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TEE GRANGE ADVAKCE.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 1. 1874
B. B. HERBERT, Editor A Proprietor.
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special arrangements are made.
The joint convention of the Massachusetts
Senate and House have been searching for
the past week for a man.
Cheap transportation is represented in
Washington by an Illinois Committee to
urge the Illinois and Michigan Canal as a
means to solve the problem.
The N. Y. Tribune, says that Congress
wants a leader. Is there not one noble
patriot who will rush to the front, and sac
rifice himself for his country's weal
Two hundred and fifty-six out of five
hundred and eighty-six members of the
French Assembly voted for a motion to take
a vote of the people on the 1st of July to
decide the future form of government. It
is certainly about time they had settled that
question. The motion was made by a mon
archist, and the vote means that there are
two hundred and fifty-six members of the
Assembly, backed by their constituents, yet
clinging to the putrid carcass of monarchy.
Some Frenchman has figured the thing
all up and finds the average man of fifty
years has slept 6,000 days, worked 6,500
worked 800 days, amused himself 4,000
days, put in 1,500 days in eating, and been
sick 500 days. He has eaten 17,000 pounds
of bread, 16,000 pounds of meat, 4,600
pounds of vegetables, fish, etc., making
making over eighteen tons, and that he
has drank 7,000 gallons of liquids. This
Frenchman has done pretty well, but he
ought to have averaged the strength of the
liquids in order to have completed the job.
The bill of Congressman McCrary of
Iowa, which has passed the House of Rep
resentatives is in many respects similar to
the railroad bill that passed our last Legis
lature. It confides to aboard of nine per
sons the general regulation of charges for
freight and passengers passing through
the different States. It will probably meet
with a thorough sifting before passing the
Senate, if it pass at all. All the learning
and eloquence which railroad money can
command will doubtless be employed.
Congress is still wrestling with the great
financial questions. The House seems to
be more favorable to increasing the
volume of the currency than the Senate,
and it has already passed a bill increasing
the amount to $400,000,000, and limiting it
to that amount. It is not likely that the
Senate will concur in this bill. The proba
bility now is that a compromise will be ef
fected fixing the amount at $382,000,000.
Capitalists and business men from all parts
of the country have poured in petitions on
each side of the questions, but the farmers
as usual have laid back and let the thing
take its course. Gentlemen, you have got
to take more in these matters if you expect
your interests looked after.
We have compiled the following table from
the Attorney General's Report for tlic year
ending November 15th, 1873, showing the
total costs to the counties named, in crimi
nal cases, for that year. We have also ad
ded a column showing the population of the
respective counties as given in the census
of 1870. These are the only counties that
have reported the costs to the Attorney
Counties. Costs. Pop. in 1870
Anoka $191 85 3,980
Blue Earth 300 50 17,306
Douglass 126 96 4,112
Fillmore 133 79 24,894
Freeborn 490 55 10,578
Goodhue 281 95 22,612
Hennepin 1,28? 00 31,609
Mille Lacs 36 20 1,109
Mower £5 00 10,410
Olmsted 631 59 19,838
Rennville 857 65 3,218
Rice 153 91 16,090
Steele 54 00 8,277
Stearns 110 90 14,210
Washington 800 00 11,810
Winona 516 00 22,273
We suppose that the figures here given
eover the usual costs in the justice and Dis.
trict Courts, and do not include any grand
or petit jury fees, jailor's fees, or cost of
boarding prisoners in jail. It is to be re
gretted that fall reports from every county
•re not made.
