O S E S
IS TUBLISIIED EVB»Y SATURDAY,
11KD WING, MlNNKSOTA,
I E I E Ss A I N N I S
THE INTERESTS AND RIGHTS
As a Political Journal it will try all meas
ures and »»on by the standard ot Domocratio
principles, and will submit to no test but tbat
of Democratic truth.
The Sentinel will contain Congressional and
Legislative—Foreign and Domestic—Kivcr
and Commercial News—Literary Matter-
Tales-Biographical a Historical
Sketches, & &c. &c.
TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION*.
(Strictly in Adranee.)
One Copy, 1 year 9 2 00
Six Copies, 1 year 8 00
4 1 5 0 0
t3f"Any person getting up a Club of Ten
undromittiiig $16 00, will bo entitled to one
Subscriptions to Clubs must all com
mence at the samo time, and be strictly in
AQBNTS.—Postmasters everywhere aTeau
thorised Agen'.s for this paper.
IN ALL ITS VARIOUS 01ANCHE9,
Ets.-utel in a snporlor mannor,
and on the
Warranty, MHrtigago Deeds, and Township
Hat* constantly on html an! for sale at tins
W I E
W I I S O
Attorneys at Law*
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
ill attend to the duties of their profession
HIIT of the Cou rt* ot" this State.
Public and Accent for
ATTORNEY A COUNSELLOR AT LAW
E N E A A N AGENT
RI. \\isn, MINNESOTA.
A N BRISTOL,
Mtom&y at Zjmv
S A N O It 1)
A to at a
N O A I
And Land and Insurance Agent,
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
A to at a
AN'!) JUSTICK 01«" THE I'EACE,
IJcd Wing, Minnesota.
an I Collecting.
CLINTON aim.N'BK.JU. -S°- RKrxoLDS.
(tURSEE & REYNOLDS,
Counselors an 1 Attorneys at Law,
lied Wing, Minn.
J3§TO lk'e with Sin! th, me & Co. S2-ti
Of A OK W IT. I) IS rf
V.. W I
Bankers & Land Agents
ED WING, Minnesota Tor.
onoy loanad. Exchange & Land Warrants
nought ml sold. Land Warrants, or Money
.oanedto pr«-emptor», on long or short time,
andbn favorable terms.
%W Lindsbought and -*old on commission&c.
O W N S & E E
KB A. ESTATE.
Will attend to locating Land Warrants, pay
ment of taxes, collection of notes, and to the pur
chase and sale of Real Estate throughout the
Territory. Surveying, Mapping, and Platting
of every kind done t* order by a practical sur
veyor. Copies of township maps furnished.-—
and acknowledgements taken.
5^" All bust noss intrusted to them, will re
re prompt attention.
W. B. HAWKINS. O. B. BAKKri. A. HALL
A I O N S N O W O S
Hawkins & Co.,
take this method of informing
thei friends and the public generally,
that they are now prepared to do
1 A 53 3 5
Of all'sinds, such as House,Sign,Carriage,
cartain and Ornamental Painting, Graining,
glazing, Marbling and Paper Hanging.
£3J"oocial attention paid to all crdcrsfro
the country. 52tf
Ked Wing, July 17 1857.
Has been rcmovod
to the west side cf
Jordan, Broad street
where may be found
a ftood assortment of
Target and Muzzle loading Rifles
double and single barrel Shot Guns,
CoWs, Allen's, and the celebraed,
Robbins and Lawrence Pistotls
Powder, Sh»t, Load, Caps, Wads, Flasks, Shot
Belts, Game Bags, Fishing Tackle, &c.,&c.
Cheap for Cash.
Repairing done with care and dispatch.
M. J. CHAMBERLIN.
Red Wing, Sept. 10,155». 70ui6
A I S O O
On Monday, Dec. 12th, 1850,
The first term of this School will commence
in the building, on Broadway nearly oppo
site tho Chillson House.
(for term of 14 weeks) $ 4.00
Modern Languages, (Extra
Music, (Miss II. Kellogg, Teacher)
P- DORSET, Teacher.
