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The Redwood gazette. [volume] (Redwood Falls, Minn.) 1873-1940, September 06, 1877, Image 2

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn85025570/1877-09-06/ed-1/seq-2/

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rUBUSBEB ETEBT THl'MWUk
REDWOOD FALLS. MINNESOTA.
EPITOME OF THE WEEK.
Condensed Telegraphic News.
CHRRRNT PARA6RAPHH.
The Polish authorities have forbidden
the MIO
of arms to the inhabitants of War
saw.
The plague having
sian
broken
Poland, the
closed by a
ont in Rus­
Merman
frontier has been
strong military guard.
Tito famine in India has already cost
the Government £8,000,000,
and is now caus
ing an expenditure of
£500,000
Charles
A
per month.
The Army and Navy Journal says Os
inun
l'aslia, the victor in the Battle of Plev
na, is no
other than ex-Marshal Bazaine, of
France.
Minnie (colored) has won the
Wosl Point appointment in Congressman
Miller's (N. Y.) District, his average beiug
ninety-eight
On the 20th
and
21st,
Frederick
Cavill
*\v im across the Eni ll«h Channel, starting
from C'a|c (irianez at 3:49 p. in. on the 30th,
and reaching Dover at 3:4ft a. ni. on the 21st.
(»n the 26th, while testing the new Edi
MII t.lephoiie, musie was transmitted from
New York to Hartford and back, a distance
of -*4') miles. It was heard distinctly at each
end of the wire.
The mystery surrounding the disappear
ance of the young
daughter of
Mr. Rose,
Washington County, "eb., lias
ohed hy tinding her dead
about
two miles
of
been lately
body in a creek
froui
her father's house.
Kx-Gov. Wells aud Gen. Anderson, of
tlie Louisiana Returning Board, were in
Washington on the 25th. They stated that
tin ir visit had no connection with the in
formatiou recently filed against theui in New
Orleans.
An error has been discovered in the
election return of Kern County for Congreas*
in.m from the Fourth California District,
the rrection of which gives the seat to
WiiHiinton instead of Puelieco, the latter's
majority, previously claimed, being only one.
It seems three votes had leen erroneously
given to Pacheco instead ofWiggiuton.
Parties having claims
for goods de­
stroyed during the riots in Pittsburgh bavo
been notified by the Qeueral Freight Agent
of the Pennsylvania Railroad to put such
claims into the hands of the attorneys
of
the
Company, and they will be presented to the
authorities of Allegheny County without ex
pense to the claimants, the county being re
sponsible for the losses.
In New York City, on the 23d, at a
meeting of the Cuban League, an address to
the people of the United States was adopted,
together with a resolution that the inhabit
ants of the larger cities form Cuban Leagues
for the purpose of exercising moral influence
upon our own and other civilized Govern
ments in favor of the supprjssion of the in
human war waged against Cuba during the
last eight years, and ttsking the influence of
the press to demand Cuba's recognition as a
belligerent.
Three persons were recently arrested in
Chicago, who are supposed to be members of
a gang of forgers which has, within the past
year or two, ewindled banks and bankers in
various parts of the country out of iamense
sums of money. Among the victims were
the Third National Bank of New York, whieh
was swindled out of 93,700, and Winslow,
I.anier & Co., of New York, who contributed
S40,i*K) upon a forged check for f64,0U0, pur
porting to have been drawn by the New
York Life Insurance Company. The uames
ot the persons arrested are N.
A.
Gesner, E.
B. Weston aud a man named Stevens.
THE TdtCO-RlTSSlAIf WAR.
The official Russian report admits that
the
Russian loss at Plevna was between8,000
and 10,0U0.
Of
lied
while
300 persons attached to the
Cross
ainbulanecs, forty were killed
collecting the wounded.
A London dispatch of the 22d says Great
Britain was making arrangements for the
intervention of the Great Powers in the in
terest of peace.
Advices from
Prussian headquarters op
to the morning of the 23d represent the bat
tle of iSeltipkii as still progressing. The
Kussian* had successfully repulsed ten deter
mined assaults upon the fortifications at the
Pass. The Turks had attacked Tirnova,
but
were easily repulsed. They had also attacked
the Russian lines at Sclvi.
Constantinople dispatches oi the 23d
announce the defeat of the Russians, with
great loss, at Eski-Djutna.
An insurrection has broken out in Crete.
Two engagements have been fought, in
which thirty-six Tufks aud seventeen Christ
ians were killed.
A London dispatch of the 24th says
Greece
was rapidly arming, with the Intention
of
taking advantage of Turkey's reverses,
ami recover the Provinces of Thessaly aud
Kpirus.
An Er/.eroum telegram of the 25th says
lie
Turks had captured the Heights of Kis
iliepu aud repulsed three Russian attempts
to retake them. Tbc Russian loss was 4,000
killed
and wounded. Gen. Tchoutchowas
sotT, the commander of the Russian Cavalry,
was killed. Tbc Turkish loss was stated at
1 ,•*». Russian telegrams concerning the
same battle, claim that the advautagu was
with the Russians.
A London dispatch of the 27th says the
looses
of the
Russians, since theycrossed the
Danube, trom sickness and the casualties of
war, had reached the enormous aggregate of
oO.OOO.
Dispatches of the 27th state that the
Russians still held 8chipka Pass, and had
not yielded an inch of their original position.
It was stated that the hills around the Pass
were covered with Turkish dead, and that
thc'.Turkish losses in the eight days' fight
ing had already exceeded the Kaaaian loss
es at Plevna.
OBNRBAI*
The New York Daily Witneu, a rcligi
OIIS
daily newspaper, suspended publication
on the 20th. The assigned reason for the
suspension was the want of adequate pecuni
ary support.
The National Board of Trade com
incuccd its ninth annual session at Milwau
kee,
on the 21st, a large number of delegates
being
present. The Mayor of Milwaukee
made the welcoming speech. In his re
sponse, tbc President of the National Board,
Frederick Fraley, of Phllad lphia, spoke thus
of the labor question: He hoped that each
tnan,
considering it in its relations with
the great interests of the country, would
see
that, as labor is the creator of all wealth,
it should be protected by sound and
wise laws, and that, for the set
tlement of questions involving prln
ples of labor and capital, the best
intelligence of the country should be in
vited and invoked, and that out of such In
vitation may come considerations that will
lead to the enactment of laws referring the
questions of labor and capital, where they
coine in conflict, to Boards of Arbitration,
that may ascertain precUely the questions
involved, ss between the laborer and capi
talist, and suargest remedial measures for
their settlement by compromise adapted to
cqu table considerations."
The Pennsylvania State Democratic
Conveiition met at Harrisburg, on the 23d
lid nominated John Truukey for Supreme
Judge and Wm. P. Bcheli for Auditor-Gen
eral. The platform adopted declares that
the induction of Mr. Hayes into the Presi
dency was a high crln* against free govern?
ment which has not been condoned and will
not be forgotten that the application by
the Administration of the Democratic policy
of non-intervention in the internal affairs
of the Southern States, and the pur
pose to reform the civil service
which £as been proclaimed by the
present Administration arc confessions o
the failure of Radicalism, and a Just tribute
to Democracy opposes futhcr Federal or
State enactments for the special benefit of
capital at the expense of other Interests ac
cepts the admonition of Jackson concerning
standing armies as dangerous to the Govern
ment in time of peace protests against sub
sidies, land grants, loans of the public credit
and appropriations of the ]tcople's money to
r.ny corporation as legalized plunder of the
tax.paying industries of the country affirms
and adopts the financial resolutions of the
National Convention of 1876.
