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THE STAR OP THE NORTH. It. IV. Hearer, Proprietor.] VOLUME 9. THE STAR OF TnE NORTH !• PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MORNINO BY It. IV. WCAVKB, OFFICE— Up stain, in Ihe new brick build ing, ou Ike sotilk aide oj Main Street, third upmre below Market. E K HI S >—' Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the time of sub scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages ere paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square Will be inserted three limes for One Dollar, end twenty five cents for each additional in cettion. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. Choice tJoctrg. POETRY IN OLD FOLKS. I often think each tottering framo That limps along in life's decline, Once bore a heart as young, as warm, As full of idle thoughts as mine ! And each has had fit dreams of joy, it's own uurqu'aled, pure romance; Commencing when llio blushing boy . First thrilled at lovely woman's glance. And each could tell his tale of youth, Would think its scenes of love evince, More passion, more uueurthly truth, Than any tale before or since. Yes! they could tell ol tender lays At midnight penned in classic shades, Of days more bright than modern day*— And maids more lair than modem maids. Of whispers in a willing ear, Of kisses on a blushing cheek ; Each kiss each whisper far too dear, Our modern lips to give or speak. Of passions too untimely crossed ; Of passions slighted or betrayed— Of kindred spirits early lost, 01 buds that blossom'd but to fade. Of beaming eyes and tre*sos gay, Elastic lorm and noble brow. And lornis that all have passed away, And left them whst we see them now. And is it thus—is human love So vety fight and frail a tiling ? And must youth's brightest vis'ons move Forever ou Time's restless wing ? Must all the eyes that still re bright, And all the lips that talk ot bliss, And all the forms so lair to sight, Hereafter only come to this? Then what are all earth's treasures worth, II we at length must lose them thus— If all we value here on earth Ere long muat fade away from us. HOSS Ilfc) A I) AND TUB FOPS. Hotels have now become so numerous in cities, and fare so reasonable, that they are ! the resort, at limes, of nearly all classes ol ) society. The man who can afford to travel from home, can afford to stop at a hotel; and as landlords arc smart enough to regard the wants of the million n* well as those of the millionaires, we find the rich and ihe poor, the high and the humble, side by side, at hotel tables. Home-spun there sports a sil ver fork wiih as much gusto as Mr. Broad cloth, and the humble 'Sally' is as much en titled to and enjoys a 6 fully, the good things of life at the richly loaded table to the hotel, es the accomplished Miss Josephine Martha Washington Victoria Maria. Consequently the hotel iss good place to study human na ture, for there we see men and women, too, from all the walks of life, and of all classes of character. Often 'ex-truants meet,'and, when such is the case, amusing incidents ate sura to occur. Sitting one evening in the office of the (). House, in Cincinnati, my attention was at tracted towaid two genuine and unadultera ted fops who occupied seats near me. A description of them would be uninleresliog, fa' their is no community in this broad land of oura without its fops, and a fop :B a fop, and nothing else, the world over. They ad mit of one distinction—city fop and country fop; and they differ or.ly in the extent of their dress, or exterior display, it being con ceded, I believe, that fops posaess merely sufficient brains to make an animal a human. The individuals referred to were city fops, diminutive specimens of humanity, in ev ery regard. One of tbcm bad received a letter from a lady which he read to his companion to whom be declared the writer was 'chawmiog beau tiful; but, aa she was without a prospect,(for a fortune,)' he could not consent to return tier love. He vowed that (be billotdoux an noyed him exceedingly, as be disliked to break (be dear creatures heart. While they were thus engaged in conver sation, a tall strapping Hooeier entered the hotel. He had a 'Buena Vista' on his bead, and a red flannel 'wamus' on his shoulders, while his lower extremities were in brown linsy pants, and the slouleat hog-skin boots. His hair was long and scraggy, bis face un ehaved, at least, for a week, while bis whole form was covered with dnst, which indicated thai be had just arrived by railroad. In one hand be carried a bundle, which was evident ly his ctbtbing tied up in a'span new'yel low and red cotton handkerchief, and io the other held a stout but rude walking stick, not long since from its mother hickory. He had tba| awkwardness of gait peculiar to countrymen whose days are spent almost entirely upon farms, and whose minds are devoted to the one thing most sought after, but not the most desirable, the accumulation of wealth. He paused a moment at the door, glanc ing at the crowd within, and at once attract ed the attention of the fops, who immedi ately gave a sort of consumptive laugh or sneer, at the homely appearance of the stran ger. 