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The star of the north. [volume] (Bloomsburg, Pa.) 1849-1866, June 01, 1859, Image 1

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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
H. H. J4COBY, Proprielof.]
VOLUME 11.
ClFilSl <E,np
VCIILIsaSD EVKRV WKD'nRSDAT ST
ttM. 11. JACOfIY,
Dfflte on Main St., 3rd Squirte Wow Market,
TERMS Two Dollars j.er annum if paid
Vithin six months from tho time of subscrib
ing: Wodollars anil filly els. it not paid with
in the yaT. No subscription taken for a less
period than six mtfnvhs; no discontinuance
Xierniitted until all arrearages are paid, un
less at the option of the editor.
The (ri ms of advertising will Ire as follows:
T)ne square, twelve lines, three times, SI 00
Every subseauent insertion, 25
"One square, three months 3 00 :
One year, "0
Choice poetrn.
THE IS#EE DOG IJI THE FlSBj.
BV PAVIU *AhKER.
I know that the world, that the great big
From the peasant up to the king, [world,
Has a different tale Irom the tale I tell,
And a different song to sing.
But for me—and f care not a single fig
If they say I am wrong or am right—
•l shall always go for the weaker dog,
For the under dog tn the fight.
1 know that the world, that the great big
Will never a moment stop, [world
To see whicn dog may be in the fault, j
But will Shout for the dog on lop.
But for me, I never shall pause to ask
Which dog may be in the right, i
For my heart will beat, while ii beats at all, 1
For the uurler dog in the fight.
Perchance what I've said I had l>etter not
Or'twere better 1 had said it incog., [said.
"But with heart and with glass filled chock to
Help's health to tile bottom dog [the brim,
i KINGDOM IWICE LOST.
XVIJ.L IT HOT BK WON 1
To. then, war ba# come at last. After
taionihs of fruitless negotiation, Europe is
plunged into a tremendous conflict, and the
late of Italy is again to be decided by the
sword. The Aasirians have struck the first
blow. Anticipating the advance of the
French over the Alps, they have invaded
Piedmont, with the hope, ol destroying the
Sardinian army before their allies can ar
rive If they succeed in forcing a battle,
the result cannot be doubtful. The undoubt
ed bravery of the Piedmoniese troops could
avail little before the immense disparity ef
numbers. Their only hope is to make an
immediate rqlreal, even il obliged to sacri
fice Turin, and lo throw themselves iMß'the
fortresses of Alessandria and Genoa, and
there wait the arrival ot the French. Better
suffer their capitol to be occupied for a lew
days by tbe.enemy, than risk an encounter
of which the result would.be almost cer
tain destruction. If the Austrians have press
ed on their march, it is not improbable that
they aru now masters of the Sardinian
capital
But this is not the end of the war. It is
bardly the beginning. Scarcely U.id the A us
, trian hussars issue lorm the gates of Milan,
before the French were 011 the march lor
the Alps. It is but a few months since we
crossed the Motil Cenis, the chief route for
the troops, and pvery turn of tho pass is
• distinctly its mind. We can •dlmosl see
the files winding up the rocky gorge, and
clustering in brilliant array on tlnr cold
heights where Hannibal slnod two thousand
* years ago. At the same time, another col
umn takes the route of the Maritime Alps,
while the Mediterranean is already black
with steamers conveying troops from Mar
seilles and Toulon 10 Genoa. When these
hosts appear 011 the scene of war, it is quite
probable that the scales will l turned, and
that tl* Austrians will evacnaie, not only
Turin, but Milan and commence a ueneral
retreat. But is this the end of war ? San
guine patiiots belisto that lire combined
•■Frefich and SardiniaiflEtiny will soon make
an utter end of Austrian dominion in Italy.
4 Heaven grant it may prove .so ! But we
shoald hdpeful were it not for some
rccrtit experiences which we cannot quite
forgets That we may not bo too 'sanguine,
it may be well lo recall eve/fls not far"lis-_
taut, which have occurred 011 this very field.
We have lately passed over both the sc-eno
of the campaign of 1848, and the battle
field of Novara, and seen and talkdd with
snary familiar with all their details. Tw ice
has the hope of Italian liberty beeAtglosi—
will it be realized now ! J
Ten years ago it seemed as if the set
time of God to favor lite na'ions had come.
