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Mower County transcript. [volume] (Lansing, Minn.) 1868-1915, September 09, 1869, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025431/1869-09-09/ed-1/seq-2/

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••. W TALK ASDCIllIUCII SCAM)All
Tliat tall youiij: fellow's bore to-day,
1 vomtft- what's lu.-in u\io 'I
llij ever aiv tixi il upon our jicw—
l.'o looU at Sully Hame.
11o is that lnily dressed In green
It -::'t hi' Mrs. I.eacll,
t'lii-r. .Mrs .lom with Deacon CiilvS!
I wimiler if he'll preach.
1., lid in.- yi'ui- f.in, i: is so warm:
V.' i" Hi wi:l sit to prayer*
\Teni-nin- lu rniiii tlx- willow Amos
How Jl.iry'a bonnet tlaros
lv Ini-li at Nsmoy Ktocipci-'a veil,
It'.- full a lir.ncttli too \vi Tt
1 wemlerit' Surciuiui Ayres
Appear* to-day as bride!
I.onl, what a voice Jane Uiee lias got:
C)li, liow that orisan roars
I'm sjiail uv'vk 1- ft the singers'seats—
How liartl Mi?s Jotiiii-f.u snores.
Wl.it ly slmwls t!-ero are its front!
|VIM.IU.!S
rve Ann Wild?
II. in stiaw lioiiuet'a trimmed with black
1 cut ss slie'r. lost aehild.
hilt asleep—thatMr. .Tones
His pennons are so Ion
'I liis atternooii v.-e'll st:iy at homo
Am(1 pnutiiv that new .son
{•kitcrnl ^ntdiujicHce.
V,\VM \!.W AI .V ON A BYCICLE.
Tt Oarlii^ PrEt Snft'ly Accomplished.
'I HalVitlo Express ^ives a full account
id
11.
rrs.i .'
K.(
1'rt'f. Jeukins over Niag-
ui.i ii'.*h Hyi'ioK'. from which wo extract
the following:
The Canadian Blondin is about 2-1 years
ot '•, with .Lii'k haiv. blue eyes and prom
inent s.- he is spare in flesh stands 5
liit 7ami wt ijihing, perhaps, 140 lbs,
vi would puss anywhere for a Down-east
Yu il:eo.
The machine") used by Prof. Jenkins is
li.U in uny ficnso r- 'oi'ipeJe. It is, how
ever, a bycicle, and tinned upsido down
would resemble in some degree a modem
wloeipi.de. The wheels, three inches wide,
are made heavy and of wood without tires,
lmt in their places are grooves one and
three quarter inches deep. The front
wheel is three feet two inches and the hind
wheel two feet ten inches in diameter. The
connecting rods avo iron, so also the bal
ance polo, which is eight feet long and
til ied with ten pound- balls and yreighs
eiitv-eiaht pounds. The *wkdle thing,
\. itli tho ma", thrown iu, weighs two hun
dred and ninety-eight-pounds, Tho pro
pelling power is a pinion cog-wheel made
ot brass, about nine inches in diameter,
which is made to geer to cogs which sur
round the front wheel at the bottom of the
groove.
At half-past two o'clock tho Professor
ir.iule his appearance at the small house on
the Canada side with the pieces of his ma
el.ii'o and nt once proceeded to put them
I. tether, a task of no small labor. With
the aid of his men ho first placed the fore
heel on the rone just at the edge of the
precipice, and v.'hile one mwi balanced it,
another ulacfd on the standard from the
under side, thus bringing two strong bars
of inn on either side of the rope. AH the
iuts were securely fasjdn^d with bolts.
Tlu- braces or connecting rods extending
from the standard to the rear shaft in the
form of the letter O made the connection
complete and very strong.
The professor then got outside of the
rope, arranged the pinion wheel and fftst
eiiid the balance pole across the O part of
the braces. This done the seat, a strip of
leather, was secured to the rear axle by
leans of straps. This arrangement, which
it \v:-s seen at once would throw the entire
v. eiijht of the machine and the rider under
tho i'ope, was a source of disappointment,
if not ot relief, to many of the spectators,
v. l'o, not consulting the inventive genius of
the Canadian Blondin, rather expected to
f. him mounted on a Greenwood veloci
de, which, of course, would give a good
cimnee for ground and lofty tumbling.
All being in readiness, the bicycle was
liisu ned by a rope to the bank, and Jen
kiiv., who had superintended all the opera
tions, started for his hotel to robe. During
hi- absence the crowd viewed the machine
critically, uiul murmurs of "humbug,"
sold," who "couldn't," Src., were heard,
as a general thing the crowd were
pleased with the ingenious method in which
ti:e rcat danger supposed to be involved
in th-j undertaking had been avoided. By
tin time tae people who had been pouring
in on excursion trains from all parts of
ui.ula had assembled in convenient local
ities fur observation, to the number per
haps of 8,000.
The lion made his second appearance at
half-past 3 o'clock, dressed for the perform
:inc He wore white tights, black velvet
k'K-e breeches, shoulder straps and cross
lits of the same material, and on his head
was placed a crown shaped hat and all were
profusely bedecked with tinsel and beads.
ITis IV et were covered with buff moccasins.
Before alighting from the carriage, Jenkins
stopped and talked with our reporter but
there was a littio nervousness apparent
about his eyes and mouth which, perhaps,
Wiis causcd by over smoking, or the enor
mous quid of tobacco he was seen to bite
from borrowed plug.
Vv'e gavo him a word of encouragement,
ami he at once took his position astride the
rope and proceeded to arrange the leather
Bt or seat, which, as it was allowed to
touch tho rope, seemed more for the
ji irpoae of protecting the velvet pants
from damage by attrition than to sit
upon. Iu lact, he did not sit, but stood
up with his feet about eighteen inches
ICMII, resting on the balance pole. In a
iiioni 'Ut ho grasped the handles of the pin
ion wheel, and turned them, moving slow
ly from this bank, tLe crowd preserving a
death-liko stillness. After passing out
a few yards a halt was made, and the pho
tocjraphors were allowed to take his pic
ture. lie then returned and waited five
or minutes aucl resumed his seat. Three
pistol shots were then lired from the Curia
i,'.t •.tile, and it was a "go." The machine
movtd slowly forward, the rope swaying
pentlv lroin side to side until he had passed
out about fifty feet, when another opportu
inty was given the artist, after which he
rawled along at a snail's pace to the mid
iile of the abyss,' where he raised and
v. lived liis hat, and received a faint cheer
iu response From the center to the Amer
ican shore it was evidently hard work to
propel the bicycle, but at last the edge of
the el ill' was reached, and then the welkin
li'l ring with the applause of the people.
r!
he time occupied in passing over the rope
v, :i.s just eleven minutes.
A "Personal" Incident
[From the I'rinceton (111.) Republican.]
An amusing incident occurred not far
11"'-in Piiuceton, some time ago, wherein
i.. young men and two sisters, including
•he "old gentleman," were the actors. The
f-nis professed love to the sisters, and by
letter asked the privilege of a clandestine
iiifeiiug with them. The girls were pro
luk'-dat their impertinence, and deter
mined to pay them off in their own coin,
They therefore answered the letter grant
ing the interview, and said that they would
be in their father's bam at 9 o'clock the
next evening. It so happened that a
neighboring farmer had a horse stolen a
lew nights before, and, without acquaint
ing their father with the plot, the girls
i'.^est cl to ill in lliul it woulil to a good
i.i.i. to keep watch for a few nights lest
tlr: tliievcfj might steal some of their
horses.
The old gentleman agreed with his
daughters, and at their suggestion loaded
the fjun with tine shot, and went to the
barn. Promptly at the appointed time the
would-be lovers made their appearance
ami, believing them to Jbe thieves,the father
trerxted them to the contents of his gun
giving each, fortunately,a fair share. There
v. a--, no stopping on the order of going, for
tiiey left at onco, and that too as fast as
their sunu'ting legri could carry them.
After they got away a short distance one
of them stumbled and fell, and his com
panion, frightened almost out of his wits,
a he pussed him shouted, "you're a dead
iniin It must be confessed that these
gents were victims of misplaced confi
dence, and merited the punishment they
received.
NiUivity of Congressmen,
(ti the ixty-five Senators in the Fortieth
Congress, teu were natives of New York,
'.-ii of MrtssixchusettH, seven of Ohio, six
'sov,- ]11.n:j :-'!iiio and live of Vermont.
(.nsylvai.ia and Connecticut furnished
i'n lour New Jersey and Kentucky, each
three Tuuine, Iihode Island, Maryland,
Delaware and Virginia, each two Indiana,
Illinois, North Carolina, South Carolina,
T-nnessce and Ireland, each one. Of two
hundred and eleven members of the House,
their birth-places were as follows:
New York 43 North Carolina 4
IVfiiisy!vatiiii 37 South Carolina.... 4
Ma -sacluitsctte 1!) Arkansas 4
.io 1I New Jersey 2
M."inc. 11 Georgia 2
V. moni JO Ireland 2
'.'oiiufclient. «J Scotland 2
T. ni.e'jHoe 8 Delaware 1
7 Michigan 1
'jaliina 7 Missouri 1
Konliieliy. 7 Franco 1
Vu-Sijiiii 5 Canada 1
.-.e\v liiuiip-liire. .1
ffiRAM WOOOKUIF says in his book about
Imp nig horses, that a pull on both reins
will not bring up a horse when he has bro
k' from ti trot. A firm, quick pull should
he given on one rein, letting the other give
a little, us much as you want tha horse's
head thrown out of line.
