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THE STAR OF I THE NORTE
\ . . K, V Weaver, Proprietor.] VOLUME 9. THE STAR HE THE NORTH IS PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY MOKNINU BY it. w. WEAVER, X>FlFl€lE—Upstairs, in the new brick build ing, on the south side oj Main Street, third square beloxo Market. BBSIS : —Two Dollars per annum, if paid within six months from the lime of sub scribing ; two dollars and fifty cents if not paid within the year. No subscription re ceived for a less period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages tere paid, unless at the option of the editor. ADVERTISEMENTS not exceeding one square Will be inserted three limes for One Dollar, end twenty-five cents for each additional ill veition. A liberal discount will be made to those who advertise by the year. <Cl)oi(e lloetrn. SIiNDAV. One more week of care and labor Has lazily crept away ; To the weaty word, rest and quiet Are sent down from Heaven to-day. The sun shines with holy splendor, The wind is little and mild, The trees to and fro heave as gently As the breast of a sleeping child. Scattered clouds are pacing slowly Over glittering fields of blue; And often they seem to turn and wail, As church-going people do. The bells arc at morning service In the churches all around; They ring not their week-day clangor But a suftened, Sunday'sound. Ah. ring they sadly or merrily, Ring they loud or ever so low, They can not still the struggle That the living spirits must know. In sunshine and in stormy weather By night as well as by day, The soul must still be striving, Striving, laboring all away ; Nover leel the noisy passions The peace of a Sabbath day. Yet shall there come in the future A Sabbath for the soul; The bells shall not ring in the morning, Slowly, sadly,shall they loll; In the graves so dark and silent, Is the Sabbath of the soul. HACK BETWEEN WAR STEAMERS.-OH relum ing to England, alter the failure to lay the telegraph cable, a trial of speed look place between her Britannic Majesty's ship Aga memnon and the United States steam frigates Niagara and Susquehanna. They started at nine o'clock in the morning, and by five o'clock in the evening tlie Agamemnon was so lar behind that her smoke only could be seen, the Susquehanna was about seven or eight miles behind. The Agamemnon is said to be the "crack" vessel of [ho English navy, easily making eleven or twenty knots per hour. THE MISSOURI ELECTION. —The official re pott shows that Col. Stewart, the Democratic candidate for Governor of Missouri, is elected by 321 majority. The official vole stands, For Stewart, 47,975; for Rollins, 47,641. In announcing the election of Col. Stewart, the St. Louis Leader, of the 27th, says : "The Democratic party has beaten the coalition, and remains on the field, in spite of the rage and disappointment of the ene mies of the Stale and of the South every where, a clearly ascertained majority of the whole people of Missouri." ty Hero is a gem from Dombey that will never giow dim ; "She died," 6aid Polly, "and was never seen again, for site was buried in the ground, where the trees grow." "The cold ground?" said the child shud dering again. "No, the warm ground," replied Polly, "where the little seeds are turned into beau tiful flowers, and where the good people turn into angels and fly away to Heaven." C 7* A happy comment on the annihilation of time and space by locomotive agenry is us follows. " A little child who rode fifty miles in a railroad train then took a coach to her uncle's house, some five miles further, was asked on her arrival if she came by the cars. 'We came a little ways in the cars,' she replied, 'and then all the rest of the way in a car riage."' X3T An intelligent lady, whose little boy was beginning to swear, anxious to express ■to the child her horror of profanity, hit upon the novel process of wosbing out his mouth with soap sads whenever be swore. It was an effectual cure. The boy understood his mother's sense of the corruption of an oath, which, with the taste of the suds, produced the desited result. The practice if universal- Jy adopted, would raise the price of soap. I3T A Nebraska editor announced his plans for celebrating the 4th ol July : " We shall luxuriate over our dinner until üboul 4 o'clock, when wo shall go and swim for half an hour, Meter' for another half hour, and then pitch pennies until dark. In the evening we shall go a-courting." t3T The best description of weakness we have ever beard is contained in a wag's que ry to bis wife when she gave him some chick en broth, if she would try to coax (hat chicken to wade through the soup once mote. ET In France, all ladies who do not pos sess a decided ample fortune, make it ■ point to learn some practical art of business, which in cases of reverses of fortune they may use i it to obtain a living. BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 16, 1857, ABSURDITIES OF SPEECII. Insincerity and extravagant adulation often betray people into uttering the most ridicu lous absurdities quite unintentionally. A great man addressing the House of Lords, said, "It is my most painful duty to inform your lordships that it has pleaeed the Almigh ty Hod to release the king from his sufferings." This was quite equivalent to saying that he was sorry the king's sufferings were over.