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®ciuitg | mitral . IS PCBLISfIBD ITOT SATCRDAT, AT WtATarrllU, Trialtjr Coulfi C«llfor«lA i DAVID RGORDON, ZbITOR AND PROPEUTOR. OPFICB —HOSLINOER A CO.’S BUILDING, UP STAIRS, (LATE ARMORY HALL.) BntoaoripUtm R»t«a-I»» Advance i One jar, $5 00 | Six months, 13 00 | Three month*, $2 00. $&• The neper will be mailed semi-monthly to any addree* In the Atlantic State# or Europe at the above «tM, and the necessary amount for postage (which most be prepaid) added on all papers going out of the United States. lain of JdoerUstmg s One sonar*, of 10 line# or less, first Insertion, - - WOO Bach subsequent Insertion, - - • ’ ' ' ' _ T * uu (00 I»r cent, discount to Yearly advertisers.) Profcaelonal cards, (6 lines or less) per year - - - - 20 00 Notices of Benevolent or other societies, per year, - 12 00 = COUNTY OFFICIAL DIRECTORY. m eW Jndee EPHRAIM GARTER. rwt? Jnd£' - JOHN MURPHY. Su Pt (T J dK JAMES COCHRAN. crajcl GEO. H. BUNKER. District Attorney B. F. ALLEN. Superintendent Public Instrnctlon D.E GORDON. Coroner and Administrator JOHN ADAMS. HOSTETTER’S CELEBRATED Stomach Bitters! A PURE AND POWERFUL TONIC, CORRECTIVE and ALTERATIVE! OP WONDERFUL EFFICACY IN DISEASES STOMACH, LIVER and BOWELS! CURES DYSPEPSIA, LIVER COMPLAINT, HEADACHE, GENERAL DEBILITY, NERVOUSNESS, DEPRESS ION OF SPIRITS, CONSTIPATION, COLIC, INTERMITTENT FEVER, CRAMPS, SPASMS, and all Omplaints of ci ther Sex, arising from Bodily Weal-nets, whether inhe rent in the system , OB PRODUCED BY SPECIAL CAUSES. -faTOTHTNO THAT IS NOT WHOLESOME, GENIAL AND deadly botanical balsamic herbs.and plants, -iSSS t all ditftmiv. etlmulanta 3S JSSSSSSSI M2Rf fnm? Olp An*, it exercises an electric influence. In Jhe “onValMCent stage* of all disease. it operate* a* a de llKhtfal lnTignrant. When the powe« of .nature are relaxed. It operate* to reinforce and re-establish them. The weak etomacb ie rapidly invigorated, and the appetite reetored hy thii agreeable Tonic, and hence it work* wonders in caee of DYSPEPSIA, and In lean confirmed fonns of Indi llow. Acting ae a gentle and painless aperient, as well as unon the liver.it alao invariably relieves the Constipation in- S by irregular action of the digestive secretive organs. Persons of feeble habit, liable to Nervous attacks. Lowness of Spirits and Fits of Languor, find prompt and permanent relief from the Bitters. The testimony on thi* point Is most conclusive, end come* from both sexes. The agony of BILIOUS COLIC Is immediately assuaged by a single ifoeeof the stimulant, and by occasionally resort ing to it? the return of the complaint may be prevented. Last though not least.lt is the ONLY SAFE STIMULANT, being manufactured from sound and innoccnou* materials, and entirely free from the acid elements present more or less in all the ordinary tonics and stomachic* of the day. No family medicine ha* been so unlvoiually, and, it may be truly added, deservedly popular with the intelligent por tion of the community, as Moslsller s Bitters. ■ SOLD BY - Druggists, Grocers and Storekeepers »V*RTWHERX» A!»D BT HOSTETTER, SMITH & DEAN, SOLK AGENTS FOR THE PACIFIC COAST, 401, 403 and 405 Battery *t-, (Corner of Clay street,) - - • RAN FRANCISCO. — 2s.ll;26t:cnru:otc. $lOO Beward For an Incurable Caee! Special attention Is respectfully dl- • reeled to our exclusive manufacture of the celebrated Golden Balsam, a prepara tion never known to fail In tho cure of SypW lis, in all It. stages, mid used in the French Ho* pital. for the fast ten years with the gr«t«t succ««. or obvious reasons, we cannot publish the tutimomal. of ,e thousand, who has* been cured by It, but .n the in timetable case. In which it ha. bean * dn,lni,t ** sve yet to learn an instance of it. failure. GOLDEN ALBAM, No. 1, for flrst and second stages, such as tores a the legs or body, sore eyes, etc. Golden Balsam, No. 2, >r Tertiary. Mercurial or SypbaleUc Rheumatism, pains in lie bones, etc. Sent by express to any part of tho Pacific oast. Price, Fifty Dollars per dozen, or Five Dollars per ottls. C. F. RICHARDS *. CO., Yholesale and Retail Druggists and Chemists, corner Clay and Sansoma street*, San Francisco, tola agents, to whom all ardors most he addressed. Also, agents tor the celebrated Spanish Antidote, a prepare tiun warranted to core Gonorrhoea, Gleet, Irritation. Gravel, and all Urinary de raagements Neither of the above genuine without oar signa tßr tare across the far* of the IS. label. I T . [U. 8. Revenue Stamp, M cent*,—Sept. T, 1866, A. J.Xe, county Clerk.] PPm 1 ?