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THE STAR OF THE NORTH.
IV. H. J.ICOBY, Proprietor.] VOLUME 11. THE STAR OP THE NORTH PUBLISHED EVERY WEDNESDAY BV Will. 11. JACOBY, Office on Main St., 3rd Square below Market, TERMS : —Two Dollars per annum if paid j Within six months from the lime of subscrib ing: two dollars and filly cts. if not paid with- ■ In the year. No subscription taken for a less j period than six months; no discontinuance permitted until all arrearages are paid, un less at the option of the editor. 1 'he lei ms of adi et Using will be as follows: One square, twelve lines, three times, SI 00 Every subsequent insertion, 25 One square, three months 3 00 One year 8 00 Choice jJoctrn. Tin; AFRICA* CHIEF. BV WM.' ci'T.I.KN BRVANT. Chained in the market-place he stood, A man of giant frame, Amid the gathering multitude That shrunk to hear his name— All stern of look and strong of brab, His dark eye on the ground ; And silently they gazed on him, As on a lion bound. Vainly, but well, that chief had fought, He was a captive now, Yet pride, that fortune humbles not, Was written on his brow, The scars his dark broad bosom wore, Showed warrior true and brave ; A prince among his tribe before, He could uot be a slave. Then to his conqueror he spake — "My brother is a king ; • Undo this neck'ace Irotn my neck, And take this bracelet ring ; And send me where my brother leigns, And I will fill thy hands With store of ivory from the plains, And gold dust from the sands." "Nut for thy ivory nor thy gold Will I unbind thy chain ; That bloody hand shall never hold The battle-spear again, A price thy riatioti never gave . Shall yet be paid lor thee ; For thou shall be the Christian's slave, In lands beyond the sea." Then wept the warrior chief, and bade To shred his locks away ; And, one by one, each lieuvy braid Before the victor lay. Thick were the plaited locks and long, Anddeltly hidden there Shone many a wedge of gold among The dark and crisped hair. ''Look, feast thy greedy eye with gold Long kept for sorest need ; Take it—tliou askest sums untold, And say that I am freed. Take it—my wile, the long, long day Weeps by the cocoa tree, And my young children leave their And ask in vain lor me." "I take thy gold—but 1 have made 1 hy fetters last and strong, And when that by the cocoa shade Thy wife will wait thee long " Strong was the agony that shook The captive's Irame to hear, And the proud meaning of his took Was changed to mortal tear. His heart was broken—crazed his brain ; , At once his eye grew wild ; He struggled fiercely with his chain, Whispered, and wept, and smiled ; Yet wore not long those fatal bands, And once at shut of day, They drew him forth upon the sands, The foul hyena's prey. Solomon's Temple, A remarkable model of this renowned edifice is now on exhibition at the church in Ninth streot, between Broadway and Fourth avenue. The model is a considera ble building itself. It is in size 24 by 35 feet, on a scale of 14 cubits to 1 cubit, or 21 feet to 1 foot. It contains all (he various orders of architecture supposed to have been prevailing when the temple was erect ed—the Corinthian order predominating.— The inner temple is 8 by 10 feet in size, and 14 feet high; the sanctuary —or Holy of Holies— 2by 6 feet, and 5 feet high. In the temple are 90 rooms, on each floor; and the cloisters surrounding the Court of Israel and Court of Women contain 90 apartments. The columns, cornices, doors, and all other prominent portions of the building are rich ly ornamented. The building shows imi tations of every variety of variegated mar ble, and the greater portions of the orna mental work are gilded. Every depart ment of the temple is complete—the court of the Woman, the Court of Israel, the court of the Priests; the Holy ot Holies, orna mented with gold; the brazen altar used for - burning sacrafices; brazen sea, supported by twelve brazen oxen; in the sea, a runn ing fountain; ten brazen levers used for hauling water; ten golden candlesticks set in front of the inner temple, and seven in front of the altar, the ark, cherubim, table of show-bread,altar of incense,twelve treas ure-chests, etc. Tho slaughtering fixtures, furniture, and the small fixtures belonging to the temple are bestowed in their appro priate places; and, for the better represen tation of life, there are six hundred figures, dressed in the proper costume, appropriate ly placed around the Court and in the in terior of the temple. The exhibition with the explanatory lecture, given frequently during the day, affords much Biblical in struction. The Sunday schools especially, should visit it.