'ls this yer a tavern V be enquired of the fops. 'A twavem? horrible!' exclaimed one of On* fops holding nj> both hands BLOOMSBURG, CdLtTTVIBIA COUNTY. PA., WEDNESDAY. SEPTEMBER 9. 1857. 'A Iwavern, indeed ?' said the other, 'he must be from the woods, Cbewlee,' end both tenewed their laoghter. The Hoosier gave them an indignant look and waa about to reply, when the clerk, who had observed birn, approached and informed him that ha was at a hotel, and inquired if he wished to slop. 'Stop, sartain I do,' was his response,'yon don't rckon a feller wants to pass sich a smart tavern at this yer, without atoppin, do you Kurnell?' 'Hardly, air—allow me to take your bag gage, and fumisb you with a room.' 'Just as you've a mind—l'm not at all par ticular so I get aix feet o' bed, and a hull plate at the table. Golly t but ain't this a acrouging town. 'Quite a place, sir. Walk this way il you please, and 1 will attend to you instantly, said the clerk, as he took the Hoosier's bun dle. 'Wall, now, you're uncommon perlite, stranger, but 1 reckon you make a feller pay for it all in the course of sarcumstauces, but as you're sort or human—set right up to a feller what's in a strange country, I'm the ohap to square your bill for fodder to a fig ure, when you foteh it up. That's my way of doing business, Kurnell." 'I have no doubt of it, sir, said the clerk, smiling and handing him the book for that purpose, asking him to register hi* name. 'Do what?' inquired the stranger, some whit astonished. 'Register your residence in this book, sir.' I 'Write down thar?' 'Yes sir.' 'Cum, now Kurnell, none of your tricks, said the Hoosier, it kind o' riles me to cum across sich critters.' 'Oh, sir, it's no (rick, 1 assure you. We require it of our visitors, us much for their own as our benefit.' 'You don't tell!" 'Yes, sir, it is a fact.' 'Want to know whether they can write, I reckon. Wall that's on a squar. When a feller goes a wwy from hum, he ought to show his education. I only learned to write when I was a shaver, but got up purty high in figures. I'll give you a specimen of my chikography, as old 'Squire Smith calls wri ten, in darned short order;' and the traveler took the poo, squaring himself to suit, lean ed over the book to write. Ills oddity at tracted the attention of all in the office, in cluding the two fops, who amused at his re marks, gathered about him at the clerk's desk. The pen in his hand had touched the book, when he puused, and after refieoling a moment raised his hoad, and addressing Ihe clerk, said; 'Kurnell, do you want all of a feller's name?' 'Wo would like to have your name in lull' 'Full r.ame ! Wall, that's a puzzler. You see my lamily name is Hempfield and then my christian name is John Isaiah, that thar's John Isaiah Hempfield, isn't it ?' 'Yes, sir.' 'Wall then, the boys down our way con siderin' me a right smart chap, kind a gin me a second crisienin'—tbey called me Iloss Head.' The information so innocently given, caus ed a loud burst of laughter Irom the crowd. Huss Head participated in it, for he loved a laugh, and could be as morry as the next one. <A rale smart name ain't it boys V he ask ed after the laughter had ceased. Wo'd you put it down in the book ?' ■Certainly, certainlycried all in a few minutes the stranger, after giving his pen many circular movements over the book, and changing his position several times, succeeded in writing bis name in full, as follows: 'Mr. John Isaiah Hempfield Hoss Head Persimmon Post Office, Yaller County In diana.' He pointed to this specimen of 'chicko graphy' with pride, and seemed wonderfully pleased with the fulsome praise bestowed upon it by the gentlemen present. Expressing a desire to get fixed up, the clerk showed htm to (he wash room when the fops who had endeavored to enjoy the Hoosier's greenness wero struck wjjji an idea—about such a one as generally the bedulled brains of men—if men may be called—ot their stamp. Anxious to display their smartness and create amuse ment at the expense of another the fops seiz ed the porter's brushes, and giving the crowd a knowing wink, as much as to say we'll make fun for you, approached Hoss Head. 'Shall I bwush you, sirrah?' asked one en deavoring to play the servant. 