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4 W W E S Editor.
PUBLISHED BVEKY WIDNESDAT,
E W I N I N N E S O A
Aj| Independent Democratic Joarnal
TO THE INTERESTS AND EIGHTS OP
A* ••PcfitlcarJonTnelit will toy all mea*
pr« and men Wy tho standard of Democratic
irineiplea, and will submit to no test but
of Democrat!* truth.
Tha Stmtlael will contain Congressional ami
Legislative—Foreign and Domestic—River
and Commercial News—Literary Mat
Sketohes, &••, A feo. &u.
TBHM8 S S I I O N
(Slriitly 1» Ad»»ne».)
One Copy, 1 year
t^ar Subscriptions to Cluba must all com
ruence at tha same time, and be strictly in
AOENTS.—Postmasters everywhere are an
thorlzed Ageu',s for this paper.
IN ALL ITS VARIOUS BRANCHES,
-sated in a superior mannor, and on thointerior.
I shortest notice.
Warranty, Mortgage Deeds, and Township
Plats constantly on hand and for sale at tin
•Ittornetjs at L*aw*
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
Will attend to the duties of their profession In
«ay of the Courts of this State.
W C. WILLISTOH
N*tary Public and Agent for tho fol
Fire Insurance Companies
MaaoHAWTS, Hartford, Conn
CITT Fiaa, Hartford, Conn.
WILLI All COLVILL, Jr
O N E A COUNSELLOR A LAWand
GENERAL LAND AGENT,
E WINft, MINNESOT A
•JJHISTOL & PHELPS,
•Ittomet/s at JLaw*
A N O
Attorney at Law
And Land and Insurance Agent
RED WING, MINNESOTA.
Attorney at Law,
AHD JUSTICE OF THE PEACE,
Red Wing, Minnesota.
rarticnlar attention paid to Conveyancing
and Collecting. 157-y
Q^ G. REYNOLDS,
ATTOniTS AT LAW.
Red Wing, Minn.
ar.Xnce with Smith, Towno & Co. 82-
J. W. WNOBEY,
W. W. CLABK.
Attorneys Counselors at Law,
RED WING MINN.
Office on Main st. over Baiter's Hardware Store
HOBACI VIIDIR* ••'•1LIT.WILDI
H. E W I I E R?
Bankers & Land Agents
ED WING, Minnesota Tor.
onoy loaned. Exchange fe Land Warrants
oeught and sold. Land Warrants, or Money
.••aed to pre-emptors, on long or short time,
and on favorable terms.
HF" Landsbonght and sold oncomrnission &c.
TOWNE A PIERCE,
I E WING I N N E S O A
»Vil attend to locating Land W arruuts, pay
ment of taxes, collection of notes, and to the pur
ohase and sale of Real Estate thronghont the
Territory Surveying, Mapping, and Platting
'of every kind done t» order by a practical sur
veyor. Copies of township maps iv.rnishcd
Deadsdrawn and Acknowledgements taken.
All business intrnsted to them, will re
•eive provnpt attention.
1 TOWXI, O. PIERCE
Hawkins & Co.,
YTITODLD take this method of inform!
YV thoir friends end the public gcnerall
-hat they are now prepared to do
Of all kinds, such as House, Sign, Carriage
•rtain and Ornamental Painting, Graining,
glazing, Marbling and Paper Hanging.
leuial paid to all crdersfrom
:, Bed Winj, July 17 1857.
O THE SADDLE
$ I A A I I S
Saddle and Harness Maker
(Next door to Lawthcr's Brick Block,)
BaehSmxxT, BED WINO
•'twill keep constantly onihand tho vcTy best
Harnesses, Saddles, Bridles, Martingales, Fly
Nets, Whips, Cards, Combs and Brushes, and
everything in the Harness line nccossary to rig
eel Horse or Team. All kind of work made
to order, and
ef ell kinds done in a most superior manner
end at the shortest notice.
Leather am? Saddlery Hardware at Whole
le end ratail. Country S be »up
led at thi low prices, 1D2US
E 5, NUMBER 21.
A. A & E E E E PROPRIETORS
rpHI8now,*pncious and commodious house
now open for th reception of guests.
It has been constructed under the immediate
»uper«isionof tlw proprietors,unci nothing lifts
been omittedtoinsurc the comfort and conven
ience of thohe who may favor them with their
patronage. The numerous rooms_ are all well
lighted, ventilated and furnishedin asnperior
manner. In connection with the IIOUHCWSJ
good and commodious stable.
