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The central gazette. [volume] (Charlottesville, Va.) 1820-1827, December 25, 1824, Image 1

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Charlottesville, Va. Saturday, December 25, 18!24.
- 2. V ' . . \ : V _
TliE CENTRAL GAZET TE is publish
ed once a week,on a large Soper-Royal sheet,
foe Three Dollars per annum—payable on the
receipt of the first numbe in each year.
No subscription to be taken for less than
one year, nor can subscribers be at liber'y to
withdraw until their arccaiages be paid.
A failure to notify a discontinuance at the
expiration of the year, will be considered as a
new engagement.
Advertisements, not exceeding one square
will be conspicuously inserted three times for
One Dollar, and 25 cents for every subsequent
iuseitiou. — Longer ones in proportion.
Advertisers will mark on their advertise
ments the nnmh of times they wish them in
serted, or thev w» . he inserted till forbid, (or
discontinued at our option) and charged ac
Chancery Notices will be inserted on the
same terms as other advertisements.
All let'ers to the Editor must be post paid
or they will not be attended to
The following is copied from the •• New York
M irroi arid Ladies* Lite'ai v Gazette.” j uh
iished in New Yor k, by George l* Morris.
It is the Prize Essay, entitling its author to
the reward ol 20 dollars, offered some time
since by Mr. >1 as a premium, to the wri
ter ol ihc best essay for uis valuable au I in
teiestiug Miscellany. Eight essav-* wei e
accepted by me committee appointed to
judge of their merits, and award the premi
By Charles Ludlow, of Richmond, Va.
1 have seen a bubble blown into its
uircular and indescribable beauty; on its
/brilliant surface were painted the most
inimitable pictures of light and life;
gi'ealful clouds floated in the bosom of
ttie mimic sky ; a tiny sun irradiated
the little world, and cast all the magi,
of light and shade over u landscape of
the most bewitching splendor. A cre
ation, bright as a poet could imagine
glowed before me; but a wave of the
air broke the spell of its transitory, but
beautiful existence, and it was gone.—
It was like a dream of love. If the-e
is one happy being in creation, it is the
lover in ttie luxuiy of tiis visionary as
pirations—if there is a single blissful
moment, like a star sparkling in tin;
shadowy firm a men l of life, it U that
which discovers a long nourished af
fection to be mutual.
The moon, as she rides on ‘hrough
her infinity of space, has not a greater
eltecl upon the ocean-tide, than has the
passion of love upon the tide of human
thought—now permitting it to settle
down into a state of temporary tranquili
ty—again biding it heave and swell, by
the magic of its viewless power. With
out it, what would be the world ? As a
creation without light; yet, possessing
it, as we do, how does it discompose the
. soberest plans of reason ? How do (lie
loftiest bulwarks of stern philosophy
bow down and disappear before the fra
grance of its breatls? It is the poetry
of thought, when reason slumbers on
her stalely throne, or wanders away in
happy dreams. It is scarcely to be de
fined, for it seems in a perpetual halo
of soft light, which dazzles while it
fascinates the mind's eye. It is to the
spirit what sliunshine is to the flower
—luring the fragrance from its bosom,
and bringing out nil the energies of its
young nature, or as the baud of beauty
to llie siambemig lute passing over the
silent chords, till “it doth discourse
most eloquent music.”
I had a young friend, just rising into
manhood—liery and unsettled as I lie
warrior steed in battle, his career was
uuguided by prudence or thought. A
never tailing How of spirits made him
always agreeable—he was full of sense
and frolic. He could bring a tear into
your eye, before the sinile had left your
lip—be was all hope and happiness.
Suddenly he stood before int* un alter
ed being,his eye had grown melancholy
ami full of ufeditatioii. Its moisture
was often succeeded by a fi ish ; and its
fire again extinguished in the trembling
tear. He shinnied the rude clamour of
the bustling world and would steal away
into somesulatary recess, and in the still
shade of the forest ponder on the sweet
ness of his own sorrow. His mind be
came almost a world of itself, and thou
sands of visions rose obedient at the call
of creative thought ; his soul lifted high
on fancy’s wing, would explore in ils
wild and beautiful career, fathomless re
gions of imagination, through all the
variety of its maginficienl domain.—
lie loved—deeply, devotedly. It was
more than love; it w as adoration. The
object of his passion was all that wo
man could be. There is no object, in all
creation half so splendid as such a be
ing—the charms that are diffused thro’
the whole universe seemed gathered to
gether in her.