Red Wing, Dec. 10,1S59. 175-tf
VOLUME 4. NUMBEH 2&
E O O I A N O E
Leveo/ttrect,immediately opposite the Steam
boat Landing, Red Wing, Minnesota,
A. A & L. TEELE PROPRIETORS.
new and commodious house
is open for the reception of. guests.—
It has been constructed under the immediate
supertisionof the proprietors,and nothing has
been omitted to injure the comfort and conven
ience of those who may favor them Witt" their
patronage. The numerous room's are all well
lighted, ventilated and furnishedin a superior
mannor. In connection with the house is a
good and commodious stable.
Red Wing, March 1,185$. 83tf
E W I N HOUSE.'
JACOB BENNETT, Proprietor,
E WING MINNESOTA.
J^"Connectcd with the House is a large and
convenient Stable. Stages leave daily for the
interior. Teams and Carriages on hand to
oonvcv Passengers to any part of the country.
April 24,1858. 90-tf
1 I I S O O S E
CORNER OF BROAD AND THIRD STREETS.
A. B. MILLER, Proprietor.
S new Hotel is now open for the reception
the traveling public, where they will
tind the best of accommodations. There a
good stabla attached. Passengers and Bag
i»age conveyed to and from tho Boats rreo of
A O S E
MARY FLING, Proprietress.
This popular House is now open for the re
ception ot boarders.
Hoard by the day or week furnished on the
most reasonable terms.
Januarv?, 1S00. 179—tf.
(xOODHU E O S E
L. F. HENDRICKSON, Proprietor.
This new and commodious House is situated
on Plum street, Red Wing. It has been built
and furnished under tho special supervision of
tl»e proprietor, all the rooms are well lighted
ventilated and furnished, and all persons wish
ing to get the worth of their money are res
pectfully invited to give him a call, and no
pains will be spared to make comfortable all
those who may favor him with their patronage.
In connection with tho House is a good stable,
and well of water. Ostler always in attendance.
January 2nd, Isio. lTlttf.
«,. I I COi^MEJLLY
Tenders his profcssionalservicos to the citi
zens of Red Wing and vicinity.
OFFICE.—Corner of Bush and Phrm street
E E N E S
Hon.Z. IVIUWELL, M. Fairmont, VU.•.
Hon..I. L. DAWSON, M. Brownsville.Pa.,
Proi. T. i). MUTTER, Philadelphia, Pa/,
Dr. J. C. Coopiat,
Rev. Dr. PiiuHxoND,Morgantown.Ya..
Drs. MI-LANE & BUOCK. Morgantown. Va.,
Dr. .V. 11. CAMPBV.I.L. Key West, Florida,
Dr. E. S. GTAINKS, rCuoxvillo.Tennessee.
Red Wing.May 23,1857. 44tf
1S3». BLED WING
S'i' E A N N a
DOOR AND BLIND FACTORY
Block above Freeborn's Saw Mill.)
E SHALL lili PREPARED TO FUR
nissh at a times, anything in the above
line of bu-iiips and shall keep on hand all
kinds of plane 1 ami matched Lumber, Mould
Ori'ers promptly attended to, which may al
so ho left with Brown & Hotelier.
Produce of all kind* taken in exchange for
work. COGEL & BETCHER.
Red Wing. April PJ, lSi.'J. 142-ly
McINTIRE & SHELDON
Dry froods.Groccru's,Crockery,Hardware Cut
.cry. Nails. Oils, Paints Sash, Window Glass,
Looking Glasses. Farminglmplmcnts.
A.so. Hosiery, Gloves. Cravats Suspenders,
•Shirts.Collars,Brushes*.Fancy Goods, &c.
lied Wing M. T. T. B. SHELDOM.
DUBUQE CITY MARBLE
in American and Kor-
cign Marble.Sixthstreet,below Mainand
Iowa, Dubuque, Iowa.
.Uonuments, Tom St, Hea Stones.Ma
tics Tabl &c 62m9
E A I E S
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Red Wing, Minnesota.
A WORK WARRANTED..^!
Aug. 13,1859. 158-tf
A I A N S
A E N
A E S
OF ALL KINDS.
FAIRBANKS & GREENLEAF,
35 Lake street, Chicago.
If. F. HENDRICKSON,
Rectifiei and Wholesale dealer in
WINES 4' LIQUORS,
Corner Plum and Third Sta., 97tf
RED WIWG, MINNESOTA
O A S J. S I
Next door to Smith, Meigs & Co.'s Bank,
RED WING MINNESOTA.
December 17,1859. 176-ly
A E N S W A I N
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
E N I S
Rooms over the Drag store, Main si.
