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J. BENSON ODER, Editor
FORTY-SECOND YEAR. NO. 28. J. PIERPONT MORGAN DIES SUODENLY IN HUE ITALY Famous Financier Stricken in Egypt, but Rallies, and Returns to Italian Capital, Where He Is Seized by Fatal Relapse. Rome, March 31. —J. Plerpont Mor gan died here at the Grand Hotel, where he had been staying since he reached this city. Mr. Morgan’s end came quietly. He had been in a coma tose condition for several hours and sank rapidly after midnight. With him when he died were his three phys icians and his daughter and. sra-in-law, Mr. and Mrs. Herbert Satterlee. Mr. Morgan'died at 12:05 o’clock. This is 6:10 o’clock New York time. The following bulletin regarding the condition of J. P. Morgan was issued at noon by the attending physicians: “Mr. Morgan has been sinking rap idly since yesterday. Pulse, 140; tem perature, 104. “GIUSEPPE BASTIANELLI, “M. ALLEN STARR, “G. A. DIXON.” It was known for many hours that Mr. Moi was doomed. His strength ebbed rap.uly, while his fever mounted and his breath came in quick and painful Unable to speak, he was practically in a state of coma for hours before he died. Shortly before noon his physicians issued a bulletin declaring that his death was then only a matter of minutes. He was unconscious at that time. His temperature had risen to 104% degress and his pulse had mounted to 140. His respiration was 48. Normal respiration is eighteen. The bulletin was signed by the three physicians. Death came much quicker than was expected, for after the bulletin was . i —. ——————.—,— J. PIERPONT MORGAN Issued temperature and respiration mounted and in a few minutes Mr. Morgan died. Word of his death was at once sent to Mr. J. P. Morgan, Jr. John Pierpont Morgan was born on April 17, T 837, in Hartford. Up to the age of 12 a lived the ordinary life of a healthy boy in a small city and was rugged and Active, but not different in any notable way from other boys. Early in his 13th year, however, he de veloped a weakness of the lungs that was serious enough to keep him under the constant care of a physician until a year or two later, his family moved to Boston. There his recovery was speedy and he was soon entered as a pupil at the English High School. In every de partment but mathematics he dis played no more than a respectable mediocrity, but in this particular field his progress was remarkable—so re markable, in fact, that when he went to study at the University of Gottin gen in 1854 the professors there de clared, almost to a man, that it would be a waste of genius for him to do anything but devote himself to mathe matics for the rest of his life. Previous to his entrance to the university Mr. Morgan had travelled with his par ents extensively in Europe and had KNOWN AS “THE OLD MAN." Dead Magnate Had the Master Brain of American Finance. John Pierpont Morgan had the mas ter brain of American finance, by which he was able to marshal other financial geniuses, men of hundreds of millions, in the last quarter century of American history, and force them to fight side by side for the develop ment of the United States, instead of warring in the uneconomical struggle of competition. His enormous wealth was always TH ygr ’ ***** Mining &mm Journal. • lived for a few months at Payal in tho , Azores, and at Vevey, in Switzerland, i Two years at Gottingen brought him to i the age of 21, when his father de ■ cided it was time to begin business. ! Junius Morgan, the father, was then second only to George Peabody in the ■ London banking house of George Pea , body & Co. In a comparatively short time he became chief partner and . when he died, at Monte Carlo, in 1890, . he was able to leave his son $10,000,- 1 000. It was the elder Morgan who placed John f’ierpont in a banking house in New York after the son had served for a time in the London estab lishment, and give him the start of his business career. Morgan returned to Europe in 1859 and married in Paris Amelia Sturgis, daughter of Jonathan Sturgis, of New York, who was even then fatally ill of consumption. She died only a few months later. In 1865 he was married again, this time to Frances Louise Tracy, daugh ter of Charles Tracy, a New York lawyer. She is the mother of Louisa Pierpont, J. Pierpont, Jr., Anne Tracy and Juliet Pierpont. Louisa married Herbert Satterlee, Assistant Secre tary of the Navy; Juliet, William Pier son Hamilton, a partner in the