectual. R. | A SUBSTITUTE FOR BEAM POLES.—How many gardens have their appearance spoiled by un sightly beau poles, as the old saying is, 'stand ing seven ways for Sunday.' I have a way that looks belter, and as for tbe productive ness, there is a full difference in favor of my plan. Set posts twenty feet apart, six feet high, and fasten No. 8 or 10 wire on tbe top. Plant under the wi-e in hills two leet apart, leaving two plants in a hill to grow. Stick with willow or any kind of sprouts, peeling the ends to prevent growing. Tie them to the wire and cnt off the tops of the vines two or three inches above the wires. The rows should run north and south, and be four and a half feet apart. R. PATRIOTIC.—Dr. Bandtetb proposes to fin ish the Washington Monument hitnself,and, it is said, devotes the proceeds of his busi ness, annually $40,000, to that patriotic pur pose. The Doctor ia a very public-spirited man and knows the benefits of advertising. For the purpose of puttiug the monument up, every man, woman and child in the country will take down a full box of the doctor's pills. A greater sacrifice to duty than this, patriotism ought not lo exact of any indi vidual who Mhs a prudent regard for his health, and does not like the taste of aloes. Truth and Right God and our Couutry. Fiom "The Suites." THE COMET OF JUNE 10, 1857. Geology teaches us that there have been three great eras when the surface of the earth has undergona.changes such as might liavo resulted from a universal deluge, ef fected, perhaps, by Ihe collision of comets with the earth, giving a new direction to its rotary motion, or making it revolve around a new axis. Geology leaches, as plainly as anything in Holy Writ, that the seas huvo thrice forsaken their beds, and, by the universal rushing of the waters to a new equator, have over whelmed continents, the übuJe ol men and animals. i Now, however, men may differ in regard |to ihe Mosaic history of tlio flood, as to | whether it ever look place in the manner in which it is literally set forth in the Bible, and however they may ridicule the probable or possible oontactof a comet with the earth on the 16th day of June next, one thing is certain that neither their sneers, ridicule, nor unbelief will afTect Ihe laws of geometry and motion nor the mechanism of the universe. What has bsen, may be again; liko causes produce like effects. If there have been three deluges, which at different eras have overwhelmed and destroyed every vestage of Ihe races of men and animals then on the surface of the earth, what astronomer or philosopher is preparod to show that thero will not be a fourth, a tilth, a sixth? Of 99 comets whose elements have been calculated by astronomers, 30 passed be tween Ihe sun and Mercury, 23 between the orbits of Mercury and Venus, 21 between the orbits of Ceres and Jupiter. It is not u well known tacl lha'. Blela's comet, whoso diameter is nearly twice that of the earth passes so very near, that at the moment the centre ol the comet is at the point nearest to the earth's path, tho matter of the comet extends beyond that path, and a portion of it within it ? This is the comet which it was predicted would come in col lision with and destroy the earth on tbe 26ih of November, 1832; but happily the comet anticipated the earth by passing the point were the fight was to come ofi on the 26th of October, so that either tbe astronomers were 32 days behind, or the comet 32 days before utile. It was the opinion of Dr. Wliisloti. the friend und successor of Nowton, that the comet known as llalley's deluged the world iu the time of Noah. This is the same com et which, in 1466 spread universal terror throughout Europe, inspiring the belief that ! it would destroy the earth, and that the day of judgement was at hand; lo avert which awful doom, Pope Culixius added to the Ava Maria the prayer, ''Lord save us iroin the devil, the Turk and ihe cornet." Now, ihere are men in ihe world so hard ened in sin, that they will say in regard to the predicted smash-up in 1832, that a miss is as good as a mile; and in regard to tbe one which so horribly frightened old Calix lus, that "it is of no sort of consequence, as it will nol arrive at us perihelion again until 1911," but let these siuners remember that there are other comets which aro continually crossing the earth's path; and whether we shall escape the one of the 16th of June next, ae luckily as we did that of 1832, time may or may not unfold to us. The collision of the earth with comelß at certain epochs is not only possible but unavoidable; and the writer of ibis