* V! WWIiFMCTr-B THBCX . t £.°'? U V“ * o i for .i K * county of Trinity, State of fiwnla —la the matter of the petition of WILLIAM LIT “ Insolvent Debtor.—Pnreuant to an order of Hon. , Morphy, county Judge of Trinity county, notice is he f iT T n 10 * ll . th ? crediton, of uUd fimoiveM Wm. little, I ™ ■PP** r before the Hoc. John Morphy, elrirf fI il In Court,***' Court room of the toe Weaverrille. county and Bute -f rrnlii, on Mnmdar.th. Ifith «.y On taker, IM *’ *f, i 0 o ' c ' oek . An. of said ifag, then and there to i cause, if any they can, why the prayer of the said should not he granted, an smignmeit ofkkMh bJi fro “ thdebu and u3bSS£ tap aaM Ofthastatau in sneh case made and provided and 1 meantime all proceedings against add ituolrent be stay. Witaecs my band and seal of said Court, this Ttl [l*l of September, A. D, 1886. 3*6‘- A. J. LOOMIS, Cle ®l«kla Smut i) laurmil. g JPamily: getepapu, Inkepenlmit in anti ftbiA tv tfis gtitentimrat n! lame §hrtefc, Sfalwnt, &c. Union Hotel! COURT STREET, WEAVERVIIIE. TOLLMERI, PAULSKH * WEISK, PROPRIETORS. THE PRUfcRIETORS AN nonnce to their old friends and the public that they have just enlarged and re-fitted this old and popular Hotel, and are now prepar ed to famish Sleeping accommodations for fifty persons. A fine PARLOR has been added to the House, together with a number of DOUBLE ROOMS FOR FAMILIES. The TABLE will be well supplied with every thing the market of this section affords, and ev ery attention paid to the wants of patrons. VST" Stages leave this House daily for Shasta and Trinity river. OTTO VOLLMERS, . PETER PAULSEN, PETER WEISE. Weaverville, August 1, 1866. 30.t0. M& Bank Exchange SALOON. FRANK W. YOITWG, - Proprietor. Excellent Liquors and Cigars! 2 Fine Marble-Top Billiard Tables, ALWAYS IN GOOD ORDER. For Sale —Balia and Billiard Trimmings, ipenorally. Balls colored at |1 per Sett. Weaverville, May 20, 1866. Ivll. TRIMTV CENTER iTEL! HALL a WILLIAMS, Proprietors. m HAVING PURCHASED AND THOR oughly refitted the above old established stand, the proprietors respectfully solicit a trial of their accommodations by sojourners and the traveling public. The SLEEPING APARTMENTS Are second to no House in the North, and the Table is supplied with the choicest of everything afforded in a mountain market. fjf Connected with the House are good Sta bles, where animals will be well fed and cared for. Every attention will be given those who may favor the House with their patronage. GEO. WILLIAMS, DAVID HALL. Trinity Center, July 1, 1866. 25.t0. GREENE’S HOTEL! A N D STAGE HOUSE 1 Main street, Shasta, California. THE X T NDERSIGNED HAS PUR — chased the old and popular stand known •lilßasthe AMERICAN HOTEL, where he Sfilß will henceforth be found, ready and wil ling to devote his whole attention to the wants of his old friends and the traveling public. ggy- The office of the California Stage Compa ny has been removed to the new House, from which coaches leave in all directions daily.— Travelers may rest assured that the Table and Sleeping Accommodations Will be second to no Hotel in Northern Califor nia. A trial of the new Hotel and Stage House is solicited by TOM. GREENE, Proprietor. Shasta, June 15, 1865. L3.ts. EMPIRE HOTEL! Main Street, Weaverville. MTHE UNDERSIGNED RESPECTFUL- Iy announces to his friends and the trav eling public that having thoroughly ren ovated and repaired the above Hotel, he is now prepared to furnish superior BOARDING ACCOMMODATIONS to all who favor him with their patronage. The Table will be supplied with the best of every thing which can be obtained, and the Bar with chice Wines and Liquors. WM. CONDON. Weaverville, May 10, 1866. 