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Mower County transcript. [volume] (Lansing, Minn.) 1868-1915, December 23, 1869, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025431/1869-12-23/ed-1/seq-2/

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Th niter beauty.
Tills longluK alter curia.
This fliueiiiK nftir tushion
AVhorcviT futlilou whirls.
And all that sort of thing.
May do for those who lilio it.
For those devoid of tustc:
For thoflo who barter iliiwouits off
For diamonds made of paste,
Aiul other blockheads.
l)ut (o the wife who truly loves,
Wlio is what the appears:
Who sheila a sunshine "round the mail
Who Kfccps uway her tears—
And brings her inters home.
I'd whisper softly in her ear,
I'd grave it ou her heart,
That well to luow to broil a steak
Beats sentiment and art
A sight.
Mr?. Pettigrew had come in ostensibly
to barrow ftachael's largo drippling pan
nnd she meant to inquire, before tlio cull
was ovi'r, whether Buehel intended to use
lier prcscTving-licttle ou the following
week. 15ut tbcro WHS an admirable indi
rroUiosB about the good womau's mode of
proceeding so she settled down in a com
l'orla'jio rocking-chair, which creaked with
her weight, nnd took off her sun-bonnet
nnd smoothed out the folds of her gown
acini wns making pumpkin-pies aud
the etiquette of the country did not oblige
her to for* go her occupation on account of
her visitor. There was a pan of silted
unmpkius UIKUI tlio table, and a pan of
tjolden milk," showing the richness of fall
pasturage, aud eggs, and butter, and whiffs
of cinnamon perfume were coming and go
iug, Rachel held up a blue pie plate npon
lit-r haud, and slitted tho crust from about
the edge with dexterity.
At the moment, in that not unpictur
csque attitude, with the plump bared arm
aud well-poised head, Rachel was a fit re
presentative of the gennine Yankee girl.
Nature had put no journey-work upon her.
The clear, positive lines of her face told
that. If she was not strictly handsome,
there certainly was no other girl in Basset
with tho spirit and courage of Rachel Hen
•'Have you got acquainted with the Bray
tons, Rachel?" Mrs. Pettigrew was inquir
ing, as a sort of roundabout introduction
to quince "sass" and the preserving-kettle.
"Yon know that family that has bought the
old Shorter place?"
"No, I haven't," returned Rachel, with,
a slight jerk in her tone, which showed her
disposition was not unmitigated Bweetness
"but I know their pigs and chickens too
well." she added. "They have been over
running the garden for a month past, and
father is so easy ho won't say boo to a neigh
bor whatever happens but, at last, I have
taken matter into my own hands and de
clared war. We keep our animals at home,
and expect other folks to do the same, or
else take the consequence."
"I kuow what you can do, Rachel, when
you get your dander up bat it seems to me
you have got a breachy cow of your own,'
remarked Mrs. Pettigrew, who took pecu
liar comfort in touching up her friends on
their weak points.
"Oh, yes, returned Rachel, carelessly
"old Bess was trying in that respect last
summer. But we always paid damages,and
now father keeps a board on her head, and
looks well to the fences."
"Wal,"and Mrs. Pettigrew sighed.
don't why the Lord put such propensities
into critters but I s'pose rooting-and
scratching is the way pigs and chickens
have of arning a living, though some of 'em
do seem to be totally depraved. And if I
wanted to prove total depravity, I'd pint to
them shotes we had a year ago come next
"As a general thing, if pigs and chickens
have enough to eat at home, they won't
trouble the public," remarked Rachel, with
a little asperity, as she opened the oven
door and tried the temperature with her
"The Braytons haven't had time to get
things ship-shape. Old Eli Shorter was
dreadful shiftless, and let the place ran
down at the heel. Besides, Bacnel, don't
spile your market. There's a likely younf:
man over there. Everybody has a gooc.
word for Herman Bray ton. Folks say he
lias been through college, and knows a
sight hut he don't put on any airs, and has
chosen to be a farmer rather than go into
la wing or doctoring."
"I am not acquainted with the young
man," said Rachel, coldly "but I can tell
him one thing—it takes more than college
learning to teaoh some people to observe
the rights of others."
"Look out, Rachel, "and old Mrs. Petti
grew screwed her eyes into an odioriB wink.
"I've heard girls talk jest as yoti ao aforo
now but there's no knowing what may
happen. I must tell you of a remark Phi
lander made last night, just as he was
ing out the. candle. It seemed to strike
him suddenly and, says he, llufay,' says
he, 'I shouldn't be a bit surprised if one of
these times Rachel and Herman Brayton
struck up a match. For yon see thr farms
jine ana it would lock, as we might, Bay,
"Folks needn't trouble themselves abont
making matches for me," broke in Rachel,
with her face in a flame. "I can attend to
my own affairs without anybody's interfer
ence and Herman Brayton is the last man
I should ever look at"
"Gome Rachel, don't get ril'd," the old
lady made haste to say, in a purring tone.
"It was all a joke, and Philander says, says
he, 'Rachel Henderson is as smart as a
whip, and any man who gets her will be
doing pleguey well but she'll be awful
pertickerler, I know she will.' Deary me,
how late it is. How late it is. I must'be
going. Now I think of it, Rachel, could
yon lend me your big dripping-pan? Sister
Blake is coming over with her fiunily to
morrow, and mine won't take in ai^pxtra
sized roast"
The negotiation for thoTpreserving kettle
also accomplished, Mrs. Pettigrewwentoff,
swinging, the dripping-pan lustily and
Ituchel Henderson, in the interval of watch
ing her pie«, stood at the window to cool
her flushed face. Constitutionally she
hated the gossip of a little country neigh
borhood and it nettled her to know her
name had so soon been joined with Her
man Brayton's.
Now, with a positive feeling of dislike,
sho looked across the pleasant fields—with
broideries of red and purple and goUt£png
upon the fringe of forest trees, and* corn
lands ready for the sickle undulating upon
the little knolls until their russet, touched
tho blue of the sky—to where the chimney
stacks of the old Shorter place came out
from amidst their nest of trees.
"Rachel! Rachel!'' called outa half-grown
boy, running at that moment round tne cor*
nor of the house, and holding up the life
leas form of a line cock. "You told me to
let fly if I see any of Mr. Brayton's hens
on tho place so, when I ketehed this tall
strut at the cabbages, I just chucked him
a stone, and he plumped as dead as a door
"That was right, Jack but upon my
word, yon have killed the Shanghae roost
er." And Rachel felt a little twinge of re
morse, knowing the expense and rarity of
tho dead specimen before her. "However,
I nm not a bit sorry," she said, after a mo
ment's reflection. "Experience costs dear,
as the copybook says and I guess, in time,
our neighbors will find out that we are not
to be imposed upon. Take the rooster
home, Jack, and throw it over the door
yard fence. It will be a declaration of
"If father should find it out," said Jack,
reflectively, "he might scold like Sam Hill.
Then I s'pose you could bear the brnnt,
achel, eh?"
"Did you ever know me to shirk respon
sibility?'' inquired liachel Henderson, loft
ly, "Go along, Jack, and don't be a cow
When Jack came in with the menfolks
at dinner time, ho looked sulky and out of
Horts, and kept telegraphing in dumb show
to Rachel Henderson across the table un
til, at last, when she got up to cut the pie
he followed her into the buttery and shut
the door.
"I tell you what it is, Rachel, he broke
out, "that was a sneaky piece of business
and I don't mean to do any more such jobs.
I threw the rooster into Brayton's yard,
and then I got behind a tree and pretty
.soon one of the girls came out and found
it, and began boohooiug like a baby. As
near I could nmko out, it was a present
to her, nnd she had raised it in a basket
and I felt just as if I had been stealing a
"Let tliem boohoo," replied Rachel,
with severo dignity. 'Tliey ought to think
"nough of their choice fowls to keep them
a home."
After the dinner dishes were out of the
way, and tho chores all done up, Rachel
Henderson replenished her fire, and put on
an extra.sized kettle of wiiter to heat. Then
fho went up stairs and changed her dress
»nd when she came down again there was
bit f.i a ineo collar with transferred work,
ami a i-herry bow ut tho throat of her de*
laiue dress, over which she wore a jaunty
blsick silk npron with braided pockets.
She seated herself with her work-basket
ut the sitting-room window, almost as if
Junking for company, mid let her gaze wan
der down tho visible stretch of road, where
golden-road and asters bloomed, and tho
sumach bushes esido tho old stone-walls
appeared to drip with scarlet color, and the
pokebeiry was turning a vivid purple,
Presently her eye lit up with a gleam of
triumph. There were tho Brayton pigs,
nosing along tho dust of the road and, for
once, she was glad to see the pests. They
wero long-snouted, slab-sided nnimals, with
plentiful murks of the sloqghupon their
coats and unappeasable appetites
Rachel watched with grim species of
amusement to see them turn in froth habit
toward the Henderson side-gate, whia]} was
shaded by a huge black-cherry tree, and
begin the process of rooting under. They
dug with the nozzle, bent tho forelegs, in.
dined the dorsal column, and lifted power
fully, until (be gate was unlatched, and the
whole bristly tribe poured into the yard
with gruuts of satisfaction.
