I HE CITY OF THE FUTURE.
Water Power Will Displace Coal and Iron
as the Natural Focus.
The modorn industrial oity has been de
pendent for its rapid expansion upon its
superior advantages with respect to coal—
that is, it must havo either a navigable
water front, or be a natural railway re
ceiving and distributing center, or be the
natural focus of a coal and iron region.
All this will bo changed in the great elec
trical waterfall cities of the future. The
power, as a rule, will be produced in the
mountains, while the cities will be scat
tered far and wide over the foothills.
There will bo better air, moro room, bettor
drainage, more civilized conditions of liv
ing than is the case with the present over
crowded industrial Beehives, built, for the
most part, on the swampy doltas or in the
valleys of great rivers.
Under the pressure of dear coal and with
the attraction of cheap water power, tho
face of Europe will be changed. As in
dicated by Lord Kelvin, tho highlands of
Scotland will become industrially more
important to Great Britain than the com
paratively flat midlands Switzerland, Nor
way and Sweden, tho Austrian Tyrol and
Transylvania may become the industrial
centers of Europe, owing to their superior
ity in water power. For the rest, the
course of manufactures will seek the
sources of the great rivers or of rivers not
great which have a very rapid fall.
In distant lands we find English engi
neers already making plans for saving the
energy of the falls of tho Nile, 15 miles be
low Cairo, and it is well within the bounds
of probability that the Nile cataracts will
somo day supply the power necessary for
running trains of cars from Alexandria to
Khartum. Not only are there magnifi
cent falls on the Zambezi itsolf, in south
central Africa, but many of its branches
in the Shire highlands havo rapid descents
in level, admirably suited for the develop
ment of electricity by turbine wheels.
"NVe too often think of Hindustan as a
great plain, forgetting that the Himalaya
mountains, the highest on the globe, gave
birth to the Ganges, the Indus, tho Brah
maputra and the Oxus, all of which, with
their mountain tributaries, reach the plains
after taking innumerable giant leaps down
the mountain sides. It is nonsense to say
that tho development of this water power
is visionary. The falls of tho Zambezi are
much more within the range of civiliza
tion today than any part of Montana, for
example, in the United States, was 30
years ago.—E. H. Mullin in Cassier's
CELERY AND ASPARAGUS.
How These Vegetables Were Considered by
Ancients and Their Present Standing.
The feet of armies had gone for ages over
the humble celery in Great Britain before
it was lifted up to adorn with its bleached
stems the tables of the civilized world and
to take a foremost rank among the lux
uries which the vegetable world affords.
How it would amaze the men of old to see
many of their weeds eaten, as is scurvy
grass, from the seacoasts of northern Eu
rope, when mixed with salads 1
Asparagus, originally a wild seacoast
plant of Great Britain and Russia, has
come down through the ages with all the
weight of Greek and Roman approval.
Plato ate it by the plateful, and Aristoph-.
anes considered it a great aid to diges
tion. This culinary plant is closely related
to the famous asphodel, which was sup
posed by the ancients to be the leading
flower in the gardens of Elysium. Accord
ing to the Roman superstition, the manes
of the dead fed on the roots of asphodel.
So abundant is the wild asparagus on the
steppes of Russia that cattle eat it like
grass. Not native to America, it has here
been raised to its greatest perfection as a
table delicacy. It seems to be unquestion
ably a stimulus to digestion and is prob
ably one of the most wholesome adjuncts
of a dinner.
The seeds in some parts of southern Eu
rope are dried and used as a substitute for
coffee. A wild variety in Spain and Por
tugal is considered the crown of a salad.
The amount raised in Staten Island and
New Jersey for the New York market in
creases largely every year.—Calvin Dill
Wilson in Lippincott's For November.
BEHIND THE FINGER.
Lilian Bell Gets Her First Taste of Real
Liberty In England.
