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The Redwood gazette. [volume] (Redwood Falls, Minn.) 1873-1940, May 18, 1876, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025570/1876-05-18/ed-1/seq-2/

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Pl'BLLSllKD KVEKY TiUKNDAi'.
REDWOOD FALLS, MINNESOTA.
General News Summary.
FROKI WASHINGTON.
THE monthly mint statement for April
shows that there was coined at the several
United States mints, during the month, gold
and silver amounting in vaiuc to 15,088,330.
AT the session of the Cabinet in Washing,
ton, on the 3d, the question of delivering the
original paters and documents of Executive
departments to Congressional committees
was discussed, and it is said that, after a full
interchange of opinions, the President decided
not to deviate from a rule which has long ex
isted, under which the Executive does not
part even temporarily with the custody of
original papers in any of the departments.
WIRT STKES (Olive Logan's .husband) has
been appointed United 8tates Consul at
Florence, Italy.
PRESIDENT GKAXT lias pardoned James E.
Marsh, a Gauger convicted in the Western
District of Missouri of false returns, on the
ground that there was no intentional fraud.
A WASHINGTON- dispatch of the 6th states
that on and after the 8th checks on the Trea
sury would be paid in silver if desired, and
it is thought this will wipe out the premium
on silver and put as much coin afloat as the
public wants.
THB Emperor of Brazil arrived in Washing
ton on the morning of the 7th.
THE EAST.
THE New York Legislature adjourned «n«
die, on the 3d.
THE New York Democratic Greenback
State Committee have adopted resolutions
declaring that the Democratic State Conven
tion recently held at Utica misrepresented
the sentiments of the true Democracy of the
State in the financial plank of the platform
opposing the nomination of Tilden, aud advo
cating the selection of a Western leader upon
a Western platform indorsing the platform
of the Democracy of Indiana, and asking the
Democrats iu Congress not to adjourn until
the House has passed and presented to the
Senate a bill repealing the Specie-Resump.
Lion act.
THE Connecticut Legislature met and or
ganized on the 3d.
ANNOUNCEMENT was made on the 4th of
the failure of Harvey, Arnold & Co., of the
North Adams (Mass.) print works, shutting
up their six mills. The total liabilities would
probably exceed fl,200,000 assets, mostly
unsalable property, *1,.500,000. The mills
ran in all over 1,000 looms on print goods,
and 1,300 people are thrown out of employ!
ment.
Tnos. W. PIPER has made a full confession
that he murdered little Mabel Young In tfte
belfry of the Warren Avenue (Boston) Bap
tist Church, and also that he murdered
Bridget Landergan, at Dorchester, on the
night of Dec. 5, 1S73, and that he was the
principal in a mysterious and almost fatal
assault on Mary Tyner, in Boston, nearly two
years ago. He assigns no motive whatever
for his crimes except pure diabolism and love
of bloodshed. He is to be hung on the 20th
hut.
AN
explosion occurred in the magazine of
the Delaware, Lackawanna & Great Western
Railroad Company, at the Bergen Tunnel,
near Jersey City, on the night of the 6th!
The magazine contained a quantity of giant
powder and nitro-glycerine, designed for
blasting purposes, and this premature explo
sion aroused all New York. Every building
within a radius of two miles from the maga
zine was more or less injured. One person
was killed. The damage to property ex
ceeds $50,000.
A NATIONAL LIBEBAL REPCBUCAX CON
VEXTION has been called to meet at Philadel
phia, July 26.
GOLD closed in New York, on the 8th, at
The following were the closing quo
tations for produce: No. 2 Chicago Spring
Wheat, [email protected]( No. 2 Milwaukee, $1.19
@1.21 Oats, Western Mixed, [email protected]
Corn, Western Mixed, [email protected] Pork,
Mess, $21.65 Lard, 12%c Flour, good
to choice, [email protected] White Wheat Extra,
#5."[email protected] Cattle, 9^@ll*fe for good to
extra. Sheep,
AT East Liberty, Pa., on the 8th, cattle
brought: Best, [email protected] medium, $5.00
@5.30 common, [email protected] Hogs sold—
Yorkers, [email protected] Philadelphias, [email protected]
7.!*». Sheep brought [email protected] according to
quality.
WEST AND SOUTH.
THE Michigan Mass Greenback State Con
vention was held at Jf.ckbon on the 3d. Del
egates were chosen to the National Conven
tion at Indianapolis, and resolutions were
adopted, among others, calling themselves
the Independent Greenback party demand
ing the unconditional repeal of the Specie
Payment act, and the regulation by Congress
of the values and volume of currency, which
shall be issued only by the Government, so
that the rate of interest shall not rise above
the increase of wealth by productive labor
declaring that it is the duty of the Govern
ment to establish a monetary system estab
lished on the faith of the Government
demanding that the circulation of banks be
withdrawn, and that the Government issue
its notes directly to the people without the
introduction of any banking system, such
money to be legal tender for all debts and
duties, the portion of iuterest made oayable
in metallic money to be so paid—this money
to be at the option of holders, interchange
able with Government bonds bearing interest
n»t exceeding 3.65 per cent, per annum de
claring that justice demands the payment of
our specie debt in coin of the weight of 1792.
THE recent Oregon Republican State Con
vention passed a resolution declaring Jag.
G. Blaine to he its first choice as a Presiden
tial candidate.
Ax Inter-Collegiate oratorical contest was
held in Chicago on the evening of the 4th.
The first prize, a gold medal, was given to C.
F. Noland, of Missouri, and the second prize,
a silver medal, to Miss Laura A. Kent, of
Ohio.
THE Maryland Republican State Conven
tion was held on the 4th, and delegates to
the National Convention were chosen and in
structed to vote for the nomination of Mr.
Blaine as long as there was reasonable hope
for his nomination.
THE Kansas Greenback State Convention
metatTopeka on the 4tn, and elected dele
gates to the Indianapolis Convention.
THE de'.esates elected by the South Caro
lina Democratic State Convention to the Na
tional Convention are uninstructed as to can
didate for President.
A NEW ORLEANS dispatch of the 5th says
Senator Twitchell was still alive, but in a
very precarious condition. Acting-Gov. An
toine had offered $5,000 reward for the ar
rest of the assassin.
THE Georgia Republican State Convention
has elected delegates to the National Con.
vent ion, with preferences estimated as fol
lows: Blaine, 8 Bristow, 6 Morton, 5
Conkling, 3.
THE Texas Legislature has elected Gov.
Coke to the United States Senate from that
State.
AT Warsaw, Ky., a few nights ago, Ben
French and wife (colored), who were under
arrest for poisoning an old and wealthy col
ored man named Jacob Jones, were taken
from the jail by a mob of masked men and
hung to the limb of tree about two miles
from the town.
THE Ohio wooden-ware factory at Cleve
land was destroyed by fire on the night of the
4th, involving a loss of about $170,000.
A TORXADO struck the city of Chicago on
the afternoon of the 6th and swept over a
considerable portion of the West and South
Sides, doing much damage to buildings and
to shipping on the river. A large section of
the roof of one of the Michigan Southern
freight depots was blown off, and about 200
feet in length of the walls of the building fell
In, buiying in the ruins a number of em­
ployes at work in the depot, five or six of
whom were seriously Injured—two ofr three
probably fatally. The roof or thti Cook
ffounty Hospital was torn up and about a
quarter of It bioWn entirely away
from the building, and the inmates
were exposed to the pitiless storm of
rain which was descending in torrents
at the time. Several church steeples, chim
neys, signs, telegraph-poles, etc., were blown
down, and much damage was done to pri
vate property. The entire damage, by the
storm, in the city is estimated at between
$400,000 and $500,000. This is said to have
been the severest tornado that ever visited
Chicago.
