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The Grange advance. [volume] (Red Wing, Minn.) 1873-1877, October 15, 1873, Image 3

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WEDNESDAY, OCT. 15, 1873.
The season of fairs has come and gone.
The fairs have been held and are with the
past. Some have been well attended, at oth
ers the attendance has been very small
some have had a good display while one of
our richest agricultural counties had not
much over a dozen articles on their
grounds. Some profit has been derived
from each and all these fairs. The idea
of offering a premium for the best of each
kind of products, and then bringing together
the farmers of the whole county to examine
these best products and to compare notes is
a good idea. It has a tendency to stimu
late to efforts for higher excellence in pro
duction. Then it is a sort of object teach
ing, a kinA of teaching by which all may
be interested and all may learn. Yet it is
to be doubted whether one-tenth of the
profit, interest or pleasure has been gotten
out of these fairs that is possible and oughl
to be realized. It is very evident that the
interest is flagging in some places, and in
others horse racing is taking the place of
what is much more important.
Now these fairs should be made events
of so much importance as to be looked for
ward to with longing and anticipation,
should result in great profit, and be looked
back to with pleasure. They should be
made a sort of agricultural camp meeting,
to which the farmers should come up with
their families for a sort of aesthetical, in
tellectual and physical feast, so to speak.
As so many of our fawners have entered
the gate and chosen the way of wisdom,
have learned the dignity of the calling of
the husbandman and how necessary to it
are instruction and knowledge, they should
use every effort to improve these fairs, and
to make them a means of elevating the cul
tivator's calling, imparting and obtaining
information. To this end each exhibitor
should be required to accompany each arti
cle entered for a prize with a full state
ment of the manner of its production. For
illustration, if wheat be entered for a prize,
let the sample be accompanied with a state
ment of the quality of seed sown, and from
whence obtained, the amount sown to the
acre, the kind of soil and the manner
in which the ground was prepared, the
time and manner of sowing and harvesting,
the weight per bushel and the yield per
acre, together with the whole cost per acre
of producing. Let prizes, and not small,
stingy ones either, be offered for the best
essays on the best and cheapest kinds of
machinery to buy on a farm, the best modes
of working and taking care of the same,
and on other subjects of interest and profit
.to the practical cultivator. Let time be
set apart for the reading of the essays.
They will be as interesting as a harangue
by some politician or office-seeker, and
vastly more profitable. Let the young
people have a hand in. Let prizes be of
fered for the first, second and third best
orations and declamations by scholars from
the public schools. If the farmers are
going to take the position in this nation
which belongs to them, they must learn to
speak, to write essays and to debate, and
must teach the same to their children. In
the evenings let bond fires or camp fires be
kindled to shine over' the prairies like
beacon lights to drive away the darkness
of the night, fit emblems of the other lights
that have been kindled all over this land
to drive away ignorance, and the time be
taken up in discussions of agricultural
topics, in exhibitions by the young people,
in songs, music and plays. Let the farm
ers go up to these annual feasts, with their
tents and their provisions, prepared to
camp out and make of these, social family
gatherings of the laborers, the harvesters
and gleaners in the fields given by the
Great All Father to his children.
Reader, this is no fancy picture. By a
little effort on the part of each one all this
can be accomplished, and when this is done
we shall see an advance in agriculture of
which even the most hopeful Patron has
never dreamed.