Red Wing,Marchl,185S. 8Stf
E W I N O O E
E W I N MINNESOTA.
^"Connected with the House i» a large and
convenient Stable. Stages leave flatly for the
Teams and Carriages on hand to
convey Passengers to any part of the country
April 24.1853. 90-tf
SCOKNEB OF BROAD ANB THIRD STREETS
A. MILLER, Proprietor.
now notel is now open for the reception
tho traveling public, where they will
find tho be3t of accommodations. There i* a
good stablo attached. Passengers and
gago conveyed to and from the Boats free of
A O S E
MRS. MARY KLING, Proprietress.
This popular Honso is now open for the
January 7,1860. 179—tf.
O O E O S E
January 2nd, 1850. lWtf.
I I A S II. CONNELLY, M. u.,
PHYSICIAN & CJUGEON,
RED WIXG, Jj .KNESOTA.
Office on Main strc ,, over Brown «fc Betch
or's Hardware Store 203 -tf
1859. E WING I860.
STEAM A N I N I
SASH, DOOK AN BLIND FACTOBY
(Ono Blo»k above Freeborn's Saw Mill.)
SHALL BE PREPARED TO FUR
nish at all times, anything in the above
line of business, and shall keep'on hand all
kinds of planed and matched Lumber, Mould
Orders promptly attended to, which may al
so be left with Brown & Botcher.
Produce of all kinds, taken in exchange for
work. COGEL & BETCUER.
Red Wing, April 19,1869. 142-ly
Druggist nn Pharmaceutist
Main Street, ••Red Wing, Minnesota
Wholesale and Retail Dealer in
Drugs, Medicines, Paint?, Oils, Glass,Extract
Gums, Barks, Roots, Herbs, Patent Medicines,
Perfumes,. Brushes. Dyes, Varnishes, 0am
phene, Fluid, Brandies, Wines, Tobacco, Snuff
Sir JAMES CLARK'S CELEBRATED FE
All of which will be sold for cash at a very
small advance Irom eastern prices. 193m6.
W A I I A
Watches, Clocks and Jewelry,
Red Wing, Minnesota.
S A WOKK WARRANTED.
Aug. 13,1S3D. 15&-tf
OF ALL KINDS.
FAIRBANKS & GREENLEAF,
35 Iiitkc street* Chicago
I I E N I S O N
Rectifiei and Wholesaledealerin
WINES 4* LIQUORS.
Corner Plnm and Third Sts., 97tf
RET) WJjyG, MINNESOTA
A E N S W A I N
SURGEON AND MECHANICAL
ms over the Dru to Main at
Re W in 70m
O A S J. S I
Next door to Smith, Meigs & Co.'s Bank
BSD W W 5 MINNESOTA,
mbe 17. 850. 17g-ly
JE. L. HOWARD'S
COBXEB 0 7 MAIN A BROADWAY.
whirJ yix aa
ge.t work. don.e
POLITE INVITATION DECLINED.
__ A contributor to tho Spirit of thewho
if 8 8 de80r}bes
ception ot boarders.
Board by tho day or woek furnished on theHere
most reasonable terms.
L. F. IIENDRICKSON, Proprietor.
This new and commodious House is situated
on Plum street, Red Wing. It has been built
and furnished unaer the special supervision of
the proprietor, all the rooms are well lighted
ventilated and furnished,and all persons wish
ing to get the worth of their money arc res
pectfully invited to give him a call, and
pnins will bo spared to make comfortable all
those who may favor him with their patronage.
In connection "with the House is a good stable,
well ofwater. Ostleralwaysinnttendanco.
a scene at thepoem
night in De-
cember, some eighct o,rd nine years ago,
L. came into the bar room, as usual,
ta take apart in whatever was going
on. For some reason, the crowd had
dispersed sooner than was customary
and bnt two or three of the townsfolk
were there, together with a stranger
who had arrived a half hour or longer
before, and who, tired, wet and mud
dy, from along Arkansas stage ride,
his legs extended, and shoes off, was
consoling himself with two chairs and
a nap opposite the blazing fire. Any
one who has traveled until ten o'clock
at night, in the winter upon an Ar
kansas road, can appreciate the com
fort of the fruition before that fire
The example of the stranger had its
effect on others, and L. who took a
seat in the corner for Lick of amuse
ment, was reduced to tho poker for
lie poked the fire vigor
ously for a while, until it got red hothands
and becoming disgusted was about
to drop it, when he observed the
great toe of the stranger's foot protrud
through a hole in his stocking.
