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The Redwood gazette. [volume] (Redwood Falls, Minn.) 1873-1940, November 30, 1876, Image 3

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025570/1876-11-30/ed-1/seq-3/

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Site $duocfl toette.
I fceep 'horn in the old. old box
I hut Willie pivo me years iujo.
The time we parted on the rocks
His ship lay sw npn to and fro,
At waiting in the lower hay.
I thought my heart would break, that day!
The picture with the peimive eyes
Is \Yi lie"#* No. dear, that'* young Blake,
\N ho took the Weet Point highest prize
He went half crazy lor my 8ake.
Here are a lot ot rhymes he wrote,
And here*? a button off his coat.
Is this his rini:? My dearest Mnv,
I never took a riui from
was a «rilt from Howard i'lav.
Just -ee. the earls areijettinj: dim.
They say that pearls are tears—what stuff!
Tiie* setting looks a little rough.
He was as* handsome as a prince—
And jealous! but he went to Home
Last fail, lie's never written since.
1 used to visit at his home—
A lovely place beyond Fort Lee:
His mother thought the world of me!
Oh no! I sent bit letters hack.
These came to me from Washington.
Pu* look, what a tremendous pack!
He always wrote me three for one.
1 know I used to treai him ill—
Toor Jack!—he fell at Chan.ellorsville.
The viimette*—all that lot—are scalps
1 to Tk in London, Naples. Nice,
s. and
a i«ong
the Alps:
Those foreign loxers aet like geese.
Hut. dear, they
stu handsome men.
We go to Fruiice next year again.
This is the doctor'* signet ring.
These faded llower** li. let me Bee:
Why. what a very curious thin"!
Who could have sent those AowerttO me?
Ah! now 1 have it—Count de Twirl:
He married that fat Crosbie girl.
His hair was red.—You need not look
So sadly at that raven tress.
You know the head that lock forsook
You know -but you could never guess!
Nor wouMl tell you for the world
About w ho?e brow that ringlet curled.
Why won't I tell? Well, partly child,
because you like the man yourse
Hut most, because—don't set so wild!
I have not laid him ou the shelf—
lie's not a bygone, in a year,
tell yo i all about
—Mary Aituje dt 1% r\ in ticribnerfor DtCtmber.
I am sure Tiliie's spirit must have
slid down "to earth on a sunbeam, it is
such a shining bit of spirit, always turn
ing its face toward the cheerful side of
events, as a sunflower turns its disk to the
Most children, you know, are wise in
some one talent or trait, some one good or
ul quality that grows faster than the
ret of them, and Tillie, who is very child
like in most respects, and even behind
others of her age in her studies, is very
K1 in hope. Her sister Mary, though two
ears her senior, has not "half Millie's
courage, and is very much inclined to
("'ak, and if you could speml a week at
tiieir liou*e, I think you would laugh at
the funny likeness" tliey bear to their
Mr. Tread way looks out of the window,
and if there is a cloud anywhere visible,
he is sure it is going to rain but little
Mrs. Treadway on the rainest day in the
year is always seeing a Uiin place some
where in the clouds, and is sure the storm
won't la.-t much longer. If it still goes
on. she always saj-s how much this will
help the crops," or "the cisterns were
almost dry." or something else that re
minds you of refreshing drops from the
full reservoir of her grateful heart.
Mary studies well and is neat and order
ly and"worries too much, ami Tillie learns
from everything that flies and walks, and
is not as careful as she ought to be about
getting those dreadful three-cornered tears
iu her gowns and pinafores, but she has a
lovely trust iu everybody's good inten
tions, and she promises, with tears in her
eyes and no knowledge of grammar in her
small head tliat she "won't never do it
TLe two sisters sat in the nursery one
pleasant November dav, dressing" their
"Oh! say, Mary," said Tillie, auddon
ly, "let's have a Thanksgiving dinner."
"Why, we abrays have one, of course.
Don't you remember last year it was at
Aunt Mary's, and the year before at
grandmother's, and this year it's going
to be—"
"Oh! dear," interrupted Tillie, "do
you s'pose I mean our reg'lar grown up
dinner? 'Course not. I mcau one aJI to
"What for?" asked practical Mary
I dou't see anv use in it
Why, Mary "Treadway, I should think
you'd be ashamed of yourself," exclaimed
Tillie, pursing tip iier small mouth in
great indignation. Didn't you hear the
minister when he read that scrap of paper,
the procoln!.\ai, you know didn't he say
there wasn't nolwdj- in church but that
had ought to keep Thanksgiving."
Poor Tillie! her eagerness destroyed
all traces of the educated societv she was
in the habit of meeting. I don't keep
Thanksgiving much sittin' right against,
the leg of a table aDd waiting for every
body to get helped, when I an» just as
hungry as a bear. It just makes me feel
Mary could hardly help laughing at the
scowl that tried to keep tight hold of her
merry sister's forehead.
We've got such a lot of things to be
thankful for. yon too,'* QoutiuacU Time.
I don't Know whether we have Or not,"
put in Mary. You know papa's clerk
ran away last week with s-500."
Pshaw!" interrupted Tillie, "that
isn't much. Papa's got a new overcoat,
you know and we've got our blue sacques
and white satin bonnets. I guess that's
more good than that old $500 is bad."
Mary thought of that blue plush sacque
neatly folded "in her drawer, and of the
cunning bonnet deftly balanced on the
standard iu her band-box and was silent.
They just suited htr, and were dear unto
her "feminine soul.
"Then," said Tillie, lowering her tone
and growing confidential. "There's
mother, you know, I'm awfully thank
ful she has wavy brown hair" and rail
teeth. What if she was like Mrs. Thorn
ton, with snipping l)ead-catchers all
round her forehead and make-believe
teeth! I guess you wouldn't feel very
thankful then, Mary Treadway. Besides
thai, Tom'g home
Oh! don't speak of that, Tillie," said
Mary, quickly, the tears springing to her
eyes, l'on know lie had to come home,
treatise he was so bad at school, and
mother's nearly broken-hearted about
him. I heard father talking with him
yesterday in the library trying to get him
to write a letter of- apology to the teach
ers. and he wouldn't. I'm afraid, Tillie,
Tom's going to grow up a wicked man
and te a—be—a—thorn inour flesh," said
Mary, with great seriousness, but some
thing of triumph in the fine way she man
aged to round the sentence.
Tillie was stunned by this speech 01
Mary 's, Tom was her pet and admira
tion," and all the Thanksgiving spirit flew
away from her heart for a few brief sec
onds but then she thought of the dear
fellow, and her usual cheerfulness re
''Well, Mary, don't you see we're
thankful we've got him anyway, even if
he is a little speck naughty. He'll get
over it, maybe," (or Ss Tillie said,
mebbe"and oh! I'm awful glad we've
got him—'cause he's the darlingest broth
er ever was. We'll both ask God to make
him mind papa—then he can't help doing
it. you see. Our dollies must come to
dinner, of course, and they'll be thankful,
'cause we're their mothers, and we're
pretty kind ones, ten times kinder'n Bell
Smith is to her dollies, and they ought to
be happy, for they might have* been dar
key dolls just as well as lovely white ones.
Bettv'll give us some bread and chicken
and pickles and cheese, and we'll have
my dishes."
Well," said Mary who was usually
dragged along by the wrfke of Tiliie's en
thusiasm, ana whose thoughts were still
busy with the disgraceful conduct of that
bad brother Tom.
