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The Granger Decisions.
The St. Paul Pioneer-Press and
other papers of that character are
lamenting the recent decision of
the United States Supreme Court,
declaring that State legislatures have
the right to restrain railway compan
ies from making extortionate charges
They assert that this decision will
have a tendency to suspend the
building of roads, because capital
ists will not invest their means in
enterprises which legislatures have
the power to make unprofitable. It
seems to us that those making this
assertion have failed to consider the
the import of their language. The
Supreme Court, has made no new
law nor even re-established an old
and forgotten principle. It has
simply reiterated a doctrine which
has always been recognized and act
ed upon in this country and Eng
land, until within a very few years.
Since railroad corporations in
this country have acquired the pow
er to control legislature and courts,
the opinion that they were not
amenable to law seems to have gain
ed general acceptance but before
that absurdity was dreamed of, cap
italists were willing enough to invest
in railroad enterpirses, and did so to
a very considerable extent. So it
will be again. As soon as financial
matters return to their normal con
dition and business revives, capital
will be found to build all the addi
tional railroads that are needed,
and that, too, as rapidly as they are
Wanted. This outcry against the
State's assertion of its right to pro
tect its citizens against the extortion
of railway managers is all nonsense.
But suppose it were true, as the
Pioneer alleges it ought to be, that
the State had no right to interfere
with the management of railroads,
so as to restrain them from extortion
ate charges, would the building of
additional roads be of any advan
tage to the country Seven years
ago the Winona & St. Peter com
pany charged 1 7 cents per bushel
for carrying wheat fifty miles, and
its freight rates generally were sim
ilarly extortionate Was the exis
tence of such a road of any benefit
to the country Certainly not, for
it absorbed more than the entire
profit on raising wheat to pay for its
transportation to market. Where
fore, then, should the people of the
country desire to have roads built,
if they are to be so managed that
the country will be improverished
by their extortions.
Would capitalists, think you, in
vest in farms, agricultural machin.
ery and labor if they were to be at
the mercv of grasping monopolies
Surely not. The effect of the poli
cy advocated by the Pioneer would
be to absorb the ownership of the
land in the hands of the owners of
the railroads, or, rather, to concen
trate tho property generally of the
country in the possession of wealthy
capitalists, and to reduce the agri
culturalists to the condition of ten
ants. And it would only require a
few years to bring about this delecta
ble state of affairs if the policy was
persisted in. To assure the pros
perity and happiness of a communi
ty it is essential that the wealth shall
be pretty generally distributed, and
while those laws only are salutary
which tend to produce such gen
eral distribution, such as lead to the
concentration of the wealth are nec
essarily always destructive. Hence*
the assertions of the Pioneer, touch
ing this matter are untrue, and the
policy it advocates ruinous.
The Feeder Railroads.
Our neighbor of the Republican
takes delight in criticising us unfav
orably. Now he is finding fault
with our advocacy of "feeder" rail
roads and condemns the scheme as
nonsensical. He wants "through
fare roads," and broad guage at that.
Here is what he says:
A writer in the Zumbrota Independent
answers the argument of The Advance that
what the people of those towns need is a
railroad from the country, say Roscoe or
Kenyon. into Red Wing, making connec
tion with no railroad west or south. The
people of southern Goodhue are not so dif*
ferent from other people of sense, and it is
only fair to assume that they have like mo
tires and preferences.
