Newspaper Page Text
Mining &Uat Journal. J. BENSON ODER, Editor. FORTY-FIRST YEAR. NO. 35 “God. Our Country and Our Order” WASHINGTON CAMP, No. 41 Patriotic Order Sons of America MEETS EVERY MONDAY EVENING IN WITTIG’S HALL Visiting Members Always Welcome John W. DeVore . Jack S. Crow President Secretary “HELLO, BILL!” Frostburg LodgE, 80. 470 B. P. 0. S. Meets every Tuesday evening at 8 o’clock ELERNOR BUILDING Visiting Brothers Invited ltooms Always Open H.C. EVANS & CO. THE UP-TO-DATE Livery, Feed and Sale Stable Good teams Haulinp of All Kinds Open Day and Night Special Attention Given to Funerals and - Weddings. Phone 304 HUNTER & SON FIRST-CLASS LIVERY All kinds of FEED for sale General Hauling a Specialty Corner Mechanic and Water Street FROSTBURG, MD. MILTON W. RACE Livery and Sales Stables Horses for sale at all times at all prices and guaranteed as represented Mechanic and Maple Streets C. & P. Telephone FROSTBURG, MD. RANKIN BROTHERS TRANSFER “We Deliver the Goods” WATER STREET A. P. HOEY The Tonsorial Artist 13 1 E. UNION ST. FIRST-CLASS WORK GUARANTEED About your Hair. Guts, Shaves, Massage, Sham pooing, Hair Singeing and Tonic Rubs. He will do them right. 5 Chairs 5 Barbers PALMER BROTHERS Tonsorial Parlor A Specialty of Massage and Hair Cutting 159 East Union Street B. J. PALMER, Manager HENRY J. BOETTNER Fine Groceries Provisions Hay and Feed Phone ioo-i 197 E. Union St. J. C. WILSON & SON FANCY ANI) STAPLE GROCERIES Fruits. Vegetables and Country Produce Fresh Fish and Oysters in Season Fine Cigars and Tobacco 140 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. EDWARD DAVIS & GO. DEALERS IN Staple and Fancy Groceries Country Produce, Queensware, etc. Union Street FROSTBURG, MD. A. SPITZNAS Fancy and Staple Groceries 9 BROADWAY Just a few steps from Union Street, but it will pay you to come. GRIFFITH BROTHERS dealers in Groceries, Provisions, Flour Feed, Etc. Corner Union and Water Streets FROSTBURG, MD. “GOOD THINGS TO EAT” C. F. BETZ GROCER FROSTBURG MARYLAND THE CORNER GROCERY Buy SLEEPY EYE FLOUR And get a Set of Silver Spoons Special Grocery offer on cash orders of $5.00 or more. “See us first.” HORGAN BROS., 72 Broadway RIGHT BROTHERS •245 BROADWAY GROCERIES PROVISIONS HAY AND FEED MINERS’ SUPPLIES PHONE 2-4:*7-2 P. F. CARROLL THE BOWERY GROCER General Merchandise Fancy Groceries, Country Produce Corner Bowery and Loo Streets FROSTBURG, 7VYD. \V. H. ANGWIN Staple and Fancy Groceries 10 East Loo Street FROSTBURG, MD. Phone 145-F Telephone Orders Promptly Delivered. MRS. MARY JOHNS Restaurant and Ice-Cream Parlor 1 68 F. UNION STREET Ice-Cream sent out in all designs Meals and Lunches at all hours Parties, Balls and Lodges furnished JOE McGRAW Soft Drinks and Lunches Cigars, Tobacco and Confectionery 1 155 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. Phone 20-1 Room 1 BERNADETTE RAFFERTY Leading Public Stenographer t Wittig Building FROSTBURG MARYLAND W. (i. HILLER The Reliable TaUor 10 W. UNION ST. Order your Suit for Summer now and avoid the rush. GEO. H. GUNTER i Clothing and Furnishings For Men and Boys Hotel Gladstone Building 9W. Union St. Frostburg, Md. A. CHAS. STEWART “Home of Good Clothing” Citizens Bank Building KYLUS & GROSS MODERN TAILORS WILL FIT YOU 88 East Union Street ALL MEN’S CLOTHING MADE TO ORDER AND Guaranteed to Fit or No Sale! Other work in Tailoring done on same satis factory conditions. Whether you come early or late in the season we will try to please you. GEORGE D, HAMILL, Sr. Phone 20-1 Wittig Building W. C. NOEL & CO. Fire, Health and Accident Insurance Bonds, Business Brokers 15 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. J. S. METZGER & SON General Fire Insurance 19 East Union Street FROSTBURG, MARYLAND Reliable Fire Insurance Companies REPRESENTED BY ULYSSES HANNA General Insurance Bonding Fire Offices—Citizens National Bank and Opposite Postoffice. D. A. BENSON, Agent. HOCKING & HOHING Fire Insurance Agents Frostburg, Md. Before bujfing Life Insurance consult Arthur T. Johnson Manager of The Metropolitan Life Ins. Co, Room 7 Shea Building JAS. D. WILLIAMS THE OLD RELIABLE Boot and Shoe Maker East Union Street Invites a call from all frlends-- old and new FIFTY YERRS IN BUSINESS HENRY N. SCHNEIDER Shoe and Hat Emporium 97 East Union Street M. 8c W. RODDA Shoes Rubbers Slippers REPAIRING NEATLY DONE 93 Bowery Street GILBERT STUDIO 79 y 2 E. Union St. Moderate-Price Photos Post Cards Picture Framing Picture Finishing T eweler and Scientific Optician FROSTBURG, MD. FROSTBURG, MD., SATURDAY, MAY 25, 1912. 