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The central gazette. [volume] (Charlottesville, Va.) 1820-1827, March 24, 1827, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025230/1827-03-24/ed-1/seq-2/

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suorrs ufk of nafolkon
In the 1st iiuuilier of The American (^tar
^erlj Review to which we have uliuded,
thtie is a review of “Scotl’* Life of Aiapu
teon,” and some extracts from his “prelimi
nary view of the Freuch devolution.” One
of these de scribing t!»e fiecc triumvirs t)un
'oiiy Rfibespierre, and Jlarrdt, we publish.
“ 1 hree men of terror whose.names will
iong remain, we trust, unmatched in history
by those of any similar miscruapts, had now
Hie tin rivalled leading of the Jacobins, mid
were euUfiftho triumvirate.
Dunton dt-se/ves to be named first, us un
rivalled by his^ollcngucs in talent's and an-,
daeity. He was a man of gigantic size, -and
possessed of a voice of thunder. His coun
tenance was that of an Ogre on the shoul
ders of a Hercules. He was as ftiud of the
pleasures of vice as of the practice of cru
elly; and it was said there were times when
lie became humanized amidst (lie debauchery
laughed at the terror which hi-, furious de
clamations excited,ami might I eapproached i
with safety, like the Maelstrom at the turn!
of title. His profusion was indulged to an
extent hazardous to his popularity, far the!
populace are jealous of a lavish expenditure, j
as raising their favorites too much above
tlie.r own degree : aud the charge <.f spec
ulation finds always ready credit with them,
when brought against puolic men
llobespierre possessed thh advantage over
1).niton, thaf li“ did not seem to seek for
wealth, either for hoarding or expendin'*,
bat 'ived di strict and economical relir.ineiH,
in jus,, j ‘t.-.e name ol the incorruptible,
with which lie was honored by his partisans
JIc appears to have possessed little talent,
saving a deep fund pf hypocrisy, considera
ble powers of sophistry, aud a cold exagge
rat'd strain of oratory, as foreign to good
taste, as the measures he recommended were
to ordinary humanity. It seemed wonderful,
that the even seething and boiling of (lie
revolutionary cauldron should .have sent up
from the bottom, and long supported on the
surface, a thing so miserably void of claims
to public distinction ; but llobespierre bad
to im[:ose oh the minds of the vulgar, and
he knew how to beguile tV ni, by accommo
dating* hisflattery to tlieir pussio.isnmi scale
of cr«'iersfniiding, and by acts of cunning
a ..i hypocrisy, which Weigh more wiih the
multitude than the words of eloquence, or
the arguments of wisdom. t he people lis
tened ns to n Cicero, when he twnnged out
his apostrophes of Pauvre Peuple, People
vertutx and hastened to execute whatever
came rt-commeuddu by such honied phrases,
though devised by the worst rtf men for the
worst und most inhuman of purposes.
v amly was Uoli.vsjwtrre s ruling passion,
a id though tvts countenance was the iniugr |
of Ins m.Mil, he was vain even of his pels,,
al uppr.nance, ahd never adopted !.e c*ter
n;>l Mijf f a svns « '..ti- Amongst his
tellifnv , uii -,j distinguished hy the
meetv wit ji it hie I* hi* hjur a ns arranged and
powdered ; ami the ne.afoe33'jir~trfc
carefully attended to, no as to countcrUalunee,
if possible, the vulgarity of his person. His
nparZ-nehls, though smalt, Were elegant, and
vanity had fillet! th* in with repres'entatjon*
pt the* occupant* ttubespi'crtt’s picture-at
length hung m onr place, his miniature in
another, his bust occupied a niche, end on
the table were disposed a few medallions ex
hibiting his head in profile. The vanity
winch all this indicated, was of I he coldest
and most selfish character, being such as
considers ncgh cl as insult, and receives liorn*
age merely as a tribute ; so that, while pgif$e
i» received without gratitude, it is withheld.,
at the risk of moNnf hate. Self-love of (his
dangerous character is closely allied with
cdvv, nud Roleipierre was one of the roost
envious and vindictive men that eyer lived.
