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From the Goodhue County Republican,
GOODHUE COUNTY FAIR. A FAIR REPORT OF A FAIR. Any attempt at a description of the articles on exhibition at the Goodhue County Fair would be nothing more than a burlesque. We therefore start out with the assertion that, on the whole, the fair was a total failure. Now let us ask why was it a failure Better weather could never have been hoped for than was had the second day. Due notice of the fair was given in the papers. Goodhue county is capable of making as good an exhibition as any county in the State, and WHY WAS IT A FAILURE The reason we think is, that the peo ple, and especially the farmers, seem to have a lack of interest. They do not re alize that each must make an individual exertion in order to make the fair a suc cess. Each must not rely upon his neighbor to take something of interest, but must endeavor to exhibit some arti cle that will add to the interest of the fair, even should the premium received but partially repay him for his trouble. The farmers seem to have an erroneous idea of what sho'uld constitute a fair. They make of it a day of pleasure more than of profit a day to congregate, talk politics, bet on horses, collect debts, and listen to speeches. True, the location at Hader is not the best, and an endeavor will be made another year to locate it at a more cen tral and convenient part of the county. The place is too distant to carry ma chines and other articles that would be for the interest and advantage of the farmer, as well as for the exhibitors. In view of tl^ese facts it is not to be wondered at that although the number in attendance was much larger than last year, there should be but few articles on exhibition. There was such a prevailing lack of interest that farmers within but a fifteen minutes drive from the grounds were seen going on with their work as usual, and the vice-president of the asso ciation took occasion on the second day -of the fair to make a trip to Red Wing, and draw a load of wood. That there were not any redeeming features we do not claim on the whole it was a means of profit to the farmers, and as they got together and compared notes on crops, a general good feeling seemed to prevail and most of them de termined another year to make more of an effort for the success of the fair. The speech by Hon. J. A. Thacher of Zum brota was listened to with great interest, and by a much larger and more appre ciative audience than listened to the ad dress delivered at the State fair. The farmers seemed to enter into the spirit of the speaker, and coming as it did from one of their number, it was more favorably received than the speech of last year by several office seeking politicians. Mr. Thacher addressed the farmers substan tially as follows: This County Fair and Institute occurs at a propitious time. A year of bounti ful crops, all secured in good condition, in stacks or already threshed, gives our people an occasion of rejoicing and con gratulation. The country is full of wheat, the valleys are covered with corn, in every direction the eye is greeted with stacks of grain so that our oldest citi zens are astonished as they pass through the country, to see the evidences of plenty spread abroad. Probably no sea son since the settlement has been more fruitful than that of the year 1873, and following as it does upon a year of a large average crop, as the season of 1872 bestowed upon us. This to all classes of citizens i« a great encouragement. The prospects are surely brightening. No longer can the greatest croaker or profit of evil, say that Goodhue county is bankrupt, that it is all plastered over with mortgages. On the contrary it is dotted all over with evidences of wealth, of progress, of thrift, of prosperity. The wheat crop of 1872 amounted to over 2,300,000 bushels, the oat crop to over 1,000,000 bushels the corn crop to 400,000 bushels and the barley to 140, 000 bushels. This large amount of grain was raised one year ago, in a county where sixteen years previous, scarcely enough was raised to feed its own peo ple. Goodhue county has a great agri cultural capacity. To raise this large amount of grain requires wonderful en ergy, and industry, and a large amount of money must