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Sad and Interesting* Details of the
Great Calamity at Robinson's Opera House, Feb. 5th. [From the Cincinnati Commercial, 6th.] Mr. William Eckel, who was one of the first to rush into the fatal vestibule on hearing the cry of Are, and seeing the crowd of people rush out. thus describes the scene: "I was standing on the side* walk talking to some gentlemen when 1 heard the alarm of fire, and as one of my children was inside, I naturally made an effort to force my way in. The entrance was completely clogged with people, how* ever, an3 I never got beyond the middle of the vestibule. My idea is that some of the first crowd that rushed out slipped on the steps and fell, and the immense throng that followed were so terror* stricken that they did not think of steps or anything else except to fling them selves out of the inner door. The conse* que.ices were that there was a general piling up of prostrate and struggling people, those who followed the first rush falling on the top of the others as soon as they got to the steps. The people, men. women and children, piled up around me, and the other men who made their way into the vestibule, waist high, and still they kept coming. It was simply awful. Men and women were groaning, chil dren were shrieking, and by the gasps and deep gurgling of some of the women and children, I knew they were being smothered to death. We pulled out all we could, and worked as fast as we could, but it seemed that they piled up as fast as we jerked then out, and some were so tightly wedged in we couldn't budge them an inch either way. One poor lady who was killed lay on the tiling with a dozen women and children on top of her, her face flattened against the floor and her tongue, which protruded two or three inches, being trampled on by others trying to work themselves out. One little white headed boy, who I saw was almost smothered to death, thrust out his hand to me from under two or three persons who were crowding him down, and I managed to catch hold of his arm. He worked the other arm out somehow, and a policeman cauught hold of it. We tugged and tugged at him for several minutes, and it took our united strength to pull him out, and we are both strong men, too. They would catch me by the legs and try to pull themselves out in that way, and we were all in danger every second of going down with the whole crowd. There must have been as many as a hundred and fifty piled up in that vestibule, as I described, and I don't think half of them would ever have issued from the trap above if a couple of policemen had not broken through the office to the west of the en trance, and found their way to the inner doors, and commenced throwing the peo ple back into the house in order to give us a chance to extricate those already in the vestibule. My God! if there "had been a fire in the house, it must have roasted half the audience to death, the way the people were piled up and clog ging the exit. The work of the police men at the inner doors in throwing the people back until quiet was restored, un doubtedly saved many lives. It enabled us to clear the vestibule of the living and the dead, and when that was done and the alarmed people got to passing out in something like order, the danger was over. UNCLE JOHN R03IXS0X Hiade the following statement: "I wasas fearful of some accident to-day, from the •way this sshow was managed. In the first place, the people who had it in charge knew nothing about handling big crowds of people. They had children all over town selling tickets to whoever would buy them, without making any calcula tions as to the capacity of the house. The people who had bought tickets for the matinee expected to get in, and so did the people who had to buy tickets at the office. The doors ought to have been opened at 12 o'clock tc-day, and when the house was full they ought to have been shut for good. Instead of that the doors were not opened until ten min utes to one by my watch, and when I got there I found the street thronged with people, and the managers of the show to tally unable to control them. It is a wonder to me that there was not as many people hurt and killed in getting -nas there was in getting out. Thetheir crowd had the best of the ticket-takers, and went in at almost every door that jrives admission to the house. 