— A maid of honor in France, being asked the hour by her royal mistress, obsequiously an swered, "What your majesty pleases:" an answer even less indefinite than that of the cow-boy, wh'o, after looking up at the town clock, said it was only "half an inch past eight." A nurse wishing to give a very po lite answer to a gamteman Who incitrt red alter the health of a sick baby entrusted to ber care, 6aid, "Oh, sir, I flatter myself the child is going to die." A nobleman told a visitor that he had been talking to him in a dream. "Pardon me," replied the other, "I really did not hear you." A lady of rank having had the professional services of a village pi per at a little fete which she had given on her estate, received the following ridiculously civil note from him : Vour ladyship's pardon fur my boldness in thus applying for payment would be almost a sufficient compensation for the labor of your humble piper, Patrick Walsh " Lord Clatenden, in his essay on the decay of respect paid to old age, says that, ill his younger days, he never kept his hat on before those older than himself, except at dinner. In the present day, the wearing of it at dinner would be thought more disre spectful than at any other lime. George (he Fourth, when Prince of Wales, used to return the bows of all persons in the street, except beggars. He justified this omission by re marking, "that to return a beggar's bow, without giving him anything, would be a mockery, and to slop for the purpose of be stowing a sixpence would seem ostentatious in a prince." Sir Robert Graham, being in formed that he had been found guilty of a capital offence, desired the man to be again placed on the dock, and hastily putting on the blackcap, he said, "Prisoner at the bar, 1 beg your pardon," and then passed on him the awful sentence of death. A country car penter having neglected to make a gollows that hud been ordered to be ready by a cer tain day, the Judge himself went to the man, and said, "Fellow, how came you to npg lect making the gibbet that I ordered!"— "I'm very sorry ; for had 1 known that it was for your lordship it should have been done immediately. While an officer was bowing, a cannon ball passed over his head, and de capitated a soldier who stood behind him. "You see," said the officer to those near him, "that a man never loses by politeness." Na poleon's hat having fallen off, a young lieu tenant stepped forward, picked it up, and presented it to him. "Thank you captain," said the emperor, inadvertently. "In what regiment, sire V' inquired the sub, quick as lightning. Napoleon smiled, and forthwith promoted the witty youth to a captaincy.— Notwithstanding the fury with which the battle of Fontenoy was contested, it began with a great show of civility. Lord Charles Hay, a captain of the English.guards, advan ced before (ha ranks, and Count d'Auteroche a lieutenant of grenadiers in the French guards, stepped forward to meet him. "Fire, gentlemen of the French guards!" exclaimed the English captain. "No my lord," replied the French Lieutenant,' "we never fire first." This reminds us of an anecdote told of Cur ran who, being called out to give satislaclion to an officer for some imaginary oflence, was told by bis antagonist to fire first, which he declined, saying, "As you gave the invita tion, I beg you will open the ball." Good Taste iu Dress. It was an observation of Lavater, says a wriier in the Boston Post, that persons habit ually atientive to dress display the same reg ularity in their domestic affairs. "Young women," lays he, "who neglect their toilet, and manifest little concern about their appar el, indicate in this very particular a disregard of order; a mind but little adapted to the de tails of housekeeping ; a deficiency of taste and of the qualities that inspire love. The girl of eighteen who desires not to please, will be a shrew and a slut at twenty-five." It is a great mistake in women to suppose that thay may safely throw off all care about dress with their celibacy, as if husbands had less taste than suiters ; or as if wives had less need than mistiesses of the advantage of el egant and tasteful apparel. An old writer says, with a hearty emphasis, "It is one of the moral duties of every married woman always to appear well dressed in the presence of her husband." To effect this, however, expensive attire is by no means essential.