Mor gan firm. In person Mr. Morgan was tall and strongly built with a body well suited to carry a head massive'in all its fea tures and of unusual size. His face was formidable, the nose large and aggressive, the jaw firm as iron and the eyes, looking from under heavy brows, fierce and full of determina tion. A ragged moustache gave an ad ditional touch of fierceness to his ap pearance. Although he was never athletic and indeed, by his physician’s advice had taken no form of exercise for more than twenty years—because, as he was told, his great mentality was demand ing all his energies—he was singularly rapid in his movements. At 73 he moved as quickly as a man of 40. He would have been a striking figure of energy in any company. His habits were simple, though he was fond of good wines and constantly smoked great black cigars. Abstemi ous in everything else, he carried smoking to a point that would have killed a weaker man, but he never seemed to derive any harm from it. John Pierpont Morgan was not, in the commonly accepted sense of the term, a “self-made” man. He began his business career not as an appren tice or an ill-paid office boy, but as a bank clerk who had the definite prom ise of millions to back him. Never theless, as that career showed, it was his genius as much as the great wealth behind him that carried him to his high place in the world of finance. overshadowed by his ability, by his power and by his achievements. He was never the Croesus in the popular imagination or in the eye of Wall street. To the former he was the Money Power and to the latter the “Old Man,” a name spoken with all reverence. He was the mysterious, almost di vine, spirit which meant the success of any enterprise upon which it de scended. His disfavor was a blight, the simple presence of which caused men to shun the marked object like the plague. RUINS OF SACRED HEART CONVENT, OMAHA U.S. RUSHES AID TO FLOODDISTRICT President Puts Garrison and Gen. Wood in Charge USE ALL FEDERAL AGENCIES Army .Instructed to Lay Railroad Tracks and Build Pontoon Bridges if Necessary to Get Relief Supplies to Sufferers. Washington.—President Wilson has thrown open the resources of the Fed eral Government to the homeless thou sands fighting against water, flame and famine in Ohiu and Indiana. More than $350,000 already has been expended, and the President is deter mined that no red tape shall stand in the way of instant relief everywhere. Secretary Garrison of the War De partment, on orders from the Presi dent, went to survey the situation in Ohio and direct the Government’s re lief expeditions, and the President an nounced that if communication with the flood districts continued imperfect .and the presence of the Chief Execu ' tive were required to issue emergency orders, he would go to the zone of the disaster himself. - : Mail routes across the continent are badly affected, and the task of dis entangling the mail service to points in Ohio and Indiana untouched by floods will be tremendous. Assistants are being ordered to the flood region from near cities, and stamps and sup plies are being rushed to places which have lost their stock in the floods. Not only were the War and Post Office departments straining ’bvery ef fort to be of service, but the Navy De partment issued orders to its recruit ing stations in the' Central West to send its marines, physicians and offi cers trained in rescue work to co operate wth the Army Medical staffs. Power boats and yawls were dis patched from naval stations on the Great Lakes. Secretary McAdoo of the Treasury Department sent Surgeon-General Ru pert Blue of the United States Public Health Service to the flood areas, and placed at the disposal of the Govern ors of Ohio and Indiana all United States life-saving stations in those States. Secretary McAdoo also waived j customs regulations, so that relief sup plies could enter free from Canada. Secretary Redfield of the Depart ment of Commerce ordered all avail able boats in the lighthouse service near the Ohio River to take part in the relief work. But, -while every . Government 1 de partment' did its utmost, the bulk of the day’s orders came from the War Department and the Red Cross, which organization distributed its agents and nurses throughout the afflicted terri tory. With Secretary Garrison went Major General Wood, Chief of Staff of the United States Army; Quartermaster' General Aleshire, and a staff of offi