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THE SENTINEL IS TUBLISIIED EVB»Y SATURDAY, A 11KD WING, MlNNKSOTA, BY I E I E Ss A I N N I S Aa Journal Independent Democratic DEVOTED THE INTERESTS AND RIGHTS TO OV THE MASSES. As a Political Journal it will try all meas ures and »»on by the standard ot Domocratio principles, and will submit to no test but tbat of Democratic truth. CONTENTS: The Sentinel will contain Congressional and Legislative—Foreign and Domestic—Kivcr and Commercial News—Literary Matter- Tales-Biographical a Historical Sketches, & &c. &c. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION*. (Strictly in Adranee.) One Copy, 1 year 9 2 00 Six Copies, 1 year 8 00 Ten 4 1 5 0 0 t3f"Any person getting up a Club of Ten undromittiiig $16 00, will bo entitled to one •opy gratis. Subscriptions to Clubs must all com mence at the samo time, and be strictly in advance. AQBNTS.—Postmasters everywhere aTeau thorised Agen'.s for this paper. IN ALL ITS VARIOUS 01ANCHE9, Ets.-utel in a snporlor mannor, shortest notice. and on the 51T,INKS.»Warranty. Ijuit-Claim,Special Warranty, MHrtigago Deeds, and Township Hat* constantly on html an! for sale at tins office. BUSINESS CARDS. T. WILDER. W I E & W I I S O Attorneys at Law* RED WING, MINNESOTA. ill attend to the duties of their profession HIIT of the Cou rt* ot" this State. \V. WlM.ISTOV Public and Accent for lowing Notary Fire MI:RCHI.\.NT. Crrr FUSE, the foi- ble Companies Imuran Hartford, Conn. Hartford, Conn. €tt-LVSL,L, J, WILLIAITI ATTORNEY A COUNSELLOR AT LAW A S E N E A A N AGENT RI. \\isn, MINNESOTA. A N BRISTOL, Mtom&y at Zjmv K\:D \viN«, MINNESOTA. 51y S A N O It 1) A to at a N O A I And Land and Insurance Agent, RED WING, MINNESOTA. JJANS MATTSON, A to at a AN'!) JUSTICK 01«" THE I'EACE, IJcd Wing, Minnesota. Particular attentu an I Collecting. pa CLINTON aim.N'BK.JU. -S°- RKrxoLDS. (tURSEE & REYNOLDS, Counselors an 1 Attorneys at Law, lied Wing, Minn. J3§TO lk'e with Sin! th, me & Co. S2-ti K1.IT WILIM.Ji i: it Of A OK W IT. I) IS rf V.. W I Bankers & Land Agents ED WING, Minnesota Tor. onoy loanad. Exchange & Land Warrants nought ml sold. Land Warrants, or Money .oanedto pr«-emptor», on long or short time, andbn favorable terms. %W Lindsbought and -*old on commission&c. Red Wing,May,1857. O W N S & E E DEALERS IN KB A. ESTATE. WING MINNESOTA Will attend to locating Land Warrants, pay ment of taxes, collection of notes, and to the pur chase and sale of Real Estate throughout the Territory. Surveying, Mapping, and Platting of every kind done t* order by a practical sur veyor. Copies of township maps furnished.-— ]1j*'ls4rawn and acknowledgements taken. 5^" All bust noss intrusted to them, will re re prompt attention. T.F.IOWNI, J.O.PIEBCE W. B. HAWKINS. O. B. BAKKri. A. HALL A I O N S N O W O S Hawkins & Co., WOULr take this method of informing thei friends and the public generally, that they are now prepared to do 1 A 53 3 5 3 Of all'sinds, such as House,Sign,Carriage, cartain and Ornamental Painting, Graining, glazing, Marbling and Paper Hanging. £3J"oocial attention paid to all crdcrsfro the country. 52tf Ked Wing, July 17 1857. pEMOVAL—SPORTSMAN'S DEPOT. Has been rcmovod to the west side cf Jordan, Broad street where may be found a ftood assortment of SHARP'S RIFLES, Target and Muzzle loading Rifles double and single barrel Shot Guns, CoWs, Allen's, and the celebraed, Robbins and Lawrence Pistotls Powder, Sh»t, Load, Caps, Wads, Flasks, Shot Belts, Game Bags, Fishing Tackle, &c.,&c. Cheap for Cash. Repairing done with care and dispatch. M. J. CHAMBERLIN. Red Wing, Sept. 10,155». 70ui6 A I S O O On Monday, Dec. 12th, 1850, The first term of this School will commence in the building, on Broadway nearly oppo site tho Chillson House. TERMS: (for term of 14 weeks) $ 4.00 ti 5,00 7,00 4,00 15,00 Primary, Higher English, Classical, Modern Languages, (Extra Music, (Miss II. Kellogg, Teacher) P- DORSET, Teacher. Red Wing, Dec. 10,1S59. 175-tf VOLUME 4. NUMBEH 2& HOTELS. E O O I A N O E Leveo/ttrect,immediately opposite the Steam boat Landing, Red Wing, Minnesota, A. A & L. TEELE PROPRIETORS. THI.SnowE,.spacious new and commodious house is open for the reception of. guests.— It has been constructed under the immediate supertisionof the proprietors,and nothing has been omitted to injure the comfort and conven ience of those who may favor them Witt" their patronage. The numerous room's are all well lighted, ventilated and furnishedin a superior mannor. In connection with the house is a good and commodious stable. Red Wing, March 1,185$. 