He never was knm\Y:i to pa’dunnny opposi
tion, alfront, or even rivalry; and to be mark
ed in his tablets on such no account, was a
sure, though peihaps not an immediate sen
tence of death Di.;.to‘ .vas a hero, compa
red w ith this cold, < al* utiug, ert'e ;mg n s
creant ; fur liis pfts*ioD9, (h iiigh . t-xaggei a
ted, had at least some touch of humanity,
and his bruttil ferocity Was supported hy bru
tal courage Robespierre was a coward,
who signed death warrants with a fwipd tli :ri
shotk, though his heart was relentless. *
piss-.-■•.Mi no passions on w liieh to charge
hi**.-. . v wt-r pevp tinted in cold
hlnod, and upon mature deliberation,
Marat, the third of this infernal triumvir
ate, hud attracted the attention of the lower
orders, by the violence of his sentiments in
the journal, which he conducted from the
•commencement of the Revolution upon such
principles that it look the lead in forward
ing its successive changes. His political ex
horiaticns began and ended like the howl of
a blond-hound for murder ; or, if a wolf
could have written a journal, the gaunt and
famished wretch could not have ravened
more eagerly for slaughter. It was blood
which was Marat’s constoiid demund, not in
drops from the b east of an individual, not
to punny streams from (he slaughter ofl’am
ili'-s, but blood in the profusion of nn ocean.
His usual calculation of the heads which he
demanded amounted to two hundred and
nixiy thousand ; and though he sometimes
raised it 11s high as three hundred thousand,
it never fell beneath the smaller number. It
may be hoped, and, for the honor of human
nature we arc inclined to believP, there was
a 'ouch of insani/y in this uauHturai strnin of
f. roi'iij j «r»t ’ • n»ld and aijuati*
of r w r ■ , ; <r in have intimate a
d< ...ienatu.u * —V*r- v . t
lil c R'd'^spicrrr, a coward. Repeatedly de
nounced in the Assembly, he skujkcd instead
of defending himself, and lay concralej in
same obscure garret or celler among his cut
throats, until a storm appeared, when, like
ft b;rd of ill oi.*- u, his death scrcctch was a
g; in heard, £ueh was the stre.uge and fatal
tnumvirale, in hicll (he some degree of can
nibal cruelty •' .• • «I under different aspects.
Dvfoo nur.! ••• *o glut fi'v rage; Robes
p."r to ft his injured - unity, or to
remove a ntao whom he envied; Marat,
#
ifiotn the Httoie instinctive Ibvc of blood,
I w Im-h induces a wolf to continue his ravage
Hucks l ug alter iiis hunger is appea
Danluo ihspised Robespierre for his
cowardice, Kobe-pierre feared the ferocious
ttudicily ut Dautoo j and with him to fear
"*vs to hale—and to hale was—when the
hour arrived—to destroy.— They differed
in their id<*n* ulio ul the mode of execrisiug
their terrible system j'»viT|niie#t, Jjanioi)
had often in |n* mouth lUe jeatenre of Ma
ehiavel, that when it bccoom necessary to
shod blood, a single great massacre has a
more dreadful eiieci than a series ofsucces
si\o executions. Robespierre, on the con
trary, preferred the latter process as the
he.it way (if sustaining (he reign of terror_
A'he appetite of Mar.it cooid not be satiated
hill by coaibining both inodes of Zuider.
Roth Danton and Robespierre fc«*pt aloof
front the Sunguioitiy M.irut.
Among the three manlier* mentioned*
Dunton had that energy which the Girondists
wanted, aud was well acquainted with the
secret uiovem^fiig those insurrections to
wliieli they possessed no key His Tices of
wrath, luxury, live of qioil, dreadful ns they
were, are attributes nf mortal men ; the en
v2 Rohespiei t • . and the iasiiueiive blood
.Burst ine.-s of '’jurat, w>r« the properties of
fiends. Dattton, like the huge serpent cal
led the Bo.i might bo approached with a
dogre •»(' safety when gorged with prey—
•>ut <■ '. appetite of Mu»*<tt for blood was
.•e hot se leech, which day*,—Not e
tough—aud the slatighteroos qhvy of Robes
pierre was like the gnawing Worm that diet|r
not, and yields no. interval ojfrepose. In
glutting Hanlon with spoil, atid furnishing
the means of indulging his luxftry. the Gi
rondists might bave purclto-»rd--htil sir/lpoH ;
hut nothing under the^uproro* riile'id Franca
would have gratified Robespierre • and An
unlimited torrent of thu blood of that ittihap
py country could alone have satiated Marat*
If a col eague was to be chosen out of that
detestable triumvirate, unquestionably Dan
ton was to be considered as the most eligi
ble.”
* -
Fi om 'he i\ew York Commercial Aduerthci".