cers, physicians and surgeons. More Signal Corps fnen were picked up at Columbus barracks, making up a complete field party equipped with wireless,, telegraph and field appa ratus, flags and lights, so that com munication may be opened through the isolated districts. The Government health experts are preparing to fight typhoid fever, small pox, measles and other contagious dis eases. Pneumonia is feared in the districts where the weather has turned cold. . General Wood has instructed'' the officers at the posts in the vicinity of the Ohio floods to lay temporary tracks, if necessary, to build pontoon bridges, and to take other steps to distribute the 50,000 tents and $1,000,- 000 rations. JOHNSTOWN SENDS HELP. City Flooded in 1889 Quick to Aid Victims of 1913. Johnstown, Pa. —A box-car loaded with provisions and other supplies for the flood sufferers of Ohio left here in charge of three Johnstown men. The response of this city to the appeals for aid in Ohio has been especially prompt and generous because of the aid extended to this city in the great flood of 1889. Many residents who passed through that catastrophe are now assisting in relief. AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER FROSTBURG, MD., FRIDAY, APRIL 4, 1913. TWO ALLENS DIE; SHOWNO FEAR Floyd and Claude Go to Chair Protesting Innocence RESPITE PLAI THAT FAILED Governor Mann Hurries Back to State —Declares His Conviction of Guilt of the Allens, Who Denied That They Were in a Conspiracy. Richmond, Va. —Half whispering, “I am ready to go,” Floyd Allen stepped into the electric chair at 1:20 o’clock P. M. and was dead in six minutes. Nine minutes later his youngest son, Claude Swanson Allen, was pro nounced dead from the electric cur rent. # Both men gave their lives to the Commonwealth of Virginia for the part they took in the Hillsville Court House tragedy of March 14, last year, when the Judge, the Commonwealth’s Attorney, the Sheriff and a juror were killed in the court room, and a spec tator died a few days later from a bul let received during the fusillade be tween the Allen outlaws and the court officials. : The executions fOfiowco' a morning of many developments after a night spent by the sympathizers of the doomed men in pleading with Lieu tenant Governor J. Taylor Ellyson to commute the sentences on the ground That Governor Mann was out of the State and that he had the authority to do so if he believed the men not amenable to the death penalty. The conference resulted in an order going to Superintendent Wood of the State prison to hold the executions scheduled for seven o’clock until noon in order to give Attorney General Samuel F. Williams an opportunity to put in writing his opinion relative to the Lieutenant Governor's rights in the premises. Governor Maun, in Philadelphia en route to Trenton, N. J., at 2:55 o’clock A. M., heard of the plans and he can celled his Trenton engagement and hastily returned to the city. He wired from Washington that he would be on Virginia soil at eight o’clock, thus terminating any author ity that the Lieutenant Governor could assume. Thereupon the prison authorities were notified of the Governor’s de cision, and the jurymen, who were summoned for seven o’clock and ex cused, were again reassembled, and at 1:20 o’clock Floyd Allen, the aged mountaineer walked to the death chair -and took his seat. The death current was turned on at 1:22 o’clock and at 1:26 Floyd was pronounced dead. Claude followed his father to the chair, entering at 1:30. The current was applied at 1:31 and he was pronounced dead at 1:36. The father and son did not break down, although the elder man was the more nervous of the two. The bodies were taken in charge by Undertaker Bliley and prepared for shipment to the Allen home in the Blue Ridge Mountains in Carroll county. 