Under one of the kitchen windows lay a
tempting pile of potato parings, previous
ly prepared for bait, which a vicious old
female, the mother of numerous disreput
able children, immediately scented, They
gathered together, pushing and struggling
for the tit-bits, when slap dash down came
a pail of boiling water upon the backs of
the miscreants, and with heart-rending
squeals they galloped in a body from the
It was evideut to Rachel's mind that the
hair and hide oj her enemios had suffered
considerable damage but still she replen
ished the lire and put on more water, de
termined to be prepared for aotion should
the porkers return. However, during the
remainder of the afternoon there was peace
along tho border and Rachel went to bed
that night flushed with a consciousness of
The next morning early, Mr. Henderson
and his men weut off to a distant detached
meadow, to do a job of top-dressing, and
took their dinner-with them.' The part
ridges had been heard whirring through
the bright wood for some days past, which
caused Jack to shy away with the long
shooter from the garret—an ancient fire
arm, supposed to bo worthy of much rev
erence, because of a tradition which con
nected it with the war of 1812. It would
"kick beastly," as Jack expressed it and,
by a deal of coaxing, managed to go off one
time in ten.
Rachel had enough 6n hand to keep her
pleasantly occupied for two or three hours.
There was a tray of solid, golden butter
standing upon the shelf, which must be
worked over and layeddown for winter use,
and the last scald was yet to be given to her
sweet pickles.
She opened the window and let the warm
air in, laden with the mellow, ripened smell
of apples dropping from the orchard trees,
and the erysanthemnms and zenias bloom
ing about the yard door. Over the prisma
tically-tinted woods, softened by a tender
haze, crows were circling, and their loud
caws done broke the country stillness, which
always seems deeper of a dreamy autumn
Rachel was contented in the midst of her
busy loneliness. There was something
about the mild glow of the morning, and
the beauty of the world, and the soft wind
coming in through the south window, that
filled her with rest. She had almost forgot
ten the annoyances of yesterday and those
provoking Braytons, and was stepping
about at her work, singing "Greenville,
in a dear, sweet, but untutored voice, when
a gawky lad, all of a color—from his tow
trowsers, hitched high in the back by im
provised suspenders, to the straggling
locks that strayed from below the rim of a
torn straw hat—made his appearance at the
"I thought I'd stop and tell the folks,"
said he, putting his head in, "that Bray
ton's cows ore in your corn. Gosh! they
have stuffed themselves till they're ready
to bust!"
Instantly the strain died on Rachel Hen
derson's lips, the spirit of Deace went out
of her, and she was prepared to act cn the
old law of "an eye for an eyo and a tooth
"They shall go to pound," instantly she
exclaimed. 'The man folks are away from
home but if you will help me, Tim, I will
see you get paid for it"
"I'd doit to oblige you, Rachel, as quick
as a wink but,you see, father sent me down
to the blacksmith's. after a coulter. The
horses are up and ready to do a job of fall
lowing, and, if I should stop by tho way,
might whale mo."
"Go along, then," said Rachel, proudly.
"I will drive them to pound myself," and
at the moment she looked and felt equal to
anything. At starting, Rachel tied on her
sun-bonnet and armed herself with along
carriage-whip having a particularly vindic
tive snapper.
The cornfield, which was rustling with
ripened grain almost ready for the sickle,
lay on a cross-road, and it gave Rachel a
peculiar feeling of satisfaction to know that
she would be able to drive the cows past
her enemy's very door, and thus cast an
other act of defiance in their teeth. Sec
retly she hoped to find the whole Brayton
dairy of thirty cows browsing and crushing
the tall stalks liut instead of that, only two
animals had broken bounds, nnd having
eaten to the point of satiety, they,were now
stupidly standing by the gap in the rail
Rachel drove them out into the road at
a smart trot but as she neared the Brayton
place she Blackened her gait, and looked
up at the front windows. But none of the
family wero visible, and thus part of her
triumph proved abortive.
The pound was a good long country mile
distant Rachel Henderson was in a hurry
for she had left unfinished work at home.
The heat of the autumnal mid-day appear
ed to come straight down, with scarcely a
breath of air stirring and Rachel did not
spare the cows, Wh'en she arrived, hot
and tired,* at her destination, the pound
master, who was a jolly, fat man, came out
to meet her.
"Welj, now, Rachel," said he as he took
in the situation, "you area spunky little
girl but I tell my wife I wouldn't give a
brass farthing for a
girl that hasn't some snap
to her."
"We couldn't stand it any longer," said
Rachel defiantly. "The Brayton animals
were overrunning us, and it'B my opinion
that there's point where patience ceases to
be a virtue."
"That's true as pTeachin', and all the
better for my trade," said the man, walking
slowly round one of the cows which was
shaking and quivering now as it in ague fit,
"But it strikes me you must have druv a
pretty good jog,' he added, with a refresh
ing disregard of grammar. "This one acts
as if she was sick. She had eat herselt as
full as a tick and it ain't safe to stir critters
mnch in such a case. They sometimes die
in less than twenty-four hours. That would
be a bad piece of business. You would not
like to kill a neighbor's cow, now, would
"Of course, not," returned Rachel,sharp
ly, with a dreadful sinking of the heart.—
"You don't mean to tell me there is any
such danger?"
"I'm afraid so," he replied, eyeing the
cow professionally "it looks a little scaly
but you had better go and find Herman
Brayton. and tell him all about it he is
better posted on cattle diseases than half
the cow-doctors in the country* and if any
body can save the critter's life ne can."
Rachel turned back on tho road, feeling
half-dazed and wholly frightened. Her
father was slow to anger but she did not
like to think what the consequences might
be should he discover that his girl had
been instrumental in killing a neighbor's
cow. Her pugilistic spirit had oozed out,
and left her in a bad scrape. How could
she face those Braytons with her story and
how could she beg pardon and assistance,
as it were, of Mr. Herman Brayton, toward
whom she bad begun te feel a settled dis
Wliile she was hurrv ing along,
with burn
ing cheeks, turning over these wretched
thoughts in her mind, and feeling very
humble, a young man sprang over the low
wall by the road side, and politely raised
his hat. He wore a farm-laborer's blouse
and checked shirt but the liues of his form
were gracelul, and his manner liad a charm
quite foreign to the homespun youth of the
"Excuse me, Miss Henderson," he said,
at once. "I knew you by sight, and, see
ing you go by, thought I would take the
opportunity to send word to your father
that six Of bis cows are in my barnyard.—
Of course, ho can have them on demand.
Old Bess, I believe they call her, has a vi
ious pair of horns. She slipped her ham
er, aud let the others into my buckwheat
field. I shall leave it to Mr. Henderson to
estimate the damage, for, from what report
saya of him, 1 know he will be inclined to
do the fair thing."
For a moment Rachel stood quite over
whelmed by the lesson in Christian fobear
ance which Herman Brayton had uncon
sciously taught her but at last the tears
would come to relieve her painfully excit
ed state of feeling, and I must hdmit that
for the moment her conduct was not at all
in keeping with tho character of a high
stung, spirited girl. How confession _was
madit I do not quito know but certain it is
that Herman, as old Mrs. Pettigrew expres
sed it, "took a shine" to Rachel, even in her
"Don't distress yourself about Brindle,"
he said, soothingly, as soon asmatterswere
made plain to him. "I understand cow
doctoring pretty thoroughly, and think
know just what to do lor her. You have
been sadly pestered with our unruly ani­
this summer but I must say, by way
of apology, that tho old place when we
moved in was neither hen nor pig-proof.
Crops were pressing, hands short and, ol
course, somethings were neglected. Be
assured you shall have nothing of the kind
to complain of in the fufnro, Rachel Hen
derson, unless yon take mo upfortrepas
sing for I mean to come oyer some day
and see if we cannot arrange a treaty ol
That evening Herman Brayton sent a mes
senger to say the cow was out of. danger,
ana a strange new flutterawoke in Rachel's
A few .weeks later, when the first sriows
were, lying,air the ground, one Sunday
morning in etlfarch tW parson took for'his
text these words: "Love your enemies.—
Do good to them that hate you and despite
fnlly use you and Rachel, turning around,
caught a glauce from Mr. Brayton's eyes,
which shot forth misohief and triumph.—
When she walked away at noon, Herman
joined her in the most natural manner pos
"Do yon know, Raohel Henderson," 6aid
how I construed the minister's text?
To me it sounded like this: Love them
that stone your chickens, and scald your
pigs, and drive your cows off to pound and
it did not seem a very difficult command to
»•»... W
Mrs.. Pettigrew, wlio was walking behind,
nudged her daughter, Ester, and whisper
ed "I alius told you how it would oome
Now the Henderson and Brayton farms
are united in one, and Herman has demon
strated to his neighbors, by his tall grain
and &t meadow lands, the reasonableness
of scientific farming. He never tires of
joking his wife, Rachel, about her war, and
if she expects to hear the end of it durihg
the term of her natural life, I fear she will
be disappointed.
A Trvljr Ktatktcd Girl.
The author of "Flemish Interiors" has
just published an interesting volume en
titled "Pictures of Hungarian Life," in
which there are some striking passages il
lustrative of domestic life. Here is a
picture of smother and daughter belong
ing to the upper middle circle of Magyar
"The eldest daughter, a charming girl
of eighteen, might be said to possess all
the qualifications, physical and mental,
one could wish to find in a young woman
of good position a
sweet face,
with cl6ar blooming complexion and beam
ing eyes, and a graceful figure, she added
tho charm of the most winning manners,
while her conversation betokened high cul
tivation, whether in reading, languages or
accomplishment*. We were surprised
when her mother told ns she
had no longer any trouble with
the menage, for that Ulona took
the entire charge of the household,
and even gave an eye to the management of
her yonnger brothers aud sisters. 'There
is not,' she added, 'any department of
needlework with which she is. unacquaint
ed, from fU*ni*E a stocking or a table-doth
so exquisitely that no one wonld detect the
spot, to the choicest embroidery. 'In the
kitchen/ she continued, 'she is equally
efficient and as soon as she heard you were
coming this evening, die begged the cook
to let her prepare every dish that was to
appear. She understands making all kinds
of pastry and preserves, and even the cur
ing of bacon. And yon must not think this
is anything extraordinary. No Hungarian
mother would consider that she had done
her duty by her daught if she had not
thoroughly grounded her in all the know
ledge she is likely to require as a mistress
of a family.'