FOUR of the convicted St Louis Gaugers
and Storekeepers were, on the 6th, sentenced
to fines of $1,000 and fifteen month's im
prisonment each, and one to a fine of the
same amount and six months' imprisonment.
A SEVERE storm of wind and rain swept
over Leavenworth, Kansas, and vicinity,
early on the morning of the 6th, and demol
ished several massive brick buildings, tore
the Toofs off of others, blew down several
wooden structures, and played havoc gen
erally in the business portion of the city. No
less than thirty buildings were wholly or in
part destroyed, inflicting a loss of over
$250,000. Many portions of Kansas, Missouri,
Illinois and Iowa suffered severely from
storms on the same day.
A FORT LARAMIE dispatch of the 7th re
ports further Indian outrages on the route to
Black Hills. A man just arrived from the
north states that every train on the route had
had to fight from five to six hours to as many
days in order to get through. Advices from
the northern Indians, brought in by a reliable
Government scout, say the Cheyennes, Ara
pahoes, Minneconjous, Uncapapas and other
bands of Sioux had formed a confederation
under Sitting Bull, and divided up
into bands of thirty to fifty warriors to
immediately lay waste the entire Nebraska
Dakota and Wyoming frontier. Sitting Bull
openly defies all the troops in the depart
ment, and jastingly says that by thuA divid
ing his large force of warriors he can elude
the troops and ercate and maintain a bloody
war for years.
AT its session on the evening of the 8th the
new Chicago Common Council decided—26
to 10—to canvass the vote cast for Mayor at
the recent municipal election, and declared
the Hon. Thomas Iloyne to have been duly
elected to succeed Mayor Colvin, who, claim
ing to hold the office under the charter, pro
tested against such action on the part of the
Council.
IN Chicago, on the 8th, spring wheat, No.
2 closed at [email protected]£c cash. Cash corn
closed at455£e for No. 2. Cash oats No. 2, sold
at 30%@30fc Jurte options were sold
at 31 %c. Rye No. 2,[email protected] Barley, No. 2,
65}[email protected]£c. Cash mess pork closed at $20.75
@20.80. Lard, [email protected] Good to
choice beeves brought [email protected] medium
grades, [email protected] butchers' stock, [email protected]
4.00 stock cattle, etc., [email protected] Hogs
brought [email protected] for good to choice.
Sheep sold at [email protected] for good to
choice.
fOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
AX application was made In London on
the 3d to the tribunal having in charge the
case of Winslow, the Boston forger, for his
discharge, on the ground that the sixty days
within which the United States might perfect
its case had expired. This application was
resisted by the officers of the Crown, and it
was decided to hold the prisoner ten days
longer, to await the reply from Washington
to the latest English note.
Ox the 3d, in the 8panish Cortes, an
amendment to the proposed Constitution,
striking out the clause providing for religious
toleration and substituting one providing for
religious unity, was rejected—226 te 39."
OVER $290,000 of the $300,000 shipped on
the steamer Schiller, wrecked some months
ago on the Scilly Islands, has been recovered.
IT was reported from Rome on tht5th that
King Alphonso had written another letter to
the Vatican, in which the statement is made
that, as Spain is Catholic, Catholics need ap
prehend nothing from the application of the
religious-toleration clause in the new Consti
tution.
THE rowing and boat clubs of Dublin
University have organized a joint repre
sentative crew of four to take part in the con
test at Philadelphia.
IT is stated that 30,000 Turcomans recently
assembled at Meru and determined to solicit
Afghan help for a holy war against the Czar
of Russia.
ACCORDING to a London telegram of the
7th, a serious riot had occurred on the pre
ceding day at Salonica in Eastern Turkey.
The French and German consuls were assassi
nated. A French squadron was immediately
sent thither and a Turkish frigate with a
commission to punish the guilty parties. It
was reported that the attack by the Christ
ians on the Mahommedans was instigated by
the American Consul.
THE financial difficulties of Egypt have
been arranged by the conversion of her funded
and floating debt into seven per cent, stock,
redeemable in sixty-three years.
THE Spanish Government has issued an
order permitting officers who served under
Don Carlos to resume service in the royal
army. Over 1,200 officers had availed them
selves of the permission.
A VIENNA dispatch of the 8th says Austria
had informed Turkey that it would close the
port of Kiek if the Turkish forces at Scutari
were increased.
CONGRESSIONAL
A PETITION was presented In the Senate,
on the 3d, from the Society of Friends, protesting
against the transfer of the Indian Bureau to
the War Department. The House bill appro
priating $50,000 tor subsistence supplies for the
Apache Indians In Arizona, and for the removal
of other Indians *o the San Carlos Agency, was
passed. A resolution was offered and laid over
instructing the Committee on Commerce to in
quire into the matter o( foreign immigration,
having special reference, probably, to the Chinese
question. A message was received from the
President inclosing the report of the
Centennial Commission, and inviting the
two bonnes of Congress to he pres
ent at the opening ceremonies on the
10|h— In the House a oil' was passed appropri
ating Jlti.OOO for the maintenance of lights on the
Mississippi, Ohio and Missouri Rivers. A reso
lution directing the Committee on the Real Es
tate Pool to accept an offer made by Hallett Ktl
bourne to appear before said committee and an
swer any questions relating to the real estate
pool, notwithstanding the recent court decision
in his favor, was laid on the table by a vote of
138 to 83. A resolntion was adopted instructing
the Judiciary Committee to investigate into the
matter of the Little Rock & Fort Smith Railroad
bonds of which the Union Pacific Railroad Com
pany are alleged to have become the owner in
1871 and 1872. The resolntion of censure of Mr.
John Young Brown, of Kentucky, in the last
House was rescinded.
THE House bill authorizing a transfer
of $16,000 to pay lighthouse-keepers and main
tain lighthouse service on the Mississippi, Ohio
and Missouri Rivers was passed in the Senate, on
the 3d. Mr. Morton made a personal explana
tion in relation to the $250,000 received from the
Government and expended by him, as Governor
or Indiana in organizing the troops of that State
A number of bills were introduced and re
ferred in the House. The Illinois contested-elec
tion case of LeMoyne vs. Farwell was taken np,
and the report of the majority of the committee,
declaring that Farwell, the sitting member, w»s
not, and that LeMoyne, the contestant, was, en
titled to the seat, was adopted. The Postofflce
Appropriation bill was considered in Committee
of the Whole.
SEVERAL petitions asking intervention
on the part of Congress in behalf of the Ameri
can citizen Condon, now serving oat a life sen
tence In an English prison, for a political of
fense, were presented and referred in the Senate,
on the 4lh. In the Impeachment Conrt Mr.
Blair made bis argument In behalf of the respond
ent, on the question of jurisdiction, and Manager
Lord replied, assirtingtbat the Senate had Jurix
dict on in the case.... The House passed a reso
lution to accept the invitation to attend the open
ing of the Centennial Exposition at Philadelphia,
and to adjourn from the Uth to the 12th for that
purpose. Resolutions were also adopted di
recting the Ways and Means Commit
tee to at once consider some measure
for the relief of the country from the threatened
scarcity of fractional currency: instructing the
select committee for the investigation of Federal
offices In Louisiana, to make a full and com*
plete investigation of the circumstance* attend
ing the recent assassination of State Senator
Twilchell and David King, on Red Biver, partic
ularly as to whether the canse was, or was not,
of apolitical character. A message from the
President, declining to tarnish the House with
information as to his various absences from
Washington, was read, referred and ordered
printed.
THE
Senate on the 5th, adopted the
Honse resolntion to attend the opening cere
monies of the Centennial Exposition, and to ad
journ for that purpose from the 9th to the 18th.
