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Stat of tlje Natty.
R. IV. WEAVER, EDITOR. HloomsVunt, Wednesday, Nov. 23, 1807~. Congress. The first session of the 36ih Congress will meet in the City ol Washington'on the first Monday being the 7th day of December— There is a decided democratic majority in both branches, and the Senate will be pre sided over by Vico President Breckinridge. It ie now thought that Hon. James L. Orr of South Carolina will bo elected speaker of tho lower house; and we know of no man xvhose experience and ability more thor oughly fit him for that post. The Hon. J. Glancy Jones of Pennsylvania, whose claims have been warmly urged in many quarters still persists in declining the distinction. If he had consented to the use of his name there is 110 doubt of his election. He would make an able and impartial speaker. Kauai. We aaid last week that the press and par ty of ihe Black Republicans wanted to make Kansas a slave State; while the Democrats, Walker, and tho administration were bend ing all their energies to give a free popular expression to the citizens. That has been obtained—so far so good. Now let the Con vention put the Constitution agreed upon fairly before the people, and Buchanan will see that they have a fair vote upon the sub ject, and wo will answer for the result.— Kansas will be a free State, because the Black Republicans are not strong enough to make a Slave State of it. That subject the 1 next Congress will also have in charge, and it will be honestly and fairly dealt with. Utah. Brigham Young and his followers have declared that they will resist the officers and authority of the United States; and they seem to be arming, and preparing to dispute by force end arms the national authorities, ihe Mormons aro nearly all unnaturalized citizens, squatters upon the public domain, who have no more right there than the great Mogul. If President Buchanan and the Congress do not bring them to terms and expel thera from the territory we shall be 1 greatly mistaken. They are the terror and disgrace of tho country—they must be dealt with in a summary manner. The Currency. Among the important questions likely to j •come before the next Congress is that of the ! Currency. The system of state banking, as ! practiced among us will be overhauled, and some conclusion arrived at as to the power j possessed by a state to delegate power which it does not itselif possess. The time for ' some reformation in this matter has arrived, ; And the late financial revulsion, extending throughout the whole country, has aroused thinking men in every quarter; and the qustion has been what is the cause, and what the remedy? Once more there will beacon test about Benton's mint drops, and again we shall see the people's currency bear off the palm. Hook Notices. We are in receipt of Leonard Scott & Co.'s reprint of the Westminister Quarterly Re •view for October, 1857. It is a splendid No. containing articles of"Female Dress in '57." ■"Political Priest." Jutlah ; or an adventure in Malayan Waters. Hsstory of Civilization in England. Auroa Leigh. The Four Em pires. The Cbeopboroe of .AUchylus. Rep resentative Government. What is it good lor? Mommsen's Roman History. The Progress of English Jurisprudence. Colempotary Lit erature. The Westminister, with the London, Ed inburg, and North British Quarterly Review, and Blackwood's Magazine, monthly, are re published in New York from advanced sheets by Leonard Scott & Co. at $lO per annum for the entire series. The price of either one of the works, taken singly, is $3 a year. A Murderer ConvtctM- Francis Burns, who was arrested some two or throe weeks ago, in the vicinity of Pittston, for the murder of his wif;, was tried last week at Wilkes-Barre, and the Jury on Sat urday, after retiring jpr about thirty, min utes rendered a veidtct of "murder in the second degree."—This crime, of which Burns is convicted, we believe is punished by imprisonment of not less than ten years. Jt was an aggravated case, and we are some what surprised, at the result. Fire ID Pulsion. We learn that on Friday night last at obout one o'clock, a fire broke out in a Store house belonging to Esquire Reddin, opposite the Butler House, which entirely consumed it, together with a small buikljpg adjoining it, which was also the property of Esquire Reddtn, used as a justice's office and a Doc tor's office, beloro the devouring element could be stayed. We have not heard the particulars of the origin of the fire. We un derstand there was no inrurance upon the property destroyed. DELICIOUS VENISON. —Our thanks are due to Wesley Wirt, Esq., for some very fine venison received tho past week; he has been on a hunting excursion at Long Pond, in Sullivan county, and killed three fine deer during the trip. He has quite a taste for the romance of hunting. UT The Methodist Congregation had the Rev. Mr. Warren to preach the first serman in tho lecture room of their new Church on last Sunday evening. The house was crowd ed and some forty