be invested in tillage, buildings, machinery, horses and cattle. A great change has taken place in all harvest implements these few past vears, and ingenuity is taxing itself to make still further improvement. Yet we won der how it is that machines should com mand and secure such high, and as we believe disproportionate prices. No doubt the machine shops are erected too far from us, and freights add largely to the original cost and price. These ma chines should be manufactured nearer home. There will always be a demand for them, and the county affords every facility that.is needed for their manufac ture. Goodhue county as a home cannot be surpassed. In this northern climate there are many compensations: Health, vigor, energy, enterprise and all inequal ities that go to make up a powerful peo ple, are best developed in the regions of short summers and long winters. As a consequence of the short summer season, no time should be lost. Lost time in seeding can not be made up, for twelve months. An extra day's help at the right time may make a decided difference in your years profit. Economize labor, yet have help enough to do each branch of work in its proper season. Econo mize labor by hiring the best help even at an increased price. In machinery get the best and take good care of it. Advise with neighbors rather than agents. It is a good policy and good economy to adopt the general experience of those about you, in the purchase of new im plements. A whole community is not often mistaken. The attention of the whole country is attracted by what has been styled the farmers' movement, a movement origin ating in the genera' feeling prevailing among the farmers of the west that too large a proportion of the proceeds of their labor has been absorbed by exces sive and disproportionate charges by transportation companies. This feeling has at length taken shape in organiza tions formed for the purpose of consid ering and discussing the evils, the inter ests, and the remedies of the producing classes. The .eneral business rule that competion will regulate prices, and keep all the different departments of la bor in their legitimate and proper place, seems in these latter days to fail to apply. Combinations of capital, control prices of gold, of wheat, of cotton and wool, and latterly of all transportion. Great lines of railroads built with a view to compete for business, and thus to prop erly regulate the charges upon trade and travel, are no longer competing lines. Consolidation of lines, and consolida tions between lines, agreements to main tain equality of rules has entirely done away with competition, and has left the public entirely to the discretion, if not the mercy, of a few railroad men, who ab solutely control all the channels of trans portation, and set such a price upon traffic as they consider for their interest. To the farmers it seems as if railroad men were only anxious to see how far it was possible to increase the freight on passenger traffic, without checking pro duction and discouraging travel and bus iness. The production of the soil sets all capital in motion, yet it has appeared that business men in any occupation were able to understand one another, and agree upon a line of policy, except the farming class. The farmers of the coun try constitute the majority of its citi zens. The political power rests with them. The ultimate regulation of all the ma chinery of government can be controlled by them. In a State like ours the predom inating class can see at least to it that their interests are well represented—that their best representative men act for them in the halls of legislation, both State and National. It is not enough to say that the inter est of the entire community is identical that what is for the benefit of one is for the benefit of all. While this may be true as an abstract proposition, yet farmers should look after their special interests and should make some sacri fices of time, and some effort to secure a voice in directing and controlling legisla tion. Farmers must either be represented by their own profession or if they elect that other professions shall represent them it must be understood that they accept, and demand and insist that their inter ests shall be looked to. The