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Tlllfl WAV IT WILL WOKK
AX AI.I.Ki.i'liV. 'I'llroo Rolior roosters nut in state Cm' iiay behind the licn-houao gate: I.ike iv i^'i' rliioftuiiw—grimly drear, \!p ari'il r.U'li hen-pecked chanticleer, *VIm wuiti-il, a.- lie ir.lly sat, A i-lmrt aiMivsson "Til for mt." •Su'ii cainc the uralcr. 11U crow Was: w.il'iilly ami low, "Why, frirn,l«.-Hai.l In', with tremblingcrest, ••lirli'.i'e I sjn-uk, |wrli:im 'manliest To In•! il all iiii.iC" woi lil-ri Mowiifil, Ami sre l/'•!«.'/ h'HS round." I i.jimi]ci1 a bniUnni. "Nay I the fates," rir.l In' with iiy, "haw placed our males I :ir out ii| on the K:mU11 wall, I'.i'Miiul our i:'ht, beyond our call, hitv, unoistiulu i' ll irud or too, Tliry lomliv 'chirk,' anil think tliry crow." His miml il .veil, tlio eil s:i "lirotin rs, \VI Vo liohir.il the ago: tin- liriuqroi:io*9." i"Ah. «n iniuc!" In tnr.1 S ^.-J.nl«-!u:ll i.m.iiu'.I tlio three.) 1 hj ii^lit liVi irnor i-o. Us of ulil. All.I oil ve marlj is hoiv llley scold, wVic »j.!: of i.llesics* anil play \SY'iv in:, rii-l.i i' every lav, A ii I 11:»v.- hit upon a plan." ,"Hurrah In ^au tlio leathered elan,) ll Iu um will crow uu.l brawl ami spat, '.7 hatch the dtitktiia. How is that wniiilroiirt plan f.u li rook with zist lli'to. himseli initoa iu.t. And \v iitr.l in niutt i'i'.al mo'Hl I'll• i'\it of atYutln iv.l l'fooil. i'ul .ju l^iiif' Iroiti \lu i:* restless 1'eaU— They did not fauey for stats. As dimly fathered shades of ni lit, In-ii'truant mates :ippenre I in si^lit Vt with triumphal nvir. tlioy camo, I' 1. Ii hi .nl was hi.wo 1 with ni irf ami shiuc.e ii'roiu ovory ovo slrcaiui il tears of woo, \!.11 not a hen essujed to crow. Why. what's lit' matter?" asked the tour, Wln sat 1111iii lln lit n-1'itl.xi* door. Mt. ii'.Mth !!•«». in dismal note, "i 'iir 1 Val.'wi's Vor it ler th rrat. Ami wo are sick with and pain Wo want our piiet homes a^ain." "lake them, ami Wei.' 'mo," said tho sa^e, •I tear wo ail liavo rnshod tho aye," So si'oiitly, with lordly crest. .u touster flipped from tY his nest Thi looked upon his work abushed, not an j.'s. rcmaiuod nnniaslu'd. lUisccllaneous. THE DiJI'SS, NO! TIIK LADY. I:Y MAKV A. 1KNMSUN. Nellie JUcssom- protty BUUIO. is it not s-,\t in her drossiu* room lnughing ns li uilfts slit' could kuioli. AVlmt it coalil In' tor I uiH suvo liobtnlv conkl tell, for she w-.w luitliir ruulin^', nor siugiug, oi- talking to lift's. 11. She had been oceu l'idin eoinbiuL,' hrr liiiiutil'iil hair, and lliis the silu.itiou in which sho Kftt. A hrnsh in one hnml, a great mass of silk ouiis the other, her head thrown back, hor voice ringing out iu succession of IHH1 lit arty ''ha ha's." ••What is the matter, Nellie?" asked her mother, standing smiling at the door. "l), I was tliiukiu of something so tunny cried Nell, springing to her feet and plying the brush ••never luind, uioth ef,.I ve got a plan in. my head, aud if I decide upon puUiiig i( Into exocnt^p, I'll tell yon wha£ it is." At breakfast pretty Nellie was all smiles. "Shall you go out shopping to-day?" asked hcv mother, glancing casually to wards her daughter. On this, Neily lugan Jo laugh agtun then rostraniingUipi^elf on citchinj lier"father's eye. she answered, MI haven't qtiito made tip my mind—perhaps may." ••Ah contriviur already how to make way with that titty dollars Uncle Joe sent yon yesterday Well, Nell, make good use nt' it*: there's many a poor man would feel like fttpHnco" tIidda! liftrd: times with filly ilollars in his hand." "I'll try to, sir," replied Nelly, her laugh ing eyes growing more quiet in their ex pi'i.ssion. ', 'Who did'-' you poe lnit night' Nojly V" skefl Mrs, lflossbtii, lortngingf dvdr hdi ten vitef the jiaterfaniilias had gone out. "II- nry Lloyd and Charles Sheldon, as usual replied Nelly, archly. •*Were they both attentive?" .. "As two shftdSVs,".replied Amy. 'Henry never looked more noble ia hi^ life," •'Lnst iiffie it' was Charles," said Mrs. 1'lossoin. Nelly blushed. "I know," sho said "I lind it iliilienlt to choose between them, I confess." "Henry is tho handsomest and tho rich- St. of the firm," said her mother, looking it, as mothers will do, for the main ciuMlOO. "I don't know about Henry's being the handsomest," replied Nelly "thero is siiiuething very superior about Charles Sheldon's face, but he is so very retiring 1 one has to give him so much margin To lie sure, Henry is more dashing, might be died more elegant, and has certainly a more brilliant eye and color. Perhaps he dresses in rather better tasto but although he pleases mo more in company, there is something in. Charles Sheldon's quiet way,, and deep oyfl that some[timc» gefein^moie attractive." '•Both appear to have sterling qualities," said Mrs. Blossom. "Yes, they appear to have but I'm going to test them to-day." "What do you mean, Nolly?" that's what I was laughing at up stairs, this morning," replied Nelly, in a merry way. "You see, I've such a capital plan and I'm the very one to carry it out, think. I shall spend my fifty dollars on poor .Mill's family." "What wild freak now?" asked the ma tnrer Blossom of the two, looking wonder mgly at her daughter. Dear easy little w•oman, l^eily. had' not .much.to feac from nny iutte)'er«n6ooi» her pail. life well that tho young girl naturally possessed much discretion, good sense and good judg ment, for her mother had never imposed any restraint upon -her inclinations, way '.Viird or otherwise. "lon't you think Agnes rather a pretty looking girl, mother?" •'What, little Agues, my dressing-maid?" replied her mother. "Not so very little about my size, I be li 'vc," said Nelly. "Well, what of her? I am all atten tion." v_ '1Whv, you haveh't ftnowered my question "••hother you thought she was pretty," eaid Nelly. yes pretty, rather," was the reply. "Well, I'm going to dress her up splen didly?" .. VNelty P'1 ,r "T am,' truly, in the new bonnet I order ed yesterday, and iny best flounced silk. I'm just going to load her with chains, rings, bracelets, and everything handsome ami then I'm croing a shopping with her," "Nonsense ejaculated the elder Blos som "Nelly, you're crazy!" "Nowhere near it." said Nelly, laughing again "I'm going to have real fun, you may believe." "But what object have yon in this quite foolish scheme?" asked her mother. "O you Usee," replied Nelly. "I'm go. ing now, and when A^nes is dressed, I'll come down.and exhibit her." Agne3 was pretty and smart also. She was very ignorant, but having been dress ing maid in several good families, she had picked up a little smattering of useful in formation, Ms for the.rest she wis /uill as handsome, &»<l neatly as graceful,when she chose to be, as many a lady of fashion. Sho entered into tho scheme with spirit. "You are not to buy anything, you I now," said Nelly, as sho turned waiting maid, clasped on tho bracelets and aided in dressing, "butiisk for such and such silks, .speak in an' ordering, commanding way, you know, and manage somehow to show your money. O I '.vo it, carry it in this purse the gold will ahine through the mi sh- beautifully." "And what shall you wear?" asked Agnes, mrvnying herself in a'hmg mirror, with a plea-jftnt face. "1^ O, a plain drab merino, with closed I' eves and linen cufl'.: mamma's every day straw bonnet with tho flowers taken Mi, common Lisle rjlove-!, and look just as pluinjis a pipe stem." "O, dear, dear?'' eri'd tho girl, laugh ing "why, people won't know you." "I don't mean they shall," said Nelly, demurely proceeding to dress her hair low .i|.on her forehead, and otherwise alter her .lopear.inec so that her mother would hard ly have recognized her. Throwing on at I.nl a deep brown veil to shade her face, sho v.'a'-i read Agnes had received hor ilireolions to keep near Nelly, both iu tho street and in the store. -It, wop uot along walk to Lloyd, Sheldon Co.'s There were three young men the firm was new, and the partners took an acLive part in the iilesroom, thus overseeing their business and economizing somewhat. Agnes acted the great Jady to perfection. SiiO shook ont her silhn, tossed her head a little, as if with the feeling that everything about her was entirely beneath her notice, she could condescend perhaps to buy oaiethiiig, and sailing along tho store, her humbl. looking companion behind her, she paused at"!i plaeo where lour clerks stood with tin ir eight hands all ranged along to gether, ready to jump over the counter, if nod I bo, to ex u?«te tlio lady's commands. Nelly stood ijnieily back, he*, faqc shaded by the brown fidl. She saw Lloyd 'imme diately leave a plain-looking customer to the (ivdities ol Sheldon, %vho was near him and making a sign to the clerks, ho was left alone with the new customer. "1 want to see some moiro anliiue," said Agnes, with air o! one who has liiOliey. plenty of "Certainly, madam," replied the polito clerk immediately taking out immense exsesof tho splendid silks, and spreading them beforo her. "How much do them come to a yard asked Agnes, enuningly showing her gold. Tho young man informed her, with great deal of deference, turning over and displaying a great number of tho goods. "Those don't exactly please me tliey ain't costly enough," said Agnes, long iug to look over towards Neliy and laugh. "Wo have very pretty embroidered silks at almost any price," said Lloyd, de lighted that he had fallen in with a cus tomer who seemed to have no eare how much things cost and with great trouble he took tlown other easeit, catching his coat-sleevo unfortunately in a nail, and tearing it nearly from shoulder to elbow. Nelly was obliged to turn away then, to conceal a smile. Meantiino Sheldon had got through with his customer, and the young girl heard Lloyd say, in a murmur ing voice, "Just look out for that woman thero—goods arc lying about loose." The indignant blood rushed to her faco. "Isn't she a customer asked Sheldon in tho same tone. "No, servant, I expect carry homo bun dles," sail Lloyd, still in that suppressed voice. But Sheldon did not seem to bo satisfied 1 came forward, saying in a gen tlemanly teue: "Can 1 wait upon you, mad am Instantly Nelly experienced a glow ol warmth about her heart that had felt tho risings of scorn before. She modestly re plied, "Svnno