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I HE CITY OF THE FUTURE.
Water Power Will Displace Coal and Iron as the Natural Focus. The modorn industrial oity has been de pendent for its rapid expansion upon its superior advantages with respect to coal— that is, it must havo either a navigable water front, or be a natural railway re ceiving and distributing center, or be the natural focus of a coal and iron region. All this will bo changed in the great elec trical waterfall cities of the future. The power, as a rule, will be produced in the mountains, while the cities will be scat tered far and wide over the foothills. There will bo better air, moro room, bettor drainage, more civilized conditions of liv ing than is the case with the present over crowded industrial Beehives, built, for the most part, on the swampy doltas or in the valleys of great rivers. Under the pressure of dear coal and with the attraction of cheap water power, tho face of Europe will be changed. As in dicated by Lord Kelvin, tho highlands of Scotland will become industrially more important to Great Britain than the com paratively flat midlands Switzerland, Nor way and Sweden, tho Austrian Tyrol and Transylvania may become the industrial centers of Europe, owing to their superior ity in water power. For the rest, the course of manufactures will seek the sources of the great rivers or of rivers not great which have a very rapid fall. In distant lands we find English engi neers already making plans for saving the energy of the falls of tho Nile, 15 miles be low Cairo, and it is well within the bounds of probability that the Nile cataracts will somo day supply the power necessary for running trains of cars from Alexandria to Khartum. Not only are there magnifi cent falls on the Zambezi itsolf, in south central Africa, but many of its branches in the Shire highlands havo rapid descents in level, admirably suited for the develop ment of electricity by turbine wheels. "NVe too often think of Hindustan as a great plain, forgetting that the Himalaya mountains, the highest on the globe, gave birth to the Ganges, the Indus, tho Brah maputra and the Oxus, all of which, with their mountain tributaries, reach the plains after taking innumerable giant leaps down the mountain sides. It is nonsense to say that tho development of this water power is visionary. The falls of tho Zambezi are much more within the range of civiliza tion today than any part of Montana, for example, in the United States, was 30 years ago.—E. H. Mullin in Cassier's Magazine. CELERY AND ASPARAGUS. How These Vegetables Were Considered by Ancients and Their Present Standing. The feet of armies had gone for ages over the humble celery in Great Britain before it was lifted up to adorn with its bleached stems the tables of the civilized world and to take a foremost rank among the lux uries which the vegetable world affords. How it would amaze the men of old to see many of their weeds eaten, as is scurvy grass, from the seacoasts of northern Eu rope, when mixed with salads 1 Asparagus, originally a wild seacoast plant of Great Britain and Russia, has come down through the ages with all the weight of Greek and Roman approval. Plato ate it by the plateful, and Aristoph-. anes considered it a great aid to diges tion. This culinary plant is closely related to the famous asphodel, which was sup posed by the ancients to be the leading flower in the gardens of Elysium. Accord ing to the Roman superstition, the manes of the dead fed on the roots of asphodel. So abundant is the wild asparagus on the steppes of Russia that cattle eat it like grass. Not native to America, it has here been raised to its greatest perfection as a table delicacy. It seems to be unquestion ably a stimulus to digestion and is prob ably one of the most wholesome adjuncts of a dinner. The seeds in some parts of southern Eu rope are dried and used as a substitute for coffee. A wild variety in Spain and Por tugal is considered the crown of a salad. The amount raised in Staten Island and New Jersey for the New York market in creases largely every year.—Calvin Dill Wilson in Lippincott's For November. BEHIND THE FINGER. Lilian Bell Gets Her First Taste of Real Liberty In England. Miss Lilian Bell, who is narrating her impressions of the old world and its people for The Ladies' Home .Journal, writes from London in the November issue of that magazine: "I have seen the houses of parliament and the Tower and Westmin ster abbey and the World's fair, but the most impressive sight I ever beheld is the upraised hand of a London policeman, never heard one of them speak except when spoken to. But let one little blue coated man raise his forefinger, and every vehicle on wheels stops, and stops instantly, stops in obedience to law and order, stops with out swearing or gesticulating or abuse, stops with no underhanded trying to drive out of line and get by on the other side. Just stops—that is the end of it. And why? Because the queen of England is behind that raised finger. Why, a London police