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Mining fStti Journal.
J. BENSON ODER, Editor. FORTY-FIRST YEAR. NO. 36. “God, Our Country and Our Order” WASHINGTON CAMP, No. 41 Patriotic Order Sons of America MEETS EVERY MONDAY EVENING IN WITTIG’S HALL Visiting Members Always Welcome John W. DeVore Jack S. Crow President Secretary “HELLO, BILL!” Frostburg Lodge, 80. 470 B. F. 0. S. Meets every Tuesday evening at 8 o’clock ELEANOR BUILDING Visiting Brothers Invited Rooms Always Open H. C. EVANS & CO. THE UP-TO-DATE Livery, Feed and Sale Stable GOOD TEAMS Hauling of All Kinds Open Day and Night Special Attention Given to Funerals and Weddings. Phone 304 HUNTER & SON FIRST-CLASS LIVERY All kinds of FEED for sale General Hauling a Specialty Corner Mechanic and Water Street EROSTBUKG, MD. MILTON W. RACE Livery and Sales Stables Horses for sale at all times at all prices and guaranteed as represented Mechanic and Maple Streets C. & P. Telephone FROSTBURG, MD. RANKIN BROTHERS TRANSFER “We Deliver the Goods” WATER STREET A. P. HOEY The Tonsorial Artist 131 E. UNION ST. FIRST-CLASS WORK GUARANTEED • About your Hair Cuts, Shaves, Massage, Sham pooing, Hair Singeing and Tonic Rubs. He will do them right. 5 Chairs 5 Barbers PALMER BROTHERS Tonsorial Parlor A Specialty of Massage and Hair Cutting 159 East Union Street B. J. PALMER, Manager HENRY J. BOETTNER Fine Groceries Provisions Hay and Feed Phone ioo-i 197 E. Union St. J. C. WILSON & SON FANCY AND STAPLE GROCERIES Fruits. Vegetables and Country Produce Fresh Fish and Oysters in Season Fine Cigars and Tobacco 140 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. EDWARD DAVIS & CO. DEALERS in Staple and Fancy Groceries Country Produce, Queensware, etc. Union Street FROSTBURG, MD. A. SITTZN AS Fancy and Staple Groceries 5) BROADWAY Just a few steps from Union Street, but it will pay you to come. GRIFFITH BROTHERS dealers in Groceries, Provisions, Flour Feed, Etc. Corner Union and Water Streets FROSTBURG, MD. “GOOD THINGS TO EAT” C. F. BETZ GROCER FROSTBURG MARYLAND THE CORNER GROCERY Buy SLEEPY EYE FLOUR And get a Set of Silver Spoons Special Grocery offer on cash orders of $5.00 or more. “See us first.” nORGAN BROS., 72 Broadway RIGHT BROTHERS -ziS BROADWAY GROCERIES PROVISIONS HAY AND FEED MINERS’ SUPPLIES PHONE P. F. CA Ft ROLL. THE BOWERY GROCER General Merchandise Fancy Groceries, Country Produce Corner Bowery and Loo Streets FROSTBURG, 7*LD. W. 11. ANGWIN Staple and Fancy Groceries 10 East Loo Street FROSTBURG, MD. Phone 145-F Telephone Orders Promptly Delivered. MRS. MARY JOHNS Restaurant and Ice-Cream Parlor 68 E. UNION STREET Ice-Cream sent out in all designs Meals and Lunches at all hours Partie o , Balls and Lodges furnished JOE McGRAW Soft Drinks and Lunches Cigars, Tobacco and Confectionery 155 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. Phone 20-1 Room 1 BERNADETTE RAFFERTY Leading Public Stenographer Wittig Building FROSTBURG MARYLAND W. G. HILLER The Reliable Tailor 10 W. UNION ST. Order your Suit for Summer now and avoid the rush. GEO. H. GUNTER Clothing and Furnishings For Men and Boys Hotel Gladstone Building 5) W. Union St. Frostburg, Md. A. CHAS. STEWART “Home of Good Clothing” Citizens Bank Building KYLUS & GROSS MODERN TAILORS WILL FIT YOU 88X East Union Street ALL MEN’S CLOTHING MADE TO ORDER AND Guaranteed to Pit or No Sale! Other work in Tailoring done on same satis factory conditions. Whether you come early or late in the season we will try to please you. GEORGE D. HAMILL, Sr. Phone 20-1 Wittig Building W. C. NOEL & CO. Fire, Health and Accident Insurance Bonds, Business Brokers IS E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. J. S. METZGER & SON General Fire Insurance 15) East Union Street FROSTBURG, MARYLAND Reliable Fire Insurance Companies REFRESENTED BY ULYSSES HANNA General Insurance Bonding Fire Offices—Citizens National Bank and Opposite Postoffice. D. A. BENSON, Agent. HOCKING & HOMING