"We heartily admired this sensible mode
of training, and secretly wished that Eng
lish mothers entertained similar ideas on
the subjeot but could not help thinking
that cuch a training, usefhl as it is, must
have interfered with the perfection which
might have been attained by such a girl in
the more, elevated branches of her educa
tion. Any tuch doubts, however, were
completely removed when, at her mother's
desire, Ulona opened the piano and played
with her same national duets, without notes
and with the most consumate taste and feel
iag. Our astonishment was not to end
here, for we found that our fair young
friend possessed an admirable talent for
drawing when she produced a port
folio of mest spirited sketches-ftom nature.
Her French accent was-excellent, tuiid she
spoke English with tolerable fluency, being
also well acquainted with many ot our au
thors. whether in prose or verse. German
she did not understand but this apparent
defioieney in her knowledge was explained
by-her mother, who assured us that, how
ever yielding and dutiful in her whole con
duct, she could never be persuaded to
have anything to do with that language.
So powerful is the feeling of .patriotism in
Hungary, that hardly any of the rising gen
eration can be persuaded to speak, read or
in any way
recognize the German language.
The quaint legends of the Magyars are
also embodied in this volume. One of
these, concerning the "Nun's Tower," is
"Avolorous knight, one of the former
lords of T&eben, having fallen iu love with
the beautiful daughter of a neighboring
baron, between whom and himself existec,
a deadly fend, the father strictly forbade all
intercourse between them andflnding one
day that the girl favored her lover, and
that stolen interviews took place, was so
infuriated that he at once determined to
immure his daughter in a convent The
enamoured knight soon discovered tfce re
treat of his mistress, and taking with him
an armed body of his retained, attacked
the convent by night, sending tenor into
the hearts of the abbess and her nuns,
and carrying the trembling recluse off to
his castle. Arrived here, he placed her for
greater safety in a solitary turret perched
upon a rook, and standing aloof from the
rest of the fortress, which he surrounded
with'men in ambush. Whil.\ however,
dallying in his lady's bower, the castle was
surprised by a very superior force, headed
by the enraged father. The castle was ran
sacked, and the lovers not being found, the
soldiers were ordered to surround the
smaller tower, to the dismay of its inmates,
who soon saw that their precautions were
wholly inadequate to the circumstances.
They resolved, however, not to be taken,
preferring a voluntary death to an ignomin
ious capture, and a subsequent fate of
which imagination presented to them a
frightful picture.
"The secret passage which may now be
seen leading froth a spiral staircase thro'
the reck to the water's edge below, unhap
pily did not then exist, and there remained
but one resource for the hapless pair. They
appeared for one moment on the summit'of
the tower, looked in each other's embrace.
As they looked down despairingly on their
besiegers a prompt order to drawthair
bows was given to his archers by the re
lentless baron but ere the heartless com
mand could be executed both had leaped
into the stream below, and the peaceful
waters were flowing on, regardless of the
cruel tragedy of which they had been the
Hope for Inebriates,
[From the Philadelphia Day.]
We aTe glad to chronicle the fact that
temperance men are beginning to indicate
a change in their opinions and policy with
reference to the treatment of inebriates.
At the meeting of the "Temperance Bless
ing," held at'Concert Hall, on Saturday
night, Judge Allison presiding, the report
recommended the establishment of homes
for the treatment of intemperance as a
disease and denounced the common prac
tice of dealing with drunkards as offenders
and criminals. We regard this as a hope
ful sign of the times. The principle that
intemperance is a disease, and should be
treated in institutions provided lor the pur
pose, was recognized by our Legislature in
1866, by granting a charter to the Citizens'
Association of Pennsylvania, for the pur
pose of establishing just such institutions
as the "Blessing" recommends.
The Sanatarium, at Medio, is the first'
fruit of this effort. It was opened in a
small way for the reception of the inebri
ates in June, 1867, since which time 104
have voluntarily placed themselves under
its care. Of this number forty have re
turned to society, and are successfully en
gaged in business. Twenty-seven have
been much improved nineteen have not
been heard from, and only eleven bavo
proved to be irreclaimable.
Let the people encourage this work by
their sympathy and means, and let the
state and city recognize it in a similar way,
and an era will commence which will be
marked by this new philosophy, and will
deal with the drunkard in tho spirit of
charity and good will, which is essential to
his recovery.
Erring man cannot be restored by dis
gusting reproaches. Diseased men cannot
be cured by law, or by force. The Christ
ian and humanizing methods which have
characterized the organization and conduct
of the Sanitarium at Media, and marked it
as a success, must become the popular
means of reaching and restoring the large
class of our citizens who are addicted to
alcoholic and opium excess. Public opin
ion should not regard it as more disreput
able for a drunkard to go to uu institution
to be cured of this disorder, than it is to go
to the seashore, springs and mountains,
for the cure of scrofula, rheumatism or dys
pepsia. When our civilization shall have
advanced thus far, and our Christianity be
comes more thoroughly practiced ana less
technical and rigid, there will bo hope for
much thorough reforic.
—The late John A. Roebling bequeathed
$30,000 to the "Trenton Society tor the re
lief of respectable aged indigent widows
and single women," and alike sum to the
"Union Indigent Home Association for des
I —Large shipments of Fenian arms have
I taken place at New York within a few days.
The Kxportatlon of Arms
•ad Ma-
It is itfact exceedingly gratifying to tbo
pride of every true American, that Ameri
can inventors and manufacturers are to-day
snpplyiug the Old Wotld with many of its
best implements.- In the matter of im
proved fire-arms, we are so far ahead of the
nations of Europe, that many of them are
sending largo orders to our manufacturers,
and where they havo attempted to get
them up themselves they have, almost., in
eariably adopted American inventions. The
Spider alteration of the Enfield, in Eng
land, was an American invention the Henry
Martin is but a very slight modification
of the Peabody gun, and the Swis^gun is
the Winchester (formerly known as the
Honry) magazine rifle, altered very much
for the Worse. At the various trials abroad,
the American guns have invariably come
out ahead, and the English commission
reported as t& manazine guns in favor of,
first, the Winchester, and, second, theBall
guns. The Messrs. Remington, of Ilion,
N. Y., havr furnished to the Danhh gov
ernment 35,000 of their cdebrated breeoh
loading rifles, and to the Swedish govern
ment 25,000: while this year they will send
to Europe fully 100,000. The rifles have
been sold to Austria, France, Italy, Spain,
Egypt, and Cuba, in smaller quantities,
with a prospect of much larger sales in the
future, Colt's eompany is completing 30,
000 Berdan rifles for Russia, and it ie ru
mored that the order has been increased
to IOOJOOO. At the same time Col. Berdan
has gone to Russia to superintend a factory
there, probably for altering their present
arms, Turkey has bought 200,000 of our
rifles and sent them home, and has just
completed the purchaser of over $60,000
worth ofmachinery. with' whioh to convert
them into breech-loaded, on the plan,
probably, of those altered at Springfield.
Sharp's company have been converting 30,
000 of iheir rifles and carbines into metal
ic cartridge guns for our government At
the same time the Winchester company is
turning out over 100 per day of its repeat
ing rifles, and is increasing its works. It
has also bought out the Spencer company
of Boston, including the Spencer and Fog
arty patents, (thus combining and control
ling all the prominent magazine guns, ex
cept the Ball, which is owned by the Wind
sor company of Vermont and of which quite
Ot number have been recently sold in Per
sia, The Winchester and Remington rifles
are being sent to China and Japan and the
former are also sent to Australia, as well as
all over the west, thep1ains,and the Pacific
coast Nearly one-half of the entire pro
duct of Smith & Wesson's pistol factory,
employing some 300 hands, is sold in Eu
rope, mainly in France, notwithstanding
thoir cheaper labor. This result is of course
due to the fact they are mainly the product
of machine labor, which machines are them
selves of American invention and manufac
ture, and which produce an accuracy of
work andjfinish that their hand labor can
not equal. But not only are we furnishing
Europe and the old world generally with
arms, but we are also supplying them with
ammunition. The Union metallic cartridge
company, of Bridgeport^ under the oontrol
of Hobbs, of lock fame, is furnishing metal
lic cartridges—far superior to any ever be
fore seen—to nearly all the world. They
had one oider of 25,000,000 from the Rus
sian government, and it is report that the
order has been increased to 100,000.000.—
They make them of every variety and size,
their sale of one small size for pistol ave
raging 45,000 per day a large por
tion going to Australia. And these, too,
are all made on machines invented by the
Americans, the like of which do not exist
elsewhere in the world.