Morgan — 1 he - following remarks were
prepared to uce.»mpuuy the teller of Cap
tain Brandt, published last eveuiog, but were
excluded for the want of room. As at this
distance from the c*.-cle in which he moves,
his character may .jot be correctly known,
to quote the Lunor of the Quebec Mercury,
it is hut jus. ice, since liis name has been
brought forward, to say, that Mr. Brandt is
generalI) • spooled ; and there need be nr,
lieKitaiio ir believing what he snyg. He
• 8- : • educated young man, aud was as
tin., esteemed by the officers of the division
.m niaj.siy’s army, with which he served
during ihe last American war, for his oQn.
li email !y mannetsin society, as for nis wur
»ge and Illimanity iu the field. Mr Brandt
some time ago visited Kngland, and while
rfe^urpriseii^he public, and the poet,
l hremap. nifUA:f/, by « iytL»rr
hie to liis Glial feelings us to his literary at
tainments, in w hich he successfully vinJiea
the character of hits deceased father, Jo
seph Brandt, from the aspersions east upon
it, without sufficient, inquiry, by Mr. Camp
bell. in (he beautiful, but uofaithful narra-'
live poem of- Gertrude of Wyoming.”
Unis, then, every material point of the at
l.dged discoveries taf ihe celebrated Newark
convent ion, (ms been . successively our*
thrown. \\ e were told that Morgan was
taken to Niag a ra and butchered, &. that Mr.
Chaplin, of Buffalo, was one of the murder
ers But that story proved not to be true
VV5 were told traces of blood were found in
Fort Aiagra, But this 19 not trur. We
were told that Captain Brandt w,as consult
ed about killing him. or putting him away ;
aud that was not true. We have all along
been . id, moreover, that there was a coo
spiiv.-y or giuully’, to get Morgan from Ba
tavia . Canandaigua, on n false accusation
of larceny. And now a jury has solemnly
declared that that aiury was untrue. And
one of the men convseted at Cannudaiguu,
was conv>:*v’d by means of perjury*. A geo
tl^r »»: i; one of the Upper Canady papers,
'UJ ■-*- iiis, own signature, argues very platrsi
.y, from (he fact oT Iffl&gonV having Tefl
| that * -ovineover head and ears fn debt; (hat
he dares not show himself (here, and sug
gest* reasons why he Iia9 probably gone «fl’
to the wildemes of Ohio ; w hile it is stated
in a JefTemi.n county, New York, paper,
that it is belieVtsd that Morgan was on board
the Lady of the Lake, which was, with ev
ery soul on hoard, lost in December last on
Luke Ontario. Now amidst all these false
hoods, contradictions and absurdities, what
nre we to beliete?
FROM TEXAS. j
Natchitoches, Feb 18.— Since our last
publication we have received several ac
Mints of the transactions iu Texas, among
»bieh is a letter from a brevrt officer iu
favor of the Mexicans, slating (bat Colonel
Bonn had arrived at Nacogdoches, with the
Mexican troops who were npresented some
time since to be on their wav from Austin’s
colony — other accounts cootr.iiicl the asser
tion : we believe however that there has been
an arrival of troops at Nacogdoches. From
the best accounts the present party pnv lit
tle rcgnrd to priv;*t property.
The persm •< - ho were (alien prisoners at
R • y ... Uv» l»~*w ohained in paris
r>u oeen taken to Nacogdoches.
The information that Field* has bpen kil
led is iocorrcpf, and by the Inst accounts lie
was alive anil collecting his warriors rapid
ly from all quarters.—We look every dny to
bear of much blobd shed in that unfortunate
country. The situation and probable fute of
those unfortunate prisoners should excite ihe
sympathies of patriots. They ire nil Amer
ican citizen* : Our brothers in enptivily and
chains. Should not the officers of our gov
ernment feel ii their province to intercede
far them ? From ihe best information the
unfortunate men were compelled tntakcjij*
arms tu defence of th|ir lives ami property,
an.l to preserve their /linilics from iho Bru
tal violence of a in'erdmary soldiery.
JCxt ract of aletter—dated
, . Natchez, Feb. 13, 1827.
1 lie republican party calling themselves
I redoniaus, have ceased to exist, and the
Mexican party have j|ttirt possession of the
pro\ mce of I exa*.—-They have taken <en
prisoners who have hertf pai in irons, hnd
marched on to Naco^oc'** «r0m the &%.
| ft**0* AluqT^c^akes. for trial.—
lhe5 probably %il|>8„<T<ff death, they «Nk
strongly esoorted by 7o or so men (*»»$
mrds) \sCI| mounted—to escape is impti*U
*.e: « ** rtunorfd in this town that the
tolicrokccH have murdered Fields one of lire
signer* of the declaration of Fredoninns.—
Hr. Hunter's^ life Is said to be jeopardised.