Fire Insurance Agents Frostburg, Md. Before buying Eife Insurance consult Arthur T. Johnson Manager of The Metropolitan Life Ins. Co. Room 7 Shea Building JAS. D. WILLIAMS THE OLD RELIABLE Boot and Shoe Maker East Union Street Invites a call from all friends old and new PIUTV YERRS IN BUSINESS HENRYN. SCHNEIDER Shoe and Hat Emporium 97 East Union Street , M. & W. RODDA Shoes Rubbers Slippers * REPAIRING NEATLY DONE 93 Bowery Street GILBERT STUDIO E. Union St. * Moderate-Price Photos Post Cards Picture B'raminj Picture Finishing J eweler and Scientific Optician FROSTBURG, MD. FROSTBURG, MD., SATURDAY, JUNE 1, 1912. ' JFJQfi JPEfi FRESH AND SMOKED MEATS 13 BROADWAY HARTIGBROS. ALL KINDS OF Fresh and Smoked Meats ON HAND DAILY 30 Broadway Frostburg, Md. William Engle James Engle ENGLE MEAT MARKET Dealers in Live and Dressed Meats Butter and Eggs Poultry in Season 66 E. Union St. , 19 W. Union St. WILLIAM HARVEY Civil and Mining Engineer COUNTY SURVEYOR FROSTBURG MARYLAND CHAS. G. WATSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Pearce Building Frostburg Maryland i ■ ...i. ... i .i ■ ■ ■ ■■■■—■ CLAYTON PURNELL Attorney at Law Shea Building FROSTBURG, MARYLAND J. W. SHEA THE OLDEST DRUGGIST IN FROSTBURG Eastman Kodaks Huyler’s Candies Paints Glass Wall-Paper WALTER T. LAYMAN 28 W. Uuioa St. Opp. Postoffice FROSTBURG, MD. Roofing and Spouting All kinds of Hand-Made Tinware Stove Pipe and Elbows Phone 25-4 Dr. C. Elwood Arrgacost Benti^t * OH* C. & P. Phone \TYz West Union Street FROSTBURG MARYLAND 1893 ESTHBLISH6D 1912 Dr. I. L. RITTER, j DENTIST, - lb Broadway, [J7] Frostburg, Md. Dr. J. M. PORTER, DENTIST First National Bank Building L Broadway Entrance Phone 20-3 •T. Alex. DA y IS BROS. JaS S sconce House Domestic and TCey West Cigars Egyptian and Turkish Cigarettes Meerschaum and Briar Pipes Post Cards Pure-Food Chocolates Smokers’ Articles a Specialty 20 W. Union St. End of Street Car Line J. JOHNSON & SON Contractors and Builders AGENCY FOR CAREY ROOFING WILLISON BROS. MANUFACTURERS AND DEALEKS IN Rough and Dressed Lumber Sashes Doors Laths Shingles Slate Rubber Roofing 1 all Plaster Etc. EROSTBUKG, MD. JAMES SKEfIDOS Manufacturer of and dealer in Confectionery and Ice-Cream Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Nuts, Etc. FROSTBURG, MD. G. DUD HOCKING Notary Public 1 OFFICE Fidelity Savings Bank Model Lice Spray, S Quart Can, 35 cents. FOR SAKE BY T. L. POPP, Dealer in Poultry Supplies, FROSTBURG, MD. CAMPBELL’S FINE MILLINERY g 73 East Union Street A New Line of— For Ladies, Misses and a Children at MRS. P. O’ROURKE’S AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER. ALL INVITED TO COME HOME. The following list comprises another installment of the names and addresses of former residents of Frostburg, now living outside this county, registered by friends here for use of the Centennial and Home-Coming Committee. It is proposed by the latter body to supplement the general invitation, already extended, by one special to each Frostburger, so that as individuals they may be assured of a home desire to see them at home; of a warm welcome when they come, and the tender of generous hospitality while they stay. The names, arranged alphabetically, will appear in succeeding issues of the Journal until all are orinted. Meanwhile, should anyone observe that a name has been over looked, or an address given incorrectly, an immediate report to the Journal is solicited, as the Committee is anxious to specially invite all without exception: Apple, Miss Trine, Everett, Pa. Bittner, Mrs. Elmer, Keyser, W. Va. Byrnes and family, Lawrence, 329 High Street, Fairmont, W. Va. Brown, Frank A., care of S. & S. C. & C. Co., Bear Creek, Mont. Byrne, F. P., 24 Pallister Avenue, Detroit, Mich. Barnard, Mrs. Thomas, Rowlesburg, W. Va. Blackwell, Mrs. T. H., Hazelton, Pa. Bigelow, Sr., John, Hazelton, Pa. Beane, R. 8., Bakewell Building, Pittsburg, Pa. Butler, Clayton, care of Engineers’ Office, W. Md. R. R., Hagerstown, Md. Brown, Miss Bess, Brunswick Hotel, Huntingdon, Pa. Brown, Fee P., Hendricks, W. Va. Brown, James P., R. F. D. 2, Clarksburg, W. Va. Cole and family, William, W. Highland Street, Birmingham, Ala. Corkran, Miss F- Beatrice, St. Michaels, Md. Carson, Mrs. Nan 8., Brunswick Hotel, Huntingdon, Pa. Coe, S. Travis, care of Consolidation Coal Co., 1 Broadway, New York, N. Y. Davis, Miss Amelia, Martinsburg, W. Va. Davey, Mrs. John, 530 Highland Avenue, Atlanta, Ga. Davis, David, Byesville, Guernsey County, Ohio. Doyle and family, William, Tyler, Tex. Duggan, P. F., care of C. & O. Shops, 17th Street, Richmond, Va. Evers, Charles F., 740 W. Fayette Street, Baltimore, Md. Engleby, Misses Anna and Elizabeth, 338 Campbell Avenue, Roanoke, Va. Fogle, Noah A., 1734 Ashburton Street, Walbrook, Baltimore, Md. Foley and family, John, 331 High Street, Fairmont, W. Va. Goldsworthy, Vance, Keyser, W. Va. Goldsworthy, James, Keyser, W. Va. Henninghausen, Harry F., Asst. Supt. Md. Color Printing Co., Baltimore, Md. Hartung, J. W., Monroe, Va. Hall, Edward, Millersville, Ann Arundel County, Md. Harrison, Charles H., 7241 Sarah Avenue, Maplewood, Mo. Harrison, Edward C., 7561 Ellis Avenue, Maplewood, Mo. Howard, Miss Beatrice, Everett, Pa. Heymond, Mrs. Arthur, Annapolis, Md. James, Peter, Hazelton, Pa. Jarrett, Orlando, Nickerson, Kan. Johnson, Mrs. Ada S., Parksley, W. Va. Jones, Mrs. Ida, Fairmont, W. Va. Kloster, Mrs. Adel, 818 Russell Avenue, St. Fouis, Mo. Fewis, William J. and Mrs. Annie, 2013 Colwell Street, Pittsburg, Pa. Fayman, George, Newell, lowa. Fewis, George W., 118 Mill Street, New Castle, Pa. Fayman, Ernest, Box 2, Van Fear, Ky. Fee, Miss Jennie M., Mt. Fake Park, Md. Fill, Charles, 6076 Fafaj-ette Street, Chicago, 111. McQuillan, Rev. Jerome F-, Fock Haven, Pa. McGann, Mrs, Minnie, 908 Anna Street, Elizabeth, N. J. Moore, Cleon, care of Pendennis Club, Fouisville, Ky. Myers, Peny, 14724 St. Clair Avenue, Collinwood Station, Cleveland, Ohio. Mason, Patrick, 2310 Guilford Avenue, Baltimore, Md. Niff, Thomas, Traction Co., Fairmont, W. Va. Roberts, T. J., Weatherly, Pa. Rowe, Mrs. James, Hazelton, Pa. Ridler, Joseph, U. S. Naval Training Station, Newport, R. I. Rutzell, Charles, 323 Valentine Street, Tyler, Tex. Robinson, Reynolds, Piney Creek, Bedford County, Pa. Ryan, John T., Bureau of Mines, 40th and Butler Streets, Pittsburg, Pa. Rutlege, J. J., Bureau of Mines, 40th and Butler Streets, Pittsburg, Pa. Stanton, Mrs. J. W., 1618 Bell Plain Avenue, Chicago, 111. Suesze, Mrs. Maggie, Anthony, Harper County, Kan. Stinley, Mrs. Ervin, Finzel, Md. Smith and family, Mrs. Mary, New Creek, W. Va. Trevaskis, John H., Freland, Pa. Timmons, Mrs. Samuel, Hazelton, Pa. Trevaskis, Dr. A. F-, Turtle Creek, Pa. Trevaskis, Mrs. John T., Weatherly, Pa. Thrasher, Mrs. Fizzie, 427 N. Walnut Street, Youngstown, Ohio. Tiddy, Frank, 5 Broadway, Baltimore, Md. Tschudi, Harold, 3609 Fairview Avenue, Baltimore, Md. Tall, Mrs. Rachel, Graden, Kan. Ulrich, Mrs. Mary F. Shields, 726 W. Fayette Street, Baltimore, Md. Walters, Thomas, 246 West Side, Wilmerding, Pa. Wright, J. Purdum, care of Thomas & Wright, Attorneys, Baltimore, Md. Workman, John 8., Cuyafioga Falls, R. F. D. 8, Stop 119, Akron, Ohio. Wagner, Henry 8., 104 19th Street, South Side, Pittsburg, Pa. Young, Miss Fouise, 323 Braddock Avenue, Braddock, Pa. Young, Celestia, Aquasco, Prince George County, Md. Zimmerman, Miss Marion, 1521 McCulloh Street, Baltimore, Md. Zeller, George W. and Charles H., 4138 Cottage Grove Avenue, Chicago, 111. Zeller, Daniel and Frederick, 6076 Fafayette Avenue, Chicago, 111. Political. At the State Republican Convention of Washington, held at Aberdeen, that State, May 15th, Alex. D. Sloan, of North Yakima, was elected one of eight delegates-at-large to the National ' Convention in Chicago this month. There was a division of sentiment in convention between Taft and Roose velt, but apparenty none in