They want a railroad connection. Of
course, thev would have a choice for a
broad guage and for a line running to the
best constant market, if there was any op
portunity for them to choose. But a nar
row guage is better than none: a route any
where is better than no route. But it is
vain to expect them to prefer a line that
connects in but one direction to a through
route. An editor can advocate such a rail
road for other people, and then write him
self a letter saying hat he has been con
vinced by the editor's reasoning and thinks
the no-thorough-fare line is the best, and
thu3 make his idea seem to have two be
lievers, but the believers jrill never be
found among the people who most need the
Our neighbor is privileged to ad
vocate any folly that strikes his fan
cy, but sensible people will hardly
be convinced by his pretentious at
tempts at argument that they ought
to help build railroads for which
they have no use. What would it
avail Kenyon or Zumbrota to build
a road through their towns, leading,
say, from Red Wing to Owatonna
Would they be likely to use the
western end enough to justify the
evpense Certainly not. The ad
vantages of such extension west
ward would accrue mainly to peo
ple living beyond Kenyon, and they
would be the proper ones to build
that portion of the road. Is it not
the experience of citizens of every
town along the line of any road,
that the simple extension of the
road beyond their town was of but
little if any advantage to them
Our markets are east and south,
not west and, hence, we need
roads running east and south. If a
competing line is wanted in order
to keep down prices it, too, should
lead to some point eastward or
southward, not westward. The
places always most benefitted by
railroads are at their termini, where
the freights carried over them is
IN UNION STRENGTHEN KNOWLEDGE POWER.
either collected or distributed, or
both, and the greater the number of
lines terminating at any point the
better for that place. Of what ad
vantage would it be to a farmer to
have a highway made through his
farm, whed he only needed a lane
to afford him access to the main
road And the case is exactly
similar. Zumbrota and Kenyon
stand in need of lanes affording
them convenient access to the high
ways to markets.
Occasional "through-faie lines"
of railroad are necessary, just as oc
casional highways for wagons are
necessary and it is, also, true that
feeder lines of railroads are some
times all that is needed, just as
private lanes are frequently all that
can be advantageously used. We
fear that our neighbor's judgment is
biassed by his hatred of the AD
VANCE, and, like every angry man,
he is apt to make a what-do
you-call-it of himself.
—The business men of St. Paul
are talking of a narrow guage rail
road from that city, via Cannon
Falls, Zumbrota, Rochester and
Chatfield to Preston, Fillmore coun
ty. This is not to be a "through
fare" road, but a "feeder." We
hope that Red Wing business men
will render this St. Paul project un
necessary, by building feeders from
—The Faribault Republican of
the i6tk contains an able article on
the text-book law. We understand
that several eminent lawyers of this
State have declared that the law is
not constitutional. That is the posi
tion we took three or four weeks
—The Staffordsville reservoir in
Rhode Island gave away on the
27th, inst., doing damage estimated
at $2,000,000. The Willimantic
valley was pretty thoroughly washed
out, some 300 buildings being swept
away. Only two lives are reported
—The Washington correspon
dent of the Argus has chose a very
appropriate signature for a writer
of a democratic newspaper. He
calls himself "Grudge."
THE MONITOR SEEDER,
—W understand that a severe
criticism of our article on "feeder
railroad^" was published in a re
cent number pt the Zumbrota Inde
pendent,'but we did not get the pa
per containing in.
—The democrats are to have a
caucus to noninate candidates for
city officers at Opera hall, this even
The street qiotations for wheat are
still $1.15 for So. 2 and $1.20 for No.
1, but really go»d millinglots are selling
above these figures. The receipts are
Corn is scare! and sells at 45@50c.
Beef cattle steady at 3}£@4c. per lb.
as to quality.
Beef dressed,/ 6@7c. from wagons.
Pork, dressep, is selling at 5@5)£c.
Lard is 10(|l2^c. per lb. by the
Butter is pfentiful and sells at 15©
25c. per lb.
Eggs are quoted at 10@,12^c.
Prime live geese feathers are steady
at 55c. per lb.
Hides, green 7@7oC. per lb., and dry
Poultry—Chickens 10c Turkeys
I have dready received a large lot of fine
PANTS, & VESTS,
HATS & CAPS,
And everything pertaining to
Un-Laundried Shirts a
SIX FOR SIX DOLLARS!
Give me a call. E. A. LEVI,
&STAR CLOTHING HALL.
RED WING, MINN.f WEDNESDAY, MARCH 28, 1877. NO. 25.