0011 mm FRESH AND SMOKED MEATS 13 BROADWAY HARTIGBROS. ALL KINDS OF Fresh and Smoked Meats ON HAND DAILY 30 Broadway Frostburg, Md. William Engle James Engle ENGLE MEAT MARKET Healers in Live and Dressed Meats Butter and Eggs Poultry in Season 66 E. Union St. 19 W. Union St. WILLIAM HARVEY Civil and Mining Engineer COUNTY SURVEYOR FROSTBURG MARYLAND CHAS. G. WATSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Pearce Building Frostburg Maryland CLAYTON PURNELL Attorney at Law Shea Building FROSTBURG, MARYLAND T. W. SHEA THE OLDEST DRUGGIST IN FROSTBURG Eastman Kodaks Huyler’s Candies Paints Glass Wall-Paper WALTER T. LAYMAN 28 W. Union St. Opp. Postoffice FROSTBURG, MD. Roofing and Spouting All kinds of Hand-Made Tinware Stove Pipe and Elbows Phone 25-4 Dr. G. Elwood Anuacost Dentist mm C. & P. Phone West Union Street FROSTBURG MARYLAND 1593 ESTKBLISH6D IBIZ Dr. I. L. RITTER, DENTIST, 19 Broadway, [J7] Frostburg, Md. Dr. J. M. PORTER, DENTIST First National Bank Building Broadway Entrance Phone 20-3 J.Alex. M y IS BR QS. Jas " S " S7VYOKe HOWS© Domestic and Key West Cigars Egyptian and Turkish Cigarettes Meerschaum and Briar Pipes Post Cards Pure-Food Chocolates Smokers’ Articles a Specialty 20 W. Union St. End of Street Car Line J. JOHNSON & SON Contractors and Builders AGENCY FOR CAREY ROOFING WILLISON BROS. MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN Rough and Dressed Lumber Sashes Doors Laths Shingles Slate Rubber Roofing Wall Plaster Etc. FROSTBUKG, MD. JAMES SKEfIDOS Manufacturer of and dealer in Confectionery and Ice-Crearn Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Nuts, Etc. FROSTBURG, MD. G. DUD HOCKING Notary Public OFFICE Fidelity Savings Bank Model Lice Spray, Quart Can, 35 cents. FOR SAUE BY T. L. POPP, Dealer in Poultry Supplies, FROSTBURG, MD. CAMPBELL’S FINE MILLINERY 73 East Union Street A New Line of— HATS For Ladies, Misses and Children at MRS. P. O’ROURKE’S AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER. 1882 1912 “ f THIRTY YEARS AGO. f J The Items Below Were Current During v Week Ending June 3, 1882. Rev. J. Ruhl, pastor of Salem Re , formed Church, attended the conven tion of Somerset Classis at Somerset, Pa. George Jeffries, of Glidden, lowa, a former resident, returned on a visit to his father, George Jeffries, seriously ill. Gus. Wm. Zeiler returned from a visit to Chicago, 111. Miss Kate Standish returned from a visit to New York. The family of Rev. J. P. Wright ar rived and the congregation had a fine supper ready for them in the parson age. Henry Hawthorne, of Pompey Smash, left that place for Chicago. Henry Stevens, an old resident of Eckhart, died Wednesday, May 31, 1882, aged about 55 years. Beautiful spring flowers, in full bloom, Make the air redolent with perfume. The marching of the “Vets” on Decoration Day was highly praised by the younger citizens. The Future of the Georges Creek Coal Region. The Lonaconing Advocate published last week an interesting and cheering article concerning the development of the region’s “small veins” of coal. The exhaustion of the “Big Vein,” once the region’s greatest immediate asset, is admitted, but the “smaller veins” afford a prospect for develop ment, business life and growth, the end whereof no man can foresee. “Only within the last six or eight years,” says the Advocate , “has the de velopment of the ‘small veins’ re ceived much attention, for only with in that period have the labor condi tions and state of coal market allowed the operator to mine them at a profit.” Long accustomed to the compara tively easy work of mining the “Big Vein,” it has been difficult “to secure men to work them at a price that would offset the freight differential that the railroad companies have ar bitrarily placed uppn them for ship ment to the seaboard.” Concerning theq:;ality of the “small vein,” coals the Advocate quotes the Maryland Geological Survey as fol lows: “The coal of some of the small seams is usually of excellent quality and if properly operated is but slight ly, if at all, inferior to the coal of the Big Vein.” “For steam purposes,” says the Advocate, “Tyson compares favorably Waynesburg Lower Sewickley Tyson Pittsburg Moisture 83 .94 .80 .74 Volatile 19.20 18.60 15.75 17.46 Ash 9.23 6.80 6.46 7.05 Fixed Carbon 70.74 73.66 76.99 74.75 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.0 Sulphur... 