Mr. Carpenter, on behall of the respondent, and
Mr. fcnox,, df the House Managers, argned the
tyrastipn of jariadiction In the Impeachment ease
the former denying, and the latter claiming,
that the Senate had jurisdiction In the case of
ex-becretary Belknap—A large number of pri
vate bills were passed In the Hoase. The Natal
Appropriation bill was reported from the Appro
priation Committee
CONSIDERATION of the Impeachment
question was continned In the Senate on the 8th,
and several questions relating thereto were sub
mitted to the Managers by Senators Conkling and
Mitchell. Owing to his continued indisposition
Manager Knott was granted leave to continue his
argument on the 8th, and Manager Jcnks read a
lengthy argument and Mnnsjier Hoar beean his
remarks in favor of the jurisdiction oi the Senate
....A bill in relation to savings banks was intro
duced in the House and referred. The oath of
office was administered to J. V. Le Moyne as Rep
resentative from the Third Illinois District. 'J he
Postofflce Appropriation bill was further consid
ered in Committee or the Whole.
MANAGER KNOTT and Judge Black
concluded their arguments in the Impeachment
trial on the 8th, and it was then ordered by the
Senate that, nntll further notice, the attendance
of the Managers and respondent Wonld not be re
quired, and the conrt sojourned to the 15th. In
the session of the Senate for regnlar business a
resolution was agreed to setting forth the in
jury resulting from Chinese immigration, and in
structing the Committee on Commerce to con
sider the subject and report a bill placing ade
?nate restrictions upon snch immigration...
n the House a resolution that the
several investigating committees conduct
their business with open doors while
testimony is bein" taken was rejected—61 to 91.
A bill was offered and referred, providing for the
coinage of $2^,000,000 silver coin additional to
that already authorized. The Ways and Means
Committee were instructed to inqnire into the
management of the New York Custom-House.
The bill to carry into effect the provisions of the
treaty with the Hawaiian Islands was passed—116
to 101. Mr. Conger was appointed on the Select
Committee on Federal Offices in Louisiana. In
place of Mr. Crapo, excused. Adjourned, with
the understanding that no business was to be
transacted on the 9th.
President Brant Sends a Message to
the House.
f'resident
The necessity of the performance of Execntive
acts by the President of the United States exists
and is devolved upon him wherever he may |be
within the United States, during his term of office,
by tbe Constitution ofthe United States. His civil
powers are no more limited or capable of limita
tion as to the place where they shall be exercised
than are those which he might be required to dis
charge in his capacity of Commander-in-Chief ot
the army and navy, which latter powers it is evi
dent he might be called upon to
exercise possibly
even without the limits of the United States. Had
the efforts of those recently in rebellion against
the Government been successful in driving a
late President of the United States from Wash
ington, it is manifest that he must have dis
charged his functions, both civil and military,
elsewhere than in the place named by law as the
seat of Government. No act of Congress can
limit, suspend or confine this Constitutional dnty.
I am not aware of the existence of any act of Con
gress which assumes thus to limit or restrict the
exercise of the functions of the Executive. Were
there such acts, I shonld nevertheless recognize
the superior authority of the Constitution and
should exercise the powers required thereby of the
President. The act to which reference lemadein
the resolntion of the House rebates to the establish
ment of a seat of Government, and the providing
of suitable buildings, and the removal thereto of
the offices attached to the Government, etc. It
was not understood at its date, and by Gen.
Washington, to confine the President in the dis
charge of his duties and powers to actual pres
ence at the seat of Government. On the 90th ol
March, 1791, shortly after the passage of the act
referred to. Gen. Washington issued an Execu
tive proclamation, having reference to the
subject of this very set, from George
town, a place remote from Philadelphia,
which then was the seat of Government,
where the act referred to directed that
"all officers attached to the seat of Government
should for the time remain." That none of his
successors have entertained the idea that their
Executive offices could be performed only at the
seat of Government is evidenced by hundreds
upon hundreds of such acts performed by my
predecessors in an unbroken line from Washing
ton to Lincoln, a memorandum of the general na
ture and character of some of which acts is submit
ted herewith, and no question has been raised as
to the validity of those acts or to the right and
propriety of the Executive to exercise the powers
•f his office in any part of the United States.
(Signed) U. S. GRANT.
Washington, May 4,1876.
It will be perceived that the message is
dated Washington, without the usual prefix
of "Executive Mansion."
Accompanying the message is a memoran
dum of absences of Presidents of the United
States from the National Capital during each
of tbe several Administrations, and of public
and Executive acts performed during the
time of such absences.
A Mind Old L»aj.
There is a kind-hearted old woman who
lives in Louisville, and she passes her
time in the streets on the lookout for la
dies whose skirts are coming down.
Sometimes her anxiety leads her astray,
and she sees in imagination skirts falling
which are perfectly secure. But she
sweetly says all the same, My dear, your
skirt is falling if you will step into this
doorway I will pin it up for you." La
dies in general object to falling skirts in
the streets the very thought is a terror,
and, when so approached, are very apt to
go into the doorway without looking as
to the truth. When there the kind old
woman tells a pretty story of her nice
home, gives a suggestion that she is well
off in this world's goods, and that she
wanted to fix the skirts because the lady's
beautiful face reminded her of her own
daughter. During the fixing process the
dress is necessarily handled, and though
the work is awkward, it would not of
coarse do to offer money to the nice, well
attired kind-hearted old lady, who talks so
glibly of her property. Ho the other lady
leaves with gratitude, which is changed to a
somewhat different ieeling when she finds
her pocket has been cut, and the old lady
has gone away with her purse.
A
WASHINGTON, May 4.
The President to-day sent the following
message to the House in reply to Represen
tative Blackburn's resolution.
To the Uouse of Representatives I have given
very attentive consideration to the resolution of
the House of Representatives, passed on the 3d
of April, "requesting the Presidentof the United
States to inform the House whether any Execu
tive offices, acis, or duties, and if any what, have
within a specified period been performed at a dis
tance from the seat of Government established by
law," etc. I have never hesitated, and shall not
hesitate, to Communicate to Congress, and to
either branch thereof, all information which the
Constitution makes it the duly of the Presi
dent to give, or which my judgmeut may sug
gest to me, or a request from either House may in
dicate to m«t may be useful iu the discharge of
the appropriate duties confided to them. I rail,
however, to dud in tbe Constitution of the United
States the authority given to the Honse of Rep
resentatives (one branch of Congress in which is
vested the Legislative power of the Government)
to require of the Execntive, an independent
branch.of the Government, co-ordinate with Jhe
Senate and House of Representatives, an ac
count of his discharge of his appropriate and
purely Exocutive offices, acts and duties, cither as
to when, where. Or how performed. What the
Honse of Representatives may reqnire, as a right,
in iu demand upon the Executive for informa
tion, is limited to what is nt cessary for the proper
discharge of Its powers of legislation or of Im
peachment.
The inquiry in the resolution of tbe Honse as to
where the Executive acts, within the last seven
year*, have been performed, and at what distance
from any particular spot, or for how long a period
at any one time, etc., does not necessarily belong
to the province of legislation. It does not profess
to be asked for that object. If this information
be sought through an inquiry of the President as
to his Executive acts iu view or In aid of the
power of impeachment vested in the House, it is
asked in derogation of an inherent natural right
recognized in this country by a constitutional
uarantee which protects "very Citizen—the
as well a« the htimblest in the land—
from being made a witness atrainvt himself.
