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Mining &3S& Journal.
J. BENSON ODER, Editor. FORTY-FIRST YEAR. NO. 40 “God, Our Country and Our Order” WASHINGTON CAMP, No. 41 Patriotic Order Sons of America MEETS EVERY MONDAY EVENING IN WITTIG’S HALL Visiting Members Always Welcome John W. DeVore Jack S. Crow President Secretary “TiEXjXjQ, BILL!” LodgE, Ho. 470 B. F. 0. S. Meets every Tuesday evening at 8 o’clock ELERNOR BUILDING Visiting- Brothers Invited Booms Always Open H. G. EVANS & CO. THE UP-TO-DATE Livery, Feed and Sale Stable GOOD TEAMS Hauling of All Kinds Open Day and Night Special Attention Given to Funeral's and Weddings. Phone 304 HUNTER & SON FIRST-CLASS LIVERY All kinds of FEED for sale General Hauling a Specialty Corner Mechanic and Water Street FROSTBURG, MD. MILTON W. RACE Livery and Sales Stables Horses for sale at all times at all prices and guaranteed as represented Mechanic and Maple Streets C. & P. Telephone FROSTBTJRG, MD. RANKIN BROTHERS TRANSFER “We Deliver the Goods” WATER STREET A. P. HOEY The Tonsorial Artist 13 1 E. UNION ST. FIJI ST-CLASS WORK GUARANTEED About your Hair Cuts, Shaves, Massage, Sham pooing, Hair Singeing and Tonic Rubs. He will do them right. 5 Chairs • 5 Barbers PALMER BROTHERS Tonsorial Parlor A Specialty of Massage and Hair Cutting 159 East Union Street B. J. PALMER, Manager WILLIAM HARVEY Civil and Mining Engineer COUNTY SURVEYOR FROSTBURG MARYLAND J. C. WILSON & SON FANCY AND STAPLE GROCERIES Fruits. Vegetables and Country Produce Fresh Fish and Oysters in Season Fine Cigars and Tobacco 140 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. EDWARD DAVIS & CO. DEALERS IN Staple and Fancy Groceries Country Produce, Queensware, etc. Union Street FROSTBURG, MD. A. SPITZNAS Fancy and Staple Groceries !) BROADWAY Just a few steps from Union Street, but it will pay you to come. GRIFFITH BROTHERS dealers in Groceries, Provisions, Flour Feed, Etc. Corner Union and Water Streets FROSTBURG, MD. “GOOD THINGS TO EAT” C. F. BETZ GROCER FROSTBURG MARYLAND THE CORNER GROCERY Buy SLEEPY EYE FLOUR And get a Set of Silver Spoons Special Grocery offer on cash orders of $5.00 or more. “See us first.” nORGAN BROS., 72 Broadway RIGHT BROTHERS -245 BROADWAY GROCERIES PROVISIONS HAY AND FEED MINERS’ SUPPLIES PHONE 2.^~7-2. P. F. CARROLL THE EOMERY GROCER General Merchandise Fancy Groceries, Country Produce Corner Rote cry and Too Streets FROSTBURG, TKD. W. 11. ANGWIN Staple and Fancy Groceries 10 East Loo Street FROSTBURG, MD. Phone 145-F Telephone Orders Promptly Delivered. MRS. MARY JOHNS Restaurant and Ice-Cream Parlor 68 E. UNION STREET Ice-Cream sent out in all designs Meals and Lunches at all lionrs Parties, Balls and Lodges furnished JOE McGRAW Soft Drinks and Lunches Cigars, Tobacco and Confectionery 155 E. llttioti St. Frostburg, Md. Phone 20-1 Room 1 BERNADETTE RAFFERTY Leading Public Stenographer Wittig Building FROSTBURG MARYLAND W. <;. HILLER The Reliable Tailor 10 W. UNION ST. Order your Suit for Summer now and avoid the rush. GEO. R. GUNTER Clothing- and Furnishings For Men and Boys Hotel Gladstone Building !) W. Union St. Frostburg, Md. A. CHAS. STEWART “Home of Good Clothing” Citizens Bank Building KYLUS & GROSS MODERN TAILORS WILL FIT YOU 88X East Union Street ALL MEN’S CLOTHING MADE TO ORDER AND Guaranteed to Fit or No Sale! Other work in Tailoring done on same satis factory conditions. Whether you come early or late in the season we will try to please you. GEORQE D. HAMILL, Sr. Phone 2Q-1 Wittig Building W. C. NOEL & CO. Fire, Health and Accident Insurance Bonds, Business Brokers 15 E. Union St. Frostburg, Md. J. S. METZGER & SON General Fire Insurance 19 East Union Street FROSTBUR&, MARYLAND Reliable Fire Insurance Companies REPRESENTED RY ULYSSES HANNA General Insurance Bonding Fire Offices—Citizens National Bank and Opposite Postoflice. D. A. BENSON, Agent. HOCKING & HOHING Fire Insurance Agents Frostburg, Md. Before buying Fife Insurance consult Arthur