— Christian Advocate. NEVER be so rude as to say to a man, "there's the door but say, "Elevate your golgotha to the summit of your pericardium and allow me to present to your occular demonstration, that scientific piece of me chanism which constitues the egress por tion ot this-apanment." SOME libelous fellow says that a woman's heart is the sweetest thing in the world—in fact a perfect honeycomb, full of sells BLOOMSBURG, COLUMBIA COUNTY, PA., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 28. 1859. A Chapter of Whit. The author of the "Tin Trumpet" thus discourses on wit—and illustrates the sub- 1 ject: Wit consists in discovering likenesses— judgment in detecting differences. Wit is i like a ghost, much more often talked of i than seen. To be genuine, it should have l a base of truth, applicability, otherwise it degenerates into flippancy ; as, lor instance, I wlieu swift says : "A very little wit is valu- ] ed in woman, as we are pleased with a few \ words spoken plain by a parrot ;" or when Voltaire remarks, that "Ideas are like I beards; women and young men have ] none." This i* a random facetiousness, if it Deserves that term, which is equally de spicable for its falsehood and its facility. Where shall we discover that rarer spe cies of wit, which, like the vine, bears the more clustures of sweet grapes the oftener it is pruned : or, like the seven-mouthed Nile springs the faster from the head, more copiously it flows from the mouth ? The sensations excited by wit are de stroyed, if it excites the stronger emotions, or even if it be connected with purposes of utility and improvement. We may laugh where it is bitter, as the Sardinians did when they had tasted of their venomous herbs ; but this is the risibility of the mus cles allied lo convulsions rather than to in tellectual pleasure. Leigh Hunt devotes forty pages of one of his hooks—and fails to elucidate the mystery. At last Johnson defines wit as "the faculty of associating dissimilar images in an unusual manner." Sidney Smith, in his "Lectures on Moral and Philosophy," shows the fallacy of this definition, gives a befler, and broaches the startling doctrine that wit, so far from being necessarily a natural gift, might be studied as successful ly as mathematics. It is a question if Sher idan was witly when staggering along, half tipsy, he was eyed by a policeman, and ex claimed confidentially, "My name is VVil berforce—l am a religious man—don't ex pose me." Talleyrand, when asked by a lady fam ous for her beauty and stupidity, how she should rid herself of some of her trouble some admirers, replied : "You have only to open your mouth, ma dame." This, if witty, was also ill-natured. Lord Chatham rebuked a dishonest Chan cellor of the Excheqner by finishing a quo tation the latter had commenced. The de bate turned upon some grant of money for the encouragement of art, which was op posed by the Chancellor of the Exchequer, who finished his speech against Lord Chat ham's motion saying, "Why was not this ointment 6old and the money given to the poor ? Chatham rose and said, "Why did not the noblo lord complete the quotation, ; the application being so striking? As he has shrunk from it, I will finish the verse tor him—"This Judas said, not that he cared for the poor, but because he was a thief, and cariied the bag " It was coarse wit when Lord Byron, who was groaning with agony from a severe attack ot cholic, and exclaiming: "Lord i help me ! I am dying," was told by Tre lawney, "not to make such an infernal fuss about dying." Luttrel tells a story of Sir F. Gould, who had a habit of adding the phrase "On the contrary" to everything he said; a gentle man saying to him, "So I hear, Gould you eat three eggs every morning for breakfast?" "No," replied Sir Francis, "you are mis taken; on the contrary"—"What, the devil," said Luttrel, "does the contrary of eating mean." "Laying thetn, oi course 1" said Sheridan. This was ready wit. Rowland Hill compared a sinner to an osyter which opened its shell, all mouth to take water; just as the sinner, who with his mouth at full stretch, took in the tide of iniquity. "Heavenly grace," he said, "was like a rump of beef—cut and come agaiu— no meager fare, my dear breUuen." Lydia While, an English magazine wri ter, was an invalid, and fancied herself con tinually at death's door, and used to invite people to see her die. A friend, who had gone several times by special invitation, and come away diasappointed, at last re futed to attend, pleading that he "could not afford to waste so much time on a mor tuary uucertainty." Scotchmen are notoriously unabie to ap preciate a joke. Sidney jSmith, who knows them well, says : "It requires a sur gical operation to get a joke into a Scotch understanding. Their only idea of wit or wut, as they call it, is laughing immoder ately at slated intervals." Some of the Irish judges of oldon times were equally dull. One, in giving his dic tum on a certain will case, said he "ihought it very clear that the testator intended to keep a life interest in the estate himself."