During the time that I have had the honor to
occupy the position of President of this Govern
ment, it has been, and while I continue to occu
py that position it will continue to be, my earnest
endeavor to recognize and to respect the several
trusts and duties and powers of the co-ordinate
branches of the Government, not encroaching
npon them, nor allowing encroachments upon the
proper powers of the office which the people of
the United States have confided to me, but aim
ing to preserve in their proper relations the sev
eral powers and functions of each oi the co-ordi
nate branches of the Government agreeably to the
Constitution, and in accordance with the solemn
oath which I have taken to preserve, protect
and defend that instrument. In maintenance
of the rights secured by the Constitution
to the Executive Dranch of the Govern
ment, I am compelled to decline any specific or
detailed answer to the request of the House for
information as to "any Executive offices, acts or
duties, and, if any, what have been performed at
a distance from the seat of Government estab
lished by law, and for how long a period at anv
one time, and in what part of the United States.''
If, however, the nouse of Representatives de
sires to know whether, during the period of up
wards of seven years during which I have held
the office of President of the United States, I have
been absent from the seat of Government, and
whether during that period I have performed,
or have neglected to perform, the duties
of my office, I freely inform the House
that from the time of my entrance
upon my office I have been in the habit, as were
all of my predecessors, with the exception of one
w ho lived only one month after assuming the
duties of his office, aud one whose continued
presence in Wawhinnton was necessary from the
existence at the time of a powerful rebellion, of
absenting myself at times from the seat of Gov
ernment, and that dui in"
snch absences I did not
neglect or forego the obligations or duties of my
office, but continued to discharge all of the
Executive offices, acts and duties which were re
quired of me as President of the United States.
1 am not aware that a failure occurred
in any one instance of my cxercislng the
functions and powers of my office In every
case requiring their discharge, or of my exercis
ing alt the necessary Executive act? in whatever
part of the United States I may at the time have
been. Fortunately, rapidity of travel and of mail
communication, and the facility of almost in
stantaneous correspondence with officer'' at the
seat of Government which the telegraph affords
to the President, in whatever section of the
Union he may be, e able him in these days to
maintain as constant and almost as quick inter
course with the Departments at Washington
as may be maintained while he remains in the
Capital.
te i'
Remarkable Heathen CItj.
One of the most remarkable places in
the world is the city of Jeypoor in India.
It is a heathen city, the home of the Hin
doos, the product of Hindoo skill and the
design of a Hindoo mind, and yet in
architecture, finish, beauty, and useful
public works, it is probably not out
ranked by any in Christendom.
Three or four hundred years ago Jey
Singla lived in a little village of mud cot
tages on the heights near the present site
of Jeypoor. He was a man of enlighten
ment and reason, and being a Rajah, had
the choice either of accomplishing much
good in his kingdom or giving himself
over to indolence and selfish gratification.
He chose to excrcisc his functions on the
side of human advancement, and from his
own intellect evolved a plan to wipe
away the mud-constructed town of his
habitation with its filth and squalor, and
erect a new and glorious city. Decend
in» into a barren valley, he laid plans tor
the coming capital of Hindostau. In
place of the narrow streets of the old town,
lie marked oil' main thoroughfares, ill
feet wide and two miles long and in place
of the windiug alleys of the town on the
mountain, he' laid out spacious streets.
Upon this plat this royal Hindoo erected
his ideal city. Battlements were thrown
about the whole, flanked by towers and
protected by forts. A palace, with scores
of elegantly-designed houses, was con
structed, with many humbler but equally
tasty dwellings. Each house possessed its
own garden, and every building, great or
small, WHS made of stone. Lakes, MAT'
tile-laid walks, fountains and public orna
ments dotted the new city, and not an un
sightly work was permitted inside the
walls.
This was indeed a wonderful city, to
grow up and become inhabited in the val
leys of Hindostan at that period of Indian
history, but just as wonderlul has been
the fact that from that day to this the un
dertaking lias proven a success. An
English writer speaks enthusiastically of
the "marvelous* beauty of Jeypoor, the
capital of the Maharajah." He calls it
the "Paris of India," and a city venti
lated, se we raged and constructed in a
manner superior to any which may be met
with on the globe."
The history of Jeypoor is being devel
oped and given to Christendom just at the
present time, along with much other inter
esting information, its one of the first re
sults of the great archaeological survey of
India, now in progress under the auspices
of the British Government.—Chicago
Journal.
Evil Effects of Orei'Training.
One of the reasons assigned for the de
feat of the Oxford crew in the boat-race is
that they were over trained." Whether
this was the case or not, tiiere can hardly
be a doubt that the science of" training,"
like many other sciences, is yet in its
infancy, and that the course of training
followed as a rule by those who are pre
paring for the performance of athletic
feats, even if effectual for the purpose for
which it is adopted, is not conducive in
the long run to good health or longevity.
Indeed, it will be found that many, if not
the majority, of those who att iin unusual
length of years almost invariably indulge
in one or more habits pronounced by
mcilical experts to be decidedly unwhole
some. It is a notorious fact that octoge
narians, and even "reputed centenarians,"
are often inveterate smokers, and must,
according to accepted medical theory, be
thoroughly saturated with nicotine by the
time they are laid in their graves. Some
even habitual topers live to a very old
aire, and others who take no exercise
worthy of the name enjoy perfect health
nnd last many years longer than their
more active contemporaries. One of the
most remarkable instances on record of
admirable health and longevity, notwith
standing a departure from those rules of
temperance and excrcisc which are sup
posed to exercise such an important in
llumce on health, is that of the Rev.
William Davies, rector of istaunton-upon
Wye and vicar of All Saints', Hereford,
who died in 1790, aged one hundred and
five. This reverend old gentleman during
the last thirty-five years of his life never
took any other exercise than that of
shuffling his feet from one room to an
other, where he would sit till bedtime. He
always eat hot buttered rolls for breakfast,
an enormous dinner, consisting of a
variety of dishes, and a supper of hot
roast meat, liesides drinking a liberal al
lowance of wine. He never suffered from
gout, rheumatism, or indeed from any
other disease or infirmity. His temper
was jovial to the last, and he passed away
with a chuckle, without apparent suffer
ing, universally beloved and respcctcd.—
Pall Mali Gazette.
A New Use for Locusts.
An industry of quite a novel character,
says Consul Playfair, in his report on the
trade and commerce of Algeria for the
past year, promises to spring up in that
country. Immense sums of money are
annually spent by the fishermen of France
in obtaining codroe as bait for the sardine
fisheries. Not only is that substance in
creasing in price every year, but the quan
tity procurable is quite insufficient to meet
the demand. It is proposed to utilize the
locusts which periodically invade the col
ony in immense numbers, and are nearly
always to be found in the south, as a sub
stitute. The Governor-General lists sent
1,000 kilos of these insects, prepared and
salted, to France, and this result, it is
stated, is sullicicntly successful to warrant
the experiment hieing tried on a larger
scale. This scheme, although at tint
sight it may appear disagreeable to the
Algerian locusts, can hardly, on reflection
fail to commend itself to their reason.
The locust has of late entirely lost
the respectable position it once occu
pied of being fit for food. Locusts
and wild honey are never seen now
on any breakfast table, and, as the
iOcust requires a vast amount of suste
nance for its own consumption, it is
looked upon as an intolerable nuisance in
those countries it honors by its visits. If,
however,(the sardines take to the locusts
as baits, these insects will at least be en
tiled to the credit of being instrumental
in providing food for the human race, and
may possibly, at no distant date, resume
their place on the table.—1'aU Mall (Jar
tett*.
The Great Wind-Storm in Chicago.