83tf E W I N HOUSE.' JACOB BENNETT, Proprietor, E WING MINNESOTA. J^"Connectcd with the House is a large and convenient Stable. Stages leave daily for the interior. Teams and Carriages on hand to oonvcv Passengers to any part of the country. April 24,1858. 90-tf 1 I I S O O S E CORNER OF BROAD AND THIRD STREETS. A. B. MILLER, Proprietor. THIof W1LHSTON. S new Hotel is now open for the reception the traveling public, where they will tind the best of accommodations. There a good stabla attached. Passengers and Bag i»age conveyed to and from tho Boats rreo of charge. 171-ly A O S E MARY FLING, Proprietress. MRS. This popular House is now open for the re ception ot boarders. Hoard by the day or week furnished on the most reasonable terms. Januarv?, 1S00. 179—tf. (xOODHU E O S E L. F. HENDRICKSON, Proprietor. This new and commodious House is situated on Plum street, Red Wing. It has been built and furnished under tho special supervision of tl»e proprietor, all the rooms are well lighted ventilated and furnished, and all persons wish ing to get the worth of their money are res pectfully invited to give him a call, and no pains will be spared to make comfortable all those who may favor him with their patronage. In connection with tho House is a good stable, and well of water. Ostler always in attendance. January 2nd, Isio. lTlttf. «,. I I COi^MEJLLY Tenders his profcssionalservicos to the citi zens of Red Wing and vicinity. OFFICE.—Corner of Bush and Phrm street up stairs. E E N E S Hon.Z. IVIUWELL, M. Fairmont, VU.•. Hon..I. L. DAWSON, M. Brownsville.Pa., Proi. T. i). MUTTER, Philadelphia, Pa/, Dr. J. C. Coopiat, Rev. Dr. PiiuHxoND,Morgantown.Ya.. Drs. MI-LANE & BUOCK. Morgantown. Va., Dr. .V. 11. CAMPBV.I.L. Key West, Florida, Dr. E. S. GTAINKS, rCuoxvillo.Tennessee. Red Wing.May 23,1857. 44tf 1S3». BLED WING AS1I, fOnc W Conveyancing 1.57 -y RED WING. 1859. HI S'i' E A N N a A N DOOR AND BLIND FACTORY Block above Freeborn's Saw Mill.) E SHALL lili PREPARED TO FUR nissh at a times, anything in the above line of bu-iiips and shall keep on hand all kinds of plane 1 ami matched Lumber, Mould ings, etc. Ori'ers promptly attended to, which may al so ho left with Brown & Hotelier. Produce of all kind* taken in exchange for work. COGEL & BETCHER. Red Wing. April PJ, lSi.'J. 142-ly McINTIRE & SHELDON DEALERS IN Dry froods.Groccru's,Crockery,Hardware Cut .cry. Nails. Oils, Paints Sash, Window Glass, Looking Glasses. Farminglmplmcnts. A.so. Hosiery, Gloves. Cravats Suspenders, •Shirts.Collars,Brushes*.Fancy Goods, &c. J. MCINTIKE. lied Wing M. T. T. B. SHELDOM. DUBUQE CITY MARBLE WORKS. N•HERRICK,Dealer in American and Kor- cign Marble.Sixthstreet,below Mainand Iowa, Dubuque, Iowa. .Uonuments, Tom St, Hea Stones.Ma tics Tabl &c 62m9 I N E 8 DEALERS IN E A I E S Watches, Clocks and Jewelry, Red Wing, Minnesota. A WORK WARRANTED..^! Aug. 13,1859. 158-tf A I A N S A E N A E S OF ALL KINDS. FAIRBANKS & GREENLEAF, 35 Lake street, Chicago. If. F. HENDRICKSON, Rectifiei and Wholesale dealer in 3 4t.2B.ci. WINES 4' LIQUORS, Corner Plum and Third Sta., 97tf RED WIWG, MINNESOTA H, O A S J. S I Fashionable Tailor! Next door to Smith, Meigs & Co.'s Bank, RED WING MINNESOTA. December 17,1859. 176-ly A E N S W A I N SURGEON AND MECHANICAL E N I S Rooms over the Drag store, Main si. Red Wing. 70m A CHARMING SONG. Fly, swiftly fly Through yon fair sky, O purple-pinioned Hours! And bring once more the balmy night, When from her lattice, silvery bright, Love's beacon star—her taper—shines Between those dark manorial pines, Above the myrtle bowers. Fly, breezes, fly, And waft my sigh With love's warm fondness fraught, 'Twill stir my lady's languid mood, Where, in her verdurous solitude, She sits and thinks,—a moonlight grace Casts o'er her beauteous brow and face, Touched by a passionate thought! Glide, rivulet, glide With whispering tide, Through coverts lone and deep, To woo her with the airy call The music faint, the far-off fal! Of fairy streams in fairy climes. Or pleasant Lapse of fairy rhymes/ Soft as her breath in sleep. Fly, swiftly fly Through yon calm sky, O tremulous-breasted dove! And pausing on her favourite tree, Murmur your plaint so tenderly. That, born of that deep tone, a charm Her very heart of hearts may warm With rosy bliss of love. Fly, swifltly fly Through yon lair sky, O purple-pinioned Hours! And bing once more the balmy night, When from her la*tice, silveryjbright, Love's beacon star—her taper—shines Between those dark manorial pines Above the myrtle bowers! From the New York Herald. A E A The