persons could not obtain admission. They dispersed very orderly. OF* The stores and other places of busi ness will be closed in Bloomsburg on Thanks giving Day. W The prices of grain in thia county are gradually going down. HT The Suequebauna iier al this place was raised to a pretty high water-mark last week. Tbe rain north of here moat have been very severe. There was a large amount of flood wood floating down the river, and we leam that in a number of instances whole fields of corn were swept away. The rain at this place was Jvery light, and done little or no damage ; but we learn that some towns along the river, between here aad Elmira, were completely inundated, doing tbucb dam age. At Elmira, some portion of the track of the N. Y. & Erie Railroad was carried off by the freshet, interrupting the regular pas sing of trains. MELANCHOLY OCCURRENCE.— On Friday week, William Cooper was accidentally shot dead, near Lewislown, Pa., while out gunning with his father. Ihe father had fired al a phea sant, aud a single grain of shot, glancing, had entered the young mart's eye, penetrating hie brain and causing instant death. At a Meeting of the Presidents of the Dan ville, Northumberland, Lewisburg, West Branch, Lock Haven, and Jersey Shore Banks, at Williamsport, on the 29'.h nit., it was re solved that during the suspension ofspecie payments, by the Banks of this Ccmmon wealth, they did not deem it expedient to make any arrangements with the city Ranks for Ihe redemption of their notes, or sums ofspecie in Philadelphia to keep their notes at par. CANAL BOARD APPOINTMENTS.—- Harrisburg, Nov. 19.—The following Canal Board ap pointments were made to-day, viz Supe rvisor of the Delaware Division, Wm. Elliott; of the Lower North Branch, Gen. W. Search; of the West Branch, R. R. Birgenes. Mr. Ar nold Plumer, oce of the Commissioners, is abseni, but is expected to be here to-morrow, when-Collectors will be appointed. THANKSGIVING —The following States have thus far joined in appointing Ihe 26th inst., for the celebration ol Thanksgiving:—New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New York, New Jersey, Penn sylvania, Delaware, Maryland, North Caroli na, Kentucky. lowa, Ohio, Michigan, and ihe city of Washington. Maine, South Caro lina and Mississippi celebrate the 15th ill*!., and Vermont the 3d of December. ItrLast week Joel Schoonhoven, one hun dred yeats old, was discharged Irom Sing Sing State prison, having been pardoned by the Governor. He tvas committed for life for arson. He is a native of Orange county, and reached the age of a century in prison on the 4th of July last. He saw Washing ton at Newburg during the War. f35@F~ A terrible calamity occurred last week at Oxford Furnace, near Belvidere, N. J. The stopper aocidentiy came out giv ing vent or agress to two and a half tons of molten Iron which was thrown out as from the month of a cannon among the work men, killing five of them and wounding several others. Appointment in the School Department. —G. W. Crabb, Esq., ol Harrtsburg, has been ap pointed a Clerk in the office of the State Su perintendent of Common Schools, in place of Capt. J. M. Eyster, recently elected Sher iff nf Dauphin county, resigned. Mr. Crabb belongs to the editorial profession, and is well qualified for the duties of his new position. A STEAM CARRIAGE made its appearance in the streets of Manchester, near Pittsburg. It ran over the streets like a thing of lite, turn ing corners and dodging ruts. The driver of an omnibus, seeing innovation in this exper iment, put whip to hie horses and tried to outrun the steam carriage, hut the latter left his coach so far behind, that the omnious driver was laughed at by the spectators.— The steam carriage went at tbe rale of nine miles an hour with a pressure of sixty pounds. The inventor is John S. Hall, of Manchester. RESUMING WORK. —The following named Mills, which suspendid during the panic, have resumed work: Union Manufacturing Company, at Nor walk, Conn.; Cliicepee Mills, Massachusetts; Rolling and Nil Mills, at Fall River; Mas sasoil Flour Mills, at Fall River; American Print Works, at Fall River; Eddy's Woollen Mills; The American Plirit Works, I.onns bury, Bisvel & Co.'s Works; Albany Iron Works; Rensselaer Iron Works; Catolina Mills, Fall River; Natick Mills." THE COAL TRADE —There has been a brisk business done in the shipment of Coal, both by Roilroad and Canal during the past week. The Railroad look down 33,186 17 tons, and the Canal 41,226 05 tons, making a total ol 74,41302 ions, a gain on the preueding week of 4.268 tons. The markets generally are short of coal compared with the same period last year, and there is evrry prospect of a continued demand until the close of naviga tion. ty We are informed that burglars enter ed and robbed the dwelling of John Brock, Esq., in Ashland, Schuylkill co. t last week. ty Five million* of dollars have been brought into the country within the last ten days. iy The laboring population of Schuylkill county are leaving by