The Spring of that memorable year was
hailed, as the dawn of universal liberty.—
Tjte revolution in I'uris was the. morning
gun that startled Europe, but even (hat hard- j
!p caused such astonishment as when an,
echo came back from Vienna. Then the
people of Milan rose upon the Austrian J
troops. Theje-Wbght from house to house,'
ajul (jom street lo slreet, and even oo tho |
! roof of the cathedral, till the popular fury 1
s| prevailed over a disciplined soldiery, and |
Shfßadetzky, with his whole army, defiled out;
the city glfees by night aud retreated
jSoroAs the plain* of Lombardy. Then, in
deed, it seemed that the great battle was
JK Italy was free, and the joy of the 1
peoPI knew no bounds. With exultant
heuriwNw thronged to the cathedral to give
tolemMniUce to God for their great victory.
To swell tW general triumph, hardly had
Radetzky Milan, before Charles
Albert crossed t(ftoiier with a Sardinian
army in hot At the same time the
Italian regiments iil|he Austrian army de
serted their flag. Tpfefcweskened nom '
hers and dispirited Opt defeat, Radetzky
withdrew his shattered Sloops within the
walls of Mantua, while King of Sar- (
dittia inustored an array of a hundred
-■--■r" ' -=r—: T- J i. .I*. % - \
BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY. JUNE 1, 185!).
. thousand men,in all the confidence ol vic
tory. Little did he think that, in a lew
weeks that magnificent army would be*ci
tered like the Autumn leaves'.
At that moment it seemed to human Oyb
as if the power of Austria in Italy was
broken forever. Indeed, the Cabine' ol Vi
enna itself lelt that the hattla was lost, and
sought, in terms almost abjeel and humiliat
ing 10 make peace with lire victorious peo
ple. A commissioner from 'he Emperor
appeared with a formal proposition to
I Charles Albert to give dp the whole of Lorn
hardy, if she would assume her portion of
the public debt. Austria offerd to divide
th#territory of Noriheru Italy by the line of*!
the Adige, surrounding Lomliardy to Sar
dinia, while she retained only the Venetian
territory. The king, who knew the hazards
ol battle, was strongly incliqed 10 accept
, the-e terms, but the fiery Italians denounced ,
the proposal as a betrayal of Venice. I hey
would have all'of Italy or none. And so, j
finally, they had none
All this while the veteran Radetzky kept
behind the walls ol Mantua and Verona,
biding his time. Charles Albert, distracted
by these negotiations, and not know-hut very
well how to conduct a Vigorous campaign, j
j sat down helore the walls of Mantua Now
j a seige ol Mantua is about as hopeless an
I undertaking as would he a seige ot Gibraltar
■ It is surrounded with a network ol streams, ,
' and can only be approached over bridges.
! Here ih#o!d Austrian chief, secure behind
his bastions, caimly awaited the arrival ol
reinforcements In a few weeks the Aus !
trian bugles were heard in the pusses til the
Tyrol,and their long columns came Wlirdiug
down into the plains ol Italy. Ihe arrival 1
of these fresh battalions put the Aas
irians in condition to take the field, and
Radetzky, though an old man, well stricken ;
,in years did not lose a 'moment. Issuing j
from his stronghold, he completely ontgen
eralled Chnr es Albert, turned his tlinJiTtTid
attacked turn in the rear, hi a fortnight l.e
fought a hall a dozen battles and was vie- |
lorious in every one, driving the Piedwou
tese arniv before liiin Irom Mantua to Milan, j
and across the frontier into Sardinia. Thus |
in a few s(jort flays, the glorious prize of;
Italian liberty was 10-l, and that beautiful |
territory again consigned 10 years of foreign f
dominion.
But this was not the end of misfortunes. 1
One bitter lesson was pot enough. The !
disastrous campaign of '4B was billowed bv j
the latal deleal of '■, w hen, tor the second
time, the hope of Italy was lost. In August
of the previous year, when driven out ol"
Lombardy, Chiles Albert had entered into
an armistice with Radetzky, which, of
coutse, both expected would be the prglude
to a definite agd permanent peace. Biff
when the king gffl Iqck to Turin, lie found
lie ffed raised festorin which he could not
quelh by their MBIiTTi, and conscious
that it was not owing to Vvaut of valor on
their part, l|g brave Piedinoulese burned j
for another chance lo wipe out the national
disgrace. This ardor was kept up by the
excitement 111 ottier parts ul Italy. The
whole peninsula, was slill agitated,and young
patriots were hurtling to renew the wur of
liberty. The populur enthusiasm as too
strong to be resisted. If violently repressed,
it threatened to break out into Republican
ism. The Sa-dtniati parliament came to
gether on the first ol February, and the
king aftdiesed the chambers in a speech
full of fire, and pointing distinct y tu '
the again lakfug tip arms.
