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Red Wing sentinel. (Red Wing, M.T. [i.e. Minn.]) 1855-1861, January 05, 1856, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025569/1856-01-05/ed-1/seq-1/

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VOLUME 1, NO. 24.
Oa* square (10 lines or less) first insertion.
Kteh subsequent insertion,
One column ry «r,
Half column
(Ins-fourth of a column, do
Baiiness Cards not over six lines do
Ovarsix lines and under ten do
Over ten lines and under tit'teeen do
1. C. liorrMA!*,
I*. tAsrnpoRp.
A. I). SiiAVf,
8. A. Iliur.
L. BE VANS, wholesale and retail dealer
in Dry-Goods, Groceries, Provisions. Crock
ery, Hardware. Sic, Main street. Red Wing.
|50 00
30 00
18 00
5 00
7 00
10 00
M. W. luwi.v,
I II. IlKlttlWlM,
Chief Justice.
Associate Judge.
District Attorney.
Delegate to Congress.
Attorney General.
Agent for the Wiiinehagoes.
Agent for the Chippewas.
Agent for the Sioux.
Register of Stillwater L.U.
Regwter of Sauk Rapids, Land O
W. II. wooi», Receiver
M. L. Resristerof Minneapolis, Land Office
K.r KUSSELL. Keceirer
W.w I'uibPtf, Register of Red Wing. Land O
CGniititf, Receiver
D. UrMia. register of Winona Land Office
D. SMITH. Keceiver
IfwoN BRMKKTT, Register of Brownsville, L.O.
J. H. MCKIMMRT, Receiver
IKNIBbSTANOitPtELD. Survevor of Lumber
District Attorney.
Clork of District Court.
Judge of Probate.
County Surveyor.
J. JACKSON, wholesale and retail dealer
in Groceries, Provisions, Dry-Goods, Boots
and Shoes. Hard ware, Crockery,&e.. Red Wing.
N WATSON. Saddle and Harness maker
an Carriage Trimmer, Red Wing, M.T
I B. PARISH, wholesale and retuil dealer in
Dry-G MJH. Groceries, Provisions, Boot* anil
Shoes, Hats St Cups. Hardware,Crockerv, Glass
ware, Ac, Red Wing, and Hastings, M.T.
F. SMITH, Notary Public and General
Land Agent. Main Street. Red Wing.
pnetors of the Red Wing and Cannon Falls'
of stage*. Rod Wing.
and Carriage Painters, Red Wing,
rp J. CLARK Si CO., dealers in Stoves, llftrd
rare, Tin Ware, &c. Red Wing
')ULL Si HISLKR, manufacturersauddeal
ereii Boots and Shoes, Red Wing.
SMITH Si CO., wholesale and retail
dealers in Dry-Goods, Groceries, Hardware.
Provisions Sec. Upper Landing. Red Wing.
& ENZ, wholesale and retail deal-
ersin DryGoods, Groceries, Provisions, boots
and Shoos. Readymadc Clothing. &c, Red Wing.
C. WKATIIEUBi Si CO., dealers in Dry
tj Goods, Groceries, Boots and Shoes, Provis
Hardware, &c, Main street, Red Wing.
„N PJ2NBE««" &~HILL. Architects and
Builders. Red Wing.
W niaifufacturef and dealer
.. Furniture, Chairs, &c, Main St.
Hod Wing, M. T. lyl
Rett Iff tig JLaud Agency.
Red Wins:,
this House wishing to take the boat at night, can
to get on board.
lted Wing, M.T. Sept. 8,1855. 7y
WING. M. T.—This House is pleasantly
on the bank of the river, within a
fewrods of the Steamboat Landing.
£&*~Bi\ggaga convoyed to and from the House
fr«g« lyl
HOUSE is located within a few steps of judicial purposes,] it shall be competent for
j... Vie
BENNETT «V SON, Proprietors.
situated in the busi-
nes centr the town, upon the corner of
Main and Bush Stteets.