T. Johnson Manager of The Metropolitan Life Ins. Co. Room 7 Shea Building JAS. D. WILLIAMS THE OLD RELIABLE Boot and Shoe Maker East Union Street Invites a call from all friends old and new PIFTY YEKRS IN BUSINESS HENRY N. SCHNEIDER Shoe and Hat Emporium 97 East Union Street M. & W. RODDA Shoes Rubbers Slippers REPAIRING NEATLY DONE 93 Bowery Street GILBERT STUDIO E. Union St. Moderate-Price Photos Post Cards Picture Framing Picture iFinislTing Jeweler and Scientific Optician FROSTBURG, MD. FROSTBURG, MD., SATURDAY, JURE 29, 1912. OFFICE OF State and County Tax Collector AT HENRY J. BOETTNER’S STORE 197 East Union Street FROSTBURG, MARYLAND fUJQH Jmx FRESH AND SMOKED MEATS 13 BROADWAY HARTIG BROS. ALL KINDS OF Fresh and Smoked Meats ON HAND DAILY 30 Broadway Frostburg, Md. William Engle James Engle ENGLE MEAT MARKET Dealers im Live and Dressed Meats Butter and Eggs Poultry in Season 66 E. Union St. 19 W. Union St. CHAS. G. WATSON ATTORNEY AT LAW Pearce Building Frostburg Maryland CLAYTON PURNELL Attorney at Law Shea Building FROSTBURG, MARYLAND J. W. SHEA THE OLDEST DRUGGIST I\ ? FROSTBURG Eastman Kodaks Huyler’s Candies Paints Glass Wall-Paper WALTER T. LAYMAN 28 W. Union St. Opp. Postoffice FROSTBURG, MD. Roofing and Spouting All kinds of Hand-Made Tinware Stove Pipe and Elbows Phone 25-4 Dr. C. Elwood J\rntacost Ltentigt C. & P. Phone 17% West Union Street FROSTBURG MARYLAND 1593 ESTKBLISHSD 1912 Dr. I. L RITTER, DENTIST, 19 Broadway, [J7] Frostburg, Md. Dr. J. M. PORTER, DENTIST First National Bank Building Broadway Entrance Phone 20-3 J. Alex. MVIS BR QS. S S7vyoi<e House Domestic and Key West Cigars Egyptian and Turkish Cigarettes Meerschaum and Briar Pipes Post Cards Pure-Food Chocolates Smokers’ Articles a Specialty 20 W. Union St. End of Street Car Line J. JOHNSON & SON Contractors and Builders AGENCY FOR CAREY ROOFING WILLISON BROS. MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN Rough and Dressed Lumber Sashes Doors Laths Shingles Slate Rubber Rooting Wall Plaster Etc. FROSTBURG, MD. ; JUMES skeudos Manufacturer of and dealer in and Ice-Crearn Dealer in Foreign and Domestic Fruits, Nuts, Etc. FROSTBURG, MD. G. DUD HOCKING Notary Public OFFICE Fidelity Savings Bank Model Lice Spray, Quart Can, 35 cents. FOR SALE BY T. L. POPP, Dealer in Poultry Supplies, FROSTBURG, MD. CAMPBELL’S FINK MILLINERY 73 East Union Street A New Line of— MATS For Ladies, Misses and Children at MRS. P. O’ROURKE’S AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER. THE SHALES FOR ROAD PAYING-BRICK. Letter From Mr. Sloan. Eonaconing, Md., June 24, 1912. To the Mining Journal. I herewith enclose you copy of ex amination and report made by Pro fessor H. Ries, Geologist of Cornell University, on samples of shales sent him by authority of our Board of Trade. These shales, you will notice, are numbered I, 11, 111 and IV, and repre sent— I, the Draw-Slate lying directly above the “Tj'son” seam of coal, and as you know, is being dumped over the banks at numerous places through out the region and is a total waste. II is the seam of shale about two to two-and-one-half feet thick, which lies between the two seams of coal of the coal-measure known as the “Frank lin,” or “Dirty Nine Foot,” which lies about 125 feet below the “Big Vein” seam of coal. 111 is the shale lying beneath the lower coal in the “Franklin,” or “Dirty Nine Foot.” Ithaca, N. Y., June 11, 1912. Mr. D. R. Si.oan, Eonaconing, Md., Dear Sir —I beg to submit herewith my report on the four lots of shale which you sent me for examination, and of each of which, I understand, there is a heavy deposit. These samples were marked No.s I, 11, 111 and IV. Method oe Procedure Before taking up the description of the tests in detail it may be well for your information to outline the meth od used in testing them. As the materials were all hard shales each sample lot was first put through a jaw-crusher set at one-eighth inch opening. If the shale had been soft this would