article believes that all the del uges which the different strata of the earth prove to have taken place, (in an antiquity to be measured, perhaps, only by millions of years,) have taken place through cometary influences. There is no doubl in the minds of most astronomers that the asteroids between the orbits of Mars and Jupiter are the fragments of a great planet, which, from some cause, has been burst asundsr. If that cause was exterior, it must have been cometary, for Ihere are no bodies in our solar system whose orbits intersect those of the planets. The fact is well known lo astronomers, that the remarkable comet of 1770, which was found to revolve in moderate ellipse in a period of about five years, was thrown out of its orbit by the attractions of Jupiter and has not been heard of since. What the effect of the collision was to that planet it is impossible lo 6tate; for although no percepti ble change took plaoe in its motions, yet a change might have taken place in its auxil iary motion sufficient to bave thrown its oceans from their beds, and to overwhelm every inhabitant on its surface. Tbere are a great many phenomena as cribed to the influence of comets: it is even the opinion of some Ibat Sodom and Gomor rah were destroyed by one of these erratic visitors, molten with perihelion heat; but who knows ? ALPHA. THE LAND FEVER.—Speculation in tbe lands has reached a height in the West, that the Government land offices are besieged by the buyers. Recently, at Osage, two thousand persons arrived for the purpose of purchas ing, aud the rush was so great, that some posted themselves before the doors of the office on Saturday night, with their provis ions in their pocket, and remained there till Monday morning, when the sales began.— Several persons had their rtba broken in tbe pressure of the crowd. This beats the scram ble for bank siook, which waa once witnes sed in Philadelphia though now new bank stock seems rather unattractive to those who have capital to invest. 17* Friendship is s silent gentleman that makes no parade !—the true heart dances ao hornpipe on the tongue. AMERICAN SUNDAY SCHOOL UNION. The THIRTY-THIRD Anniversary of this itn porlant Insiiiution WBS held in Philadelphia, on ihe evening ol the 12ih inst., in the capa cious Hall ol Dr. Jayne; Ambrose While, Esq. in the chuir. Karnes! and appropriate addresses were delivered by the Rev. Dr. Brantley, Rev. Mr. Jenkins, Rev. Mr. Breed, and Abraham Martin, Esq., to which the large and intelligent audience listened with marked attention. The opening and conclu ding religious exercises, were conducted by the Rev. Dr. Stork, and the lit. Rev. Bishop Kastburn. The abstract of the annual report was read by the Rev. R. B. Westbrook Sec. of Missions, from which the following (acts are gathered. The receipts ef the Missionary department have been: in donations, 871,982 37; in leg acies, £11,954 87, and a balance on hand from last year, being 'specially designated by the donors, £769 43, making the total re sources of the department for the year, £84,- 697 67. This sum has been faithfully appropriated in accordance with tho wishes of the donors. A largo corps of Missionaries have beeu sent forth into 20 different Slates and Territories, who have established more than 1800 new schools, gathered into them about 80,000 chil dren, and secured for lite instruction of these children, over 13.000 teachers: supplying poor and needy schools and children with books and other Sunday school requisites. In ad dition to plaiitingt'iliese now schools, they have visited, supplied with books, and oth erwise assisted, nearly 8000 Sunday-schools, contain than 100,000 children ; ma king a total of Sunday-schools organized and aided of neatly 5000. If we take into our estimate the result of the last six years, we find that Ihe Society has organized in that lime, through the di rect labors of its Missionaries, more than 12,000 new Sunday-schools, containing about 78,000 teachers, and nearly 500,000 chil dren ! The Missionary labors of tbe Society are entirely distinct Irotn tbe publishing depart ment. Indeed, the latter is quite subordinate to the former. As a missionary institution, the Society hastwocltief objects: 1. Toopen now Sunday-schools in neighborhoods and settlements where tliey would not otherwise be established; visiting and reviviog old Sunday-schools; and 2. To supply them witlr books for carrying on the schools successfully, when thus begun. | Alt donations mode to the Society, are scru ! pulously applied to the objects designated by the donors. In no case are they