the dele . gation, which stands for the President. Mr. Sloan is a native of Fonaconing, where a big community of relatives and friends are glad to note his promi nence in his State. Mix-Up. There is a big dispute going in Gar rett county about the legislative atti tude of a State Senator and of a mem ’ Mining Journal Subscription Blank 9 12 - ’ MINING JOURNAL, Frostburg, Md, Send me the Journal for for which find enclosed $ Name No. and Street Town or City State SUBSCRIPTION RATES—I Year, SI; 6 Months, 50 ceifts; 3 Months, 25 cents. Fill in the blanks, cut out the slip, enclose proper amount and mail to Journal, Frostburg, Md, ber of the House of Delegates toward local-option bills. The Senator affirms that he never voted against a local option bill in his life, but the Delegate contends that but for the Senator there would be at least a fraction—if not a unit of local option over there. Meanwhile, J. J. Robinson, forget ting that he is not in Fonaconing any more, assures all concerned that, “truth, crushed to earth, shall rise again!” Memorial Address. Rev. Dr. D. H. Martin, of this place, was announced to deliver the annual memorial address for Good Friends Fodge, No. 34, I. O. O. F., in Cumber land, at 8 o'clock last (Friday) even ing, May 31st. Q== = O 1882-1912 THIRTY YEARS AGO A The items below were current during the week ending June 10, 1882 O =o A staff artist of Frank Feslie’s Il lustrated Newspaper drew and printed four sketches of Eckhart. “The first resembled a mine opening in general, no Eckhart opening in particular; the second a fair hillside view, with houses scattered here and there and a church turned round toward a scrap of the Chesapeake and Ohio canal, and so on. The Jackson Club of Fonaconing defeated the Borden Shaft team in a game of base-ball by 21 to 13. Bailiff D. J. Williams gave notice that no fire-works would be permitted on the Fourth. Penalty—slo for each offence. An Eckhart gentleman told the Journai, that the Frank Feslie view of Eckhart must have been taken from the top of the Washington monu ment, which would very naturally show the canal in the foreground. The Piedmont Observer reported that “the quire of the M. F. Church at Keyser had gone to Grafton to as sist some evangelists.” The Journae asked —“do they count 20 to a ream?” but got no reply. John N. Benson was re-elected col lector for the Frostburg Gaslight Company. Young shad, 256,000, were placed in the Potomac above Piedmont. Thursday, June 8, 1882, Miss Annie M. Brode was married to Mr. George Crump, both of Borden Shaft, by Rev. J. Ruhl. Thursday, June 8, 1882, Miss C. Elizabeth Futz, of this place, was married to Mr. Peter Fammert, of Eckhart, by Rev. A. Homrighaus. Thursday, June 8, 1882, Miss Fa vinia Whittington, of Charlestown, West Va., was married to Mr. Charles H. Wade, of this place, by Rev. P. F. Harrison. Dr. A. B. Price, this place, was elect ed President of the Allegany Medical Society. Thomas Blackley and Thomas Mun sie, two of Midlothian’s young men, reported as working in the mines near Carbon, in Wyoming. James Waddington, 76 years old, arrived in Frostburg from Hodelstone, England, to make his home with his daughter—Mrs. Howell Powell. Gabriel Jeffries, of Nebraska, came to visit his father—George Jeffries, the latter seriously ill. DeWarren H. Reynolds was elected City Attorney of Cumberland, and Alexander King City Collector. Town Council issued an order pro hibiting employment of hands on streets under 18 years old and of proxies for those directly engaged. Hon. William Brace, of Cumber land, was elected Town Attorney. The sum of $2,785 was taken off the assessment upon appeal. New buildings on Grant street re ported as erected by F. J. Coleman and A. J. Willison. T. H. Paul & Son built and shipped two locomotives to Oregon. Dr. J. J. Jones was complimented very highly for a skillful surgical operation. The Sick. Miss Margaret Steinly has gone to Baltimore to take treatment