have broken it down suffic iently for working, but owing to the hard character of the material, it had to be put through a second grinding to reduce it still finer. The ground shale was then mixed up with water to develop its viaximum plasticity. From this plastic mass there were then moulded— a, Test bricklets for shrinkage, ab sorption and color. These were burn led at successively higher temperatures j until their point of vitrification was ’ passed. It should be remarked here that the colors of these will be bright er when burned in a large kiln, with the fire ranging over a period of sev eral days, than they are when burned in a test kiln in which the duration of burning is only from 8 to 27 hours. b, Briquettes to test the tensile strength of the air-dried clay. c, Bars, Ixlx3 inches, which when burned, were used to test the trans verse strength of the burned clay. d, Cubes, 3x3x3 inches, which, after burning, were -used to test the crush ’ ing strength of the burned clay. e, Cylinders, made by forcing the well-mixed clay through an annular die, in order to determine, firstly, whether it would flow through a die, and could be used for tile or pipe. f, Test cones or pyramids—to deter mine the maximum amount of the heat the clay would stand. These i were subjected to a rising tempera ture until they bent over or lost their shape. g, A sample of the dry-ground shale, with a very slight amount of moisture in it, was dry-pressed to see how it would work for this class of products. Details of Tests Shale No. /—Tyson Draw Shale This is a dark gray to black, fine grained, hard, brittle shale, full of coaly seams and plant-stems. The coaly layers were up to an eighth-inch in thickness. There are also a few pyrite concretions up to an inch in diameter, and some thin films of gyp sum on the stratification planes. The shale is very slightly calcareous in spots. The dark color of the shale is due to an abundance of coaly or car bonaceous matter, and if this shale were used alone it would have to be carefully and slowly fired until all the carbon is burned off. This has to be completed 950 degrees cent., in order to prevent black-coring of the brick, followed by its swelling and bursting. Even when ground up moderately fine, and mixed with 20 per cent, of water, the clay developed so little plasticity that it was impossible to mold it, and I even had trouble in dry pressing it. I, therefore, made no at l | tempt, after reaching this point, to mold it any further. The one thing that I did with the shale alone was to make up a dry-press bricklet of it ■ which I burned to Cone 2. This, as you can see from the sample, gave a buff-colored, but not very hard dry press bricklet. Further tests on the shale were • made with a mixture. I may add, however, that this shale is the most refractory of the four samples sent, and does not fuse until the melting point of Seger cone 16 is reached. This is the equivalent of 2642 degree F. It is not to be classed as a fire-clay, but it is refractory enough to use in a mixture for boiler setting brick. It burns buff, and hence, does not have a very high iron content. If the shale is used in a mixture for sewer-pipe or fire-proofing, it should ’ be well ground to break up the con cretions of pyrite; otherwise, they will form pimples and blisters on the ware. Shale No. n—Middle Franklin Shale. This is practically identical with No. 1 as far as its physical characters and carbonaceous nature are con cerned. It is also as difficult to work alone, and while not burning to as ‘ light a color, is of just about the same refractoriness. If anything, it stands a little more heat. It was ground up and an attempt made to mold it alone, but without success. Shale No. in—Lower Franklin Shale. The third lot represents a dark grey, hard, fine-grained, sandy-looking shale It shows some stains of iron oxide, and contains coaly seams up to an eighth inch in thickness. The ma terial is altogether too sandy