railroad problem is a new one to all classes, not only to the people at large, but to the projectors, builders, and owners of the roads themselves. The people desire cheap transporta tion, the railroad men desire interest upon their capital invested, and income to repair, replace, re-build, re stock their roads, a margin for contingencies and also opportunity to build up immense fortunes. But the facilities of railroads have be come a necessity to business and to coun try. The management of these expen sive undertakings, so that the greatest good shall be done to the greatest num ber is, to be the great question of the day. Private capital in immense amounts has been invested in the railroad system of the country. Subsidies of land" have been donated by Congress, bonds have been voted by the peonle, privileges and iranchises granted by the Legislature. All of these united have built great lines of communication, and have opened up the wilderness for habitation. Like fire the railroad is a good servant, but a hard master. We need the railroad—we must have the railroad, we cannot live without it, and yet we cannot resign our living, our profits, our freedom into its control. It must be our servant in deed, and not our master. How this state of things shall be brought about is the question to be considered. Time must be taken for this consideration'. It is necessary to in vestigate the subject and to condense and apply all the information to be had. in the meantime agitation is in order. Ag itation may produce temporary derange ment and excitement. Agitation of the people upon these questions may serve to produce retaliation irom railroad com panies. Agitation and retaliation mixed and compounded will end in a solu tion of the questions involved. Legis lative control must be brought about by those most interested. Wisdom, pru dence and sagacity must be brought to bear upon this great and all absorbing question. Private rights, and private capital must not be oppressed or confis cated. The State grants privileges and fran chises to transportation companies, let the State see to it that privileges are not exercised to the disadvantage and oppres sion of the people. Farmers let me ad- vise you to look into these things, not with an entirely selfish mien, hut with candor and carefulness. Let me appeal to you to take such political action as will insure an early and thorough exam ination of these questions in our State and National councils. To the end that all our interests shall be well and properly guarded, it is im perative that education should advance in a like ratio with our material progress. A high order of schools should be fostered and maintained, and the character of ed ucation must be co-extensive with the demands of the day. In the new 'rela tions of society, merely to read and keep accounts is not enough. The simple ele ments of learning are no longer sufficient for the masses of the people. All the facilities of the rising generation must be educated to think, to discrminate, to judge. Every person should be so edu cated as to have a clear idea of his du ties, his obligations and privileges in all the situations of life. The study of his tory, of political economy, of finance, of commerce, of manufacturing interests, should be considered as necessary to the education of farmers and mechanics, as a knowledge of their own special calling. So far as we have reason to be en couraged by the propitious season, by our own iavorable location, by the fertil ity of our soil, and by our many advan tages, let us congratulate ourselves. So far as we find discouragement in the in adequate prices of our products, in the various discouragements and drawbacks incident to the business in which we are engaged, let us htudy to be more thought ful, more careful, more considerate of means and ends and thus secure to our families the greatest good attainable, and to lay the best foundations for the future that it is in our power to establish. Thus shall we best fulfil our mission and our duty to ourselves, to our coun try and to posterity. —A number of young ladies of Macon, Ga., have resolved to attend the State Fair clad in homespun. QATHCART & CO., [ESTABLISHED IN 1852.] DEALERS IN FOREIGN AND DOMESTIC DRY GOODS, THIRD