It was only two dajB before Thanksgiv
mg. Tillie was as blithe as a bird, flitting
here and there, and chirping over her
enormous preparations. Charlotte Ame
lia had to be dressed in pink silk with a
wliile muslin over-dress, and all the white
stripes on Jack, the finiir&f mwlifd to
be carefully sponged before he was fit te
dine in laities' society. Mary Ann, who
lost half her nose by a fire-cracker on the
Fourth of uly, was forced to submit to
becoming a waitress and was duly fitted
«nd costumed for the occasion. Natalie,
fresh from Paris, always appeared in an
exquisitely conscientious toilette, and was
fortunately ready for any American occa
sion. Every dish in the nursery was
thoroughly washed and dried, and through
it all, dear little Tillie was saying to her
self, (though you would never have imag
ined it, for she seemed to be hopping
about and talking every minute of the
-time,) Please God, make my darling,
darling brother Tom good—please, please
do!" Oh! what an earnest asking it was
from that loving sister's heart.
The nursery dinner was to be at one
o'clock, and they weie to be all through to
sit down at the great table in the dining
room at three.
Tillie had proposed dressing for the oc
casion in one of mamma's long over-skirts,
and Mary had followed her example, be
ing impressed by the graceful train of the
uniooped skirt, as Tillie swept grandly
across the room. A pair of mamma's
coquettish convalescent caps of muslin
and valenciennes, with bright bows, gave
them the appearance of two very dressy
ami engaging matrons, for some mysteri
ou* reasons, suddenly cut short.
As papa and mamma came in to see
tiieir table and help pin on their impos
ing head gear, Tillie noticed that their
faces were brighter than the}' had been
since Tom came home in disgrace.
Her heart gave a bound of joy, and she
ran out to find her brother and have him
take a look at her wonderful table. She
ran across the drawing room, and looking
over her shoulder at her train, as she sped
along, went plump into Tom's arms.
"Oh! dear, how you scared me," she
said, rubbing her forehead.
But Tom cid not pinch her or tease her,
as he was apt to do, after the manner of
most boys, lie lifted the quaint little
figure in his arms and sat down quite
soberly in an arm-chair, holding her face
close to his shoulder.
Tiliie," he said, after he could speak,
for it's very hard, you know, for a proud
spirited boy like Tom to eat humble pie,
You're the dearest little sister that ever
a boy had, and 1 thought you might have
a better Thanksgiving if 1 told you that
somehow 1
•couldn't help minding father,
and I've written the letter. It was tough
work to give in, but, you see, I heard you
and Mary talking "the other day—the
door was open—ami—"
What Tom would have said was entirely
smothered, for Tiliie's arms were about
his neck ard the pretty cap was knocked
all awry by the series of joyous hugs she
was inflicting upon the repentant boy.
Oh! you are the darlingest brother. I
knew you'd get over it—now come and
see our table—it's perfectly beautiful.''''
Everybody thought Tiliie's face was
"perfectly beautiful," as she tripped back
into the nursery with Torn striding beside
her. and as she gravely assisted the dolls
to their portion of her fine dinner, the
prayer of the last two days was changed
to a" song thai ucut on iiml on through all
the courses and through all the hours of
the afternoon, until her tired head was
fairly on the snowy pillow, and it was all
made up of two short words—" Thank
you—thank you thank you thank
So Tiliie's make-believe dinner was a
real Thanksgiving one after all.—Paige
Duoight, in Christian Union.
Ill Case of Fire.
The season is at hand when fires most
prevail, and when the precautionary
hints of the late Dr. Hall are most impor
tant to be heeded. They are as follows:
Keep doors and windows of the structure
closed until the firemen come put a wet
cloth over the mouth, and get on all fours
in a smoky room open the upper part of
the window to get the smoke out if in a
theater, church, or school room, keep
cool descend ladders with a regular step
to prevent the vibration. If kerosene
just purchased can be made to burn in a
saucer by igniting with a match, throw it
away. Put wire work or class shades
over gaslights in show windows, and in
«nrinklf» sand
instead of sawdust on floors of oil stores
keep shavings and kindling wood away
from steam boilers, and greasy rags from
lofts, cupboards, boxes, etc. see that all
stovepipes enter well in the chimney, and
that all lights and fires are out before re
tiring or leaving the place of business
keep matches in metal or earthern vessels,
and out of the reach of children and pro
vide a piece of stout rope, long enough to
reach the ground, in every chamber.
Neither admit any one if the house be on
fire, except police, firemen and known
neighbors nor swing lighted gas brackets
against the wall nor leave small children
in a room where there are matches or an
open fire nor deposit ashes in a wooden
box, or on the floor nor use a light it*
examining the gas meter. Never leave
clothes near the fire-place to dry nor
smoke or read in bed by candle or lamp
light nor put kindling wood to dry on
top of the stove nor take a light into a
closet nor pour out liquor near an open
light nor keep burning or other inflam
mable fluids in rooms where there is a
fire nor allow smoking about /burns or
warehouses.—Scientifio American,
A Sign-Carrier's Luck.
John Weeks, for some tirno a laborer in
Greenwood Cemetery, and latterly a sign
carrier for a hatter's firm on Park Row,
has been blessed with an extraordinary
streak of good fortune. lie first suffered
by breaking his leg in the cemetery, and
was conveyed to the King's County Hos
pital, where he remained four months.
After coming out he procured employ
ment as a sign-carrier or advertisement
toter, earning thesum of seven dollars per
week. He continued in this occupation
more than two years. Every one whose
business has led him through Park Row
must have seen him. He was a man of
medium height, with gray mustache and
a stolid, resolute face. A few months ago
he received a letter from Mississippi in
forming him of the decease of a wealthy
bachelor uncle, who bequeathed to him
property consisting of real estate and
bonds and stocks to the value of $60,000.
He immediately returned to his former
home, secured possession of the property,
and yesterday he was ou a business visit
to New York, and he thought he would
drop in and see his old employer. Mr.
Day congratulated him on his good for
tune, anu told him he felt almost as
proud as he would if the money had been
left to him. He bought a new hat and
departed.—N. Y. Express.
A Conductor Who Was Living Within
His Salary.
There were several good stories told at
the conductors' banquet Thursday evening,
but the one tliat created the most laughter
was that which was related by Conductor
McElroy, from Pennsylvania. He said
that a conductor on an Eastern railroad
was approached by a seedy looking indi
vidual, who wanted to get a free ride, as
he didn't have money.
All. right," said the conductor, go
forward into the smoking-car, and I'll fix
you all right."
Soon afterwards the conductor appeared
in the smoking-car to collect fare from
the passengers. He took up fare from
everybody except the dead-beat and an
other man, who happened to be the Su
perintendent of the road. The Super
intendent noticed that lie liqd overlooked
this man, and asked him why he had
done It.
Why, that's a conductor," was the
His appearance does not indicate it.
Look at those clothes," said the Superin
Well," said the conductor, he can't
helpthat. He's a conductor on a Western
road, and he's one of those fellows who
are trying to live within tiieir salary, and
that's what he has come to."
This was satisfactory to the Superintend
ent, and the man obtained his ride without
ji^rther iaquiry. Mr. MeElroy staled that
thota was nothing personal in the story.—
Omaha Bee.
.—The poet Whittier has reached his
sixty-ninth year, and grows more tender
and grand in his manhood as age ripens
his utteUect.
—There is an eccentric gentleman in
Virginia who is haunted with the idea
that he will die in the poor-house,
although he is in comfortable circum
stances at present. He has erected a
handsome marble shaft bearing his name,
in the cemetery of that institution, blank
spaces being left to be filled in at his
death, and now only waits for fate or
destiny to strip him of his property and
make him a candidate for his expected
—Another man has been found in Lon
don whose crime is that he has too much
faith. His child had scarlet fever, and
he refused to call a physician, but went
down on his knees jmd asked the Lord to
cure the boy. The Judge said that the
prayer was undoubtedly a good one, but
that it ought to have been accompanied
with chamomile tea. He then sentenced
the criminal to three months' hard labor,
declaring that it was not because he
prayed, but because he did not practice.
