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The Railroad Strike.
ED WING, July 2Stu 7 7 Editor of Advance—The attitude as. mined by the working men employed on the railroads of this country is now at tracting serious attention and is really alarming. I was glad to see that in last week's ADVANCE you treated this question so impartially and truthfully What you then said is right, as I know by my own experience and observation. Those meu have been working for the past five yt ars at very low wages, they have lived in the smallest and cheapest houses and practiced every possible economv. Frequently their poverty has led them to remonstrate with their em ployers and they have been told by these that business would soon improve and the earnings of the railroads in crease, in which event their wages would be restored to the former stan dard. Tins fetory has been told them when fiose who utterdd it must have known that any prospect of improve ment was very distant and exceedingly doubttV. The object of the employers has beea to prevent the dispersion of their men, for they wished to keep them where they could make their services available when the demand for the re moval uf freight made the business active. And right here let me call jour attention to a circumstance which is not generally thought of in this connec tion. There .ire two seasons of the year when the shipment of freights over railroads are very much greater than at other times. Of course, this calls into requsltioo the services of more men than are needed during the duller peri, ods. As the competition between the companies is sharp and unscrupulous each one strives to nuve all the freights it can daring these busy seasons, and they seek to keep men enough to per. form this extra labor in such positions that trey can call them into service at the shortest possible notice. This ex plains why railroad employees are so often reduced to short time and, indeed it accounts partially for the low wages paid them. It will thus be understood how 4t happens that railroad employees are constantly lead to hope for better times' and to retain their situations until re duced to positive destitution. Instead, however, of their expectations being realized, their wages have been succes. sively ground down, until they have reached a sum which no humane em plover would have the heart to offer to those engaged in his service. This is how it happens that men, having fami lies to support, are now at the point of starvation. They were first put upon short time, then their wages were re" duced two or three times, and those who demurred were silenced by flattering prospects of an early restoration to full time and good pay. But they again find themselves asked to submit to a further reduction of from ten to fifteen per cent. Many \»ho are first class mechanics and formerly earned from #2.50 to $3.50 per day have been re duced to from #16 to $20 per month, a sum entirely insufficient to support them. What were they to do Could they calmly listen to their children cry ing for bread and see the wives whom they had promised to support emaciat ed by hunger Assuredly not. The situation rendered them desperate. They had already listened to the false pretenses of their employers until they found themselves in utter helplessness, and could no longer put faith in any thing these might say. They had even been subject to the humilation of accept ing charity from the generously dispos ed, but their numbers and fearful con dition of want constituted a burthen too enormous for even ihe active and well organized benevolent association^ of our cities to attempt to carry. Where then, could they look for relief Where was it natural for them to look for it, but to the force of their own strong arms and atout hearts. Moralists might de. nounce them, governmental authorities might punish them, society might c»n. demn them as ruffians and out-laws, but the pangs of hunger and the woes of want were paramount to all these con. eiderations. Theorists might claim that they should have resorted to other means for relief, but in all its past ex perience the world seems never to have found any remedy for oppression except revolt, and they therefore knew no other remedy. Are they to blame, then, for resorting to this It is not true that these men, as a class, are any more ruffianly or disposed to disorderly conduct than their fellow citizens generally. They are as well raised and well educated as other peo ple and have as much respect for the law. Having lived all my life in a large city and being personally acquainted with a considerable number of railroad