— The simplest robe may evince the wearer's taste as truly as the most costly gown of "moire antique." But how rare a quality is good taste! In the matter of propriety and harmony of color, there is room for a trea tise, which has yet to be written by some one thoroughly proficient in'the asthetics of dress. Even the simpler laws, though pretty generally understood, are constantly neglect ed. Some of these canons have been laid down, in a most sensible maoner, by the au thor of an Englisb poem ol the last century- To brunettes he recommends high colors— rose, oraDge, or even scarlet; to rosy-cheeked girls he permits b!ue and the color of the sea; and administers a caution to pale women agaiust vernal hues. BP" Labor and prudence relieve us from three great evils—vice, want and indolence. Iy India rubber pies are said to go fur ther than any other iuuse. The t'htlosopby and Beauty of Manners. Manners are the garments of the spirit— the eternal clothing of the being, in which i character ullimates itself. If the character be simple and sincere, the manners will ho ! at one with it—will bo the natural oulbirth of its trails and peculiarities. If it be com plex with self seeking, the manners will be artificial, affected, or insincere. So.tte per sons make up, put on, take off, alter, or patch their manners to suit times and seasons, with as much facility, and as little apparent con sciousness of duplicity, as if they were treat ing their clothes in light fashion. The fine lady of this class may be polished to the last degree, when, arrayed in silks and laces, she I glides over the rich carpets of the drawing room—and vt. with her servants at home, she is possibly less the lady -j~ t , —, worse still, the fine lady, married, perhaps, to a fine gentleman of character similar to her own, in the privacy of domestic life car ries on a civil war with him, in which all re restraint of courtesy is set aside. The best manners possible are the simple bringing down of the perfect law of charity into the most external ul'imates of social life. Until character lends at all times and in all places, and towards all persons, to ultimate itself up on a sure foundation. This is the golden rule of true manners. Mho Is h Gentleman f A gentleman is not merely a person ac quainted with certain forms and convention alities of life, easy and self possessed in the world without awkwardness, and free from habits which are vulgar aud in bad taste. A gentleman it something much be yond this. At the base of all bis ease and refinement, and tact and power of pleasing, is the same spirit which lies at the root of every christian virtue. It is the thoughtful desire of doing in every instance to others as he would that others should do unto him.— He is constantly thinking, not indeed how he my give pleasure to others for the mere sense of pleasing, but how ho can ehuw them respect, how he may avoid hurting their feelings. When he is in society he scrupu lously ascertains the position of every one with whom ho is brought in contact, thai he may give to each his honor due. He studies how he may avoid touching upon any sub ject which may needlessly hurl their feelings —how he may abstain from any allusion may call up a disagreeable or offen sive association. A gentleman never alludes to, never appears conscious of any personal defect, bodily deformity, inferiority of talent, of rank, of reputation, in the persons in whose society he is placed. He never as sumes any superiority—never ridicules, nev er boasts, never makes a display of (lis own powers, or rank, or advantages; never in dulges in tiabits whicb may be offensive to outers. Counterfeit l.iquors. The London limes notices, in a list of joint stock companies in Paris, formally sanctioned by the perfect of police, the name of the •'General company of Fictitious or Counter feit Wines." The Company boldly state that no grape juice or alcohol'is used, but do not specily the ingredients. The article is sold at from four to eight sous per quait, and the company has a capital of six million francs. These liquors are, of course, sold as gonuino. Our markets are flooded with spurious liquors, and no one can tell when he buys the genu ine article. The Springfield Republican says that an informant of that paper was on a visit to a friend, a liquor dealer at a western city, and, in the space of an hour, he saw him transform a barrel of high wines into "pure French brandy," The barrel was stamped with the custom house brand, and had all the appearance of a sea voyage. The man )t ufaclurer poured in the basis of the ingredi eits (the high wines,) and then, having scented it with about two ounces of the oil of cognac, added a pail-full of a compound which he had mixed from one bucket to an other, and which was to give to it its taste and color. The component parts of this last mixture were absolute poisons, directly des tined to sap the energy, and finally destroy the life of the poor victims to a habit that leads them to the use of such stimulants.