By the terms ol the armistice 11 had been
agreed that if either party should decide 'to
•resume hostilities, it should give the other
eight days' notice. Charles Albert hail de
cided to open the campuiqy oil iff
March, and accordingly on the 12th g cou
rier was sent off with all speed Iroin Tunu
lo Milan to bear the formal declaration.
Marshal Radetzky had been expiring
this issue, ui.il it did not lake hint by
ywise. The old war horae snuffed the
tie from afar. Never was tidings .irqjjq.
eagerly welcomed than this by the
jjf Milan, who hailed it as a new call lo
victory Though Raueizky had
grown gray in arms (he was now 83 years
triiglil claim exduifi ion from the
futigoes til a new caijipaign, lie acted with j
a prointitude untfeuergy which Ins enemies
night admire, Hit certainly did not imitate
j Orders wore sent off to the Austrian detach
ments to leave small garrisons in the towns, 1
1 and march with theiroxholeforee 10 join ltyn.
This course,tnile d ir.volv'd the danger ol in
surrections in the rear. He well knew that il
he experienced any check, th£ w hole couii
i try would break out in another revolution.
' lu fact the people did rise in Hre-ciu, uud
' overpowered the garrison, and were lor
1 several days musters of the place, until
' Hay nan marched upon them Irom Venice,
1 and put down the revolt by u horitd uiassa
' ere. But Radeizky chose to run the/isk for
the sake of main chance. He knew thut il
; he could defeat the Sa diniaus in one pitched
! battle, all these insoluleii insurrections could
be easily suppressed, and with that decision,
which shows hiin to have been a thorough
1 master of war, he determined to concen
trate his whole force and march straight
against the enemy. Of his own troops, ire
, lelt but a small garrison in the citadel ol
Milan, and marched out with all the
rest of his army. But he did not take the
direct road to Turin, but left by '.he Ro
man gate, which led some who had seen
Inm thus depart a year before to jump to j
the conclusion that he was going to retreat.
' But they li.lle understood him .He kept
his counsel, and allowed none lo penetrate
I his designs. He marchod souih, as he had
ordered the several division* of hi* army to '
• concentrate til Pavia, a city close 10 the
Piedmontesft frontier. His orders had been
• promptly obeyed. EKact to the hour, every
I division entered the appointed place of ren
dezvous. On the night of the 19th, the
1 wTTole army was concentrated around Pavia
At twelve o'clock the next day the armis
tice expired, at.d instantly the order was
| given to march, and belore night the whole
! Austrian army were on the soil of Sardinia,
j The easy entrance into their enemy's
country was a great advantage gained,
j As they had to cross a river, their passage
| might have teen iiisputed, and a division
! ol lire I'iedmoiilese army had been appoint
"ed to hold them in check But it was
' not at its post. This umiccounlable negli
gence,il was owing to treach
ery, and General Ramormo, whff com
manded this division. was afterwards tried
I by a Court Martial and shot. But the leaving
of such a post in treacherous or incapable
J hands, showed the wretched management
| which seemed to preside over the whole
; campaign.
j While the Austrians were thus moving
' in and admirable concert, every battalion
1 in li'.e, in the Sardinian camp all was con
fusion. If the government had shown hall
the energy and wisdom of rashness in rush
' ing into it, the result might have been dif
fereut But its councils seemed infatuated
Carried away by a popular tumpit, it had
declared war when totally unprepared. It
had, indeed, a large army, and braver sol
drers never billowed*their chiefs to battle,
1 but all the fruit of courage was lost by wain
lof organization They had not even a lead
er in whom they had confidence, lliej
i hud applied for the services of Marshal Bu-
I geaud, the French general w.ho had been
so distinguished in Alrica, but he would
' not accept, unless he could have supreme
! and absolute command,and this was thought
to gate-Irom the Royal dignity ; and
finally they took up with a Polish general
whd hud gained sortie distinction, in the"
Revolution ol 1831, and who huff utiJoubt
| eilly possessed considerable knowledge id
j the art of war, hut who was wholly ignur
j ant ol the coumry ijt which li£ was to fight. I
! and the materiui which be was to com
| maud., He could not even the lau
i guasge, and hud lo give orders through inter
lp rulers. Of ,a sniail tmimpqyiiig figure,
j there was nothing about him to inspire
J confidence in any army to whicu Ire was,
j u stranger The consequence was, that
wtiile every Aqptrian so dier had unbound- j
ed confidence in his cbuif which tVusilself
a pledge ol victory,.the brave Tiedmoniese
iiiarcbed-bliiidly mui battle with 110 liiug to
rely upon but rlreir own unfailing courage.