Red Wing. 70m
A CHARMING SONG.
Fly, swiftly fly
Through yon fair sky,
O purple-pinioned Hours!
And bring once more the balmy night,
When from her lattice, silvery bright,
Love's beacon star—her taper—shines
Between those dark manorial pines,
Above the myrtle bowers.
Fly, breezes, fly,
And waft my sigh
With love's warm fondness fraught,
'Twill stir my lady's languid mood,
Where, in her verdurous solitude,
She sits and thinks,—a moonlight grace
Casts o'er her beauteous brow and face,
Touched by a passionate thought!
Glide, rivulet, glide
With whispering tide,
Through coverts lone and deep,
To woo her with the airy call
The music faint, the far-off fal!
Of fairy streams in fairy climes.
Or pleasant Lapse of fairy rhymes/
Soft as her breath in sleep.
Fly, swiftly fly
Through yon calm sky,
O tremulous-breasted dove!
And pausing on her favourite tree,
Murmur your plaint so tenderly.
That, born of that deep tone, a charm
Her very heart of hearts may warm
With rosy bliss of love.
Fly, swifltly fly
Through yon lair sky,
O purple-pinioned Hours!
And bing once more the balmy night,
When from her la*tice, silveryjbright,
Love's beacon star—her taper—shines
Between those dark manorial pines
Above the myrtle bowers!
From the New York Herald.
A E A
The year i860 is "Leap Year," and
consists of 36d days, one day being
added to the shortest month, Febru
ary, Whtoh will, therefore, Ivave twen
ty-nine days this year and on its last,
or additional day, is claimed by the
ladies a privilege which belongs at all
other times to the gentlemen—the
privilege of popping the question."
Leap Year occurs every fourth year,
and is so called because it leaps over
a day more than does any ordinary
year. For instance, in other years, if
Christmas day or New Year's day fall
on a Sunday, it will fall on Monday in
the following year but in Leap Year,
it will fall on Tuesday, being thus two
days later iti the week, instead of one.
It is also called bissixtile—from the
Latin bis, twice, and sextus, sixth
meaning that the sixth of the calends
of March (corresponding to the 24th
of February) was reckoned twiee eve-
E RE WIN SENTINEL
ry fourth year by the intercalation terinmp^all things" which
a day The necessity for Leap Year
arises from the fact that the solar year
does not correspond exactly with the
civil year, in consequence of its not
ending exactly with a given day, but
with a fraction of a day. If it were
not for this arrangement Christmas in
course of time would be in midsum
mer, and the Fourth of July in the
depth of winter.
The true year consists of the time
it takes for the earth to make one rev
olution around the sun, which is de
termined by its coming back to the
same point in the zodiac from which
it started but as the calender must
consist of complete days, these six
hours are omitted, and in fonr years
they make up a whole day, when one
is added to the year, making what is
called Leap Tear. This, however, is
not strictly correct, forit is ascertained
by accurate calculations that a solar
year is exactly 365 days, 5 hours, 48
minutes and 57.7 seconds consequent
ly, in putting on the six hours, we add
11 minutes 12.4 seconds in four years
This in the course of 158 1-2 years
would amount to twenty-four hours,
or a complete day. Every year the
number of which is divisable by four
without a remainder is Leap Year,
except the last year of the century,
which is a Leap Year only when di
visable by 400 without a remainder.—
Thus the year 1,900 will not be a Leap
The Roman year originally had but
ten months, as may be seen in the
meaning ot the name December, which
is Tenth month." March was the
first month of the year in the time of
Romulus, and December was the last
But Numa Pompilus, who knew as
tronomy better, added January and
While Rome's great founder made the times
Ten months he chose to conititnte a year
Bnt Noma, better skilled in astrollorc,
To Romulus' adjoined two more.
The Egyptians were the first who
approximated to the real length of the
year, which they made to consist of
360 days. They afterwards added 5
days, as was done by Thales, one of
the seven wise men of the Greeks.—
The Jews, Syrians, Ethiopians, Ro
mans, Persians, and Arabs, all had
years of different lengths.