15,000 View the Dead Aliens. Between four and ten o’clock fully 15,000 people viewed the bodies of Floyd and Claude Allen as they lay on slabs in the morgue at Bliley’s undertaking establishment. As soon as the bodies arrived a good sized crowd gathered, which grew so rapid ly that police were sent to preserve order. Yielding to the request of the multi tude the doors were thrown open and an average of 400 persons viewed the bodies every five minutes. ACTOR DEAD !N DAYTON. Jeffrey French Dies on Way to Train in Flooded City. Springfield, Ohio. Jeffrey French, of the “Officer 666” company, of New York City, dropped dead in the street in Dayton while running to catch a train for this city. Mr. French and the rest of the com pany had been marooned in the Beckel House for three days. Rather than leave the body in Day ton, where there are many dead, the company brought it here for burial. ] FEARS SCARCITY OF FOOD IN OHIO \ • Famine Expected by Gov. Gox in Columbus and Other Cities 10,000 DESTITUTE IN DAYTON .. Governor Says Property Loss in State Will Aggregate $300,000,000 — Militia in Dayton Killed Ten More Men Who Were Caught Robbing. Columbus, Ohio. —With the (Water fast receding here and the clanger stage passed, the food problem now bids fair to become the most serious problem which the relief workers will be called upon to solve. Mayor Hunt, of Cincinnati has been' sending food to Dayton and other places, but as the flood descended upon his city from the uuper reaches of the Ohio River, he put an embargo on - further exports of provisions. Though fifty-five carloads of pro visions consigned to the State, were in Columbus and supply trains were ' headed for Ohio from Chicago, Wash ington, New York and other places, the Governor was by no means reas sured that the relief In sight would be sufficient. Governor Qox again asserted that the property damage caused by the floods in Ohio will aggregate $300,000,- 000, and this amount, he thinks, will be increased before the Ohio River goes down. Conditions here as a result of the Scioto River floods have been exag gerated as in other Ohio cities. The dead list here will run from 75 to 100 in all probability. The water has receded sufficiently to allow nearly all inhabitants of the inundated sec tions whose homes were not complete ly destroyed, to return to them. The district affected embraces a large ter ritory of the west and. southwest of the State House, where mostly work : ing people live. There are numerous factories there. Hundreds of homes ■ were swept from their foundations and some were carried down the 1 river. 1 The flood will require the rebuilding ' ■ of thousands of other houses. The finer residence and business sections escaped damage. Most of the stories told by refugees of scores being drowned before their eyes are unconfirmed. U is possible that when all, the debris is cleared ; away, bodies will be found pinioned be neath. Had it not been for the insistence of people who remained in their houses i in the face of repeated warnings, the fatality list would have been compara tively small. Thousands of the homeless have been cared for in public balls. One thousand have been fed daily in the 1 Masonic Temple. Dayton.—There have been at least seventeen men shot and killed by the guardsmen, sixteen of them negroes. Whether that number covers all that have been caught looting and sum marily executed cannot be ascertained yet, because the records of this phase of the flood’s aftermath are in the hands of the military authorities. The curfew order is enforced rigid ly, and relief workers, newspaper men and telegraphers alike are required to show military night passes every three blocks throughout the city, if l abroad after 6 o’clock. I Hundreds of sightseers, at Dayton I for a holiday, were impressed, in some instances at the points of bayonets, ! into the work of removing the car casses of animals. Others arriving in | automobiles had their cars command eered, the more stubborn motorists surrendering only at rifle point. Forty thousand persons at Dayton must be fed, housed and clothed for another week. Twenty thousand per sons who lost their all must be cared for indefinitely. Two thousand wrecked houses must be pulled down and 15,000 dwellings and places of business must be rehabilitated. At Dayton and Columbus the only serious danger remaining is that of I pestilence from the carcasses of ani | mals, which are being disposed of with j desperate haste. The death list at | these two cities shows no increase. A | minimum estimate would be 225 and a maximum 600. At Hamilton the maximum loss of life is 80. HADLEY AFTER THE PRESIDENCY Ex-Governor Making Active Cam paign for 1916 Nomination. W ashington.