18-to. NEW’ 7 "YORK HOTEL and Stage House! MAD, STREET, - - WEAVERVILLE. MORRIS * BEADY, Proprietor*. MDk pany’s office i KTHIS HOTEL IS FIRE-PROOF, l and offers superior accommodations ,to both the resident and traveling | public. The California Stage Com ce is at this Hotel. JAS. MORRIS, B. BRADY. Weaverville, July 1, 1864. 25.t0. PACIFIC BREWERY (OLD STAND—MAIN STREET—WEAVERVILLE.) LORENZ A HAGLEMAH, Late of the bavaria brewery, hav ing purchased the entire interest of Walter * Co. in the above establishment, are prepared to supply the public with a choice article of Pur© Lager Beer, IN KEGS OB BOTTLES. fgf Attention is called to the fhet Wwm furnishing a superior article ofßeer forN ING PURPOSES —so pronounced by those who have used it. Orders left at the lw promptly filled, and Beer delivered without ad ditional charge. Also, lODA tad BAJRBAPAB.ILLA, manufactured after the JOHN HAOLBMAN. Weaverville, Oct. 20, 1866. 42 to - ABE YOU INSURED ? WEAVERYILLE, CALIFORNIA. SEPTEMBER 29,1866. WEAVERVILLE ' DRUG STORE. M. Oberdeener, (Successor to M. F. Griffin,) DEALER IN Drugs, IVledicines, PATENT MEDICINES, PEEFUMEEY, TOILET AETIOLES, Etc. [AVING PURCHASED THE ENTIRE STOCK contained in the above establishment, I shall henceforth keep a full and complete as sortment of all articles usually found in a well regulated Drug Store. Physlclana’ Prescriptions i Will be carefully and properly compounded AT ALL HOURS. Traders Supplied on Liberal Terms. THE Weaverville Book Store has also been combined with the establishment, and a well-selected stock of BLANK BOOKS, WRITING PAPER, Stationery, Cutlery, Gold Pens, PHOTOGRAPH ALBUMS FANCY ARTICLES. MUSICAL INSTRUMENTS, VIOLIN STRINGS, Etc., will be kept. ALSO, School, Standard and Miscellaneous Books, Newspapers, Magazines, etc., VHOIESALE AND RETAIL. Weaverville, March 15, 1866. 10.tf. PHILADELPHIA a m w HOBLIN6EE & 00., MANUFACTURERS AND DIALERS IS BOOTS, SHOES, SLIPPERS, GAITERS, CHILDREN’S SHOES, In great variety. Saddlery, Whip* Leather and Findings. ~ HAVING JUST RE ceived a large stock of new goods in our line, ■as well as a full sup- I ply of material, we are now prepared to sell goods very cheap, and to manufacture Boots to order at short notice .nd living rates. We have a fine assortment of knkert’s Boots and Miles & Sons’ SLIPPERS and GAITERS, on hand. Repairing done at short notice. The pub ic is requested to give us a trial. J. M. EINFALT, V. HOSLINGER. Weaverville, June 5, 1866. 19.t0. I. COMSTOCK, I JOHN MARTIN, RED BLUFF. I WEAVERVILLE. Sim (SNmhwfi to Pitre*, Church it C 0.,) FOBWABDEBS —AND— COMMISSION MERCHANTS, Fire-Proof Brick Warehouse, formerly occupied by PIERCE, CHURCH k CO., H.Okk street, near Steamboat Landlng.'SS ISRAEL COMSTOCK will attend to the For warding and Commission business in person. We hope to receive a continuance of the patron age heretofore extended to the old firm. Red Bluff, June 1, 1866. 45 td. THEDB’S CANYON CITY AND WEAVERVILLE EXPRESS! THE UNDERSIGNED HAS COMMENCED A regular semi-weekly Express between the above points, leaving CANYON CITY ON MONDAY AND FRIDAY, AND WEAVERVILLE ON TUESDAY AND SATURDAY, Toccmiio Burn wais at JUNCTION CITY, ARKANSAS DAM, EVANS’ BAR, STEINER’S FLAT and DOUGLAS CITY. made, and a general Express business done. All orders promptly filled. GUSTAV THKDE. Weaverville, June 20, 1866. 24.t0. HENRY OYERMOHLE, —DEALER IN HAVANA CIGARS, TOBACCOS, FANCY GROCERIES, TOYS. CUTLERY. Genuine California Meerschaum Pipes, PLAYING CARDS, CONFECTIONERY, fruits, FASCT ARTICLES, AC. Howe’s Brick Building, Main Street, 1. (WIST BID!,) WEAVERVILLE. 11- NOTICE TO CUSTOMERS. All persons knowing themselves indebted to the undersigned are requested to settle their acconaU before the . FIRST DAY OF OCTOBER, next, and from this date all accounts contracted with me must be settled monthly. CHAS. KUPER. Donglas City, Sept. 1, 1866. 