'Wall now, by tnnnder!' exclaimed Hoss Head, as he dropped the soap from his hands and ceased bis ablutions. 'I always was good at guessin', but this beats all creation. Look yer Kurnell,'—addressing the clerk—'l no sooner seed these fellers to-night than I guessed right out that they was sarvents.' The boisterous laugh which followed was To the great cbagrin of the fops. 'They just look,' he continued—every hit being enjoyed by the crowd—as it they waru't made for nothin' else than to scrape the mud from a feller's legs, and do little chores around a tavern. I tfaunk that when I first seed 'em; ail' by thunder warn'l I right; though? Brush me off? Sartainly! and (with a dignified air) mind you raakesclean sweep, or I'll report you to the Knrnell, that.' The fops finding that Hoss Hesd had thrown the joke upon them, endeavored to recover; so they informed him that be should not be brushed unless he paid in at'varxe. 'Pay in advance!' was Hose Heads indig nant reply. 'Thunder en:' salvation! don't the tavern pay you lor your lazy, trifling work 1 I reckon you think I'm kinder green, and want to skin me, don't you?' Ton onati we dwon't' replied one. "We ah speak the twutb,' answered the other. By this tune Hoss Head was viotorious, so far as the spectators were concerned. — While they could not sport with the Hoo sier's ignorance of 'oily manners,' they could but despise the senseless dandies who made him an object of ridicule. Every hit, there lore, Hose Head gave them, drew forth loud acclamations 'for the gentleman from the country,' and giving his head a toss, which threw his hat to one side he asked: 'Ain't they tryin' to skin me, boy*?' 'Yes,' came from a dozen. 'I (hunk so from die start, an' therefore, was ou the lookout for 'em. Squire Jones told mo afore I left hum, to look out for tav ern thieves when 1 get to the oily, and by thunder I've run agin I wo of 'em right at the start.' 'Dwn you mean to insult us?' asked one of the fops, forgetting the part he had volun teered to play, and feeling that he ought to profess indignation on being called a thief. 'lf the shoe fits, wear it,' was Hoss Head's pointed answer. 'Did you apply the term twavern thief to us?' asked the other ftp. 'Sartain, I did.' 'Then, sirrah, we will let you know that we only asaurned the chwaracter of servant. We are gonfiemen,sirrah, and insist on youah taking bwaok the obnoxious wappellstion, or we will seek wedwess. 4 Yes, sirrah, we will seek wcdwess wiih our canes ah,' said his companion, as he flourished a slim specimen of a cane over his head. 'What !' exclaimed Hosa Head, drawing himself out to Ilia lull length, and giving the dimiuulives before him rather a scornful look. 'What, you want to fight do you?— Just clear a ring, boys and stand buck il you want to see ma eat them two critters in a half u minute. 1 can do it by any watch in the crowd. Just clear the ring. 'Stop, atop,' interrupted the clerk, who saw thut matters were going too far, 'we can't havo any fighting here.' 'Then larn your servants to be purlile,' re plied Hoss Head. 'They are not servants, sir, and do not be long to the house. They arc not even board ers, and I assure you, sir, I never saw them before Ibis evening.' 'Don't belong to the tavern, and trying to skin me.' 'I presume sir, they only intended to play a harmless joke.' 'That's all pon onuli,' replied one of the fops who saw the mailers were assuming rather a serious aspect for himselfand Iriend. 'That was all wo intended, wasn't it Chaw lee?' 'l'ononah it was.' 'Kinder pokin' fun at me, oh! Wall now, I can stacd a joke as well as the next man on uirth, and Kurnell, I'll gin twenty-five cents all in silver, just to carry them ar men out of the house.' 'I have nothing to do with them, sir, and you can act your own pleasure,' replied the clerk. The fops surmising the intentions of the Hoosier, started for the door, but lie seized them and said: 'Hold on I its better to ride whan it costs nothing. I've got to tell you o story and larn you a lesson afore you leave this tavern,' and grasping both tightly by the collar, he held them as if in a vice. The fops re monstrated, but Hosa Head to the delight of the crowd told them that there was no use a lulkin' for they could not go until they heard the story. Tbey consented to rercain if he would lei go of them to which he did not ob ject. ■Surrounded by such persons as are always found in a hotel office, Hoss Head with his eyes on the fops, told the following story: 'My old man down in Yaller County owns as snmptuous a farm as lays in all them dig gins. On that ar farm he's got an old horse, he calls him Dick, as good uatured a