1 finally had to take the thing into my own hands. I would let the vestibule fill up with people, and then put up the bars until they got inside, when I would admit another lot the same way, and so on until the theatre was as fuil as it would hold. I don't know how many people there were in the house—1 should say five thousand—and there were a3 many out side demanding admission as there were inside. I never saw as many people in the house before. Everything inside went along well enough considering the jam, until some foolish boy, or designing pickpocket in the north lobby of the second tier shouted "Fire!" as the red light was turned onjust before the raising of the curtain. I was standing down stairs, near the west proscenium box at the time, and seeing the rush for theday door, and foreseeing a terrible excite ment, ran around to the door and shout ed, and pushed, and crowded, and didWhite everything in my power to make the peo ple go back. The first rush was alto gether ungovernable, however, and out they went pell mell into the vestibule, where they were met by the people from the street, who in their efforts to get in, com pletely blocked the passage, and hardly anybody got out until we had eased up the crowd inside. If it hadn't been for the crowd outside pressing in, the people who were panic-stricken would have got out all right, but by the time we eased the crowd inside, and made the general audience understand there was no fire, and no occasion for alarm, all the mis- chief had been done in the vestibule and on the gallery stairs, where the crowd was dense and perfectly demoralized. There is no managing such a tremendous crowd as that was when it is panic-strick en. There were people there, I suppose, who were never inside of a theater before, and didn't know anything but torush for the biggest opening on the first alarm. I have frequently seen this house with very nearly as many people as were in this afternoon emptied in three minutes and a half, and if it hadn't been for the immense crowd at the door to-day this thing would not have happened. AFTER THE PANIC—EXCITING SCENES IN THE STREET. The panic inside the Opera House was followed by one of still greater propor tions in the street, but most fortunately it was not attended with any serious re sults. It is fair to presume that at least every square in the city was represented by some one in the vast audience, and the alarm of fire from box 45, at Ninth and Elm streets, at once caused apprehen sions that it was certainly the Opera House that was on fire. The consequence was that in a very short time people be gan to flock in that direction from all parts of the city. The audience having been dismissed in the meantime, many were overjoyed to meet their own darl ings far from the scene and out of danger, but in far more cases where children and friends were not thus found, the people only renewed their exertions and quick ened their pace toward the scene of the calamity, burdened with the most fearful and tearful forebodings. Che square on Ninth street from Elm to Plum, and on Plum as far north as Court, was literally jammed with excited men, women and children while the side walks around the park were crowded by those who had been attracted thither out of curiosity. It required the efforts of a strong force of policemen to preserve or der and keep the excited crowd from rushing pell-mell into the Opera House, where the crushed and mangled bodies of the victims were lying awaiting identifi cation. The wildest confusion prevailed for over an hour, the like of which we hope it may never again be our misfor tune to witness. Men wringing their hands, with tears streaming down their cheeks, endeavoring to get tidings of dear ones they had parted with so joyously perhaps only a few hours before. Every opportunity was eagerly availed to make inquiry as to the names of the victims, but the stories told were so conflicting that little satisfaction was afforded. After an hour or more had elapsed the bodies had all been identified with one ex* ception-a very neatly attired woman, apparently about thirty-five years of age. She answered the description given by many in the crowd, but upon being ad mitted to the room there was none to claim her. Then a calmer feeling seemed to prevail among the excited people, and no doubt thousands of thankful prayers were offered up to Heaven that the calam ity was no worse. Still the crowd linger ed, awaiting for information concerning those who had been seriously injured and removed to houses near by and to the Cincinnati Hospital and hundreds were coming and going all the time, for the news of the terrible affair bad spread into every quarter of the city. The most un bounded sympathy was expressed for the friends of the unfortunate victi us, and the dead bodies, one by one, were tak en away from the scene, with a weeping father here, or a heart-broken mother there, feelings of the deepest sadness seemed to penetrate the entire throng. Long after all the dead bodies had been removed, the crowd lingered. In fact, hundreds romained in the vicinity up to 8 o'clock last night. TERRIBLE CLOSING SCENES. In an unused room on the west of the balcony lounging room your reporter found laid out the bodies of Miss Lunzi, Hattie Leslie and Harry White. The bodies, like the others, were laid out with the feet tied together, and the hands at the side. The faces were discolored