When the son is gone down in the
west, he lenvps behind him a track of
brighter light, but it is insipid when
compared to the light of the. eye. I he
fragrance of the rose was not so deli
cious r.s the warmth of her breath—mu
sic eould wake no melody like the tliri 1 -
ling tones of her voiee. Her motion
was more gracefnl than the heave of
(he sea, or the chauge of (he cloud,
und the magic of mind, gleaming thro’
all her words, and looks, and actions,
shed around her a charm more grate
ful than Arabian incense.
No wouder my hero bowed down be
fore her i no wonder that the sound **l
her voiee was always in his ear, that
her image was before him in his daily
occupations, and bore a part in the mys
terious changes of his dream. There
was no atfcclution in her nature, and she
confessed she loved him—they seemed
created for each oilier—and who would
have believed that fate—but 1 am di
There is something very melancholy
in the reflection that any woman can
die; hut to hint that she should perish,
was the very agony of despair He
had left her for a few days, intending
when lie returned to have asked her
hand. On the morning of his return,
he sprang into the stage-coach in a
most delicious reverie, lie held uo dis
course with his fellow passengers, but
wrapped himself up in a rich dream
of anticipation—His heart was full of
happiness, lie thought himself, as he
entered tiis house too happy for mortal
inun. He was prepared to uay her the
first visit, and dwelling iu his mind on
her pleasing welcome when her bruther
came to see him—lie did not observe unv
thing peculiar about him at first, and
not till the warm affectionate shake of
the had was over, did lie notice that his
eyes were filled with tears, ami a dismal
gloomy, black crape hung from bis hat.
He started, and in a hollow voice, that
had a desolate dreariness in every tone,
lie said.
Elizabeth is dead !”
At first be was nut comprehended.
V vacant horrid laugh, that echoed
strangely through the still room, was
In* only answer, then he repealed the
words, and the features of my friend be
came pale and motionless as marble—
then be sat down in a chair, and cov
ered his face with bis bauds, but not a
word—not a breath broke the silence.
There was something alarming in bis
calmness ; it seemed like toe silence of
the heavy black cloud just before it
lauches its destructive lightning from
its bosom, lie beckoned, and wished
to be alone. Me trrts left in solitude.
I would not profane the subject by any
attempt at describing hi* feelings.—
There was a dark, horrible confusion
in his mind, like some accursed dream
glaring around him, and the night rolled
away its long hours of sleepless agony.
The next day was the funeral ; and
when the sun rose in his same glory,
and all the pomp and circumstances’*
of day began to beam upon the face of
nature, anil the merry voice of men
sometimes come upon the breeze, and
the carts rattled rudely along, and all
around was business, and adventure,
unaffected by the great event that had
come like an ocean of scorching fire up
on the paradise of his heart—he recol
icciL-u, ami nt* sum, ' io-uiij is ner in
neral—her funeral ?” His benumbed
mind dwelt upon the words, but there
was something undefined, and almost in
comprehensible in them. She was to bei
buried at live in the afternoon. The
clock struck four—he put on his liar
and went steadily to her house. He
thought twenty times he heard her
sweetly toned, laughing voice, as lie
passed along. He turned his head once
or twice to sec if she was not at his
shoulder, hut there was nothing, and he
walked on. He saw llie house and his
eyes sought every window—but Eliza
beth was not there. He rang the hell —
the servant came, weeping—he looked
at him and walked on—he passed into
the parlour—the chair which she had
occupied, when he was there before,
was standing in the very sain- place—
and there was her piano—he almost
thought lie heard music—lit* listened, a
sob from the next room caine like ice up
on his heart,& he sat down. Her moth
er came into the room—her face was
serene in grief, but the first burst over
and she was comparatively calm. She
asked him if he would look at the corpse.
He knew she was dead, but tlie blunt
question shook every nerve in his frame
and seemed to breath death upon his
soul—lie arose and followed the beriev
ed mother.—There was the air of death
in the apartment ; and a varnished cof
fin was on the table, a white cloth tluog
carefully at the head ; a few friends
sat and wept in silence, musing nn the
beauties and virtues of the being they
were about to consign to the cold earth.
He walked lip to the table, and stood as
still, and pole, aod motionless, ns the
form that lay streched before him. He
would have tom away the veil that cov
•••I that face, hut he could not; he felt
he might as well have attempted to
heave a mountain from its rocky base.