—Ex-Governor Hadley, of Missouri is believed to be an active candidate for the Republican nomina tion in 1916, and , apparently has a well organized propaganda at work for him. He has been making excursions into other States recently, delivering ad dresses containing advice as to the re habilitation of the Republican party. CORNISH, N. H., SUMMER CAPITAL Winston Churchill Orders Place Pre pared for the Wilsons. Corni3h, N. H. —President Wilson has chosen the home of Winston Churchill, the novelist, to be his sum mer capital, according to a telegram received here from Mr. Churchill, who is in Santa Barbara, Cal. Tlie mes sage was directed to E. F. Roberts, manager of the Churchill property, and contained instructions for getting the place in readiness for the Presi- I dent. LONDON EMBASSY TO W. H. PAGE President Appoints Magazine Editor Successor to Reid HAS ONLY MODERATE MEANS President Gave Him to Understand He | Need Not Regard Lavish Enter tainments of Past—Fine De clines German Post. Washington.—Walter H: Page, edi tor of the World’s Work, has been ap pointed American Ambassador to the Court of St. James, and has accepted the appointment, It is expected that he will go to London soon after the British Foreign Office has signified its approval. The appointment of Mr. Page is an other evidence that President Wilson has not yet abandoned bis announced i policy of choosing men for his impor tant diplomatic posts without regard to their wealth. Mr. Page is in his fifty-eighth year. He has been successively newspaper reporter, publisher, special writer, editor of The Forum, literary adviser of Houghton, Mifflin & Co., editor of the Atlantic Monthly, member of the firm since 1899 of Doubleday, Page & Co., and editor of the World’s Work. He was a member of President Roose velt’s country life commission, and is now a member of the general educa tion board. He was born in Cary, N. C., August 15, 1855. One of his sons, Arthur W. Page, is managing editor of the magazine; his other sons, Ralph and Frank, are cot . tdn planters in the South. Mr. Page’s only daughter, Miss Katherine Page, is a student at Bryn Mawr. Mrs. Page was formerly Miss Alice Wilson,,, daughter of Dr. William Wil- ; son, daughter of Dr. William Wilson ; of Michigan. Mr. Page is a trustee of the Teachers’ College and a mem ber of the National Arts, University, Aldine and other clubs. Several insti tutions have, given him the degree of LL.D. Professor Henry Burchard Fine, former dean of Princeton University, to whom President Wilsbn offered the ambassadorship to Germany, has de clined the post. The President, it is understood n is now inclined to tender the American ambassadorship to Ru dolph Spreckels, the San Francisco banker. Mr. Spreckels is a member of the. family well-known as sugar manufacturers. He was one of Presi dent Wilson’s warmest supporters dur ing the campaign, and is known as a progressive. SIGNS FULL CREW BILL. Will Cost Transportation Lines Ap proximately $2,000,000 a Year. Albany, N. Y. —Governor Sulzer signed the Jackson full crew bill, asked for by various railroad organi zations. In giving bis approval to this meas ure which was vetoed in succession by Governors Hughes and Dix, Governor Sulzer ignored six pleas made by the Presidents of six leading railroads in this State, who at the hearing Satur day asserted that the proposed in crease in train crews was entirely un called for and that the added expense to the railroads, about $2,000,01)0 a year, would have to be borne by the travelling public and by shippers. g MORGAN FORTUNE PUT 3 ,g EVEN AT $200,000,000 § I Various estimates were made of the size of the fortune of the C* late J. P. Morgan. The esti- § mates differed widely. None, § however, credited the dead R banker with having an estate 8 under $75,000,000. Most of the R figures heard were much higher, u R running from $100,000,000 to R S $200,000,000. a R A prominent director in one § O banking institution placed Mr. S R Morgan’s fortune at about SIOO,- § p. 000,000. He said that he esti- S R mated that Mr. Morgan’s firm § i v had probably amassed a fortune § 5? of $100,000,000 in the last twenty 0 g years, of which Mr. Morgan’s in- g n dividual share was probably $75,- 8 000,000. g R “It is recalled that when Mr. § I" ’ Morgan’s father died, in 1890,” 8 he said, “a fortune of $17,000,000 § was left, to be divided among 8 the three heirs. It must be re- R membered, however, that the en- 3 terprises of Mr. Morgan’s firm R 8 were not uniformly profitable in 8 Q their outcome. There were losses 3 ! mingled with great gains, but R hisilargest gain, no doubt, was R made in the financing of the 8 United States Steel Corpora- R P tion ’ R ELDER OROZCO SLAIN. Huerta Will Send Peace Envoy’s Son to Avenge His Murder. Mexico City.