In addition to all this the Windsor Com
pany, of Windsor, Vt., arejust completing
an order for $80,000 worth of milling and
screw machines, to be shipped to Edin
burgh, Scotland, to establish there a large
factory for the manufacture of the Singer
sewing machine! Not content with ship
ping the sewing machines themselves—of
which large numbers of the leading kind
are constantly sent—they intend making
them there, and that, too, with American
nu^iinery! Already the Windsor Company
has sent one or two lots of similar machin
ery to Canadjo for the same purpose but
sending machinery firom here to Great Brit
ain is bearding the lion in his Cen to some
purpose.' It is also specially worthy of
note that the milling machine—one ot the
most important and useful of all metal
working machines—and the screw making
machine are purely of American origin.—
N. T. Tribune, Dee, 7.
Old New England Homes.
At the last meeting of the New England
Historic-Genealogical Society in Boston,
Mr. Thos. O. Amory read a paper on "Our
Old New England Homes." He also exhib
ited put of a window, taken from an old
boaae in Ipswich, made of diamond panes
of glaBS, three or four inches broad, set in
lead, brought in coils from abroad.
Consideringgthat there were then no saw
mills, he said the houses were remark
ably well constructed. But few of the
carpenters' tools have been preserved.
It is hoped that we may soon have a
Hotel de Clugney, to transmit the modes
and appliances of work. Houses of this
period^ particularly after Phillip's war,
when of wood, had their second floors pro
ject afoot or two for warmth and to keep
wet from the lower door, or that if molest
ed, the occupants might, through openings
for that purpose, fire their guns or pour
hot water upon their assailants. On some
farms were garrisoned houseB, sometimes
erected at the public charge. The house
in Newbury, built by Benjamin Pierce, an
cestor of the ex-President, still remains as
specimen of a garrisoned mansion.
"Of the better class of garrison houses is
Governor Cradock's, at Medford, built in
1634. It has been but little altered. Mr.
Amory said that if this was not the oldest
building in the country, certainly it was the
oldest that retained its original shape and
arrangements. It has stone foundations,
brick walls eighteen inches in thickness,
beams, rafters and boards of oak. Being
remote from the centre of trade and im
provements, there have been no induce
ments to modernize and spoil it It stands
on a slight elevation about a mile east of
Teh Hills, across the river. The prospect
from its roof is attractive. In front is the
Mystic, down whose stream have glided in
virgin pride and beauty many a noble bark
since the "Blessing of the Bay" first float
ed uponitB water. In the midst of a coun
try of noble lakes, hills, meadows and
primeval forests, near the sea, the place
was happily selected. The house is forty
four feet in front by thirty-two ft in depth.
The bricks in its walls were made on the
ground. On either side of the front door,
which opens to the south are two windows
on each floor, besides circular portholes at
each extremity of about afoot in diameter.
Probably the windows on the lower floor
wero originally arched. The roof is of
double pitch, very steep, each side of the
ridge of the roof pole about six feet being
nearly flat. It originally had an elegant
staircase^and the wainscot xvas hung with
arras. The fireplaces, two in the west and
two in the east wall, are large, the timber
and boards of oak. Cupboards are in the
brick-work, for the deposit of valuable ar
ticles. Some family of wealth should pur
chase and preserve it for the general goed.
Stanley place, one of the. most ancient
structures of English Chester, is kept in
its original state by a society of antiquaries.
Mr. Amory describes a residence: of a
friend of his where he passed some weeks
not many years since in Herfordshire, as
strongly resembling the Cradock house.
"Mr. Amory described quite minutely
many other houses—the Bishop house, at
Danvers, built by Townsend Bishop the
Sheldon house the Coffin house, at New
bury, lately occupied by the well known
historian of the town, Joshua Coffin, and
built by his ancestor, Tristam Coffin, which
has been occupied by seven generations of
that prolific family. Its large keeping
room,*its enormous fire-place, capable of
receiving yule logs of fabulous dimensions
windows of different sizes, irregularly dis
tributed, give a pleasing variety to the ex
Under its roof have been born a host of
estimable citizens, who have done good
service to the public in their day and gen
oration in the learned professions, on the
sea and in the army, and of whom can be
numbered graduates of Harvard and other
colleges almost by the score. The Han
cock, Franklin, Pickering, Leonard, Prov
ince, Phipps, Brinley Shirley houses were
mentioned, and some of them particularly
described. Upwards of forty mansions
were included in Mr. Amory'u papers, some
ten or twelve of them ho particularly de
TRIUUNE is a great farmer's paper. Its Ag
ricultural Department, valuable always,
containing as it does full reports of the
American Institute Farmers' Club, and ar
ticles writtonfor its columns by the most
emiuent Agriculturists of America, is
about to be enriched by other attractive
features in a Horticultural Department,
which will con* prise Management of Small
Farms, Fruit and Vegetable Culture, and
how to make them pay. Also, a Veterinary
Department, for which Prof. JAMES LAW,
Veterinary Surgeon in Cornell University,
has been eugaged to answer questions con
cerning diseases of Cattle, Horses, Sheep,
and other domestic animals, and prescribe
remedies through the columns of The
Weekly Tribune. See advertisement in
another column.
—A destructive prairie fire is raging in
Cliroiuo Picture Making as Seen
Hark Twain.
From the Buffalo Express.
Mark Twain has been to Boston, und.
here is what he says of Prang's picture
establishment. 1 ,'j
(havejieetl ldoklng at Mr. prang's gireat
chromo eetablishment It ought .to be
called the Tomple of Patience/ No Ameri
can need ever hope to become a successful
cheomo artist Only German patience and
evenness of temperament can endure such
pains-taking tediousness. One month ot it
would turn an American's hair gray, .two
monthB would make him bald, three would
strike him^bluM^-tyur would drive him
crazy, and Ave would kill him. Would you
like to try?
You have often seen Prang's chromo of a
little boy asleep in a chair, and a cat sur
reptitiously helping herself to a pudding,
in his lap—a pleasant little picture 'that
grows on you and holds you with its nat
nralness. It is all simplicity—there is noth
ing gaudy ahout it—and yet each of those
small pictures goes through a lithographic
printing press nineteen separate and dis
tinct times! First a sheet of fine, transparent
isingglass is laid on the original painting,
andfon this the artist sketches in delicate
outline the prominent features of thepie
ture, as children copy engravings by help of
the window glass. The etching is in litho
graphic ink, and is easily transferred to the
smooth surface of a block of lithographic
stone by a heavy pressure. Proofs are
printed urom it for tne use of the chromo
artist On one stone he draws the ground
work, surrounding the boy and the cat and
this is printed in a faint pinkish tint. On
another stone he draws the boy's legs,
arms, and part ot the cat These are
printed in a sort of mild leaden color. Ou
another stone he draws again all that was
drawn before, and adds a string hanging
from the wail, which is to support a broom.
This is printed in brown, for instance. He
draws portions of the boy on threo or four
morejstones, and adds the broom, the pot
and the ball, leaving blank spots for the
pudding, for the gloss on the hair, and the
sheen where the light falls on the child's
knee. When all these stones are printed
on a sheet* one on top of another and all
of different colors, you begin to discern a
vague, shadowy resemblance to a sleeping
boy—ghostly, spiritual, dreamy, uncertain.
Some printed proofs show nothing but two
or three splotches of red scattered seem
ingly at random on the broad white sur
face. In subsequent proofs they appear in
their proper places, and become a red divi
sion of tne hoy's ball, the cat's tongue, and
so on. Thus, patch upon patoh,and smirch
upon smirch of color, the boy and his cat
are drawn and redrawn, printed and re
printed for nineteen times, on a sheet of
paper, till at last the chaos of arms and
legs, tails and paws, tints and splotches,
are harmoniously blended together,and the
finished picture is before yen. And then
at a distance of six feet it is a nice judge
that can tell it from the original oil paint-
moF are printed from sixteen to
twenty-six times, usually, according to the
elaboration that may be necessary. The
finest, asd certainly the most elaborate
chromo vet issued in this country is Mr.
Prang's itest—the "Pompeiian Mother
a pioture of an degantly dressed lady of
that danaged dty, sitting inner chamber
with hei child standing by her side. It re
quired Jorly-two separate printings to com
plete this dainty pioture, and'of course the
artist had to draw it on forty-two different
stones. He remarked that he was much
interested in it till he had drawn it about
twenty-seven times, but towards the last
he begin to get tired of it- be began to
hanker after something fresh. He says he
can blindfold himself, now, and^et drunk
on niaeteen different kinds' of liquor, and
go deaf and dumb and crazy, and stand on
nis head, with one arm in a sling and the
other tied behind him, and draw that pic
ture straight through and never miss a
line. I do not believe it. The circum
stances would be against him.
After the pioture. had been printed in
oolors forty-two times, the same artist had
to draw it entire, once more, on stone, and
engrave it, and then cut lines across it and
up and down, and every way, to represent
the threads of the coarse canvass of an
oil painting and the places where the col
ors in an oil painting stand out from the
surface. The finished picture is laid
on this stone and run through a steam
press that comes down it with the weight
of a couple of continents, and there is your
picture with a surface as rough and raspy
as any oil pioture in the kingdom. The
artist's four tedious months of Blavingover
the same old tiiesome picture is at an end
—for a «oat of varnish is all that is needed
now to nake the Pompeiian Mother ready
for the picture stores. Four months' cease
less work repeating the same picture—am
I not right in saying that no American need
ever hope to succeed as a sbromo artist?
Solomon could not have saio a wiser thing,
I do not care how much he drained himself.
Am Elephant a Tear.
Forepaugh's Menagerie, at Connersville,
Indiana, a few days since, was the scene of
a terrible excitement, caused by the wicked
old elephant "Romeo" having concluded
to free himself from the control of man.