The mother saw—she f.-lt—a mother
can feel-and she silently uncovered that
beautiful countenance. There was the
same white forehead—the sleeping eye
—the cheek that lie had kissed so fond
ly—the lips that had spoken such sweet
sounds—he gazed at hercorpes witli in
tensity of thought. ' Hei living image
was before him—lie saw !|er smiling—
he beheld her in grant ‘V motion—now
her figure pasutffi V> iltwvVnm beaut if ut
in the mazy dance—and now lie gazed
into ber toll black eyes, and read unut
terable things. He had a ring on bis
finger, a present from her—he tried to
speak—he looked at the ring, then at
her—agony swelled his heart ; he gave
one long gaze—and looked no more.
* ‘ « m * • »
He knew not how, but he stood by her
grave; and they wer? bearing the cof
tin towards the dark narrow pit—a heap
of fresh earth was piled at its side,
f'ome one said, “ Where are the cords?”
He heard the answer, “here they are;”
and then the coftin was gradually let
down into the bottom of the grave_it
sat firmly on the ground, and he heard a
voice say, “ there that is right—draw
up the ropp.” Then there was the
sound, as if the orders were obeyed_
in the act of doing i», a few grains of
sand and pebbles dropped upon the
coftin—then all was still—then a hand
ful of soft, dump, heavy clay, was shov
elled down. Oh that sound! that so
lemn, dreary sound of niter devolution ! I
It broke, the horrid speli lhat kept his
voice silent ami his eye dry—his lip
began to quiver—a sob hewed his ach
ing breast—large tears gmhed from bis
eyes—lie streached out lui hands in an
agony of weeping—and grasped an old
quukcr gentleman’s nose in the stage
coach, where In* was sleep ng, and gave
ocen»inn for Ohcdinh to observe,
“ Verily, friend, when (hnu hast suf
ficiently amused thyself «ith my nose,
perhaps thou wilt return it to its right
ful owner.”
The whole horrible creation of his
fancy passed away like a mist ; his
heart bounded within bin and he soon
took sweet revenge upon those wicked
lips that had been so cold and still, vet
so beautiful, in the darkness of his
Col. Stanhope's Letters on Greece.
In consequence of Captain Bla
quikuk's pursuits detaining him in
Ltigland, Col. Stakuopk offered his
services to the Greek Committee in
London, to carry into effect the obj et
they had in view by a mission to Greece,
until Mr. Hlaquiere’g affairs should en
able him to proceed to that country.—
He has written home repeatedly on the
affairs of the Greeks, and his letters
have been lately collected and published
in a volume. We shall occasionally
give a few extracts from this interest
ing work. fPet. Int.
Extract of a letter from the lion. Col.
Stanhope to J. Mowring, Esq.
In order to understand the policy of
Greece, it is necessary to contemplate
the stute of the Ottoman Empire, and
the views of Russia, and the Holy Al
Turkey is evidently on the eve of
its fall. Th e reigning family is nearly
extinct. Its provinces are disunited.—
Egypt and I ripoli are grown too wise
for its government. A portion of
Greece is severed from it forever, and
the Hellenists, who still how to the
power of Turkey heave in their hearts,
and pant fur revenge and freedom.—
Even Albania detests, and threatens to
throw off its hateful yoke. The Otto
man armies are insubordinate, and the
fleets, having lost their Greek sailors,
are become impotent,
Russia.—In this state of tottering
decripilude, Turkey is threatened by
the brawny and disciplined legions of
Russia, and the swarms of Persia;
while on the other hand, she is bolstered
op by those nations who are alarmed at
the ambition and strength of the north
ern barbarians.
Holy Alliance.—As for (he Holy
Alliance, their views are known. Thin
corporation of tyrants has combined to
support superstition, to cro*h all learn
ing, and to insure a dark futurity, for
the purpose of preserving to themselves
and their progeny absolute rule. Aus
tria and France have, therefore, become
the allies of the bnrbarians, and have
formed a league against civilization and
I the rights of men. If their policy
succeed they will naturally fall a prey
to Russia, the State they have thought
lessly contributed to aggrandize: or
should it fail, instead of being satisfied
to reign as virtuous and powerful Ma
gistrates. these sovereigns will be hum
bled, and must Imw to the people. '1 he
Holy Alliance having decided in the
Councils of their gloomy Cabinet, that
all nations should he governed despoti
cally, their intentions towards Greece
are known. Some may derive coqsoIa
lion from a consideration of the supcrioi
character of European to Asiatic des
pot ism. Towards the upper class it n
perhaps milder. The lower orders and
the soldiery iii Turkey, are, however,
less enslaved and better off than the
boors and mercenaries of Russia.
