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OLD FARMER BROWN. From the harvest field, old farmer Brown came home with a look of care lie threw his hat on the floor, and sat down in his old gplint bottomed chair He wiped the sweat from hig dripping brow, and pulled out his old jack-knife He whittled away to himselfawhile, and called to his little wife. From her quaint and tidy kitchen, she came through the open door, With her sleeves pinned up to her shoulders and her skirt pinned up before. She looked as faded, wrinkled, and worn as the folds of her gingham gown, When she saw the haggard and hopeless look on the face of Farmer Brown. Then down in her rocking-chair she sank, in a sort of ahelplessway, Nor spoke one word, but listened and looked to hear what he might say. "Hannah, I'm sick a livin* here, an' a-workin* from spring to fall A-raisin' taters an' corn to sell, that don't bring noth ic' at all. Here we have worked together, for forty years, lik« a pair of slaves, An' that old mortgage ain't lifted yet that I owe to Gideon Graves. That judgment note o' Deacon Dunn's will soon be a fallin' due, An' where the money's a comin' from, why, I can't tell, nor you. I'm kept in sech a worry an' fret by all these sort o' things, That I have to sell the stuff that I raise right off for what it brings. It costs so much for my taxes now, an' to keep the wolf away, That I haven't no chance to make a cent, an' that' 8 what's to pay. Hannah we've both on us grown old, an' our children are all gone There is no one now that is left at home for us to de pend upon. I ain't as strong as I used to be, nor as able to work, I know But I've gotto set these matters square, an' the farm'll have to go. "Half o' the world lives idle, with plenty to eat an' wear, An' the ones who work the hardest have often the least to spare. The farmers work till their forms are bent, an' their hands are hard an' brown The workmen delve in the dust an' smoke o' the work shops in the town The sturdy sailor's bring to our shores the wealth o' foreign lauds An' the other half o' the world subsists by the work o' these hardened hands. An' this is one o' the reasons why I can't pay what I owe. While you an' I area gettin' old, and the farm'll have to go. "I've worked in the woods in the winter-time, I've plowed an' sowed in the spring. I've hoed and dug through summer and fall, an' I haven't made a thing. Sometimes I lie awake all night, an' worry, an' fuss, an' fret. An' never a single wink o' sleep nor a bit o' rest I get. I think o' our grown-up children, an' the life they've jest begun They've got to hoe the same hard row as you and I have done. I think o' the politicians, an' the way that they rob an' steal, An', the more 1 think o' farmin', the poorer it makes me feel. The speculators buy up our cheese, our butter, our wool an'hay, An' they sell em agin for more'n twice as much as they hatd to pay. They bleed us in transportation, they fleece us every where They cheat us on our provisions an'the very clothes we wear. They live iu their lofty houses, on the best that can be found. Their wives wear dazzlin' diamonds, an' their children loaf around In the summer they go to the seashore an' the springs to make a show. An' that is the way our butter an' cheese, an'our corn an' 'taters go. We work in the sun all summer, raise turnips an corn on shares, That the railroad! an' politicians may cheat us an put on airs. They carry the reigns o' power, an* will till we fill our graves They rule an' ruin the markets, an' we are a pack slaves. What's to be done God only knows. I've failed in many ways In tryin' to lay a lectio by to ease my declinin' days. I never have been a shiftless man I'vefiggered Iv'e worked an' tried, While the old farm's been a runnin' down since the day that father died. I've borrowed money to pay my debts, an' I've watch ed the interest grow, Till it fairly got the start o' me, an' the farm'll have to go." Then the little wife of Farmer Brown stood) up upon the floor, And she looked at him in a kind of way that she never had before. The farrowsfledfrom her shriveled cheecks and her face, grew all aglow: "I never will sign the deed, John, an* the farm shall never go. There's jest one thing to be done, as sure as you an'I are born: You nust join the GBANQI an' vote, John, if you would sell your corn. Hope an' prayer are good, John, for the man who digs an' delves, But Heaven will never help ns, John, unless we help ourselves. I ain't as chipper, an'smart, an'spry, nor as strong as I used to be, But I've got a heap o' spunk, John, when it's started up in me." Over the old man's furrowed face the tears began to flow, He never had felt more proud and Strong since their wedding long ago A golden gleam of heavenly hope illumined his soul's despair, And, kneeling down on the time-worn floor, both bowed their heads in prayer. —Eugene J. Had, in Our Fireside Friend. A MUSICAL TURNKEY.