THKllililNU INdlMlNT.
Ail lnVnrtatctl Utillock In Wilt New
Ion—Two Men Fatnlly Injured—Nar
row Kscape of Three l*»lies
[From the l'ittsburt Gazette, Aug 21.)
A most thrilling incident occurred at
West Newtou, on the line of the Pittsburg
and Cornellsville railroad, yesterday morn
ing, by which tho usually quiet village was
thrown into a slate of indescribable excite
ment, iu consequence of the serious and
perhaps fatal injury of two much respected
citizens, and tho narrow escape of several
others.
It appears that a butcher residing in
town lmd purchased a bnllocK, which he
was driving /to a slaughter-house. Thoi
animal proceeded quietly through the
streets of the town, uutilnear the slaughter
pen, where, getting a scent of blood, he
became furious and unmanageable. He
first made a dart at the butcher, who had
be driving him, and failing to catch him,
rushed furiously down the main street of
the town, attacking everybody and every
thing that came in his way.
While proceeding in his mad course, he
made an attack on Mr. Icily, who happen
ed to be crossing thi street in front of him,
and striking him with bis sharp horns,
gored him iu a most frightful manuer,tear
ing a portion of his lungs out, uud leaving
his heart exposed to view.
Auother gentleman, whose namo we
could not learn, fared but littio better, as
ho was caught between tho head of tho in
furiated animal and a fence and completely
crushed. The maddened brute thei^ made
a dash at three ladies standing in a door
way of a millinery establishment, who es
caped serious injury, and perhaps death,
ly having presence ot mind sufficient to
rush into the ho .se and closo the door. The
enraged animal rushed on, and in his way
was a projecting window filled with milin
ry goods. Striking the window with his
head, it was torn down and the goods scat
tered in every direction.
The animal then turned his attention to
a gentleman on the street, who, seeing his
danger, started to run for a place of safety,
closely pursued by his bullship, who was
rapidly gaining upon him. Just at that
instant, however, when the beast was about
to lower bis head to stril bis victim, the
man fortunately struck his foot against a
stone, and fell flat upon his face, and the
bullock passed over him and made a dash
for some one else. By this time a number
of citizens had arrived armed with rifles,
and after shooting the ainimal seven times,
succeeded in killing him.
The injured men received proper medical
attention, but no hopes are entertained for
the recovery of either of them.
Eminent Blind Men,
Blind poets, since the days of Homer,
have been numerous enough. Among oth
ers, we may mention Milton Delille, the
translator of Virgil Blacklock, the divine
Avisse, Kozlor, Louis Egloif, and others.
The elder Disraeli, towards the close of a
useful and laborious life, suffered from an
ophthalmic disease, which checked him in
tho prosecution of his literary labors.
Saunderson, the mathematician lost his
eye-sight when only a year old, but con
trived to acquire a remarkable prof^piency.
"He is not," says the author of the "Pur
suit of Knowledge," "the only blind
mathematician on record. The writer
of his life mentions Diodotus the
Stoic, Didymus of Alexandria, Eu
sebius, and Nicausius de Voerda."
The Count de Pagan, the "father of the
modern science of fortification," lost his
left eye befoie he was seventeen, and was
totally deprived of bight when but fhirty
eight. Etiler, the celebrated mathemeti
cian, was struck with blindness in his fifty
ninth year, but continued to calculate and
dictate books as actively as ever. Prescott,
the author of the Conquest of Mexico,"
and other works, long suffered from a pain
ful affection of the eyes. Orestes A. Brown
son, the great American reviewer, had to
get out the last published numbers of his
Beview by the aid of an amanuensis. Aug
ustine Thierry, the distinguished historian
of the "Normon Conquest," was blind, par
alyzed, incapable of movement.
Sanderson, to whom we have already
alluded, is perhaps the most remarkable of
those blind men who have made them
selves a name for scientific excellence. He
lost his siglu in 1G83—when only one year
old—alter a severe attack of small-pox.
But, spite of his complete blindness, he
gavo himself up to the assiduous duty of
the sciences, and finally lectured at the
University of Cambridge, on the mathe
matics and optics with wonderful success.
His sense of touch was exquisitely fine,
thus in a collection of Soman medals, he
could distinguish the genuine from the
false, although often the latter were so ad
mirable counterfeited as to deceive those
who examined them with their eyes. By
the different feeling of the air on his face,
he could tell when an object was placed
before him. And his hearing was so ac
curate in seizing and appreciating the
slightest sounds, that he could determine
the height of any chamber into which he
was introduced, and his distance from the
wall.
There have been blind warriors, who
have not the less controlled the'motions of
their armies. Such were Henri Dandalo
and Jean Ziska. The first, a Doge of Ven
ice, was one of the leaders of the Latin ar
my which captured Constantinople in 1204.
Jean de Troczow, better known at Ziska—
the Bohemian for one-eyed, a name lie re
ceived after losing, while yet a child, an
eye in childish sport—was the instigator,
the life, the soul, of the terrible Hussite
war, which lasted more than half a centu
ry. He lost, in 1420, at the Biege of Kaby,
his remaining eye but it was after this ter
rible acccident that the "Old Blind Dog,"
as he called himself, gained his most bril
liant victories.
"After he lost his sight," says L'Enfant,
his biographer,, "they were accustomed to
place him in a chariot near the principle
standard, and explain to him the order of
battle, the situation of places, the valleys
rocks, mountains, hills and forests, and ac
cording to these instructions, he arranged
the disposition of the forces, and gave them
his orders."
One evening, when he was about to give
the signal for battle, his attendants inform
ed him that the darkness would prevent
his soldiers from fighting. Immediately
ho had fire set to a neighboring village to
afford light to his army, which then, ac
cording to custom, was victorious.
Ho died of the plague at the siege of a
town called Przibislaw, in 1424.
Historical students will recollect the glo
rious death of John the Blind, King of Bo
hemia, who fell in the fight at Crecy, in
1346. Being informed that the battle was
lost, he bade his knights conduct him into
the thickest of the fray. "And," says
quaint old Froissart, "he rushed so brave
ly on the enemy that at each sweep of his
sword down went a foeman, and those who
attended him fought, so that on the mor
r6w their bodies were found piled around
their lord, and their horses all close to
gether."
A considerable nnmber of blind princes
is furnished by the history of the Greek
empire and the Mussulman states, where
the hideous punishment of putting out the
eyes was very common.—TFesta Monthly
for September.
The Late Eclipse—An Old Negro and
liis Chickens.
From the Utica Observer, Aug. 34.
Dr. Peters, the eminent astronomer con
titrated willi Ilauiillou College, wout Wcat
to observe the late eclipse of the Bun.—
While there an amusing incident occurred
which is told by a gentlemen present at the
timo, who says that the effect of the eclipse
upon the animal creation has been exagger
ated. Horses or cattle paid little or no at
tention. Creatures that are accustomed to
go to some particular place at dark did
start for their places, and undoubtedly in
some dismay. Birds were apparently es
tonished by being suddenly caught out
late, and must have fancied that they had
absent mindedly neglected to notice sun
set, They flew rapidly. An old rooster
took to the ience nud folded himself up,
but in two minutes and fifty-two seconds
he crowed lustily It was a very short night
to him.
Saturday morning Dr. Peters requested
an old negro living near his observatory to
watch carefully, his big flock of bene,* for
at 4:45 they would go to roost. After the
eclipse was over he came, evidently much
excited. "How was it?" said the doctor.
"Beats the debil," said tho negro. "When
the darkness come ebry chick'u run for de
hole in the baru. The fast ones got in, and
de next oneB run ober one anudder, and the
last ones dey just tsquat right down in de
grass. How long you know dis ting was a
coming?" "Oh! I reckon we knew it more
than a year," said the doctor. "Beats de
debil! Here you away in New Yprk knowd
a year ago what my chik'ns was gwine to do
dis ebry afternoon, an' yon nebber see de
chik'ns afore nndder!"
LIES.—If only people could stop lying!
Were people truthful we should know our
friends as wo can never know them now.—
Women would not kiss other women with
lips through which words of slander have
but just dropped. Men wonld not vow to
"love forever," when they only mean, I
will amuse myself for a little while. Peo
ple would not utter sentiments they do not
feel, nor repeat sectarian or party cant be
causo it sounds well and is applauded. Dis
honesty would be at an end. Everything
would go smoothly. Not that it will ever
bo done. Each one will wait for the other
to stop lying first—because a truthful per
son seems so defenceless in a world of lies.
And Satan will have it his own way, as he
hat: ever since that apple was plucked in
the garden of Eden.
T1IE UNIVERSITY BOAT K.U.E, A MAN WITHOUT A BREASTBONE
Pull Detail* of liow the IInrv»r«l» were
Ucaten, antt Why.
NEW YORK, Aug.28.—Smalley telegraphs
to tho Tribune: Tho morning opened
bright and dear, and the abseuce of tho
English drizzle increased tho chances of
tho Harvard's success. Tho crew passed a
good uiglit, though this moruing Simmons
showed weakness from a severe attack ot
diarrhoea, with which he has suffered for
several days. Loring, too, has beeli
troubled with a boil, which is far front well:
but most of the crew were in splendid con
dition, and were full of confidence.