Gen. Sherman reached Ilelena, M. T.,
in safety, on the 23d.
A Salt Lake telegram of the 22d says
Gen. Howard had a slight skirmish with the
Indians, on the 30th, in which one man was
killed and seven wounded. The Indians
stole 300 of Howard's horses. Montana vol
unteers were returning, disgusted, and many
of them on foot.
The French man-of-war Corrcze passed
Aden, on the 23d, with the cholera on board.
Fifty of her crew had died, and ISO were
sick.
President Hayes and party were en
thusiastically received at Manchester, N. II.,
on the 23d.
At the session of the National Hoard of
Trade, in Milwaukee, on the 23d, resolutions
were adopted, advising the appointment of a
Commission to arrange for reciprocal trade
with Canada recommending the repeal or
essential modificifUon of the Bankrupt law
asking Congress to enact a law authorizing
the funding of legal-tenders in bonds run
ning forty years aud beariug 4 per cent, in
terest per annum, payable quarterly, to an
amount not exceeding $10,000,000 per month,
until they shall be at par with coin asking
Congress to constitute the Sigual Service as
a distinct and permanent Bureau of the War
Department, and increase the appropriations
therefor.
Tlic Town Council of Glasgow, Scot
land, have unanimously resolved to present
the freedom of the city to Gen. Grant on his
approaching visit. The ex-President re
turned to Loudon on the 24th. His visit to
Paris had been postponed to avoid the possi
bility of attentions reflecting iudircctly on
President MacMahon.
John Wesley Harden, a notorious Texas
desperado, who is said to have committed
twenty-seven murders, was captured, after a
desperate struggle, on board a train of ears
at l'ensaeola, Fla., on the 34th. A compan
ion named Mann was killed. A large re
ward had been offered for Hardcn's capture.
President Hayes and his party reached
Washington, on tbc evening of the 34th,
from their^Ncw England trip.
On the night of the 25th, two spans of
tbc Union Pacific Railroad bridge, between
Council Bluffs and Omaha, were blown dowu
during a tornado. The damage to the bridge
was $100,000, and it is believed that it will
take three months to repair it.
At noon, on the 25th, Senator Morton's
friends gave up all hopes of his recovery,
but, ou the night of the 36th, it was believed
that the crisis had passed, and his ultimate
recovery was looked for.
The French Ministry have resolved to
move fortheifrosecutionof Gambctta. There
was great excitement throughout France, on
the 37th, over the resolution, and revolution
was feared. The specific charge is that of
insulting the President and Cabinet.
An extraordinary session of the Servian
Skuptcliina has been convoked, to decide
definitively between war and continuance of
neutrality.
A London dispatch of the 27th says
Gladstone had written letters to a Greek
merchant in Constantinople, urging the
Greeks to unite with the Sclavs in an attack
on the Turks.
Brigham Young was reported, on the
27th, to be very sick, and it was thought he
could not recover.
The Pennsylvania Coal Company's
miners at Pittston, Pa., had resolved, on the
27th, that they would resume labor as soon
as they were allowed 10 per cent, advance.
A telegram from Lcwiston, Idaho, on
the 27th, states that a council with tbc
Northern Indians had been quite successful,
all the Chiefs having signed an agreement to
go on the reservations. Further outrages by
Chief Joseph's band are reported. The In
dian camp crossed the Yellowstone, on the
24th, the warriors returning the next day to
fight Gen. Howard.
Strict Impartiality.
Abcrdarc, in Wales, may Well claim
that she possesses the just Judge par ex
cellence ol the world. Wc regret to say
that his name is not given in the inci
dent that demonstrates iiis right to this
proud distinction. If fame but knew it
she ccrtainly would be delighted to write
it in giant type in her book of gold. As it
is, fame and the rest of us may only
know him as that Aberdarc Judge that
tincd himself on his own motion! The
circumstances that led to this uuusual
meting out of justice were these: A few
weeks ago a number of persons were
brought before the Police Court of Altcr
darc on tlic chargc of having allowed
dogs to run at large without being muz
zled. When they had ail been fined, our
hero, who was 'one of the sitting Magis
trates, quietly remarked that he had him
self inadvertently been guilty of the same
offense, and as he could not conscientious
ly line other people under such circum
stances without submitting to the penalty,
he would fine himself five shillings.
We cannot rccall, at this writing, anoth
er suck conspicuous instance of impartial
justice. It recalls, however, the rigorous
treatment to which Mr. William D. How
ells subjects himself as editor of the Allan
lie Monthly. A year or two ago, at a din
ner given by the publisher of the Monthly
to editor and contributors, Mr. Howells,
in the course of his post-prandial speech,
to illustrate the exquisite impartiality with
which he held the helm of the Atlantic,
declared that he had been known to de
cline his own contributions.—Albany
Evening Journal.
Am Iacideat la u Eagllsft PNtolee.
A TALL, gray-haired gentleman, so runs
the story, lately went into one of the
branch Postofflccr in a western region.
He ashed some question relative to the
registering of a letter of one of the girls
in attendance, and was answered in a
manner which he .considered exceedingly
sharp and rude. He repeated the ques
tion, however, not being quite sure that
he was not mistaken in his supposition,
and he repeated it very mildly. She an
swered him more rudely than before. He
then made some remonstrance, and asked
her if she thought that was a proper way
to answer an inquiry in a public office. She
said she thought that she had been quite
civil enough for him. He asked her, with
an ominously increasing mildness of man
ner, if she would favor him with her
name. She emphatically declined to do
so. He then said he thought he would
tell her his name, which, however, she
declined to hear, saying that his name was
no concern of hers. He calmly replied
that he thought it was, for his name was
John Manners, and he was the Postmas
ter-General. Curtain.—London Examiner.
—A man named Georae Martin, who
keeps a tavern on Washington street,
Sherbrooke, reoently drove to a farm he
owns in the vicinity, taking with him a
buttle of whisky, and a son aged under
six years. After treating his hands, he
left the child Li the barn, with the re
mains of the whisky—suppose! to have
been about a pint. On his return the
whisky bottle was empty, and the poor
boy lay stupidly drank aad insensible
upon the barn flow. la spite of every
thing that could be done, sind witboutooe
interval ot ix/ujciouaocas, the poor child
died in a little over twenty-four hoars,
with all the distinctive symptoms of alco
holic pofeeiBg,Mmtrml Wtaim* .:)
8ENSE AND NONSENSE.
SPIRITED ORATIONS —Bar room talk.
THK debtors' chorus—Forgive and for
get.—A\ Y. Weekly.
ARISTOCRAT -A plebeian who has made
his way in the world.
IF somebody did not keep late hours
they might be all lost.