34:lo. iksure nr the unioii Wecfelji ® natty Jattntal. County Wmrrmnts and fh-nmbmcit§ taken at their ruling value in payment for subscriptions to this paper. To soldiers in the Governmeat service the JouaHai will be furnished for Greenbacks at pirn. Weaverville, Saturday, Sept. 29,1866. Pass Him Abound. — The News Dealer, Major Jack Stratman, of San Francisco, distances all competitors. Before the Eastern news was an ticipated by Pony Express and telegraph, the outside barbarians could form but little idea of the immense traffic carried on in Eastern papers and pictorials; but since then the trade has grown to an immense business and Stratman is at the head of it, being the exclusive wholesale agent for all of Frank Leslie's and Harper’s pub lications, and also Bonner’s Ledger —receives subscriptions at office rates. He is liberal to a fault. All the editorial fraternity of the country press have reason to thank the gallant Major for many favors, and we cordially recommend him to our readers. —Sunday Mercury. We concur, and have “ the papers” to prove the latter part of the Mercury's paragraph .—Sac ramento Bee. We have, during the past few years, been repeatedly placed under obligations to the “gal lant Major.’’ —Solano Press. True enough. If there is any one individual at the Bay City who is more devoutly esteemed by country publishers than all the rest, Strat man is the man.— Trinity Journal. Stratman’s heart is as large as his mustache. When we say say this, we have said as much as if we devoted a column in his praise. When ever Jack wants to be Governor the interior pa pers will see to it that he distances all competi tors.— Oakland Neics. We “go our bottom dollar” on the Major. A man who never forgets the printers, can be trusted in any position. Pass him along.—Ama dor Ledger. Stratman is among newsmen what Norfolk is among race-horses. He is the first to start and invariably comes out ahead. He is now prepared to walk over the course without danger of com petition. Red Bluff Independent. One of our exchanges calls this a good thing. Those who have read “ Enoch Arden” can see the point, however, and we leave them to judge: —ln Richmond, a few days since, we learn from the Examiner, there was a concert and tableaux for the benefit of the poor. The tableaux, among other things, represented Enoch Arden as he came back from his voyage, looking sadly in the window of his old home to find that his wife had married and was doing something in the Arden business for that other man I While all was still and the large audience silent as the grave, the one who represented Enoch turned his face to the crowd and slowly asked; “Who’s pin here since I’s pin gone?” The Examiner, says the effect was electrical beyond power of description, the storm of applause which followed the “hit” would have made “Brick” Pomeroy happy for a month, ami even forced a laugh out of Hellflicker Snicksmacker himself. “$3 ie You Knock Her Out. —Among the side shows at the State Fair the favorite—after the gambling-hells, of course—is the one where the above sign hangs on the outside of a tent. — Within is a happy-looking Irish woman, stout of build and voluble as a parrot—a woman forty years old, and dressed in a powerful head-dress and a balmoral skirt —a woman who goes for no thing as to speed, but whose bottom is sound— and "she stands in a ring three feekiin diameter, and any speculator who wants to pay twenty five cents for a chance may stand behind her and strike her with all his force with a large, long handled mallet which is covered with sacking, and if he knocks her out of the ring he gets $3 for it. They don’t hit her in the head. She has never been knocked out yet, perhaps.— Union. New York Democracy.— The New York Citi zen walks into the corrupt Democratic city gov ernment with a vigor that has never before been equalled, and which is making itself felt. It says “We are rulled out of the gutters ;we are dominated by the sewers of this metropolis. Our local representatives are for the most part a gcum a beetle-browed and brawny banditti, as ignorant as they are base, and not less dishonest that shameless —such as no decent citizen would willingly admit to the familiarity of his stables.” Swells.— lt never happened before that so many members of Congress were re-nominated as in the case of the late Congress. Wonder if Johnson can see any “ ground-swell ” in that ? —American Flag. There is this much “swell” about it. The whole country is swelling with indignation at the arch-apostate. It will keep swelling till it bursts him out.