The regular line of Stages from Dubuque to St.
PauKIeavesthis House weekly.
IBs?* Baggage carried to and from the Boats
free charge, and no pains or expense spared to
•take guests pleasantly situated. lyl
Wing M. T«,
attend tne duties of their Profession,
in an Office next building
•west of lloyt, Smith & Co.'s, store.
Red Wing, uly 23,1855. lyl
District Clerk, Goodhue County.
RED WING. M.T. lyl
Watches Neatly Repsirsd.
Shoj—Oppfiut* ths LandOprt.
We regret to learn, that many of the late
immigrants into Minnesota, failing to pro
cure Government Lands in just the loca
tions that happened to pleaso them, have
entered upon and are occupying sections
sixteen and thirty-six—donated by a be
ificent Congress in every township to the
sacred ends of common education.
We presume that in most instances these
tresspassers are the result of thoughtlessness
or ignorance of that sure uncertainty of ti
tle which must follow all such attempts on
making claims." Tim School Lands were
not given for the benefit of the first settlers
of Minnesota, but for the benefit of their
children 'and their children's" children to
the remotest future generation. Govern
ment, in opening all other than School
Lands to present and future settlement,
thinks she hasdone her full duty and has
wisely entrusted only to the future State of
Minnesota the disposition of the School
Lnnds. If the disposition of the authori
ties of that State do their duty, these school
lands can never pass into the hands of ci
ther settlers or speculators at a price nearly
as low as the minimum price of Govern
ment lands.
We think it, then, the duty of every
man who expects to rear a family in Min
nesota—and even those, who have no such
expectation, but are good citizens—to set
their faces against all settlements and tres
passers upon suctions sixteen and thirty-six
in every township in the Territory. The
cause of common education prompts us all
to this duty: and the inter insecurity of ti
I tie, which must attend all such adventurers,
should prompt self interest to take part on
the same side. You do not wish heavy
burthens of taxation to hangover joiif
property for Common School purposes in
your after years. Then see that the School
Lands are now preserved from violation.—
The masses must be educated and if the
lands devoted to that purpose are wasted
—their natural resources of timber and soil
destroyed before we become a State, the
tax for that purpo^must come out of the
pockets of the peopfeiff*'.
But this is a cleai?*qucetion, and admits
of no argument. In a country where there
is so much good land not yet taken up,
wo can scarcely imagine how any one canthey
be guilty of entering upon School Lands
with the Vain hope of holding a title to
them in contravention of laws National and
Territorial, which it is the duty of every
tax-payer—present and prospective—to see
enforced. For general information, we an
nex the Territorial Law, now in force, in
regard to tresspasses upon School Lnnds.
It is Chap. 8 of the Collated Statutes, pa
ges 18 and 19:
Be it enacted ty the Legislative Assembly
of the Territory of Minnesota: That
any person who shall willfully cut anyced
standing or other timber, on any lands set
apart as School Lands, for the use either of
Common Schools or the University of Min
nesota, not having acquired a title to such
land?, every person so offending shall be
deemed guilty of a misdemeanor, and up
on conviction thereof, shall be imprisoned
in the county jail for a period not less than
three days, nor more than six months, or
shall forfeit and pay a fine of not less than
twenty-five or more than five hundred dol
lars one half of said fine to go to the
pnrty complainant, and the other half to
the Common School fund and in case of
the neglect or refusal to pay the fine above
specified he shall be, in addition to the im
prisonment above imposed, confined in the
County Jail or Territorial Prison, one day
for every dollar thereof, until said fine shall
be discharged.
SEC. 2. In all cases of conviction
under this act, if there be no jail within
the County where the offence was commit
ted, [or to which it may be attached for
landing. Persons stopping at the Court before which such conviction
retire with the assurance of being called in time .'..
the offemW to fl,«
con 1
tne onenaer to tile
nearest jail in any other county and it is
hereby made the duty of the keeper of
such jail, to receive the prisoner so commit
ted, and in all respects to proceed with him
as if he had been committed by the prop
er authorities of the County in which such
jail is situated: Provided,That the county
in which the offence was committed shall
pay the costs of his confinement.