Policy ok Gueece.—How is the po
licy of Russia and ihe Holy Alliance to
be parried by Greece? It cannot be
effected by any by-course; for wiley as
the Greeks are, the spies, the priests
and the diplomatists of the barbaric
league are their match, and will uot al
low ihem to make their approaches un
der ground to the citadel of freedom_
With courage, therefore they must ad
vance, but cautiously, and without giv
ing offence. Meauwhiie let them lay
the solid foundations of their rights and
court the friendship of England, of
America, and of all who love virtue._
whatever may Then be the fate of the
Greek people, whether dependent or in
dependent, whether republican or mon
archical. they will have taken the best
means for promoting their liberties and
their happiness.
1 bULAKs—musing Debate.
It appears from the following pro
ceedings ol the Vermont legislature,
that a Pedlar, iii the quarter from
whence all Pedlars come, is not viewed
precisely in the contemptible light in
which such itenerary characters are
considered in the jaundiced eyes of the
Lawgivers ot i lie Old Dominion: For
there, “ the Pedlar is a merchant: with
a store on Ins back”—while here, he is
deemed a nuisance, and it is the policy
ot our laws to tax him out of the com*
iiiunity- Is this just, towards au honest
imiii, prosecuting a lawful trade in a free
country ? [Pet. lnt.
The Committee to whom was referred
the mass of petitions and remonstrances
relating to the suppression of hawking
and pedling; made report of a bill re
quiring pedlars to pay an additional li
cence into the treasury of each county,
in which they should p-ddic, of from
til tec u to twenty-live dollars, Recording
lo the it.tinier iii which they travel or
cA«r) ineir goods; which was reud,
w hen
Mr kJeming of Salishurg, moved to
dismiss the hilt.
.\i:. ILtigl.1 said, lie was walking by
o p*.dlar’s cart the oilier day, in this
place, and he heard them cry out
Uazur sii up* Jur sale*—icurranted to
shave without u razor ”—and it is so,
Sir, w ith those who go about \vith„cali*
coi», Ike. I hey wiil be very likely to
shave your iainily, wile and children,
without a razor. He believed it would
be good policy lo pass the bill now on
the table.
Mr. tvnapen was in favor of dismiss
ing the bill, and said, lie would inquire
it there were not some Me noHants,
who shaved without a razor■
Mr. Arnold said he believed that
pedlars were not in the habit of eitrrv
ing about ardent spirits, to give to their
customers, as merchants are in the habit
of doing to encourage people to trade_
and lie thought this practice frequently
incapacitated people to guard against
being ** shaved without a razor,” as the
gentleman from Moukton tells about.
Mr. K**ys, of Stockbridge said, as
for himself, he cared very little ahout
[ this hill, hut said he was lor preserving
equality among merchants, (for a ped
lar is a no reliant, with his store on I,is
back, travelling trom house to house, to
accommodate his customers, and sell
his goods.) Gentlemen are afraid to
trust their women to trade with them:
— I»ut Mr. Speaker, I’ll risk uxy wife
with a pedlar; and if other gentlemen
will gel Mich wives ns they can risk
property with, there can be no trouble!
On the question, shall the hill he dis
missed ? The yeas were 120—nays 73.
so the bill was dismissed.
I he message of Governor Hhiilzf, to
the legislature of Pennsylvania was tie
livered to both houses, by the Secretary
of’ the Couimooweallll. at twelve o’clock
on I hursday week. I lie blessings of
liberty and pence which w e enjoy; nnr
prosperity and rising greatness; the
firm and dignified policy of the general
aroverwnent: the arrival of Gen. La
Fayette* and the gratitude shewn,
and the still more suhstantial debt, due
to him ; a more prompt administration
of justie.e ; the evils incident to the fa
cility of obtaining writs of error from
the supreme court; the remodeling of
'he district court of Philadelphia l the
appointment of two additional judges
in the supreme court ; the importance of
fostering and promoting Internal im
provement by means of canals ; (he state
loan obtained from the Bank of Penn
sylvania; the essential connection of
educatioQ with the stability of the re
publican system ol government ; tin* ex
tension ol agricultural societies; ibo
adoption of means more effectually to
secure the purity of the elective liau
chise, and the policy of hastening the
redemption of the slate debt ; these are
the interesting topics of the message.
m+m 11 -
We can scarcely think (says the U.