— Red Bluff Independent. Grand Officers. —The Grand Lodge of Odd Fellows of the United States met at Baltimore on the 17th instant and elected the following offi cers :—J. P. Sanders, of New York, M.W.Grand Sire ; E. D. Farnsworth, of Nashville, Tenn., R. W. Deputy Grand Sire ; Jas. L. Ridgely, of Baltimore, G'rand Secretary ; Joshua Ranzant, of Baltimore, Grand Treasurer. Johnson’s biography says : —“ At four o’clock the President goes to dinner, having first taken an appetizer in the shape of a stiff glass of whis ky.” It is also added that the President is in possession of an ingeniously constructed clock which strikes “four” fifteen or twenty times a day. Lucky Sick Man.—A Western editor apolo gises to bis readers in the followingstyle“ We expected to have a death and a marriage to pub lish this week, but a violent storm prevented the wedding, and the doctor being taken sick himself, the man recovered, consequently we are cheated out of both.” Union Insuranck Company, of San Francisco, —Cash capital, (fully paid in gold coin,) $750,- 000 : surplus, $102,911 20. Caleb T. Fay, Pres ident; Chas. D. Haven, Secretary ; Samuel S. Thomson, General Agent; D. E. Gordon, agent for Trinity county. In an old family Bible, in Connecticut, the re cord of a birth is entered in this wise :—“ Eliz abeth Jones, born on the 20th November, 1787, according to the best of her recollection 1” The Mobile Times says Grant did not whip Lee, “ but smothered him to death with a quarter of a million of Irish and Dntch.” The total vote of Boise county, I. T., includ ing Idaho City,this year, was 3,285. Two ago it footed up 6,232—a falling-off of one-hair. THE SONGS WE SANG UPON THE OLD CAMP -GROUND. WORDS AND MUSIC BZ H. L. FRISBII. Oh Sinn for me to-night those merry songs we sang When bright and warm the cheerful camp-fire Maz’d, At twilight’s closing hour, with comrades gather’d round, We gaily sang those oft repeated lays. How quickly beats my heart when comes the echoed strain. I listen then to catch the faintest sound: I never can forget those old familiar strains— Those songs we sang upon the old camp-ground. Yea, sing for me to-night those brave and morry songs. Let sweeter mem’ries cluster thick around; For 1 never can forget those old familiar strains. Those songs we sang upon the old camp-ground. I hear the bugle pealing forth Its brazen notes, I listen to the rolling of the drums; The sounding call to arms, the battle's clash and din, Like mocking echoes with the songs they come. The fire is burning low, the sentry lonely treads. With slow and measur’d step ids weary round; All these I seem to see as I listen to those songs— Those songs wo sang upon the old campground. Where are my comrades now! ah! why am 1 alone! Go, ask it of the marching echo, why! Go, stand upon the plain, and count their lowly graves, Where on a hundred battle-fields they lie: Then wonder not that I should love those simple songs, That sadder raem’ries cluster thick around; Though others may be sweet, none are so dear to me, As those wo sang upon the old camp-ground. [From the Gold Ilill New.] WILLIAM H. SEWARD. There are various speculations afloat concern ing the cause of Seward’s real or apparent de fection from the Union cause. Certain is it, that the President retained the confidence of a very large number of people for a considerable length of time beyond the date when he would otherwise have been unanimously discarded by the Union party, because of the continued assurance given by bis Premier that the Chief Executive remained true to the grand principles of the organization which elected him to the office of Vice-President. The most generally accepted theory in regard to the “condition” of Secretary Seward, is that the blows of the assassin have produced a de mented state of mind, in which his natural ten dency to complacent expectation, his optimism and his cowerdice, have been left the prominent and working elements of his character. This is, certainly, a charitable excuse for him ; but it is wholly gratuitous, and, we think, certainly