Ethereal mildness don't seem to be coming
as much as it was, and "Old Probabilities
is utterly incapable of prognosticating its
present whereabouts, or of helping the
ethereal, article along: so we see no other
way than to wait patiently till the "Gentle
Spring" sees fit in her own good time to
come and make glad the earth ami the in
For twenty-three years Massachusetts
kept Charles Sumner in the Seinte of the
Unite-. States, and during the whole of
that time he never betrayed a trust, nor
shrank from the performance of what he
considered a duty. Whether assailed by
popular clamor or beaten down by the
bludgeon of the ruffian he ever remained as
firm as a stone wall to his convictions of
VERY DISCOURAGING.— [t is not at
all encouraging to the enjoyment of life
to feel that so much upon which we depend
for the comfort of living is rarely to be found
in its native and unadulterated purity. but
has been transmogrified by the devices that
keep steady pace with the arts of civili
zation, into a sham and delusion if not a
poison and peril. It is bad enough to
quench our thirst with alluvial deposits,
but the universal spirit of adulteration that
goes on from one conquest to another, with
ever increasing expedients to swindle and
deceive us in what we eat ana drink and
wear, is positively disheartening. The
milk for babes and whiskey for men are
are alike tampered with and made instru
ments of fever and delirium, instead of
nutritive auxiliaries to health and vigor.
Tea without spurious admixtures of corro
sive colorings is as difficult of procurement
as coffee without its sprinkling of chicory
or strong suspicion of beans. The baking
powders in which the agile housewife de
lights as accessories to her labors, bear
the impress of the chemist and apothecary
in their composition even our choice but
ter, with the touch of spring grass upon it,
may be transformed by ingenious processes
from refuse that appertains exclusively to
the province of the soap boiler, and the
snowy lard that enters so largely into the
manufacture of the doughnut not seldom
attains its complexion by most questionable
means. And so on iu the category of
shams It is needless to enlarge the un
pleasant reflection, except to chronicle the
advent of needless and cruel fraud on the
public in the production of the golden
syrup or silver drips with which our buck
wheat cakes are lubricated, through a curi
ous and poisonous compound of lignin and
We have received from H. K. Cole, Sec
retary of the Board of Trade of the city of
Mankato, the fourth annual report of that
body. It is a neatly printed pamphlet of
twenty-eight pages, containing a township
map of Blue Earth county and is printed
by the Record Printing House. The
pamphlet consists of a report by the Sec
retary and a description of the county, giv
ing railroads, the encouragements presented
to manufactures, soil, streams, water
powers, timber, agricultural advantages,
&c The manufactures of the city of
Mankato are given as $903,669, and the
gross sales of the city for the year of all
olasses of- articles at $2,225,220. Among
the sales we notice sales reported in organs
and pianos $10,000, sewing machines, $31,
205, which shows that the people are get
ting able to indulge in some of the refine
ments and luxuries of life. But the most
interesting portion of the pamphlet to us
is the showing with regard to home manu
factures. We want more of these. The
resolution passed by the Goodhue County
Council, on this subject and published in
our last issue takes the right ground and
has the right ring. We must ask capitalists
to invest in our midst in the manufacture
of all articles necessary for home consump
tion, and if we cannot get them we must
combine our own capital for that purpose
and employ skilled mechanics to manufac
ture for us. We are glad to see in this re
port that Mankato can make the fine show
ing in manufacturing that she does. Of
agricultural machinery, wagons and sleighs,
we find from the report that there have
been made in that city during the year,
200 fanning mills, 300 sulky rakes, 613
plows, 100 rotary harrows, 253 lumber
wagons, 54 light wagons and carriages,
157 cutters and bob sleds. Besides these
the Linseed Oil and Tow Company have
manufactured and sold oil and oil cake to
the amount of $120,354, and have made
arrangements to erect a paper mill the
coming season a company have organized
under the name of the Mankato Manufac
turing Company, with a capital stock of
$30,000, built a building, and will make
plows, harrows and other farm implements
and operate a foundry the coming season
a joint stock company has been formed
among their own citizens with a capital
stock of $25,000 to operate a woolen fac
tory the coming season. Why eannot other
communities in our State learn wisdom
from this enterprise instead of standing
around with their hands in their pockets
waiting for somebody to come and do the
work, for them until others get all the
Messrs. Editors Orange Advance:
Having had the privilege of attending
the meeting of the County Council P. of H.