— When such facts are taken into considera tion, there is no wonder that a prohibitive law is demanded for the suppression of the traffic. SFOTS ON THE SUN.-— According to obser vations made by M. Iludolphe Wolf, Direc tor of the Observatory of Berne, it appears that the number of spots on the sun have their maximum and minimum at the same time as the variations of the needle. It fol lows from this, that the causes of these two changes on the sun and on the earth must be the same, and conseqently, from this dis covery, it will be possible to solve several important problems, in connection with these well-known phenomena, the solution of which has hitherto never been attempted. CP* The bar-rooms in New York are clo sing on Sundays. No cock-tails, bitters, or eye-openers! Even the German lager-beer dealers have to succumb. One fellow put over his shop—"No admittance on Holy Sabbath, except on Private Mattors," and in German, "Hintere Thuer Oflan for Moine Boarders." CP" Flowers have bloomed in our prai ries and passed away, from age to age, un seen by man, and multitudes of virtues have been acted out in obscure places, without note or admiration. Tho sweetness of both has gone up to heaven! Troth and Right GodTOSFVfIr Country. COMMON SCHOOL MATTEUB. From the Penn'a School Journal for September. Monthly Decisions and Instructions of the Mule superintendent- DEI'ISIUNS. Deduction for prompt payment of tax.—Di rectors have no authority to allow a deduc tion of five per cent., or any other amount, for prompt payment of school tax. That pro vision of the law of 1849 was omitted in the act of 1854. The collector's warrant is broad enough and strong enough to ensure the payment of all taxes that the directors do not choose to exonerate. To Superintendents. Permanent Certificates.—The first three years m tire voumy gnpenntsiiuunuy ' of experiment, aud errors ot administration were naturally to be expected. The act of 1854 inagurated an entirely new system of common school operations, especially as re garded the examination of teachers. But owing to the wide difference in the.relalive professional qualifications and judgment of the first corps DI Superintendents, there were radical differences in the respective standards o( attainment and skill to entitle an applicant to the permanent certificate. Some Super intendents, also, possessed more firmness and decision, while others feared to give of fence and create undue opposition by a rigid adherence to the instructions of the Depart ment. The cause of education was much more backward in some counties than in others ; and in some instancea it was unfor tunately lite case that first-class certificates were grantud to from favoritism, or to accommodate influential di rectors. In addition to this, some Superin tendents received none but first-class certifi cates, aud of course could issue no others; and even the best and most cautious Super intendents discovered, in the course of time, that they had made mistakes in their esti mates of teachers' qualifications. It results from these various oauees, (hat a considerable number of teachers holcl the permanent certificate whose qualifications do not entitle them to it; especially in that essential item, the "art of teaching." In or der to protect the public and vindicate the school system, it is obligatory upon Superin tendents, under the provisions of the 41st section of the act of 1854, to vacate and an nul all such certificates when dircovered; and if the holders desire to continue in the vocation, to substitute a temporary certificate of lite proper grade. To facilitate this exchange, a new edition of the permanent certificate nas been pre pared, considerably modified in styla and ap pearance, and will be mailed to Superintend ents about the time this notice reaches them. They will deliver the new style of certificate, without a re-examination, to ail such hold ers of the old style as they are ratisfiod, from what they know of their qualifications, are fairly entitled to it. In all other instances they are instructed to requires re-examina tion, aud grant such certificates as the result may justify. The safely antf