from suffocation, and wore expressions indica tive of the great agony in which they died. Here it was the sad experience of the reporter to witness the identification of Hattie Leslie and Harry White by grief stricken fathers. Mr. Leslie had heard of the death of his little girl, and almost bereft of reason by the terri ble blow, was driving about on an under taker's wagon, with streaming eyes, in quiring for his lost darling. When at the last he found her, her sweet face blank, and distorted in death, the scene was agonizing. Mr. White's was a hard lot, indeed. He found his deadboy, and was carrying him to his mother, when the cruel blow was followed by one more cruel still. It was that the wife of his bosom, to whom he was carrying their loved child, was also among the injured, and at that moment was dying at the hospital. His double woe brought many tearful sympathizers to his side. On the floor of 'Squire Riley's office on Ninth street, opposite the Opera House, lay the body of one of the Loesch boys, and that of Miss Massatt. One of the most terrible sights of the was that in Hamlin's office, where the three injured ladies, Mrs. Clark. Mrs. Goldsmith and Carrie Uhl were—Mra. dying, and the others in convul sions. It was by direction of Ben Shott, Coroner's clerk, that these ladies were finally taken to the hospital The removal of one of the storekeepers connected with the Milwaukee Whisky King was urgently requested of the Ring by the distiller in whose familv he was living. "Why, he's all right/1 said the chief "he's receiving a regular salary from the pool," "Yes," responded the distiller, "I know he's all right in that way and never complains over extra mashes, but he makes such long prayers before each meal that the' victuals get cold, and my wife wants him sent away? Letter from Washington. Congress is by not very rapid advances settling down to the work of legislation. The Hou«e has been laboring under various disadvantages that precluded the possibility of work being rapidly pushed. The experience of the greater part of the members necessitates slow progress by the committees, and it is well that a de sire to exhibit great dispatch has notout seduced the committees into presenting badly-digested material to the House. Then, too, the prerequisites for legisla tion that would ensure economy in pub lic expenditures was a careful and neces sarily protracted investigation of the manner in which the funds had been disposed of in past times. The committees were called upon to unravel the intricate methods by which the various departments had suc ceeded in laying such a burden of taxa tion upon the country. Such investiga tions are proceeding with fair celerity in all the departments. The committees have deemed it best to hold their exami nations in private, on the political ground that if the disclosures expected to be forthcoming were permitted to dribble out little by little, they would have less effect upon the public mind than if pre sented en masse in the reports. Some thing may be said both for and against the soundness of this policy, but on the whole it ie, perhaps, best that the diag nosis of the disease should not be pub lished until remedies are ready to be of fered simultaneously. You have psrhaps already heard that the old measure for making anew terri tory, to be called Pembina, out of north ern Dakota, is again before Congress. It is in charge of Judge Kidder, delegate from Dakota. The capital of the pro posed territory would probably be Bis marck, although as yet it is not abso lutely deciJed whether that place or Far go should have the preference. The friends of the bill maintain that the cost of an additional territorial government would be actually less than the present expense of the section to the government. The vast extent of Dakota, and the im perfect communication between the capi tal and the northern part of the territory render necessary an excessively heavy outlay in order to transact the judicial and other business of government. The people of the district in question, claimed to number some fifteen thousand, are said to be greatly inconvenienced by their practical separation from the capital, and the interests of the region to fall far short of the development that they would ob tain if the inhabitants had a government near enough to make itself felt vigorous ly. Judge Kidder holds that it is decid edly to the interest of Minnesota that the new territory should be established. In the Senate, Hitchcock, chairman of the committee on Territories, is heartily in favor of the pioject. 