at Featherstone, on the 20th inst., I was
much pleased to witness the general har
mony and good feeling manifested through
out the session, the candor and fairness
with which the various subjects were dis
cussed, and the absence of that bitter and
antagonistic feelings against opposite in
terests', so often observable in similar
bodies, there was an evident disposition to
give the careful and proper consideration
due to matters affecting the great agricul
tural interests of our country, and evident
ly, if no untoward event shall befall this
great and popular farmers' movement,
which is spreading all over our nation, im
mense benefit will be derived therefrom,
although great caution, and calm delibera
tion are necessary for its guidance, as it is
beset with dangers from within, as well as
from without, not least of which, is its pes
tended, warm and active friends who are
ever, with zealous eye, watching its various
interests and ever ready and anxious to
extend their guardian care, as for instance
our lobbying committee self-constituted,
who contrary to the wish of our State
Grange, took seats in the Senate chamber
to guard the interests of the order, while
mauy of the Senators themselves were
Patrons, and those who were not, were
at least friendly then we hear of part of
this committer' hastening to Minneapolis
with an evident disposition to crush the
Farmers' Mutual Fire Insurance Associa
tion, whose Directors (nearly all Patrons,)
had just held their annual meeting, audit
ed their accounts, examined into affairs,
and found it in a prosperous and satisfac
tory condition. And in the very face of
this, the Sherwood committee have the au
dacity to say that it is unsafe and unsound,
and cannot recommend it to the farmers of
But, Mr. Editor, notwithstanding the re
port of this voluntary committee, we find
the County Councils and sub ordinate
Granges all over the State are endorsing
and recommending the Farmers' Mutual
Fire Insurance Association, and pledging
themselves to stand by their oicn Associa
Brother Grangers if we would have our
order prosper let us be on the lookout for
these old cast-a-way politicians, for they
are bound to either rule or ruin.
Just one word, Mr. Editor, about the
Featherstone Prairie, and its residents.
Having often heard of their enterprise,
thrift, morality, and religion, and certainly
their homesteads, surroundings, general
appearance of their farms and the warm
genial manner of the people, amply justify
all that has been said in that respect.
When I call to mind my crossing that same
prairie seventeen years ago, with its dry,
barren and uninviting appearance, when
Messrs. Freyberger, Roberts, Featherstone
and Libbey comprised nearly the whole
of its settlers, I could hardly believe my
own eyes, to see the contrast between
then and now, it is truly wonderful.
And certainly a more desirable locality
for a farmer's residence would be
hard to find, and had I been favored with
as correct an insight into the future as
some of the above named pioneers, I might
now have been one amongst them.
MARCH 28th, 1874.
MOBBISTOWN, RICE Co.,
March 27th, 1874.
MR. EDITOR:—Believing that by ex
change of ideas, and personal experience,
through the newspapers, is the true way
whereby the community can be the most
benefitted, I have concluded to give my
experience in the raising of the Early Rose
potatoes. In the Spring of 1871, I bought
bushel of Early Rose, planted them in
my garden, from which I saved five bush
els for seed. In the spring of 1872 I plant
ed one bushel the 20th of April, four bush
els the 15th of May. Those that I planted
on the 20th of April I dug in August as
soon as good and ripe, put them in my cel
lar and threw some dry sand upon them.
Those planted May 15th, I dug in October
the ordinary time to dig potatoes. They
had been ripe, perhaps four weeks. Now
those that I dug in August as soon as ripe
were good and mealy till new potatoes came
again, while those that had laid in the
ground from four to six weeks after being
ripe were never good and mealy. In the
Spring of 1873 I planted what I wanted for
early ones in April, and those that were not
used by August 1 dug and put in the cellar.