success of the school system require that the standard of qualification should be high: In all cases a want of tact and skill in the 'art of teaching' will be a fatal objection to ike issuing of the permanent certificate, no matter how great the superiority of mere sebnlawfcip may be. Temporary Certificate. —A new edition of the temporary certificate, slightly modified, will be printed and mailed at the same tune, and can be substituted for the old form aa circumstances will permit. Elementary Branches. —There is a preva lent disposition amongst holders of the tem porary certificate to extend their studies to branches not named in it, including even modern languages and the classics, and have ihem inserted by the Superintendent, while the figures in the elementary branches are not higher than medium; under the im pression, apparently, that this addition to their accomplishments would look more re spectable and increase their chances for profitable employment. This impression is erroneous, and the practice is not to be com mended, because, Ist. The great want of the time is a prac tical education. 2d. The great defect in education, at the present day, is want of thoroughness. 3d. Wherever else ,; smatterer" may be tolerated, they cannot be afforded in our common schools—where, above all other places, the instruction imparled, whether in the elementary or higher branches, should bear the impress of genuine merit. 4th. Such enlarged certificates, if intend ed for private schools, are of DO official value; and if intended tor the public schools, would fail of their object, as the higher class of schools is not sufficiently numerous to afford employment to a tithe of the ap plicants who would thus present themselves. And if it were otherwise, such certificates would carry with them their own condem nation, and defeat their intended purpose. Thoroughness in the elementary branches is of paramount importance, and i earnest ly eujoined upon Superintendents and Teach ers. County Institutes. —Wherever Superintend ents have had no experience in conducting Institutes, they should secure the best assist ance that their influence or resources can command. After the ice is once broken, they can rely upon themselves ami their prin cipal teachers te a good purpose. Bot a great deal depends upon a right start; and to ignore or discard the assistance of experienced in structors would be as unphilosophical and impolitic' as for tbe unfledged teacher to wotk bis own way in tbe school t(jom, with- out the advantages of either experience or normal Irainiug. Private Examinations. —These have been ] tolerated heretofore to an injurious extent, I and have consumed the time and seriously crippled the movements of Superintendents. The regularly appointed public examinations are open to all applicants, and it is their duly I to present themselves in their proper district. Superintendents should refuse to make pri vate examinations, except for special rea sons, and not then unless applicants bting a written request from at least three members of the board of directors who desire to cm ploy them. TO OMECTOKB. Secretary of the Board. —The Secretary, whether appointed District Superintendent or 1 rrv;, fo ifre aStuvi t*f S board, and as suoh, lie should make tt his business to see that all needful preparations are duly made lor the opening of the fall and winter schools. Public notice should be giv en of the time the schools of the district will open, so that parents can have the children's clothing ready, and text-books provided, in order tha* pupils may commence punctually on the iirst day of the term. He should see that the school houses are in order, broken windows mended, general repairs made, and fuel provided. When the board have en gaged the teachers, the Secretary should see that a written contract be entered into with each one, so as to avoid dispute and conse quent ill-feeling afterwards. Blank contracts can readily be procured of the printers at the county seat for a mere trifle. The will save much labor and insure greater accuracy. The collector and treasurer should also be looked after, in order that the funds may be at hand to punctually meet the teacher's wages and incidental expenses. This iorethonghi may be a little trouble some, but will save a vast deal more of (rou ble and perplexity in the outcome. And at any rate, public duties are of public impor tance, and not to be lightly rpgatded; and if any incumbent is not satisfied with the du ties belonging to his position, nothing oan, be easier than to vacate the post, and pe-mil it to be filled by some one who will not shrink from its responsibilities. The Secretary should, however, receive a reasonable compensation for his services, wherever the resources of the district will justify it. Uniformity of Text books. —The provisions of the 25th section of the act of 1854, were intended to secure good text-books and ex clude poor ones, but more especially to es tablish local uniformity, for the reason that without such uniformity pupils cannot be ar ranged into suitable classes, and the differ ent branches taught to the best advantage.