1 have been unable to learn who will be appointed to the principal offices to be created should the territory be established, but doubtless the vacancies are all filled even now be fore they exist. Ex-Senator Ramsey has, it is safe to assume, a finger in the pie. All the government employees have been for some days in a state of the ut-fore most trepidation. It is proposed to re duce by ten per cent, all salaries above $1,200, and to reduce the working force of the several departments by one-fifth. This is certainiy a very strong measure toward economy, and will, of course, be strongly opposed. I fancy that that Con gressman's lot will for some time to come be the happiest who has fewest appointees in the government offices. The lamentations and entreaties to which members are bound to be sub jected will be enough to make the most enduring sigh for the quiet of private life and bewail the unhappy fate of the people's representatives. It is estimated that a saving of seven millions of dollars will be effected by the enactment of the aforesaid reductions. Whether or notent the public service can, without de'riment to efficiency, withstand such a limitation of outlay, it is certain that the groans and expostulations of the threatened employ es are to a great extent unreasonable. That class of people take it asil hardship that they are required to work, or at least to appear to work, for a length of time daily which would be thought a very moderate demand by an immense majority of the clerks engaged in private business concerns. Lately there has come from some of them a moan because on Saturday they cannot be free from three o'clock in the afternoon, instead of at four. True, in many of our cities it has become the custom for large business houses to close at three or earlier on Saturday, but in nearly all such cases the employes are for the rest of the week confined in their offices until two or three hours Jater than is the case with the Washington clerks. A gentleman in one of the bureaus who has some sixty clerks (female) under him, gave to me yesterday a very emphatic opinion on the matter. He told me of an instance where a young woman, whose parents live in a neighboring city and who are amply able to support her in more than comfort, was sent to him to be given a place. She proved utterly incompe tent for the work allotted her, and wasthe put at something else. In a few days she was sent back to her former place through the influence of a Congressman, and the work she is paid for doing has to be done by another. A somewhat simi lar case was told me at the same time, only the reinstatement of the person, again a female, was made at the request of Mrs* Grant to the Secretary of the Department. As the gentleman alluded to said, it is pretty small business when the President's wife interferes to fill the bureaus with useless clerks. These are only samples of numerous instances re lated to me. The difficulty in the wayman of getting rid of such lumber is the im probability that the twenty per cent, of employees to be discharged would be se- lected from the worthless. The Con gressman who had originally obtained the appointment of an incompetent clerk would probably have sufficient influence to have him or her retained, while the really hard-working and useful employee without influence would go to the wall. If the anticipated reduction becomes a reality it must, to bebeneficial, becarried by a careful culling process that will discriminate with judgment between the available and worthless material. Correspondence In Regard to mixing Religion and Education In Schools. We find the following peculiar corres pondence in the St. Cloud Journal: ST. CLOUD, STEARNS Co., MINN. January 28th, 1876. Hon. Burt, State Superintendent of Pabhc Instruction, St. Paul, Minn. DEAR SIR:—The, undersigned are resi dents of School District No. 1, in Stearns county, which includes apart of the City of St. Clould. We have children who attend the school taught in said district, and feel aggrieved at the course pursued therein. We will briefly state to youchurch such facts as we can substantiate by abundant evidence. 1. Mr. Kaiser, the County Superin tendent of Schools, is a strong Catholic, and is well aware of and per mits the practices hereinafter stated. The paper, of which he is one of the editors, published in this city, has bitterly assailed the public school system. 2. Twice each week, on Tuesday and Friday, the Catholic catechism in Ger man is taught to all Catholic children in said school, from three to four o'clock p. M., by the Catholic priest of St. Cloud. The Protestant children are sent home at three o'clock p. M. We havo visited the school on purpose and have observed this fact. 3. At said school, as a regular reader, is used a Catholic book in German (of 235 pages, illustrated profusely with pic tures peculiar to Catholic church books), of which the following is the title page, translated into English: The Biblical History of the Old and New Testaments, lor the Catholic Peoples-Schools of the UnitPd States of North America. Pre pared by a Priest of the Diocese of Basel, with the Approbation of theRt Rev. Bishops ot Base), Ehur.St. Gallen, Lausanne and Genf andSitten. Published by Benzger Brothers, Printers to the Holy Apostolic Chair. In the back part of the book is a "Re view of the different parts of the Cate chism in relation to Biblical occur rences." On January 25th, 1876, we visited said school, and when the priest came in and began to teach the catechism we objected, and asked the teachers by what authori ty that was allowed. The teachers re plied, "By permission of the trustees" (who are also Catholics.) 