Newspaper Page Text
VOL. XV.—NO. 8.
BU8INE88 CARDS. w. H. MEIiBIOK, LA WYER, Blohards' Block, Ana tin, Minn. 40-ly QKMANZO ALLEN, JUDOS OF PROBATE, Attorney at Law and Beat Estate Agent. Collec tions made and Taxes paid. Office In Baaford'a block, Austin, Minnesota. MoDOXALD, M. D., O. M., Graduate of lfoGill Medical college, Montreal, bas located in Anatia for the parpoee of practicing bia profusion. Office at Rev. 8. W. Day's real deace, south side Pablic Square, where all day and night calls will be promptly responded to. w. L. HOLLISrER, M. D., PHYSICIAN AND SURGEON, Corner of Main and Winona Streets, Anatin, Min nesota. Ho cards. Jun30 M. GREEN HAN, A TTORNBY AT LAW. Will practice in tbo cou'ta of record, and the U. S. courts. Offlca in 8chleuder'a block, Main street, Austin, Minn. 40 ly D. B. JOHNSON, )l, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Aostio, Minn. P. actices in all the oonrta of the state. Prompt attention given to Collecting. Of floe over the Mower County Bank. junSO J^AILWAY HOUSE, HALL Jc HAY Proprietors. Kates, $2.00 per day. Oiod Sample Booms up town. Guests carried to and from the city free of charge. Up town connect by tele phone at Olbmmer A Pooler's. Anatin, Minn. ££ED CEDAB MILL8. J. GREGSON, Manufacturer and Wholeaale Dealer in the best brands of Or seers' and Bakers' Floir, Also all kind* of Hill Feed for sale at bis store on Mtin stree Austin, Minn., the Mill, two miles south of the city its. U. L. AMES, (Or Vi tter known as MBS. TOPLIFF,) is Net to Auatia, to attend to all calls as talD-WIFE, day or nig'it. Sue is the right woman in the right plaoe. Booms over Sweningson & Johnson's store. P. O Box 371. w. M. HOVE, LATE REGISTER OK DEEDS, Has a complete Abstract of title to all the Beal Es tate in Mower cju ity. Will exsmina titles, pay taxes for non-resident, etc. Office in Dunckel man's block. jun20 |^AFAYETTE FRENCH, ATTORNEY AT LA W, Austin, Minn. Collections and other business at tended to carefully and promptly. Agent of the iEtna aid other Fire Insurance companies Office xi Bank bkek. jun20 A. BATES, MANUFACTURXB AMD D1UU IN LIGUT AND HEAVY CARRIAGES, Makes these goods to order in aip-top, satisfactory manner. Dexter and side bar baggie* a specialty. .Vaetory northeast corner of public square, Aastin, Minnesota. 40-ly JQ B. CRANE, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Beal Estate and Oollection Agent. Taxes paid for non-resideate. BTOfflce, 3d floor of Ounkelman's new block, SfilB street. lfrtf •gUIXOOK PIEBCE, BARBERS A HAIR DRESSERSi Booms under Mower County Bank, M«'n street, Austin, Minn. Satisfaction guaranteed or no pay. All branches of the business conducted in the moat approved style. WBaths—plunge or shower, hot orco'd-attiehed. M. OAMEBON, ATTORNEY AT LAW, And Beal Estate Agent. Collections made and taics paid. Offl e, north side Public Square, in brics building, Austin, Minn. H. A. A VERY, DENTIST, iusm, MIH. Office ove? Dona ft •WOLD'SDrug at- re BROWN8DALE. "^yEISKB ft SHOBTT, REAL ESTATE A COLLECTION AGENTS, Oonrayanceis and Notaries Public, Brownsdale. Minn. Improved and wild lands for sale in Mower and Dodge counties. Titles examined and taxes paid for non residents. Jnn20 SOCIETIES. JjimELITY LOrOE, N9. 89, A. F. ft A. M. A The regaltf communications of this lodge _#^^are held in Masonic Hall, third story Baa J\X lord's Dl jck, Austin, Minnes ta, on the first *an third Wednesday evenings of each month- C. L. WEST, W. M. L. O, B1SF03D, Secretary. JJOIAL A son OaAPTEB, No. 14. The stated convoca'ions of this Chapter an rh-ld in Masonic Hall, Aus to, Minnesota, on ihe tieond and fourth Friday evenings of etch month. J. WBST. M. Jl. H. P. F. I. CBANZ, Secretary. gT. BEBSABD COMSllJiUEBY, K.\ T.\ NoTls] tgat I Meets second Mo-idiy evening of 1 ach —ionth at Masonic all P. B. SMITH, E. O. O. H. DAVIDSON, Recorder. O O.F. The regular meetings of Austin •r Lodge, Mo are held in their ball -every Tuesday evening. Odd Fellows from other juri dictions, whose busi ness may lead them Aua .in. are oordlaliy invi'ed to visit US. W. R, BULLOCK, N. 0. A. DCTTCLBAOB, Secretary. JEWKLRY. "DON'T YOU FORtitT IT!" Q-. Schleuder IS AUSTIN'S SPIOlSlEER siun WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, SILVER-PLATED WARE, ETC. t*"0all on him, and look ovsrhta elegant stock ain street. DRUGS, AO. QORR WOLD, nUBMRXFTIOir DRUGGISTS, And dealers in Stationery, Books, Etc ?o Atranw, 1 S /', '"v. v--ste MOWER CLOTHING. CLOTHING! AND GOODS FOB Mens1, Youths', Boys' and Children's Wear, In line, medium and low-priced fabrics. I offer the largest stack of the best Ready-Hade Clothing EVER EXHIBITED IN THIS CITY, Adapted to all purposes and at lowest Cash Prices. My goods are BETTER MADE, CUT, TRIMMED, AND FINISHED Than ate to be found elsewhere. This I guarantee ALSO A FINE LINE OF GENTS' FURNISHING GOODS, Hats and Caps, Trunks and Valises. An inspect Ion of my stock is respectfully so* llcited. E. DUNKLEMANN, THE CLOTHIER. Store, owner Main and Bridge streets, opposite First Nation %1 Bank, Austin, Minn. 40-ly HAfDWARE. IRA JONES. THE THE THE PIONEER PIONEER PIONEER HARDWARE STORE! HARDWARE STORE HARDWARE STORE! The beet and moBt economical COOKING an HEATING 8T0VES ever brongh to this Market. HARDWARE! Unprecedented low prices for Cash. TINWARE AND CUTLERY TINWARE AND CUTLERY TINWARE AND CUTLERY! THE BOSS THE BOSS THE BOSS HARDWARE STORE HABDWARE STORE HARDWARE STORE IRA JONES. SADDLERY. 