— Without proper classification, the efforts of the teacher can accomplish but httle practi cal good for the school; and the school term results in little belter that a loss of time and money for all parties. Text-books are now published in almost countless thousands, and book agents are to be found everywhere, seeking to introduce litem; so that directors cannot justly complain that ample facilities are not furnished to their hand, for the dis charge of this important branch of their offi cial duty. They should make the best selec tion that may be practicable, and then firm ly adhere to it until fully introduced. Bui this done, frequent changes are to be avoid ed, and the annual meeting required by the law, only used to correct palpable mistakes that may have been made in former selec tions. But directors 6houlri resist importuni ties to introduce the works of one author or publisher merely to displace those of another when the difference between the two is prac ticaily immaterial. Frequent changes of this nature defeat the object of the law, create great dissatisfaction oh the part of the parents, and prejudice the public agaiusl the school system; and are therefore greatly to be dep recated. The greater portion o F text-books now issued from the press are so nearly equal in substantial merit, that the particular series selected is of much less importance than the uniformity of such as sre used.— The great dependence of the school, under all circumstances, must be upon the Teacher, not upon the text-book. A good teacher can be very successful with an inferior set or text-books, if he but have enough of the same kind to enable him to arrange his pu pils into classes; while a poor teacher will fail, no matter what the character and assort ment of books. County Superintendent's Postage.-The post age on all official letters and documents to and from the School Department is paid by the Department. But each district should defray the expense of its own local corres pondence out of its own treasury. County Superintendents are not provided with funds to pay postage on their home official busi ness, which, though made up of small items, amounts to a large sum in the course of a year, and becomes oppressive. Teachers, directors, and others, who have occasion to write to the County Superintendent on offi cial business G7* should always enclose a three cent stamp to pay the return postage. The postage paid by directors should be du ly refunded to them out of the disttict treas ury. Suggestions. —Some of the suggestions to Superintendents this month will interest Teachers; and their co-operation in the views of the Department, and the movements of Superintendents, is respectfully Invited. The success of the school system, and the dig nity and prosperity of the profession, depend upon tbo impartial fidelity of the Supertn teudents, ud tho voluntary eftorts of Teach- ers to prove worthy of the honors and emol uments of their calling. They owe it 10 themselves, to sustain by their iofiuence and approval, lite rigid but just scrutiny, provi ded by Ilia law, whose tendency and ob ject is to thin tueir ranks of pretenders, and open a wider aud richer field for lite merito rious, wtio alone should be permitted to to cupy it. Teachers have made extraordinary efforts towards self-improvement within the last three years, and a wonderful reforma tion has been li e result. The coming three years are radiant with promise foi them; and they can labor with more of heart and hope than heretofore, under the well grounded conviction that they are slowly but surely building up an independent and honorable profession, thai shall command the respect I and tbo patronage of the public. But to do l thi. requires that tbey should be true in their allegiance to themselves, and continue to practically test their capacity in the crucible of the school room; seeking no earlier or higher reward than stern experience may justify. This may be tedious now, but the honest common sense of the people of I'ennsylvatiia will not fail in the end, to ap preciate and reward the deserving teacher: and will as certainly discard the incompetent and unworthy. Touchers who ate conscious | of improperly holding die permanent certifi cate, should seek and early opportunity to surrender it, and receive one