1.05 1.15 .72 .94. B. T. U.* 13950 14550 14650 14620 Baketown Upper Freeport Kittanning Clarion Moisture 57 . 72 .84 .78 Volatile 14.02 15.60 13.76 18.75 Ash 8.22 9.82 10.13 8.25 Fixed Carbon 77.19 73.86 75.27 72.22 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 Sulphur 1.20 1.50 F 32 1.69 B. T. U 14537 14100 14285 14500 with Franklin coal in every respect except it requires more attention on the part of the firemen. “Big Vein coal can be fed into fire box in large quantities and will burn without further attention. When Tyson coal is burnt it must be placed in the box in small quantities and re quires more attention. It requires frequent "stirrings up’ or it will ‘crust.’ But the insignificance of this handicap is made up by its splendid quality.” The market for the Tyson is indi cated as follows: “At present the larger portion of Tj-son coal mined in the Georges Creek Valley finds its way to New England, where it is used by the mills, and much goes to Canadian points, where it is used for smithing purposes. Before it is used for this purpose, however, it is given special treatment byway of washings.” As indicated previously, “this vein is receiving the larger portion of cur rent attention,” and then, geological ly, “it lies about 100 feet above the Big Vein or Pittsburg seam. Between these two is the Redstone seam which is about 4 feet in thickness. “The Tyson seam has an average thickness of 43 inches. Directly be low it is a layer of lime-stone and above is dark shale. Of the latter about 2 Yi feet is removed in mining the coal in order to get proper work ing height.” Now comes a most important chapter in this discussion. The Advocate says— “lt is a sample of this shale which is now on its way to Dr. Henrich Reis’s laboratories, at Cornell University, for examination into its brick-making qualities. If it proves valuable for fire brick purposes, that industry will im mediately assume a position of im portance with coal-mining and in a few years equal it. “All this shale is now thrown over the hillsides and regarded as so much dead loss. If it can be made into bricks it will be mined with the Tyson coal, the one cost of mining covering both operations. Instead of miners then working in 3 to 5 feet veins and devoting their energies exclusively to Tyson, they will work in 8 to 10 feet veins, for the shale will be as valuable as the coal.” The new comet not the success an ticipated. All fraternal societies in town re ported in flourishing condition. Messrs. B. Stern, C. Seifker and T. A. Miller completed the new assess ment and found an aggregate of town property subject to taxation of $1,027,233, a gain of $83,687. Thoburn Post, No. 21, G. A. R., turned out “60 strong” and decorated the graves of deceased comrades Tues day, May 30, 1882. Christian Lehr was sergeant-major, James Welch en sign, George Hammond drum-major, Thomas Hill adjutant and W. H. Koch commander. Hon. William Brace delivered the address in Alle gany cemetery. James Kane was elected president of the Frostburg Gaslight Company, A. E. Hitchins vice-president, C. A. Greene secretary, Davisson Arm strong treasurer, Douglas Percy, Nel son Beall, Lloyd Lowndes, James H. Ward and Owen Price directors. W. H. Evans established the Trede gar Garden in McCulloh’s addition. The Advocate estimates that the Tyson vein underlies 16,000 acres of surface in this region, and quotes “one prominent operator” as predicting that the seam “will last 30 years at the current rate of mining, with 550 miners getting it out.” The Consolidation Coal Company alone “has six open ings, and so far has worked only about 15 per cent, of its holdings.” “Tyson coal,” continues the Advo cate, “is easier to work than Big Vein coal, but entails more expense on the operators on account of the shale which must be mined with it and for which there is at present no market. It is less dangerous to the men and they receive the same rate