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THE GRANGE ADVANCE.
WEDNESDAY, OCT. 15, 1873. OUR FAIRS. The season of fairs has come and gone. The fairs have been held and are with the past. Some have been well attended, at oth ers the attendance has been very small some have had a good display while one of our richest agricultural counties had not much over a dozen articles on their grounds. Some profit has been derived from each and all these fairs. The idea of offering a premium for the best of each kind of products, and then bringing together the farmers of the whole county to examine these best products and to compare notes is a good idea. It has a tendency to stimu late to efforts for higher excellence in pro duction. Then it is a sort of object teach ing, a kinA of teaching by which all may be interested and all may learn. Yet it is to be doubted whether one-tenth of the profit, interest or pleasure has been gotten out of these fairs that is possible and oughl to be realized. It is very evident that the interest is flagging in some places, and in others horse racing is taking the place of what is much more important. Now these fairs should be made events of so much importance as to be looked for ward to with longing and anticipation, should result in great profit, and be looked back to with pleasure. They should be made a sort of agricultural camp meeting, to which the farmers should come up with their families for a sort of aesthetical, in tellectual and physical feast, so to speak. As so many of our fawners have entered the gate and chosen the way of wisdom, have learned the dignity of the calling of the husbandman and how necessary to it are instruction and knowledge, they should use every effort to improve these fairs, and to make them a means of elevating the cul tivator's calling, imparting and obtaining information. To this end each exhibitor should be required to accompany each arti cle entered for a prize with a full state ment of the manner of its production. For illustration, if wheat be entered for a prize, let the sample be accompanied with a state ment of the quality of seed sown, and from whence obtained, the amount sown to the acre, the kind of soil and the manner in which the ground was prepared, the time and manner of sowing and harvesting, the weight per bushel and the yield per acre, together with the whole cost per acre of producing. Let prizes, and not small, stingy ones either, be offered for the best essays on the best and cheapest kinds of machinery to buy on a farm, the best modes of working and taking care of the same, and on other subjects of interest and profit .to the practical cultivator. Let time be set apart for the reading of the essays. They will be as interesting as a harangue by some politician or office-seeker, and vastly more profitable. Let the young people have a hand in. Let prizes be of fered for the first, second and third best orations and declamations by scholars from the public schools. If the farmers are going to take the position in this nation which belongs to them, they must learn to speak, to write essays and to debate, and must teach the same to their children. In the evenings let bond fires or camp fires be kindled to shine over' the prairies like beacon lights to drive away the darkness of the night, fit emblems of the other lights that have been kindled all over this land to drive away ignorance, and the time be taken up in discussions of agricultural topics, in exhibitions by the young people, in songs, music and plays. Let the farm ers go up to these annual feasts, with their tents and their provisions, prepared to camp out and make of these, social family gatherings of the laborers, the harvesters and gleaners in the fields given by the Great All Father to his children. Reader, this is no fancy picture. By a little effort on the part of each one all this can be accomplished, and when this is done we shall see an advance in agriculture of which even the most hopeful Patron has never dreamed. HUMBUGS. A man professedly in the interest of a neighbor called at our office the other day, on behalf of his neighbor, to make some inquiries with regard to a lottery said to have been recently started somewhere in Wisconsin, which said lottery promised to make a man rich for the small sum of two dollars. We had no information with re gard to said lottery to give, but such as we had we gave unto him, and we take this opportunity of giving the same to our read ers. The first advice we gave was, that if that neighbor had twodollarsthat he did not know what to do with, to try to find some needy person to bestow his charity upon, where it was needed and would be appre ciated. Second, That men in this oountry did not run lotteries to make other folks rioh, that those who do run them are gen erally able to lire without,charity, and al ways able to earn an honest living in some honest way. And third, that men run lot teries to get money and not to give it away, and they generally propose to keep all they get. There is a growing tendency in this country to gamble in everything, a tenden cy to strive to get wealth without earning it, to obtain money without returning an equivalent. Men gamble in wheat, in railroad stocks, in prize packages. They gamble when they buy and when they sell, when they build churches and when they build or phan asylums, when they go to the fairs and when they go to the