The day on which the year com
mences is also different in different
countries, but in all it is held in great
GOODHUE COUNTY, MINN.. SATURDAY. JANUARY 28,
veneration. The Jewish historical
year commences with the new moon
near the vernal equinox (March 22,)
and the civil year near the autumnal
equinox. The Mahomcdans begin
their year on the day when the sun
enters Avies the Persians in the
month which answers to our June
the Chinese and Indians with the first
new moon which hapens in March
and the Mexicans on the 22d of Feb
ruary, at which time the vurdure of
their country begins to appear, Wil
liam the Conqueror having been
crowned on the first day of January,
gave occasion to the English to begin
their year on that day, in order to
make it correspond with the most re
markable date in their history.
Though the historical year begins
in England on the festival of the Cir
cumcision, or first day of January, on
which day the German and Italian
begins, yet the civil or legal year did
not commence till the day of the An
nunciation of the Virgin, the 25th of
March. The part of the year between
those terms was usually expressed in
both these ways: either 1748-9 or 174
9 8. But by the act altering the style,
the civil year now begins with the 1st
of January. The old style followed
the Julian method of computing the
year, by the calendar established by
Julius Caesar, in which every fourth
year consists of 366 days, and the
othef years of 365. This Julian ar
rangement of time makes, as we have
seen, eleven minutes and some seconds
in a year too much.
Pope Gregory XIII. reformed the
calendar by retrenching ten days in
October, 1582, in order to bring back
the vernal equinox to the same day
as at tlie Council of itfice, A. D. 325.
This reformation was adopted by act
of Parliament in Great.Britain in the
year 1751, by which eleven* days in
September 1752, were dropped, and
the third day reckoned the fourteenth.
This mode of reckoning is called ueW
style. Such was the fanaticism of the
Puritans and other Protestants at that
time, that because the reform emana
ted from the Pope, they denounced
the change, and said eleven days were
stolen from them. Many to this time
keep old Christinas day," or the day
on which the festival would fall if the
style was not altered.
E LOVE O COUNTRY.
Tht re is a love of country which
comes uncalled for one knows not how.
It comes in the very air, the eye, the
ear, instincts, the first taste of moth
er's milk, the first beating of the heart.
The tace ot brothers and sisters, and
the loved father and mother, the laugh
of playmates^ the old willow tree, and
well, and schoolfeMrse the bees at
work in the spring, the note of the
robin at evening, the' lullaby, the cows
coming home, the singing book, the
catechism, the visits of neighbors,
happy begin it, and
then as the age of passions and the age
of reason draw on, and love of home
and security of property under law
comes to life and the story goes
round and as the book or the news
paper relates the less favored lots of
other lands, and the public and private
sense of man is forming and formed,
there is a type of patriotism already.
Thus they had imbibed it who stood
that charge at Concord, and they who
hung deadly on retreat, and
they who threw'up the hasty and im
perfected on Bunker Hill by night, set
on it theblood-red provincial flag and
passed so calmly with Prescott and
Warren through the experiences of
the first fire.—Rufus Choate.
STRAIMING A A GNAT*.
In addition to the Very Rev. Dean
Trench's observations on the latter
part of the twenty-fourth verse of Mat
thew xxiii., rendered in all the editions
of our authorized versions, as which
strain at a gnat, and swallow a cam
el,"—and in corroboration of his opin
ion that it is an error ot the press,
continued ever since by the King's
(now the Queen's) printers, who enjoy
the monoply of printing Bibles.
In a copy now before me, of Queen
Elizabeth's Bible, sometimes called the
"Breeches Bible," from translating
Gen. that our first parents, when they
saw they were naked, "sewed fig-tree
leaves together and made themselves
breeches." "Imprinted at London by
the Deputies of Chistopher Barker,
Printer to the Queenes' Majestie, 1580.
Com gratia et privilegio." In the
second table of contents, which is a
sort of concordance, under the word
gnat, it states: "The Pharisees stray
ned out a gnat and swolled up a camel."
(Matt, xxiii. 24.) And in the text there
refered to, it is "which strain out a gnat
and swallow a camel." In a margin
al note to the word "straine," it says.
"Ye stay at that which is nothing, and
let it pass that which is of greater im
In the versions of Tyndall, Granmer
and Geneva, the passage is translated
strained out," that of Rehims has
"strain a gnat," and WyclifTs "clens
enge a gnat." Luther renders it, "die
ihr Mucken seiget," which is to strain
or filter a gnat, or a midge
anything proverbially small. M.