TUB pokcr-playcr's favorite turn-out
Four-in-hand. —if. Commercial Adver
titer.
WOMAN'S falt£ is sublime— especially
when she's trying to get a No. 3 shoe on a
No. 7 foot.
BOSTON street-cars have placards to this
effect: This ear can't wait for ladies to
kiss good-bye!"
SBC'Y EVAKTS, it Is said, suggests for
the White House portal the motto, Many
call, but few arc chosen."
WUY cannot two slender persons ever
become great frieuds Because they will
always lie slight acquaintances.
EVEN the dogs complain of the hard
times. It is the tin panic that affects
them.—Turner'» Falls Reporter.
JENNIE COLLINS says there arc seventy
five crafts open to women. This does not
include boat-racing or their usual craft.
IN two reccnt attempts to sound the
Northern Oceau witli lines one mile and
a half in length, no liottom could be found.
ONE of the things that most annoys and
hinders the American business man is the
fact that there is no way iu the world to
get down his dinner in less Hum seven
minutes.—Chicago Evening Journal.
PRAY, Mr. Professor, what is a peri
phrasis?" "Madam, It is simply a cir
cumlocutory cycle of oratorical sonorosity,
circumscribing an atom of ideality, lost in
verbal profundity." Thank you, sir."
AN exchange tells how the joke was on
him: "A bright little girl of ouracquaint
ance asked us the following conundrum:
How many letters are there in a post
man's bag? We gave it up, and she said
there were three—b-a-g.'
TIIE Virginia QateUe, disscusslng the
political situation, cries: "Set aside the
small men and Self-appointed leaders.
Give us a giant!" Gentlemen, some of
you hold our coat. Now, then, what do
you want done first»—Burlington Jlawk
Bye.
LECTURER—But on looking at the ther
mometer we find that, our endeavors not
withstanding, there is still no increase in
the temperature. How shall wc now pro
ceed? Son of Erin (hastily)—Shoor I'd
warrum the thermometer, sorr!—London
Fun.
THE Providence Fret* makes honorable
mention of a young man, clcrk in a coal
yard in that city, who was married on a
Thursday evening, and did not go on a
wedding trip, but was at his place of
business as usual at five o'clock Friday
morning.
A FRENCHMAN, soliciting relief*, said,
very gravely, to his fair hearer:
Ma'insellc, 1 never beg, but dat I have
you wife with several small family, dat
is growing very large and nossing to make
dcir broad out of but the perspiration of
D1V lirow."
No TRCE milliner ever fixes a stated
price on a bonnet. To-day, if you arc not
very weil dressed, and go in and ask
411low
much is this bonnet?" the woman
wi'lsay, "This is eight dollars, madame
but to-morrow, wtien you sally in, dressed
up, and leaning on the arm of vour be
loved, the woman will say of that same
hat: Ilere is something very stylish,
miss, and it is only twelve dollars."—Ex
change.
SOME Europeans do not at first take
kindly to green corn. .When I meet one,
and with an indication as to how far he
has become Americanized, 1 ask, "Do
you like green corn?" If the answer is
in the affirmative, I am sure that he will
remain in the country. Our great abund
ance of tomatoes, our water-melons, our
huge blackberries, MUI other peculiar
American products, Europeans seem to
accept much sooner than they do our
green corn. A few years ago a story went
the rounds of the papers which showed
Pat's view of this favorite vegetable. At
our hotels green corn is set before cach
person as a matter of course a newly-ar
rived Irishman, seeing that others partook
of it, gnawed away at his corn with much
satisfaction. When he had notiii but
bare cobs" left, he called to the attend
ant—" Waither, an' will ye be afthcr
putt in' some more pays on these sthicks!"
—Cor. Inter-Ocean.
A GRANDFATHER W88 tllC Other day
amicably chaffing with his granddaughter,
who was seated on his knee. "What
makes your hair so white, grandpapa?"
tlic little maiden asked. I am very old,
my dear I was in the Ark," said he,
with a reckless disregard for truth which
docs not j»repos«css one in his favor.
"Oh!" said her litileladyship, regarding
her distinguished relative with fresh in
terest, "Are you Noah?" No, I am
not Noah." "Are you Sheni, then?"
"No, I am not Shciu." "Are you
nam?" "No, I am not even Ham."
"Then you must be Jaohct," insisted the
little maiden, at tlic end of licr historical
tether, aud growing somewhat impatient
with the difficulty "which surrouuded her
aged relative's idealilication. No, I am
not Japhet," said he, wagging his head,
intensely enjoying the joke. "Then,
grandpapa," said tlic little maiden firmly
and decisively, you are a beast
1"
"No MOKE business for ine," said a
manufacturer, the other evening, who has
been in the habit of employing about sixty
men and over thirty women and children.
"No more business for me! Four years
ago I supposed myself worth $200,000. I
have kept my workshops open at a loss
during the wliolcof that timet This sum
mer there seemed to lie a nice little chance
for-a fresh start iu the fall, and I kept my
men on making goods which I might have
thrown in tlic street for all the hope of
iretting any money for thcin. And, by
George! when the strike came they struck,
knowing all the time that the wages they
were paid every Saturday nijrht were not
earned by profitable work, but taken bod
ily out of the savings of thirty years. I
told them that if that was their game I'd
strike too, and closc up shop, and so I
have and I've advertised for a farm,
which I'm going to buy and live upon
Wife's quite willing wc were both of us
raised ou a farm, and I'll never touch busi
ness acaiu."—Eastern Corretoondenee.
The Accident to the Railroad Bridge
at Omaha.
During the storm this morning, shortly
before daylight, two spans on the cast
end of the 'Union Pacific bridge went
down with a loud crash, and, when the
accident became generally reported around
the city, between seven and eight o'clock,
the people could hardly believe it until
tbey had cone and viewed the ruin. The
span that had rested on the Iowa approach
lay on the embankment on the south
side like a rail fence that had
blown flat over. The other span had
fallen in the river and could not be
seen. The two columns that had sup
ported the spans still stand firm and unin
jured. The spans are not connected where
they rest on the columns, so that if they
fall, as they did in this case, they can
each go down separately. The rails on
the bridge are fastened together very
firmly, and when tbe inside span went ft
took with it the south line of rail without
snapping it, but twisting it downward so
that one end is in the water. The north
rails were twisted into a semi-circle, and
were separated at the coupling. The cas
ing around one of the columns supporting
the third span is broken in two places,
probably by the falling of tbe iion-work
against it.
The storm sprang up aboutthreeo'elock,
wind, rain, and hail coming down lrom
the northwest in great violence, accom
panied by terrific thunder and lightning.
At about half-past three o'clock the acci
dent occurred. A majority of the people
seem to be of opinion that the cyclone or
whirlwind came sweeping down along the
river, and struck the bridge with full
force, lifting the two spans from the
columns and letting them fall as above
described. It is a fact that at about
this particular time the wind very
suddenly changed from the north
west to the northeast, thus blow
ingina southwest* rly direction, and it
wasvenr likely this change that created
the cyclone. The twisted appearance of
tbe ironwork of the span that lies on the
ta&suppi^tp thethwwyof awhiriifiu4,
or even waterspout. John Arnold says
he was up at this hour, and saw an im
mense cloud passing down the river, lift
ing up the water in vast quantities in its
course, and whirling it around in a ftin
nel shape.