hundreds, mostly for the West. iy Corn is offered at twenty-three cents a bushel by the farmers along the Wabash Val (ley, deliverable at their own expense in Vin ceones, Indiana. ty Mr. Peter Baldy, jr., at Danville, has just received some 3000 bushels of Kentucky wheat from Pittsburg. It will be converted into the best family flour at his steam mill. or A child of Mr. Shadrack Philips, in Carbondsle,"Luzerne county, was burned to death on Tuesday of last week, by it*clothes taking fire from a grate. ty President Buchanan has directed one of the new Sloops of War, ordered by Con gress, to be built at the Philadelphia Navy Yard. This will afford employment during (he fall and winter to hundreds of mechanics. Hank ol Danville- At an election for officers of this bank, held lon last Monday, tha following Board of Di rectors were duly chosen, viz: E. H. Baldy, Danville, Dr. W. H. Magill, do John Forley, do M. C. Grier, do G. M. Shoop, do Peter ltaldy, sr. do J. C. Pbodes, do Joho Sharpleas, Catawissa, John K. Grotz, Blnomsbnrg. Thomas Hayes, Lewifcurg, J. V. Goodlander, Milton. Wm. Good, McEwensville, Benjamin Schoch, Selinsgrove. At the meeting of the Board of Directors, on last Tuesday, Edw. H. Baldy, Esq., was unanimously re-elected as President. A dividend of 3 par cent, for the last six months was declared on the 3d inat. Bank of Northumberland. At an election (or officers of this bank on Monday last, the following board ot Direc tors was chosen: J. B. Packer, D. Brauiigam, A. E. Kapp, J. C. Horton, G. F. Miller, Paul Masieller, S. T. Brown, Wm. I. Greenough, George Schnure, C. It. Paxton, Simon Schuyler, James Taggart, A. B. Warford. The new Directors are Messrs. Green ough, Taggart, Watford, all well qualified for (ha position by education and business hab ile. Front Kansas. St. Loots, Nov. 16—Kansas advices slate that the Constitution hail been adopted by the Convention by a vote of 28 for to about a dozen against. The whole number of del egates being 60, consequently the Constitu tion has been adapted by a minority of the Convention. The majority and mtnoiity re ports of the Committee o.i Schedule, will be merged into one. The schedule thus formed, provides for an election on the 21st of Deoentber, to ratify or reject the Consti tution, the voting to be by ballot, and the voles cast to be endorsed "Constitution with slavery," or''Constitution without slavery." Also (or an election to be held on the first Monday in January next, for the election of State and Congressional tickets. The Lawrence correspondence of the Dem ocrat asserts that Governor Walker brought from Washington a manuscript copy of the Kansas Constitution, almost identical with the one adopted. He also says that no tree State men will vote on the 21st of December. ty Brigbam Young, who defies the gov ernment and threatens the armies of the U. S., is a native of White Haven, Vermont, and is fifty six years of age. His father was a farmer, originally trom a town ia the vicin ity of Boston, and young Brigham is said never to have been at school but thirteen days. He has manifested a verystrong mind since he has presided over the Mormons,and has spread that imposture overjhe whole civilized world, sending hundreds of mission aries lo make proselytes. He will probably have the infamy of being the first individual in the United States elevated lo a gallows for treason. His present career is strongly in that direction; and the fellow, while exercis ing unlimited power in Utah, has the impu dence to talk of the persecutions he has suf fered. THE FINANCIAL PRESSURE.—We are gratifi ed to observe a steadily improving tone in Ihe financial circles of the eastern cities.— Securities which had gone down to nothing almost, are gradually rising, and business, which had been utterly prostrated, is having a healthful revival. The Bank of New Vork are reported to be striving to arrange a spee dy resumption of specie payment. Their lead will be followed by the Banks of the New Ecgland States generally, and probably by the institutions of tne South and West, with whom they have intimate relations.— Specie continues to flow in upon us from Europe and California. We are importing but little, whilst a large number of vessels are loading with giain 'or foreign pons. It is evident that we are making headway.— Val ley Spirit. On Tuesday morning, Burna was sentenc ed to 12 years imprisonment in the Peniten tiary. When asked if he had anything to say why sentence should not be passed, he asserted his innocence of intending to kill his wife-expressed much feeling for hischildren, and said that liquor had brought him to his fate, and thanked the Court, Jury and his Counsel for their kiudness.