man has more power than our president. Even the queen's coachmen obey that fore finger. Understanding how to obey—that is what makes liberty. "I am the most flamboyant of Ameri cans, the most hopelessly addicted to my own country, but I must admit that I had my first real taste of liberty in England. I will tell you why. In America nobody obeys anybody. We make our laws and then most industriously set about study ing out a plan by which we may evade them. America is suffering, as all repub lics must of necessity suffer, from liberty in the hands of the multitude. The mul titude are ignorant, and liberty in the hands of the ignorant is always license." Photographing From the Sky. That the camera will play an important part in the future warfare is a foregone conclusion, but up to the present time the one thing that has been needed to make it more useful and quickly available in aerial work has been a simple and reliable lifting power, and this has apparently been found in the perfected form of the tailless kite. This kite, or a train of them, to which a camera can be fixed, will do the work of a balloon and at no risk to human life. If an enemy cannot easily hit a balloon, bow much less chance will there be of in jury resulting to so small an object as a camera suspended a thousand feet or more in the air. Recent trials in Austria-Hun gary and in., England have shown that rifle bullets have little effect upon captive bal loons, even at low altitudes. Above 600 feet ordinary shells are almost useless, and even shrapnel are surprisingly ineffective. —Gilbert Totten Woglom in November feoribnurs. CHINESE WHEELBARROWS. They Differ From Ours In Construction and Are Used For Passenger Service. One of the chief means of travel and transport in China, especially in the north ern part of the empire and throughout the great plain, is the wheelbarrow—not the wheelbarrow such as we know it, but, in point of fact, a decided improvement on the types used in westorn countries, for it is so constructed that tho load, which sometimes is very great in bulk and weight, is carried over the wheel and not between it and the man who propels it. To aid in steadying and propelling it, as explained by Mr. Charles Mayno of Shang hai in a noto recently contributed to the British Institution of Civil Engineers, tho wheelbarrow man wears across his shoul ders a strap which is attached tq the shafts on each sido. Boxes, bales of goods or whatever the load may consist of are se cured to tho wheelbarrow by ropes. There are seating accommodations for four peo ple, two on each side, and a cushioned seat is provided for the passenger, who gener ally sits with ono log resting on the front of tho barrow and the other hanging over tho side in a rope loop which serves as a foot rest. On tho great plain wheelbar rows are occasionally soon with a sail set, when a fair wind proves to be a great help to tho trundling of tho barrow. Since tho institution of .cotton mills at Shanghai the wheolbarrow has been ex tensively used as a passenger vehicle, es pecially for carrying working women to and from the mills. One man can wheel six women for a distance of about three miles, morning and evening, the charge being Is. 5d. per month. The average earnings of a wheelbarrow man are about 8}$d. per day. About 4,000 licenses are issued monthly to the same number of wheel barrows plying for hire in the streets of the foreign settlements at Shanghai, whore, being under the municipal regulations, they are perhaps tho best in China. Some times as many as 60 barrows may be seen in the streets, traveling one behind tho other, each carrying two barrels of Eng lish Portland cement, and pushed by one man. Very frequently a load is carried on one side of the barrow only, and it is ex traordinary to see a Chinaman skillfully balancing and propelling it. Tho upsets and accidents, too, are remarkably few when it is considered that about 4,000 of these vehicles are in use in the streets in addition to a large traffic of other kinds. —Cassier's Magazine. A BONANZA WHEAT FARM. It Is So Extensive That the Various Crews of Workmen Never AJeet. It is difficult to present the idea of tho bigness of these farms to the person whoso preconceived notion of a farm is a little checkerboard lying upon hillside or in a valley. Seven thousand acres present the average bonanza farm. Generally these tracts are not divided, yet. distances across fields are so great that horseback commu nication is impracticable. Crews of work men living at one end of the farm and operating it may not see the crews in other corners from season's end to season's end, and in busy seasons it is found profitable to feed the hands in the fields rather than to allow them to trudge through the hot sun to the dining halls for dinner. The dining halls—it will bo explained later— are scattered over the farm at convenient points. They are frequently five or six miles apart, and many a noon finds the harvesting crew two miles from its hall. This illustration may give one some sort of a rough conception of the bigness of these farms. Here is another point of view: Averaging 20 bushels to the acre— as many farms will this year—the total number of bushels in a crop on a bonanza farm would be 140,000. Putting 500 bush els of that crop in a freight car and allow ing 40 feet to the car the train which would haul the crop from the farm would be two miles long, and if it were to come charging down Fifth avenue and Broad way in New York the rear end brakeman would be craning his neck from the ca boose to catch sight of the Vanderbilt mansion while the engineer and fireman were enjoying themselves bumping the cable car down by Union square.