2£&1SER & (WIRE!, AUSTIN, MINN., Mann^cturers and Dealera in HARNESS, SADDLE3, HORSE 00LLAR8, TRUNKS AND WHIPS, Ac., Ac., Ac., ftc., Ac. BEPAIRING neatly afcd cheaply done. All work warranted. I cM^TEITS RD1 1 A BLOOD POR~THE mi We recommend Curter^a Iran Pffla to every woman .who ia Weak, Nervous, and Discouraged particularly those who bare Thin, Pale Lips, Cold Hands and Feet, and who are without Strength or Ambition. These FQto quiet the Xervee, give Strength to the Body, induce Re freshing Sleep, Enrich and Improve the quality of the Blood, and Purify and Brighten the Com plexion. They curs Xttpttatloa of tee Heart, Nervousness. Tremblings, Nervous Headache, Leocorrbcea, Pains ta the Back, and other forms at Female Weakneesi Remember that Iran ia one of the constituents of the Blood, and ia the great tonic. Cuter** IrvnPilla are also valu able for men who are troubled with Nervous Weakness, Night Sweats, Ac. In metal boxes. (tWeeate, Sold toya4 druggteta, or asnt by Address GARTER MEDICINE CO., Mew York Cl^y. HOW WATCHES ARE mi It will be apparent to any one who will examine a POLID GSLD WATCH, that aside from the neces sar thickness for engraving and polishing, a large proportion of the raoious KSTAI. used is needed only to stiffen and hold the engraved portions in place, and supply the necessary solidity and strength. The surplus gold Is actually need If ss so far as UTIUZT and beauty are concerned. In JAME8 BOSS, PATENT GOLD WATCH OASES this WABT*of precious metal is overcome, and the SAMS SOLIDITY and RIMIB produced at from one-third to one-half the usual ooet of ao'-id oaaes. This proeer a is of the most simple nature, as fel lows: A plate of nickel composition metal, especial ly adapted to the purpose, has two plates of SOLID •OLD soldered cne on each side The three are then passed between tolished steel rollers, sndthe result is a strip of heavy plated composition, from which the cs*es, backs, centres, beaels.eto., are cut and shaped by suitable dies and formers. The gold in these eases is snfflclen'iy th'ck to aamtt of all kinds of chaaing, engraving and enameling the engraved cases have been eerrled nntil worn per fretly smooth by time and use without removing the gold. THIS IS THE ONLt-CASE MADE WITH TWO FLATM OW SOLID OOLD AND WABBANTED BY SPkOIAL OBBTIVOATE. For sale by all Jewelers. Ask .for illoatrated Oat-, alogne, and to see warrant. POBEST VIBES, The recent destructive forest fires on Long Island have caused the New York Herald to descant on the carelessness of the American fanner. It says the for ests" that burn are generally small tracts of wooded land which are parts of farms, but as they are utterly left alone except when the farmer wants firewood, they are full of undergrowth, brush heaps and dead leaves. Forest fires are scarcely ever heard of in Europe, for the poorest and busiest peasant who owns a bit of wooded land finds time to cut away the undergrowth, remove dead trees and fallen boughs, and even to cart away some of the leaves to his compost heap. German and English farmers who some here begin by preserving their wooded lands, but too often they fall into the shiftless American way, and frequently they pay the penalty. Any farmer can prevent fire on his own forest land he can clear away undergrowth and leaves, the work being easiest done in winter, when he has little to do on any other part of the farm, or he can fence this ground and turn his cattle into it to eat or breakdown small growth and trample leaves tb pieces and into the ground. Both plans have been tried with great success, and neither is costly. Of course in great-wooded tracts of hun dreds and thousands of acres such pre ventives would be impracticable, but these are not the lands most frequently burned over. CHEAP LETTE& POSTAGE. Representative Andrews, of Kansas, who introduced a bill in congress pro viding for a reduction of postage on half ounce letters to two cents, and one cent for each additional half ounce, has thor oughly investigated the past history of cheap postage rates in this country and has submitted to the committee on post offices and post roads the results of his inquiries. He finds that in 1845 the population of the United States was about 20,000,000, two fifths what it was in 1880. The postal revenues of the year 1845 were $4,289,841. At that time the rates of postage established in 1816, when the population of the United States was about 7,500,000, were still maintained. They were: For a single sheet" letter, under 30 miles six cents over 30 and uuder 80 miles, ten cents over 80 and under 150 miles, twelve and a half cents over 150 and under 400 miles, eighteen and three quarters cents over 400 miles, twenty-five cents. An act of the 8th of March, 1845, changed the rate on letters to five cents for 300 miles, and ten cents for over that dis tance. The postal receipts diminished greatly for a short time, but soon were greater than they had, been before. In 1851 another great reduction was made by the extension of the 300 mile limit to 3,000 miles, the substitution of the one half ounce standard for the single sheet" letter, and the reduction of the rate to three cents per one-half ounce, if prepaid, and five cents if not prepaid, for any distance under 3,000 miles. Though the receipts, following the reduc tion, were somewhat decreased the num ber of letters soon increased and more than made up the deficiency. In 1855 another reduction was made, when the condition of prepayment was established, and the rate was fixed at three centB un der 3,000 miles and ten cents for a dis tance exceeding 3,000. In 1856 prepay ment by stamps was required, and in 1863 the uniform rate of three cents for each half ounce for all domestic letters was established. These changes pro duced no apparent effect on the reve nues and Mr. Anderson thinks that the time has come when the postage on let ters might, with advantage be reduced still lower. She receipts for postage are now almost sufficient to pay expenses and, were the reduction to be made, the increased volume of business done would soon be so great as to fully equal the present receipts, if it did not cause the postoffice department to show a clean balance sheet at the end of the year. VICTIMS OF BASELESS HOPES. An article printed by the Philadelphia Times will quash the hopes of a great many persons who have imagined them selves entitled to fortunes as the heirs of people who died many years ago in Eng land, Holland, or other foreign coun tries. There are several associations formed for the purpose of recovering such estates. It appears, however, that these associations are misled by foreign adventurers, whose purpose in holding out glittering hopes is easily apparent. The subject was brought to the attention of the authorities of Pennsylvania by a letter from Secretary Blaine to Governor Hoyt, dated Washington, June 10,1831, in which Mr. Blaine says, after speak ing of the generally baseless nature of most of these claims, and asserting that they are gotten up by designing persons for purposes of their own gains, these persons generally living in foreign coun tries: "I have, however, come into pos session of the inclosed original letter, addressed to a worthy resident of Gales burg, Mich., by one H. B. Sinks, styling himself secretary