llanuels, if you please." "Be kind enough to walk over to tho op posite counter. As 1 see tho clerk is en gaged there, I will servo you," ho said. Nelly followed with a beating heart. How different this treatment from tho unkind suspicion-, of the more elegant Lloyd. Very courteous he waited upon licr, forcing no goods to attention merely bowing if she was not satisfied, taking down with alacrity whfttever sho asked for, so that every mo ment, as sho looked at his fine countenance, hor admiration grew stronger-perhaps another Eentimont increased also in depth and intensity. Suffice it to say that Nelly bought till her fifty dollars were expended, leaving directions for the goods to be sent to a certain place, to be paid ou delivery. As she loft the store, Agnes throw down the card of rich laco sho was examining, and saying hastily, "I'll call in again, by-and by," she followed her mistress. "Well said Lloyd, drawing a long breath, "of all tho infernal •'Have you done a pretty good morning's work asked Sheldon, laying aside the parcels he had sold. "Good morning's work'" muttered the other "I haven't taken a red cent, aud look at the counter." Truly enough, the counter was a sight to be seen. Great heaps of silks, velvets, shawls and laces strewed it from one end to the other. "What did that girl buy of you asked Lloyd, directing a clerk to put up the goods, a full hour's work. "Nothing to speak of—only fifty dollars," returned Sheldon. "Fifty dollars! why, I didn't think she was worth fifty' cents!" exclaimed Lloyd. "Can't always tell by tho outside," said Sheldon, sa^Uing^—Vmy customer was a real lady," ho added. "And mine was—O, dear me!" and Lloyd threw back his head and laughed— so did his coat sleeve. "I thought you were sure for a hundred dollars at loast," said Sheldon. "So did I." "I was afraid my customer overheard what I said.. 1 "O, lio replied the other she would have left the store but I am too sus picious of all who are not dressed in style. I'll be more carefnl in fhturo." The lesson was learned too lato. In a few months the beautiful Nelly Blossom became little Airs. Sheldon, and brought her husbaiid quite a fortune. It leaked out about tho shopping. I ARCTIC |IS(pOVERY.i Four ^Expeditions to work—The Re sults. The Weser-Zeitung has obtained infor mation concerning tho late voyage of tho Albert in the Polar Seas from Dr. Bessel himself. The Albert id the flrqt Teeacl that has crossed the Spitsbergen Sea, at 76 45 north latitude, from the south coast of Spitsbergen to the northern coast of Nova Zenibla. She reached tho most northern point of her voyage (80° 11 north latitudo, 90®. ,52 caet lodgitnde,) on the 30th June. The ice,rwhich extended as far as Liel'de bay, formed a solid aud impassablo bar rier, so that the proposed visit to Gillis' Land had to bo abandoned. On the 22d June she arrived at King's Bay, on the western coast of Spitzbergen 1 A landing was «ifacted and' an excursion made, but tho attempt proved both difficult and dan gerous, on account of the torrents of snow water which streamed from the glaciers on every side. The next point on the proposed route Wfeft the Belmwd, tint the way was choked with pack-iee. The ship lay off the South Cape on the 28th of June, and as a south wind had sprung up another attempt was made to rcacn Gillis' Land, but without success, as the ico was still firm, and lay further to the, south than before. The anchor was cast, and fioveral hunting expe ditions undertaken to Amsterdam Island, Dames' Island, and Clover Cliff. A large number of birds, particularly ducks, were shot, and many remains of tko Dutch set tlement of the, seventeenth century were found. The ruins of eleven boiling-house.", and great heaps of old barrels and the bleached bones of whales strewed the shore. There, too, stood numerous gravestones, with their pious Dutch and German inscriptions, the ogly remaining rocgrds-af wloBg-forgotten toil. t)r, Bessel 't$ok sqmei photographic views of tRo mOe| '£trikij|ig features of the landsoape,: and« iiiuail|e# of sketches in whteraolofs. As the way to the north was still blocked up, the vessel turned herhead southwards, and on the 30 th of June she was sixteen sea miles south of the Cape. The season was so unfavorable that it was impossible to p^^oi,:wlfilh'is-pfalfd too^far to the north in the Swedish maps, was rectified, and the southern point of Hope Island was determined with exactitude. The ice ex tended almost to Cape Nassau, and the captain resolved to sail along its borders in the direction of. Nov* Zembla. /.Though Dr. 'Bessel and 'thdt seeqftd mate wisjjed to land at tfie latter point, the captain thought the sea was running too high to permit of the attempt being made without danger. On the 31st of August tho Albert began her homeward voyage. A large number of me teorological observations were made, and some interesting zoological specimens were secured with the dredge. Three other vessels, belonging respect ively to England, -Norway and Russia, havo also been engaged this summer in exploring the Arctic regions. The first of these, the Diana, is tho property of Mr. Lamont, a member of the lloyal Geographical Society. She sailed from Glasgow on the 25th April, having that gentleman, Mr. W. Leysey, Mr. Smith, and a crew of twenty-one men, nn der tho command of Captain Iverson, a Norwegian, on board. The purpose of these gentlemen was partly scientific dis covery and partly sport. They, too, felt the unfavorable influence of tho season. Though they reached Nova Zembla in May and Spitzbergen in Juno, thoy wore unable to pass the eightieth degree. Ten years ago Mr. Lamont succeeded in pushing further to the north in a sailing-vessel. In other respects they were mora successful, as on their voyage, and during a few weeks' stay in Norway, on their way home, they suc ceeded in killing 30 walruses, 00 large seals, 2 bears and 102 stags. They also brought homo with them about 10 tons of oil. Tho Norwegian expedition, if we can call a single small sloop by so high-sounding a name, was under the command of Captain Carlsen, the celebrated walrus-hunter. Un daunted by the evil name it bears, he push ed boldly into tho Carian Sea, and found it free from ico. He sailed along tho Siberian coast, which is flat and covered with bush es, while the bottom is oozy, nntilhe reach ed the White Islands, a few miles lrom the mouth of tho Obi. His adventurous voy age wan well repaid in a pecuniary point of view, art ho flccured 238 walruses, 30 great seals, and 1 polar beats, the value of which ho estimates at about 7,500 thaJers. The Russian expedition was fitted ont by Mr. Sideroli' for the purpose of establish ing a dm ct Communication by sea between Norway and Siberia. The George left Ilammorfest on the 3d of August, under tho command of Captain It leek. Her plan was to reach and sail up the Obi, and Captain Carlsen believes she will accomplish her purpose, unless the sandbanks at the mouth of the river present an unexpected and insurmountable obstacle. It seems that these seas are free from ice at least four months in the year, and the distance between Vardu iu Norway and tho mouths of tho Obi, may bo traversed by steam in from tlireo to four days, eight voyages might easily be made in a season. Should Mr. Sideroff succeed in his plan, tho com mercial importance of tho routo will be very great. --Professor Bdohm, one of tho first phy sicians in Berlin, is said to boon tho point of death. Iu performing a dissection in presenco of tho students, ho accidentally pricked his finger with the scalpol, and neglected to cauterize the puncture. Two •lays ofter his hand swelled to an enorm ous size, and all tho resources of art wore unuvuilincr. ECCLESIASTICAL TIM VI.S. No I.nwyi-t-H Atlnil From tlio Columbus (O.) Journal, Oct. '2S. Tho (rial of tho Rev. ('. Tate, at Trin ity- Church, has its curious and almost funny phases, as well as its most serious characteristics. It was decided yustcrdny that lawyers should not bo allowed to par ticipate in tho arguments or discussions. The Church Advocate thought they would coufnso things, and that a lawyer's wrangle was not just tho thing for the occasion and place. This was pretty hard on the law yers, but the heavy blow came with the an nouncement that tho Court had decided that they could not speak even on legal questions. This was a stun ner. There was Judge Otis, one of tho best ecclesiastical lawyers in the United States, just ready to teat tilings to tatters, and Mr. Thomas Sparrow of this city, aching to show up the case ill its proper light, and Judge Jones prepared to drlvo-the High Church business into lit tleness, and Gen. Mitchell, desirous of clinching a point or two, but the decision spoiled everything. They fixed it, howev er. The advocates couhl speak and the lawyers could keep them straight. Rev. lr. Thrall, in his argument for tho respon dent, had Judge Otis on one side and Mr. Sparrow ou the other. no was lull of points himself, but the two lawyers, having nothing to do but to think, kept up his stock in a sort of inexhaustible way. It the llovorend Doctor wandered ever so lit tle Otia was ready with a strong idea, or Sparrow with a vigorous stroke at tho eue my. lu tho same way Judgo Jones and Gen. Mitchell watched nnd directed the Church Advocate, and he not only spoke with his own force bnt with their' knowledge also. While ho was speaking Washburne, Otis. Thrall, and Sparrow, counsel for Mr. Tat*, were catching at points. Dr. Washbnrne was to reply aud ho was receiving tho ben efit of tho observations of tho others. A bright idea would strike Sparrow, and he would dodgo across to luivo Washburno stick a pin there. Otis would see a weak point and he would slip up to suggets that. Washbnrne hit heavy there. Thrall would discover a break in tho lino where he could "crush the thing." And this jumping up and nervous whis pering on the part of lawyers was so sug gestive of concentrated mischief that the listener really expected the Advocato tosay most anything and everything. Tho Court evidently got more lawyer than it would have had, had all the legal gen tlemen been allowed to speak. Interesting Figures. The total length of railway in the world is put