to work alone, although it was ground up quite fine—in fact, finer than practice would warrant. It gave much better results in a mixture. This shale is not a fire-clay, and it fuses at Cone 10, whose melting-point is 2426 degree F. IV is the shale lying under the Parker seam of coal which has been mined at Barrelville, and is now mined by Mr. M. P. Fahey, at West ernport, from whom we obtained this sample. The purpose of having this test made is to demonstrate the possible value of this waste material, believ ing from what we already know that it can be turned to good account in the manufacture of paving-brick, pressed building-brick, and sewer pipe. From this report I believe the sub ject is worthy of further demonstra tion and should finally develop into a big industry throughout Georges Creek. Knowing how deeply you are inter ested in the welfare of this end of the county, I trust you will give the sub ject the benefit of your best thought and the wide circulation of the Jour nal. Yours truly, D. R. Si.oan. Mr. Ries’ Analysis. Shale No. IV—Under Parker Coal. This sample represents a light grey, massive fine-grained shale. It worked up slowly with 16 per cent, of water to a mass of excellent plasticity, which improved appreciably with working. The air shrinkage of this mass was 4.5 per cent., which is not high. Its average tensile strength in the air dried condition was 50 pounds per square inch. This is not high, but is sufficient for working. No difficulty was experienced in dry ing the clay at the normal rate, but if the drying was rushed too much, the full sized bricks showed a tendency to crack slightly in it. I had no trouble in forcing the clay 1 through an annular die, from which it flowed smoothly and easily. The fact is shown bj' the sample cylindrical tile : which I am sending you. Some wet-molded bricklets were next made and burned at four differ ent temperatures, the fire shrinkage and absorption being measured after each firing. These gave: i Cone No. Fire Shrinkage Absorption Per Cent. Per Cent. 010(1742’F.) .65 6.3 2(2138’F.) 5.00 1.7 3(2174’F.) 6.60 1.4 5(2246’F.) 6.00 0.0 The color after burning was red brown and the clay burned steel-hard, even at Cone 1. These tests show that the clay burns • to a hard and practically vitrified body at a low cone, viz.—No. 2, and that even at a dull-red heat (cone 010) it is ; hard, and shows very little absorp- : tion. I believe it would make a good • paving-brick, and I also believe that . it could be used for sewer-pipe. Owing to the fact that the clay con tains little or no carbon practically no , trouble was experienced in burning it. • Nor was there any evidence of impu rities that are likely to produce pim ples or blisters on the ware in burning. Of equal interest were the tests on ' the burned cla3 T , for the bars of this \ showed a modulus of rupture of 500 pounds per square inch, and a crush ing strength of 6,200 pounds per square \ inch. A sample of the dry-ground clay was then tested by the dry-pressed | method. This gave a good dry-press ' brick of reddish color, which at cone 1 had a fire-shrinkage of 4.5 per cent., and an absorption of 5.3 per cent., both of which are low. It was steel-hard. These tests indicate that the shale could be used for dry-pressed brick. The material is not a fire-clay, since it fuses at cone 14(2570’F.) It is suf ficiently refractory, however, to be ' used for boiler-setting brick, and for ' trimming-brick to use around coke oven doors. Tests of Mixtures Since No. IV was of such excellent plasticity, and the other shales were of such low plasticity, it was decided to make up mixtures consisting in each case of 3 parts by weight of IV and one part of each of the others, respectively. These were then put through the same series of tests as IV alone, and gave in most cases very satisfactory results, as can be seen from the tests which follow. Mixture No. IV, 75 Per Cent., and No. I, 25 Per Cent. This mixture was