shows. All this is only another -exhibition of the insane love of money and worse than insane dis honesty that is sapping the very life of this nation. It has grown out of the fact that men, by stock gambling, or by other still more dishonest practices have become sud denly rich. No honest man desire the property of another without returning an adequate equivalent no one invests in any kind of a gambling or chance operation without expecting, or at least hoping to get more than his money's worth. De signing men take advantage, in a thousand ways, of this terrible cupidity and dishon est sentiment existing everywhere to make themselves rich. We see the papers full of flaming advertisements of splendid chances for agents to make a fortune in a few days, or of things for sale at one-tenth their cost of places where by investing a dollar thousands may be made and what is more wonderful these advertisers find thousands of fools to believe them. They find enough to believe them to make it pay to buy their way into advertising columns of the best newspapers, admission into the most sacred places, and to give them the effrontery to stick up their nefarious busi ness under the very noses of honest men in places consecrated to nobler and better things. We were shocked and saddened to see one of these infernal, hell-born, stealing institutions admitted within the inclosure of the fair grounds at our recent State Fair. We do not know nor care who was to blame for this it may be that no one was to blame but we will say this,that if it was the fault of any one of the managers of the Fair, he ought to be plowed so deep as to the management of State Fairs, as never to be seen in this direction again. This institution was one of those two-legged, strong-lunged servants of the devil—whom if we wish to insult human beings and the Great Creator who made man in His own image, we may call—men who follow up circuses and shows and commene their op erations by driving through streets and scattering to the crowd niokle, postal cur rency and smalUbills, and using every means possible to excite the cupidity, and for the time being to take away the reason of their victims. This one operated like all others of his kind. He sold soap, or some other worthless article, and gave the purchasers a chance—a chance to lose their money. He offered his chancet at two dol lars each, offering to pay back the money if no prize was drawn. Several took this bait. Then hecommenced offering the money back, and one, two and three dollars more if there was no prize, until he roped in ten, the next step was to get all to agree to divide equally whatever prize was drawn. He opened the envelopes, and in one of them found—0 wonder of wonders—a number calling for five dollars. Out of the twenty dollars taken from the ten men, he gave them fifty cents each, and pooketed the fifteen dollars clear profits. Yet these men seemed to think it was all perfectly fair, and stood gaping ready to be taken in again by the same or some other trick of the operator. As we passed around the grounds we heard this bellower's harangue for hours, and whenever we looked that way saw a crowd. We have more particu larly described this operation, because in. formed that the same thing has been done at previous Fairs, and because men of the same kit have visited every town of any size in the State, where circuses or shows have passed, and have taken thousands of dollars out of the State this season and what is sadder yet, farmers who have gone to the Fairs, or come into the towns to see the shows, have been among their best customers. Now it is proposed to show up in THK GUANOS ADVANCE, as occasion may require, every humbug of which we can hear, but our readers will greatly lighten this task by remembering some of the principles which may be applied at all times. 1st. Whenever any enterprise is pre sented and urged, whereby to make a sud den fortune, or to get money or anything else without earning it, that may be stamped as a humbug, for splendid chance* never have to go begging. 2d. Men engage in trade to make money, and do not make a practice of either giving away their goods or selling for less than their value or cost, and whenever they pro fess to do either of these, there is a hum bug somewhere. 3d. All chance operations are humbugs to a certain extent, for the operator al ways calculates to make dishonest and ex orbitant profits, cover all the enormous expenses of advertising, and only to dis tribute a sufficient number of prises to whet the appetites of his customers. EDITORIAL CORRESPONDENCE. ON THK FAIR GROUND, 1 Litchfield, Minn., Oct. 9th, 1873. The Fair is not nearly as much of a suc cess as the farmers of this beautiful coun ty are able to make it, yet it is as much better than the Goodhue County Fair, as the State Fair was better than this. Among the stock on exhibition, worthy of mention, I noticed a splendid spring calf, owned by Edwin DeCoster also a beautiful heifer calf owned by Frank Williams a milch cow, owned by N. A. Vrien some beautiful young Ayrshire cows, owned by John M Waldron and a thorough bred, short horn yearling bull, owned by the same also a splendid yearling bull, owned by Wilton Gordon. T. C. Jewett shows twelve head, all the product of one cow in four years. All but the parent cow and her first calf are grades. Mr. Jewett, it will be remem bered, took four premiums at the State Fair. A very nice