down at 109,177 miles, and it cost $10,820,751,982. The United States have 12,'247 miles. The next largest national supply is in Great Britian, 14,217. Franco has 0,935 miles Russia, 4,31( Prussia, 5,026, Italy, 4,109 Austria, 4,429 South Gernianv, 2.C81 Spain, 3 429 Belguim, 1,793 and the North German. States 1,311 British India, 4,092 and the Canadian Do minion, 1,348. No other lands exceed 1000. The distribution of railway to area and population is a curious branch of tho stat istics. This country has 7,104 square miles to each mile of rail, and 87,615 in habitants. Mexico brings 2..825.140 miles of area, and 40,885 inhabitants to meet each of her 295.miles of road. Great Brit ian has 860 square miles, and 1,056,30 in-i habitants under the same supply of rail.! The absolute cost of construction! was greatest' to- Great Britian, and the next greatest witlii us. Her outlay was: $2,511,314,485, and ours SI,864,519,313. France came up to] SI,576,665,892, and there the billions stop, The Prussian systeni represents $747,689,-•* 346, and the Russian $724,700,474. Belgi um, reticulated as she is, reports a cost of! only $186,198, 861. The smallest amount credited is two miles in Natal, South Atrica,' but these two miles cost $119,423, while Jamaica built fourteen miles for only $391, 174. The relative cost of building was greatest in Brazil, where it is set down at $204,157, against $176,260 in Great Britain, $158,714 in France, $97,210 in Holland, $57,114 in Denmark, and $14,255 in the United States. In Russia the cost was $169,922. Tho wonderful disparity in the cost of constructing a mile of railway is the most remarkable feat we have, especial ly when th«re is taken into consideration the fact that labor is everywhere cheaper than here, and tho cost of living less al though it is true that the roads of other countries are much better built aud better fdntislicd. EXREMMENTS WITH ABSINTIIE.— A French savant, Dr. Magnen, has just been trying, experiments upon guinea pigs, to illustrate the haneful effects of absinthe. He ad ministered to one animal (says a corres pondent) tour grammes of strong brandy— which is an ^ingredient of tho French man's deadly drink—with tho natural re sult of making the poor little pig shame fully inebriated. That effect we might havo expected without the grave interven tion of science. To another unfortunate creature of the same species ho gave es sence of absinthe pure and simple, and as a consequence extreme suffering was pro duced. "If thb dose be weak," says M. Magnen, "it causes vertigo the animal hangs down its head, evinces sadness and remains motionless. Then a shudder comes over the anterior part of the body, gradually followed by starts in the muscles of tha neck. This symptom will, by de grees, extend to the wliolo of the animals foreparts the creature will appear as if tin der the influence of electric shocks its fore legs are stiffly stretched to support its body, while the hind legs aro slightly bent, as if to seek a purchase. A larger dose will in duce violent nervous fits." EXPORTS OF CALIFORNIA.—The exports ot California by sea for tlio:first nine months of this year, lis compared with the corres ponding period of 1868, shows gains of $132,000 in wheat, $20,000 in barley, $212, 000 in wine, $22,000 in brandy, $170,000 in wool, $60,000 in hides, $50,000 in salmon, and $100,000 in furs and losses of $500,000 in quicksilver, $700,000 in flour, $110,000 in copper or«, and $22,000 in borax. The amount of flour was nearly as great this year as last, but the value per barrel is considerably less. ..All the chief quicksilver mines of California have b^en unfortiinate this year, the bodies of ore found being small and poor in quality. The exportation last year was forty-three thousand flasks. This year it will not ex ceed twenty-eight thousand. The low price of copper has nearly stopped the exporta tion of California oros and tho borax works have been idle now for two years, in consequence of the grent rise of Borax Lake, which had no outlet during the win ters of 18(17-8. Tho solution of borax in tho lake was so thinned or diluted with water that the cost of extraction was in creased, and some of tho works were flooded. A THOUSAND LIVES SAVED.—In the city of Bristol, England, the annual death-rate has lately been reduced from twenty-eight to twenty-two (tnd a half per thousand of the whole population in other words, there are fewer deaths by a thousand in a year than formerly. The change is ascribed to the aation of a health offiper, Mr. Davie*, who, aided, by four inspectors, has visitod every tenement court three times a week, examined every houso aud closet, disinfect ed every nuisance, and superintended tho clearing of drains nnd tho whitewashing ol walls. Although a great part of tho popu lation live in these crowded courts, Mr. Da vies has succeeded in extirpating typhus and other malignant fevers, and has thor oughly interested the laboring people them selves in his measures. Is there any other field for benevolent enterprises equal to this Is there any oth er form of labor open to man in which the highest philantljropic ambition could hope dfjjectly to save a thousand lives a year? Yet If a tittle of the effot$ and money an nually wasted ^h this oily, in those charities Which create, and encourage pauperism, were intelligently applied. to imitating Mr. Davies, the sating wodld bOns much great er here as New. York is larger than tho city of Bristol. —Dnblin has been complimenting Titf ons and Do Murska in its peculiarly absurd Way. On Titiens's benefit, an adulrttory address was lowered down to her by a string from the gallery, and tho audieuco insisted on her reading it to thern this be ing a trick, Us alleged, of the obscure peo ple who prepared it and who aro mention ed in the document as secretaries, «Vc., rtnd thus get a little cheap notoriety for them selves. Do Murska, ono night.iifter tho op era,'liad to sing "The Last It/mo of Sum mer" beforo tho excitaldo audience wpnld b'o quiet. The season of opera' just closed has beon tho most successful ever known in Dnblin. A NI'AV WAY TO GKT AN OI.I HOUSE OUT OF A WF.I.I,. -A blind horw owned by An drew Smith, of Genoa, Cayuga county, N. Y., fell into an old dry, deep well, a few days ago. After repeated bnt unsuccessful efforts to get tho animal upon terra firma again, it was decided to lury him alive by filling up the well. Accordingly, two or three men with shovels commenced throw ing in dirt, and as it fell around tho horse's legs ho trod it down with his feet. The m®n continued to sliovol, and tho horse continued to tread, working his way on tho top, till tho well was filled, when ho camo forth from his living tomb, a wiser, if not a frightened horse. This now motive pow er so unexpectedly brought to light, de serves to bo patented lor the benefit of un fortunate blind old horses. A NET I'Olt COUNTRY MERCHANTS* A Fat Spliler Devouring Ilnral Files. From tho Now York Sun. Tho Twenty-sixth streot gambling house has organized a campaign for (liewinter on an original and comprehensive system, after tho Badon-Badan school. Tho house ia but a few doors west of Broadway, and not far from tho aristocratic St. James Ho tel. It is a fivo-story brown stone front, and is occupied by a score of tho card fra ternity. Women, elegantly dressed, flut ter in and out its doors. During tho early evening the flutter of silks and laces and tho shimmor of jewels grow most brilliant. These women are what aro termed by gam blers elegant cappers. They inveigle many wetdthy victims into this gambling den. One-half tho number of men at this houso aro young and handsomo men, dressed in tho'richest of clothes. They protend to represent scions of Fifth avenue and other aristocratic neighborhoods. TIICBO young men have engaged day board for tho win ter in np-town fashionable boarding hou.ies ono in each. Tho oldest of tho crew aro men who have traveled exten sively. Five ot them havo been runners for New York, Philadelphia, Boston and Cincinnati wholesale houses.,, They havo a more extended circle of acquaintances than any other class of men on the conti nent. They know thonsauds of country merchants who visit New York to purchase goods, and the piles of each. These have day board at the hotels, and, like their companions, aro agonts of this gambling houso. A square game of faro, kono, roulette, monte, or rongo et noir is not played at this house. Gamblers not interested in tho gamo are not allowed there. Tflo associa tion is a combination gambling ring. Their runners obtain access to all circles of so ciety. IIow they effect this it is not neces sary to explain but they manage it to per fection. They are at all tho grand recep tions, and their lady companions are from among tho families of the'millionaires. If the young lady has a brother who com mands ready money, sho is a favorite with ouo of these young men. Their syst?m for making acquaintances is so perfect that they become the best known men in the city. Some of them frequent the Manhat tan Club They lounge in the parlors of their respective boarding houses after din ner, and mingle with the boarders. They aro asked ont with rich men, and ask rich gentlemen out with them. Then, as if by accident, as they converge on He He chauts Win the walks. who are never- The intrude A Curious Now York life, gambling hells are spoken of. just a look into some of the most elegant ones some night is suggested and agreed upon. Thoy go to tho Twenty-sixth street house, of conrso. The stranger is not asked to play. sees a half-dozen of fine appearing men at the table toying with ivory chips. Others occupy magnificent settees and chairs. Luxury surrounds the apartments, and instead of a "hell," as the new visitor has imagined, he finds an abode of elegance. is offered a seat near the table. Ho looks on and sees men accumi lating stack after staek of white, blue, red, and black chips, and changing them in for money. He is irresistibly drawn to the ta ble. If he plays, ho loses as long as he lays his money down. These whom young men snake-like into higher V./' »STTN.IIOVIS, HO. l84S-^Novefnt'er 4, light snow. Bociety seeni thOTeorin company with -gamblers but at Central Park", the thea tres, and first-class balls, they may always be found. ,, First Snows Since 1841. Hie following will show the date when the' first snows of the'season fell, since 1841, as recorded by Wm. B. McRae, Esq., of Burlington, Iowa: NEAB PIKETON, OniO. 1841r-Oatober 24, light snow. 1842—November 15, heavy snow. 1843—October 27, light enow. 1844—October 28, fine snow. 1846—No records 1846—November. 