employees, I know whereof I speak, and I know that, us generally as any other ehihs of citizens would have been, the railroad men were extremely reluctant to engage in these strikes and riots, but their necessities, and circumstances arising as consequences of their conduct, seemed to leave them no other alterna the. I will admit, with all thoughtfnl peoph, that they did wrong in prevent ing other workmen taking their places and in destroying property, but under extraordinary circumstances, like those influencing them, even these wrongs were excusable, it not justifiable. They were the outgrowths of preceding and greater wrongs, perpetrated by the man-igcrs of the railroad companies and the responsibility for the crimes committed and injuries inflicted should attach to these, rather than to such as were forced into the commission of deeds which they must have regretted at the time. Only think of the difference The ia boring men, who operate the roads, re cehing the beggarly pittance of $13 or $20 a month, while the officers ot these same companies are paid the mon strous salaries of from $10,000.to $100, 000 a yesir. Or look at the expensive appointments of the palace ears, which the railroad officers and owners lit up for themselves and their families, while the working men and their families are starving in spite of their economy and willingness to labor diligently in the service of these corporations. Have the former a right to appropriate all the blessings of life to themselves I think not, and I hope to see the time when the working classes will cease to be starved, trampled in the dust, and ground to death by the oppression of soulless corporations and I believe that this strike and these riots will lead speedily to the discovery and application of a remedy for the evils from which ev ery industrial interest of the country is now suffering. Yjurs truly, M. taxing Mortgages. FARIBAULT, July 2Gth, 1877. Ed. Grange Advance: In a late number of the ADVANCE I noticed some editorial comments on the action of the city council of Red Wing, in relation to the taxation of mortgages, which I think were not well considered. I have not the papers at hand at this writing, but my recollection of the article is that you de precated the idea of taxing money loaned on mortgages, first, because it was double taxation, the borrower being taxed on the mortgaged premises, as well as the owner of the mortgage and, next, because eventually the tax must be paid by the borrower, as the lender will require a higher rate of interest if he is obliged to pay taxes on money loaned. Taking your objections in their order, 1 remark, that the taxation is not double on the individuals, as the borrower pays taxes on one kind of property and the lender on another, and, further, that in the so called taxations of mortgages, it is not the mortgage, ^which is only an incident of the debt, which is tax?d, but the note^which the mortgage secures Under our laws no one denies the pro* priety cf taxing uusecured evidences of of debts, and does the fact that the pay ment of debts is made secure make them any less liable to taxation If we consider money as not property but only the representative cf property, then all taxation of money must be double taxation, if not both property and its representative. But our statutes recognize a taxable property in money, and so long as that is the case, it is cer tainly as just to tax the lender for mon ey loaned, the payment of which is made secure by a mortgage, as it would be to tax him for his money lying idle or loaned without seouritv. If the time ever comes in this country when money can be borrowed at so low a rate of interest that it can be used to advantage in the ordinary business transactions of merchants, manufac turers and others, it may be an advan tage to relieve it from taxation, but un der present circumstances it would be double taxation in earnest, if the own ers of real estate should be obliged to pay the money-lenders' share of taxa tions in addition to their own. 1'our next objection is one that will apply to all other personal property as well as money for do not the merchants and manufacturers add to their profits or their prices a sufficient sum to cover their taxation on stock in trade, and thus make their customers pay higher prices in consequence I have thus hastily given views on a matter to which I have been obliged to give considerable attention for some years past and if UD A a 03 CM 0 CO O fl THE LATEST WA NEWS DIRECT BY CABLE FROM EUROPE! TAKE NOTICE, EVERT BODT. Th latest war news is that the Czar of Russia is determined to be