— Herald, of the Union. I t#" Two brothers named Smith, proprie tors of a splendid peach orchard near Sacra mento, California, are said to have [eahzed between $60,000 and $70,000, this year from the sale of peaches. ly The men employed in the shops of the Reading Railroad Company are now work ing on short time—eight hours a day. They commence 7$ o'clock in the morning, and quit at 4i in the afternoon. The wages have been generally reduced in proportion. There are now loading grain and flour at New York, the large number of thirty ships, all for Europe, about half being for Liverpool and the remainder for Glasgow- They will average about 20,000 bushels for each ship. CP In a recent address of Hon. Edward Everett, there is one sentence of fifty eight lines, without a single period. In the Web ster oration of Hon. Rufua Choate there ere three pages without a pause. The first camp-meeting held in Ihe United States was held in Kentucky fifty years ago. Methodists, Presbyterians, and Baptists uni ted on that occasion. —A gentleman just from Superior, tip North, says that three weeks ago, he waided in snow that was knee deep, between Steven's Point and Superior. Vtr Judge Woodward is holding a two week's Court in Wyoming county, includ- I ing this week hnd last. THK PENNNYLV4NIA B/tNK- There han been an investigation going on for a weufc or two past, by the Directors of the Bank of Pennsylvania, into the affairs ot that institution, and the common report is that the exhibits is not favorable. The im mediate liabilities of the Bank in round num bers, independent of oapital slock, is about two inillimuo£dollars—to meet which, there are at one aud three quar ter millions. If this appraisement and amount of liabilities are correct, the Bank would seem to be unable to pay its debts, leaving noth ing for stock holders. It was anticipated by many that this examination would piove un favorable, yes they did not anticipate one I quite so calamitous as the one reported. The nominal amount of assets is, of course, more than the amount appraised as available, though it is reported there is a hiatus of ve ry considerble extent in the Bank accounts, covered by no representative value whatever. In every properly conducted bank, the led ger account will show on one aide all that the bank owes including its cap ital; on the other all that is owing to the Bank, and the two are made to balance, something being received to show lor every dollar expended. This, the examination at the Bank of Penn sylvania, has not thus far been able to de monstrate.—The business of the institution seems very much, it lose ends. Within a da) or (wo, assets of the value of a hundred thousand dollars, said lo be entirely reliable, were found stuck in one of the unused pigeon boles. The Bank holds about $175,000 of its own stock ; a portion of this, however, has been pledged to one or mure of the interior banks, though the agency of a third party, who now stands liable to'the bank for the amount. The committee representing the city banks in this matter, or a majority of it, is understood to be averse lo an attempt at resuscitation, and the indications now are, thst it will go into liquidation, and probably out of exislance, leaving as little for its share holders an did its great prototype, the Bank of the United States, Noteholders and de positors will probably be paid. PlllMDKU'fllt NIKKEI'S- Flouj and Meal —There ia very little in quiry tortxporl, and with increasing stocks, the market is weak, though as yet there is no reduction of, prices. Sales are made in lota to the retailers and bakers at $5 25 up to 5 88 for common and extra brands, according to quality, and 86 00 a 87 00 for fancy Inta. Nothing doing in Rye Floor or Corn Meal— we quote the former at 84 50, and the la'ter at 83 19 per barrel. Ghain. —There is a fair amount of Wheat offering, but the demand for it is limited. Sales ol 3000 bush, good red at $1 20 a $1 26 per bushel, afloat, and good white at 81 29 a $1 33 per bushel. Sale of Rye at 75 cer.ts. Corn is in good request —sales of 1000 bush els old yellow at 80 cents, and 800 bushels prime dry now at 62 cepl. Oa is—sales of Southern at 31 a 35 cts. per bnshel. Cloverseed is scarce at $5 per 64 lbs. Nothing doing in Timothy or Flaxseed. W hi-icev is held firmly—sales ol barrels at 22} ft tll'vltltii; tifnis, at 220, And drudges at 210. WHAT IT COST.—The war debt of Oregon, as passer l uoou by the Commissioners reaches Ihe round esm of $3,500,000, making, with that of Washington Territory, $5,000,000. Nor does this include any of the claims which will hereafter be presented to Congress for spoliations, being only for actual services rendered and supplies actually furnished.— The population of Washington Territory is about 10,000, that ol Oregon 80,000. The populations of the Territories are small, ttnd the points to be defended must have been few. Five millions of dollars is a pretty round sum for war expenses alone, there probably not being two thousand volunteers engaged in the war. A Slot i out of Debt and not Wanting Money. The Little Rock (Arkansas) Democrat says that the 'Treasury of Arkansas is overflowing with gold nd silver. The various funds are enumerated that have their hundreds of thou sands of the hard. The Treasury has no bank notes; nothing but specie ih Arkansas; except a small old bartk debt, does not owe a cent, and has in her strong box more gold and silver than will keep the government for two years without any farther taxation.