SEC. 3. It shall be the duty of all
Sheriffs, Justices of Peace, County Com
missioners, Constables, ard sill School Trus
tees, to use all necessary means to obtain
information of tresspassers on said School
Lands, and to give such information to the
proper authorities.
S&ct 4. The several District Courts
and Justices of the Peace shall have con
current jurisdiction in all cases arising tin
der this Act
SEC. 5. This Act shall take effect
from and after its passage.
"Approved—March, 6, 1852."
MATRIMONIAL.—A writer has computed
that a woman has lost half of her chances
of her marriage at her twentieth year at
twenty-three she has lost three-fourths of
her oppoitunities and at twenty-six, seven
eighths of the chance* are good/ Eigh
teen hundred Mid fifty-six will be leapyear
—•that delightful season, when by common
consent/the fair sex can indicate their pref
erence. Look at the facts presented above,
and then improve the advantages of the
coming year,
In 1854, Isaac I. Stevens, Governor of
Washington Territory, made an explora
tion and survey of the fJorinern Pacific
Railroad, under the express instructions
from the General Government. He has re
cently made an elaborate and interesting re
port nnd from it we make the subjoined
extracts. Being official, they must be very
nearly, if not wholly correct.
Much attention has been given to the
circumstances of the snows and freshets of
the whole countryrpassed over, both by in
quiries from all reliable sources, and from
actual observation by winter parties. I am
able to give conclusive reasons to show
that no obstructions whatever need be ap
prehended from st:o'" at any point of the
route. From the plateau of the Bois de
Sioux and the Red River of the North to
Lake Superior, two feet is a large quantity
of snow, though winters have been known
when the snow was considerably deeper.—
The winters are dry, the weather clear and
bracing, with little or no wind. The mer
cury, though occasionsu^Me falls to a very
low point, is seldom befow zero. The cold
est day of the winter 1852-53, February
8, the mercury fell to 25 deg. below zero,
and the winters are from four to four and
a half months long. Frosts seldom occur
before October. The fall climate is re
markably fine.
«The Hot* ti: H. Rice, the delegate
from Minnesota, has often traveled in win
ter from St. Paul to Crow Wing, a distance
of one hundred and fifty miles, with a sin
gle horse and sled, and witlkml a track
and lias never found snow deep enough to
impede his progress. From Crow Wing
he has gone to the waters of Hudson's
Bay on foot, without snow shoes. During
one winter he traveled through that region
finding the snow seldom over nine, and
never over eighteen inches deep. For sev
eral years he had trading posts extending
from Lake Superior to the Red River of
North, from 46 to 49 deg. north latitude,
and never found the snow to deep to pre
vent supplies from being transported from
one part to another on horses. Orio win
ter, north of Crow Wing, in latitude 47
deg., he kept sixty head of lorscs and cat
tlo without feed of any kind, except what
could procure themselves under the
snow. Voyagers travel all winter from
Lake Superior to the Missouri with horses
and sleds, having to construct their own
roads yet. with heavy loads, are not deter
red by snows. Lumbermen, in great num
bers, winter in the pine regions of Minnes
ota with their teams and the snow is never
too deep to prosecute their labor. Occa
sional winters the snow is not over six
inche« deep. The average close of naviga
tion of the upper Mississippi for the last
five years is November 26, and the average
first spring arrival April 8.
The Hofi. H. H. Sibley, the last dele
gate from Minnesota* also a most experien
voyager, states that the snow seldom
exceeds fourteen or fifteen inches, and he
has known two or three winters in succes
sion when there wa3 not snow enough for
tolerable sleighing.
Alexander Culbertson, Esq., the great
voyager and fur-trader of the upper Mis
souri, and who for the last twenty years,
has made frequent trips by land from St.