Sp utiskilful were the combinations, that
'the "several divisions were* left far apart, uu
supporletl oilier, Py which they
were tupprised in detail, even 011 the field
of Nova'ht it is said that a largo .part of. the
"troops were not brought into battle at all, 1
| but stood, waiting while the rest
!ol Are army was being destroyed ! When
the wri'er'uas in Sardinia £ lew-inoi tlis
ago, he found that the people did (lot like
to speak 01 theseteveiits. They could- not
recull tllem without shame auik
The'ouly redeeming tiling 011 thai lutal day
wus the gallantry of the soldiers, and of
their unhuppy knig. To this no one bore
higher testimony than Radeizky liimselt,
111 his official report", he say* ; " The
uiontese and bavoyards fought like lions j
•and the unfortunate Thurles Albert threw
himself into the thickest ol the danger upon
every possible opportunity. Hn* two sffiis
also tought with brilliant courage " *
But vaill was their courgge and despair.
All was lost. That very night Charles Al
t>erl abdicated his throuu_iii favofol his sqp,
Victor Emanuel, that h could ob
tain better conditions lh<fri wouM be grunt
ed to him
The next morning the young king huff an
j interview with Marshal Radeizky, ad an
Larmistii-e vvu- agreed upon, to bp ffiffowed
pby immediate negotiations for a permanent
peace, lire basis of which was a return to
the state of things belore the war, renuncia
tion by Sardinia of all pretensions to Lom
bardy or Venice, anil reimbursement 10
Austria all the expenses ul the war !
Such was the issue o) ihis niemor.il> e cam
paign, begun and ended in lite days! Tire
rpirinisiice was signed March 24th, just one
year troui the lime that Charles Albert in
, 'fctdeil Lombardy. Such, then, was the fi
nal result ul ad '.he dreams and hopes of
Italian patriots—of the expenditures ol
so touch treasure find so much blood !
With the memory ol these things Ireshln
mind, can anybody wonder that e loel
doubt and misgiving at the issue ol the war
whiclt is now beginning f Whoever studies
the history of lire campaigns of 1848 und
1849, may anticipate, with a good degree of
wuiifidence, the general course of events
The first attempt, as we see already, is 10
repeat the bold stroke ol Radeizky 111 1849,
hy an invasion of Piedmont. II this fail,
then it is probable that the Austrian urmy
wul retreat, not upon Milan, but upon
Mantua. But there it will make a stand ;
and unless the curnpaign is conducted with
great skill, Mantua aud Verona will he the
rocks 011 winch tire combined French and
Sardinian armies will break in pieces. The
issue of lite campaign ot 18*8 shows that it
will never be an easy mutter to drive the
Austrians out of Italy. If the people rise
again in every city, ar.d are victorious ; if
| the French aud Sardinians pour an over
whelming force into Lombardy,—still the
issue is by no means certain. At first these
combined forces may carry all before them.
But then it is probable the Austrians will
I repeat the tactic* of Radetzky io 1848 at
Truth and Rlffbt Rod aptf ior Country.
Mantua and Verotiß. And then comes the
lug o! war Here the Austrians occupy
one ol the strongest military positions in all
Europe, resting on four strong fortresses,
which are so situated as to support euch
oilier. Verona ami Mantua, with Legnago
and Poscliiera, stand t as the angles of a
square, or rhombo d. Their ramparts, brist
, Jiug with cuouon, appear like a vast bal
; tuliiui thrown into a hollow square to repel
a charge of cavalry. This strong position
cannot be attacked with much prospect of
success or at least of immediate success.
It look the great Napoleon nine mouths to
take .Mantua, and so well did he know its
importance, that when once he got il, he
never gave it up until he Inst his throne.
This almost iinpregiii'ble military position
f5 in d'rteilt!oinmuniate|* wfch Austria bv
tire passes ol lire I yrol. lie re then an Aus
trian army will wait, in all security as Ra
detzky w-uited, endeavoring only to main
lain itself until it wearit-e out the enemy, or
until some ungardetl movement enables il
lo strike a decisive blow.
But not only is this a very strong position
for defence, it is one of great danger to an
enemy An invading army, attempting to
drive the Austrians out ol Lombardy, must
advance into Ibis network of fortresses
where any fa.se steps exposes it to destruc
tion. Napoleon once'gnt caught in it, and
extricated himself only by a succession o!
battles and victories. All obstacle* were
overcome by his extraordinary military gen
ius. But the Napoleon who now takes the
"field, though he ucccpies the throne of his
uncle, is not the heir of ixiL vast talent in
,ivar. - *
lu deflult of there
is 110 resource but in an of&rwhelmiiig
strength The iiivadin3*army must be so
superior iu tium l era tha it can afford to di
vide, and leafe one great division to beieu
gtn-r Mantua and Verona while another,
aided by a fleet in lire Adriatic marches
■ Venice or even upon Vienna Oih
ervvise if lire forces are but eqaal, as . the
advantages JrfSjnisitiou are all on ihe sjde of
Austria, nothing but the most exlraordipary
military i-onibiualibflfe, cr *■ me iffrecnunla
ble fortune ol ?ir. cau make the balance
incline to the oilier side. .