er roneous. We are thoroughly of the opinion that Seward, despite the terribly face-scarring cuts of the assassin, and the more intellect-injuring effect of constant snuffing and brandy drinking, is the “same old coon”—that he has ever been, a weak, vain, deceitful man ; apt in giving fine philosophical expression to whatever dogma or ideas may snit a purpose in immediate view, and only exhibiting in his history, points contrary to his judgment in his early life, when not his sa gacity alone, but that of a multitude really more prophetical minds associated with him, saw that slavery was to grow more and more hateful to the educated and Christian people of the North. We hare never trusted the man, since we came to a knowledge of his action in the U. S. Senate. He would vote for every rotten Land Bill, every fraudulent “privateclaim ” proposition thntcame up for action in the Upper Hall of Congress.— And even while he was advocating “ Free Soil ’ principles in debate with Southern Senators, he would often—especially toward the close of a day’s discussion—concede away half the argu ment to his opponents ; thus almost irreparably injuring the cause he effected to plead, and em barrassing to a great degree those who were to follow on his assumed sideof the question, against the very men to whom he had granted the most essential part of the “premises,’ the platformer basis of the entire controversy. V. Butsch, in his admirablespcech at the Second Ward Union Club, Virginia, on last Wednesday evening, said that he judged the position of Sew ard to be thus correctly explained : He (Sew ard) had found that the President was bent on destruction, and since Andy’s accession to the Chief Executive’s Chair, his premier had been tempering down the fomer’s disposition and in tentions as much as he was able. He was hu moring and at the same time restraining the Pres ident, by those arts of flattery, insinuating advice, etc., which the stubborn traitor in the princi pal chair knew not of, but by which he (Andy) was at least practically, and for the preservation of peace, managed and controlled. “ I sincerely beleive,” said Butsch, “ that when Congress next assembles, Seward will suddenly ‘ develop' At» present and, as we think, queer ‘policy,’ by saying to the leaders of the Republican L nion party in Congress ; ‘Here, gentlemen, I have taken care of your President for a year and a half, and have borne all sorts of abuse for my necessary expedients in keeping the charge im posed upon or assumed by me; now take him off my hands; I’ll be no more lieutenant of his nor any longer the target of Congressmen and Union journals who have not known and conld not know of my real relations, and my real motives in remaining in this place. I blame no Union man for his denunciation of me; they were as natural and proper as the anathemas which our Revolutionary soldiers cast against spies sent from onr camps to the enemy under the disguise of deserters from the Continental forces. Now take the President, and do the best you can with him; for my part, with literal scars from the great conflict and satisfied with the honors my country has conferred upon me, I will retire to the shades of Auburn, and spend the balance of my days in quiet enjoyment of recollections of the past, and expecting to witness until my time of departure shall come the ever increasing great ness and glory of the American Republic,”’ Old Whigs, proud relics of that disbanded but once powerful organization, cannot endure the thought—that Seward is really a traitor to Free dom. It is reasonable to expect that they will seek out and insist upon the truth of some apol ogy for his apparent treachery. And God know eth, the people of this land would welcome with tears of joy, such a developement of to the cause of Seward’s conduct, as onr worthy and esteemed friend, Mr. Butsch, eloquently suggests. All the battle of Seward’s life, all the evidences of bis statesmanship would be eclipsed by the dis closed strategy of this and the past year's devis ing, according to the programme wc have quoted. But alas ! such a hope is a delusion. It is im possible that it should be so. For Seward could have done less than deny his originally professed National sentimenta, and cry out for State Rights —as he did in New York city at the recent recep tion of the President—if he was playing the p« our friend assigned him. wish It may be that Seward is demented. a it were possible, that we conld *“ d ' p duranC e as revelation of patriotic «“““■“* * t 7 on for him.