The remainder and largest quantity I
planted the 20th of June, and dug them in
October, about the time they were good
and ripe, and I find that those that were
dug in August and those that were
in October are both good and
mealy and equally in a good state of
preservation, therefore I have come to the
conclusion that if we want good potatoes
we must dig as soon as ripe as staying in
the ground after ripe, only causes them to
If you want good and dry potatoes, plant
in dry soil. A FARMER.
A new exchange from Red Wing, THE
GRANGE ADVANCE, is winning the confidence
of Grangers as a first class paper. It la
bors for the good of the order.—Delevan Bee.
ZUMBROTA, March 28th, 1874.
Our Grange, though slowly, is still in
creasing. Our meetings this past winter
have been regular and quite interesting.
Aside from the usual business pertaining
to the Grange our members, really, though
not formally resolved themselves into a
farmers' debating club.
The different kinds of wheat, viz.: the
Fife, White River, Odessa, Osakis, Poland
and some other varieties have been thor
oughly discussed, together with the ad
vantages and profit of sowing each kind.
Then the cost of raising wheat was well
discussed together with the propriety and
effect of storing wheat. In relation to this
latter point it is a settled conviction here
that placing wheat in store results, finan
cially, in injury to the farmer. All that
commends it is this: the farmer can use
the winter to haul grain which he does not
desire to sell till May or June. So far
from market as we are, storing is a neces
sity. Where then is a remedy And this
we have considered thoroughly. We must
have a railroad. Then, with a market at
our doors, we can keep our wheat in our
granaries till we are ready to sell or not
just as we choose.
Last Wednesday evening a pleasant gath
ering was enjoyed at the home of J.
Locke, in Minneola. A few days before
Mrs. Locke had arrived from the East,
where she had been spending the winter,
and the neighbors took this opportunity to
give them a pleasant surprise. After an
hour or two of friendly intercourse, from
their baskets along table was luxuriously
loaded, and all sat down to the enjoyment
of the rich feast. Of two who were there,
P. P. Scott and M. W. Chandler, be it
known, that concerning their real or im
aginary waywardness, they are always
sparring each other anywhere and every
where. But that evening they were mutu
ally content, aided by nearly all the rest,
to give Mrs. Locke hints and facts in
relation to Mr. Locke during her absence.
However, her equanimity did not seem to
be very much disturbed thereby. At a late
hour all went away feeling that a good,
neighborly and pleasant occasion had been
enjoyed. The fact that this was the close
.of the seventeenth year of Mr. and Mrs.
Locke's married life, gave additional in
terest to this meeting. L.
Editor Grange Advance:
The following preamble and resolution
was adopted by Hay Creek Grange, No.
126, at its last meeting held on the 28th of
WHKREAS, at the late session of the
Goodhue County Council, held at Feather
stone on the 20th day of March, A. D.
1874, the said Council passed the following
resolution: Resolved, That this Council
sympathize with and endorse the actions of
the christian women of our country in
their endeavors to suppress the liquor traf
WHEREAS, Hay Creek Grange has always
lived up to its rules, and to the rules, regu
lations and requirements of the Order of
P. of H., and will always continue so to do
WHEREAS, We are utterly opposed to
meddling with all matters foreign to the
objects of the Order therefore, be it
Resolved, That we object to the action of
the Council in this respect, and denounce
all resolutions interfering with the objects
of the Order, as tending to weaken it, and
finally to subvert it by destroying its har
SPRING CREEK, Minn.,
March 20th, 1874.
Editors Grange Advance:
The following resolutions were unani
mously passed by the Spring Creek Grange
No. 209, Patrons of Husbandry, at a regular
meeting held March 13th, A. D. 1874.
WHEREAS, The Spring Creek Grange No.