applied to carry on tho publication department of the Society's operations. The Publishing department has distributed during the past year, books,&c., lo the amount of $177,563 13. It should be remembered in this connection that it is the policy of the Society to arrange Ihe price of books as to merely sustain, and enlarge as the occasion may require, this branch of its operations, and not with a view of creating a revenue for the missionary de partment. The Society now publish a confolete Li brary for Sunday-schools, containing 841 vol umes, and 4 selections Irom Ihe general Li brary of 100 volumes each, for $10*; also two " Five dollar Juvenile Libraries" of seventy five volumes each ; Child's Home Library 50 volumes, $3.50; Ihe Village and Family Li braries, twenty-four volumes, £3 each, and the Child's Cabinet Library of fiflv volumes, $2.50. The "Sunday-school Journal" ond "Youth's Penny Gazelle," are published as formerly; and in order to increase the useluloessof tbe latter, and to bring it wiihic the reach of all, the price of subscription has been reduced to ten cents per annum, where one hundred cop ies are taken. A full report of the Society's operations may be obtained gratuitously, upon applica tion at any ol the depositories. RICHES- It is a miserable thing to be rich ! We aver■ it not from experience, but from observation, i Solomon Southwick, tbe veteran Rhode Isl- 4 and editor, once published a poem, entitled j the "Pleasures of Poverty;" and, although ! nobody read more than the first page, it was ; Ibo test thing that Solomon—and be really ! was a man ol genius—ever did. It was the , perversity of mankind, not the "absence of I caloric" iu tbe poem, that prevented the 1 " Pleasures ol Poverty" from becoming as immoital as tbe " Pleasures of Memory." I We pity a rich man—and why ? Because he is like tbe unlucky fellow who used to j adorn tbe first page of ohi-fasbioned Alma-! nacs. Aries, the ram is eternally jumping ; over bis heaJ, ready to butt out bis brains for the sake df getting gt Lis purse. Taurus, the 1 bull, is goring bim with boms, to make him . bleed freely. [Gemini, the twius, generally fall to the lot of the poor man, so we will pass j over them.] The clJfvs of Cancer are fas- 1 lened on his? breast in Trie shape of needy relations. Loo is the couchant before him, i watching t'ue opportunity to prey upon his I possessions. Virgo U laying scares for his ' heart. Liora is weighing bis losses. Sagn- j tarius transfixes him with the arrow* of envy. j Caprieoruus is bearding him with the spirit ( of rivaly. Aquarius (changing the sex) is 1 keeping bim iu a whirlpool ol routes, parties ; and balls, to please a dashing wife aud mon ey-spending daughters. And to sum ap his miseries, the slippery fishes reader bis footing unstable, and his standing uncertain—lor they are ueilber mora or less than the changes and cfiauees of life. Who,so hanl-bearted as not ! to pity the rich man ? Who is dogged in the streets, ac-i knocked down at midnight? Whose liou-e is broken into by robbers? The rich man's. Who has his pocket cut out, and his coat spoiled in a crowd '. The rich mutt. Who is in doubt whether tho people are not laughing at him in their sleoves, when they are eating his dinner? The rich man. Who adds to his trouble by every stone bo adds to bis house ? The rich man—for the higher he ascends, (he colder is the atmosphere. A bank breaks, and who suffers? The rich stockholder and depositor. War blows his born, and who trembles ? Death approaches, and who fears to look him in the face?— Why, tho rich man—and yet, all the world envies the rich. Depend upon it, reader, the length of youi lace will always bo propor tioned to the length of youf purse. II you live in a two-storied house, be thankful und covet not ihe lofty mansion of your neighbor. You but dishonor yourself, and insult your destiny, by fretting and repining. UllltllN OF MILLS, In early agos,coin was planted in mortars by baud. Sulomoit alludes to that custom, when he says: "Though thou shouldsl bray a fool in a mortar with a pestle among wheat, ycl will not bis foolishness depart from him." The hand mills, of later limes were of very simple construction, and wore operated prin cipally by women. Iu process of time, shafts were added to these machines, and they were worked by cattle. Water mills were invented about the time of Julius Cicsar but they did not come into general use till A. D. 400. It is supposed that wind-mills origina ted in the east and wore introduced into Eu rope by the Crusaders. This however, is doubted, ax such