When word was given the IlarvarJs noted
start came into play, for their oars took
the water first, making 43 strokes to tho
minute, the Oxford making only 40 for a
mile and a half. The Ilarvards soon drew
away from the Oxfords, and kept the lend
to Craven Cottage, a distance of three
fourths of a mile. The Oxfords drew up
level just beyond Hammersmith bridge,
and when off Chiswick, two miles and a
half from the start, gained a lead, and after
that they liked. The Oxford crew never
changed* their stroke during the race.
The stroke of tho Harvard was irregular.—
They lost lost from Whally, above Ham
mersmith, and when off Cheswiek were
rowed to pieces, though they pulled to the
end of a hopeless race with magnificent
pluck, aud that long alter their strength
aud muscles had failed. For the last two
miles, they had pluck, and that only, the
coxswain steering wild and tho stroke be
ing fatally quick. The superiority of the
Oxfords was manifested throughout tho
race and was never doubted after the first
half mile, though the Harvards retained the
lead some time after that point. Tho Ox
fords won by four lengths. Time 21 min
utes 20 and 3-5 seconds.
A London special says: The race is con
sidered universally to be perfectly fair and
honorable on both sides. The time occu
pied by the Oxford's was twenty-two min
utes and forty-one seconds, more than
they took qyer the course a few days ago.
The distance rowed is a littio less than
four miles and three furlongs. The day
was fair but the tide unfavorable for the
first mile of the race. The Harvard's were
ahead by more than a length, rowing 12
strokes per minute to the Oxford's 39
The Harvard's rowing was most brilliant
and many believe the race might have
been gained had the coxswain made butter
efforts to take Oxford's water as Hamtiu r
sinith bridge was passed. The advantago
was still with the Harvard's, but it was per
ceived that tho pace at which they started
could not be sustained, as the Harvard's
sank from forty-two to forty and lowir.
The Oxfords rose to 40 strokes per minute,
and maintained it without alteration to the
end. A little before Chiswick was reached,
about half way, the Oxfords, by a splendid
maneuvre of the coxswain, took the Har
vard's water, and all of Burnham's efforts
to escape the Oxford's wake were in vain.
As Chiswick church was passed, the Har
vards were visibly distressed, and Burn
ham throwing water over his stroke and
Simmons, on whom the labor and sultri
ness told heavily, it was now perceived that
the race was lost by the Harvards, though
one more heroic effort was made to gain
the Oxford's side, when the gun sounded.
The Harvard crew, after a moment's rest,
drew up by the side of the Oxford boat Rnd
applauded their victors by dappling their
hands. The Oxfords acknowledged this by
taking off their hats.
There are various theories, of course, of
the Harvards' failure. It is rumored that
their diet has been lately vegetarian, but it
is not true. Loring is criticised for not
having English coaching, and Bnrnhain lor
his bad steering but many good judges
declare that the race was almost a repeti
tion of the race between the English uni
versities, and that Harvard failed because
its style is that of Cambridge.
LONDON, Aug. 28.—A corrected sketch of
the race says that the Oxford's passed
Barn's bridge only two lengths ahead
the Harvard's, having made a brilliant
spurt before reaching the bridge by which
they gained about three-quarters of a
length.
The judge says the Harvards were only
half a length clear water in the rear at the
finish.
After the race the two crews dined at
Mort Lake with Mr. Phillips, who invited
a large party to meet them. During the
dinner the Oxford men said the race was,
if not the hardest at least as hard as any
they ever contested.
The Harvards considered their steering
was rather out, making a possible differ
ence of one-half to one length. Loring
was rather unwell, owing to overtraining.
The general opinion is that the race was
thoroughly well contested. Great praise
resounds on all sides for each crew.
Visit to a Flower Farm—How Flower
Seeds are Grown—The Poetry of iiard
cning.
The Bochester (N. Y.) Fxpress describes
a flower farm in Western Now York:
"The warm, pleasant weather we have
enjoyed for a few days past rejoices not
only the farmer, but the seedsmen and
florists as well. Mr. Vick's fields of flowers
are now in their glory, and are well worthy
a long visit to see. We know that many
visitors travel miles to see them, and find
themselves well repaid for their trouble.
On hiB home farm of twenty-five acres on
East avenue, just oatside the city limits,
he has fully ten acres devoted to flowers,
mostly annuals.
"The flowers are mainly grown for the
seed,and beauty is only an incident in their
culture. Mr. Vick finds that many varie
ties of flowers are so especially adapted to
our hot, dry climate that they grow more
beautiful and perfect better seed than iu
Europe. Years ago almost all seeds of
choice flowers were grown in England or
France. Some are yet, but many varieties
grow better here than there, and London
seedsmen are importing the seeds grown in
Bochester. One London house has offered
to lake all the Phlox Drumondi for a term
of years. HiB Zinnias are also superior to
any that can be grown in England or to any
that arc grown in this country. Many of
them are as double and perfect as the finest
dahlia?, and of every imaginable hue except
pure white.
"Zinnias are famed all over tho world
where flowers are grown. The history of
this flower is curious. It is a native of
Mexico, and was originally introduced into
England in 1796. Our grandmothers and
great-grandmothers nsed to grow the Mex
ican Zinnia, under the fanciful name of
'Youth and Old Age.' It was not remarka
ble for beauty, or anything except remain
ing in bloom a long time. Its flower was
single, poor looking, and as large as an old
fashioned quarter dollar, with a narrow rim
of flower leaves around it. In 1800 Messrs.
Vilmorin, Andrioux & Co., florists of Paris,
succeeded in growing a double Zinnia, and
it was a great curiosity in London. About
that time Henry Ward Beecher wrote a let
ter to Mr. Vick, who was then editing the
horticultural department of the llural New
Yorker. Mr. Beecher wrote that he had
watched a Zinnia flower six week •, and it
was as bright at the end of that time as at
the beginning. He thought the Zinnia de
served more attention. Mr. Vick ^it once
took the Zinnia in hand and began its im
provement. Selecting the finest flowers
each year, and pulling up all plants that
produce single flowers, he has fully estab
lished the double flowering habit. Some
of bis finest Zinnias avo tbreo to torn
inches across, as beautiful as dahlias, and
of almost every shade of color, the crimson,
scarlet or magenta being most common.
Some of the flowers are more than double,
the banks of leaveB being two and a half to
three inches deep, and bending the stalk
with their weight.
"The Petunia has been quadrupled in
siztt and grown double, of various shade?.
The original flower was very small, white
and always single. Now the seed produces
large flowers, seventy-five per cent, of them
double, and of various beautiful shades.
The double Petunias produclf no seed, and
the seed to grow double flowers from all
has to artificially fertilized every morning
with pollen from the double flowers, which
are cut off for that purpose. This opera
tion requires great care, cutting out all the
pollen on the single flowers so soon as they
expand. It must also be performed under
glass, or dews or rains would wash off the
pollen and destroy the seed. Of course
double Petunia seed grown in this expen
sive manner is scarce and high priced.
"The Asters are large, beautiful and
bright. These almost always come true to
color which is not the case with Zinnias
or Verbenas.
"Thedouble German stock is one of the
finest flowering plants, and the most diffi
cult to save seed. Double stocks have uo
seed, and the flowers are forced into fruit
fulness by starving the plants under cover
until they can no longer product* double
flowers. Then they will seed profusely,
and 50 to 75 per cent, of fiiis seed will pro
duce double flowers.
"A half aero of Verbenas presented a
magnificent spectacle. Each plant spread
over two to four square ieet of ground, aud
was covered with these beautiful flowers.
Inexperienced florists are apt to cramp
their Verbenas by planting them too
closely.
The Gladioli was just coming into
bloom, and occupied about an acre and a
halt' of ground. One very fine variety, the
James Carter, stands erect, and is, not.
quite BO large as others. Each root in
creases to two, three or four roots during
the season. Some fine Lilies aud Dahlias
are just
hfflj|)Hjr
*f
h'nK1l'"
—Receipts from Internal Revenue on the
30th were $937,000.
Curious Kx|ierlmentH.
Tho following curious physical pheno
mena were exhibited before tho American
Science association in Boston last week.
Dr. Groux, a native of Hamburg, aud at
present practicing physician in Brooklyn,
N. Y., was born without tho sturnuni or
br ast bono. Dr. J. Baxter Upham, of
Boston having been intimately acquainted
for many years with Dr. Groux, has devot
ed a number of ingenious experiments by
which iu his case tho action of the heart is
made to manifest itself both fp tho eyes aud
ears of persons situated at a considerable
distance. It should bo born iu miud that
the action of the heart iu Dr. Groux is per
fectly normal and healthy, while
tho absence of the sturnuni renders
it- possible to make certain studies of
tho utmost importance, which are impossi
ble in tho easo of tho human being as ordi
narily constructed. Dr. Gronx's case has
been'treated of at length in various medical
journals in Europe, but never has it been
brought in such a striking manner before
so large an audience of scientific men.—
The mechanism of tho heart is somewhat
analugous to that of a double-action pump.
In both cases the machinery, however per
fectly it may work, makes some noise. Dr.
Groux was able to show three distinct mo
tions and sounds occurring successively,
and with a certain rhythm, in every beat of
the heart. Dr. Groux also exercised
the power, rarely bestowed, and never
nsed without great danger, of stopping
at will, during a short period, tho ac
tion of his heart. This was done
this evening to the satisfaction of several
mendicant men, one of whom was listening
with the stethoscope at the chest, the two
others feeling at the wrist for the pulse.