—The au thorities of a prison in Canada, ad vertise as follows: Wanted, a respec table man to act as turnkey in a county prison. One who understands music, can play the organ, and sing bass, would be preferred/' English Farm Laborers. Magazine. There is one thing that I observe about these otherwise beautiful English farms—that is, the laborers on them seem as naturally part of their produce. The workmen in the fields do not now, indeed, wear bronze collars around their necks with the landlord's name on them but there are lords and serf's and these men who have no means of leaving the poorest farm tenements except to en counter the wolf whose name is hunger, are adicripti ghbx, and bear their bronze collars in their bronzed faces and clod-like heads. One feels that it must have taken ages of natural selec tion to produce this race so related to the soil, and is not surprised to find in the old British laws how many of them tended to draw to the fields, andfixtomembership them, those fittest for such work. The laws bribed men to menial farm service by the prospect of owning the land. If any one laid dung on afield with the consent of the proprietor, he was enti tled to use that field for one year. If the dung was carried out in a cart in great abundance, he was to have the use of the land for three years. Who ever rendered land arable by cutting down a wood, with consent of the owner, was to have the use of it for five years. If any one, with the owner's consent, folded his cattle upon apiece of ground for one year, he was. to have the use of that ground for four years. Now andBoston then we find a law calculated to encour age the laborers to learn higher arts than the carrying of manure thus it was decreed at one period that no man should guide a plow who could not make one. and that the driver should make the ropes of twisted willows which drew it. But as a general thing the effort seems to have been to put premi ums upon the coarser farm-work and when by this means the agricultural la borers had become personally identified with and virtual proprietors of a large part of the soil, then came the Conque ror with his peers to be made possessors and masters of them all, as they con tinue to be to this day. So now, with out the prospect of owning any land thereby, the laborers do by necessity what they once did with the hope of fortune. Ages have moulded them to their dismal work, so that nine out of ten might answer with the little Devon girl, when asked at Sunday-school, "For what end, were you created To carry dung on Dartmoor."—.Hater's The Father of American Methodism." A granite monument, thirty-one feet high and six feet square at the base, erected in the memory of Philip Em bury, called the Father of American Methodism," is to be unveiled with ap propriate ceremonies at Cambridge, in this State, on Monday, the 20th inst. The attendance of the most distinguish ed men of the Methodist Church is ex pected, and suitable orations will be de livered by eminent ministers of that de nomination. The story of Philip Em bury is a simple one, though of great results. In 1776 he was a poor carpen ter in this city, having his shop on Bar rack street, now the site of the City Hall. In this shop he preached the doctrines of Wesley, whose followers were but few at that time in New York. As more people attended at the shop than could be accommodated, Embury transferred the scene of his sermons to a sail-loft, which he hired in William street. Then money was raised among the members of the English Church here, and the first Methodist meeting house in America was built on John street, Philip Embury having himself attended to the carpenter work. Soon after this help to the struggling new church came from John Wesley, in England, and Richard Pillmore and Thomas Rankin, the first regularly or dained, Methodist ministers in the United States, came over to aid the brethren here. Mr. Embury, after I their arrival in New York, moved tof IN TJ^IQ^ STRENGTH -IN KNOWLEDGE POWER. VOL.I. RED WING, GOODHUE C0UN1Y, MINN., OCTOBER 22, 1873. Ash Grove, in Washington County, and continued to preach there until his death on August 23,1793, in his forty fifth year. He was buried at Camden, in the same county, and sixty years af terwards his remains were removed to Ash Grove. In 1868 they were again removed—this time to Cambridge, near Ash Grove, where the monument is to be unveiled. His nephew, Philip Em bury, of New York, and othes members of the Embury family will attend the ceremonials.