Tints, lookitiii at the position ofiho c.fmies
1 in ihe lied, our heartsare.divnhgl between
hope and fear, us the curtain rises on Ihis
| great and bloody drama. We are not salt
i giiiue. yet we' are not dpspomlent. BuPour
; faith in result roiiHk from seineihiug
' higher tt.au ihe plans of Louis Napoleon.
! Some trust in hor.-es and sme in chariots,
hot we 'rust in the name of lire Lord our
God. In this awful hour, while surveying
with an attentive and anxious eye the course
'of events,we would look up devoutly to that
Being who holds t' e the fate of Wtions 111
His hand— Evangelist.
! TitnitirFii: AtSk Brutal (Luzk I'iofiT.—The
fancy ol tl-iscity were in a feveV
of excitement, trwiug to the consummation
of an engagement between James Smith,
a'ias Beuiligo, of Pa, and Cnrley of
tnisfff.y. for Ihe extraordinary sum of *35 a
„ side. The brutal di-play pf pluck and mus
cle arranged 10 come off near the A bio'
raciT-course, and for some time before the
appoiyted lime die locality id. "lhe_ clip
per," on Green street, was alivo with a vtfr
ieil crowd of hnll# and spyrtsmcu, ready
to tqke for the Scene of bnlde iu
furniture cars and baggage wagons. No
ticeable in the crowd were two or iliree po
lice officers, wfo doubt ess took great inter
est in the prepa'rutiolTß lor the tights Not
having the requisite mental refinement to
apprec.ate displays of pugilistic
we were not present ahtiie mill. * We hear,,
however, that eighty six round were fought,
occupying an hour and fil y-seveu minutes,
atMhe end of which die of Curley
threw up die spohgc, in Uikeu ol de'.eut, al
ihough'their principal still showed courage,
and continued eager tor the tray, uolvvith*
standing lliaf both eyPs were deep in mourn
ing, nearly closed, gnvl his lace and head
bure mums ul a teirible pummeliug. Ben
digo got m.h rnbtiey and all the glory his
vaulting ambition coveted Two days ago
odds h>d been given 111 his favor, which
Wbre Withdrawn belnte the combat began.
Curley's Irieuds say in extenuation oT his
deleal dial bo bail just came off his boat,
1 aud had u drop 10 much. Alter the party,
which was a largo one. had relumed lu the
city, a crowd numbering ttvo or three hun
dred gathered at the corner of Green and
I Filth vis., where there was considerable
jangling about Bendigo's victory. An off
handed hglif elivued, in which some liven
jly persons participated Three were arrest
' ed,ull that the officers who were there could
! gat.—M. Louis Kepnblicitn, Miy I tills.
"Ma, is aunty got bees iu Iter mouth t"
— 1 Not why do you ask such a question t"
'Cause that leetle man with aheapo'hair
011 his lace cotch'd hold of tier ami said Ire
| was a going to lake the honey from her
J lips; and she said, "Well make haste V
A price puid for a good newspaper, is
like llits " seed sowed in good ground,' it
brings a thousand fold its value.
* *****
The wives along tho Mississippi never
blow up their husbands. They leave it all
to die steamboats, which are sure 10 do it
sootier or later.
Beecher says there are many persons
who think Sunday is a sponge with which
to wipe out the *in* of the week.
REQUISITES FOG SUCCESS.
To win the prize in the world's great race
A man should have a brazen lace J
An iron arm to give a stroke,
And heart as sturdy as the oak ;
Eyes like a cat good in the dark, -
And teeih as piercing us the shark ;
Ears to hear the gentlest sound,
Like moles that burrow in the ground ;
A mouth as cmse as patent locks,
And stomach stronger than an ox ;
His tongue should be a razor blade,
His conscience India rubber made J
His blood as cold as polar ice,
His hand as gias[fuig as a vice;
His shoulders should.be adequate,
To bear a couple thousand weight;
His legs like pillurs, firm and strong,
To move Ihis greafc machine along :
Willi suppie knees to cringe and crawl,
Aud cloven leet placed under all.
Life of t Newspaper Editor la California.