carefully worked up and gave a moderately plastic mass, which was sufficiently pasty to be worked wet mud. This mixture had an air shrinkage of 4 per cent., and average tensile strength, when air-dried, of 45 pounds per square inch. Attempts were made to run this through an annular die and mold cylindrical tile, but it showed a ten- : dency to tear. I believe, however, that if the mixture were well-ground in a wet pan that it would flow through a die. This wet molded mixture was formed into bricklets and burned at five dif ferent temperatures with the follow- I ing results: Cone Fire Shrinkage Absorption Per Cent. Per Cent. 010(1742’F.) 1. 8.7 1(2102’F.) 2. 2.25 2(2138’F.) 2. 2.38 3(2174’F.) 4.3 2.38 5(2246’F.) 4.3 0. At cone 5 the mixture is slightly beyond vitrification. It burns to a hard body of moderately-low absorp tion, even at cone 010, while at cone 1 both the fire-shrinkage and absorption are low. It should not be burned be yond cone 3 —4, and that heat gives a very dense, hard brick. Owing to the carbonaceous character of the mixture the shale has to be fried very slowly until the carbon is all burned off. Bars made from this mixture had a modulus of rupture of about 435 pounds per square inch, and the crushing strength of cubes was 6,100 pounds per square inch. A dry-press bricklet of the clay burned to a red-brown color at cone 1, with a fire-shrinkage of 4.4 per cent., and an absorption of 3.9 per cent., which is very low. It is my opinion that this mixture could be used for dry-pressed and paving brick, and that it probably could be employed also for sewer-pipe if well tempered and carefully burned. Mixture of No. IV, 75 Per Cent., No. 11, 25 Per Cent. The working qualities of this mix ture were almost exactly like those of the preceding, so that there is no need of repeating what was said there. The same care was also necessary in the burning, in order to get rid of the carbon in clay 11, which constituted a part of the mixture. The air-shrinkage of the wet-molded bricklets was not high, viz. —& per cent. The average tensile strength, when air-dried, was 45 pounds per square inch. The fire-tests were as follows : Cone Fire-Shrinkage Absorption Per Cent. Per Cent. 010(1742’F.) 0. 13.4 1(2101’F ) 1.3 8.0 2(2138’F.) 3.0 6.7 3(2174’F.) 6.0 4.5 5(2246’F.) 5.0 2.1 The clay burns to a red-brown color and is steel-hard at Cone 1. It has a low-fire shrinkage, and the absorption is not high. You will see, however, on comparing it with mixture IV-1, that it does not burn quite as dense at the same heats. Nevertheless, it yields a good, hard body, such as might be required for paving-bricks. The test of the transverse strength gave a modulus of rupture of 395 pounds per square inch, which is very good. The clay mixture thus shows a good hard, dense body, and good strength, as indicated by the tests. A dry-press mixture also worked well and gave a good, hard red-brown brick, with 4.2 per cent, fire-shrink age, and only 6 per cent, absorption at Cone 1. This test was also satis factory. Mixture of No. IV, 75 Per Cent., and No. 111, 25 Per Cent. Here again there was great similar ity between this mixture and the two previously described as regards its working qualities—plasticity, behavior in flowing through a die, and time re quired to burn off the carbonaceous matter. In its fire-shrinkage and absorption it stood intermediate between IV—I and IV-11. The following results were obtained in firing the wet-molded bricklets: Cone Fire-Shrinkage Absorption Per Cent. Per Cent. 010(1742’F.) 0. 