STREET, ST., PAUL. Samples Sent by Mail. Orders Promptly Attended to. Q^ R. STERLING & CO., Manufacturers and Dealers in BOOTS, SHOES, LEATHER FINDINGS AND SADDLERY, TANNERS OF MOCCASIN LEATHER, and Manufacturers of Men and Boya' diatom-Made Boot and SHOE PACS. jyjALCUS Q. LINDQUI&T, WATCHMAKER and JEWELER, Dealer in WATCHES, CLOCKS, JEWELRY, Plated and Silver Ware, Fine Cutlery, dec,, PLUMB STREET, RED WING, MINNESOTA. gIMMONS & STRANDNES, SIALEB8 III DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, HATS, CAPS, BOOTS, SHOES AND CLOTHING. Corner of Main and Bush streets, A. J. Clark's old stand, Butter and Eggt taken at hiahett market price. pRED. J. McINTIRE. DIALER IR Staple and Fancy Groceries, CIGARS AND TOBACCO, GREEN, DRIED and CANNED FRUITj}, Corner of Main and Broad Streets, E WING, MINN. Good* Delivered Free to VtiHfartjf the City. \If A. ORSER, MANUFACtUMR AND DIALBB IN HARNESS AND SADDLES, COLLARS, WHIPS, &c, &c, Opposite Keystone Block, RED WING, MINN. pRIEDRICH & HACK, Wholesale and Retail Dealers in GROCERIES, PROVISIONS, CROCKERY, GLASSWARE, WTliES AND LIQUORS, PLOTJK AND PEED Corner.of Buih and Thii(4Hgtreets, RRD WING, MINNES JESrW* qnHOS. WILKINSON DEALER IN Shelf and Heavy Hardware, STOVES, TINWARE, FARMING IMPLEMENTS, »t»HE PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, GAS PIPE AND FIXTURES. STEAM and GAS FITTING in all branch*. 79 MAIN St., BED WING, MINN. MONITOR IS WARRANTED To Scour, to be Hardened through and made of best SOLID CAST STEEL. j^LLSWORTH & KNAPP, DEALER IN DRY GOODS, GROCERIES, CLOTHING, NOTIONS, J. B. DORMAN'S EXCELSIOR STOR E BUSH STREET, SECOND DOOR FROM MAIN STREET DIALER IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, BOOTS, SHOES AND Address, MONITOR PLOW WORKS, Minneapolis, Minn. BOOTS AND SHOES, Hats and Caps, &c, &c. LAS S CITY, MINN. GROCERIES, &c. WHERE TO FIND THE GREATEST BARGAINS! W. EISENBRAND $ Co. Will and do tell all of their Goods consisting of CLOTHING. BUFFALO ROBES, BUFFALO COATS, SHIRTS and SHIRTINGS, PIECE GOODS, TRUNKS and SATCHELS, WOOLEN YARN, HATS and CAPS, READY MADE BOYS' SUITS and SUITS CUT AND MADE TO ORDER, at GRANGE PRICES FOR CASH. Give us a call and yon will find what we say we mean. WM. EISENBRAN CO., Sign of the Green Front, Main Street, T. Red Wing, Minn. B. & B. F. SHELDON DEALERS IN DRY GOODS, CLOTHING, CARPETING, HAT8 AND CAPS, BOOTS AND SHOES, CROCKERY, CHINA AND GLASS WARE. A GOOD ASSORTMENT ALWAYS ON HAND AND SOLD AT THE O W E S I E S MUSIC HALL BLOCK, RED WING, MINN. D. WASHBURN & CO., (ESTABLISHED I860,) Manufacturers and Wholesale and Retail Dealers in. Every Variety of PINE LUMBER, MINNEAPOLIS and ANOKA. MINN. We desire to call the attention of Bridge and Rail- road Contractors to the unusual facilities we have for Filling Orders for lumber, ANY DESIRED LENGTH AND SIZE WITH PROMPTNESS, Having now on hand and in boom, at our Mills, a large quantity of Logs cut expressly for bridge Tim- ber. OFFICE a A at MINNEAPOLIS On Washington Avenue, Opposite St. Paul and Pacific Depot AND AT MILLS AT ANOKA. TVTINNEAPOLIS Steam Dyeing and Scouring Water Street, Near Suspension Bridge, Minneapolis, JOH N D. MEYER, Proprietor. The advertiser Dyes in every variety of Color, all descriptions of Woolen Dresses, Crape Shawls, Hose, Bonnets, Net Silk, Damask, Satin, Gros de Naples, Muslin Detain, Embroidery and Ribbons. Coats, Pantaloons, Carpets, Rugs, Table Covers, Ac, cleaned in the most perfect manner. KID GLOVES cleaned and colored. The strictest attention paid to all orders. ]y/[ HERSCHLER, STORAGE, FORWARDING and Commission Merchant. Dealer in all kinds of GRAIN, FLOUR, HIDES, LIME, SALT, CEMENT, &c I S A O A S I O and TICKET AGENT. Tickets for sale to all important points via River and Rail, East, West, North and South. STONE WAREHOUSE ON LEVEE. B. DODGE, Wholesale and Retail Manufacturer and Dealer in BOOTS, SHOES, MOCCASINS, TRUNKS, FURS, GLOVES, Ac, Corner Third and Plumb Streets, RED WING, MINN. "DROWN & McINTIRE, STORAGE, FORWARDING, and COMMISSION MERCHANTS, and Dealers in FLOUR, GRAIN, AND WOOL, BED WING, MINNESOTA. KEMPE & CO., Dealers in Dry Goods, Millinery Goods, GROCERIES, CROCKERY, HATS, CAPS, NOTIONS, &c, WINES AND LIQUORS, RED WING, MINNESOTA. Clanson's old stand, corner of Plumb and Third e/jf.