—A very unique case was brought be
fore a Waterford (Conn.) Justice, recent
ly. It seems that a woman of that village
expected the death of one of her children,
and borrowed a dress of a neighbor to
wear at the funeral. The child recovered,
which caused its mother so much happi
ness that she went to a tonic beer party,
wearing her neighbor's dress, and spilled
some of the beer on it. The owner of the
dress demanded compensation, which wTas
refused, whereupon she appeals to the
law. By the advice of the Justice the af
fair was settled without atrial.
—Newbury port, Mass., boasts the most
terrible infant yet. He is something over
five years old, and the other day stole five
dollars from his father and went out to in
vest it. He went to a store and bought a
pistol and cartridges, and after practicing
awhile with it happened to meet a young
playmate, at whose head he presented the
weapon and threatened to blow his brains
out if lie did not hook Jack"—meaning
play truant from school. The good boy
got away, however, and told his mother,
who complained to the police, and the
fierce young renegade was arrested. Sev
eral plugs of tobacco were found in his
pockets aud a quantity of candy. After
being confined awhile*he was set at liber
ty, ou his father giving bail lor his good
—The Jackson (Miss.) Times relates
the following wonderful escape of an in
fant from a horrible death: The child was
lying in its cradle with a mosquito-bar
spread over the top, and a little sister,
about three years of age, and a little col
ored girl about the same age were the
only occupants of the room. The elder
child held a chip in the fire and ignited it,
and in shaking it to and fro to extinguish
it, the mosquito-bar was set in a blaze,
and the quilt and sheet burned, and even
the mattress was burned at the head. It
happened that at that moment a young
brother opened the door and discovered
the situation of affairs, and the fire was
extinguished. The infant lay iu the crib
smiling at the flames, and neither she nor
her clothes were scorched.
—Cincinnati papers of a late date con
tain reports of the death of Micajah Bai
ley, a provision broker of twenty-five
years' standing in that city, through the
error of a drug clerk, who put up prussic
acid for a harmless mixture prescribed by
the physician. Mr. Bailey was suffering
from a strain received while acting as a
pall-bearer at the funeral of an acquaint
ance. He had taken to his bed, and his
physician had prescribed an ounce of
prussiate of potash dissolved in four fluid
ounces of water, a tablespoonful to be
taken every four hours. The druggist
compounded the cyanide instead of the
ferro-cyanide of potassium, and the pa
tient died one hour after taking the first
dose. The druggist admits his fault and
says he is prepared to stand the conse
—Francis Graffatte, the Frenchman
found guilty, in this city, on Saturday, of
murder in the seconi degree, for killing
Simon Hoover, in March, was found dead
on the floor of his cell this morning. I
was at the jail until midnight, when all
appeared right. Graffatte was quiet after
tile verdict, and spoke in jail only when
praying. He exclaimed, frequently:
Oh, Lord! what will my sentence be?"
O An A & t. A
row!" No one heard any unusual sounds.
Death was effected by tying a towel to a
rafter in the cell, and a handkerchief to
that, with a noose. He hung until the
noose slipped out and the body fell to the
floor. Sentence was to have been reserved
until Saturday, to allow him to dispose of
his property, valued at $20,000.— Water
own (N. Y.) Dispatch.
A Workingmen's Co-Opcrative Society.
The concentration of population in the
manufacturing districts of England is
past belief till one has seen some such a
center as Leeds. Here the British work
man may be seen at his best and at his
worst. His liberal patronage of the gin
shop. and his love for the gentle bull-pup,
have been a fertile theme for official pens.
It is more agreeable to report what he has
done to help himself, to organize his idle
shillings into a federal union of dividends
and to teach himself and children sobriety
and thrift.
Here is a tangible expression of York
shire common sense—a handsome four
story block of stores, splendid in plate
lags, carved stonework, and architectural
stores of the "Leode Induo
trial Co-operative Society, Limited," Al
bion street, Leeds. It may be Saturday
afternoon—a half holiday in the mills—
and the streets swarm with work-people
of every age and condition. Albion street
is none too wide for the traffic that pours
along its sidewalks and roadway, and
gathers about the open doors of the
Leeds Industrial," actually struggling
in and out, and pressing thickly up to
the counters. One door leads to a
grocery store, the next to a drapeiy
store, another door leads up-stairs to
the house-furnishing ware-rooms, the
out-fitting department, and the boot
and shoe store. There is no display in
the windows (after the co-operative
manner), and we may follow the multi
tude inside to watch the active trade.
Plain, hard-working people, perhaps
grimy from their toil, they press up to
the counters, cash in hand, ready to buy.
The salesmen have evidently prepared for
a good demand, and the staple goods, al
ready put up in convenient packages, are
piled in enormous heaps on the counters.
They deal out the bundles with wonder
ful speed, take the money, make a note
in a sales-book, tear off the voucher (or
half-leaf), and give it with the change to
the customer. Each one takes his or her
goods, and moves away as quickly as pos
sible to make room for others. Near the
door, in a tiny office, such as is some
times used for the cashier in American
stores, sits a young girl. Each one pre
sents the fly-leaf to her, and receives a tin
or brass token representing th« amount of
the purchase. This is the evidence of
trade at the society's stores, and will be a
guide in estimating the allocation of prof
its next dividend day. For every bag of
flour the member may buy he will receive
back a bonus or dividend of two shillings
and sixpence. On all other goods the
bonus will be two shillings and twopence
in every pound these tokens represent.
This is the key to this active trade this
explains this eagerness to buy this is the
excuse for being" that the society can
The shops seem to be equal to the best
of their class in London or New York.
The stock is veiy large, of apparently the
best quality, and is admirably put up,
ready for immediate sale. Going up
stairs, we find the building blockaded
with people intent on trade. A woman
coming down-stairs, her three boys mak
ing much clatter with their new wooden
shoes, brushes past a man with a wicker
baby-carriage under one arm and a mop
broom under the other. There is plenty
of roughness, broad Yorkshire dialect,
toil-stained clothing, and good English
piuk and scramble every man for him
self but, with all, there is a feeling for
order and honest good-nature. Above
stairs, there are halls and corridors
packed from floor to ceiling with
boots and shoes, brushes, kitchen
ware, household goods, and ready
made clothing. The people swarm
into every nook and corner, be
siege the salesmen, and drive a
lively trade. These busy shop
buyers an the members
of the Leeds Industrial—a few of the
16j000 share-holders, the legal owners of
this building, the thirty branch stores, the
shoe manufactory and the great flour-mill
at Marshall street in the Holbeck district.
Every man and woman of this company
has five or more shares in the society, or
has paid down good shillings to let them
earn the shares. Each one of these peo
ple participated In that handsome divi
dend of £16,506 17s. 8d. that was paid last
quarter day. That is more than two
pounds a year apiece, or two shillings and
a trifle over in every 240 pennies they
spent at the stores, besides the interest at
five per cent, a year on their share capital
of £122,332 17s. llj^d.—Charles Barnard,
in Scribnerfor December.
Decidedly Lazy.
Laziness was his foible. He had that
unpleasant quality in its supreme condi
tion. The throne of indolence was vacant
on our coast until Cyrus lolled forward
and fell into it.