was a relief to L. He placed
the glowing poker within afoot of the
melancholy sleeper's toe, and began
slowly to lessen the distance be
tween them one by one, the others
as they caught thejoke began to. open
their eyes, and being wakened mouths
expanded into grins and grins into
suppressed giggles—and one inconti
nent fellows into abroad laugh. Clos
and closer the red hot poker neared
the unfortunate sleeper's toe. The
heat caused the sleeper restlessly to
move his hands. L. wasjust about to
apply the poker, when
click-' click! arrested his attention. He
locked at the stranger—the latter with
one eye open was watching his pro
ceedings, and silently brought a pistol
to bear upon L. In a voice ,just audi
blu he muttered in atone of great de
Jest burn it! Burn it! Jest burn
it and I'll be if I don't stir you
up with ten thousand hot poker's in
L. laid down the poker instantcr and
remarked: "Stranger, let's take a
drink!—in fact gentlemen, all of you!
L. afterwards said they were the
cheapest drinks ho ever bought.
E A O E EMERGENCY.
Not many years ago, two French
men, one wealthy and in possession
of ready cash, and the other poor and
penniless, occupied by chance the
same room in a suburban hotel. In
the morning the "seedy" one arose
first, took from his pocket a pistol, and
holding it to his forehead, and back
ing against the door, exclaimed to
"Is is my last desperate resort
am penniless and tired of life give me
five hundred francs, or I will instantly
blow out my brains, and you will be
arrested as a murderer.
The other lodger found himself the
hero of an unpleasant drama, but
cogenc of his companion's argument
struck him cold. He quietly crept to
bis pantaloons,handed over the amount
and the other vamoosed, after locking
tho door on the outside.
Hearing of this another Frenchman,
of very savage aspect, tried to room
with a tall raw-boned gentleman from
Arkansas who had reen rather free
with his money during the day, and
evidently had plenty more behind.
Next morning Pike awaking, discov
ered his room mate standing over
him with a pistol leveled at his
head, and evidently quaking with agi
"What the deuce are you standing
there for, in the cold?" asked Pike",
propping himself on his elbow, and
cooiy surveying the Gaul.
"I am desperate 1" was the reply.
"You give me one hundred dollars orjoyment
I will blow out my brains."
"Well then blow and be damned,"
said Pike turning over.
"But you vill be arrested for mur
der," persisted the Gaul, earnestly.
"Eh, what's that?" said Pike, Ob,
I see," and suddenly drawing a revol
ver aud five pound bowie knife from
under his pillow, he sat upright.
"A man may as well be hung for a
sheep as a lamb/ he cooly remarked,
and, at the word started for the Gaul
but the latter was too nimble the hoss
pistol,*innocent of lead exploded in the
air, and with one frantic leap our little
Frenchman was standing in his night
robe at the foot of the staircase a
proof that what may suit ono person
will answer at all for another.
A rapturous poet thus describes the
manner of obtaining a kiss. As the
Hottentot gentleman says at »he
Aquarial Gardens. "It is goot:" First,
grasp with haste around the Waist, and
„, -.never miss, so good a chance as that
[and-Harriet take my hat.
INTENTIONAL DUPLICATE EXPOSURE
E RE MNG SENTINEL
hug her tight to thee and then she'll see what the Southerners would do,
say-"do, go away-do, won't vou let
me be!" Then, oh what bfiss! but
RED WING, GOODHU
E COUNTY MINN.. WEDNESDAY. DECEMBE 19, 1860.
ACADIAN IN LOUISIANA.—No one
has read Longfellow's beautiful
"Evangeline," will fail to be in
terested in the following brief descrip
tio of the defendants of the ancient
Acadians, at-how found in the place
of their retreat and settlement in Lou
isiana, kimwn abfoud generally as thepopulation
"Grouse Tete"—taking its name from
a stream connecting the Mississippi
river with the Gulf, and which Mr.
Longfellow* has immortalized in his
beautiful poem of Evangeline under
the name of Plaquemine. I have a
friend who possesses a sugar estate on
its now classic banks and it is such
a beautiful and an attractive region
that 1 have resolved to spend a portion
of the summer with him amid its genial
influences. Here you meet daily the
identical colony of Acadians which the
poet represents as emigrating from
Canada and taking up their abode
under our gleaming Southern suns.