in the University hospital. Her mother — Mrs. Elmer Steinly, accompanied her. Another Tour of the Pike. Henry G. Shirley, Chief Engineer of the Maryland Roads Commission, began at Oakland Monday morning a careful inspection of the road from that place to the National Pike; thence through Frostburg, Hancock, etc. Accompanying Mr. Shirley were Frank H. Zouck, assistant Chairman of the Commission, and Andrew Ram say, of Mt. Savage, lately appointed a member of the Commission by the Governor. In a letter from O. F. Weller, Chair man, the Journal is informed that the object of this tour was “to ex = amine the roads from an engineering j and business standpoint, with a view of determining just what work should be done on this section, and how to have it best done as quickly as pos ? sible.” f. The gentlemen named were- then , to report at a meeting of the State Roads Commission in Baltimore Wed nesday, “where,” Mr. Weller wrote, ~ “the matter will be thoroughly gone I into, and plans outlined for pushing "’ this work as rapidly as possible.” e It is admitted that very little work has been done by the State in this section, and alleged that the little has been costly. Under the new policy '! “the rock foundation of the old Pike, L laid by the Federal Government a , s hundred years ago, will not be torn up and re-laid by another.” l " “It is intended by the new Commis sion to use the old foundation, which - is said to be fully equal to any that may be laid now. This will be evened and then surfaced. The plan will ex pedite the construction greatly, and will reduce, it is said, the figures run ning above SIO,OOO a Aiile to something between SI,OOO and $2,500. “Friends of the new policy point to the work done by the new engineer, Mr. Shirley, on the old York road pike as evidence of what may be done in rebuilding these old roads where solid foundations were laid in the first in stance. “Upon that work Mr. Shirley is re ported to have expended upon an ... average of about SI,BOO a mile, afford ing Baltimore county a road that has given perfect satisfaction.” One of the costly features of the “college plan” of re-building roads was the prevalence of highly-paid student bosses who sat or stood around to see that picks were used scientifi cally, and that dirt were handled, a la shovel, in skillful restraint, if not artistic abandonment. HENRY F. COOK, Manager. WHOLE HUMBER 2,121 Annual Meeting. The Thirty-Ninth Annual Conven tion of the Grand Castle Knights of the Golden Eagle of Maryland was held in Fischers’ Hall Monday, May 27th. Grand Chief Daniel F. Billmeyer, of Baltimore, presided, assisted by Grand Vice-Chief Jesse C. Mullan, of West ernport. All portions of the State were repre sented, more than 75 delegates at tending. The official reports indicated that the Order in this State is in a healthy, prosperous condition, its financial status being particularly satisfactory. At the morning session the roll-call developed the presence of nearly all officers and committees; the official re port of proceedings of last session was adopted, and 75 delegates and Past Chiefs admitted to the deliberations of the Grand Castle. At 2 p. m. the election of officers for the current year was held, resulting as follows: Grand Chief —Jesse C. Mullan, of Westernport. Grand Vice-Chief—Geo. C. Tracey, of Towson. Grand High Priest—Elmer S. Kight, of Frostburg. Grand Master of Records—Charles S. Cockran, of Govanstown. Grand Keeper of Exchequer—Harry T. Brown, of Baltimore. Sir Herald—Thomas Youngblood, of Cumberland. Grand First Guardsman—E. C. Jackson, of Princess Anne. Grand Second Guardsman—J. W. Berlin, of Port Deposit. Grand Trustees—W. E. Ryan, of Rising Sun, for three years, and Clif ton E. Fuller, of Cumberland, for one year. Representative to Supreme Castle— John Rompf, of Cumberland. Installation followed, Past Grand Chiefs Jacob H. Anil, Dr. H. E. Mar tin and Adrian Hughes, of Baltimore; John Rompf, of