He was own brother to Uie snail, and
no relation whatever to the ant. Even his
cautious father, discoursing of him one
day, acknowledged that boy was rather
cliicken-hcarted about work." Unaided
locomotion was distasteful to him. If
sent on an errand to the next cottage, he
waited patiently for an opportunity to
transfer "himself bodily into the tail-end of
somebody's passing wagon, considering it
better to be thus assisted along than to as
sume the responsibility of moving for
ward on his own legs. He spared himself
all th«T fatigue possible to mortality, and
overcame labor by constantly lying in
wait for a lift," as he called it. He
was the only sea-side stripling I ever met
who eschewed fishing. Most boys are
devotees of the rod and line, but Cyrus
was an exception. The necessary anteri
or search for bait was too much for his
inertia. Clam and worm might lie for
ever undisturbed, so far as he was con
His dilatory habit rose sometimes to
the audacity of genius. He could consume
more hours in going a mile to the village
postoffice and returning with the mail
than one would credit, unless his gait
came under personal observation. We
took a kind of exasperated delight as we
used to watch him trailing along the
ground, and we felt a fresh wonder ev
ery day at his power of slow procedure.
It seemed a gift, an endowment, now for
the first time vouchsafed to mortal inert
ness. The caterpillar would have been
too rapid for him he would lose in
race with that dull groundling. He
seemed to be counting myriads of some
thing in the road. When he cautiously
and laboriously lifted up one foot, it
seemed an eternity before the other fol
lowed it. He would frequently drop
asleep in getting over a stone wall, and
his recumbent figure was imprinted under
all the trees by the road-side.—" A Pecu
liar Case,'" in Scribnerfor December.
Sensations When Dying'.
The popular ideas relative to the suffer
ings ef persons on the point of death are
undoubtedly to a certain extent erroneous.
The appearance of extreme agony which
is often presented under these circum
stances is due to mere muscular agitation,
independent of any extraordinary sensi
bility of the nerves of feeling. Those
wlio'die a natural death in the very last
stages of existence are scarcely conscious
of bodily suffering—not more than they
frequently' are to the attentions and solici
tude of friends.
Those who die by violence or accident
undoubtedly experience a degree of pain
proportionate to the extent of the bodily
mutilation. Hanging is doubtless an un
pleasant mode of death but few, after
all, shuffle off this mortal coil" more
easily than those who are suspended by
the neck. It is akin to drowning in
this respect. The blood immediately
seeks the head and soon deprives it of all
consciousness. The efforts to inhale the
air, which are kept up for sometime after
the cord is attached, and which causes
violent movements of the chest and ex
tremities, arise from the influence of the
spinal marrow, whose sensibility is not so
soon destroyed by the congestion of blood
aaiJmt nf the brain.„
Persons who cie by decapitation most
probably suffer more, though their pain is
only momentary this is the case with
those who blow out their brains. The
sensation produced by a ball passing
through the body would be difficult to de
scribe by oue who has never experienced
it, but it is something singular in this
case that those who are shot, although the
leaden messenger of death may not
have penetrated any essentially vital or
gan, immediately fall to the earth, ap
parently under an irresistible feeling of
their approaching return to dust, exclaim
ing, as it were, involuntarily, "I am a
dead man!"
A dagger wound in the heart, for the
few moments which are consummated in
the ebbing of life, must occasion unut
terable feelings of agony, independent of
the mere sensations of pain in the parts
sundered by the entrance of the blade.
The rushing out of the blood, at each con
vulsive pulsation of the heart, must seem
like the actual spectacles of the flow of life.
Those who are crushed to death may
not expire instantly, unless the cranium
happens to be involved in the casualty.
Where the skull is not fractured there iB
probably an inconceivable agonyfor a few
seconds—a flashing thought of home,
friends and family, and all is over. Those
who are cut into by a heavily-burdened
railroad carriage, must experience some
similar sensations.
If the neck is broken low down the per
son does not necessarily die on the in
stant. His situation js the most distress
ing of any which can be imagined. He
may live and have a being for days but
he cannot move. His face may express
all the passions, feelings .and emotions
but beyond the motions of his breast and
countenance his energies do not go. His
arms are pinioned at his side his legs are
lifeless, and he essentially beholds his
body in the grave, while he is yet in full
possession of his faculties. Hie least dis
turbance of his position is liable to launch
him at once into eternity.
In taking laudanum a person exists in
a state of insensibility for a length of
time, a melancholy spectacle to his
friends. In poisoning from arsenic a
great amount of suffering is undergone.
The sensibility of the stomach is exceed
ingly acute when inflamed, and the effect
of arsenic is to produce a fatal inflamma
tion of the viscus. Prussic acid is rapid,
and acts by paralyzing the brain.
In reflecting on the horrors which death
presents under these different aspects of
violence the mind becomes overcome with
disgust. We cannot do better than turn
to the contemplation of its features in the
milder course of disease, where, if the
mind be at ease, the final exit is made
without any of those revolting exhibitions
of bodily suffering.—New Haven Register.
The Guinea-Worm.
One of the ugly parasitic worms that
find a congenial home in the flesh of men
and animals is the Filaria mediensis,
popularly called the Guinea-worm. It is
indigenous in certain hot countries, as
in Abyssinia, Upper Egypt, Senegal and
other parts of Africa, India, Persia, Cen
tral Asia and the Island of Curacoa. The
only specimens that have yet been identi
fied were impregnated females but it is
supposed that the little Tank-worms of
India are the larval form of the Filaria.
The adult animal is siender and cylindri
cal, of an opaque, milk-white color, about
one-ninth of an inch in diameterand from
six inches to four feet in length.
The manner In which the'worm enters
the human body is not known but the
probability is, that, while still very young
and minute, it penetrates the skin. It is
related by Carter that fifty school children
in Bombay went to bathe in a certain
pond, and twenty-oneof the number after
ward suffered from the parasite, some of
them being attacked by four or five. Na
tives, who are in the habit of going bare
foot and of frequently entering the water,
are more subject to its attacks than are
Europeans. After entering the body, the
parasite remains imbedded in the tissue,
in a more or less quiescent condition, un
til it has fully matured, which takes from
eight weeks to two years. It then ap
proaches the surface, creating by its pres
ence an nicer, which breaks spontaneou
ly in a few days. Through the opening
thus made, the worm, if undisturbed will
eject its young. As two or three inches
of the anterior end now protrude, the par
asitf can be easily drawn out by pulling
gently on the end, and winding it around
a small stick, or a little roll of linen. The
process of extraction is a protracted one,
as only a small portion of the worm can
be drawn out daily. It is necessary to
Use great care not to tear the animal, as
any part left in the flesh is apt to induce
violent inflammation, fever and other in
jurious symptoms.
The Guinea-worm oftenest occurs in
the legs or feet, although it has been
found in the tongue, in the layers of the
mesentery behind the liver, and'under
the conjunctina of the eye. It is stated
by one medical authority that in 173 cases
it appeared 124 times in the feet, thirty
three times in the legs, eleven limes in
the thighs, twice in the hands and twice
elsewhere. As many as fifty worms have
been reported in a single person. Some
times the fever and pain occasioned by its
presence is very severe. It has even been
known to result in death. On tli# other
hand, it occasionally induces no particu
larly unpleasant symptoms.
The Guinea-worm is among the pests
familiar to the ancients. It has been
argued that the fiery serpents" which
plagued the Israelites during their so
journ in the wilderness were none other
than these parasites, which, in breaking
out, cause so much heat and anguish.
They are indigenous to the central and
eastern portion of Arabia Petraea and it
is thought that, while traversing this dis
trict, the Israelites may have been at
tached by them, and, from ignorance of
the proper treatment, suffered the great
mortality that is mentioned in the Script
ures as happening within the region.—
Chicago Tribune.
The Intelligent Coal Dog.