critter as ever rubbed bis nose in feed, and all any body could say of him was that he was right smartly common in looks. One lime a rich teller, who lives somewbar in this town, was gravelin' in a carriage, and broke down right agin our farm. He concluded he'd go in the cars, and left his horses with the old man to lake care on 'em, an' I must allow, that a puttier pair of critters never rubbed a britchen. The old man put them in the barnyard along with old Dick; and told 'em to make themselves to hum. Old Dick was monstrous glad to hove company and he cum runnin' up to them in a neighborly sort of a way, and throwed his head over fust one of their necks and then the other, an' was as Invin' as any gal could want her beau to be. The city bosses didn't appear to like this much, an' they kind 'o drawed back, tqok a good look at Dick, and seeing he was un common ogly, they just turocJ up their no ses and flirted their tails and stalked off. 'This sort 'o riled old Dick, for he knowed he was just ae good a horse as lifted a hoof, and after thinkin' to himself awhile, he de termined to have satisfaction on the two up starts, who thought they was better than him. So he goeß up to them and turns his back to 'em just this way;' and here Hoss Hend got down on all fours, with his "hind parts" to the fops. 'After he had stood this way abont a mini), he rared and kicked this way,' and the same moment one of his feet was in the stomach of each of the fopa, and they fonnd themselves sprawling on the floor. * 'Old Diclc,' said Hoss Head, uumoved at what he bad dono, "keeled them over, and by the time they war up he war th*r, and he rared agin this way;' and the fopa who Truth and Right Cod **<! oar Conntry. had just risen snd were making-for the door, found themselves on their stomtchs. 'Our old hoss kept folleriti' 'era op,' continued Hoss Head, • he moved back slowly on all fours, 'until be got the city bosses who could brag of ttothih' but their purty bar and their hides, right by the bars, and he rated sort 'o this way, and sent both of them out of the barnyard a kiiin',' and taking good aim he gave the fopa third and harder kick, which seut tnem through the open door on the pavement. As soon as the fops could get up, they ran off screaming murder at tbo top of their weak, feminioe voices, which, however, were not loud enough to alatm any one.— The spectators of the scene nearly split their sides with laughter, as kick after kick given, heartily concurring in the opinion, that Hoss Head was administering a just and well deserved punishment. Alter he had given the Inst and most fearful kick, tho Hoosier resumed un erect position, and par ticipating in the general roar of laughter, said : 'Wall, boys, I guess I learned them dan dies that the best hoss don't always show the finest hair. The event mado Hoss Head quite a lion at the hotel. Invitations to drink wore extend ed to him oftener than was desirable; wine was sent to the ts|>le, he was conducted in a carriage thro' the city to see the sights, and when M length Ha stalled for homo, the landlord told him he bad no bill to pay, and that he could consider his 'hat cha'ked' for , that hotel whenever business or pleasure ' called him to the city. John Isaiah Hempfield Hoss Head expres sed himself highly delighted with the Queen city, and all Ihe people within, except fops, and left the Western Metropolis a very highly tickled individual. The fops have not been seen since that 'ever memorable evening,' when for a joke Ibey assumed the character of servant. Renovating Articles ol' Wearing Apparel. Tlio art of removing stains from clothes produced hy acids, grease, mud, coffee, wine, etc., is denominated scouring. To carry the process to perfection requires not only vast experience, but' some practical knowledge of chemistry. Our observations upon this subject must therefore be only received as applicable to the ordinary cases of stained fabric; because so much modifi cation of tho process is required to be sub servient to the various colors and materials worked upon, that nothing but practice can teach. Tho commonest marks arc greaso spots, and to scour them out of silk or satin llio host materials to employ are oxgall or puro turpentine. If gall be used, it should be quite quite fresh, unless it is purified, of which wo will speak hereafter. If turpen tine bo employed, it should bo distilled, aud perfectly free from resin. The preparation called "scouring drops" is pure turpentine, perfumed with essence of lemon. Either of these substances may be applied with a piece of sponge, or with a remnant of the same material that is being cleaned. When the grease spot is large, the greater