He rises at 10 o'clock in the morning ;
dresses himself, takes his hut; already pier
ced with three or four bullets, aud goes to a
restaurant to get his breakfast, he returns tu
his office to read the morning papers. He
finds that he is called a wretch in one, in
another a liar, au.l in a third, a villain. He
smiles at the thought of having something
to do and signs his name to three challen
ges, which he always carries about him to
be ready for emergencies. These he dis
patches and sits do n lo write an article,
when he is suddenly interrupted by aurtie
interloper, whom at last he is compelled lo
throw out of the window. At noon lie
learns that his challenges have been ac
cepted for the nexb day. At -three o'clock
he goes to fight avduel which had been ar
tanged the day before, kills his man and
rfflurti*to dinner. On his way to dinner,
he gets mixed up with a riot, and gels some
.bruises and wautuls. When he reaches
his sanctum lie finds an internal machine
or. his table. Without manifesting the
siigJlleSk surprise, Jte throws it out of Iho
window. He then writes a leader 011 mor
al reform—this done, he goes to the theatre-c
Oil his way he is attacked by three men ;
he kills two. and takes the third to the near
est statatiou house! When returning lo hi
office at-tw elve o'clock at night, he beats u
man who tries to rob him ; kills a dog with
a stone ; is almost run o>er by a hackney
couch, sua on die ibreslio-d ol his door re
ceives two mfffe bullets 111 his hut then con
grutulates hini.-j>.U an .having passed a quiet
day; wriie- nil 2 o'clock in the morning;
retires and sleeps tranquilly.
' Tme Mahmiaok Ckklmony. —A year or
' two since, a marriuge ceremony-was per
lormed iu South Carolina by art individual
claiming a magisiyale, but who in
reabiy to as notf und of lire paries united the
1 man. who intended the thing as a jest, hut
j it was made evident thut the woman was in
I earnest and be ieved that the man was—
I The man went about hm business, aud re
fuseiLto acknowledge the woman.ns being
his wife, and was recently sued to recover
compensation for the hoard of the woman
on the ground thai she was his lawful wife.
The Court decided that the marri'ige con
l(acl ami ceremony was valid yiu<t4>iiiding,
uud save- decree lor the plaintiff. The Ciar
entlpd (S C.) thinner, fr'oln whiclt we gel
these facts, states that in tha Stale nothing
, further is necessary 10 estab ish die validity
of a marriage then content of the par
lies, expressed before competent witnesses,
and that consequently the Weaker se c are
npt liable to be imposed npoq,dy ib signing
I men by means of *ham .-marriages. Any
die may solemnize • a marriage, ami "lire
mere d.e parlies
iu the absence of any nlore precise tasiimo
! Ny, is sufficient to establish the fact of their
! martial relation. . * , "to
V Good humor is the blue sky of the soul,
in which every Star of talent will shjuu
more clearly.
• m I ** * '
A beautiful.woman is like a great truth
or 11 groat happiness, and has no more right
to cover herself with a green veil or any
similar abomination than the sun has to
put.oll green spectacles.
An elderly spinster wrote to a friend—'A
widower with ten cliddren has proposed,
and I have accepted. This in the number
I should have been entitled to if 1 had mar
ried at ttie proper lime."
Persons who ascend together in a baloon
mav be the best friends in tire world, ut
starling but very rarely fail, during the dip
to have high words, and coma down to hard
blows.
A retired school master excuses his pas
isnn for angling, by saying that, from con
stant habit, he never feels quite himself tin
less he is handling the rod
If the cdiior of the Matiagorda Cazette,
Texas, is ns good looking as the paper he
prints, he must have a large subscription
lis', of lady subscribers.
" Miss, may I see you home V said a
young man to a flirt.
"No, sir,' was the short reply.
"Oh, 1 don't mean now, bltt some rainy
night, when I can't go any where else."
There are two languages that are univer
sal—the one ol love and the other of mon
ey. The girls understand one, and the
men the other, from CaMon to.Niagara.
. * .
Never ride m a fine carriage, and keep a
score of servants, while your widowed sis
ter trudges on foot, and toils fot her dally
bread.
St. Augustine.
The oldest town in the United States is
j not the least attractive if we may trust the
I highly co ored picture of a correspondent
; of the Philadelphia Press :
" Passing over a very ancient bridge, and
; through the old city gates, and a pleasant
i avenue of fine trees beyond, you come out
I upon the piazza, a pleasant square, faced
| hy the Cathedral, the Protestant Episcopal
; church aud the Court Houre on three sides,
| while the fourth lies open toward the sea
j The city is amiquo and picturesque in the
; extreme. The houses usually of dark stone,
line streets without pavement or side-walk
scarcely wide enough for damage, and over
hung by balconies which almost meet The
effect is altogether foreign a< d novel. The
j old Spanish tort, with its battlements and
wa&h lowers, as perfect as it* Oomple
tion, is the limit ol the town 011 the
North, aud ghe United Slates barracks its
furthest extent towards the South. From
the one 10 the other of these points, our
Government has built a sea-wall, which
< forms a splendid promenade.