'A. late illustrated weekly has a picture
ot a big fat coal-dealer and a lean indi
vidual, who asks the former for a place as
a coal-cart driver. The dealer says:
You cai't get it coal has fallen in
price, and we have to employ the heaviest
men we can find as drivers." Of course
the driver had to sit on the cart while the
cheap coal was being weighed, and a few
hundred pounds of flesh aid not materially
injure the coal dealer.
A well-known Memphis coal-dealer not
long since had a big dog of wonderful
sagacity. He (the dog) stayed around the
coal-jard, and whenever a coal-cart was
hauled on the scales the dog always took a
stand under the wagon like a coach-dog.
He weighed nearly 100 pounds, and was
weighed as coal thousands of times, and
nearly every coal consumer in the city
purchased that dog at so much per pound,
consequently he was owned by everybody.
Tie matter went on for months, aud
w»s only discovered by a funny inci
dent. A negro wanted a barrel of
ccal, and wheeled a liand-cart with coal
on the weighing scales. The clerk in the
office worked at the scales and hallooed
through the window: Take out a lot of
that ccal." The negro did so, and kept
on until all the coal was out of the cart.
TUo o lor It tried tlio oouloc ogain, but tlic
pea indicated too much. "Take out
more coal," shouted the clerk "curse it,
you have a boat load of coal on that
cart!" "Look ye heah, boss," replied
the negro, "the coal is all out, and
I'll have to take the wheels off the cart
if you want to lighten it." The negro
looked under the cart, and seeing the
big fat dog at his post, exclaimed:
Good heavens, massa, you's selling me
that dog for coal." The dog w-as missed
in a few days, and was found dead on the
scales, the animal having taken some
poisou accidentally, but he came back to
die at his post. It was a fine example of
"faithful unto death."—Memphis Ledger.
Price of Food in Old Times.
Amid the never-ending comments on the
high price of provisions, it is difficult for
us to rtalize the fact that a time existed in
Britain's history when wheat, as food for
100 for a whole day, was worth only a
shilling, and the average price of sheep
four pence. In the reign of Henry I. the
price of wine was raised to six pence a
wlfite,*"In"orcfer fl\Sl1he"sefieil SWgfit'f*
enabled to live by it. When wheat was
at six shillings a quart or (eight bushels),
the farthing loaf was to be equal in
weight to twenty-four ounces if made of
the whole grain, and to sixteen ounces if
consisting solely of white. And when
wheat was only one shilling and six pence
per quarter, as it sometimes was, the
farthing white loaf was to contain sixty
four ounces, and the whole grain ninety
six. Think of purchasing a six-pound
loaf of good wheaten bread for a farthing!
In the nineteenth year of the reign of Ed
ward I., the price of provisions of the
City of London was fixed by the Common
Council at a tariff by which two pullets
were sold at three half-pence, a partridge
or two woodcocks for the same, while a
fat lamb was to be six pence from Christ
mas to Shrovetide, and the reft of the
year four pence. In the fourteenth cen
tury Parliament fixed the price of a fat ox
at forty-eight shillings, a shorn sheep at
five shillines, two dozen eggs at three
pence, and the best wine at twenty shill
ings per tun. An act of Parliament,
passed in 1533, settled the value of beef
and pork at a half-penny per pound, and
veal at throo fartliinff« —W.nfHeh Xfngn,
Ho More Fooling.
A woman named Hastings, living near
the House of Correction, came down town
yesterday in search of her husband, and
finding him hanging round the postoffice,
waiting for latest returns," she collared
him and called out:
I want you up home.
Not yet, my dear I want to hear the
result," he replied.
"You come along home!" she repeated.
I want to see this thing decided as much
as you do, but we are out of wood, flour,
meat and potatoes, and we've got to eat
whethei iiits country ever has a President
or not."
"I'll come up this evening after I hear
the result," he protested.
"The result can be learned light here,
Peter Hastings!" she chuckled, catching
him by the collar. Now you trot, or
I'll double you right up before this
"Lemme hear from Louisiana—only
from Louisiana!" he pleaded.
"You'll hear from me!" she howled,
giving him a shake, and, seeing that she
was backed by the crowd, he meekly fol
lowed her away.—Detroit Free Press.
Hygiene of Plants.
An article in the American Naturalist
on the Hygiene of Plants" commends
the wholesome effect of growing vegeta
tion in living-rooms. It asserts, with
reason, that, if forests purify the air
about them, a group of plants in the
house will do the same. It remarks that
Many gaseous and other substances af
fect animals and plants in a similar man
ner and, in manv cases, an atmosphere
in which-one wifl not thrive is hurtful
to the other. Many injurious gases that
are too often found in our,dwellings
affect plants even more readily than they
do man, so that, to a certain extent,
plants become teste of the air we breathe
and, when it is found that plants will not
grow in a room because of gas from chan
delier or furnace, it is surely true that
such rooms are unfit for man's occupa
tion, and that they cannot be used with
out certain injury to the health. In
green-houses, where a large number of
plants are shut up in a small amount of
air, it is true that the amount of car
bonic acid is, even at night, less than out
side. Florists, who spend much of their
time in greenhouses, are, as a class, un
usually healthy and sometimes these
people sleep lor weeks -in the greenhouse,
with not the least evil effect. Physi
cians who have had much experience
among florists haVe uniformly testified to
their general robustness. It is also a
well known fact that asthmatic persons
often find great relief as they enter a
green-house and breathe its air even
those whose complaint prevents comforta
ble rest elsewhere find little or no trouble
in sleeping in a green-house."
Tennessee has 226 convicts at work on
tiw Cincinnati Southern Railroad.
—An Englishman, who does thorough
farming, and makes it pay, says he always
feeds his land before it is hunsrrv, rests it
before it is weary, and weeds ft before it
is foul.
—The Prairie Fanner names cotton
wood, soft maple and white elm, if you
want shade quickly at the expense of
some other tilings and black walaut,
white ash and sugar maple, if you can
wait a little to get something valuable for
—To remove finger-marks from rose
wood furniture take equal parts of tur
pentine, sweet oil, and rain water, put
them in a bottle, shake them thoroughly,
and rub on the furniture with a soft cloth,
and polish with a dry cloth, it will remove
all finger marks, scratches, etc.
—Plain Pudding.—One toacupful of
tapioca soaked over night in three pints of
water in the morning pare and core six
nice apples and put them into the tapioca
and water, with two teacups of sugar, and
bake until the apples are soft. To be eaten
cold with cream or milk will do.
—To cook carrots by German rule,
scrape and cut your carrots after they are
well washed, put them into a pot in which
a cooking spoon of suet or butter has been
melted, then pour cn a cup of water, add
a pinch of salt and a lump of sugar Aft
er they are stewed soft brown a spoon or
two of flour in butter and pour it over the
carrots and let them stew awhile.
—Silvej Cake.—One cup of white
sugar, six tablespoonfuls of melted butter,
one-half cup of sweet milk, the whiles of
three eggs beaten to a foam, one-half tea
spoonful of soda, one teaspoonful of cream
of tartar, one aud one-half cups of flour,
and flavor with lemon, or anything liked.
This makes one loaf. Gold cake is made
exactly the same, except use the yelks of
tliree eggs instead of the whites.