Another theory is that the bridge was
struck by lightning, but we have inter
viewed a well-posted electrician, and he
says that this would be contrary to all
laws of electricity. The twenty-two col
umns of iron having their base in the wa
ter, and resting on bed rock, are the best
conductors of electricity in the world.
The night-watchman, John Pierson,
who was in his little guard-house at the
cast end of the bridge, went down in his
house with the span that rested on
the Iowa side, and had a very
narrow escape from losing his life.
He bccamc penned under the ruin, and
rcccivsd a severe cut in one of his legs,
while his dog had one of his legs entirely
cut off. Pierson remained a prisoner for
half an hour, when he succeeded in free
ing himself from the situation. Although
the storm was still raging, he immediately
secured a boat and started for the Ne
braska side in order to give information
of the accidcnt before any trains should
start over the bridge. He had a rough
passage over the main channel, but suc
ceeded in getting across after a hard strug
gle against the wind. He then hurried on
foot across the sand-bar, and swam across
the second channel, and, climbing up
the high bank, hurried to the train
dispatcher's office at the Union Pacific
Depot, and informed the dispatcher of
what had occurred. He reached the of
fice only a short time before the 5:10 a.
m. train was to have crossed the bridge.
However, had the train started before ne
had got there, no accident would have
occurred, as trains run vciy slowly, not
faster than a brisk walk, across the bridge,
and a sharp lookout is kept by the engi
neers, so that the chasm would have been
observed in time to stop the train.
Pierson holds that the bridge was struck
by lightning. He says he saw it when it
went down, and that It was a perfect sheet
of flame but it is very likely that he wat
so confuscd that he really don't know
what caused the accidcnt. It is said,
however, that at this particular moment
there was a terrific stroke of lightning
and heavy thunder.
This catastrophe will prove a serious
detriment to business, not only in Omaha,
but throughout the entire trans-Missouri
country. There will be a temporary
freight blockade until arrangements can
be made to transfer freight at the Platts
mouth and Blair Ferries. Passengers
will be transferred at the same points.
About a dozen canoes have been brought
into service at the break to transfer em
ployes of the road back and forth. A rope
ferry is being arranged by which canoes
can be hauled from one side to the other.
The bridge is said to have cost over
$2,000,000. It is 2,750 feet long, divided
into eleven spans of 250 feet cach. Two
spans, therefore, represent two 'cvtnths
of the bridge, and the proportion ,te cost
of these two spans was two-elevenths of
the whole, or $363,636, but the cost of re
building them may be more than this, al
though the expense of the two. columns
that are standing all right will be saved.
—Cmaha, Neb. (Aug. 25), Dispatch to
Chicago Tribune.
The Russian Defeat at Plevna—A
Maimed and Mournfhl Procession.
If ever there was causeless human
slaughter, it occurred in front of the
Turkish fortifications before Plevna. The
whole country passed through is so desti
tute of fuel that I saw some Russian
camps where the soldiers were cooking
over fires built with bundles of wheat
from the adjacent fields. The Russians
have been compelled, in many instances, to
use this newly-gathered wheat for foraging
their horses. I saw no wells on my route,
and the only water was found where natu
ral springs hail been walled up with stone,
and a slab with a pious Turkisli inscrip
tion placed over the stream.
At three in the afternoon, after leaving
Sistova, I was resting near one of these
natural fountains, when a long line of am
bulancc-wagons, enshrouded in dense
clouds of dust, appeared over a hill in the
distance. As the head of the line reached
us and halted by the fountain, I learned
of the heavy battle fought the day before,
in front of the Turkish fortifications
around Plevna. The ambulance-wagons
gradually gathered, until the large space
around the spring of cool water was cov
ered with these conveyances, filled with
human beings mangled in every conceiva
ble form, who gasped for a drop of
water. Some could not drink, as the
attempts to swallow brought gushes
of blood from gaping wounds in
the throat and chest, which pre
vented them cooling their parched
tongues covered with the horrible dust
which rose at the slightest movement
upon the roads. Weary with this sorrow
ful sccnc, I mounted my horse and pushed
on. A short distance from the fountain I
encountered a second ambulance train,
loaded like its predecessor. For two
hours thpv continued to pass me, and then
camc still longer trains of country trans
port carts, loaded with the less severe
cases, intermixed with an apparently
endless stream of ammunition wagons,
surplus baggage carts, and camp equi
pages, untiTfinally the road bjcame com
pletely biockcd by the indiscriminate
mass of horses, carts, wagons and man
gled humanity, streaming toward Sis
tova. I was compelled to lead my
horse to a hillock by the roadside
and wait for an opportunity to
pass on, as well as to allow my wag
on to come up. For more than an hour
I stood there watching the passage of this
motley caravan, and beheld the hun
drcds of gallant fellows roll by in open
springlcss carts, with a blazing sun pour
ing down upon their blood-stained forms,
with choking clouds of dust parching
their burning throats, and settling in
masses upon their agonized countenances,
until they ceased to look like human
faces. While waiting for the road to be
cleared, we were often asked if there were
no troops coming to the rescue, and many
were the bitter comments made on the fol
ly of dashing those brave iellows against
the vastly superior Moslem force, strong
ly intrenched on the height before Plevna.
One officer who was badly wounded had
led the extreme advancc in the assault on
the Turkish intrcnchments. He had pen
etrated far into the Moslem lines, and said
if he had been properly supported they
could have carried the positions but
the column was not strong enough, from
want of troops or generalship, and the
Turks, finding this out, turned upon them
and drove them back with fearful loss.
Not more than half of that column came
back," was the mournful close of the
wounded officer's statement. I learnt here
that the battle of the previous day had
lasted from morning until night, the Rus
sian attack being made on both wings of
the Turkish line, under the command of
Gep. Krudener, who led the right in per
son. while the Russian left was command
ed by Gen. Prince Schakoifski. "Wc
could not do anything with them they
were too strong for us." was the universal
remark of officers and soldiers, and their
cruel wounds told how wrathfully thev
had endeavored to carry out the senseless
orders to cany Plevna by storm.
The above quotation really tells the
story of the battle. The immense num
bers of ammunition and transport wagons
suggested momentarily a Russian retreat
but the absence of artillery refuted this
idea, and I saw that the ammunition wag
ons were empty, and were evidently going
for supplies, while the other wagons con
tained the tents and camp equipage of the
dead and wounded, which were no longer
needed at the front. While 1 was waiting
at this place a poor lellow died in one
the wagons, and was buried by the road,
side. At last, after tlic stream ha 1 been
passing me for four hours, I was enabled
to pursue my journey, and a short distance
from my last halting-blnce I came upon a
mournful scene. Tbe dead body of another
Russian soldier lay beside an opengrave
by the roadside, while a party of Bulga
rians wm saying their funeral service.