C«»l. Edward’s family have escaped frooi
Nacogiloohes, with the exception of his son
in-law, Mr. Harrison, who is in irons, a pris*
oner—Chronicle
OBimtAt ftAaSBCTB.
SATURDAY, MARCH 24. I8ar.
INTERESTING PAPER
'Ve call the attention of our readers to the inter
eating paper of Professor Long, which we insert be
low. — It is esteemed by those whb are Judges, an
esHrsrtivrtt eOltstkAiailtitlion which will
facilitate very rttueh the correct acquirement 0f the
anticut tongues —Should the course recommended
iu this paper hold out any advantages over those
lieiclofor.e pnr.S'ifd by Ameiican institutions, it wit)
certainty ?>e highly Worthy o.l gencial notice—The
loose and impeHtet manner in which the languages
of Greece and Roftia have been heretofore acquired
hy the youth of our country haa been matter of
much complaint, a/id the source ofmany prejudices
and misconception* in regard to that spvcicsof in
struction But the wise and learned have invaria
hty -given uhexeepitonable testimony to its vast im
portance ip the Wtii j'ion nod unpi ovetnent of the
inteH*c*-»Thq Greek and. {toman authors are in
contestably the most perfect models ol etoqoenec&.
taste ; and in found practical wisdom, in lucijl de
vetopemei’ of the mainc*, passions and character
istic ferlings of human nature, they stand unrival
led in the circle of Liters*ure—They are filled with
the most animating exarpfAes of Patriotism, and
they exhibit iij.Inimitable colours thebeauties of virw
.tue and U>c (icformaliea-or vice*-There*is- hardlv a
moral maxim, hr uirluous and disinterested semi
inec\t that cannot be gathered from their pages,
clothed in the most bppropiiate and expressive lan
guage—Iu a word, no books can be placed iir-thc
hands of youth which contain a more abundant
harwrst^tf r]• dasm sod/tuth and suyh bcauttiul and
pefftcl mod. U bfVory ^ cii00n_
ing results in the uet ofthcip have hot heen expe
rienced in our country, it must be ascried to the in
judVgious manner iu which instruction has been
handed out The country will be mcuh indebted to
those who lend their aid in the inmproveftient of
this-^tporttnent of scholastic education.
SCHEME OF INSTRUCTION.
It has been i» rubjeci ofcgreat and just complaint,
(hat *o mm h tinijr is <-pent in the study-of thean
tient languages, and so liale is learned- This it a
fact which caniuM btdenied,* as it is <stablisbed by
the unfortunate expei ience ot nearly all who have
had, what is catted, a classical education; the feiv,
w no have ni*„c any. real prdliLjcnvjfj*jb.c conscious
ihst much time and, lahoor ibsgurfeeva been saved;,
arm those wrtio have learned nothing, feel that both
have been wret. heuly misapplied. A taste, lor clas
| sical pursuits, i» now no ciamnun, and an acquaint
ance with the Greek and Latin Languages, is con
| sh-gred by many to lorm so important a part ol a
i liberal education, thri it may be useful to inquire,
why to little is cameu, and how the mode of in
| strut.ion may be improved,
Among the worst methods of teaching, may be
enumerated most that are in general use, pat lieu
larly such as are employed in some of the Kfeat
schools in England. The Eton and vVcstmiiLter
Grammars, wit i A’chrevetius’ Lexicon, fit- ailed
-hy ihc injudicious System of leaching, have formed
an insuperable obstacle to the acqui-itinn ot learn
ing -Some private schools-and a few ol the larger
ffnood have', at'Lvr, *tffliftct)>1i|v«i-tb«nnv>>«»li»i>
thc letters imposed by.tlic ignorance of former
limes ( 1) New modes of instruction have been a
dopted, and they claim the attention ol all intcicstcd
i in the improvement of education, as the system is
the result of long experience. It has been estab
lished as a principle, hy.actua 1 experiment, that in
the commencement of llies’udy of a Language, the
teacher must supply the place both of Grammar
and Dictionary. The siuaenl should not be confu
Scd by general rules, which, but for an example
subjoined, would be completely unintelligible : the
instructor should.lead him to. observe a number ol
particular instances, aod liom them to deduce s
general law— an operation, that the mind is always
eery ready to perform_The utility of k geneial
rute wiillhen be apparent to the pupil : it may be
pointed out to him in a good Grammar, to which
he rtn refer in cast* ofditfwulty.