The charming atmosphere can neither
be imagined or described ; it must be ex
| perieuced. For an hour or IWO in the tnor
, riiiig, it is apt to t e ton warm, but about leu
, o'clock the sea breeze waits in a solt, bal
■ my daamious air as grateful to the
I senses as a coWial. Pleasure paries tfleet
yon at every turn, the invalid forgets his
I uifirinaty, all disposition to quarrel with
| your hotel keeper for the meagre, eggless
breaklast you have had, forsake you. FO.l
j can only watch the swarthy, dark eyed
j Miiinrcau inhabitants lounging idly it) the
{ sun, whi e the bright waters, the shining
| beach, and the long sea-wall transform the
1 whole picture into a gay sea-port
j the Mediterranean.
Some, young ladies feeling themselves
aggrieved hy ilie severity with which their
friends animadverted on their gay plumes,
crinoline scarlet petticoats, and flounces,
went to t heir pastor to l£arn his opinion*
"Do yon think," said they, " ihat there can
| he any impropriety in wearing these tilings?
" By no means," was the prompt reply.
"Wnen the heart is full ol ridiculous notions,
it is peilectly proper to hung out the sign."
Mn. Jenkins remarked fo his Wife, that
ot her he possessed tour fu.ls ' Name them,
my love." "You are beautiful, dutiful youth'
full, and an arm'ull" "You have ihe ad
vantage of me my dear." " How so, my
precious V ' f have but one JOOI * y| r ,
Jenkins made no farther inquiries.
"Come here, my little dear," said a
man fo a little girl, to*whose sister he was
paying his addresses ; "yon are the sweet
est thing on earth."" "No, I am not." she
replied, artlessly ; "sister says you are the
sweetest." The question was popped the
next di|f.
A witness, on entering the box,had a Tes
tament presented to him, but he declined
to be sworn. Being asked his reasons for
refusing; he natively replied, ' I II tell a lie
wi' ouy tnou i' England, but 1111 not swear
to it "
-*•**-
The most awkward thing in or out of alt
creation, is a woman trying t6 run "£hey
cau ldo it. They are not running institu
tions, except witli their lungties. If their
are two arrangements in tho world that
were nevej made for fleetness on the pen
dal, women and d uck*,
" has your tongue got legs J" "Got
what, child I" ' Got legs, ma V' "Cerlain
tA r nre. but why do ask that silly ques
titiiP]" "Oh nothing only I heard piiqiy
ur tongue was running from morning uti-
I til night, and I was wondering how it could
1 'run' without legs. That's all, ma."
" Judge, can a man dink what he Meases'!
"Certainly." rep'icd tire court, "you may
.rfiink whatever you like." "Den," replied
Dasclie, a smile M triumph flashing across
his Teutonic features, as he glanced at
Judge and Jury "I dinks you ish all a set
I of iiiveruul scoundrels I"
"Father," said a cobbler's lad, pegging
away at an o'd shoe, "they say that trout
bite good now." "Well well," replied the
old gentleman, 1 you stick to your work,and
they won't bile you ! ' The la<> saw the point
of lire old gentleman's remark.
"Dues the razor take hold well V' inquir
ed a darkey who was thaving a gentleman
from the country.
'Yes,' replied the countryman, with tears
in his eyes ; "it takes hold first rate, but it
don't let go worth a cent."
Wur is an editor like trie book of Rave
lalion 1" Because he is full of 'tipes and
shadows," aud mighty voices like, the
sound of many waters, is ever saying lo
him, 'write.'
"Don't get above your business,"as the
lady said lo the shoemaker who was meas
uring her ankle, in order to ascertain the
size of her font.

Lucy fe dne says "there is cottdn in the
ears of men and hope in the bosdttt of wo
men." Lucy has put the cottdu in the
wrong place this time.
Our merits procure us the esteem Ol men
of sense, and our good fortune* that of the
publi*.
[Two Dollars prr Am tain.
NUMBER 21,
Feeding Horics.