1 am assured that the oiders to attack at
Plevna were given by the Grand Duke
himself if so, he alone is responsible, for
the orders were carried out as gallantly as
any men could have dime in the same ad
verse circumstanccs. Tbe present posi
tion of the Rassian Army before Plevna is
a good one, and, had they remained on tbe
d&psive, they could MTP Md
Paslia in check, and had the lines on the
heights of the River Osma as a second po
sition. The Turks were as foolish
in not following up their success
as the Russians were in making
the attack. The latter fell back after
their repulse, and I found them tranquilly
awaiting events thirty-six hours after the
battle. Had Osman Pasha come out of
his intrenchments and followed up the
Russians, he might have turned their re
pulse into utter rout, which might have
endangered the pontoon bridges at Sistova.
But, as it was, the Russian line of com
munications has never been in danger for
a moment. They have merely suffered a
disastrous check in an unnecessair of
fensive movement that is the simple re
sult of the Plevna affair.—Cor. (Aug. 2)
London Timet.
Possibilities.
WHATEVER man has done, man may
do and, acting on that proverb, how
many difficulties are overcome and prac
tical results obtained from apparently im
practicable theories.
Possibilities are the rounds to ambition's
ladder the tangible things which wc
grasp so readily, and thus elevate our.
selves to heights wc desire to attain. That
is not a true life that attempts impossibil
ities that spends the moments of time in
attempting to penetrate the arcana of hid
den mysteries, and dies unsatisfied and un
recognised. The foundation must be firm,
or the building will be insecure. Prove
your position, and then maintain it. The
old adage, Let well enough alone," has
given way to the new system of improve
ment that carries everything before it.
"Improve! improve!" is the cry of to
day and yesterday's failures are subject
ed to the necessary test, and made to con
form to the present exigencies and nine
tecnth-ccntury principles. This is the
very spirit of reform. This adds new
features of science, mechanics and mer
cantile and literaiy pursuits. One man
proves that steam can be made useful, and
applies it to his own peculiar idea. An
other sees where still greater power can
be imparted by it, and his suggestion
touches the spring in another brain and
so the idea goes on developing, improv
ing and bringing out its highest capabili
ties.
God, in making man a superior being
has given him such vast control, and the
power of subordinating to his will, that it
is impossible for a finite mind to put a
limit to finite capacity. Nothing but Di
vine power working through man could
enable him to accomplish, successfully,
one-half that he undertakes. The wild
beasts of the forest are brought into sub
jection the untamable forces of Nature
arc harnessed to the chariot of Improve
ment the winds aud the waves perform
their part with due alacrity.
We are but cultivating the seeds that
others have sown, and wc, in our turn,
must plant for posterity. "Whatsoever
a man soweth, that shall he also reap."
We make our own harvests, and if the
reaping-time comes not in this life, we
shall obtain our increase hereafter. But
there are more reapers than seed-sowers—
that is, sowers of good seed—men who arc
living on the product of others' toil and
care, and doing nothing themselves toward
the advantage of those who are to succeed
them.
1 often wonder what some people think
of or if they ever think at all. Tbey
deny their own ability, and confess a help
lessness that is a reproach to themselves
and to their Maker. How true it is that
wc never know what wc can do until we
have tried," and many a one has found
himself diveeted ofhimeeV— launched upon
a sea of troubles, and obliged to use efforts
that were only lying dormant within him
Man is full of dormant energies, many of
which do not need to be aroused until the
time of emergency, while others are in
constant demand, and every day some new
capacity is aroused by the cry, "Awake
thou sleeper!"
Could you ask for a wider field than the
whole world
However well you do, it may be possi
ble tor ycu to do better. This is not to
encourage discontent far otherwise, for I
hold that that man is only truly contented
who is satisfied that he has done the very
best that he could. The frog that aimed
to be as large as an ox attempted an im
possibility, and perished miserably. The
rose may say, I cannot be a lily but I
will do my best to be a perfect flower, the
sweetest of my kind and the effort is
appreciated.
Man, made in the image of God, is
capable of attaining to wonderful heights
of moral, mental and physical excellence,
with positive good to start upon. There
must be a positive element before there
can be any improvement. There is no ad
vancc in quicksand.
Try yourself, and find out of what you
arc capable. "As thy day, so shall thy
strength be," and the vail that falls before
you and hides each successivc step of
your progress will stand like a wall of
adamant, when you trespass on God's do
main, and arc checked by the warning
words, "Thus far shalt thou go, and no
farther."
Man's own heart realizes what are its
possibilities, and knows how much the
wisdom of this generation is indebted to
the past, and responsible to the future.—
Sunbeam.
4a Unsophisticated Traveler.
I see Americans everywhere who still
smell of salt water, and who are yet try
ing to appear as though they had been
abroad every year of their lives. For
there is notliing an American is so much
afraid of as of seeming green. For my
part I rather like to be a greenhorn. I've
made up my mind to it. I tell everybody
In the omnibus that I'm an American and
not used to this sort of thing, and then
every man and woman in the 'bus is so
delighted to find one of those poor be
nighted Americans willing to confess his
ignorance, that I am straightway over
whelmed with all sorts of information. I
get up alongside the driver and say:
You don't often get a Yankee up here
that don't know anything about London,
do you Then coachce swings his whip
and nudges me —he always nudges before
he speaks—and begins to tell mc that the
Duke o' Wcll'nton lives here on the left,
and the Marq's o' Wes'mins'er lives
there. One of the drivers told mc that
he 8'poeed Gen. Grant 'ud go back very
much hawner'd since 'eed dined with the
Lawd Mayor." I told him I did not
doubt it.
The pronunciation of the better classes
here is rather better in some regards than
our own—the vowels are fuller and
broader. But I am astonished at some
words. Tlic plural "days" is almost if
not quite identical with the Latin dies,"
in the ordinary pronunciation. Of course
the illiterate cockney il quite as amusing
to an American as the unlettered Ameri
can is to the English traveler. It took
me some time to find out that Somertloute
meant Somerset House," and when a
driver pointed out what he called the
assy crection," I had to guess from the
looks of the building that it was che
House of Correction.
I try to keep away from Americans. I
am in a very good hotel, but one of the
most old fashioned of English hotels.
The Golden Cross" used tobe a starting
place for the post-coaches, say in Pick
wick's time, but it is now a rather uppish
family hotel," retaining, however, many
old ways. I am, after a week's experience,
beginning to learn how to manage things.
I am never so well pleased as when I suc
ceed in making some mistake sufficiently
ridiculous to bring a smile to the face of
an attache of the place. They look so
deadly solemn—these English folks about
hotels—that I am driven to desperation
with a desire to sec them laugh—just to
see if they can.—Edward Eggutton't Lon
don Letter to Brooklyn Timet.
—A clergyman at Elizabeth, N. J., was
recently asked to escort a young lady to
New York. He consented gladly, took
up an armful of packages, pots sft pre
serves, etc., that lay beside her, placed
them in the car, and some time after the
train had started, discovered that they
didn't belong to his companion. At Jersey
City he was arrested on a telegram from
Elizabeth, bat he succeeded in explaining
matters.
—The stage-coach drivers in the White
Mountains, despairing of managing their
leading horses with the whip, carry along
a load of small stones, which they throw
at the proper time with salutary efleft,
Rich Beggars.