Miss Lilian Bell, who is narrating her
impressions of the old world and its people
for The Ladies' Home .Journal, writes
from London in the November issue of
that magazine: "I have seen the houses of
parliament and the Tower and Westmin
ster abbey and the World's fair, but the
most impressive sight I ever beheld is the
upraised hand of a London policeman,
never heard one of them speak except when
spoken to. But let one little blue coated
man raise his forefinger, and every vehicle
on wheels stops, and stops instantly, stops
in obedience to law and order, stops with
out swearing or gesticulating or abuse,
stops with no underhanded trying to drive
out of line and get by on the other side.
Just stops—that is the end of it. And why?
Because the queen of England is behind
that raised finger. Why, a London police
man has more power than our president.
Even the queen's coachmen obey that fore
finger. Understanding how to obey—that
is what makes liberty.
"I am the most flamboyant of Ameri
cans, the most hopelessly addicted to my
own country, but I must admit that I had
my first real taste of liberty in England. I
will tell you why. In America nobody
obeys anybody. We make our laws and
then most industriously set about study
ing out a plan by which we may evade
them. America is suffering, as all repub
lics must of necessity suffer, from liberty
in the hands of the multitude. The mul
titude are ignorant, and liberty in the
hands of the ignorant is always license."
Photographing From the Sky.
That the camera will play an important
part in the future warfare is a foregone
conclusion, but up to the present time the
one thing that has been needed to make it
more useful and quickly available in aerial
work has been a simple and reliable lifting
power, and this has apparently been found
in the perfected form of the tailless kite.
This kite, or a train of them, to which a
camera can be fixed, will do the work of a
balloon and at no risk to human life. If
an enemy cannot easily hit a balloon,
bow much less chance will there be of in
jury resulting to so small an object as a
camera suspended a thousand feet or more
in the air. Recent trials in Austria-Hun
gary and in., England have shown that rifle
bullets have little effect upon captive bal
loons, even at low altitudes. Above 600
feet ordinary shells are almost useless, and
even shrapnel are surprisingly ineffective.
—Gilbert Totten Woglom in November
They Differ From Ours In Construction
and Are Used For Passenger Service.
One of the chief means of travel and
transport in China, especially in the north
ern part of the empire and throughout
the great plain, is the wheelbarrow—not
the wheelbarrow such as we know it, but,
in point of fact, a decided improvement
on the types used in westorn countries, for
it is so constructed that tho load, which
sometimes is very great in bulk and
weight, is carried over the wheel and not
between it and the man who propels it.
To aid in steadying and propelling it, as
explained by Mr. Charles Mayno of Shang
hai in a noto recently contributed to the
British Institution of Civil Engineers, tho
wheelbarrow man wears across his shoul
ders a strap which is attached tq the shafts
on each sido. Boxes, bales of goods or
whatever the load may consist of are se
cured to tho wheelbarrow by ropes. There
are seating accommodations for four peo
ple, two on each side, and a cushioned seat
is provided for the passenger, who gener
ally sits with ono log resting on the front
of tho barrow and the other hanging over
tho side in a rope loop which serves as a
foot rest. On tho great plain wheelbar
rows are occasionally soon with a sail set,
when a fair wind proves to be a great help
to tho trundling of tho barrow.
Since tho institution of .cotton mills at
Shanghai the wheolbarrow has been ex
tensively used as a passenger vehicle, es
pecially for carrying working women to
and from the mills. One man can wheel six
women for a distance of about three miles,
morning and evening, the charge being
Is. 5d. per month. The average earnings
of a wheelbarrow man are about 8}$d. per
day. About 4,000 licenses are issued
monthly to the same number of wheel
barrows plying for hire in the streets of
the foreign settlements at Shanghai, whore,
being under the municipal regulations,
they are perhaps tho best in China. Some
times as many as 60 barrows may be seen
in the streets, traveling one behind tho
other, each carrying two barrels of Eng
lish Portland cement, and pushed by one
man. Very frequently a load is carried on
one side of the barrow only, and it is ex
traordinary to see a Chinaman skillfully
balancing and propelling it. Tho upsets
and accidents, too, are remarkably few
when it is considered that about 4,000 of
these vehicles are in use in the streets in
addition to a large traffic of other kinds.