part may bo removed, in the first instance, by the application of blotting paper and a hot iron. If the stain upon sHk or satin is produced by an acid, such as from fruits, and that up on black or dark colors, the best re-agent is ammonia (strong hartshorn) rubbed in till it disappears. For plain and figured silks, of delicate colors, we cannot give a general applicant, and therefore leave them to be operated upon by the professed degraissours. To obliterate grease spots from white silk or satin, wo may proceed as directed for for colored silks; but fruit, ink and glove marks require a different treatment. These marks are generally removed by damping the part with oxalic acid dissolved in water; about the eighth part of an ounce in a wine glassful of water is strong enough. The common salts of lemons in water also an swer well. Coffee stains, mud splashes, &c., will mostly give way to the use of soap and water. Curd soap should be applied for this purpose. For grease spots upon cloth and all kinds of woolen goods, 6oap and water may be used without fear, provided it is well wash ed out afterwards. Fuller's earth, or pow dered French chaljk, made into a paste with water, and laid upon the part is, however, the best applicant, to be brushed out when dry. Paint marks ate removed with turpentine, the smell of whih may be quickly dissipa ted by hanging Ihe article upon a line in the air. The clarified pile, or gall, as it is termed, of the ox, is invjduable to painters in water colors: it not only increases the brilliancy and durability if the colors, but makes them spread better ppon paper, and especially ivory. When purified it is also much used by scourors fort renovating the delicate col ored silks andhatins. In its naturrl state it contains greenish coloring matter, and is then only applicable for restoring the bright ness of dark materials. It is discolored thus: Take one point of gall; boil and skim it; then divide into two parts: to ono half pint add half an ounco of salt, to the other add half an ounce of powdered alum; .each part is to bo heated till the additions are dissolv ed ; then pour into soparte bottles, and allow thoin to stand and clear, (in a quiet place) lor a month or eight weeks, even longer it not brigh*. Tho clear portions of both are then lo bo pourod gently off tho sediments and mixed together; the coloring matter co agulates and falls, front which uro traaspu- ront gall is finally separated by filtering through blotting paper. In this state il will keep any length of time with its qualities unimpaired, and froo from odor. From Mr. Finch's Poem before the Phi Beta Ali/pa Society of Yale College. SONli OF THE STORK. 1 am Stortn—the King ! I live in u fortress of firo and eioud, Y'ou may hear my batteries sharp and loud, In the summer night. When I and my warriors arm lor tho fight, And the billows moun And tho cedars groan As they bend beneath the terrible spring Of Storm—the King! lam Storm—the King! [rain ; My troops aro the wind, and the hail, and the My fous are the woods end lti feathery grain, The mail-clad oak That gnarls his front to my charge and stroke, The ship on th* sea, The blooms on the lea— [ring And they writhe and break as ihe war cries Of Storm—the King ! I am Storm—the Kir.g! 1 drove the sea o'er the f.eyden dykes ; To the walls I bore Tho "Ark of Delft" from the ocean shoro, O'er vale and mead, With warlike speed, Till llio Spaniard fled Irom the deluge-ring Of Storm—the King? I um Storm—tho King, I saw an arinnda set sail from Spuin To sprinkle with blood a maiden's reign, I met the host With shattering blows on tho island coast, And toro each dock To shreds on n wreck; And tbo Saxon poets tho praises sing 01 Storm—the King. I ain Storm—lhe King! They callod the village the fair young queen Of all thul dress in the garden's green. 1 hurled the wave : II was glory to see the cataract ravo ! It whelmed and tore With a splintering pour, And none relief to their help could bring From Sioim—the King ! I am Storm—the King! My marshuls are four—tho swart himoon, Sirocco, Tornado, and swift Typhoon ; My realm is the world, Wherever a pennon is raved or furled My stern command Sweeps sea and laud; And none unharmed a scoff may fling At Storm—the King ! I am Storm—(ho King! I scour the earth, the sou, the air, And drag the trees by rlieir emerald hair, And chase for game, With a leap and a scream, the praitie flame, The commerce ark And the pirate bark, And none may escape the terriblo spring Ol Storm—the King! From Ike Pennsylvania n. COMMERCIAL CRISIS. Tito New York Jleri.ld lias, for sotno time past, published articles expressing in strong terms its apprehensions of an approaching