The Chicago morning papers of the 7th
and 8th give lengthy accounts of the ef
fects of the tornado on the 6th, from
which we make the following extracts:
So far as has been ascertained, the tem
pest struck down upon the city in the vi
cinity of the Bridewell, where it wrought
sad havoc with the fences. Seeming to
gather strength as it rushed on, it came
with terrible force upon the habitations
in the neighborhood of Paulina and
Twenty-second streets, where, among
other objects, it tore in pieces a three
story tenement house, killing some of the
inmates. From this point its path for
miles eastward is clearly marked with the
ruin that it wrought. The region over
which it passed, from Paulina street to
the river, is known as the lumber dis
trict. Here, for a distance of over two
miles along the South Branch, millions
upon millions of feet of lumber are piled,
and here the tempest raged in its wildest
fury. Huge piles of lumber were over
turned, while the air was filled with great
boards and bunches of lath and shingles,
and what was in one yard was most un
ceremoniously deposited in another, and
not a little difficulty will be experienced
by the rightful owners in obtaining their
own again. Then it dashed, raging and
roaring, across the river until it reached
the lake, and here it turned, and with in
creased fury rushed northward, covering
nearly the entire South Division. Beach
ing Eighteenth street, it struck the Coun
ty Hospital and tore off a portion of the
roof.
At Fourteenth street it came with sav
age fury against the tall and* graceful
spire of Grace (Episcopal) Church, and in
an instant overturned it and sent it crash
ing through the roof. Still on it rushed,
and half a mile further on it met with re
sistance in the shape of the Michigan
Southern Railroad freight depot but the
resistance was short, for, as if maddened
that anything should dispute its passage,
it tore the building to the ground. In the
Palmer Honse it met with an antagonist
that braved its fttiy, but with spiteful
ven­
geance it seized upon the elaborate center
piece and V)re it to fragments. Then on
over the ousiness center it rushed, the
volume of the Btorm passing above the
buildings, fortunately, for had it been
otherwise, there is no calculating the de
struction of property and the loss of life
that would have ensued. It swept along
the lake shore on the North Side for a
short distance, then rushed toward the
crib. The tower containing the big fog
bell was swept away.
It was, without exception, the most ter
rible wind storm that has ever visited this
northern section of country. It came
without premonition, and the cloud burst
that accompanied it, and in a moment a
perfect avalanche of water fell from the
black clouds above, drenching to the skin
the unfortunate pedestrians who had not
soUght shelter.
While the storm raged, the scene oii the
principal streets was one of wild and ter
rible excitement. Frightened horses,
dragging ponderous hitching-weights,
dashed wildly through the streets terror
stricken men, women and children ran
hither and thither into any place that of
fered protection from the pitiless storm
carriages were overturned, huge boxes
rolled and danced along the sidewalks
signs sailed through the air, crashing
through the plate-glass windows or crush
ing upon the sidewalk men and women
were rolled over and over in the mud
hats were whirled away over lofty build
ings, while umbrellas were simply torn to
shreds, leaving only the skeleton above
the head of the unfortunate owner.
The County Hospital on Eighteenth
street, which was in the path of the tor
nado, was denuded of a portion of its
roof, and for an instant the rickety old
structure threatened to fall in upon the
hundreds of sick and helpless pensioners of
Cook County. About 1,200 square feet of
roofing was lifted bodily from the north
west corner of the building, and its frag
ments were borne through the air as far
east as Clark street, four blocks away.
Large sections of the tin sheeting which
covered the remaining portion of the roof
were torn completely away, and hurled
into the street in front of the hospital.
Every strip of sheeting on the roof of the
main building was torn from its fastenings
at one or more corners, and twisted out
of shape. The patients were wild with
fear, the crash of falling chimneys, the
shrieking and creaking of the disrupted
roof, the cracking of beams and scant
lings above, the rocking of the building
as it reeled beneath the terrible force of
the wind, and over all the savage roar of
the tempest, served to madden the in
matej, and all was forgotten but the in
stinct of self-preservation. Life was
sweet even to those poor wretches, and
from their misery they welcomed not the
release that comes with death. The panic
stricken sufferers sprang from their cots,
where they had lain so long, and rushed
wildly for the doorways and hallways to
escape lrom the threatened danger. Over
the shrieks of the terror-stricken crowd
rang the wild laughter of a boy of fifteen
in ward E, who had suffered amputation
of the leg, and who in a delirium of de
light shouted a3 he heard the wild noise
of the storm without and above. A man
In the same ward, who had a brick
hung to his arm to straighten it, picked up
the brick very carefully and rushed away
for safety. Patients who were unable
even to turn in bed, galvanized by fear
sprang up and fled shrieking through the
corridors. Through the gaping, ragged
roof a volume of water poured in upon
the struggling crowd, saturating the cots
and wetting to the skin the patients before
escape was possible to the room below.
The most serious catastrophe of the
hurricane occurred at the Michigan South
ern freight depot, which is one of the
largest freight depots in the world. It is
800 feet long, running from Polk to Tay
lor streets, facing on one side on the rail
road track and on the other on Pacific
avenue. It seemed as though the storm
stayed for a moment in its passage to
gather full strength, then with giant force
it hurled itself against the building, and
at that instant a bolt of lightning crashed
against the tin roof. It ran (Town the
wet root to the corner of the building,
when, with irresistible fury it rended the
walls, crumbling them literally to pum
ice, and a massive door was shivered and
riddled to splinters in an instant. Through
this rent the wind came roaring and rag
ing the building was lifted from its foun
dations and dashed upon Pacific avenue,
and the entire 225 feet of the south end
was wrecked completely.
At the time of this catastrophe the
building was occupied by about seventy
five men, but very fortunately nearly all
of them were engaged about the center of
the building. Some ten or twelve were,
however, at work at the south end of the
building, and so rapidly was the work of
destruction done that they were unable to
escape from the falling walls. A despair
ing shriek rang out through the building
over the horrible grinding of the crushing
walls, and then with a dull and heavy
crash the ruin closed over the doomed
men. A few escaped with but slight
bruises. Six of them, however, were
caught by the falling walls and most hor
ribly mangled.
The alarm of fire was at once sounded,
and the firemen aided those present in ex
tricating the sufferers beneath the ruins.
It was a terrible scene of wild confusion.
From the inextricable mass came the
shrieks of the buried victims calling for
aid, which, for a time, the crowd were
unable to render. Both walls of the build
ing had fallen toward the west, while the
roof had slidden clear across the street.
Merchandise of every description was
heaped in every conceivable shape, and
entangled with the debris of the building.
The rain was pouring in torrents, but,
without a moment's delay, the brave men
began their work of humanity. As fast as
removed the unfortunate men were placed
in carriages and taken home, where med
ical attendance was furnished them by the
railroad company.
The same gust of wind that crushed in
the freight-house tore off a piece of the
galvanized roofing of the passenger depot,
and hurled it against the buildings on the
opposite side of the street.
The most disastrous accident that hap
pened in the southwest portion of the city
was the destruction ofthe Reaper Mission,
a three-story frame building, twenty by
sixty feet, situated at 625 West Twenty
second street. It was occupied on the
ground as a mission church. The second
was the residence of Michael Burns and
his family, which consisted of himself,
wife and four children. The third floor
was occupied by a family named Kohn.
A Mrs. Runk and her son Frederick, aged
twelve years, were on their way to do
some work when the sudden flash of light
ning came down upon them. They sought
shelter in the hall-way of the Mission
building, and scarcely had they entered
it, ere the structure was scattered to
the four points of the compass by the
sudden squall. Fred. Runk was killed in
stantly, his neck being broken by a piece
of timber striking him. The mother was
alsj badly bruised, but not dangerously
hurt. Little Michael J. Burns, aged four
years, was very badly hurt internally,
but had no bones broken. Little Freddy
Kohn was injured very badly internally,
and it is not believed tnat he will recover.