—A. Y. World. THERE has been a slight difficulty among the grangers which may 'lead to a revision of their constitution. By this constitution any person interested in agricultural pursuits is eligible ^o in the order, and it ap pears that a party of grain speculators in Boston, believing themselves par ticularly interested in agricultural pur suits, depending, in fact, for their bread and butter, to say nothing of diamonds and fast horses, upon the toil of honest farmers of the West and elsewhere, thought proper to promote the eleva tion of industry by organizing them selves into a grange. Their desire be ing made known to Deputy J. C. Ab bott, who is charged with the duty of organizing Granges in Massachusetts, that enthusiastic propagandist of pure agricultural principles paid a visit to and complied with the request made to him. So far all went nicely, and the grain speculators at the Hub congratulated themselves upon having been received into the great community of Husbandmen. But some of the plain farmers out West who heard of the proceeding took great offence at the admission of such a set of ravenous wolves, as they consider Boston grain dealers, into the inner recesses of their fold, and the more enthusiastic of them went so far as to insist upon the expul sion from their order of the indiscreet Deputy Abbott, who had permitted his zeal for the extension of Granger prin ciples to blind his discretion as to the character of the reinforcement he wasthat gathering under the Granger standards. At the last aecount the Worthy Grand Master of the National Grange had re voked the charter of this interloping Boston Grange, and requested its offi cers to turn over their books and papers to Deputy Abbott—a request with which they respectfully declined to comply.—JV". Y. Sun. FROM SUPERINTENDENT WHITMAN'S REPORT. The whole number of teachers employed 1B seventeen—one more than the number last year. Only one change was made dur ing the year. At the close of the first term, Miss Kimball resigned her place in the Lower Intermediate Department, E. B., and Miss Wray was elected to fill the va cancy. Although Miss Kimball was doing good work, yet the school suffered no loss in the change. A good teacher must be a eonstant learn er. It is not enough that one has taught the same subjects, in reading, arithmetic, graumar and geography, or any other study, from year to year, till they are asways familiar as the alphabet this very famili arity may render the teaching lifeless and uninteresting. Thought and study in oth er fields will bring something of freshness to the old subjects, and enable one to in vest them with some charm for the chil dren. The teacher must be a student. Long experience may improve the teach er, or may entirely unfit her forher duties. Time adds strength to the oak, but a fossil remains a fossil, valuable only as the relic a former age. But what means of im provement do our teachers enjoy None, except what their own meagre salaries af ford them, and these are barely enough to meet the expenses even of the most pru dent, as yon will readily, see by a little computation. It is dearly the duty of the Board of Education to furnish these means for their teachers. A library, containing books of reference and general reading, is needed, not only for the teachers' use, but also for the use of the pupils of the higher grades, that they may be taught how to read and acquire a taste for reading that will be elevating in its tendency and add to the general culture ef the read er. The young should be taught to reject a bad book and seek the good, the useful. This can be done in a measure, if the means are placed in the hands of the teacher. Besides good scholarship, constantly im proving, the teacher must be familiar with the improved methods of teaching. Noth ing is easier than to have a mistaken confi dence on this subject. School life is chang ing. Pupils leave school at an earlier age than formerly. The subjects to be studied are more numerous. Every year a higher degree of scholarship is required for the average man. The question is how to do more work in less time. This question is receiving the attention of the ablest educa tors in the land. It beoomes every teacher to know what methods have been discard ed, and what new ones are approved and what disapproved, and this, too, with refer ence to every branch of knowledge taught in our schools. Good .teaching is impossible without a personal interest and pleasure in the pro gress of the pupils. This leads to a care ful study of their individual character, and a diligent search for the good points that are to be found in every nature, and the avenues to the heart. In every pupil there is some chord whose vibration, if touched by a skillful hand, will lead him upward. Diligent study of the pupils, their sur. roundings, what they are, what they ought to be, and what they may become, is the part of the true teacher. But thorough, faithful teaching does not always carry on the school smoothly. Long travel on the beaten track may avoid all jar. Advancing to new fields will some times produce friction but better the fric tion than no progress. The happiness of pupils ought indeed to be constantly sought but it should be the happiness comes from healthy, intellectual train ing and growth, not that of indulgence in pernicious habits. The faithful surgeon sometimes causes pain for the patient's good so the discipline of thorough teach ing may at the time be irksome, yet it is best. The approval of the trained scholar, that is to be, rather than that of the undis ciplined youth before her, should be the teacher's reward. Above all, a strong, manly or womanly character—virtuous, truthful, honest, just and generous—alone is fitted for the con trol of the young. Pupils look for these qualities. They should never lose the' ,_ confidence through