The pfaclice of regulating tliß food of
horses by the amount ol wotlc they are reqttir
ed to perform, ia a good one, if properly
followed. For example, a horse when lying
comparatively idle, as in winter, should
have less solid food than amid the hard
work of spring and summer. Again, if *
horse is about to be put to work of extra
labor it is well (b i'ortily him for it with a
little extra feeding beforehand. But the
mistake we refer to is the practice of over
feeding him an hour or so before putting
him to work. If an extra service is re
quired ol a horse on any particular day, aud
an extra feed is to be given him, iet him
have it in the evening beforehand, rather
than in the morning an hour or two before
being put to work. Why so ? Because, if
he is put to work so soon alter eating, his
food'does not become tijgesiad, and- he
is obliged to carry about with him a large
mass of undigested food, which is lather a
burden than a help to him. If he is well
led in the evening befoie, the food is as
similated—changed to flesh and blood—aud
sends health aud vigor through the system.
As a general rule, a working horse should
be fed regularly, both as time and aiuouut.
A GOOD OUT-DOOR WHITE WASH —Take
unslacked lime aud put it into a bucket
with about as much water as will be re
quired i:i use. Then throw in shout half a
pound of tallow for a peck of lime. As the
lime Blacks, the heat will melt the tallow,
when it is to be thoroughly stirred in—the
stirring to be repeated frequently during use
if any grease rises to the surface. No defi
nite experiment have been made to deter
mine the exact weight of tallow for a given
weight of lime. Impure or rancid lard, oil,
other grease, may be used instead of tl
--low. The philosophy of the process is,
that the oily material incorporated into lha
whitewash will prevent its being dissolved
by rains. Any further definite information
respecting this or other preparations, which
the readers of the Ameucan Agriaillwul cau
present, will be gladly received.
CI.EAN MILKING —It is sometimes forgot
ten that the last gill of milk drawn from the
cow's under is the best part of every milk
ing. Careful experiments made in England
show, (according to a report lately publish
ed) quantity of cream obtained
from the last drawn cup from most cows,
exceeds that of the first in the proportion of
twelve to one.' 1 The difference in the qual
ity also is considerable, flence, R person
who unWuly Iwau Uuibwli ajut.t of milk
undrawn, loses in reality jffcout as much
creain as would be afiorded by six or eight
pints at the beginning ; and luses, too that
part of the cream which gives the richness
and high flavor to his butter.
ROMANCE or WHALING LIFE — IUKC KJPB*
1 RIENCE OF A CLERGYMAN SAILOR.— III One* of
| the tiliips which returned recently to this
I port, there came a man who has been what
-1 ing lor nine years. Ho was formerly a min
ister, but taking to the intoxicating cup ho
fvll from grace, left the niinisiry and hia
wife and family, and went, his friends knew
not yhere. In' dissipation he had watted
the lianl earned wagetsof nine years' sea
faring life, and atiived here wretched and
d&iiule. Some temperance friends clothed
I him decently and made efforts to reform
I him, as wo hope with success. A low d&ve
: ago he received a letter fromhis son,in Con
necticut, saying that all the family had long
; supposed him dead, and Uiat his wife had
I married again. The* man has started for
i Connecticut, but what will be the ending of
I th e chapter pf life, remains to be
J New Braijoid Standi rd, May 18.
I AN ELOQUENT EXTRACT. —"Generation afi
ter generation," .says a fine writer, " have
fell as we now lebl, and their lives \VCre a*
active as our own. They passed iiko a va
por, while nature wore the same aspect of
beauty us that her Creator commanded her
|to be. Ihe heavens shall be as bright over
, our graves as they are now around our
[ paths The world will have the Rame atv
| traction for our offspring yet unborn that
| she had once for our children. Yet a little
I while) and all will have happened—thai
( throbbing heart will be stilled and we shall
] be at rest. Our funeral will wind its way,ind
the prayers will be said, and then we shall
< 1-8 left id silenCe and darkness for
I the worm. And it may be, for a short lima
we shall be spoken or, but the things of life
will creep in. and our names will soon ba
lorgotten. Days will continue to move on,
and laughter and song will he heard in tha
room in which we died j and the eye that
mourned for us will be dried, and glisten
again with joy ; and even our children will
cease tu think of us, and will not remem
ber to lisp our names."
"MIPS BROVVN. I have beer, to learn how
to tell fortunes," said A young man to a
brisk brunette. "Just give me your hand,
if you plesse " "La, Mr. White, how sud
dfen you are ! Well, go ask pa."
A gentleman observing ihat be had (alien
asleep during a sermon preached by afcisJtv
op, a wag remarked "that i*. must have beett
Bishop, the composer.''
Ir you wish to be certain of what you get
never marry a girl named Aon; "an" ie an
| indefinite article.
I WITH what 'net' is a lady soonest caught T
1 ID this country, net profile — in Europe, n
I coroiMf.

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