9.8 2(2138’F.) 4.7 5.0 3(2174’F.) 5.3 3.4 5(2246’F.) 5.0 0. The bricks from this clay are simi lar to those made from the other mix tures. They are hard, with a good ring, and low absorption. The color is red-brown. The test of the trans verse strength gave a modulus of rup ture of 280 pounds per square inch, while the crushing strength was 6,000 pounds per square inch. A dry-press bricklet, burned at cone 2, was hard, had a good ring, and a red-brown color. It’s fire-shrinkage was 5.5 per cent., and absorption 3.2 per cent. This mixture, I believe, would work for pavers and dry-press brick. It could serve possibly for pipe if well tempered. Conclusion You have in No. IV a good plastic clay, and the best one of the four— suitable, I consider, for paving-brick, sewer-pipe, and pressed brick. The other three shales I do not rec ommend for use alone, but if used in a mixture with No. IV, I see no reason why they should not be employed for similar purposes if handled with the care that I have mentioned in discuss ing the tests. Respectfully submitted, Heinrich Ries. Election of Officers. At a regular meeting of Washing ton Camp, No. 41, Patriotic Order Sons of America, in Wittig’s Hall, Monday evening, 24th inst., officers for the current term were elected as follows: President—Melvin Ward. Vice-President—William Hanna. Master of Forms—E. E. Kerns. Conductor—Daniel Davis. Inspector—Henry F. Cook. Guard—Edward Philpot. Trustee —Thomas G. Jeffries. Representatives—Henry F. Cook, Roland A. Eammert Thomas E. Popp. Alternates —William Gerken, Ste phen McAlpine, David A. Hill. The membership contest, cham pioned by Roland A. Eammert and Henry F. Cook, was won by the for mer, his Side having presented thir teen candidates on last evening of contest—Monday, June 24, 1912. Mountain Castle, No. 16, Knights of the Golden Eagle, Wittig’s Hall, elected following officers for current term Tuesday evening, 26th inst.: Past Chief —Isaac J. Martin. Noble ChieE-Rutherford B. Thomas. Vice Chief—George M. Eehr. High Priest—August H. Davis. Venerable Hermit—Richard O. Day man. Sir Herald—John Eehr. Mine Fatality. While at work in Hoffman Mine of the Consolidation Coal Company Fri day evening of last week, Patrick Tighe, of this vicinity, was fatally in jured by a fall of rock from the roof. When rescued he was alive, but his life ebbed out slowly in the company ambulance, and he died within sight of his home, at Sand Spring. Mr. Tighe was 50 years old and leaves wife and 5 children. The funeral at St. Michad’s Church Monday morning was largely attended. A friend —one who had known him many years, testi fies that Mr. Tighe was a man of kindly heart, and mentioned one in stance wherein he generously helped a fellow-mortal out of trouble. Mistake. As of last Saturday, the Cumber land News figured it out this way: “Yesterday the earth reached its shortest distance from the sun during its travels around its orbit, and will now begin its march away from the luminary, reaching its greatest dis tance from the sun on December 21.” As a matter of fact, the earth is farthest from the sun at the summer solstice, nearest at the winter—De cember 21st. Strange as this may seem, it is one of the compensations of the ecliptic plan that the sun, with its direct heat, apparently recedes as its rays become vertical, and comes closer as its rays grow more and more angular. HENRY F. COOK, Manager. WHOLE NUMBER 2,125 G =0 1882-1912 THIRTY YEARS AGO ♦- —- The items below were current during- the week ending July 8, 1882 G _ o “Washingtonian” wrote from Eck hart thanking the ladies of that place for services which made the picnic of July 4th in Neff’s woods memorable for its pleasure. The autopsy of Guiteau’s brain im mediately after execution indicated that he was sane. “Everything the Erostburg Firemen take hold of turns out to be a suc cess,” said a Frostburg lady at the ball on the evening of the Fourth. James James, a worthy and greatly respected citizen of Gonaconing, died Saturday, July 1, 1882. The Good Templars of Gonaconing held a large meeting in Henshaw’s Grove Saturday, July Ist. Rev. D. D. Jenkins, of this place, was one of the speakers. D. G. Phillippi, George W. Sheetz and Patrick Kenny were appointed judges of election for Westernport; John Coles, Hugh Thompson and Dr. W. J. Piper for Barton; David Dixon, C. C. Shockey and James Ryan for District No. 10, Gonaconing; R. W. Mason, Richard Beall and John N. Carson for District No. 11, Frostburg; G. W. McCulloh, Charles Conner and John Kirby for District No. 12, Frost burg; A. Hellinger, William Findlay and Andrew Hoffnagle for Mt.