of the Van Horn and Van Sant Association, and purporting to be written from its office, at 'No. 311 Walnut Street, second floor, back.' The internal evidence of this letter, coupled with the known fact that the so-called Wolfert Webber' estate (of some hun dreds of millions of dollars) is absolute ly non-existent, creates in my mind grave doubts as to the good faith of the writer. I commend this letter to your perusal." For some reason the state authorities seem to have taken no action' on this letter, for a Times reporter, who hunted H. B. Sinks, found him in new quarters, but still ostensibly pushing the claims of the "Van Horn and Van Sant Association." He said the Van Horns were heirs to the Wolfert Webber estate in Holltuid, and also to property in Ber gen, N. J., and that the association now had more than two hundred members in twenty-five different states. We have not," he said, "had sufficient money to prosecute our claims either in New Jer sey or Holland. It oosta $100 to be come. member of the Vfcn Horn and Van Sant Association, and the monthly dues are 25 cents. We have also fonned a stock company for the prosecution of other claims. -The shares are $5 each. He could not be got to talk of details, but gave the visitor a number of little, printed pamphlets, which he said would tell him all about what had been accom plished by the society thus far. A perusal of the pamphlets, which pur ported to be annual reports of the pro ceedings of meetings of the association, etc., did not throw a ray of light on the validity of the claims. The burdeh of the pamphlets consisted of appeals for more money and cautions to.,the mem bers of the association not to give any information to anyone not a member. The Times concludes that there is no room to doubt the fraudulent character of the enterprise. LOSSES OF BBITISH FABKEBS. A statement has recently been com piled from the agricultural reports o& England, showing the falling off in live stock In the last 13 years. The figures of this statement says the New York Times, have an interest for stock breed ers and shippers in this country quite as direct as reports of the condition and prospects of English wheat-growing have for the farmers of the northwest. The disheartening and even startling fact shown is that with 10 per cent, more land now devoted to fodder crops than in 1868, the amount of stock kept is 3 per cent. less. The tables show that in England the falling off in sheep is equal to 5,548,000 head, or 26 per cent, in the 13 years from 1868 to 1881 in Ireland, 1,564,000 head, or 32 per cent, in Scot land, 381,000 head, 01 5 per cent., or in the United Kingdom, 7,712,000 head, or over 21 per cent. This is an extraor dinary decrease, but there has been a slight compensating increase in the number of cattle, amounting to 380,000 head, or 10 per cent, for England, and 822,000 head, or 9 per cent., for the United Kingdom# But to make a fair comparison, both kinds of stock are re duced to one term, each head is reck oned as equal to six sheep. The com bined decrease in the 13 years is thus found to be from 90,106,000 head to 87,326,000 head, or 3 per cent, in the whole kingdom. The loss in England alone is over 7 per cent. indeed, in all these comparisons it is England alone which makes the worst showing. The money value of this live stock which has disappeared, being equal to 2,780,000 head of sheep, estimated at £2 10s. per head—not a high price for mutton sheep which sell for Is. a pound in their wool —is £6,950,000. For England alone the loss was much greater, being 8,268,000 head, a money loss of £8,170,000, which represents so much farmers' capital in cattle and sheep alone which has been obliterated in the period of 13 years." If, meanwhile, there had been a de crease in the cultivated acreage, this falling off could be easily accounted for. But in these 13 years there was an actual increase in the breadth of land under permanent pasture, clover, grass, green crops and roots in the United Kingdom from 31,135,000 acres to 34,512,000, or 10 per cent. Uruguayan Brutality. I Montevideo Gorr. N. Y. Herald.) The most serious question pending is that with the Empire of Brazil. A large portion of the population of the frontier of this country are composed of Bra zilian citizens—a laborious and peace able people—engaged in the care of numerous herds of cattle and flocks of sheep, pertaining to the rich Brazilian farmers who are the principal large land owners at the north of the republic. In the early prrt of last year a portion of tbe second battalion of infantry, un der the command of Joaquin Santos, a brother of the then minister of war and now president of the republic. General Maximo Santos, was ordered to the de partment of Tacuarambo, which is prin cipally peopled by Brazilian subjects. Numerous reciuiting parties were sent out in various directions and the game proved large—principally Brazilians were brought compulsorily to the camp. Nothing was then known publicly of the terrible method adopted to compel them to serve in the army of this so-called re public. Mulder will out!" The last memorial of the Brazilian Minister of Foreign Affairs to the legislative body presents the authorities of this country iu a very unenviable light. The testi mony is there published intact relative to the martyrdom suffered by those poor Brazilians. The captives protested their nationality and objected to the forcible service. It was requisite that an exam ple be made by their brutal captors in order to terrify them. Five of the most obstinate were condemned by the voice alone of the eommandante to be beaten to death. The battalion was formed in a square in the open cauip and tbe com mander distributed with his own hands the requisiteinstruments of torture, con sisting of branches of the quince tree, accompanied with the remark ahora le voy a moatrar el modo de motor"—and I am going to show you the method to kill—calling for a mati and coolly suck ing it while he gave his orders to pro ceed with the execution. The poor Brazilians soon succumbed to the terri ble! blows, failing to the ground with their heads pounded to a jelly, their eyes forced out of their sockets, and were finally exterminated by an order to cut their throats. All this is conclusively proven by testimony taken before the Brazilian consul general in this city, by