These people all speak the French
language still live to themselves, and
with- the satisfaction of a few simple
wants cultivating with their own
the humble acres rearing a few
cattle, and occasionally maufacturing
a few barrels and hogsheads for the
wealthy planters. They are a gtrauge
clannish people, resembling much in
appearance and habits, the race of
GOUILLAS A N THb'IR FKROC1TY.
Dr. Eu Chaillu is probably the first
and only white man who has dared to
wage war with gorillas. The apes of
Borneo and Sumatra are infants in com
parison with them. The far-famed
chimpanzee is a great docile creature
which can never be named in the same
day with the gigantic savage of Af
rica. Think of it! The gorilla is six
a iound of feet two inches in hight, and three feet
between the shoulder-blades. The
paw is that of a giant, three times the
size of a human hand. The finger
measures six inches in circumference
at the base. There is an immense
ridge running perpendicularly over
the cranium this and the great jaw are
packed jyilh muscle of prodigious
strength.-The creature has huge arms
altogether disproportioned to the body.
It is covered with black hair, and has
a matted lock on its head, which it
has the power of bringing over its face.
It has almost tho sagacity of a man,
and almost the ferocity of a fiend.—
the male is terribly pugnacious the
female always flies. When they make
their attack they beat their breasts
with their fists making a sound which
can be heard a mile. Their ory,which
has a terrible resemblance to the
human voice—can be heard three
miles amidst the reveiberation ©f thefaithful
As they approach- their adversary
they endeavor to intimidate him. One
would think this is easily done. That
fearful sound, those frantic eyes, glar
ing with the intelligence and malignity
of a demon, were enough to shake
nerves not easily disturbed from their
equipoise. Our hero lost five or six
men in those strange engagements.
Think of the tremendous strength that,
with one blow of the arm, could crush
ribs like pipe stems, and tear out
a piece of the side and that, with a
single movement of the jaw, could
crush the barrel of a gun as ii it hadconstitutional
been a stick of candy! Another fact:
There are no lions in the beat of the
AVEKSIOU TO A LARGE HOUSE.—Do
you think that a rich man, sitting in
his sumptuous library, all oak, andr
moroco glittering backs of splendid
volnmns, lounge and sofa of every
which he merely paid for, has
half the enjoyment that Robinson
Crusoe when he looked aroundhis cave
with its rude shelves and bulkheads,
its clumsy arm-chair and its pottery,
all contrived and made by his own
hands? Now, the poor cottager has a
good deal of the Robinson Cvusoe on
something of the pleasure
Sanford and Marion felt when they
had built and thached their house, ana
then sat within it, gravely proud and
happy, whilst the pelting shower
came down but conld not reach them
W hen a man gets the length of con
sidering the archi:«3tural character of
his house, the imposing effects wihch
the great entrance hall has upon visi
tors, the vista of drawing room retir
ing within drawing room, he loses
the relish which accompanies the or
iginal idea of a house as something
which is to keep us snug and warm
from wind and rain and cold. So ifbidden
you gain something by having a grand
house, you lose something, too, and
something which is constantly felt
you lose the joy of simple tidiness, and
your life grows* so artificial that many
days you never thiuk of your dwelling.
THE Milwaukee News tells of an old
miller, a Democrat, who told the edi
tor he would vote for Lincoln just to
He bought several thousand bushels of
wheat at the time, and now says he
hns no more curiosity to gratify on a
sectional issue. There are many men
situated like this miller.
S A N I S STATISTICS.
Spain has been looked upon as a
used up country. Statistical returns,
however, of the population tell a dif
ferent story. Spain is about twice the
size of the State of Missouri, but on
this area it has nearly fifteen times the
of that State, nearly fifteen
and a half millions. There are four
cities in the kingdom whose popula
tion exceeds 100,000 Madrid being
the largest, and numbering 281,170.
There ate five cities having a popula
tion ranging from 40,000 to 70,008.—
Spain's imports grew from 33,000,000
iu 1850 to 77,000,000 in 1859. There
are in Spain 421 English miles of rail*
roads finished, 510 miles in progress,
and 1,570'more authorized. There are
also 3,933 miles of telegraph in opper
atien. Tho public revenue of Spain
for 1859 was estimated at $122,000,000,
the total expenditures $123,000,000.