It will be remembered that Forepaugh
purchased of Sheriff Weber, "LallaRookh,"
the female elephant formerly belonging to
Dr. Thayer's circus.- Miss Lalla was taken
out to the winter quarters at Connersville,
where she beaved herself with becoming
propriety uutil last Monday evening, when
she happened to remember that according
to elephant chronology this is leap year,
so she very deliberately freed herself from
her chains and strayed over to where ".dear
Romeo" was standing, meditating over his
happy days in the jungles of Africa.
When morning dawned the keeper con
cluded to send the handsome maiden back
to her quarters, whioh was very much
against the wishes of her male friend, who
showed his resentment by throwing the
keeper a distance of thirty feet against the
dde of the house. A dog came next, and
in the twinkling of an eye he was crashed
into a mere pulp, ready to be boiled down
in the tank of the Fertilizing Company.
The attendants flnding that "Romeo" was
in just suoh a state cf excitement as he ex
perienced at Hatboro, Penn., three years
since, when he killed his keeper, the fa
mous showman Tom Williams determined
to put him through a course of sprouts.
But how to do it was for some time the
question, for whenever any one would ap
proach with the neoessary chains, "Romeo"
would make suoh terrible demonstrations
as to cause a hasty retreat
As a last resort a few loads of shot were
poured against his trunk which caused him
to howl with pain, and while he was weep
ing over the great abuse shown him, a
strong cable was quickly slipped curound
one of his beautiful ankles, the guys were
pulled and against his most earnest pro
tests, Romeo was forced to lie down on his
side. Then the order was given for all
hands to belabor him with clubs, which
was done with a hearty good will, as man
were anxious to pay off old scores, but so
stubborn was the beast, that eight hours
passed before he cried "hold, enough !"but
when he did, he was as thoroughly con
quered as an army mule, and promised
never to even look at Lalla Rookh, or any
other of his race as long as he lived, which
promise appearing to have been made in
earnest he was allowed to resume the even
tenor of his way.—Cm. Times.
Bad Sews from India.
A correspondent of the Times of India,
writing from Malwa, says the Marwaree ex
odus, which slackened during the rains,
has now set in again as strongly ns ever.
The mortality continues very great the
roads are strewed with bodies, and in the
towns of MundiBore, Jourah and Ruttam
the dead are lying everywhere in the pub
lic roads till the sweeper drags them away
and buries them or throws them into the
nearest nullah. A small Bum is allowed by
native states for burying the dead, but in
many instances it is appropriated by the
sepoys whose duty it is to see this done. The
pooft people experience no difficulty in dis
posing of their children, tho young girls
being generally purchased by the Mo
hamedans for their zenanas. The dubar
authorities take charge of most of the or
phans, who are employed about their
courts as slaves, a certain number being
allotted to each rajah's family.
There iB some anxiety on account cf the
cotton crop in the Berars and Central
Provinces, owing to the continuous and
heavy rain. When the plant had flowered
and Dolled, many bolls rotted and dropped
off from extreme moisture. In the lands
on which the cotten was backward, no
great harm has been experienced. The
plant has shown most hardiness in the
country around Khamgaon.
Tax OTHER DAY a panther entered the
dwelling of Eli P. Whidden, of Manatee,
Fla., and attacked a little daughter of Mr.
Whidden. The father ruslieil to tho res
cue ol his child, whereupon tho panther
turned on him, and compelled him to re
treat The animal followed him into the
yard, where Mr Whidden seized a foot
adze and, with one blow, killed the beast.
It is supposed that hunger urged the pan
ther to make the attack. The little girl
was not seriously injured.
—The general council of the Medical
University of Edinburgh has decided to
admit women Btudents. During the pre
liminary discussion Professor Masson stat
ed-that, in the examination which had al
ready taken place, women had exhibited
greater knowledge of mcdieine and surgery
than^ the men. The regulations require
that women shall only attend classes en
tirely composed of females.
^urltejr Mid Bgypt-Intrlguea ot Ru.
«1» ana Vr»Mco—Probable Co
Correspondence of the N. Y. Times.
ATHENS, Ureece, Sunday, Nov. 7, 18C9.
—The ^Eastern question is rapidly ap
proaching anew pliaso of development and
a possible solution, on the condition that
Napoleon IIL remains chief of the Frcnch
nation. There remains no doubt iu my
mind, from evidence gathered from a
large correspondence on, and an intimate
acquaintance with, the political condition
•of the Greek and Greco-Slavonic provinces
of the Ottoman Empire, that the Russian
government is making prBparations for a
general and sufficiently desperate insur
rection of the Christian population of that
Empire, and that the Egyptian
question has been raised by the
same influences to increase the Sultan's
embarrassment, and at the same time to
give-the French Government acommon in
terest in the hoped-for solution. The
Viceroy, to my certain knowledge, has
long been in treaty with the Czar for the
abolition of the capitulations and the vir
tual precognition of the independence cf
Egypt which is equivalent, under actual
circumstances, to throwing it, a little later,
into the hands of the French. The with
drawal of the Egyptian troops from Crete
during the continuance of the insurrec
tion was a consequenccof tho engagement
of Russia to consent to the abolition of the
capitulations, (in the preservation of which'
she has a trivial interest. and the recent
understanding between the French and
Russian Emperora relates, in all probabil
ity, to the Egyptian question.
The insurrection in Czete was equally fa
vored by the Russian Government as a
means of weakening the Sultan and the
more recent troubles in Dalmatia stimulated
by it, to show Austria how strong a hand
Pansclavism had in that Empire, as well as
to make a menace against its tranquility in
case of alliance with Turkey. Servia
and Moldo-Wallachia, as well as Bulgaria,
Montenegro and Bosnia, are well known to
be in readiness, or getting to be
so, to unite in any movement, and
the probable appointment of General
Ignatieff, late Minister to Constanti
nople, as Chancellor of the Empire, is, in
all probability, the signal for the com
mencement of operations as it is well
known that he is tne advocate of the most
energetic movements toward Stamboul, not
directly, but as the object of an union of
the Sclavonic tribes, who, in their utter in
capacity to organize themselves into a sep
arate nation, will fall into the hands of
Russia at no distant period. General Igna
tieff has been the soul of this combination,
and if the means at his disposal equal his
remarkable ability and energy, the critical
moment for the Ottoman Empire has ar
The Greek element is careinlly avoided
in the new combination, Greek progress
and the Panscalvic programme being ut
terly incompatable. The Creten insurr c
tion, stimulated and favored by Russia as
long as it could weaken Turkey and Greece
simultaneously, was treacherously suppres
sed by the Russian pressure at Athens, as
soon as it became evident that it must lead
to complications, and a general movement
in which the initiative would belong to
Athens and the progressive and constitu
tional party in Greece, and in which
tne republican element in Italy and
elsewhere would take part.
This has always been the Russian policy
toward Greece, to use her against Turkey,
and at the same time exhaust her by inter
na! troubles and external embarrassments.
The constitutional statesmen of Greece,
aware of this policy, havo long since been
earnestly opposing Russian influence in
Greece, but the King being in the hands
of the Czar, they can accomplish nothing
without revolution, which no one desires
at present.
Having been intimately connected with
all that related to the Cretan insurrection,
I am competant to declare that at the time
of the actual end of the Cretan insurrec
tion the Cretans were, relatively to the
forces which could be brought against
them, in abetter condition to resist than
they had been at any time previous, and
that the new and complete reorganization
of the insurrection on abetter basis than
it had ever before had, was being prepared,
and only demanded a sura of £8,000 to
complete and carry through the winter,
when the insurrection, nearly ready
other parts of the Turkish Empire,
would have broken out, notably
that of the Lebanon, whose, chief,
Joseph Karam, was waiting at Athens the
signal to move. The then governing Min
istry in Greece, (appointed virtually by
Russia, whose control over the King was
absolute,) which had been for a year man
oeuvring to compel the insurrection to break
itself down, but dared take no direct steps
to that end from fear of a popular rising,
finally planned and sent the famous Pctro
poneaki expedition for the express purpose
of breaking the insurrection down, and, at
the same time, by apparantly favoring it
to save themselves from popular indigna
tion. The plot was so transparent that,
though it succeeded in crushing Crete, the
Ministry fell with it and the King was
only saved by the dread of the consequences
of a revolution in the critical state in which
Greece then was.