order of the then minister plenipoten tiary, Consejero Iiopez Neto, now resi dent minister of Brazil at Washington. The deponents were some of the re cruited countrymen of the sufferers who were brought to Montevideo with the re turn of the troops. They also had suf fered from bad treatment, but, cowed by the sad fate of the others, expressed their willingness to serve as soldiers rather than suffer death. Owing to their debilitated state they were sent to the military ward of the Gharity Hospital in this city, and from thence, avoiding the usual vigilance, managed to communi cate with the Brazilian Consul General, who immediately took measures to have them protected and appear before him. A NEW hat, styled "Over the Garden Wall," is essentially the young ladies' hat of tbe period. It has an enormous brim, to be tilted over the eyes and bent up at the back. It is dented in on the crown, and trimmed round with cas cades of ficelle lace, a huge cluster of unmounted crimson roses, and two small sunflowers. THB prospective decadence of has brought new repped silks into tbe market. AUSTIN, MOWER COUNTY, MINN., WEDNESDAY, MAY 17, 1882. NEWS IN BRIEF. Fatal Explosion* A fifty-horge-power boiler collapsed at Red IgOck, near Bradford, Pa., on tho 11th inst. M. D. Thompson was fatally injored. Prop erty in the vicinity was damaged considerably. rien4ish« An Australian physician who visited the Jewa' hospital at Odessa, Russia, states that there are 125 horribly mutilated persons there, the Russians having poured petroleum in their wounds. Deadly Fire-Damp. The Plato Mine, in the town of Bochum, Westphalia, was visited by a terrible explosion of fire-damp on thn 11th. Fifty-six dead bodies had been recovered at the time the news was transmitted. Must Go. The President signed the modified Chinese immigration Dill on the 8 th inst. anti This puts an end to any further immigration of Chinese laborers ana artisans to this country lor the next ten yens. liberal Appropriations* The pension appropriation bill is completed and calls for $100,000,000, the exact amount recommended in the estimates. The appropriations for rivers and harbors Sisaissippiof xclnsive the amount appropriated for the and Missouri Rivers) foot up about $10,600,000. Shipwreck* -The Pacific mail steamer Salvador, coffee JkdeD, from Costa Rioa, sprang a leak and was lost. A Turkish transport is ashore on tbe Bos phorns. Fifty soldiers were drowned. The steamboat Pliny stranded at Long Branch, N. J., and will prove a total wreck The passengers with their baggage were sac •esaiully landed. The cargo of merchandise will be a total loss. Startling Tragedy* Jersey City, N. J., was thrown into a ferment on the 12th inst., by the announcement that Edmund W. Kingsland, treasurer of the Provi dent Institution for Savings, had shot himself either by accident or design. As the institution hfeld deposits amounting to $5,000,000, a run almost equivalent to a panic resulted. The officers of the bank are confident that the funds of the institution are intact. Kingsland, (at last accounts, was unconscious, with pnysicians holding forth but little encouragement. Wicked Winds* A western zephyr strnck Montgomery County, Ari., on the 8th inst., doing damage to the amount of $150,000. Seven or eight persons were killed and a large number wounded. The same blizzard which destroyed the town of McAllister, Indian Territory, also demolish ed the small village of Mill Spring, on the Kan sas side? killing a man named Taylor and fatal ly injuring two children. A vicious cyclone, accompanied by remark able electrical disturbance wrecked the town of McAllister, I. T., on the 8th inst. Eight men were killed and a number seriously injured. matters in Ireland* Qeorge Otto Trevclyan, the nephew of the late Lord Macaulay, formerly a prominent lib eral member of parliament, and at one time the civil lord of the admiralty in Gladstone's cabinet, has been appointed chief secretary of Ireland, as the successor of Lord Cavendish, who was assassinated at Dublin. The Gladstone government is preparing its new appointments and anew policy for Ireland, which will be shortly announced. A man named Moore has been arrested in Ireland, suspected of being one of the gang who assas sinated Cavendish and Burke. The London Times insists upon holding the land league re sponsible for the murders at Dublin. Railway Wrecks* Washouts caused two wrecks on the Texas Central Road. A bridge near Waco gave way beneath a freight train, killing a fireman and two braJiemen. In a smash-up near Cisco one man was killed and several wounded. By a collision of Iron Mountain freight trains near Little Rock, two negro tramps «rere killed, and two^enpines and fifteen ears were wrecked. By a collision between a passenger train and a cattle train on the Boston, Concord and Montreal Railroad, Wm. H. Abel and Hiram Jones were killed and several others injured. I he accident occurred on the 8th inst. Thirty freight cars and a locomotive went through abridge at Huron, O., on the 8th inst., causing a loss of $30,000. No lives lost. Thieve* and Swindlers. While entering the German Exchange Bank, New York City, on the 6th inst., Charles Hoff man, a messenger boy the Mechanics National Bank, was robbed of checks,'drafts and notes amounting to $47,965. Three men are under arrest, on suspicion. The postoffice at Bucyrus, O., was robbed of $2,0C0 worth of registered letters, stamps and money on the night of the 9th inst. Two wagon-loaas of cloth wero were taken from a tailoring establishment in Pittsburgh early on the morning of the 9th inst. The po lice saw th« teams, but did not suspect that a burglary had been committed. Fall River, Mass., cotton mills suffered to the extent of $60,000 recently, through fraudulent bills of lading. A commission man named Green, of Columbus, Hiss., is the perpetrator of the swindle. tuary.. Hon. Duncan Ferguson, ex-mayor of Bock ford, 111., a highly esteemed and respected citi zen, died on the 14th inst. Gen. Joseph G. Barnard, for many years at the head of the department of engineers, U. S. A died at the Russell House, Detroit, on the 14th inst. Sir John Bore, the celebrated surgeon and physician to the Hertford Hospital, Paris, is dead. £. W. Hillyer, United States district judge of Nevada, died .at Carson, on the 11th inst., of softening of tbe brain. James