Cumberland; George H. Wittig and Peter Eammert, of Frostburg, taking part in the impres sive ceremony. Not the least of the many pleasant incidents of the convention was the presentation to Past Grand Chiefs Clifton E. Fuller, of Cumberland, and D. F. Billmyer, of Baltimore, of splen did gold jewels, that of the latter studded with diamonds. The recipi ents were not only delighted with the distinction so generously accorded them, but all were manifestly pleased that an occasion of so much fraternal import had made the convention one that will be notable in the annals of the Order. In this connection, it has been credi bly stated that this annual meeting was one of the most harmonious in the history of the Grand Castle, nothing whatever arising to disturb the sereni ty of good fellowship which normally prevails when aud wherever Knights of the Golden Eagle meet. The next convention will be held in Baltimore. Acres and Dollars Lost. The last and final decision of the United States Supreme Court in the Maryland-West Virgania boundary dispute was rendered Monday, Mary land losing several thousand acres of land and $8,577. It is believed by some that the case was not well handled on the Maryland side. Problem Solved. How many apples were eaten by Adam and Eve? We know that Eve 81, and that Adam 812; total 893. But Adam 8142 please his wife, and Eve 81242 please Adam; total 90,277. Then again Eve 814240fy herself, and Adam 281240fy himself; total I, Gold and Black. The prevailing notion that “orange and black” are the Maryland colors appears to be erroneous, as stated by Prof. William Hand Browne, a credible • authority on Maryland history. A portion of his statement to the Baltimore Sun is given below in a i quotation by Prof. Browne from Sir ; Richard St. George, Norroy King of Arms, in 1642: “Cecilius Calvert being granted by ; his charter royal powers over his i province (though subject to allegiance . to the crown of Great Britain) the | color of the sovereign, gold and black, > were the colors of the province and borne on its standard. “No doubt the first colonists brought t over with them a Maryland flag or - standard and set it up when they took r possession of the soil, with solemn j ceremonies, on March 25, 1634. 1 “No doubt, also, Maryland’s flag was 3 displayed at the naval engagement . in the Pocomoke in 1635. “When Gov. Eeonard Calvertmarch i ed to reduce Kent Island in 1638 it ; was, as he writes to his brother, the - proprietary, ‘with your colors dis ( played.’ ; “William Nugent was appointed r standard-bearer of the province and bore the Maryland colors at the battle c on the Severn in 1655, where he was 3 killed. 3 “Whether Maryland colors were ■f borne by the Maryland contingent j that took part in Braddock’s expedition i we connot say, but probably they 3 were not, as the Marylanders were incorporated with the Virginians and - other provincials, but we know that 1 in the same year, 1755, the Maryland t council ordered a large ‘black and 1 yellow flag’ from England, and no - doubt the Maryland colors floated 1 over Forts Cumberland and Frederick. “That the Maryland militia not in r the Continental Army, and before the accession to the Union, mustered o under the Maryland colors, there can •, be no reasonable doubt, though I can e not at the moment lay my hand on a any documentary proof. They had a i flag of their own, which had been in i- use for 142 years, and had the conven tion prescribed a new one there would be some record of the fact, n “The colors of Maryland, therefore, - are and for 278 years have been, gold s and black. How the strange notion ever got abroad that they were orange e and black it is hard to imagine, s Possibly some ignorant persons d supposed that the word, “or,” (gold) d was a contraction of ‘orange.’ Such i- a notion was not only erroneous but a absurd, as orange is not one of the if heraldic colors, and could not have been used in any coat of arms.”