con queior in his war with the Turk, because, as he says, he is fighting for the beneficient cause of the GOOD OF THE HUMAN RACE. But, look See what good news comes from Re Wing It is to the purport that Cheap Charley, the Poor Man's Friend, Th well-known and most popular Clothier* in this city, whose store is in Graham's block, corner of Main and Bush streets, has declared himself to be THE CHAMPION OF THE PEOPLE! And for this reason declares war against all the Clothiers in this vicinity or elsewhere. But, mark! While the Czar is slaughtering hundreds and thousands of human beings the Poor Man's Friend is doing a better thing. For the benefit of the people of this city and of the country at large, he is engaged in SLAUGHTERING HIS ENTIRE STOCK OF CLOTHING, As well as his large and full assortment of O O S A N S O E S A S A N CAPS, E N S N I S I N O O S Etc., Etc says to all Come and seem and convince yourselves that I have the best and the largest stock on hand and am able to do all I promise. My prices will astonish you by their cheapness. My goods are all new and of new styles. W do not deal in auction goods or shoddy and manufacture our own goods every season from fresh material. Our facilities and long experience in the business justly entitles us to the people's verdict that we are the Champion Clothiers of the North and West. Remember that I still hold to the policy of having but one price they are erroneous shall be pleased to see their refutation. F. W. Our correspondent is right in his ar guments, but if he will read the article on this subject which we publish in an other column he will understand why we object to taxing money loaned. We would like to see interest reduced so low that money could be profitably bor rowed for investment in busiuess enter prise, hence, we object to all legislation which tends to'maintain high rates of interest. His last proposition is true. It is the productive labor of the country that pays all the taxes although these are nominally assessed on property and its representatives. How the Country Looks. Editor Grange Aduance: I took a short drive into the country on Saturday to Featherstone prairie. The road has been greatly improved recently in the valley this side of Trippe's hill, having been substantially graded, with culverts under it wherever necessary. The part between the tannery and the city, how ever yet needs improvement, being very rough. Some of the wheat will be harvested this week all I think, by the last of next. The heads are large and well filled and the berry plump and heavy, and the yield every where in this vicin ity will apparently be above average. The barely crop has been harvested. It is said to be most excellent and has been saved in good condition. The oat crop, too, is represented to be unusually pro lific. The wives of the farmers in this re gion seem to take pride, and they cer tainly display good deal of taste, in ornamenting their houses and house yards. All appear to have croquet grounds and means to enjoy pleasure and lighten their cares and labors. I used to think farmers lives were neces sarily lonesome, but it is not so on Featherstone prairie, for I found plenty of merry company and social enjoyment wherever I went. M. —The Garden City Sulky Plow is a handsome affair, does good work, runs easy, and gives general satisfaction. They are for-sale by C. Betcher. Call and see them. D. F. BLOOMAR. ARTICLES OF INCORPORATION OF THE Red Wing Printing Gompany. Know all men by these presents, that we the undersigned, do hereby, under, and by virtue of an act of the Legisla ture of the State of Minnesota, ap proved March 7th, A. D. one thousand eight hundred and seventy three, en titled, "A Act relating to manufactu ring corporations, associate ourselves to gether as a body politic and corporate under the name and style of the Red Wing Printing Company. FIRST. The name of said Corporation shall be the Red Wing Printing Com pany. SECOND. The office and principal place of business of such corporation shall be at the city of Red Wing, in the county of Goodhue and State of Minne sota. THIRD. The purpose for which such corporation is formed is hereby declared to be that of purchasing, establishing, owning and operating at said Red Wing a printing and publishing house, for the publishing, manufacture, printing and binding of books, pamphlets, papers, printed forms, blanks, letter and bill heads, and doing and carrying on a general'job printing business, and the issuing and selling of all articles so manufactured and printed and generally to do, perform and transact any and ail acts and business which