26, first anowflaUca. 'AT BruuiKniok, IOWA. J847^-Not'fcmber 13, littht suow. 1 AT SUIU4NOTON, IOWA, 1813—November 25, snow flakes.., 1^50 —November 7, snow flakes.- ,V. ^1851—November s, snow flakes. -'i' ,'''? '*-•1859—November 6, snow flakes. -t! 1853—October 27. light snow and slept 18"4—Novcmberll. snow flakes. •.... ^lB53=-OCtOtwr"9 mlir,-^nd.Muirr mft—October 1, snow flakea. IKTFr-November8, light rain and snow. 1858—November 8, light rain and snow. 1859— Octobftr 17 a' lUtlfe mow. lSOO^i-Noveuibbr 5, snow flakes. •18G1—October 16, a little snow. 1862—October 24, enow flakea. 1803—October 22, light snow. 18(14—November 9, light snow, stormy. 1SG3-October 21, rain and half an inch of snow. 186fi-r.October 23, fine enow. 1867—October 2!), light, snow. 4868--October 18, alight spow and liail. J8(59--0ctober 18, a few snow-flakes. PREPARING GRAIH ron PANIFICATION.—A French patentee proposes to manufacture bread without any intermediate grinding process, claiming that thereby all the nu triment contained in the grain is retained, and that while the best processes at pres ent employed give one hundred and twelve pounds of bread to one hundred of grain, lie can ufcreane the product fully thirty three per cent. The wheat is first soaked in water, wherety all impurities and de fective grain can DO removed. The' bharge is then thrown into revolving cylinders having rasp-like projections on the inte rior, whereby the outside pellicle, which is the coloring principle of the grain, is re moved. Two bundred parts of a fermented liquor, made by mixing ten per cent of fer mented dough with water at sixty-eight degrees to every one hundred parts of the grain, is added and allowed to work for eight hours, when the mass is reduced to paste by passing between rollers, is salted and kneaded and proceeded with as usual. A RARE FLOWER.—We have from the greenhouse of Col. Robt. Forsyth, 845 Prairie avenue, a specimen of a flower of one of the most remarkable plants in the country- the only one of the species in the West, if not in the country—the Philoden• drum. Imagine an oblong, cream-colored, open cup, springing from alaTge stem, wid ening in tho center and turning at the end into a twist, such as is seen in some shells, the whole of about eleven inches in length. In this vessel, is an elongation of the stem, of tho length and size of an ear of Yankee corn, and looking not unlike it, which is' unsupported, except at its base, the whole being one of the most remarkable speci mens of the floral world that we havo ever seen. Mr. Forsyth tells us that the tree, which is about eight feet in height, has many of these flowers, and that after the bud becomes visible, a whole year elapses before it matures. Col. Forsyth is lucky in having so rare a specimen.—Chicago Post. —Texts of Scripture have often been in scribed upon coins. One ot the most re markable is on a copper coin issued by the Papal government, on which are the words, Va vobis divilibus—"Woe to you who are rich." When the greenbacks were first issued by the United States. Mr. Chase, then Secretary of the Treasury, con sulted, among others, the President of one of the Philadelphia banks in regard to placing some motto upon them—such, for examplo. as has since been impression npon the five-cent pieces—"In God we trust After mentioning several scriptural texts that had occurred to him, the Secretary asked our banker's opinion. "Perhaps," was the reply, the most appropriate would be: "Silver and gold have I none butsuch as I have give I thee!" Tho project was abandoned. WATEITRNOOFINO FABRIOS.—A new way for making fabrics impermeable to water is announced in the European journals, tho operation being simple, but requiring care to preserve tho material from injury during its continuance. Tho cloth is first submit ted to tho action of moderately strong sul phuric acid, the tinio of such action vary ing with tho nature of tho fabric, but never exceeding two minutes. A thorough wash ing follows, and when dried tho material iB ready for uso. Tho action of tho acid is to decompose tho wool or cotton fibres into a glutinous material, the gum filling up the spaces between tho threads, and thereby preventing tho passage of water. CEMIINT FOU TOUSIIED STEEIJ.—A Turkish receipt lias come to public notice for a ce ment used in fastening diamonds and pre cious stones to metallic substances^ which is said to answer equally well for strongly uniting polished steel surfaces, even when thoy aro exposed to moisture. Dissolve five or six pieces of gum mastic,each about the size of a large pea, iu as much alcohol as will suOico to render it liquid. In an other vessel dissolve iu brandy as much isinglass (previously softened in wator) as will make a two-onnco phial of strong glue, adding two small piecos of gum ammoni um, rubbed until dissolved. Mixthewholo with heat and bottle for use. --Tlio lances with whioh young ladies conquer -g-laucoH. CIHO he sees playing and winning are members of the fraternity. Tho money they win is passed in again, and so the game rnns on. -Those who operate with cotintry mer- accompany tb*ni when chr^fgopds, they pur- their witfr lAp the favor, and are taken thein to their brilliant gambling .Not "ail honest card hells. is 5pf the turned. A number associates of this house asay be seen corners of Twfnty-nxth.street jtjBroadway during and snnny ear diamonds Siirkenhead afternoons. *re^tho dealers. and' older and They cappers. Tp&se profusion of jevrelry. ^fgr oacupy seata sear the windowB«t tho Hoffmap and Sfc James, and crowd respect able people off of Matrimony. [From the Smyrna (Del.) Times.] Wo occasionally read of notoworthy events in matrimonial maters iu our exchanges, and this week we feel called upon to note one in our own midst. Tlio marriage is re corded in tho proper place in thin issue, the happy couple boing well known and re spected citizens, tho groom having at one time filled the ollico of sheriff of tho coun ty with credit to himself and the position ho occupied. Tho brido, by tho ruthless hand of death, has been com pelled to follow five husband to the grave (all former respected citizens of this community) aud don't tho "widow's weeds," and now Cnpid, without regard to past circumstances, has burled another fatal dart, ami at the ago of about fifty-five ears, sho again bows at Hymen's altar, to whioh sho is led for the sixth time, to offer herself a willing sacrifice to tho god of marriage by a gentleman who has entered his eighty-first year. Sho becomes his second wife. Iu every instance, save the first, the lady has married widowsrs, with children, while she has remained without issue. As now, while sho is childless, she has married a husband who has foun ded a tribe. The number of his descendants, children, grand children and great grand-children, was when last counted, just ono hundred and sixty-five, and there have been a num ber of accessions since—nearly enough to make the number seventy, ho thinks. Thero are other circumstances in connection with the gentleman's life that we feel constrained to refer to, though not altogether appropri ate under this head perhaps. Notwith standing liis numerous progeny, lie has had but one death in his family—his first wife. He never borrowed a dollar in liinrlife, and never paid a cent's cost in suits at law on his own account. Wo may add, with pleasure, that he is remaikably halo and healthy (as is also the bride) weighs 210 pounds, stands nearly six feet in height, and stands even higher in the estimation of his fellow-citizens than he does in his boots. May "fortune favor the brave." Fublic Parks. The following measurements of the great pleasures grounds of the United Slates and Europe will be read with interest at this time:— Acres. Boston, Common 50 Proridenco 130 Central Park, New York -183 Battery, 10 City Hall Park, 10 Tompkins squaro, 10 Hudson square, 4 Washington squaro, 9 Union place, 3 Observatory placo, 25 Mount Morris, 20 Manhattan square, 19 Blooinin'dalc square 18 Hamilton square, 15 Madison square, Stuyvesant squaro, 3 Oramercy Park, 1—99G Prospect Hill, Brooklyn 900 Philadelphia park, about 2,700 Druid Hill Park, Baltimoro 680 Cincinnati, about 1,000 Chicago, about 2,700 Hyde Park, London 389 Kensington, London 227 Regent's Park, London 372 Yiotoria Park, London 231 St. Jame's Park, London 84 Greenwich Park, London 174 Battersea Park, London 175 Windsor Great Park, near London 3,500 Windsor Little Park, near London 300 nampton Court and Busby Park, Londonl,812 (Southwark, near London 100 Finsbury,ner London 120 Richmond Park, England 2,408 Kow Gardon. England G84 Total in ana near London 10,718 Park, Liverpool 190 Phronix Park, Dublin 1,752 Glasgow Green 13C Gardens at Versailles 3,000 Bois do Boulogne, Paris 2,158 Prstcr Garten, Vienna 1,500 Schonbrunn, near Vienna 711 Traskoo Solo, St. Petersburg 350 Thiergarten, Berlin 200 Englisher Garten, Munish 500 Park and Garden, Magdeburg 120 Wasn't Poshing Him. Some time ago, on a Sabbath, we wended our way to one of the ehnrches nnd in stead of a sermon^ heard an address upon some missionary or other benevolent ob ject. The address concluded, two breth era wero sent around to collect contribu tions. Panon L. was one of the basket bearers, taking the side npon which we sat. Immediately in our front and upon tho next seat negligently reclined friend Bill A., a gentleman of Infinite humor and full of dry jokes. Parson L. extended the basket, and Bill shook his head. "Come William, give us something," said the parBoh. "Can't do it," said Bill. "Why not? Is one?" "Yes. But not tho cause a good I am not able to give any thing." 