for mining it. There is no gas. This seam of coal gets its name from Col. Tyson, a pioneer coal operator in this region who first began in a small way to mine it 40 years ago.” If Tyson were “all the peaches in the basket,” 30 years would look like a short lease to go on, but the coal veins other than the Big Vein and Tyson at present being operated are the Six-foot or Lower Kittanning, the Upper Freeport, the Four-foot or Bakerstown, and the Franklin, or Dirty Nine-foot. Besides these the Brookville or Blue baugh and Clarion or Parker seams lying below the Six-foot vein are mined at Barrel ville, while the Waynes- t burg, 100 feet above the Tyson, is 1 operated by the American Coal Com pany on a small scale just south of - Lonaconing. As far as the experience 1 of the operators in this region has i gone, the Six-foot and Tyson seams 1 are found to be subject to more or - less irregularity of thickness and 5 “draw backs.” The Tyson coal bed 1 is a split seam, the two benches of s which are split in the middle of the 1 region, by about 18 feet of rock, mainly limestone. Leaving the Advocate's article now f and making a survey of the Georges 5 Creek coal-field from the Frostburg 7 outlook, the scene shifts from a ques tion whether the magnitude of its . wealth in minerals indicates need of , amelioration of conditions, implied by *■ the Advocate, after the Big Vein or , Pittsburg seam is exhausted. The pre-eminent point for observa tion and study of this great valley, ' with its landscape of exquisite beauty, , its naturally fertile surface, capable under proper cultivation of support - ing five millions of people, is the town j of Frostburg. r With an average elevation of 2,200 f feet above sea-level, yet, geologically, ' it occupies the surface overlying the upper coal seams of the Dunkard for ? mation, or the top of the last layer of the carboniferous period. 1 The flow of this great coal basin is ’ formed by the heavy Pottsville con r glomerate (pudding stone) sandstone, - which comes to the surface on the " mountain-sides east of Georges Creek, [ and, dipping down away under the surface, forms a deep trough, or basin, r passing below the centre of town at a 1 depth of nearly 3,000 feet, and, again J reaching the surface, forms the back r bone of Great Savage mountain on the ; west —the distance from crest to crest 1 being about 7 miles! J No coal exists below this heavy ; sand-stone; hence, all the coal-seams underlying the town of Frostburg are to be found in the rocks which fill this trough or basin. The coal is deposited in parallel layers or beds called “coal veins,” and are approximately parallel to the conglomerate sand-stone, or floor and other sand-stones, fire-clay, shale and lime-stone that fill the trough. They extend with persistent regularity from outcrop to outcrop at and in the vicinity of Frostburg, but are eroded by the streams to some ex tent north-east and south-west from town. Due to this erosion, many of the seams are exposed to the surface, ' and erelong will be profitably mined. It is not generally known that in all there are thirty coal beds in the Georges Creek basin, ten of the principal ones now under operation and producing , coal! E A glimpse sidewise at a picture of the series of thirty seams, within the , 3,000 feet limit of depth, develops the 1 facts that they vary in thickness from . 1 foot to 14 feet, and that the total . thickness of all the workable seams will average nearly ioo feet, making five billion tons a fair estimate of its ag gregate tonnage! This will insure wages to employees in Allegany coun ty in a sum not less than six billions of dollars! This, plus the enormous wealth to be derived from fire-clays, lime-stone, shale, etc., saying nothing of the value of land products, endows Allegany county with a total of wealth equal, if not greater, than the aggregate of all the counties in this State, Delaware and the eastern half of Virginia! In the face of these facts, why should the hearts of the residents of the George’s Creek valley grow cold with apprehension for its business fu ture when contemplating the exhaus tion of the Big Vein? A portion of this article consists of an analysis of eight veins, and the reader, remembering that the “Pitts burg” and the “Big