A BONANZA WHEAT FARM.
It Is So Extensive That the Various Crews
of Workmen Never AJeet.
It is difficult to present the idea of tho
bigness of these farms to the person whoso
preconceived notion of a farm is a little
checkerboard lying upon hillside or in a
valley. Seven thousand acres present the
average bonanza farm. Generally these
tracts are not divided, yet. distances across
fields are so great that horseback commu
nication is impracticable. Crews of work
men living at one end of the farm and
operating it may not see the crews in other
corners from season's end to season's end,
and in busy seasons it is found profitable
to feed the hands in the fields rather than
to allow them to trudge through the hot
sun to the dining halls for dinner. The
dining halls—it will bo explained later—
are scattered over the farm at convenient
points. They are frequently five or six
miles apart, and many a noon finds the
harvesting crew two miles from its hall.
This illustration may give one some sort
of a rough conception of the bigness of
these farms. Here is another point of
view: Averaging 20 bushels to the acre—
as many farms will this year—the total
number of bushels in a crop on a bonanza
farm would be 140,000. Putting 500 bush
els of that crop in a freight car and allow
ing 40 feet to the car the train which
would haul the crop from the farm would
be two miles long, and if it were to come
charging down Fifth avenue and Broad
way in New York the rear end brakeman
would be craning his neck from the ca
boose to catch sight of the Vanderbilt
mansion while the engineer and fireman
were enjoying themselves bumping the
cable car down by Union square.—William
Allen White in November Scribner's.
HE WAS A GENIUS.
This Is Shown by Shakespeare's Extraor
dinary Wealth of Varied Knowledge.
It is not for a moment to be denied that
Shakespeare's plays show an extraordinary
wealth of varied knowledge. The writer
was one of the keenest observers that ever
lived. In tho woodland or on tho farm,
in the printing shop or the alehouse or up
and down the street, not tho smallest de
tail escaped him. Microscopic accuracy,
curious interest in all things, unlimited
power of assimilating knowledge, are
everywhere shown ,in the plays. These are
some of the marks of what we call genius,
something that we are far from compre
hending, but which experience has shown
that books and universities cannot impart.
All the colleges on earth could not by
combined effort make the kind of man we
call a genius, but such a man may at any
moment be horn into the world, and it is
as likely to be in a peasant's cottage as
There is nothing in which men differ
more widely than in the capacity for im
bibing and assimilating knowledge. The
capacity is often exercised unconsciously.
When my eldest son, at the age of 6, was
in the course of a few weeks of daily in
struction taught to read, it was suddenly
discovered that his 4-year-old brother also
could read. Nobody could tell how it hap
pened. Of course the younger boy must
have taken keen notice of what the elder
one was doing, but the process went on
without attracting attention until the re
sult appeared.—John Fiske in November
An Easy Trick When Yon Know It.
Writing on "How I Do My Tricks" in
the November Ladies' Home Journal, Ma
gician Harry Kellar explains how to ac
complish the difficult feat of blowing a
piece of cork into a bottle, a trick that
will defy everyone who does not know the
only way by which it may be done. "Ask
some one,' Mr. Kellar directs, "if he
thinks he can blow a small bit of cork
which you have placed in the mouth of a
bottle, so that it will go into the bottle.
Lay the bottle on the table upon its side
and place the bit of cork about an inch or
less inside the open end. He will blow
nnt.il he gets red in the face, and the cork
will invariably come out of the bottle in
stead of going into it. Simple reason for
it too. The direction of the air, forced by
the one blowing, brings it against the bot
tom of the bottle. The air compresses
.within the bottle's walla and must find
outlet, therefore is turned and forced out
at the only vent the bottle has, necessarily
blowing the cork out with it. But take a
common Jeraonade straw, place the end of
It near the :ork in the bottle neck, blow
very gently, and the cork rolls in."
