Newspaper Page Text
W. W. S Editor.
PUI5LIS1IED EVEUY AVEDNESDAY,
E VYINU, MINNESOTA
A Independen Democrati Journal.
TO TIIE INTERESTS AND RIGHTS OF
A* a-* Political'Journal it will try all meas
ures and men by tho standard of Democratic
principle*, and will submit to no test but
*h*t of Democratic truth.
The Stntiaei will contain Congressional ami
Legislative—Foreign and Domestic—Kiver
and Commercial News—Literary Mat
Sketches, &•., & &o. &o.
TB1JMS OF SUUSCUirTIOK:
(SlrUtly in AdTknea.)
One Copy, 1 year
Six Copies,1 year
$ 2 00
,. 15 00
\4f- Subscriptions to Clube must all com
rnenca at the same time, and be strictly ii
A*ENT8.—Postmasters every where arc »a
shorized Agents for this paper.
IN ALL ITS VARIOUS BRANCHES,
'Sated in superior manner, and on tho
"Warranty, Mortsjaso Doeds, and Township
Plats constantly on hand and for sale at tin
r. WILD1B. W. C. W1LLI9T0X
WILDE A WIIXISTON,
•lttorneys at JLaw,
RKL) WING, MINNESOTA.
Will attond to the duties of their profession in
of the Courts of this State.
W C. W I I S O N
N»tary Public and Agent for the fol
Fire Insurance Companies
M•ftoilANTe, Hartford, Conn
CJiTT I S Hartford, Conn.
W I I O I
,fTORNET A COUNSELLOR AT LAW
GKNEHAL LAND AGENT,
RRB wis a.
•JJPJSTOL & PHELPS,
•Ittorne&s at Law.
UNO WING, I N N E S O A
8 A O
A at a
And Land and Insurance
IlED WING, MINNESOTA
A to at a
AMD JUSTICE OF THE TEACE,
Red Wing, Minnesota.
Particular attention paid to Conveyancing
and Collecting. 157-y
A O W S A 4 W
Red Wing, Minn.
Jirleo with Smith, Towno & Co. 82-
J. 7. riNOBEY,
Attorneys & Counselors at Law.
KED WING MINN.
Office on Main st. over BaT?er'« Hardware Store
-UORACK W1LDKH KMT. WILDE
II. K. W I E
Bankers & Land Agents
ED WING, Minnesota Ter.
onoy loaned. Exchange & Land Warrants
o«ught and sold. Land Warrants, or Money
.owned to pre-cmptors,onlon» or short time,
and on favorable terms.
|3T* Landsboughb and sold oncommission&c.
TOWNE Ac PIERCE,
I E WING .MINNESOTA.
•Vil attend to locating land W arrants, pay
»iitnt of ia.xos, collection of notes, audto tncpitr
ohu*# and sale of Real Estate throughout the
Territory Surveying, Mapping, and Platting
of every kind done t« order by a practical sur
veyor. Copies of township maps furnished
Deads drawn and acknowledgements taken.
jg^"All business intrusted to them,willre
eive prompt attention.
I O W S I J.O.PIERCE
ACTION S—N OTWORDS
Hawkins & Co.,
take this method of Inform!
tlioi friends and the public gcnerall
-hat th«y are now prepared to do
a a 5
3 a a
Of all kinds, such as House,Sign, Carriage,
•rtain and Ornamental Palfittng, Graining,
glazing, M.irbliiig and Paper Hanging.
t^"oscial atteution paid to all crdcrsfrom
Bed Win», July 17 1S57.
E S I N
O I I E S A E
A A S
and Harness Maker
(Next door to Lawthcr's Brick Block,)
Bush RTRRET, RED WING.
Will keep constantly on hand tho very best
Harnesses, Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Fly
Nets, Whips, Cards, Combs and Brushes, and
everything in the Harness line necessary to rig
oil a Horse or Team. All kind of work made
to order, and
•f all kinds done in a most superior manner
and at the shortest notice.
Leather an••! Saddlery Hardware at Whole
a retail. Country S & will be *up
iod at tk» lowjt prices! 1'jJ.sal
VOLUME 5, NUMBER 21.