the failure of teacher. There is no sadder sight thar attempt of one knowing herself to 1 true, and yet trying to make it appe she is giving all needed instructio young, before whose searching growth the broader aim /rf" Cultivating true manhood and womanh be in view. Very/. tb tlie un A at a 0 her true self cannot long be concealer* The object of school is not t© acquire knowledge merely it is not a j^ velop the mind and insur to de a healthy a] learn to deceive. By pi,i*ee»t and a pure example they should/^ 4 a to fee severely truthful for/, the*, is no easier and no worse vice t%*« selfish the pleasur^ ying a re of gentroU8 should be brought fa 7 indolent the sw^et rewards of toil should be theirs. Nori„ 0 taught, till th^y these things can be pprehended and fiMt ft acted out. S/uch are some of the qualifica tions of a «fcood teacher. Should less be desired in these who are to form the minds of children? It is not discouraging to know that few have attained this standard for the virtue consists in striving for it, and many are so doing. Least useful of all are those who have come up to their own ideal excellence. They should he allowed to retire at once on their laurels. The Board of Education has not a more NO. 2. important duty to perform, than that of employing teachers andfixingtheir sala ries. You would do well to consider whether or not, for special excellence on the part of teachers, larger outlays of money might not profitably be made. In my opinion they must from time to time be made, if the best teachers are not to be surrendered "to more liberal cities. The lowest salary is too much to pay a poor teacher the best teachers are cheapest at whatever cost. A careful discrimination must be exercised, the capable rewarded, and the incompetent and unfaithful unhes itatingly dismissed, or good schools cannot long be sustained. SCHOOL STATISTICS. The terra "statistics" is apt to convey to the mind only the idea of a confused mass of facts represented by figures. And perhaps it is for this reason that more at tention has not been given to the educa tional lessons of statistics, and that their importance in connection with school work has not been more fully realized. We may have learned reports by school officials, wherein are set forth in high sounding phrases the brilliant success of the schools under their charge during the time which the report covers, and their superiority of standing over that of any preceding stated period of time, and unless their statements are substantiated by the stern truths which figures tell, they are not worth the paper they are written on. And not only this, such statements actually hinder the thor ough work of the schoolroom. Teachers soon learn that show and not thorough pro~. gress is most desired, and they will work ac^ cording. Statistics are the abbreviated formal re cords of realities—facts orought into shape for philosophical Inquiry. Said Napolen I: Statistics mean the keeping an exact account of a nation's affairs, and without such an account there is no safety." Goethe, the German poet, says: I do not know whether figures govern the world, but this 1 do know^, they show how it iB governed. What business affords a fieJia for Sure and successful labor without the lessons that carefully pared statistics give pre He who would, iv hard arithir business life of its teti(5| aD a a to go along without the4 knowledge and use of numbers, will speer' A a re find 8 tr0UD le with his boot jflacKj ia baker, or, it may chancy theoffi 0 the law. .d, surely, not one whit less important (educational statistics. The lessons .y teach with regard to the relative and jftnal standing of the different schools,, in, the attendance, scholarship and deportment of the pupils, the ability, tact and faithful ness with which teachers manage and in struct those under their charge, should be most carefully studied. The records and reports must be correct ly made or their chief value is lost. To insure accuracy, experience teaches that a vast deal of labor is required at the hands: of Superintendents and Clerks. The re cords must be carefully examined and re ports corrected, else errors will be very likely to exist which will materially affect the general results. In view of all these facts, your Superin tendent has given muoh time and labor to the preparation of the statistics of our schools. From month to month he has earefully examined the reports of teachers comparing them with their daily records) and corrected errors. He has done the same with the quarterly and annual re ports and now he has the happy assur the comparative tables as str ictly correct. He has given more labor to the preparation of the statistics of this report than he has hitherto done. Several items of interest and importance have been added and as a whole, it is the most complete and eare fully prepared statistical report that has yet been submitted for your consideration. He only regrets that his predecessors have left no accurate reoords of their efforts, with which to make comparisons, in order to deduce lessons of wisdom end^noourage ment.