— There are no banks in Arkansas, and the taxes are paid in gold and silver, and the State pays out nothing but that kind of cur rency. MARRIAGES AVFSCTED SV THE TIMES —The records ol the City Register of Boston, Mass., begin to show the effects of hard limes in the decrease of applications for certificates of intentions of marriage. In the month of Oc tober last the deficiency, as compared with Ihe same month in J856, was between fifty and sixty, and duung the ten months of 1857 the decrease, as coroptred with 1856, is be tween one hundred and fifty and two hun dred. The Chinete Sugar Cave a Failure.— Mr. W. H Belcher, of the celebrated sugar refinery at S: Louis, perhaps the highest authority in saccharine matters in the country, has been carefully testing the Chinese cane. He says that it wilt prove a failure as far as sugar making is concerned, and, if it will not gran ulate (as it will not) the syrup does not coo lain a due proportion of CHne sugar. He doubt its virtues as a sugar producing plant. MONTOUR WORKS.—'The Montour Ameri can says, we observe they are nailing up the doors, windows, gates, hie., of these Works, thus giving us tba indications of a stand-still. With this movement, Ihe last hope of theit starting tfcis season, has died away in the minds of the people. Not Ibe workman aloue feel the disastrous consequences of their stoppage, but we ail have a practical demonstration of their importance to the pros parity of Dacville. A Thoughtful is a Priceless Treasure.— Such a one has Mr. Poets, proprietor of the Phoenix Hotel, Lanstngburg, N. York, which was destroyed by fire the • other day. He has learned to his surprise, that his wife had effected an insurance of $1,300 oo the prop erty with her pin money, unknown to bim. Tbe Keller Bill. A correspondent of the Ledger thus refers to the act of the extra session of the legisla ture : Turn over the act of 13th October aa we please, and examine it in whatever light we may ciiooee to viaw it, we shall And its pro visions, when followed out to their legitimate consequences, working nothing but evil to the banks and the community. Better had it been if the Legislature Bud not been call ed together, if, when assembled, they tjad adjourned without doing anything. The op eration of the provisions of the act upon our city banks, and all solvent banks in the State,, is but to obalruo: and embarrasstbem in ttieir endeavors to get themselves into a position to resume specie payments. Its operation on the country baoks, though at present seemingly advantageous, must be ruinous and fstal in the end. Its requirement that the banks shall take bank notea, other than their own, in payment ol debts due to them, ia unjnsl, and in the opiuiorf ol sound lawyers clearly unconstitutional. Its interference with and avoiding of, the contracts existing be tween man and man, is altogether wrong; and its insisting that the banks shsll resume specie payments in six months after its pas sage, while debtots owing the bank and others are allowed more than twelve months' time in which to pay their obligations, is cruel and oppressive. It is a dangerous thing lo break down ar.d prostrate the standard of mercantile integrity in a business communi ty. To legislate a man out of debt is an outrage upon all principles of justice. We I shall for many a long day regret the demur- I alizing influence which this act will produce upon our community. O that our Legisla tors were wise ! O that we had more states men and fewer politicians and currency tink ers among them ! Pity it is that our business matters had not been allowed lo right them selves. When the panio and alarm would have subsided, the confidence ot tbe com munity would have been restored to such of our bar.ks as were worthy of it, and we should now be handling their notes, so fa miliar lo our eyes, instead of the notes of banks hundreds of miles away, of whose goodness we can have no knowledge. Sure ly -'tis better "to bear the ills we suffer than fly to others we know not of." Already our banks begin to feel the pressure of this loath some burthen ; after a while it will become intolerable bdih to them and the commuity Had business matters been allowed to right themselves, debtors and creditors would have come together mid arranged their af fairs between themselves, as tbeir mutual interests might have dictated. This is the only just and business way that such matters can be arranged in. When leg islation steps in lo unsettle account between 1 man and man it does injury—nothing but in jury. II rumor is not at fault, onr city banks already regret that they did nnt refuse to ac cept the provisions of this Act, and throw themselves upon the mercy ol the commu nity. Happy had it been for both parties had they done so! Even at this early mo ment they plainly perceive that with proper management on their part, and a generous forbearance on the part of the communilyi (which the community will, perhaps, have reason lo regret, had not been extended to wards them on the day of tbe panic,) they could easily resume specie payments, even at the lime fixed in tbe act, were it not for the horrible incubus under which they labor of receiving the country bank notes in pay ment of tbeir dues. This "requirement" paralyzes their energies and renders them incapable of moving a single step in the right ! direction. HUKCER MEETING.