— To it Curran frankly replied ; "Very true, my lord, very true ; testators generally do secure lite interests to themselves, but in this case 1 think your worship takes the will for the deed. 17" I plows, I sow, I reaps, 1 mows, I gets np wood for winter; 1 digs, I hose, and taters grows, and for what I knows I owes the printer. Ido suppose all knowledge (lows right from the printing-press, so off I goes, in these 'ere clothes, to settle up—l guess. Come in the door is open. AT a colored ball, the following notice was posted on the door-post:—"Tickets fifty cents. No gemmin admitted unless he comes himself." The Grandeur of God. Oft when ploughing the mighty deep, I've beheld His grandeur in the placid ruf fling of the waves—in the gentle breeze of Heaven that wafted me to a far off clime— in the fury of the tempest—in lound sound ing bursts of thunder, amid vivid flashes of lightning—aye.! at a time when fancy pic tured In my imagination the jaws of the ocean as my tomb, and my dirge the eter nal music of its roar. Then again I've viewed it in the abatement of the storrr.— in the ceasing of His anger—in the reno vated splendor of the sky—in the returning brilliancy of tho stare—in the unparalleled bdanty of the luminary of night—and in the tranquility of the winds. Reader! Dost thou think that man can adequately portray the grandeur of his Ma. t Iter? Dost thou suppose that he can dilate on that which is beyond the ken of mortali ty ? The student, in the solitude of his lit tle chamber, may trim and replenish his . midnight lamp and outwatch the slow-pa ced eve; the poet may call in requisition ' his breathing thoughts, and array them in | the all powerful garb of burning eloquence; j the orator may summon to his aid the force of that mighty mind with which lie endow- , ed him; the learned divine, in the hallow ed temple, may extend his hands, uplift his eyes, and bend his knees in the solemn at titude of prayer, and in accents of thanks giving and of praise. But 'tis all in vain to correctly discuss a theme, which is adin tinitum, sublime and magnificent. Grandeur of God! Ye can witness it in the glorious gift of intellect to man—read it in the purer language of his brow—in the splendor of thought—in that victory of mind which causes the mighty of earth to recog nize the magnificent brightness of his namo, | and tho beautiful to hail the brilliaucy of his talents as a tailsman of love. Contemplate it in the mechanism of the human heart—in the construction of the casket by which it is enclosed—in that im mortality therein which will flourish in eter nal youth, long, long after the encircling dust hath crumbled to that from which it qmanated. Behold it in the pleasing melody of the birds as they tune to Heaven their songs in the placid harmony of the air—in the love ly flowers as they throw around their rich est perfume—in the rivulets as thoy leap on their courses—in the glowing loveliness and unmasked beauty of nature : "In every stream his bounty flows, Diffusing joy and wealth ; In every breeze his spirit blows— The breath of life and health." A Miter. Michael Baird, (or Bear, as he was some times called,) who lived near Little York, Pennsylvania, was a miserable miser. His i father left a valuable tarm of Ave hundred j acres in the vicinity of York, with some farming and household articles. He kept a tavern for a number of years—married and raised four children. He .accumulated an immense estate which he reserved so tena ciously that he never offered a dollar (or the education of his children. He was never known to lay out one dollar in cash, for any article he might be in want of; he would either do without it, or find some ' person who would barter with him lor something he could not conveniently sell for tho money. He farmed largely, and kept a large distillery, whieh he supplied entirely i with his own grain. He kept a team for ! conveyance of his whiskey and flour to j Baltimore, where, when he could not sell j for money at a price to suit him, he barter ed for necessaries for his family and tavern, j In this way he amassed an estate worth four hundred thousand dollars. Such was liis attachment to money that he was never | known to credit a single dollar to any man. ' Upon the best mortgage or other security that could be given he would not lend a cent. He never invested