Martin's highly valued French version
Dean Trench's suggested amend
ment is such as Dr. Parr used to tell
his country parishioners to alter in
their Bibles with a pen, if there were
any who had not before heard his sug
gestions on^ that head.—Notes and
A E I SPORTS
Athletic sports and exercises, for a
whole generation past, have gone too
much into disuse. Our youth lack
muscle, vigor and strength. A puny
race of youth are growing up with
spindle shanks, broomstick arms and
sunken chests. Scarcely one of our
young men of the present day, could
run a spirited race of forty rods with
out getting the heaves for life, or jump
six feet on a level, without wrenching
himself terribly. Spirit and courage
are not lacking, but it would probably
all be idefectivc in the hour of trial
for want of muscle and good wind.
The too prevalent bodily
bodily weakness among men ot our
times predisposes to disease and early
decay. The mind is apt to share the
frailty of the body, and little old young
men, already fallen into "the sere and
yellow leaf," at a time of life when
they ought to be in the prime and
glorious strength of manhood, are
translates it, qui coulcr le moucher
In the East it is difficult to keep li
quids clear from insects, and they re
quire to be strained. In addition to
the common motives of cleanliness, the
ancient Jews had religious scruples
as the Mosaic law forbade their eating
"flying creeping things." On this com
mandment they refined largely, and
the Talmuds contain many singular ex
planations and directions on this head.
"One that cats a flee," say they, "or
a gnat, is an apostate, and is not to be
counted one of the congregation."
But they allow remissions for a part
of a fly, by sconrghing, &c. What
would they say to some of our gonr
mands eating mites by hundreds in
rotten old cheese, and maggoty ven
ison W may be told there is no
accounting for taste to which it may
be replied, nor for want of ta ste.
In this free, unfenced country in
this land of spread eagles and fourth
of Julys, native Americans, ought to
be the most vigorous and athletic men
in the world. Let them play cricket,
and wrestle and pitch quoits atid run
races, aud fence and ride horseback
and skate and let the girls practice
archery and driving hoop aud skat
ing and dancing. Nothing is better
thau dauciug, if not carried too far in
to the "small hours." It is a natural
and delightful exercise, and has been
practiced by all nations from' time
immemorial. Under the exhilirating
stimulus of music, every fibre in the
body comes gracefully and naturally
and joyously into play in salutatory
art, and is scarcely wearied with
hours of exertion: Dancing is vastly
more agreeable and healthful to take
than blisters and leeches and pills.—
He who decries this healthful and in
nocent exercise would switch a grey
squirrel for his nimble antics and be
mad at the bobolink because he don't
sing psalms instead of his merry, mad
While the world is alive, let us be
alive with it. When the spring time
and the genial sun calls out the beau
ties and gaieties of animated nature,
let us not annul the decrees, and veil
ourselves, in sackloth,"and sprinkle our
heads with ashes of misery and des
pair but with gratitude foi all our
benifits, let us enjoy while we may
heartily and thankfully.
A MATTER-OF-FAC MAN
I am what the old women call an
Odd Fish." I do nothing whatever
without a motive—never. I attempt
nothing, unless I think there is a prob
ability of my succeeding. I ask no
favors when I think they are not de
served and finally I don't wait upon
the girls, when I think my attentions
would be disagreeable. I am a mat
ter-of-fact man—I am. I do every
thing seriously. I once offered to at
tend a young lady home I did it se
riously that is I meant to Wait on
her home, if she wanted me or not. I
bade her good night, and she said
not a word. I met her next morning
and I said not a word. I met her
again and she gave me two hours talk.
It struck me as curious. She feared
1 was offended, she said, and could not
for the life of her, conceive why. She
begged me to explain, but would not
give me a chance to do so. She said
she hoped I wouldn't be offended, ask
ed me to call, and it has ever since been
a mystery to me whether she wanted
me or not.
Once I saw a lady at her window, I
thought I would call. 1 did. I in
quired for the lady, and was told she
was not at home. I expect she was
I went away thinking so. I rather
think so still. I met her again—she
was offended—said I had not been
neighborly. She reproached me for
my negligence said she thought I
had been unkind. And I've ever
since wondered whether she thought
so or not.