The other inmates escaped with a few
slight scratches.
Several minor casualties are reported.
A Husband's Ungallant Remark.
A young married lady of this city, dis
tinguished for her beauty, sweet temper
and benevolence, has been suffering for a
week past with a cutaneous eruption of
the face, which she at first treated very
lightly, but as it grew no better after sev
eral solutions had been applied, and be
came quite painful, to say nothing of the
temporary disfigurement, the lady lost
patience, became very irritable, scolded
the servants, and even her liege lord, to
whom she had never spoken before save
in the gentlest tones, came in for quite a
share of criticism. This morning Dr.
Bontecou was called in and examined
case. "Doctor," said the anxious hus
band, do you think it can be anything
serious?" "Not in the least," replied
the Doctor, with professional gravity "it
may be the result of cold, or possibly a
little humor of the blood." "It cannot
be the latter, Doctor," rejoined the hus
band, because my wife has been out of
humor for a week." We are glad to
learn that the Doctor charged nim a
double fee.—Troy (N. Y.) Prut.
the
Piper's Confession.
BOSTON, May 7.
The preparations of Thomas W. Piper's
counsel for arguing the motion in the Su
preme Court to-morrow, for a new trial,
on the ground of additional evidence in
relation to the bat used as the weapon,
have come to a sudden end, and the mo
tion will not be made. This noon, Ed
ward P. Brown, junior counsel, who has
worked assiduously throughout, was talk
ing with Piper about the motion, fully
believing, as he lias done all along, in
Piper's innocence, when the prisoner,
who has of late been breaking down in
health, through his mental agony, began
to talk In a different strain from what he
has before, and by degrees confessed to
the horror-stricken counsel not only that
he mitrdered Mabel Young in the belfry
of the Warfen Avenue Baptist Church, for
which murder lie is tti be huhg on May
26, but also that he murdered Bridget
Landergan, at Dorchester, on the night of
Dec. 5, 1873, and that he was the princi
pal in the mysterious and nearly fatal as
sault on Mary Tyner, in Oxford street,
Boston, nearly two years ago. Piper says
that he has hitherto lied about the matter
to blind his counsel as well as everybody
else, well knowing that did Mr. Brown
suspect the truth he would be left to his
fate. He assigns no motive whatever for
his crimes, except pure diabolism and
love of bloodshed, the same as has actu
ated Jesse Pomeroy in his horrible butch
eries, and the confession shows a depth
of depravity as shocking as it is
inexplicable. The murder of Mabel
Young is too fresh in recollection to need
description. The lovely little girl of five
was decoyed into the belfry of the church
and beaten to death with a ball-bat with
in ten minutes from the time her aunt left
her in the Sunday-school room, and after
one disagreement of the jury, Thomas W.
Piper, the sexton, was convicted of the
murder. The case of Bridget Landers aa
has been wrajfped in more mystery. She
was a domestic of good repute, and had
been out during the afternoon to visit some
friends. While returning home, about
nine o'clock at night, she was brutally
clubbed to death at Upliam's corner, in
the Dorchester district, and though sev
eral arrests were made on suspicion,
up to to-day the criminal has not cer
tainly been known. Piper was one
of the men arrested, but the evidence was
insuflicient to hold him. Since the Mabel
Young murder the detectives have been
confirmed in their belief that Piper also
murdered Bridget Landergan, but have
been unable to get a clue to the matter.
Thomas Cahill, a former sweetheart of the
girl, was under suspicion, and having
gone to Ireland soon after the murder,
was extradited and brought to this coun
try by State detectives but no case was
made out, and he was discharged. On
July 1, 1874, Mary Tyner, living at No.
34 Oxford street, was found in
her bed insensible and horribly
mangled, her head having been wounded
and cut to a jelly with an instru
ment which medical testimony declared
to be a tuner's gouge. Several cuts in the
skull allowed the brains to ooze out, and
she was taken to the hospital in mo
mentary prospect of death, but she lin
gered along and by degrees recovered.
A lover of hers, named Colby, was arrested
for the assault, but she refused to proceed
against him, or to tell what she knew of
the case, and he was discharged. Such is
a brief history of the crimes which Thom
as W. Piper to-day confessed. There can
be no doubt now "of Piper's execution on
May 20, and the etl'cct of this confession
will be most likely to cause Gov. liicc to
sign the death warrant of Pomeroy, the
boy fiend.
Alaska.
The Secretary of War has sent to the
United States Senate some items re
specting Alaska" which were obtained
by a citizen of Portland, Oregon, in a
pleasant conversation" with Capt. J. W.
White, of tue revenue maiine service.
Capt. White's views of Alaska are more
encouraging than those of other persons
who have seen the Territory.
"It [Alaska] was a present count the
fisheries, the lurs, the lumber, the mines
of coal, iron and gold, the varieties of
fruits and vegetables that cau be raised,
with its political value as a military sta
tion. The Yucon River is navigable for
steamers 1,400 miles. It spreads out into
five mouths, inclosing a level Cottonwood
region or delta of seventy miles, covered
with grass. On Oonalaska the grass is
six to eight feet high, and so thick that
it must be parted to get through. It is
soonKodiak. The small Russian cattle
that live entirely i^jon it are as fat as
seals. The live on it all the year, need
ing no shelter but the ravines. The wild
pea vines grow six, eight, and even
twelve feet long, furnishing choice food
for stock.
There are no proper icebergs in those
seas. The warm Japan current divides at
the southwest point of the Aleutian
Islands, part going north through Bell
ring's Straits, which are too shallow for
anything but field-ice to pass, and only a
narrow polar current passes down near the
Asiatic coast, as the one from Greenland
passes down near the Atlantic shore. Ice
floats off the shores in winter and spring,
and soon dissolves with little danger to
shipping. The region is chilly, even in
summer, in the ravines hid from the sun,
but parts open to the sun, though frosts
and snows are on the mountains, produce
luxuriant vegetation, and fruits like
blackberries, larger than the Lawton, and
whortleberries, abound in their season.
I sounded the shores seven hundred
miles by log northwest of Sitka, and found
the entire length a codfish bank (with
plenty of halibut also). The smaller cod
fish are in the shallower waters, nearer
the shore, of twenty or thirty fathoms, but
the best fisheries are farther out in seventy
or eighty fathoms. For example, one day
when sounding south of Kodiak, wishing
to lay in a store of codfish, I ordered the
sails set back and the lines prepared.
"I had a barrel of Puget Sound clams
salted for me (for bait). I took my lead
line, as large as my thumb, attached five
hooks above the lead, with a clam on
each, and fastened to the davit soon the
bites—one, two, three, ofien five—were
felt. I threw the line over the pulley and
put four men to pull, and up would come
two, three, and sometimes five cod, weigh
ing thirty to forty pounds apiece. We had
out about twenty lines and caught 250 fish
in two hours. I met some fishermen and
asked why they did not fish farther out,
instead of catching the smaller ones of
five to fifteen pounds each near the shore
They replied that deep-water fishing was
too hard work.'
I have seen coal-veins over an area
forty by fifty miles, so thick that it seems
one vast bed. It has excellent steam qual
ity leaves a clear white ash. It comes
out in cube blocks, bright and clean. It
does not coke. The quantity seems to be
unlimited. This bed lies northwest of
bitka, up Cook's inlet or bay, which ex
tends to nearly sixty-one degrees north
and broadens into a sea in some parts. It
is a large body of water. Its shores,
though in part mountainous, reveal val
leys and plains and forests with large and
various resources.