mills were in use in Eu rope as oarly as tho first Crusade. Feudal lords claimed the privilego of erecltng all corn mills and requiring their vassals to grind at their mills, colled ban-mills. The buildir.g of such mill was then very expen sive, and none but lords and barons could afford the expense; hence they claimed all tolls, from their dependants, byway of remu neration. At one time the monks of Hol land desired to erect a wind-mill for their own convenience; the lord of the soil op posed I heir purpose saying that the wind in that district belonged to him. Tbe monks appealed lo their bishop, who in great indignation, claimed spiritual control of the winds, in his diocese, and granted letters patent to tbe holy fathers. By im provements introduced in Fiance, in the grinding ol corn, about tho 1760, UM amount of flour obtained was nearly doubled. Saw mills are more recent in their origin, iftart corn mills. Tbe earliest method known for procuring planks, was by splitting the trunks of trees with wedges, and hewing the sides with axes. I Until the middle of the sixteenth century | all the plank ir. Norway were thus maiiufao j lured. The saw is an instrument of very remote'antiquity. The inventor of it like all other benefactors ranked among the gods.— I Ovid celebrated his praises, iu his metamor pheses. lie says the idea wassoggested by the spine which projects from tbe back-bone of a fish. By others, the discovery is attri buted lo (ltd accidental U'e of the jaw-bone of a shake in severing a piece of wood. The saw was used in pit sawing during most of ihedark ages. It was first adapted to mills, in Germany, iu 1322. Saws were not intro duced into England until 1767. The first constructed mills were destroyed by mobs.— The invention of the ctrculurssw added great ly to the efficienoy of modern mills, and now almost every variety aud form ol timber used by mechanics is cut into the proper shape for use, by such ssws.— Ohio Farmer. Ul'K COUNTRY. The g-eateet cataract in the world, is the Falls of Niagara, where ihe waters accumu lated from the upper lakes, forming a river thiee quarters of a mile in width, are suddeuly contracted and plunged over the locks, in two columns, to the depth of one hundred and sixty feet. The greatest Cave in the world, is the Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky, where one can make a voyage on tbe waters of a sub terranean river, and catch fisb without eyes. The greatest rivet in the world is tbe Mis sissippi, four thousand one hundred miles in length. It* name is derived from an Indian word, meaning "The Father of Waters." The largest Valiey in the world is the Val ley of the Mississippi. It contains five hun dred tbousahd square miles, and is one of tbe most prolific regions on the globe. The largest Lake in the world is Lake Su perior, 430 miles long Tbe greatest Natural Bridge in the world, ; is that over Cedar Creek, in Virginia. It ex tends across a chasm 80 feet ia width, and 230 feet deep,at the bottom of.which acreek flows. Tbe greatest solid mass of Iron ia the worU is the Iron Mountain of Missouri. It is three bundled end fifty feet high, and two miles in circuit. The largest Railroad in the world, is the Central Railroad of Illinois, which is 731 mile* long and cot filteen unlliou* of dofiaia. The greatest number of miles of Railroad, iu proportion to its surface, of any country in the world—is in Massachusetts, which has over one mile to each square mile of its area. The greatest number of clocks manufic tured iu the world, is turned out ia the small State of Connecticut. Tbe largest oumbsr of wbals ships in the world, are sent out by Naniucket and New Bn'tord. Tbe greate* 1 grain port ia the world is Chi cago. Tbe largest aqueduct iu the world, is the Croton Aqueduct, iu New York. It ia forty anil a halt nules locg, aud cost twelve aud a halt millions?! dcl'irs.— BriJgfer* Chrfirich [Two Dollars per AUIWIB. NUMBER 21. CJOl> RMIUCtfTIIEtIIBART. (Jul mads the heart with every chorrl Responsive to his love To cheer, tolbless, anil keep his word— Like angel hearts above! 'Twaa made to leel for others' woo, Life's beguile; To soothe the tears the wretched koots>, And bid the tnouruer smile. 'Twas made to be the charm of earth, Where all affections meet; Where every human bliss bath birtb, And every hope is sweet. 