For about 20 seconds the action of the vital
organ in tho frail chest of Dr. Groux com
pletely ceased. Some years ago there ex
isted an individual who was wont to exper
imenting with himself in this manner, aud
who finally perished through being unable
to resume the ordinary conditions of human
existence. Dr. Upham so far from encour
aging his friend, Dr. Groux, in the repeti
tion of this perilous experiment, has ear
nestly entreated him never to make the
venture again. Some years ago, Dr. Groux
having made up his mind to travel in
various cities of Europe and America,
causcd Rufus Choate, the renowned lawyer,
to draw up a will making over his body, in
tho event of liis death, to the surgeons for
dissection. Portions of this will, which is
along document composed in Mr. Choate's
happiest vein, were read to the great de
light of the audience. The original draft,
in the inimitable handwriting of Mr.
Choate himself, was also exhibited. The
experiments and explanations specially re
lating to Dr. Groux were given with great
clearness by that gentleman, who is a regu
larly graduated physician. It is clearly of
great advantage to science that this rare
malformation occurs in one who is so well
qualified to observe the obscure vital pro
cesses which it affords an opportunity of
enjoying.
Observations of a Novelist.'
We find the following remarks about
"false hair" in All the Year Round, Charles
Dickens' paper.
Does any lady ever look at the arrange
ment of any other lady'B hair Does any
lady ever look into a hairdresser's shop? If
so, how does the chignon, in its present
proportions, hold its ground If any wo
man's head grew in such monstrous Bliapes
as may now be seen in all directions when
ever women aro congregated together, it
would be a cause of mourning to her fam
ily, of consultation among eminent sur
geons, aud she would probably spend the
greater part of her time in judicious seclu
sion. Here shall be a woman with small,
delicate features, a small head, and of nat
ural stature. Instead of makirg the most
of the natural beauties with which she is
gifted, she frizzles, and cuts, and gnmB her
front hair into all Borts of uncouth forms,
and^urmounts her back hair with an en
ormous ball ol somebody else's tresses
The lady appears to have Aro heads, one
(the artificial) considerably larger than the
other. The hat has to be perched on the
nose, and a most preposterous result is pre
sented. However, there is one virtue about
the chignon—it is honest. There's no de
ception, gentlemen. Even if the ladies
were desirous of trying to lead people to
suppose that the porters' knots on their
heads are composed of their own hair, it
would be useless. For the hairdressers,
anxious to advertise their wares, have ren
dered that deception an impossibility.
Their shops are full of chignons. Plain
chignons frizzed chignonB chiguons woven
into a pattern similar to the large basket
work used chiefly for waste paper baskets
chignons with supplementary curls chig
nons with straight, flimsy tresses pendant
from them chignons of every vanety have
long been familiar to the male observe^ As
we look into our fashionable hairdresser's
moreover, we become aware of long and
thick plaits ^of hair, of arrangements of
curls, and 'of similar devices, braids
and bands, to a most astonishing
extent. And these hirsute deceptfons are
evidently not intended solely for elderly
ladies as were the fronts (hideous devices!)
of the by-gone generation, but for ladies of
all ages. It would seem as if a real female
head of hair were got to be found in these
times. The "glory of a woman is her hair'
we are told, but nothing is said about the
glory being attainable by the use of some
body else's hair. Men have their faults,
heaven knows, but in matters of this sort
they show a little more sense than women.
It is fashionable to wear a beard, and most
men's faces are improved by it, yet false
beardp, chin-chignons so to speak have not
yet become popular. We are afraid, how
ever, to cry out too loudly against the chig
non. Female taste is a grewsome thing to
meddle with, and it is very possible that a
sudden change might be made, and we
might find ladies with their hair, whether
scanty or abundant, plastered tight down to
their heads. So it was with crinoline. In
moderation, and in its
earlier days, it was a
graceful and convenient fashion. The con
venient and graceful period very quickly
vanished. The era of iron hoops, of horse
Jiair substances many inches thick, of enor
mous size and utter unmanageablenes?, set
these will be astonished to be assured, as
Sir William Jenner positively assured the
lapt meeting of the British medical asso
ciation at Leeds, that two of the most fear
ful diseases, cholera and typhoid fever, are
mainly if not exactly propagated by the
drinking of contaminated water. No in
dividual cau take too much care to keep
their drinking water free from impurity,
and it is of the highest importance that
large communities should be supplied with
water uncontaminated by any refuse or
sewerage. At any rate, whero this is not
done, there ought to be an end of the im
pertinence of ascribing diseases to the
"mysterious dispensation of Providence."
STALE BUEAD.—A curious discovery has
recently been made at Pompeii. Iu a
house in course of excavation an oven was
found, closed with an iron door, on open
ing which a batch of eighty one loaves, put
in nearly eighteen hundred years ago, and
now somewhat overdone, was discovered
and even one large iron shovel with which
they had been neatly laid in rows. The
loaves were but slightly overbaked by the
lava heat, having been protected by a quan
tity of ashes covering the door. There is
noi baker's marks on the loaves they are
circular abont nine inches in diameter,
rather flat, and indented (evidently with
the baker's elbow) in the center, and are
slightly raised at the sides, and divided by
eight lines radiating from the center into
eight segments. They are now of a deep
brown color, and hard, but very light. In
the same shop were found 561 brozen and
53 silven coins. A mill with a great quan
tity of corn in excellent preservation, has
also been discovered.
DEATH OF A R. R. CONDUCTOR-—The
Omaha Herald says:
Thomas P. Green, Passenger Conductor
on tho Bridger Division of the Union Pa
cific, was accidentally killed on Monday.
It appears the train was nearing a bridge
when Green put hie head out of a coach
window, probably to satisfy himself regard
ing the slacking of the carB' speed. His
head came in contact with an upright tim
ber, killing him almost instantly. The
skull was badly mashed and some shoulder
bruises sustained. Conductor Green had
but just recovered from a railroad accident
wherein lie had three ribs broken. The
last accident, resulting in his death, occur
red about nine miles west of Bryau. Mr.
Green was one of the oldest officials of the
road and was highly esteemed by his em
ployers aud associates.
IGNORANCE AND VICE.—From 1849 tol8G7
tho number of convicts committed to the
Albany Penitentiary was 18,392 13,657
men, and 4,735 women. Of these 5,661
could notread 4,299 could read 8,432
could read and write 2,345 were temper
ate 16,047 intemperate natives of the
United States, 7,622 foreigners, 10,710,
Of 801 persons committed in 18C8, 367
could read and write, 161 could read only,
273could neither read or write 028 admit
ted themselves to bo intemperate 173
claimed to be temperate. These facts, like
those from all prisons, show that ignorance
and intemperance are the prolific sources
of crime.
—Investigation into the cause of a late
fire in London, proves conclusively that it
was occasioned by the rayB of the sun set
ting fire to a swallow's nest under the
eaves.
TKAUEBY IN PHILADELPHIA.
A Voting Man ShooU Ills Father.
A terrible tragedy occurred iu Philadel
phia on Tuesday morning near tho scone
of tho Twitcholl murder. Tho family of
Mr. Thomas L. Evans assembled at break
fast at tho usual hour, and during tho pro
gress of tho meal the strange behavior of a
son narnod Marshall Evans was freely dis
cussed. It had been determined that the
father, after breakfast, should visit tho
family physician, Dr. Van Dyke, in order
to procure a certificate of the son's mental
condition, on which ho could be removed
to an insane asylum. Just as tho couversa
tiou was concluded Marshall cumo into tho
breakfast-room aud took his seat at the
table. His father bade him good morning,
but ho made no response, and it was
suspected by all present that he had over
heard the conversation. He ate heartily,
and wliiie ho was thus engaged his father
left the room to change his dressing-gown
for a coat, and procuring his hat, Mr.
Evans started down the front stairway. On
his father reaching' the hall landing, Mar
shall walked toward the front door, drew a
revolver and shot at his father three times
in rapid succession. Mr. Evans retreated
through the parlors and fell near the dining
room. His son followed, and as the body
was lying on the floor he bent over it but
said nothing, and when the police entered
tho last words of tho dying man were:
"Don't barm my boy, for he didn't know
what he was doiug." Young Evans is 2i
years old, has been afflicted with rheuma
tism for many years, and has recently be
haved in a violent manner to his wife and
members of his own family. He was with
out doubt insane, for he has been until a
few weeks a good son and an affectionate
lftisband.
Paul Clifford Outdone.
A correspondent of the Cincinnati Times
relates the following incident which is
vouched for at having recently occurred in
New York:
As% capital illustration ot the manner in
which thieves conduct their little well or
ganized and apparently quite legitimate
calling in Gotham a little affair came uuder
my observation a few days ago wherein a
family in the village of Woodside, on the
Long Ivland Railroad, were obbed by bur
glars of silver plate and jewehy- The de
tectives, of course, could obtain no clue
until a reward was offered for the return of
the property, which consisted of gifts and
valued heirlooms in the family. A polite
note was thereupon received from the gen
tlemen burglars expressing their regrets at
the iucoaveuienee of the owners, and offer
ing at oncc to restore the goods, -but in re
gard for their own necessities, they would
be compelled to accept the reward offered
as a compliment to their honesty and pro
fessional skill.