I O O I A N O E
Lovecitrcct,immediately opposite the Stettin
boat Landing', Red Wing, Minnesota
A. A. "& E. L. TEELE,
W. W. CLAKK.
rpilISnow spacious and commodious house
is now open for the reception of guests.—
it has been constructed under the immediate
supiotVision of the proprietors, and nothing has
been omitted to insure the comfort and convon
iencoof thoho who may favor them with their
patronage. The numerous rooms are all well
lighted, ventilated and furnished in aauperior
manner. In connection with the ft
good and commodious stablo.
Ked Wing,March 1,185S. 83tf
BE W I S uoimi*
E W I N MINNESOTA
23f~Connoctod with the House is a large and
convenient Stablo. Stages leave nailyfbrtho
interior. Teams and Carriages on hand to
convoy Passengers to any part of the country
April 24.1858. 90-tf
CIIILTLSO N O S E
SCOKNEn OF BROAD AND THIRD STREETS
A. B. MILLER, Proprietor.
now Hotel is now open fVr the reception
the traveling public, where they will
find the best of accommodations. There is a
good stablo attached. Passengers and Bag
gage conveyed to and from the Boats free of
•SACK. O S E
MRS. MABV FLING, Fropricticss.
This popular House is now open for the re
ception of hoarders.
Board by tho day or week furnished on the
most reasonable terms.
January 7,1SC0. 179—tf.
L. F. HENDRICKSON, Proprietor.
This new and commodious House is situated
on Pium street, Bod Wing. It has been^ built
and furnished under tho special supervision of
the proprietor, all the rooms are well lighted
ventilated and furnished, and all persons wish
ing to irct the worth of their money are res
pectfully invited to give him a call, and no
pains will bo snared to make comfortable all
those who may favor him with tlieir patronage.
In connection with the House is a good stable,
and well of water. Ostler always in attendance.
January 2nd, 1S }0. 179tf.
HAS. II. CONNELLY, M. u.,
PHYSICIAN & CltCEOft,
RED WING, I .SNESOTA.
OiVioo on Main strc*.,, over Brown & Retch-
ar's Hardware Store 203 -tf
1850. E WING 1859.
STJ3AIH'. PLANING MILL.
SASH, DOOB AND BLIND FACTOP.Y
(On Blosk above Freeborn's Saw Mill.)
SHALL BE PREPARED TO FUR
at all times, anything in the above
line of business, and shall keep on hand all
kinds of planed and matched Lumber. Mould
Onfcis promptly attended to, which may al
so be left with Brown & Botcher.
Produce of all kinds taken in exchange for
work. C06EL & BETC1IEK.
Bed Wing, April jV18M. U-.'-ly
Main Street, Red Wing, Minnesota
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Drugs, Medicines, Paints, Oils, Glass.Extraet
Gums, Barks, Roots, Herbs, Patent Medicines,
Perfumes, Brushes. Dyes, Varnishes, Cam
pucne, Fluid, Brandies, Wines, Tobacco, Snuff
Sir JAMES CLARK'S CELEBRATED FE
All of which will be sold for cash at a very
small advance lrom eastern prices. 193mG.
N & E S I N
W A A E S
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Red Wing, Minnesota.
5^-ALL WORK WARRANTED. jg?J
Aug. 13.1S53. 158-tf
A E S
A E S
OF ALL KINDS.
FAIRBANKS & GKEENLEAF,
35 Likc street, Chicago
F. E N I S O N
Kectifiei and Wholesale dealerin
WINES $- LIQUORS.
Comer Plum and Third Sts.. 97tf
A E S W A I N
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
E N I S
Dru store Main st
ICooins over the
Hod W in
II O A S S I
Next door to Smith, Meigs & Co.'s Banl
RED •WT!X'} MINNESOTA,
mbe 17. 850. 176-lv
JS. L. HOWARD'S
a it S
COBXKB OF MAIS A BROADWAY.
yjaea.4, get work done cheaper
hir s'i in Iij I Wii^. Partic
.» ii}.: :. SHO-BIN-3
POLITE INVITATION DECLINED. I ACADIANS IN LOUISIANA.—No one
A contributor to the Spirit of iihe wtai has read Longfellow's beautiful
Times thus describes a sceno at the poem "Evangeline," will fail to be in
terested in the following brief descrip
tion of the descendants of the ancient
Anthony House, Arkansas.