'i'ooli pooh kuuw itM-tei* you must give a better reason than that" "Well, I owe too much money. I must bo just before I am generous, yon know." "But, William, you owe God a larger debt than you do any one else." "That is so, parson hut then he ain't pushing mo like the balance of my credit ors." Tho parson's face got in rather a curious condition as he passed on. Romance in Rcnl Life. Abont ten years ago a young man named Qnackenbush left his home in Warwick, Orange county, with a drove of cattle for New York city. Ho arrived at his destina tion, sold his cattle, and from that time up to last Saturday his relatives lost all trace of him. On Saturday a man of about 80 years arrived at Warwick, bringing intelli gence of the missing young man. It seems that Qnackenbush was robbed in New York city after selling his cattle, and in despera tion at his loss he shipped for California. He went to the mines and formed an asso ciation with two young men to care for each other in sickness and during life, and to share each other's fortune in case of death. When the gold fever broke out in Australia the trio went thither, and labored togeth er with success. Last year, however, Mr. Quackenbush's associates died,and as their heir, hnder the agreement, he found him self possessed of about $35,000. He de termined to return to his early homo, aud, gathering up his treasures, sailed for Liv erpool. There he was taken sick and died last spring. The aged messenger referred to was stopping at the same house with Mr. Qnackenbush, and as he intended to come to this country as soon as he could arrange his affairs, to him was entrusted the duty of informing the relatives of Mr. Qnacken bush, in Warwick. He was received there at first with suspicion but he produced satisfactory references, and tho family have taken steps to recover tho fortune which awaits them in England. TRIAL OF THE MINISTERIAL WIFE MUR DERER.—The trial of Rev. Isaac B. Smith, the Congregational clergyman, residing at Junction, Kane connty, 111., charged with drowning his wife in Poplar Creek, a small stream on the confines of Cook, Kane oounty, on the 15th of June last, com menced in the Kane Circuit Court, at Ge neva, on the 3d inst. It will be recollected that while fording the stream in a buggy, in which were himself and wife, tho latter, as he claimed, fell from the buggy in a fainting fit, and wan drowned before he could rescue her. The water in tho creek where she was drowned was less than twenty inches deep.' Subsequent dev lop ments led to the suspicion that Smith had drowned his wife for tho purpose of ob taining insuranco to the amount of $9,000, whioh he had on her life, and he was ar rested, indicted and committed on a charge of murdering her. All Wednesday was occupied in empanneling the jury. A large number of clergymen were present, who gave the prisoner their sympathy and support. Tho conrt room was crowded, and great interest is manifested in this trial. The prisoner is defended by Hon. J. F. Farnswortb, Hon. Charles Wheaton, A. Barney and J. S, Wilcox. The prosecu tion is conducted by C. J. Metzger, stato's attorney, E. D. Joslyn and Jas. Coleman. TUE GASOPHANER.—An invention that may develop into something of great value is that of an English chemist, designed to show tho existence of malarious gases. A piece of fused boracic acid, the size of a walnut, is heated to redness in chlorine. The mass is then blowu the same as com mon glass into a bulb,and tho "gasophaner" is ready for use. When first made the bulb is perfectly clear, but on being brought in to contact with carbonic acid gas it bo comes clouded with a light blue film, giv ing an opal lustre. By gentle reheating the film passes away. So great is the delicacy of the gasophaner that the breath of a child or a healthy person, breathed on the bulb, can be detected from that of a person ex haling more carbonic acid. When buhl over a solution ol sulphur tho bulb becomes pitted as with small-]tox. —A Bolgian weekly paper, tho Flanderu, issues tho following poculiar notice "Clois ter scandals belong so essentially to a true reflex of tho times, that a journal cannot pass them by. But it would bo impossible for a weekly paper to communicate all these storieB besides, a respectable journal must set itself against violating tho moral feel iags of its readers, especially tho female and younger portion. Taking these con siderations into account, tho editor has de termined to publish weekly an especial supplement 'for men,' which will also con tain much -in tho languago of Roino it self,' and thus for a very small circlo of readers." THB WRECK OP TIIK SIERRA NE VAI»A. Self-Sacrifice and ita Contrast—A No ble Olil Man. When tho Sierra Nevada was wrecked on tlio Pacific coast, recently, Captain Bogort, having made arrangements to send the la dies aud old mou in tho quarter boat to shore, turned to Gov. Wood, of Illinois, who was a passenger, and said in loud, sharp tones: "Now, Governor, it is your turn. Mako haste 1" To which bo re ceived the following answer, which, spoken under tho circumstances, shows that the days of true heroism havo not yet passed away: "No 1" said tho bravo old man "nearly all hero aro yonng men, to whom lifo is of value. I aui seventy-four years of age. I will wait," If thero had been for a moment tho slightest feeling of "every ono for himself," that feeling was instantly dissipated by the noble, self-sac rificing sentiment thus expressed. Captain Bogert,whom "ono of ours" heard describe the incident, said in a true, blunt, sailor like fashion, while tears wero brought to hiB eyes by recollections of the moment: "When I received tho answer, a lump roso in my throat as big as my fist I couldn't speak for some seconds. As soon as I could, I took hold of the Governor, and said as loud and as harshly as I could, 'Sir, I command you to get into that boat!' and in this manner the generous spirit was almost perforce passed into the boat. The ship now keeled over considerably more than sho had done previously, and only a portion of the upper side was above water, and every one had to cling to the bulwarks to avoid being washed overboard. In contrast to this tho following incident is related: Before the first boat left a passenger of somewhat diminutive proportions came struggling and climbing along to where the captain was assisting the passengers over tho side. His "make up'» was ludicrous enough to excite a smile even under the trying circumstances of the moment He had on no less than three life-preservers, blown ont to an inordinate size one was attached to each leg, and one round his waist. Dressed in this position, he ad dressed the captain thus: "Stow me away in that boat, sir," and bursting into tears, he continued: "I have a new wife, sir, and I ilou't we.nt to toe loBt." Sis-request irns not granted, and he had to await his turn. "There must be Some Mistake About iny Death.'' We have been made acquainted with the particulars of the return to the land of the living of ono who was supposed to have long since passed down into the "dark val ley." Among those reported to have been killed by the explosion of the steamer Mag nolia, last spring, a year ago, was one John Harvey, a carpenter, who had previously boarded at tho house of a very estimable lady, on Seventeenth street Now, this lady had a daughter, which is not a very extraordinary circumstance, apd this daugh ter had accepted John Harvev as the one with whom she was to travel through life with, not a very strange circumstance either, for John was a very handsome fel low. The reception of the news of the terrible manner of John's exit from the earth by being shot up a great distance into the air and coming down a piece of lifeless flesh, was an awful blow to the affianced bride's nerves, and for a time it was doubtful whether she would survive the great lacer ation of her heart. Time, however, assuages the deepest grief, and the "out of sight of out the mind" process had so healed the wounds of poor Addie's bosom that three monthB since she agreed to be come the better half of another fellow, and the interesting event was fixed for the fourth of next month. Judge of the surprise of the entire house hold, a tew mornings since, on seeing the dead John come stolking into the house just the same as if his absence had been ono of hours instead of years. Mother was astonished and Addie was confounded—the dead had come to life and no mistake.— John, like a true philosopher, when inform ed of the situation that had taken place during his absence, said, "of course he could now have no claims, as his long ab scncein the White Pine Gold Mineshad, undoubtedly, lost him all his rights, and lie would return alone to the West even it his heart were to break." This was too much for poor Addie, the old feeling was paramount, and she quietly told John he could stay, and the other fel low could go out into the cold world and take bis chances, and, like a faithful lover, he obeyed, and on the fourth of next month the wedding will take place as before ar ranged, only John will be the groom in stead of the other chap. It was John's misfortune to be a passen ger on the Magnolia at the time of the acci dent, bnt also his fortune to escape unin jured and falling in with an old friend, the two went to White Pine together, where he had remained until, as nbovo narrated, he bad returned to claim his long neglected, long affianced bride.—Cm. Times. Summary Legal Proceedings. Tho Central Californian says: Monterey county boasts of a Justice, an easy, good-natured genius, who has an or iginal way of doing things. The following story is too good to be lost: Some time since the Judge, whom we shall call met W a member of the legal frater nity, and the following dialogue eusued: "W ," said the Justice, "I wish to ask a little advice. Some time ago a Mexican owed me a debt and ascertaining that he was about to leave, I determined to bring suit against him. There being no other Justice in the district I brought action be fore myself. We had no constable, and I served the summons. Tho day of trial came on, and as I knew all the fkctsinthe case no witnesses were called, but I ren dered judgment in my own favcr for the debt and costs. In the absence of the constable I levied upon what property the Mexican had ordered to be sold. At the day of the sale no one except myself attended, and I bought the property. The proceeds were insufficient to satisfy the judgment and I seized the person of the Mexican and placed him at work making adobes for the balance. After the kpseofa day or two, wished to hire the Mexican therefore he gave me his note for the balance still due, and I discharged the prisoner from cus tody. Now some of my neighbors think that my proceedings were irregular. I wish to know your opinion." Satisfied with the grave assurance that no proceedings could bo more "regular," our judicial representa tive smilingly withdrew. THE QUESTION OF RELIGIOUS INSTRUCTION IN SCHOOLS.