Russia hopes to paralyze Austria, which
is the party principally interested, by
Prussian hostility and Sdavic insurrection,
and in the present inert disposition of Eng
land to catry the question through without
dangerous struggle, or a delay which would
enable the Republicans of Europe to enter
into the contest The only combination
which can stoD the success of the plan is a
union of England, Austria and Greece in
support of Turkey, with neutrality of Prus
sia and Italy. This combination Russia
hopes to prevent by using the influence of
the United States to paralyze England and
prevent her from making any direct resist
ance to the intrigues of the Czar, and to
menace retaliation for the offences commit
t«d against us during the great insurrec
As a question when, for the first time,
the influence of the United States enters
into European combination, it behooves
us to consider well the effect of our exer
cise of it and casting aside all petty hostili
ties aud momentary irritation, to throw
the weight of our moral influence in favor
of progress and civilization. It is, per
haps, the first time in this century that the
English policy has been in perfect accord
with that of Christianity, and human liber
ty, aud no nobler satisfaction for all the in
quiries we hare received at her hands could
be taken, then to assist her to do the
working out of our own principles. No
human interest requires that Russia should
make new Polands on the Mediterranean
tbat she should extend the order
of Warsaw to Athens, and Siberia to the
Himalayas. Russian predominance in the
Levant is the death of all the rising re
publicanism of Eastern Europe,and equally
of American influence there. As an earn
est watcher, if not active participant, dur
ing tho Cretan insurrection as intimately
conversant with the inner history of tho af
fair from beginning to the end, I can posi
tively assert that there was no political in
fluence to which the Russian agents were
so hostile to as that of America, and thongh
they employed it to the furtherance of
their nefarious plans, and do still employ
it, through the dilligently circulated state
ment that Russia and the United States are
in accord on the Eastern question, they
were invariably opposed to any step which
would increase our hold on the popular
My known sympathies and trials on be
half of the Christian subjects of Turkey
leave mo in no doubtful color, so far as
that Empire is concerned. I clung to
Cretan liberty while it had a shadow of
hope, but, now that the struggle is over,
and the sod covere our common dead, I mu
equally earnest in saying that the interests
of Christianity and humanity demand the
support of Turkey as agaiust Russia, and
the gradual development of the civilization
of the East through Greek as opposed to
Muscovite ecclesiastical influences. AVe
all know what Russian political progress
means, but we do not all know that the
Russian Church is being built up into a
Papacy more formidably organized and
more strongly iron-clad llitm that of Rome
can over have been an intolerable
and despotic appliance of the State
to tho individuality of its subject, while
the Greek Church preserves the municipal
character and freedom of thought by whioh
it has always been distinguished from that
of Rome, and which it borrows from the
republican character of its peopls iu tho
days when it was planted there by (he
Apostles. Its gradual development cannot
fail to develop a large, healthy Protestant
ism, when popular education is sufficiently
advanced to become tho basis of religious
freedom. The Turk, again, is, with all bis
barbarism and fanaticism, tolerant of reli
gions teaching, and too weak to prevent
political progress, itis Empire will yield
iu time to a system of republican states,
growing up in its decay, and confederated
ono day iu an Eastern Switzerland, united
in religion and interests, if not in tongue,
while Russian supremacy will crush re
publicanism and religious ficedon^ to
THJI'^EQRLE ortiKB^oE. 1*
The present Kingdom of, Groece is the
Only pofiiblfr nuoleuatof political develop
ment forHh^asfc an^,: withal all its faults
.and.crueiftes of ^organization, has done and
is doing much to prepare theVace in other
provinces for political freedom. I have
ived with the Greeks four years, in rela
tions the most intimate, and iu circum
stances tho most trying to national char
acter, and, though no 'Philhellene, on my
arrival iu tho couutry, I can declare that I
bavo never lived with any peoplo more
worthy, in spite of their faults, tho moral
support of the civilized world, more tbor
oughly imbued with' the political virtues
most necessary to political existence or
comparable with them for private and do
mestic virtue. Of their intelligence and
aptitude for progress no one over doubted
-who knew them, and tho testimony not
only of my own experience but of many
foreigners who have resided for years
among them, is that to probity and hon
esty they in no sense merit the reputation
prejudiced and outwitted travelers have
given them. The more one knows the peo
ple the more one most honor them.
It does not become our peoplo in the
coming struggle to exercise an influence
adverse to the advancement of the only
race lrom whonuauything in tho way ol
political progress in the East can fce antici
[Mited or with whom we can have any po
itical sympathy, in order to punish Eng
land for the offense against, us. I know
that Russia counts largely ou a certain
moral support from our defiant attitude
toward England. Our only noble and
great policy in the case is to give England
to understand that so far as she maintains
the interests cf civilization we will sustain
her with our friendship, and postpone if
nat condone all questions in abeyance be
tween us. I wish it wero possible that we
might set the first example of nutinnul ap
plication of the principles of Christianity.
Late United States Consul in Crete.,
Their Appearance' and Actions.
OonatanUnople Cor. of the U. Y. Tribune.
In my wanderings among the mosques
of this city of Turks, I have witnessed with
all the amused bewilderment which such a
scene gives to the mind of a stranger, the
spectacle^ of the dancing dervishes. Let
me describe it to you. The center of the
mosque is railed in, and the floor remarka
bly smooth. After prostrating themselves
many times, while one sings er chants,
they all, clothed in a brown garment, ad
vance toward the singer, bend the upper
part of the body until it is horizontal, then
mee^and finally place their foreheads on
the gRrnnd. Then they rise, facing the
altar and, after alternations of singing and
prostrations, music is commenced on a
kind of flageolet, the outer brown garment
is thrown aside, and the dervishes stand
ready, in short white trowsers and white
skirt, fastened at the waiBt, extending to
the knee, to commence the dance, with
their bare feet on the smooth floor,
whirling at the given signal. The first
movement is to turn the right foot over the
left, toes inward as if club-footed, raising
at the same time the left heel, having pre
viously given an impetus to tho left when
raising the right foot. This is the entire
motion, continued successively about ev
ery two turns they make while revolving
slowly, and also advancing successively in
their orbit toward the altar. Afterward,
as their zeal increases, perhaps one such
club-foot movement impels them three or
four times around. They consider this as
symbolizing eternity, and the vicissitudes
of life, while tho right haud extended,
palm up, implores gifts from Heaven,
while the left hand, turned downward, is
supposed to be distributing to fellow-mor
tals, retaining few of the temporal gifts
for themselves. The whole scene is sol
emn, and when they stop whirling, at a
signal, and march around, bowing to their
leader, without turning their back on him,
they are often graceful, and always meek
and earnest
Of the howling dervishes, I had no pre
vious adequate conception, and it is diffi
cult to do the scene anything like justice,
although, after relieving ourselves of our
boots, we were led to a gallery and comfor
tably seated, Turk fashion, on 6heep skins,
where we had a full opportunity to hear
and see. Each worshipper, after advanc
ing to make a salutation before the altar as
he came in, seated himself in Oriental
fashion, on sheep-skins in a semi-circle be
fore their chief Priest They came in all
sorts of dresses, several being soldiers, and
if late at once fell into the motions and the
chant of the others. The women here, as
well as at the other dervish worship seem
ed to occupy a gallery enclosed with lattice
work, somewhat reminding one of the gal
lery for ladies in the British Parliament.
The peculiar ubants and bowls, I wilt en
deavor to represent in English orthography
without pretending to say what was meant
except when the woid Allah or bismillah
occurred. It was somewhat thus: While
seated on the floor, and bending the body
diagonally forward, first to the right and
then to the left, and having the head play
as if hung on wires, in unison with the vo
ciferations, they commenced, moderately at
first, afterward" more energetically, and at
last furiously, alternately chanting, shout
ing, and howling through the gamut, some
times diatonically, words like "wnr aleeze,
burlemek," at least fifty times. Then they
would hold up their hands on each side of
the face and bring them down, striking head
and breast. Then raising their bodies to
the knee and striking their foreheads on
the giound, they would assume the squat
ting position again, and, swaying the
body, give a series of enargetic sounds }ike
««hump," while one kept up a prolonged
howl, like the drone of the bagpipes thro'
the variations of the chant proper. Sud
denly, at a signal, the chorus ceased, and a
weak nasal solo gave an obligate then the
chorus struck in pianissimo, with everyfew
seconds the favorite staccato grunt, which
sounded somewhat like a short bark. This
chorus seemed to repeat a thousand times
the words, "Dirha darip d' Allah." When
this had continued nearly an hour, they
then rose, and ranging themselves against
the wall (after some receiving- caps and
white scarfs), and placing the feet apart so
as to brace themselves, and swaying the
body as before, they continued in all per
haps three-quarters of an hour or more.
But there were sundry variations in the
grunts, and these were now accompanied
by all turning their heads to the right
and barking at their right hand neigh
bors, then te the left, and so on un
til apparently some were quite ex
hausted. Then one, who seemed to be a
kind of choir leador, and also a soldier,
would stamp his feet to give new lifo to
the choir. Then the 'hump" and stamp of
feet, and crack of hands replaces, for a
time, the voices, exc3pt the obligate howl,
while the bobbing of the head works with
breakneck rapidity. Now the obligate
gives renewed stamps with right foot and
their flagging spirits were again urged to a
tremendous series of vociferous staccato
grunts until it seems as if some members
of the choir must drop. Meantime a whirl
ing dervish, appa:ently excited by the
scene, stands iu the center and performs
his gyrations with white skirt fly
ing out to a circle, exceeding hoop
skirt dimensions. Even some children
of eight or ten, in their enthusiasm,
stand up and try to imitate the movements
and sounds of the howling chorus. Dur
ing part of this SCGUO, the High Priest, or,
as some say be is called, the Schnb, was
blessing infants by rubbing his foot oyer
thoir backs as they lay on the ground.
When the older ones came, and grown men,
he stood with his right foot on their limbs
and rubbed his left over their bock, and
sometimes afterward over their breasts.
They then rose, kissed his hand, and he
blessed them. When sick, he blessed a cup
of some liquid and gave it them to drink,
if their eyes were inflamed, he jtfaced hie
hands on their temples and rubbed his
thumbs repeatedly over tho eye-lids.—
From even these singular proceedings
from under our gallery my attention was
now irresistibly drawn by tho increased
energy of tho howling chorus. At the
risk of being expelled from their mosque, I
took down the proceedings rapidly, thus:
Chorus men turn to right and left, with
continued grunt and prolonged howl. Now,
side by side, sustaining each other from
falling when exhausted, they, orchestra
like, bring on the grand crash towards the
last. With an asthmatic wheeze,a diminu
endo and then crescendo howl, varied by
tho staccato grunt, almost a fuga pursuit
of each other, they bob like supplejacks,
perspiring at every pore, until, with a
chorus of twangs, and shrieks, and grunts,
and a last fearful howl, a stamp of the foot
brings a death like mlenee, aud tho ex
hausted band glide, lifco ghosts, through
a rawhide door, and lie service is closed.