Louis to Fort Benton, has never found
the snow drifted enough to interfete with
traveling. The average depth of snow is
twelve inches, and frequently thesuow does
not exceed six inches.
Two JUoiiars per Year, in Advance.
St. Paul,, the coldest days of six
winters are as follows:
1845-46 below zero 18 deg.
1846-'47 2 7
1847-48 2 8
1848-'49 37
1849-50 31
1850-'51 32£
At Pembina, on the Red river of the
North, and just under the 49th parallel the
winter climate is somewhat colder than at
St. Paul, the mercury freezing once or twice
during each winter. The spirit thermome
ter has shown a temperature of 52 deg.
below zero.
River closes from the 1st to the 15th of"
November, and opens from the 10th to the
25th of April."
t3T Bridget," said a lady to her scr
vent Bridget Couley,—« who was that man
you were talking with so long at the gate
last night?''
Sure no on* but me oldest brother,
mam," replied Bridget, with a flushed
"Your Brother! I didn't know
had a brother. What is his name!"
"Barney Octoolan, mam."
Indeed how comes it that his name is
not the same as yours?"
Troth, main," replied Bridget, he has
been married once."
ff/* Kisses, like the faces of philosophers
vary. Some are as hot as coal fire, some
sweet as honey, some mild as milk, some
tastless as long drawn soda. Stolen kisses
are said to have more nutmeg and cream
than other sorts.
The following toast was given at a
recent celebration: The Rights of Woman
—If she canfifot be Captain of a ship, may
she always Command a smack.
"Sambo, can you tell me what
difference there is between a Northern and
a Southern man No, Bones." Why,
the Northern man blacks his own boots,
and the Southern man boot* hie ownpany,
"Mother, how is the flour barrel? ah!
getting low said a finely built man, as ho
paused for a moment before leaving the
house where his gray-headed parents lived
"I must send you some 1 have lately bought
of the No. 7 brand, just for you to try
upon my word it makes the nicest and
sweetest biscuit I ever tasted—and you'll
say EO I think."
And the next day came the barrel of
flour, but not alone. There was a good
supply of coffee and tea and a dosen little
niceties, and all for the old folks to try.
That mall knew the value of kind parents.
He was a son to be proud of. Were any
repairs to be done, he found it out almost
intuitively and he never called upon them
with his hands empty. Something that
mother loved," or "would mako father
think of old times," invariably found its
way into their pantry. And he actually
seemed to like nothing so well as to leave in
their absence some token of his fondness
and respect for those who had worn out
their lives in serving him.
But ah! how many leaves their parents
desolate and in need, or give them a place
by their fireside where they are expected to
delve and work out the obligation. Is it
any wonder that such, conscious that in the
way, grow querulous and fretful, and die,
perhaps, unregretted Others are ashamed
of their honest old parents—shame on them
—keep them in some byplace giving them
pittance upon which they ..can barely sub
sist. _.
A would-be-fashionable young lady who
had sacrificed everything to appearance,
once told some of her newly-made acquain
tances, that the familiar old man who was
laboring in the yard was ther woodsawyer.
Having gone thus far she was base enough
tojcairy^jouUhe lie, .a«d when became in
for a moment nntf^^id[upon
hold of the door withva cliildish smile
warming his wrinkled face into sunshine as
he gazed on their merriment, instead of
calling him by the dear name of RTthetrshje
schooled herself to say, coldly pointing to
the ysird, wc can't pay you till the whole is
done." The old father gazed for a moment
in astonishment, comprehended her duplici
ty and turned away broken hearted. Truly
then the iron entered his soul, for.
Oh! who can tell
How sharper than a serpent's tooth it is
To have a thankless child."
-Svsjpstej* praise can never be given than
that of a dying parent, as lie" blessesT the
hand that has led him gently from sorrow
to sorrow, and is even now smoothing the
cold brow, damp with the *pray of Jorden.