A lady once said to me that she
should like to be married if she could
WHOLE NUMBER 182.
get a good congenial husband who
would make her happy, or at least
try to. She was not difficult to please,
she said. I said I should like to get
married too, if I could find a wife that
would try to make me happy. She
said Umph, and looked as if she meant
what she said. She did, for when 1
asked her if she thought she could
not be persuaded to marry me, she
said she would rather he excused. I
have often Wondered why I excused
A good many things of this kind
have happened unto imv thatf are
What is it then, that causes doubt and
mystery to attend the ways of men
It is the want of fact. This is a mat
ter-of-fact world, and in order to act
well in it, we must deal in a matter-of
N E W YORK CLUBS.
The Ne York correspondent of
the Philadelphia Press writes:
To what extent Club life is on the
increase in Ne York I am unable to
state, but if the measure of it may be
indieated by the growth of the Athc
uiEum it is largely on the gain. That
institution, which professes to be made
up pretty much of authors, editors,
clergymen, lawyers, professors and
artists, but which, nevertheless, con
tains a large proportion of merchants,
young men about town and those who,
in legal parlance, on jury lists, are
termed "gentlemen" is now just one
year of age and numbers four hun
dred and twelve members. It occu
pies a sumptuously furnished house on
fifth avenue, at the corner of fifteenth
street, at a rent of four thousand per
annum, keeps an artist in the kitchen
any number of ebony serving men has
a cosy little den up stairs, whence po
tables and weeds are dispensed runs
two billiard tables takes all the best
English and American magazines and
newspapers and after paying rent
and about four thousand dollars for
help," saves up two thousand more
as capital. It is becoming a favorite
place for literary folks to masticate
their chops and steaks, and take long,
invigorating draughts Of ale. The
speciyl wonder about it, however, is
the unprecedentedness of its growth,
E GREAT MYSTERY.—The fol
lowing beautiful passage is taken from
Timothy Titcomb's, or Dr. Holland's
Preaching upon Popular Proverbs:
The body is to die so much is cer
tain. What lies beyond? N one
who passes the charmed boundary
comes back to tell. The imagination
visits the realms of shadows—sent out
from some window of the soul over
life's restless waters, but wings its way
wearily back with an olive leaf in its
beak as a token of emerging life be
yond the closely bended horizon. The
great sun comes and goes in Heaven,
yet breathes no secret of the ethereal
wilderness the crescent moon cleaves
her nightly passage across the upper
deep, but tosses overboard no message
and displays no signals. The sentinel
stars challenge each other as they
walk their nightly rounds, but we
catch no syllable of their countersign
which gives passage to the heavenly
camp. Shut in Shut in! Between
this and the other life is a great grtlf
fixed, across which neither eye nor
foot can travel. The gentle friend
whose eyes we closed iir their last
sleep long yeairs ago, died With rapture
in her wonder-stricken eyes, a smile of
ineffable joy upon her lips, and hands
folded over a triumphant heart but
her lips were past speech, and intima
ted nothing ot the vision that enthrall
ADVICE TO THE LADIES.—A pretty
hand and a pretty foot always go to
gether—when we speak of the one we
always think of the other. For this
reason stepping on a woman's foot is
equivalent to squeezing her hand and
equally proper, but sometimes more
convenient, as it can be done under
the table. Be careful however never
to make the attempt at crowded ta
bles,for fear of making a mistake. W
once saw a lady very much confused,
who was trying to give a signal to the
gentleman opposite and instead of his
she trod on and pressed the corn cov
ered toes of an old bachelor. He bore
it as long as he could and then very
quietly remarked, "Madam, when you
wish to step on gentleman's
toes be sure and get the foot that be
longs to him—for the last five minutes,
you have been jamming my corns most
ITALIAN BEES.—Th Agricultural
Bureau of the United States Patent
Office, have received intelligence of the
shipment from Havre, France, of a
large swarm of Lombardy bees. They
are of larger size than the ordiuary
bee, and, having a longer bill, are able
to suck flowers inaccessible to the
American bee. The product of an old
bive of these bees is sometimes one
hundred and fifty pounds of honey in
one season. These bees will not be
disturbed until 1861, by which time it
is expected to rear from the swarm
now in transitu stock enough for six
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E O DOMINION.