THIS standard article is com
pounded with the greatest care.
Its effects are as wonderful and
as satisfactory as ever.
It restores gray or faded hair to
its youthful color.
It removes all eruptions, itching
and dandruff. I gives the head a
cooling, soothing sensation of great
comfort, and the scalp by its use
becomes white and clean.
B}T its tonic properties it restores
the capillary glands to their normal
vigor, preventing baldness, and
making the hair grow thick and
As a dressing, nothing has been
found so effectual or desirable.
A. A. Hayes, M. D., State As
sayer of Massachusetts, says," The
constituents are pure, and carefully
selected for excellent quality and
I consider it the BEST PREPARATION
for its intended purposes."
Price, One Dollar.
FOR THE WHISKERS.
This elegant preparation may be
relied on to change the color of the
beard from graj' or any other un
desirable shade, to brown or black,
at discretion. It is easily applied,
being in one preparation, and quick
ly and effectually produces a per
manent color, which will neither
rub nor wash off.
Manufactured by R. P. HALL & CO.,
N A S A N
Soli by all Druggist!, and Dialers in Medicines.
F. C. BOYNTON.
Third st., west of Hush.
Is HOW prepared to do
Promptly and to make a superior quality
of flour. Ho gives to hts customers the
flour from their own wheat, and guarantees
that it will be the be«t that can be made of
it* Give him a tri.vl.
TATE OF MINNESOTA,
COUNTY OP GOODHUE.
District Court, First Judicial District.
Ole Johnson, Plaintiff, Against Mar
garet A. Kelley Defendant—-Sum
mons for Relief.
The State of Minnesota to the above
You are hereby summoned and required
to answer the complaint in the above entit
led action, which has been filed with the
Clerk of said Court in his office at the Court
House in Red Wing, in saia Goodhue coun
ty, on this twenty-eighth day of March A.
D. 1877, and to serve a copy of your answer
to the said complaint on the subcriber at his
office, in the city of Red AVing, in the coun*
ty of Goodhue, and State aforesaid, within
twenty days after the service of this sum
mons on you, exclusive of the day of auch
service and if you fail to answer the said
complaint within the time aforesaid, the
Plaintiff will apply to the said Court for
the relief demanded in the said complaint.
Dated Red Wing, Minnesota, March 28th.
A I 877. B.B.Herbert
25w7 Plaintiff's Attorney.
Bush street next door to old Post
Remember that when you buy of Corne»
lius, you get full value for your money, he
warrants everything he sells to give perfect
satisfaction or money refunded.
Special attention given to repairing and
rating watches, also general jewelry repair-,
ing done at reasonable prices.
—No extra charge for engraving.
A Home and Farm
OF YOUR OWN
On the line of a GREAT RAILROAD, witfi
good markets both East and West-
Now is the Time to Secure it.
Mild Climate. Fertile Soil, Best Country
for Stock Raising in the United States.
Books, Maps, Full information, also
"THE PIONEER," sent free to all parts of the
world. Address O. F. DAVIS,
Land Com. U. P. R. R.
20w5 OMAHA, NEB.
ELSON & PETERSON,
Hardware, Stoves, Tinware.
FARM MACHINERY and IMPLE
BUILDERS\ HARDWARE, ME-
CHANIC'S TOOLS AND
Oppositcthe old Post Office
Bush 8rteet,Rcd Wing, Minn.
The "last chance for good Agricultural
Land, on ten years credit, at six per cent,
interest. Don't run any risks, but go to a
country that has been proved to be good.
Send your address by Postal Card to Land
Commissioner, B. M. R. R., Burlington
Iowa, and receive free a copy of Iowa and
Nebraska Fanner, with chart of lands, and
LOW ROUND-TRIP Rates.
Attorney and Counselor at Law
REAL ESTATE DEALER,
Attorney and Counselor at Law,
Will Practicein allthe Courts of the State
OFFICE IX POST OFFICE BLOCK