matched team is shown by Nils Swanson, three and four years old. There is a very nice two year old stallion exhib ited by John Peifer, of Darwin also a fine nine year old stallion weighing 1,587 pounds and a four year old weighing 1,450 pounds, owned by John Duckering. Mr. Duckering also showed two Chester White pigs, nine weeks old, which he sold for $23. Mrs. Amasa Wheeler exhibited speci mens of very nice hop yeast and salt ris ing bread. I was very much interested by a shawl, a blanket and a carpet made from the wool by Miss Agren. There is a very creditable floral display for a frontier county. Among the curiosities I find a cigar case from Japan, a piece of olive wood from the Holy Land a towel made by hand fifty years ago, spun and woven and a piece of sandal wood, Calias, Peru. I also notieed a very curious egg, having at one end a perfect tail. Considerable amusement was oreated by a sack race. Six boys were put into regu lar sized wheat bags, with the tops fast ened around their waists and their hands tied behind their backs. The race was won by Thomas O'Brien, a son of the well known Dillon O'Brien. All the others fell down and floundered upon the ground be fore they reached the goal. A scrub race afforded considerable fun and more exoitement I did not learn the name of the winner. I find a strong feeling among the farm ers up here in favor of taxing the railroad lands some go so far as to favor govern mental appropriation to test the validity of existing laws on this subject. As THE ADVANCE will probably have something to say on this subject at a future time, I will say no more at present. Captain Ara Barton, of Northfield, is now (Oct. 10th, 3 o'clock. P. II.), deliver ing the annual address. It is thoroughly practical. He is giving his experience with the different kinds of wheat, and gives the preference upon the whole to the Scotch Fife. He then proceeds to give his experience with the different kinds of stock, horses, cattle, sheep and pigs. I wish I could give the whole of it, but will refer to it it at greater length at a more convenient season. The farmers on all hands speak very highly of the address on account of its being so very plain and prac tical. The speaker severely condemned the careless manner in which farmers used their machinery. OLD SETTLERS' BANQUET. I was invited this evening to the Old Settlers' Banquet held at the Litchfield House, which invitation was gladly ac cepted. About seventy-fire of the oldest inhabitants partook of a supper, which for abundance of everything good was old fashioned enough to suit the most ancient individual present. During the supper, Mrs. Jewett revived old memories at ouv table, by relating some of her experiences during the Indian outbreak. Although so far out on the frontier she and her husband remained at their home during the whole of that terrible time. After that their crops were destroyed by hail, and once their house was suddenly removed and shattered by a tremendous wind storm. Senator Ramsey here remarked that the only passage of Scripture applicable to her case was this: "Whom the Lord loveth he chasteneth." When justice, free and ample, and in immense quantities bad been meted out to the supper, we adjourned to Masonic Hall to indulge in a sort of old fashioned Methodist class meeting. Ar rived at the hall, Judge Smith assumes the chair and states the object of the meeting. He is anxious to preserve the early records of the county before they shall have been swept into oblivion by the remorseless hand of time. He desires everyone to con tribute interesting facts of this nature and he will record .them. He strongly urges ill old settlers to join the association and hopes that every one present will be per fectly free to give his early experience up on this occasion. He will now call upon the first territorial Governor of Minnesota. GOVERNOR RAMSEY, Says he is glad to meet the old settlers of this oounty. Nothing warms his heart like the presence of the old pioneers of the State. They are the founders of what in the future will be a great empire. Every one of them, no matter how humble his part, should feel proud of this fact. We should feel proud of the fact that we are the fathers and mothers of the great race that will soon make the name of the State of Minnesota one of the grandest on the list-of States. He is very glad to learn that the chairman is making suoh efforts to preserve the early records. They will be a precious heir loom to posterity. My self and the chairman have already reached a period in life that warns us we have not more than fifty or sixty years longer to stay here, (laughter,) and we should be committing these early records to paper, that they may speak for us when we are voiceless in the grave." He is now refer ring to what the State Association is and what it has been doing. Every one who was in the State previous to January 1st, 1850, are members of the Association. The annual meetings are decreasing every year, and soon there will be but a handful left. His commission as territorial Governor was signed by Zachary Taylor, and bears date April 2d, 1849. He is now giving an account of the legislature of '49 and '50. It consisted of Frenchmen, mixed bloods and Americans. The whole population of Minnesota and what is now Dakota Territory was then about 4,000 now Minnesota alone numbers about 600,000 and during the war we fur nished the government with 