About 3,000,000 of her children are in
Schools. The number of religious
functionaries has been reduced. A
hundred years ago they were estimated
at near 210,000, or one to 43 ofpersons
the population. Now they count
about 56,000, or 1 to 275.
CHABLES F. BROWN, (better known
as "Artemus Ward,") who, for a fewperson
years past has enlivened the columns
of the Cleveland Plaindealer with his
witty "letters," has become a contrib
utor to "Vanity Fair," and has taken
up his residence among us. He is ofor
a wouderfully fine natural humor,
and possesses a quaint and pleasing
manner of expressing it. His articles
are copied and admired throughout the
land. "Artemus" will prove a valu
able acquistion to "Vanity Fair's"
corps of editors. We welcome him
to the city.—Home Journal
A lady called on Judge Curtis, at
Indianapolip, the other day, to engage
him xo marry her. Oil inquiring the
fee, and finding that it was five dollars,
she objected, saying that she had been
married befere and would then will
ingly have paid twenty dollars, but
now thought two dollars was quite
enough, in which the good natured
N O E N NULLIFICATION
While the Republican papers are
denouncing the Southern people as
traitors, and pouring out upon them all
sorts of abuse for the course they are
now pursuing, it is well to look at the
North, and to enquire whether we
have been faithful to the obligations
and requirements of that Constitution*
which is the only legal bond of union
among the States. If we have been
to the Constitution we have
reaonably and properly denounced
others tor violating it bnt if not—
if wo have broken the bond, we should
be slow to censure others for disre
garding it, and have no right to insist
upon their being still bound by a mu
tual compact which we repudiate.
The Constitution guarantees the
South the rendition of slaves who esexecute
cape into the Free States. Without
this guarantee the Constitution never
Would have been adopted. The fngi
tivo slave law is designed to carry
into effect that constitutional guaran
tee. The law has been pronounced
and binding upon the
people, by the highest judicial tribu
nal of she land. Yet a majority ot the
Free States have disgraced their stat
ute books by enactments nullifying
this constitutional law of the United
States, and inflicting pains and penal
ties on those who attempt to carry out
avail themselves of its
the law at defiance, and have only re
frained from the disgraeful act of nul
lification on the avowed consideration
that the law was in reality a dead let
ter and could not be enforced.
This has been done by the passage
of what are called "personal liberty
laws," The Mciring i» an abstract of
the provisions of these laws in the sev
eral States which have passed them.
It is taken from a report in favor of
such a law, made to the New York leg
islature last winter. No intelligent
man will deny that the intent and effect
of these laws is to nullify the fugitive
slave law of Congress:
MAINE.—By the laws of this State it
is provided that if a fugitive slave
shall be arrested, he shall be defended
by the attorney of the Commonwealth,
and all expenses of such defense paid
out of the public treasury. The build
nigs belonging to the State are for
the recoptiou or securing fugi
tive slaves, and all officers are forbid
den, under heavy penalties, from ar
resting or aiding in the arrest of a
fugitive slave. If a slaveholder or
any person shall unlawfully seize or
confine a fugitive slave, he shall be
liable to be imprisoned for not more
than five years, or fined not exceeding
81000. If a slaveholder take a slave
into tho State, the slave is hereby
made free, und if the master undertake
to exercise any control over him, he is
subject to imprisonment for not less
thau ono year, or fined not exceeding
NEW IlAMr»sHiBE.-Yonr committee
have nut access-to complete series of
E NUMBER 229,
the laws of this State. Bnt a general
index, which has been consulted,
•hows that a law exists by which all
slaves entering a State, either with or
without the consent of their masters,
are declared free, and any attempt to
capture or bold them is declared to
be a felony.
VERMONT.—Her law now forbids all
citizens and officers of the State from
executing or assisting to execute the
Fugitive Slave act, or to arrest a fugi
tive slave, under penalty of imprison
ment for not less than one year, or a
fine not exceeding 51000. It also for
bids the use of all public jails and
buildings for the purpose of securing
such slave?. The attorneys for the
State are directed at public expense,
to defend, and procure to be discharg
ed, every person arrested as a fugitive
slave. The habeas corpus act also
provides that fugitive slaves shall be
tried by a jury, and interposes other
obstacles to the execution of the Fu
gitive Slave act.