A man professedly in the interest of a
neighbor called at our office the other day,
on behalf of his neighbor, to make some
inquiries with regard to a lottery said to
have been recently started somewhere in
Wisconsin, which said lottery promised to
make a man rich for the small sum of two
dollars. We had no information with re
gard to said lottery to give, but such as we
had we gave unto him, and we take this
opportunity of giving the same to our read
ers. The first advice we gave was, that if
that neighbor had twodollarsthat he did not
know what to do with, to try to find some
needy person to bestow his charity upon,
where it was needed and would be appre
ciated. Second, That men in this oountry
did not run lotteries to make other folks
rioh, that those who do run them are gen
erally able to lire without,charity, and al
ways able to earn an honest living in some
honest way. And third, that men run lot
teries to get money and not to give it away,
and they generally propose to keep all they
There is a growing tendency in this
country to gamble in everything, a tenden
cy to strive to get wealth without earning
it, to obtain money without returning an
Men gamble in wheat, in railroad stocks,
in prize packages. They gamble when
they buy and when they sell, when they
build churches and when they build or
phan asylums, when they go to the fairs
and when they go to the shows. All this
is only another -exhibition of the insane
love of money and worse than insane dis
honesty that is sapping the very life of this
nation. It has grown out of the fact that
men, by stock gambling, or by other still
more dishonest practices have become sud
denly rich. No honest man desire the
property of another without returning an
adequate equivalent no one invests in any
kind of a gambling or chance operation
without expecting, or at least hoping to
get more than his money's worth. De
signing men take advantage, in a thousand
ways, of this terrible cupidity and dishon
est sentiment existing everywhere to make
themselves rich. We see the papers full
of flaming advertisements of splendid
chances for agents to make a fortune in a
few days, or of things for sale at one-tenth
their cost of places where by investing a
dollar thousands may be made and what
is more wonderful these advertisers find
thousands of fools to believe them. They
find enough to believe them to make it pay
to buy their way into advertising columns
of the best newspapers, admission into the
most sacred places, and to give them the
effrontery to stick up their nefarious busi
ness under the very noses of honest men in
places consecrated to nobler and better
We were shocked and saddened to see
one of these infernal, hell-born, stealing
institutions admitted within the inclosure
of the fair grounds at our recent State
We do not know nor care who was to
blame for this it may be that no one was
to blame but we will say this,that if it
was the fault of any one of the managers of
the Fair, he ought to be plowed so deep as
to the management of State Fairs, as never
to be seen in this direction again. This
institution was one of those two-legged,
strong-lunged servants of the devil—whom
if we wish to insult human beings and the
Great Creator who made man in His own
image, we may call—men who follow up
circuses and shows and commene their op
erations by driving through streets and
scattering to the crowd niokle, postal cur
rency and smalUbills, and using every
means possible to excite the cupidity, and
for the time being to take away the reason
of their victims. This one operated like
all others of his kind. He sold soap, or
some other worthless article, and gave the
purchasers a chance—a chance to lose their
money. He offered his chancet at two dol
lars each, offering to pay back the money
if no prize was drawn. Several took this
bait. Then hecommenced offering the
money back, and one, two and three dollars
more if there was no prize, until he roped
in ten, the next step was to get all to agree
to divide equally whatever prize was drawn.
He opened the envelopes, and in one of them
found—0 wonder of wonders—a number
calling for five dollars. Out of the twenty
dollars taken from the ten men, he gave
them fifty cents each, and pooketed the
fifteen dollars clear profits. Yet these
men seemed to think it was all perfectly
fair, and stood gaping ready to be taken in
again by the same or some other trick of
the operator. As we passed around the
grounds we heard this bellower's harangue
for hours, and whenever we looked that
way saw a crowd. We have more particu
larly described this operation, because in.
formed that the same thing has been done
at previous Fairs, and because men of the
same kit have visited every town of any
size in the State, where circuses or shows
have passed, and have taken thousands of
dollars out of the State this season and
what is sadder yet, farmers who have gone
to the Fairs, or come into the towns to see
the shows, have been among their best
customers. Now it is proposed to show
up in THK GUANOS ADVANCE, as occasion
may require, every humbug of which we
can hear, but our readers will greatly
lighten this task by remembering some of
the principles which may be applied at all
1st. Whenever any enterprise is pre
sented and urged, whereby to make a sud
den fortune, or to get money or anything
else without earning it, that may be
stamped as a humbug, for splendid chance*
never have to go begging.
2d. Men engage in trade to make money,
and do not make a practice of either giving
away their goods or selling for less than
their value or cost, and whenever they pro
fess to do either of these, there is a hum
bug somewhere.
3d. All chance operations are humbugs
to a certain extent, for the operator al
ways calculates to make dishonest and ex
orbitant profits, cover all the enormous
expenses of advertising, and only to dis
tribute a sufficient number of prises to
whet the appetites of his customers.
Litchfield, Minn., Oct. 9th, 1873.
The Fair is not nearly as much of a suc
cess as the farmers of this beautiful coun
ty are able to make it, yet it is as much
better than the Goodhue County Fair, as
the State Fair was better than this.
Among the stock on exhibition, worthy
of mention, I noticed a splendid
spring calf, owned by Edwin DeCoster
also a beautiful heifer calf owned
by Frank Williams a milch cow,
owned by N. A. Vrien some beautiful
young Ayrshire cows, owned by John M
Waldron and a thorough bred, short horn
yearling bull, owned by the same also a
splendid yearling bull, owned by Wilton
Gordon. T. C. Jewett shows twelve head,
all the product of one cow in four years.
All but the parent cow and her first calf
are grades. Mr. Jewett, it will be remem
bered, took four premiums at the State Fair.