one dollar in pub lic funds, neither would he keep the notes of any bank longer than he could get them changed. He deposited his specie in ail iron chest, until it would hold no more. He then provided a strong iron-hooped barrel, which he also filled. After his death his strong boxes yielded two hundred and thir- I ty thousand dollars in gold and silver. The cause of his death was as remarka ble as the course of his life. A gentleman from Virginia offered him twelve dollars a bushel for one hundred and ten bushels of clover seed; but he would not sell it for less than thirteen dollars, and they did not agree. The Beed was afterwards ssut to Philadelphia, where it was sold tor seven dollars per bushel, and brought in Ihe whole five hundred and fifty dollars less than the Virginian had offered for it. On receiving an account of his salo, he walked through his lartn, went to his distillery, and gave directions to his people. He then went to his wagon house and huug himself.—Bel mont Republican, THE Paris papers speak of a naw material to be used in loading fire aims. Sea weed has been found to be the best gun wadding as ever yet used. It answers the purpose admirably, keeping the iron cool, and not iiable to ignition like the cotton wad hither to in use. By order of government large amounts have been gathered on the coasts of Normandy and Brittany. The material has already been distributed lo the ordance department at Vincennes. "UNION is not always strength," as the sailor said when be saw the purser mixing bis rum with water. Troth and Right God and our Country. Damasens. If not the most ancient city in the world as many suppose it to be, Damasens is the oldest place of importance now- remaining of which any mention is made in history. In the story of Abraham, Damascus is spo ken of as the house of birth-place of his steward Eliezer. This was nearly four thousand years ago. Damascus has evor been admired for its remarkable natural beauty. It is called in the highly poetical language of the East, "a pearl surrounded by emeralds." Noth ing can be more beautiful than its position, whether approached from the side of Mount Lebanon on the West, from the desert on the east, or Irom the high road from Alep po on the north. For many miles the city is girded by fertile fjrffls, or gardens, as they are called, and Which being liberally watered by rivers and sparkling streams winding in every direction through them, preserve continually a wonderful freshness and beauty of verdure. The Abana and Pharphar are spoken of by Nanman, the Syrian prince (2 Kings v,) as the pride and glory of Damascus. The view of Damascus as yon first come upon it from the west over the dark range of Anti-Libanus, is one of the most pic turesque and enchanting in the world. The mountains which embrace it on every side, are hot bare and barren crags, like great fortresses erected for its defence, but warm sheltering walls clothed with perpetual beauty; while the entire valley they enclose is covered with the richest and most luxuri ant vegetation. It is said that an Arabian prince, on his way to Damascus, when ha beheld It from the top of the mountain, refused lo go any farther, but erected on the spot where its lowers first burst upon his view, a monu ment with this inscription; "I expect to en ter one Paradise—but if 1 enter this city I shall be so ravished with its beauties as to loose sight of the Paradise which I hope to enter. A recent traveler, describing the ap proach to the city says: "Looking down from an elevation of a thousand feet, upon a vast plain, bordered in the distance by blue mountains, and occupied by a rich luxuriant forest of the walnut, the fig, the promegrante, the plum, apricot, the citron, the locust, the pear, and the apple forming a waving grove of more than fifty miles in circuit, we saw, gradually rising in the dis tance, the swelling leaden domes the gild ed eresentß, and marblemimrets of Damas cus; while in the centre of all, winding to wards the city, ran the main stream of the river Barrada," which is tho namo now giv en to the two rivers after thy become uni ted. But, beautiful and romantic as are its I ample surroundings, the interior of the city j does not correspond with the exquisite : beauty of its environs. In (he Armenian, quarter, it is particularly disagreeable. The < houses are generally low, flat, filthy, and ; very miserably lighted. Thoe ot the prin- ; cipal merchants, though not inviting in their exterior, are furnished with great ele gance. The s:reets are genetally very nar- ( row, so that one can almost (Sep across on the tops of the houses. Thero is one fine, wide street, lined with palaces of the nobil