The owner consulted the detective upon
the propriety of causing the arrest of the
thieves, but was peremptorily informed that
such a course was not "honor among
thieves," and would end only in increased
disaster to all concerned, and equivocally
advised him to take what he could get aYid
ask no questions. He accordingly, by ap
pointment, entered the smoking-car of an
afternoon train, and found two nobby
gents, with fancy kids, white hats, diamond
pinB, and rings, in charge of a basket con
taining his lost valuables, and there, in the
presence of the passengers, wiio knew
what was going on, the goods were examin
ed, the negotiation happily conclndbd, and
the money paid. The nonchalant Jack
Sheppard offered their new friend a fifty
cent Havana, talked merrily and friendly,
and at the next station bid him good-bye in
the most polite manner possible. Has fic
tion recorded anything more singularly
cool and refreshing than this? Paul Clif
ford was a bungler, compared to a New York
cracksman, and Vidocqs office would bo al
together a sinecure among the metropolitan
police.
Recovery or a Lost Diamond Ring
Through a Dream,
A few nights ago a lady, while taking a
walk, lost a valuable diamond ring from her
finger in some accountable way. Dilligent
and extensive search was made, without
any clue to the ring, and the lady gave it
up as gone "for good and all. Before day
light the following morning the lady was
surprised by the calls of her nurse, a small
negro girl. On being admitted to her mis
tress, the girl, who had not heard of the
ring being lost, said she had just had a
dream in which she was apprised when,
where,and how the jewel had been lost.aod
that, if allowed she felt sure she could find
it. She then described the place and man
ner in which the ring disappeared, and
begged her mistress to go with her and test
the dream. This strange circuinstanees
was made known to the household but all
treated it with the utmost incredulity. It
was afterward concluded to humor the girl,
however, one. she and several white mem
bers of the family proceeded to the desig
nated spot, more than one hun
dred yards from the house. Here
the dreamer told her mistress that, as di
rected in her dream, she must drop another
ring, and it would roll as a guide to the
missing one. A plain gold ring was hand
e'd the girl she let it fall, and sure enough
it rolled and stopped within two inches of
the lost diamond ring, which had got into
a crevice between two bricks of the pave
ment. It may be imagined that the ring
hunters were somewhat astounded at the
miracle. There is not the least fiction
about this curious dream and its result—
Louisville Courier-Journal.
Ilow the Yo Semite Valley was Formed.
How was this carious freak of nature
formed is a question that every visitor at
least will ask. It is a puzzle for the imag
ination, and baffles even the scientific stu
dent Professor Whitney, of the state sur
vey, discusses the question elaborately in
hiB admirable volume on the Yo Semite,
the Big Trees, and the High Sierras, which,
with its maps, should be the companion of
every one who visits those regions. He
rejects the idea ot water having worn it out
or that it was the work of a glacier but
concludes, as the only practicable supposi
tion, that the bottom dropped out! There
is no other way of accounting for what is
gone, but that it sunk below. It is not car
ried down stream it does not remain in the
valley—there wonld be no valley if it did
there are but comparatively small deposits
of rock in the valley under the walls—no
more than the waste, by frost and ice and
water, of a few generations at the most
and indeed there seems no other supposi
tion that meets the mystery than ihat the
missing rocks are swallowed up below. It
would appear, too. as if the chasu: bad not
long been filled up to its present point,
and that originally, and until withiu a
comparatively recent period, the whole val
ley was a great deep lake. This is a pecu
liar theory it applies but rarely to the
strange forms of nature scattered over the
earth's surface but the Yo Semite is a
peculiar phenomenon—it justifies it, in
deed, demands a peculiar explanation, and
no other fits it so reasonably as this.
An Ada Lewis on the Mississippi River.
From the Davenport (Iowa) Democrat August 25th.
Two young gentlemen, Jas. Johnson and
Wni. Silver, each about sixteen years of
age, took an old skiff last evening from the
foot of Warren Street, and commenced pull
ing toward Maple Island. When between
that spot and Willow Island,
the boat, which
was old and leaky, rapidly filled, and in
in their attempts to bail her out with their
caps, turned her over. The daughter of a
fisherman living on Mill Street, saw
the accident, and getting into a
small flat-bottomed boat which chanced to
be at hand, paddled to the scene of the
disaster. On arriving, she found one of
the young gentlemen clinging to the up
turned skiff,while the other, exhausted and
ready to give in, supported himself on an
oar. The brave girl assisted them into her
boat, and with true feminine policy, made
the overturned skiff fast astern and return
ed to shore. In all human probability
theso boys owe their lives to the presr nce
of mind and ready assistance of this young
woman, whose conduct their parents will
not allow to go unrewarded.
A LONDON paper sayB: "Mr. Tennyson
has returned from Switzerland, utterly dis
gusted with his trip. Wherever he went
he was mobbed by other tourists. If he
put his head out of his bed-room door, he
found a number of girls hovering about in
the passage, waiting for a glimpse of the
author'of "The May Queen." On one oc
casion one of the gentlemen of Mr. Ten
nyson's party found his hat gone, and an
other substituted for it. He made a great
hue and cry, and discovered that the
missing article had been taken in the be
lief that it had covered the brows of tho
Laureate. A well-known literary man who
accompanied the poet kept a diary, in
which he noted down from day to day tho
leading events ami principal topics of'con
versation. This diary can nowhere bo fouud.
It is supposed that some very cute person
has got hold of it, and that Bome equally
enterprising American publisher will bring
it out at New York, where they are said to
be accustomed to sharp practice."
—It is recorded that Daniel Webster was
once accosted by a boorish backwoodsman
who asked in an off-hand way:
"Is this Mr. Webster
"Yes sir."
"The great Mr. Webster, of Massachu
setts
"In am that same Mr. Webster, of Mass
achusetts."
"Well sir, I heard you were a great man"
?uoth
the stranger, "but I don't think so,
heard your speech, and understood every
word you said."
ROMANTIC MAItRIAUK.
A UoaieaMc In Luck.
From tlio Albany Knickerbocker, Aug. 21.
Wo
have
just heard of a rathor romantic
story which has transpirod in this city, tho
truth of which wc can vouch lor, notwith
standing its sensational proclivities. A
few years since, a girl living as a domestic
iu an aristocratic and wealthy family of
Liverpool, England, won tho affections of
the son of that family. Tlio young man
became smitten of his inamorata, uud re
solved upon marrying her. When he mado
his intentions known to his parents, se
rious opposition was manifested. Tho
girl, although a good one, virtuous and
honest, was not in keeping with the fam
ily standing in society. To inarrv such
a"one was considered a disgrace iu Eng
land, especially when tho family of
the young man is of tho highest
blood. Notwithstanding all this, the young
man cast aside all family ties, and married
tho poor girl of his affections, who was
only a servant iu his father's house. The
result was, that the boy was driven from
the parental roof, and took up his humble
abode with his wife. They lived together
in pence and happiness a long while. A
son was born out of this marriage. Final
ly, the husband of the gill was taken sick
with that terrible disease, consumption,
and died, leaving the girl a widow, with
her cLilil. During the illness of her hus
band, the latter received kind considera
tion at the hands of his parents, although
they never in person, visited his bedside.
Soon after tho death of her husband
the widow and child came to this country
with her father aud mother. They set
tled in this city. The fatber and mother
took up a homo for themselves, while the
widow went out to service in a well-known
family living on Washington avenue. She
had been there for a long time, and was
honored by her employers. Last week she
received a letter, announcing the fact that
the whole of the estate of her husband's
father, amounting to £500,000, had been
bequeathed to her sou. Arrangements were
at once perfected, and on Wednesday^last,
the servant girl, accompanied by her father,
sailed from New York to Liverpool, to look
after the fortune coming to them.
A Pickpocket llodge.
From the Philadelphia Bulletin.
A few words in regard to a favorite method
adoptedby pickpockets, known us "knucks"
to successfully ply their vocation, may
servo to place the public on their guard
against the encroachments of these light
fingered gentry. Pickpockets as a general
thing aro tolerably well dressed, and so far
as outward appearances are concerned,
might readily pass for gentlemen. Those
of the fraternity who have made the pro
fession a sort of science, dress with scrupu
lous neatness, are at times exceedingly
polite, pleasant in speech, and affect such
unostentatiousness that they seldom fail to
make a favorable impression upon society.
There are others who do not come up to
this standard they are simply confederates
or "palls," their business being to hide the
plunder "faked" by their superiors. The
favorite resort of the fraternity of pick
pockets for the purpose of pursuing their
profession was for several years the street
cars, generally those which started from
railroad depots immediately after the arri
val of trains, or at the places of amusement
at the tiine of closing. These thieves
would select crowded cars,- and so well ar
ranged were their plans that they never
came in contact with each other. At the
present time they deviate a little from the
old practice. They do not always se
lect crowded cars. They get on the
rear platforms of cars very full,
aud jnsj6t upon standing there
always being ready with some plausible
excuse, such as "going to get off directly,"
"only going a couple of squares," or "it's
too hot there." At such a timp their plan
of operation is as follows: The car stops
for one or more passengers,
who have some
difficulty in effecting an entrance. The
crowd opens the way, and as the passenger
passes onward his hat is pushed from be
hind so as to nearly cover his forehead.
This is so adroitly accomplished by the
thief as to throw the passenger aforesaid
off his guard. He puts his hand up to re
adjust his tile, and at the same instant the
scientific "kntick" relieves him of his
pocket-book or other valuables, which he
hands to his "pal," who gets off and disap
pears.
The hat-tipping business is quite a favor
ite practice, although it -is not always at
tended with success. Persons who meet
with such an event, either in getting on
railroad oars, or while waiting at ticket
offices in depots or at places of amusement,
should remember these words of caution.
In ease any one should feel his hat move
from behind, in the manner above stated,
whether on a crowded platform or any
other place, as already indicated, let that
person immediately turn around to the ono
behind him and say, "I'm on that myself."