may be or be come reasonably needful or proper for the successful prosecution and conduct ing of a general job printing and pub lishing business connected with such printing and pubjKung establishment. FOURTH. The of the Capital Stock in this corportSou is hereby fixed and limited at the sum of five thousand dollars ($5,000.00) which stock is here by divided into one hundred shares of fifty dollars each. FIFTH. The time of the commence ment of eaid corporation shall be the fifth day of July A. D. 1877, and shall continue for thirty years from and after the date laet aforesaid. In testimony whereof we have here unto respectively set our hands and seals, at said Red Wing this fifth day of July, A. D. 1877. A. LEONARD, E. A KELLY, B. B. HERBERT. Executed in presence of H. H. YOUNG, E WATSON. F. W.HOYT, Attorney and Counselor at Law, Will Practice in allthe Court? of the State OFFICE IN POST OFFICEBLOCX O O E O N 0 9 9 tf 9 S Oft ft M* 19 it fi ts SAVINGS BANK, Payssix Percent, conpound interest on deposits. PASS-BOO E E Any man, woman or child CAD deposit. Tail bank is designed to encourage savings however modest the amount and attend as cheerfully to those having hut Twenty-five Cents,as those ol larg er mean a. T. II. SHELDON, Pres't. S. HOARD, Sec'y. and Treas. DYSPEPSIA. PwouuMntlfcursffin «TOrjiMten«t b»tu» Zagfo Dyspepsia Trochee* They wlU immediately correct* •ear stomach, check vomiting and heartburn, Cnrm sickness or pain In tntitomach, cost!Y«ae*H# lirercom pl»int,h«ftda«tie, Being pleasant •jafeandharmloaa, «ra a sure ours for Infants Buffering from weak atomaoh. Priadthirty-flve 3enta per Sex*. Early Bird Worm Powder* Atall times iftfe^reliable, strictly vegetable and tasteless, used by old |and young with perfect safety, -erven when worms arenotpre*ent.i£eqals»3 [but one dose to effect a cure. ASK YOUR TINNER Or Hardware d*al«rs for the New Standard Enameled Preserving Kettle, Made only by the Standard Manufac* turing Co., Pittsburgh, Pa. Every kettle made cast iron, warranted and guaranteed not to contain any lead, arsenic or any other poisonous matter whatever. PIANOS and ORGANS! A large variety of styles of OF TH E BEST QUALITY, AN OX VERY LIBERAL TERMS. Calland see before purchasing. Music lloomsadjoining Dental Booms. STATE Price) IS cents perFaekag*. Sold by all Druggists- or «ent.by mail on receipt or price. INKBEKHR CO Proprietors, l2t»*SUrortiRr*nU44ttpJd»,,S*. GRIST MILL. F. C. BOYNTON. Third st., west of Bush. Is now prepared: tv do Custom grinding, Promptly apd to make a superior quality of flour. He gives to hts customers the flour from their own wheat, and guarantees that it will be the best tha-t can be made of it* Give him a trial. DENSMORE BROS., PROPRIEIQKS- OF BED WING IE0N W0BES. All kinds of Castings made to order, and finishing and blacksmithing done on short notice. Steam "Engines Ofa supe rior pattern for sale at low prices. A WILLIAMSON, Agent. KEOKUK NORTHER N LINE Packet Company, Boats of this line leave Red Wing for St. Louis and intermediate points on Tues days, Thursdays fe Sundays at 10 o'clk, p.m. For freight or passage apply to W. O. O E A E N Office on Bush street with Alley & Jensen C. I Builder,Manufacturer a ud Dealerin SASH. DOORS AX BLINDS, DOOR AND WINDOW FRAMES, MOULD INGS, CORNICES, BRACKETS, EAVE SPOUTS. Aluminous Building PaZ per. Turning,Plaining. Sawing, .fcc.f done to order* CorMainandBluffSts.REDWIXG.MINN. J. C. HAMMOND, Architect &.Builder, Cor. A I N st. & BROADWAY S E O N STORY Plans and specifications for buildings pre pared at short notice, and satisfaction guar antied, lyl OF MINNESOTA, COUNTY OF" Goodhue, a*. District Court, Pint Jtadi. cial District. Harriet M. Co3*r Plaintiff. against George W. Koger»andi Maria, C. Rogers his wife-, Defendants, Notice is hereby giv«u tbat »i pursuance and by virtue of a Judgment ami Decree of the District Cc«rtr,of the county of Goodhue, in the first Judicial District, of the State of Minnesota, made and rendered in the above entitled action o« the twenty* first day of June, A. D. eighteen ^u«d?ed a&d seventy seven, and on that day docketed in the of fice of the Clerk' of snid Court in t!»o county of Goodhue, in stud1 District, a transcript of which Judgment and JJecree duly certified by said Clerk, was oa the twenty"tbird day of June, A.J), eighteen hundred and sevens ty seven delivereditc u&e as such Sheriff of said Goodhue eounfcy. I, the undersigned'Sheriff, »s such Sheriff, will sell at public auefcvoa to tbe highest bid der for cash at fiho- front do«-r of the Court House, in the city of Red Wing, in said. Goodhue county, 02. (Saturday tb« eleventh nay ot'August, A. J. eighteen bundzed and seventy seven, at tea o'clock in the forenoon of said day, the land and premise*described in said decree, and hereinafter described, or so much thereof as will be sufficient to sat isfy the sum of two thousand- cne hundred ad forty four dollars and sisty two centa, together with interest, coats- and disburse ments as in said decree directed. Said land and premises to ba sold are situate in Good hue county, Sta&a o-f Minne30ta,andare de scribed as follows-, v'.a. TSe south west quarter of the south east tjuarter of section. No. fourteen (14) in township No. one hun dred and twelve (:i2), no»tb cf range No. thirteen (13) ?