Q. Smith, contestant for the seat of Representative Charles M. Seelev, of the fourth Alabama District, died at Washington, D. C., on the night of the 12th inBt., of pneumonia, after an i'lness of less than forty-eight hours. John S. Newhouse, an old citizen of Chicago, died on the 8th intt. He was formerly a police commissioner, was one of the incorporators of Bosehill Cemetery, and built the first board of trade building, on South Water Street. Hon. Theodore H. Sweetaer, an eminent law yer of Boston, and once nominated by the democrats for governor of Massachusetts, is dead. Marteioni Deeds* An attempt was made to murder Gov. Orton, of the Chickasaw Nation, by shooting into bis house. One of the would-be assassins, named Stevens, was followed by the Indian police into the Wachita River region and killed. Dick Rogers, a cowboy and Jim Cation, the Pagas Springs stage robber, attempted to ter rorize the community at Fort Garland. Col., but were vigorously squelched by the soldiers. Sogers was shot dead and Cation was fatally wounded. An unknown assassin killed W. F. McGathlin near Linn Creek, Mo., on the night of the 11th inst. The murdered man's body, riddled with buckshot, was found by his 7-year-old son. A fanner living near Oskaloosa, Ia., was fatally assaulted with a hatchet by a tramp, on the llth inst* The brother* Malone and Swartz engaged in a deadly combat at Liberty, a place near Quin cy, I1L, on tho 10th inst. Guns were freely used, but with the exception of John Malone, who received a charge of shot through the heart, the combatants escaped unharmed. The near Mount Carmel, HI., was shot dead by Geo. Babb, who intended to kill Wm. Garrett but missed his aim. Babb escaped. Marie Konig, a German woman, residing at Boston, Mass., murdered her boy August, aged 5 years, by cutting his throat. She then in flicted a ghastly cut in her 13-year old daugh ter's neck and badly slashed Alfred and Emil, two other sons. The demented creature then attempted to make way with herself, but failed. The injured will recover. A young man named Dorsey, was assassinated near Hannibal, Mo., on the 8th inst., by un known persons. Jaines McFarland was fatally wounded at •Wilmington, N. C., while leaving church on the 7th inst. with Miss Melvina Stewart. The fatal bullet was fired by Glasgow Williams who was also emerging from the cnurch edifice. Cause, Jealousy. Wwkal theFlame*. The business portion of Manta, Ecuador, is in rains. Loss §120,000. A fire iu Minneapolis, Minn., on the lath, destroyed a block of seven frame stores, occu pied by dry-goods and liquor houses, the' loss Ming $30,000 Fire destroyed the building of the Hvgienio EzhiMtton, dear the Moonlit district, Poteflftm, Germany, on tbe 13th inst, causing a ipss of ^preral.hundred thousand pounds. u- The custom house at New Orleans was dam aged to the extent to $60,000 by fire on tbe 12th inst. The Keystone Rubber Works, Williamsport, Pa., burned on the 11th inst. Loss $80,000 in surance $36,000. A large portion of the business center of Hastings, Ont., burned on the 11th inst., caus ing a loss of $60,000. Twenty business places, including the ex iress ana post-office, were wiped out by fire at tidgetown, Ont., on the 10th mat Loss $100, 000. Vincent's block, at Cairo, 111., occupied by about twentv families, furnished food for flames on the 10th inst. Three adjoining buildings were also burned and the Southern Hotel badly damaged. Gull River, Minn., suffered the loss of Pills bury, Chase & Co,'s large saw mill, on the 10th inst. Loss $65,000. Fire raged at Lincoln Centre, Me., on the 9th inst., sweeping away thirteen buildings, including stores and dwellings. Fulton andWyatt's saw mill atAvonmore, Ont., was reduced to rains by fire on the 9th inst. Loss $34,000. A saw mill at St. Johns, Fla., was wiped out by fire on the 8th inst., causing a loss of $50, 000. minor mishaps* the capsizing of a boat on White Bear Lake, Minn., on the 14th, C. D. Young, auditor of the Chicago, St. Paul and Omaha Railroad, Stewart Moore, his chief clerk, and C. C. Gos sack, of Shakopee, were drowned. The logs in the upper Hudson River went down stream yesterday with great speed, de molishing a large-mill. Senator Miller's pnlp works narrowly escaped destruction. Three men went into the old Bowkley mines, at Wilkesbarie, Pa., to obtain some facto for nse in a pending suit, and lost their lives by fire damp. At Gunnison, Col., a young son of Judge Kellogg was shot dead by a playmate who was toying with a pistol. An unruly DU 1 gored F. Brant to death at Roscoe, 111., on the 11th inst. At Chicago, on the 8th inst., Phitlipea Lang, aged 64 years was killed by a railway train. The old man lost his life in endeavoring to rescue a pet dog from the front of the train. Three colored persons perished in the Brook haven, Mass., jail, which was consumed by fire on the night of the 7th inst. LATEST MARKET REPORTS. NEW YORK. Ftoua—Common and Good Extrast 6 00 WHEAT—No. 2 Red OOBN—No. 2 OATS—Choice RYE .*. POBK—Mesa LABD.. FLOUB—Good to Choice Spring.. Common WHEAT—No. 2, Cash RYE POBK—Mess, Cash LABD—Cash BCTTEB—Good to Choice Creamer Spring, No. 3, Spring, No. 2, Seller May Spring, No. 2, Seller June COBN—NO. 2 OATS—No. 2 BABLEY—No. 2 RYE—No. 1 POBK—Mess LABD CATTLE—Good to Choice Steers.... H008—Good to Choice SHEEP—Common to Choice BUTTEB—Good to Choice Eoos CHEESE—Prime TRANSCRIPT. & 8 10 1 47 (3 85 60 9 95 @19 00 @11 62)4 18 75 CHICAGO. 6 00 00 No. 2, Seller June CORN—No. 2 OATS—No. 2 BARLEY—No. 2, a 7 00 @5 76 1 26# 1 28% 76 83# 1 05 78 @18 70 @11 27# Good to Choice Dairy... EGOS CHEESE—Prime 28 24 15# 12#a 13# MILWAUKEE. FlOOB—Good to Choice Spring... 5 50 Common to Good 3 50 WHEAT—Spring, No. 2, Regular... 6 50 4 75 @. 1 31# 1 16 1 31 1 82. 