4. The said teachers are not capable of teaching in the English language, and cannot properly pronounce it. 5. We are informed and believe that the priest has also taken upon himself to inflict corporeal punishment on the schol ars in said school during school hours. We appeal to you, therefore, to protect our rights in this common school and if additional legislation is found necessary we would ask you to lay the matter be the Legislature for its action. Hoping to hear from you in relation to this mafter, we are Yours, very respectfully, N. OBERMILLER, J. W. ROBERTSON. REPLVOF STATE SUPERINTENDENT BURT. STATE OP MINNESOTA, DEP'T OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION, ST. PAUL, Jan. 31, 1876. To N. Obermiller and J. W. Robertson, St. Cloud, Minn.: GENTLEMEN Yours of January 28th, containing statements respecting a public school in St. Cloud, is received. Replying to these statements in their order, the mere fact that your county superintend of public schools is a Catholic is not an occasion for animadversion. He should, however, be a friend to our sys tem of free public schools, and if, as you affirm, he is not, he ought at once to re sign his posit:on. None but faithful friends of this system should attempt its management. Your second point is, that twice in a week, from three to four o'clock p. si. Protestant children are sent home and a Catholic priest teaches the catechism of the Catholic Church, in German. It is probably assumed that this is permitted by section 16 of our school law. That section, however, has no reference to re-mediately ligious instruction. It means only that all instruction in geography,' arithmetic, &c, commonly given through the medi um of the English language, may, for one hour in a day, be given through the medium of the German or any other modern language. Your fourth item is, that the teachers cannot pronounce the English language correctly, and are not capable of teaching it. This fact grows out of the existence of the law in question. In order to make it possible to give instruction in German, teachers who can speak it are hired, in spite of the fact that] they cannot pro nounce English with the accuracy neces sary in a teacher. I know of numbers of districts in this State where such is fact. The people insist upon this hour in a day proviso of the law, thrown out as a political sop to our foreign-born population, and they hire some one who speaks half in one tongue and half in an other, and the school neither learns good English nor the correct use of the foreign language mixed with it. The German Empire is wiser than this. It requires French to be discon continued in the schools of Alsace, and Danish in the schools of Schleswig-Hol stein, in which it was spoken before the conquest of that territory. German is the language of the schools of the Ger- Empire, and English should be language of the schools of the United States. The abuses to which you refer should lead to the repeal of the law un- thebys The parents of the children sent home from your school, while a Catholic priest comes in and teaches the catechism of his church, have just cause for instituting a suit against the trustees permitting the action. If Catholic children were thus sent home from any school and an Epis* copalian or Baptist clergyman were per mitted to go into the school and teach the catechism of his church, Catholics would at once raise the crv of sectarianism and injustice,- and I should cer tainly join them in that cry. The Protestant part of your -community should illustrate the origin of their name and protest earnestly against the as-the sumption of your priest. If your state ment is correct, he has arrogated paro chial authority over the school, and brought it under the religious control of the Catholic church. The Catholic would almost anathematize any religious denomination of St. Cloud do ing what you say that church has done. Prom your third statement, as to the character of the books used in the school, it appears that the Catholics in your com munity are doing what they would per mit no Protestant denomination to do. Let Episcopalian or Methodist interpre tations of the Bible be inserted in ouraccompanied school books and the Catholic priesthood would make the charge of sectari anism ring through the State. They cannot tolerate the reading of the Protestant version of the Bible, without note or comment and