year i860 is "Leap Year," and consists of 36d days, one day being added to the shortest month, Febru ary, Whtoh will, therefore, Ivave twen ty-nine days this year and on its last, or additional day, is claimed by the ladies a privilege which belongs at all other times to the gentlemen—the privilege of popping the question." Leap Year occurs every fourth year, and is so called because it leaps over a day more than does any ordinary year. For instance, in other years, if Christmas day or New Year's day fall on a Sunday, it will fall on Monday in the following year but in Leap Year, it will fall on Tuesday, being thus two days later iti the week, instead of one. It is also called bissixtile—from the Latin bis, twice, and sextus, sixth meaning that the sixth of the calends of March (corresponding to the 24th of February) was reckoned twiee eve- TH E RE WIN SENTINEL ry fourth year by the intercalation terinmp^all things" which a day The necessity for Leap Year arises from the fact that the solar year does not correspond exactly with the civil year, in consequence of its not ending exactly with a given day, but with a fraction of a day. If it were not for this arrangement Christmas in course of time would be in midsum mer, and the Fourth of July in the depth of winter. The true year consists of the time it takes for the earth to make one rev olution around the sun, which is de termined by its coming back to the same point in the zodiac from which it started but as the calender must consist of complete days, these six hours are omitted, and in fonr years they make up a whole day, when one is added to the year, making what is called Leap Tear. This, however, is not strictly correct, forit is ascertained by accurate calculations that a solar year is exactly 365 days, 5 hours, 48 minutes and 57.7 seconds consequent ly, in putting on the six hours, we add 11 minutes 12.4 seconds in four years This in the course of 158 1-2 years would amount to twenty-four hours, or a complete day. Every year the number of which is divisable by four without a remainder is Leap Year, except the last year of the century, which is a Leap Year only when di visable by 400 without a remainder.— Thus the year 1,900 will not be a Leap Year. The Roman year originally had but ten months, as may be seen in the meaning ot the name December, which is Tenth month." March was the first month of the year in the time of Romulus, and December was the last But Numa Pompilus, who knew as tronomy better, added January and February. While Rome's great founder made the times his care, Ten months he chose to conititnte a year Bnt Noma, better skilled in astrollorc, To Romulus' adjoined two more. The Egyptians were the first who approximated to the real length of the year, which they made to consist of 360 days. They afterwards added 5 days, as was done by Thales, one of the seven wise men of the Greeks.— The Jews, Syrians, Ethiopians, Ro mans, Persians, and Arabs, all had years of different lengths. The day on which the year com mences is also different in different countries, but in all it is held in great •Minnesota Forevert GOODHUE COUNTY, MINN.. SATURDAY. JANUARY 28, veneration. The Jewish historical year commences with the new moon near the vernal equinox (March 22,) and the civil year near the autumnal equinox. The Mahomcdans begin their year on the day when the sun enters Avies the Persians in the month which answers to our June the Chinese and Indians with the first new moon which hapens in March and the Mexicans on the 22d of Feb ruary, at which time the vurdure of their country begins to appear, Wil liam the Conqueror having been crowned on the first day of January, gave occasion to the English to begin their year on that day, in order to make it correspond with the most re markable date in their history. Though the historical year begins in England on the festival of the Cir cumcision, or first day of January, on which day the German and Italian begins, yet the civil or legal year did not commence till the day of the An nunciation of the Virgin, the 25th of March. The part of the year between those terms was usually expressed in both these ways: either 1748-9 or 174 9 8. But by the act altering the style, the civil year now begins with the 1st of January. The old style followed the Julian method of computing the year, by the calendar established by Julius Caesar, in which every fourth year consists of 366 days, and the othef years of 365. This Julian ar rangement of time makes, as we have seen, eleven minutes and some seconds in a year