EVERY two or three months in ordina
rily prosperous times, we find some para
graph floating through the newspapers
to the effect that a professional mendicant
has died hero or there, and that, to the
surprise of everybody, he had been dis
covered to be worth quite a number of
thousands of dollars. The surprise is
very natural anyone who would not be
surprised at such a discovery, if properly
authenticated, would be incapable of the
feeling.
These stories of rich beggars arc very
curious as compositions, we read not
long ago that one of the fraternity, who,
so & as known, had never done a day's
work, had died in Aroostook County, Me.,
and been buried as a pauper. Some
Weeks after, in pulling down a wretched
Cabin, he had occupied, about $35,000 in
Government securities and $3,000 in gold
coin were unearthed in the chimncy
corner. The account continued that the
deceased had been born in the county, and
had never gone out of it. To anyone ac
quainted with Maine, especially the north
ern part of it, this recital cannot fail to be
amusing. Money is so scarce and so hard
to make there in the best of times, that a
person who has got $4,000 to $5,000 to
gether by unremitting industry at a ripe
age is accounted wealthy, flie idea that
the aforesaid beggar could have acquired
$28,000 by plying his calling where hard
ly anyone has any money, cither to give
or to Keep, is preposterous. He must have
bored the pine forests for double eagles
and found them In every tree, otherwise
he could not have amassed any such sum
as he is credited with.
According to a New England journal, a
woman of forty, who. on the loss of her
husband, began to solicit alms, and was
well known at Plymouth, Mass., died
there after five or six years of vagrancy,
and left $10,000 or $12,000 of property—
the result,says the paper, of her systematic
mendicancy. This is altogether too heavy
a draft on credulity. Plymouth is one of
the poorest towns in the whole Republic,
but one in which beggary would not be
tolerated for twenty-tour hours. Even if
it were permitted, lie or she who should
beg would not be likely to get at the most
over a dollar a year. And to ask us to be
lieve that a woman could obtain thou
sands in five or six years is an affront to
intelligence. Plymouth is as nroud as
poor—and she is very poor—anu her citi
zens are as little likely to beg as they arc
to have large incomes.
These rich-beggar stories arc pure in
ventions, of course but it is strange the
inventors arc so devoid of skill and ac
quaintance with facts. There is no use of
falsifying when nobody will believe your
falsehood, for this joins blundering to
dislfonesty, and deepens sin by superadd
ing stupidity. When a romancing iour
nalist wants to be believed, he should lo
cate his affluent mendicants here, or in
some other great center, not in the rural
districts cr villages of New England,
where rocks and sand are the chief
sources of revenue. It is possible for us
to imagine that an active beggar, in a city
of from half a million to a million of
people, might, by many years of dishon
est industry and fraudulent perseverance,
acquire a small pecuniary independence.
But that he should grow to be a million
aire by depending on charity in a com
munity where a twenty-dollar note is con
sidered phenomenal, and where to have
seen one is remembered as a financial
event, involves a sense of the improbable
rather embarrassing to faith.
Amazing epics whose heroes are wealthy
beggars have been scarce of late in the
gazettes. Even those imaginative folk,
the correspondents of the country press,
have not heard recently of any or that
class, and this leads us to infer that they
are consulting verisimilitude more than
their wont. Plainly, this is no time to
make anybody believe that mendicants
are bloated bondholders or heavy sub
scribers to the National loan. Inaustri
ous, upright persons of excellent reputa
tion are sullcring too much in purse to
render creations about luxurious mendi
cants acceptable. The hard times have
had even a depressing effect on the market
for lies these show the general shrinka^i
in values, and are circulated only at a dis
count. In the flush period narratives
touching rich beggars were at a premium,
and taken without distrust.
If we remember, the old fellow who
used to make torturing a consumptive
fiddle, on the east side of City Hall Park,
an excuse for eleemosynary aid was fre
quently set down as a capitalist disguised
in old clothes and constant exhalations of
cheap and copious rum. But when he
broke the last screw of his dismal instru
ment by trying to tune it to the far-off
strain of eternity, his entire worldly eflects
were, the degenerate Cremona excepted,
an ancient and broken brier-wood pipe,
two matches and three cents, one of them
so disfigured as to render necessary its
withdrawal from circulation. A liberal
fund for a capitalist that—was it not?
Fancy what new firms of Rothschilds it
would set up. The old fellow's disguise
surely was very deep.
The one-legged Pole (he was supposed
to be a Pole because he called himself by
a name in which a number of consonants
were so tangled up at the end that it made
one sneeze to attempt their pronunciation),
who importuned passers-by for silver or
copper in the Bowery ten or twelve years
ago, frequently figured in the newspapers
as the owner of several houses and lots up
town, and it was shrewdly suspected by
country folk that he was the silent part
ner in several of the largest banking
houses in Wall street. He, too, passed
away, aud all his glittering wealth proved
to be half of a pewter spoon, an antique
pocket-knife innocent of blades, and four
canceled postage stamps.
We recollect reading ot a German wo
man who begged on the ferry-boats, and
who at last went to Heaven by way of
Hobokcn—a dangerous route, it is said,
with many interruptions. She was as
serted to have large sums in several of the
city savings banks, and to have clandes
tinely kept her coach-and-four. Investi
gation showed that a counterfeit twenty
five cent piece and an old brass knocker,
on which was engraved the cabalistic let
ters, P. Jones," constituted her secular
possessions. It was shown, furthermore,
that she had sometimes procured nineteen
cents per day on the ferries, and it was
presumed that her riotous mode of living,
engendered by such limitless income, had
destroyed her naturally fine constitution,
and brought her to an untimely end.
Such is the wealth of nearly all beggars
when it is examined. We doubt if there
are any authenticated examples of rich
professional mendicants. To be a beggar
and to get rich is a contradiction in terms.
Riches, any accumulation of money, in
fact, generally requires self-denial, sus
tained exertion, shrewdness, vigilance,
independence of spirit, individuality,
which a beggar never has and cannot
have. A man who gets money without
turning it, cannot keep it. To do a man
?ood, money must come in a regular way
and the possibility of a man being a beg
gar presupposes him a vagabond. Who
cannot take care of himself, cannot take
care of money. —N. T. Timet.
FlrfrCrackers.
THE Fourth of July is past, and we are
led to rise and make a few remarks there
on, from the fact that we have been pe
rusing the various dailies, and have made
out a list of the casualties which have
come under our notice, BB resulting from
our custom, as a Nation, of celebrating"
the Fourth of July.
We want everybody to enioy himself.
We would be the last person in the world
to curtail anybody's pleasure. And we
are as patriotic, and realize as fully as
any of the spread-eagle orators, the glory
of the day we celebrate, and its import
ance in American history but we cannot
see why the day should be made hideous
and dangerous to life and limb by the
small abominations known as fire-crack
ers.
Somebody tells us that the boys couldn't
have any "time" without crackers but
they had better go without their "time"
'than destroy lives, aad disable limbs, and
kindle conflagrations, by way of tmmliiir
themselves.