Such methods suit the public better and the
lined Underwear, regular 50c quality at 25
Opposite Opera House,
THEY STRUCK OIL.
The History of the Petroleum Industry In
the United States Reads Like a Romance.
Of all tho romantic stories of creating
wealth out of the raw products of the
earth and of building up industries that
are almost imperial in their power for
good oi evil the petroleum industry Is not
surpass**.!, if equaled, in the history of the
United States. Tho great oilfields have
been the scene of many shifting romances
and tragedies, and not even the EI DoradG
of the Pacific coast in 1849 created more
excitement than men witnessed in Penn
sylvania when boring for oil was first
started. The discovery of gold in Cali
fornia did not establish a permanent in
dustry on tho Pacific coast, but the un
locking of tho wells of oil in Pennsylvania
was the beginning of a business that has
continued to swell in proportions even
down to the present. No other industry
in America surpasses that of oil produc
tion and distribution. Tho oilfields have
naturally been exhausted In places and
prices have come down from what they
wero in the fifties and sixties, but the
gigantic concern which has largely con
trolled tho business for the past decade not
long ago declared a quarterly dividend of
10 per cent, and this meant a distribution
among the stockholders of 110,000,000 or
The first oil well was drilled near Titus
ville in 1859, and in July, 18(30, the total
output of the wells on Oil creok, in Penn
sylvania, amounted to 200 barrels a day,
but in one year from that the regular sup
ply was estimated at from 6,000 to 7,000
barrels per day. And tho excitement was
not at its height then People wero flock
ing to the oilfields in over increasing num
bers. Farmers who had thought them
selves poor with a few hundred acres of
barren soil in their possession suddenly
found themselves on the royal highway to
fortune. A few sold out their possessions
at fabulous prices, but the majority wore
more anxious to bore for the oil themselves.
The production increased so rapidly that
the price of illuminating oil quickly drop
ped to a point where every one could afford
to use it for lighting purposes. In 1874
the yield amounted to 0,500,000 barrels,
but even this was a mere bagatolle to
what was coming. In 1890 there were ex
ported 604,491,498 gallons and an enor
mous quantity was used at home.
Hugo fortunes wore naturally realized
by some of tho men engaged in tho enter
prise. No such opportunities for money
making had been presented beforo. There
were five men in particular who, living
near tho oil region saw great monetary
possibilities in the awakening industry.
They were comparatively poor, but they
were shrewd and progressive enough to
invest their small capital and their largo
brains in the petroleum business. They
were early in the field and worked up with
tho industry. In time they formed the
Standard Oil company, which developed
into the most gigantic concorn that ever
sought to control an industry in any coun
try of the world, and today the organizers
of that company represent in the aggregate
a fortune of about $600,000,000.—George
E. Walsh in Cassier's Magazine For Octo
To Cure a Cold in Oat Day.
Take Laxative Bromo Quinine Tablets. All
druggists refund money if it fails to cure. '#c
S a a
from $io to $12. These suits
come in round and square cornered sack suits, in a large
assortment of Cheviots, Cashmeres and Worsteds in new
est fancy plaids and Scotch effects,. Nowhere outside of
the Golden Eagle can you find their equal for less than $10.
We will sell Boys' superior quality, heavy weight, fleece 1§L
A bit of the love that endures.
•-Margaret E. Sangster in Harper's Magazine
Send your address to H. E. Bucklin
& Co., Chicago, and get. a free sample
of Dr. King's New Life Pills. A trial
will convince you of their merits.
These Pilla are easy in action and are
particularly effective in the cure of
constipation and sick headache. For
malaria and liver troubles fchey have
been proved invaluable. They are
guaranteed to be perfectly free from
every deleterious substance and to be
purely vegetable. They do not weak
en by their action, but by giving tone
to stomach and bowels greatly invig
orate the system. Regular size 25
cents per box, Sold hy R. O. Wold,
But Aggressive, Pushing and Dignified Business Methods are Our Kind.