too much. Pope Gregory XIII. reformed the calendar by retrenching ten days in October, 1582, in order to bring back the vernal equinox to the same day as at tlie Council of itfice, A. D. 325. This reformation was adopted by act of Parliament in Great.Britain in the year 1751, by which eleven* days in September 1752, were dropped, and the third day reckoned the fourteenth. This mode of reckoning is called ueW style. Such was the fanaticism of the Puritans and other Protestants at that time, that because the reform emana ted from the Pope, they denounced the change, and said eleven days were stolen from them. Many to this time keep old Christinas day," or the day on which the festival would fall if the style was not altered. E LOVE O COUNTRY. Tht re is a love of country which comes uncalled for one knows not how. It comes in the very air, the eye, the ear, instincts, the first taste of moth er's milk, the first beating of the heart. The tace ot brothers and sisters, and the loved father and mother, the laugh of playmates^ the old willow tree, and well, and schoolfeMrse the bees at work in the spring, the note of the robin at evening, the' lullaby, the cows coming home, the singing book, the catechism, the visits of neighbors, a childhood ha I happy begin it, and then as the age of passions and the age of reason draw on, and love of home and security of property under law comes to life and the story goes round and as the book or the news paper relates the less favored lots of other lands, and the public and private sense of man is forming and formed, there is a type of patriotism already. Thus they had imbibed it who stood that charge at Concord, and they who hung deadly on retreat, and they who threw'up the hasty and im perfected on Bunker Hill by night, set on it theblood-red provincial flag and passed so calmly with Prescott and Warren through the experiences of the first fire.—Rufus Choate. STRAIMING A A GNAT*. In addition to the Very Rev. Dean Trench's observations on the latter part of the twenty-fourth verse of Mat thew xxiii., rendered in all the editions of our authorized versions, as which strain at a gnat, and swallow a cam el,"—and in corroboration of his opin ion that it is an error ot the press, continued ever since by the King's (now the Queen's) printers, who enjoy the monoply of printing Bibles. In a copy now before me, of Queen Elizabeth's Bible, sometimes called the "Breeches Bible," from translating Gen. that our first parents, when they saw they were naked, "sewed fig-tree leaves together and made themselves breeches." "Imprinted at London by the Deputies of Chistopher Barker, Printer to the Queenes' Majestie, 1580. Com gratia et privilegio." In the second table of contents, which is a sort of concordance, under the word gnat, it states: "The Pharisees stray ned out a gnat and swolled up a camel." (Matt, xxiii. 24.) And in the text there refered to, it is "which strain out a gnat and swallow a camel." In a margin al note to the word "straine," it says. "Ye stay at that which is nothing, and let it pass that which is of greater im portance." In the versions of Tyndall, Granmer and Geneva, the passage is translated strained out," that of Rehims has "strain a gnat," and WyclifTs "clens enge a gnat." Luther renders it, "die ihr Mucken seiget," which is to strain or filter a gnat, or a midge anything proverbially small. M. Martin's highly valued French version Dean Trench's suggested amend ment is such as Dr. Parr used to tell his country parishioners to alter in their Bibles with a pen, if there were any who had not before heard his sug gestions on^ that head.—Notes and Queries. A E I SPORTS Athletic sports and exercises, for a whole generation past, have gone too much into disuse. Our youth lack muscle, vigor and strength. A puny race of youth are growing up with spindle shanks, broomstick arms and sunken chests. Scarcely one of our young men of the present day, could run a spirited race of forty rods with out getting the heaves for life, or jump six feet on a level, without wrenching himself terribly. Spirit and courage are not lacking, but it would probably all be idefectivc in the hour of trial for want of muscle and good wind. The too prevalent bodily bodily weakness among men ot our times predisposes to disease and early decay. The mind is apt to share the frailty of the body, and little old young men, already fallen into "the sere and yellow leaf," at a time of life when they ought to be in the prime and glorious strength of manhood, are necessary Consequence. 