*eet. Also begiacing at the louth west corner of ftfe« east1 half of the iouth east quarter of said seeticn No. four-, teen (14), thence coat forty four ana one half (44i) rod.*. Aenes aoi& fifty (50) rods to a point on the ba-nk of \VelJ3 Creek, thence northerly along tbe- top of tha wests bank of said week, the several courses and distances thereof to tn» ^Outhern line of land conveyed to the St. Paul and Chisago Railway company for the- right of way of their said roswi, tbenGe along the soutLern line of said land, of said H&iiway company, north forty ergJoi (4S'). dagrees west to the west line of the east half of the south ea3t quarter of j»eeiian fourteen (14) aforesaid,, thence by oaid Una* soatk about sixty two (62) rods to the place of beginning contain ing forty two and onebalf (,42^.) acres more or less and being part of said east half of the south east o^uarter of sectioa fourteen (14) aforesaidy excepting and- resenting therefrom about four acrea souti west of Wells Creek, heretofore eonveyed to Edward M. Vining, by dtmi datad 3niy seventeenth, A. D. eighteen hundn*d and siaty nine and recorded ia Goodhue eeuntj, in book F2 page 433. Also one cth-w tract or parcel of land described as follows, viz, Beginning at the north west corner of said east half of the south east quartei* of section fourteen (14), thenc-j south* sabovl nine and three fourths (9J) rods to th* northern line of said land conveyed to the St. PauJ and Chicago Railway Company, thenee along, th* line of said Railway Company's land south forty eight, (4S3) d3grees east fifty (50) rods, thence north to tbe vr.stern bank of Wells Creek, thence nostheriy along tke westerly bank of Wells-Greek, about sixty  reds to the western end of tike- new bridge on Wells Czeek, tbence along tbe middle of tbe public road leading from Florence to Fron tenac station south savanty six and one half [76V°] degrees west abo»t twenty nine [29J rods to tbe wesi line of th«- south* east quar er of the nortu eas-t quarter of said section fourteen |141, thsnee south tbree and one half [&4] rods-to the nlaee »f beginning,con~ taining sis and tbree fourths [6*] acres more or less being part of the north east quarter of tbe south ea3t cjut rter and of the south east quarter of tbe north east quarter of said section fl4^, township one hundred ana twelve (112\ north of range thirteen  west, intended to be tbe same land deeded to George W. Bogeys, by Erastus Murray, Samuel S. Murray, George H. Mur ray and Emeline Muri.iy, January twentieth, A. D. eighteen hundred aud seventy four, re-, corded in brok R2 of Deeds page one buns drcd and thirty sis: Dated, Red Wing, Minnesota, June 2Sth, A. D. 1S7T. MARTIN S. CHANDLER Sheriff of Goodhue county, Minn. C&LY1LL & HOYT. Attorneys for Plaintiff. THtE STATE OF MINNESOTA, COUN of Goodhue, ss. District Court. First Judicial District. John T. McKinzie. Plaintiff. against Summons. Charles F, Barnard. Defeod't The State of Minnesota, to tbe above named Defendant: You are hereby summoned and required to answi'i the Complaint in the above entitled action, which has been tiled with tbe Clerk of said Court in bis office at the Court Hcuse in the City of Red Wing, in the county of Goodhue and State of Minnesota, and to serve a copy of your ausver to the said Com plaint on the subscriber at bis ofiee in said City of Red Wing, within twenty days after the service of this summons upon you, exclu sive of the day ofsuoh service, and if you fail to answer the said Complaint within the time aforesaid, the Plaintiff will apply to the Court for the relief demanded in bis said Complaint. Dated Red Wing. Minnesota. July 20th. A.D. 1ST7. F. W. HOYT. 42wG Plaintiffs Attorney. NELSON & PETERSON, DEALUJiS IN Hardware, Stovas, Tinware. a Machinery a Implements, BUILDERS' HARDWARE, ME CHANICS' TOOLS AND HOUSE FURNISHING GOODS. Opposite the old Post Office Bush srteet, Red Wing, Minn. D. KELLOGG, PHOTOGRAPHER. Corner of Main and Plumb St's., Red Wing, Minnesota.