9 75# 57# #4# 81# @18 65 @11 32# 7 50 7 25 6 50 27 5 00 6 75 4 50 20 14#@ 15 12#3 13# TOLEDO. WHEAT—No. 2 Red CORN—High Mixed OATS @tl 38 19# six ST LOCIS. WHEAT—No. 2 Red COAH—NO. 2 OATS—No. 2 ... RYE—NO. 1 POBK—Mese @$1 ss# 0 56 9 80 u»l« 00 Old Damascus. [The Empire of the Oaliphs. Von Kremer.] Damascus was the residence of a rich and extravagant court, with its train of high officials. Hither came crowds of strangers, merchants and caravans from all parts of the east. Her bazaars were filled with the artificial and natural pro ducts of three hemispheres, and fre quented by a picturesque and busy crowd. Here groups of Syrians in their purple cloaks, ornamented with ara besque patterns, with baggy troupers and red sandals, in their full turbans of white or blue, drove their asses and males laden with the produce of their country. Bedonins in their woolen man tles of brown and white stripes, their heads bound with kufijes of red and yellow, stood gaping and puzzled in the crowded streets here on a prancing steed passed a haughty chief, shaking his long lance. Descendants of the prophet, with sharply-cut features, slowly paced toward the mosque counting their rosar ies. Trains of women, their figures completely concealed in their long white cloaks, bargained and haggled in the shops black slaves and beggars pushed and wrangled in the mob water-carriers, selling iced lemonade and sherbet, clinked their metal cups on all sides were heard the cries of the vendors. Baghyf ja Bhiboh/' Bread, good youths," cried the bread seller. Goods from Halbun," called out the peasant with his splendid figs, grapes ana pome granates "Eddaim Allah, "God is the imperishable," was the cry of the salad seller, wishing to win the custom of the devout by praising the eternity of God in drawing attention to the perishable quality of his goods. And all this bustle and turmoil took place within the nar row streets shaded from the sun by straw mattings or under tbe stone ar cades. Old Wrecks. Two old wrecks have been discovered, both on the same day, one being re ported from Long Branch.and the other bom Galveston, Texas. The former was found by men who were widening the channel of the Shrewsbury River, and was in good condition. It is believed to be the remains of an American merchant vessel sunk by the British cruisers in the old inlet to prevent the American privateers, which, when closely pursued by the enemy, took refuge in tine Shrews bury, from passing in and out through the old thoroughfare. The channel was filled by the action of the sea sixty or seventy years ago, and the place through which once passed the fleet-winged American privateers is now filled to the level of the surrounding beach by amass of white sand. At Galveston, while dredging the channel off Labadies wharf pieces of an old wreck and an antiquated iron cannon, nine feet long and five-inch bore, were brought up. and the general belief js that they are from the wreck of one of the Lafitte's ships, wrecked dur ing a terrific storm in 1818, which wrecked a number of vessels composing the.fleet of the bold buccaneer. A Dog's Funeral. (From the St, Louis. GIobe-Democrat.1 Nearly a year ago a gentleman died in affluent circumstances at Kirkwood, and left a childless widow. The husband, who never enjoyed the proud distinction of being called a father, lavished his sur plus affections on a fine shepherd dog by the name of Dash. This canine was provided for in his master's will by the setting aside of a house and lot, the monthly rent of whicii was to be appro priated to Dash's sole benefit during Ids natural life.'' In this way the dog's days were comfortably provided for, and the gentleman's wife wp? 3!W»ed as Dash's guardian. Shortly after her husband's death the lady went to New York to as suage her grief, but she didn't take the dog along. In her absence Dash was taken very sick, and a telegram informed her of the animal's affliction. True to the last will and testament of her late husband, she telegraphed to employ the most eminent physicians for Dash's treatment, which was done by a faithful servant. In a few days the wires in formed her that Dash* was dead. She admitted of no delay but immediately started for St. Louis to conduct the ob sequies and again act as chief mourner. Arriving here, a costly coffin was pro vided and a hearse conveyed Dash's re mains to Oak Bidge Cemetery. At that place they Were interred with due sol emnity at the feet of his dead'master in the presence of the widow, now in mourn ing for him. A $300 monument suita bly inscribed, stands at the head of the husband's grave, while a less pretentious one, costing $150, rests at his feet to mark the place where Dash lies. FORTY-SEVENTH CONGRESS. Senate* MONDAY, May 8.—A bill was introduced for the relief of uen. Fitz John Porter, its pro visions being the same as those of tbe bill in troduced in the house.... The tariff commis sion bill was submitted and placed on the calendar... .The court of appeals occupied the remainder of the day. TUESDAY, May 9.—All the pending house bills devoting condemned cannon for monumental and other purposes were passed The house tariff commission bill was then passed—yeas 35, nays 19. Six democrats voted with the re publicans in the affirmative, and two republi cans with the minority against the bill.... Ad journed. WEDNESDAY, May 10.—The senate bill passed establishing an assay office -at Deaawood, Dakota... .The bill for intermediate appellate courts was then considered. THCBSDAY, May 11.—The L. Madison Day claim for the value of a small lot in New Or leans at the time purchased by him at judicial sale under the confiscation act was covered by mortgage, and was bought upon the represen tation of the government that no incumbrance upon it existed, was passed—yeas 27, nays 22. Six democrats voted with the republicans in the affirmative The conference report on the Indian appropriation bill was submitted. The total has been reduced by tho conference $155,200. The report was 'concurred in and the bill passed Adjourned. FBIDAY, May 12.