1860. translates it, qui coulcr le moucher on." In the East it is difficult to keep li quids clear from insects, and they re quire to be strained. In addition to the common motives of cleanliness, the ancient Jews had religious scruples as the Mosaic law forbade their eating "flying creeping things." On this com mandment they refined largely, and the Talmuds contain many singular ex planations and directions on this head. "One that cats a flee," say they, "or a gnat, is an apostate, and is not to be counted one of the congregation." But they allow remissions for a part of a fly, by sconrghing, &c. What would they say to some of our gonr mands eating mites by hundreds in rotten old cheese, and maggoty ven ison W may be told there is no accounting for taste to which it may be replied, nor for want of ta ste. In this free, unfenced country in this land of spread eagles and fourth of Julys, native Americans, ought to be the most vigorous and athletic men in the world. Let them play cricket, and wrestle and pitch quoits atid run races, aud fence and ride horseback and skate and let the girls practice archery and driving hoop aud skat ing and dancing. Nothing is better thau dauciug, if not carried too far in to the "small hours." It is a natural and delightful exercise, and has been practiced by all nations from' time immemorial. Under the exhilirating stimulus of music, every fibre in the body comes gracefully and naturally and joyously into play in salutatory art, and is scarcely wearied with hours of exertion: Dancing is vastly more agreeable and healthful to take than blisters and leeches and pills.— He who decries this healthful and in nocent exercise would switch a grey squirrel for his nimble antics and be mad at the bobolink because he don't sing psalms instead of his merry, mad roundelay. While the world is alive, let us be alive with it. When the spring time and the genial sun calls out the beau ties and gaieties of animated nature, let us not annul the decrees, and veil ourselves, in sackloth,"and sprinkle our heads with ashes of misery and des pair but with gratitude foi all our benifits, let us enjoy while we may heartily and thankfully. A MATTER-OF-FAC MAN I am what the old women call an Odd Fish." I do nothing whatever without a motive—never. I attempt nothing, unless I think there is a prob ability of my succeeding. I ask no favors when I think they are not de served and finally I don't wait upon the girls, when I think my attentions would be disagreeable. I am a mat ter-of-fact man—I am. I do every thing seriously. I once offered to at tend a young lady home I did it se riously that is I meant to Wait on her home, if she wanted me or not. I bade her good night, and she said not a word. I met her next morning and I said not a word. I met her again and she gave me two hours talk. It struck me as curious. She feared 1 was offended, she said, and could not for the life of her, conceive why. She begged me to explain, but would not give me a chance to do so. She said she hoped I wouldn't be offended, ask ed me to call, and it has ever since been a mystery to me whether she wanted me or not. Once I saw a lady at her window, I thought I would call. 1 did. I in quired for the lady, and was told she was not at home. I expect she was I went away thinking so. I rather think so still. I met her again—she was offended—said I had not been neighborly. She reproached me for my negligence said she thought I had been unkind. And I've ever since wondered whether she thought so or not. A lady once said to me that she should like to be married if she could WHOLE NUMBER 182. get a good congenial husband who would make her happy, or at least try to. She was not difficult to please, she said. I said I should like to get married too, if I could find a wife that would try to make me happy. She said Umph, and looked as if she meant what she said. She did, for when 1 asked her if she thought she could not be persuaded to marry me, she said she would rather he excused. I have often Wondered why I excused her. A good many things of this kind have happened unto imv thatf are S S What is it then, that causes doubt and mystery to attend the ways of men It is the want of fact. This is a mat ter-of-fact world, and in order to act well in it, we must deal in a matter-of fact way. N E W YORK CLUBS. The Ne York correspondent of the Philadelphia Press writes: To what extent Club life is on the increase in Ne York I am unable to state, but if the measure of it may be indieated by the growth of the Athc uiEum it is largely on the