Late one bitter cold night in De
some eight or nine years ago,
L. came into the bar room, as usual,
to take a part iu whatever was going
on. For some reason, the crowd had
dispersed sooner than was customary
and but two or three of the townsfolk
were there, together with a stranger
who had arrived a half hour or longer
before, and who, tired, wet and mud
dy, from a long Arkansas stage ride,
his legs extended, and shoes oft*, was
consoling himself with two chairs and
a nap opposite the blazing lire. Any
one who lias traveled until ten o'clock
at night, in tho winter upon an Ar
kansas road, can appreciate the com-
diversion. lie poked the fire vigor-1 wants cultivating with their own
ously for a while, until it got red hot,'hands the humble acres rearing a few
and becoming disgusted was about cattle, and occasionally maufacturing
to drop it, when "he observed the a few barrels and hogsheads for the
great toe of the stranger's foot protrud
ing through a hole in his stocking.
Here was a relief to L. He placed
the glowing poker within a foot of the
melancholy sleeper's toe, and began
slowly to lessen the distance be
tween them one by one, the others
as they caught thojoke began to open
their eyes, and being wakened mouths
expanded into grins and grins into
suppressed giggles—and one inconli
nent fellows into abroad laugh. Clos
er and closer the red hot poker neared
the unfortunate sleeper's toe. The
heat caused the sleeper restlessly to
move his hands. L. wasjust about to
apply the poker, when
to bear upon L. In a voice just audi
bly he muttered in a tone of great de
Jest burn it! Burn il! Jest burn
it and I'll be if I don't stir you
up with ten thousand hot poker's in
L. laid down the poker instanter and
remarked: "Stranger, let's take a
drink!—in fact, gentlemen, all of you
L. afterwards said they wero the
cheapest drinks ho ever bought.
E A TO E EMERGENCY.
Not many years ago, two French
men, one wealthy and in possession
of ready cash, and the other poor and
penniless, occupied by chance the
same room in a suburban hotel. In
the morning the "seedy" ono arose
first, took from his pocket a pistol, and
holding it to his forehead, and back
ing against the door, exclaimed to
Is ia my last desperate resort I
am penniless and tired of life give me
five hundred francs, or I will instantly
blow out my brains, and you will be
arrested as a murderer.
The other lodger found himself the
hero of an unpleasant drama, but the
cogency of his companion's argument
struck him cold. He quietly crept to
his pantaloons,handed over the amount
and the other vamoosed, after locking
the door on the outside.
Hearing of this another Frenchman,
of very savage aspect, tried to room
with a tall raw-boned gentleman from
Arkansas who had Veen rather free
with his Honey during the day, and
evidently had plenty more behind.
Next morning Pike awaking, discov
ered his room mate standing over
him with a pistol leveled at his own
head, and evidently quaking with agi
"What the deuce are you standing vv-iili its rude shelves
there for, in the cold?" asked Pike, its clumsy arm-chair ar
propping himself on his elbow, and
cooly surveying tho Gaul.
"I am desperate was tho reply
said Pike turning over,
"But you vill be arrested for mur
der," persisted the Gaul, earnestly.
"Eh, what's that?" said Pike, Ob,
I see," and suddenly drawing a revol
ver aud five pound bowio knifo from
under his pillow, he sat upright.
"A man may as well be linns: for a
Sand-Harriet take my hat.
KED WING, GOODHUE COUNTY, MINN., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 19, I860:
Acadians, &r now found in tho place
of their retreat aud settlement in Lou
isiana, known abroad generally as the
"Grasse Tete"—taking its name from
a stream connecting the Mississippi
river with the Guli', and which Mr.
Longfellow* has immortalized in his
beautiful poem of Evangeline under
the name of Plaquemino. I have a
friend who possesses a sugar estate on
its now classic banks and it is such
a beautiful and an attractive region
that 1 have resolved to spend a portion
of the summer with him amid its genial
influences. Her yon daily the
identical colony of Acadians which the
fort of the fruitiou before that fire|pj°et represents as emigrating from
The example of the stranger had its
effect on others, and L. who took a
seat in the corner for lack of amuse
ment, was reduced to tho poker for
wealthy planters. They are a strauge
clannish people, resembling much in
appearance and habits, the race of
C«OKIL,T.AS A N I FEROCITY
Dr. Eu Chaillu is probably the first
and only white man who has dared to
wage war with gorillas. The apes of
Borneo and Sumatra are infants in com
parison with them. The far-famed
chimpanzee is a great docile creature
which can never be named in the same
day with ihe gigantic savage of Af
rica. Think of it! The gorilla is six
Bound of feet two inches in hight, and three feet
click! click! arrested his attention. He between the shoulder-blades. The
looked at tho stranger—the latter with paw i9 that of a giant, throe times the
one eye open was watching his pro-Uize of a human hand. The finger
ceedings, and silently brought a pistol measures six inches in circumference
at the base. There is an immense
ridge ruLning perpendicularly over
the cranium this and the great jaw are
packed with muscle of prodigious
strength.- The creature has huge arms
altogether disproportioned to the body.