—The report from Cuer navaca of the shooting of Pascuai Orozco, Sr., by followers of the rebel Emiiiano Zapata, is confirmed. Col onel Orozco was in Zapata’s territory as a peace envoy from Huerta. The Federal War Department is pre paring to place General Pascuai Oroz co, Jr., in command of a column of 5,000 men and send him against Za pata’s adherents. HENRY F. COOK, Manager WHOLE NUMBER 2,165 BIG LEVEE IS JSLOI 081 Dynamite Used at Shawnee town, Ind. | DONE TO SAVE LIVES, ! Destruction Of the Levee Necessary To Reduce Pressure and Sava Lives Of Persons At Cairo and Other Points. Evansville, Ind. —The south levee at Shawneetown was blown out with dynamite. The water is within four inches of the north levee. The prop erty loss is placed at SIOO,OOO. No lives were lost. The destruction of the levee was necessary to reduce the pressure of' the water and save lives : at Cairo and other river points. Cairo, 111. —The Big Four levee, which protected the “drainage dis trict,” and which was abandoned early in the day, went out at 5.45 | P. M. about five miles north of this city. Cairo proper is not affected, as the levee separating the city from the “drainage district” is intact. Abandon Levee. The executive committee at Cairo considered further preventive meas ures at the Big Four weak spot use less and abandoned that district to its fate. It was well wrecked last year, so far as dwellings were con cerned, and dozens of these since have remained unoccupied. Several big commercial houses will unquestionably suffer great loss. The Greenfield levee, on the Missouri side, j a. small affair, was reported here to have gone out. The Cairo situation will not be relieved in any way by this break. Big Four officials have been notified with other railroads to care for their own equipment along the levee, the breaking of which means the com plete tie up of roads in this territory. Would Flood 14 Counties. Prospects are favorable to success fully take care of approaching floods at Cairo now coming out of the Ohio River, which will greatly, exceed the high waters of 1912, provided levees to the south hold. Citizens and sol diers are working to accomplish this end’. The - levee in front of Reelfort Lake slough, below Hickman, Ky., is being reinforced with rock. It was flooded last year and the levee is reported’ now to be weakening. A }>peak there, it is said, would mean the flooding of about 14 counties. It would give great impetus to the already swift current of the Ohio River and probably would mean great destruction along the lower Mississippi levees. TO CONFIDE IN NEWSPAPER MEN Wilson Will Have Heart-To-Heart Talks Two Hours a Week. Washington.—Convinced that pub lic business would be expedited by the practice, President Wilson has decid- I ed to set aside two hours each week for “heart to heart” talks with the newspaper correspondents. One hour will be devoted to the writers each Tuesday morning and another hour kill be given over to the same purpose Thursday afternoons. The President will discuss administration policies and sketch his official programs, much of the matter discussed necessarily being in confidence and solely for the guidance of the writers. BODY THROWN FROM HEARSE. Horse Ran Away At Child’s Funeral, Injuring Undertaker. York, Pa. —At the funeral of the 3- year-old child of Ambrose Eisenhour, the horse attached to the hearse ran j away and the box containing the cas ket was thrown into the road. The casket burst open and the child’s body fell out. Charles Ellicker, of Ross ville, the undertaker, and his young son, Robert, were severely injured. Mr. Ellicker was driving the hearse and in an effoit to avoid striking the minister’s buggy ran his team into a fence. The horse was so badly in jured that it had to be killed. DEMOCRATS SWEEP CHICAGO. Proposed $2,880,000 Bond Issue Carried By Small Majority. Chicago.—Democrats swept the city in Tuesday’s municipal election, re turning 22 Aldermen and the Superior Court judge, City Clerk and City Treasurer. The proposed bond issue of $2,880,000, urged by the Heart-Har rison faction of the Democratic party, carried by a small margin. SWITCHMAN ELECTED MAYOR. Ottumwa, With 40,000 People, Chooses Railroad Laborer. Des Moines, lowa. —Municipal elec tions in lowa towns developed a num ber of surprises. Ottumwa’ with 40,- 000 inhabitants, elected Patrick Len ney, a switchman of the Chicago, Mil waukee and St. Paul road, as Mayor.