As they seem OUMH'H! nnd devout, this ap
parently ludicrous scene does not arouse
laughter in most persons, but rather sol
ONE OF rais MOST singular member of the
Ecumenical Council willbaaObineso Bish
op, who is at tho snmo time a manufactu
rer of umbrellas. This is M. Louis Faurie,
Bishop of Koug Tcheon, a nativo of Bor
deaux, in Franco, but since, nineteon years
a resident of China. Tho Bishop wears a
long mustache aud goatee, and from his
crown dangles the queue of the Celestials
he is dressed in Chinese costume. The
Bishop has a large orphan asylum in his
charge, and iu order to support it, he has
started au umbrella factory, giving employ
ment to a good many hands.
Mr. lahn Jmy Contending tor bia
Fattier-in-law'* Property He An.
ptalt to the Court* of Baden-Baden
to "Protect Mrs. Jay against her
Brother—Jay la Defeated.
To ,ih6 'llonorable Ike Civil and Criminal
Gwrf i^Sadm-Baden. •,
The petition of the undersigned, John
Jay, Envoy Extraordinary and Minister
Plenipotentiary of the United States of
America to Austria, respectfully shows
That on Tuesday, tne 10th day of Au
gast' instr, whil6 attending'toliis official
business at tho American Legation at Vir
epqa^ he received a letter fioiat Oris wife
then at Hombourg, advising him that her
brother, Hickson W. Field, Jr., had ar
rived at that place, and Had demanded her
assent to a change in the will of their
father, Mr. Hickson W, Field»pere, which
chfttlL'A WflllIf? fllfiliiliKov
change would disinherit her children for
the benefit of the said Hickson W* Field,
Jr., and had so threatened and insulted
her as to have brought on an frttack of
chills and fever and the eaid wife of your
petitioner appealed to him in the said let
ter to come and protect her, as she be
lieved that a continuance of such treat
ment would soon kill her.
That your petitioner therefore took the
afternoon train to Hombourg, and found
that his wife had come to Baden to see her
father, and followed her to this place.
That deponent has learned from his wife
more fully the character of the threats ut
tered by the said Hickson W. Field, Jr.,
against your petitioner's wife and family,
in case she should refuse to assent to his
wishes in regard to the said will, and that
the said threats were to the effect tbat he
"would raise bell," and pursue them until
he bad "crushed them all," and that he
would league himself with the enemies of
jour petitioner, and circulate false and in
ui ions calumnies, and that he hated the
whole family and wonld destroy them.
Your petitioner further shows that his
wife refused and will refuse to assent to the
demand of her said brother, and that your
petitioner believes that the said brother,
unless restrained, will endeavor to cany
out his threats of personal vengeance
against your petitioner and family.
That your petitioner was compelled to
leave his Legation at great inconvenience
to himself, and to the public affairs with
which he is rharged, and that he cannot
continue wiib his liunily for their protec
tion, but. iiiuht presently return to his post
and that he cannot carry them with him,
as they are ordered elsewhere by physicians
on account of their health^
That your petitioner's family, now in
Europe, embrace his wife^ one married
daughter, Mrs. Henry O.- Chapman, and
her three children one. unmarried daugh
ter, and also a son, who prpposes soon to
return to America, and cannot remain with
his family for, their protection.
That under these circumstances, the
undersigned respectfully invokes the pro
tection of this court, and prays tbat an or
der may be granted for the citation of the
said Hickson W. Field, Jr., and' that sum
mons may be issued to Mrs, Eleanor .H.
Jay and Lieutenant Colonel William Jay,
who are cognizant of the threats of the
said Hickson W. Field, Jr., and such other
persons as your petitioner's counsel may
find it necessary to examine the more fully
to prove the same ordering them and each
of them to attend as witnesses in a prelim
inary hearing of this matter, to the end
that the court may be fully advised there
of, and may make such disppsition of the
case for the protection of your petitioner^
family as may accord with the comity of
nations, the rules of law, and the prind
ples of justice. (Signed) JOHN JAY.
Baden-Baden, Aug. 16, 1869.
From the World.
,u ,T:
Old Mr. Field had but two children, a
son and a daughter. The son had but one
child, a very accomplished and distinguish
ed girl, who is engaged to be married-in
Italy. Mr. Jay married the daughter and
had many children. "Many children play
ed round his door," like Maud Mutter's
luck., It is said tbat, by dint of represen
tation- to Mr. Field, Sr., that there were
many Jays in the parental nest and but one
Field, fcc., &c., the old gentleman was in
duced to cut up the cake so that in point
of fact the son would get but a grandchild's
share, and the remainder would- go to the
Jays. When the son heard of this trans
mogrification of the will "he got up and
got," and at Baden and Hombourg he ter
rified his brother-in-law with threats of (see
petition), unless the will were SQ. altered
as to give him a fair share whereupon,
onr American Plenipo tOok steps, which,
no donbt, ended in troubling Field "junior,
-but not without making Field senior in
some way aware of the state of things. It
is said that the will has been altered again,
giving son and daughter equal portions.
The Catholic 1 r—Hew It is Com*
The opening of the Council will first of
aUTltrect The aiteutton of thn ibu tinn ,o£ih
members who compose it The Catholic
hierarchy has often enlisted the admiration
of many who were strangers or even oppo
nents to the Catholic creed. It is the only
monarchy among the great religious organ'
izations ot the world. Neither the Greek:
Church, nor a single one of the Protestant
bodies, nor Judaism, nor Mohammedan
ism, nor any other non-Christian form of
belief has a monarchud head. The present
Pope, Pius IX, was born May 13, 1792, and
is therefore now in his 78th year. In the
list of bishops of Borne, as it is given in the
official Papal Almanac, he is accounted the
257th. Like all of his
predecessors during the
last 300 years, he is an Italian by birth
the last non-Italian Pope being Adrian IL,
who was a Hollander, and died in 1523,
Of all the bishops of Bome only 49 were
non-Italians, and of these13 were French
men, 7 Germans, and 2 Spaniards. The
Pontificate of.Pins IX. ia one erf the longest
on record. Having been elected on the
16th ot June, 1846" hia has 'occupied the
Papal chair for 23 yean and six months. It
is a well known legend—the correctness of
which, however, even most of the Catholic
Church historians ate not willing to de
fend—that St Peter was bishop of the Bo
man congregation for full 25 years, and
with this legend a common expectation has
connected itsdf, that no following Pope will
occupy the apostolic chair an equal length
Of time, until the last Pope, under whose
pontificate this world will come to an end.
Oertain it is that no Pope, so far as docu
mentary history has been, traced, has ruled
for 25 years. Only two have exceeded the
length of the pontificate of the present
Pope, namely: Pius VL, who died in 1799,
after a pontificate of 24 years and eight
months, and in the earlier history of the
Church, Sylvester I-, whose pontificate ex
tended to 23 years and 10 months. The
pontificate of Pius IX. has been agitated
by great storms which more than once
have been threatened to sweep away the
whole of the Temporal Power. At the
same time, however, the borders of the
Church have been greatly enlarged, and its
organization in many countries consoli
dated. No fewer than 116 new dioceses,
or about one-seventh of the total number
of Catholic dioceBes, have been established
by the present Pope. Pious IX. is earnest
ly devoted to the ultra-Papal theories which
have long been traditional in Bome, though
they are regarded with, regret.by many
within the Church, hut personally he is
highly esteemed, not only ty all parties
within the Church, but by all'who have
oome into personal contact with him.
The Pope is assisted in the government
of the Church by the Cardinals. Though
next to: the Pope as his adVison, they are
not next to him in point of jurisdiction,
and, therefore, in the scale of the hierar
chy for a Cardinal who is not at the same
time a Bishop, ranks inferior to Archbish
ops and Bishops. The College of Cardi
nals is divided into three classes—Cardinal
Bishops, Cardinal Priests, and Cardinal
Deacons. The first of these classes com
prises the bishops of stx Episcopal
Sees near Bome, who, however,
reside in the City of Bome. The Cardinal
Deacons are generally officers of adminis
tration, ftR ', in many cases, have not taken
priestly, though they have received the
minor, orders. The great majority of the
College, comprising in particular all the
foreign Cardinals, belong to the order of
Cardinal-Priests. The full number of
the Holy College is seventy, but the
uumber is rarely full. According to the
Papal Almanac for 1869, there were
in January, 1869, 6 Cardinal-Bishops, 43
Cardinal-Priests, aud' 8 Cardinal-Deacons
together, 57 leaving 13 hats vacant, though
two new Cardinals had been reserved in
petto, but not yet announced. Two Car
dinals having died during the year, and
nono appointed, the number at present is
only 55. As usual, the majority of them
are'Italians of non-Italians there were in
December, 1869, 7 French, 4. Spaniards, 4
Germans, aud 1 Irish. The American
countries though now constituting a very
important portion of the territory of the
Church, ur' not represented in the Holy
College.- -V Y- Tribune.