A very nice matched team is shown by Nils
Swanson, three and four years old. There
is a very nice two year old stallion exhib
ited by John Peifer, of Darwin also a
fine nine year old stallion weighing 1,587
pounds and a four year old weighing
1,450 pounds, owned by John Duckering.
Mr. Duckering also showed two Chester
White pigs, nine weeks old, which he sold
for $23.
Mrs. Amasa Wheeler exhibited speci
mens of very nice hop yeast and salt ris
ing bread. I was very much interested by
a shawl, a blanket and a carpet made from
the wool by Miss Agren. There is a very
creditable floral display for a frontier
Among the curiosities I find a cigar
case from Japan, a piece of olive wood
from the Holy Land a towel made by
hand fifty years ago, spun and woven and
a piece of sandal wood, Calias, Peru. I
also notieed a very curious egg, having at
one end a perfect tail.
Considerable amusement was oreated by
a sack race. Six boys were put into regu
lar sized wheat bags, with the tops fast
ened around their waists and their hands
tied behind their backs. The race was
won by Thomas O'Brien, a son of the well
known Dillon O'Brien. All the others fell
down and floundered upon the ground be
fore they reached the goal.
A scrub race afforded considerable fun
and more exoitement I did not learn the
name of the winner.
I find a strong feeling among the farm
ers up here in favor of taxing the railroad
lands some go so far as to favor govern
mental appropriation to test the validity of
existing laws on this subject. As THE
ADVANCE will probably have something to
say on this subject at a future time, I will
say no more at present.
Captain Ara Barton, of Northfield, is
now (Oct. 10th, 3 o'clock. P. II.), deliver
ing the annual address. It is thoroughly
practical. He is giving his experience
with the different kinds of wheat, and gives
the preference upon the whole to the
Scotch Fife. He then proceeds to give his
experience with the different kinds of
stock, horses, cattle, sheep and pigs. I
wish I could give the whole of it, but will
refer to it it at greater length at a more
convenient season. The farmers on all
hands speak very highly of the address on
account of its being so very plain and prac
tical. The speaker severely condemned
the careless manner in which farmers used
their machinery.
I was invited this evening to the Old
Settlers' Banquet held at the Litchfield
House, which invitation was gladly ac
cepted. About seventy-fire of the oldest
inhabitants partook of a supper, which for
abundance of everything good was old
fashioned enough to suit the most ancient
individual present. During the supper,
Mrs. Jewett revived old memories at ouv
table, by relating some of her experiences
during the Indian outbreak. Although so
far out on the frontier she and her husband
remained at their home during the whole
of that terrible time. After that their
crops were destroyed by hail, and once
their house was suddenly removed and
shattered by a tremendous wind storm.
Senator Ramsey here remarked that the
only passage of Scripture applicable to her
case was this: "Whom the Lord loveth
he chasteneth." When justice, free and
ample, and in immense quantities bad been
meted out to the supper, we adjourned to
Masonic Hall to indulge in a sort of old
fashioned Methodist class meeting. Ar
rived at the hall, Judge Smith assumes the
chair and states the object of the meeting.
He is anxious to preserve the early records
of the county before they shall have been
swept into oblivion by the remorseless
hand of time. He desires everyone to con
tribute interesting facts of this nature and
he will record .them. He strongly urges
ill old settlers to join the association and
hopes that every one present will be per
fectly free to give his early experience up
on this occasion. He will now call upon
the first territorial Governor of Minnesota.
Says he is glad to meet the old settlers
of this oounty. Nothing warms his heart
like the presence of the old pioneers of the
State. They are the founders of what in
the future will be a great empire. Every
one of them, no matter how humble his
part, should feel proud of this fact. We
should feel proud of the fact that we are
the fathers and mothers of the great race
that will soon make the name of the State
of Minnesota one of the grandest on the
list-of States. He is very glad to learn
that the chairman is making suoh efforts to
preserve the early records. They will be
a precious heir loom to posterity. My
self and the chairman have already reached
a period in life that warns us we have not
more than fifty or sixty years longer to
stay here, (laughter,) and we should be
committing these early records to paper,
that they may speak for us when we are
voiceless in the grave." He is now refer
ring to what the State Association is and
what it has been doing. Every one who
was in the State previous to January 1st,
1850, are members of the Association. The
annual meetings are decreasing every year,
and soon there will be but a handful left.
His commission as territorial Governor
was signed by Zachary Taylor, and bears
date April 2d, 1849. He is now giving an
account of the legislature of '49 and '50.
It consisted of Frenchmen, mixed bloods
and Americans.