ity of the land, which are magnificent in their internal arrangement and ornaments, while presenting on the street side long gray, dull walls, with very few windows, and a single gateway, opening into a court. The shops, or bazaars, are many, and filled with all the luxuries of the East. In the midst of the bazaars stands the great Kahu, or hotel, of Hassan Pasha the finest establishment of the kind in the East. It was built about the beginning of the pres ent century. Its immense cupola, whose bold springing arch is only inferior lo that of St. Peter's at Rome, is supported on fine granite columns, and is one ot the finest objects in the cilv. Not far trom tffis is the principal mosque, which you know, is a Mohammedan place of worship. It was formerly a Christian church, consecrated to St. John. "The street which is called Straight,'' [Acts IX ll,] in which Saul took lodgings at the house of Judas, when, as a convert to the faith he came to proseoule, he enter ed Damascus blind—is still shown to the traveler. It is a mije in length, and takes its name Irom the fact that it leads direct from the gate to the palace of the Pasha. What wonderful things this old city has seen. How many remarkable men, from the days of Abraham all the way down the course of time, have been there. How many important events, how many wars and desolations has this one place witness ed*. Hundreds of cities, larger and more magnificent than this ever was, have risen, flourished, decayed and passed away since Damascus was a city of note; and she al most alone of all the place of antiquity, re mains—a city, a capital, a mart of business, flourishing center of Eastern wealth and enterprise. The city was conquered by David, by the Babylonians and the Persians, by Alexan der the Great, by the by the' R omans, by the Arabians, by the Phoenicians, by the Greek Christian. Emperors, and by the Saracens, under whom it became Mr a time the capital of the whole Mussulman Empire. It afterwards fell into the hands of the Turks, and was made very famous by the great Saladin. In 1301 it was cap lured by Timour the Tartar, who treated the inhabitants with great barbarity. It is now a province of the Ottoman Empire, whose seat is at Constantinople. The Labor of Making Hoops. A correspondent of the Hartford "Times'' ' gives the following curious tacts respecting the manufacture of steel hoops for ladies' skirts, at the mill of Henry S. Washburn, I of Worcester, Massachusetts : Mr. Henry S. Washburn makes some of I the finest wire in the word. He showed us a specimen ol No 62 iron wire, finer than a hair. It weighed only seven ounces and was 78,900 feet, or thirteen miles, fifteen rods, twelve feet and six inches in length ! It was drawn cold from a piece of iron one fourth of an inch in diameter. • Mr. Washburn manufactures twenty thou sand yards a day of steel crinoline, or flat; wire, which is here tempered and covered, all ready for the ladies' skirts. The manu- ■ factum of this kind o' wire (or hoops) is immense. Mr. Washburn estimates that at least five thousand tons of steel and iron are i used annually in this way for the ladies of the United States', South America and Mex-, ico. It is sold when covered, at wholesale, at about fifty cents a pound, and about three quarters of a pound is required for each skirt. Indeed, we suppose that his esti- ; matd of five thousand tons of hoops a year is quite too low. There are, undoubtedly, ! ten millions of females in this country and the South American states who wear hoops. Many of them wear out a half dozen skirts I a year; suppose the average to be three a ' year to each, and the iron of each weighs 1 only half a pound—we have fifteen mil- J lions of pounds of steel and iron hoops i used up by the ladies of the United States ' and South American States every year or | seven thousand five hundred and fifty-five ! tons, costing seven and a half millions of. dollars. Now imagine the amount of labor, of mor.ey, and of skill brought into active ser vice by this fashion of spreading the Bkirts by hoops. See the dusky miners cutting their way into the bowls of the earth to briug up the thousands of tons of iron ore necessary to make these hoops; the long train of mules necessary to draw it to the furnaces where it is melted into "pigs"; tho many men and boys employed to plant, [ hoe, mow, rake and pitch, to produce food | for the mules and the miners, the puddlers j and smelters, the iron workers and the iron drawers; and the machinery, too, necessary j to bring the wire into flattened shape and . comely form, to temper it, and to cover it. Think ol the wear of brans and the test of; genius, to produce these results—of