That pa t of the Grammar, which is technically
called the Accidence, the declensions of nouns, the
conjugation of vei b<, &c. is be»t learned, not in the
rooimoo way of making the student merely repeat
what he finds in his Grammar, but in making him
also write out on paper many nouns and verb*,
itfhich are formed in a manner s toi jlar *.o the exar?
pies in the Grammar. The propel English of
each word should be furnished by the teacher; such
an exercise familiarizes the student with the vsords
of the new Language, and teaches him, at the same
time, the Orthography : it is a well known lact,
that this it never learned in any Language without
the use of the pen —In some schools it is utual fur
the teacher to translate* orally, the lesson to the
Junior Classes, who ere then required to study it
terdwU]f, •*•»» ** i* ta» inhicnetar. Trans
Is (ions, detached from ifr9 book, areabo allowed in
some schoo'j.; and as the lesson is to oe construed
to the teachrr, add every woid is to be accounted
for, the usual objections to such translations are
partly obviated.
Extcmpoi ancods construing, as it is called, is
Sorm limes a p-rrt ^1 the system ; the pupiT* construe
with the as'Llanc* of the master who explains the
unknown words as they occur*. This was the way
in which these Language* -tvere taught heloie Lex
icons and Liooks of Keierence were so common ; it
was the w*y in which many great scholars were
formed.— This system requites an able teacher and
liitle besides that: good hooks are the best sobslil.
utes where such a teacher cannot be had.
| It cannot be objected to this system, that it w i
make tho boys indolent; 14 ore may be required of'
Uiem a» their means of study are facilitated, and it J
'•the teacher** fault if the lJ»son is atmlivd superti
cially. loo much Difficulty is generallv presented
to begtnners; scarcely any Dictionaiy can be found
which is adapted to the wants and capacity of a hoy.
Theuseof translations and prt*l<clioni niuy drop- ]
ped, when the student has made sufficient progress
to read with some e.isq, and has arrived ai that point
w£ ere the desire for information from Lexicon* and
0*i ammars is excited, mid »vherc his labor is cheer
ed wuh the probability of success (2.) Thedilhcut
tns presented in the ordinary way oK teaching, hy
making boys commit to niemory many rules that
they cannot understand, ••id frequently in i|,e eery
^language which they liav* to learn, and then reqni
nag them, with the imperfect aid of a bad Lexicon,
tp construe Greek or Latin authors, produca near ly
.always m listless, inactive despair on the par tot the
learner, an-i ha l humor and pcevishes vn that of the
teacher.
The practice or w.iting that language, which is to
be learned, ought to lot in a pan of the system oi
education: i- oilers, wlien properly regulated, one
of the sures means of acquiring accurate know
ledge. But the pupil ought not 10 write exercises,
arranged under each rule of syntax,as is the case in
common exerei<e books, without any regaid to the
relative importance of the rules. He ougnt first iu
Wriie exercises involving only those syniactical con
sir uclion*, which form a part ol evei^r sentence; ind
these ought not to be written beotc be has, Vioin
his own reading, met with numerous in-lances ol
such constructions,and, wtli the aid ol his teacher,
deduced i um them a „eneral rule.
It would be dilhcuJt to select those elementary
books which are the best .- very few, ii anv can be
called good—The prog.ess ol the learner' must at
first depend moie on the tcaclrd than on a.iv thm^
else. ' **
i hat 4Cramniarf which presents tt»e acci«icncd in
a clear and intelligible lonn, with examples at Jutl
length, and the r.ost common rules ol syntax, with
several instances, wdl suit a beginner Utlci that* a
larger book. It almost needless to add, tint all
rules, should be in English, fj) One grsat ohjec
ti«»n to making _ boys commit to memory a ••coin
plclc course oi syutax,” or arly oilier tulcs which
are not very short, ought not to be omitted The
exceptions to the iule*,both syntactical and others.
ncce*satily occupy more space loan the xujes them
selves, as they consist of an enumei a< ion ot JjMrfrteo
lars; there consequently, engage the attention o:
the learner mote than the geneiai rules, ond ibstan
ecs of irregularities, which will, perhaps, not occur
in the course of several yrais’ reading, are made of
more importance than tho=c whith occur iu every
sentence.