And dear the thought, as your tears fall up
on the sod that covers the gray-haired father
that you were ever kind and loving to him,
that you gave cheerfully of your abundance,
and caused him not to feel that you were
doing a charity. Never can we repay,
those ministering angels we call father and
mother. Angels though early, liave they
ever been from the time that Adam and
Eve gazed upon their first born, as he slept
amid roses, while the tiny fingers, the wax
en lids, and the cherub form, were all mys
teries to them. Willingly they have suffered
for us: let us bless them with the kindest
attention let us fold them in our hearts, and
allow no love of gain, or pride of position
to tear them thence. .-
ON FRETTING.—" Fret not thyself/' says
the Psalmist. Mankind have a great prone-'
ness to fret themselves. Their "business
does not prosper according to their expecta
tions: customers do not .pay .promptly
competition is sharp those in whom they
have confided, prove treacherous mulice
aud envy hurl-their envenomed shafts do-*
mestic affairs grow contrarywise the wicked
seem to prosper, while the righteous are a
bused. In every lot there is ample material
to make a goad of, which ma} pierce and
rankle in our souls, if we are Only so dis
Fretting is of the nature of certain dis
eases, assuming various types. Disease is
sometimes acute—coming on suddenly in
Th navigation* of the Redf nirdst of health, and with little premoni
tion, 'raging violently through the system,
causing fever and racking pains soon reach
ing its crisis, and rapidly rftrining its course,
either to kill or to be cured So with fret
ting. At times it overtakes the constitution
ally and habitually patient and gentle.—
Strong provocation assails them unawares,
throws them off their guard, upsets their
equinimity, and causes an overflow of spleen
that they did not know was in them to that
degree. Even the gentle may thus have
occasion for taking heed to the injunction*
"Fret not."
Diseases, however, often assume the chron
ic type, liecoming imbedded in the system,
deranging its organs, interfering with the
performance of the natural and healthy
functi ns, and lingering year after year, like
a vampire, to extract the vital juices. In
like manner fretliug becomes chronic.—•
Peevishness, irritability, censoriousness,com
piaimiifr,indulged in* assume a habit gain
ing thereby strength and power, until the
prevailing*temper is fretfulness. It argues
a sadly diseased condition of the soul, when
this distemper becomes one of its fixtures.
To such an one everything goes wrong.—
The whole mechanism of society is thrown
out of gear instead of moving smoothly, as
when Inbricated by the oil of kindness and
charity, its cogs clash, and its pivots all
grata harshly.
u?* No man' can avoid his own com
so be had better maki it as good as
We are often reminded, in these days of
improvement, of the saying of the celebra
ted French diplomat," that language is
given us as a means of concealing our
thoughts. Certain that, it is in many in
stances, the meaning is obscured in theprofession
dress in which it comes forth. The doctor
who replied to the lady that asked him if
artichokes are good for children, that they
are the least flatulent of esculents might as
well have answered her question in "Chi
nese. Slie Was no wiser than she was be
fote. The effort in many writers and speak
ers, in these days, seems to be to depart as
far as possible from plain Saxon English,
and from the simplicity and clearness of
common sense, and to express their tho'ts
in such terms of refinement, and in such
periods of high sounding words, that men
lose sight of the idea in the flourish of
words thrown around it. An old writer
complains of certain preachers, who if they
happen to find an unlucky or hard word,
during the week, thought themselves want
ing in duty to their flock, if they did not
give it to them in their next sermon. The
itching after originality—this disposition
to ignore all that is plain nnd simple is in
creasing among us. A simple proverb, or
pithy saying of former days, cannot be
quoted in its original form. It is not fit
for the columns of a newspaper, until it has
the dress of this modern improvement given