how lusty would be their cry if the Westminster catechism, or the Methodist Discipline, or the Thirty-nine,Articles were required to be read in our common schools! Protest ants must not be sectarian in this matter, yet you affirm that the Cotholics in your community have introduced books into one of your public schools in which there are prayers in poetic language for little children, addressed to the Virgin Mary, and pictures of persons kneeling in pray er before a cross. There is not within my knowledge a single instance of any Protestant denomination thus taking ad van-age of its numbers and converting a public school into a parochial school, in which the distinctive tenets of a particu lar church are taught. If public sentiment in your community cannot prevent the abuses of which you complain, there is, at present, no direct legal redress. If we are to infer from what is done in your school, where Cath olics happen to be in a majority, what would be done in all our schools if they had the power, it may be proper to pass a law that the distinctive catechisms, creeds, and ceremonies of no religious or •|pagan" order shall be taught in our pub lic schools. Very respectfully yours, D. BURT, Sup't of Pub. Instruction. Mysterious and Sadden Death off Hon Reverdy Johnson. [Baltimore Telegram, Feb. 10.] Reverdy Johnson, the distinguished statesman and jurist, was found dead this evening at 7:15 in the ground surround ing the executive mansion at A nnapolis. Mr. Johnson was the guest of Governor Carroll, and dined this afternoon with other gentlemen at the executive man sion. He was found dead in the yard by a servant. Mr. Johnson came to Annapolis last night to argue the case of Baker vs. Freeck. He argued in the court of ap peals to-day. By invitation of Governor Carroll he became his guest at the ex-upon ecutive mansion to-day. The Governor invited Chief Justice Bartol of this State and several other gentlemen to meet Mr. Johnson at dinner at the mansion. Thev dined about 5 p. M. At dinner Mr. John son appeared in excellent spirits and his usual health, and entertained the com pany by his conversation and relating anecdotes. At dinner he took one glass of Maderia and refused to take any more. After dinner he suddenly asked the Gov ernor to take him into the parlor. He took the Governor's arm, and walking in there sat down on the sofa. At the re-Black quest of Mr. Johnson the Governor re joined his guests at the table. Shortly after a servant appeared at the door, and beckoning the Governor out, told him Mr. Johnson was lying in the yard on the stones. Gov. Carroll went im to the place, and found Mr. Johnson lying on the cobble stone car riage way that passed under the porch of the mansion, close up to the wall and the rear door leading into the basement. He had evidently gone down the front steps and around to the front side of the house and fallen where he was found. This was about 8:15 p. M., and the impression is that he had been there at least half an hour. He was then dead, and was bleed ing profusely from wounds on the right side of his head and face. His body was at once moved into t!ie basement room and physicians summoned. Dr. William G. Tuck was first to arrive, and after ex amining the body, pronounced life ex tinct. Drs. Riedeaut and Claoude arrived afterwards. There are large wounds on the right side of the forehead, two fractures of the skull from the upper portion of the head to the eyebrow, a dislocation of a finger of the left hand, and cuts and bruises on the legs and hands. The physicians are examining the body to determine the cause of death. Mr. Johnson would have been 80 years old next May. ANNAPOLIS, Feb. 11.—The main facts connected with the death of Reverdy Johnson in the grounds attached to the executive mansion, as made last night, are not changed developments/ this morning. Hi death was so sudden and unexpected after his appearance in the State library and about the State House yesterday while the Legislature was in &&?BBK&ftx&&!8ia& der which they come into existence. No session, in apparently full health that the one should be permitted to teach in our community has not yet recovered from public schools who cannot read English the shock. recovered irom without any foreign accent, in a natural and expressive manner. Dr. H. Lewis Steiner, State Senator from Frederick county, a distinguished physician and chief inspector of the Army of the Potomac, dating the war, who examined the body shortly after it was found, gives the fol lowing as his theory of the cause of the death of Mr. Johnson: He either stumbled over apiece of coal or, being seized with vertigo or incipient symptoms of apoplexy and striving to save himself, moved towards the west staggering along by the northerly side of the executive mansion, at each step his body gaining additional momentum, so that having reached the door leading