Iirtcaching th^aprosody of the Gtcek and Latin
Languages,a tc<% geneiai rules in English may be
useful—My thing more will be injutious,* ihe
number of rules, which encumber common Gram
mars, are of little use, because they are not necessa
ry—and they are o ten inconvenient, because many
ol them are rounded on false notions of the subject
It is, however, ot the utmost importance, that the
teacher shpuld, Irrfm the commencement, be careful
in correcting errors in quantity ; IT this bo done,
half ot the pupii'a tebour will be saved by the habit*
ho jvill thus acquy®. \\ hen he is able to nad the
Latin poets, lor instance Virgil, the tutor may re
quire him to commit to memoiy, and to repeat por
lions of the lesson: this has been found by exptri
ence to be attcudcu with many beneficial effects—
all its goodness, however, depends on ifie ece. / acjj
with which the task is performed ; the pari, select
ed, lor this kind of repetition, ought to bp such as
the student is thoroughly acquainted with.
y.t\e ff me remark will apply to the Greek poets,
En ripples, Homer, &.e
When a student lias made some proficiency, the
practice uf translating into English, and rei.»u»U
ling the English into Latin or Greek, may bfe a
dopted with great ad vantage. Tlu benefits of this
i system are al»o attested by the csvt' icnce of «)1 who
; hajrcma^y - — ^ „
1 he utility of wiitfen translations iuleflPn'TTJlt'7'
from ^ho Greek and Lalio authors that are atudiadi
| »• aUo apparent; great accuracy is necessarily re’
quired in a written translation ; some care and yon
sidrretion must be employed in finding'correct «nd
appropriate expressions—an<J to this we may *dd,
the pi actiie wifi lend to improve the student's
knowledge of his own language, which experience
proves to.be lamentably neglected in most of the
schools.
To make any progress in a language, it i» neces
sary to read a considerable portion of several good
authors, and not, according to the common prac
tice, scraps from a great number, entitled ‘Excepta’
•Select®,’ 5tc; or by whatever other name they are
designated.
One object in learning Greek or Lai in ought to
be to make ourselves acquaints,i with the subject
mat er ol these authors . hue modern education has
substituted instead o large portions of these au
thors, little scraps, and has encumbered the student
with such an apparatus of grammars, dictionarie
and other helps, that the tow yeais spent at school
are not sufficient to enable him to attain to that
which is the object ofliis lahoi.
One single author caretully read and explained,
as it ought to be, would give more rci- knowledge
and confer more satisfaction than unconntlcd, ill
selected pieces irom a dozen different wilier* It
would be easy to quote the cases of several fflttviii
ojs seholai s whose knowledge utjirst was afquiieu
by the repeated perusal of one or two favou he an
I thors The ge/man press offers now the means ol
|I"?"•'•I1 *'*• vfiiUn* af the -•Im»k» Gr
jschool use at a lower iate than inferior hooka aic
( manufactur'd in otner counliies—they have nu
notes, which is a great advantage ; all real difticul
ties should be explained by the teacher; there arc
very few hooks that contain notes of aiiyuseto
young students—and how few there are which
contain notes with such information as a n.au of
taste and judgment would ook for, evecy person
may judge who has had the mortification of con
suiting them.
It is very (ScMtaMe that the Greek language
should be taught before the Latin ; every language
that is learned ought to be made useful in training
any other Windied tongue. Greek might be made
very useful in the acquisition of Latin : but Latin
which ha* hitherto been employed a* a medium for
the acquisition of Greek, i-. (hub made a great ob
stacle to the attainment of this end- We ms v safe
ly in this case too, appeal to expertenre; few per.
j sons are well acquainted with Greek .though many
I hxvo attempted to learn it. It certainty must be the
fault of the mode of teaching, that this language
should seldom be learned, which possesses so many
advantages, nearly allot' which arc tuch at to be
favorable to a learner’s progress. Greek Grammars
in Latin are now little used/ Gr'cck and English
Lexicons w ilia Iso probably soon come Into general
use; they will certainiy be introduced into good
schools. Schneider’s Greek andGermar Lexicon
with the Germni transit ted into Engli-h, hat late
ly been advertised for publication in England ; $.
nother by Donnegan, of which copies are imported
— f i)—another by Jones—-2 translation* of Schre
veliu* have made tbefr appearance, pno of them
with alteration* and addition*...butit, is impossible
to recommend Schrevetiu*, or any Lexicon which
takes that for ifs basis.