S. Gazelte)|that our readers 'have for
gotten Captaiu Riley, and his nan alive
uf sufferings. it was hinted by a lew.
sceptics of our acquaintance, that this
gentleman had mingled a piece of the
marvelous in liis book; uiid, indeed plain
and every day observation might lead
a person to suppose that the work did
smack a little of that quality, which is
said to be acquired by travelling.—.
However, we do not know 1 lie man that
would take it upon himself to deny posi
tively the assertions of a “ Voya^eur,”
and if that cannot be done, the book
ought to be permitted to take its own
liie following neat article will show
that Cupt. Riley is determined to vte!|
the tiulli, let who will believe it j it is
undoubtedly a commendable quality j
and if all who make surveys of the
country would commuuicate the result
of their observations, we need not, as
now. be indebted to Europe for our
Munchausen and Gulliver histories.
Rattle Snakes.—&& the people at a
distance may not be aware »f the abun
dance of these reptiles, in some parts of
Ohio, we can give ihein some idea, by
the following fact, as related by C'apt
Riley, whose book is familiar to tli*
generality of readers. The Captain
huppeiiiug to fall in with the epniinis-*
sioners who were locating the Black
Swamp road, ihe subject of surveying,
&o. was naturally introduced, when lie
related I,is experience, lie said when
b.- had been surveying in the neighbor
hood of h.s new town, he v/us aware,
lha. the country abounded in rattle
snakes, and he had the precaution to
bandage Ins logs with woolen legi gs,
after the Indian fashion. Somethin's in
the extensive praries through which Iib
bad to run straight lines, he was obliged
to keep his eye on an object half a mile
or so ahead—and lie bail always found
himself entangled about the legs in the
course of his progress, with brush or
rubbish, as he at first supposed, but to
his utter astonishment, on coming out,
he found from fifty to a hundred weight
of Rattle Snakes hanging (0 each leg
ging!—[New Lisbon Gaz.
Richmond, ])ec. 13.
"f* Lovell obtained leave to bring in
a bill to extend the road now eonstnict
ing by the .lumps River Coin puny, frotfu
it* present termination below the falls
of the Great Kanawha, to the Ohio Ri
I lie Speaker laid hefore tlie House a
letter troni Way & Gideon, ottering for
sale the Jotnnal ot the tirsl Congress.
Referred. °
On Mr. Sexton’s motion, 230 copies
of the last census were ordered to bo
printed. Mr. 8. made this motion will*
a view to enable tins house to act upon
the Convention subject.
On Mr. Garland’s motion, the Com
mittee oF Courts of Justice were in
structed to enquire into the expediency
°* amending the 27th section of the
Act to prevent unlawful gaming, bo as
more efteituully to suppress and pro
hibit the sale of foreign lottery tickets*
or to repeal inurli of the said Act as*
prohibit* their sale, and making the
venders liable ti a tax.
Oti motion of vlr. Morris of Hanover*
the engrossed loll to a mend the JSTu rri
age Jet, was tr km lip. (This bill re
peals the jtroli nition of a man's uiarrv
ing his wife’s Kter )
Mr. W'atkins of Goochland, opposed
tbe passage of the hill, at some length.
He was replied to by Mr. Upshur,, who
went at great length into the subject,
ttr>d defended the hill upon the ground
of Policy, Morality and Scripture.-_
Hi* argument was both icarned and in
After Mr. Upshur set down, Mr.
Randolph of Albemarle, made hii un
successful motion to adjourn,
Mr. Rrigg* then spoke in opposition
fo the bill, anti then the House adjourn
Decemheh fft.
Yesterday, the Speaker laid before*
the House the following letter from thn
Coojscir, CtlAMlMt, y
IDA December 1824 f
.Via—In rep’y to a IL-oloiion ot the House
of De’ejratrs of the Pfh in*t requiring inforrra
(ioti of tbe Executive, •*as to wl at measures
h»v* been tskrn lo r.arrv ir>to eflert tbe lO-lrd
'•ertion of tbe l*»v •• to regulate tbe MPitia of
thi* Commonwca1'bpa*«cH March 9th,
1fM9. wherrin t^e F.x'i’iifjre are re .nr«ttd to
purchase th:ee rjtea, and to have erected on

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