the amount of coal (uud here comes in the mi ners, and the mules, and the producers again,) to keep the boilers steaming and the machinery running for making this wire. And then again, of the force directly em ployed in this skirt hoop manufacture. Mr. Washburn alone employs sixty seven men and boys and thirty-three females in straightening, flattening, tempering, cover ing and packing these hoops. And then j we must not lose sight of the fact that these ! too, must be fed and clothed—keeping the tailors, anu milliners, and shoemakers in | motion to cover them, and the butchers and | the millers as well as farmers to produce, : and the Bridgets in the kitchen to cook for i them. And this is no: the half of it! Like | the hoop itself, round and round dose this I estimate go, never ending, but always puf. ' fing and swelling up, drawing into its folds | miners, iron mongers, mechanics, artisans, j inventors, farmers, grocers, dry-goodsmen, | and the mills that supply them, doctors, | hostlers, cooks, waiters and milliners—all, j all in aid of this little thin iron hoop that | runs round and round tho skirts of our wives and daughters, pufiing them out of I proportion, and making it inconvenient for them to ride in the stage coaches and sit in i church pews. And what is the product of I the hoop per seel Its influence not upon i the hearts, but upon the muscle of man- I kind, is great and sets astir a large number of the industrial classes and the men of ge nius. But what does it produce? Why, merely the grand climacteric of the puff and bloat of fashion—that's all. But how odd and droary it would be to see the ladies now-a days without hoops. \Ve should, all of us, involuntarily shudder at the sight, so firmly does Fashian thrust and twist her long fingers in out hair, turning and trun ing the grip til our eyes start out and turn up, seeing nothing save beautiful mists, and shadows, variegated, forming into shapes and imaginary substances before our gaze. Indeed, now that we become used to the hoops, it would be shocking enough to part with them. So go on Mr. Washburn—you and others in the same work—go on with your furnaces, your trip-hammers, your cog wheels, ponderous machinery, your hissing boilers and groan ing engines—go on, fill up your coal bunk ers, keep the mills running and the employ ees busy—turn out you seven and a half millions ol dollars worth annually—the la dies will take them promptly, the husbands and fathers will pay, and you and your em ployees will prosper. Let no man say that there can never any good come out of the hooped skirts. They swell—the prosperity of the country. IT would be better not to reward a brave action than to reward it ill. A soldier had his two hands carried off at the wrist by a 6hot. His colonel offered him a crown. "It was not my gloves, but my hands, that I lost, colonel," said the poor soldier, re proachfully. A preacher lately said, in his sermon, "let women remember, while putting on their profuse and expensive attire, how nar row are of Paradise." A Tale of linreqilcd Love. The editor of the Eureka Union relates as follows how he once fell in love and got the "mitten !" We were never, kind readers, "desperate in love" but once, at:d that was with a ted— no, aburn-haired girl with a freckled com plexion, and who had but few pretentions i to beauty; bin then she had snfin really; beautllul eyes, deep liquid orbs, through } which her soul in moments of tenderness, | looked out with a passionate fervor and in | joyous mirth flashed and sparkled with the ( light of a thousand dew drops—diamonds j wo were going to say—but we never saw a thousand diamonds. Her name Was Laura, i which when breathed softly, by a very soft \ IovSV, is a very soft name—and her clear, ringing laugh fell all around you, like a j shower of silver bells. Moreover she wore | a dark wine-colored dress, trimmed with I lilac colored velvet and black fringe, with a ; neat little white collar of fine lace, which ! is the prettiest of dresses, and has the ef- I feet to make a very plain girl to look abso lutely charming. She never perforated her ears to hang thereby a pedulum of glass and brass, and the only ornament on the little ■ white hand, which needed none, was a j plain gold ring sacred to the memory of a ' maiden promise. Well, one evening—it was moonlight, in | the summer time—we sat alone on ihe i porch by the cottage door, holding that lit- I lie white hand in a gentle pressure, one j arm had stolen around her waist; and a | silent sting ol joy, "liko the music of the , night,'"was in our soul. Our lipe met in I sweet delicious kisses,and Dending softly to \ her ear, we whispered a tale of