"The Kalosh are a race of Indians,
shrewd and warlike, who live on the main
land mostly of Alaska proper.- You must
show your power and they will respect
you and do what you say, or what they
agree to do, exactly. When some of them
came on deck I showed them over the
ship. They watched everything, and a
little jocosely said,
4
Our guns are better
than yours.' They hail Hudson's Bay
smooth-bore muskets. I said, 'Ah,well.'
I ordered a gun set, put in a shell,
and aimed at a clay bank on the face of
au island one and a half miles off. I
knew the distance, having been sounding
it recently. The shell hit within ten feet
of the center, scattering the dust and dirt.
At first the smoke hid the object and thev
laughed at the failure but as it cleared
and they saw the dust fly, they threw up
their hands in wonder and made no more
jokes about my guns.
I was sent to Alaska by the Govern
ment to reconnoiter, protect its interests,
and make surveys, and was there in 1867,'
•68, and '69. I found four or five fur
companies, Messrs. Hutchinson, Kohl &
Co. among them, killing seals on those
Islands as fast as they could hire the
Aleuts to do it. One Eastern firm,
who were too religious to work on
the Sabbath, did, with others, sell
whisky to the Aleuts in pay for furs and
these poor people had nothing for their
work. I knew, when the ships were gone,
they would be left without food. The
great slaughter of the seals would soon
destroy all of them. Following my gen
eral instructions to care for our country's
interests, I put a stop to the slaughter,
broke every whisky barrel and poured it
on the ground. The Aleuts thought I did
wrong. They were so eager to get it, that
some of them laid down and sucked the
ground and puddles of it, and got drunk.
But I saved them, and I would not (al
low?) the traders to kill any seals except
such as the Aleuts selected, the two-years'
old males, and to a limited number I
required all of them to pay the Aleuts in
provisions, clothing and other needful ar
ticles, but not one drop of whisky.
"The vast catch that year reduced the
price of skins to three dollars each. The
next year comparatively few seals came
to the islands, but after this fur company
got the sole right, they having bid the
highest for it, only 100,000 per year were
caught. The seals came back numerous
ly the third year."
The Grand Turk's Household.
The Economiste Franeais (a Paris pa
per), iu an article on the Sultan of Turkey's
household, says: The Grand Marshal is
the head functionary of the palace. He
has the supervision and responsibility of
all that passes in the selainbike, the part
of the palace where the Sultan spends the
day, takes his meals, and receives visitors.
The post is at present vacant. The salary
is variable. Ferid Pasha, the last holders
had 276,000 francs a year, with rations
representing 57,000 francs. The Cham
berlains are not so much administrator,
as domestics, paying the Sultan all the at
tention devolving on valets de chambre in
Europe. lie treats them harshly. When
in an ill humor he insults them, strikes
them, drives them from the palace for the
most frivolous reasons. One a few sec
onds^ behind in bringing his master hts
praying carpet was sent into the palace
band. He has no turn for music, and is
vegetating in second-rate posts. The
office of Chamberlain is, nevertheless,
much coveted, its disadvantages being
compensated by large profits. The high
est personages seek their friendship in
the hope of furthering their ambitious
views. These services are handsomely
rewarded. The Chamberlains announce
their appointment to the Grand Vizier,
the Ministers and Governors. Custom re
quires each of these personages to give the
bearer of good tidings from ll,000f. to
22,000f. as a present. The numerous con
cessions to the Viceroy of Egypt have al
ways been announced to him by the
ChamberlaiDS, who have received
340,000f., 460,000f., 575,000f., and even
690,000f. The number of Chamber
lains varies according to the Sultan's
caprice. Usually there are seveL
or eight, but at present only five. The
Chief Chamberlain has 82,800f. a year, a
palace rent free, equivalent to 34,500f.
There are five secretaries. The Chief of
them reads to the Sultan the daily report
prepared by a special office, composed of
young men of the first Mussulman fami
lies. To him the Grand Vizier and other
high functionaries address the communi
cations intended to come under the eye of
their master, who is at such a distance
from common mortals that nobody would
ever presume to address directly to him
any official or other communication. The
five secretaries and four writers cost
248,400f. For the moment the
post of Palace Treasurer is a real sinecure.
For several months neither employes nor
tradesmen haye been paid, all the availa
ble money being reserved for the Sultan.
The Treasurer's salary is 41,000f., with
rations ll,040f., and four secretaries,
16,o00f. An astrologer has 13,800f. His
duty is to consult the moon and stars. He
sets to work when the Sultan is unwell or
is to make a journey. His oracles are
listened to with respect and his directions
are followed. His influence is great in the
palace and out of doors. The chief bar
ber, who knows how to hold his tongue—
no slight merit, especially in Turkey—not
uttering a word when cutting his master's
beard and hair, lias 5,520f. The Sultan
does not drink coffee, but custom requires
it to be served to everybody repairing to
the palace on business. The chief cafetier
has 5,520f., his six assistants 16,560f., and
the coffee costs 69,000f. a year. The Mus
sulmans, after their meals, have the ex
cellent habit of rinsing the mouth and
washing the hands with perfumed soap.
This department, with its chief and six
assistants, costs 18,768f. per annum.
Not a Bargain After All.
Yesterday morning the female head of
a family living on Henry street called ata
Woodward avenue grocery and asked for
prunes. Some prunes were exhibited, and
she inquired:
Do you warrant them?"
We do," was the reply.
Perfectly fresh, are they?"
"Indeed they are."
No worms in them
"Not a worm."
"Full weight, arc they?"
Full weight, madam."
Sweet, are they?"
I warrant them sweet."
No pits in them?"
Not a pit, madam."
And a prize package with every
pound?" she asked, after a pause.
Yes, madam."
And achromo, too?" she hesitatingly
inquired.
Yes, and a chromo, too!"
She nibbled at a prune, knit her brows,
and finally asked:
Don't you give a cash premium with
every pound you sell
We do, madam. You pay ten cents
for a pound of prunes and get a chromo,
a prize package, and a cash premium of
fiity cents. Shall I do you up a pound?"
Well, it seems as it you wanted to be
fair with your customers," she slowlv re
plied, but I guess I won't take any.
Seems to me ten cents per pound is rather
too much for prunes these times, when
butter is down, and calico is down, and
shots are awful cheap."—Detroit Free
Press.
Spring Hats.
It is a remarkable fact concerning spring
hats that amongst such an immense varie
ty there are no positively ugly ones. A
novel style, especially adapted for prom
enade wear, is known as the Riverdale,"
and is made of fine English straw. The
prominent features of this hat are its low,
round crown, and the uniformly flaring
brim, and these both render it possible to
wear the hat on the back ot the head or
low over the face. A hat of this shape
has a band of serge ribbon carried in a
loose roll around the crown and fastened
in front with a large square bow. From
it two short plumes are brought directly
bacK over the crown. The face trimming
consists of lace laid in irregular pleats. A
cluster of flowers, roses, leaves, and small
white blossoms, is placed under the brim
at the left of the Sack, so as to droop
gracefully over the hair. When this hat
is worn over the face, an inside brim trim
ming in front is omitted. Some of the
prettiest hats seen bear a strong resem
blance to the cottage bonnet formerly so
popular. An imported hat of this style
has a brim of white chip, while the crown
is formed of two crosswise puffs of cream
colored silk, separated by a pleating of
cashmere lace. The last puff is extended
so as to form a sort of cape, while a steel
and pearl ornament divides the puff from
the ends. A wreath of field flowers sur
rounds the crown, and is thickest in front.
The newest ribbons are showy and hand
some, and show many varieties. Frosted
silk and ribbon are beautiful and most ef
fective for dress hats, while for ordinary
wear serge ribbons are very handsome
and serviceable.—If. T. Vor. Chicago
Tribune.