—To mend rubber boots, if it is a crack,
sew it together with a few carpet stitches
if a hole, fasten a piece of cloth or rubber
over it, and with a cement made by dis
solving some bits of rubber (part of some
old rubber shoe) in spirits of turpentine
till the mixtuie is thick enough to spread
with a brush. If kept in a warm place
it will dissolve in a week. Apply a second
or third coat, drying each separately.—
—Tipsy Pudding.—One cup of sugar,
one cup of sour cream, one egg, one tea
spoonful of saleratus, and flavor with
lemon mix soft, bake in a long tin,-.hav
ing it an inch thick, and when done turn
on a cloth, cut in squares of about three
inches, split open and spread with rasp
beriy jelly, theD put them together again
and place*them in a dish. Take a pint of
sweet milk, set in a kettle to scald beat
the yelks of two eggs with a cup of sugar,
flavor with lemon, and pour it in the dish
then take the whites of the eggs and make
a frosting, pour over it and place bits of
jelly over it.—Household.
—Leaves form an excellent absorbent
and make excellent bedding for stock, and
where they must be gathered from the
lawn to ensure a neat appearance they
can be readily carted to a shed and stored
for bedding. Leaves form a irood non
conductor ot heat, and hence as a pro
tector for roots of plants or a covering for
vegetables stored out of doors for a cov
ering upon half hardy perennials nothing
is superior They contain a good deal of
valuable mineral matter that is well worked
up for plant use hence their presence in
the compost heap is of some advantage.
They should not be allowed to go to waste
in fence corners and by-places, but gath
ered and utilized as far as possible.—De
troit Tribune.
—Charlotte Russc Pudding.—Heat one
and one-lialf pints of milk to near boiling,
by putting it into a two-quart tin pail, after
which set the pail into an iron kettle half
full of boiling water, with a little board at
the bottom of the kettle, to prevent the
pail from touching the bottom, stir into
the milk the yelks of four eggs, one-lialf
tablespoonful of corn starch, first dis
solved in a little cold milk, one-half cup
of sugar, flavor with vanilla aud let the
whole thicken alout as thick as custard,
then lay slices of sponge cake into a
deep pudding dish and pour over it the
custard, and when cool, add to the top a
nice frosting made of the whites of four
l"*u' r.—augur*
after beating the egg to a stiff froth, thcu
add the sugar, and after well heating it,
spread over the pudding and put it into
the oven and brown lightly.
Fall Plowing for the Cutworm.
I have been somewhat interested in
reading different articles on the subject of
fall plowing that have been published in
several periodicals during the past few
years, and in the meantime have profited
from others' experience.
A year ago last fad I had a piece of land
that I wished to plant to corn the follow
ing season. It had been down to grass for
three years, the clover having been killed
out the spring after it was seeded. The
June grass came in that, with the red top
formed a stiff sward. Some years before
I had tried corn on the same field under
similar circumstances, by piowing as
early in the spring as the weather would
admit but each time the cutworm would
destroy the first planting, making it neces
sary to plant the second time about the
first of June, which is too late for this
climate. This time, in hopes of holding
these dread destroyers in check, I plowed
in uttuuci. iwiAcuiuw
that it was a very dry fall, and when 1
finished plowing the whole field resembled
a bed of dry ashes.
The next spring proved to be a very
late one to most farmers, but for me it did
very well. The water passed from the
surface of the ground very rapidly, and
ere my neighbors could plow at all I could
cultivate my piece with good effect. The
results were that I had no trouble in
planting early my crop did not suffer
from the drouth, which was very severe in
this part of the State last season while
the cutworm scarcely made itself mani
fest by the destruction of a single hill. I
might name many other advantages to be
derived from fall plowing, but I have only
time to consider the one—the cut worm
There seems to be two theories as to
how fall plowing proves a remedy for
this pest. Some hold that the larva is
turned to the surface, where it is left ex
posed to a temperature sufficient for its
destruction. Now a portion of this state
ment I admit as a fact, for there must be
a general resurrection, but when unpro
tected larva can survive a temperature of
thirty degrees, as I know they can,
we may be slow to credit the
freezing method of destruction. I am,
however, ready to believe that there is no
more sure way to ward off' cutworm in
juries than to thus enter into partnership
with the birds, in which it is our part of
the task to plow the land early in the
fall, so that bluebird, robin and blackbird
may have a cutworm feast before leaving
for a more genial ciimate. Deep harrow
ing or cultivating, as early in the spring
as the season will admit, will insure a
Thanksgiving repast of the same nature. I
feel very sure that from this cause alone
would originate the unquestionable fact
that fall plowing is an advantage.
Our early spring birds being much put
to it for sufficient food for themselves and
brood, will, with this opportunity, be
come chief abettors in cutworm destruc
tion. That the three birds above-named
do merit the loudest praise for such valu
able service we all have personal proof.
Another way of remedy Fis to dig them
from the hill but this seems too dious
to be practiced, except in the garden. As
this plan implies a loss of at iea-st one
stock for each larva, it is very prudent
planting_tO practice the advice of the
poet: '-Two for the blackbird, two forthe
crow, two for the cutworm and four to
grow."—A. A. Crane, in Grand Ledge
(Mich.) Independent.
Covering Strawberries.
It is hardly necessary to inform oar
readers that all strawberries, no matter
how hardy they arc reported to be, win
ter better by 'being covered before the
severe weather of winter fairly sets in,
or even afterward, if before the first
thaw. Evergreen branches have one im
portant advantage—they may be put on
before winter begins, without any danger
of smothering the green plants. We have
found a very thin covering, if only
enough to hide the ground below, of de­
cided benefit, the pian(s Coming out a
fresh bright green when the evefgreen*
are taken off in spring, instead of the dull
green or brown when exposed. The crop
is earlier, the plants beginning to grow
vigorously at the first warm weather. The
evergreen branches may be placed in
regular, even lines, lapping like shingles,
the branches lengthwise with the rows,
giving the beds a positively ornamental
appearance, instead of the rough look
caused by the use of straw, litter or coarse
manure. On large plantations evergreens
cannot often be used to advantage, and
straw must be employed, in which case
rye straw is best, on account of its stiff
ness, while soft, flexible straw, as of
oats, is objectionable, as it settles
compactly when wet, and tends to
smother the plants. Even corn-stalks
effect a valuable service, if spread
so thinly that half the surface is
bare, by shielding from sun and wind, and
holding the surface snow. In providing
any kind of covering, it must be borne in
mind that a green growth of leaves, like
those of the strawberry, are easily injured
by smothering and tliat whatever protec
tion is employed, it must be pervious to
air. Farmers understand this, as applied
to green wheat plants, winch are killed by
deep drifts of snow. This precaution is
not so necessary in case of shrubs which
have dropped their leaves, or of herba
ceous perennials or bulbs, the leaves and
stems of wliich.die down before winter.
Country residents often have a number
of evergreen trees planted about their
dwellings, that are either extending tiieir
limbs too far and interfering with other
growth, or else becoming distorted, as
they increase in size. Cutting off portions
of these limbs at a fork (so as not to leave
a dead stump) will improve them, and
afford a quantity of brush," which is
just the thing for the strawberry beds.
Evergreen screens often receive more or
less cutting back, in which case an abund
ant supply of protecting material may be
obtained.—Country Gentleman.
—An Irishman named Lynch, belong
ing in Gardner, Me., died in the town of
Whitefield, in the same State, not long
since, and on preparing the body for the
tomb, Government and other bonds to the
value of some $10,000 were found iii a
pocket that was fastened about his person.
Those who knew him supposed he had
some property, but did not think it was
in this form, or so large in amount.
—John Brougham greatly admires the
nobler sorts of brutes, and talking the
other day of high-minded lions and mean
men, he epigrauimatically said: Man is
a monopolist of an immortality he is not
sure he possesses."