passionate j devotion—we proposed. In a moment she tore her hand from ours, and with a look of ineffable scorn, she said in a voice tremb ling with suppressed rage, "what! marry an editor ? You get out!" We slid. Wonders of the Microscope. Did it ever occur to you to endeavor to compute or realize to the mind the count less myriads of living entities, that make the numbers of the human race appear as but a "handful of corn" to the harvest of whole continents? Here is a little bottle, containing about a cubic inch ol fluid ; it is not a pleasant compound, being only an infusion of putrid flesh ; but it will answer our purpose wonderfully. We will take a very minute drop of it on the point of a needle, and transler it lo the 6tage of the microscope, and carefully, (to avoid wet ting the glass) bring down the one-eighth of an inch object glass to bear upon it. Now look and you will see countless swarms of moving creatures, 100 small even under this very high power, to allow their form to be clearly defined. You may see, howev er, that some are round, some oval, some pyriform, and some fusiform, Wherever you look they are so closely crowded to gether that there is no interval between them; each is perhaps on an average the one two thousandth of a line, or the one twenty-four thousandth of an inch in diam eier; in one ordinary sized drop of water there will be about eight thousand millions of living beings; and in this little bottle, containing only one cubic inch, there are j so many that it would employ the whole of I the inhabitants of England and Wales a fortnight to count them; allowing each, adult or infant, to count one hundred every minute for ten hours each day ; in other words, about fourteen thousand times as many as the whole human inhabitants of j tho earth. In your field of view just now, ! you have much less than the hundredth j part of a drop of the fluid; yet you try in j vain to form any directly enumerative con ception of the multitude.— Eclectic hlagazme The Heavens in December. Next to Orion the finest constellation now j visbible is Taurus. It is distinguished by i the sevon stars, Pleiades, and by that fam ous cluster known as the Hyadenythe shape ; of the latter being that of the letter V. The [ star at the angle of letter is in the noße of the | Bull. The stars in the extremities of the 1 letter from the right and left eye, the name | of the latter being Aldebarn, which is one j ol the nine stars which mariners use in / finding their position at sea Two stars i fornting a straight line with Betelgeux are | iu the trips of very long horns. The bright- I est of the seven stars is Alcyone which nc ! cording to Medler is the Great Central Sun | around which our own and all other visible suns are making their mighty revolutions. ; The distance of this has been estimated at 3580 trillions of miles. If the stars were blotted from existence, to-day, it would take more than 500 yeais for the fact to reach the earth, light moving at the rate of 200,000 miles in a second of time. It takes our sun at least eighteen millions or years to make one revo ution around this central tun. It the calculations of Madler are correct, the size of Alcyone must be equal to more than one hundred millions of our own sun which is itself no mean body This is the one starry system. If it is re membered that Alcyone doubtless forms one of several hundred millions of starß which, in obedience to an all pervading power, are floating around the sun whose distance may be calculatod only on analog ical principles, the extensive scale tfn which the Universe has been constructed begins to be apparent, and we are all the more profoundly impressed with the very simpli. city of the law which holds all these worlds together. A lesson of humanity is again taught, fot our little earth might be blown to fragments without being missed at the secondary center around which it revolves- [Two Dollars per Annna NUMBER 51. From Taurus let the eye wander toward* the Zenith and the slats may be designated as follows: A little to the west at 9 is the great equate of i'egasus. It is hardly possible lor an observer to fail to distinguish this square. The north ern star is named Alpheratz, and is the the head of Andromeda. The Southern star is named Algenib, and these two stars mark the line of the Equinoctial Colure, which ctosses the Equator and Equinoctial Point about as far to the South of Algenld as this is distant from Alpheratz. This is the best direction that can be given for determining the locality of this point which, as related to the heavens, is of the same importance as the city of ''Greenwich near London" to the earth; the longitude and