Vein” are the same, can see that in the vital in gredients the “Tyson” is by 4.54 points the superior coal! Good Roads. In continuation of the story begun last week—the road story sent by C. B. Ryan, the next chapter is made up of two observations, as follows: “There is nothing that strikes the visitor from Europe so unpleasantly as soon as he ventures beyond the neighborhood of our great cities as the abominable condition of the majority of our country roads. Their lack of everything which he has been taught to regard as indispensable in a high way frequently makes him jump to the conclusion that after all this mar velous nation is but half civilized. “Such a conclusion is, of course, unjustified, and yet one can under stand how it is reached. The visitor does not reflect upon the fact that we, , even with our vertiginous rapidity of execution, have not yet had time , enough to reform the face of the land. The United States has had to begin , at the beginning. We never had a line of imperial Caesars at work for a thousand years, or a Napoleon lead ing conquering armies to give us a , great framework of solid highways to start with. We have had to lay all the foundations ourselves.” It required many years to build “The Appian Way,” the road begun by Appius Claudius Caecus 312 years : before Christ, but when its 350 miles of paved surface was finished, it was a long stretch for those days, but for centuries it was the model for all . Europe. If the motor-car had been in vogue j then, what a splendid ride that 350- mile run from Rome to Brindisi would ] have been! , Such runs will be practicable here when Allegany-county enterprise ! makes the small-vein shales available for road surfacing. -• < Grantsville Gleanings. Grantsville is rather sorry that the automobile for mail transportation has not proven the success which the en terprise of the contractor merits. ( Aside from all other of its many ad- , vantages, it meant the arrival of “The 1 Great Paper” on Saturdays a few hours earlier. However, the people accept the return of the old method very philosophically, for while not , promising so many thrilling adven tures, it is safer and surer, for Mr. j Race’s driver and horses have never failed them yet. Misses Mary and Rebekah Gerson, S of Frostburg, are here visiting their < father—Myer Gerson. Miss Mary Charles, of Cumberland, 1 returned home Monday from a week’s visit to her aunt—Miss Maggie Brown, . of this place. j Dr. E. A. Smith spent the week ! here, taking the place of his colleague —Dr. I. E. Ritter, and the people of Grantsville, pleased with his genial appearance and manner, hope he will come again. ; Wetit to Jail. Judge Thomas Gatehouse heard the testimony in the charge of felonious : assault against Harry Atkinson Mon- i day evening and held the latter for ! the grand jury in the sum of SSOO bail. Under advice of counsel, however, ! Atkinson went to jail next morning, with the view, it is said, of getting > out under a habeas corpus proceeding. : States Attorney Frank A. Perdew, ! of Cumberland, was present as pros- : ecutor, and Charles G. Watson, of this place, for defense. : Fred’s Dissent. The last time Fred. Durr was in town he told about a man over in Pennsylvania who had died from a gorge of old veal, young bacon and hard cider. “All this was his own doin’s,” al leged Fred., “but he belonged to ; seven lodges, andeveryone of them said i —‘whereas, in the wisdom of Divine Providence our beloved brother has been removed,’ and so on. And that’s all the news I’ve got this time, Jour nal, and you can make the most of it! ” HENRY P. COOK, Manager. WHOLE NUMBER 2,120 Can’t Keep Him From Going. “O, ma, look here—git on your duds— We haven’t much time—my land ! There’s goin’ to be a rumpus ’Way up there in Maryland !” “You crazy chile ! what’s wrong with you ? You are acting like a clown !” “But listen, ma, just one minute—. It’s ’bout our dear old home town : “They’re having a centennial— The stores all look bright and gay; I’m goin’ back to that dear place If it’s only for a day ! “Just wait till pa comes home from work And starts to swear—‘eternal’— I’ll grab him by the neck and show To him a Mining Journal ! “I’ve read the poems ’bout a month, And, believe me, they are fine ! Some were writ by