25,000 men. How miraculous is the change! DANA E. KINO, with his little wife oame 700 miles in a lumber wagon to seek a home in the West. My wife frequently carried brush to help bridge over the miry places, and at other times I shouldered her and carried her across the streams. We were plumb full of faith, but had mighty little cash. I start ed out with ten dollars in my pocket." Mr. King is now relating humorous inci dents in the early history of Meeker ooun ty, and the old settlers are enjoying them hugely. He borrowed a bag of corn meal from Dr. Kennedy, and the Dr. told him to use a mighty coarse seive or he wouldn't get much meal. The man who had plenty of hoe cake and hominy in those days was a lucky man. JESSE BBANNAM is now telling of the times when they had no roads, but went by the groves in the day time and the stars by night. Captain Atkinson cannot speak but he is a mighty good listener. Judge Smith related some very humorous incidents in relation to the early post mas ters and justices of the peace, and thus closed one of the happiest and most enjoy able occasions in the history of Meeker County. ITEMS FOR PATRONS. STATE AGENCY FOR MINNESOTA PA TRONS OF HUSBANDRY. At a meeting of the Executive Commit tee of the State Grange of Minnesota, held at St. Paul, September 25th, I was elected as State Agent and gave bonds to the amount of $50,000 for the faithful dis charge of my duty. My headquarters will be at Winona, where all orders and com munications should be addressed. I de sire to make this State Agency a success, as a business agency in the interests of the Patrons, by purchasing goods at wholesale rates direct from manufacturers. This can be done best by centering our entire trade as much as possible in the State Agency. Please make use of this Agency to the fullest extent, and build up the business interest of the Grange in the State. I ask for your hearty co-operation, for without this nothing can be accomplished. The banner is to be mounted on a staff with gilt ball and ear of corn for a head. A new Grange is to be organised in West Florence. Another is talked of in the cor ner of Featherstone on Hay Creek. The Red Wing Grange is No. 353 in the State of Minnesota. The Burnside Grange P. of H. numbers about fifty members, and holds a special meeting on Wednesday of this week to ini tiate new members. Patrons plow deep and sweep clean. The charter of the Boston Grange, P. of H., has been revoked by Dudley Adams, W. G. M. of the National Grange. The members claim that they are all interested in farming pursuits, and have appealed to the National Grange. Of course monopoly organs will raise a cry of joy, but do not let Patrons be the least disturbed that the order is able to meet and deal with each questions only shows the strength of tins organization. The matter will be tested by the proper authority and settled in ac cordance with right and equity. And the discussions and decision of this case will be of great importance to the order. The order is new and some such precedent as the decision of such a test case will be of great use. BETCHER 4 CO., Dealers in IRON, HARDWARE, STOVES. AMD Farming Implements. AGENTS FOR VIBRATOR THRESHING MACHINES, CHAMPION AND BURDIGK REAPERS, WHITEWATER WAGONS, gTE WART'S N WINONA, Oct. 11th, 1873. Fraternally yours, J. S. DENMAN, State Agent. A BANNER WORTHY OF MENTION.—We have just been shown by brother Leland Jones, of the Burnside Grange, of Goodhue county, a beautiful banner painted by W. E. Hawkins, of Red Wing. On one side of the banner is a sheaf of wheat and plow, above which are the words, Burnside Grange P. of H., No. 148," and below are the words, Equal and exact justice to all, special privileges to none." On the re verse side are the same words, and in the center a vase filled with rich fruits, and surrounded by intertwining wreaths of most beautiful flowers. The whole design is most happily conceived, the work artisti cally finished, and leaves a very pleasant impression. FAIRBANKS SCALES, etc. Red Wing, Minnesota. 4 MODEL DRUG- STORE No. 4 Ely Block, WINONA, Minnesota, is the place 0f&ngers get PAINTS, OILS, GLASS, PATENT MEDICINES' WINES and LIQUORS, 4c, at Liberal Discount*. JJUBBARD, WELLS & CO., Manufacturers of FLOUR, Proprietors of '«FOBEST MILLS." Znmbrota, Minn., and MAZEPPA MILLS, Mazeppa, Minnesota. pUMP MANUFACTORY. Mr. P. P. CARPENTER, of this city, has for many years manufactured the well known YORK STATE PUMP Gire him a call at €. HILL'S Shop, Matin street, Red Wing, Minn. UY THE BEST Davis' Veltlcal Peed SEWING MACHINE. CALL AND SEE THEM OVER CLARK'S DRUG STORE, cor. Bush and Third sts., Red Wing, Minn. MA A. BRAMER. E SW STOCK OFCLOCKS and JEWELRY JUST RECEIVED. N. P. PETERSON Watchmaker and Jeweler DEALER IN AMERICAN and FRENCH CLOCKS, SILVER AND PLATED WARE, Ac, Vo. 78 MaHu ffaHL StStreet,r RED WING, MINNESOTA. QHANDLER &J3TJRRETT, STSW WAKBBOUSE, FORWARDING, STORAGE, COMMISSION AND I? TEELE, STO&ACUS, GRAIN MERCHANTS, Red Wing, Minnesota. AND COMMISSION MERCHANT. A LEX. McNIE & ing, Minnesota. Jobbers and Retailers df BOOKS, S A I O N E WALL PAPER, SHADES, FANCY GOODS, &c, &o., &c, PIANO S AN1 OROAJfS 3 Street* Winona, Minnesota, pATENTS Secured in the United States, Canada and all the European countries. Information giTen free. Call and see or address E. N. WEST, Patent Solicitor and Model Maker, Winona, Minnesot a I have a competent Associate in Washington, D. C.