To Worry the Liver
And Injure the system generally, take blue
pills and calomel. To regulate it, and en
dow the entire system with healthful vigor,
use Hostettei's Stomach Bitters. Bilious
invalids, which of these two recipes will you
adopt? We doubt not, the latter. By so
doing, you will avoid the disastrous conse
quences which the persistent or frequent
use of mercury entails, and cflectuate the
desired reform in the action of the biliary
edy yellowness of the complexion and whites
of the eyes, pains in the right side and
under the right shoulder-blade, furred
tongue, high colored urine, nansea, vertigo,
dyspepsia, constipation, heaviness of the
head, mental despondency, and every other
manifestation or accompaniment of a disor
dered condition of the liver. The stomach,
bowels and kidneys also experience their
regulating and tonic influence.
A Cough, Cold or Sore TliroRt,
Requires immediate attention, and should
be checked. If allowed to continue, irrita
tion of the Lungs, a permanent Throat affec
tion, or an incurable Lung disease, is often
the result. Bkown's BronchialTkoches,"
having a direct influence on the parts, uive
immediate relief. For Bronchi is, Asthma,
Catarrh, Consumptive and Throat Diseases,
Troches are used al oaus with good xwrein.
SneEziko Catarrh, Chronic Catarrh, Ul
cerative Catarrh, with all their sympathetic
diseases, promptly relieved and permanently
cured by Sanford's Radical Cuke
A Al O P° to poor-home by th«
I™ I w i0 because they work for swln*
dlors, or pack poods aronurl that wont inj*t*»ndof
tending me a pontal-card. James P. Scott, Chicago.
firfnt Centennial ExhIM
I firtn. with Footprint* of the Age** Our
czaFKKK Gnvfrvment and Ifhtm v. Xo Kital.
Address Goodapeed's ftook&BlWdlouse.Chlcago
1J\TKK'S nnd Trappers Guide. 30 ct*. Dog
Training, 25.Taxidermist*« Manual, 5m Humors
of Ymtrllormifm, IB. Improvement of Memory, 15.
JKSSE HANEY & CO., 119 Xassau St., X. V.
V NT* Agents, both eexes. In every town and
ronntv. Business ea^v and respectable. Article
new, Indispensable,
CO A* Week Salary
nnsr»nt?efl to maleftfemnle.Send
©•iOntHTiip for circulars. E.M.Wbfllite, Clncii:natl,0.
tig l.H £e Aecuts' MmniJioth r.itH"-'1* free.
#13 TO" NASO & CO., Jll gt., Y.
TS wanted, •*s«liirv or commission. New hup
lnesn. Aililrc^H .T. i. k o„ St. Louie, Mg.
PT 1(0 paid for names of ffaitfem".* y. \V. B. of C.
VV Bern! t'c. for contract. ll.Wt'^t,
On.lav a: tome. Male or Female. \Vrt» iy the.protf
#wiict. fertnijM'' "r instruct lis25c. baVcrtro./ hic.rtgo.
ft .)A n l)nv. I/O 11 10 MA KK T. Xo»i"bt»1
Jr wk'bte. VOK roxat:* CO.. SUUnU*. -Mo.
«C Jam to A
{rents. SaulpT# free. 84-nl«
3 day catalogue, i..Fletcher, ll tvy-st, Sl.T.
A 1 L'VTk! FOI'tt .fll» Chromos
Al* 1 J.M. MI'S VON & CO., rhi!t«la.,P*.
'-t-.. drawn 1 11 K'.iin iy Apparatus t.y IMS
1 sells on might. JftlOner
(iay guaranteed. Chinax Mfg. Co., Cincinnati,O.
"We will start yon In a btislneaa you can
make a week at, without capital, eaar
i CO., Powcry, New York.
\f% WATCHES. Cheapest in the known
rf world. Sanp'.f. watch and outfit free to Agent$,
terms addreea COULTER & CO..Chicago
A WEEK ^.Ar'*i'-OK.FKSteady-work
al. We give that
will brlnj? you fjio a month s»t home, day or evening.
Inventoks Unxox, ITS Greenwich street, NEW York.
or their oni wanted thl fall tad
I winter, 1 or '2 iucach Co.) to sell
few itaple articles ot re*l merit
Jo the fsrnu-rs in their own countu *. Business pleasant, pn-
1.—Jlou^e and sign paint­
ing, ^rralnln^r, varnishing, polishing, kalsominlng,
tailoring, lettering, stainin?, gilding, etc., 50 cts.
of Alphabet*, r0. Serolls and Ornaments, %U
tyielunuk»T Jind .Jeweler, 50. Soapmakcr, U5. JESSE
HANKY 'i Co.. ni» Nass:iu-sf„ New York.
lOt'lli COST (EC
Including Govt wwv
e. bond firPamphlet to
KNIGHT & KNIGHT, Washington, D.C.
mi/ U —Tlie chili e-t in the world—Importers'
Aij. iirlrcs—Lariri !-t Ci.iiipiin In Amcrl. ji—
striplt1 —pkNises everybody—Trade continual.jr
iiKTeaain^—Agent* wanted 'pverywhero—hest luduce
mi nts—don't wiu-te timi*—ner.d for C'lrcuinr to
liOB'T WKI.LS. 4a VeseyJjt., X. Y. F. O. Box 11*87.
paper send for a copy
It A n (Xantiu'D Paper), tlie bent newsand
fiiiiiilv paper l:i the I nili'tl states. Specimen copies
Address TH E UI.AItt:, Toledo, Ohio.
Vinegar, how made from Cider or Molasses withoM
drugs. Add with stamp, A.C.Shaw, Marquette,Mti k.
ty.4.1 Bali kr On»-half rrntm
at ardlBirj BMfk.
«f equal Btyl. .ad
flatak wfcil. tkcj
ar. Mraasw U»
aay woo4 km C.t
cap .a mam ui
j. hMTler la welfkt.
Knee. ar. all nalkabta
inn, m.Mrlal but Uml
o.a be foaad .Djuher.
finish fir.t-.lui, «jl.
But fukl.nmbl.. B.t.
HB. respollltu
Imelemrnt Dealer, aricr .a. fer jros, who ar. apthorlie.
4o viuuiT
t. th.tr
Is the most complete and compact hand-book erer
pnbllahed onltit. subject. It contains the reaalM of
more than a years' experience aa roadmaster is writ
ten In a clear and attractive style: gives minute di
rections for laying, repairing and ballasting track,
building cattle-guards, culverts, turn-outs, etc., ano
discusses ail parts of the road and section master^
work—pointing out both the right and the wron$
T» Jaokson Street. Chicago
100 Young Men
and liiwllfotolearn
tvJcffiapUy maul
B«mU Krrylns.
Ilc*i Inducements ever olR'red regarding fucihtiet
for learning practically, at'cnring situation* when
nualifieU, low terms, cjc. Address, with *tamp,Supt.
V M. TKLElfKAl'll CO.. or I'roDf. BUSlNKSSCOlr
LEGE, City ilail. Cleveland, Ohio.
Stftil atiuip far eircuUr to
Ou DmUk, 88
4EA— A choice from ncre* of the best
lands In Iowa, on It. 11 Tonus, at and $6 per acre,
Seed a postal-card for our Map and TainphJet, or call
on the Iowa U. K. Kind Co., 9* lUuidtiiph St., Hicago,
or Cedar Kapids, Iowa. Jxo. B. Calhoun,Laud Cont'r.
.r tablliilied 848.
Th Double-Barrel Sbot-Onn In tbe world
lorSli.U, vijji »ud 1*11. Warranted genuine
Tvisf. Alto, Revolver* and Sporting Goods equal
Ivu. im We make lite be*t sttwl ami iron rille U*rr*l» In the
worM for the mcmev. fcend for Ulnatreted caUlo ueattd nrf«h
llrt .o MMEN BOW" HON. «a« WsW
Mf'g C*\, PMla.,
UTMMMKKINU Cl KKIlbv Hates* Amdiancc*. For
(iewriplion. Address Simpson & Co., V.ox ,AUG. N. T»
i a Week to \conts. Samples KUEB.