209 P. of H., being credibly informed that
certain manufacturers of machinery, and
their agents, have combined to undersell
the State Agent of the Patrons of Husband
ry for the purpose of breaking up and de
stroying the State Agency system. There
Resolved, That having full confidence in
Brother J. S. Denman, we, as a Grange,
pledge ourselves to patronize and support
Resolved, That we will not purchase any
machinery or farming implements of any
Agent outside the Order of the Patrons of
Resolved, Further that all the Granges in
the State are requested to join with us in
these resolutions and have the same pub
Resolved, That these resolutions be pub
lished in THE GRANGE ADVANCE and Farm
The premiums offered are liberal, and
sufficient, we hope, to stimulate extra pains
ingrowing products for this express pur
pose:' bat the sole object should not be
competion only, as farmers should have a
pride in showing to the world our capabili
ties. And we ask the co-operation of every
farmer in our State to make the coming
State Fair the Fair par excellence of all
other previous exhibitions in this one re
spect. WM. PAIST, Secretary.
HALCYON GRANGE, NO. 38, P. of H.
At a regular meeting of Halcyon Grange
the following was unanimously adopted:
WHEREAS, The Owatonna Seeder Manu
facturing Co. have failed to abide by their
agreement to furnish seeders to Grangers
at reduced rates therefore,
Resolved, That we will not purchase any
of these seeders so long as they refuse to
fulfill their agreement with us.
Dated Fairpoint. March 21st, 1874.
ELIJAH HIGGINS, Master.
MORGAN ABEL, Sec'y.
Editor Grange Advance
At a meeting of the Blooming Grove
Grange, P. of H., held on March 6th, 1874,
the following resolutions were unanimously
Resolved, That the members of this
Grange will not purchase any machinery
of any manufacturers whose name ap
peared in a published statement of a meet
ing held in Chicago, of those who refused
to deal directly with the Grangers also,
Resolved, That we will extend to our
brother Patrons, to the utmost of our abil
ity, any necessary aid to enable them to
make their purchases of our State Agent.
By special request.
J. R. DAVISON, Overseer.
Cannon Falls Locals.
CANNON FALLS, March 28th, 1874.
The "Barber's Union," is the name of a
new society organized here. Over thirty
were initiated at the first meeting. The
ceremony is said to be very impressive, and
pleasing to spectators.
Two men last Wednesday, got outside
of too much bad whiskey result scratched
On Monday the workmen commenced
breaking ground for nines' new Hotel, cor
ner of Fourth and Main streets. The win
ter term of the Public School terminated on
Friday last spring term will commence in
about ten days.
Preparations are going on to make the
gueits comfortable, that attend the Teach
er's Institute to commence the 31st.
The new board of supervisors meet to-day,
to devise ways and means to bridge the
Notices are up for the village election to
be held April 6th.
T\ W. INGERSOLL & CO.,
Conrer Third and Wabas ha 8ts.,
It is our aim to offer a Stock of DRY OOODS second
to none in the State.
DRESS GOODS, SILK,
WOOLEN AND DOMESTIC
Will be found of special interest.
OUR ORDER DEPARTMENT,
Under the charge of Mr. FIELD, will be conducted
with Special Regard to Promptness, and all Goods Far
warded Guaranteed as Represented. Samples asnt
by mail, or information as to
STYLES AND PRICES
Given upon application.
Prices of all
O E S I GOOD S
At Retail will not vary materially from Wholesale
D. W IBTGERSeLL 4c CO.
TOYS, FANCY GOODS,
and all the smaller
HANS N. JORDT, Sec.
ST. PAUL, Minn., March 25th, 1874.
To the Editor of The Grange Advance
At a late meeting of the Executive Com
mittee of the State Agricultural Society,
held in this city, it was unanimously voted
to largely increase the premiums offered on
farm and garden products, and also offer a
sweepstake to the county presenting the
largest and best varieties of vegetables of
any county in the State. First premium,
$75.00 second premium, $50.00: third
premium, $25.00. To the county in the
State presenting the largest and best vari
ety of grain: First premium, $50.00 sec
ond premium, $25.00.
Corner of Main and Bush streets,
1 Red Wing. Minnesota.
O A a
ZUMBROTA, GOODHUE Co., MINN.