-Savage, and Isaac Bradburn, Hugh Muir and Jacob Miller for District No. IS, Gona coning. The store of Shaffer, Munn & Co., at Mt. Savage, was burglarized dur ing the night of July Ist. Miss Mary J. Aspinall, of this place, and Mr. George Hill, of Deer Park, were married Saturday, July 1, 1882, by Rev. William O. Petty. A number of workers of this region took employment with Koch & Wagus, of this place, grade contractors on the West Virginia Central and Pittsburg Railroad, in West Virginia. Mrs. Mary Tulley, wife of P. T. Tulley, formerly of Gonaconing, died in Baltimore Friday, June 30, 1882. The Journal discovered that “Eclt hart” is an Indian name, meaning “the town with many flag-poles.” Christopher Roberts, of this place, expected soon to ship coal from Miller Mine. Miss Sarah P. Close was married to Mr. James Scobie, both of Eckhart, by Rev. William O. Petty, Sunday, July 2, 1882. Robert Taylor, colored, 93 years old, was found dead in bed Thursday morning, July 6, 1882. A controlling interest of the stock of the Potomac Coal Company was acquired by Hon. Gloyd Gowndes, Capt. John Sheridan and H. Crawford Black Saturday, July 1, 1882. A flag-pole, 115 feet high, was raised in Eckhart to commemorate the 106th anniversary of American Indepen dence. The flag was made by Mrs. M. Finn and Misses Julia Hammond and Willison. William Bolt and Harry Pape engineered the job. A rainy day spoiled the out-of-door preparations for celebrating the Fourth. O. J. Moat qualified as Justice of the Peace for his second term. Two young men ran a foot-race from the Eckhart Hill mile-post to the St. Cloud mile-post at 3 o’clock Thurs day morning, July 6th. The winner made the mile in 7 minutes. Only three witnesses. A large bald eagle, measuring 5% feet from tip to tip of wings, was shot and killed in Eckhart Saturday, June 24, 1882, by John Byrnes. It was noted that “Grahamton has bpilt up very rapidly within the last two years.” Journalistic. “Hank”—first person, singular num ber in the comedies yclept “Hank’s Musings,” in the Cumberland News , was in the metropolis last Saturday and made happy the Journal by a call. It was an occasion for a glad hand exchange. In talk “Hank” im personates the “musings” and his smile is a moving-picture variation of fun-phases and joke-features. He doesn’tlook old enough to get married, but—when the event comes off the Journal is under voluntary contract to print his full name in the paper. Hers, too. Married. At the home of the bride’s parents Saturdajr evening, June 22, 1912, by Rev. G. E. Metger, of this place, Miss Bertha Naomi Pugh to Mr. William P. Hickman. The bride is the daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Adania E. Pugh, of Allegany; the groom a promising young resident of Bellaire, Ohio, where they will make their home. Miss Nellie E. Geary, of Allegany, was bridesmaid; Mr. Eulo D. Baldwin, of Cumberland, groomsman. Couldn’t Stand the Test. One day last week a man tried to borrow 23 cents from “Philip’s Boy” for an hour. When “P. B.” asked him, however, “how he would get the money to pay it back in an hour, he said he would telegraph his sister to send it from Altoona.” The same man was here and was then expecting to negotiate a loan in Cumberland, but it was evident that he did not know that the financiers down there determined commercial in tegrity by the effluvium protruding from a man’s breath. Anyway, concludes “P. 8.,” it “was easy to smell what he had in him and what he wanted more of.” Alleganians Honored. At the annual meeting of the Mary land Bankers’ Association, held last week at the Blue Mountain House, this State, Daniel Annan, of Cumber land, was elected President, and Hon. James M. Sloan, of Gonaconing, one of several Vice-Presidents.