—William Allen White in November Scribner's. HE WAS A GENIUS. This Is Shown by Shakespeare's Extraor dinary Wealth of Varied Knowledge. It is not for a moment to be denied that Shakespeare's plays show an extraordinary wealth of varied knowledge. The writer was one of the keenest observers that ever lived. In tho woodland or on tho farm, in the printing shop or the alehouse or up and down the street, not tho smallest de tail escaped him. Microscopic accuracy, curious interest in all things, unlimited power of assimilating knowledge, are everywhere shown ,in the plays. These are some of the marks of what we call genius, something that we are far from compre hending, but which experience has shown that books and universities cannot impart. All the colleges on earth could not by combined effort make the kind of man we call a genius, but such a man may at any moment be horn into the world, and it is as likely to be in a peasant's cottage as anywhere. There is nothing in which men differ more widely than in the capacity for im bibing and assimilating knowledge. The capacity is often exercised unconsciously. When my eldest son, at the age of 6, was in the course of a few weeks of daily in struction taught to read, it was suddenly discovered that his 4-year-old brother also could read. Nobody could tell how it hap pened. Of course the younger boy must have taken keen notice of what the elder one was doing, but the process went on without attracting attention until the re sult appeared.—John Fiske in November Atlantic. An Easy Trick When Yon Know It. Writing on "How I Do My Tricks" in the November Ladies' Home Journal, Ma gician Harry Kellar explains how to ac complish the difficult feat of blowing a piece of cork into a bottle, a trick that will defy everyone who does not know the only way by which it may be done. "Ask some one,' Mr. Kellar directs, "if he thinks he can blow a small bit of cork which you have placed in the mouth of a bottle, so that it will go into the bottle. Lay the bottle on the table upon its side and place the bit of cork about an inch or less inside the open end. He will blow nnt.il he gets red in the face, and the cork will invariably come out of the bottle in stead of going into it. Simple reason for it too. The direction of the air, forced by the one blowing, brings it against the bot tom of the bottle. The air compresses .within the bottle's walla and must find outlet, therefore is turned and forced out at the only vent the bottle has, necessarily blowing the cork out with it. But take a common Jeraonade straw, place the end of It near the :ork in the bottle neck, blow very gently, and the cork rolls in." comes to Such methods suit the public better and the Clothing lined Underwear, regular 50c quality at 25 Opposite Opera House, Austin, Minn. THEY STRUCK OIL. The History of the Petroleum Industry In the United States Reads Like a Romance. Of all tho romantic stories of creating wealth out of the raw products of the earth and of building up industries that are almost imperial in their power for good oi evil the petroleum industry Is not surpass**.!, if equaled, in the history of the United States. Tho great oilfields have been the scene of many shifting romances and tragedies, and not even the EI DoradG of the Pacific coast in 1849 created more excitement than men witnessed in Penn sylvania when boring for oil was first started. The discovery of gold in Cali fornia did not establish a permanent in dustry on tho Pacific coast, but the un locking of tho wells of oil in Pennsylvania was the beginning of a business that has continued to swell in proportions even down to the present. No other industry in America surpasses that of oil produc tion and distribution. Tho oilfields have naturally been exhausted In places and prices have come down from what they wero in the fifties and sixties, but the gigantic concern which has largely con trolled tho business for the past decade not long ago declared a quarterly dividend of 10 per cent, and this meant a distribution among the stockholders of 110,000,000 or more. The first oil well was drilled near Titus ville in 1859, and in July, 18(30, the total output of the wells on Oil creok, in Penn sylvania, amounted to 200 barrels a day, but in one year from that the regular sup ply was estimated at from 6,000 to 7,000 barrels per day. And tho excitement was not at its height then People