RECENTLY
a Kansas fanner, while en-
gaged in plowing, turned up what he at
first supposed to be a peculiar stone, but
which on examination proved to be a very
good quality of lead ore, of which there
was a large surface deposit.
JUDGE HILTON
has said that there were
9,000 names on the pay-roll of the firm of
A. T. Stewart & Co. More than 2,000
persons are employed in the two stores in
New Yoik.
Tbe First Black Hills Hanging.
There were four of us seated together
around a cheerful pitch-pine fire upon
the side of a grassy knoll among the foot
hills, about forty miles from Custer.
One of the party was a mountaineer, the
rest were members of a large, well-armed
train of Black Hillers, then toiling and
working its way through a wilderness of
sage brush, endeavoring to reach the
trail our party had discovered a few
hours before. We had selected
a
spot
for rest, where the wind or the stin, or
perhaps both, had cleared away the snow
from about a huge pine knot almost pet
rified by age. The grass, too, was quite
luxuriant, and offered an inducement for
us to halt and rest until the train came up.
The fire lighted, and the knot in a blaze,
we brought forth our pipes to smoke and
watch the misty curtain rise. 'Tw»»a
glorious scene on that crisp, frosty morn'
ing, and the man who died there that day
should have felt proud of his magnificent
death chamber. Nature seems to have
lavished unlimited wealth of beauty upon
the Black Hills, and fate seems to have
led Dick Burnett to the most beautiful
spot in the Hills in which to die. While
we were calmly smoking around the fire,
watching the misty canopy rise like
feathery veil from the valley beneath
us while we silently admired the mag
nificent background of glittering snow
and bright green pines, which in the
morning sun appeared more beautiful
than ever before while we were thus
quietly admiring the beautiful, blood
red, iron-tinctured valley below us, now
plainly visible beneath the slowly-rising
curtain of mist, admiring the winding
creek in its center, which, with its broad
fringe of orange-colored Kinnckcnnic
willow, appeared like a huge yellow
snake in a basin of blood, a man rode
suddenly upon us.
Each sprang to his feet, rifle in hand.
The stranger turned his horse away in
alarm and rode quickly away. He was ti
white man, and we could not, and had no
reason to halt him. lie rode out to the
side of the road and dismounted. Then
he proceeded to arrange and write upon
some paper, which he placcd in his bo
som, and after some hesitation led his
horse toward our surprised party aud
halted about thirty paces distant, rifle
and pistol in hand.
Hallo there!"
"Hallo yourself!"
Is this the Custer road?"
Don't know. I've been lost all night.
Who are you
Pilgrims from Cheyenne. Been lost
on Jcnney's trail two days."
Then the lonely stranger rode up and
stood restlessiy awaiting interrogation.
He said he had left Custer two days be
fore, that he was drunk when he left,
and did not know what he had done or
how he had got lost. He received a lot of
letters lrom our party, and soon afterward
bade us adieu. He said he was going to
the States, and we bade him look out for
his scalp, and said good-by. Poor fel
low. Unfortunate drunk! It cost him his
life. It was late in the afternoon when
we met him again. We were in a dry
camp, a camp in which snow must be
melted for water for mac and beast. The
boys were busy at work shoveling snow
into camp kettles and melting it for the
horses. Supper was over and the guards
were out. A shot awoke the reverberat
ing echoes of the hills, and a minute
afterward every man of the fifty-five pil
grims" was prepared for duty. A party
of vigilante* rode into camp they had
come upon the guards suddenly, and had
been fired upon. They were rough
looking men, but all quite civil. Thev
inquired for a lawyer. We had one anil
he came forward. They asked for a
judge we had none, so they elected one.
They asked for a preacher, but found
none. A clerk was found in the reporter.
Tliey had brought back the strange man
of the morning He was a prisoner and
seemed to realize his position. He called
the reporter and handed him back his
mail matter, and requested him to write
a few short letters for him. This was
done and he signed them while court was
being held—the judge seated on a pile of
harness, the jury on a wagon-tongue.
"Dick Burnett!" shouted one of those
strange, cruel men. Dick turned to the
reporter and, handing him his papers and
two or three pictures, said in a trembling,
choking voice: It's all over with me, I
reckon. They all know me and it's no
use squealing."
He walked overto the wagon, while two
of the party started to an old barKless cot
tonwood tree, where a lariat was thrown
over a projecting limb.
"Dick Burnett," said old Col. Lyon,
"you've been caught in the act of steal
ing horses from the people of these hills.
You have also been found guilty of shoot
ing and wounding, with intent to kill,
Peter S. Lambert, and with stealing his
horse. This ere party of true aud good
men have settled this fact and say you
must hang. What have you to say against
it?"
Dick, while old man Lyon was speak
ing, manifested little or no fe.eling. lie
looked in the faces of all and seemed to
expect some interference from the mem
bers of our train. He paused for a mo
ment, when he said:
I know I shot Pete Lambert, but iie
wanted to get the drop on me. I took his
horse, and I may have taken a few others,
but what I done I done when I was drunk.
If I've got to swing, I'll do it like a man,
only give me time to fix up matters afore
I go."
Then the poor fellow sat down, and
with tears in his eyes, wrote a letter to
his father in Steubenville, Ohio, and one
to his brother in St. Louis, and still an
other to a lady in Coshockton, Ohio. Then
he arise, and dashing the tears from his
bloodshot eyes, said he was ready. He
gave his rifle and his horse to Col. Lyon
to be sent back to the owner, Pete Lam
bert, and folding his arms walked to the
tree. For a moment he hesitated. Life
was sweet to him (he was not thirty). But
he was seized from behind and pushed
forward to the tree, and mounted the
horse without hesitation. Then the tears
came gushing from his eyes, while his
arms were belted down to his side. The
rope was passed over his neck and drawn
taut. Another minute and the horse re
ceived a blow which sent it galloping
down the valley, and Dick Burnett was
struggling between heaven and earth. It
was soon over, the rope was untied, and
lie fell to the earth, and was left, to the
pilgrims to bury. We rolled him up in
his saddle-blanket and interred hi in in
the blood-red soil of "Red Canon," with
a pine lxiard at his head inscribed:
Richard Burnett, of Steubenville, Ohio.
Died Feb. 26, 1876."—Kansas City Times.
Nice Pets.
Thomas L. Bond, the celebrated alliga
tor trapper, on Wednesday morning boxed
up about thirty of the largest-sized alliga
tors ever seen, and conveyed them to the
City Park, where a picture of the reptiles
was taken by Mr. Anderson. Everyone
ofthe animals kept their large jaws open,
and beside them stood the trapper. We
learn the following facts about these rep
tiles from Mr. Bond. He goes into his
hole about the 1st of November, on the
first cold wind stays until the first warm
day in February. The female commences
laying in the latter part of May they
hatch the latter part of July and August.
They eat fish, young pigs, dogs—in fact
any animal that comes within reach of
them—negroes and grass, when they can
find nothing else they commence to eat
as soon as they come out, and eat until
they go into their holes in the fall. The
female lays from eighteen to ninety
eggs, according to the size of the female.
The male lies about the nest, and if he
succeeds in driving the female off, devours
the young as soon as hatched. The nest
is made in low, swamp ground the mate
rial used is dry grass or dried cane, and
raised about three and a half or four feet
high. When it is of the required height
she gets on top and with her claws makes
a hole and deposits her eggs, then covers
over with more of the same material, then
a covering of mud to make it as near water
proof as possible. The first four years
after hatching they grow about lour inches
per year after that very slow, not more
than from one to two. Dr. Dick says, in
his Christian Philosophy," that man'and
the alligators are the only animals that
kill their species by wholesale.—New Or
leans Bulletin.

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