We read of fifteen lives lost through
runaway horses, frightened by fire-crack
ers, of scores of persons variously, in
lured, of no small amount of property
burned up, and all for what? That the
boys might have a good tine this Fourth
(of July, urn,
In secluded country places, were there
are no carriages passing, and where
houses are a half mile apart, fire-crackers
arc not particularly open to objection
but in compactly-built towns and villages
they arc dangerous in tbc extreme. Al
most all horses have a terror of them, and
it is not to be wondered at, for if there is
an invention of Satan, it is Chinese lire
crackers.
The Chinaman had better stick to his
washing and his rice stewing, and braid
his pig-tail once a week often^r, than to
be manufacturing such iniquities, and
wc most devoutly wish that every China
man, engaged thusly could be condemned
to have a perpetually blazing and snap
ping bunch of crackers tied to the pig-tail
aforesaid, until he could be brought to
abandon the nefarious business.
Fire crackers laid the beautiful City of
Portland in ashes the same causc has de
stroyed villages in every part of the coun
try, and to-day there languish on beds of
pain many human beings whose useful
ness and vigor have been ruined for life
through accidents causcd by flre-crackcrs
and torpedoes.
Let us have a general law to suppress
the whole tiling. Wc need it and though
the boys may grumble, they will learn to
submit.
And wc venture to say that with burnt
fingers, and blackened eyes, and clothcs
riddled with burnt holes, entirely done
away with ou the Fourth, they will be
just as jolly and patriotic, and be able
to fill themselves quite as full of lemon
ade and green pease as under the present
system.
"The Glorious Fourth" should not pass
hy unremembered. We arc willing the
Horribles should parade in old hoop
skirts and cofl'ec-oags. Wc are willing
the drums should beat, and the bands
play, and the perspiring processions
march through the principal streets
we will not murmur at having our virtu
ous slumbers disturbed at the unholy
hour of midnight by the ringing of bells
and flringmpf guns and tooting of fish
horns. LrTpicnics flourish, let ambitious
lovers of their country and of bombast
orate, let lamb and green pease grace the
tabic, let every adoring man take out his
sweetheart to ride in her best white dress,
let the spirit of '76 be invoked from every
town and liamlct, let Washington lie
spoken of and Lafayette alluded to but,
in the name of safety to the public, let
fire-crackers be banished from the land.
Kate Thorn, in A. Y. Weekly.
Books vs. Work.
IN reading an article by a well-known
writer, the other day, wc were particu
larly attracted by this sentence: The
woman who has always an uneasy feeling
when she takes up a book in the day-time,
thinking, Now, I cught to be mending
the stockingB, or polishing the silver, or
arranging the china-closet,' will never in
her life be able to read with comfort. A
book always has for her its associations
with wasted time."
That this is a melancholy and unaltera
ble fact is too certain, and wc could easily
select an audience of estimable women to
whom we should like to preach a sermon
from this text. But, like a great many
better sermons, ours would have no
weight, for the women to whom it should
be addressed, and who need to listen to it,
would be the last to waste a moment in
glancing over these lines, or to suppose that
wc coula teach them anything about tbc
proper uses of their days and hours.
It is all very well to talk about," says
one of this sis-ternity whom we know
well. You may say that we all have
plenty of time for reading, but I know
beteer. I know that it takes every moment
to look after my house and family, and I
couldn't read without wasting my time
dreadfully. Of course, I like books,"
continues our friend, with the airof a con
scious martyr "I should enjoy sitting
down to read, but when would the sweep
ing and dusting get done, I should like to
know?" and she whisks her duster into
the corner of the sofa as she speaks.
Now, the difficulty is that this exem
plary housewife does not care to read, has
no appetite for books, and would be
wrctchcd if she was condemned to a daily
course of reading, even of the lightest"
sort. She deludes herself, however, with
the idea that she is prevented by her
crowding and indispensable occupations
from any literary feasts, and that she is
actually hungering for them, when she is
really following out her own inclinations
most eagerly.
To the born reader, the woman to whom
books are a necessity of being, who would
peruse the stalest newspaper rather than
not read at all—to such an one no stress
of occupations, no amount of sewing or
housework will quite crowd out the taste
which is part of herself. I wonder how
you get time to read," said one to a speci
men of this class. "You might wonder
more if I did not get time to read," was
the answer, and it told the whole story.
The difference is, after all, not in the
lives or the training, but in the people.
To one woman a book is a friend, wooing
her to closer acquaintanceship to another
it is only a tiresome pretext of amuse
ment, gladly relinquished for more con
genial employment.
Note the diversities in the manner of
reading, too—the Intent, alisorbed lorgct
fulness of one reader—the restlessness, the
straying gaze, the easily-diverted attention
of the other—and doubt if you can which
finds delight and rest in liooks.
It is well to urge a course of reading on
all young women, to strive to cultivate, as
far as possible, tlic love of literature but
after all is said and done, the fact remains
that some people always wdl prefer
brooms to books, and when the decline of
physical strength or other causes make
their accustomed tasks impossible, it is
idle to hope that intellectual tastes can be
created to All up the void or to beautify
the lite.- Baptist Weekly.
Eyes Baraed Oat With Melten Irea.
YESTERDAY afternoon a number of cm
ploycs in the foundry of Messrs. Totten
& Co. were casting a chilled roll. Nearly
two tons of iron were required to make
the casting, and the services of twenty
men were required to handle it. While
they were pouring the molten metal in the
moid there was a sudden and terrific re
port, which was closelv followed by a
shower of liquid iron. They ran to escape
the shower, in their terror 'dropping the
ladle which yet contained most of the
metal. The ladle was overturned and im
mediately great streams shot out in quick
pursuit of the flying laborers. Two of the
workmen, closely followed bv streams of
the red-hot iron, fell into adjoining pits
and the metal ran in upon them, burning
their flesh to a crisp in many places. One
man's face wss burned to a crisp and his
eyes were burned out of his head, and in
their places tbe sockets were filled with
chunks of chilled metal. That man was
George L. Ebbert, of Allegheny. Walter
Moran's eyes, too, were burnt from the
sockets and his face, breast, arms aad
hands were burnt to a crisp at different
places. Here and there the red-hot met«l
had actually eaten its way to the hones.
Mr. Totten was interrogated by the te
porters as to the cause of the explosion,
and he attributed it to a damp cave."
In other words the sand with which the
mold had been packed was not properly
dried and perhaps, too, not properly
grooved, so that the steam generated could
not escape.—Pittsburgh Pott.
ITis difficult for the people of the East
to realize the immensity of our redwood
trees, and we do not wonder at their in
credulity, though their enormous size is a
fact nevertheless. A few years ago Mur
phy ft Bros, cut down and sawed into
lumber at their mill a tree that measured
875 feet in length and ten feet in diametnr
clear of hark. This tree made by actaal
measurement 87,000 feet of dressed lum
ber and 14,000 feet of rough, which sold
st the mill at usual prices for $1,060.
Other trees in this county measure much
larger in diameter, but tew make more
lumber than this one.—6»«wna (Col
Democrat.