It is covered with black hair, and has
a matted lock on its head, which it
has the power of bringing over its face.
It has almost tho sagacity of a man,
and almost the ferocity of a fiend.—
tlie male is terribly pugnacious the
ft1 male a 1 ways ilies. Whjen hey make
their attack they beat their breasts
with their fists making a sound which
can be heard a mile. Their cry,which
has a terrible resemblance to the
human voice—can be heard three
miles amidst the reveiberation ©f the
As they approach their adversary
they endeavor to intimidate him. One
would thinl this is easily done. That
fearful sound, those frantic eyes, giar
ing with the intelligence and malignity
of a demon, were enough to shake
nerves not easily disturbed from their
equipoise. Our hero lost five or: six
men in those strange engagements
Think of the tremendous strength that,
with oue blow of the arm, could crush
tho ribs like pipe stems, and tear out
apiece of the side and that, with a
single movement of the jaw, could
crush the barrel of a gun as it it had
been a stick of candy! Another fact
There are no lions iu the beat of the
sheep as a lamb, he cooly remarked,ji„g within drawing room, he loses
and at the word started for the Gaul the reliah which accompanies the or
but tholatter was too nimble the boss ginal idea of a house as something
pistol,.innocent of lead exploded the -which is to keep us smi and warm
air, and with one frantic leap our little frora wind and rain and °cold. So if
frenchman was standing in his night you gain something bv having a grand
robe at tho loot of tho staircase a!iin„so., von ln«o something too and
proof that what may suit ono person
will answer at all for another.
A rapturous poet thus describes tlie
manner of obtaining a kiss. As the
Hottentot gentleman says at ihe
AVERSION: TO A LARGB HOUSE.—Do
you think that a rich man, sitting in
his sumptuous library, all oak, ^nd
moroco glittering backs of splendid
volumns, lounge and sofa of every
degree, which he merely paid for, has
half the enjoyment that Robinson
Crusoe when he looked aronndhis cave
and its pottery,
all contrived and made by his own
hands? Now, the poor cottajjer has a
good deal of the Kobinson Crusoe en-
then sat within it, gravely proud and
happy, whilst the pelting shower
came down but could not reach them
When a man gets the length of con
sidering the aichifeotural character of
his house, the imposing effects wihch
the great entrance hall has upon visi
tors, the vista of drawing room retir-
house you lose
something which is constantly felt
you lose the joy of simple tidiness, and
your life grows so artificial that many
days you never think of your dwelling.
I is goot:" First, miller, a Democrat, who told the edi-
grasp with haste around the waist, and tor he would vote for Lincoln just to made free, and if tho master undertake
hug her tight to thee and then she'll see what the Southerners would do.
then make a dash, as quick as flash, sectional issue. There'arc/manv men I
situated like this miller,
S A N I S STATISTICS
Spain has been looked upon as a
used up country. Statistical returns,
however, of tho population tell a dif
ferent story. Spain is about twice the
size of the State of Missouri, but on
this area it has nearly fifteen times the
population of that State, nearly fifteen
and a half millions. Thero are four
cities in the kingdom whose popula
tion exceeds 100,000 Madrid being
the largest, and numbering 281,170.
There aio five cities having a popula
tion ranging from 40,000 to 70,008.—
-Spain's imports grew from 33,000,000
in 1S50 to 77,000,000 in 1859. There
are in Spain 421 English miles of rail"
roads finished, 510 miles in progress,
and 1,570 more authorized. There are
also 3,930 miles of telegraph iu opper
ati»n. Tho pr.blic revenue of Spain
for 1859 was estimated at SI 22,000,000,
Canada and taking up their abode the total expenditures $123,000,000.—
under our gleaming Southern suns
These people all speak the French
language still live to themselves, and
with the satisfaction of a few simple
About 3,000,000 of her children are in
Schools. The number of religious
functionaries has been reduced. A
hundred years ago they were estimated
at near 210,000, or one to 43 of
the population. Now they count
about 50,000, or 1 to 275.