'Twas formed the weak and sad to aid, To bid misfortune fire; II man ne'er marred what God had thadO, How heavenly earth wotild be I From the Newark Advertiser. LoltD I'AI.MKItM I ON. time I saw Palmerstoo was in the summer of 1854, in the House of Com.nons. It wus a lialu day, and he had been running a tilt against every Parliamentary knight that dared break a lance with bim in the encoun ter of debate. His luce was flush, bis eye was bright, and with the snows of seventy winters on his head, he appeared to me a perfect miracle of intellect. There is age in his bair, his limbs and his voice ; but this iS physical docßy only—the intellect iv uncon scious of lite decline; the sword is not the less sharp that it gradually cuts through tbe scabbard. The late Dr. Maginti, willing of the mythi cally old Mr. Ilogers, taid, lhat alter passirg the first eighty or ninety years of bta age in the dissipation of youth, he began to thiulc him of a profession ; and in the seme way the illustrious career of l'alrnerston commenced when his lordships was attaining half a hun dred years. It is true he was in the House of Commons before be V/a* in ■ beard ; but the silence of some twenty years would appear to intimate his profound conviction, that the Unmans were right in admitting to the Senate only those who had attained the dignity of forty years. Hut although became lata opoti the House of Common's arena, his whole lifo bad been spent in office. He held office nineteen years under the lories, and about sixteen under the wbigs.— He was the Secretary of War who signed warrants for the conveyance of Napoleon I. to St. Helena—and be was the Secretary of Stale who offended his sovereign by recogni sing that Napoleon 111. had commenced to reign. As the English cricketers would say —"ti baa hd the longest innings on record." His offices, mo, appear to have been sine cures. lie was Secretarj of War at war time; and his sixteen years of Foreign Secretary- Ship were sixteen years of attempts to break (be peace. With the pressure of age he has nothing to do—the daring snd Indifference of youth art* the salient points of his character to this day —and from the time when he, on behslf of Canning, undertook to crash " The Duke," to that manifesto of a few years since, when its answer to some Scotch clergyman who peti tioned bim to advise Her Majesty to fix a day for a national feast on account of the cholera, and he suggested "they had lietter look after the town drainage," he has always manifested the same energy, spirit and humor; and now I in 1857, in his seventy-fourth year, the vet : eran statesman has triumphed in one of the fiercest popular straggles England has ever witnessed since the days of the great reform agitation. # The high position of Lord Palmerston in the House of Commons is attributed, not only to the fact that he is a firs', rate intellect lead ing the century, but to bis most emphstieelly practical character, polished into statesman ship by the experience of more than 40 yee<s of responsible office. He is said to be the only peer of pure Sax on descent, and be bas always appeared to me the intensest Englishman in English pub lic life. No one has perused his recent Par liamentary efforts, but bas been struek with the vigor and variety of bis intellect. Prac tically comprehending all the detail* of Eng lish statesmanship, aud thoroughly conver sant with the political history of Europwaa politics, he is ■ pe'fect giant io debate. Cool and sagacious, be is ever prompt and ready at self defence. Full of hamor, and abound ing in sarcasm, be is a moat formidable ad versary in the running tilt of an off hand de bale. J. W. BUCK TEZTH.—The cause of tbia disease in bogs, id cioec confinement from tbe ground, lid symptoms are these: Tbe bog loses ap petite, becomes dizzy, and ie weak ia the bind leg* , the :eeifi are black- i'reeeotioa and care may be atleuied by giving the ani mal a clean, dry pen well strewed with wood and ashed, and plenty of tad tor htm to root otter; feed htm well, too. la bad cues, re moval of tbe worst teeth is thooght good, but this may be avoided by due care. Many larmers and agricultural wrtteis, ridicule the idea tbai swine are liable at all to such a die ease Tbe;- deny that a well authenticated case baa ever been proven. OT* It is estimated that mote than ten tlkoat •anJ sewing machines were made awd aoM ia this country during the last year. This ia too low— say twenty. Mora than two hund red patents have been granted and applica tions for new ones are so numerous at Wash ington that a requires tbe enlist racvics of one Individual to esamiae ibem. Tbe inven tors of reaping and mewing mechioee are equally numerous. HT The highest price evei givea for a horse of which there is sny a'itfmntiwac count, was paid ia IS?', for a race horse that brought J3-V w