Virginia, during the usurpation of
Cromwell, declared herself independ
ent of his authority, when the usurper
threatened to send a fleet to reduce
the Colony. Fearing to withstand
such a force, the colonists dispatched'
a messenger to Charles II—then anI
exile in Flanders—inviting the royal!
outcast to be their King. He accept*
ed their invitation, and on the very
eve of embarking for his throne in
America, was recalled to the crown of
England fir gratitude for Virginia
loyalty, he quartered her coat of armt
of England, Scotland and,
lrerrnd as an independent member of
the British Empire. The coin estab
lish these facts. Hence the origin of
the phrase 'Old Dominion.'
HEXTBACT FROM A HEXGLISH N O
VEL.—"Gathering Jane, for the last
lime hi hask youy Vill you 'ave me?"
"Villiam 'ELry, no! Hif your panta
loons vere lined vith gold, hi'd still say
no!" "Cathering Jane"! Catherine
Jane! 'ave pity! Call to your mind'*'
heye the many 'appy dWs that's past
-the strolls ve've 'ad—the sparkling va
ters of the 'Udson—the vaving foliage
of the Park--and, more than ml, mV
hundying love for you!" "Young man
'ad you permitted me, hi'd saved you
a sevore pang of hanguish. W
'Enry, hi love hanother!" "Then may'
'Even's lightning blast 'im! May hall
that part of 'is hexistence, vitch bears
hany similarity to treaele, be turned to
bitterness May 'e hexperier.ee 'alf
the terror hi feel now hand, hat last,
ven life's veary pilgrimage his hover,
may'e rush to meet a fate to vitch
mine is henjoyment!" A splash fol
lows—a silence ensues.' It is broken'
by the splash of oars ahd"Hello, there!
D——-your nightcap, what are you'
doin' on The craft approaches, and
then-roh horror turns back again,
with its solitary occupant William
Henry is in no great danger. He has
jumped into shallow water.
E A Dear, a pleasant adjec-
tive my,-a pronoune of possession, in*
plying that the being spoken of is one'*
very own-one's, soje, sacred, person
al property, as with a natural selfishness
one would wish to hold the thing most
precious. My dear—a satisfactory to
tal. I rather object to "dearest," a
word implying comparison, and tiiere
tore never to be rased where compari
son should not and could not exist
Witness, "dearest mother," or
"dearest -wife,* if
had a plurality of mbthers or wives«
out of whom he chose the one he loved
And, as a general rule, I
dislike all ultra, expressions of affection
set down in ink. I once knew an hon
est gentleman—blessed with one of
the iemtoreSt hearts that ever man had
and which in all his life was only given
to one woman he, his wife told me,
had never, even in his courtship days,
written to her otherwise than as "Sfy
dear Anne," ending merely witt
"Yours faithfully," or "Yours* truly"
Faithful—true—what could he write,
or she desire more
Ho TO PLEASE I N COMPANY.—The
true art of being agreeable is to appear
well pleased with all the company, and
rather to seem well entertained with
them. A man thus disposed, may not
have much learning nor any wit ?but
if he has common sense, and something
friendlyin his behavior, it conciliates
men's minds more than the brightest
parts without this disposition and when
a man of such a turn comes to old age,
he is almost sure to be treated with re
spect. It is true, indeed, that we
should not dissemble and flatter in
company but a man may be very
agreeable, in strict consistency with
truth and sincerity. by a prudent si
lence, where he cannot concur, and by
a pleasing assent where he can. No
and then we meet with a person so
exactly formed to please that he will
gam upon every one that hears or De
holds him this disposition is not mere
ly the gift of nature, but frequently the
effect of much knowledge of the world,
and a command over the passions—
A parson having occasion to
visit an old couple at Durham, of ex
tremely penurious habits, found them
holding counsel togethernpon a mat
ter which evidently weighed heavily
upon the minds of both,- and thinking
it was respecting the probable disso
lution of the wife who' was lying dan
gerously ill, proceeded to offer them
all the consolation in his power but
was cut short by being informed that
this was not exactly the subject they
were discussing, but one which afflict
ed them much more—viz: the cost of
her funeral and to his astonishment
they continued their ghastly conversa
tion until every item in the catalogue
from coffin to nightcap had been gone
through, with much grumbling at the
rapacity of the "undertakers," when a
bright thought suddenly struck the
husband, and he exclaimed, "Well,
Janet, ye may not die after all ye ken."
"Deed and I hope not Robert/' replied
his helpmate in a feeble voice, for
I am quite sure we cannot afford it."
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