—Alter debate and the rejec tion of all amendments but two, the intermediate appellate court bill was passed—yeas 32, nays 18. The bill creates nine intermediate courts, or one in each of the existing circuits, and eighteen new circuit judges, or two additional for each circuit, who are to be approved by the President. The court of each circuit will then consist of an associate justice of the supreme court alloted to that circuit, three circuit judges, the latter to be designated at each erm for the succeeding term, and, if practic able, in rotation, and four of the judges to con stitute a quorum. Appellate jurisdiction is conferred upon the new court over the decrees of circuit or district courts in cases involving more than $500, or when a circuit district judge shall certify that adjudication involves a question of general importance, decisions of the appellate court on questions of facts to be con clusive but reviews npon points of law may be had upon writs of error to the supreme court, when the matter in controversy exceed $100, 000, tbe present limitation being $5,000. In a criminal case a writ of error may be sued if al lowed by a jndge of tbe appellate court, but cannot be granted after unsuccessful applica tion to another judge. If the judges do not differ, and tbe case within the jurisdiction of their action is to be final, a writ may be taken upon the jurisdiction, but to review the whole case. Exceptional permission to appeal to the supreme court is also granted in questions in volving the construction of the constitution or the validity of a treaty or federal law. The bill prescribes the clencal force of new courts, and fixes the following as the places at wbich the first term of courts in the respective cir cuits shall be held: Boston, New York, Phila delphia, Richmond, New Orleans, Cincinnati, Chicago, St. Louis, and San Francisco. The terms are to begin the first Tuesdays in May and November, beginning with November, 1882. It is also provided the district or circuit judge who tried a cause shall not sit in hearing upon an appeal The conference reports on tne fortification appropriation bill and the agricultural appropriation bill were agreed to. Adjourned lill Monday. House. MONDAY, May 8.—Bills introduced and re ferred: To place the tax on salt used in curing pork and beef on the same basi3 as salt used in curing fish to aid in making further Arctic explorations and detaching Master Lucien Young as commander of the expedition (authorizes the secretary of the navy to pur chase a vessel of proper size and structure for the expedition, at a cost not exceeding $500, 000, and appropriates $100,000 for expenses of the expedition) for the relief of John Fitz Porter (authorizes the President, in order that justice maybe done to said John Fitz Por ter, to appoint John Fitz Porter, late major general of United States Volunteers, brevet )rigadier-general and colonel in the army of the Unitea States, to the same grade and rank held by him at the time of bis dismissal from the army by sentence of the court -martial, and in his discretion to place him on the re tired list of the army as of that grade.)— Debate on the bill to enlarge the powers of the department of agriculture consumed the re mainder of the day. TUESDAY, May 9.—The bill enlarging the jowers of the agricultural department was iaken up. Townshend (111.) offered an amend ment, which was adopted, providing the secre tary of agriculture shall be a practical and ex lerienced agriculturibt. The provision of the nil transferring to the new department of agri culture the powers and duties vested in the commission Known as the geological survey was stricken ont. Dunnell (Minn.) offered an amendment, which was adopted, providing for a division of forestry, the chief of which shall ascertain the annual amount of consumption, exportation and importation of timbers and ther forest products, the probable supply for future wante, and the means best adapted for the preservation and renewal of forests. Hubbell (Mich.) then submitted an amendment to the bill agreed to bv the committee on civil service reform. Upon this and upon tbe original bill the previous question was ordered. ..Adjourned. WEDNESDAY, May 10.—The house passed— 172 to 7—without amendment, tbo bill creating executive department of agriculture, which provided the department shall be under the con trol of a secretary who is an experienced and practical agriculturist, and establishes a de artment of agricultural products, animal in lustiy, lands and statistics... .The conference report on the Indian appropriation bill was agreed to, and the house went into committee on the appropriation bill. The bOl finally passed—yeas 131, nays 13....Adjourned. THUBSDAY, May 1L—Sherman, from the committee on education and labor, reported a bill to aid in support of common schools. Printed and recommitted. It provides that for lallbe the next five years there shall be annually ap propriated $10,000,000 to aid in support of free common schools, which amount shall be known as the common school fund, and which shall be apportioned to the various states and territories according tQ the number of their illiterate pop ulation over ten years of age. An amount not exceeding 5 per cent, of the sum apportioned may be used for the education of teachers in public schools... .Steele, (Ind.) from the com mittee op military affairs, reported a bill authorizing a retired list from non-commis sioned officers of the army who have served continuously for a period of thirty years. Re ferred to committee of the whole....The speaker laid before the house a communication from the secretary of war in response to the house resolution calling for information as to expenditures of the signal service. Referred. The expenditures are as follows: In 1875, $465,000 1876, $440,000 1877, $424,000 1878, •495,000 1879. $505,000 1880, $539,000 1881, $594,000 Adjourned. FBIDAY, May 12.—A bill was passed providing for the removal of the remains of the late Gen. mipftirirft from Chili to the United States.... The conference Teport on the fortification ap propriation bill was agreed to, and the house mnnflfl consideration of the Geneva award bill. A substitute for the minority report was reject ed—46 to 109—anfl the bill then passed.... The conference report on the agricultural ap propriation bill was then agreed to....A3 journed. aLtynnkx, May 13.