— has been put in plea snd ® t y judgment, it conld It is not, however, 1 1 h Jtimate of him to say : hardly be an erroneou t han ftDJ . ot ij er that having eOD ‘r lb ““ d b “can Union party, he man to build up the < *■ F' t himself to break has deliberately P r .°P°*£L me a National Dic down that party, dcgtruction _ tator through the p one sense, a crazy oae : The proposition w, « execa tion Seward but to carry it into pr energy of a sane is undoubtedly al pr ovoke unspeakable inteUect. His w 1 pro Qyer itg co „. sKUftSjraaw- e»-—■ NUMBER 38. [From the Son Francisco American Flag.] The School-House Garrisons of the Republic. Public intellectual culture forms the basis of our political system. We proceed upon the principle that education of the masses is tbe only effectual and certain guarantee for the suc cess of self-government. We have faith that men who know their rights will maintain them ; who know the reasons and necessities of laws, and have an intelligent voice in their enact ment. will generally obey and respect them, and that all persons whose minds arc stored with practical knowledge, and controlled by the dis cipline necessary to acquire it, will be made thereby firmer and more devoted patriots than if thev had been left to grove! in ignorance.— Knowledge is power, and an enlightened people cannot be enslaved. We therefore rest all our hopes for the safety and advancement of the Republic, on universal education. Constantly depending upon the masses for that power which gives vitality and direction to the public admin istration, we deem it of the very first importance that those masses shall be educated, and the State would be considered strangely derelict which should fail or refuse to provide most am ple means to accomplish that end. In European countries, enlightenment is furnished to certain classes only, and it does not reach the lower social orders. Where we strive to stimulate mental efforts they are most solicitous to recess and discourage it. We fear the ignorance of the masses, they fear the spread of knowledc among them. With us, general education is the key-stone of our national strength. Europe re. gards it as a mine beneath her social and polit ical institutions, liable to explode spontaneously whenever in should be perfectly laid. We pro tect the keystone. Europe works against the mine. Our civilization rests upon a rock, firm as the pillars of the continent. European civili zation hangs over a gulf concealed by the blazon ry of power and tbe glitter and polish of nobility. Our surest protection against anarchy is found in the freedom of the individual mind, and the culture of tbe general mind. A celebrated writer ascribes the French Revolution of ’BO chiefly to the fact that for a long time previous, the Gov ernment of France had permitted freedom of discussion in philosophy and politics among the lower orders, theretofore steeped in most wide spread and wretched ignorance, and he consider ed it a singular judgment against such folly that the monarchy and nobility saw the Imperial capital deluged in blood by massacre ; peasants, clerks, and briefless provincial attorneys flocking into the National Convention, the King execu ted, the estates of the clergy confiscated, the churches closed, the motto of Atheistic despair, “ Death is an eternal sleep,” written upon their doors and upon the gates of tbe cemeteries, the harlot Goddess of Reason drawn in triumph through the streets, royalty abolished, and God himself declared a tyrant and deposed! The “judgment” was against the crime of the Gov ernment in having kept the lower orders, the masses of the people and their ancestors, from the remotest periods, in the lowest depths of ignorance and poverty. Judgment for such a crime