that shall be a I true criteiion of their professional qualifica tions. They will bo gainers in the outcome. PHILOSOPHY IN COURT. We obsorve that a prize is offered this year by Harvard College of 8500 to any pupil who shall be decided by the Corporation to have attained the greatest skill in mathe matics. The person who offers tho prize, which is only proposed for this year, is Uri ah A. Boydon, a civil engineer of Boston. This gentleman was concerned in a suit last year, brought by him in the Supreme j Court of Massachusetts, against the Atlantic Cotton Mills of Lawrence, which was of a very interesting character, but has never so far as wo are aware, coine before the public. Mr. Boyden had agreed to make a turbine water wheel for the Atlantic Cotton Mills, which should save or "utilize," as it is term ed, seventy-six per cent, of the watcrpowcr; if he succeeded in saving that per centago, he was to have 820,000, if not, he was to have nothing; and for every one percent, above that he was to receive $350. Mr. Boyden went to work and produced awheel which saved, as he affirmed, ninety six per cent. Tho labor involved in this suit may be imagined, from the fact that Mr. Boyden spent more than 85,000 in the mere mathe matical calculations. The Company had provided no sufficient means of testing tho question practically, and as the per centago claimed by Mr. Boyden was altogether un precedented, they contested the claim. The ease went into Court. No jury on the globe could comprehend tho question, and the learned Bench also found himself en tirely at fault. The case was accordingly referred to three well-chosen parties : Judge Joel Parker, of Cambridge; Professor Benja min Pierce, the mathematician, and James B. Francis, of Lowell, tho agent of the united companies of Lowell in the management of the common water power. Professor Park er furnished the law, Mr. Francis tho prac tical acquaintance with hydraulics, and Professor Pierce the mathematical knowl edge. That learned geometer had to dive deep and study long before the problem was settled. But settled it was, at last, and in Mr. Boyden's favor, to whom tho referees awarded the sum of eight thousand seven hundred dollars. Mr. Boyden had previous ly constructed turbine wheels which utilized respectively the extraordinary amounts of eighty-nine and ninety per cent ; the last wheel utilizing ninety-six percent, exceeds my thing of the kind that was ever made. The wheel is one hundred and four and three quarter inches in diameter.— New York I'ost. EVERY MAN HIS OWN IMURKR. —The fol lowing suggestions to housekeepers, mer chants, and those erecting new buildings, may not be valueless: Keep matches in metal boxes, and out of the reach of children. Wax matches are particularly dangerous and should bo kept out of the way of rats and mice. Fill fluid or camphette lamps only by daylight, and never near a fire or light. Far belter dis pense with them altogether. Do not depos it coal or wood ashes in wooden vessels, and bo sure burning cinders ara extinguished before deposited. Never take a light or ash es under a stair ease. Never take alight to examine a gas meter, be careful never to place gas or other lights near curtains.— Never take a light into a closet. Do not read in bed by candle or lamp light. Place glass shades over gas lights in show win dows, and do not crowd goods near thorn. No smoking should be permitted in ware houses or barns. Where furnaces are used, tho principal register should always be fas tened open. Build all chimneys from tho earth. Stove pipes should be at least four inches from woodwork, guarded by tin, and enter substantial brick chimneys horizon tally. TY A young man, desirous of marrying a daughter of a well known merchant, after many attempts to broach the subject to the old gentleman, in a very stuttering maimer commenced—" Mr. 0 , are you willing to let me have your daughter Jane?" "Of course 1 am," gruffly replied the old man; "and 1 wish you would get some other likely fellows to ntarry the rest of them !" [Two Dollars por Annas* NUMBER 86. A rtw wonns ON DUOS. At this eson of the yesr much fear it entertained for dog* becoming rabid or mad from the supposed effect* of hoi weather.— Statistics of rabies go to show that, contrary to popular prejudice, it occurs moat frequent ly in cold countries, and durnig autumn, winter and spring, ( Trans. Am. Med. Asa. 1858.) In Prussia, from 1810 to 1819—• 1658 persons died from hydrophobia. (See Kdmburg Med. and Sor. Jour. 1821.) lira of Irequeni occurrence In ltussia, Poland, Northern Europe, and in the Northern State# of this Union. Dr. Mease says: "During several hard winter months, within my re membrance in this city, (Philadelphia,) es pecially 1779 and 1780, dogs very common* ly went mad." Rablee seems to bo a rafo disease in tropical climates. Dr. Savary aays .