The whole population of Minnesota and
what is now Dakota Territory was then
about 4,000 now Minnesota alone numbers
about 600,000 and during the war we fur
nished the government with 25,000 men.
How miraculous is the change!
with his little wife oame 700 miles in a
lumber wagon to seek a home in the West.
My wife frequently carried brush to help
bridge over the miry places, and at other
times I shouldered her and carried her
across the streams. We were plumb full of
faith, but had mighty little cash. I start
ed out with ten dollars in my pocket."
Mr. King is now relating humorous inci
dents in the early history of Meeker ooun
ty, and the old settlers are enjoying them
hugely. He borrowed a bag of corn meal
from Dr. Kennedy, and the Dr. told him to
use a mighty coarse seive or he wouldn't
get much meal. The man who had plenty
of hoe cake and hominy in those days was
a lucky man.
is now telling of the times when they had
no roads, but went by the groves in the
day time and the stars by night.
Captain Atkinson cannot speak but he is
a mighty good listener.
Judge Smith related some very humorous
incidents in relation to the early post mas
ters and justices of the peace, and thus
closed one of the happiest and most enjoy
able occasions in the history of Meeker
At a meeting of the Executive Commit
tee of the State Grange of Minnesota, held
at St. Paul, September 25th, I was elected
as State Agent and gave bonds to the
amount of $50,000 for the faithful dis
charge of my duty. My headquarters will
be at Winona, where all orders and com
munications should be addressed. I de
sire to make this State Agency a success,
as a business agency in the interests of the
Patrons, by purchasing goods at wholesale
rates direct from manufacturers. This
can be done best by centering our entire
trade as much as possible in the State
Please make use of this Agency to the
fullest extent, and build up the business
interest of the Grange in the State. I ask
for your hearty co-operation, for without
this nothing can be accomplished.
The banner is to be mounted on a staff
with gilt ball and ear of corn for a head.
A new Grange is to be organised in West
Florence. Another is talked of in the cor
ner of Featherstone on Hay Creek.
The Red Wing Grange is No. 353 in the
State of Minnesota.
The Burnside Grange P. of H. numbers
about fifty members, and holds a special
meeting on Wednesday of this week to ini
tiate new members. Patrons plow deep
and sweep clean.
The charter of the Boston Grange, P. of
H., has been revoked by Dudley Adams,
W. G. M. of the National Grange. The
members claim that they are all interested
in farming pursuits, and have appealed to
the National Grange. Of course monopoly
organs will raise a cry of joy, but do not
let Patrons be the least disturbed that the
order is able to meet and deal with each
questions only shows the strength of tins
organization. The matter will be tested
by the proper authority and settled in ac
cordance with right and equity. And the
discussions and decision of this case will
be of great importance to the order. The
order is new and some such precedent as
the decision of such a test case will be of
great use.
Dealers in
Farming Implements.
WINONA, Oct. 11th, 1873.
Fraternally yours,
J. S. DENMAN, State Agent.
have just been shown by brother Leland
Jones, of the Burnside Grange, of Goodhue
county, a beautiful banner painted by W.
E. Hawkins, of Red Wing. On one side of
the banner is a sheaf of wheat and plow,
above which are the words, Burnside
Grange P. of H., No. 148," and below are
the words, Equal and exact justice to all,
special privileges to none." On the re
verse side are the same words, and in the
center a vase filled with rich fruits, and
surrounded by intertwining wreaths of most
beautiful flowers. The whole design is
most happily conceived, the work artisti
cally finished, and leaves a very pleasant
Red Wing, Minnesota.
No. 4 Ely Block, WINONA, Minnesota,
is the place 0f&ngers get
WINES and LIQUORS, 4c, at Liberal Discount*.
Manufacturers of
Proprietors of '«FOBEST MILLS."
Znmbrota, Minn., and MAZEPPA MILLS,
Mazeppa, Minnesota.
Mr. P. P. CARPENTER, of this city, has for many
years manufactured the well known
Gire him a call at
€. HILL'S Shop, Matin street,
Red Wing, Minn.
Davis' Veltlcal Peed
STORE, cor. Bush and Third sts., Red Wing, Minn.
Watchmaker and Jeweler
Vo. 78 MaHu
ffaHL StStreet,r
Red Wing, Minnesota.
ing, Minnesota.
Jobbers and Retailers df
&c, &o., &c,
3 Street* Winona, Minnesota,
Secured in the United States, Canada and all the
European countries.
Information giTen free. Call and see or address
Patent Solicitor and Model Maker,
Winona, Minnesot a
I have a competent Associate in Washington, D. C.

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