—The 'hunger meetings' now being held in New York tnd Philadel phia are greet humbugs. Most of ihe lead ing participants in these meetings are hun gerers slier notoriety—nothing more. If these hungerers were really hungry, they would be hunting for something to do, instead ol shooting about the sreets and public squares. A gentleman in New York offered work to one thousand men at one dollar a day, but ihe poor starvelings refused to take less than a dollar and a quarter! If hunger and cold should pinch them shortly, whuse fault will it be * There are many sufferers in the large cit ies, we have no doubt, but they are not to be found among the blathering throngs that assemble in public parks and upset bread carts in the gutter, wantonly destroying what they pretend to be starving for want of—Val ley Spirit. THE Easton (Pa.) Arga) mentions an inci dent of an old gentleman, recently deceased, in Lehigh county, who had been suspected of having considetable money in his house, although no one knew the amount. On ex amining his premises, after his death, no less than eleven thousand dollars were found in specie, which he had doubtless been sav ing and concealing for many years. AN editor out West, advises private debt ors to gel themselvesinoorporated into Banks as soon as possible, because when a man fails, his property is seized, and if he at tempts to evade payments, he is called a "swindler," but when Banks fail they are unfortunate, and ihe Legislature makes it all right. Pretty true. There is now hinging in the bar room of the Bunk Hotel in the borough of Lebanon, • license granted by the "Honorable Gover nor of Pennsylvania, James Penn," in the year one thousand seven hundred and sixty ftve. It is most singular in phraseology,and strictly forbids the "sale or gift of any ititox icating drinks to Indians or notorious drunk ards." . j Sale t>f Valley Forge Properly.—The prop erly of Or. Rowan, at Velley Forge, which has been the subject ol much litigation, was sold last week for $12,600. It was purchas ed by Mr. Rogers, of TredyfTrin township, Cheater county, the original proprietor. Wisconsin Klectlon. Drraorr, Nov. 18.—The Superior (Wis.) Chroniole, of the 10th inst., received this evening, saye that Docglaa county gives Cross, the Democratic candidate for Govern or, 117 majority, wbicb, it is claimed, insures bis election. rHtt sit tit mi t A iii.utai.itix. Important official Despatches —ftngham Young's Proclamation iu Full. WASHINGTON, NOV. 17.—C01. Johnson's let ter, together with Col. Alexander's, was re ceived at the War Department to-day, con firming the destruction of the supply trains ; also a letter and proclamation from Brigham Young, which I herewith send you, and Col. Alexander's reply. Col. Alexander was with in thirty miles of Fort Bridger, which place is occupied by Mormon troops, when he re ceived the following letter from Brigham .Young, through the commander of the "Nau vou Legion "GOVERNOR S Orririi, UTAH TERRITORY, ) "Great Salt Lake City, Sept. 29, 1857. } ''To the Officers Commanding the Forces now Invading Utah Territory : "SIR : By reference to the set of Congress, passed Sept. 9. 1850, organizing the Territory of Utah, you will find the following: "SEC. 2. And be it further enacted, that the executive power and authority in anil over said Territory of Utah shall be vested in a Governor, who shall hold his office for four years, aud until his successor shall be ap pointed ami qualified, unless sooner remov ed by the President of tho United States. The Governor shall reside within said Terri tory, shall be comtnander-iu-chief ot the militia thereof, &c., &c. "I am still the Governor and Superinten dent of Indian ARairs for the Territory, no successor having been appointed and quali fied, as provided by law, nor havo I been re moved by the President of the United States. By virtue of the authority that vested in me, I have issued and forwarded to you a copy of my proclamation forbiding the entrance oi armed forces into the Territory. This you have disregarded. I now further direct that you retire forthwith from the. Territory, by the same route you entered. Should you deem thia impracticable, and prefer to re main until spring in the vicinity of your pre sent encampment, "Black Fork on Green River, you can do so in peace and unmoles ted, on condition that you deposit your arms and atnmnnilion with Lewis Robinson, Quar ter-master General of the Territory, and leave in the spring as soon as the condition of the roads