- "The disease' is not known in the island of Cyprus or Syria." Carrey and Vol neysay: "It is never seen in Egypt." Dr. Barrow says : "It is extremely rare at the Cape oi (food Hope, and in the interior of Caffraria." Drs. Hamilton and Mosely both say that "there was not a single case in Ja* maica for a period of fitly years previous to 1783." The prevalei ce of rabies tn lha island of Creta is in consequence of the oc cupation ol the inhabitants, Who ate dog fanciers, and the breeding of choice varie ties of dogs for exportation is a source of considerable revenue. The bile of ao enraged dog (as when fight ing) not affected with hydrophobia, may pro duce hydrophobia in man, (*ee Morgagni, Dr. Ce Dutx, Dr. Pipsombe, Dr. Newman, &c. &c.) The true cause of the disease iu the dog is not known, but the roost probable causes are want of ptoper food and pure water. An abundant supply of cold water (or dogs would be a greater protection against hydrophobia than "muzzles," which ere worn only a part of the year, while hydro phobia occurs almost as frequently in winter as in summer It is a common practice and a very serious mistake, when a person re ceives a bile from a dog supposed to be rab id, to kill tbe dog; this should in no case be done, but secure the animal and keep it in a safe place until it is fully known whether thn tho dog really has hydrophobia. Dogs are subject to fits, when they foam at tbe nroullt and run around barking in a strange arid ' somewhat dangerous manner, and persons are frequently b'itlen during such a paroxysm*. Such bites are dangerous, certainly, but not necessary fatal. Hydrophobia, which is fa tal, may or may not follow such bite, but i! i the dog is killed the awful dread and uncer* j tainty of that frightful disease hangs over j the unfortunate suiierer, lengthening his ! agony until death itselt would he a relief— whereas if the dog is kept and does not be- I como rabid, the mind is at once relieved ' from all anxiety. Hence, as a matter of prudence and relief to the patient, the life of tho dog should not immediately be ta ken.—Ledger. Brougham ou the Press. In the course of a discussion in the British , House of Lords, ou an article in the London , Examiner," alleged to be a libel on Lord Piuukett, Bishop of Tuain, Lord Brougham remarked that, with regard to the article which ho had read, it was, no doubt, strictly ' speaking, a breach of the privileges of their j Lordships' House; bul of what use would it bo to contend with the press iu such ca ! ses as these? Ho remembered, on oneod j casion his Iriend, Mr. Mariott, was repre ! sented in a newspaper as having said, at a j public meeting in the city, that he would j not go in procession to that "d d old - church," meaning some particular church jin the city ot London. He felt much an , noyed at the circumstance, and wrote a let* i ter to the editor, in which he stated that his ! actual words were, that he would not go to , that "damp old church." [A laugh j The ' next day there appeared in the newspaper | a statement to this ellecl: —" We have given j a place in our columns to the contradiction ! which Mr. Marriott has made: but at the ! same time, we think it right to say that we have referred die matter to our reporter who I is certain that lie used the words'd——d old I church,' and to add that we have the most ' ! perfect confidence iu the accuracy of our j reporter." [Great Laughter ] The gentle ' mati complained to him of that treatment, j attd he (larrd Brougham) recommended him j in future not to bo too hasty in contradicting | any statement that might appear iu a uews ! P a P er - How TO EDUCATE CHILDREN.— HaII's Jour nal of Health contains the following sugges tive paragraph, which ought to be remem bered and acted upon by every parent anl guardian in the land. The writer says: "Had 1 the choice of only four things to be taught my children, they should be: To sing well, to rend well, to write well, and to sketch well. Prefection in these will earn their possessor a maintenance in any coun try, and will eruble liim to amuse himself or entertain n company, whether it be under a rock in the desert or upon a crag in the sea."' ■■--■ in - CC The price asked for Mount Vernon and the Tomb of Washington is $200,000.—' It has beeu proposed in Virginia that the Freemasons make up the money necessary to purchase it by the subscription of oo dol lar or less from each individual. BT The Masonic Order of the United Stales numbers three hundred thousand per sons, and includes a large portion of all the distinguished civil, military and professional aett.