—Aldrich introduced a bOl tenflarfag the thanks of congress to Lieut. F. W. Danenhower of the Jeannette, and con ferring upon him die rank of lieutenant com mander. Referred.... Ad journed. TERMS: Two Dollars Per Annum,in Advance. "THE maiden treats, my suit with scorn," as the young man sang, whose pretty whist partner trumped hi# aee, A LAND WITHOUT RUINS. BT FATHEB BTA2T. Yee, gve me the land where the ruins are spread, And the living tread light on the hearts of the dead Yes, give me a land that is blest by the dust, And bright with the deeds of the downtrodden just. Yes, give me a land where the battle's red blast Has flashed in the future the fame of tbe past Yes, give me a land that has legends and lays. That tell of the memories of long vanished days Yes, give me a land that hath story and song 1 Enshrine the strife of the right with the wron Yes, give me a land with a grave in each spot, Ana names in the graves that shall not be forgot Yes, give me the land of the wreck and tbe tomb, There is grandeur in graves—there is glory in gloom For out of the gloom future brightness is born. As after the night comes the sunrise of morn And the graves of the dead with the grass overgrown Hay yet form the footstool of liberty's throne. And each single wreck in the war path of might Shall yet be a rock in the temple 01 right. ECHOES FROM ABROAD. AT the clubs at Nice $100,000 may ex change hands of an evening. KINO KAXAKAUA, of the Sandwich Is lands, has a new $200,000 palace. THE Prince of Wales gave his brother Leopold a $25,000 piano as a weddiDg present. A COMPLETE set of papier-mache fur niture, inlaid with mother-of-pearl, was made a few years ago for the Queen of Spain. SWITZERLAND has had to pass a law to protect its Alpine flower, and the coun try round London cries for one to save the wild primroses and cowslips. JOHN BULL'S family consumed $635, 000,000 worth of beef and liquor last year. The sale of beer has increased and that of hard liquors decreased. THE salary of President Grevy, of tbe French Republic, is $160,000 a year. He lives within it, but MacMahon, when president, spent about $200,000 a year. DURING the late northwest gales on the Baltic large quantities of amber, es mated at 1,600 pounds in weight, were washed ashore on the Frische Neb rung, near Konigsberg. THE following singular advertisement appeared iu the year 1783 in a Scotch newspaper: "To be let, a beggar's stand in a good, charitable neighborhood bringing in about 30s a week. Some good will is required. N. B.—A dog for a blind man to be disposed of." A CURIOUS strike is reported from Vienna. The beer drinkers of that easy going capital have determined to drink no more beer until the local brewers con sent to revise their piices, which weie lately raised without any satisfactory reason. FEW probably are aware that what is familiarly known as a coffee-biggin takes its name from Mr. Biggin, an English man of fortune, who invented it. He was a man of science, and introduced valuable improvements in tannery. He died in 1803. THE gales which prevailed last winter in various parts of Scotland made sad work with the trees. On the shores of Loch Lomond, some 6,000 were blown down. Parts of tbe Queen's estate at Balmoral lost some of their finest ones, and at Ballochbnie Forest nearly 2,000 fell. THE necessity of keeping down the rabbits which are eating up the colony of New Zealand has led to a demand for cats for rabbiting. Professional rab biters, who are paid a price ranging fi om one shilling to three shillings for each dozen skins, according to their state, have been employing cats to aid tliem in capture, and the venture haB proved highly successful. PBINOE ALEXANDEB, of Bulgaria, did a graceful thing in response to a request from a lady in Paris to aid her in securing a complete collection of Bulgarian post age stamps. The had the collecting mania in this direction, and had failed in every attempt to add a full assortment of Bulgarian stamps to her album. The prince sent her a complete series, ac companied by a pretty note. DOMESTIC servants and drivers of pub lic vehicles in Constantinople are hereaf ter to be under the direct supervision of a paternal government. The office for tbe compulsory registration of servants, already twice opened and twice closed, is about to be re-established, and those who want servants must seek them there or go without them. Public coachmen will be required to furnish proof of good character and skill. A STRANGE fate has overtaken a work man while employed in the Paris morgue. He was painting its ceiling one day, when his ladder gave way ana he fell to the stone floor, striking on his head with such force that in a few minutes he was dead. It. so happened that no one pres ent knew the unfortunate man's address, so that it became necessary to place his body on one of the marble slabs used for the remains of the unknown dead. THE streets of Paris are in a great part sprinkled by hose attached to hydrants, which are found to cost half less than watering carts, of which, however, 350 are employed. The scavengering and sprinkling, both of wbich are admirably performed, cost $1,100,000. They man age many things very well in Paris, un doubtedly, and get something for their money, Irak the municipal taxation is by far the heaviest in Europe, with possibly the exception of St. Petersburg, SANITABY legislation in England dates from a very early period, Edward IL decreed that a butcher who sold measled pork should be fined for the first offense, pilloried for the second, imprisoned and fined for the third, and expelled from the town for the fourth. Richard II. took measures against the pollution of rivers. Henry VI. prohibited cattle slaying within walled towns with three excep tions. Elizabeth enacted that only one family might dwell in a cottage. The plague in the time of Charles II. led to many health enactments. DURING the early part of this month a steam dredger, operating [in the River Clyde, near Glasgow, brought up a sole leather trunk marked George Plaisted, Boston." This trunk was lost from the steamer State of Nebraska, of the State Line, last September. The owner saw his trunk put ou board the steamer at Glasgow, but on his arrival at New York it could not be found. The company paid a claim of $1,000 for the loss and after six months' time the trunk and contents—the latter tallying exactly with Mr. Plaisted's description—are re covered uninjured. THE "buffalo hunt" in which the two sons of the Prince of Wales were in dulged at Ceylon^ recently, was a painful absurdity. It was forbidden that the two burly boys should run any risk of injury, so a tame buffalo was turned out and, after being chased by dogs, was shot down by one of the princes-—a most ignoble piece of hatchery. This re minds a London writer of a bear hunt which occunred in Sweden years ago. A joyal prince had to be entertained, and BO a.bear hunt was got up for him. At last the Mviwhal was circumvented. The prince raised his gun to fiae the bear began to dance. It was a tame one which had been bought of its showman and turned out ASKED of a widow: "What has struck you most in fhe course of your existence? "My husband," die replied simply.—ftyruignJHquance. A