After that he may feel perfectly secure from
further annoyance on that occasion.
The Byron Scandal*
The New York Nation, in commenting
upon the Btory of Mrs. Stowe in regard to
the separation of Lord and Lady Byron,
says:
We were told the main facts of this his
tory something more than ten years ago,
and this was how it was told to us: At
whatever time the incestuous connection
between Byron and his sister may have be
gun, Lady Byron knew nothing of it, as we
heard the story, until after the birth of her
child. Some time after that event, proba
bly about the beginning of January, 181G,
Byron told her of the intrigue, saying that
be had never loved any other woman than
the partner of his guilt. She,
naturally, supposed it to be a delusion of
insanity and it was under this impression
that she consulted Dr. Baillie about him,
which is one of his main charges against
her in his letters and in 'Don Juan.' It was
while under this belief that she wrote the
playful letter to Byron, after leaving him,
which is also one of the counts in the in
dictment against her. After reaching Kirk
by Mallory, her father's house, she had cer
tain proofs of the truth of what her hus
band had told her, from which time she
left him for ever.
"Now we do not affirm that this version
of the story is absolutely authentic. We
tell it as it was told to us but most certain
ly it is inherently more probable than the
one given by Mrs. Stowe. It is a key to the
wholo mystery, and the solution is greatly
honorable to Lady Byron. It acconnts for
her silence as to to the cause of the separa
tion. Her lips were sealed as long as Mrs.
Leigh lived. It accounts for her consulta
tion with Dr. Baillie, and for her letter after
leaving Byron, and before knowing that a
a separation was inevitable. It accounts,
too, for Dr. Lushington's statements con
firming her own, saying that 'a reconcilia
tion was impossible,' aud that 'if such an
idea should be entertained he could not,
professionally or otherwise, take any part
towards effecting it."
Good Advice, this.
Nobody is more like an honest mau than
a thorough rogue. When you see a man
with a great deal of religion displayed in
his shop window, you may depend upon it
he keeps a very small stock of it within.
Do not choose your friend by his looks
handsome shoes often pinch the feet.
Don't be fond of compliments remember
"Thank you, pussy, and thank you,
pussy," killed the cat. Don't believe
in the man who talks most for
mewing cats are very seldom good
mousers. By no means put yourself in an
other persons power if you put your thumb
between two grinders, they are very apt to
bite. Drink nothing without seeing it, sign
nothing without reading it, aud make sure
that it means no more than it says. Don't
go to law uuless you have nothing to lose
lawyer's houses are built on fools heads. In
any business, never wade into water where
you cannot see the bottom. Put no depend
ence upon the label of a bag and count
money after your kin. See the sack open
before yon buy what is in it for he who
tradeB in the
dark asks to be cheated. Keep
clear of the man who does not value his
own character. Beware of the man who
swears, he who would blaspheme the
Maker would mako no bones of lying or
stealing. Beware of no man more than of
yourself wc carry our worst enemies with
us. When a new opinion of a doctrine
comes before yon, do not bite till you know
whether it is bread or a stone aud do not
be sure that the ginger-bread is good bo
cause of the gilt ou it. .Never shout
hallo I till you are quite out of the
wood and never cry fried fish until they
are caught in the net. There is always
time enough to boast—wait a little longer.
Don't throw away dirty water till you have
got clean keep on scraping tho roads till
you can get better work for the poorest
pay is better th:n nuno aud the humblest
office is better than being out of employ
ment. Always give up the road to bulls
and madmen* and never fight with a coal
heaver, or contend with a base character,
for they will be sure to blacken you.—Rev.
C. 11. ifpurtjeon.
—An English journal announces that a
Roman tomb has been discovered in
Birchin lano, tho date of which may easily
bo deciphered as B. C. 407. Prom this it
appears that certain gifted Romans, iu tho
early days of tho Republic, had such clear
views as to tho date when the Christian
era would begin that they reckoned from
it backwards four centuries before the birth
of the Redeemer, instead of confining
themselves to the old-fashioned "A. U. C."
Such accuracy of prophecy was never at
tained by the Hebrews.
dtaricuUural.
FARtf, HARDEN AM) HOUSEHOLD.
NA I N FED STOCK vi'.itsus fjHASH FED.—We
havo horses that are grain hurt—fed too
much grain. Such are canal horses, stage
horses, and other, animals overworked and
over fed. This is common, and as well
known as it is common. We kill our hor
ses in this way, that is, they prematurely
die by such treatment. Stimulated to ex
cess.
So we may over-feed any animal —hurt
him however, more with ono kind of food
than with another. To feed young stock
or milch cows largely and continuously ou
grain, especially corn, we know is not good.
Over stimulus in yoflth will lessen the ca
pacity in after life there will be premature
failing. So a milch cow will last longer
properly treated. We have an example in
a neighbor's cow, which gave fifteen pounds
butter per week (her maximum) in her fif
teenth year. We have personal knowledge
of this. This cow was ever regularly and
proporly'fed, not over-fed, receiving but
little grain, dependent mainly upon good
hay, warm stabling and ready running
water. Roots were somewhat fed, some
brau and ground grain.
The bran and meal were given but a few
months after milking period commenced,
say from March to grass time. During
winter, hay alone was depended upon.—
There was always an abundance, but no
waste a good appetite was always main
tained. There were but two cows and per
fect concord between them. This seemed
to do good. They were brought in in the
fall, and so went out in the spring. Hear
ty, healthy, hay seemed sufficient. There
was nothing overfed Lere, and tho cows
lasted.
So we have known horses to do work at
thirty—thirty years old, fat, and able to do
a fair day's work then. We have known
equally good horses to be worn out at 18
and 19. High graining and high work did
the thing. We know a team that is a
pointed case, owned by our father.
The world was made to be supported by
grass—the brute world—what was not
made to devo ir each other, or live in the
forest alone. The herbivora want grass
they have had it, from time immemorial.
A plenty of good, nutritious grass is suffi
cient. It will promote the best of health,
prolong life, and make useful during lifo,
and especially the latter part in comparison
to what we now too often have.—Prairie
Farmer.
A DIFFICULT QUESTION ANSXVEEED.—Can
anybody tell why, when Eve was manufac
tured from one of Adam's ribs, a hired girl
wasn't made at the same time to wait on
her.—Exchange.
We can, easily. Because Adam never
came whining to Eve with a ragged stock
ing to be darned, a collar-string to be sew
ed on, or a glove to be mended "right
away, quick now." Because he never read
the newspapers uatil the sun got down be
hind tho palm tree, and then Btretched him
self, yawning out, "ain't supper mostready
my dear?" Not he. He made the fire,and
hung over the tea-kettle himself,and pulled
the radishes, and peeled the bananas, and
did everything else that he ought! He
milked the cows and fed the chickens,
and looked after the pigs himself.
He never brought home half a dozen
friends to dinner, when Eve hadn't any
fresh pomegranates, and the mango season
was ovey! He never stayed out till 11 o'
clock to a "ward meeting," hurrahing for
the out-and-out candidate, and then scold
ing because poor dear Eve was sitting up
and crying inside the gate. He never play
ed billiards, nor drove fast horses, nor
choked Eve with cigar Binoke. He never
loafed around corner groceries, while soli
tary Eve was rocking little Cain's cradle at
home. In short, he did not think she was
specially created for the purpose of wait
ing on him, and wasn't under the impres
sion that it disgraces a man to lighten his
wife's cares a little. That's the reason that
Eve did not need a hired girl, and we wish
it was the reason that none of her descend
ents did.
DAKS STABLES.—Any person who has felt
the pain and inconvenience of coming sud
denly from a dark room into the full blaze
of day, will easily conceive the necessity of
lighting a stable in a -proper manner.—
This is too often neglected in confined
stables, and the consequences are distress
ing to a human observer. The poor horse,
led suddenly out to his work, shows his
pain quickly iu unmistakable expressions,
stumbleB, and runB against anything that
may happen to be near, until the eye has
in some degree accommodated itself to the
new circumstances under which it is placed.
Nor is this all. By a continuance of this
change from darkness to sudden daylight,
the eyes become seriously injured.
Tho retina, or sensitive nerve, becomes
dull, and more or less useless, the horse's
sight is injured, he starts and shies at ob
jects which he sees imperfectly, and many
a rider who has received a dangerous in
jury has to thank his inattention to this
simple cause, rather than any vicious ha
bit of the animal, to which it has been at
tributed.
Blindness is almosi certaiu to bo caused
by inattention to the above caution, but
even blindess is less dangerous to the rider
than imperfect sight. American Stock
Journal.
MAKING COWS GIVE RICH MILK.—A Ger
man farmer had fourteen cows in full milk,
from which very little butter was obtained.
He separately tested the milk ot each, and
discovered that the bad quality was due to
one cow only, the milk of the others yield
ing good butter, and plenty of it This es
tablished the fact, that by mixing the milk
of all the cows, the bad milk from one,
spoiled the whole for butter-making.
He went to a celebrated veterinarian,
who
advised the employment of the following
remedy: Two ounces of sulphuret of an
timony, and three ounces of coriander seed,
powdered and well mixed. This was
given as a soft bolus, followed by adminis
tering a drought composed of half a
pint of vinegar, a pint of water, and a
handful of common salt. Tho above was
given to the cow in the eariy morning, on
an empty stomach, for three successive
days, and effected a complete cure, the
milk being found, after the application of
the remedy to have become much richer,
and to produce a large quantity of good
butter, where previously but little, and
that of an inferior quality, had been given
by the cow. No apparent cause could be
found for the deficiency of the quality of
butter-making in the milk of this cow,
nor had the animal any disease whatever.