wero flock ing to the oilfields in over increasing num bers. Farmers who had thought them selves poor with a few hundred acres of barren soil in their possession suddenly found themselves on the royal highway to fortune. A few sold out their possessions at fabulous prices, but the majority wore more anxious to bore for the oil themselves. The production increased so rapidly that the price of illuminating oil quickly drop ped to a point where every one could afford to use it for lighting purposes. In 1874 the yield amounted to 0,500,000 barrels, but even this was a mere bagatolle to what was coming. In 1890 there were ex ported 604,491,498 gallons and an enor mous quantity was used at home. Hugo fortunes wore naturally realized by some of tho men engaged in tho enter prise. No such opportunities for money making had been presented beforo. There were five men in particular who, living near tho oil region saw great monetary possibilities in the awakening industry. They were comparatively poor, but they were shrewd and progressive enough to invest their small capital and their largo brains in the petroleum business. They were early in the field and worked up with tho industry. In time they formed the Standard Oil company, which developed into the most gigantic concorn that ever sought to control an industry in any coun try of the world, and today the organizers of that company represent in the aggregate a fortune of about $600,000,000.—George E. Walsh in Cassier's Magazine For Octo ber. To Cure a Cold in Oat Day. Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All druggists refund money if it fails to cure. '#c FRIEND, S a a from $io to $12. These suits come in round and square cornered sack suits, in a large assortment of Cheviots, Cashmeres and Worsteds in new est fancy plaids and Scotch effects,. Nowhere outside of the Golden Eagle can you find their equal for less than $10. We will sell Boys' superior quality, heavy weight, fleece 1§L A bit of the love that endures. •-Margaret E. Sangster in Harper's Magazine ITnr Nnvflmhpr. Free Pills. Send your address to H. E. Bucklin & Co., Chicago, and get. a free sample of Dr. King's New Life Pills. A trial will convince you of their merits. These Pilla are easy in action and are particularly effective in the cure of constipation and sick headache. For malaria and liver troubles fchey have been proved invaluable. They are guaranteed to be perfectly free from every deleterious substance and to be purely vegetable. They do not weak en by their action, but by giving tone to stomach and bowels greatly invig orate the system. Regular size 25 cents per box, Sold hy R. O. Wold, druggist. HERE. But Aggressive, Pushing and Dignified Business Methods are Our Kind. Golden Eagle GENUINE BARGAIN SALE-NO CUT PRICE SALE. Goods that were bought to sell at the folio wing prices—and every lot guaranteed a bargain. Of all Gents' Furnishing Departments, the Golden Eagle Stands Supreme. NOTHING LIKE IT, EITHER IN STOCK OR ASSORTMENT. Wo will sell Men's superior quality, heavy weight, fleece We will sell Men's and Boys' Duck Coats, brown or black, lined, underwear, regular 50c quality at GlS CIS After Lone Years. Dear, whom I would not know If 1 passed you on the street, So long and long and long ago Are the days when we used to meet, We will sell Men's Duck Coats, with heavy wool lining, reinforced back, with linen bosom, reg. 50c quality at 25 CIS black or drab, with large Corduroy collar, regular $1 d*. ga We will sell Men's and Boys'Winter Caps, in black and and $1.50 quality at j|E blue, made of Washington Beaver, reg. 50c quality at ^5 We Offer you the Greatest Selection We offer you the very best Quality! And we warrant our prices ABSOLUTELY THE LOWEST. You may be glad to hear That somewhere out of the blue Come vague sweet dreams that bring you near: That 1 often think of you That now and then I thrill At a rustle in the dark: That 1 start as the wind sweeps over the hill, As 1 see the firefly's spark. Somebody stepped on my grave? Or somebody slipped out of yours? I cannot teli. There are ghosts that crave Order to Examine Accounts. STATE OF MINNESOTA, County of Mower—ss. In Probate Court, Special term, Octobor 29th, 181VT. In the matter of tho ostato of Daniel Hoffner, deceased. On reading and filing the petition of Harvey J. Kuhns, executor of the ostate of Daniel Helf ner,deceased, representing, umong other things, that he has fullj administered said estate, and praying that a time and place be fixed for ex amining and allowing the final account of his administration, and for the assignment of the residue of said estate to tho parties entitled thereto by law: It is ordered, that said account bo examined, and petition heard by this court, on FRIDAY, THE TWENTY-SIXTH DAY OF NOVEMBEB, 1807, at ton o'clock a. m., at tho probate office in the city of Austin, in said county. And it is further ordered, that notice thereof be given to all persons interested by publishing this order once in each woek for three succes sive weeks prior to said day of hearing in the MOWEB COUNTY TRANSCBIPT, a weekly news paper printed and published at the city of Aus tin in said county, Dated at Austin, Minnesota, the twenty-ninth day of October, A. D,, 1897. 