—The Catholic Telegraph of the 4th contains the following: "From the apostolic theory that the state had au thority to tax for education separated from all religious influence, journalistic sup porters of schools veered to the advocacy of religious instruction. It was a transi tion that brought them into direct antag onism with the law, to Bustain a school system that tramples npon the rights of Catholics. That blindness has driven these defenders of common schools to the second defeat The first chapter in this school controversy is now closed. It ends with the triumph of law. The second chap ter will open with an agitation against the law itself, in tho name of justice and tho right that both Protestants and Catholics have to positive religious instruction in sep arate schools. If the school laws be modi fied to secure a denominational educati in for all, Catholics will cheerfully pay their portion of the school fund. If this wise amendment cannot be made, taxation for school purposes must cease. Now that the Bible has been excluded from the schools, if professed Protestants have been sincere in all that they have said in its favor, they niHst agree with Catholics in the second issue of this question. Consistency will make them our friends in the future." A GOOD MEDICINE.—The Telegraph, published at Kenosha,Wis., says: "It is not often that we say much in favor oi Patent Medicines, because it is hard dis tinguishing between, the humbug and the really valuable medicine. But we go out of our general custom to say that Hool land's German Bitters is no humbug. We have tried it, and we know it to be almost infallible in cases of rangement indigestion, disar of tho Liver, &c. It has cured us of the most obstinate ease of the Jaun dice, after every other remedy had failed. And in no less than half a dozen instances where we have recommeudcd it to our friends for tho same disease it has proved alike efficacious and wo have yet to hear of tho caso wherein it has failed. Hoof lond's German Bitters iB entirely freo from all Alcoholic admixture." "Hoofland's German Tonio in a combina tion of the ingredients of tho Bitters, with puro Santa Cruz Rnm, mango, anise, &c.. making a preparation ot rare medical value. Tho Tonic is used for tin. same diseases, as tho Bitters, in cases wh ro souio Alco holic stimulus is necessary."' —Tho cultivation of cotton in tho East Indies, it is assorted, has become more popular among tho natives, who havo dis covered that it is more profitable to grow cotton at twenty conts a pound, than to raiso tho millet grain for consumption at homo. Tho cotton exported from India in 1860 amounted in valuo to $27,500,000 bnt tho crops for 1809, it is estimated, will bring $100,749,125. Tho Eastlndia cotton is short staple and docidcdly inferior to that grown in tho United States but greater care in cultivation has been exorcised, and moro attention paid to packing tho bales without tho admixture of dirt FARM, GARDEN AM) HOUSEHOLD. HINTS TO HOUSEKEEPERS.- From my read ing of somo of tho best authorities on the subjects lu-re referred to, I havo como to the following conclusion: Vessels intended to contain liquor of a higher temperature, should bo const!noted of materials which are the worst radiators of heat Thus, tea urns and tea pots are best adapted for their purpose when constructed of polished metal, and worse when constructed of black porce lain. A black porcelain tea pot is the"worst conceivable material for that vessel, for both its materials and color are good radia tors ol heat, and the liquid contained in it cools with the greatest possible rapidity. On tho other hand, a bright metal tea pot is best adapted for tho purpose, hi cause it is tho worst radiator ol' heat, and therefore cools as slowly as possible. A polished silver or brass tea urn is better adapted to retain the heat of the water than one of a dull brown color, such HB is mo .t commonly used. A tin kettle retains the beat, of the water boiled in it more effectually if it bo kept clean an polished, than if it be allowed to collect tho smoke and soot to which it is exposed by the action of the fire. When coated with this its surface becomes rough and black, aud is a powerful radiator of heat. A close utove, intended to heal apartments, should not have a polished surface, lor in that case it is one of tho worst radiators of heat, and nothing can ha contrived less fit for the purpose to which it is applied. On tho other hand a rough, unpolished surface of cast iron is favorable to radiation, and a fire in such a stove will always produce a most powerful effect.—tor. Germantown Tdajrajih. How TO UNHITCH A TEAM.—There is al ways a right way to do every thing, and the right way to unhitch a team is that which is the quickest nnd safest. We have often noticed farm boys, and not only farm boys but men, disconnect a team from a wagon in a very unsafe manner something as follows: Tlio driver springs from the wagon, goes to the sides of the horses, puts up the lines, unbuckles them at the bits, lets down the neck-yoke, unhitches tho tng»s and Inndg tlio liorses .away dis connected. Now this mode is very common and very risky. Let us notice why. In the first place, as soon as the lines aro put up you have lost your means of con trol, as soon as the pole is down your horses are in peril. Supposing they should take fright, which is common to the most quiet animals, the result of a team running with only tho tugs hitched can be imagined. We have cases in mind where horses havo sped away with mad dened fury in exactly this condition, the pole plowing the ground, and at every plnnge of the frenzied animals, the wagon striking on_their heels, frightening them to desperation. Now the right way, or a good way at least, is to keep the lines in hand or where they can be reached until the tugs are all unhitched, then your team is free from the wagon unless a stationary neck-yoko is used, next go directly in front of the horses and let down th6 neck-yoke and after this separate them as convenient. Ohio Farmer. KEEPING POTATOES.—We have always found that potatoes come out in the spring the best when they were buried in pits in the ground, and next to this way, the best way of keeping them fresh and good until the spring time comes is to stow them away in the root house. In order that potatoes may be preserved fresh and good they should be stored where the light of day will never reach them. In this state where they grow so prolific we all notice how many nice potatoes are in the fall, and how different in the spring unless they have been wintered over in pits or in root houses. In digging potatoes they should never bo suffered to bask in the sunshine the better way is to pick them up just as soon as they are taken out of the mother earth. They can be stored temporarily in wagon or cart boxes, but as soon as a load has been gathered they should be hurried off to the dark hole which is to be their home until they aro wanted for cooking purposes. The air and sun upon a potato will turn it a greenish color and gives it a most un pleasant, bitter taste, which is really sick ening and repulsive to the stomach. A person can worry down a watery potato, bnt a bitter one is the worst food ever put into the mouth. As our winters are so severe it is necessa ry that, potatoes, when buried in pits, should have plenty of earth thrown over them for fear that they will suffer from the frosts.—Farmers' Un ion. FATTENING FOWLS FOR MARKET.—Fat fowls not only weigh more than poor ones, !»ut sell at a higher price per pound. A cor respondent of the Rural New Yorker says lift )in«5 t"tar»rcmgh]y jn n. fn.fl uight from the time of cooping them, by putting them in coops, keepin them dry and clean, al'owing them no gravel, keep ing corn 1, their feed boxes all the time, giving them well cooked com meal dough once a day, and giving them fresh skimmed milk with a sprinkling of finely pulverized charcoal in it If the fowls are kept in this way more than ten or twelve days, he says, they should then have gravel, or they will fall away. His feeding house or coop is made so as to be warm and yet airy, with earthen floors, perches not far from the ground. They are made of a size to ac commodate twenty to tliirty-fivo fowls. He thinks there is 110 necessity for dark coops or tho cramming system—which last, we think, has been, in this country at least, much more of theory than practice. How GOOD FARMERS SAVE MONET.—They take gopd papers and read them. They keep account of farm operations. They do not leave their implements scat tered over the farm, exposed to snow, rain, and heat. They repair their tools and buildings at a proper time, and do not suffer a subse quent three-fold expenditure of time and money. They use their money judiciously, and they do not attend auction sales to pur chase all kinds of trumpery because it is cheap. They see that their fences are well re paired, and their cattle are not grazing in the meadows, or grain-fields, or orchards. They do not refuse to make correct ex periments in a small way, of many new things. They plant their fruit trees well, care for them, aud of course get good crops. They practice economy by giving their stock good shelter during the winter also good food, taking all that is unsound, half rotten or moldy, out They do not keep tribes of cats, or snarl ing dogs around their premises who eat niore iu a month than they ore worth in a whole life-time. Lastly, they read the advertisements, know what is going on, and frequently save money by it. Successful farming is made by attention to little things. The farmer who does his best earns his money with best apprecia tion, and usos it with best results. Such men are the salt of the earth. TOMATO CATSUP.