could not be enforced against the Amer ican people. During the recent war of rebellion it was clear ly demonstrated that opposition to the Govern ment came from the most ignorant and debased among our people. This was every where ap parent and in every community of the North strenuous efforts were made to counteract their baneful iuflence ; successfully as the sequel show ed. We had great confidence in our Monitors, but the free Common School houses were stauncher iron clads than they. That the rebels feared and hated the latter most is proven by the fact that, after the war, and when opportunity was afforded them for wreaking transitory venge ance upon the loyal freedtnen, they instinctively applied the torch and axe to their School-Houses. A statesman could calculate the force such a document as tbe Proclamation would have in crippling the rebellion and a skillful General could estimate tbe effects of campaigns and the weight of armies in the work of crushing it out, but who shall presume to estimate the power which the Public Schools exerted in that work ? How the rebels and Copperheads cursed and raved at them during the war ! Wherever they might be in the length and breadth of the loyal North, the schools presented a united front against them 1 Away up in the forests of Maine, on the shores of the clear Sebec, the flag of the Union floated oyer the log school-house, and daily when the sun shone down from Katahdiu, kissing the morning, and again when his declin ing splendors trembled along the blue Acadian heights, the “ Yankee school ma’am” summoned the rustic sons and daughters of the lumbermen to stand in rank before the rough benches and sing the glorious Battle Hymn of the Republic, and then, over the land it sped like the echoes of an Alpine horn. The rivers bore it to the sea and the sea gave back the shout. Millions of youthful voices swelled the majestic chorus in town and city, on the mountain side, and in the pleasant rallies, under the forest trees, and on the flowery prairies of the West, till the loyal armies took up the notes and thundered them above the clangor of arms, the roar of artillery, and the infuriate yells of baffled traitor hosts— “ Mine eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord; Ho la tramping out the vintage where his grapee of wrath are stored: He haa loosed the fitful lightnings of his terrible swift sword, His day is marching on V 9 Not a School House in the North where the flag did not float, and where such hymns were not sung. But not in hymns and songs alone did the future of loyal and free America speak in the school room. Histopr of tbe Republic was taught, lessons in Constitutional Law reci ted, catechisms against the crimes of secession, slavery and treason committed, and war dcs patches from the front read and explained by the teachers. Such was the picture which the common Schools of the Union presented during the rebellion, and in such a way did they give US hope and ’confidence that the glor.ous estate of liberty for which we were fighting would never be squandered or given up to p.rates, slave lords, and traitor, by our children. With Slave ioru , legacy is safe. Domestic treachery may again lift the knife and fling the of rebellion, and foreign enemies may invade onr coasts, demolish our forts, burn our cities and sink our monitors ; but, while the Common School-Houses remain, and the children of freemen are allowed to assmkle within their walls, Liberty and Union have a line of fortifica tions which cannot be broken —a garrison of in vincibles who cannot surrender. Oregon Senator. — In the Union caucus held Sept. 17th, Gov. A. C. Gibbs, (Radical) was nominated for U. S. Senator. On the 18th he received a majority of four rotes ttn the State Senate for that position. - The All-Pervading “ John.” —The placer dig gings of the Boise Basin are being fast yielded to Chinamen. It is estimated that Boise will soon contain ten thousand of them. Back Again. —Dr. L. I. Czapkay, a carer of all ills who is held in grateful remembrance by many old Trinitarians, has returned to San Fran cisco after an absence of two years in Europe.