The t^se of thfe Analecta Minora *nd Major* baa
proved an obstacle to the aequ silion r»f Greek ; it
is almost 'impossible lo imagine how such extracts
»• ere ever read in any schools in the betl schools of
England they arc not U3ed. Not only the extracts
themselves in the 1st volume of the AnaleeU Ma
jors, but many of Uie author* from which they arc
extracted are enlirVly unfit for a beginner, and one
or two of them pre not ofien r/ted even by those
who devote much time le Greek literature. It
does not remove the objection to Ibis book that
(he Xenophon is sometimes read first,and the more
difficult extract* after; the portion of Xenophon is
not suffir i«nt,and the samples of Thucydides, Her
odor out, Plato, &« ave too. trifling to deserve ao
Ucc. I he 2d vol. ol the Analecta Major* com
tains an entire play .Sophocles and one of Luripides
an.l is tlieivlbrc more useful, hut there is no occa
sun to buy the book on this account, as much
*"ore‘n*y b«g«Afor less money. The notes will
thus be W to the learner, hut the.* is nothing in
them which a good teacher will net readily furnish
by the use ol those materials horn which these
notes were compiled. There could be no object ion
lo_a school or college book which tontaihed' /arre
pot lions from the 6e$t authors rn.n^i in otooe.
order w,th short notes in English. eaptan.J,, v of
the Greek idio.u, and other thing, wnich rey.'.irc
explanation.but there it no book of thi. de.ciip
• ion which is yei in use. ”
The Anabasis of Xcn jphon is * good book for
beginners j it cieates mote interest than the t.vro
pcdia~.it ought tu be read through, and ouwc
knowledge ol Greek will most certainly be acri«jr
«nJ- Alter Ue Ai.abXvts, o. with it, when the pu
pil has made some proficiency. ,nyU rr#(J one^r
iw;° ol the pluyo oll Luiipijcs. the Alce.lis. the
Uippolytna, or the Hecuba The Alctfca which is
'*' U,e Analecta coiitams more dilhcullies than
these from 'he carelul .tudy or these d,aii,«s tho
s ude.it will derive much v*| saule infoi mation ««
the Idiom* and structure of the Attic G.eek * >ul
tic.cnt knowledge of quantity a,IU« gained by the
study of the lambic measure under the direction 0f
the tutor, and by the occasional repetition d .elect
.pmis (Icrcrlotous may next bo read, and t u0»e
poi lions which contain the most interest in- parts of
early G cek HlUory: Lib. 2, Lib. 5 « &.c At
Ur Hero,lotus, Homer's llliad may he r^t« and it
ougnt not to be read befoic; in ti.e study ot a Ian.
gMige we first dhe-t our attention to that period
when the greatest number of excellent w riter,
hvtx. acid to Ural tfiu.Vci which they adopted We
can then devote some tune to the Ungua-e in its
earlier state, and to those dialect, which from vari
ous causes, contain less that i. uoilh reading —
ror thc.-c icJS. ns a goo: knowledge or Greek *
ought to be first derived from me good ..it.odiu,iul>
to Horner s llliad* which wdl me,, be studi-d
the amicnt and g.nciai language ol the Greek,
and not asastrangopninielligmic mixture of ionic'
Ab ide dialects, PoCtje heenses, &.c. It i» „ot un
u.ual for a Hodrtlt.ii. il,c Greek tniuave to t e in
with U.e NetvTcsta.nrnt- he is me., i.,i,ouu«d -
u* Homer, and ait turfftis ,oima „f Wl,ld# th
cannot toadily be tound or explained it, a common
Lexicon, he u told, are something ’ m*t they
ought not Co be ; they hive been altered by addition
ot subtraction of a syllable e*r letter, by the w;.,in
oi the pocc, or by soma other process to whi j, -,
name without a messing » alhxcd— Xenophon’s
Cyrop^ .iais rnd, and the ext,ecu irom Lo^mus' '
and the pupil may then be accommodated with
.outo Apollomus Klton a* «i r piece of Theocritus
which cannot fail to h*ve the etfcct of completing
the confusion ol tongues. >
It cannot ha a matter of surprise after this that
a student has no di,t»nel notion of any one por
tiort, or any one peric 1 cf Genian literature. ^
A similar proce*.- for teaching Eh^Imi, to a for.
eigne, in a country where it i* not spoken, would
(>« to put into hi* nands some writer whose ian.
guageis considerably corrupted by F«et|ch or La
tin words auJ i'iioais. Chaucer w-ouiu then bee
very proper author—extracts irom llume, Allan
Ksinsay, anu Ruins would complete tits educa
tion.