financial revulsion. The roasons which our cotemporary assigns for the position assumed ate: —That our importations of the present year have been heavy beyond any precedent, while our exports have been less than those of last year; that with double the quantity of warehoused goods, the port of New York has received, since the Ist of July, importations averaging a million of dollars a day. The journal then endeavors lo show that our means lo meet these excessive importations will prove inadequate. The growing cotton crops being a month behind time, the first shipments might be delayed till December, and if as large as last year, they would not suffice to balance the account, and the pri ces of the articles being already too high to remunerate manufacturers, it remained doubt ful whether it would bear an additional ad vance. The Herald admits an abundant har vest of breadstuff*, but remarks that neither England, France nor Germany would want our surplus, the harvest prospecs all over Europe having never been so flattering as now. And further, that Europe would not accept our railroad bonds any longer, she having not taken any of our stocks and bonds, nor had we made any financial loan of this sort in London since the commencement of of the Uussian war. In addition to all this, the Herald reminds us of the faet that the shipments of California gold fall short of those of last year each from two hundred thousand to four hundred thousand dollars, the deficiency up to the month of August, 1857, amounting to about four million dol lars, which deficiency, it predicts, would reach five or six millions before the end of the year. Our coteuiporary concludes from all this, that the first decided symptoms of a monetary pressure may be felt as early as December next; that a drain of specie to Europe will be experienced in the ensuing spring, and that a postponement of the bal ancing of accounts would only be adding to the burden under which we now stagger, while the inevitable revulstou must remain, after all, but a question of lime. The Herald has given us the blackest and gloomiest side of the picture, but there is another descrip tion of papers who present quite a cheeitul view of the matter. They assure us that money continues to be easy, and that nobody is alarmed. Money continues to be easy I If the mere assertion of the fact could hut make it so, these papers would be most in valuable institutions. But unfortunately, the rates of interest are on an average more than double what they were some three years ago, while the demand for capital is equally ur gent, if not more so. Admitting the fact of excessive importations, they eotuole them selves with the thought that most of the tos ses will fall on foreigner*, aud while they as sure us that they are the last peisous to tavoi exuavagauce, by couuieamciug such stnj'ot talinit*, they endeavor to palliate their, on tbe ground that ■ glut in the market, causing a decline of prices, benefits the people in con sequence of tho cheapness it cioate*. We do not share these lofty and comprehensive views, neither from a moral nor commercial poiut of view. The advantages of legitimate interchange, whether national or internation al, are reciprocal. The losses of one of the trading parties inay indeed temporarily ben efit the other, bill except bestowing fortunes upon a comparatively very limited r.umber of lucky speculators, they cannot result in lasting advantages to the people at large, be cause every perturbation in commerce pro duces a reaction of the same momentum.— Cause and effect uro of equal forco. This truth is applicable not alone to the science of Mechanics, but to all phenomena in nature and transactions of men. The most regular and equitable system of interchange, subject to no violent convulsions, lends to distribute on both sides the greatest possible amount of prosperity. The general law of (be equilib rium of forces governs the profits and losses ol Irado as it governs the relations of produc tion and consumption. If foreign importers should lose this year in consequence of an extraordinary decline of prices, the result of excessive importations—which, alter all, were enoouruged by our own wastefulness and extravagance—this dactino will surely bo followed by a rise udequaio to the losses in curred, so '.hat for these wo shall havo to in demnify them hereafter, unless, indeed, which is not probable, we contrivo meanwhile to render ourselves independent of foreign in dustry. Wo do not agree with tho Herald , bocause we consider its comments upon our corntner oial and financial position greatly exaggera ted; still we hold that there exist powerful reasons urging the