GENUINE BARGAIN SALE-NO CUT PRICE SALE.
Goods that were bought to sell at the folio wing prices—and every lot guaranteed a bargain.
Of all Gents' Furnishing Departments, the Golden Eagle Stands Supreme.
NOTHING LIKE IT, EITHER IN STOCK OR ASSORTMENT.
Wo will sell Men's superior quality, heavy weight, fleece We will sell Men's and Boys' Duck Coats, brown or black,
lined, underwear, regular 50c quality at
After Lone Years.
Dear, whom I would not know
If 1 passed you on the street,
So long and long and long ago
Are the days when we used to meet,
We will sell Men's Duck Coats, with heavy wool lining, reinforced back, with linen bosom, reg. 50c quality at 25 CIS
black or drab, with large Corduroy collar, regular $1 d*. ga We will sell Men's and Boys'Winter Caps, in black and
and $1.50 quality at
j|E blue, made of Washington Beaver, reg. 50c quality at ^5
We Offer you the Greatest Selection We offer you the very best Quality!
And we warrant our prices
ABSOLUTELY THE LOWEST.
You may be glad to hear
That somewhere out of the blue
Come vague sweet dreams that bring you
That 1 often think of you
That now and then I thrill
At a rustle in the dark:
That 1 start as the wind sweeps over the
As 1 see the firefly's spark.
Somebody stepped on my grave?
Or somebody slipped out of yours?
I cannot teli. There are ghosts that crave
Order to Examine Accounts.
STATE OF MINNESOTA,
County of Mower—ss.
In Probate Court,
Special term, Octobor 29th, 181VT.
In the matter of tho ostato of Daniel Hoffner,
On reading and filing the petition of Harvey
J. Kuhns, executor of the ostate of Daniel Helf
ner,deceased, representing, umong other things,
that he has fullj administered said estate, and
praying that a time and place be fixed for ex
amining and allowing the final account of his
administration, and for the assignment of the
residue of said estate to tho parties entitled
thereto by law:
It is ordered, that said account bo examined,
and petition heard by this court, on
FRIDAY, THE TWENTY-SIXTH DAY OF NOVEMBEB,
1807, at ton o'clock a. m., at tho probate office in
the city of Austin, in said county.
And it is further ordered, that notice thereof
be given to all persons interested by publishing
this order once in each woek for three succes
sive weeks prior to said day of hearing in the
MOWEB COUNTY TRANSCBIPT, a weekly news
paper printed and published at the city of Aus
tin in said county,
Dated at Austin, Minnesota, the twenty-ninth
day of October, A. D,, 1897.
6y the Court:— S. S. WASHBURN,
[Seal] 35-37 Judge of Probate.
Tetter, Salt-Rheum and Eczema.
The intense itching and smarting, inci
dent to these diseases, is
by applying Chamberlain's Eye and
Skin Ointment. Many very had cases
have been permanently cured by it. It
is equally efficient for itching piles and
a favorite remedy for sore nipples,
chapped hands, chilblains, frost bites
and chronic sore eyes. 25 cts. per box.
Dr. Cady's Condition Powders, are
just what a horse needs when in bad
condition. Tonic, blood purifier and
vermifuge. They are not food but
medicine and the best in use to put a
horse in prime condition. Price 25
cents per package.
THE GOLDEN EAGLE
at prices which make irregular and sensational advertising unnecessary, then we are right at home.
People do not have to be on their guard here—every article marked in plain figures—no old, shop-worn goods to clean
out, but everything bright, new and up-to-date, and your money cheerfully refunded if your purchases are not satisfactory.
fifft with good linings, all sizes up to 46, regular 1.00 and
IS! $1.25 quality at
We win sel1
GOLDEN EAGLE ^LOTHING HOUSK
In Exchange for
Drugs, Wall Paper,
Boots and Shoes,
CANNED AND DRIED FRUITS.