gain. That institution, which professes to be made up pretty much of authors, editors, clergymen, lawyers, professors and artists, but which, nevertheless, con tains a large proportion of merchants, young men about town and those who, in legal parlance, on jury lists, are termed "gentlemen" is now just one year of age and numbers four hun dred and twelve members. It occu pies a sumptuously furnished house on fifth avenue, at the corner of fifteenth street, at a rent of four thousand per annum, keeps an artist in the kitchen any number of ebony serving men has a cosy little den up stairs, whence po tables and weeds are dispensed runs two billiard tables takes all the best English and American magazines and newspapers and after paying rent and about four thousand dollars for help," saves up two thousand more as capital. It is becoming a favorite place for literary folks to masticate their chops and steaks, and take long, invigorating draughts Of ale. The speciyl wonder about it, however, is the unprecedentedness of its growth, E GREAT MYSTERY.—The fol lowing beautiful passage is taken from Timothy Titcomb's, or Dr. Holland's 5 Preaching upon Popular Proverbs: The body is to die so much is cer tain. What lies beyond? N one who passes the charmed boundary comes back to tell. The imagination visits the realms of shadows—sent out from some window of the soul over life's restless waters, but wings its way wearily back with an olive leaf in its beak as a token of emerging life be yond the closely bended horizon. The great sun comes and goes in Heaven, yet breathes no secret of the ethereal wilderness the crescent moon cleaves her nightly passage across the upper deep, but tosses overboard no message and displays no signals. The sentinel stars challenge each other as they walk their nightly rounds, but we catch no syllable of their countersign which gives passage to the heavenly camp. Shut in Shut in! Between this and the other life is a great grtlf fixed, across which neither eye nor foot can travel. The gentle friend whose eyes we closed iir their last sleep long yeairs ago, died With rapture in her wonder-stricken eyes, a smile of ineffable joy upon her lips, and hands folded over a triumphant heart but her lips were past speech, and intima ted nothing ot the vision that enthrall ed her. ADVICE TO THE LADIES.—A pretty hand and a pretty foot always go to gether—when we speak of the one we always think of the other. For this reason stepping on a woman's foot is equivalent to squeezing her hand and equally proper, but sometimes more convenient, as it can be done under the table. Be careful however never to make the attempt at crowded ta bles,for fear of making a mistake. W once saw a lady very much confused, who was trying to give a signal to the gentleman opposite and instead of his she trod on and pressed the corn cov ered toes of an old bachelor. He bore it as long as he could and then very quietly remarked, "Madam, when you wish to step on gentleman's toes be sure and get the foot that be longs to him—for the last five minutes, you have been jamming my corns most unmercifully." ITALIAN BEES.—Th Agricultural Bureau of the United States Patent Office, have received intelligence of the shipment from Havre, France, of a large swarm of Lombardy bees. They are of larger size than the ordiuary bee, and, having a longer bill, are able to suck flowers inaccessible to the American bee. The product of an old bive of these bees is sometimes one hundred and fifty pounds of honey in one season. These bees will not be disturbed until 1861, by which time it is expected to rear from the swarm now in transitu stock enough for six hundred hives. W RATE S O ADVERTISING Business Cards of five Hies, 1 year, •«,•• do ten lines do 10,0» One column per year, 70,0t do six months 40,00 Half column per year 40,00 do sixmonths 26,00 Fourth column per year 86.00 do BIX moii the 16,00 Kach square (10 lines,or loss )flrst insertion 76 fcaoh subsequent insertion ,26 Legal Notices, per sq., (firat insertion) 46 each subsequent All advcrticsmentFcontinueduatilordercdotft Advertisementf set!ndoublecelnmn .Wprice" additional. Advertisementswill be changed aa ofte»' a? desired, by paying 25 cents a square tnf1 composition. tSrF*Business Notices itppeariing the Local,. Column, will bo charged 15 cengper lire tor" the first, arid 10 cents for each additional in sertion. vi E O DOMINION. Virginia, during the usurpation of Cromwell, declared herself independ ent of his authority, when the usurper threatened to send a fleet to reduce the Colony. Fearing to withstand such a force, the colonists dispatched' a messenger to Charles II—then anI exile in Flanders—inviting the royal! outcast to be their King. He accept* ed their invitation, and on the very eve of embarking for his throne in America, was recalled to the crown of England fir gratitude for Virginia loyalty, he quartered her coat of armt l})e,hes\ of England, Scotland and, lrerrnd as an independent member of the British Empire. The coin estab lish these facts. Hence the origin of the phrase 'Old Dominion.' •'"rV~.