How TO MAKE SPRUCE BEES —An ex
change paper says: As the season is at
hand when pleasant summer drinks, free
from alcoholic influence, are frequently
brewed by the housewife, or the well
brought up daughters, who ought to be
taught a little of everything in the way of
household duties, wc append the following
recipes, which are claimed to be excellent:
1. Take three gallons of water of blood
warmth, three half pints of molasses, a ta
blespoonful of essence of spruce, and the
like quantity of ginger mix well together
with a gill of yeast let stand over night,
and bottle in tho morning. It will be in
good condition to drink in twenty-four
hours. It is a palatable, wholesome bever
age. 2. Those who prefer mead have only
to substitute honey for the molasses in
the above recipe, and for one third
tho ginger use allspice. Half the
quantity of yeast will be sufficient, and the
bottling should occur llie second day, in
stead of the next morning. It will be fit
to drink in four days after being bottled,
and will keep for many weeks. A small
quantity of alcohol is formed during the fer
mentation, and this prevents the acetous
fermentation so common to spruce beer.
The essence of spruce is of courso left out
in tho making of mead. The alcohol form
ed in the fermentation of honey resembles
that found in metheglin, while the alcohol
formed from the fermentation is rum.
Those who imagine that they can make
either spruce beer or mead, without entire
ly forming auy alcohol are mistaken but it
is present in so light a proportion as not to
be sensible to the most delicate temperauee
nerves.
A PRINCE'S PLAYGROUND.—A favorite
spot at St. Cloud with the Imperial family
is the extremity of the Orangerie, in a re
served garden called by Mtuie Antoinette
Felicite," the name it still goes by. It is
between the chateau aud two waterfalls on
the western side. Here the trees form
porticos all round, and here it is the impe
rial prince takes his gymnastic lessons. "In
one corner of this garden is an arbor, under
which are two plain chairs aud a rustic ta
ble. This accommodation is for the Em
peror and Empress when they aro invited
by their sou to come aud see iiiin perform
the duties of train-master, stoker, engi
neer, guard and signal bearer in one. lie
has a perfect engine, rails, set of first and
second class cars, and every upplicance
used for steam locomotion. Ho has learn
ed the management of a railway train from
this mechanical masterpiece, aud some
times distresses tho public by upsetting the
wholo afi'air down a rapid bank, when the
passengers, figured by large effigieB, get
turned over, run over, smashed, and a ter
rible excitement ensues. It amuses the
Emperor exceedingly to puzzle the boy with
quest ions abont tariffs, distances, weight of
luggage, Ac.
—Old New York merchants say they never
saw such a complete prostration of busi
ness. In tho great commercial elines of
1837 and 1857 there were always some
branches of trade which flourished during
the suspension, but each brauch of trade
now seems equally paralyzed.
ifreoitics.
Miscellaneous Items.
—Boston has two haunted houses.
—Cincinnati papers speak of Chicago ,IH
tho "hand New York."
—The manufacture of trowser buttous
has enabled a wife to appear at Saratoga
with a $5,000 diamond.
—The Boston and New York ladies at
Lake George are not on good terms, and
verbal fights aro frequent.
In Cincinnati peaches are selling at
75 cents per bushel toinatoeB 25 cents,
apples 40 cents pears 30 cents, Ac. How
will that do for low
--New York city has made the liberal offer
of $10,000 for the Century plant. Over 10,
000 people went to see this plant while it
was on exhibition at Rochester.
—Bishops of the Established Church in
England are, during the next two years, to
be allowed to retife upon £2,000 a year, or
one-third of their prAent revenues.
—The cars on the White Mouutain Rail
road were delayed by snow on the 7th of
August, and 150 people were cdRipelled to
spend a night on Mount Washington.
—Daniel S. Curtis, a lawyer of Boston,
has been sentenced to two months in jaii
for tweaking the nose of Joseph M, Chur
chill, a banker in the same eminent city.
—Many ladies at White Sulphur Springs,
Virginia, have been obliged to sleep on
mattrasses placed on the floor, and five
or six in a room, on account of the crowd.
—An exchange has been slmwn an imita
tion of calico made of paper. It was very
fine and*at first would deceive any person.
The specimen was sent in a letter from
England.
—There was a fight at the International
Hotel, at Niagara, a few days ago, between
the waiter aud the cooks. Pistols and
knives were used freely, and wounds were
exchanged.
—A letter from San Francisco says there
aro few old Californians to be found who
have not been rich and poor again, at least
half a dczen times, and most of them are
poor now.
—Cornelius Kailiher, an invalid in New
York, following the advice of an old wom
an, steeped a ten cent paper of tobacco in
a pint of ale, and drank tho fluid. It kill
ed him within three hours.
—One of the Georgia editors objects to
the proposed editorial convention in that
state. He says that the affair will only be a
big drunk, and "we can get drank at home,
on whisky that we are usened to."
—James Bessom, a pedestrian, is to at
tempt the feat of walking backward from
Portland to Boston, a distance of 110 miles,
in eight days, on a wager of $1,000. He
proposed to start on the 26th of August.
—A Chicago paper says: The number
of deaths in this city for August will reach
about 900, as we learn from an official
source. There is much sickness, and an
unusual number of deaths are occurring.
—When in 1844, the Rev. Dr. Tefft, in
an address at the Indiana University, pre
dicted a railroad across the continent, his
hearers, including the potent, grave and
reverend seniors laughed him to scorn.
—Preliminary steps for founding a col
ored commercial or business college in
Washington have been taken, with pros
pects of final success. It is proposed even
tually to extend the movement all over the
country.
—The total receipts from theatres in
Chicago during Jnly were as follows:
Personal If ems.
Komissiuow, who saved the Cz .r'u life,
is not dead, as hits been reporteil.
—Minister
Kelson
Wood's Museum $6,271 McYicker & My
ers $8,199.75 Dearborn Theatre $9,9.30.45.
All of these places were open only a part
of the month,
—St Augustine, Fla„ which is filled with
invalids from the North during the winter
months, has becomq a great reBort for South
erners in the summer. Cool sea breezes, an
even temperature, and fine bathing are its
attractions in the !atter season.
—Twenty years ago Pennsylvania was
the largest wheat-producing state in the
Union. Now it is about twelfth on the
list. The people have turned their atten
tion to the development of that which is
hidden in the earth —oil, coal and iron.
—A convict in the Maryland Penitentiary,
who has three years to serve, as a cattle
thief, has fallen heir to $80,000 by the
death of a relative in Ohio, and some very
disinterested persons are endeavoring to
procure his pardon.
—The question whether Barbara Friet
chie was a myth or a real woman is to be
finally set at rest by the presentation to
Mr. Whittier of a cane made from a beam
of the house she lived in, by the citizens
of Fredericksburg.
—S. J. Caven railroad agent at Green
River, Wyoming was shot and killed, a few
days ago, by E. Smith. He was arrested.
The infen were understood to be competi
tors for the affections of a married lady who
belonged to neither.
—Mr. L. Prevost died at San Jose, Cal.,
on the ICth. Mr. Prevost had been en
gaged for the last thirteen or fourteen
years in the business of silk culture, and,
in fact, may be regarded as the founder of
that important and promising branch of in
dustry in California.
—The Perry Monument Association pro
poses a grand meeting at Put-jn-Bay, on
the 10th of September, the anniversary of
the battle of Lake Erie, the primary object
of which is to raise additional funds for
the monument One of. the survivors of
the battle will deliver an oration.
—Considerable excitement has been
caused among the people of Chicago by
the discovery that the walls of the new
east wing of the court house in course of
erection, are in danger of tumbling down
from the careless and unworkmanlike man
ner in which the work has been done.
—Not less' than 107 clergymen have
clergymen's cards from the St Paul and
Pacific Railroad Company, entitling them
to ride on the road at half fore. They give
these cards to only those who live on the
line of the road. It appears that the towns
on this road are well supplied with preach
ers.
—There is an old gentleman named Bar
rows living near Rockland Me., who has feut
hay from one farm with his own hands for
sixty-Bix years, save one. He has lived in
three towns, two counties and two States,
and has never moved from the farm on
which he was born. There are now living
in the house with him four generations.
—The Albany Journal says: "We are
pleased to see that the attendance of Gen
erals at the Gettysburg reunion is small,
and for tho most part embraces names
least known. If all now living who took
part in the battle, were present, the ab
sentees would be still more conspicuous—
the noble dead who fell in that or subse
quent engagements."
—All "beer gardens" within the jurisdic
tion of the Chicago authorities were closed
on last Sunday, and will not henceforth
on the Sabbath be allowed to open. Notice
is being given, also, that all billiard Raloons
and ten-pin alleys must be closed on Sun
days. The law will be rigidly enforced re
garding those places. Dancing is also pro
scribed on the Snbbath iu public halls,
gardens, etc.
—A young man in Muscatine, Iowa, roe
in his sleep on the night ot the 7th, and by
some means climbed to the roof of Trinity
church, and proceeded to deliver an elo
quent discourse. After speaking for some
time he retired in good order till he camo
to the edge ot the roof, when one step
brought him to the ground, and at the
same time to consciousness. He was con
siderably "wrenched" by the fall.
—"Sing a Song of Sixpenco" is as old as
the sixteenth century. "Three Blind
Mice" is found in a music book dated 1609.