to it. We will give our readers a few
specimens, in illustration of this refined
process, that they may see how easy it is to
fly with such wings, or to move above the
earth, when we are upon such stilts. We
take our first example from a long edito
rial article in one of the religious papers of
last week. Alluding to another paper, the
writer, says:
It should remember that ancient and
profitable maxim, which pronounces the
.ainusement of projecting small masses of
mineral concrete, not safe for those whose
habitations are of glass." What a refine
ment is this, compared with the vulgar
adage of throwing stones!" What a
pity the translators of the Bible did notto
have the benefit of this improvement.—
They might in that case, have shielded
Shime'i from the vulgarity of throwing
stones at David, a»d made him responsible
only for projecting small masses of miner
al concrete" at the King of Israel. Wc
hope the boys in the street, if they continue
the bad practice of throwing stones at each
other, wilTat least free tlfemselvesffrem the
vulgarity of those words, and call their
sport simply projecting small masses of
minerajconcrete" at each other. And we
trust also, for the sake of the rising genera
tion, that in the next edition of Webslers'
Spelling Book," the old man who found a
rude boy upon one of his trees stealing ap
ples, will be allowed the benefit of this im
provement, and when words and grass do
not avail, be permitted to try what virtue
there is in "small masses of mineral con
This kind of improvement is sometimes
seen in the pulpit. A celebrated doctor of
divinity, in a neighboring city, not long
since quoted the first verse of the 42dbreakfast
Psalm after this matter, As the thirsty
animal longeth for the cool aud ripliug
rillj" fec. This is plainer indeed, and has
less refinement about it, than the "amuse
ment of projecting small masses of mineral
concrete," but it partakes of the same pro
cess. We Once heard a sermon on the fall
of Peter, iu which the preacher, near the
close of the discourse, rose thus into the
sublime': Ho sooner did the shrirl clarion
of the prophesied chanticleer reach the ear
of Peter, than he went out and wept until
his strength was wasted to more than wo
man's weakness, and his face was blanched
to more than woman's whiteness."
We know of nothing that surpasses these
refinements, except that found in Bernard's
Bible, which, in Job, clothes the neck of
the war horse with "a waving mane," and
makes him skip like a locust."—N. Y.
05s* A venerable doctor, who is as witty
as he is benevolent, in carrying his philan
thropic schemes, has contributed largely
torn new ving of a hospital for decayed
gentlewomen, in London. Not long since
the committee "of arrangements sent down
to him, asking him if he would send his
crest and coat of arms to be inscribed on
the building. He inclosed a pill-pox.
AT5 The Senca Falls Revellie" tear
fully tells of the following melancholy af
fair.* At Niagara Falls last Friday night,
a young man, name unknown, who hador
been disappointed in love, walked out to
the precipice, took off his hat aud coat, and
casting one lingering look into the gulf be
neath him—tnrned aud went back to his
hotel! His body was found the next morn
ing—in bed.
A Western publisher lately gave
notice that he intends to spend fifty dollars
for the purpose of getting up anew head"
for his paper. The next day one of his
subscribers dropped him the following
note:—"Don't do it. Better keep the
money, and buy a 'new head' for the edi
ff?" The substance of a verdict of a re
cent coroner's jury, on a man who died in
a state of inebriation, was, "death by haug
ing—round a rum shop."
When weTaney others better off
than ourselves, it may only be because we
know our own circumstances, and not theirs.
Stand up here, young man, and let us
talk to you—you have trusted nlone to the
contents of father's purse," on his fair
fame fir your influence in business. Think
your father has attained to eminence In his
except by unwearied industry
or that he has amassed a fortune honestly
without energy nnd activity You should
know that the faculty requisite fot the ac
quiring of fame or fortune is essential to,
nay inseparable from, the retaining of eith
er of these.