—A correspondent of the Germantown Telegraph gives the follow ing: Take one bushel basket of tomatoes, skin and boil until they are solt, squeeze them through a fine wire or hair sieve, add half a gallon of vinegar, salt to taste, one ounce of cloves, one of allspice, ono hr.lf ounce of black pepper, three pods red pepper, two heads garlic, skinned and separated, twelvo bay leaves (leaves you find packed between licorice), two ouuees of mustard mixed with coid vinegar beforo putting in—boil until reduced to abont one-half, then bottle without straining. ECONOMY IN MEAT.—Take cold meat of any kind- pieces left from tho table cut in pieces a quarter of au inch sqnare put in a frying-pan cover tho meat with water put in a small piece of butter, pepper and salt when this conies to a boil stir in a little flour and water, previously mixed. Havo two or three sliccs of broad toasted place them on a platter, and pour over them the meat and gravy whilo hot. This will be found an excellent dish prepared from meat usually thrown away. A letter from Russia to tho Now York Post says that a few weeks ago a peasant shabbily clothed and illiterate, camo into tho treasury at Poltava, and asked if they could change sonic old paper mouoy for the new issue. lie was asked how much he had, and ho said he did not know that he and his wife had counted all one day, and tho day after, and did not finish. Au offi cer was sent, to assist, and tho peasant took up a board from tho floor and showed bun dles ot notes packed away iu various things, which, on being counted, amounted to about SO,000 roubles. Thero were some 5,000 more in gold and siver. lie was ask ed whore ho got so much, and he said that his grandfather had vaved up, GENERAL ITEMS. Personal. —One of John Tyler's sons is editing the Montgomery (Ala.) Advertiser. Mrs. Senator Spraguo haB and it was a girl. —Rev. Thomas Gordon Penn, the last male descendant of Wm. Penn, died in England not long since. Louisa Muhlbach will visit America next year. Won't toadies go for a ride on that mules-back though? Franklin's autobiography, in an Italian translation, has appeared in Florence, and it is to be followed by his essays and selec tions from his letters. —The Rev. CharleB Beecher, of George town, Mass., a brother of Henry Ward Beecher, will be compelled, through ill health, to resign his pastoral duties. —Yonng Frank Hawthorne Pierce, neph ew of tho late ex-President, is highly spo ken of among the Princeton students as a talented and promising young man. Uncle Billy Cantrill, over 70 years old, residing in Decatur, 111., challenges the state of Illinois to produce a man of his ago who will ontshoot him at any number of birds. "Josh Billings" has prepared a bur lesque upon the old-fashioned "Farmer's Almanac," lull of weather prognostica tions, family recipes and moral advice to farmers. —Tho two oldest bank officers in the United States are Eliphalet Williams, pres ident of the Northampton National Band, who is in bis 90th year, and Stalham Wil liams, president of the Utica Savings Bank, who is in his 97th year. —Father Hyacinthe's conduct creates a great deal of talk in Rome. The Pope was much depressed for Beveral days alter the news came, but his Holiness seems more cheerful. The Council Hall arrangements divert his thoughts a little from what must bo to him, however, and every Roman Catholic, a sorrowful affair. —A French paper reports that "the mojst brilliant of the stars of song," by which every one will recognize tbe Marquise de Caux, "has signed a splendid engagement to sing in Russia. It is stipulated in the treaty that the diva promises—you would never guess what—to have no children during the period of her engagement. And her husband has written at the bottom of the contract: «The above writing is read and approved.'" •foreign. —Brass buttons with a device of a shovel and a pickaxe are sold in Paris under the title of "Boutons deTraupmaun," or "Sou venirs de Pantin." —The following is copied from a placard inviting worshippers to'Bethesda Chapel in Clapham, England:—"Ned Wright, who beforo his conversion was convicted three times of burglary, will deliver a gospel ad dress. C'omc and welcome! No collection!" —The Bervant-gal question lately assum ed a new phase in Alais, France. All the female servants of the town organized and went on a strike for three concessions: in creased pay, decreased labor, and the priv ilege of receiving their "cousins" in the kitchen. A compromise was effected, the third demand boing acceded to, and the others refused. As the domestics cared most about that point, they yielded the others and returned to their kitchens. —Accidents from machinery in facto ries, in England, during the six months ending April 30, 1869, amounted in num ber to 3,061, of which fifty-three were fatal. The total number of accidents, whether from machinery or other causes, amounted to 8,177. With this large number of casu alties, only 430 informations against own ers was laid, and 177 of these were with drawn on payment of costs. The convic tions were 265, and the fines inflicted amounted to $2,110. An "Earl's brother" advertises in a London paper that he requires a loan of £100, and as security "would admit a lady or gentleman into his family circle to board and lodge." But this impecunious aristo crat, a scion, doubtless, of the noble house of Bareacres, adds, "References required,'' which mustjprove a damper to many vul gar persons who imagined that for so tri fling a consideration as £100 they might en joy the society of an "Earl's brother." —"Musical gymnastics"is a term not unfrequently used in a figurative sense, but it is an accomplished fact in a London Music hall. One Mr. Forrest and his sons performed on a tight rope while playing on violins, and they wound up by a scries of somersaults, each playing a fiddle, without missing a note, during his performance. The spectacle of an orchestra performing a symphony by Beethoven, keeping time with the conductor's baton, in a series of jumps and somersaults, would be sure to attract a great crowd. —Tho Bulletin de Lois gives the follow -itg-i»intl8tics of tbe increase of ihv popu lation of France^ during the last twenty years: In 18-16, the number of inhabitants amounted to 35,400,486 in 1856, to 36,039, 364 and, in 1866, to 38,067,094. The in crease in the first ten years was 666,608, and in the second ten years 2,027,730. The large increase during the second period is due to the annexation of Savoy and Nice, in 1860. In 1863, there wero 936,967 births, 795,607 deaths, and 280,609 marriages. In 1868, there were 1,006,258 births, 884,573 deaths, and 802,186 marriages. Crime. —James Thompson and James McCor mick, aged 17 and 19, were arrested at Jersey City on the 5th, for robbing the post-office at Rockaway, N. J. —Two farmers named Tod and Robin son, near Tate's Creek, Ky., got into a quarrel about shooting mules, when the latter was shot and killed by the former. —An unsuccessful attempt was made to rob the safe of the Long Island Railroad at Hunter's Point, on the night of the 4th. The watchman was gagged and bound, but the robbers failed in their purpose. —J. H. Beadle, editor of the Utah Re porter, while attending the Probate Court on the 2d, at Brigham City, was set upon aud beaten nearly to death. The cause of the attack is claimed to he his writing against polygamy. —Jo. Coppini and wife have been sen tenced to the penitentiary for 5 and 1 year, respectively, for dealing in counterfeit money at St. Louis. A prominent detective says that Joseph Coppiui has probably given circulation to nearly a million dol lars of spurious money since 1857. —Jacob Welch, postmaster at New Por tage, Ohio, shotand instantly killed a bur glar named Wm. Winter, who was trying to enter his store. Welch had frequently discovered traces of depredations, and con cluded to put a stop to them, and did so by watching for and shooting the offender. Whiter had served a term in the penitentia ry for robbing the mail. —Pike, who is to be hung at Concord, N. II., on Thursday next for murder, makes a request, which will probably be granted, that a quartette of young ladies in Concord who have often sung to him and other prisoners, be allowed to remain in his cell after he passes out tor the last time, and sing whilo tbe preparations to launch him into eternity are being conclu ded—that is, after the cap is drawn over his face, while the strapp and ropes are 'being adjusted.. He also requests that no relatives of the victim shall be admitted to witness his death. Casualties. Boyd C. Alges was run over and out in two by the cars at Alleghany City, Pa. —Ezekiel Louis, a brakeman on the C. & N. W. R. R„ was run over and killed at Council Hill, 111., on Sunday. —Chas. Gilmer, a fireman on the Louis ville and Nashville railroad, fell from a train aud was run over and killed. —An explosion of gas occurred in the shaft leading to the lake tunnel at Cleve land, on the 1st Several men were severe ly burned and otherwise injured. —A young lady named Ella Berry, at Galva, 111., on the 5th, while sitting by the stove, ignited her clothes, and was so bad ly burned that she died in two hours. Oliltnary. George Peabody died at 114 o'clock on the Right of tho 4th at his residence in London. —Mr.T.T. Shrieve, one of the wealthiest men iu Kentucky, died at Nashville on the 5th, aged 74. William Monty, Sr., over 82 years of age, a soldier of the war of 1812, died at Louis ville on the 2d. —Hon. Charles A. Wickliffe, ex-Post master General under President Tyler, died in Howard county, Md., at tho residence of his son-in-law, 011 that his father had saved np, and that I10 ^liimselt had saved up. Suspicious wero of course entertained that he had como by tho mon ey dishonestly but the whole family had borne a good character, and, on inquiry, thero was no reason for detaining him, and his money was changed for him into now notes. Such cases of hoarded up money aro said to bo quite common among the peasants. -Tho dwelling of Nathan Dowry, iu Harwich, Mass., was destroyed by lire 011 tho evening of the 3d, and his oniy ehild dren, two little girls, agod six and four years, perished. Tho parents wero visiting a neighbor. Stiuday evening last. A QUEER CASE. —The Badon courts have a queer caso before them. The femalepro prietor of a well-known business house received a proposition of marriage by let ter from a fashionable physician of Heidel berg, who wished secrecy for the time, as his father opposed tho union. A corre spondence was carried on, the lady bought her trousseau, and the presumed lover sent presents. At last it was announced that tho family opposition was removed, and tho betrothed went to Heidelberg for in troduction and marriage. Then it appear ed that tho whole thing was a hoax, tho Jotters forged, and the physician entirely ignorant of the affair. A rejected lover of the lady will have to make matters right with tho law for his joke. CHICAGO CORRESPONDENCE. C»ndld»u»-Crlm«» and rti. Mlllct-Lntlicran Council—l*a Salle One Horse Street Cars -Trade—The Wheat Market-Low K,e,d' Co.