CHAKLES F. BBOWN, (better known
as "Artemui Ward,") who, for a few
years past has enlivened the columns
of the Cleveland Plaindealer with his
witty "letters," has become a contrib
utor to "Vanity Fair," and has taken
up his residence among us. He is of
a wonderfully fine "natural humor,
and possesses a quaint and pleasing
manner of expressing it. His articles
aro copied and admired throughout the
lamb "Artcmus" will prove a valu
able acquistion to "Vanity Fair's"
corps of editors. We welcome him
to tho cily.—Home Journal.
A lady called on Judge Curtis, at
Indianapolis, the other day, to engage
him to marry her. Ou inquiring the
fee, and finding that it was five dollars,
she objected, saying that she had been
married bofere and would then will
ingly have paid twenty dollars, but
now thought two dollars was quite
enough, in which the good natured
N O E N NULLIF I CATION.
While the Republican papers are
denouncing the Southern people as
traitors, and pouring out upon them all
sorts of abuse for the course they are
now pursuing, it is well to look at the
North, and to enquire whether we
have been faithful to the obligations
and requirements of that Constitution^
which is the only legal bond of union
among the States. If we have been
faithful to the Constitution we have
resonably and properly denounced
others for violating it but if not—
if wo have broken the bond, we should
be slow to censure others for disre
garding it, and have no right to insist
upon their being still bound by a mu
tual compact which we repudiate.
The Constitution guarantees the
South the rendition of slaves who es
cape into the Free States. Without
this guarantee the Constitution never
would have been adopted. The fugi
tive slave law is designed to carry
into effect that constitutional guaran
tee. The law has been pronounced
constitutional and binding upon the
people, by the highest judicial tribu
nal of the land. Yet a majority of the
Free States have disgraced their stat
ute books by enactments nullifying
this constitutional law of tho United
States, and inflicting pains and penal
ties on those who attempt to carry out
or avail themselves of its provisions,
MAINE.—By tho laws of this State it
is provided that if a fugitive slave
shall be arrested, he shall be defended
by tho attorney of the Commonwealth,
and all expenses of such defense paid
out of the public treasury. The build
ings belonging to the State are for
bidden ihe reception or securing fugi
tive slaves, and all officers are forbid
den, under heavy penalties, from ar
resting or aiding in the arrest of a
fugitive slave. If a slaveholder or
any person shall unlawfully seize or
confine a fugitive slave, he shall be
liable to be imprisoned for not more
THE Milwaukee News tells of an old $1000. If a slaveholder take a slave
g° away-do, won't you let He bought several thousand bushels of subject to imprisonment for not less resident owners of slaves were allowed
me be. Then, oh what bliss! but wheat at the time, and now says he thau one yeaiyor fined not exceeding to retain them in Pennsylvania not
hanj never miss, so good a chance asthat imsno more cariosity .to'.gratify 'on a$1000, exceeding six month?. In 1847 thisfully
State, the slave is hereby
WHOLE NUMBER 229.
the laws of this State. But ft general
index, which has been consulted,
•hows that a law exists by which all
slaves entering a State, either with or
without the consent of their masters,
are declared free, and any attempt to
capture or hold them is declared to
be a felony.
VERMONT.—Her law now forbids all
citizens and officers of the State from
executing or assisting to execute the
Fugitive Slave act, or to arrest a fugi
tive slave, under penalty of imprison
ment for not less than one year, or a
fine not exceeding $1000. It also for
bids the use of all public jails and
buildings for the purpose of securing
such slave?. The attorneys for the
State are directed at public expense,
to defend, and procure to be discharg
ed, every person arrested as a fugitive
slave. The habeas corpus act also
provides that fugitive slaves shall be
tried by a jury, and interposes other
obstacles to the execution of the Fu
gitive Slave act.