press to raise its warning voice. For a series of yeats, wo have reck lessly indulged in habits of wastefulness, and louse speculations of every description ; we have stretched our credit, ai home and abroad to the utmost limits of our ntrongth, and now, when the consequences of this thoughtless course aie brought home to us; when it is fell hy almost everybody, that die monetary resources are greatly inadequate to the busi ness requirements of the country, wo see the drain of precious metals continue without interruption, and evon exceed that of former years. I'tovious to 1851 wo nover in onyonoyear exported above $9,500,000 of specie and bullion, as an excess of exportation over im portation ; but since 1851 that sum rangod between $24 000,000 as a minimum, and $52,000,000 as a maximum. In 1856 it a mounted to $11,000,000, and now it is repor ted, that the first seven months of the yepr, we have already shipped 87,000,000 more than lor the same period of last year. These shipments are the main and immediate cause of our troubles, and it is high time that Con gress should direct its attention to the subject, since the last tariff act has evidently failed to accomplish its purpose. liis by a speedy and prompt application of legislative remedies only, that the gloomy apprehensions entertained in some quarters can be prevented from becoming a sad reali ty. On the other hand, we would remark in contradic'ion to the exaggeration of the Her ald, that besides the California gold, proba bly some 817,000,000 or 818,000,000 are ad ded annually to our monetary resources by the immigration, and that (hough Europe may not require as large a quantity of grain as in the previous years of war and partial failure ol crops, the exportation will remain considerable. The production of Europe is never adequate to its consump'ion. The high price of cotton denotes comparative scarcity, and warrants a ready sale of the growing crop—all of which may suffice, if otherwise Ihe dictates ot prudence be heeded, in time, to avert the threatening calamity. At all events the people here will have cheaper bread and provisions, which oilers another encouraging prospect. Going to General Smash- The exiravagance of what are known as fashionable people in New York, is extraor dinary. To support it they most ail be in possession of incomes averaging from 830,- 000 to 840,000 each. Of course, this is out of the question, and hence, upper tendom in Gotham is rapidly rushing to desperate bank ruptcy. Hear what a correspondent of one of our papers, who dates from New York, says: "This is a fast age. We not only live fast, travel fast and die fast,but we arc nst buyers, lu the way of extravagance no former age ever excelled ns. This not only proves that the country is runnirg largely to wealth, fctr. also ginger dread arid tinsel. There are dwelling bouses in this city which cost 200,- 000. To keen such a house in servants, par ties, balls, bassons and butchers, runs away with 830,000 more. Everybody seems bent upon making the utmost splurge' and rushing to ' higbfalotia' and gold-edged spittoons. A lady, the other day, paid 8-400 for a handker chief. A shawl worth 81,500 is a 'common occurrence' in the metropolis- I'crt-moiwes set with pearls and diamonds and cost 1-g from 875 to 8300, bave just been introduced by a i'atis importer. Fans worth SBO may be tooudat Stewart's by the dozeau If this tact don't prove that we hve m a fast age— that we are doing business on the high pres sure priucipte—l dont know what would." ty A Yankee thus advertises his wuc in thyme;—"On the tfiih of August, oa the night of Monday, eloped trom ber husband the wife of John Grundy . his gruit tor ab sence each dav growing tee per should my cue hai her he begs thetu to k~?j> her . [Two Dollars por A DUMB. NUMBER 35. from liaitini's A't of Singing. TIIK HUMAN VOICE. Thero in no instrument capable of produc ing a lono at all comparable with that of the human *oie, and the glory of all other in struments consists in the nearness of their approach to its marvellous perfection. Not that it were desirable that all instrument* should exactly resemble the voice In quality or tone—the individuality of each instrument and the variety of tons in the orchestra con stituting it* peculiar richness. Hut there are many characteristics of the voice which were desirable in all instruments, such as ease in the production of lone—tho facility of pas sage from one tone toanothei—the purity of a tone, whatever its quality, may be—and a sympathetic power in the expression of the emotions. The instruments which moat closely re semble the human voice aro the violoncello, the alto, the violin. The instrument