will permit you to march ; anj should you fall short ot provisions, they can be fur nished you upon making proper application the refor. "General D. H. Wells will forward this, and receive any communication you may have to make. "Very respectfully, BRIQIMM YOUNO, Governor & Superintendent of Indian Affairs. The following is the proclamation relerred to by Brigham Young : I 'PROCLAMATION BY THE GOVERNOR. "CITIZENS OF UTAH—We are invaded by a hostile force, who are evidently assailing us to accomplish our overthrow and destruction. For the last twenty-five years, we have trust ed officials of the Government, from con stables and justices to judges, governors, and presidents, only to be scorned, held ir. deri sion, insulted and betrayed. Our houses have been plundered and then burned, our fields laid waste, our principal men butcher eihwhile under the pledged faith of the Gov ernment for their safety, and our families driven from their homes to find that shelter in the'barren •wilderness, and that protection among tbo hostile savages, which were de nied them in the boasted abodes of Chrislt-, auity and civilization. "The Constitution of our common country guaranties unto us all that we do now or have ever cliimed. If the constitutional rights whioh pertain nnto ns as American ci.izens were extended to Utah according to the spirit and meaning thereof, and fairly and impar tially administered,, it is all that we could ask—all that we have ever askeu. "Our opponents have availed themselves - of prejudice existing against us, because of our religious (aith, to aeDd out a formidable host to accomplish our destruction. We have had no privilege nor opportunity ol de fending ourselves Irani the false, foul, and ; unjust aspersions against us before the nation- Tie Government has hoi condescended to 1 cause an investigating committee or other persons to be sent to inquire into and ascer tain the truth, as is customary in such cases. We know those aspersions to he false : but that avails us nothing. We are condemned unheard, and forced to an issue with an armed mercenary mob, which has been sent against us at the instigation ol anonymous letter-writers, ashamed to lather the base, slanderous falsehoods which they have giv en to the public—of corrupt officials, who have brought false accusations against us to screen themselves in their own infamy, and of hireling priests and howling edi ore, who prostitute the truth for filthy lucre's sake. "The issue which has thus been forced upon us compels us to resort to the great first law of self preservation, and stand it: our own defence—a right guarantied unto u* by the genius ol the institutions of our country, and upon which the Government is based. Our duly to ourselves, to our families, requires us not to lamely submit to be driven and slain without an -al'empi to preserve ourselves. Our doty to our country, our holy religion, our Gnd, to freedom and liberty, requires that we should not quietly stand still and see those fetters forging around us which are calcula ted to enslave and bring us in subjection to an unlawful military despoliem, such as can only emanate, in a country of constitutional law, from usurpation, tyranny, and oppres sion. "Therefore, I, Brighton Yonng, Governor and Superintendent of Indian Aflairs for the Territory of Utah, in the name of the people of the United States, in the Territory of Utah, forbid, •'li'irst—All armed forces of every descrip tion from into this Territory, under any pretence whatever. "Second—That all the forces in said Ter ritory hold themselves in readiness to march at aimonneni's notice to repel any and all such invasions. "Third—Martial law is hereby declared to exist io ibis Territory from and after the publi cation of Ibis publication ; and no person shall be allowed |o pass or repass into or through or from this Territory without a per mit Irom the proper officer. "Given under iny hand and seal, at Great Salt Lake City. Territory of Ulah, this fif teenth day of September, A. D. eighteen hun dred and fifty-erven, and of the Independence of the Untied States 01 America the eighty second. I "BKICIIAM Vol' NO." The following in Colonel Alexander's reply to Brigham Young: "HICAMiUARTKRS TF.NTH REGIMENT OF IN- ) FANTRY, CAMP WHTIELD, ON HAM'S FORK, > October 2, 1857. ) "BRIOHAM You NO, Esh ~ Governor of Ulah Territory: "SIR : I have the honor to acknowlege the receipt of your communication of September 29, 1857, with two copies ol a proclamation and one of the laws of Ulah, and have given it an attentive consideration. I am at the present the senior and commanding officer of the troops of the United Slates at this point, and f will submit your letter to the general commanding as soon as he arrives here. "In the meantime, I have only to say that these troops are liore by the order of the Pre sident of the United States, and their further movements andoperations will depend entire ly upon orders issued by competent military authority. "Very respectfully, E. B. ALEXANDER." Among