The law further provides, that all
persons unlawfully capturing, seizing
or confining a person as a fugitive
slave, shall be confined in the State
Prison not more than ten years, and
fined not exceeding §1000. Every
person held as a fugitive shall be
brought into this State is declared
free, and all persons who shall hold or
attempt to hold as a slave any person
so brought into tho State in any form,
or for any time, however short, shall
be confined in the State Prison not
less than one or more than fifteen
years, and fined not exceeding $2000.
MASSACHUSETTS.—The laws of this
State forbid, under heavy penalties,her
citizens and Slate and county officers
from executing the Fugilive Slave act,
or from arresting a fugitive slave, or
from aiding in either and denies the
use of her jails and public buildings
for such purposes.
The Governor is required to appoint
Commissioners in every county to aid
fugive slaves in recoveringjtheir free
dom proceeded against as fugitive
slaves, and all costs attending such pro
ceedings are directed to be paid.by the
Any person who shall remove, or at
tempt to remove, or come into the
Slate with the intention to remove, or
assist in removing, any person who is
not a fugive slave, within the meaning
of the Constitution, is liable to punish
ment by fine not less than $1000 nor
more than $5000, and imprisonment
not less than one or more than five
Their habeas corpus act gives trial
by jury to fugitive slaves, and interpos
es other impediments to the hunting
of fugitive slates.
CONNECTICUT.—This State, which
as late as 1840 tolerated slavery with*
in hor own borders, it appears by the
census of that year, prohibits under
severe penalties, all her officers from
aiding in executing the Fugitive Slave
act, and vacates all officials acts which
may be done by them in attempting to
execute the law.
By the act of 1654, sec. I, it is pro
vided that every person who shall fals
ly and malciously declare, represent or
pretend that any person entitled to free
doui is a slave,or owes service or la
bor to any person or persons, with in
tent to procure, or to aid or assist in
procuring the forcible removal of such
free persons from this State as a
slave, shall pay a fine of (5000, and
shall be imprisoned five years in the
SEC. 2. In all eases arising under
this act, tho truth of, and declaration,
representation or pretonce that any
Other States, under tho rule of thejPerii0n.t»e'»g or having been in this
Republican parly, have practically set
the law at defiance, and have only re
trained from the disgraeful act of nul
lification on the avowed consideration
that the law was iu reality a dead let
ter and could not be enforced.
This has been done by the passage
of what are called "personal liberty
laws." Tho following is an abstract of
the provisions of these laws in the sev
eral States which have passed them.
It is taken from a report in favor of
such a law, made to the New York leg
islature last winter. No intelligent
man will deny that the intent and eifect
of these laws is to nullify the fugitive
slave law of Congress:
State, is or was a slave, or owes or
did owe service or labor to any other
person, shall not bo deemed prov
ed, except the testimony of at least two
credible witnesses testifying to facts
directly tending to tho truth of such
declaration, pretenoe or representation
or by legal evidence equivalent there
SEC. 3 subjects to a fine of $5000,
and imprisonment in the State Prison
for five years, all who shall seize any
person entitled to freedom, with in
tent to havo such person held in sla
SEC. 4 prohibits the admission of
depositions in all caies under this act,
and provides that if any witness testi
fies falsely in behalf of the party ac
cused and prosecuted under this act,
he shall be fined $5,000, and imprison
ed five years in the State Prison.
KHODE ISLAND.—The statutes of
Rhode Island provides that any one
who transports, "r causes to be trans
ported, by land or water, any person
lawfully inhabiting theroin, to any
place without the limits of tho State,
except by due course of. law, shall be
imprisoned not less than one nor more
than ten years. They also prohibit all
officers from aiding in executing the
than five years, or fined not exceeding Fugitive Slave act, or« arresting a
fugitive flave, and deny the use of her
jails and public buildings for securing
anv such fugitives.
txerci.su any control over him, he is PENNSYLVANIA.—Prior to 1847, non«
Jpriyilej was revoked. Slaves
INE W committe privilege was revoked felaves arcl„.i i,
have not aecfeto a Complete series of also allowed to testify iu all courts in S S T%&tP$t
A E O ADVERTISING
Business Cards of five Haeii,! year,
do ten tinea- do
Onecolumn per your,-»•••
do -nix months
Hal column j*r year
do. 8iz months
Fourth column per year--. SS,0t
.i-iido BIX months »H. •«»•.•• 15$00.