into the basement, he swayed around to south and fell, his head striking against the sharp corner of the granite base of the house which gave the first wound on the head. Reaching the pavement of rough cabbie stones a second wound was re ceived in front of the first. At this instant probably the bones of the nose were fractured. One joint of the second finger of the right hand was dislo cated. Whethei subsequent strug gles may account for abrasions on the knees and fingers oi the left hand can not be positively asserted. The wounds in the -scalp were with fractures of external bones on the cranium and base of skull also with a probable rupture of some arteries at the base. Death must have resulted instantly. Gwynne, attorney general of state and son-in-law of Mr. Johnson, is of the opin .on he was seized with vertigo and fell, as he had a similar attack lasting three hours while attending a trial in South Carolina several years ago. An Arsenic-Proof Stomach. [From the Troy Times.] A thirteen-year-old daughter of a Mr Flagg, residing near Whitehall, is exciting the attention of the physicians and scien tific men in that vacinity. Some time ago Mr. Flagg put some arsenic on some bread and placed it in a portion of the house frequented by rats. The bread suddenly dissappeared, and asain and again other pieces were placed" in the same locality, with the same result. He finally determined to watch and ascertain if possible, what became of it. ne had not long to wait before he was horror stricken to observe his little dauehter walk away from the place, cramming her mouth with the poisoned bread. A phy sician was sent for, and before his arrival the sobbing child made known to her par ents that she had eaten all the bread pre pared for the rats, and that she liked it better than anything she had ever tasted. The physician was surprised, and think ing, possibly, that the drug might not be ars*»nic, he examined it, and found it ar senic beyond a doubt. To still further test it he tried a small quantity on a cat, which quickly sent the animal into con vulsions, causing its death very soou afterward. What seems remarkable, too is the fact that ever since the child firs, tasted arsenic it has begged for the dead ly drug, time and time again. About a year ago the child fell sick with fits. Nothing would bring her out of the con vulsions. In her quiet moments she would beg incessantly for arsenic. The physician in attendance believing that the girl could not possilly recover ven tured to give it to her. The child devoured it with avidity, and in less than three days she was a well as usual. Since then she has bsen given the deadly poison at different times, the only effect it had her being to make her appear well bright, and cheerful. The case has been laid before several scientific men, all of whom pronounced it one of the most re markable phenomena of the age. Slore Blac Hill Golden News. The following letter, which we are per mitted to use, on condition of not reveal ing the name of the parties, (which would give other prospectors a chance to watch their movements) evidently refers to dis coveries in quest of which a party of thirty men are said to have left the Hills early last week. The writer came through to the Black Hills from Montana in December, following most of the way the staked survey for the North' era Pacific: BLACK HILLS, Jan. 11th, 1875. FRIEND As you are the one who is the cause of my being here and having a good thing, you are in with it. The Black Hills are good, beyond a doubt, but the best diggings ever found, in our opinion, is within thirty miles of the North Pacific line of road. We found immense prospects all along our way. We found good diggings within a mile of the line in Montana. Now, we will keep watch of the country and keep you posted, but we cannot do anything now on account of the Indians, b%t if the road starts in the spring there will nothing to fear from them. And then look ont for the richest mines in the world. We found plenty of quartz. We found a lead where we can make ten dol lars a day with a hand*mortar, and it is close to the line of the road. Was almost crazy and wanted to stay, but I thought of my hair. We found diggings that are the best in the world. I got nine dollars in one pan. It was hard to leave, bat we had to keep hid from the Indians most of the time and I thought our lives worth more than gold. We found a lead where you can see gold in every place. I will write you again the first opportunity. We shall stay here for some time, as it is not safe to go back with a small party and I will not take in a large party until I get myself and friends well fixed. The red spider is quite adverse to moisture the greenfly,likes it, but may be destroyed so readily by tobaccosmoke that only neglected plants will suffer from this cause. The mealy bug is so large that it may be easily picked off.