The law further provides, that all
unlawfully capturing, seizing
or confining a person as a fugitive
slave, shall be confined in the State
Prison not more than ten years, and
fined not exceeding $1000. Every
held as a fugitive shall be
brought into this State is declared
free, and all persons who shall hold or
attempt to hold as a slave any person
so brought into the State in any form,
for any time, however short, shall
be confined in the State Prison not
less than one or more than fifteen
years, and fined not exceeding $2000.
MASSACHUSETTS.—The laws of this
State forbid, under heavy penalties,her
citizens and State and county officers
from executing the Fugilivo Slave act,
or from arresting a fugitive slave, or
from aiding in either and denies the
use of her jails and public buildings
for such purposes.
The Governor is required to appoint
Commissioners in every county to aidthe
fugive slaves in recoveringjtheir free
dom proceeded against as fugitive
•laves, and all costs attending such pro
ceedings are directed to be paid.by the
Any person who shall remove, or at
tempt to remove, or come into the
Slate with the intention to remove, or
assist in removing, any person who is
not a fugive slave, within the meaning
of the Constitution, is liable to punish
ment by fine not less than 51000 nor
more than 15000, and: imprisonment
not less than one or more than five
Their habeas corpus act gives trial
by jury to fugitive slaves, and interpos
es other impediments to the hunting
of fugitive slates.
CONNECTICUT.—This State, which
as late ae 1840 tolerated slavery With*
in her own borders, it appears by theperson
census of that year, prohibit* under
severe penalties,, all her officers from
aiding in executing the Fugitive Slave
act, and vacates all officials aftts Wbieb
may be done by them in attempting to
By the act of 1854, sec. 1, it is pro
vided that every person who shall fals
ly and malciously declare, represent or
pretend that any person entitled to free
doia is a slave.or owes service or la-person
bor to any person or persona, with in
tent to procure, or to aid or assist in
procuring the forcible removal of such
free persons from this State as a
slave, shall pay a fine of 15000, and
shall be imprisoned five years in thements
SEC. 2. In all eases arising nnder
this act, the truth of, and declaration,
representation or pretence that any
Other States, nnder the rule of the!Perton.De,ng haying been in thisiiooOi
Republican parly, have practioally set
or wa a slave or owes or
did owe service or labor to any other
person, shall not bo deemed prov
ed, except the testimony of at least two
credible witnesses testifying to facts
directly tending to the truth ot sueh
declaration, pretenoa or representation
or by legal evidence equivalent there
SEC. 3 subjects to a fine of 15000,
and imprisonment in the State Prison
for five years, all who shall seise any
person entitled to freedom, with in
tent to have such person held in ela*
SEC. 4 prohibits the admission of
depositions in all cases under this act,
and provides that if any witness testi.
fies falsely in behalf of the party ac
cused and prosecuted under this act,
he shall be fined $5,000, and imprison
ed five years in the State Prison.
RHODE ISLAND.—The statutes of
Rhode Island provides that any Que
who transports, «r causes to be trans
ported, by land or water, any' person
lawfully inhabiting theroin, to any
place without the limits of tho State,
except by due course of. law, shall be
imprisoned not less-than one nor more
than ten years. They also prohibit all
officers from aiding in executing the
Fugitive Slave act, or« arresting a
fugitive slave, and deny the nse other
jails and public buildings for securing
any such fugitives.
PENNSYLVANiA.-^Prior to 847, non*
resident owners of slaves were allowed
to retain than in Pennsylvania not
exceeding six months. In 1847 this
privilege was revoked. Slaves %re
A E S O A 0
Business Cards of Ave lines, 1 year,—••••,0«
do ., ten line*- de-*•
One column per ycar,«»««
'.•• do 'six months*.••......
Hal column jer ysar ...
do sis months**
Fourth column per year *...•....—.. ..».:
.-:..!••!»4ei .'v Sixmonthe.... .«..««..
Each subsequent insertion*.*
Legal Notices, a flsai 1—ulun)
Al advertlesmrntrcontfr.nernntfTotdeyed e»
Advertisementswill be changed aa e)fle
as eeelrcd,. by paying cents a aejint* lb
mur?•*'—*•(* -~~t-: .1
A genu. No paper mailed till the smbeeription
piles is remitted. g.