G. K. Hosken, And some by C. B. Ryan. “No use to try to stop me now — No use, I say—l’m goin’ To see the town and shake the hand Of little John H. Mowbn.” State Normal School. Next Friday, 31st inst., the general examination will begin and continue four days. “Miss Fearless & C 0.,” a three act play, will be given Friday evening, June 7th, in Frostburg Opera House. Pupils of both the junior and senior classes will constitute the cast, and Mrs. Clara Pyle Ewing will di rect the program. Next day the Graduate’s Study Club will meet for the last time this year and enjoy a banquet given by Prof. R. H. Ridgely, principal. The Senior Class day is fixed for Monday, June 10th, in Assembly Hall of the School. This Class has about completed its work—this after doing well in both recitation and practice. The mem bers have also written and submitted essays, two of which will be read at the Commencement afterthe Principal has determined which are the best. Topics and names follow: “Normal Graduates and the State of Maryland”—Miss Anna Barncord. “Poetry as a Factor in Education”— Miss Olive Cathcart. “Fenelton”—Miss Rosella Eynch. “Dickens as a Humorist”—Miss Dora Malcolm. “Democracy in Education” —Miss Kathleen McDermott. “The Primary Teacher” —Miss Jane Morton. “The Idyls of the King”—Miss May Mays. “English in the Primary Grades”— Miss Nellie Powell. “The Power of Fiction”—Miss Nellie Ryan. “The Enthusiastic Teacher”—Miss Kathleen WolfA “The Training of the Teacher”— Miss Marie Morgan. “The Moral Training of Children” —Miss Estella Williams. “The Evolution of the Text-Book” —Walker Chapman. The Commencement will be held Wednesday evening,.. June 12th, in the Frostburg Opera House. Four teen students will graduate, Hon. Clayton Purnell, of this place, mem ber of the State Board of Education, conferring the diplomas. The year has been one of great success. Later —Since the foregoing report was placed in type the Journal learns that Prof. Ridgeley has made selection of the two essays as follows: “Poetry as a Factor in Education” —by Miss Olive Cathcart. Reader- Miss May Mays. “The Enthusiastic Teacher”—by Miss Kathleen Wolfe. Reader—Miss Kathleen McDermitt. The Calendar. generally unobserved, are worth quot- Several facts about the calendar, ing: The month of January always begins the same day of the week as the month of October. The same is true of April and July, September and December. Again, February, March and No vember also begin with the same day of the week. These beginnings, however, are true only in normal years of 365 days. A century can never begin on Wed nesday, Friday or Saturday. Furthermore, the ordinary year ends on the same day of the week as it begins. Fire Department Wanted. The Cumberland Valley (Pa.) Vol unteer Firemen evidently want the Frostburg Fire Department to come to their 11th annual convention at Waynesboro, Pa., June4th, sth and6th, as they ask the Journal to state that $2,000 in prizes will be distributed for excelencies in various competitive ways—hook and ladder contests, hose-races, etc. The State Firemen’s meet at Hagers town follows during the next week, and the Frostburgers attending the latter could enjoy two weeks of recrea tion by going to Waynesboro also. The New Pension Law. The new Pension Act provides for an increase of $35,000,000 during the first year of its operation, or for an average of SB3 a year to 450,965 veter ans. Every veteran who served 90 days or more in the naval or military service during the Civil War, who has been honorably discharged and is over 62 years old, is provided for by the new law. For veterans 62 years old and over the rate provided for 90 days’ service is sl3 a month and ranges to sl6 a month up to 3 years of service; for 66 years and over the rate is sls a month f0r.90 days, and ranges up to sl9 for 3 years; for 70 years old and over the rate for 90 days is $lB a month and ranges up to $25 for 3 years; . at. 75 years old and over the rate for 90 days’ service is s2l, and ranges up to S3O for 3 years. Circumstances Alter Cases. Titus A. Brick —Never hit a man after you have him down. It is cowardly. The Eckhart Philosopher —An,’ bay yeminy, Aye tank et bane not gute teng to hit hem ef hae haf yo down. Det bane, bay yeminy, vat Yudge Yohn. Chambers call enyudicious.