"The Frog aud the Mouse" was licensed in
1850. "Three Children Sliding on the
Ice" dates from 1633. "London Bridge is
Broken Down" is of untathomed antiquity.
"Girls and Boys come out to Play" is cer
tainly as old as the reign of Charles II.
—Extravagant stories have been told of
a "meat shower"at Los Nietos, iu Los Au
gelos county Ca!„ on the 1st instant It is
now said that only about 200 square feet
showed traces of it, and old Californians
account for it by saying that it is caused
by the California valtures which, having
gorged themselves aud risen high in the
air, reject what they have eateu from their
stomachs, cither from sickuess or iu battle
with the eagle.
—The Jacksonville Journal has a pretty
little romance of a pair of stoekiugs: "There
is a very respectable ladv now living iu this
county, not a dozen miles from this city
who lias a pair of stockings that her father
bought in Springfield, 111., for her to be
married in. She, her sister-in-law and four Wabash road goes into the consolidation
of her daughters were all married in the. fcwith its present capital, and the Lake
self same pair of stockings. She yet has a
beautiful and blooming unmarried daugh
ter, that she, too will stand as a bride in
the same dear old stockings, provided she
gets married before the death of her mother
who, by the way, is carefully preserving
them to be buried in. The |lady says this
is the only pair of stockings she ever had
that were bought from a store. She also
says that she has raised the cotton and card
ed, spuu and knit all the stockings for her
self, her husband anil all their children.
That pair of stockings cost oue dollar and
thirty cents forty years ago."
is saiil
lo
be very pop­
ular among the Me.iican.s.
Tho author of "Tom Brown at Oxford"
was thj lefeiee in the great boat race.
The Madrid Imperial calls Sickles oue
of the "improvised heroes of the Poto
mac."
—Samuel Johnson, a prominent Boston
merchant, died a few days ago. He had
been a resident of that city over 60 years.
—Fletcher, whom Dickens heralded in
the Atlantic, demand $700 per nigbt in gold.
Joe Jefferson gets $500 per night in green
backs at Booth's.
—John R. Allen, of Nashville, has in
making a 1,000 pouuds balloon, intended
to take up ten persons at the forthcoming
Tennessee State Fair.
Salnzar, a member of Maximilian's
Cabinet, whose estates were confiscated by
Juarez, is insv.no at Washington, afid hip
wife is destitute ut Georgetown.
--Mr. William Henry Hurlbut, the ac
complished collaborator of the Hon. Manton
Marble in the World, has gone to Boston to
take leave of his friends there ou oceasion
his approaching departure to atteud the
Ecumenical Council, in Rome, aud the
opening of the Suez Canal in Egypt.
—A prominent minister, who went to
Greenwich, Conn., lately, to make a pulpit
exchange with a brother minister, was, by
some blunder, arrested at the station,under
suspicion of being implicated iu the rob
bery of a grocery store some ton miles dis
tant.
Emille Girardin, the ablest journalist
in Frauce, receives a salary of50,000 francs
a year, as managing editor of La Liberie.
This is better pay than that said to be en
joyed by Mr. Bigelow, and Mr. Curtis for
similar work, each of whom is reported to.
receive 10,000 a year in greenbacks.
Prince Arthur is described as tall and
slender, with a fine and faultlessly combed
head of brown hair, and his youthful face
ornamented with an English pattern ot
whiskers and moustache, highly creditable
to the physical development of a young
man ot nineteen. When he landed at
Halifax he vore a black dress coat, closelv
buttoned, pants of light drab hue, a "cho
ker" collar of enormous size, aud a black
silk "tile."
Foreign Items.
Rome, by a new census, has 220,532
inhabitants 7480 of theso are priests,
monks and nuns.
—There are in France at least fifty ac
tors and actresses who pretend to be ille
gitimate children of the great Rrehri.
—A subordinate clerk in a banking es
tablishment drew the grand prize in the
Russian lottery a month ago. It amounted
to $140,000.
—It is estimated that of the population
of France 11,000,000 persons are living in
the cities,and about 28,500,000 in the coun
try.
—The laying of a submarine eable in
the Black Sea, as part of the Indo-Euro
pean telegraph,, was finished on the 11th
of Jnly.
—A woman has been arrested in the in
terior of Hungary, for having procured in
the last fifteen ye^rs the abortion of some
three hundred infants.
—Among the agricultural implements
now manufactured in Great Britain are
large numbers of lephant plows, which are
forwarded by way of the Mediterranean,
the Isthmus of Suez, and tne Red Sea and
Indian Ocean, to Hindostan.
—According to the Spanish journals in
Cuba, the following insurgent commanders
have, been killed and come to life again
several times: Quesada, twice Figueredo,
Agintela, Feralto, Cisneros, each once
Marmol, twice and Lorda three times!
Dr. Poggioli says there are 50,000
hunchbacks in France, and wants the
chance to straighten 'em out with electrici
ty. There are numerous Grecian bends in
this country. A Cincinnati chap has a
patent for straightening them out. Ho
gives the victim one under the ear.
—A young and beautifulNeoman appear
ed not long since before the Roman Sen
ate and announced herself as the last de
scendant of the Emperors of the East, liv
ing unknown in a vulley in Piedmont.—
After an investigation, she was recognized
as the Princess Lascaris-Palcologus, and
the Senate ordered her name to be inscrib
ed in the Book of Gold at the Capitol.—
Then she went to Florence and founded a
Masonic lodge for women.
—An English correspondent of the Rev
olution says of Mrs. Harriet Martineau:
"We were grieved to leam that a severe at
tack of her malady in January last bad
brought Mrs. Martineau vety low, and that
she had scarcely yet recoved from the effects
of it She bad not this summer been able,
as yet, to go out An the sunny terrace in
front of her house, but had occasionally
sat in the porch to enjoy the fragrant air.
and all the bird and insect life around.
Weariness and restlessness, rather than
actual pain, are the characteristics of her
complaint."
Amusing Paragraphs.
—Cold comfort—ice in a hot day.
—A man of magnificent presents—Pea
body.
—Can a butting contest between two
darkeys be considered a "skulling match."
—The Detroit police are making war
on geese, which is a very ungallant family
quarrel for Michi-gandersto be engaged in.
—"John John!" shouted an old gentle
man to his son, "get up the sun is up be
fore you." "Very well," said John "he
has further to go than we have."
—The statement that Commodore Van
derbilt's daughter teaches her daughter to
mend stockings, is now said to be a darned
lie.
—A little boy, disputing with his sister
on a certain subject, exclaimed: "It's true,
for ma says so, and if ma says so, it's so if
it ain't so."
—The Hornellsville Times regrets to
learn that the Wild Man of Woodhull, after
climbing the lofty pine finally succeeded
in pulling the tree up after him and disap
peared.
—A correspondent says Washington so
ciety reminds one of a bucket of lobsters.
Pick up the President (the top lobster),
and you raise every one in the bucket, clear
to the bottom.
—Two Yorkshire men traveled together
three days in a stage coac£ without a word
passing between theni. On the fourth day
one of them at length ventured to remark
that it was a very fine morning. "And
who said it warn't," was the reply.
—Miss Susan B. Anthony insists that a
man and wife shall not sleep together. The
furniture dealers of Sandusky, Ohio, have
read Susan's article, and have named the
forlorn single besteads in use in hotels and
boarding houses "Susanthonies."
Josh Billiugs says: "Menny peoplo
spend their time in trying to find the hole
whar sin got into the world. If two men
break through the ice into a mill-pond,
they had better hunt for some good hole to
git out, rather than git into along argn
ment about the hole they fell in.
—I'd offer lliee this hand of mine
It thou but. hart'nt tli« linieg
but purees fliort aud slim as thine
Won't do for those hard times.
I leave theo iu thy wretchedness.
As one too poor to wale
For love, you know, can only bless,
When based on real estate.
—Of that celebrated and long-winded
divine, Zachary Boyd, the following story
is told: "In 1651, Protector Cromell went
one Sunday to hear him preach. He in
veighed so uncompromisingly against Oli
ver, that Mr. Secretary Tourlow proposed
to have the defiant and fearless minister
shot Cromwell's only answer was: 'He's a
fool, and you're another. I'll pay him out
in his own fashion.' So lie asked Mr. Boyd
to dinner, and he concluded the entertain
ment with a prayer that lasted three
hours."
—A servant girl in Altoona recently tried
whiskey to kill rats. She sweetened it with
sugar, soaked bread into it, and then left
the bread in tho cellar where the rats
"most do congregate." She had been up
stairs but halt' an hour when she beard
laughing, singing aud a general hullabal
loo down stairs. She accordingly went
down to see what wae the matter. Imag
ine her astonishment to find about halt a
dozen rats gloriously fuddled, engaged in
throwing potato parings at each other, and
hauling eue another up to drink.
ARTICLES of consolidation of the consol
idated Lake Shore Railroad, from Buffalo
to Toledo, and the Toledo, W..bash and
Western Railroad, from Toledo to Keokuk,
Iowa, were signed yesterday, and will be
submitten to the stockholders iu thirty
days. Their ratification is certain. The
Shore with an increase of twenty per cent,
on the amount of its stock, and is also to
receive a dividend of four per cent, on Jan.
1, 1870, making a total stock and cash divi
dend of twenty-four per cent.
—A mau who owes a bill in London can
now pay it in four hours by simply going to
Wall street and purchasing a document
known as a "cable transfer," a device born
of the great Atlantic telegraph enterprise,
whereby the equivalent of the money which
he gives in New York will be immediately
delivered to his creditor in London.

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