Suppose father" had the rocks in abun
dance if you have never earned anything
for him you have no more business witb
those rocks, than a gosling with a tortoise
and if ho allows you to inecbUo with them
until you acquire some by your cwn indus
try, he perpetuates mischief. And if the
old man is lavish with his cash towards
you, while he allows you to while away
your time, you'd better leave—yes, run
away—sooner than Le an imbecile, or
something worse, through so corrupting
an influence. Sooner or later you must
learn to rely upon your own resources of
you will not be anybody. If you have
become idle, if you have eaten your fath
er's bread and butter, smoked your father's
cigars, cut a swell in your father's buggy,
and tried to put on father's influence and
reputation you might far better have bees
a poor canal bo)', the son of a chimney
sweep, or a boot black—or indeed we wo'd
not swop with you the condition of a half
starved motherless calf.
Miserable objects you are that depend
entirely upon your parents, playing gentle
man (dandy loafers.) What in the name
of common sense are you thinking about I
Go to work with either your hands or your
brains, or both and be something! Don't
merely have it to boast of that you have
grown in father's house—that you have
vegitated like other greenhorns, but let
folks know you count one! Come, off
with your coat, clinch the saw, the plough
handles, the scythe, the axe, the pick-axe,
the spade—anything that will enable you
stir up you.i blood. Fly around and tear
your jacket, rather than the passive recip
ient of the old man's bounty! Sooner
than play the dandy, hire yourself out to
some potatoe patch, let yourself stop log
holes, or watch the cars, and when you
think yourself entitled to a resting spell, do
it on your own hook. If you have nooth
er means of-having fun of your own, buy
with-your own earning an emoty barrel
and stick your head into it and holler or
get into it, and roll down hill—don't for
pity's sake, make the old gentleman furn
ish everything, and lie at your ease.
Look about you, you well dressed, do*
nothing drones. Who are they that have
worth aud influence in society Are they
those who have depended entirely 6n the
oid gentleman's purse? Or are they those
that have climbed their way to their posi
tion by their own energy A miserable
fledgling—-a bunch of flesh and bones that
needs to be taken care of!
Again we say, wake up get up in the
morning turn round at least twice before
help the old man give him
now and then a generous lift in business
learn how to take the lead, and not depend
forever on being led, and you have no idea
how the discipline will benefit you. Do
this and our Word for it, you will seem to
breath a new atmosphere, possess anew
frame, tread anew earth, and wake anew
destiny and then you may aspire to man
hood. Take oft', then, that ring from your
little finger, break your cane, shave your
upper lip, wipe your nose, hold up your
head, and, by all means, never again oat the
bread of idleness, wor depend on father
INDIAN MASSACRE.—Wo find the fol
lowing in the Salt Lake News of the 10th
of October:—On the 22d September, a
Utah Indian asked a Mormon, named Jas.
Wiseman Hunt, to go with him from the
fort to the herd, a short distance off, to see
a horse that Hunt had bought of him.—
They started,- the Indian on horseback and
Hunt afoot, aud when about a mile from
the fort, the Indian directed Hunt's atten
tion to the cattle, a little way off from the
horses, and while he was turned, shot him
in the back, the ball ranging down diago
nally and lodging in the thigh. One of
the herdsmen close by started to give the
alarm, and the other one drove the herd on
to the fort. In a short time several of the
brethren went to bring in Hunt, and when
about half way back,the Indians fired upon
them, wounding Prest. A. N. Billings in
the fore finger of the right hand. Three
four of the party fell a few paces in the
rear, and by occasionally firing upon the
pursuers, they all succeeded in reaching the
fort without further loss or injury. Brother
Hunt lingered about thirteen hours and
died. Within an hour and a half after their
return, some Indians on the bluff near by
told the men in the fort that they would
kill the two men who hail previously gone
out and were then returning, and imme
diately fired seven rounds, killing, as they
afterwards stated, brothers William Behuin
and Edward Edwards, the two who were
out During the same day the Indians
burned the hay, and turned off the water
that supplied the fort At daylight the
next morning, the Indians began to gather
round in great numbers and there being
no prospect of a speedy reconciliation, the
remaining thirteen brethren, by the advice
of friendly Indians, took their horses and
started for Manti, leaving their enemies
quarreling over the cattle and spoils in thf

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