which comes next after the voice, however, in powerand comprehensiveness, (although not so near resembling it in quality of lone,) is the organ. In its grandeur of expression and in its marvellous reaources, combining, as it does more or loss, all other mechanical in strument* in itself, it is a king among instru ments of humau construction. The voice, however, though possessing so peculiar a quality, is yet capable to remarkable degree, of imitating other instruments; for not only, by cultivation can it produce the actual tones of many instruments, but it can imitate al almost all sounds with which the ear is ac quainted. Let us turn, then, to the mechanical struc ture of this instrument. At thn basis of the vocal apparatus, like the bellows of an organ, lie the human bellows —the lungs. The office of these is to furnish sir for the musical instrument located above. The air is forced by the lung* through what are called bronchia! lubes, which extending I from either lung op toward the throat, grad ually converge until they are esolved into i one tube—the windpipe. At the upper point i of the windpipe is a little bundle of mechan ism called the larynx. It is composed of foor pieces which have the power of playing into each other, or of moving together. Through the centre of the larynx is a hollow passage or continuation of the air tube. Thit lube terminate* in a wide opening, which opening is lormed by the vocal cords, is of triangle shape, and is called the glottis. Above Ibis , opening is a valve called the epiglottis. Tbo . epiglottis covers the air lube and protects in the act of swallowing, the food passing down | behind the back of the throat. Above tho epiglottis is a continuation ol the opening, (leading both into the mouth and nose) call the pknrynz. The walls ol the pharynx have the power of contracting or acting upon the columns of air, thus modifying the tooe. It will be unders'ooti then, that the lungs furnish tbo air and send it up to the larynx, (Adam's apple,) at which point the tone is produced; the tone then passes up into the pharynx and back part of the throat, where it is modified at will, and then arrives at the mouth and lips, where the organs of articula tion shape the tone, when necessary, into a word. It may be remarked that there are cavities in the frontal bone between and over the eyes and in the cheek bones, which are in connection with the back part of the throat or i pharynx, and which serve as a kind of sound ing board for the tone. So that when a per i son ha* a cold, and the membrane which cover* all these cavities is swollen and the 1 space of the cavity diminished, and the sides of the ravities changed at to haidnesaoreoo sitency generally, the voice shows it imme diately, and is changed from it* u-oal resonant quality. A similar change is effected in the teso ' nance of the voice by any unnatural cavities I in the lunga, a* io the case of the spaces pro -1 duced by luburcaUr softening. Coneump i live persons, therefore, experience a change | in the voice, the tone growing deep and hot | low. In mechar.isa there are three kind* of mi sica't instruments :—lst, the r*ed family, ia which the tone is produced by the vibration of the reed*, or tongue* fastened at <ma end. | 2d, the string family, io which the tone is produced by the vtbra'ion of cord* fastened 1 at both ends. 3d, the date family, m which i the tone is produced by the vibration of a column of air in a dxed tube, i Now, Carpenter, in hi* celebrated work an t human physiology, considers the human a red instrument, although in some subse quent remarks he conclude* that what are called fa!ntin tone* more resemble the fluid family. But t cannot resist the connexion that the voice is an admirable eempocmi of aH threw mechaaisms, an<l tot this reason. It is not a reed alow—because a voice can slide bom otte tone to another (like sliding a finger op a vioiit. or goi'ar string) in a manner impos sible to a reed instrument. Beetles, in a reed instrument, the reed or tongue is fasten ed a: cue en>i only ; whereas, the vocoi cords v ;a tae.r per, cudteelar extension to rough the larynx are lusieued at both. Id. The voice is uot * stri.iged instrument aloue, because itt tie jroducttou ol '.alsetto tones (<>o coiled) the strings cease to *i orate. 3d. It ie BOX a fi.u a instrument doue, because only a portion ut the tones are produced by the vibration of a co.umu ol air m a tixed lube. The rosce, tbenstoce, I cannot but thin*, wouderlusty coaabtuee the advantages ot too reed, the strung and fiuto mecoernsm melt eiosety resembling. hyeoeet, the reeii " or* I- w soni thstf dh VurooeLMemi a* 1 >Vxhugt -a, 13 to reuaaccltKi tot atlhnzo.