—AmwE N"v. c, 1809.—Our office-holders ?itr J.i recovered from the contusion w-*i last Tuesday, threw 'J!®™' Party majority of' five or six thousand, to be defeated by a majority ot eight or ten thousand, in a revolution for which they were not prepared, and which aetomshed the Tictimn almont an much as the vanquished. It is a lesson full of instruction to politicians, and thus shows how unreliable a strong party may bo when the ecrvauts of tho people assume—or are suppled to as sume to be their mastery. Many Republicans who voted the parly ticket, admit that, ex cept for its infl nonce upon the party—the eflVct will be wholesome. The Constitutional Convention seems to be about equally divid ed botween the two parties. CASUALTIES AND CHIMES. Wc havo had an unusual number of acci dents, burglaries, robberies, stabbings and other crimes the past week—one fire involv ing a loss of $15,000, and several smaller fires. The Tribune afiirms that the most daring uang of burglars and foot-pads on the continent has rcccntly made Chicago its headquarte rs, aud not a uigbt passes bnt a half dozen outrages arc perpetrated. Last Thursday evening a whole family, consisting of Michael Kary, a street car conductor, his wife, three children, sister and grandmother, were chloroformed, and his watch, $85 in money and many articles in clothing taken. Tho house was so tilled with chloroform that tho inmates were slupitied, and suffered severely, and visitors were seriously affected the next day. LUTHERAN COUNCIL. The general council of the Evangelical Lutheran Church has been in session here three days, represented by delegates from New York to Texas. The' denomination is large, and numbers many learned and emi nent men. The Wisconsin synod withdrew from the council last year, and the Missouri synod were not quite prepared to join it, al though holding with it to the Augsburg con fession of faith. NEW TUNNEL. Work lias just been commenced on the new tunnel under tho Chicago River at La Salle Street, to connect the North and South sides, and the river ia being dredged to lay the foundation of the eoii'er-dam. The ex perience acquired in building the Washington street tunnel will be of great service in the "construction of this. THE ONE-HOESE STSEET CARS on tho Chicago City liailway have proved a great accommodation to the public. They run evfry two minutes, and when one is full the door is closed and passengers have to wait for the next ear. Many arc so impati ent that they try to crowd in when it is full, and the straps of some can have already been broken in attempting to pull the door open. TRADE. Lacit week was unusually brisk. This week being election week, trade has not been quite so active. Tho great want of the trade, this fall, has been, not to sell, but to make collec tions. THE WHEAT MARKET lias ruled lower. No. 2 touching 85 cents during tbe week. It is a little higher to-day, ranging from 85 to 90 cents. Poor encourage ment toYarmers. LOWER PRICES in other commodities must follow to coma pond with tho low price of grain.' Some of our leading dry-goods houses hpve been marking down the prices of choice dressgoods so low that purchasers are attracted here from Milwaukee, Jauesvillc and other cities and villages of easy access to this market. This is specially noticeable at FIELD, LF.ITER AND CO.'S, COP. STATE AND WASHINGTON, who have reduced the price of their fancy silks lower than ante-war prices, and large lines of winter silks— chenes, stripes, changeables, etc.—to $1, $1.25, $1.50 and $1.75—many of them below gold cost end colored gros grains fabulously low. AMUSEMENTS. It has been a gala week for amusements. There has been a rush to hear the Parepa Rosa opera troupe at the Opera House, and they oner great attractions for next week. Jo. Jefl'erson is drawing crowded houses at McVickar's to witness his impersonation of Rip Van Winkle. The new attractions of Aiken's Museum, with a matinee every after noon and the Chinese Giant on exhibition lias made it thronged all the week. Then there are lectures, concerts and fes tivals almost without number B. The Death of the Richest Man in Eng land. Richard GroBvenor, Marquis of West minster, died in in London on Sunday. Early the last century, ono Sir Richard Gros- venor .married Miss Molly Davies, the daughter of a gentleman of much landed property in the county of Middlesex, and, in a few years, in consequence of the tide of fashion setting westward, found that this same small landed estate was, proba bly, for its size, destined to be almost the most valuable in England. It now forms Grosvenor Square and the adjacent streets. Eighty years ago, about the time when George III. was making improve ments at Buckingham House, now a palace, which bad been purchased as Queen Charlotte'a dower house, the swampy land between Hyde Park corner nnd the Thames, was offered for £15,000. He declined it, and it was subsequently purchased tJJr tbe Grosvenors. Many years after it came in to their possession, a very enterprising bnilder, Mr. Cubitt persuaded the great banking house of Smith, Payne & Smith to advance money to him for drainage and building purposes, and thuB arose (|Belgta- via," which, when the leases fall in, will probably yield the present Marquis of Westmister £400,000 a year. Even this princely income, it is said, will be largely exceeded by that of the real es tate owned by William B. Astor, of New York, when the long leases on which mnch of his property was rent years ago, fall to, Indeed, there are at least three men in this city. Messrs. Astor, Vanderbilt and Stewart, whose fortunes are scarcely ex ceeded in amonnt to the greatest in the Old World. Lord Westminster was a curious combi nation of generosity and meanness, and a hundred stories are current illustrative of both these characteristics. He leaves'sev eral cbi'dren. The eldest, known as Lord Gros venor, now MarquVi is. a remarkably popular man in this county—Chesire. This second, Lord Ri'chard Grosvenor, traveled extensively a year or two ago inthis ,country, and it was of him the' Western farmer in quired when Lord Richard told him he lived on an allowance from his father, "but suppose the old feilow should burst np tny boy This was a- view of the inatter which had not occurred to the Joung man. It is computed that the new "lfaT^uis'"will have an income of hot less than £o00,000 a year. This somewhat exceeds that of our own Crcesns, Mr. Stewiirt. Westminster's house, Eaton Hall, near Chester, is the the great show place of that part of England, and architecture being the one expensive hobby of the late noble man, untold sums were spoilt upon the de coration of this mansion. One apartment is said to have £30,000 expended upon it. Lord Westminster took no very active part in politics. His health, had long been in a precarious state. Religions Items. —Illinois Methodists have petitioned the Constitutional Committee to insert a clnnse prohibiting grants to denominate nal schools. —Iu one place in Bohemia, so.many have apostatized from tho Romish faith as to form a large Protestant congregation. —It is said that ten or twelve bishops will recommend a modification of the baptism service to the next Episcopal General Con vention. —A statistical observer, on a late Sun day morning in London, found but one hundred and sixty-two wcrshippers in four teen churches, whose pastors received al toger £7,074 salary. —The clergymen of Bucyrus, Ohio, .six in number, have published a strong protest against dancing, at anytime oranywhere as an amusement" —There is a story of a Scotch™ oman who was engaged in bleaching limn, when a stranger asked '"her if «be attended the kirk On hor answering that sho did, he inquired why she went. Sho replied that the preaching did her gooL The stronger tested her memory by inquiries ittifefjard to tost aud sermou but she remembered nothing. "How lheu can it do you any good if you do not remember it?'.' ex claimed the stranger. "When I put water on this linen," she answered, "I find that it all dries away bnt I see that the linen grows whiter and whiter. I forgot the ser mou, but it makes me better." —The Rev. William Walton, D. D., died in Now York on Tuesday ot last week, aged fifty-nine years. He was professor of He brow in the General Theological Seminary in New York city, and the eldest son Of the lato Admiral Walton, H. B. M. N. Dr. Walton was, thirty years ago, a resideut ot Syracuse for a short time, ns assistant min ister ot St. Paul's Church. He removed to the city of Now York, and a lew years af terward became the editor of the Church man* For several years past he has held the professorship of Hebrew in the highest school of theological learning in this country. —A most horrible crime has just been discovered, and au attempt to poison a wholo family has been frustrated. A bofc was sent to tho family containing oranges packed in sugar. Some slight punctures in tlio fruit excited suspicion, and an anal asys revealed tlio fact that tho whole was impregnated with strychnine. A table spoonful of tho sugar contained sufficient of the poison to cause death. It is thought that this monstroiiR attempt at crime can be traced to its source.