—Ross'*goose laid eggs in Hott's door.
yard, in Cincinnati, aad Hott's goose
hatched from them one gosling. Who
owned the gosling? The question was
angrily disputed by Ross ana Hott, and
they bave gone to law about it. The gos
ling has grown into a goose and is worth
a dollar at most. The litigation has al
lendy cost
FACTS AND FIHIIUM.
THERE are upward of 50,000 coats-of
arms in use in London.
IN two years 6,000 London children
have been taught to swim by the Health
Society.
THE stills at Kilssouxa, in Bulgaria,
noted tor its manufacture of attar of roses,
bave been destroyed during the war.
THE vineyards near Bordeaux, France,
yield 1,000,000 hogsheads of wine an
nually, of which 100,000arc
converted into
brandy.
THE wheat crop of the United States of
this year, it is estimated, will aggregate
325,000,000 bushels, against 260,000,000
last year.
A CORRESPONDENT of the Troy Timet
says that the Hoosac Tunnel's freight ami
passenger business has increased 150 per
cent, during the present fiscal year.
YELLOW FIR promises to be the future
ship-building material in California.
They have built forty-nine VCSBCIS of it
within a year on the Pacific coast (capacity
8,000 tons) at a cost of $520,000.
OK a total of 105.500 tons of rails ex
ported from England during tlic last six
months, 106,253 tons were steel raib,
whereas of 159,047 tons exported during
the first six months of last year, only 17,
637 were steel rails.
A WRITER in the American Cultivator
says that some townships in Massachu
setts have lost in population from 15 to 67
per cent. This is owing to worn-out lands
and the restlessness engendered by hard
times.—Iowa State Register.
CONSTANTINOPLE has a circumference
of aliout thirteen miles. Its harbor, tlie
Golden Horn," is a long, capacious in
let of the ISosphorus, running along the
northeast side ot the city, with sufficient
depth for the largest vessels, and capable
of receiving 1,200 sail vessels at one
time.
DR. HENRY BOWDITCH, of the Massa
chusetts Board of Health, having eon
eluded, from a personal examination oi
24,500 American boys and girls, that the
theory of the physical degeneration of the
Anglo Haxon race in America cannot'lic
supported, a London journal retorts
sharply that he docs not understand the
subject.
TnKRE arc 720 Browns in the city. Of
these, twenty-eight answer when Charles
is called, eleven when Frank is asked for,
twelve when George is wanted, twenty
five when there is a demand for James,
only forty when some one is looking for
John, ten when Joseph is desired, and
twenty-three when William is wished fur.
—Chicago Tribune.
TnE three principal lines of railway in
London, England, two being underground
and the third partly so, have a total length
of twenty-eight and threc-quaitcr miles.
Their total capital stock is £16,073,451,
and was worth on the market, July 21,
£18,080,608. Tlic net income of the Me
tropolitan, the greatest of the three, for
the six months ending June 30, was £199,
533, on a capital stock of £6,838,877.
Mortgages on surplus lands and floating
debt make the whole capital of the three
companies over $85,000,000, exceeding
$3,000,000 per mile. Of this, above $2,
000,000 per mile had been paid tor land,
the land accounts of the lines being more
than $50,000,000. In proportion to their
length, these lines of railway arc probably
the most costly in the world but the im
mense traffic upon them is sufficient to
make them exceedingly remunerative in
vestments.
Characteristic Letter by Irtrav
Ward) Heretofore Uapahlished.
THE Elmira (N. Y.) Gazette says: We
have been permitted to publish a letter
written bv Mr. Brown (Artcmns Ward) to
a young friend of his—a little girl, then
of the age of eight, and now tbc wife of a
prominent merchant in a neighboring
city. Tlic letter never before has ap
•peascd in print, and the original is in pos
session of a gentleman of this city. We
vouch for its genuineness. It will at once
strike tlic reader as being eminently char
acteristic—" true to life:"
Siin, Haas., Jane IS, ISM.
MY DEAR AMELIA—
1 cannot tell you
how much I miss you.
It seems as though 1 had lost all my
relatives, including my grandmother and
the cooking-rtovc.
Why didn't I put you in a bottle and
bring you down here with me? But I
am always forgetting something. The
other day I went off and forgot my Aunt
Sarah, and she's a good deal bigger than
you arc. Mr. Ramsey is also a very for
getful man. He frequently goes off and
forgets his washerwoman. Mr. Ramsey
is a very fine-looking man. He reminds
mc of Mr. Green, the Maiden murderer.
When Mr. Ramsey goes to tlic Peniten
tiary, which will no vciy soon, wc must
send him doughnuts, magazines and other
literary documents. Mr. Ramsey can read
print vory well.
"I like you vciy much. I should like
you just as well if you were twelve years
older. I am very singular about some
things.
Yvu spoke to mc about a boy who is
my rival. I should feel very sorry to kill
that boy, but he may drive me to it. I
am in hopes that he will take himself into
a premature tomb—that he may chokc
himself with a large slice of pudding—
but if he docs neither 1 shall feci forced
to load him with chains aud read all my
lectures to him. That will finish him.
His boots may remain, but tbe rest of him
will have perished miserably long ere I
have got through!
You must be a good little girl and
always mind your mother. Never let
your excellent mother feel sorry that she
is acquainted with you! If it hadn't been
for her you might have been drowned in
a soup-plate long ago. And if you hadn't
ever had any mother you might now be
in Turkey, with the other Turkeys. In
fact, my dear Amelia, so conduct your
self that even on dark and rainy days the
bright sun may shine wherever you are—
and that the stars (which are next to the
sun in brightness) may never flash so
briilisntly but that you can always look
steadily and hopefully toward them!
Faithfully your friend,
A. WASH."
—Notliing like the English language.
For instance, they arc drafting men in
India to bury the draught horses which
have died from the drouth.—Detroit Frte
Prett.
—One of his professional friends com
ing late to Barney Williams' funetal,
found the church so crowded be couldn't
get in. With true, generous. Irish self
forcetfulness he turned to his neighbor,
exclaiming: "Ah! if Barney were only
here the day, bow delighted he'd be
to notice that his last house was soch a
full one!"
THE MARKETS.
HKW YO&K.
I2VI ROCK-Cattle
Aa«. «7,1
rU)tm-Good tD^kolce
WHEAT—Ho. CMcaco(New)
OOSM—Weetera Mixed.
OATS—Wertero aad State
RYB-Wemera
POBK-Me»s
LAKD-Steam
BUW-bln
Choice
Good
Median
Batcher*' Stock.....
Stock Cattle
HOGS—Live—Good to Choice...
SHEEP-Lire
BUTTKB—Good to Choice
•GGS—
VIGOUR—Choice Wlatar
Cora, Ho.
OaU,Ko.*
SUNN'S(Hew)./.
POME
WIS
8.19
SHL"0
LOMSKB-Sd Clear,
COUM Boards...
"A' SBaglca. *.»
T^h l.«
1
EA8T UBUKTT.
CATTLE—Beat.
HOGS—Torfcer*. f*
NIIADIIRUT. MJ
SHXJtP—Be«t 2
II edtam. 4»
BALHMOBB.
CATTLE—Best. MM
Wedlast IN I
HOWrGood Tg I

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