CROCKERY AND GLASSWARE.
We keep nothing but highjgrade goods.
Remember the! place.
Corner Main and Mill Streets, Austin, Minn.
HaK-Olf Sale I
better. No blow or misrepresentation but when it
For Men's extra heavy Irish
Frieze Ulsters, in black and dark
brown, substantially trimmed with heavy, strong sieve lin
ing, sizes to fit men of all dimensions and proportions.
Nowhere outside of the Golden Eagle can you find their
equal for less than $10.
°veralls, all sizes up to 40 waist,
well made with patent buttons, regular 50c quality at CIS
We will sell Men's and Boys'Unlaundred White Shirts, _J._
OMEB F. PEIBSON, M. D.,
Graduate Rush Medical College, Chicago, late
House physician St. Mary's Hospital, Minne
apolis, Minn. Office over Hirsh's clothing store.
Calls attended day and night.
BTHUB WEST ALLEN, M. D.,
EYE AND EAB A SPECIALTY.
Snrgeon C., M. & St. P. By. Office, night! and
day, Opera house, main entrance, Austin.
H. JOHNSON, M. D„ C. M.,
Graduate McGill Medical College, Montreal,
late Assistant Surgeon in Montreal General
Hospital. Office in George W. Merrick's block,
epposite Opera house. Calls attended day
F. LOCKWOOD, M. D.,
Office over Golden Eagle Clothing Store, Austin.
Office hours, 12 to 3 p. m. Calls promptly at
tended to day or night.
BEENMAN & DOWDALL,
ATTOBNEYS AND COUNSELLORS AT LAW.
Law, Insurance, Collections and Loans. Office
in Soiner's Block, Austin, Minn.
J. M. Greenman, City Attorney, B. J. Dowdall.
INGSLEY & SHEPHEBD,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW AND COUNSELORS,
Austin, Minn. Law, Land and Loan Office
Insurance, Collections, Taxes.
J^YMAN D. BAIRD,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
Real Estate, Insurance and Collection Agent.
Office. Mill Street, next west of Citizens' Bank.
ATTOBNEY AT LAW,
Real Estate and Collection Agent,
for non-residents. Office, second floor of
kelmann's new Block, Main Street.
S. D. CATHERWOOD,
GENERAL LAW BUSBSESS,
Successor to Johnson & Catherwood.
Office established in 1859.
First National Bank Block .. Austin.
Office over Citizens' National Bank, Anstin
Insurance and Collections promptly attended
to. Office over Loucks & Hollister's, opposite
Court House, Main Street, Austin, Minn.
DELIT LODGE, No! 39, A. E\ ANDA.M.
regular communications of this lodge are
held in Masonic hall Austin, Minn., on the first
and third Wednesday evenings of each month.
A. C. PAGE, W. M.
C. H. WILBOUB, Secretary.
"QOYAL ABCH CHAPTER, No. 14.
The stated communications of this Chapter are
held in Masonic hall, Austin, Minn., on the
second and fourth Friday evenings of each
month. WM. TODD, M. £, H. P.
D. Z. BQBINSQN, Secretary.
T. BEBNABD COMMANDEBY, K. T. NO. la,
fleets first Monday evening of each month at
Masonic hall. HENRY BIBKETT, E. C.
PABKB GOODWIN, Recorder.
USTIN LODGE No. 55, K. OF P.,
Meets on the second and fourth Wednesday
evenings of each month. Visiting Knights
welcomed. C. F. COOK, C. C.
S. S. WASHBURN, K. of R. and S.
OINTYRE POST, No. 66, G. A. R.
Regular meetings are held at their post hall on
the first and third Saturday evenings of each
month. Visitingcomradescordially invited.
WILSON BEACH, Commavder.
I. R. WAGNER, Adjutant.
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