right-ascension of every star being reckoned from this point; the former on the ecliptic, the latter on the celestial equater. This last line rons par allel with the line drawn through the South ern star, Algenib, arid the Southeast Markab, of the square, crossing the Western Fish, the Urn and the head of Aquarins as it passes to the west. The Urn is Readily made out, from the fact that its four princi pal stars form a figure somewhat resembling an urn. The remaining star of the square, that oil the northwest is Shoat Alperas. If a line be drawn through this last star and Algenib and continued toward the south east some distance, it will pass very near one ol the most remarkable stars in the heavens, Maria, of the largest of all the constellations. Maria is a "veritable star," situated in the "neck" of the Whale. It has a period of about 334 days, a part of the time being a star of the second magni tude, that is as large as either stars of the square, and part of the lime being invisible to the unaided eye. A question as to the cause of this change Immediately springs np, and is, probably, best answered by the supposition that some body revolves regu larly around it, hiding the star from view a portion of the time. That this supposition of astonomers is the true one is rendered strongly probable from the tact that Algal, a brighter star in the Head of Medusa, which is now in a fine position for observa tion, shines a star of the second magnitude for 2 days 13 hours and 30 minutes, when it suddenly diminishes in splendor to a star of-lhe fourth magnitude, its maximum dim ness lasting only filteen minutes. Its whole period is 2 days 20 hours and 49 minutes, during which, for Beven hours, it is a star of the fourth magnitude or less. A large plan et passing round it regularly in the same interval of time would account for its vari ous appearances. The best way to find Algal is this: Alpheratz Mirach and Almaach form near lj a right line pointing toward the northeast and southwest. These three stars are in the head, girdle and right foot of Androme da. respectively, that in the girdle being almost exactly overhead at 9 o'clock. Al gal is a large star directly east of the last star named, Almaach, and but a short dis tance from it — Mobile Doily Advertiser. SYMPATHY TOR THE ERRINO. —Of how much of our indignation against even a deliberate wrong would we be disarmed, if we could but know ourselves a tithe of all the sorrow, and trouble, and disappointment the poor, erring heart had passed through. What efforts were made in youth to stand np against the pressure of the world, and how, when fallen from miscalculation, or an-over-confiding nature, or want of tact, it bravely rose up and tried again; and, when hard necessity came and drove it to the wall, how it looked around lor help, and waited, still striving to stand upright, and fell with striving; and even, when fallen, how it yearned for one more chance to rise and bo a man—how loth at last to give up all for lost! Could we but see a thousandth part of these struggles, as they rend our brother's bosom, and almost break his heart, how should it disarm us of our vindictive ness and incline us oven to run to him and raise him up, and stand by him, and, with God-like forgiveness, bid him, "Try, try, again!" A Vsav NEAT SELL. —A friend of ours, who prides himself upon his knowledge of coins, was very neatly sold by an old ac quaintance a day or two since. The latter exhibited an American coin resembling the new quarter dollar, and asked him if he could "distinguish anything peculiar about it V "I cannot," replied he, 'lbut why do you ask V "Because," replied the other, "they can be hd anywhere about town for twelve and thirteen cents." "It is possible? remarked the iudge of coins ;"I thought it felt light! For how much did you say they be had I "For twelve and thirteen cents," replied the other. "Oh!" exclaimed the victim; as the "sell," dawned upon him, "twelve and thirteen make twenty-five." THE QUESTION or DUTY. —It is a hard con dition of our existence here, that every ex ultation must have its depression. God will not let us have heaven here below, but only such glimpses and faint showings as parent* sometimes give to children, when they show them beforehand tb% jewelry and pictures and stores of rare and curious treasuries which they hold to tho possession of their riper years. So it very often hap pens that the man who haß gone to bod an angel, feeling as if all sins were forever vanquished, and he himself immutably grounded in love, may wake the next (morning with a sick headache, and, if he be not careful, may scold about his break fast like s miserable sinner.— Mr*. Stove.