„ HEXTBACT FROM A HEXGLISH N O VEL.—"Gathering Jane, for the last lime hi hask youy Vill you 'ave me?" "Villiam 'ELry, no! Hif your panta loons vere lined vith gold, hi'd still say no!" "Cathering Jane"! Catherine Jane! 'ave pity! Call to your mind'*' heye the many 'appy dWs that's past -the strolls ve've 'ad—the sparkling va ters of the 'Udson—the vaving foliage of the Park--and, more than ml, mV hundying love for you!" "Young man 'ad you permitted me, hi'd saved you a sevore pang of hanguish. W 'Enry, hi love hanother!" "Then may' 'Even's lightning blast 'im! May hall that part of 'is hexistence, vitch bears hany similarity to treaele, be turned to bitterness May 'e hexperier.ee 'alf the terror hi feel now hand, hat last, ven life's veary pilgrimage his hover, may'e rush to meet a fate to vitch mine is henjoyment!" A splash fol lows—a silence ensues.' It is broken' by the splash of oars ahd"Hello, there! D——-your nightcap, what are you' doin' on The craft approaches, and then-roh horror turns back again, with its solitary occupant William Henry is in no great danger. He has jumped into shallow water. E A Dear, a pleasant adjec- tive my,-a pronoune of possession, in* plying that the being spoken of is one'* very own-one's, soje, sacred, person al property, as with a natural selfishness one would wish to hold the thing most precious. My dear—a satisfactory to tal. I rather object to "dearest," a word implying comparison, and tiiere tore never to be rased where compari son should not and could not exist Witness, "dearest mother," or "dearest -wife,* if a mait had a plurality of mbthers or wives« out of whom he chose the one he loved And, as a general rule, I dislike all ultra, expressions of affection set down in ink. I once knew an hon est gentleman—blessed with one of the iemtoreSt hearts that ever man had and which in all his life was only given to one woman he, his wife told me, had never, even in his courtship days, written to her otherwise than as "Sfy dear Anne," ending merely witt "Yours faithfully," or "Yours* truly" Faithful—true—what could he write, or she desire more Ho TO PLEASE I N COMPANY.—The true art of being agreeable is to appear well pleased with all the company, and rather to seem well entertained with them. A man thus disposed, may not have much learning nor any wit ?but if he has common sense, and something friendlyin his behavior, it conciliates men's minds more than the brightest parts without this disposition and when a man of such a turn comes to old age, he is almost sure to be treated with re spect. It is true, indeed, that we should not dissemble and flatter in company but a man may be very agreeable, in strict consistency with truth and sincerity. by a prudent si lence, where he cannot concur, and by a pleasing assent where he can. No and then we meet with a person so exactly formed to please that he will gam upon every one that hears or De holds him this disposition is not mere ly the gift of nature, but frequently the effect of much knowledge of the world, and a command over the passions— [Spectator. A parson having occasion to visit an old couple at Durham, of ex tremely penurious habits, found them holding counsel togethernpon a mat ter which evidently weighed heavily upon the minds of both,- and thinking it was respecting the probable disso lution of the wife who' was lying dan gerously ill, proceeded to offer them all the consolation in his power but was cut short by being informed that this was not exactly the subject they were discussing, but one which afflict ed them much more—viz: the cost of her funeral and to his astonishment they continued their ghastly conversa tion until every item in the catalogue from coffin to nightcap had been gone through, with much grumbling at the rapacity of the "undertakers," when a bright thought suddenly struck the husband, and he exclaimed, "Well, Janet, ye may not die after all ye ken." "Deed and I hope not Robert/' replied his helpmate in a feeble voice, for I am quite sure we cannot afford it."