For those who nave mode piofieaency in Greek
Homer’s (Iliad and Hie Odyssey w.ii always be
interesting books; luc oldest specimens oi Gieek,
and tire oluest piclu.e of the bai barons manners and
un i' jiiacu society, will pre,um to the judicious
reader many iustiuctire subjects for reflection.—
Tha Greeks authpis of lh« Co! .nies, anu those* of
a per tod later ftianihcAiik ae^ca, deserve the at
tttiiUon of the scholar—buf none oi these uooks are
fit ioi beginners
The peiuaal of Thucydides, the Attic Orator.*,
Aristophanes, and I'lato, will perhaps be oot ic*
asswf jssstaj!,
the usu^l period juuu.
It is much lo b, regretted that the^nthml w,iters
are not studied in such a manner as gp make them
amusing and instructive ( bis is iieai-|y „|lw,Vfc
the fau.t of tno teacher: »vhclc there iraL a ,
to many good books, whe:C manyvajn.hu book!
aic too dear to he procuiec.,* very g,eat obstacle
" ru* "* »V cl l!ic teacher’s Lp,u„‘ ‘ ,
“• r~E...... .*0 oV
The subject mailer olthe Greek and Horn an
wmeisi* neglected, hnd the words are mace » p»in
fui and disagreeable’study, All who t.y to left.,, a
language after they anive to yearsol maturity find
the study of giatulner and ot word* very nksoini
*'!*? 47 '? l"*ke U n‘0r« “iir^able I y taking some
book that contain useful and instructive matter —
t acre it no <ea,un wuj, boys should not be led to
to take some interest iu their studies in a similar
Way. (ne chief amusement of more advanced
years u, reading many book*, U derived from such
dt.ea or incidental notices as lh,ow light on in*
modes of life, itic moial and political opin,one ot a
people Now, ,1 is ce.iau. that ihc attention even
°J ^‘■n students may be directed to some subjects
uf lb.* kind, it o certain, because iu many good
private school, 11 forms part of the system of tcach
ing and it is a mode that ensure* to the puolic sat
'•‘•Ct,,0"0! ^'ingih.t he ha9| learned somything.
and to the teacher, pleasure in communicat ane
know edge and the giaiitude ot those who lea.u *
tnode of instruction, Ancient History
wiUlCTcsss/s^iih1 Geography, are connected it
would be unnecessary to $dlbi out the best modes
o» doing; every intelligent teacher wfll a. oni u,«m
U. the capacity of hi* pupil. |n Grecian Geo*..,
phy it will he i.npoiUol to give the scholar accu*
tale ideas ot the extent of the Gieck Stairs, mak,
",*« compare ai.o their area with some known
standard—that of 1m own State, for m*t»„Cf—
the Greek colonial establishments in Italy Africa
and Asia ought to be attended to_the gi eat divis*
ions of the Creek nation lo which each belonged_
their geographic position, flee. It will be ol more
importance, than it may at hot sight appear, for
the scholar to know something of the climate, soil
apd natural productions of the Greek States and
Colonies —The study of then na.fonal character
and polity ought to I* 'protected by information
Of this kind. I he intcMtgint teacher will cativo
Irotn a va,,eiy of sonices the knowledge which he
imparls to Ins pupil?, Irotn passages of ancient w, j.
lert, hom hooks ol Mcdcrn travels, and hooks of
prints and annuities —Gill's journey through the
Morca may »nve a* a specimen ol books which
contain instruction on such topics, and make the
scenes ol ancient history familiar to ns. The Ger
man language conta in useful book? on this and
similar subjects— Alannsri*’ Geography, Heeren
6tc ate. '
Goo.i maps, plans of ancic.,1 chics, correct views
of celebrated, place* aud other similar helps ought
to be constantly ie?oitod to for the purpose of giv
ing the teacher and the student clear am) district
I The u\iurv whirl, the mind receives Irom
forming indistinct conceptions is on*: of the worst
enects p«oduct-d by a bad education; a classics*
educnti .n, improperly conducted, is a* wrH ca l, u-‘
lated to do this, as any otter scheme that can be
devised.
(I; Sec a book entitled • ' Pl4ns fur the govern
ment and liberal instruction uf boy* in lar*e nurr.
bers, drawn from experience.**—London \%Zl.
(V) CondilUe. course of study for the Pt ince of
rarrma, motive* (or study.
(3) T'nose beautiful specimens of modern Latin
poetry, beginning •• IVopila cjna* ma. il n* ’—and
««,Prr.*enli," fit,*: are committed to memory in
Kngli-i, schools, lung before they are understood '
(4) The following aro books that cannot be ns-.t
w.th much profit,
Achrevdtui ’ f>txb«on in all fontf* Latjn and Er
lisn.

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