6y the Court:— S. S. WASHBURN, [Seal] 35-37 Judge of Probate. Tetter, Salt-Rheum and Eczema. The intense itching and smarting, inci dent to these diseases, is instantly allayed by applying Chamberlain's Eye and Skin Ointment. Many very had cases have been permanently cured by it. It is equally efficient for itching piles and a favorite remedy for sore nipples, chapped hands, chilblains, frost bites and chronic sore eyes. 25 cts. per box. Dr. Cady's Condition Powders, are just what a horse needs when in bad condition. Tonic, blood purifier and vermifuge. They are not food but medicine and the best in use to put a horse in prime condition. Price 25 cents per package. THE GOLDEN EAGLE CLOTHING flAN— at prices which make irregular and sensational advertising unnecessary, then we are right at home. People do not have to be on their guard here—every article marked in plain figures—no old, shop-worn goods to clean out, but everything bright, new and up-to-date, and your money cheerfully refunded if your purchases are not satisfactory. $5.00 fifft with good linings, all sizes up to 46, regular 1.00 and IS! $1.25 quality at We win sel1 Men's Blue GOLDEN EAGLE ^LOTHING HOUSK I BUY Butter, Eggs, Beans, Lard, Potatoes, Cheese, In Exchange for Groceries, Crockery, Dry Goods, Drugs, Wall Paper, Paints, Oils, Millinery, Harness, Hardware, Furniture, Clothing, Boots and Shoes, Jewelry, or CASH. MC BRIDE, THE GROCER. BIRKETT WANTS YOUR BUTTER, EGGS -AND POTATOES.... IN EXCHANGE FOB Fine Groceries, CANNED AND DRIED FRUITS. CROCKERY AND GLASSWARE. We keep nothing but highjgrade goods. Remember the! place. BIRKETT'S Corner Store. Corner Main and Mill Streets, Austin, Minn. HaK-Olf Sale I better. No blow or misrepresentation but when it For Men's extra heavy Irish Frieze Ulsters, in black and dark brown, substantially trimmed with heavy, strong sieve lin ing, sizes to fit men of all dimensions and proportions. Nowhere outside of the Golden Eagle can you find their equal for less than $10. °veralls, all sizes up to 40 waist, well made with patent buttons, regular 50c quality at CIS We will sell Men's and Boys'Unlaundred White Shirts, _J._ CIS DOCTORS. OMEB F. PEIBSON, M. D., Graduate Rush Medical College, Chicago, late House physician St. Mary's Hospital, Minne apolis, Minn. Office over Hirsh's clothing store. Calls attended day and night. A BTHUB WEST ALLEN, M. D., OPERATIVE SURGERY EYE AND EAB A SPECIALTY. Snrgeon C., M. & St. P. By. Office, night! and day, Opera house, main entrance, Austin. H. JOHNSON, M. D„ C. M., Graduate McGill Medical College, Montreal, late Assistant Surgeon in Montreal General Hospital. Office in George W. Merrick's block, epposite Opera house. Calls attended day and night. B. F. LOCKWOOD, M. D., HOMEOPATHIC PHYSICIAN AND SUBGEON, Office over Golden Eagle Clothing Store, Austin. Office hours, 12 to 3 p. m. Calls promptly at tended to day or night. LAWYERS. BEENMAN & DOWDALL, ATTOBNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW. Law, Insurance, Collections and Loans. Office in Soiner's Block, Austin, Minn. J. M. Greenman, City Attorney, B. J. Dowdall. INGSLEY & SHEPHEBD, ATTORNEYS AT LAW AND COUNSELORS, Austin, Minn. Law, Land and Loan Office Insurance, Collections, Taxes. J^YMAN D. BAIRD, ATTORNEY AT LAW, Real Estate, Insurance and Collection Agent. Office. Mill Street, next west of Citizens' Bank. E. B. CBANE, ATTOBNEY AT LAW, Real Estate and Collection Agent, for non-residents. Office, second floor of kelmann's new Block, Main Street. Taxes paid Dun- S. D. CATHERWOOD, GENERAL LAW BUSBSESS, Successor to Johnson & Catherwood. Office established in 1859. First National Bank Block .. Austin. PROFESSIONAL. H. A. AVERY, DENTIST .... Office over Citizens' National Bank, Anstin A LLAN MOLLISON, Insurance and Collections promptly attended to. Office over Loucks & Hollister's, opposite Court House, Main Street, Austin, Minn. SOCIETIES. DELIT LODGE, No! 39, A. E\ ANDA.M. regular communications of this lodge are held in Masonic hall Austin, Minn., on the first and third Wednesday evenings of each month. E A. C. PAGE, W. M. C. H. WILBOUB, Secretary. "QOYAL ABCH CHAPTER, No. 14. The stated communications of this Chapter are held in Masonic hall, Austin, Minn., on the second and fourth Friday evenings of each month. WM. TODD, M. £, H. P. D. Z. BQBINSQN, Secretary. T. BEBNABD COMMANDEBY, K. T. NO. la, fleets first Monday evening of each month at Masonic hall. HENRY BIBKETT, E. C. PABKB GOODWIN, Recorder. A USTIN LODGE No. 55, K. OF P., Meets on the second and fourth Wednesday evenings of each month. Visiting Knights welcomed. C. F. COOK, C. C. S. S. WASHBURN, K. of R. and S. OINTYRE POST, No. 66, G. A. R. Regular meetings are held at their post hall on the first and third Saturday evenings of each month. Visitingcomradescordially invited. WILSON BEACH, Commavder. I. R. WAGNER, Adjutant.