nal across Cape Cod. A party of wealthy
capitalists in Boston have taken the pre
liminary ateps to accomplish this work.—
They propose to build the canal in nearly a
direct line firom Buzzard's Bay to Cape Cod
13ay, through a narrow neck of land sep
arating those waters, which shall afford a
sufficient depth of water to float the larg
est class of vessels. The canal will be 300
feet- wide, and deep enough to insure 24
feet of water at low tide. It is said the
persons who propose to achieve this impor
tant work are fully prepared to cany it
out, and ask for no pecuniary aid from the
CnrUjus Seen«in'] Egyj.lMPke Ktifeftlft
Kidcover a Roadway of Liviiig Bodies
Thb accounts given by special corre
spondents at Cairo of the festivities in hon
or of the prophet's birthday this yea* are
very curious. Among tho most, sinoular
features of the festival is the ride of the
wawia^ roadway of living bodies to
wards the mosque a progrefS thus r.cord­
is «!nvl
gnftfd, there came
a mob of half naked men shouting, veiling,
howling. Some whirled round nnd roun§
tossing their oitas aloft as they whirled
some were foaming at their mouth, others
had snakes coiled round their -neck^
snakes ,hanging from their teeth, snakes
twisted .and squeezed.between their hands'
'iooae had bare Swords, which they brand
ished in the. air. There were men 'with
skewen? stupk, tlif ough .their cheeks, men
with iron spikes ..headed .wjth heavy iron
balls, who kept spinningthe point of the
spike upon their palms till the. pieeee of
sharp jagged steel, uttached by chaina to
the ball, began to fly rpund and roanttrand
then they 'made a feint to bring the whirl
ing ball so near their cheeks 'as to alaah
and gash thejjn6ee,mouthand eyes with|the
revolving blades a feint which, however,
was not carried into action, as the"*polfoe
seized tbeiu, aud pushed them on.
"AK the liursb-strains of the^bq^d IYIA
sharper and clearer, the yelling grew more
frantic, the shouts more,like the inarticu
late cries of animals in pain, Warlike those
of human beings. And tben the shrieks,
yells and cries were drowned for a moment
as th? colleges of dervishes came marching
past, each' with' Us
banner and its
band of music. There was some attempt
at melody, but it seemed to me as it the
musicians., themselres were carriMt: away
by the frenzy of the moment -and played
upon their instruments as their fingers
chanted the fall, while they joined in'the
yelling shriek of 'Allah-fel-Allah!' On they
oame, troops of green-tnrbaned dervishes,
with their flags and musio, and between
every two troops.thejre. pressed and pushed
the rear-guard.of theaaad,- screaming', mob
which led the way in "front." Oyer the
bodies in the street,-dervinhesv fla? bearers,
players, and their followers tramped for
ward with unshod feet,
"Then at tbe end of the street appeared
.the Shaikh himeelf, yBiotMtted-axLji,
Arab steed. Except in a burlesque, Thever
saw so huge a turban as that he wore. The
enormous foldsof-green musiin were wound
round and round his head till the weight
must have been- hava to Buppert. evea if
your brain were dear and the wearer,
rail outward semifttacb, was in a dead faint.
He, j^ppked like.a jnan helplessly drank, or
drugged with the fumes'., of tobaooo till he
had lost all oonKibnsne&roi %hire be was,
all poorer ofjiaing.hia Hia head,
surmounted by its huge tqrban, hung down
helplessly over his left shouider. hte frame
kept lolling. to and £ro,',so.hat he- would
have fallen ofT the saddle if there had not
been men propping him' up on either side.
his mouth, .was open, the saliva was running'
down from the corners of bis Hps,
"The veiling and the shoathlg beU'been
well nigh deafening, befarf^. hut ritswelled
to a very Bab'el -of fehneKS and sorean:s as
the White horse and tts'-ridttr-^treraled
slowly on over the pavement of. bodies,
Tra^yp, tramp, the^:~nopfir,'caml ^bipt'ovei'
the prostrate figures and eveia the
uproar of the crow^.yb^ro^bear the
dull strutch as' th'e horse tt*id ori'his'wav.
As the Sheikh motfed onwards the men
sprung from theground on which they lay.
Pale as death,' half fainting, gasping for
breath writhing as if in mb'rtat'pain they
poked one and all as if they were in* the
various stages of epil^pUc ^convulsions.
Their eyeballs glared out of. their, sockets
their features were contorted: with hideous
spasms they threw themselves about as if
they would dash thei- heads agaiuts the
stone Walls, and' struggled flercdy with the
friends whose arms were1' passed around
tneir shoulders to prevent them froiii fall
ing to the ground.
"Everybody knows the face arid forin'of
the boy possessed by, dervils who kneeled
at the foot of the mount, in Raphael's pic
ture of the Transfiguration: Well, among
the.men over whom the -horse had ridden,
there' seemed to be any number of lads
possessed, from whom the! devils bad net
yet been driven foyth. I saw men biting the
ears,"Wrenching «peri the clenched teeth,
pulling.at the cramp-knotted arms of these
epileptic wretches. I beard shrieks, sofca
and groans. The very women in the Bhop
:Opposit{, who had squeezed forward to
see the horse trampleon the prostrate men,
had turned their heads away. The whole
scene v?as ghastly honriUe
probably no disease to -which "human*
flesh is heir" that is more distressing in its
effects than that of Dyspepsia, and kindred
diseases arising from disorders ofthe Liver
and Digestive Organs, and it is this fact,
probably', which has caused the pirepara-
the' public. Among—these remedies
are Dr. Hoofland's Gorman Bitters,
which has been prominently before
the public for yearn, and which
has received the highest testimonials from
thousands of our citizens who have tested'
its efficiency-in diseases of -the character
referred to It has also received thehigh
est commendation from physicians who
have used it in their practice with' com
plete success. The Hoofland's Bitttere is a
strictly medicinal preparation, and con
tains no alcohol, rum, or whisky.
Hoofland's German Tonic is a combina
tion of the ingredients of the Bitters, with
pure Santa Cruz Bum, orange, anise &c. It
is used for the same diseases as the Bitters
incases where ah Alcoholic Stimulant is
necessary.--Itis a preparation of Tare medi
oinat valne, aiid most'agreeable -to the pd.
ate.—ChrxmU^e, PiUsbwrgft, Pa,..^ _.rv
Q* SATDBDAX night, the 3d instant, three
highwaymen stopped a man hear Detroit,
and demanded hWmoney. The -man, who
is eipployed by the, Bocky River Bailroad
Company, not being armed, thought dis
cretion the-better part of valor, and gave
up all the money he had—one dollar—and
was allbweii to pass on. Proceeding to his
home, wkich waa eloae at hand, he procur
ed a revolver and started io pursuit, oi the
robbers. Coming up.with one of them, he
presented his' pistal and deinanded back
his dollar, which tho 4^iief vras only toe.
glad toreiund.
A CKKSOS ]UBtiwmpl£i4d,~shoiri the pop
ulation 6f Mexioo to be 9,Q89,
254, again8t
.7,661,520 in.1850. Iu 1795, when the pop
ulation was 5,270,200 the' whole tountry
contained but twelv* schools. Now there
are 3.743 public and private, with 276,854
pupils or one to every thirty-three inhab
itants. In the-federal district there is a
better show, the schools numbering 248,
and the scholars 18,195, or one pupil to fif
teen inhabitants. In 1851 tbe sOhpols in
the City of Mexico wjerebul 129 in number,
and the scholars 7,151.
A GENTLEMAN had just taken his seat at
the dinner-table the other'
day,'when the
servant reported a beggar at the door
Feeling in his pocket for a tamp," but
finding none,: he replied, "Tell him: I
haven't a shilling with-me," and resumed
his dinner. Presently the servant returned
with, "please sir, he says, he ean ohaage a
a note.". ''Well," responded the gentle
man, *«you tell him^if nefoft off my steps
in half a minute,,. he'll |iave something to
make a note of!"*.
Bronchial Troches" are widely known as
an established, remedy for Govgte, Ooidt,
Bronchitis, Hoarseness, and other troubles
of the Throat and Lungs. Their good rep
utation and exteusive use .has brought out
imitations,' represented to be the same.
OBTAIN ictaly •. "Broua'S Bronchial Tn&tt.
MAGIC On, cures SB if by: magic, rheu
matism,. neuralgia, toothache* earache,
sorethroat, colic' and all external and in
ternal pains. This liniment has beon used
with astonishing success by thousands of
sufferers during a period of &iu in years.
Asingle trial will insure its pernwitnt nse
in the family- Ask for Pratt & Butchers'
Magic Oil. Sold at all drug stores.'
MOST PATENT Medicines are "cure-alls,"
FEVKB AND AGUJS Toxic pretends to cure
none but such diseases as are caused by
malarial poisoning of the blood. One bot-'
tie is sufficient to efieet a cure in any case.
Made in New Orleans by Wheelock, Finlay
A Co., and gold at Wholesale by Fuller,
Finch & Fuller, Chicago.
A PiiiME ABTICLB. —Johnson's baking
powder is the purest and best article of its
kind in the market. One-half the house
keepers of Milwaukee \yill testify to its
excellence. For sale by all grocors.
Youth's Companion, of Dostori, announces
nearly a score of regular contributors for
1870. Many of them are among our best
knosvu au?t most briiliant writers.
Ws TAKE I'l.D.vsORE in recommending the
use of Hall's Vegetable Sicilian Hair Be
newer as a safe aud reliable preparation for
restoring gray hair to its natural color,and
promoting its growth.
OOB readers will find in another column
the announcement of the Hearth and Home,
a weekly family journal of great excellence.
—Wood may be made non-inflammable
by steeping it for a few minutes in sulp
hurous acid diluted with ten parts of wa
—A vigilance cJImittce called "Law and
order Regulators has been organized in
New York.

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