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Pennsylvania, It is further provided
by law that any person who violently
and tumultously seises upon any negro,
or mulatto, ana carries such jiegro'.
away to any place, either with or,
without the intention of taking such
negro before any..district or circuit!
judge, shall be fined not exceeding.
$1000, and imprisoned in the county,
jail not exceeding three months Tho
law also punishes with heavy fine, and'
imprisonment in the penetentiary, any.
person who may forcibly carry away,
or attempt to carry away any free,
negro or mulatto from the State. The.
sale of fugitive slaves is prohibited"
under heavy penalties, and a trial by
jury secured to them.
Omo.-The laws of this State were
for many years of a very hostile char-!
acter to slave hunting, but they were
repealed in 1858. Measures have,
however, been recently initiated to re
MioiiiGAN.-The laws of this State
are peculiarly stringent and effective.
They not only deny the use ofjails and
public buildings to secure fugitive
slaves, and secure the attorney*-for
the Commonwealth to defend them at
the expense of the State, but the law
of Connecticut in relation to the pun
ishment of persons falsely alleging
others to be slaves, is adopted, with
the addition that any person who
carries a slave shall bo punished by.
imprisonment iu the State Prison for a!
period not exceeding ten years, or by
a fine not exceeding $1,000.
The habeas corpus act also provides,"
for a trial by jury of claim to fugitives'
WISCONSIN.—Following the exam*
pie of her sister States of the North/
this State, has in some particulars,
exceeded all the rest She has direct
ed her district attorneys, in all cases
of fugitive slaves, to appear for and
defend them at the expense of the
State. She has required the issue of
tho writ of habeas corpus, on the mere
statement of the district attorney, that
a person in custody is detained as a
fugitive slave, and directs all her ju^
dicial and executive officers who have
reason to believe that a person is about
to be arrested or claimed on-such
ground, to give notice to the district
attorney of the county where the per
son resides. If a judge in a vacation
fails to discharge the arrested fugitive
slave on habeas corpus, an appeal is
allowed to the next circuit court
Trialbyjury isto be granted at the
election of either party, and all costs of
trial, which would otherwise ?m off
the fugitive, are assumed by the State.
A law has also been enacted, similar
to that of Connecticut, for the punish
ment of one who shall falsely and ma
liciously declare a person to be a,
lugitivo slave, with intent to aid the7'
procuring the forcible removal of such
person from the Satte as a slave: "pro
vided that nothing in this chapter shall
be construed as applying to any clainf
or service from an apprentice for.
fixed time." A section is added to the
provisions of the Connecticut law rel
ative to this offense, for the punish-,
ment, by imprisonment in the State
Prison, of any person who shall oh*
struct the execution of a warrant isswe*'
under it, aid in the escape of the'
person accused. Another section
forbids the enforcement of a judgment,
recovered for violation of the Fugitive
Slave act, by the sale of any real or
personal property in tho State, and'
make its provisions applicable to judg
ments theretofore rendered.
IOWA.—The law of this State is
similar to that of others* exrept that tho,
maximinum of the punishment is five
years in the State Prison, and fine of
N EW YOBK.—In addition to tho
above, the State of New York has.
upon her statute book a law in direct
conflict with the constitutional provis
ion for the surrender of fugitive slaves,.
and designed to nullify tlie law. fof
carrying that provision into' clfeel- If
requires that every claim for the sur
render of a fugitive shall be tried by
jury that the District Attorney shall
defend every such fugitive at the
charge of the county that the claimant.
shall in every case give bond with large
penalty and two| surities, freeholders'
and inhabitants of the /State, and im
poses heavy fines and penalties on
any prison seeking to obtain the fugi-,
tive in any other wav than uuder the
provisions of the said law.
Such is the existing legislation of
eleven of the Northern States—legis
lation designed to nullify a provision.
of the Consttiution and to defeat tlie.
operation of a law made to carry that
provision into effect. By this legisla
tion they have broken the bond of
union, which holds the States togeth
er they have violated the compact
made between the North and tha
South as a basis condition of Union.
And what is. the legal. and mora) ef-.
feet of this breaking of the compact
on their part? Let the great Webster
answer. In his speech at Canron
Springs, Va., in 1851, Dauiel "Webster
I do not hesitate to say and repeat
that if the Northern States refuse wil
and deliberately to carrr into
effect that part of the Constitution
the South would no !oii«*er