P. O. VK'KKKV, Augusta, Maine.
Men to frell to Merchants,
v ae v S'.M) ft iii'-Dl'i &tr vv1pex*
pen.** paid, (ii'in Ml*. Cu.«.St.lou s.Mo
ii nmnth, hotel »i traveling e.vpenswi
p.iid pvidlm£. AO
dress Monitor Manufg Co.,! iwintiati, Q.
J.V 4ji0S,igiven away to-every agent#
Circular* free. Sumph^ cts. Empire
NoveKy Co., S07 i road way. New York,
4 Month. Agents wanted. 36
selling articles in the world, one tampw
Cree. Address JAY BiiOAftUfl, Detroit, MieU.
attro by r-: Oft? car
riv- -i Pi' t.iiv Hi.il r'•!::
5. 1-ii
pU fhf*r !i «.tr*
free. J. U. BliiTOHU' SSONS, BOSTON, MASb.
Adopted bv nil the Querns of Fartiion. is.ml for c:reu
lar. E. Ivins No «!i# N. Fifth St.. PltiladOli.tiia.
P"re relief cifrmff
KlDDERS PASTILLES.1'11'Stowell&Co*ibymail.
Made by one Agent In 57 days. 1.1
articles. Samples free. Addresn,
C. 91. tOKXtiTON. Cbieam
(hi) ~4\ KMC ll'.l /or «u iuvsit 4tute rate.
uated «u 1«.J,
K iti.KK, nwnrn, 1 grad­
eiclti-lToltr, to R)iini.v*Tn. r. Kflu»T l.^r
I jtiMHitce DK. FITLEK'S KllJA'M A K EDY, K:dn*r tVrrti.i:,
Liver liHw. a fk tiotinent or v. rf'uti'l
an«l Ailiii* Scut t,» sual) luth. AD)rc*s TK FaiLEB*
4b South Fourth «r«t. I'l.Uftdflj.tia. AT MU.-04.ISTS.
It sells faster any orhcr One Agmf 30ld
84 cople* in one* iv, Send fit* coir xtra to
Agents. National
IThli^hino Co.,
BchoolH, Colleger, l'ni\crsitie^, I'M "H-ians :n -i
title tjiVe*tUraiit.n. nuigin:: in pviec to
flt.OOO. A *", the lur-'Cft -lock ef
cwlnnd Optical iii-tMiinciifs we.-t of I'lillud'-lphla
or New York. Send stamp lOr rutalogne TIJrtS. F.
NELSON, 170 A? 179 State Street, Chicago, 111.
Cincinnati. ., Is
a eeniury old In W7J. All interfiled in I'liivcr*
Mii-in fcdionl"! subscribe for the seml-Cewennial year*
It will shinf {'r Aj.L. Fltfht iges. weeklv. tlf
News. »rKet«, ete. Lartre portrait of .JOHN MU»f«
free to nil ntbpcribcra for Wu. Termp. -id.50
per year, postage paid. Address \VH.LIAMt«T A
v e y o u s e o S o u e e
nt Mtantt is a remedy to cure without
ill railing the doctor. Colds, roughs and
Consumption prevail in fllmnaf every family.
a unit (oh'21(8 siisd re ve
NO Km'Afj*
harml«?rt» to the
mostdctiralc VUilci*
It. contain* no Opium in any
iJirectl'nis accompany each bottle. It is soul by all
druggist" and medicine dealers.
Tlie «'li'.iritli.» or tli.- iMv'' *TA i IoN KUV
E-WJ/MAiRtWdrjl-riTi'/Xx'-f ircri w\r«rti'vi'tl»
mo*t eminent 8r.v'rESiK-Y, Divjnks,
Aptobs or Actkeskks and fives an or«b «j»na
and fives an or«b
\v ty clothier for a I-'AMi**"*AHLE SC:
IJE* also OOJJ) VAT'H. Humple
28 cents. Five JMckagea $1, and Twelve Packages $3,
po^t ic»' paid. Send for descriptive circular. S. K.
F£SSI NI)iN A CO.. 300 I
road way,
of IIoumcs Cold, R«iin, Dtinf
Bettf ixowl* A (»l.X 1*
Frier* 1,4$
Profit* IjAltUll
Circulars free. Ad
drew* (il'O.F.CKA)!
60 l.uke Street,
It instantaneously relieves and.al­
most invariably cures.
Save Your Hair.—If you wish to save
your lniiI- mm Keep u strong anu nealiny, use
Uiu.nett's C'ocoaine.
Carpenter-* and otlurs ru of w.-rk send
for Circular* to AVILJSON, 10 A CO., IS*
So. Clark Street, lioom Ciiir.uio, tr.L.
Revernihtf* f' a e
statin aitfl 15
.Jg.il*, *tati .Wajw.
StuH'ttte y-if.
the Jflails
tuc Post-ofTico Department, P-f'
W A UP, r!- c:.r ii, i!.« v.:rv tl '.i S pet'ift 1 A ndf*
M. l. T:c
ujo*t remarkable a?wtthriM rr
frlertfnneverwritt'iu WOnderfl'1Exploits•!
Service Ag«»tita in th»* pursuit ar-i v .\^.' ire •. .-y*
having an »•»!»*. v.r i nv i! hi fir™ l:\r
Du«fiK#tilUiA« A Co* Chicago, lll«#CiiuiruiaU,Oi
Guaranteed the best Hand sheller*
In the market.
Price $2.50 and $5«00«
Every Shdler war*
ranted. .Shipped by
Ex pres* on receipt ol
price /./rvAtihSTSI
Iron uuntlcrs, i'itUburgli, I'a.
The Enemy of Disease, the Foe
of Fain to Man and Beast,
Cl RR. Ml
COHlliu 4 c., 5«c. or 81.Ot). lias often s»v«-d
the life of. Iiunutm beins, antl
cstovctl to
lite ami aaefulnewinany it valuable hone
have been awanlei a Medal and Diplo
ma at the Centennial Exposition and
commended by the Judges for
A. T. GOSHOKX, Dlrector-GenenL
1. K. HAWLET, Pre*.
Alzx.B. Botklek,Secretary pro tem.
18SO. 9«a YEAR. 1877.
Progressive! Comprehensive!
Western Farm Journal,
A •ammoth Weekly for Conntrj aud Town.
Largest on the Continent
It« columns are replete ench week
£trre«, Ciaeinnrti. Ok
fresli, inter­
esting and valuable matter for every branch of
Wuru* Indumtry,
while the departments devoted
to the JWre*i«fe,
espccial attcntiou
a» to render the Journal, in the truewt *en»e, a com*
nlete paper for the MTurm, the Fireside, or u*
In the issue for Jan. 1st,
1877, will be commenced U
high-claw, instructive serial story, written expressly
for the Western Farm Journal, entitled
CF*It will be read with absorbing interest, aa well
as profit, by all classes. Wkits fob •dvanch
sukkt of extracts. We want every man and woman
In the country to subscribe lor the paper and to act
as our agent this season. Single subscription?, $3.00
a year: only $1.30 in clubs. No special authority to
act needed. Send In your own subscription und then
others-as faat as obtained. DON'T DKLAY!
scriptions received daring 1816 will run to end of 1877.
Free. Address
A N. K.
126 Washington Street, Chicago
7 5-8—X.
irjrar irurnro
to iDFrtnsM*
jiImm My yew mm
thm A4wrHMMilli

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