the documents is a letter from Col. Johnson, dated from the camp, on the thtoa wings of the Sweet Water, addressed to Ad jutant General McDowell, New York, inr which he confirms the burning of the con tractor's trains by the Mormons. He says the Governor's escort is four days' march be hind him, two companies of dragoons. lis knows no reason why Col. Alexander should attempt to reach Salt Lake by Bear river, ex cepting from the fear that the Mormons have burned the grass on the shorter route. He adds: "If 1 could communicato with Col. Alexander I would direct him to take up a good position for the winter at Ham's Fork. Tho road is beset between thia and Ham's Fork with companies of Mormons, so it is doubtful whether 1 shall be able to communi cato with Col. Alexander." It is supposed at the War Department that the troops are all in good condition, as noth ing to the contrary is said io the despatches. On the receipt of the above despatches a special mealing of the Cabinet was immedi ately called, but nothing has transpired with reference to their deliberations. Ventilation..lts Necessity-How Best Ef fected. The approach of cold weather, when so much of the time is spent within doors, re minds us that the disregard of ventilia tion causes more colds, consumptions and disease generally, than anybody bat a phys ician would suppose. , The process of breathing, it is well known, vitiates the atmosphere of confined apartments. A tight room, eight feet high, and twelve by fourteen feet square, will have its air poisoned in two hours by three persons sitting in it. In a single hour, a company of twelve persons, in a parlor six teen feet by twenty, and nine ieet high, will render the atmosphere unhealthy, if the doors are closed. Yet, in the face of these scientific facts, there are thousands of households in Philadelphia where, every winter, it is the practice of the family to sit in heated apartments without any provision for ventilation. Nature, even when doors and windows are all closed, makes an effort to ventilate rooms, by forcing fresh air through th® cracks. But it will not do to trust to these especially in sleeping chambers, where ven tilation is peculiarly necessary. The open ing of a window, both at top and at bottom, is one of the best methods of ventilation ; but in order to avoid draughts, it is necessa ry to discriminate between times when the temperature out of doors is colder than within, and when it is the reverse ; for the in the first case, the cold air enters at the j bottom of a window and passes out at the top, while in the other it enters at the top and passes out at the bottom. Ventilating a room, by leaving a door ajar, is governed jby the same rules. Sudden colds which j cannot bo accounted for, often occur by sleeping in draughts, which might have been avoided by a litllo practical knowl edge. It is ittdispensible, however, that the hu man system should be accustomed to cur rents ol air. To remain habitually in warm, close rooms, carefully protected from draughts, is almost certain to cause a cold on going out into the air. If the person is heated, the liability to take cold is very % great on entering a current. But where the whole body is exposed, there is less danger than where only a portion is. A late writer has estimated that any current of air moving with a velocity of more than two feet pe r second, is perilous. This, therefore, may be considered a rule by which to de guided in ventilating apartments. Where it is im possible to introduce fresh air, without a violent current, a screen or other apparatus should bo used, by which to distribute the air more equally and avoid unhealthy draughts. Bed-rooms which have no fire place, should invariably have an opening into the Hue; for many persons fear catch ing cold if they leave their windows down, and such, if there is neither fire-place nor opening into the flue, kill themselves by slow poison. No system of ventilating a room has ever been devised equal to the old fashioned open fire place. But the expense of this method will prevent its returning into gen eral use. As open fire-places are the best ventilators, so stoves are the worst; and unfortunately, of all processes of heating, the stove is the cheapest. Hot-air furnaces combine, practically, economy and health, better than any other method ; but few fur naces are constructed rightly, and fewer still are managed properly. The hot-air should be introduced pure, moist, and equally ; and an opening or openings should be pro vided for it to escape; and yet not one hot air furnace in ten is worked in this way. Where expense is no consideration, a com bination of an air-heating apparatus with open fire-places, gives the nearest approach wnich is possible, to perfect ventilation.— There are hundreds of familios in Philad elphia able to afiord this combination, who nevertheless disregard it, and many of them in consequence, pay the doctor more than they would have to pay the coal dealer, if they adopt it.- Ledger.