Pennsylvania. It it farther provided
by law that any person who vielentlv
and tumultuously seizes upon any negro,
or mulatto, and carries such aegrov
away to any place, either with or,
without the intention of taking sncH
negro before My. district or circuit
judge,shall be fined*not exceeding
1100V, and imprisoned in the county,
jail not exceeding three .months The
law also punishes with heavyfine,and'
imprisonment in the penetentiary, any.
person who may forcibly carry aWay,
or attempt to carry away any fireo.
negro or mulatto from the State. The?
sale of fugitive slaves is prohibited,
under heavy penalties, and a trial by
jury secured to them.
Omo.-Tbe laws of this State wef6
for many years of a very hostile char
acter to slave hunting, but they were
repealed in 1858. Measures have,,
however, been recently initiated to re
enact them. .i
MicniGAN.-The laws of this State
are peculiarly stringent and effective.
They not only deny the nse ofjails and
public buildings to secure fugitive
slaves, and secure the attorney*- for
the Commonwealth to defend them at
the expense of the State, bnt the law
of Connecticut in relation to the pun
ishment of persons falsely alleging
others to be slaves, is adopted, with
the addition that any person who
carries a slave shall be punished by.
imprisonment in the State Prison for a
period not exceeding ten years, or by
a fine not exceeding 81,000.
The habeas corpus act also provides,^
for a trial by jury of claim to fugitive*
WISCONSIN—Following the exam
ple of her sister States of the North,v
this State, has in some particulars,
exceeded all the rest She has direct
ed her district attorneys, in all cases
of fugitive slavoe, to appear, for and.
defend them at the expense of the
State., She has required the issue of
writ of habeas corpus, on the mere'
statement of the district attorney, that
a person in custody ia detained" as a
fugitive slave, and directs all her ju^
dicial and executive officers Who have
reason to believe that a person is about
to be arrested or claimed on.-such'
ground, to give notice to the district
attorney of the county where the per
son resides. If a judge in a vacation!
fails to discharge the arrested fugitive
slave on habeas corpus, an appeal is
allowed to the next circuit court..
Trial by jury is to be granted at the
election of either party, and aj! costs of
trial, which would otherwise fm off'
the-fugitive, areassumed by the State.
A law has also been enacted, similar
to that of Connecticut, for the punish
ment of one who shall falsely and ma
liciously declare a person to be a.
fugitive slave, with intent to aid tn»
procuring the forcible removal of such
from the Satte as a slaves •'pro
vided that nothing in this chapter shall
be construed at applying to any clainf.
or service from an apprentice tfrrm
fixed time." A section is added to tho
provisions of the Connecticut law rel
ative to this offense, for the punish.,
ment, by imprisonment in the State
Prison, of any person who shall ob,
struct the execution of a warrant issneoV
under it, aid in the escape of the
accused. Another section
forbids the enforcement of a judgment,
recoveredforviolation of the Fugitive
Slave act, by the sale of any real or
personal property in tho State, and'
make its provisions applicable to judg
IOWA.—The law of this State is
similar to that ofothers' exrept that the.
maximinum of the punishment is five'
years in the State Prison, andfineof
N EW YOBK.—In addition to (the
above, the State of New York has.
upon her statute book a law in direct
conflict with the constitutional provis
ion for the surrender of fugitive slaves,.'
and designed to nullify tho law for*
carrying that provision ihta 6feei- It
requires that every claim for the sur
render of a fugitive shall be tried by a 1
jury that the District Attorney shall.
aHowoatotestify iu ^S^a^S^ffSS^S^
defen everny suck fugitive a»
charge of the county that the claimant,
shall in wry case give bond with large.
penalty and two| surities, freeholder*
and inhabitants of the State, and im
poses heavy fines and penalties1 on
any prison seeking to obtain the fngi-,
tive in any other way than nudcr the
provisions of the said law
Such is the existing legislation of
eleven of the Northern States—legis
lation designed to nullify a provision.
of the Constitution and Co defeat th*f
operation of a taw made to carry that
provision into effect. By this legisla
tio they have broken the bond of
union, which holds the States togeth
er they have violated the compact
made between the North and the'
South as a basis condition of tfnien.
And what the legal, and moral ef
fect of this breaking of the compact
on their part? Let the great Webster
answer. In his speech at Caproii..
Springs, Va., in 1851, Daniel Wobster
not hesitate to say and repeat
that if the Northern States refuse wil
fully and deliberately to eaii*Riuto'
effect that part pf tho Constitntiutt'
which respedts the restoration ot fn«i*"